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“Pushing buttons since 1968”

Volume 45

NORTH VANCOUVER // April 9, 2012

de u n e h t In

with sex // drugs // rock ’n’ roll // and so much more ...

Issue N o. 24


BUSINESS MANAGER – Assumes responsibility for the general operation of the newspaper as a revenue-generating enterprise. Manages cost control, and reports to Board and staff accordingly. Understands accrual accounting through a small business cycle. Produces and maintains Excel spreadsheets. Also in charge of writing paychecks and various other financial expenses.

Pushing buttons since 1968

FEATURES EDITOR – Responsible for assigning and editing feature and special feature stories on a wide variety Vol. Forty-Five | Issue 24 of topics. Requires writing and editing experience, as well as knowledge on a wide range of local and other topics of interest. STAFF WRITER – Responsible for writing a minimum of two articles per week. Must be reliable and ready to write in all sections of the paper. Basic writing experience required.

THE COURIER IS HIRING!

The Capilano Courier is advertising for the following positions, effective from September 2012 to April 2013. Please note: These job descriptions reflect the ideal candidates, but we’re more than will- OPINIONS EDITOR – Responsible for assigning and editing insightful and balanced opinions articles, specifically ing to train motivated and enthusiastic applicants if necessary. Deadline for applications is May 1, covering issues relating to students. 2012, and interviews will follow. Please include a resume, cover letter, and two writing or art samples where relevant. Applications and inquiries should be sent to editor@capilanocourier.com. HUMOUR AND FICTION EDITOR – Responsible for the humour section, or caboose, of the paper. Recruits comic artists and humour writers. Comes up with themes and is in charge of section coherence and assuring the section has Available Positions: enough content each week. Mast have prior humour writing experience. ARTS EDITOR – Covers campus and local arts and entertainment, including previews and reviews, profiles, and other stories. Oversees editing and writing quality of the Arts section. Required experience writing, and an understanding COPY EDITOR – Responsible for the overall style of the Courier’s writing. Corrects spelling, grammar, punctuation, of local arts and culture. style, etc. before final layout. Assists with proof reading and fact checking for print and online editions of the Courier. NEWS EDITOR – Covers campus issues, student clubs and organizations, campus events, and other stories assigned. Requires experience writing and a deep understanding of student politics and local current events.

WEB EDITOR – In charge of maintaining the Courier website and keeping the content updated. Must know web design, Html, CSS, Wordpress, or other content management systems.

ART DIRECTOR – Recruits illustrators, artists, cartoonists, and photographers for weekly articles. Must also oversee AD AND EVENTS MANAGER – To develop and maintain a local advertising base for the Courier. Must help to design the overall artistic design of the paper, and should be able to work under pressure to produce graphics for a rotating and write ads. Works with ad layout and keeps track of ad accounts. Organizes events related to the paper. and demanding range of themes, topics, and constraints. DISTRIBUTION MANAGER – In charge of distributing the Courier every week to various locations on and off-campus. MANAGING EDITOR – Works to promote the paper, working as an additional editor for all sections when necessary. Must have a car and a valid driver’s license. Works alongside Editor-in-Chief in organizing meetings, working with writers, and events. Must have experience in writing. DISTRIBUTION STAFF – Reliable for handing out the Courier on-campus, by hand. Must be personable. PRODUCTION MANAGER – Responsible for layout, typography, and graphic design of the paper, as well as printing and production. Requires basic knowledge of Adobe InDesign and Photoshop. Willing to train the right applicant in the details of the Courier’s design aesthetics.

! ou y s s i m a n on g e r ' We

COLUMNS EDITOR – Responsible for fielding relevant and informative topics to be explored by various columnists throughout the year. Requires writing and editing experience, and an understanding of a wide range of various subjects. COLUMNISTS – Must write a column article every two weeks exploring a specific topic. Requires experience in writing.

, e ov er L i r ou C o n a l i p a C e Th


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the cove

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JJ Brewis JJ Brewis is filled with love. (tinycastles.tumblr.com)

The Voicebox

with JJ Brewis Look for the Voicebox on Tuesday afternoons in the Birch cafeteria, to anonymously “voice” your “opinion” on any “topic.” Introverted alternatives include emailing your opinion to voicebox@capilanocourier.com, or texting (778) 886-5070. “How does someone write an entire article on the Zelda Symphony Concert and not once mention the original composer, Koji Kando?” Hi, Koji, thanks for writing in. I found this question quite interesting for two reasons. First of all, you write in, and don’t even mention the composer’s name yourself. Believe me, I just spent six minutes Googling various endless combinations of “Zelda”, “composer”, “Music”, “symphony”, and the only thing that turned up was your letter! Weird, right, since it hasn’t even been published yet?! Anyway, more interesting is the fact that you assume I know which “Zelda Symphony Concert” article you are talking about, leaving me to think you’re a bit hypocritical not citing which specific article you’re dissing while simultaneously calling us out for doing the same thing. Nice try, Koji. “Is it true that Australia is extremely racist?” From what I hear, yes. But, I heard that from a Nonstralian, so it could potentially be blamed on them being AA (Anti-Australian). There’s actually a good rule in determining if anything/ anyone is "extremely racist": If you have to ask, yes. “Fun Fact: The music video for Sisqo’s 'Thong Song’, gave me one of my first and most uncomfortable erections. This was before I discovered masturbating.” Wow. That’s a good share. I had a friend in elementary school, Timmy, who lived near this weird tunnel that had a stowaway of old Playboy magazines which he stashed away there. Except, just to "fool" adults like our parents, anytime we spoke about these pornos in public, we would call them “peebs”, as if we were really hiding anything. Hilariously stupid. He told me I could take one home, and I did. I don’t think I really understood what masturbation was. I went to a Catholic school! They didn’t teach us that kind of shit. Anyway, my friend demanded I take this magazine home. Little did he know I was a FH (future homosexual), and I ended up trading the Playboy to one of my other friends for TLC’s Crazy Sexy Cool. My dad also tried to get me on to women by buying me the Drew Barrymore Playboy for my birthday one year – how mortifying. A few weeks later, he came home and asked me what I “thought of” the magazine. “Well, dad,” I told him, “I really enjoyed the interview with Jean-Claude Van Damme.” I was 11.

from the editors //

THE MEMORY I WANNA FORGET, IS GOODBYE

MOVIN’ ON UP

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hen I graduated from high school, we were meant to do a little write-up for the yearbook that people could look back on years from now and think, “Oh, I remember her!” or, “Wow, I really didn’t follow my dreams at all!” Some of the entries said things like “penis!”, but others left quotes that were meant to be inspiring. I, myself, feeling particularly inspired at the age of 17, left words from the now over-quoted tale of the Lorax from Dr. Seuss: “Unless someone like you cares a whole awful lot, it’s not going to get better … it’s not.” Many of my other editorials this year have tried to raise awareness about the important issues that are constantly occurring and developing in our society, because I believe that that Lorax quote is accurate. If we don’t start paying attention and raising awareness about issues that are going on in our world, things are only going to continue to get worse. As students, we should, every day, be challenging the opinions of those around us and the opinions that we ourselves hold in an effort to encourage ourselves to think critically. Many of us who have worked at the Courier over the past year have aimed to do this using the written word. Through our articles we have offered a different perspective, or even introduced a story that may have received very little attention because it was not covered by the mainstream media. I am so proud of the Courier and all of our wonderful staff and contributors for being able to provide these services. This year, we have seen many changes to the paper, but we’ve still held true to our motto of “pushing buttons”. Our writers have been given national exposure, and we have been thanked by the community for showcasing stories that needed to be told. It has been a year of so many learning experiences, but one of the greatest things for me has been seeing each person on our staff grow into the strong, confident members of the student press that they are now. One thing we have also learned this year is the value of teamwork. You and I are a team, as reader and writer, because together, we help to spread ideas. As well, the Courier staff has consistently worked together as a team, realizing all too quickly that to miss a deadline results in a pile-up of work for everyone the next week. Without teamwork, life in the newspaper industry is very difficult. There is a wrong perception that in order to be a journalist (in a “dying industry” no less), you must be cutthroat, pushing others out of the way in order to get the Big Story. Certainly, it may be like that for some papers, but what I have learned in my time so far is that you must be aware of how your actions affect others, because every action has a consequence. This is my last editorial as Co-Editor-in-Chief, so I need to take some time to reminisce about what, for me, has been one of the most important years in my life so far. I’m not really ready to say goodbye. Some of us are leaving this circle of life and moving on to different schools, different activities, different goals. Some of us will remain to provide you with another year of articles that will both inform and entertain. At this time I must thank you all, staff, contributors, and readers, for the passion and love you have given to this publication. I cannot express to you how much your various contributions have meant to me, because wherever we end up, we were all able to spend some time together with this shared experience of reading and writing each other’s words. It is through this experience that we have proven that there is power in words, and strength in new ideas. When combined, these tools can allow us to change our society for the better. As Lord Byron said, “But words are things, and a small drop of ink, falling like dew, upon a thought, produces that which makes thousands, perhaps millions, think." — Samantha Thompson // editor-in-chief

was originally going to utilize this esteemed editorial space with a lengthy goodbye to my beloved staff, but a more thrilling event has recently come to my attention that I just must announce here instead. The neighbourhood where I currently live has officially been renamed “The East Village”, which is perfectly delightful news for someone such as myself. The working-class people who dwell around me do not, to be perfectly blunt, help maintain the proper dignity that a madam of class truly deserves. The reputation of the area is clearly in shambles, beset by such dreadful eyesores as lowrent (sp?) apartment buildings and derelict public elementary schools. "There's certainly a stigma with saying you're on East Hastings. People sometimes react to East Vancouver without realizing there's this eclectic bunch of neighbourhoods," said Patricia Barnes, the Executive Director of the Hastings North Business Improvement Association, in an interview with CTV. I have always longed to experience the glamour of New York City, and the undistinguished Vancouver neighbourhood monikers held no flame to the romance of the Manhattan boroughs. While some plebs might say that “Hastings Sunrise” was a more humble title for the neighbourhood, they would be wrong. The East Village is a perfect name, as evidenced by no less than two artist studios in the area, and the voguish coffee shop that I rarely frequent but always mean to. There is even a quaint “Chicken Processing Plant” that carefully wafts a mouthwatering odour throughout all of The Village, particularly on hot summer days. We, the more reputable residents, often send letters of appreciation to the Plant, as we could never imagine living in a part of town that wasn’t fragranced by rotting animal flesh. The residents of Kitsilano and Yale Town have been trying to get Chicken Processing Plants in their neighbourhoods for years, but alas, they just aren’t quite charming or eclectic enough. Though “The Meatpacking District” was our first choice for the new neighbourhood moniker, in the end, City Hall said it sounded too much like a Gastown (<3!) boutique, so we decided on The East Village instead. Although in previous years the neighbourhood has been know to be a bit too proletariat to be truly fashionable, the revitalization of the area is clearly a priority for the city, as it should be. Once every borough of Vancouver has been cleaned up, the potential of the city will finally be seen. It’s time the poor stopped taking advantage of The East Village and found somewhere more appropriate to live. I originally thought I would have to move to a different part of town to gain more status, as I am no longer going to hold the role of High Queen Empress of the Capilano Courier, but now I see that the world listened to my prayers, and sophistication has arrived at my doorstep. The “The East Village” banners are already up along all the promenades near my home, with a neo-art-nouveau-inspired design that I personally absolutely adore. I thought I would be sad to leave the Capilano Courier, but now I feel nothing but relief. Goodbye, inferior student clowns, I have no use for you anymore! — Sarah Vitet

// high queen empress

Sarah Vitet has been reading the Capilano Courier since she was 14 years old, when her mom started going to Cap and brought it home. Sarah immediately fell in love with the paper, not only because of the “cool college newspaper” appeal, but also because of the genuine campy journalism style, charming leftist editorializing, and experimental art direction. She used to dream of one day becoming the Editor-in-Chief of the Cap Courier, and when that day actually came, she couldn’t contain herself. This year has been a remarkable learning experience that she wouldn’t give up for anything, and she is so grateful for the three years she got to spend working at the best paper in the world. She encourages anyone and everyone to get involved with the Courier in some capacity, as it is a life-changing force of nature that she will miss so much she doesn’t want to think about it. She is bad with goodbyes, apologizes for this awkward third-person epilogue to a cop-out sarcastic editorial, and wishes everyone a summer full of responsible sun exposure, good sex, and bad recreational drug use.


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EDI T OR // Gurpreet Kambo // ne w s @ c api l ano c o uri e r. c o m

Media + Democracy = healthy society The mainstream press may not be telling the whole story

// Jason Jeon

By Leah Scheitel // writer

the capilano courier | vol. 45 issue 24

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t’s about the connection, the urgent connection between media and democracy,” explains David Barsamian, the founder and director of Alternative Radio, a well-known self-funded weekly radio program. “If the citizenry is not informed or does not have a broad range of perspectives and views to choose from or to be exposed to, then it is not in a position to be really an effective participant in democracy.” Barsamian is an award-winning journalist who has worked closely with many activists, including noted writer and linguist Noam Chomsky. A part of the mandate of Alternative Radio is to provide “information, analyses, and views that are frequently ignored or distorted in other media.”  Barsamian is coming to speak in Vancouver on Apr. 15 about media within a democracy, and the issues surrounding it. “There is a growing audience all over the US and Canada for alternative media,” says Barsamian. He believes people are starting to notice flaws with the mainstream media, and a now looking for independent news sources. “More and more the problems with the corporate controlled media have become all too obvi-

ous to many people. So, there has been a keen interest into independent media.” Isaac Oommon, co-founder of the Vancouver Media Co-op, a reader-funded “grassroots media” network, echoes this sentiment, and credits recent social issues as the reason for the rise of alternative media in Canada. “Alternative media has become more prominent, because in 2010 we had the Olympics and the G20 summit in Toronto … where alternative media really got to cut its teeth and show what it could do,” Oommon explains. “People wanted to get involved and get more people involved, and now I think more than the past decade there are avenues to which people can engage with alternative media.” Oommon became personally involved with alternative media in 2009 in protest of the Olympics, and believes that they demonstrated why alternative media is important. “[The Olympics showed] why alternative media needs to exist. There was this overwhelming mainstream media emphasis on the games, and sportsmanship, and things like that. They covered less issues in Vancouver, specifically on the Downtown Eastside, poverty and homelessness.” “It’s just a matter of going beyond the mainstream media to where the voices who are most disenfranchised can get heard outside the loud-

est ones, which are usually the ones that are on top of the power structure,” he concludes. There are various independent media on the national and local levels. The VMC is a member of The Media Co-op, a network which connects local independent media. They are also active in Halifax, Toronto, and Montreal, and they produce The Dominion, a grassroots newspaper featuring alternate angles to news stories. Alternative Radio has a strong connection to Vancouver as well. “Co-op Radio in Vancouver was one of the very first radio stations anywhere to broadcast alternative radio, so I have that connection to Vancouver,” he explains. “I have no training and I have no formal academic credentials. I was a volunteer at the local community radio station in Boulder called KGNU. That is where I learnt a lot about radio: how to produce, how to edit, how to narrate, how to write; all of the skills that are required. In 1986 I decided to take whatever skills I had learnt and start this one hour program.” Barsamian’s show can now be heard from coast to coast, and is aired on about 150 radio stations all over North America. Barsamian has worked closely on issues that are often overlooked by other media sources. Most recently he has been banned from India

for his work on the human rights violations in the state of Kashmir. “Over 70,000 Kashmiris have been killed by Indian security forces, and over 10,000 have gone missing, and this is not reported on by the Western press. I was going to go back to Kashmir, but on Sept. 23, 2011, I was denied entry at the New Delhi airport, even though I had a valid visa in my passport. To this date, I have been given no explanation as to why I was banned.” Despite his long roots in the media, Barsamian has never stopped to rest on his laurels, and is always engaging with people in whatever way he can. “I have a book coming out shortly on the economic collapse called Occupy the Economy, and I have a new book with Noam Chomsky called How the World Works.” Before his forum in Vancouver, he is speaking in Nelson BC, at the Kootenay Co-op Radio benefit, and after he is headed to Eugene, Oregon to conduct speeches on uprising movements. “This is a constant part of my work. The outreach, to talk to community groups, to colleges, universities, churches, and others.” David Barsamian is speaking at the SFU Harbour Centre on Hastings Street on Apr. 15 at 2pm. For more information on him or to hear podcasts of his radio program, visit www.alternativeradio.org


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Home Sweet Home Rezoning of UBC’s Acadia neighbourhood causes backlash By Claire Viullamy // arts editor

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lanned changes to one of UBC’s residential neighbourhoods, dating back to a Land Use Plan from March 2011, have evoked concerns from residents about the future of their community. In the Land Use Plan, a large portion of the Acadia neighbourhood on campus, which is currently student family housing, is designated to become "non-academic". Essentially, this changes it to market housing, open to anyone who can afford it. Ashley Zarbatany has lived in Student Family Housing at UBC in the Acadia Park neighbourhood since 2009. She used to live in the Acadia Courts, a group of buildings in the neighbourhood, but had to leave when the roof collapsed and she and her family were exposed to asbestos. Zarbatany relocated to a townhouse, where she pays around $1,300 a month for a two-bedroom suite. “I love the townhouse, but it's so expensive for a student,” she says. Sections of the Courts are now being taken down. Though they were originally meant to be 15-year temporary housing, they have been home to students for approximately 40, she says. The residents were given their notice of eviction last year. Lisa Colby, the Director of Policy Planning for Campus and Community Planning, says that, “all eligible residents will be provided alternative housing options within Acadia Park by July

1, 2012." This is of concern to Zarbatany: “Who are they qualifying as "eligible" students?” she asks. “There are still many students who have not been given placing, and this is a serious concern, as many of them are not yet finished their degrees.” These events led her to dig up the March 2011 Land Use Plan. A section of the plan explicitly designates specific areas of housing on campus for different purposes. Acadia Park is defined as providing “a range of rental and long-term lease housing to the broader community.” Lisa Colby, the Director of Policy Planning for Campus and Community Planning confirms this: “A portion of the area that is currently student family housing will become a non-student family neighbourhood, creating a complete community with a variety of residents.” Zarbatany doesn’t feel that this kind of community will work, when there are people who “paid over $600,000 for a condo or townhouse, to be situated beside student families who are being crammed into these small high-rises, who are paying much less,” she says. “I just don’t really see how that would foster a healthy community dynamic.” Colby says the reason why they have chosen to develop Acadia this way is because it is a lowdensity area, and many of the buildings are older. “Over the next 30 years, it’s an ideal opportunity to renew and redevelop the neighbourhood at higher, more appropriate sustainable densities.” According to Colby, there will eventually be more

student family housing in Acadia offered at student family rates. She adds that the reason why the information on Acadia for the public is not developed is because they haven’t begun the actual planning process. “Before any development takes place in Acadia, a Neighbourhood Plan for the local area will be undertaken.” According to Colby, the planning process will take place later this year, or at the beginning of 2013, and will provide “numerous opportunities for stakeholder and community [to offer] input into the planning process.” As for the release of the Land Use Plan in March 2011, Zarbatany says, “students were not properly consulted or engaged in this process. This change was not advertised widely and many students were upset to learn about it after the zoning had already taken place.” Her main concern is that when they rezone to non-academic, “they essentially guarantee that the housing market will determine the price of housing.” Residents of Acadia who were concerned about the changes attended a workshop on the recently released Housing Action Plan (HAP), which took place on Mar. 29. The HAP was created as “a policy initiative to increase housing choice and affordability on the Vancouver campus for faculty, staff and students.” Zarbatany found the information at the workshop lacking, especially when it came to providing solutions for students. “They seemed to be focusing more on faculty and staff housing shortages and how to develop that.”

What they did offer for students was that the University would work with the students’ society of UBC, the AMS, “to lobby the provincial government to increase our student loan so that we could receive more for our rental allowances per month,” she says. “Instead of solving the affordability issue, they’re saying that they’re going to make it so that we get more debt, which makes no sense.” Zarbatany is also concerned changes to Acadia will compromise its suitability for families. “Something that makes Acadia so wonderful now is the green spaces … We have a lot of space here for the children so they often go out and play on the street, on the car-less roadways that we have,” she says. According to Colby, green space will be discussed in the planning process, and the University is “committed to providing ample and appropriate green space and amenities to all its neighbourhoods.” “Once the density is higher there will not be much that you can do to increase green space,” says Zarbatany. “All of the important decisions will have been decided before the neighborhood plan is even undertaken. … The neighbourhood planning process is meaningless unless it has control over rezoning." "Affordable student family housing has a definitive impact on many students decisions to attend this school,” says Zarbatany. “We don't want to see student family's needs be prioritized last after real estate developers interests.”

Palm to the Face Indigenous rights in Guatemala threatened by biodiesel industry By Gurpreet Kambo // News Editor

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for what was going to be discussed. In the meantime, the burgeoning environmental movement provided an opportunity for the government to make massive profits by planting African Palm, from which biodiesel is produced. “All of a sudden the government and the major landholders realized that they could do much better by removing people from their land and [replanting] it as African Palm instead of engaging in any kind of political dialogue,” said Gladman. “Just like any government, they end up having the trump card. You can compare it to the indigenous reserves in Canada: there’s an amendment to the Indian Act that says that the government has the right to expropriate this land at any time. [Only] until it’s convenient for the government, the people who live there can stay.” Some of the communities were successful, at least in getting the companies or the government to the table for discussion. Gladman acted as the “human rights accompaniment” during one of these negotiations. “What [the indigenous groups] said at that meeting was ‘we want land,’ or ‘we need somewhere to farm and live.’ What the company offered them was temporary jobs. If they went quietly, they would be hired by the company to dismantle their villages, and then plant African Palm. Then their jobs would end quite quickly after that. The government representatives were incredibly evasive at that meeting.” She added that these negotiations can be somewhat lopsided at times, due to the lack of education, literacy, or money for lawyers among the indigenous populations. Gladman believes that the situation may be

becoming as bad as it was before 1996, as some groups have resorted to desperate measures: “It seems to me that they’re being pushed in the same direction of having no room to move politically … [One group] had taken a politician hostage, which actually started the negotiation, and they ended up gaining title to their land,” she said. “I think it’s just that there’s nowhere else to go,” she said. She went on to explain how these groups had been working for such a long time to even get the government to listen: “March to September is a long time to starve. They’d had their crops bulldozed, and they had no resources at hand. There does come a point where you just need some leverage.” As for the future, Guatemala has recently elected a militaristic former general as its President; however, as long as there is hope, people continue to fight. “My fear is that the African Palm plantations will deplete the soil, and then there’ll be nothing left. It’ll be really hard to scratch a living out of that,” said Gladman. “Hopefully things will turn around before then.” As for reflecting on her personal experience of her time in Guatemala, Gladman recognized that it has made a personal impact on her as well, but she quickly brings the discussion back to the issue itself: “It was interesting for me because it’s not my life. I think it’s strange being a privileged tourist in a place that is facing a lot of struggles that I’ll never have to go through,” she said. “It’s all part of this system; this is how capitalism works. It’s veiled if you’re in Canada, but it’s not so much veiled there. We’re all participating in feeding into it.”

the capilano courier | vol. 45 issue 24

n Mar. 15, Capilano University’s Liberal Studies program played host to activist and writer Alicia Gladman for a discussion on the current political issues occurring in Guatemala. These issues include colonization, sustainability, and land struggles. While Gladman wasn’t in the country for very long, and makes it clear that she is not an expert on the area, her experience taught her a great deal, both about herself and about the world around her. “It started with me wanting to learn Spanish. The organization I work for in Vancouver is called Our Community Bikes; we’re affiliated with an organization there that builds pedalpowered machines like water pumps and things like that in Guatemala. So, that was my initial interest - learning Spanish and doing bike mechanics,” said Gladman. “While I was in Spanish school, I encountered the organization I ended up going into the smaller communities with and getting involved with land rights.” This organization, called the Guatemalan Solidarity Project (GSP) is an organization that “seeks to build relationships of solidarity with communities and organizations in the struggle for peace and justice in Guatemala,” as explained on their mission statement on their website. Their interests are in human rights and land rights, especially for the indigenous peoples of Guatemala. A part of the GSP’s initiatives is what they call “Human Rights Accompaniment”, which is what Gladman was involved with. This project has

foreign “tourists” observe and accompany indigenous communities during crucial times such as going into negotiations with the government. “There’s a lot of political tension, and a lot of violence … but there’s a safety net that exists around tourists in that country,” said Gladman. “It’s a tricky thing when you’re travelling in a country that’s lower on the global hierarchy. I come from a country that has more clout than Guatemala, so I think there’s a fear of some economic retribution, or they’ll get bad PR [if a foreigner gets hurt] and that Canadians will be less likely to be tourists there.” Indigenous peoples in Guatemala have long had conflicts with the government. From 1960 to 1996, the situation escalated to become a civil war: “The war started because there was no political room to move, no change happening, and a lot of indigenous people were frustrated at being enslaved by this rigid class and ethnic hierarchy,” said Gladman. The war ended in 1996 with a “peace accord”, something that was a cause of much hope for the indigenous. “The peace accords were signed on the basis that they [the government] were going to redistribute land and start having conversations about land reform and indigenous rights across the board. It started to happen for a few years, but then things started to fall back to the status quo around Y2K.” While the peace accord may have been a legitimate attempt by the government of that time to make reparations for abuses against the indigenous peoples, it was not a legally-binding document in any way – it was merely an agenda

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t h e ca p ca l e n dar C e l i na W i th

Kur z !

C O P Y @ C A PIL A N O C O U R I E R . C O M

Contact us to have your event featured in the calendar. D on’t forget the date, time, address, and price!

m o n day a pri l 9 NO SCHOOL EASTER MONDAY Do your homework allllll day long school is almost over you can do it!!!!!!!!! THIS IS FUN, RIGHT

SLEIGH BELLS Colin: “They’re awesome!” Marco: “I love them!” Colin: “The guy from Sleigh Bells used to be in that band Poison the Well!” Marco: “They use double kick! Double kick!!” Sleigh Bells! Check them out! 8 PM. The Commodore Ballroom. $25.

JAZZ JAM AT GOLDIE’S I keep throwin’ this in just because my friend Dave spearheaded it, but it really is supposed to be really good! And I might actually be able to make it out this week. Also, bonus, this week they are starting up new drink specials for pitchers and PBR. DRUNK JAZZ! 9 PM. Goldie’s Pizza (605 W. Pender St.). By donation!

I LOVE MARK HOPPUS

ANDREW BIRD WITH GUEST LAURA MARLING Eeeee! I’m going to this, I’m pretty excited. Laura Marling is sooooo coool! And sooooo pretty! And Andrew Bird is also really cool, although I only listened to him a little bit. But I love Laura Marling. And I just feel like this will be a great show! 8 PM. Vogue Theatre. SOLD OUT!

CATS! THE MUSICAL This classic piece of musical theatre is coming to Vancouver’s own Queen E. Theatre! How purrrrr-fectly delightful! This feline-friendly show will be on until Apr. 15, so be sure to grab tickets to one of the shows. Sounds good to me(ow)! 8 PM. Queen Elizabeth Theatre. $45–$95

JACKIE TREEHORN, PONDEROSAS & CRY OF SILENCE All these bands are super R&B or reggae or funkalicious, so if you like to groove hard, you should check it out! Except for Cry of Silence which is apparently a grunge Asian rock band with punk influences – which sounds amazing??? 8 PM. The Media Club. $8.

ONEOHTRIX POINT NEVER This sounds like a crazy and very arty show! Presented by Twee Death, this show will feature Daniel Lopatin, known by the name Oneohtrix Point Never, who is performing here for his first time! Apparently, every magazine with an interest in “electronic, noise, dance, pop – well, music, period – took notice and raved about Replica.” Is that what you’re into? Maybe! 9 PM. W2 Media Cafe. $15.

YOUNG LIARS, THE BALLANTYNES, VALLEY GIRLS, & DJS A cool show that sounds fun! Presented by and DJ’d by the Winnie Cooper bros, who I like, and also i just feel like it will be fun. I don’t have to give reasons for anything! 8:30 PM. FIVESIXTY (560 Seymour Dr.). $10.

THIRD-YEAR SFU STUDENT FILM SCREENING Check out the competition, heh heh heh! But seriously, it’s always nice to see what other people from other schools are making! There will be 17 student-made films; odds are good that at least a couple are half-decent! 7–9:30 PM. Third floor of SFU Woodward’s (149 Hastings St.). Free!

HAIRY SHAPES This sounds so cool! This event sells itself as a “collective group drawing show” so I guess people just draw stuff? I’m not 100 per cent sure, but stuff about doing art is all cool. FACT! 7–11 PM. Lucky’s Comics (3972 Main St.). Free!

KARRIN ALLYSON W/NITECAP AND A-BAND Just realized I’m not going to be able to go the the Hairy Shapes show because I’m going to be performing at this! Bahhhhhh oh well, it’ll be fun. I literally wish I had two bodies sometimes. Like why can’t scientists figure that out? Why should I have to choose priorities? BOO. 8 PM. NSCU Theatre for the Performing Arts (Birch Theatre). $32/29.

LAST DAY OF SCHOOL This is the best day ever!!! THE BEST. DAY. EVER! I DON’T EVEN CARE ABOUT EXAMS!

WYLIE’S KEG PARTY This is also why it’s the best day ever! KEG PARTY! Let’s all get wasted at Wylie’s house in the middle of the forest! There’s a waterfall! Seriously, best party house I’ve ever been to. 9 PM. Wylie’s House. Chip in for keg.

FACTS ALBUM RELEASE Starring Gang Signs and Synthcake! Synthcake stars Kristy-Lee Audette of Capilano’s Jazz Studies program and she’s really rad; we had a great conversation about Weezer and Blink-182 the other day! Also, Tristan Orchard will DJ after for fun dance timez. 8 PM. The Waldorf. $12/10

YELAWOLF JJ: “Lol no!” Colin: “Neck tattoos! He loves smoking weed!” Cheetah: “He’s white! He actually has a pretty decent song with Kid Rock.” Colin: “That’s a terrible thing to say.” Cheetah: “C’mon Colin, you know I like terrible music.” 8 PM. Vogue Theatre. $25.50.

CAT EMPIRE Australian pseudo-jazzy pop cats with fun dancey singable song things! I got into these guys in high school but haven’t really listened to them in a while. 8 PM. Commodore Ballroom.

POKEMON SPRING REGIONAL CHAMPIONSHIPS Seriously. This Is Not A Joke! “Trading-cardgame and video-game players from across North America are invited to battle it out in this sanctioned competition.” There will be prizes awarded and this sounds fucking amazing. Runs Apr. 14–15. Central City (10153 King George Blvd., Surrey). Free!

INDULGE ‘N DANCE Okay...my friend has a surprise for me and she said I would want to dress really nicely and it involved food and I’m 99 per cent sure that this is it. Omg. “After-dinner event features treats prepared by some of Vancouver's up-and-coming pastry makers, a relaxed atmosphere, and dance music from the '80s and '90s.” This has to be it! 8:30 PM. W2 Media Cafe (111 W. Hastings St.). $18–$24.

HELLRAISER II: RIO FUNDRAISER This fundraiser for the Rio will feature 26 performers, including music, comedy, dance, and more! Sure to be a fun night, and for a great cause. Vancouver venues need our support! 7 PM–1 AM. The Rio Theatre. By donation – suggest $5–$1,000,000

FROCK SWAP 7.0 I! Love! Clothing! Swaps! I wish I lived in an enormous house sometimes with a bunch of girls so we could put the clothes we didn’t 100 per cent care about into a special dresser that we could all share! This is a great idea! This event is a clothing swap. 12–3 PM. Vinegar Studios (1009 E. Cordova St.). $4.

FIELD TRIP IDEA SUNDAY You and a companion should go to: Science World (Telus World of Science for people who haven’t grown up with it)! Sundays are a great day to learn about science in a fun way. Fact: one time I went to Science World with a friend of mine, and then I made out with him. What I’m trying to say is that could happen to you! Science World does that kind of thing.

IT’S RIGHT TO REBEL “Dr. Merry Clamor, a former political prisoner in the Philippines, leads a panel discussion on political imprisonment and resistance in Palestine, the Philippines, Canada, and elsewhere.” Super cool! Fight the machine, the world can be more than what you believe! 2 PM. Strathcona Community Centre (601 Keefer St.). Free!

t u e s d ay april 10 BLINK 18TUESDAY Yeah, my girlfriend picks me up when I’m too drunk to drive, and she doesn’t get all jealous when I hang out with the guys, she laughs at my dumb jokes when no one does! (…) And I know that everything, know that everything, know that everything, everything’s gonna be fine!

w e d . april 11 THIRD ANNUAL TROMBONE AWARENESS DAY Raising awareness for the Capilano music departments for the third year in a row by making NOISE! Sign up sheet for trombones is in the Fir building if you care to join! 11:30 AM – 1 PM. Meet in Fir 111 and march around campus. $5/ trombone rental.

t h u r s d ay april 12 HUNGER CITY WITH GUESTS Jonty, the Courier’s ad manager, has a band called Hunger City! They’ll be playing with other locals Kat Bastow, Hero, Medina, and Porn for the Blind. Fun times to be had! 8 PM. The Media Club. $8.

HUMP DAY Heh heh heh heh heh heh. Have I made this joke before? If so, I forget, and this could hypothetically be the last time I write the calendar! And so: hump day.

friday april 13 FRIDAY THE THIRTEENTH! *~SpOoKy~*!! If you want to make today Extra Scary, you can: 1) Smash a mirror 2) Walk under a ladder 3) Turn off all the lights in the bathroom, light a candle, and chant “bloody Mary bloody Mary bloody Mary” 99 times 4) Dress up like a ghost.

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s at u r d ay april 14

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JOEL PLASKETT EMERGENCY I’ve never listened to a whole lot of these guys, but for a while they used to play ads for them in Empire Theatres before you watched your movie, and the lead singer seems like a really nice guy! And the music was nice too, very listenable. 8 PM. The Vogue Theatre. $25.

s u n d ay april 15 BRITTANY AND LYLE’S GRADUATION RECITALS There are also grad recitals going on all week, but I’m mentioning this one cause I’m helping out Brittany with hers; she arranged a standard for five voices and it’s really pretty! And Lyle’s just happens to be on the same night. But check out the Fir building for posters advertising all the other jazz grad recitals! 7–9 PM. Capilano University Fir 113. Free!


Fe at u r e s

ED I TO R S / / S ar ah vit e t + Samantha T hompson // s pe c i al fe ature s . c apc o uri e r@ gmai l . c o m

FACING THE UNKNOWN The experience of working as an au pair in a foreign country By Samantha Thompson // editor-in-chief

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kids a new culture,” says McElroy on what she’s seen on the websites so far. In addition to these websites, there are many agencies in assorted countries that help with connecting au pairs to families as well, many of which are members of the International Au Pair Association. This association has more than 170 member organizations, and each member organization must meet what the association refers to as “firm business and ethical standards, and agree to abide by IAPA’s Code of Conduct which signifies competence, fair dealing and high integrity.” Their members include organizations in countries like Australia, Brazil, and Ecuador, as well as France, Canada, and China. After the au pair has contacted the family they are interested in, or the family has contacted the au pair, Ware says it is common to exchange emails, and talk on Skype and other forms of communication before they “hire” the au pair. Once the family and au pair have connected, it is a matter of getting a visa, booking the flight, and getting prepared to go. “You just have to trust that it's legitimate and that they're good people,” says Ware. “But it's usually really obvious when you start getting to know them.”

// Stefan Tosheff

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he idea of moving to another country can be daunting, but when you can move there and already have a place to live and the cost of food taken care of, the idea of traveling suddenly seems a little more realistic. This is why many people have decided to try out life as an au pair, including Emily Ware, who is currently working as an au pair for a family in England: “I just want[ed] to see the world, [and] live in new places,” she explains regarding why she chose to become an au pair. The job provides a host of opportunities, as well as giving the opportunity to gain work experience with children. An au pair is a position that typically allows someone to travel to another country on a temporary work visa and work as a live-in caregiver for a family’s children. There are numerous ways to enter this line of work, including through an agency, or through various forums that advertise host families and au pairs looking for work. However, finding an au pair position can be a lengthy process, filled with many unknowns. There are agencies available to assist with the process, but there isn’t a standard answer for how A DAY IN THE LIFE an au pair experience will work out. Once the au pair begins working with her host BABY STEPS family, the adventure truly begins. Although au Jess McElroy, a current student at Capilano pairs are typically responsible for childcare, they University, is hoping to become an au pair begin- will also sometimes be responsible for basic ning in the spring of 2013. She is planning on get- housework, and, in Ware’s case, looking after the ting her degree in social work, which contributed horses, dogs, chickens, and cats that her family to her desire to become an au pair. McElroy feels owns. “It’s a lot more involved than the average that being an au pair “would be a good way to au pair job of school runs and making dinner,” get experience working with children while also she says. traveling and living in a different culture.” For Ware, her average day begins around To begin the process, McElroy created a profile 8am when she feeds the animals, turns out the on a website that matches potential au pairs with horses, tidies up the house, and walks the dogs. families who meet the criteria she provided. “I get The mother of her two boys (aged five and seven) to look over the families’ profiles and I contact the gets the children ready in the morning and takes families that I want,” she says. them to school. During the rest of the day, she “It’s like online dating, really,” says Ware, jok- mucks out the horses’ stalls and occasionally ingly. She points out that there are a lot of differ- does other chores like ironing and vacuuming. ences between each au pair’s experience, and Once the children get home from school, she what they have to pay for once they have been says, she is responsible for looking after them in hired by the family. Some families will pay for the the evening, making them dinner and other simiairfare for the au pair to get to their country of lar things. Typically, she will work from 8am. until residence, and some will also pay for language 1pm, and then 4 or 5 pm until 8pm. classes, if the country is not English-speaking, as While it sounds like a busy day, Ware points well as health insurance and a city transit pass. out that she can ask for certain days off, and usuIt is pretty standard for the host family to pay for ally doesn’t have to work bank or stat holidays, their au pair’s room and board, and occasionally with some exceptions. In return for her work, she they will also pay a wage in some form, some- gets a place to live, her food paid for, and £80 a times labelled as weekly “pocket money”. week (approximately $125CAD). In other jobs, “I was looking for a family with kids who are the British minimum wage is £6.08 for workers already pretty independent. I don't think I could 21 years of age and older, and £4.98 for workers handle taking care of someone else's baby,” says aged between 18 and 20. Ware. “I wasn't overly specific about location, but Although compensation for doing au pair my preferred countries were England, Spain, and work varies greatly, often people do it for the ex– because I'm interested in learning German – perience and for the benefit of having their room Germany, Switzerland, and Austria.” and board already provided for. There are many different websites set up to “I wanted to do some traveling, but also make help connect au pairs with host families, and a bit of money,” Ware says. “It’s really difficult to vice versa, including Aupair World, Go Au Pair, get on your feet in a new country so I thought if I and Great Au Pair. Most websites feature a sec- had a job where a place to live is provided for you tion where you can create a profile as a family or it would be much easier … I like kids so it seemed an au pair, specifying things like language, the age like a perfect thing for me to do.” of children, and the country. McElroy, who is planning on being an au pair “A lot of families are looking for someone to in France, is looking forward to working with become a part of their family and to show their children. “I want to get skills working and com-

municating with children and families. … I’m also tion available does come from forums and agenexcited to learn how to adapt to a new culture.” cies. McElroy pointed out that she had an idea of what she wants but doesn’t really know what HORROR STORIES she should expect from her experience. Many au pair experiences are good, but there are “I'm honestly not quite sure what to expect, several accounts of both au pairs and host fami- so I don't have many expectations at this point,” lies concerned about their living situations. On she says. “I would really like to have a family who websites like Great Au Pair, for example, au pairs treats me as one of the family and not just a maid. can write specific complaints, naming the family, … I am really hoping to get kids who are respectlocation, and child – and host families can do the ful of me.” same about au pairs. Ware so far has been having a good experience On Great Au Pair, complaints vary from au pair as an au pair, but she warns of the culture shock accusations of sexual harassment to families not that accompanies the position. following through on promises made in the ini“It's interesting meeting all these people and tial interviews. The host families’ complaints in- it's a really good learning experience,” says Ware. clude au pairs not showing up for prepaid flights, “The hard thing to deal with is the difference stealing, and leaving without any notice. in lifestyles.” There are other, more interactive forums as She notes that many au pairs come from well, like Au Pair Mom and Au Pair Clearing middle-class backgrounds, but there are famiHouse, where people post their questions about lies sometimes who are quite wealthy. Speaking the au pair industry and others reply. One poster from her own experience she says, “Most of the wrote that “my au pair does not bathe or wash her families are very wealthy and have employees for hair frequently enough and she smells. I mean, everything. It's a culture shock to live in a huge she really smells!” mansion and have housekeepers and gardeners However, as all of these are public forums, and parents who aren't often around. It's a really the complaints are very rarely looked into and different way to live and it's definitely a learning often are simply personal claims. There doesn’t curve.” There are host families who are middleappear to be a formal complaint body, but is pos- class too; it all depends on where individuals end sible that agencies, as the go-between, assist with up working as au pairs. resolving complaints independently. Although there are au pair horror stories floating around, with enough research and some good EXPECTATIONS luck it seems as though becoming an au pair has Perhaps the most difficult thing about becoming a lot of potential as an overseas adventure. an au pair is not knowing what to expect. There “It's a great job to do,” says Ware. “You just have are many variables, and much of the informa- to be prepared for anything.”

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f e at u r es Va r i o u s m a n i f e s tat i o n s of nudity in society By Gurpreet Kambo // News Editor

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hough everyone is born nude, showers nude, and exists in the nude underneath our clothing, the naked human body is something that is still extremely taboo in many areas of society. In most every social situation or public place, offense would be taken at the sight of bare breasts or exposed genitals, and in many cases it is illegal to be naked. Despite the stigma, however, public nudity continues to exist in many forms, for a diversity of purposes. For protest

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“There are those who so dislike the nude that they find something indecent in the naked truth.” —F. H. Bradley

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Nudity has been used as a form of protest throughout history. The Doukhobours, specifically a more radical sect called the “Freedomites,” are one of the most famous groups to have used nudity as a form of protest. At the close of the 19th century, the Doukhobours were a religious minority fleeing persecution from the Russian government. Many of them came to western Canada looking for a less hostile environment to live in; however, many Doukhobours saw injustices that still needed to be protested. Materialism in particular was one issue they saw with Canadian society, which they protested by attacking targets they saw as being symbolic of materialism. The Doukhobours famously held nude protests against materialism, as they believed that human skin was God’s creation, and thus more sacred than clothing, made by human hands. More recently, a local nude protest has garnered media attention. Justine Davidson, a UBC student, decided to use her body as a form of protest in front of a display from a group called the “Genocide Awareness Project” (GAP). The display showed graphic photographs of aborted fetuses, and juxtaposed those with images of historical massacres such as the Holocaust, the lynching of African Americans, and the destruction of the World Trade Centre. According to the GAP website, it is “a traveling photo-mural exhibit which compares the contemporary genocide of abortion to historically recognized forms of genocide.” However Davidson took offense to the notion that a woman exercising her freedom of choice over her body could be equated to genocide. “My body is where I exercise and appreciate my freedom on a daily basis, and I reject outright the assertion that by supporting the right to free, safe abortions, I am turning it into a tool of mass murder,” said Davidson on her blog Naked at UBC. “I’m a woman, and they’re telling me that I am basically a genocidal maniac,” says Davidson. “I’m being compared to the Nazis and the Pol Pot regime; they had systematic mandates to wipe out an entire race of people. None of those things relate to my philosophy, or my body.” “It struck me at that moment, that a very effective way to say that would be to take my clothes off, and to present my body as a counter to what they were presenting my body as,” says Davidson.

“I will admit that I didn’t analyze the message of my nakedness for very long before I was stepping out of my clothes, but as I sat there naked in the afternoon sun … I had a chance to ruminate on what the naked female form means in our society, and its effectiveness as a way to expose oppression and shame-based control.” Inevitably, UBC campus security arrived and told Davidson to put her clothes on. “I asked why, and was told that I was ‘indecent.’ I found this particularly ironic, seeing as I was sitting in front of a six-foot-high image of naked bodies piled in a mass grave.” As a form of exercising her political views, Davidson found nudity to be empowering. “As soon as I took my clothes off, I realized that a naked person in a crowd of people who are clothed is incredibly powerful,” says Davidson. “No one is going to come near you, because they are going to think you are insane, or the fact of your nakedness is so shocking and surprising to everyone that you have this bubble of protection around you.” While initially the administration of UBC was pursuing punishment against her for breaking their student code of conduct, after widespread media coverage, and a request from Davidson that her supporters write to the University to oppose any punitive action against her, they relented and said that they would only keep a record of the incident on file.

ligious origins have been obscured. NIFTY tries to help change that by educating the public about the harmful effects of enforced genital concealment,” he says. He adds, “Nudity is not harmful to children and, as is so often the case with these cultural prejudices, the opposite is true. Nudity is beneficial to all ages, especially children, and it is the obsessive concealment of the natural body which can harm children.” Nearly all of the major religions have some notion that nudity is improper or harmful - certainly in Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, and Sikhism. “If we could poll 1,000 people across the Lower Mainland, we would find a smattering who would say, “Yup, I’m all for naturists’ rights,’ but I think you’d still find a considerable number of people who would say, 'No, I’d not be comfortable with that,’ ” said Dave Quist in an interview with the Georgia Straight. Quist is executive director of the Institute of Marriage and Family Canada, a conservative lobby group. “I recognize their right to go do that [be naked], but I don’t want their rights to interfere with my rights not to be offended, not to have my children see that, and so that’s where we run into conflict.” Quist disputes the notion that public nudity is or can be non-sexual. “You can’t look at car commercials or a beer commercial, and many other things that are advertised, without a scantily-clad man or woman,” he explained. “When we don’t have any modesty left, we characterize sex and As a lifestyle sexuality as being just a crass thing without talk“We live in an atmosphere of shame. We are ing about intimacy or love, or the very nature of ashamed of everything that is real about us; what intimacy is intended to be. So when we lose ashamed of ourselves, of our relatives, of our modesty, we lose a lot of the other things that go incomes, of our accents, of our opinions, of with it.” our experience, just as we are ashamed of our However, Depaco doesn’t agree, and feels naked skins.” strongly that this notion that the body should —George Bernard Shaw be covered up needs to be changed. “Being offended by the sight of the natural human body For some, nudity is not only the means of ex- is an abnormal and irrational reaction. When pression, but the cause. NIFTY, which stands for society bends over backwards to accommodate “Naked Iconoclasts Fighting The Yoke”, is one those who have this reaction, it merely normalsuch organization. NIFTY was founded in 1992, izes, legitimizes, and perpetuates it.” and “is an activist political organization dediUnder the law cated to the cause of clothing-optional right – in Canada and around the world.” They oppose all “There is much to support the view that it is legal restrictions on non-sexual nudity. clothes that wear us, and not we, them; we “We believe that nudity is healthful,” says Greg may make them take the mould of arm or Depaco, secretary of NIFTY. “It is absurd to ask breast, but they mould our hearts, our brains, us to compromise our rights as free citizens to our tongues to their liking.” promote our own health as we see fit, in order to —Virginia Woolf appease others who don't like to look at genitals.” NIFTY’s argument also believes that the gov- The laws around nudity have evolved over the ernment should not infringe on the rights of in- years, although it is perhaps most important dividuals. That this corresponds to a classically to note that the biggest factor in whether being right-wing value is perhaps ironic, because it is nude is a criminal act is context. Section 174 of on the right that people are known to be more the Criminal Code, the section that pertains to conservative about such body issues. “Canada nudity, states: is a free country, and so decisions about what to “(1) Every one who, without lawful excuse, (a) wear should be left to the individual citizen, with is nude in a public place, or (b) is nude and exno government coercion,” says Depaco. posed to public view while on private property, While acknowledging that hiding nudity is whether or not the property is his own, is guilty of ingrained into mainstream North American val- an offence punishable on summary conviction. ues, Depaco believes that this type of restriction (2) For the purposes of this section, a person is harmful to society as a whole: “The obsession is nude who is so clad as to offend against public with concealing our genitals results in poor body decency or order. image and body self-concept,” explains Depaco. (3) No proceeding shall be commenced “As the bodies of our friends and neighbours - under this section without the consent of ‘ordinary’ people – are hidden, all we see is the Attorney General. airbrushed perfection of Playboy/Hollywood; Essentially, according to Constable Lindsey this creates an impossible ideal of beauty which Houghton of the Vancouver Police Department, results in people feeling bad about themselves, “A person will be convicted only if (1) the AG conwith more and more even resorting to plastic sur- sents, (2) the person is offending public decency, gery in an attempt to meet this ideal.” and (3) the person is in public view.” Depaco feels that society’s aversion to nudity Due to these restrictions, particularly the may have some roots in organized religion. “It's unusual one that charges must be approved because of religious views which hold that nudity by the Attorney-General, charges under this is improper, and which have over time been so code are extremely rare now, and even more embedded into our cultural norms, that their re- so if the nudity is non-sexual in nature. Martin's

Criminal Code, a widely used text that compiles and assists in interpreting the code, provides some more clarity as to the purpose of this piece of legislation. "This offense is not aimed at conduct such as swimming nude at an isolated beach, even where the accused misjudges the loneliness of the beach.” However, there are situations in which public nudity is of a more clearly criminal nature. The preceding section of the Code deals with “Indecent Acts” and it states that anyone who commits an indecent act “in any place, with intent thereby to insult or offend any person, is guilty of an offense punishable on summary conviction.” While it does not clearly define what things may or may not constitute indecent acts, it does explicitly define one context: “Every person who … for a sexual purpose, exposes his or her genital organs to a person who is under the age of 14 years is guilty of an offense.” According to Houghton, if someone is being charged under this section of Code, it does not require the approval of the Attorney General. For equality “We seem okay with violence, but nudity we race to criticize and censor.” —Eva Mendes “There’s a significant difference between topfreedom and nudity,” says Dr. Paul Rapoport, co-ordinator of “Topfree Equal Rights Association”(TERA). “In the media, oftentimes if a woman is topfree somewhere, a headline often says that ‘so and so was nude’. It bothers me a great deal. In the Criminal Code, nudity is mentioned, but women’s breasts are not. If we look at this as an equality issue, which it really is, then if men without a top are not nude, then certainly women can’t be called the same either.” TERA’s statement of purpose says, “We do not suggest that women or men should go about with bare breasts. That is every individual's decision. We do believe that since men may choose to do so in many situations, women must also be able to at least in the same situations.” In B.C., the most prominent case around a woman’s right to be topfree was Linda Meyer of Maple Ridge in 2000. Meyer sought to ensure that women had the same rights as men, in being able to go topless in the city. She did this by showing up topless in the municipal swimming pool, and other areas to challenge any laws that may be interpreted to prohibit that. However, at that time, the city council did not take kindly to her actions. “Maple Ridge had created a bylaw really just for her, very bad legal policy, that criminalized women for being topfree,” says Rapoport. “The town of Maple Ridge is not allowed to do that because it is a federal matter, and its penalties went beyond anything described in the criminal code. It was thrown out in court … Linda has really set the tone for all of B.C., partly because she has gone to various public swimming pools topfree, and challenged not only the law, but the attitudes that are very demeaning to women that say they can’t do this, and are implying antisocial behaviour. [The Maple Ridge decision] was very clear in that it had a larger meaning socially and politically. There were various rumblings in many levels of government that they weren’t going to prosecute topfree women.” In 2007, the Vancouver Police Department instructed its officers not to detain or question women for being topless anywhere in Vancouver. Meyer was also involved in this case, as she was accosted by police for walking topless in downtown Vancouver. Meyer sought a ruling from the Vancouver Police Board on the matter, which concluded with the


f e at u r e s what being vulnerable could look like. She puts herself in that vulnerable place first, and hopes that others will come with her. Interestingly, Diamant doesn’t consider herself a nudist, and says that being nude makes her extremely uncomfortable. “I’m 50 years old, and I’m getting older and saggier. Every time I do it, it’s difficult. I try to show up as I am, in the moment. Living in this culture, women are judged brutally on their bodies. That hasn’t stopped and it will not stop,” says Diamant. “It took me two years to get the guts up to be naked. I didn’t want to be naked, but I knew that was the only way to be as vulnerable as possible without hurting myself.” The workshop itself is unscripted, and thus allows whatever is meant to happen with the people present to happen in a natural way. “I felt that [it was important] to show up naked and without a script, an agenda … I have an intention of showing up vulnerable hoping that people will accept me as that and to see what happens with their own vulnerability and their own way of connecting,” says Diamant. “Beyond that intention, to show up without an agenda is also very vulnerable. What I had found was that, especially in a place like Victoria, a lot of people are not that uncomfortable with nudity, but the idea of not having an agenda makes people uncomfortable, like “what the fuck’s gonna happen?” Diamant’s children were her inspiration for this project. “I had kids late in life. It woke me up in a way that nothing had before,” she explains. “My heart just exploded with love for my first daughter, and now I have two. I was way more connected with the world in a way that I hadn’t been before that.” Diamant’s own childhood had an enormous effect on the decision to partake in this project as well. “In my adult life, I realized that when I was growing up I literally didn’t know that I had a vagina, and I don’t think I was told that I had a heart. This is really indicative of the culture that we live in. To not even know those things about yourself is … this invisible part of ourselves … I’ve chosen to try to make the invisible visible.” Though Diamant admits to being quite shocked by humanity and often feeling hopeless, this is her way of giving something back to make change. “I feel, in a very deep way, that we’re in a crucial time in history, and if we don’t change, we are not going to survive. I also realize that I didn’t care that much until I had kids … The culture to me is wrong.”

h t u r t d e k a n e Th

For the future “Because God created it, the human body can remain nude and uncovered and preserve its splendour and its beauty.” —Pope John Paul II

instructions in a letter to Meyer that stated "public female toplessness does not meet the test for criminal indecency.” While he recognizes that many men will say that they can’t help but ogle a women who is topless, Rapoport believes that this attitude is one that can change, and is based on the individual. “People said that before about women who wore shorts. It was certainly said in the 18th century when women would go outside their own home unaccompanied by a male relative. There is no reason why that has to be the case, it’s certainly not automatic,” says Rapoport. “It’s a bit of a circular problem, in that the more women are seen without a top, the less likely it is that anyone will have a problem with it. It is an incremental advance that we’re looking at here. There’s no

reason that that man has to do anything what- nerability, and make it into something positive, to soever other than behave in the accepted man- allow people to see and connect with each other ner, and not disturb or provoke the woman in in a meaningful way. any way.” “At its most essential, it’s that we all do share this vessel [the human body]. We are vulnerable, For freedom our bodies are vulnerable, and the planet is vul“To see you naked is to recall the Earth.” nerable,” says Diamant. “I believe that we haven’t —Federico García Lorca evolved in a way that we have to evolve if we’re going to survive. The key to that is experiencing Because the naked human body is such a taboo being able to be in vulnerability. When we do in modern society, being naked makes most that, we can actually find power and connection people feel unprotected or vulnerable, particu- there. We’re in a culture of domination … [and] in larly in regard to being judged by others. While a very deep way we need to understand vulnerthat vulnerability is usually seen as a negative ability; it’s the only way forward. That’s why I do thing, Tasha Diamant runs a workshop called the the project.” “Human Body Project” (www.humanbodyproWhen she facilitates the workshop, Diamant ject.com) in which she tries to capture this vul- uses her own naked body to set that example of

Perhaps expectedly, Vancouver has connections to notable nude movements. Canada’s oldest nudist organization, The Van Tan Club, was started in Vancouver in 1939, and its founder, Ray Connett, is acknowledged as “The Father of Canadian Nudism.” The World Naked Bike Ride also began in Vancouver, and now occurs in 74 cities around the world. Wreck Beach is one of the oldest and most famous nude beaches in North America, and the patrons have fought many battles to preserve its legacy as a nude beach. Topless women are no longer considered “indecent” and are allowed to go topless in public without fear of arrest. Furthermore, there is a plethora of nude events around the city, from nude barn dances, nude tennis, nude bowling, nude dinners, and even a campsite in Mission specifically for nude camping. Clearly, the naked human body is a phenomenon that unites us all.

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// Shannon Elliott

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INSTINCTIVELY ELECTING CHANGE The importance of electing women to Parliament Hill By Claire Vulliamy // Arts Editor

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year ago at an estimates hearing in Australia, Finance Minister Penny Wong was interrupted in the middle of her sentence by Coalition senator David Bushby. “If I can finish now,” she said, glaring Bushby in the eye. His response? Cat noises. Wong immediately responded. "You meow when a woman does that … that's a good idea. It is just extraordinary. The blokes are allowed to yell, but if a woman stands her ground you want to make that kind of comment. It's sort of schoolyard politics, mate.” In all her 19 years on Parliament Hill, Hedy Fry, the Member of Parliament for Vancouver Centre, has not seen anything quite like that. However, she says, “It doesn’t mean that the snickering does not occur when a woman gets excited and actually is going after the point that she’s trying to make, and her voice raises a decibel or two, that there isn’t a little snickering, just quiet snickering, because everybody knows that it’s wrong, that it’s sexist, but they snicker,” she says. “But people at least have the ability to know and to be embarrassed if they’re called out doing it, which at the end of the day I think is some kind of progress, really.” The first female MP elected to the House of Commons was Agnes MacPhail, who served almost 20 years in office. She was elected in 1921. Currently, women make up about 25 per cent of the House of Commons. The most recent election saw a record high at 76 female MPs in the house, but this 25 per cent still doesn’t accurately represent the demographics of women in the general population. As women are still a minority in Parliament, and in politics in general, sometimes their needs are not met and they find the structures of a system that was not designed for or by them to be lacking. “I don’t think you could accuse the Canadian Parliament of discriminating against women in any way shape or form,” says Fry on being a female MP. “There is no basic overt discrimination against females, but there are things that do not acknowledge the presence of female Parliamentarians.” There are very clear reasons for this, she says. “Men have ruled for the last couple of millennia, and therefore they built institutions of democracy, they’ve built of Parliament,” she says, institutions that “accommodate a male way of thinking, a male way of being.” Having more women come into office is a step forward; however, the barriers continue even after entry into the House of Commons. What female MPs must face is a historically male institution that has only recently began to change. Different Needs As Fry puts it, drawing from her experience as a physician, the different needs of the sexes come down to completely physiological factors. “Female MPs bear children. That gives them a totally different set of responsibilities,” she says. These differences are sometimes harder to navigate than one might think. Fry mentions a recent event where female MP Sana Hassainia brought her three-month-old Skander-Jack into the house, and was asked to leave. Failing that, she was told to give her baby to a page. “You can imagine, pages are young university students. What mother gives her baby to somebody she

doesn’t know, who she doesn’t even know can hold a baby?” Fry asks. The incident “is now being debated and discussed by a little committee,” Fry says, which may reach a decision about the rules surrounding babies in the House. Women bringing their babies into the House has often been tolerated, although it was “never formally introduced,” which is why the incident with Hassainia and her son occurred. Fry remembers two female MPs who had babies in Jean Chretien’s second term. They often had to bring their children into the house and breastfeed, “and the babies had to be accommodated within the actual lobby which is where MPs walk out of the chamber,” Fry says. This motivated a decision to install change tables in the women’s washroom. Fry remembers one time where the house had three days and three nights of non-stop voting and one of the young MPs had their baby with them. She was allowed to feed her baby while she was not voting. It was very discreet, as “she had a scarf and nobody could see what she was doing,” says Fry. Fry likens the needs of women to any other group. Parliament “has made room for disabled persons, it’s all wheelchair friendly,” she says. “So, that’s been accommodated, but some of the things we take for granted about women haven’t been accommodated.” When Fry first came in under the Liberal Chretien government, “there were two washrooms, one for men just outside the doors into the actual chamber, so it took literally 20 seconds to get there.” On the other hand, the women’s washroom “was way down the end of a back corridor.” It was an issue. “One female MP actually missed a vote because she had to go to the washroom; it was ever so far away that she couldn’t get back in time,” Fry says. At that time, Fry says, “we decided to take the existing men’s washroom and split it to create bathrooms for women there.” The reason for the inconvenience of the bathroom wasn’t a deliberate exclusion, it was simply that the very building’s structure harkened from a time when there were little to no female MPs.

Parliament are “still holdovers from a time when Members of Parliament were primarily men, who came out by train from wherever their constituency was, brought their families, lived in Ottawa, and went home by train in the summer, or for Christmas.” This doesn’t have to be the case, she says. The structure set up is “not utilizing modern technology communication tools, it’s not utilizing meeting technology in the way it could, it’s relying heavily on long air flights, especially from far-flung ridings, and that’s got an environmental impact, a time impact, and a stress impact on men and women alike.” Factors such as these, Fry says, are what make it so that more women go into positions in municipal or provincial governments. She describes her own personal commute, “travelling sometimes eight hours with a three hour time difference,” as something that would definitely impede having a family. “If you leave your children home, you’re an absentee parent. And you know, socialization still expects that the woman should be there,” she says. She notes that a lot of women aren’t interested in becoming MPs for this reason or will “wait until their kids grow up, like I did.” However, waiting it out is not the solution, Fry says. “Why should they? I mean, the whole idea of having a Parliament is to have a representation of society.” This includes people from all groups and of all ages.

Partisanship These kinds of demands on women, of family and work, are just some of the many issues that are discussed in the all-party women’s caucus. “We haven’t reached any conclusions,” says Murray, “but we want to make it [Parliament] a more family-friendly place.” The all-party women’s caucus has existed off and on since 1989. For some time it was just a meeting of female members of the Liberal party; however, in October of last year Liberal MP Carolyn Bennett invited female MPs of other political parties to join. “We’ve now had three meetings, once a month for the last three months with women from all of the parties,” says Murray. The Conservative senator is a co-chair and the other co-chair is Liberal. “Our discussions have covered the general terrain of women’s equality, women’s portrayal in the media and in politics, and barriers to having more women in Ottawa.” “I am very sorry to say that there are very few female Conservative MPs who are members of this group; the female Conservative senators are [part of the women’s caucus],” says Fry. “Originally, when we first started [the women’s caucus], a lot of the Conservative women came, but they’ve dropped off; maybe they’re just busy, I have no idea.” Continued on page 12 …

Jet Lag One of the most notoriously difficult things about being a politician is the long, grueling hours and the requirement to travel for work. Joyce Murray, the MP for Vancouver Quadra, emphasizes that the demands are relentless. “Women work, like men do, in Ottawa, many, many hours a day, and then the expectation is to be home on the weekend and serve the needs of the constituency,” as well as the needs of their family. While she stresses that this weighs on everybody, it can affect women in particular. “Even when both partners in a marriage or relationship are working in the work force, women still shoulder more of the family and administrative and the children side of the household activities,” she says. Indeed, though partners in a relationship both often work, women do spend more time on unpaid work such as household chores, childcare, and elder care, according to 2006 data from Statistics Canada. Based on this kind of data, Murray says, “it may be more challenging for women [to be involved in politics], especially women that have young children.” Murray believes that many structures of

// Marco Ferreira


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CASUALTIES OF THE WAR ON DRUGS Exploring Canada’s prohibition crisis “People who smoke a joint aren’t going to get angry or violent, they are going to sit on the couch and eat chips. Everybody jokes about that, but it’s because there’s truth to it,” she says. “If anything can reduce your stress levels, that extends your life … eating healthy, or doing healthy activities, or using cannabis can reduce your stress level, which can extend your life and reduce the likelihood of getting sick. So in that sense, marijuana should be used by people if it works well for them.”

By Sarah Vitet // Editor-in-Chief

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The chief medical health officers in British Columbia, Nova Scotia, and Saskatchewan recently published a paper in Open Medicine analyzing Canada’s illicit drug policies. They concluded that criminalization of marijuana and other drugs has not worked, and that an alternative model should be implemented, such as regulation and taxation. “The use of illegal drugs remains a serious threat to community health,” the paper reads. “However, despite the substantial social costs

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attributable to illegal drugs, a well-described discordance between scientific evidence and policy exists in this area, such that most resources go to drug law enforcement activities that have not been well evaluated.” They point out that when the Office of the Auditor General of Canada last reviewed Canada’s drug strategy in 2001, it estimated that of the $454 million spent annually on efforts to control illicit drugs, $426 million (93.8 per cent) was devoted to law enforcement. The report was in part a response to Bill C-10, which imposed mandatory minimum sentencing for minor drug law offenses. Despite the estimated $1 trillion dollars that the United States has spent on their war on drugs, it has widely been shown to be ineffective. “In addition,” the paper reads, “although reducing the availability of cannabis has been a central focus of drug law enforcement efforts, over the past 30 years of cannabis prohibition the drug has remained 'almost universally available to American 12th graders,' according to US drug use surveillance systems funded by the US National Institutes of Health, with 80–90 per cent of survey respondents saying that the drug is “very easy” or “fairly easy” to obtain.” In February 2012, a group of former B.C. attorney generals wrote an open letter stating that cannabis prohibition is a failed policy, and should be ended. “Thanks to the police intelligence efforts of organizations such as the RCMP, it is now commonly accepted knowledge that marijuana prohibition drives organized crime and related violence in B.C.,” the letter states. This followed a similar letter written by former Vancouver mayors in November 2011, also condemning marijuana prohibition. "We need to acknowledge that our current

// Illustrations by Faye Alexander approach to some of our substance-use policies is perhaps not as evidence-based as it should be," said Dr. Paul Hasselback, chair of the Health Officers' Council of B.C.

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In May 2010, Marc Emery was extradited to the United States by the Canadian government to stand trial on conspiracy charges. He is currently in Federal prison in Mississippi, with an earliest release date of July 2014. “He [Marc] is Canadian, paid his taxes on seed sales, was well-known for what he did, never hid anything, and he never left Canada, so it was a big shock to most Canadians and people worldwide that American law enforcement could arrest somebody in Canada and have them face life in prison,” says Jodie Emery, Marc Emery’s wife and current manager of the Marc Emery’s Cannabis Culture Headquarters store, the BCMP Vapour Lounge, Pot TV, and Cannabis Culture magazine. While operating in Vancouver, Marc Emery was “sending seeds all over the world, bringing millions of dollars in to finance ballot initiatives, political parties, conferences, all sorts of peaceful democratic activities and activism,” explains Jodie Emery. Through public speaking and activism, Emery continues to advocate for marijuana legalization. “The war on drugs is incarcerating millions of people all over the world who never hurt anybody,” says Emery. She also notes the benefits of cannabis, including the properties of industrial hemp, as well as medical marijuana. Emery explains that the stress-relieving benefits marijuana has on users can be extremely beneficial to overall health.

Despite growing public opinion in support of the legalization of marijuana, the legislation regarding minor drug charges has recently become more severe, rather than less. “We know that more and more Canadians under Harper’s government are going to be going to prison,” says Emery. “Bill C-10, including mandatory minimums, is guaranteeing that we are going to see a lot of non-violent Canadians put in prison, and even more worrisome is that private prison companies, who have never operated in Canada before, are now meeting with our government.” The effects of privatized prisons are clear in the United States, where the prison industry is the fastest growing industry, and prisoners labour at extremely low wages while free citizen unemployment rates climb. “They are for-profit companies that exist on the stock market, and they have to guarantee that their prisons are always full,” says Emery. The emphasis is taken away from prevention and rehabilitation, and new laws are lobbied for by private prison companies, rather than created out of necessity. In 2008, two judges in Pennsylvania pled guilty to accepting bribes from the owners of two for-profit juvenile facilities. Called the “Kids for cash” scandal, the judges accepted $2.6 million in return for imposing harsh sentences for juveniles brought before their courts. “So we’ve got this serious corruption that goes on, where law enforcement is being bought out by prison industries to ensure that people are being put in prison,” says Emery. “That is immoral and unjust in the extreme, and unfortunately that is going to happen here.” Although Emery does agree that violent criminals are often given sentences more lenient than they are perceived to deserve, she notes that it is often due to incorrectly followed procedure. “The reason that so many of those dangerous people aren’t being dealt with properly is that 70 per cent of all court resources are used for smaller, nonviolent drug offences,” says Emery. If prohibition were ended, the justice system would be able to function optimally. According to Emery, imposing harsher sentences for nonviolent criminals is not the solution. “This prohibition isn’t working to make streets safer, it’s not working to get rid of gangs,” says Emery. “You have to wonder why prohibition continues, if all the proof shows that it’s not helping solve problems, it’s only helping to make certain people really rich. So that raises some questions.” According to RCMP Superintendent Ray Bernoties, in a speech made to the Canadian University Press on Mar. 3, “No decision we make today is going to make gang violence go away. There isn’t one black and white answer.” He pointed out that there are still illegal

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alanya Blue McGraw was diagnosed with Hodgkin's Lymphoma in 2001, after a biopsy revealed that small growths in her chest and neck were cancerous. Her condition was serious, and death was a very real potential outcome, though there were treatment options available. “I was told that there were medical treatments which had proven highly successful for curing this type of cancer at its stage, and I quickly began a protocol of chemotherapy followed by radiation,” says McGraw. The cancer responded by shrinking in size at first, but then began to grow again. They tried several chemotherapy drugs and two bone marrow transplants, with little success. “In 2009, I joined the B.C. Compassion Club Society and started using cannabis frequently to help with my symptoms of the cancer and the side effects of chemotherapy,” says McGraw. Cannabis helped relieve her nausea and pain, as well as increasing her appetite and aiding with sleeping. “What I didn't anticipate,” says McGraw, “was that it appeared to slow the progression of my cancer.” Though the Cancer Agency had exhausted all their treatments for her, McGraw’s use of medical marijuana seemed to make a huge difference in the growth of the cancer cells. “My oncologist had no explanation but simply said ‘whatever it is you're doing, keep it up.’ And I did just that,” says McGraw. However, there are drawbacks to using medical marijuana. “I know of people who were denied life-saving surgeries because of their choice to practice this illegal pain management,” says McGraw. She also knows people who have had doctors refuse to sign forms on their behalf: “I have another friend who passed away recently with a ferocious spirit, but a petite, frail, and weakened body that could no longer fight harder than the cancer,” says McGraw. “With all that she was doing to defy the odds, she didn't have the energy or time to go through the steps of obtaining permission to use cannabis from a dispensary, and she was uneasy with the inconsistency and risk of buying off of the street, so to speak.” The illegality of marijuana often scares patients away from using it, and because it hasn’t been studied in combination with other medications, doctors cannot always confirm that using medical marijuana won’t cause complications. People are often unwilling to take that risk. “The tragic losses are too plentiful and painful for me to continue to list them,” says McGraw. “I'm left with the insight to say with conviction that because marijuana is illegal in Canada, people that I know, love, and miss greatly were denied direly needed comfort.”

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tobacco and alcohol industries, mostly operating in rural areas. Bernoties also noted that the gang-run marijuana trade in B.C. often exports to other countries, so simply ending prohibition in Canada would not eliminate organized crime activity. “Gangs will be violent no matter what the substance,” says Bernoties. He does note, however, that many of the problems associated with drug use are health care related, particularly addiction.

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“I do know that I have spoken to some Conservative women MPs who have told me that they don’t like this issue of ‘women’s this’ [and] ‘women’s that’ because women have to stop being seen as victims and treated as victims,” she adds. Conversely, Fry doesn’t see it that way: “We’re not saying women are victims at all.” She points to something that was brought forward to the United Nations in her time as Secretary of State Multiculturalism and Status of Women, called gender-based analysis. This analysis is “how to analyze every policy, every piece of legislation that is coming through Parliament, to ensure that it does not unintentionally create a challenge for men and for women.” Fry emphasizes how important it is to uphold this, and that certain policies, such as the Harper government’s job creation plan, haven’t. “[If] you know that only one per cent of women are in the construction trade, how is that an equal opportunity job creation program? It isn’t. If you’d done gender-based analysis, you might have recognized it wasn’t,” says Fry. She also stresses the importance of women working together on Parliament Hill. It has happened a few times, she says, “where women coming together have been able to cross partisan boundaries, to make significant changes, like when the Liberal, and the NDP and the Progressive Conservative women came together to make breast cancer a really important and seminal issue.” In June 2011, Rona Ambrose, present Minister for the Status of Women for the Conservative government, spoke at the Equal Voice reception, an organization that aims to get more women elected into office. “As elected women to the House of Commons we have a special opportunity, and I believe a real obligation, to work together to improve the lives of women and girls,” she said. In conjunction with Equal Voice’s mission she

contributed to substantial health-related harms,” states the Open Medicine paper. A recent study by the World Health Organization concluded that countries that had stricter illegal drug policies for users did not have lower levels of use than those with more tolerant policies. “There are a lot of activities that people can do that can kill them. Eating peanuts, my goodness: peanuts kill people every single day, so let’s make those illegal, and send all the peanut farmers to jail. Of course nobody is proposing that, because it wouldn’t make sense,” says Emery. “The best approach is just to educate about proper, healthy use for activities, and help those who face problems with any sort of activity. When it comes to illegal drugs, they should be legal, and regulated too.” For McGraw, the war on drugs has not only resulted in the suffering of many of her friends, it continues to put people at risk of not getting the relief they need. “I am one of the fortunate ones,” says McGraw. “I had a doctor who did not to hesitate to sign the forms on my behalf, given the severity of my case.” For others, the option to use “For me,” says Bernoties, “the answers to crime medical marijuana is impeded by the prohibition. have very little to do with law enforcement.” Although there is a long history of marijuana activists advocating for legalization, more recently many non-marijuana-users have been speaking out against prohibition in Although many people agree that prohibition in In regards to other illicit drugs, many experts Canada, which highlights the growing severCanada is harmful and should be changed, there suggest that prohibition is doing more harm ity of the situation. “For the safety of everybody, is no true consensus on what model should than good. “The criminalization of people and also for economic reasons,” says Emery. replace it, particularly in regards to cannabis. who use drugs continues to prove ineffective “It doesn’t make sense to continue keeping Some people believe that marijuana should be in reducing rates of drug use and has instead marijuana illegal.”

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also encouraged more women to run, but the message that she sent about female solidarity in Parliament was clear. “I look forward to collaborating with all of my 75 women colleagues from across the political spectrum,” she said. The percentage of female candidates in political parties ranges from the low 22 per cent of the Conservative candidates, to the high 41 per cent of the NDP candidates. As with the Liberal party, the NDP party has its own women’s caucus. MP Djaouida Sellah, who is chair of the NDP women’s caucus, announced her election last year, saying that, “The evolution of the status of women in the Western world has created a domino effect that can still be seen today around the world. The fact that Saudi Arabian women obtained the right to vote in municipal elections shows that the path forged by Canadian women is still guiding the evolution of many societies.” Unfortunately, despite this strong role, it seems that it is not enough to avoid the usual scrutiny, particularly from the media. Last month, Huffington Post put up a very brief video clip entitled “Another vain NDP MP in the House of Commons” of Sellah brushing her hair out of her face while looking into a mirror, saying that the MP was the latest to be “caught doing something embarrassing.” She can be seen fixing her hair for approximately five seconds.

regulated and taxed, similarly to alcohol and tobacco, while others believe that marijuana should be able to be grown by anyone, like any other plant. "For the last decade, Portugal has decriminalized all drug use and they have some of the lowest rates of drug use in Europe and they have some of the least amounts of harm from drug use," said Dr. Robert Strang, Nova Scotia's chief medical health officer, in a CBC article. Strang is one of the authors of the Open Medicine paper suggesting that marijuana ought to be taxed and regulated. “From this point forward there’s a lot of discussion and ideas and debate that need to take place,” says Emery. “Unfortunately, prohibition is easier to keep in place … its a lot easier than doing such a drastic overhaul that would have consequences in everybody’s lives.” McGraw hopes that cannabis can be legalized, and that the transition and function of the new model be derived from a variety of perspectives. “I would ultimately like to grow my own cannabis at home and make my own medicine from my organically grown plants,” she says. “I think that's a fair aspiration and I believe that legalization should incorporate that option.”

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The NDP, who have the highest ratio of women to men, actively seeks out minority groups and women to be nominated. Most parties have minimum quotas. Slow Victories

According to the Parliament of Canada’s website, since 1997, the number of female-held seats in the Parliament has remained at around 20 per cent, most recently jumping to 24 per cent in 2011. The number has been steadily increasing, with the exception of 2004 to 2006, when four female seats were lost. There are still needs that could be accommodated, Fry says. Better childcare would be a good place to start: “Some places, like Sweden, and Scandinavian jurisdictions, they do have childcare available in the precinct, they also do have neonatal care available, they have breastfeeding rooms … they have very female-friendly precincts,” she describes. Another issue is the opportunity for women to prove their equality with their male counterparts. This is often impeded by the tendency to give women “soft portfolios,” Fry says, where “in many countries, [women are] given social services, health, human resources, [and] labour… [instead of] the hard-nosed political things; finance, and international affairs, and trade, and that kind of thing, which is kind of sad. Because Top of Form Bottom of Form you know, I think it’s time that we start judging While the Conservative male-to-female ratio is women on their ability.” the least equal, they have increased their ratio More than Quotas the most in the last half-decade: while now representing 22 per cent of the Conservative candi- A big question hanging overhead as well is dates, women accounted for only 12 per cent in whether electing more women will in fact change 2006. As noted in a parliamentary publication on the structure. Women in Parliament by Julie Cool of the Social “Some Parliaments that have a large numAffairs Division, the Conservatives have not im- ber of women are beginning to say, ‘Well, have plemented any special measures to achieve this. they?’ Have women actually fulfilled the promWith consideration to the fact that women, ise of change? Or have women, suddenly finding on average, earn less than men, other political themselves in a male-dominated arena, decided parties will sometimes provide additional cam- instead of sinking they would swim, and in order paign funding to women who are nominated. to swim, they actually join the club?” says Fry.

“And they behave like a man, and they don’t want to be spoken of as women, because there is a tendency for us people in business, in Parliament, and the media, to stereotype women as shrill, if they raise their voices, as ambitious in a negative [way], aggressive if they are ambitious and they want to move forward.” It’s this attitude, she says, that sees many women fall silent, or adapt to the ideas of others. This is one pitfall, but conversely there are also success stories that avoid this. Brigitta Dahl, former Speaker of Parliament for Sweden, explained her impressions of the Swedish Parliament. It’s not just the representation of women, she says that makes a difference, but “that a majority of women and men bring relevant social experience to the business of Parliament. This is what makes the difference. Men bring with them experience of real life issues, of raising children, of running a home. They have broad perspectives and greater understanding … Neither men nor women have to conform to a traditional role. Women do not have to behave like men to have power; men do not have to behave like women to be allowed to care for their children.” The presence of women in Parliament, then, can also make change beyond uniquely female needs. Because women often hold a strong role in supporting family, their push for more familyfriendly amenities in office also paves way for male politicians who want to have a stronger family life. Greater representation from all groups in society strengthens democracy, but it can also lead to the ability to break out of traditional roles, to and make change. Female politicians often hold this promise. Fry emphasizes that for this reason, it’s important that female politicians stand their ground. “I think most people instinctively … when they elect a woman … elect change. I think they really instinctively believe that things are going to change,” she says. “And if it isn’t, they’re going to say, ‘What the hell’s the difference?’”


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EDI T OR // Claire Vulli amy // arts @ c api l ano c o uri e r. c o m

Moka Only gonna make y’all stop

Arts Sh orts

Interview with local “celebrity” By Harrison Pratt // writer

GLADYS KNIGHT at The River Rock Casino March 31

(Editor’s note: Moka Only is a local hip hop artist who is possibly best known for being part of Swollen Members. Now in his late 30s, Moka Only has released a rough average of three albums a year since 1989. On Jan. 31, Moka Only paired up with fellow local MC Evil Ebenezer and released a concept album called ZZBRA: The Original Motion Picture Soundtrack, described as a soundtrack to a movie that went over budget and fell apart during shooting, never to see the light of day, “Stuey Kubrick’s Pan-African adventure epic.” Here is a transcript of an interview with Moka only in regards to this release.)

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arrison Pratt: How did you end up making this album? How did you meet these guys?

Moka Only: I’ve known Evil for many years just through an association with the hip hop scene, so we’ve done some stuff together, and I’m not sure what happened; we just ended up making it. It was some years ago, actually. H: I’ve noticed in the liner notes it says that Stuey Kubrick and U-Turn produced it. M: It was one of the first projects I’ve done where I didn’t do the beats. H: Did you use any of your gear for this? I noticed there was a Casio SK-1 on one. M: Yeah, I used a Casio SK-1. It was a track that I actually added to “Stunt Driver”. That was me, but other than that I didn’t do the beats. H: When are you most productive and where does your inspiration come from?

M: Well, that’s an artistic way to put it. I don’t know what he did with it. I mean, you know, it’s sometimes good not to take everything literally. Even if it’s given to you that way. It’s all art. It’s all just for laughs and stuff, you know. The bottom line is we take the craft of creating music very seriously; we take ourselves … not so serious. You know what I mean? We just like to have fun with it, and yes, we will sometimes do and say things to confuse people, or sometimes do things and say things to surprise people, but nothing is of malice or illintent. We’re just entertainers, is what it comes down to.

H: Where did you meet Evil; you guys known each other for a long time then?

H: You must stay up pretty late at night. What time H: Do you guys plan on touring? do you wake up most days? M: We’re actually on tour right now; as you’re callM: Depends if I recorded during the night or not. ing me, we’re in the tour bus right now. I’m on the Sometimes, also touring, sometimes I got to phone with you! We’re just pulling into Edmoncatch flights at six in the morning or whatever, ton right now. Right now were doing this cross so it varies. Canada tour, then we’re onto Japan; after that we’ll stop over at Thailand. Then there’s a break H: You’re a busy man. Do you ever decline offers and it’s on to… I’m not sure where. I don’t know. to work with people? H: Are you guys going to Lebanon? ‘Cause I M: Yeah, I’ve declined a lot of things. But I give noticed you guys have a song called “I look

H: You guys planning on collaborating more after this album?

M: Like I said, I actually did say, Evil’s part of the scene in Vancouver, I’m part of the scene in Vancouver, and somewhere along the lines, I don’t remember the exact moments, but we connected. I heard about Evil for a long time, actually before I ever met him, I heard about how crazy he was and the first time I’ve seen him perform was 2001. So it wasn’t too much longer after that, that we started to connect on some music type stuff.

M: Yeah man, it’ll definitely happen. Like I mentioned before, the album is not new. It’s something we’ve been sitting on. We actually made the album in 2006. Everything was done in 2006, except the videos we just shot recently. Some things just aren’t ready to come out. Just to make sure things are ready. So, whether it’s the business part, or final artistic touches or whatever, that’s what it is.

By JJ Brewis // Art Director

the capilano courier | vol. 45 issue 24

M: Let’s say I’m most productive every day that I’m alive. I’m always inspired, there’s not a moment that goes by where I’m not thinking about something to do with music or creativity or art. As for where it comes from, that’s a mystery, and I think you can ask just about every other artist, [and] after they give you their bullshit answer, they’ll give you the real answer; nobody really knows where it comes from, some people are chosen by a greater power to be vessels for art. I don’t know, I have no idea, I just know that’s what keeps me running, and if you took that away, that’s my lifeline, I wouldn’t have anything to live for.

// Claire Vulliamy people a fair shake. You know, one of the rea- Lebanese”. I was wondering if you had any consons for declining somebody: it may be their ap- nections with Lebanon? proach, if someone’s approach is off, I don’t care how much money you’re offering. I don’t want M: No. I just look Lebanese. I’m negro. A lot of to do it. people look at me. You know what I’m saying? If it’s not up to par financially, there’s no way Cause I’m a light skin black person. But it’s like they can make it happen. I would say, “Get at me … I’m negro. That’s what I am. You know what when you can.” You know what I mean. I try to I’m saying? But I’m sort of racially ambiguous. keep it fair, but you know I don’t discriminate. You know what I’m saying? People don’t realize It could be anybody, really. If their heart’s in the how fucking black I am. I’m like the blackest. I’ll right place and they [have] some skrill [money]. tear your head off! You know what I’m saying? I’m very militant. But not really. I like to sit around H: This is a concept album. You guys made a and eat cereal and stuff. I’m just goofing around, soundtrack to this movie Zzbra. I was wonder- man. But, I mean the truth is, yeah, because I am ing if this Zzbra movie will come out? a bi-racial, I’m black and white. Some people, biracials, they do have an ambiguously racial look M: I doubt it’ll ever see the light of day. It’s not to them. And that’s why I said that in the song, meant to be seen. I said “I look Lebanese”; I said it in “Let’s Roll” and we ended up looping it up for that song. I H: In the liner notes I noticed Stuey Kubrick men- don’t think we’re going to Lebanon … we have tioned that “after great creative differences, I bur- lots of Lebanese friends, so you never know. It ied the footage deep in the jungle.” may happen.

Growing up, I was introduced to Motown quite early, which is perhaps the reason it was like second nature for me. Back in the late ’60s, Knight and her family band The Pips made a massive impression on the Motown scene, releasing some of the label's biggest singles. When Gladys embarked on a solo career in the late ’80s, she went on to cover blues, jazz, and gospel music. Her show at the River Rock was a fantastic retrospective covering all her eras, without coming off like a desperate cash-grab focusing on a career that once was. In fact, Knight's star is still bright and intact. Her current run on TV mainstay Dancing With The Stars is not a washed-up stop-in, but an appearance by a rare legend who has continued to tour into her late 60s, while still recording music both old and new. Near the end of the show, after churning out a handful of classic throwback tunes, Knight performed her new single “I (Who Have Nothing)”. The cover of the Ben E. King standard showed a new edgier side of Knight, with dark harmonies instilling urgency into the romantic track. Such seems to be the greatness of Knight as a vocalist and performer. A mid-section of the set gave Knight some breathing time when her brother and former member of The Pips, Merald “Bubba” Knight, came onstage to duet with Gladys on The Beatles’ “Yesterday”. It was a sentimental and touching throwback that made me wonder if my sister and I will be that cool when we’re in our 60s. Gladys’ voice is unmistakable, but lends itself well to many genres. Knight's set jumped with ease from her early hits with The Pips such as “I Heard It Through The Grapevine” to downtempo jazz numbers like “Someone To Watch Over Me”. She even dabbled in modern country, with her own spin on JoAnn Womack’s “I Hope You Dance”, which was met with one of at least a half-dozen standing ovations of the evening. Knight met her crowd with humour and flair, explaining her life and its stories through the songs, introducing each number with impressive storytelling chops. Knight seemed almost overwhelmed when the entire house was brought to their feet at the beginning of closing number, “Midnight Train To Georgia”, which seemed to be not only nostalgic for myself, but most of the people in the room.

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Arts

WE ARE ALL LIARS Capilano’s student-run literary magazine prepares to publish latest edition By Colin Spensley // columns editor

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etting published is the goal of most aspiring writers. However, it can be daunting. Daunting, but worth it – exposing your creative side to the world at-large can be, and usually is, a very rewarding experience for many writers. The problem lies in finding someone willing to publish you when you have little or no experience in the field. Fortunately for writers at Capilano University, there is The Liar. The Liar is a student-run literary magazine at Capilano that operates on democratic principles with elected editors, submissions, and staff and with a new Editorin-Chief selected every year. The Liar publishes bi-annually, with a call for submissions open twice a year: once in the fall semester and once in the spring. The Liar takes submissions from anyone willing to have their work read by the collective. Although many magazines will take submissions from freelance contributors, the likelihood of your work being selected relies heavily upon the size and reputation of the magazine or book. Since the spring of 1987, The Liar has continued to publish student submitted work with only

a few gaps in production between then and now. Students are encouraged to submit all works they feel are worthy of publishing in any form: “The Liar works as a collective and we vote on everything democratically,” says editor Allie Quelch. This includes which pieces are selected to go in the magazine. “We used to publish mostly micro fiction and short poetry, but now we’re moving towards longer pieces. The spring issue is our largest one yet, at about 130 pages.” Although The Liar has, in the past, published mostly the work of Capilano students, they are looking to expand to students anywhere in Canada. The form of The Liar itself has also changed: “We’ve gone from a stapled zine in the last few years to a perfectly bound book, so that’s really exciting,” says Quelch. The process of voting to select which writing goes in The Liar is done collectively by all the editors and contributors. The submitted works are circulated amongst writers and editors and voted on; the ones that receive the most votes are published in that semester’s magazine. After all the works have been selected and edited, the magazine goes into production, which includes layout and graphic design, an aspect of publishing geared more towards art students. “We could really use some graphic design students right now,” says Quelch. “We usually have

Poem from the upcoming issue of The Liar:

// Katie So a meeting at the beginning of each semester, but with no time to poster or promote ourselves, we usually just end up talking to creative writing classes and doing the design ourselves.” If you’re interested in reading this current issue of The Liar, it comes out on Apr. 12. There will be a release party on that day at the Railway Club from 6-8pm which will include free copies of The Liar as well as readings. Copies will also be available in the CSU and the Library after the release.

Chicken Bitch By Allie Quelch   chicken scratch records of chick fights etched   into fingernails embellished with “Pink Before You Leap” polish(ed)   her off with a bitch slap and a cheap shot cat swipe   at an ill-conceived facial adjustment   Time to repent repaint nails

Jitterbugging in the Age of Bieber Vancouver class teaches swing dance to new generation By Victoria Fawkes // staff writer

the capilano courier | vol. 45 issue 24

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f there ever was an underrated pastime, it’s swing dancing. Popular from the 1920s to the 1930s, swing dancing was born out of the smoky underground dance halls of Boston, New York, and Chicago. Big band jazz bands were the soundtrack for this particular era of dance, which brought swing dancing enthusiasts of all nationalities together. Swing dancing was also a major stepping stone in the birth of jazz dance, which is currently far more well-known than the art of swing dancing. Lucy Falkner is the owner, administrator, instructor, and a performer at Rhythm City Productions, a Vancouver dance studio devoted to vintage jazz dance. She teaches the popular jazz dance style of lindy-hop, a partner dance that was created in Harlem in 1927. Falkner began swing dancing in 1999, and has since travelled extensively to dance, train, and teach lindy-hop. “I was just one of those beginning students in 1997. I went to a drop-in lesson and was immediately hooked. I kept going and a few years later, I was asked to teach a class. So I’ve travelled around the world because of dance,” says Falkner. Falkner has taught Charleston, vintage jazz, lindy-hop, and blues all across Canada and the Pacific Northwest, and at the world-famous Swedish Herräng Dance Camp. In 2000, Falkner spent two months studying African dance in Ghana, and is now involved in African dance, jazz dance, and tap dance classes back in Vancouver. Though Falkner has dabbled in other swing dance styles, her first love will always be lindy-hop. With all the new styles of dance today, Falkner still values the style of dance that she originally

learned over newer music or styles of dance, and is thankful to be able to teach other swing dancing enthusiasts who are willing to learn: “What’s important to me is fostering more enthusiasm for lindy-hop and have it in thriving in the Vancouver scene. The more people I have in lessons, the more people who get to experience swing dancing,” she explains. What she sees as even better is the way firsttime dancers experience the art of lindy-hop, and then tend to like it so much that they will gravitate towards other styles of vintage dance. “People who were students of mainly lindy-hop

are now into other dance styles, and are exploring more than they ever planned to because they liked the first class they took,” says Falkner. “I still dance only in the classic vintage range, though,” she adds. Falkner’s swing dance classes aren’t the only ones in which students can get exposure to classic vintage dance in Vancouver. The UBC Swing Kids program on the UBC campus, for instance, offers lessons, practice sessions, workshops, and group social dances for everyone in the Vancouver community, not just UBC students. Swing Kids not only covers the classic lindy-hop style

of dance, but also West Coast Swing, Balboa, and other kinds of swing dance styles. Though swing dance made its premiere almost a century ago, that hasn’t stopped it from regaining popularity, since the 1990s when swing culture experienced a revival. In a time when both boy bands and grunge swept North America, a more contemporary style of swing dance called “retro swing” made an appearance and has been going strong since. The origins of retro swing dance can be credited to the Los Angeles band Royal Crown Revue, who played an essential role in the revival of rockabilly and neo-swing music in the 1990s. Beginning their careers by playing in California clubs, the band popularized swing and ska music in the underground scene, and eventually went mainstream. During the 1990s revival of swing dancing, pop culture was also influenced by the popular dance style. The 1993 film Swing Kids, which portrayed the challenges of German youth who loved swing dancing during WWII, was one such film that helped to promote the dance to a modern age. The 1994 film The Mask also attracted attention to modern swing dancing, as it featured scenes that portrayed modern styles of swing dancing and music. The Mask also featured music by Royal Crown Revue, which further helped to popularize the genre and create more fans of swing dance and swing music. As music trends change what seems like every other day, Falkner and other swing dance enthusiasts know that the longevity of classic dance is something to be treasured as much as possible. And with over 13 years of dancing under her belt, Falkner believes that it isn’t hard to teach and inspire future swing dancers to popularize a form of dance that was so well-loved almost 100 // Chris Dedinsky years ago.


A r t s S p e cia l

Bands of Capilano

ilano's p a C g n i s a c Show t! musical talen

Rio By Night By Leah Scheitel // writer

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hy don’t we wear sequins on Wednesdays?” asks Rio By Night’s lead singer Britt MacLeod to the crowd at the Cobalt on a Wednesday night. MacLeod, who was dressed in a black sequined top, is the driving force behind the young band that spawned out of Vancouver’s open mic scene in November 2011. Rio By Night is a four-piece band, with an interesting high-low contrast between a cello and ukulele. “I had a really big surge of creativity when I picked up the ukulele,” MacLeod explains. “The cello is my favorite sound in the world, so meeting Alex [Hauka, the cellist] was a real serendipitous thing. That helped us shape the sound.” Ben Whippie on the bass guitar and Mike Lauder on the drums complete the foursome, who describe themselves as soul-folk and earthy-pop. “We have really broad eclectic tastes,” Macleod says. “For me as a songwriter, a big part of my musical diet growing up was 1960s and ‘70s folk singer-songwriters. That’s something

that really influenced me growing up: James Taylor, Carole King; the stuff that my mom loves.” The band cites Muse as one of their current inspirations, and Hauka says that if he could be in a band with anyone, it would be Matthew Bellamy, the lead singer from Muse. Currently, Rio by Night is in the works to release their first EP, due out this spring, featuring six songs. “[The EP] was a backwards progression,” says MacLeod. “I started recording an EP that was kind of a solo project, and then put the rest of the band together. I pulled Ben in, who I knew from theatre school, and found Mike on Craigslist. It was a few months after Alex and I had already been recording.” MacLeod and Whippie are both products of musical theatre programs – MacLeod was part of the first graduation class of the musical theatre program at Capilano University in 2007, and Whippie went to the theatre BFA program at UBC. Hauka is a classically trained cellist who performed at the closing ceremonies for the 2010 Olympics, and Lauder thanks his tolerant parents for letting him play the drums growing up.

// Donal Willer The band has an original sound as they have no guitar, the staple of so many bands. However, the bass, cello, and ukelele, matched with MacLeod strong vocals, do more than just fill in. While continuing to work on the EP, the band is also looking to pick up more shows around Vancouver. “Now we’re trying to get our name out there and get ourselves out there more,” says

Rio By Night and their music can be found on Facebook and CBC Radio 3, and playing different venues around Vancouver.

debut album highlight, “Too Close To Home”, a song that vibes with a solid reggae-bounce.

N.I.: Seinfeld is the most important sitcom of all time, but I'd pick the Simpsons in their glory years.

MacLeod. “We have big goals for every show, but we have been talking about just trying to have more fun on stage. We always have fun, but [we want] to let it come through a bit more and involve the audience more.”

No Island personal context, but rather act as parables that are consistent with the genre’s ideals. // web editor Sara Lauridsen's bass and Mike Ferguson's rominently featuring silky smooth saxo- drums form a reserved, though steady rhythm phone and breezy jazz chord progres- section, and the music's most obvious shades sions, No Island has probably heard of come from James Wilfred Martin and Andy Rice the Doobie Brothers. Their music suggests tones on sax and keys, respectively. of the detached coyness that colours much of the It’s a fitting name – No Island – as the word premier '70s lounge-pop groups, which they ap- Island is often synonymous with the sphere of proach with reverence and earnest. Jamaican music that brought us reggae and ska. Vocalist/guitarist Keith Sinclair tells stories While No Island features brass and woodwinds, of characters in LA and on the road fighting instruments associated with these genres, there is for what they want, but losing what they need. no apparent island reference to their work. There These stories don’t seem to have an immediate is one clear exception, though, and it comes with By Jonty Davies

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Jonty: What's your favourite historical empire? No Island: Rome. Or perhaps Ottoman. I’ve always enjoyed putting my feet up … J: What's your most shameful musical/stylistic influence?

J: What's the best bar in Vancouver? N.I.: The Railway Club. J: If your music was to be the soundtrack to a film, who would direct it/what would it be called?

N.I.: It would be directed by Michael Mann. Not sure what it would be called, but it would be N.I.: I don't think any of my influences are shameabout an endearing  band of criminals. Maybe ful; however, I have a long list of terrible, terrible it's a heist film. music in my collection.” J: What's the sexiest instrument? J: Simpsons, Seinfeld, Family Guy, or South Park? N.I.: Triangle (think about it). J: Dinner with Obama or beers with Bush? N.I.: Dinner with Obama, but only if we can order Chinese food right to the front door of the White House.  J: Terran, Protoss, or Zerg?

J: How do you hope to die? N.I.: I hope that it's a long time coming and everyone is prepared but then I die unexpectedly from doing something stupid. J: Scotch and ciggies or pot and wine? N.I.: I do not partake in such things. J: Explain your group's name. N.I.: No band, no music, is an island. No matter who you are or what you play, what you do is influenced in one way or another by everything else you've heard.

// Courtesy of No Islands

Check them out at www.no-island.com. They're also active at facebook.com/NoIslandBand and @NoIslandBand on Twitter.

the capilano courier | vol. 45 issue 24

N.I.: What?

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A r t s S pecial

d ...

tinue n o c o n a l i p a nds of C

Ba

Hunger City

By Leah Scheitel // writer

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Project, a local “battle of the bands” type competition put on by the Peak FM. Hunger City has a strong Capilano connection. Davies and Luckhart both attended Cap, along with lead guitarist Ryan Brown, and drummer Max Lee is currently auditioning for the jazz program for next year.  Syd Gibson is the lone female and had a strong musical upbringing. “I wrote and performed songs all through elementary school and performed them,” she explains. “I even got asked for an autograph in elementary school from my classmates.” The pianist, Spencer Moreau, is the younger brother of Davies’ and Luckhart’s teenage friend. “We used to hang out at their house, and eventually we just realized that we liked him more,” jokes Davies.  Various artists are cited as their sources of inspiration, from Cream to White Stripes, Mother Mother, and even Lana Del Ray. Their sound is very raw and heavy, but with a sort of fineness that causes involuntary booty shaking. The band aren’t immune to this either; Hunger City really gets in to their music, dancing while they play. It’s pretty easy to enjoy yourself watching them, when the band looks like they’re having an even better time than you are.

ant to see a young Vancouver band that has lots of guitars and a hardcore singer? Then you might want to check out Hunger City. The band started two years ago as the brain child of Jonty Davies and Curtis Luckhart, and has grown in to a six-piece band, featuring two guitars, a bass, drums, piano, and a strong female lead. “Me and Jonty used to live together,” explains Curtis Luckhart, who learned how to play the bass just so he could start the band. “And we called our apartment ‘Hunger City’. When we were putting the band together and looking for a name, our friend suggested that we call it Hunger City.” The name has double meaning to the band, as it also references a David Bowie song: “I think that is has some connotations to it, like a political or sexual something,” says guitarist Jonty Davies.  Hunger City is in the midst of releasing their first EP, called Boono Goozie, which is a complication of four original songs. “Everyone contributes to writing the songs,” says Davies. Credit for the songs is given to Hunger City instead of individual members, and is being mixed by Mick Dalla Vee, who plays for Bachman Turner Overdrive. They are also pre- Hunger City’s next show is on Apr. 12 at the Media paring songs to submit to the Peak Performance Club. Doors are at 8pm, and it’s $8 at the door.

// JJ Brewis

Medina By Jonty Davies // web editor

W

the capilano courier | vol. 45 issue 24

ith a powerfully affected, samplerbased sound, Medina is a group that sits in the echelons of what you could call a sort of modern, progressive pop. The tunes aren’t conventionally delivered, as they play with textural and structural variation, yet there’s an undeniable accessibility to them – partially due to by their penchant for obscure funk. There’s a great deal of colour to this music, as vibrant textures come with rapid-fire tremble. Frontman Sam Rushton’s  study of English at Capilano is evident, as he presents fascinating lyrical explorations that put greater emphasis on poetry than defined themes (“I’ve got a brand new shirt/earthquakes are singing out/you’re so artistic, yeah/let’s wear our feelings out”). He

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also uses consistent vocal modulation effects – a touch that plays a larger hand in contributing to the shape of the band’s sound than most frontmen are capable of. Drummer Duncan Maunders offers a distinctly old-style jazz feel behind the kit, replete with fills from the school of Buddy Rich. It’s a flare that comes unexpectedly, given the immediate impression of the music, but ultimately adds impressive stylistic depth. This is not surprising, given his time in the Cap Jazz Program, although that was, interestingly enough, for saxophone, not drums. Trevor Moreau’s guitar work is intricate, yet never invasive, and it recalls the bouncy twang of Talking Heads. Most vividly, though, it is Eric White’s resonant soundscape experiments that define Medina’s intrigue. Drawing from sources both popular and strange, he activates a dynamic

repertoire of sampled loops that come across as wholly original. Though the music can lean toward slow and brooding at times, there’s never an emptiness of appeal, and when they build to the throbbing jump of German language-spewing “Friend In A Fruit Bowl”, the group captivates with the lure of music from the future.   Jonty: What's your favourite historical empire?

talking about. (I'm talking about the way he straddles that thing.) J: Dinner with Obama or beers with Bush? M: Tough one. I'd have to say beers with Bush, because afterwards we'd probably go rustlin' armadilla at his ranch. Barry's cool, but I don't think they have armadilla at the White House. Or armadillos for that matter.

Medina: I think our appreciation for all things J: What's your favourite of the ten CommandByzantine is reflected in our music. It's just so ments? obvious. M: Remember the Sabbath day. I always forget J: What's your most shameful musical/stylistic which day the Sabbath is. influence?

J: What was the coolest decade of the 20th cenM: A combination of The Tragically Hip and The tury? Doors. M: The '80s. Best eight months of my life. And Eric J: Simpsons, Seinfeld, Family Guy, or South Park? wasn't even alive. Those were the days. M: South Park, although it doesn't have the time- J: Terran, Protoss, or Zerg? less qualities of Seinfeld or the Simpsons. M: Gotta go with the 'toss. Heavy costs are made up for with strong attacks, good speed, and great J: What's the best bar in Vancouver? macro. Plus they are kind of like Klingons. M: SAILOR HAGAR'S!!! J: How do you hope to die? J: Who do you find to be the most obnoxious ceM: Being chased off a cliff by hundreds of naked lebrity? women and having regretted everything. M: Donald Trump. The man eats pizza with a fork J: Who's your favourite Beatle? and knife.  J: If your music was to be the soundtrack to a film, who would direct it/what would it be called? M: Michael Bay. Bed Raptors 2: Return of the Son of Theropod. J: What's the sexiest instrument?

// JJ Brewis

M: George Martin. J: Explain your group's name. M: Medina is the place where the prophet Mohammed died. It has great significance to us because we're, ummm … devout Muslims …

M: Definitely the cello. Anyone who has watched You can catch Medina at The Media Club (695 a performance by YoYo Ma knows what I'm Cambie St) on Thursday, Apr. 12th. 


co l u m n s

EDI T ORS // Colin spensley // c o l umns . c apc o uri e r@ gmai l . c o m

STUDENT FOODIE

Heritage cooking

C

anada is an intriguing mix of diverse individuals with varying backgrounds and stories. Unfortunately, many people have lost touch with their history and what goes along with it; culture, traditions, family ties, tales, knowledge, and so much more. Dietary choices play a huge role in the way people live their lives and, in turn, their culture and traditions. So what better way to get in touch with your ancestors than a delicious haggis, some rice dumplings, baklava, tortillas or whatever other recipes you can scrounge up from your family archives? If you are already well in-touch with your culture, why not check out some other unfa-

Kriz Family Potato Salad

// Columnist

miliar foods and surprise your taste buds with some traditional meals from around the world? In fact, if you need a great date or dinner party idea, choose a particular style of cooking, and cook it for a crowd or your current crush. Hold a Norwegian night; Lebanese, Spanish, Korean, Ethiopian, etc. Go all-out and pick a traditional board game or movie from the same area! My good friend’s mother held a Lebanese-themed night and it was probably one of the most memorable dinner parties I’ve ever attended. Not only was the food fantastic, the night culminated in her mom performing a belly dance for all of us.

can be cut into cubes that are about 1/2 cm wide. Take the most care with mincing the white onion; it is easy to ruin your potato salad by cutting the onion in pieces that are too chunky. Finally, juice your lemon, measure out your mayonnaise and mustard, and have your salt and pepper on hand. 4. At this point your potatoes and eggs are hopefully cooked and cool enough to cut. Peel your eggs and chop them into small pieces. Take the potatoes and cut them into cubes that are about 1 cm thick. You want to keep the pieces relatively small.

5. Grab a large bowl and place the ingredients down 1. The best way to go about making potato salad in layers (this is because it is hard to mix if you put is to prep all your ingredients. Start by peeling your it all in at once and your potato salad may end up russet potatoes and cut them into quarters (so they over-mixed and mushy). To do this, place a layer of cook faster) and boil until soft (about 15-20 minutes, potato down, then a layer of each of the ingredients depending on the size). including mayo and mustard. Mix up this first layer. Continue in this manner until you have done about 2. While your potatoes are cooking, start boiling your three or four layers. Do one final mix. eggs (you can use more than six if you like eggs!). Put your eggs in a pot of water. Once the water starts 6. You can eat the salad right away, but my family boiling, turn it down to a low boil and start timing always makes it a day before so that there is time – you should let them cook for about ten minutes. for all the flavours to combine. If you are leaving it to After the eggs are done, put them in cold water to rest, smooth out the top of the salad and put plastic cool before peeling. wrap over the top. 3. While your eggs and potatoes are cooking, you can start chopping up the rest of your ingredients. Keep all the ingredients in separate bowls once you prep them. Chop your pickles into small pieces. Your ham

7. Serve with a squeeze of lemon!

Whatever your inspiration is, whether it’s your desire to get to know a bit about your roots or a genuine curiosity of other cultures, it is important to find an authentic recipe. I recommend your first step be to contact your more distant relatives and dig through Mom and Dad’s old recipes. Hard copy old recipe books are great, and, of course, you can use the Internet too. My recent obsession has been to harass my grandmother with e-mails in order to obtain all her best Czech recipes. I’ve eaten many of them before, but I think it is important to learn to make them on my own so I can maintain the traditions

Schnitzel Ingredients Chicken breast or pork cutlet (the thinner the better) 1 cup flour 3 large eggs 1 cup breadcrumbs Salt Vegetable oil 1. Pound chicken or pork until thin. To do this, use a meat mallet, or tenderizer. You can also place the meat on a cutting board with a piece of saran wrap on top, and just hit it with something heavy, like the bottom of a frying pan. You want to thin the meat till it is about 1 cm thick. 2. The next step is breading the meat. To do this, set up three separate stations side by side – flouring, egging, and breading. For flouring, put about one cup of flour on the plate. The next station is your egg station – put 3 large eggs in a bowl that is shallow and flat so you can fit your whole piece of meat in it, and whip well, to the point where the eggs are no longer stringy. The third station is bread crumbs – do it the same as flour.

and knowledge on how to create such mouth-watering meals. Today, I am going to provide you with a recipe for schnitzel and potato salad, which is a classic meal in my household. Shockingly, they are both incredibly easy to make. When I feel like getting in touch with my ancestral roots, I whip up a batch of salad, fry up some schnitzels, crack open a good Czech beer and transport myself to my grandma’s apartment in Czech Republic. Pay tribute to those before you with a beautiful meal and share the experience with your friends and family.

3. Now place your flattened meat into the flour mixture and coat thoroughly. Then, place your floured meat into your egg mixture. Sometimes you need to swish the meat around a bit or let it sit so the egg has a chance the stick to it. Lastly, coat the meat in breadcrumbs. Don’t be skimpy! Make sure the whole piece is well coated. The best way to do the breading is to have two or three people doing an assembly line. In the process your fingers usually get quite breaded, and you’ll probably have to stop to de-coat your bulbous fingers at least once, maybe a few times. 4. I put all the breaded schnitzels on a cookie sheet and leave them until the last minute to cook because they only take about five minutes per piece, and it is best to serve them freshly fried.

Ingredients 8 large russet potatoes 6 hard-boiled eggs 2 cups pickles, finely chopped 1-2 cups ham, chopped into cubes 1 large (or two small) white onions, finely minced 1 package frozen peas (about 350g) 1- 1 1/2 cup mayonnaise 3 tablespoons yellow mustard Juice of one large lemon Salt and pepper to taste

With Leanne Kriz

5. To fry them, just place them in about half a centimeter of oil. Cook at a medium heat until lightly brown. Place them in the oven at a low temperature while you finish cooking up the rest. I recommend you don’t stack them while you are waiting, because they will get a bit soggy. Just lay them out on a baking sheet or in a large Pyrex dish with a paper towel underneath.

Before you tuck in for your scrumptious meal, and has been cooking since she was eight years raise your pints, and say “nazdravi.” This means old. She has spent many years creating the perfect “cheers” in Czech! chocolate chip cookie. In spite of all of her food experimentation, to this day her favourite meal is Leanne comes from a long line of food lovers, still a delicious bowl of popcorn.

Love, awkwardly

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've had my heart broken enough times that you'd think it wouldn't hurt anymore. However, every time a new romance embarks, my history just seems to repeat itself. When I'm in the thick of it (pun intended, sorry), I'm level-headed and able to rationalize about how it would feel if the situation ended; but when it eventually ends, even if it's on my accord, the emotional side of me takes over. I do my best to not get attached to guys I'm seeing until it's reached a legitimate amount of time. When I was younger, a first date would mean the world, and despite its outcome, I'd be automatically compelled to assume whomever I'd just met was my future husband and start planning the rest of our life together like some sort of crazy

person. But in my wise old age, I am dismissive to a fault. Perhaps a happy medium makes sense, but I'm not exactly there. Just last week, I failed to call a guy back for telling me I had a "serious case of gay voice." I mean, really. I met someone a few years ago, and we had a very brief but tumultuous love affair that may haunt me for the rest of my life. A mutual friend who he worked with introduced us after thinking we would hit it off. It was more than that "Oh, you're both gay" bullshit that some friends pull when trying to set up the only homosexual people they know. My friend's co-worker Jeremy and I actually seemed to share some common threads. Despite the fact that he was five years my junior, we wore the same oversized glasses and

dressed the same, listened to all the same music, and had the same sense of humour. We were both vegetarian; we'd both lost a parent; we shared a birthday. My time dating Jeremy lasted about two or so months, and remains one of my more pleasant dating experiences to this day. It was the first time I felt like I really had one of those romances from the movies that I'd always admired. We formed a really quick bond that amazed me as well as everyone around me. Perhaps the intensity of the relationship is what accelerated its demise. Although he closed the first date with "I love you", I wasn't scared off like one normally would be in such a case. We shared quite an emotive time together: he

With JJ Brewis // Columnist

told me heart-wrenching stories about losing his mother to cancer the previous summer, and about a damaging bike accident in Paris which temporarily left him in a coma. It seemed as though we could tell each other very serious things, and I revealed a few things about myself to him that I've never revealed to any of best friends, let alone a romantic prospect. I spent the next eight weeks in a kind of bliss, constantly checking my phone at work, trying to outdo myself for cute date ideas, and wondering if I could somehow find a way to make this feeling last – but amidst all of the flowers and kisses Continued on next page …

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EPISODE VII: In love and death

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c o l u m ns Not what not to wear

H.A.G.S.!

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ell, it seems that our school year together has finally come to an end, and now we can look forward to the best things of the year: ice cream, freedom, and jean shorts. But dusting off your favourite shorts isn’t the only thing to look forward to: now you can return to your horrible summer job! You know, that one where you make pizza or paint old ladies’ houses for dystopian wages. And although you may not be looking forward to the next four months of menial slave labour, the new clothes that you’re going to blow your money on will ensure that you can fake a swaggin’ lifestyle. Anyway here are my top looks for spring/ summer 2012:

With Cheetah Powers // Columnist

punishing when juxtaposed with cheerful sunny weather. Creating a look simultaneously dark, yet cooling is the ultimate fashion challenge. Just remember to trick out your summer staples with rips, studs, and occult accessories in cool, monochromatic tones. You want to look like a sophisticated, adult glam goth, not some kid at Warped Tour.

adapt to a searing wasteland of sunburns and pit-stains – gross. Take a leaf from the tribal nomads of Africa and the Middle East: those people don’t fuck with the sun. Cover your bad self with layers of gauze, flowing tunics, turbans, and Hammer pants. Be sure to bling out and incorporate some crazy colours and prints so you don’t actually look like you wandered out of the set of  Lawrence of Arabia. I’m going to Vegas 3. Sandstorm Rave: in a few weeks and you can bet your ass that It’s gonna be HOT in this mother! Escalating I’m going to ball out in some princely finery – worldwide temperatures due to global warming check out M.I.A.’s “Bad Girls” video to see what mean that even in Canada we may be forced to I mean.

Although summer gets a bad rep for encouraging bad sartorial choices (man-capris) and being unkind to layering (the easiest way to achieve FASHION), there’s no reason to walk around in a t-shirt and jean shorts every day. Unless you want to, of course … because hey, it’s summer, and anyway, who’s keeping score? See you in September!

blocks for him personally, because he talked to me about them. He was also immensely devoted to his education and his volunteer work at an organic farm. Between all of this, he told me he really couldn't continue seeing me because he knew that I deserved more of a time commitment. Having been on the shitty end of the break up stick several times, I can easily decipher the difference between truth and bullshit, and I knew Jeremy was being honest with me. He told me that he loved spending time together, but fostering a relationship wasn't really in his capabilities.

to pursue it. It was only a few months after the holidays, though, that I was reminded of him, when I logged into Facebook and saw that one of Jeremy's friends had uploaded a memorial page to him. He had passed away that day after a years-long battle with cancer; something unbeknownst to me, as he'd never mentioned it at all. Although we weren't together at the time of his passing, a massive sadness filled me. I’ve experienced my share of deaths, but this one really hit hard. After I'd cried and felt guilty, I realized that in a personal relationship, he may have been the most honest person I've been involved with. The secrets I'd told him never came back to me, and believe me, they would have. Carrying someone else's baggage to your grave must be a hard task, especially when that person has no idea you're fading by the day. It's been almost a year since he died, and among all my regrets, I feel a sense of self-worth in that relationship, just in how honest and real it was, despite its fleeting nature. It makes me just drill home the point of not wanting to waste my time with men who feel like they have something to prove. It was the subtleties that keep my heart inclined.

Cheetah Powers is a long-time hoarder and lover of fabulous clothes. She believes that a truly stylin' outfit should always be affordable, universal, and easy to pee in.

1. Drunk Safari: This look is inspired equal parts by Indiana Jones, Ace Ventura, Hunter S. Thompson, and Dr. Grant from Jurassic Park. Let’s call it nü archeologistesque. Just re-use every article of clothing that you already own from every safari-inspired fashion season of the past decade – just throw it all together and add some ugly printed shirt from the thrift store. Who cares if it matches! Explorerthemed stuff always looks rad. You want to look like you crawled out of a dingy on the coast of Florida after spending the past two weeks partying with the Castros in the sun-soaked slums of Cuba and you only have one day to finish your poorly researched travel feature for the Capilano Courier. Also, you may want to take up chainsmoking hand rolled cigarettes. 2. Summer Goth: How do goths deal with hot weather? All the creatively styled black hair, pleather jackets, giant bondage pants, and lace-up boots look both appropriately morbid and laughably self-

Love Awkwardly continued …

the capilano courier | vol. 45 issue 24

was a ticking clock. There was something brewing inside of Jeremy, and the part of him that I knew was only a fragment of the big picture. We reached such a high level of comfort really fast, and the friends who I was living with at the time were concerned my bruised heart wouldn't be able to take it if we broke up. Of course, naturally, that happened. I could tell that the stress of his physical rehabilitation and emotionally processing his mother's death were huge road-

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About six months after we stopped seeing each other, I ended up getting a job in the accounting office at the same grocery store where Jeremy worked. Shortly before Christmas, I was halfway through a shift when a knock came on the door, with one of the cashiers arriving to pick up their till. I opened the door, sitting on the floor, half-covered in deposit bags and coin boxes, before I realized it was him. Luckily we were both equally shocked to see each other, which was uncomfortable as hell. Although I’d been told he left the store before I was hired, it turned out he came back to pick up a few shifts around the break while school was out. Jeremy disappeared after the Christmas break, and the last time he came to pick up his till from my office, I wished him a happy holiday. I remember thinking that he looked particularly pale, and sad. Our exchanges at work were usually quite short, both given the way the store operated, and also just to avoid potential awkwardness, I guess. But this shift was two days before Christmas, and I stopped him before he took off: "How are you?" He stopped and looked really upset. "I can't really get into it, but things are just kind of weird right now," he told me. His boss came up behind him, so he had to go, but before he left that day we agreed we'd meet up for coffee over the Christmas break. Well, the coffee never happened. Jeremy never came back to the store, and as time went on, life got busy and meeting up seemed like // Lydia Fu less of a priority, as neither of us ever seemed

JJ Brewis is quite possibly the keenest member of our editorial staff. He has been writing columns on various topics for the Courier for three years, and is now revisiting his most successful theme: relationships.


Op i n i o n s

Editor // Marco Ferreira // o pi ni o ns @ c api l ano c o uri e r. c o m

What’s Race Got to do With It? Racist film fans disappointed when all good characters aren't cast white

By Victoria Fawkes // staff writer

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he Hunger Games, the wildly popular film based on the equally popular book of the same name, had the honor of having the third-highest opening weekend of all time, behind Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2 and The Dark Knight. However, both films had the strength of being a franchise to attribute their success to, while The Hunger Games was the very first of the series to be made into a film, making its success even more amazing. The special effects, visual effects, and plotline had diehard fans and newbies alike on the edges of their seats. The casting, however, had some people shaking their heads, but not for the right reasons. In the post-apocalyptic world of Panem, the country in which the critically acclaimed Hunger Games is set, the colour of your skin means very little. To fans, however, the colour of some character’s skin made all the difference in their feelings towards the film. The Hunger Games, which has a near cult-like following of fans, is the kind of book in which filmmakers must be careful to pay special attention to detail and the original plotline and characters, to

avoid ruffling the feathers of serious fans. Since these fans are devoted to the book that this film is based on, special attention was paid to the characters, mainly their appearances. In the book series, the main character of Katniss Everdeen is described as being slight, with dark hair, olive skin, and grey eyes. In many readers’ minds, Katniss could be pictured as white, Native American, or of even AfricanAmerican descent. In the film, Katniss is played by actress Jennifer Lawrence, who was chosen not for her likeness to the character, but for her acting chops. Born fair-skinned, blonde, and blue-eyed, Lawrence was not the first choice for many fans when it was announced that she would play Katniss. Rather, Lawrence grew into her role, dying her hair brown, and more than proving herself in the adventurous and gritty role of the lead. Many fans, however, did not readily take to the three black characters in the film, two of which (Rue and Thresh) are described as having “dark skin” in the book. The third black character, Cinna, is described as having dark hair and green eyes, but the color of his skin is never discussed. The casting, like in many movies, was left up to the imagination of the casting directors – and many fans weren’t happy about it, posting dis-

// Britta Bachus dainful comments on social media websites like Twitter. According to Jezebel.com, one woman who saw the movie was so upset that a black actress had been cast as the character of Rue, she claimed it ruined the movie: “Why does rue have to be black not gonna lie kinda ruined the movie,” she tweeted. Another Twitter user posted the comments, “cinna and rue weren’t suppose to be black” and “why did the producer make all the good characters black smh,” implying that protagonists and positive characters should only be Caucasian. Perhaps the most upsetting comment was one by a man who tweeted, “Kk call me racist but when I found out rue was black her death wasn’t as sad #ihatemyself.” Their message is clear as day: white people have more worth than black people. In other words, if the character of Rue had been cast as a white girl instead of a black girl, her death would have been sadder because it is more upsetting when a blonde, blue-eyed little girl dies. There were many more racist comments, some even using racial epitaphs and slurs to insult the black characters. It’s not just reactions to The Hunger Games where you can see examples of blatant racism; you can see it in real life, too. There are so many

murdered and missing children that can be seen on the news, but it always seems like it’s only the little white girls and boys that get airtime, and therefore, may get found more often than children of colour. Nothing makes the populace sadder than when a little white girl dies. For example, the 1996 murder of beautiful little blonde beauty queen JonBenet Ramsey. This case can still be seen on newsstands, over 15 years later. Since that time, the murders and disappearances of thousands of children of colour in the United States have been recorded, usually without national notice. The fact that American people still cannot get over the death of one little white girl proves that the general public believes that white people have more worth than people of colour, something that is simply not right. We are all born equal, and the colour of our skin should not dictate the value of our character. “Whitewashing” is nothing new in blockbuster Hollywood films. The Last Airbender, a 2010 film based on the Nickelodeon series of the same name, is heavily based on both Inuit and Pacific Asian culture. The filmmakers were accused of being racist after it was revealed that the majority of the cast would be made up of white actors; and not only that, but the few actors of colour it did cast were put in villainous and antagonistic roles in the film. Fans of the series were angered by the choices made by the casting directors, and called for more diversity in the film. Their calls were ignored however, and the film went forward with the predominantly white cast. While racial stereotypes are nothing new in the media, they do contribute to a negative view towards certain minorities, which may be a form of life imitating art. In popular media, clean-cut white characters are often cast as heroes, and black characters as thugs and antagonists, a trend originating from hundreds of years of racial intolerance and oppression. It’s clear from reactions to The Hunger Games casting of three black characters that Hollywood needs to continue casting minorities in films, and make it the norm.

Summer sucks! By Lindsay Howe // writer

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ot weather, skimpy clothing, and no homework make summer the favourite time of year among most students. But while you’re perfecting that golden tan, others are experiencing the very different realities that summertime may bring. Every summer, thousands of preventable accidents occur due to carelessness and overconsumption of alcohol. Those numbers, combined with deaths resulting from hot temperatures, make summer a pretty dangerous season; one where you could die – so stop looking forward to it. Continued on next page …

// Kailey Patton

the capilano courier | vol. 45 issue 24

Most popular season also the most deadly

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o p ini o ns

STAND UP FOR YOUTH The importance of Katimavik in a country like Canada By Samantha Thompson // editor-in-chief

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hen the federal budget was announced in late March, many people were outraged about things like an increased retirement age and cuts to the CBC. However, one of the cuts that wasn’t as widely discussed was the elimination of the youth volunteer program Katimavik. Unfortunately, the importance and value of the Katimavik program has been undervalued by the Harper government. Katimavik, an Inukitut word meaning “meeting place”, is a program that brings together youth aged 17-21 to spend nine months volunteering in community projects in three randomly-selected Canadian cities. In 2010-2011, Katimavik took in 600 participants who volunteered with 500 community partners in 64 communities across the country. In Katimavik’s 2010-2011 annual report, a message from Stephen Harper was included. “I would like to commend everyone involved with Katimavik for their commitment to nurturing responsible citizens and for encouraging Canada’s youth to achieve their full potential,” it read. According to the same report, the volunteers who participated in Katimavik that year alone created a value of an estimated $10.8 million. Katimavik has been around for the past 35 years, and was the brainchild of the Liberal Pierre Elliott Trudeau government. It is likely for this reason that his son, current MP Justin Trudeau, has spoken out so strongly in favour of Katimavik. “We know that this government doesn’t care about empowering or investing in our youth, but does the minister realize that by cutting Katimavik, he’s also hurting thousands of community organizations in hundreds of towns across this country?” he said. “Every year because of Katimavik thousands of Canadians get to serve their country; get to learn how to build a better Canada, one community at a time.” Katimavik is a program that has had a significant, life-changing impact on so many of its participants. Katimavik was a program that was set up to cultivate generations that knew what it meant to be civically engaged, to care about their communities, and to understand different parts of Canada beyond their front door. These are not the Canadians that the Conservatives want,

the capilano courier | vol. 45 issue 24

Summer Sucks continued …

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With excess amounts of free time and the return of friends who study away from home, summertime is often considered a time to party and reconnect for many university students. However, these times with minimal responsibilities often come with maximum consequences. According to the Canadian Public Health Association, intoxication is not only the cause of accidents and injuries but also strokes, overdose, poisoning, and pancreatic problems. Aside from those issues, intoxication is also a leading factor in the spread of sexually transmitted infections due to unsafe sexual practices. According to the US department of Transportation, summer, and more specifically summer holidays, including Memorial Day and the Fourth of July, place second in terms of fatal accidents and accidents with injuries. Not only is being involved in a car accident caused

because these Canadians will also be the ones to pay attention to things like the budget, to party platforms, and to election day. It is much more politically beneficial for the government to have citizens who are obsessed with their own lives, and do not care about anyone outside of their own family. However, it is because Katimavik promotes a culture of engaged citizens that everyone who has ever participated in the program is aware that the program is being cut. Similar to Canada World Youth, Katimavik creates a strong network of people who are consistently in touch with one another and do not stop communicating simply because their nine months have ended. Since the announcement that their program would be cut, more than 3,500 signatures have been collected on an online petition. Katimavik’s funding has been threatened before, between 1986 and 1994. During these years, the program went from an institution that had contributed to the education of over 17,000 volunteers to a program that was reduced to an outdoor recreational and training centre in the Montreal suburb of Île-Perrot. When its funding was reinstated in 2004, the program continued to grow, gradually gaining more recognition. Part of this recognition came in the form of university credits, with Capilano College (as it was at the time) becoming the second institution to give Katimavik participants class credits for their work in the program. The budget announcement is particularly distasteful because Katimavik had a funding agreement with the federal government that was meant to last until Mar. 31, 2013. As a result of the funding being cut earlier than the agreement stated, the next round of Katimavik participants, slated to begin their experience this July, have found their trips cancelled. Because the Harper government did not feel it necessary to hold true to their funding agreement, everyone who was planning their next nine months as a part of Katimavik are now left in limbo. In most cases, deadlines to apply to post-secondary institutions have passed, particularly if they are applying out of high school. What this announcement has done is left hundreds of Canadian youth without a plan. Unfortunately, this matters very little to the Conservatives. Youth as a demographic do not matter, because their voter turnout is so low, and

this federal budget focuses on youth so little for this precise reason. Any program that promotes civic engagement amongst youth is vitally important to the success of a nation, particularly one as vast as Canada. Any government that cuts funding to a program with those aims is undervaluing its youth, but more importantly,

// Miles Chic is demonstrating that it knows that its success is contingent on people remaining uninvolved and unengaged. It is time that we remind the Harper government that we are paying attention. We will not stand by while programs like Katimavik are eliminated, eventually rendering a Canada that is but a shell of its former self.

by drinking and driving more likely during summer, but other injuries involved in holiday activities, like injuries due to the improper use of fireworks, are dramatically increased when the hot weather arrives. While many of us anxiously await the first day we can sport our new skirt or pair of shorts comfortably, many seniors begin to worry about very real issues associated with hot, dry weather. According to the Natural Resources Defense Council, every year over 1,500 people in the United States die as a result of summer heat waves, with the majority being senior citizens. The reason the heat has such a specific target with the elderly is due to the body’s coping mechanisms diminishing with age. Aside from the biological issues that affect senior’s ability to maintain a healthy body temperature, another group of people negatively affected by summer heat waves are members of the homeless population. According to Health

Canada, the homeless fall under the title of “Heat Vulnerable Groups” due to their lack of financial resources to take protective actions (sunscreen, etc.), limited access to clean water, an increase in environmental exposures, higher rates of alcohol and drug dependency, and social isolation. As a member of the young, affluent public, you aren't invincible to the harmful rays of the sun either. Unfortunately, strutting around in your itsy-bitsy-teeny-weeny yellow polka-dot bikini for long periods of time causes overexposure to UVA and UVB radiation that not only damages your skin, but can lead to the development of the most common cancer, skin cancer. According to Health Canada, skin cancer is responsible for 1/3 of all new cases of cancer in Canada per year, and that number is continuously on the rise. In 2008, 1 in 425 Canadians were expected to develop some type of skin cancer, with an estimated 910 of those dying from the most dan-

gerous type, melanoma. Sunburns, and even tans, are both signs that UV rays have damaged the skin. Aside from the skin cancer dangers that exist due to overexposure of that beautiful summer weather, Health Canada explains that there are other health consequences that need to be monitored, stating, “Overexposure to ultraviolet radiation has also been linked to a number of other health effects, including sunburns, cataracts, premature aging of the skin, and weakening of the immune system.” This summer, please think about how your family members are coping with the heat, and more importantly, think about how you are coping with the temptations of stupid summer behaviour. Are you binge drinking, developing a cherry-red complexion, playing with illegal fireworks, or participating in unsafe sexual activity? Remember to check yourself before you wreck yourself, man; summer sucks!


o p ini o n s

The stigma weighs heavy Obesity social prejudice intensifies health concerns By Marco Ferreira // Opinions Editor

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ccording to the Childhood Obesity Foundation “Canada, like many nations, is in the midst of an epidemic of overweight and obesity. Currently, 59 per cent of adult Canadians are either overweight or obese.” More troubling is the rising number of Canadian children adding to those numbers: cases of childhood obesity have tripled in the past 25 years. “If this trend continues, in 20 years we can expect 70 per cent of the 35 to 44-year-olds in Canada to be overweight or obese vs. 57 per cent who are currently overweight or obese.” The rising numbers are troubling for a few reasons. Often brought up is the cost that overweight and obese people have on the health care system. The COF states, “Direct and indirect costs associated with obesity in 2001 were estimated at $4.3 billion.” That number will rise along with the number of people who are obese and overweight. In a society where the idea of “personal responsibility” trumps all science refuting it, we still blame overweight people for their burden on society. In the Ricky Gervais stand-up routine FAME he addresses obesity and voices a common opinion: “Obesity is a disease; no it's not, you just like eating, don't you!” Despite our collective efforts to reach equality for everyone, a dead zone has seemingly gone under the radar, resulting in a great deal of insensitive conduct. Putting the onus on someone with an eating disorder to be completely responsible for their condition isn't fair, and perceptions need to

change. If society were more tolerant of obesity and treated it as an illness with less judgment, the health risks associated might be somewhat mitigated. Because overweight and obese people wear their illness everywhere, stigma and prejudice is often experienced. A 2008 study conducted by the University of Leipzig found that out of 1,000 individuals,

// Stefan Tosheff 23.5 per cent had stigmatizing attitudes towards obesity. The study concluded that “predictors of greater stigmatization were more causal attributions of obesity to individual behavior, less education, and older age, while causal attributions of obesity to heredity and labeling obesity as an illness predicted less stigmatization.” The constant public scrutiny placed onto

overweight people is not only uncalled for, it's only making these folks' situations worse. Issues such as stress, pressure, and depression also all play into the picture. Researchers from Purdue University in West Lafayette, Indiana found that the higher someones BMI index, the more prejudice they felt they had received. Markus H. Schafer, the doctoral student in sociology who led the study explained in Science Daily that “about 11 per cent of those who were moderately obese and 33 per cent of those who were severely obese reported weight discrimination, and these were the individuals who had the sharpest decline over time in their functional abilities, such as the capacity to climb stairs or carry everyday items. Functional ability is a key measure for health status.” While it’s been drilled into the collective consciousness that people gain a lot of weight because they don’t take care of themselves and lose track of their diet, or don't exercise, it's really not that simple. Mental health issues like addiction, depression, and body image issues can all play an integral role in how easy it is to lose weight. "We've seen considerable progress to address racial and gender discrimination in the United States, but the iceberg of weight discrimination still receives relatively little attention," said Ken Ferraro, a co-author of the Purdue report. "This is an interesting paradox because as the rates of obesity rise in this country, one might expect that anti-fat prejudice would decline. Public health campaigns for weight control are needed, but the stigma that many obese persons experience also exacts a toll on health." Clearly, the normalization of body weight shaming needs to end.

With jj, celina, and cheet

Courier Classifieds Drunk hot Chart DRAKE I would suck his dick MOKA ONLY The only mocha MAD CHILD Angry baby MARK HOPPUS From Blink 182 INSTAGRAM War's on, Android users

ALEXANDRA STAN "SEXY????" NO COURIER FOR THE SUMMER You mad GOOD FRIDAY Jesus really gets a "rise" outta that MARRY FUCK KILL Marilyn Manson, Criss Angel, Mad Child (sorry) SAM MACDONALD "Giles, are we friends???" KARAOKE Nickelback returns

FOR SALE OR TRADE: Annoying magic wardrobe. Every time I try and pull out a jacket from this damn thing it sends me to another world with talking lions and cold-hearted ice queens. Looking for non-magic dresser or abundance of clothes hangers which are not possessed.

MALE4FEMALE: Level 39 Dungeon Master seeks sexy Dungeon Mistress or Dragon Princess. Interests: LARPING, Mountain Dew, Bathory, and model painting. Will only review applicants from gamers with a level 25 rating and above.

2012 Goodnight, world WINE PRICE PLATEAU $17

FOR SALE treadmill $500, good condition, barely used, Call Jabba

the capilano courier | vol. 45 issue 24

FLORAL ON FLORAL The new girl on girl

37ISH MALE SEEKS CAREER IN BABYSITTING: Experienced in all aspects of job, have many children of my own. If you have cable TV and ESPN will consider working for cheap or free. Excellent cook (pizza, burgers, hot pockets, Budweiser, pizza). Single mothers are encouraged to send head shots. (Bob_Fillinger6969@hotmail.com)

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C a b o o se

Caboose

F e at u r e d F i c t i o n

Editor // MIKE BAST IEN // c abo o s e . c apc o uri e r@ gmai l . c o m

Arid Abdication

pt.2

the fire. He gathered dry needles and leaves as the world swam in and out of focus; the cacti he vomit projected hot and thick. Greg seemed to lean in as if they wanted to kiss him, stood behind her looking everywhere at stab him, hurt him … the needles caught quickly the same time; dodging unseen aerial at- once he was able to steady the lighter and draw tackers while trying to hold Victoria’s hair away forth flame. from her face. He stumbled; she stumbled; and Vikki had torn apart two cacti but she was they both fell. She screamed as she floundered tiring; the light from the fire drew her. She was in vomit trying to regain her feet. Looking up the bleeding from countless cuts and her clothes stars became a meteor shower and cacti loomed were tattered. She frightened Greg and he backed like predators. She picked herself up, her head out of the light and watched as she crept closer bouncing in figure eights. Seeing Greg distorted, to the fire. she backed from him into a looming cactus and Victoria felt empowered; she had vanquished screamed as it grabbed at her, stabbing her. It two attackers and now this, this fire was her roared and reached and she screamed again. prize; its warmth so good, its flickering beauty Knife, she remembered, her knife. And then it hypnotic. She felt at peace as she stared into its was in her hand; shiny, little, blurred, and streak- incandescent depth. ing as it swam before her eyes and then she was the attacker. Gecko-Man crept slowly between the cacti. UsGreg watched stunned as she eviscerated the ing his nose and mouth and tongue he scavcacti, oblivious of the inch long needles that tore enged through mummified cacti remains and at her clothes and flesh. He was fucked. This was dry needles, rooting larva and beetles from their by far the strongest mesc he had ever done. He nighttime lairs. Every time something scurried or was struggling for control and beginning to get slugged, he slurped and gnawed and crunched scared for Vickie. She was a first-timer. contentedly. And then he saw the light: a burnThe fire, must rekindle the fire. Light always ing that caused an itch in the back of his skull. helped. He twitched but couldn’t take his eyes from it. He He began collecting kindling. Every twisted, slowly moved towards it; only the light existed. It stunted piece of wood looked like a severed grew stronger and brighter as he edged his way zombie limb crawling through the dirt. He gath- around cacti and outcropping rocks. ered what he could and piled it on the coals of As he approached, instinct kicked in and he

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skirted wide. He moved circularly, never taking his eyes from the beautiful flickering light. His feet slipped and he slid before catching himself, but still his weight pulled at him. He had reached the edge of the canyon wall and he was slipping; he pulled and clawed, sending detritus tumbling to the rocks below, but managed to regain his footing. Greg heard the sound but it didn’t register; he was too lost in his own mind as he stared into the flames from outside the radius of light. Victoria, however, jumped instantly to her feet and turned to face it. She moved quickly and with purpose into the darkness beyond the fire’s reach. Her attackers had returned. She screamed, and threw herself at it, brandishing the knife once more. Greg heard the scream and watched as Victoria walked into the shadows after it. He found her tumbling in the dirt with another person; limbs writhed, and Vikki screamed in rage. Greg tried to separate them, grabbing at arms and legs; something bit him, then knocked him to the ground. They were on top of him, thrashing; he was trapped, one arm pinned beneath him. Panic settled deeply and he screamed; the two

thrashing bodies on top of him paused. Taking advantage of their stillness he thrust his pelvis up and twisted, freeing his arm. He heaved, pushing out with both hands, and then they were gone. The world went incredibly silent for a moment. A muffled thud sounded from below, but he was already wandering off towards a shadow that had drawn his attention, once more lost in the depth of mescaline. A coyote howled nearby and off in the distance a siren began to whine. By Scott Moraes // Writer

// Caitlyn Neufeld

e s a c w o h S t Ar

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t’s more set up like an art institute; we’re not only learning from Sam, but we follow personal investigations, and as well learn from each other,” says Advanced Ceramic Course student Alanna Jane. Advanced Ceramic course, more commonly known as “third year” for most Studio Art students, is the class for the experienced ceramic artists who are interested in investigating the new techniques and selfmotivated projects. The Advanced Ceramic course is designed for the artists with at least two years of pottery-related experience, and since all of the members have different background of knowledge, it’s common to find them discussing various topic during their class time. “[Learning in ceramic class] is like a conversation,” Jane says. “We’re inspired by each other in class. Because each person in this class has different experience, some people might have a technique that’s easier than what you might have been doing.” The semi-annual Pottery Sale features handmade ceramic goods made by the Advanced Ceramic course artisans as well as firstand second-year Studio Art students. The Summer Pottery Sale will be held Apr. 27-28 in the Maple building.

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Photos and words by Jason Jeon 1. Roohy carving her clay sculpture 2. Alanna, holding her owl bookshelf guardian 3. Trimming a plate 4. Adding detail to a bowl 5. Coralie throwing her jar More photos available online on the new capilanocourier. com website!

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Caboose

Vacation destinations

Australia Jonty Davies

The Moon Gurpreet Kambo

Center of the Earth Colin Spensley

Hopping onto a pungently-scented camel I head into the depths of the desert where the majestic sun beats down onto my sunken golden skin. After a half-hour of lopsided riding, I reach a stretch of majestic sand dunes that looks perfect for laying down my thick, majestic cotton towel. I lather myself with a self-created concoction of SPF 60 sunscreen and vitamin E oil, place a dish of water out for my majestic camel, and open up my cooler. The essentials are in there: a 2-6 of Absolut Mandarin, ice, and some oh-jay. I fill my silver goblet, put a lid on it (because we don’t need any sand in there) and lie with my majestic body tilted towards the sun on the convenientlysloped dune. Two hours later, I am happy as a clam with a sunburn only a white person would get on their first day in Cancun. I hop right back onto the camel, my majestic butt cheeks chafing against the saddle, but am I unhappy? Absolutely not! Why? Because I’m riding through the desert, I'm wasted, and when I get home I'm gonna be more tan than anyone else.

Back in the glorious 19th century, only the most dignified and upstanding families would earn the privilege of being invited to join the bright future of colonization in the brave new world of Canada. On the other side of the world, only the most feral scum of the British Isles would be abandoned on the vast penal colony that was Australia. So while the honourable families of the Canadian colonies were freezing to death in the harsh Canadian winter, the convicts were all, “Man, this sucks. I just wish I had a fresher mango.” You can totally see why they’d pick Australia for an ass-end of the world penal colony, though. Disregarding the eternal sunshine, glorious tropics and stunning coastal reefs, the place is just jam-packed with creatures that can and will kill you. Name the mega-spider or supersnake, and you’ll find it there. It’s even the only place on the planet where you’ll find a Platypus – a creature that’s sheer disregard for the laws and boundaries of biological zoology proves the existence of a very silly God. Oh, and the thing’s got a venomous barb behind its foot. Yes, it too can fuck you up. AUSTRALIA!

Damn your Cancun-Paris-Mayan Ruins vacations. For my vacation, I’m going to shoot for the moon. By that I mean in a spaceship, to the moon, but not over the moon, except figuratively if I made it there. Some dude from N*SYNC got to go into space, and Metro Vancouver is holding a contest or something as well, and clearly I’m worthy. The Moon holds many attractions, including the fact that without an atmosphere or a pesky ozone layer, I can get an amazing tan in much less time. Also, imagine playing golf on the moon – that mofo would go flying! I could invent a new version of golf where the objective is to hit yourself on the back of the head. I sucked at sports, but I would so kick ass at moon kickball, too. Low gravity sex also presents an interesting proposition. How would that work?

This summer I’m looking to get out into the heat and get back to nature. And if I’ve learned anything from that amazing travel documentary Journey To The Center Of The Earth, the best place to really get back to it all is, well … the center of the earth. Fortunately, I’ve managed to re-hire Brendan Fraser as my sexy tour guide, and I’m ready to experience some thrills. Having been practically raised by the Indiana Jones trilogy on VHS, my passion for adventure knows no bounds. The great travel guide I found, which focuses on the area, written by Jules Verne, will accompany my summer vacation to the center of the earth. Although he doesn’t list any Best Westerns or two-star rated family-friendly diners, I’m confident in my abilitiy to find the best deals and make my shoe string budget last past the first T-rex attack.

CHURCHILL, MANITOBA Samantha Thompson

DISNEYLAND Celina

Carlsbad Caverns, New Mexico Sarah Vitet

TRAIL, BC JJ Brewis

Here's the thing. Everyone loves polar bears, including me. Why? Well, obviously because they are the BEST animal ever! They have luxurious white coats, and black skin to keep in the heat, and one time I watched an entire episode of the Magic School Bus that talked about how polar bears have special fur that is built especially for their cold home climates. How much smarter can you be?! I'm supposed to be talking about Churchill, Manitoba, and this is how they're related: this city is FULL of polar bears! They're everywhere! Probably even just walking down the street, living in houses, sitting at the dinner table and being one of the family! One day I hope I can just get married there and walk down an ice aisle to the tune of "Ice Ice Baby" wearing a beautiful white snow queen dress and having a POLAR BEAR as the ring bearer. Can you imagine! All I really want is to live my life surrounded by polar bears because they are the cutest animals even though they have a bad rep because they are so big with huge teeth that sometimes eat cute baby seals. Let’s be honest – if the world was facing the Ultimate Showdown, would you rather have a big, strong, adorable polar bear on your side or a stupid pathetic seal. Exactly. Polar bears rule and so obviously Churchill does too.

DUH. I don't even know what to say; I feel like just letting you imagine and remember your time spent at Disneyland is better than anything I have to say. But I'll try. The last, and only, time I went to Disneyland was with my soccer team. We were in Anaheim for a soccer tournament, but we literally lost every single game we played (Americans are way better than Canadians at sports) and I don't even really remember playing any games particularly? But I do remember my three-day Disneyland pass and going on the Matterhorn over and over and over again and, oh my gosh, all the tacos in California are delicious! And when we arrived in our hotel A COMPLETE STRANGER gave us Krispy Kreme donuts? Like he just had a flat of donuts and he gave them to us. I LOVE AMERICA. What I'm trying to say is that Disneyland kind of is a land of dreams, and now I'm old enough to drink, and in America anything is possible because they believe in Freedom and the fast food is delicious.

If you hate the sun and love stalagmites, visit Carlsbad Caverns National park. The entrance to the caves is through a spiral bat hole, which leads you deep underground into the most beautiful place that could possibly exist. I visited when I was 15 and loved teen fantasy novels, but let me tell you: Carlsbad caverns is a magical fairy world. There are intense stalactites and stalagmites everywhere, little pools of water in secret nooks, huge still lakes in massive open caves, and all sorts of natural crystals and bizarre mineral formations all over the place. There is also a hilarious gift shop and cafe at the centre of the caverns, and an elevator to go back up to the real world, in case wandering in magic-land was just too intense and you don't want to walk back through. Plus, once you emerge into the fresh air, you'll find yourself in New Mexico, which is a sunny place with cool cacti and lots of other stuff to look at. In short: the Carlsbad Caverns National Park is the most fantastic place I've ever been, and I would fully live in there if I didn't already have seasonal affective disorder.

“Wonderful town, Wonderful people!” quips the anthemic hometown theme song of one of British Columbia’s most thriving communities. Believe me, if anyone knows the glories of “The Armpit of The Kootenays”, it’s me! I was locked in this 7,000-person penitentiary for my entire youth. But it’s not all bad: Trail is home to several front-runners for the Eighth Wonder of the World. There’s the mess-hall style Italian Eatery “The Colander” which the thrifty locals flock to, entering with big eyes and empty stomachs, and leaving with an entire crate of “leftovers” because everyone asks for a second (or third or fourth) helping despite being full. There’s 1-800-GOTBEER for the hosers without a car to get to one of the town’s three bars. Local celebrities include Walter, an old man who takes out his dentures and asks for kisses from tween girls outside the only 24-hour restaurant in town, 7-11. Trail is an award-winning community, once placing “runner up” in a Hockeyille competition. Like pollution? Local smelter Cominco will ensure a life of emphysema ahead of you. And if you’re looking for stuff to do, it’s alledgedly the Crystal Meth capital per capita of Western Canada! How’s that for “Home of Champions”?

the capilano courier | vol. 45 issue 24

DESERT Niggie Purhanama

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Capilano Courier Vol 45 Issue 24