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“Pushing buttons since 1968”

Volume 45

NORTH VANCOUVER // April 2, 2012

with Refugee reform // piracy debate // Hello, Dolly! // and so much more ...

Issue N o. 23


TABle of contents Vol. Forty-Five | Issue 23

Pushing buttons since 1968

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The Capilano Courier is an autonomous, democratically run student newspaper. Literary and visual submissions are welcomed. All submissions are subject to editing for brevity, taste, and legality. The Capilano Courier will not publish material deemed by the collective to exhibit sexism, racism, or homophobia. The views expressed by the contributing writers are not necessarily those of the Capilano Publishing Society.

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The Capilano Courier is brought to you by the following people ... editor-in-chief

editor-in-chief

Samantha Thompson

Sarah Vitet

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a rt d i r e c t o r

Colin Spensley

Victoria Fawkes

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Gurpreet Kambo

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News

4

C al e n d a r

6

Fe a t u r e s

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Ar t s

11

Columns

14

O pi n i o n s

17

C ab o o s e

20


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the cove

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Camille Segur Camille Segur is an 8-year-old child prodigy. Follow her: camillesegur.tumblr.com.

from the editor //

DOESN’T MAKE CENTS

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hese are dark times. We are finding ourselves citizens of a nation that doesn’t value social services, and would rather see a thriving economy than a successful population. Largely, this is because we live in a country ruled by a man who is the best kind of politician: he knows how to get what he wants, and he knows how to make Canadians think that they want it too. If he can’t convince them that they want it, he has a back-up – he’ll provide a distraction while he goes off and does whatever he wants. Enter the penny. Last week’s budget announcement created a lot of discussion, but not for the reasons you would think. The Conservatives are getting rid of the penny. “Our government will do what everyone agrees should have been done long ago. We will eliminate the penny. Pennies take up too much space on our dressers at home. They take up far too much time for small businesses trying to grow and create jobs,” said Finance Minister Jim Flaherty, in his budget speech. Everyone has been talking about it, making it the perfect distraction as Harper unveiled a host of other, more serious, decisions in this year’s budget. What we haven’t been talking about is the rest of the budget: getting rid of Katimavik, cutting funding for international development, social services, the CBC and Elections Canada, and takes Canada off the international stage. It is important that Canadians stop being distracted by the penny (because really, who cares?) and instead focus on the unacceptable budget cuts. One of things being undervalued in this year’s budget is international development and the environment. The Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade will see $170 million cut from their $2.5 billion budget. The government has said that they will re-examine Canada’s membership in some international organizations, however which organizations specifically has not yet been announced. They also plan on selling some ambassadors’ residences and buying cheaper ones, and reducing the compensation given to ambassadors serving outside of Ottawa. In addition, the budget has been heavily criticized by activist groups because it largely ignores the importance of the environment and aboriginal rights. Even though the budget allocates some funding to aboriginal education, it also emphasizes that extractive, resource-based projects are important for the economy and the wellbeing of aboriginal communities.What that really means, however, is that offshore drilling is a good thing, and that it will remove any red tape in the way of economic prosperity. “Red tape,” the budget reads, “hampers economic growth and erodes trust between government and citizens.” As well, the CBC saw their budget drastically cut, and as a result will have to start seriously re-evaluating the services they provide to Canadians. Liberal heritage critic Scott Simms has said that the “wolves are at the door and circling when it comes to the CBC.” He pointed out the importance of the CBC, particularly in rural areas where other newscasters aren’t as heavily reporting on local issues. On top of this, having a national broadcaster unreliant on ads for revenue is important because it ensures that we will have an unbi-

ased body holding the government and other aspects of Canadian society accountable. Other changes in the budget include the age of retirement being gradually increased, between 2023 and 2029, from 65 to 67. The government argues that because people are living longer, and the birth rate has declined, people are retiring earlier before they die and there are fewer workers coming into the workforce to replace them. Reservists will be given more opportunities to be hired, because the government believes that “these brave Canadians should not be disadvantaged.” The government is also going to reform the immigration system, to “ensure it is designed above all to strengthen Canada’s economy.” The problem with all of these cuts is that they pinpoint the economy as the most important aspect of the country. Although it the economy plays a significant role, it is by no means the single most important part of Canada. Focusing only on the economy means that policies will not reflect the ideals that are present in a healthy society. This kind of budget may get Canada out of a deficit, but a deficit isn’t necessarily a bad thing if it means the money is being spent on the health and wellbeing of Canadian citizens, as well as the actual land we live on. This budget is typical of the current Conservative governments. It shows a brash level of confidence that apparently comes with being a newly majority government. The most recent example of this occurred when Liberal MP Justin Trudeau asked a carefully-worded question (in both French and English) regarding the popular youth program Katimavik being cut completely, and Conservative MP James Moore responded only with a joke about Trudeau’s upcoming wrestling match for charity. The worst part was, Moore received a standing ovation for this appalling and embarrassing behaviour. This is an indicator that Canada’s current government is anything but mature. Though the Conservatives claim to be the responsible party, their childish responses, paired with inexplicable budget cuts, clearly say otherwise. The Conservatives are getting arrogant and overconfident, and Canadians aren’t paying enough attention to keep them in check. There are a number of things we need to do as a nation if we want to keep Canada a country we can be proud of. We must ensure that social programs and opportunities for Canadians of all ages are available and accessible, and there need to be services that enable all members of our society to participate fully. Debates on legislation should be extensive, exploring every option, and legislation should never be rushed through without discussion simply because it is now possible to do so. Finally, Canada must ensure that MPs behave like mature adults at all times, taking their positions and this country seriously. Ultimately, we cannot be living under a government whose success is based simply on fear, ignorance, and the faith that the citizens will care more about the triviality of removing a coin from our currency than monumental cuts to important services. — Samantha Thompson // editor-in-chief

The Voicebox

with JJ Brewis Look for the Voicebox on Tuesday afternoons in the Birch cafeteria, to anonymously “voice” your “opinion” on any “topic.” Introverted alternatives include emailing your opinion to voicebox@capilanocourier.com, or texting (778) 886-5070. “My tea’s gone cold, I’m wondering why.” It’s a terrible thing, but I hear you. I have this terrible penchant for not being able to finish my cup of fucking tea! I go over to someone’s house and they’re all “Vanilla rooibos or peppermint?” and I’m like “Duh, Earl Grey” and they go all the fuck out of their way and make me a nice fresh cup of tea, and then I get so wrapped up in talking about myself, or compulsively checking my Instagram, that it’s

time for me to go home and there’s a full cup of tea unsipped! Worst. So wasteful and shameful. Hanging out with my sister is even worse. That woman has literally 100 types of tea, not even counting "fusions" of various teas mixed together. As if not drinking the tea I’ll eventually pick isn’t bad enough, I’m also the world’s most indecisive person, so when it’s tea time with sister, she has to endure me picking and selecting via a "tea battle" in which I eliminate flavours, tournament style, always leading to the same result. “I just spent $539 in one day. Now what do I do?” I’m the wrong person to ask given that yesterday I dropped $100 on used clothing (but who was I to say no to some diva H&M Versace shorts that’ll guarantee my spot as most tricked-out wigger gangster at the pride parade!?). I digress. As students, we

should probably do our best not to blow our way through our student loans or parents’ handouts. “Can you give me some advice for getting a summer job?” That completely depends on what type of employment you’re seeking. If you're a female, I'd suggest you get a job at Aritzia and work as a bartender at night so that you can never have a free moment ALL summer, and barely have enough money to scrape through one semester. If you’re a young man, I’d highly recommend spending a scenic summer on the streets of Vancouver in a pair of spiked Unif penny loafers trolling around for a nice rich sugar daddy to take you under his wing and pay your way through the remainder of your degree! What’s that? You’re not gay? All the better! Then you have an excuse to not perform sexual favours for him. “Oh, hey Jerry, yeah,

thanks for paying my tuition and taking me to Milan, but actually, I prefer the company of women.” No, but really though, I guess just take up a job with the Parks Board or the pool, or move to Alberta and hate your life working on the oil rigs or some shit. I can’t actually tell you to become a prostitute, because then I’ll have Aramark all mad at me again.

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EDIT OR // Gurpreet Kambo // ne w s @ c api l ano c o uri e r. c o m

The Great Divide

News Briefs

UBC profs show Vancouver is becoming more financially, racially separated

FOOD CHANGES COMING TO CAMPUS?

// Jason Jeon By Victoria Fawkes // staff writer

the capilano courier | vol. 45 issue 23

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ancouver is famous around the world for its diversity and incomparable cultural atmosphere. Though it’s true that Vancouver may have more ethnic variety than any other Canadian city, it’s quickly becoming more segregated than it ever has been before. A recent study conducted by the University of British Columbia entitled Divisions and Disparities: Socio-Spatial Income Polarization in Greater Vancouver, 1970-2005 shows that segregation by race and income in Vancouver is on the rise. The study, which was released exclusively to the Huffington Post, uses census data to analyze the trends in economic and racial division over a period of 35 years. UBC geographers David Ley and Nicholas Lynch, who carried out and authored the study’s research, agree that the inequality in Vancouver is a serious problem. Lynch, who co-authored the study with Ley, says his concerns lie with the vulnerability of more racially and financially segregated neighbourhoods: “The value of our research, and the reason why this is such a troubling issue, is that we can trace the transformation of Greater Vancouver’s income landscape across a relatively long time period, something that other research has failed to do. Based on our findings, it is increasingly clear that the region has been dividing along lines of income and race, and there is little reason at this point to suspect that it will abate in the near future,” he explains. “We can expect that with a business-as-usual approach, the pressures on both the middleclass and recent immigrants will rise, and lead to greater disparities in the region. What this means is that at the local level, specific neighbourhoods throughout the region are falling behind adding greater vulnerability and inequality into the urban household sector,” he adds. “If nothing is done to alleviate the pressures on these neighbourhoods, then we may see that these neighbourhoods become even more geographically and socially isolated.” According to the article in the Huffington Post, Ley and Lynch’s study used a previouslycreated method of determining income levels, developed by David Hulchanski. Hulchanski, who is a professor on the Faculty of Social Work at the University of Toronto, released his “Three Cities Within Toronto” report in 2010, outlining

the changing geography of Toronto in terms of income. Using Hulchanski’s methods, Ley and Lynch separated Vancouver into three income categories, “City Number One”, “City Number Two”, and “City Number Three”. City Number One accounts for 30 per cent of the total grid, and is described as upper-class residents, mostly consisting of the neighbourhoods that are located around the western side of Vancouver, such as Kitsilano and Shaughnessy, along with the entire municipalities of North and West Vancouver. These areas are those with the average highest incomes in the study. During the 35 years that the study looked at, the incomes of residents in this area enjoyed an average 15 per cent increase in their income over the average Vancouverite. City Number Two consists of middle-class Vancouver residents. Neighbourhoods in City No. Two make up half of the city grid and their incomes are either 15 per cent above or below the average. These neighborhoods can be found scattered throughout the city, but serve as dividers between the wealthier northern and western neighborhoods and the poorer neighborhoods in the east and south, according to the researchers. The third, and least-wealthy, of the neighborhoods is City Number Three. These neighborhoods were classified as being less than 15 per cent below Vancouver’s average income, and are mostly located in South and East Vancouver, along with Surrey. The number of immigrants residing in City No. Three has increased significantly, rising from 24 per cent to 51 per cent. Interestingly, there are no neighbourhoods on the North Shore that can be classified as City No. Three. When analyzing the three cities, it is apparent not only that there is an economic divide, but that there is a racial element to the increased segregation as well, and that they may go hand-in-hand: “In City No. One, we have primarily people who are Canadian-born and primarily white or European origin. In City No. Three, we have primarily immigrants and primarily people of color,” explains Ley. Additionally, Ley has noted that it’s not just racial groups that are segregated in Vancouver: “There are certain lifestyle groups who tend to be segregated. We think of Abbotsford and the Fraser Valley as something of a bible belt; we think of the West End as something of a gay area. So there’s segregation that occurs any way you want to cut up society,” says Ley.

While the trends over time show visible minorities becoming poorer, Ley notes that there is a significant amount of variation in the wealth of immigrants that come to Canada. “For example, there are very wealthy immigrants that come from China and Hong Kong, but also very poor immigrants from Vietnam, who came in the 1980s,” says Ley. The study in Toronto revealed similar trends, though there, they are even more pronounced than in Vancouver. Toronto and Vancouver are not the only places in which studies that examine segregation have been done. According to a study released by The Manhattan Institute for Policy Research in January of this year, although there is still racial segregation in some US suburbs, residential segregation by race is the lowest it has ever been. However, it is concerning to compare Canada’s backward slide financial and racial division to the small strides made in the United States’. However, according to Ley, there are both positive and negative aspects to this racial division: “I think if segregation occurs by choice, it can serve a useful role. Neighbourhood enclaves can provide starter jobs, and people can cope because three are others around them that speak the same language. “Segregation, I think, offers advantages,” says Ley. “However, if people are unable to leave segregated neighbourhoods, I think it does limit their life chances. It limits their ability to speak English, for example, which is a high predictor of economic success.” Lynch points out that an increase in segregation is still overall an unwelcome development. “To be honest, there are no real positives about our findings. Over the 35-year period, it is becoming increasingly clear that Greater Vancouver is getting worse, not better, in terms of patterns of polarization and inequality,” he says. “Together, the magnification of these two factors has no real benefits for local neighbourhoods and their residents, especially concerning what we like to consider as developing a healthy and livable city.” Ley believes that increased poverty results in decreased social stability: “Cities that are polarizing and unequal tend to have concentrated poverty, and as result experience heightened levels of crime, insecurity, and housing crises,” he says. “These are not places that tend to foster social, cultural, and economic diversity.” “In the end,” he concludes, “Vancouver may well become a city split between ‘haves and have-nots’, a situation that can only lead to increased difficulties for all.”

The Capilano Students’ Union met with the University on Mar. 30 to discuss food and beverage services on campus, as the University’s exclusivity contract with Aramark is ending in 18 months. “Student consultation is a necessary part of university governance and decision-making,” says David Clarkson, University Relations Officer. At their executive meeting this Wednesday, the Union’s Board of Directors will be discussing the potential of hosting a survey on the food and beverage services on campus. If successful, the survey will be available on their website and will be launched in the next couple of weeks. “The survey’s intention is to discover what students and faculty expect out of their food service provider, and also to measure satisfaction with current food operations on campus,” says Saam Nasirpour, the CSU’s Food and Beverage Services Committee chairperson. “I would like to see student values reflected more,” he says. “And I would like to see students purchasing food on campus because they enjoy eating it, rather than it being the only option available.” GET YOUR BUTTON BLING The Illustration/Design: Elements and Application (IDEA) program is hosting a fundraiser around campus in the coming weeks. Fundraisers through this program have varied, including everything from selling calendars featuring students’ paintings to selling buttons designed by students. This time around, the first-years have decided to turn their button fundraising into a competition. They are working in six different groups, with each group trying to sell the most buttons. Each group has a name for their campaign, including “One Tit at a Time” (buttons for breast cancer research), “sha-WING!” (featuring pop-culture references), “The Memes” (showcasing Internet memes), “The Cat-Lovers” (buttons with cats, to support the Vancouver Orphan Kitten Rescue Association as well as IDEA), “****! Say It Out Loud!” (picture yourself on a button saying whatever you want), and “The 50-50” (campus-wide 50-50 draw). The IDEA program does a plethora of fundraisers throughout their three year program. The money they raise goes towards better equipment in their work spaces, their graduation show, and a trip to New York in their third year of study. The buttons will be sold at booths around campus in the first couple weeks of April. By Samantha Thompson // Editor-in-Chief


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Hungry for Democracy CSU AGM offers up free sandwiches, democracy, and a little bit of controversy By Victoria Fawkes // staff writer

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he Capilano Students’ Union (CSU) is required to hold a General Meeting twice a year in which all members of the CSU (all Capilano students) may participate and vote, and get a free lunch in exchange. The meeting was held in the Maple Building on Mar. 22. It is required that all CSU board members are in attendance; however, two were absent, Saam Nasirpour, and Parker Busswood, and their regrets were confirmed by the chair. By the time the quorum of 40 was reached, half an hour of the scheduled time had passed. Former CSU Chair Ben West was ratified as the external chairperson without opposition. There were only a few items that took up the majority of the time in the general meeting. Stipend Conundrum A proposal that was expected by many to cause contentious debate, CSU board member, and student Senator David Clarkson attempted to amend the agenda to include a motion that he did not submit by the deadline. The motion, which Clarkson distributed printed copies of, proposed that “[Clarkson] be paid for his duties in his capacity as a member of the Executive Committee for which he has not previously received remuneration.” While the motion did not explicity state it, the period in which he did not collect his remuneration was all of June 2010 to May of 2011, a consecutive period of 12 months. He failed to submit his stipend request according to the CSU’s remuneration policy, which requires that they be collected monthly. As a result, the policy would have to be suspended at a general meeting for him to be able to collect it.

Clarkson’s written preamble to the resolution says that he was externally, or “structurally prevented,” from collecting his stipend, due to how the remuneration policy was written, until it was changed at the Nov. 2011 AGM. However, this does not appear to be true, as he has been collecting his stipend since July of 2011, and it didn’t appear to structurally prevent him at that time. Most other board members had no problems collecting their stipend during that period, except for Bahiyyih Galloway, for a period of three months. Galloway accepted at that time that it was her own fault for not doing so. Clarkson attempted to have the motion be put on the agenda so that it would come before the other resolutions that had been submitted on time. However, Kelsey Didlick, another CSU board member, along with others present, were eager to move on to items that were actually on the agenda, and urged those present to defeat the motion. “Every item on the agenda today has been submitted two weeks in advance, and the reason for that is to give everyone with membership the opportunity to be here to vote an ample amount of time to consider the motions, so that you can feel prepared,” said Didlick. “To be clear, I do sit on the board, and I know that it was not submitted by the deadline, and that’s why it is not on the agenda today. And so there’s no reason to amend the agenda, because if this member would like to have his motion considered, he needs to submit it for the following general meeting.” West ruled the motion to amend the agenda out of order, due to the policy that requires agenda items to be submitted two weeks in advance. This matter also caused controversy during several CSU board meetings last summer, along

with the previous two AGMs. At that time, several executives took issue with Clarkson attempting to collect stipends for such a significant time period when the policy states that they must be collected monthly, and were uncomfortable making a decision about it. Previously, the executive had approved stipends that were a couple of days or weeks late, but not months (or a year) late. Stipends are approved by fellow executives in an attempt to ensure the work is completed properly, which helps keep the executive accountable. The concern raised was that there is a difficulty in approving responsibilities for pay periods from so long ago, as so many of those board members are no longer on the board.

Organizational Review Committee (ORC)

At the AGM in the spring of 2011, a resolution was passed to strike an “Organizational Review Committee” which would examine the structure of the organization and provide a report including recommendations to be voted (if they recommended any) at the Spring 2012 AGM. Kelsey Didlick, the chair of the ORC committee gave her report which, for the most part, stated that the committee needed more time before any changes were made. It also recommended that the committee should become the internal responsibility of the executives, instead of having a deadline for recommendations at an upcoming general meeting, so that a proposal can be given the amount Budget of time that it needs. Subsequently, Jordan Liden then went on to disClarkson expressed his opposition to the procuss the CSU's budget. “What we did was starting posal from the committee, especially about a lack about six or seven weeks ago; we met for about of these deadlines, which could lead to less acan hour for the budget. Prior to that, I prepared countability on the part of the board. He also sugsince four yearly financial statements since 2008, gested that the AGM pass a motion for the CSU to so we looked at past trends to allocate expenses do a third-party governance review, “so that the from last year. There are no huge changes from committee remain accountable to the memberthe year before. When we started looking at rev- ship at-large.” However, this idea did not have enues, we predicted they would be the same as traction, and it was decided that the committee last year,” said Liden. would only report back at the next AGM. Liden believes that the budget will have Remaining Items to be amended in Fall 2012, just as it was amended last fall: “If we project the revenue Several other items remained on the agenda, wrong, then that could make some substan- including one that required any members tial changes. But we amended the budget in who wish to propose a resolution for a Genthe fall last year, and that worked out well,” eral Meeting to now have to get a petition of 50 Liden explained. students. However, by that point, the meeting Much of the discussion centred around a line had lost quorum, so the meeting was unable item to buy a pool table, which the CSU was to to vote on any remaining changes, effectively increase from $3,000 to $5,000, due to the cost of being adjourned. The remaining items do not a quality table. Some students felt that a foosball get carried over to the next meeting; however, or air hockey table was more suitable; however, they can be put on the agenda by the board or the amendment for the increase passed. by members.

Canada becomes less refugee-friendly With a majority, Conservatives finally shows hand on refugee reform By Mike Conway // writer

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Bill C-31 has misleading language that negatively affects honest refugee claimants. “Overall, the bill targets refugees, not human smugglers. The language, the rhetoric, says it is targeting smugglers, but in fact the people who will really be affected are refugees. The minister is aiming at the wrong target. Certainly, the bill is well-intentioned. The good intentions are there, but the cure it seeks to apply is worse than the disease.” NDP MP, Ms. Rathika Sitsabaiesan, for Scarborough—Rouge River, Ontario, said during parliamentary debate that “the bill would set out to dismantle our immigration system, damaging it legally, socially, morally, and internationally. I find the omnibus nature of the bill very disturbing.” Moreover, both Sitsabaiesan and Boulerice raised similar objections about the portion of Bill C-31 that would allow the holding of some refugees in detention without review for up to 12 months during an identification process, as this would, according to them, constitute a violation of the Canadian Charter of Human Rights, and various international treaties. Dubbed the “Refugee Exclusion Act” by critics, Bill C-31 is opposed by many organizations,

including Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, Canadian Association of Refugee Lawyers, and the Canadian Civil Liberties Association. Locally, No One Is Illegal (NOII), a grassroots advocacy group for immigration and refugee reform, has expressed its opposition to the legislation. “The Tories are quietly pushing through the ‘Refugee Exclusion Act’, Bill C-31, which creates a discriminatory two-tier refugee protection system based on nationality, mandates jail time for many asylum seekers, and revokes permanent residency from many people already granted refugee status,” says Syed Hussan in a Mar. 27 press release from No One Is Illegal. “This proposed extremist and exclusionary law will have significant impacts by pushing the minimalist Canadian refugee policy back decades, and the Tories are going to paint anyone that opposes it as extremists.” Furthermore, opposition parties hold issue with the fact that Bill C-31 is a drastic change to the Balanced Refugee Reform Act, which was created under the previous minority government with the approval of all parties. However, any concessions that the Conservatives made at that time are no longer necessary, due to their parliamentary majority.

the capilano courier | vol. 45 issue 23

anadians take great pride in the generosity and compassion of our immigration and refugee programs. But they have no tolerance for those who abuse our generosity and seek to take unfair advantage of our country,” said Jason Kenney, Minister of Citizenship, Immigration, and Multiculturalism. He was speaking about the government’s motivation for the proposed Protecting Canada’s Immigration System Act. This act is the third version of a hotly-debated bill that the Conservative government has been trying to pass since March of 2010. The newest version proposes changes that build on reforms to the asylum system passed in June 2010 as part of another piece of legislation, the Balanced Refugee Reform Act. The changes are being made because, according to Jason Kenney, “it has become clear that there are gaps in the Balanced Refugee Reform Act and we need stronger measures.” Kenney explains one such gap: “Canada receives more refugee claims from Europe than from Africa or Asia. Last year alone, 23 per cent of

all refugee claims made in Canada were made by nationals from the EU. That’s up from 14 per cent the previous year. This growing trend threatens the integrity of our immigration system.” Minister Kenney believes that the new bill will shorten processing times for refugee claimants, while also saving money for Canadian tax payers. Under the new bill, refugee claimants from countries that Kenney chooses as “safe” will take 45 days to process, compared to 171 days under the Balanced Refugee Reform Act. Kenney explains, “Too many tax dollars are spent on bogus refugees. We need to send a message to those who would abuse Canada’s generous asylum system that if you are not in need of protection, you will be sent home quickly.” Kenney continues, “To maintain the support of Canadians for our generous immigration and refugee systems, we must demonstrate that Canada has a fair, well-managed system that does not tolerate queue-jumping.” Despite the good intentions of Bill C-31, many politicians expressed concerns and criticism of the new bill. New Democratic Party MP Alexandre Boulerice of Rosemont-La Petite-Patrie, QC, gave a speech in the House of Commons on Mar. 15 of this year, in which he argued that

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t h e ca p ca l e n dar C e l i na W i th

Kur z !

C O P Y @ C A PIL A N O C O U R I E R . C O M

Contact us to have your event featured in the calendar. D on’t forget the date, time, address, and price!

m o n day a pri l 2 HAPPY BIRTHDAY TO ME AHHHHHH I’M OLD LOL GIVE ME A PRESENT LOL in honour of my birthday I’m just going to post (in lieu of events) a list of some things that I love.

I LOVE BARBRA STREISAND She’s hilarious; she goes after what she wants; she’s the kind of strong female lead that is rarely, rarely seen in modern cinema; she has the voice of six women; did I mention that she’s hilarious? Everyone, please watch Funny Girl, it will be the biggest favour to yourself.

t u e s d ay april 3 TIME TO VOTE FOR NEXT YEAR’S EDITOR-INCHIEF! Have you written at least three articles for the Courier and are a student at Capilano? Come to the Courier office and have your say about who’s going to be runnning things next year! Alternately, you can also run for EIC! FREE CAKE AND PIZZA. 12 PM. Courier Office (Maple building). Free!

I LOVE FASHION It’s something that I take seriously, but not crazy seriously; I think the greatest thing about fashion as a mode of self-expression is that it can be just fun. I know there’s a dark side to fashion (too-skinny models, shopping addictions, overconsumption, etc.) but if you can use it without letting it take you over, it’s so much fun and really can make you feel better about being yourself and help you live the life you want to live!!!!

I LOVE OVERSHARING I have no boundaries, you guys. But I don’t really think it’s that much of a problem? Like I can see it as negative in the sense that like, yeah, sometimes I can be kind of self-absorbed, but on the other hand, I also do really love hearing what other people have to say? I dunno, I just like telling people how I’m feeling on Facebook. And of course, I love Facebook.

PROBABLY A METAL SHOW? At the Astoria! Featuring Black Mastiff, The Silver Skeleton Band, The Fatalz, and Johnny De Courcy, who I think might be my friend Willam’s brother? But I’m not 100 per cent sure! Anyways, to me, those all sound like metal bands. 9 PM. The Astoria. $5.

HELLO, DOLLY! The music theatre department is putting on this classic musical romantic comedy epic! Check out our article about it in this week’s Courier and go see it Apr. 5 – 7 at 8pm, Apr. 1 & 7 at 2 pm, or Apr. 3 & 4 at noon. So, today you can see it during lunch! TODAY IT’S AT NOON. The Birch Theatre. $22/14/8.

LIVE AT SQUAMISH LAUNCH PARTY Featuring Current Swell and The Matinee! Maybe I’ll go to this this summer; I do love music festivals a little bit at a time, and Squamish is actually really beautiful in the summer. Anyways! Launch party? 9 PM. The Commodore Ballroom. $15.05.

LEO BAE SEPTET AT PRESENTATION HOUSE Yay for jazz! My friend Leo Bae and his septet (which is mostly made up of friends of mine or at the least acquaintances) is playing at Presentation House this week. Leo writes some really cool compositions, and also can always be counted on for hilarious banter, so you should check it out. 8 PM. Presentation House (333 Chesterfield St.). $10.

I LOVE MAKING COLLAGES I keep having this thing where I have free time and I should spend it doing homework but instead I just stay up all night making collages. It’s soooo fun, you guys! And since it’s my birthday and like, whatever, no one even reads this anyway, but I’m gonna shamelessly selfpromote and tell you to follow my Tumblr where I post them at aqueenbeeseaqueen.tumblr.com. Hooray!

w e d n e s d ay april 4 HAPPY BIRTHDAY MARINA! I love u gurl. Everyone give this chica a big hug, she’s very beautiful and also hilarious and smart.

ROCOCODE WITH GUESTS The guests are Ryan Guldemond and Wintermitts! I feel like I’ve heard of Wintermitts but I dunno. I’m literally too lazy to find anything out about this band, I’m looking at their website and it’s really nice? I’m guessing by the layout that it’s like, pretty nice, pretty chill indie pop-ish music. 8 PM. The Electric Owl Social Club (926 Main St.). $10.

TARTAN DAY “SFU's Centre for Scottish Studies celebrates Tartan Day with the launch of their online oral history project, ‘Scottish Voices from the West’, piping, entertainment by the Gaelic choir and the Vancouver RSCDS, and a presentation on the Museum of Scotland.” 7:30 – 10:30 PM. SFU Harbour Centre (515 W. Hastings St.). Free!

t h u r s d ay april 5 DID YOU KNOW THAT In China they celebrate a day called “Cold Food Festival” and today is the first of three consecutive days to celebrate it! I guess you could eat a sandwich or a salad? Some cold leftovers (if you’re into that, cold leftovers actually make me vomit a bit though)? Look it up on Wikipedia so you can research it more thoroughly? NOW YOU KNOW. HAPPY COLD FOOD FESTIVAL

friday april 6 GOOD FRIDAY Thing I always wondered back in Sunday School back in the days that I was a super-Christian: why is it called Good Friday if Jesus is dying? Why isn’t it called Bad Friday? Think about it. It doesn’t make any sense. This might be why I’m no longer religious.

INSPIREHEALTH PRESENTS FORKS OVER KNIVES I saw part of this movie with my parents and it’s really rad! All about the health ramifications of eating meat! Personal note, I’ve started keeping a “Meat Diary” where I take note of when I eat meat/how much – it’s been really helpful in helping me really get a gauge on things! Anyways, the film will be followed by a question period with panel of experts – fun! 7 – 10 PM. The Ridge Theatre Vancouver (3131 Arbutus St.). $20.

THE WEDDING PRESENT W/ PINKY PIGLETS Never heard of either of these bands. “The Wedding Present … will … be playing their 1991 album Seamonsters in full. Seamonsters was their most successful album in North America … and the first to be recorded for them by Steve Albini (at Pachyderm Disc studios in Minnesota).” 8 PM. The Biltmore. $16.

CHAIRLIFT W/ NITE JEWEL Brooklyn synth-pop duo supporting the release of their newest album Something. If you're also friends with my friend Giles then he's undoubtedly hounded you to watch their artsy video for "Amanamonesia", during which vocalist Caroline Polachek does interpretive dance. Please do that live, Caroline. 8 – 11 PM. The Electric Owl. $13.

COINCIDENTALLY MY BIRTHDAY PARTY Come get wasted and do some karaoke with me! I’m going to just do the entire soundtrack to Funny Girl, I think. Or maybe I’ll do a combo “Don’t Rain On My Parade”/“Before the Parade Passes By.” Parade themed! 8 PM. The Pressbox. Cost of you buying me a drink ;)

SHOW AT GRACELAND (Graceland formerly The Mansion). Velvet Fist, KMVP, SLOWFAST, Noisy Tits, and Bath House play a show! I’m not super familiar with all these bands but KMVP is literally one of my favourite fucking bands right now, my band is covering their song “Nobody’s Down With Sexist Movies” at our show tomorrow (tomorrow being … last Saturday). 6 – 11 PM. Graceland (“ask around”). By Donation (for touring bands).

JAMES Omg! I definitely went through a period when I was completely obsessed with the song “Laid”. “This bed in on fire with passion and love/the neighbours complain about the noises above/ but she only comes when she’s on top”! Sooooo goooood. 7 PM. The Commodore Ballroom. $44.

MUSIC WASTE FUNDRAISER Holy shit! Maybe I’ll go to this as well? Watermelon, Random Cuts, Love Cuts, and Slim Fathers! DJs! Dancing! This sounds awesome. I Love Fun. Yeah, I think I’m just gonna end up here. I feel like I put this in the calendar last week by accident? 10 PM – 2 AM. The Astoria. $5 before 11!

SHOW AT THE RICKSHAW This also seems cool! But I doubt I’ll be able to make it to THREE things in one night. I just don’t have the stamina. Typhoon plays with guests Kellarissa (does stuff with Rose Melberg sometimes!) and Bleating Hearts (many-piece love-orchestra! At least from what I remember. Possibly I am mixing them up with someone else). 8 PM. The Rickshaw Theatre. $12.

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2012 WORLD WIDE PILLOW FIGHT CLUB 7.0 I think I’m gonna do this with my sister! It’s simple: just carry around a pillow and then exactly at the right time, start pillow fighting! Then leave! Don’t be a dick, don’t hurt anybody, and just have fun for exactly half and hour then stop. I love my sister! 3 – 3:30 PM. Vancouver Art Gallery. Free!

sunday april 8 GOTYE YOU DIDN’T HAVE TO CUUUUUT ME OUT/GET YOUR FRIENDS SOMETHING RECORDS AND THEN CHANGE YOUR NUMBER/AND I DON’T EVEN NEED YOUR LOVE BUT YOU TREAT ME LIKE A STRANGER AND IT FEELS SO ROUGH 9 PM. The Vogue Theatre. SOLD OUT!

EASTER SUNDAY!!!! There are probably like a million easter egg hunts happening today, so just google like, “[insert your city name] easter egg hunt” and you’ll find one. There we go! You’re welcome, everybody. I’m glad I could help.

SPRING FLOWER SALE AND SHOW Ever wanted to see things that lack consciousness compete to be the prettiest? The Alpine Garden Club of B.C. presents a judged show of “live plants in 65 categories including many rock-garden plants and primulas, bonsai, dwarf conifers, dwarf rhodos, ferns, and more.” Flowers will also be on sale! 1 – 4 PM. VanDusen Botanical Garden Floral Hall (5251 Oak St.). Free! CHRISTIAN EASTER SUNDAY Have fun trying to convince your kids that Easter is more important than Christmas lol. Also that Easter “isn’t just about candy”.

DEE DANIELS AT JAZZ VESPERS Dee Daniels is a great local jazz vocalist; check this show out! And the sound in St. Andrew’sWesley is incredible, sure to be a once in a lifetime experience! 4 PM. St. Andrew’s-Wesley United Church. By Donation!


F e at u r e s

ED I TO R S / / S ar ah v i te t + Samant ha Thompson // s pe c i al fe ature s . c apc o uri e r@ gmai l . c o m

The End of an Era Saying goodbye to the Playhouse Theatre Company By Julian Legere // writer

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fter 49 years of serving as Vancouver’s regional theatre, the Playhouse Theatre Company officially announced that, following the closing of their co-production of Catalyst Theatre’s Hunchback on Mar. 10, they would be winding down operations. The closure comes on the heels of a $1 million Vancouver city council bailout last year which did little to solve the Company’s longstanding financial decline. With the loss of the Playhouse Company, the effects on the arts industry, on artists, and on theatregoers, not only in Vancouver but across the country, are devastating. “It’s very sad,” laments Nicolas Harrison, Capilano theatre instructor and long-time member of the Vancouver theatre community, who has worked extensively at the Playhouse. “It’s quite disturbing.” The economy of the arts In what Liz Nicholls of the Edmonton Journal describes as “a frugal, labour-intensive industry that lives so close to the bone,” the loss of this enormous theatre company spells disaster for the always-precarious economy of the arts. The Stratford Festival, one of the largest in the country, with a budget of $60 million, reported a measly $53,000 surplus last year. However, that seems like raging success compared to Edmonton’s Citadel Theatre, who have an estimated $400,000 deficit on a budget of $11.5 million. Citadel’s executive director Penny Ritco describes that amount as “manageable” in the Edmonton Journal, underlining the fact that deficits are considered business as usual in the arts world. One of the biggest short-term blows from the Playhouse closure is to Catalyst Theatre, whose critically-adored original musical Hunchback served as the swan song for the Playhouse company, leaving Catalyst out $120,000, which artistic director Eva Cairn is calling “massively significant”, as quoted by Postmedia News, for the small company: “It represents 20 per cent of our revenue budget this year,” she says. “We've been slowly building a financial cushion for the last five years. It doesn't put us in danger, but it's a huge setback. We have less flexibility for the next couple of years. Instead of the beginning of longterm financial stability, money goes back to being a huge priority. Instead of the healthy surplus

we projected, we're back into a debt-reduction phase again.” Even more critical are the local repercussions: the closing of the Playhouse means the immediate loss of 15 permanent and around 200 contract jobs. That’s over 200 people who are now out of work, many of whom may leave the city or even the province to find opportunities elsewhere. Harrison agrees that although “artists in the Lower Mainland are essentially nomadic anyway, the ones who have been able to be stationary will have to join that nomadic circuit.” Although the failure of last year’s million dollar “bailout” from the City of Vancouver suggests that the blame is on the company itself for mismanaging funds, that isn’t necessarily the case. As the Artistic Managing Director of the Playhouse, Max Reimer, explained in his public defence of the grant, the Playhouse is “the only established arts organization in Vancouver not ever assisted with an annual municipal operating grant.” Capilano University theatre instructor Stephen Atkins agrees, and points out that “to say $1 million is really, amortised over the 50 years, $20,000 a year.” According to Reimer, all the $1 million did was “finally allow us to sit at the table as an equal with the rest of the organizations.” To know that so little was done by the government to help save the company, “I find the whole thing abhorrent,” says Marie Barnes, a six-year Playhouse season ticket holder and lifelong supporter of the arts. Changing artistic landscape Aside from the economic consequences, the Playhouse closure will also likely have an enormous effect on the type and quality of theatre being produced in Vancouver. Historically, regional theatres such as the Playhouse have served as an outlet for new works and artists. The Ecstacy of Rita Joe, a seminal piece of Canadian theatre addressing the issues facing Canadian Aboriginals, premiered at the Playhouse in 1967. And more recently, another hugely important social piece relating to Canadian Aboriginal history, the rock opera Beyond Eden was created and premiered as a Vancouver Playhouse/Theatre Calgary co-production. The Playhouse also provided opportunities for smaller companies, such as Catalyst Theatre with Hunchback, or Electric Company last year with Studies in Motion to share innovative works with larger audiences.

plays they have chosen in past seasons to see the contrast. For example, the Playhouse opened their 2010–2011 season with the musical The Fantasticks; toward the end of the same season, the ArtsClub mounted a production of Hairspray. Although The Fantasticks is far from obscure (it holds the record for longest running musical of all time with an off broadway run of 42 years), it certainly cannot rival the instant name recognition of Hairspray, likely created in large part by the hugely successful 2007 film adaptation. The contrast between these two shows is telling. Given the growth of ArtsClub donations, it’s clear that pleasing the audience is of greater importance than artistic exploration, as the patrons are saddled with most of the responsibility of keeping theatres profitable. As much as the ArtsClub has grown, it is clear that much of the Playhouse audience base has turned to them, but what of the smaller companies? Harrison points out that the smaller companies “are not competing with the same types of shows” and therefore not for the same audience either, but hopefully some theatre patrons will “turn to smaller companies, such as Touchstone, Blackbird theatre, or the Electric Company, to fill Where will theatre patrons go? the gap.” The sad end of the Playhouse Theatre However, he says, nothing can truly replace Company is also a sign of the increased success the Playhouse: “To have a troupe that’s been of the ArtsClub, since the two were competing around for close to 50 years, you can’t recapture for the audience base who can afford to attend that,” says Barnes. “Sadly, I think it’s unlikely that larger productions. Part of this may be due to smaller theatre groups like Catalyst will thrive the difference in ticket prices (with ArtsClub without their help.” shows starting at $29 a ticket, and Playhouse Holding out hope shows at $33 for previews,) but the ArtsClub is still much larger than the Playhouse, with three Despite all the doom and gloom surrounding theatres and a touring company , and has seen this loss, there is still a place for optimism. “The consistent growth. Quoted in the Vancouver Sun loss of the Playhouse doesn’t mean theatre in recently, executive director Howard Jang says, Vancouver’s about to go down,” says Vancouver “Even during the economic downturn we found Professional Theatre Alliance Executive Direcour donations had increased, so our funding is tor Eleanor Stacey in the Vancouver Sun. Harristable. It’s a tough game out there, but we’re doing son also thinks there is “potential for something very well.” good to come out of” this tragedy. The ArtsClub’s Yet he admits that part of the reason the strength, for example, is proof that there is still ArtsClub has seen such success is because they a hunger for theatre in Vancouver: “I’m grateful,” depend more heavily on mainstream types of says Barnes, “that their roots dig deeper and that theatre compared to the Playhouse: “We are see- they’re maybe going to be around longer.” ing our mainstay shows doing very well,” Jang As Stephen Atkins puts it so beautifully: “You says. “Where we find challenges are in the more have to be an optimist to be an artist. Resistance difficult works that are not so well-known.” creates creativity. Things like the lack of theatre Those “not-so-well-known” works are pre- space, the lack of funding, should only fuel what cisely the kind that the Playhouse has a history drives an artist to create. We should be able to of producing, and especially with new works create under the direst of circumstances. In (the likes of Morris Panych in his earlier days, as countries that have been ravaged by wars, it’s well as original shows already mentioned). Fur- usually arts and people’s ability to create that thermore, one need only compare some of the pulls them through.”

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// Illustrations by Alexandra Gordeyeva

Barnes says she was always most amazed by “the variety and surprise of [Playhouse] Productions.” Furthermore, the Playhouse has been, as reported in the Globe and Mail, a “training ground and showcase” for such theatre artists such as the now widely-renowned playwright Morris Panych. On a smaller scale, many companies in and around Vancouver, and throughout B.C., have depended on the Playhouse’s extensive nonmonetary resources to bring their own shows to life, including a five-decade stock of props, costumes, and set pieces that were often rented by other theatres. Costume Designer Nancy Bryant is quoted in the Globe and Mail saying, “It’s a resource that every theatre in this province uses. I do a lot of period shows, and without the resource of these costumes, I can’t do them.” The Playhouse also loaned out rehearsal space to other companies, which Harrison identified as “one of the hardest things to find when you’re putting on a show.” The loss of the Playhouse will affect theatre throughout the province and across the country, and as Barnes says, “the arts have been snubbed once again.”

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THE IMPORTANCE OF ENTITLEMENT AND PRESERVATION Development of Musqueam burial grounds raises concern and so they also have power over those sorts of archaeological sites.” // writer The Land Title Act registry keeps official legal he Musqueam Indian Band resides record as well as private property ownership primarily on the Musqueam Indian details. Originally, the plan was to remove the Reserve, by the mouth of the Fraser River, remains of the site so as to continue the archaejust south of Marine Drive. A specific property ological investigation. However, the Musqueam near this area, but not located on the reserve, is representation desires the site to be left as is and known as the Marpole Midden. It is known to ar- to work alongside the city and provincial governchaeologists all over Vancouver as an important ments to reach a compromise. heritage site. TABLE TALKS However, this past January, Lan-Pro Holdings was given a permit to examine the land for fur- All parties – the provincial government, the dether development, and discovered during their velopers, the City of Vancouver, and Musqueam investigation (conducted by Stantec), intact representatives – have met together now for sevburial remains. This discovery generated a lot of eral meetings, and parties have appeared willing conversation and controversy about entitlement to reach consensus via the talks. So far, they have and preservation from the Musqueam Band. had success reaching compromises on stop work The permits were issued, in spite of archaeo- orders for the construction site; in addition, the logical knowledge about the historical impor- Musqueam protesters have agreed to not protest tance of the site, because of obvious previous at the site anymore. disturbance of the land in question. There was “The meetings [have been] successful in the also known development on the site since af- sense that all the parties agreed to pause the digter it was uinhabited by First Nations. Brennan ging on the site and look at possible solutions Clarke, from the Ministry of Forests, Lands, and that would protect the site, while at the same Natural Resource Operations explains, “This site time recognizing the investments of the owners has seen significant disturbance over the years – and property builders … What that lead to was the majority has been heavily disturbed. This site the agreement between Musqueam [represenwas settled in 1880s and has been redeveloped tatives] and the developers to look at options several times: in 1889, 1892 ,and 1995.” and possible solutions in the next three weeks,” The attempted development generated says Wilson. enough frustration to warrant a protest, which At the core of the protest was the issuing of the occurred on Mar. 12. Approximately 40 people permits that allowed development to be considshowed up at the site to prevent further dam- ered from the beginning. The body of governage or displacement of the remains. There are ment that administers the B.C. Heritage Act is many bureaucratic issues surrounding the also the body that administered the permits to land, however. possibly develop the land. “The federal government doesn’t have juris“What happens is the archaeology branch diction over those lands,” says Aaron Wilson, a administers the B.C. Heritage Conservation Act, spokesperson for the protestors. “Neither does so what that act does is it, by default, protects the city … because the B.C. government has a site like the village site. What the archaeolpower over property under the Land Title Act, ogy branch can do is they can issue permits for archaeological investigation and alteration … So what they did, is they issued these permits to the developer to hire archaeologists to go in and investigate the site, but in the process of investigating, they came across this intact burial,” he adds. It’s not just the issuing of the permits, however, that has members of the Musqueam band protesting the site’s development. It’s the action towards the remains themselves. He explains, “What sparked us community members to go down there and to try and protect the burial was that we heard that these archaeologists were going to go in and essentially remove the burial. Because they were saying, 'We need to carry on with our investigation into this site because there needs to be an investigation prior to development.’ So, we wanted to make sure that in the course of this investigation that those remains weren’t affected in any way. To us it’s a clear, clear no-brainer. It’s a historical site, recognized by the federal government since the 1930s.” By Katherine Alpen

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government had ever attempted to enforce the Act, and the trial is still ongoing. The site on the Marpole Midden has been protected for 80 years, but more importantly, has been occupied by First Nations people for approximately 4,000 years. It has only been in the last century that the earth around the site has been altered and disturbed numerous times, though no remains were uncovered. Though the site is known archaeologically, the permits given out originally (those separate from those of the Ministry) came from the city, a body of governance not responsible for archaeological upkeep or representation. “During their archaeological investigation [they] came across intact burials. For us, that reinforced our position that there is a lot there worth protecting,” explains Wilson. SO MANY PERMITS

Although the issue isn’t theirs alone, Wendy Stewart from the City of Vancouver’s Corporate Communications office shed some light on the city’s role in the issue. “The city has a role to play, but the issues aren’t ours … that is, we give out permits for work to take place, but the issue on the site is the concerns around the burial ground and that is an issue for the provincial government. We issue permits within our regulations within the city of the Vancouver charter. The province of B.C., through the ministry of forests and resources … they have oversight of the legislation around the archaeological pieces.” She confirmed that permits are given out without foreknowledge of archaeological territory, as this falls later onto provincial jurisdiction: “The permits that we issue here in the city say that they have to comply with all regulations, so if someone’s digging something and they find an archaeological kind of thing, then they have to follow provincial laws. We don’t have say over archaeology in Vancouver.” A site development permit, as defined by HERITAGE CONSERVATION the Archaeology Department’s website is: “a In 2003, on South Pender Island, an ancient permit required to undertake development Coast Salish village and burial ground were activities within the boundaries of a recorded destroyed by Poet’s Cove Resort owners and archaeological site.” developers. In 2005, the developer was charged The Ministry of Forests, Lands, and Natural for violating the 1996 Heritage Conservation Resource Operations is the department of the Act. This was the first time that the provincial government in charge of issuing these permits

// Illustrations by Katie So for land alteration, which are different than the permits distributed by the city. A press release from the Ministry of Forests, Land, and Natural Resources stated that “the province issued two permits for the project on Marpole Midden, both on Dec. 19, 2011. [The first was] a site alteration permit to Lan-Pro Holdings and Stantec, the archaeology consultant, and [the second was] a heritage investigation permit to Stantec. The city issued a development permit prior to the province issuing its permits.” According to the Ministry’s press release, this past January was not the only time the Musqueam band had been considered in the planning: “In December 2008, the Province sent the draft management plan to the Musqueam Indian Band for comment, but did not receive any response from the Musqueam until the current permit application was referred to them.” HOW TO PROCEED Concerning the previous damage to the land, Brennan Clarke, a public affairs officer for the Ministry, was confident on the Ministry’s stance. “This proposed site management plan would preserve half the site in perpetuity while still allowing for reasonable development of the site,” he says. The Ministry has also expressed that there is no reason to fear the damaging of the historical site: “The Archaeology Branch is satisfied that the proposed site management plan balances the condition of the site (heavily disturbed) with the interests of the private land owner. The Province is [also] following the appropriate archaeological methodologies to preserve remains at the site.” Wilson as well is hopeful and determined. He suggests that more than just Musqueam community members get involved as well. He points out that people could write letters to Minister Steve Thompson, who is the cabinet minister of the Forest, Land, and Natural Resources Department, which runs the archaeology branch that administers the B.C. Conservation Act. “It’s my hope that they’re actually trying to help at this point,” he says. “I think that what happened in this situation was wrong and it’s my hope that if the negotiations go forward and everyone works together … the parties can find a solution that benefits everyone. Then we can look forward instead of looking backwards.”


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ALL WE ARE IS THE STUFF OF STARS The changing face of space By Mike Bastien // Humour and Fiction Editor

Space Oddity There have been many events throughout history that have fueled space exploration. It began during World War II when German scientists successfully launched a V2 rocket into space. During the Cold War, American and Russian scientists were competing against each other to prove their superiority. The Americans were the first to photograph Earth from space, as well as sending the first life into space by sending fruit flies into orbit.

NASA teamed up with other country’s space programs to work on the International Space Station. The ISS is used as a laboratory, observatory, factory, and aid in future missions to the moon and Mars. NASA is currently working on a new space launch program to take astronauts farther into space. At a cost of $100 billion, some consider the ISS to be a massive failure. Fantastic Voyage In recent years, the market for space tourism, while small and exclusively available to a wealthy elite, has grown. Whether it is for leisure, recreation, or business, anyone with enough money can visit the International Space Station for a mere $35 million when booking your trip with Space Adventures. Virgin Galactic is planning on making the price a bit more affordable, at about $200,000. With the American government’s funding to space exploration being cut by 20 per cent, it might be up to billionaires such as Sir Richard Branson to pick up the slack. Already, there are

over 500 people who have put a down payment on Virgin Galactic flights, including Ashton Kutcher, and these participants will require only three days of training. Branson is confident that space tourism is safe for the young and old, even stating that one of the people who pre-purchased a flight is 90 years old. These suborbital flights will travel 109 km above the Earth at three times the speed of sound. The shuttle can take six passengers, and the journey will last two and a half hours. Virgin Galactic is planning on running a test flight later this year and will hopefully be taking passengers in 2013. “If it is a success,” Branson said in an interview with The Daily Galaxy, “we want to move into orbital flights and then, possibly, even get a hotel up there.” The draw of space tourism is obvious. Being able to see the Earth from orbit is a spectacle that few get to witness. People who have already experienced space travel have said to have returned to Earth with a heightened awareness of the nature and vulnerability of our planet.

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azing upon the night sky, we are filled with so many questions. Is there life out there? Is our planet really that small? Will I ever be able to walk on the moon? These romantic ideas are what fuels the science fiction genre and inspires people to discover the secrets of the universe. Yet after spending trillions of government dollars, it is debatable if we have really gotten anything substantial in return.

Not to be outdone, the Russians were the first to have a successful orbital launch by using Sputnik 1 and sent Yuri Gagarin into space, the first human to do so. Feeling threatened by the Soviets, the US government formed the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in 1958 with plans to do what even the Soviets hadn’t done before. On July 20, 1969, the crew of the Apollo 11 were the first humans to walk on the moon. Many people consider this event to be one of mankind’s greatest accomplishments, yet it has been argued that the $202 billion (the approximate cost of the Apollo program) could have been spent on something more progressive than bragging rights. Since its inception, NASA has continued to make contributions to space exploration. In 1990, they launched the Hubble space telescope, which has taken several beautiful pictures of the cosmos, including thousands of distant galaxies and the forming of stars, as well as determining the rate of expansion of the universe. In 1998,

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F e at u r e s Clumsy people have always been at odds with gravity, and opportunity to abandon gravity is something that a lot of people want to experience. Celebrity endorsement is also expected to help sell more seats, and might even make space travel trendy. Finally, there’s the prestige of being one of the few humans to leave the planet. Due to the significant cost, personal space flights are only really within the budget of the super rich. One of the concerns about space tourism is that while the travellers are off having fun, we are left to deal with the environmental impact caused by space crafts and space debris. According to Branson, “We’ve been working on a program that can go even farther with cleaner fuels. It could be the cleanest form of air travel there is.” Branson has also pledged the next ten years of profits (approximately $3 billion) to renewable alternatives to carbon fuels. Yet studies by NASA predict that soot emitted by rockets in the upper atmosphere could lead to significant disruption of the world’s climate, resulting in an increase in temperature and loss of ozone. Another downside to space exploration is the negative effects it has on the human body. Astronauts who are exposed to long terms of zero gravity run the risk of abnormalities in the

eyes and brain caused by pressure in the skull. Without the resistance added by gravity, muscles begin to atrophy. Since artificial gravity is still a ways off, astronauts wear suits with elastics connecting their waist band to their wrists in order to exercise while performing their tasks. Another issue is deterioration of the skeleton, although scientists are experimenting with vibration therapy to promote bone growth. Starman With these environmental concerns in particular, companies have been looking into alternative ways to get into space without costing the planet. The Japanese company Obayashi Corp. have unveiled plans to build a space elevator by 2050. The elevator would consist of a spaceport floating on the ocean by the equator, and attached to the space port would be a 96,000 km tether made out of carbon nanotubes. At the other end, there would be a space station functioning as a counterweight. An enclosure known as a “climber” that could house 30 people would travel along the tether at 200 km an hour, arriving at the space station in a week. The entire elevator and space station would be powered by solar panels located at a terminal station at the 36,000 km mark. The space station could function as both a space hotel as well as a laboratory.

The elevator could also provide more practical uses. By sending materials up the elevator, companies will no longer have to use large rockets that are harmful to the environment. Philip Ragan, co-author of the book Leaving the Planet by Space Elevator, states in the book, “The first country to deploy a space elevator will have a 95 per cent cost advantage and could potentially control all space activities.” Conventional rocket designs cost over $11,000 per pound to transfer objects such as satellites for TV and radio to geostationary orbit. By using the space elevator, this cost can be reduced to around $100 per pound. If a second elevator was built, then the two terminal stations could be connected by a solar ring and provide a large amount of renewable energy to Earth. Large shipments could be transported by sending the shipment up an elevator, then transport it between the two elevators by space shuttle. This process is also much more fuel efficient than using a giant merchant vessel. “At this moment, we cannot estimate the cost for the project,” an Obayashi official said. “However, we’ll try to make steady progress so that it won’t end just up as simply a dream.” But why stop there? Space elevators could just be a stepping stone towards space colonization. With Earth’s population reaching its limits,

it might be feasible for humans to move into space. Stephen Hawking believes that in order for humankind to survive, we must become a multi-planet species. A possibility would be to construct giant space colonies within Earth’s Lagrangian points. One of the possible colony designs is the O’Neill cylinder, also known as an Island Three habitat. The colony would consist of two counterrotating cylinders, each 8 km in diameter and 32 km long, connected at each end by a rod via a bearing system. The cylinders would rotate, causing artificial gravity through centrifugal force. It would be possible to create an artificial atmosphere to protect the inhabitants from radiation. Large mirrors would be hinged at the back of each window with the unhinged edge of the windows pointing toward the Sun. The purpose of these mirrors is to reflect sunlight into the cylinders through the windows. Night is simulated by opening the mirrors, letting the window view empty space; this also allows heat to radiate to space. During the day, the reflected sun appears to move as the mirrors move, creating a natural progression of sun angles. In order to build such a massive structure, asteroids would have to be mined, creating a whole new industry. The logical next step would be to establish a habitat on the moon, which would evolve into colonizing Mars.

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Under Pressure

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On Jul. 8, 2011, NASA launched its last space shuttle, and the International Space Station is planned to be burned up in the atmosphere by 2020. As fewer and fewer are investing in space exploration due to the current economical recession, space is slowly becoming “that place where we send our GPS satellites” and Mars colonization is nothing more than a wideeyed dream. However, that’s not particularly a bad thing. As previously mentioned, hundreds of billions of dollars have been sent into the void. Nobel Prize-winner Richard Feynman believed that space travel has never achieved any major scientific breakthroughs. It has been suggested that instead of pictures of red rocks on Mars, the humans of Earth would much rather have better health care, homeless shelters, and similar social services. Potentially, science could have evolved so much more already if we instead had invested those billions into medicine. Gerard DeGroot, author of Dark Side of the Moon: The Magnificent Madness of the American Lunar Quest gave his down-to-earth opinion in an article for The Telegraph: “The time has come to pull the plug on meaningless gestures in space. An expensive mission to the moon (especially at a time of global recession) seems like lunacy when terrestrial frontiers such as disease, starvation, and drought cry out for cash. Furthermore, expensive space missions add credence to fundamentalist allegations about American spiritual vacuity.” It is impossible to determine the cost/ benefits of future space travel. Space elevators seem to be the first step to distant worlds, but we won’t see one for at least another least 40 years. Until then it seems like the only activity in space will be commercial flights for the wealthy. Unfortunately, reality is stronger than gravity, and without any urgent need to go into space, governments are investing their citizens’ tax dollars into other priorities. With so many problems on earth, space travel has become a low priority in the public eye. However there are still a few people out there who willing to devote their lives to unraveling the secrets of the universe, because they know that the sky is no longer the limit.


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EDIT OR // Cl aire Vul l iamy // arts @ c api l ano c o uri e r. c o m

Hello, Dolly! Goodbye, Capilano

Arts Sh ort s

Cap U theatre students prepare for final show By Victoria Fawkes // staff writer

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WHITE RABBITS March 23 at The Biltmore Cabaret New York City, well known for their dime-adozen indie rock acts, really has something to be proud of in White Rabbits. Fresh off the release of their third disc Milk Famous, the group had plenty of material to draw from, and their set didn’t halt from high-octane musicality for a moment. The Brooklyn-based sextet brought a heaping supply of stage presence, with several drum kits, an upright piano, and at least half the band members demonstrating impressive pipes. In fact, the dueling percussionists and pair of vocalists (Greg Roberts and Stephen Patterson, whose juxtaposed octaves cover all bases) lend the outfit well to the road-welltravelled pop tradition, even adding their own spin during their best moments. A sinister side lurks deep-rooted in Rabbits’ motif: hidden beneath the boisterous pop-rock gems are some majorly dark notes, in the vein of ‘80s gloom-rockers like Bauhaus or Joy Division.  On “Percussion Gun”, the ensemble chants like a bell choir, while the piano plunks away in a half-developed manner as if it’s being cut off by second thoughts. With Roberts and Patterson trading off the microphone every couple of songs, the rest of the group also participated in a haphazard cacophony of musical chairs. The juggling-around just adds to the group’s showmanship, however, particularly with the band packed in tightly to the edges of the Biltmore’s small stage. BAHAMAS March 27 at The Biltmore Cabaret

// Stefan Tosheff ing us for after, so it’s not so much of ‘school to music programs, a cast of Capilano’s best and real world’ than it’s more of a smooth transition,” brightest senior musical theatre students, and he says. a timeless story of love and humour, this is one The play promises to be chock-full of well- show sure to be worth checking out. loved musical theatre numbers such as “Put On Your Sunday Clothes”, “Ribbons Down My Back”, The play will run from Mar. 29–31 and Apr. 5–7 “Before the Parade Passes By”, “Elegance”, and, of at 8pm, Apr. 1 and 7 at 2pm, and Apr. 4 at noon. course, the title ballad, “Hello, Dolly!” With a live Tickets are $22 for adults, $14 for students and pit orchestra featuring members from Capilano’s seniors, and $8 for children.

Toronto's Afie Jurvanen, better known by his moniker Bahamas, is certainly well on his way to something big here. This notably sold-out performance at The Biltmore brought out a solid mix of devout fans and curious new ones. His music is sharply accessible, working the guyon-guitar schtick out of the Jack Johnson cookie cutter and adding in just a few new elements to take himself halfway out of the surfer mold. After years of performing with Feist, Jurvanen has made a name for himself, especially with his recent sophomore release Barchords. He has an interesting batch of tunes that lend themselves well to a live set, complete with soul-gospel backup singers doo-wopping their way through his songs. On the slow-paced "Never Again", the Biltmore momentarily stopped their beer clinking while Jurvanen led his band through an extended guitar solo on his Fender Strat (which his first album was actually named after) before a heavy-breathing montage of "woah, oh, oh"s that went on for several minutes. Continuing on his crowd pleasing antics, the group pulled out a simplified kick-drum and harmonica version of Tom Petty's "You Don't Know How It Feels" which led the entire room into a sing-along, with Jurvanen himself performing chin-ups on-stage. By JJ Brewis // Art Director

the capilano courier | vol. 45 issue 23

oney is like manure. It’s not worth a thing unless it’s spread about, encouraging young things to grow.” This is just one piece of wisdom from the immense repertoire of Dolly Gallagher Levi, the title character of the classic musical Hello, Dolly!, a production of which is soon to grace the stage of the Birch Theatre, put on by Capilano’s own musical theatre department. Hello, Dolly! was one of the most iconic blockbuster musicals of the era it debuted in (late 1960s), with the film version starring a young Barbra Streisand in the lead role. It was given lyrics and music by Jerry Hermann, with the story being based on a 1955 play entitled The Matchmaker by Thorton Wilder. It follows Dolly the matchmaker as she travels around turn-of-the-century New York, bringing couples together and leaving hilarity and romance in her wake. The Capilano University presentation includes an all-star class of senior Capilano University musical theatre students and promises to retain its original appeal while adding the kind of charm that the drama program is famous for. “It’s about a woman who loses her husband and finally finds her way back into living again,” explains Gillian Barber, the director of Hello, Dolly! Barber has seen and taken part in the enormous amount of work that has gone into the play: “We started rehearsal at the beginning of February, and it takes a good seven weeks to learn all of the music, learn all of the dancing, and learn all of the lines and the blocking, all to get to this point … It’s a lot of time and a lot of love, because it’s not a lot of money, and a lot of effort from everybody in the crew, and the actors rehearse every night,” says Barber. Barber also explains that the play is the work of many students in different fields, not just the acting students. “The tech department, the acting department, the musical department, the costume department, and the arts and entertainment management department all take part. So it’s a real collegial relationship between a lot of departments.” The last of the Capilano University theatre company’s four yearly productions, Hello, Dolly! will be the final play put on by Capilano University’s theatre students, many who are set to graduate. Steffanie Davis, who has been acting since she was eight years old, plays the lead role of Dolly Gallagher Levi and deeply values the chance to play such an important role: “It’s been such a good opportunity. I love this musical; the music; the costumes.” She has also gotten a lot out of the education that Capilano University has provided, and is eager to get out in the real world of acting: “It’s a little bit frightening, but it’s been such a good experience, and the training here is great,” she says. Paul Almeda, who plays the male lead of Horace Vandergelder, agrees with Davis that they are well-prepared by the Capilano theatre program. “They do a great job, I think, of prepar-

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Arts

Worlds Collide Gaming’s most prestigious franchise makes sweet, sweet music By Gurpreet Kambo // News editor

the capilano courier | vol. 45 issue 23

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he Legend of Zelda is one of video gaming’s oldest, most famous, and most prestigious series. Its sense of exploration and adventure, epic storylines, and majestic musical scores ensure it a place in many gamers’ hearts. Shigeru Miyamoto, known as the Spielberg of video games due to his monumental influence on the form, created the Zelda series as an homage to the days of his childhood when he would explore the vast caves and fields of his hometown, bringing with him only the imagination of a child and a sense of adventure. The game itself was technically innovative, in many ways, especially in that other games of its time were single-screen affairs, while Zelda scrolled in any direction with a top-down viewpoint. This allowed Miyamoto to design enormous worlds resembling the ones that he explored as a child. The game was so vast that Nintendo feared gamers would get lost, seeing it fit to pack a map in with retail copies of the game. The game’s pedigree is such now that it has spawned a concert tour called The Legend of Zelda: Symphony of the Goddesses to feature its much-beloved musical scores. The concert is organized by several lifelong Zelda fans, including producer Jerod Moore, Jason Michael Paul, and musical director Chad Seiter.   Paul, who used to be a production manager with Luciano Pavarotti, might be considered a pioneer in the area of video game concerts. The genesis of the Zelda project was out of previous musical projects:  “I’ve done video game music concerts before … I did the first ever video game music concert in 2004 with Final Fantasy,” says Paul. He also did PLAY! A Video Game Symphony, presented in Vancouver by the Vancouver Symphony Orchestra in 2010, a concert that played music from many different video game franchises. The current Symphony of the Goddesses tour originated when Paul helped Nintendo celebrate Zelda’s 25th anniversary.     Of course these projects are not the only adaptations of video game music around. One of the biggest names in the video game music world is musician Tommy Tallarico, who has composed for more than 250 games, and who, incidentally is Aerosmith singer Steven Tyler’s cousin.   According to an interview in the Seattle Times, he started the “Video Games Live” concert series partly to bring greater attention and respectability to an overlooked art form – and this starts with the disapproving parents: "They say, 'I get it now. Now I understand why my kids are into video games. Thanks for opening my eyes,'" he said of parents reacting to his work. "That's the greatest payoff." The Vancouver date of the Symphony of the Goddesses tour happened on Mar. 14 at the Orpheum. It was a packed event, which seemed to attract many people who might not typically attend symphonies. Some were dressed formally; however, many saw it fit to dress a little more appropriately – in Zelda costumes. They might have been disappointed to see that the Zelda merchandise at the event was noticeably limited, featuring a $25 dollar t-shirt and a $15 poster, but no soundtrack.

Visually, the stage held about 50 musicians and in the background, there was a large screen which displayed the appropriate images for each song. The images spanned the whole franchise, although the latest game, Skyward Sword, was absent, despite the fact that its score was actually composed with an orchestra. The songs of Zelda are well-suited to a public performance of this form. The music of Zelda has always had a level of depth and varying dynamics occurring simultaneously that permits the musicians to show the different undercurrents and layers in it.  In this way, the familiar themes can be punctuated with emotion; the highs and lows that occur when experiencing such an epic. One could tell, for example, when they played a particular section with the heroic and iconic main Zelda theme with an undercurrent of fear and tension that this particular piece of music occurred during a tense or climactic part of the game. The concert ended with several much-appreciated encores. Surely many were disappointed at first that the popular Gerudo Valley theme was not played; however, to the crowd’s delight, it made it into the show as one of the encores.   Clearly the crowd loved it, and why not? In a world where music permeates everything, there’s nothing unusual about being introduced to live orchestral music through a popular video game, or finding value in video games through their music.

// Mike Bastien


A r ts

Art may save us Downstream Project aims to change the way we interact with water By Alexandra Thompson // writer

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flexibility with poetry,” and that he tries to capture the attention of a vast audience by using science to introduce his theories on water, as well as the wisdom and knowledge that he has obtained from Indigenous elders to show that water has a spiritual side to it. “I don’t care if people aren’t buying my books now, I’m writing for two or three generations down the road, for those who will have very little time to think about how to solve the world’s problems,” he says, matter-of-factly. “My people will sleep for one hundred years, but when they awake, it will be the artists who give them their spirit back,” says Jeff Bear in the same vein, quoting Louis Riel. The artists are the “unpaid civil servants,” as he puts it, “we aren’t getting paid for our work here.” Since the first cave drawing, nature has inspired art. The artists of the Downstream project are using their works to remind the masses that nature is what keeps us alive, and that we must not “take it for granted,” says Wong. Water keeps flowing, keeps moving forward, forever changing. The Downstream project also keeps “morphing,” as do those who donate their time and art. “It’s evolving and ongoing,” Wong says. “Art and culture are really important in terms of raising awareness of the problems that we face, but also encouraging resilience and creative thinking and creative solutions,” says Wong. Through her work, she hopes to “encourage people to be more conscious of water, to educate them-

// JJ Brewis selves in where it comes from, and where it goes.” For more information, go to http://downstream. ecuad.ca/

Have a Good Friday, a Really Good Friday What better way to spend Good Friday in Vancouver than to go see what talent Capilano has to offer? Arts and Entertainment Management students, Shawn Patrick Flanagan-Fortin and Liam Danger Park, are producing “Really Good Friday” at the St. James Community Hall on Apr. 6. The bands in the line-up include Community Trees, In Contra, The Knots, and Aida. Both Shawn and Liam are wrapping up their first year in the Arts and Entertainment Management (AEM) program, and to gain experience working in the industry, they have put together this event from scratch. This is the first time the students have independently produced a show, and the bar is definitely to be set high. All the profits made from the show will be donated to the Joanne Telfer Memorial Award, created in honor of Joanne Telfer, a late instructor of the AEM program. The award is set up to support students in the AEM program who are going through a career transition. All the bands performing at this event have members who are either attending or have attended Capilano University. Community Trees are an alternative folk band based out of Port Coquitlam. The Knots formed in 2009, and released their first EP in June 2011. They describe their sound as “edgy vocals, soulful guitar, and a driving beat that is enjoyed by a wide spectrum of audiences.” Event organizer Shawn will also be hitting the stage with his own band In Contra. The band has been together since late 2004, and nearly eight years later, all the original members are still together. Their music covers a lot of ground, according to their description, “from spirited and upbeat to grungy and ominous.” Really Good Friday will be Aida’s debut live performance. Really Good Friday is happening Apr. 6 at the St. James Community Hall in Kitsilano. Doors open at 7:30pm, and the music will start at 8pm and go until 11:30pm. Tickets will be $15 at the door. This will be an all-ages event, and anyone who is 19+ with ID will get a wristband allowing them to purchase really good drinks to go along with the really good music that evening. By Christina Blakeborough // Writer

the capilano courier | vol. 45 issue 23

he power to heal, the power to kill. Oh, which will it be?” asks a performing artist and writer, Michael Blackstock, in his poem titled Blue Ecology, about water. On Mar. 22, Blackstock read from his poem as part of the “Downstream: Reimagining Water” project. The project was a series of performances, art exhibitions, readings, and film screenings that explore our intimate relationship with water. Supported by Emily Carr University, Downstream kicked off on Mar. 6 at the Concourse Gallery and finished with a roaring round of applause Mar. 22. There are constant predictions of future wars over water, but Rita Wong, the project coordinator, believes that “water can be a path to peace … whether people imagine water as a commodity to be sold and bought by only those who can afford it, or as a human right, or as a life-giving force, or as a commons that connects us to all forms of life – people, animals, plants who also rely on the water that we do – [water] has a major impact on the kinds of societies, communities and futures that we build towards.” The project began as a response to Dorothy Christian, a writer and video artist who is part of the Okanagan-Secwepemc Nations in B.C.’s interior, as well as Denise Nadeau, interim director of the Interfaith Summer Institute for Justice, Peace & Social Movements. Both women held great concerns about the many threats to the world’s water. Christian and Nadeau organized a public forum called “Protect our Sacred Waters”, gathering people from many different traditions to voice their ideas and knowledge on the “Sacredness of Water.” Rita Wong was unable to attend the event, but was keen on the initiative. She found out that “nobody Chinese showed up, so [I] kind of felt like [I] wanted to take that on, that [my] community wasn’t dealing with those questions well enough,” she explained. Rita Wong decided to “address a gap that should not have existed,” as she tells 12th grade student Rachel Shin in an interview on Open Book Toronto. Wong has worked with people in a range of different fields for the Downstream project, from artists and environmentalists, to Indigenous elders, each with their own unique insight on water, this substance that “shapes and changes us.” Wong says that she “likes to do her bit to help build a cultural shift, one that really values our watersheds, and understands how important they are to our lives.” Downstream is about bringing forth an environmental awareness on a global scale, but more importantly, to make us aware of what’s “within us,” she explains. The project weaves conventional Western thought with the traditions of Indigenous elders. One of the presenters, Jeff Bear of the Maliseet nation, is an award-winning producer, writer, and director of independent documentaries. He remarked that “the pursuit of an Indigenous voice is embodied in all of [the artists’] work.” Michael Blackstock agrees. He uses his paintings, carvings, and poetry as a form of storytelling. In discussion of his most recent work, Blue Ecology, the unifying potential of water, Blackstock emphasizes that there is “so much

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co l u m n s

EDIT ORS // Col in spensl ey // c o l umns . c apc o uri e r@ gmai l . c o m

Love, awkwardly

Episode VI: Fucking within the family

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magine my surprise last week when I showed up to meet two friends outside The Astoria, and saw them making out in line. Turns out they’re actually dating – which initially came as a surprise, but seemed so obvious later on. It appears that everyone in my social sphere is slowly checking each other off their own “to do” lists. In a weird way, it almost makes sense to give people within your inner realm a proverbial “walk around the block”. They’re the people you know best; you’re already emotionally intimate with them; and you know you have important things, like sense of humour, personal interests, and values, in common. I’ve discovered this is actually quite a common habit among social circles. Among my friends, I’m a bit of what you may call the odd man out. While many gay men tend to

// Lydia Fu stick to their own, fucking their way through their own friends, I’ve made this increasingly difficult by surrounding myself with straight men and women as my closest pals. If humans are creatures of habit and routine, this has become my destiny. It was the same in high school: my small clique, all fucking their way through the friend group, their awkward teenage bodies satisfied at the number of growing ‘lays’. But it was the early 2000s, and I lived in a small jock town. The chances of me finding another gay man were infinitely small, and when my friends drew out a Mean Girls-esque map of “who’s screwed who”, I was the one name without any lines connecting me to anyone else. At the time, I was ashamed of my late-teenage virginity, but it eventually became something that made me unique and different from my friends.

I suppose now, nearly a decade later, I’m repeating history by associating in the same type of social situation. I’ve always had the best stories among my friends, though: as the only one who has to date outside the group, I can provide personal stories to them which, uniquely, don’t involve someone they already know; someone who would be hurt if their name was involved. That is to say, that was the situation until last summer, when all of those values and assets came crashing down. It was a particularly hazy Friday night. I ended up staying downtown drinking with some friends quite late. Living in New West, I’ve learned the skill of timing transit properly, especially for late nights. Clearly, the alcohol fogged my count, and by the time I walked to Granville Station, I was greeted by a big metal gate telling me I was going to have to find another way home. My choices were either a $50 cab ride, or crashing on a friend’s couch. I tried every person I knew, and of course my phone was on low battery. Given that it was so late, many of my friends were already asleep. Just as I was about to get into a cab, my friend Henry returned my call, on his way home with his roommates after his own drunken night at the Legion. I told him I had to work in the morning, and he told me I should just crash at his place. When I arrived, he was just getting home, equally intoxicated as I was. We had been spending some time together over the past couple months since he and my friend Karen had broken up – watching movies, smoking weed, making stirfries. I had stayed over at his place before without event, but perhaps the inclusion of alcohol and high emotions made for a sparked interest. “Is it bad that I want to make out with you?” he asked. And, like that, it just escalated faster than I realized what had happened. Suffice to say, it’s most gay men’s fantasy to sleep with a straight dude, and although we did not go all the way, it undoubtedly was one of the better sexual experiences I’ve had. I remember a few times the two of us breaking out into full laughter mid-kiss and then returning to what we were doing. Definitely bizarre, but for some reason, in that situation, it

With JJ Brewis // Columnist

was exactly what both of us needed. Maybe it was the alcohol, but I think after that experience, I understood why my friends all had a penchant for hooking up with each other. The intimacy we’d built as friends was only heightened in a physical context. Waking up holding one of your best guy friends’ hand is a definite cross-section between adorable and “what the fuck?” Little did I know that once you enter the realm of “fucking within the family,” an entire vault of emotional disruption is opened, not only for yourself, but for everyone in your circle. I made the terrible mistake of confiding my drunken hookup to a few friends who I felt particularly close with. In a muddle of confusion and aftershock, I outlined the details of the night prior over drinks with two friends. Their immediate reaction was shock and laughter, which soon shifted to a lot of questions, most of which I really didn’t even have an answer for. I also briefly mistook the physical attention for a full-blown crush, one that lasted less than 48 hours, thank Gaga. With my brain melting over the whole situation, I called Henry to talk it over. We sat outside an elementary school in pouring rain, drinking coffee, discussing what it all meant. He told me how he didn’t regret a thing, and was happy that his first (and probably only) gay experience was with someone he trusted so much. Unfortunately, the friends I’d confided in eventually found a flaw in the unfolding of the events. Feeling guilty, they essentially faced me with an ultimatum of telling Karen. It’s a chapter of my social life that would easily find a home in the writing of Gossip Girl or a similar soap opera drama. Let’s just say things were never the same again between Henry and I – you really can’t go back and ignore the events, and one night really can change so many things. As soon as you verge into sex with friends, there’s no looking back. Drama haunts, enemies are formed, awkward silences lurk. Sometimes it’s hard to say what’s worth it and what’s not. I mean, really, all this for sucking a dick?

IT’s business time!

the capilano courier | vol. 45 issue 23

Six things I learnt at business school

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lmost five years ago, I stepped into the Birch building with books in my hands and a knot in my stomach. Much has happened since that first day of business school, and I have learned some, forgotten more, and almost completed my degree. As graduation draws near, I’ve been reflecting on the lessons that I’ve learned that were never tested for; the implicit learning that comes from seeing the big picture and reading between the lines. Mind you, everyone leaves school with a different interpretation of what has happened, but this is what I learnt from the time I spent in business school: Get Good Marks To Have a Good Schedule: Let’s face it: the short term is much more motivating then the long term. That’s why, when you trying to convince yourself to study instead of going on Reddit, think of how crappy your schedule will

be next term if you get straight C’s. Capilano sets your registration time by your previous semester’s GPA, and therefore, if you have a low GPA, you’ll have to scrape the bottom of the bucket to get into any classes. Unless you enjoy having an eight hour gap between your Monday classes, you need a high GPA. This is especially important these days, as enrollment is up and the number of classes offered doesn’t seem to be keeping pace. I know students who have had their four-year program turn into a five-year program because they couldn’t get into the required classes. Most 300- and 400-level classes are offered in smaller quantities than 100- and 200-level courses, so if you come out of your second year with a 2.0 GPA, don’t expect to get into the required courses. Also, don’t assume that summer school will save you, because they offer barely any 300- and 400-level courses during this time.

Understand HR And The Selection Process To Double Your Chances of Landing A Job: For BBA students, an introductory human resources class is necessary for graduation. Even if you don’t want to specialize in HR, there’s still a lot that you can get out of this class. Human resources people are the gatekeepers to an organization – if you understand how they think, you can play the system to get your resume to the top of the pile. By understanding what recruiters are asking for, you can tailor your resume to meet those requirements - all this information can be found in the job descriptions. Even if you’re less qualified than other applicants, if you understand HR, you can make up for that inexperience. Get Experience While You’re In School: When people graduate from school, they are generally on an equal level of employability. On a resume, a degree is a degree, and your marks matter, but

With Jeff Maertz // Columnist

not a whole lot. You need a way to differentiate yourself from the crowd, and the best way to do that is to get some kind of relevant experience outside of school. The people that I know who have had trouble finding a job immediately post-graduation are the ones with little work experience or irrelevant experience (e.g. retail experience when applying for a finance job). In addition to being essential for resumes and interviews, working or volunteering is a great chance to network and meet people who could be your ticket to a great job. So be strategic about what you do during summer break, and if you have the energy, do some volunteering when you are taking classes. Besides, in the short-term, the volunteering experience will also help you get those sought-after scholarships! Continued on next page …


C o lu mn s Keepin’ it reel

It’s a small world

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hen you think of movies, what do you think about? If you said Star Wars, car chases, or Marilyn Monroe, you’re right. If you said anything else at all, you’re also right, the point being that the most important global icons of cinema are all products of Hollywood – the major source of American film, and ruler of the global scene. It’s always been that way, too. Though it was the Lumière Brothers of France who first made moving pictures projectable in 1895, it wasn’t long before the liberal intelligentsia of the United States commoditized and commercialized it into an entirely new stratosphere. Even beyond dollars and cents, American cinema has been responsible for some of the most innovative and bold statements ever made on celluloid. Today, it remains the world’s foremost cinematic authority, but it’s far from the only one. As a matter of fact, it’s only the third-largest producer of films, after India and Nigeria. Cinema’s voice is a very global one, and there is a world of fantastic and immersive film. It’s often the case that a country’s artistic output is a concise reflection of their cultural being. Consider some of today’s most important international cinematic contributors, both established in decades of powerful expression and emerging with colorful significance in the contemporary world.

With Jonty Davies // Columnist

Pre-Akira Kurosawa and Post-Akira Kurosawa. Kurosawa was a filmmaker and without question the most important filmmaker in the nation’s history. His international influence is widely acknowledged and works like Rashomon (1950) and Seven Samurai (1954) are considered genre-transcending masterpieces. He took stylistic inspiration from the grand images of Golden Age Hollywood and dynamically infused it with fantastical conceptualization, philosophical musings, and samurai. Post-Kurosawa, the world of Japan is a psychedelic candy-land of Yakuza and schoolgirl lovers. It's electric and kinetic, and although there are great pictures, like the teenage blood sport of Battle Royale (2000), there are few directors who have a command of the effect quite like the ultra-prolific Takashi Miike. With films like DOA: Hanzaisha (1999) and Ichi the Killer (2001), Miike transforms Tokyo into the vibrant vision we imagine. Germany – German cinema is just about as innovative and diverse as the nation’s own history. After Germany was defeated in WWI, devastating terms were laid out in the Treaty of Versailles that put the German economy in a stranglehold of rapid inflation. What this meant for filmmakers is that they could borrow the money necessary to make a film and pay it back at a ludicrously devalued rate a little while later. This resulted in an industry boom and some of history’s most visionary cinema, all of it standing on the parameters of one term: expressionism. German expressionism was a heavily stylistic world that dealt with darkness on a very intellectual and atmospheric level. Some of its most important results were the vampire classic Nosferatu (1922) and the dystopian masterpiece of radicalism and futuristic revolution that is Fritz Lang’s Metropolis (1927). Once the Nazi Party came to dominate Germany, their cinematic vision reigned supreme. Goebbles had high faith in the power of cinema and he intended to use it as a powerful tool of unification. Many high quality pictures were produced under the party’s influence, but none were quite as monumental as Leni Riefenstahl’s 1934 chronicle of the Nazi Party Congress in Nuremberg Triumph of the Will. The film is a masterwork of propaganda, and although history has shown the extremely negative consequences of its ideals, it stands as a benchmark of cinematography and the power of documentary. Like the country itself, it took quite some time for German cinema to restructure in the wake of WWII. It wasn’t until the progressive slate of New German Cinema began appearing in the ‘60s

and took flight in the ‘70s that the nation’s art found its voice again. There was a large core of individuals that spoke to the archetypes of the movement, but none had the reach or integrity of the idealistic madman Werner Herzog. Herzog blasted out of the regional art-house scene to gain international praise for powerful, humorous and even disturbing fare like the jungle odyssey Aguirre, the Wrath of God (1972) and the fractured American dream of Stroszek (1977). A method-director, Herzog throws himself and everyone involved so thoroughly into his productions that the stories surrounding their creation are as mind-blowing as the final product. Though mostly known for documentaries these days, Herzog is still very active and very well-acclaimed.

Memorize Tuckman’s Stages of Group Development Early: Without fail, this concept comes up Take Your Accounting Classes Sequentially: Ac- in every class. Never have I left a class without counting is one of the subjects that can build on at some point hearing an instructor repeat these itself. If you forget the basics, then you’re going to words: forming, storming, norming, performing, be completely lost when the principles get more and adjourning. If you learn this early, you’ll be complex. Trust me, accounting is something that sure to boost your GPA by at least a couple points can be forgotten easily, and if there is a year-long because it is honestly tested for in so many classgap between Accounting I and Accounting II, es. The thing is, there are better theories about you’ll probably struggle. small group formation out there, but this one To get around this problem, you should take comes up perennially because it is so memorable your accounting classes one after another. I and simple. No matter – just learn it and get on would recommend dedicating your second and with your life. third year to accounting and finance, and just getting it done. You’ll find it much easier and Grades Are More Negotiable Than You May Think: undoubtedly get better grades. In sales classes, you are taught to always ask for

the sale, because without asking, you’ll never get a yes. The same rule applies to test scores, group project marks, and deadlines. If you walk into an instructor’s office and confidently make a request backed by a solid argument, there’s a decent chance that you’ll hear a yes. The worst that can happen (assuming you ask in a respectful manner) is that you’ll hear a no. Just shrug off the no and feel good about yourself for trying.

Established

Business Time continued …

It seems that each year, a new country is earning substantial praise in the international critical market. Just this year, Iran’s A Separation (2011) walked away with the Best Foreign Language Film at the Academy Awards. This was a film that very powerfully – though very subtly – addressed the nature of right and wrong in a nation struggling to escape the rigid order of an Islamofascist government. The bravery of the film to ask the questions it does is a testament to the nation’s growing social upheaval, and as the world has seen so many times before, great art can be a great expression of protest – even on the most suggestive of levels. As some filmmakers will tell you, the most valuable prize a film can win isn’t an Oscar, but the Palme D’Or. It’s the top prize at the Cannes Film Festival and unlike the Oscar, it’s not limited to a country, language, style, or sentiment.

// Caitlyn Neufeld

paid more attention in my HR classes. But with that said, hindsight is 20–20, and sometimes, the only way to learn is firsthand. They say school is like a game. If you learn the unwritten rules early and see through the bullshit, then you can save yourself a lot of unnecessary hard work. Every game has strategies that aren’t apparent when you first begin (like actually paying attention in HR class or taking your accounting classes one after another). If you follow some of these strategies that took me These six things are lessons that I wish some- five years to learn, your time at Capilano may one had told me when I first started at Capilano. become easier and more successful. Now, if I I would have had better class schedules and bet- can just find the unwritten rulebook for the next ter grades; I would have memorized Tuckman’s stage in my life, the working world, all would theory earlier, tried to get more experience, and be well.

the capilano courier | vol. 45 issue 23

Much can be said on the important governing bodies in world cinema, such as Italy, India, Russia, and France. They all claim vibrant histories – histories strongly reflected in their film – but for now, let’s look at my personal favourites – Japan and Germany. Japan – There’s something about the movies of Japan that elevate them to the cinematic sphere’s greatest essence of fantasy. Japan, although a neon wonderland of excitement and insanity to the visiting outsider, is a nation of considerable longstanding repressions. Misogyny is an ancient practice and many, many lives are lived in drab routine with hardline work all day and a distant home life. However, the world of Japanese cinema is nothing like that at all (with the exception of a few slow but biting family dramas – most importantly Yasujiro Ozu’s devastating and tender Tokyo Story (1953) – a film considered by many critics to be among the greatest ever made). The art itself acts as something of an outlet for that cultural repression and, as a result, the Japan we see is the Japan we dream. Japanese cinema can be divided into two distinctive (though thematically linked) eras:

Emerging

It’s supposed to represent all of cinema and although often polarizing, it says a lot about the way things are in the modern cinematic world. Two of the past five Palme D’Ors have gone to countries that have never won before – Romania and Thailand. Romania’s 4 Months, 3 Weeks, 2 Days (2007) is a harrowing film about a woman seeking unlawful abortion in the final days of notorious dictator Nicolae Ceausescu’s dilapidated regime. Thailand’s Uncle Boonmee Who Can Recall His Past Lives (2010) is a transcendent meditation on memory, Buddhism, and transformation. Though both are extremely different in tone and subject matter, it can be argued that they both deal with pillar issues of today and reflect their respective home nation’s newfound growth in cinema’s global consciousness. South Korea has had recent growth in importance too. Several of its films, like the hyper-kinetic revenge thriller Oldboy (2003); the macabre, good-and-evil blurring (also a revenge thriller) I Saw the Devil (2010); and the genre-defying monster-movie-that’s-actually-about-family The Host (2006) have gone beyond setting box-office records at home to make considerable international splashes. Most importantly for us, Canada is continuing to grow as a legitimate cinematic voice. There is a legion of enterprising and talented young filmmakers coming out of Canada, and Vancouver, with its in-depth industry and comprehensive facilities, is a great place to be. As long as we continue to produce challenging and unique films, we’ll improve as a global force. As we’ve seen, it doesn’t take grand production value to create meaningful cinema; it just takes meaning to produce something grand.

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Opinions

Edi tor // Marco Ferreira // o pi ni o ns @ c api l ano c o uri e r. c o m

A SINKING SHIP? Two takes on the online piracy debate NO PIRATES ALLOWED By Christina Blakeborough // writer

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the capilano courier | vol. 45 issue 23

ave you ever actually looked up “piracy” in the dictionary? The first definition that comes up is, “the practice of attacking and robbing ships at sea.” Obviously, this definition isn’t exactly what we think of as online piracy, but the intentions are basically the same. The intention of piracy is to steal or rob someone of his or her property. “The unauthorized use or reproduction of another’s work” is the definition we’re looking for. It’s essentially stealing from another individual. Stealing is a crime whether it’s money, jewelry, or an idea. If anyone wants to take that risk then they should suffer the consequences, such as heavy fines and possible jail time. Unfortunately, the people who pirate don’t think of it that way, and technological innovations such as Napster and the iPod haven’t helped with the fight against piracy. Whether we like it or not, with today’s technology piracy has become a pandemic. Doctors, professors, lawyers, and young business owners share files or own unauthorized material, but that doesn’t make it right. Back in 2009, the founders of The Pirate Bay were sentenced to a year in prison and ordered to pay millions of dollars to major media companies. The Pirate Bay is one of the most notorious file-sharing websites. With the founders of the Pirate Bay behind bars, industry leaders were hoping that would send a clear message to the public that piracy is wrong and you will pay the price. Now, three

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of music and other online goods is not illegal, the act of manufacturing and profiting off of downloaded music is. If you’re ever caught in the act of selling unauthorized online goods, you better believe the penalty will be harsh. Recently, SOPA (Stop Online Piracy Act) and PIPA (Protect IP Act) were proposed but eventually shelved in the United States. SOPA and PIPA were controversial acts regarding copyright infringement over illegal downloads in the US. The American music industry, cable and satellite providers, and online publishing companies heavily supported the acts, which aimed to curb the rampant counterfeiting and copyright infringement by introducing harsher punishments for offenders. They argued that piracy was stealing and should be treated as such. Those who were opposed to the act were human rights organizations, online service providers, and non-profit organizations, who argue that music is an important part of our culture that should be enjoyed by all, not just those who can afford it. In fact, with the US just recovering from the harsh economic times it has experienced over the past half-decade, music is more important than ever - a welcome distraction from the maxed-out credit cards and used-up chequebooks many Americans possess. WE ARE ALL PIRATES Bill C-11, Canada’s version of SOPA, may By Victoria Fawkes change things for Canadian media pirates. Bill // writer C-11 will be proposed to the House of Commons usic piracy is like peeing in the show- in the near future, and would prevent Canadians er: almost everyone does it, yet it is from downloading and pirating music, movies, condemned in society. Although on- and other forms of online media. If Bill C-11 was line piracy is not completely outlawed in Canada, passed, even YouTube would be off-limits to its legality has always fallen in the grey area of the Canadians, a prospect that had many Canadians law. In Canada, although the personal download outraged by the very thought of it. years after that “lesson learned”, the youth still haven’t caught on to the message, not even when Napster was shut down in 2001, or when the Recording Industry Association of America started suing file swappers, which eventually lead to a single mother being fined a whopping $222,000. If the public is still thinking piracy is merely a law to be ignored or broken, maybe this will change things: recently the Copyright Modernization Act was introduced, and passed. What does this mean? Here’s an example; copying a movie DVD for personal use would make Canadians liable for legal damages up to $5,000. It seems much cheaper just to buy the DVD in a store for $20. This newly passed law is part of a “clampdown” to prevent piracy from DVDs, videogames, and e-books. It’ll now be illegal to break digital locks on these goods, which will ultimately prevent duplication. Piracy is taking an individual’s property without their consent. The problem is that today, people want to have a product immediately without costing anything, which has led to illegally downloaded music, movies, and other entertainment. The bottom line is that piracy is illegal; there is nothing positive regarding that crime.

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First off, information (movies, music, anything really) simply cannot be owned by a person. In the past, Donald Trump has tried to copyright the phrase “You’re Fired!” and Gene Simmons has tried to copyright the term “O.J.”. Both were criticized for their attempts to monopolize parts of the English language, something no one has the right to do. Online piracy is just the same. Information is information; it’s part of our culture; and it’s everyone’s, no matter how you try and spin it. Secondly, it has been said that Internet piracy hurts artists. This may be true, but it may be untrue; the only thing that’s for sure is that it’s completely unproven, and therefore an unfair claim to make. While free online media may take some money out of the pockets of artists, producers, or anyone else trying to line their pockets with the funds of music-lovers, it may add to it. Think of all the music that people are exposed to when they get it for free; things they never would have known about before. In turn, they may spend more time and money on these newly discovered artists, purchasing concert tickets, merchandise, and other things that will go towards the music industry. Though the recent actions of oppressive forces have tried to tell us that music downloading is an offence and must carry a serious punishment, Canadians must remember that they have the right to cultural exposure, no matter what the fat cats of the entertainment world have to say. And while it seems like every time we turn around there is another rule that may threaten the way we experience media, it’s important to remember that our anthem claims we are, in fact, the true north, strong and free.

// Faye Alexander


opinions

Psst … Got Any Drugs? Examining Canada’s pharmaceutical crisis By Liam Loxton // writer

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here’s a drug shortage in Canada. No, don’t go stock up on Tylenol and medical marijuana; it’s not that kind of drug shortage – but it is one that will affect our public health care system. A pharmaceutical factory owned by Sandoz Canada and located in Boucherville, Quebec is behind the recent shortages. Sandoz Canada has informed the public that they will be upgrading their factories as highly recommended by the FDA who, after inspection, deemed the quality of their products unsatisfactory. In light of these changes Sandoz Canada is cancelling production of some drugs while decreasing production of others. These upgrades, and the subsequent slowdowns of production, are projected to last about a year. This is problematic because Sandoz Canada produces 60 per cent of the Canada’s medical morphine, 90 per cent of all injectable drugs, and more than 100 different narcotic painkillers and sedatives commonly used in departments such as prenatal care, palliative and home care, cancer, mental health, surgery, hormone therapy, and EMS – when their factory slows down, the whole country is left with a giant gap in supply. To exacerbate the problem, the Quebecois plant experienced

a fire in early 2012, causing parts of the plant to shut down. Thankfully the shortage hasn’t yet affected the public health care sector, but a continued shortage will mean delays to scheduled surgeries, and inadequate supplies for the treatment of patients under psychiatric care. As a reactionary measure, the Conservative party, with the support of the NDP, have passed legislation to hasten the approval of substitute drugs. This means that Canada will purchase drug equivalents from other countries or more expensive name-brand products in place of generic. The reaction by the federal government seems to be well-received by political critics, but the public ought to know who stands to gain from this legislature. When the government begins to explore possible imports and alternative drugs, Sandoz’s parent company, Novartis, will be on the list, meaning that the exact same drugs Sandoz Canada produces could be provided at higher cost by the same corporation. It seems unjust that Canada has to use more tax dollars to cover for their own inadequate facilities. Regardless of who steps in, the price increase is a painful blow for Canada’s public health care system, which is already struggling with inadequate capacity demands and an expanding private health care system looking to pick up the slack.

B.C.’s public health care is especially vulnerable to increased costs impeding the level of funding needed to meet the people’s needs, because the provincial government is about to renegotiate public health care worker’s contracts. For example, the agreement with the union representing B.C. nurses expires on Mar. 31, and while they have agreed to a zero wage increase, it is demanding the province hire more than 2,000 nurses to remedy what it calls a “dangerous” staff shortage. This seems a very fair demand that will certainly address the increasing demand on the public sector, but if the negotiations with the B.C. Teachers’ Federation are any indication, there just isn’t any money to spare. The decreased tax dollars resulting from the recession and massive tax breaks given by the B.C. Liberals to corporations a few years ago aren’t helping matters, either. With funding problems reoccurring all over Canada, it’s disheartening that the federal government hasn’t been more proactive in preventing problems like this from happening. I would suggest the federal government take this shortage as a cue to also impose stronger legislature and quality control on essential drug manufacturing in order to ensure higher quality production and sustainability in order to prevent situations of crippling slowdown.

// Miles Chic There is little wiggle room in the public health care sector’s budget, and an increasing capacity demand is making it even more constricting. If the federal government is serious about a sustainable public sector, more has to be done to prevent private companies from creating situations that will unnecessarily increase costs.

HOW TO WEAR A CRUCIFIX The British Catholic Church compares gay marriage to slavery

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Government has said that wearing a cross is not a “requirement of faith” for the Christian religion, and therefore Article 9 does not apply to these cases. According to the Guardian, Moore and Eweida argued that people of Muslim and Sikh religions are allowed to wear Kara bangles and hijabs as a symbol of their faiths, but she, as a Christian, was asked to hide her cross necklace from sight. Recently other claims of discrimination have come up. Childcare worker Celestine Mba says she is discriminated against for not wanting to work on Sundays and in another case, a family counselor was fired for refusing to give sexual therapy to a gay couple. “They [Merton Council, her ex-employers] say they believe in diversity, but I don’t think they’ve been diverse enough,” Mba said to theWimbledon Guardian. “If they valued my faith or valued me as a person, they would have taken my faith into account and worked around it like they said from the beginning.” These claims have enraged devout Christians in the UK. Andrea Williams, the director of the Christian Legal Centre, said, “In recent months, the courts have refused to recognize the wearing of a cross, belief in marriage between man and a woman, and Sundays as a day of worship as ‘core’ expression of the Christian faith. What’s next? Will the Courts overrule the Ten Commandments?” An article written for the National Secular Society of the UK said, “As the cases became sillier and sillier, people began to see what was happening. The reason the cases were failing was because they were unreasonable and were claiming that Christians should have special rights in the workplace and in society at large. When these

special rights were not granted by the courts, it was immediately claimed that ‘Christians have fewer rights than anybody else’.” Christians having fewer rights seems like an odd claim when it is homosexuals who have been fighting for the right to marry in the eyes of the civil law for years. The right for gays to marry is not an oppression of Christians to practice their faith. The UK Government has stated many times that the legalization of gay marriage is not an attack on the Church, and they will not be forced to perform ceremonies that violate their religious views. “This is absolutely not about religious marriage,” said Equalities Minister, Lynn Featherstone, “It’s about civil marriage for people who love each other.” In response to this, Cardinal Keith O’Brien, the most senior Catholic in the UK, wrote for the Sunday Telegraph, stating, “Imagine for a moment that the Government had decided to legalize slavery but assured us that ‘no one will be forced to keep a slave.’ Would they justify dismantling a fundamental human right?” This is a brash comparison to make – love between two people of the same sex and the act of slavery are very different concepts. If the Church of Britain is looking for support or sympathy, they are not going to get it by crying that their beliefs are being marginalized, or comparing the legalization of gay marriage to the legalization of slavery. These claims from the Church are making them look like bratty kids who didn’t get their way. If they want supporters, they need to show the public how good their faith can be, because right now, we’re only seeing the ugly side.

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As church and state become more and more opposed, the Church of England feels threatened by the British government, and this polarization is only increasing as the UK plans to make gay marriages legal in the eyes of the state. Although the government has stated that this will have no impact on the church, people are angry. The Catholic Church is speaking out, looking for supporters, and saying that it was their morals and beliefs that England was built upon. Many British Christians are making accusations that they are being discriminated against for their religious practices, and the secular society is infringing on their rights to practice their faith. While secularism has pushed religion to the side of everyday life, accusing employers and government of discrimination doesn’t help gain sympathy from the public. According to the Sunday Telegraph, there have been numerous claims that people have been discriminated against for not being able to wear crosses at their workplaces. Nadia Eweida, who worked for British Airways, is looking for compensation after being sent home from work for wearing a silver cross in 2006. Sarah Moore, Eweida’s lawyer said: “There is // Indervhir Jhuti only one core issue, which is whether British Airways discriminated against the appellant By Leah Scheitel on the grounds of her religion or belief when it // writer prevented her from wearing visibly a small cross t’s easy to be an atheist in Britain,” said around her neck at work, which she wished to Oxford philosopher, Nigel Warburton. do as a means of expressing her Christian faith." As Britain has become a more secular Eweida believes that this violation of her society in recent years, and according to a study rights under Article 9 of the European Convenconducted by the BBC, the UK is the third most tion of Human Rights, which states, “Everyone secular country in the world, behind Russia and has the right to freedom of thought, conscience, South Korea. and religion.” In response to this, the British

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o p i n i o ns

HOPELESSLY DE-VOTED Canada allows 16-year-olds to fight in wars before they can vote By Sarah Vitet // Editor-in-Chief

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he day you turn 18, your whole life changes. Suddenly, society cares about what you have to say. Your irresponsible childish ideas metamorphose into practical political understanding, and when the time comes, you know exactly who to vote for. Practically overnight, aging from 17 to 18 monumentally changes the way you view your role in society. Or does it? Is turning 18 actually the most effective age for you to be starting your role as a full citizen? According to Elections Canada, only 35.6 per cent of 18-year-olds actually voted in the 2008 federal election. This is obviously a problem, and various methods have been taken to solve it. Usually the campaigns to encourage young people to vote involve ultracurrent t-shirt campaigns, with slogans that youth can relate to, such as “Rock the Vote” or “Laugh, Dance, Vote!” While these efforts aren’t necessarily bad, they are definitely taking the wrong approach.

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The voting age should be lowered to at least 16. By trusting teens to think critically at an earlier age, they would be encouraged to take a more active role in citizenship. In conjunction, schools should teach current politics to young students. This would provide young people with the base knowledge they need to make informed decisions at the polls. It would also send young people a positive message: we don’t think you are idiots, incapable of making decisions, we think you are smart enough and capable enough to participate as an equal member of society. Once you’re out of high school, as most people are at 18, you are expected to educate yourself about the Canadian political climate without any guidance. You are also required to actively figure out how voting works. This may not seem too difficult on the surface, but voting records indicate that something is impeding young people from participating. If the voting age was lowered, everyone would be registered to vote in high school, and polling stations could even be set up in the school (most of them are

in schools, anyway). There would be no excuse not to vote, and it would foster a lifelong connection to the political system that young people are clearly lacking. The Minister of Health, Mike de Jong, has been a vocal advocate for lowering the voting age to 16, as has Premier Christy Clark. “Young people can drive at 16,” Jong has said. “They can enter the military and be raised to adult court. We give them these responsibilities, so why not take the next logical step and let them be full participants?" Indeed. We want young people to make independent decisions, yet we don’t honour them with the right to have input into the future of the country they live in? It denotes a lack of respect for young people, so we really shouldn’t be surprised that they don’t gain much respect for the political system just because they turn 18. The Council of Europe has recently called on member states to investigate lowering the voting age to 16.They found that "research indicates that the longer young people have to wait to participate in political life, the less engaged they are in their adult life.” A 2009 Council motion stated

that “there is a real risk that young people will be marginalized in the political process, both on a specific level as they will be numerically outnumbered, but also because the political agenda risks becoming dominated by issues that are primarily interesting for older people.” Many countries have already lowered the voting age to 16, including Austria, Brazil, and Cuba, as well as many specific regional governments. While changing the age in B.C., as Clark and de Jong have expressed an interest in doing, would be a great start, it also needs to be changed federally. In 2005, a Private Members Bill was moved to lower the voting age to 16, but it was defeated on the second reading. If we want to have a country that is a functional democracy, we need every citizen to become engaged in the political system. Lowering the voting age to 16 not only encourages young people to start voting at a younger age, it allows them to become part of the discussion. Sixteen-year-olds are allowed to join the military and die for our country, but aren’t allowed to decide who runs it? This is backwards, and it needs to change.

// Sarah Vitet


Caboose

Caboose

F e at u r e d F i c t i o n

Edi tor // MIKE BASTIEN // c abo o s e . c apc o uri e r@ gmai l . c o m

Arid Abdication

pt.1 Gecko-Man crept slowly between cacti. The night had cooled. The stars twinkled bravely as the new moon hid in the shadow of the earth. Gecko-Man remained blissfully ignorant of everything but the small blister beetle he stalked between the cacti. It had the head of an ant and a long, thin body more reminiscent of a wasp than a beetle. Gecko-man pounced. He caught it in his hands, shoved it in his mouth, and crunched victoriously, then squealed and spat, clawing at his mouth and tongue. “Oh Jesus! Jesus! Jesus! What the fuck?” The spitting slowed, then stopped. “Beetles again. For Christ's sake, can’t you at least eat normal food? Would it fucking kill you to hunt a cheeseburger?” the figure yelled into the night. The creature that had moments ago been stalking now rose and looked around the desert. “Ahh, Christ, not again.” Torn dirty jeans hung from his legs in tatters, and what remained of his shirt shifted gentle in the cool desert breeze. He looked around and brushed dirt from his torn jeans. In the distance, a coyote howled into the moonless night. A hoot owl drifted soundlessly overhead in search of mice or lizards. Stan ducked involuntarily, then cursed himself. With one last look around, he started west.

“Go fuck yourself, Greg. I’m not sucking your dick.” “You wanna be a peyote hunter?” Greg unzipped his jeans. “If you pull that out I’ma bite if off.” “Look Vicki, I don’t make the rules. What kind of society would we be if we just went around breaking the rules whenever we saw fit?” Greg fell back onto the old sofa. Victoria had often wondered what had dragged it out here. It certainly wasn’t Greg or any of his lazy little gang.

“Look, Victoria, not just anyone becomes a member of the peyote hunters.”

// Desiree Wallace not comparatively anyway. He looked at his arms but it was hard to tell in the dark whether he was burned or not. They didn’t feel sore. Maybe not even a day or two. His teeth felt furry, though, and he cringed thinking about beetles. Nasty things. He sighed deeply as he stood. He had no idea how deep in the hills he was, or if he was walking the right way. Not that it mattered – he would wander out eventually – but the wrong way could mean a two-day walk. Daily would be out of food and water by now, and the bananas on top of the fridge would certainly have gone off. He hated throwing out food. It happened too often; Gecko-man refused to eat anything besides bugs. At least he didn’t lack for protein; again, he shuddered at the thought of bugs. He continued west, his thoughts on Dr. Veracruz. She always got so angry with him after one of his episodes. She was right of course, had he taken his meds as prescribed he would be home right now watching Two and a Half Men. Another sigh – the show simply wasn’t the same without Charlie. He had been lonely. He always got lonely. His meds left him nervous and self-conscious. He never left the house. Just sat with Daily and watched TV until his eyes melted and dripped out of his head. He yearned for companionship, and eventually that drove him to skip his meds. The first couple of days were always the best. His confidence returned, and he’d hit the town. Meet a girl, go for dinner and drinks or to the movies; inevitably, though, he’d end up somewhere in the desert eating bugs. Why couldn’t his alter-ego be some suave, debonair, cristaldrinking womanizer instead of Gecko-man; bug-eating idiot.

The coyote howled a second time as Stan stopped for a rest. He sat down on an outcrop of stone and stared up at the sky. How long had he been up here, he wondered. He wasn’t hungry or thirsty, By Iain Angus // Writer

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“You habitually take mescaline and trip out with the cacti; that is breaking not only the rules, but the law, so you can stuff your little initiation wet dream. My brother said I can be in so I’m in. Besides, you want me to tell him you tried to get me to give you head? “Uhm, no that’s ok. I was just kidding, you’re in.” Greg smiled that big toothy smile of his. A smile that Vicki knew had landed him a boat load of pussy. It's not landing this pussy, she thought. • • • The desert was dark, a coyote howled in the “Look, Victoria, not just anyone becomes a mem- distance. The small fire Greg had started when ber of the peyote hunters.” Greg was a typical they arrived was dying. spoiled Beverly Hills kid: big, blond, and dumb. “So how about a hit then?” Greg almost beamed at the prospect of getting high. Victoria pulled a vial out of her pocket and threw it at him. “It’s liquid,” he said. “Yep, best stuff in town, mi amigo. Daniel said to take it easy with it.” Daniel had wanted to come, mainly because he thought Greg was a douche, but also to look after his little sister on her first trip. He had tried to talk her out of it, but she was having none of it. She had promised Daniel she wouldn’t touch anything harder than pot until her sixteenth birthday; well, that was today, and she had been dying to get chemically high, to join the peyote hunters. She had spent enough time up here in the hills babysitting these idiots; it was finally her time to get fucked up and behave like an ass. “How are we supposed to take this? You got any sugar cubes?” asked Greg. “No, there should be a dipstick inside. Daniel said a couple of licks should do it.” Greg uncapped it and drew out the dipstick and sucked it clean. Replacing the top, he tossed it to Vicki; she almost dropped it. He palms were slick with sweat, her heart was racing. She couldn’t wipe the smile from her face. She unscrewed the cap and pulled out the dipstick. The coyote howled again as she sucked it clean. Greg moaned as she did. “Man, you’re killing me,” he said. She licked her lips pulled the stick and sucked it again. “I thought Dan said to take it easy.” “Relax, Greg-o, I plan on getting right fucked up, but I’m not stupid.” She capped the vial and buried it in her pocket.

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Caboose

the capilano courier | vol. 45 issue 23

Conspiracy Theories

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Illuminati Jason Jeon

Communists Liam Loxton

Oprah Leah Scheitel

Lizard People Colin Spensley

Everyone has once thought about their own world domination story. Maybe those plans have involved an army of kittens or cookie missiles, but these guys have drawn clichés into another level. Let’s be honest, bank fraud and government control by elite society? That’s like the villain version of the Justice League. All the characters and events are extremely overused and drowning in cliché, but still covered and sprinkled in awesomeness, except Aquaman. Also, name any other secret society that uses a pyramid with a glowing eye. It's like an Egyptian Sauron. If they’ve launched a designer line with that symbol, oh, I can picture that, I’ll click the “buy” button so hard, it’ll be like a chocolate bar sitting in my backpack for a month.

I overheard the most absurd scenario on the bus. Two preteens were talking about what's more likely: a secret society of ninja flying squirrels or a secret society of mind-controlling communists. What have kids come to these days? Have they not noticed the communist takeover plot in Canada propagated by a certain political party of whom is gaining popularity? Yes. Them. A gateway party to occupy Wall Street-loving Marxist regimes. Everyone knows that after the Soviet Union collapsed, the communists traversed the Arctic Ocean and arrived in Canada. Don't believe me? Bing Socialism. Now you know. It won’t be long until the maple leaf on our flag is replaced by a hammer and sickle. So preteens, next time you want to talk hypothetical doomsday scenarios, compare two scenarios that are both either possible or impossible. Because squirrels can't fly, that’s crazy talk.

Who died and made Oprah God? No, really, I want to know what divine power died and made Oprah their replacement? Everything this woman touches turns to gold: Spanx, books, little teakettles, Kleenexes, President Obama, everything. As soon as she says that she likes something, that golden item sells out across North America. She could say that she liked my three least favorite things in the world – water chestnuts, Ayn Rand books, and shoes with wheels in the bottom of them and those things would become the three must-haves of the season. Maybe she is the lovechild of Aphrodite and Midas – the God of Love, and the guy to turns everything to pure gold upon touch. She probably was born wrapped in a golden placenta, placed into a blinged-out crib, and was graced with this power from birth. If you think about this too much, you really start to wonder what is under Steadman’s pants. Who knows, his genitals could be made of gold.

This one has to be real, right? Look around you right now. How many people in your immediate area have scales and forked tongues? Is the answer none? Well then, their plan is working. These shape-shifting reptiles have controlled earth since the dawn of mankind. Everyone from the Queen of England to Obama himself are wellknown reptilians in disguise. Visionary and famous historian David Icke exposed the world to our cold-blooded overlords and more and more incredible photos are emerging. Here is how you can identify a Lizard Person: They have a powerful, hypnotic stare, and their hybrid DNA allows them to shape-shift when they consume human blood. Well damn, that’s scary. Luckily, you’re probably never going to run into one of these lizards since they already rule the world and the chances of you meeting the Queen of England are next to zero, so your warm blood is safe in your veins for now.

// Mike Bastien


The Capilano Courier Vol 45 Issue 23