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Cecilie Solberg Hege Dahl Unnerud

6 Textbook "OKMĂ?L


Cecilie Solberg og Hege Dahl Unnerud

6 UTGAVE 2 TEXTBOOK Bokm책l


Foto NTB scanpix: piai s. 22, MasterLu s. 29, 94, ErickN s. 31, Richard Levine / Demotix s. 58, Joan Marcus/AP, s. 60, vlad_g s. 94ø.h, The Granger Collection s. 107, 164, 165, 166, 167 Mikrostock: rosa s. 95m, sborisov s. 96, Theis Roksvåg Pedersen / VG s. 97, shot99 s. 98, Gary s. 100, 101, akg/North Wind Picture Archives s. 120, 121, 127, Tim Fitzharris / Minden s. 136, 142, 143, Michael S. Nolan /AGE s. 141, akg-images s. 144, 160, Yva Momatiuk & John Eastcott / Minden s, 146, 152, Rick Wilking /REUTERS s. 156, Science Photo Library s. 158, 170, NASA / REUTERS s. 162, ©Copyright 1982 by Courtesy of Universal Pictures / ZUMA Press s. 168 Getty Images: Bloomberg s. 42v, ErickN s. 42h, The Kobal Collection: Warner Bros. / Peter Mountain s. 43, Filmmagic / C Flanigan, s. 94n, Bob Levey s. 102, 103, Gamma-Keystone s. 109n, Ulrich Baumgarten s. 110, Albert de Bruijn s. 112, Getty s. 117, Harald Sund s. 118, Archive Photos / Stringer s. 119, SuperSt Theis Roksvåg Pederesen / VG ock s. 122, 123, Hulton Archive s. 125, Terry Why s. 135 Thinkstock: IPGGutenbergUKLtd, s. 60, Judy Ledbetter, s. 95ø, John Foxx s. 95m, VictorPelaez s. 113, ayzek s. 114ø, Mark Harfield s. 114n, RChoi s. 115, dcall4 s. 131, 1001Love s. 133, SergiyN s. 135 Washington National Portrait Gallery s.108, AP/ Mathew Brady s. 109ø All Over Press: Magnum s. 116 LiberAB s. 129

© Cappelen Damm AS, 2014 Materialet i denne publikasjonen er omfattet av åndsverkslovens bestemmelser. Uten særskilt avtale med Cappelen Damm AS er enhver eksemplarframstilling og tilgjengeliggjøring bare tillatt i den utstrekning det er hjemlet i lov eller tillatt gjennom avtale med Kopinor, interesseorgan for rettighetshavere til åndsverk. Stairs 5–7 dekker alle målene i Kunnskapsløftet etter revidert plan 2013, i faget engelsk, og er laget til bruk på grunnskolens barnetrinn. Omslag, skriftdesign og formgiving: Substansdesign.com, Mette Gundersen Illustrasjoner: Anne Britt Meese Språklig konsulent: Emily Haegi Repro: RenessanseMedia AS, Asker Forlagsredaktør: Toril Lindberg Bilderedaktør: Kjersti Laake Trykking/innbinding: Livonia Print SIA, Latvia 2014 ISBN 978-82-02-44109-8 Utgave 2, Opplag 1

www.cdu.no www.stairs.cappelendamm.no

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Welcome to Stairs! I Stairs 6 finner du tekster og oppgaver på tre trinn. Du begynner på Step 1. Her øver du på noe du allerede kan, og samtidig lærer du litt nytt. I margen står det ord som skal hjelpe deg til å forstå teksten. På Step 2 arbeider du videre med temaet. Her er det litt lengre og litt vanskeligere tekster. Også her er det ord i margen som hjelper deg å forstå. Step 3 har enda lengre og mer utfordrende tekster. Her vil du finne mange forskjellige utfordringer! Noen ord finner du i margen, men du kan også bruke ordlista bak eller ordbok hvis det er ord du ikke finner forklaring på. Noen av tekstene er dialoger som du kan lese sammen med andre elever. Du finner også faktaruter i margen. BEFORE READING

Se på bildene. Les overskriftene.

Let etter ord du kan.

Hva tror du teksten handler om?

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Listen to the radio! from page

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Chapter 1 The radio rats Grammar – Nouns , Adjectives Rat affairs Rats in the know Speaking – Discussion Writing – Biography

Choose your way! from page

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Chapter 2 Aborbing interests Grammar – There is / There are, Prepositions, Some / any Humorous values In the limelight Speaking – Role Play Writing – Interview

A poem is RIZIV¿RMWLIH from page

64

Chapter 3 Funny poems Grammar – Verbs – present forms Scary poems Poems about family Speaking – Reciting a poem Writing – How to write a poem

Explore America! from page

94

Chapter 4 Famous cities Grammar – Verbs– Simple past, Irregular verbs People and politics Origin and diversity On vacation Speaking – Presentation of an American state Writing – Tourist leaflet

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Chapter 5

Don´t stop asking!

Amasing American animals

from page

Grammar – Verbs – Present perfect, irregular

138

Wild nature Space and universe Speaking – Plan and discuss a science project Writing – Write a science report

Read and enjoy! from page

174

Chapter 6 Crafty characters Grammar – Personal pronouns, Possessives Naughty or nice Greedy and cheeky Speaking – Oral presentation of an author Writing – Book review

Acknowledgements Meet Martin Luther King Jr,, by James T. de Kay, Random House Books for Young Readers 1969 ©Random House, Inc. Little Miss Trouble by Roger Hargreaves, ©THOIP (a Sanrio company), Price Stern Sloan, Inc., Los Angeles. Tommy by Audrey Park and How Bear Lost his Tail by Judy Paterson from Tales on the Tongue, edited by Bea Ferguson, The Scottish Storytelling Centre. Tilly’s Moonlight Garden copyright ©2012 by Julia Green, Cover illustration © Turine Tran, Oxford University Press. Miss Child Has Gone Wild! Text copyright ©2011 by Dan Gutman. Illustrations copyright ©2011 by Jim Paillot, Harper Collins Children’s Books. Middle School, the worst year of my life, Copyright © 2011 by James Patterson, Illustrations by Laura Park, Little, Brown and Company, Hachette Book Group. Gangsta Granny, Text ©David Walliams 2011, Illustrations © Tony Ross 2011, Harper Collins Children’s Books. Dog, Cat and Monkey from South, North, East and West: The Oxfam Book of Children’s stories edited by Michael Rosen, published by Walker Books Ltd1992, copyright © Michael Rosen, copyright Oxfam Activities 1992. The Cockerel and the Sultan from Tales for children’s well-being copyright © 2012 Ruth Kirkpatrick, Stories Allways, Illustration © Catty Flores. Kite, See you later, An Accident by Anon. The morning rush © John Foster 2000 from Rhyme Time:

Around The Day, Oxford University Press. Limerick by Michael Rosen and Help, text and illustrations from Book of Nonsense by Michael Rosen, Macdonald Young Books Ltd. 1997. Poems © Michael Rosen, Illustrations © Claire Mackie. Ghost train by Brian Moses and My old man by Andrea Shavick, from Poetry Alive: Words to Whisper, Words to Shout © Michaela Morgan, Belitha Press 2002. A dragon in the classroom by Charles Thomson © 2010, Hachette Children’s Books. Monster by Richard Edwards ©1986 Richard Edwards. All rights reserved. From Spooky Poems by Jill Bennet and Mary Rees, © William Heinemann 1989. The Thing by Tony Bradman and Transylvania dreaming by Colin McNaughton, from One hundred and One Favourite Poems by John Foster(sd.), Harper Collins publishers 2002. My little sister © 1993 by William Wise, First appeared in All in the family, published by Oxford University Press. Smelly People by Roger Stevens. Stepmother by Jean Kenward. Peas and Worm by Spike Milligan, from A Children’s Treasury of Milligan. Copyright © A Children’s Treasury of Milligan 2001, Virgin Books Ltd. Every effort has been made to trace owners of copyright material, but in some cases, this has not been proven possible. The authors would appreciate hearing from further copyright owners of material reproduced in Stairs 6, Utgave 2,Textbook.

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Chapter 1

Welcome to our busy radio station. We will introduce you to many interesting rats from around New York City. We hope you will have fun listening to our shows, enjoy our good music and maybe learn something new. We want to show you what a fantastic medium radio is. From this station, we reach out to most rats in the Big Apple with important news, interviews and updates.


Jeg kan: snakke om v

æret og temp

Adjectives

good – bra, fint hot – varm, kjekk little – liten quick – rask slow – sakte

eraturer

ju

g og et interv

rlysnin skrive en ette

til en ørsmål

quiz

lage sp

Verbs

lose – miste meet – møte run – løpe tell – fortelle walk – gå, spasere

Nouns a/an singular/plural Adjectives Comparisons

MÅL

begrunne mine meninger i en diskusjon

Phrases

Nouns

debate – debatt, diskusjon degrees – grader news – nyheter opinion – mening update – oppdatering

Take care! – Vær forsiktig! Time’s up! – Tiden er ute!

Discussion

Biography

Listen to ! the radio


The radio rats rattling – her: skravlete street – gate news – nyheter lost and found – mistet og funnet debate – debatt, diskusjon coolest – kuleste hottest – kjekkeste guy – type showbiz – underholdningsbransjen

Rattling Ron Good morning! This is Rattling Ron, Coming to you live from my fine salon Today you will meet Some guys from our street You will hear the weather and the news Some country, rock and blues Lost and found, debate and a quiz From the coolest, hottest guy in showbiz!

Activity Find the rhyming words. Describe a rat. What kinds of music does Ron mention?

Workbook page 4

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Cool co-workers Now for today’s first feature: I am going to tell you a little bit about my good friends and co-workers, Rachel and Ralph. The ray of sunshine on our staff is the lovely Rainbow Rachel. Her dress is all the colours of the rainbow, and her eyes glow just like the sun! What a pretty rat! She is smart and friendly, too. She loves to talk, and you cannot pass her in the street or in the hallways of Radio Rat Pack without having a nice chat with her. Then there is Reporter Ralph. He is a hard worker and a very friendly rat. He travels around and visits exciting places. This makes for good stories, and he shares them all with us. Stay tuned to Radio Rat Pack and you will learn more about famous places in New York.

feature – her: reportasje co-worker – kollega the ray of sunshine – solstråle staff – ansatte lovely – nydelig pretty – pen pass – passere, gå forbi without – uten hallway – gang chat – hyggelig samtale, prat shares – deler stay tuned – hold deg på denne kanalen exciting – spennende learn – lære

Activity What stories would you tell if you were a reporter? Tell the class about two of your friends or family members. What are they like? How does Ron feel about his co-workers?

Workbook page 5 - 6

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Retired Roderick times – tider changed – forandret, endret meet – møte hear – høre remember – huske lost count of – kommet ut av tellingen, her: antallet

FACTS

Female rats can give birth to up to 120 rat babies a year.

Ron: Times have changed since this guy was young. Let’s meet Retired Roderick. Welcome to the show, Roderick. Can you hear me? Roderick: Yes, I can. Nice place! I haven’t been in a studio before. Ron: How old are you, Roderick? Roderick: I can’t remember, but I have more than seventy children. I have lost count of my grandchildren.

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Ron: How is it, being old in today’s world? Roderick: It’s not too bad, but life was better before. Ron: In what way? Roderick: Less traffic in the streets, the foxes and badgers hung out in the forests and rat poison was not invented. Ron: What about today’s food situation? Roderick: That has really improved! I have never seen so many fat rats before. They look like they all need some exercise. When I was young I had to look for food all day. We fought like dogs to get hold of leftovers. I was as thin as a rake then. Ron: I think you still look rather fit. Roderick: I take a walk every day in my neighbourhood. My fur has become grey, though. Ron: Females find that charming, I am told. Roderick: Do they really? Ron: Yes. But now we have to move on in our programme. After talking to you, the lesson must be: better quick and healthy than slow and wealthy!

Activity What would you like to ask Retired Roderick? How is Retired Roderick’s hearing? How many grandchildren does Retired Roderick have? What does Retired Roderick do every day?

Workbook page 7- 8

not too bad – ikke så verst less – mindre badgers – grevlinger poison – gift invented – oppfunnet improved – forbedret exercise – trening rake – rive, rake fought – kjempet, slåss fur – pels charming – sjarmerende suspicious – mistenkelig

Idiom

“I smell a rat” is an expression in English. It means that something seems a bit suspicious.

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The 9 o’clock news news – nyheter incident – hendelse customers – kunder ravishing – henrivende rags – filler owner – eier

Roger: This is the 9 o’clock news, and we start off with a tragic incident in a clothes shop. The sales are on at the moment, and for customers at the popular shop Ravishing Rags for Rats it turned out to be quite a dramatic experience. We have our own reporter there right now. Over to you, Reporter Ralph. Ralph: Thank you, Roger. I am standing here outside the popular shop Ravishing Rags for Rats, and with me is the owner, Retail Rita. Now, Rita, can you tell our listeners what happened here this morning? And spare no details, please, Rita.

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Rita: As you know, we have some fabulous dresses and outfits, and with such good prices, there were more than a hundred rats queuing up on the pavement outside. Ralph: Yes, and… Rita: Well, two females were fighting over the same spot in the queue. And then, in all the rattle (sorry, Roger!) and noise, with rats running all over the place, a taxi pulled up, and out stepped a Burmese cat! My customers ran in every direction, and some of them were tragically eaten! Ralph: We still don’t know the exact number of casualties, but there are definitely more than ten. In addition to that, twelve rats have lost either a tail or a paw. Minor injuries include broken whiskers and scratches. And now, back to you, Roger!

fabulous – fabelaktig outfits – antrekk queuing – stille seg i kø pavement – fortau pulled up – ankom tragically – tragisk casualties – skadede addition – i tillegg minor – mindre injuries – skader

FACTS

A rat can live for about five years in captivity. Living in the wild, they seldom reach more than two years of age. A rat’s worst enemies are the cat, the fox, birds, like owls or buzzards, and weasels.

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tragedy – tragedie crumbs – smuler accept – akseptere

SPEAKERS CORNER

What do you think about shopping? Discuss. Example: In my opinion, shopping is boring because it takes too much time. In my opinion, shopping is fun because I like having new clothes.

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Roger: Thank you, Ralph. We will be coming back to this terrible tragedy when we have some more detailed information. Now for the rest of the news. Schools are starting again this week. That means lots of delicious crumbs from lunch boxes, but also a lot of giant feet that can step on you. Children are known to like rats, but sometimes they like us so much that they might want to take a rat home. So if you don’t want to end up as a pet in a cage, be careful not to accept any food from children. It is recommended to keep off the main roads from 8 until 9 a.m. and between 2 and 3 p.m.


throwing up – kaste opp apparently – tilsynelatende attics – loft cellars – kjellere

We have been getting reports of two serious cases of rat poisoning here in New York. Two young rats, known as Rock-bottom Roger and Ringleader Ray, were observed throwing up by the stairs of Central Park subway station. Apparently they had been eating some small, pink pellets that they believed to be sweets. All rats are asked to be careful about what they eat and report any cases of pink pellets occurring in attics, parks, bus stops and cellars. Activity What does Retail Rita sell in her shop? What happened when Ringleader Ray and Rock-bottom Roger found the pink pellets? What is dangerous for rats?

Workbook page 9

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Nouns – Substantiv Regel Vi bruker den ubestemte artikkelen a foran konsonantlyd, og an foran vokallyd.

Articles Indefinite articles A banana

An orange

A pear

An apple

Regel Substantivene får -s i flertall. Hvis de ender på -x, -s eller -ch, -sh, eller -z får de -es.

Irregular nouns Entall

Flertall

a child

two children

a foot

two feet

a goose

two geese

a mouse

two mice

a man

two men

a woman

two women

a person

two people

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Adjective before noun An old rat

A young rat

Nouns – singular and plural a rat – two rats a cat – two cats a fox – two foxes a sandwich – two sandwiches

Nouns ending with -y a lady – two ladies a baby – two babies a city – two cities a country – two countries


Adjectives – Adjektiv Regular adjectives Positive

Comparative

Superlative

Regel

nice

nicer

the nicest

smart

smarter

the smartest

De fleste adjektiv gradbøyer vi med -er og -est.

Long adjectives Positive brilliant

Regel Comparative more brilliant

Superlative the most brilliant

Adjektiv med tre stavelser gradbøyer vi med more og the most.

Irregular adjectives Positive

Comparative

Superlative

bad

worse

the worst

good

better

the best

Workbook page 10-11

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Rat affairs Lost and found Tel. No. – telefonnummer affairs – anliggender, saker walking stick – spaserstokk reward – finnerlønn last night – i går kveld fur – pels is wearing – har på seg coat – frakk

Mr Rich Radcliffe has lost his walking stick. It is black. If you have seen it, please call Tel. No. 25476199.

Miss Rowena Rattington has lost her umbrella. She will pay you 50 cents reward if you find it. Please call 44297655.

Mrs Regina Robertson has lost two rat children. Only eleven of them came home last night. They have brown fur and black eyes. One of them is wearing a green coat. If you see them, please call 21215544 and tell them to go home RIGHT NOW!

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Mr Rupert Ratson from No. 10 on Broadway has lost his home. Last night his door was gone. Mr Ratson must find a new home. Please help him. Mr Ratson no longer has a phone, so please call Ratpack Radio on 25675599.

No. – her: husnummer gone – borte lost – mistet no longer – ikke lenger

Activity What has Mr Rich Radcliffe lost? What is Miss Rowena Rattington’s telephone number? What is one of the rat children wearing? Why doesn’t Mr Rupert Ratson have a phone?

Workbook page 12-13

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The weather weather forecast – værmelding, værvarsling trusty – trofaste haze – tåke leftovers – matrester clouds – skyer Fahrenheit – temperaturskala som har navnet sitt etter den tyske fysikeren Gabriel Fahrenheit

This is the weather forecast from your trusty old weather reporter, Rainbow Rachel. It looks like it is going to be a fine day in New York. There has been some morning haze. Good news for us rats! It makes it harder for cats and foxes to see us when we come home in the morning. I hope you have had just as good a night as I have. I came across some good leftovers last night. I had a real feast! I had fish and chips, a kebab and some potato salad. Anyway, back to the weather. There are still a few clouds, but they are not here to stay. The afternoon will be mostly sunny and warm. Temperatures are going to be between 59 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit. There will be no wind today.

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Things are not looking good for tomorrow. In the morning there will be showers and temperatures between 45 and 60 degrees. The wind will blow from the east at 10 miles per hour. It will begin raining in the afternoon and keep on through the night. So watch out when you cross the street! The water on the roads makes it harder for the cars to stop. We don’t want any accidents. The rest of the week will also be wet and rainy. I think you should all go out and enjoy today. Do your shopping, get your leftovers and stay in for the rest of the week. Ron, the rest of the staff at Radio Rat Pack and I will keep you company! That’s all from me, Rainbow Rachel. Take care!

degrees – grader showers – regnskyll, regnbyger accidents – ulykker enjoy – nyt staff – stab (de som arbeider i radioen) keep you company – holde deg med selskap

Activity What will the weather be like for the rest of the week? Describe for a friend what the weather is like today. What does Rainbow Rachel talk about besides the weather?

Workbook page 14-15

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How to measure temperature measure – måle countries – land (flertall) scale – skala freezes – fryser boiling – kokende

In the USA temperature is measured in degrees Fahrenheit. In the UK, Norway, and other countries that use the metric system, temperature is measured in degrees Celsius. On the Celsius scale water freezes at 0 degrees. On the Fahrenheit scale water freezes at 32 degrees. Boiling water has a temperature of 100 degrees Celsius and 212 degrees Fahrenheit.

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hot – varm room temperature – romtemperatur equals – er lik, tilsvarer

A normal room temperature of 20 degrees Celsius measures 68 degrees Fahrenheit. A hot summer temperature of 30 degrees Celsius measures 86 degrees F. An extremely cold day of –20 degrees Celsius equals a Fahrenheit temperature of –4. Activity What is your favourite weather like? Find out how you can convert from Celsius to Fahrenheit degrees. Look up the names Celsius and Fahrenheit and find out more about them.

Workbook page 16 23


For or against recycling? debating – diskuterer lovely – nydelig distinguished – stilige, fornemme each – hver create – skape injured – skadet leftovers – matrester

Rattling Ron: In our studio today we have two guests debating recycling. On one side we find the lovely and charming Miss Retail Rita. On the other, our distinguished guest Mr Rich Radcliffe. I will give each of you half a minute to tell the listeners your opinion. Let us start with Miss Rita. Miss Retail Rita: I am against recycling because it can create dangerous situations. Many of us could be injured trying to fight our way to the food. Think how easy it is for the humans to get hold of us. Why should we make it harder for ourselves? Let the humans throw their food and garbage around. That gives us easy access to all their leftovers. I say, vote no! 24


Rattling Ron: I am sure the listeners will be interested in what our next guest has to say about this. Go ahead, Mr Radcliffe. Mr Rich Radcliffe: I am for recycling, because sorting food will mean more quality food. It will mean less paper and garbage to go through. Less chance of getting cut on paper and tin cans and last, but not least, better health. A lot of us are infected by illness, but if we know where the food comes from we can pick and choose. Remember humans are full of disease. So let us pick the healthy and tasty food that will give us healthier children. Rattling Ron: Thank you both for giving us your opinion. Our listeners will now get the chance to call us for Speaker’s Corner and tell us their views on recycling.

Activity What can you recycle? Why do we recycle? What is your view on recycling?

garbage – søppel through – gjennom infected – infisert, angrepet disease – sykdom humans – mennesker

FACTS

Recycling means using products over again. By recycling, there is less stress on nature and its resources.

Workbook page 17

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Rats in the know The Quiz in the know – flinke, kunnskapsrike famous – berømt chain – her: kjede letter – her: bokstav know – vite

FACTS

In New York the subway is an underground train system. In London a subway is a tunnel that pedestrians can use to cross a busy road.

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Rattling Ron: Let’s start with today’s quiz. Welcome to Rock-Bottom Roger, Ringleader Ray and Ridiculous Rick! Ron: First question: Who is Michael Jordan? Ray: I know. Basketball. He is a famous player! Ron: Excellent, Ray. What is the English name for the Subway? Rick: Isn’t that a fast food chain. I eat there often. Roger: Sorry, I really don’t know. What is the first letter? Ron: The first letter is – U. Roger: Underground! That’s it!


Ron: Right! Now, the British rats have got Hyde Park and we have got … Ray: Central Park! More questions, please! Time’s almost up! Ron: Correct, Ray! The London rats have the Thames, even if they hardly swim in it, but we have … Roger: The Hudson River. Ron: Very good! Do you know which one is the longer of the two? Roger: It must be the Hudson, everything is bigger and better here in the USA. Ron: What a patriot! But you are right again. The Hudson River is longer than the Thames. Time’s up! We will be back next week at the same time.

questions – spørsmål hardly – knapt (nesten aldri) the longer of – den lengste av guests – gjester patriot – patriot, fedrelandsvenn time’s up – tiden er ute

To write a quiz is easy. Why not try it at home? Goodbye and thanks to our guests here in the studio. Let’s listen to the Boomtown Rats with one of their hits ‘Rat Trap’. Activity Write a sports quiz. Write a film quiz. What do you know about London and New York?

Workbook page 18

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A lady with a facelift average – gjennomsnittlig beauty queen – skjønnhetsdronning liberty – frihet facelift – ansiktsløftning hurricane – orkan magnificent – fantastisk, storartet

Rattling Ron: This lady is more than an average princess or beauty queen. This is the majestic Lady Liberty in person! Our pretty lady has had a facelift. She is now ready to welcome new visitors. Ralph Stevens, our trusty reporter, has been to see this lovely lady. And Ralph, I understand that you are in love? Ralph: That’s right, Ron. I have been visiting Liberty Island and the statue here this summer, and she is looking great! The whole place took a bit of a beating during Hurricane Sandy. It was closed for a while, but now, rats, you can come and see for yourselves. Lady Liberty is as magnificent as ever! Ron: A visit is a good idea, Ralph, but I’m sure many of our listeners are wondering how they can get there.

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Ralph: The stat statue is on Liberty Island, which is a na national park, and the best g there is by ferry. You way to get can take the ferry from New Yor City’s Battery Park, York yo can go from Liberty or you State P Park. Make sure you go when th there are lots of people and long line lines, so you can hide in the crowd. Ron: Ra Ralph, I am sure many of our liste listeners want to know more about th the Statue of Liberty. Where did it come from? Why is it here?

keeps up with – holder følge med teach – lære bort preserve – bevare, verne ferry – ferge long lines – lange køer crowd – folkemengde

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keeps up with – holder følge med teach – lære bort preserve – bevare, verne

Ralph: The statue was a gift from the people of France to the people of the United States. It is a symbol of freedom and democracy. It has been in New York since 1886. Ron: The statue is an old lady, but it seems that she keeps up with modern times? Ralph: Yes, of course. For those of you who want to keep updated on the latest news from the Statue of Liberty, she is on Twitter, Flickr and Facebook. Ron: Speaking of the young ones, is there anything interesting for them to see on the island? Ralph: I should think so. Children can join the National Parks’ Junior Ranger Program, where they learn more about historic sites and preservation of them. As it says on the website: “The activities are fun and teach children about the National Park Service, Liberty Island and why this National Monument is important to protect and preserve.”

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Ron: Thank you for sharing this with us, Ralph. Do you have any warnings for rats who want to explore the island and the Statue of Liberty? Ralph: Yes, I have, Ron. If you visit the statue on a hot day, make sure you drink plenty of water. If it’s hot outside, it’s even hotter inside. Make sure you’re not trampled on, and take your time when you climb the stairs. It is hard work. Ron: Thanks for that, Ralph. You’ll hear more from me tomorrow night. Until then, take care! Activity What do you know about the Statue of Liberty? Why do you think the French gave the statue to the American people? What would you like to see if you travelled to New York?

thank you for sharing that with us – takk for at du delte dette med oss plenty – mye trampled on – trampet ned climb – klatre until – før

Workbook page 19-21

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Ellis Island cellar – kjeller spot – få øye på busy – travel admit – innrømme

Welcome. Today I am reporting from the Rat Museum of Ellis Island. It is situated under ground in the dark cellar of the Ellis Island Immigration Museum. I am waiting for the elderly and charming Miss Roma Ratullah to meet me here at the doorway of the museum. I think I can spot her somewhere in the dark. Miss Ratullah: Hello, hello, is it Ron the reporter, from Radio Rats, I have in front of me? Ron: Yes, it is. Thank you for giving an interview on such a busy day. I have heard that there are many rats coming to visit this interesting museum? Miss Ratullah: Yes, I must admit opening this small museum has been a great success. I hardly have time for lunch when we’re open.

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Ron: So you are not open every day? Miss Ratullah: No, we are open only Monday to Thursday, from 9 a.m. until 6 p.m. The rest of the week we need to prepare for visitors from abroad. Ron: Oh, so you still have visitors from other countries as well? Miss Ratullah: Yes, lots of rats from all over the world come trying to find out what happened to their ancestors. Ron: Are you able to help them? Miss Ratullah: Rarely. We have very few written documents, just a number of old pictures, the terrible rat traps, a barrel, a sack of grains and some tiny bones from some of those who didn’t make it. Ron: Who was the typical immigrant rat? Miss Ratullah: You have to remember that people from several parts of Europe had little or nothing to eat in the 18th and 19th centuries. That also affected the life of rats, and they had to look elsewhere for food. This led them to New York. Ron: They came by ship, why? Miss Ratullah: Well, there weren’t any planes if that’s what you mean. They followed the people, and people travelled by ship. And on board ships there was food. Perhaps not as delicious and tasty as today, but in those days a slice of bread could taste as good as a steak. Ron: I guess you’re right. I find it difficult to imagine what it’s like to be starving, because I have always had plenty of tasty food. Tell me more about this exciting, but sad part of history.

prepare – forberede ancestors – forfedre rarely – sjelden terrible – forferdelige barrel – tønne sack – sekk grains – korn immigrant – innvandrer bones – bein queue – kø affected – påvirket delicious – deilig tasty – smakfull a slice – en skive starving – sulte

33


steamships – dampskip underneath – under storage rooms – lasterom

Miss Ratullah: Well, let’s go into the gallery. Here we have some pictures of some of the steamships, which brought rats to this country. Here you see a picture of the SS England and the SS Adriatic. In this picture, you can see the cabins in which our ancestors sometimes hid. If you look closely, you will discover the tiny rats underneath the woman’s skirt. Many of us rats tried to hide in storage rooms on the ships, where humans rarely stayed.

FACTS

Rats came from Asia. They came by ship to Europe in the 1500s. In the late 1700s they appeared in North America on boats from England.

Ron: Do you mean to say that many didn’t make it? Miss Ratullah: You have to remember it was hard times. Many rats died either from being killed by people on board the ships or falling overboard during storms. Some even starved to death.

Ron: If you survived, what happened when you finally reached Ellis Island?

34


Miss Ratullah: When they reached Ellis Island, they were fortunate to be able to continue their journey, not like the humans who had to be examined first. The authorities didn’t want people who were in poor health or, for some other reason, weren’t fit enough to enter the new world. Rats, however, waited until it got dark and sneaked overboard and could continue their journey. We rats are fortunate to have a good sense of smell. This sense is vital when trying to find safer and better places to stay and food to eat.

Ron: Do you have any lists of the rats that immigrated? Miss Ratullah: No, we don’t. Those making it into the new world had to just trust their own ability to survive, I am afraid. Ron: Why do rats come here to visit then? Miss Ratullah: Well, mostly to hear the story I have been telling you. It is almost impossible to track down family members, because we have so many children in a lifetime. And rats don’t live long. My time is soon over. I hope someone will continue my work, when I’m gone. Ron: Oh! Well, thank you anyway for sharing your knowledge with our listeners. Till next time, goodbye. Miss Ratullah: Thank you for coming and goodbye!

reached – nådde fortunate – heldige continue – fortsette authorities – myndighetene poor health – dårlig helse enter – entre (tre inn i) good sense of smell – god luktesans track down – spore

Activity Find out who came to Ellis Island and why. How did they get to Ellis Island? Many Norwegians have relatives in the USA. Find out where and why.

Workbook page 22-24

35


Discussion Have a class discussion. Choose a topic question: • Should students have homework in primary school? • Should students use their mobile phones at school? • Should students wear school uniforms? Your teacher will lead the debate or pick a student to be debate leader. Form groups Divide the class into groups of three or four students. The debate leader decides which groups are for (pro) and which groups are against (con). Prepare Write three or four arguments to support your group’s view. In our opinion… because… We feel that … is right because… We think that … We believe that… Present your arguments Present your arguments to the class. Each member of the group presents one arguments. 3636

Questions When all groups have presented their views, go back to your groups. Sit together and write down some questions to ask the other groups. When the next round starts, ask the questions. What do you mean by…? Do you think that… is right? How can you say that…? Work together and try as best as you can to answer any questions you get. Improvise In this round of the debate try to convince the other team that your view is right. Now it is time to use stronger arguments to really win the listeners over. Everyone knows that… I think everyone will agree that… You must understand that… Conclusion Which groups do you think have presented the best argument.


Biography A biography is a text about a person. It is non-fiction, which means that it is based on facts. Choose one of your classmates. Do some brainstorming on your own, and write down some key words and sentences about the person you have picked. Use the list below: • • • • • • •

Name, date of birth, age Where the person lives Family, pets if the person has any Hobbies and interests Favourite school subject Idols and role models Plans for the future

Write a text Look at your notes. You might have some questions for the person you are writing about. Ask your questions and write down their answers.

Provide useful feedback Sit with a partner and read your texts to each other. Give each other useful feedback. Tell your partner what he/ she has done well and how he/she can improve his/her writing. You have described the face well!

I like the way you included many details about the person’s family.

Next time you could use more adjectives when you describe the personality.

What are your hobbies? What do you like doing after school? Do you have any brothers or sisters? Write your text in full sentences. Give it a title, and organise your text in paragraphs. If you want to, include one or more photos or draw a picture.

Publish your text Make a biography wall in your classroom or a class anthology.

Workbook page 25 3737


Chapter 2

You can read magazines Y online or on o paper. The subjects of p magazines can be sports, 多PQWKEQIWSVTIXW 多 In I magazines you can read articles, interviews, r sometimes comic strips, jokes and even gossip. j Have a good time reading Eleven magazine! m


Jeg kan: si min egen m

ening og beg

runne den

snakke om mine og andres interesser Adjectives

absorbing – spennende angry – sint comfortable – behagelig unhappy – ulykkelig famous – berømt impatient – utålmodig Verbs

practise – øve smile – smile talk – snakke play – spille move – bevege seg

There is / There are Prepositions Some / Any

bruke digitale

delta i

MÅL

verktøy

ill

rollesp

Nouns

actor – skuespiller audience – publikum gossip – sladder joke – vits interest – interesse

Phrases

dress up – kle seg ut concerned about – bekymret for fed up with – lei av Break a leg! – Lykke til! (egentlig: Brekk et bein!)

Roleplay

Interview

Choose your way!


Absorbing interests Sports enjoy – liker met – møtte soccer – fotball (i USA) lives – lever, bor team – lag shin pads – leggbeskyttere football boots – fotballstøvler move – bevege across – tvers over floor – gulv practise – øve studio – her: dansestudio

Many children enjoy sports. Last week Eleven magazine met Oscar who loves to play soccer. Eleven: Are there many kids who play soccer at your school, Oscar? Oscar: Yes, it is a very popular sport. Eleven: Why do you think it is so popular? Oscar: It is fun to play on a team and you make many new friends. There are lots of parks where we can play. Eleven: What do you need to play? Oscar: You need a ball, shin pads, boots, and someone to play with. Eleven also met Jacob. He enjoys music and dancing. Eleven: Hi, Jacob. You are a good dancer. Jacob: Thanks. I love to move across the floor to music. Eleven: We can see that! Where do you dance? Jacob: I dance at a studio and at home.

40


Eleven: What type of outfit do you need to dance? Jacob: You need some snazzy clothes and comfortable shoes. Not to forget rhythmic music! Eleven: Put it on, and we’ll join in. Olivia loves skateboarding. Read what she told us about her interest. Eleven: Where do you skate, Olivia? Olivia: I skate in the streets sometimes, but mostly at home. Eleven: Why? Olivia: I can invite my friends, and we can practise in a safe place. Eleven: But you need something to protect you? Olivia: Yes, you need a helmet, and pads for knees, elbows and wrists. If you fall, there is always a risk of breaking a leg or an arm. Eleven: Are there other places you go to skate? Olivia: There are lots of parks and beaches too. Eleven: Sounds risky! Take care!

outfit – utstyr snazzy – skjønne not to forget – for ikke å glemme streets – gater mostly – for det meste safe place – trygt sted protect – beskytte helmet – hjelm pads – polstring risk of – fare for beach – strand sounds risky – høres farlig ut

Activity What type of sports do you enjoy and why? What do you need when you practise your sport?

Workbook page 26-28

41


Quiz general knowledge – allmenn kunnskap

E! WLEDG O N K r answers u L o y A k R c E e h N ,c UR GE uestions . O q Y e h t T r S e ts TE Answ your poin p u d d a and PER GENIUS? ARE YOU A SU

York a) New ngton hi b) Was s USA? e h t f Orlean o l w a t e i N p a ) c he c hat is t W homa 1. ) Okla o a iOrland rst Afr i ) f b e h t e of USA? Obama e urnam h ) s t c f e e o h t kespar sident hat is a e h r W S p n m lia 2. erica ms a) Wil can Am , y Wallia n d i n v a r a s ta G b) D William Gangs e f i o b r b o o h t c) R the aut emon Dentis s i o h W dD 3. ricket ger an c r u ) b a t a R is ) tenn l b l ou baseba t can y r ) o c p s add up – ch d In whi Zealan run? . e 4 w e m o N regn h ) a hit a Wales ) b sammen y g lo lia film tri Austra e h ) t c s ? a d capital – adian w e n e a m r l e C i f h d s n W ing lish a 5. f the R hovedstad a) Eng h and French Lord o Englis nd German ken in o ) p b s surname – e r a a guages English n ) a l c o w t etternavn s Which d Jame unia n a 6. y l ? i a t a) L Canad and Pe a s n ’ r o e n t r t e o b) V Lupini arry P home run – H d f n o a s s e u c) Siri the nam e r a løpe en t a Wh ney 7. s? a) Syd urne hel runde etter parent Melbo ia? l ) a b r t s u eget slag rra fA Canbe apital o ) c c e h t s triology – What i o 8. a) Eur s triologi (her en Dollar ) ? b d e l l serie med tre ca s Pound money ) h c s i r I s bøker/filmer) What i nt 9. a) Gia giant – kjempe Finger Dahl is ) b d l a o peach – fersken yR Peach book b ) a c f o e he titl 10. T agic… M e h T 42


swimming – svømming owner – eier 11.

Which of these sports is not in the Olympics?

a) rugby b) swimming c) marathon

12.

What is the name of the owner of the chocolate factory in Charlie and the Chocolate Factory by Roald Dahl?

a) Willy Wonka b) Albus Dumbledore c) Wilfred Wong

13.

Who is the director of the film Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets?

a) Steven Spielberg b) Chris Columbus c) Quentin Tarantino

Now check your score! 28–29 points:

Congratulations! You are hereby declared a genius! Did you do better than your teacher? Are you the teacher?

20–27 points:

Well done! You have good general knowledge.

15–20 points:

Average.

factory – fabrikk chamber – værelse, rom secrets – hemmeligheter

Answers – points: Oops! Better luck next time. 8c – 2 9a – 2 10b – 2 11a – 3 12a – 1 13b – 3

Workbook page 29

1b – 2 2c – 3 3b – 1 4c – 2 5a – 3 6b – 3 7a – 2

0–5 points:

43


famous – berømt racecar driver – racerbilkjører pet – kjæledyr tortoise – skilpadde flair for – talent for devastated – ødelagt, oppskaket magician – tryllekunstner light-fingered – klåfingret stealing – stjele trunk – bagasjerom på bil (USA) goods – varer trust – stole på

44

G ABOUT IT

LKIN EVERYONE´S TA

Who’s hot and who’s not? Who’s in and who’s out? We give you the latest news on famous faces! Race driver millionaire retires The famous racecar driver, Anton McFast, has just won the biggest Formula One race in the world. The prize was $ 9,000,000! Anton says to Eleven that he now wants to stop racing and have more time for his pet tortoise, Sue.

Monkey with a flair for presents Millionaire Forest Woods’s daughter, Treetop, was devastated after the magician Filly Ocus’s monkey, Light-fingered, was found stealing Treetop’s presents at her own birthday party. Police found the stolen goods in the trunk of the magician’s car, but Filly Ocus claims to know nothing about it. Mr Woods says to Eleven that you can’t trust anyone these days.


Teenage fashion The hottest thing ever, according to today’s fashion, is paint-on clothing. Easy to put on and even easier to wash off, and last, but not least, very cheap! Get out there young ones and buy yourselves some paint and a brush – let’s get to work! Mrs Pedantic, mother of four, says to Eleven that she is concerned about her furniture.

Parents for hire ( P F H ) Are you one of those who are fed up with your parents and need a change? This is the answer. A new agency called PFH is now renting out the parents of your dreams! Forget about rules, pocket money, when to go to bed or when you have to be in at night – these parents play by your rules! Eleven magazine says: About time!

paint-on – påmalte last, but not least – sist, men ikke minst cheap – billig paint – maling brush – kost concerned about – bekymret for furniture – møbler fed up with – lei av change – forandring renting out – leie ut

Activity Why do people like to read gossip? Name some gossip magazines. Make a mind map with your classmates of made-up gossip news.

Workbook page 29

45


There is/There are There is a skate Regel ramp in the park. Det er, eller det fins heter There is på There are many kids engelsk. playing soccer. Hvis vi snakker om flere enn én, heter det There are.

Prepositions Where are you? In my room! Between you and the door.

Lær preposisjonene: in, between, in front of, on, behind, over, for, under, to, from

There is a rat on the table. There is a cat behind the curtain.

There is a spider in front of the chair. There is a lamp over the bed.

There is a present for you under the bed! For me, are you sure? The card says To ‘the finder’ From ‘guess who’!

Workbook page 30-32

46


Some / any Do you have any

I have read some

interesting books

really good books.

to lend me?

Yes, I have some.

Regel Do you have any fun games? No, sorry, I don’t

Some brukes i fortellende setninger. Any brukes i spørsmål og nektende setninger.

have any games.

Would you like some tea?

Regel

Yes, please.

Some kan brukes i spørsmål hvis du tror svaret blir ja.

Workbook page 33

47


Humorous values angry – sint beauty contest – skjønnhetskonkurranse prettiest – peneste State of Alabama – Alabama, en stat sør i USA spent – brukt nails – negler teeth – tenner jewellery – smykker lost – tapt unhappy – ulykkelig How come? – Hvorfor det? nervous – nervøs forgot – glemte

The beauty contest Monica’s mother is very angry. Monica has just lost a beauty contest in the State of Alabama. It is called the Miss Prettiest Smile contest. They have spent lots of money on hair, nails, teeth, dresses, shoes, jewellery and make up. Now everything is lost. Let us meet Monica. She is very sad. Reporter: Tell us why you are so unhappy! Monica: Mom is so angry with me. Reporter: How come? Monica: I was so nervous I forgot to smile. Reporter: Oh, I see.

Workbook page 34

48

Activity Why is Monica unhappy? Why is her mother angry? Should children take part in beauty contests? Why? / Why not?


The other contest Eleven has met Monica the day after the beauty contest. Monica says: “I never ever want to be a part of that silly beauty contest again! My mom and I have talked about it, and we have a great idea! All girls like a crown, a sash and a trophy, but only one can have it. That is NOT FAIR! Besides, why dress up like a doll when you can be a superhero, a pirate, a chef, a soldier, a witch or whatever you want? I have invited all my friends from school to a new competition. All the children dress up. Some do tricks and others play games. EVERYONE gets a prize!” Monica’s idea is a great success. All the girls and boys are having fun. Meet some of the winners: Tim, 11, tells us that he won the prize for Best Pumpkin Costume. He made it himself. Julia, 12, is the winner of Best Magic Trick. She made her homework disappear.

met – møtte crown – krone sash – bånd prize – premie trophy – trofé, pokal doll – dokke chef – kokk magic trick – tryllekunst disappear – forsvinne backflip – baklengs salto

Activity What do you think of Monica’s new competition? What kind of competition have you entered? Are competitions good for children? Why or why not?

Adam, 11, won the prize for Best Twister Player. He did a backflip while playing.

Workbook page 34-35

49


Ask Sandra parents – foreldre rude – uhøflig rules – regler spend – bruke, tilbringe strict – streng

Do you have a problem? Sandra can help you with big and small problems. Dear Sandra, I have a problem. My parents don’t like my best friend. They say she is rude and doesn’t respect our house rules. My friend says the rules are stupid anyway. My mother says I should spend more time with my other friends. Does she have the right to tell me who I can play with? Susan, 11

Dear Susan, If your friend really is your best mate, she will respect your parents’ rules. She should know that you didn’t make them. Many kids think their parents are too strict. You should sit down with your parents and have a talk with them. Maybe you can work out some rules you all can live with. Good luck! Sandra 50


Dear Sandra, I really want a dog, but my sister is allergic! Is it ok as long as the dog sleeps in my room? Peter, 10

Dear Peter, I don’t recommend that you get a dog if your sister is allergic. It depends on how strong her symptoms are. Still, you do not want to risk it. What if you get a dog and then have to give it away? I would recommend that you get a different pet instead. Goldfish, tortoises, stick insects and spiders are safer for your sister.

recommend – anbefaler risk – risikere away – bort instead – i stedet tortoise – skilpadde (land-) stick insect – pinnedyr safer – tryggere

Sandra

Activity Who is allergic to dogs? What is Susan’s friend like? What can you do if you want a dog and someone in your family is allergic?

Workbook page 35-37

51


Jokes liars – løgnere building – bygning Cinderella – Askepott race – løp catch a cold – bli forkjølet

A good laugh makes you live longer. May all you readers laugh a lot. Q: Why do the French like to eat snails? A: Because they don’t like fast food! Q: Why are ghosts bad liars? A: Because you can see right through them. Q: What dog can jump higher than a building? A: Any dog, buildings can’t jump! Q: Why can’t Cinderella play soccer? A: Because she’s always running away from the ball. Q: What kind of race is never run? A: A swimming race. Q: What animal is the best cricket player? A: The bat. Q: Which runs faster, hot or cold water? A: Hot, because you can catch a cold.

52


An American guy bought the fastest and coolest car ever made. He got in the car and turned on the radio. Then he heard, “This is London!” The man said: This car is really fast! One day when a tortoise was crossing the road, it met two snails. The snails mugged the poor tortoise. When the police showed up, they asked him what happened. The tortoise, who was all shaken up, replied, “I don’t know. It all happened much too fast.” A police officer got out of his car and a young man who was stopped for speeding rolled down his window. “I’ve been waiting for you all day,” the police officer said. The young man replied, “Yeah, well I got here as fast as I could.”

entered – satte seg inn i tortoise – skilpadde snails – snegler fast food – hurtigmat mugged – overfalte poor – her: stakkars showed up – dukket opp shaken up – oppskaket rolled down – rullet ned

Activity What does the word fast mean in these jokes? Search the Internet for clever and funny jokes. Write them down and tell your classmates.

Workbook page 37

53


In the limelight limelight – rampelys theatre – teater lots of – mange date – avtale, stevnemøte children – barn people – folk are talking – snakker stage – scene backstage – bak scenen

Idiom

In theatre, you should never say “Good luck!” Instead, people say, “Break a leg!”

54

Behind the scenes Eleven is at the theatre. There are lots of people here. We can see many children. Some are singing. Some are talking. It takes a lot of people to put on a big show. Some work onstage and some work backstage.

Activity Where is Eleven? What are the children doing? Have you been a part of a show? What job did you do?

Workbook page 38


Lights and action Meet the people backstage. They are just as important as the actors. Lucy is a stagehand. She tells us about her job. “I have to put all the props on the stage. When they pull the curtain, I run onto the stage. Then I put all the things in the right places.” Sometimes Lucy has to hand costumes to the actors. In this play an actor plays the role of a monkey in the first act and an old man in the second act. Lucy has to make sure that the actor finds his walking stick and glasses.

light – lys behind – bak show – forestilling important – viktig stagehand – scenearbeider part of – del av props – rekvisitter director – teaterinstruktør break a leg – lykke til (på teaterspråk) pull – trekke make sure – forsikre seg om

Liam controls the curtain. He has to pull the curtain at the right time. “I have practised many times. I have to listen to the director,” he says. Liam and Lucy like their theatre work. They both want to work in theatre or film when they grow up. Eleven says, “Break a leg!”

Activity What job would you like to do in a theatre? What is good about Lucy’s job? Why are the people backstage important?

Workbook page 39 55


A young star! saw – så play – teaterstykke fell in love with – ble forelsket i in spite of – til tross for audience – publikum annual – årlige rehearse – øve

56

Anthony is a young actor. He once saw a play with his parents, Patricia and Geoff, and fell in love with the theatre. In spite of his young age, he has worked very hard to get where he is today. Eleven: Congratulations! Great play! Anthony: Thank you. It felt very good. Eleven: Were you nervous? Anthony: I was very nervous. I have never played in front of a big audience before. The closest thing to this must be the annual school plays. They are fun, too. Eleven: How do you rehearse? Anthony: My mother listens to me sometimes. I rehearse every day, both at home and at the theatre. I am also lucky to have a good memory.


Eleven: Have any of your classmates seen the play? Anthony: Yes, they came to watch the dress rehearsal with our teacher. Eleven: Must have been fun for you! Anthony: Yes, it made me very proud. Eleven: Would you like to take part in other plays? Anthony: Yes, if I get the chance. Eleven: Would you recommend acting to other children? Anthony: Yes. It is great fun and you get to meet new people. Eleven: What do you need to do if you want a part in a play? Anthony: You have to audition. Each person who hopes to get a part in the play is given a number. Then when it is your turn you sing, dance or read lines as best as you can. Eleven: Is it scary? Anthony: No, but I was a little nervous. I think everyone was. Eleven: Thank you for giving our readers advice, and for the interview. Anthony: You’re welcome.

dress rehearsal – generalprøve proud – stolt take part – delta, her: få en rolle audition – prøvespille chest – bryst lines – replikker advice – råd

Activity Why did Anthony start acting? Why do you think Anthony has succeeded? Act out the interview dialogue.

Workbook page 40-41

57


The Lion King – A Musical Review pride – (løve) flokk savannah – savanne (stor gresslette) proud – stolte

FACTS

The Lion King Musical is based on the Disney animated film. The music is by Elton John and the lyrics by Tim Rice.

Josephine has seen the popular musical The Lion King at New Amsterdam Theatre in New York. She has written a review for Eleven magazine.

The story The Lion King is the story of a pride of lions living on the African savannah. The proud Mufasa is a good king to his pride. Simba is his son.

58


Mufasa’s brother, Scar, is a bitter and jealous soul. With the help of the hyenas, he kills Mufasa. He blames the death on Simba, and sends him out on the savannah, alone. He then proclaims himself king of the pride. Simba feels guilty because of his father’s death. While wandering alone on the savannah, he meets Timon and Pumba. The carefree couple soon expands to a trio when Simba joins them. Years pass and life is hard. Nala, who used to play with Simba when they were cubs, has become a young lioness. Scar’s plan is to make her his mate. Nala is about to give in just to save the flock from disaster, when she suddenly meets Simba again. Together they defeat Scar. The story ends with Simba taking over the throne and making Nala his queen.

jealous – sjalu soul – sjel hyenas – hyenene (afrikanske villhunder) blames – skylder på proclaims – erklærer guilty – skyldig death – død carefree – bekymringsløse couple – par expands – utvider joins – slår seg sammen med cubs – her: løveunger lioness – løvinne mate – make disaster – katastrofe defeat – overvinner throne – trone

59


huge – enorm backdrop – bakteppe glowing – glødende stage – scene

The stage The stage was set like an African savannah. There was a huge sun on the backdrop, glowing as if it was real. Then the African animals came on stage. The elephants, the zebras, the leopard, the hyenas, the birds and the giraffes were all very life-like.

60


The actors The giraffes moved as if they were real. Bicycles were used to introduce a flock of gazelles. When the rhinos moved across the stage, it was hard to understand that inside them were human beings. Everything was performed with such grace you could tell the actors had been practising a lot.

The music The music, the voices and the African songs were wonderful. The African drums, together with the rest of the orchestra, made me feel like I was in Africa. As you must have guessed – I loved it! The only thing to beat this is a real-life safari in Africa!

real – virkelig (ekte) bicycles – sykler human beings – mennesker performed – framført grace – grasiøsitet wonderful – nydelige drums – trommer beat – slå, overgå real-life – virkelig

Activity What is the name of the theatre and where is it? Sum up Josephine’s experience in the theatre. What do you know about The Lion King?

Workbook page 42

61


Jonathan

Role Play Meet the Jenkins family! They are having a discussion at the dinner table. The topic of conversation is bedtimes. They do not agree on when to go to bed. For a while now, all of them have been very tired at breakfast time. There has to be a change. How can they solve the problem?

Jenkins, age 42 Jenna Jenkins, age 42

Jack Jenkins,

Form groups Form groups of three or four people. Your teacher hands out a role card to each student.

age 11

Bella Jenkins, age 14

Get into character Read your card well and take some notes. • How does your character feel about the topic of discussion? • Is your character angry, upset or happy about the situation? Practise what you are going to say. You can write down some lines. Imagine what the others are going to say and think of how you can respond. I think … In my opinion, … because If …

Discuss the topic In your group everyone is in character. Try to think as your character would think, not as yourself. You can start by saying your prepared lines, but go on to improvise. Perform your role play for the class. Stay in character.

6262


Interview How to get started! What is your topic? – An interesting job – How to do well in sports – An exciting hobby – How to care for a pet Who do you want to interview? Mum, dad, brother, sister, a famous person, a friend, … Write Make up questions. Start your sentences with who, what, when, where, why, which, how, can or do. How long have you …? What is your favourite …? What do you like best…? When did you …? Why do you …? Where have you …?

Get useful feedback Show your questions to your friend or your teacher. When you give each other feedback, say things like: Have you remembered to ask about…? What about …? Could you find out more about…? Carry out the interview. Ask your questions and write down the answers. You can do the interview by email, phone or online chat if the person you are going to interview lives far away. Write the final version. Check your spelling. Publish You can send your interview to the school paper or make a class magazine (digital or on paper).

Workbook page 43 6363


Chapter 3

Words can make you think and wonder. They can make you feel good or bad. Sometimes words can make you laugh or cry. A poem is a text with few words. In this chapter, you will read and recite poems. You might write your own poems, too. Do you want to make people laugh ... or cry?


Jeg kan: lese og forstå

Adjectives

dikt

fortelle om hvordan jeg opplevde en tekst

evil – ondskapsfull funny – morsom mean – slem scary – skummel strange – rar

på en framføre dikt

MÅL

kreativ måte

skrive

et dikt

playful – leken, lekne impatient – utålmodig Verbs

recite – framføre repeat – gjenta rhyme – rime stress – her: legge trykk på brainstorm – idemyldre

Verbs Simple present Present continuous

Phrases

Nouns

brainstorm – idemyldring rehearsal – øvelse topic – tema, emne verse – vers idiom – uttrykk

See you later – Ses etterpå! toodle-oo – ha det! learn by heart – lære utenat make someone laugh – få noen til å le

Reciting poems

Poems

A poem is ished! never fin


Funny poems Kite kite – drage on the ground – på bakken paper – papir string – snor caper – hoppe, danse

A kite on the ground Is just paper and string but up in the air it will dance and sing. A kite in the air will dance and caper but back on the ground is just string and paper. Anon Activity Who of you have made a kite before? How do you get the kite up in the air? What do you need to make a kite?

Workbook page 44-45 66


See You Later! in a while – om en stund baboon – bavian soon – snart later – senere butterfly – sommerfugl horror – her: stygging freak – original person

See you later, alligator! In a while, crocodile. See you later, hot potato. If you wish, jelly-fish. Not too soon, you big baboon. Toodle-oo, kangaroo. Bye-bye, butterfly. See you tomorrow, you little horror. In a week, you crazy freak. Anon

FACTS

‘See you later, alligator’ is a very popular American rock and roll song of the 1950s.

Activity Put the names of the animals in alphabetical order. Which is your favourite animal? Which words in the text say something about time?

Workbook page 46-47 67


The morning rush tap – kran vest – trøye (am. engelsk: vest) lose – miste gobble – gumle squeeze – klemme paste – tannkrem brush – børste waste – kaste bort

Into the bathroom, Turn on the tap. Wash away the sleepiness– Splish! Splosh! Splash! Into the bedroom, Pull on your vest. Quickly! Quickly! Get yourself dressed. Down to the kitchen. No time to lose. Gobble up your breakfast. Put on your shoes. Back to the bathroom. Squeeze out the paste. Brush, brush, brush your teeth. No time to waste.

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Look in the mirror. Comb your hair. Hurry, scurry, hurry, scurry Down the stairs.

comb – gre hurry – skynde seg scurry – skynde seg mirror – speil grab – ta, grip through – gjennom

Pick your school bag Up off the floor. Grab your coat. And out through the door. John Foster

Activity Find the rhyming words. Describe yourself getting up in the morning: First I get out of bed… Then I go to the bathroom…

Idiom

‘Rise and shine!’ – to get out of bed and start the day (you are being asked to rise and to shine just as the sun is doing) ‘Get up on the wrong side of the bed.’ – to be in a bad mood

Workbook page 47-49 69


pants – truser (England), bukser (USA) stink – stank sink – vask enough – nok the going’s getting tough – dette begynner å bli vanskelig flies – fluer slug – snegle jug – mugge

Help, help nothing’s right I can’t find my ears and my pants are too tight. There’s a clock in my sock there’s a rose up my nose there’s an egg on my leg and there’s a stink in my sink. Help, help I’ve had enough I can’t find my eyes and the going’s getting tough.

Idioms

In English, people sometimes say that things ‘go pearshaped’. It means that things go wrong.

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There’s bread in my bed there’s flies in my fries there’s a slug in the jug and there’s a ghost on my toast.


Help, help I’m in a mess. Have you got my head? The cat says yes. The cat says yes, the donkey says No. The hamster in the swimming pool says he doesn’t know. Michael Rosen

Activity What is wrong with the person in the poem? Do you ever have days when everything feels wrong? What happens then? Have you had a silly dream? What was it about?

Workbook page 50-51 71


Verbs Regel Simple present Presens Vi bruker presens om noe som skjer vanligvis eller ofte. Verb i presens skal ha -s etter he, she og it

She eats breakfast every morning. Regel Vi bruker verb i vanlig presens sammen med tidsuttrykkene: usually, sometimes, always, never, often, every day, once a month, twice a year

Regel Når vi spør med verb i presens, må vi ofte bruke verbet sammen med do. Hvis vi snakker om he, she eller it, bruker vi does.

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He often loses his keys on the way home from school.

Questions in present form Presens i spørsmål

Do you play with your kite every Saturday? Yes, I do.

Does she usually run to school? No, she doesn’t.

Examples Do I start…? Do we go …? Do you come? Do you eat …? Does he/she/it run …? Do they leave …?


Present continuous

Regel

Presens samtidsform P

Vi bruker presens samtidsform om det som skjer akkurat nå. Vi bruker også presens samtidsform om det som er planlagt i framtiden.

I am dancing at the moment.

You are eating now.

Ord som brukes sammen med present continuous: now, at the moment, today, tomorrow, this afternoon, this evening

We are writing poems at school today. They are going to read the poems for their class tomorrow.

Presens samtidsform i spørsmål:

Are they eating sandwiches? Yes, they are.

Workbook page 52-59

Is he running? No, he isn’t.

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Scary poems Ghost train insane – vanvittig tucked – her: plassert shook – skalv, ristet ceiling – tak (innendørs) travel past – reise forbi, passere creaked – knirket, knakte bounced round and back – slo fram og tilbake raving maniac – rasende gal person

Idioms

‘Scared to death’ – extremely scared ‘To shake like a leaf’ – so scared that you can’t stand still

Chorus: On the g-g-g-g-g-g-g-g-ghost train, It was dark, it was scary, it was insane, And I’m never going back there ever again On the g-g-g-g-g-g-g-g-ghost train. It’s a lot of fun, my big brother said, skeletons, ghosts and a man with his head tucked under his arm, but you needn’t look I’ve been here before, so I sat and shook. Repeat chorus: On the g-g-g-g-g-g-g-g-ghost train, it was dark, it was scary, it was insane, and I’m never going back there ever again on the g-g-g-g-g-g-g-g-ghost train. I didn’t like it, not one bit, webs hung down from the ceiling and hit the side of your face as you travelled past ever so slowly, oh, can’t we go fast? Repeat chorus: On the g-g-g-g-g-g-g-g-ghost train, it was dark, it was scary, it was insane, and I’m never going back there ever again on the g-g-g-g-g-g-g-g-ghost train. Coffin lids creaked and a skeleton fell across our path and I let out a yell. Its echo bounced round the tunnel and back like a scream from a raving maniac.

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Repeat chorus: On the g-g-g-g-g-g-g-g-ghost train, it was dark, it was scary, it was insane, and I’m never going back there ever again on the g-g-g-g-g-g-g-g-ghost train. Back out in the open I just couldn’t shift my brother pulled and then tried to lift me out, but nothing worked till he said “Let’s have another go instead…”

shift – her: røre på seg staggered away – sjanglet avsted face – her: se for seg

I jumped to my feet and staggered away, my brother said, “Maybe another day.” But no, no way could I ever face another trip through that terrible place. Chorus: On the g-g-g-g-g-g-g-g-ghost train, It was dark, it was scary, it was insane, And I’m never going back there ever again On the g-g-g-g-g-g-g-g-ghost train. Brian Moses Activity Discuss what you are afraid of and why. Why do you think the poet has written ‘On the g-g-g-g-g-g-g-g …’?

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Two short scary poems pile – haug accident – ulykke somebody – noen threw – kastet juicy – saftige skin – hud tin – hermetikkboks There was an old man from Wales Who was always cutting his nails. The bits could be found in a pile on the ground being eaten by giant snails. Limerick by Michael Rosen

An accident An accident happened to my brother Jim When somebody threw a tomato at him – Tomatoes are juicy and don’t hurt the skin, But this one was specially packed in a tin Anon Activity Why was Jim hurt? What is a tin made from?

Workbook page 60-61

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A dragon in the classroom There’s a dragon in the classroom: its body is a box, its head’s a plastic waste-bin, its eyes are broken clocks, its legs are cardboard tubes, its claws are toilet rolls, its tongue’s my dad’s old tie (that’s why it’s full of holes). “Oh, what a lovely dragon,” our teacher smiled and said. “You are a pretty dragon,” she laughed and stroked its head. “Oh, no, I’m not,” he snorted, S N A P! S N A P! he moved his jaw and chased our screaming teacher along the corridor.

dragon – drake body – kropp waste-bin – søppelkasse broken – ødelagt cardboard tubes – rør av papp toilet rolls – doruller tie – slips lovely – nydelig pretty – søt stroked – klappet snorted – fnyste snap – glefs jaw – kjeve chased – jaget screaming – skrikende along – bortover

Charles Thomson

Activity How did you like the poem? Why did the teacher run away?

Workbook page 62

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Transylvania dreaming safe – trygg locked – låst fed – matet bright – lyst mom – mamma (USA) noise – lyd shape – fasong, her: skikkelse, skygge bat – flaggermus cape – kappe breathe – puste your heart skips a beat – hjertet ditt hopper over et slag prayer – bønn stalks – stilker towards – mot

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In the middle of the night When you’re safe in bed And the doors are locked And the cats are fed And it’s much too bright And sleep won’t come And there’s something wrong And you want your mom And you hear a noise And you see a shape And it looks like a bat Or a man in a cape And you dare not breathe And your heart skips a beat And you’re cold as ice From your head to your feet And you say a prayer And you swear to be good And you’d run for your life If you only could And your eyes are wide And stuck on stalks As the thing in black towards you walks


And the room goes dark And you faint clean away And you don’t wake up Till the very next day… And you open your eyes And the sun is out And you jump out of bed And you sing and shout, “It was only a dream!” And you dance around the room And your heart is as light as a helium balloon And your mom rushes in And says, “Hold on a sec… What are those two little Holes in your neck?” Colin McNaughton

faint – besvimer shout – roper rushes – skynder seg hold on – vent neck – hals

Idiom

‘Make your blood run cold’ – Sometimes something can be so frightening that it ‘makes your blood run cold’ in your veins.

Activity What happens in the poem? Try to describe it in your own words. Read the poem in a scary voice. Act out the poem. Have you ever had a nightmare?

Workbook page 62-63

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Monster smouldered – ulmet, satte varige spor breath – pust, ånde bushes – busker blotted out – skygget for pigeon – due snatched – rasket til seg swallowed – svelget

Idiom

‘Jump out of your skin’ – when something frightens or surprises you very much

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I saw a monster in the woods As I was cycling by, His footsteps smouldered in the leaves, His breath made bushes die, And when he raised his hairy arm It blotted out the sun; He snatched a pigeon from the sky And swallowed it in one.


His mouth was like a dripping cave, His eyes like pools of lead, And when he growled I rode back home And rushed upstairs to bed.

cave – hule lead – bly growled – brølte though – selv om quite – litt av gave a fright – skremte braver – modigere tie up – binde fast is asleep – sover too – også

But that was yesterday and though It gave me quite a fright, I’m older now and braver so I’m going back tonight. I’ll tie him up when he’s asleep And take him to the zoo. The trouble is he’s rather big… Will you come too? Richard Edwards Activity Find the rhyming words. Example: by-die What does this phrase mean: “His breath made bushes die”? What were you afraid of when you were a little child?

Workbook page 63 81


The Thing reel – sjangle horror – skrekk squeal – hvine, skrike retreat – trekke seg tilbake in terror – i frykt sliding – glir emerge – komme fram hiding – gjemme seg make it – klare

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See the teacher reel with horror! Hear the children squeal and scream! Watch them all retreat in terror From The Thing that’s not a dream. Listen to the slimy sliding! See The Thing emerge some more! Feel the panic, watch them hiding. Could they make it to the door


Is The Thing an alien creature? Is that why the classroom froze? No… “Get a tissue!” said the teacher. The Thing had come … from Jason’s nose!

alien – fremmed, fra en annen planet creature – skapning froze – stivnet tissue – papirlommetørkle

Tony Bradman Activity What is happening in the poem? What is an alien creature? What is “the Thing” really?

Workbook page 63

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Poems about family My little sister not too – ikke altfor neat – her: renslig trouble – problem doesn’t know – vet ikke exactly – akkurat

My little sister Likes to eat. But when she does She’s not too neat. The trouble is She doesn’t know Exactly where The food should go! William Wise Activity How old do you think the little sister in the poem is? Do you have a little brother or sister? How do they eat? Can you remember something from when you were little?

Workbook page 64 84


Smelly people Uncle Oswald smells of tobacco. Aunt Agatha smells of rope. Cousin Darren smells of aeroplane glue. Cousin Tracy smells of soap. My mum smells of garlic and cabbage. My dad smells of cups of tea. My baby sister smells of sick And my brother of TCP. Our classroom smells of stinky socks. Our teacher smells of Old Spice. I wonder what I smell of? I’ll just have a sniff… Hmmm…quite nice.

rope – tau glue – lim garlic – hvitløk cabbage – kål sick – oppkast TCP – bakteriedrepende væske wonder – lurer på have a sniff – lukte, snuse quite – ganske

Roger Stevens Activity What smell do you like best? What do you think smells awful? What do you think these people are doing?

Workbook page 65-67

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My old man old man – her: far covered – dekket proper – ordentlig nar-nar – dust overshoots – skyter over mål

My old man plays football he wears a football shirt he’s got the latest colours and he’s always covered in dirt He looks a proper nar-nar in his great big football boots they’re much too big for his little feet that’s why he overshoots When my old man plays football upon a windy day he has to hold his hair on in case it blows away

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He’s also so short-sighted he shouldn’t play at all he needs a magnifying glass to help him see the ball He wants to be the captain but he can’t run very far before he needs a stretcher and a ride home in the car

stretcher – båre pale – blek sad – trist football pitch – fotballbane short-sighted – nærsynt magnifying glass – forstørrelsesglass

So if you see a player looking all pale and sad don’t kick him off the football pitch it might be my old dad FACTS

Andrea Shavick Activity Why does Dad look silly? Find words in the poem to describe Dad. How do we know he is old? Why do you think Dad is sad? Try to describe the poem. Use adjectives like funny, strange, sad, boring, comic, amusing, weird…

Football teams for grown up men are often called Old Boys.

SLANG

“My old man” can mean dad.

Workbook page 67-68

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Stepmother ought to – burde label – merke latch key – nøkkel rundt halsen tea – te, varmt måltid (Britisk) nag – mase shout – rope, kjefte wedding bells – bryllupsklokker go on – fortsette

My Stepmother is really nice. She ought to wear a label. I don’t come in with a latch key, now – my tea is on the table. She doesn’t nag at me or shout. I often hear her singing. I am glad my dad had wedding bells – and I hope they go on ringing.

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Stepmothers in fairy tales are hard and cold as iron. There isn’t a lie they wouldn’t tell, or a trick they wouldn’t try on. But MY stepmother’s warm and true; she’s kind, and cool and clever – Yes! I’ve a wicked stepmother – and I hope she stays for ever!

fairy tales – eventyr iron – jern clever – smart for ever – for alltid

SLANG

Jean Kenward Activity Describe the stepmother in this poem. Which fairy tales do you know that have stepmothers in them? Make a list.

The word wicked usually means bad, mean or evil. But in this poem it also means very good or cool.

Workbook page 69

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Reciting a poem When you are going to read a poem in front of an audience, you must think of how you want to present the poem. What do you want your audience to feel and think while listening to you? Special words Find out if there are words you would like to stress in the poem.

Worm Little worm – wiggle wiggle, You make me and my sister giggle. You live in mud, You live in wet, You never ever see a vet. You must be a very healthy worm, Wiggle Wiggle Wiggle Squirm. Spike Milligan

The theme Find out what the poem is about, and decide the tone of your voice: Ways to read a poem • You can read with a dark voice to make the poem mystical • You can read with a light voice to sound happy • You can read with a scary voice to make it sound thrilling • You can read it with a frightened voice to sound scared • You can read it with a funny voice to sound amused • You can read with a sad voice to get sympathy • You can whisper to scare • You can use a sudden loud voice to surprise 9090 0

The poems tempo • You can read slowly • You can read quickly • You can take short or long pauses while reading Choose a poem and read it to your audience! Try to have eye contact with the audience while reading. When you have finished, ask your audience how they felt about the poem while you read it for them.


How to write a poem Peas I eat my peas with honey, I’ve done it all my life; It makes the peas taste funny, But it keeps them on the knife. Spike Milligan How to write a poem that rhymes You can write poems about anything. Even a short poem, can be meaningful. How to get started Choose a topic and a working title. Here are some topics you can choose from: Friendship, Animals, School, Family, Happiness, Nature, Teeth, Summer … Brainstorm words that go well with your topic and words that rhyme well: sad – mad – glad – had – bad. Write in lines. Try to let the last word in each line rhyme with the next, or write words that rhyme in line 1 and 3, and 2 and 4. Look at the rhyme pattern in “Peas”. Work out the title of your poem.

Response Show your poem to your teacher or a classmate. Ask for ‘Two stars and a wish’. Your poem has a great topic and is easy to understand. You need to work more on the rhymes. Edit and Publish Write a final version of your poem. Publish the poem on a website, on the classroom wall or in a book. Shape poem My new kite is strong and light goes high up in the air It really has no fear I love to run with my kite, to play, It is my fun day!

Workbook page 70-71 9191

Stairs6 tb blabok  
Stairs6 tb blabok