Daily Herald the Brown
vol. cxlv, no. 111 | Friday, November 12, 2010 | Serving the community daily since 1891
12 percent of undergrads identify as gay or bisexual By Suzannah Weiss Arts & Culture Editor
Most undergraduates — about 85 percent — describe themselves as heterosexual, according to The Herald’s fall poll. About 6 percent each identified as homosexual and bisexual, and about 2 percent each answered “other” and “don’t know / no answer.”
THE HERALD POLL There are few statistics on the demographics of sexual orientation, according to Visiting Assistant Professor of Sociology Carrie Spearin. Surveys about sexuality rarely receive government funding unless the research is “under the guise of health,” she said. Still, the sexual orientation break-
Satellite gyms lack funding By Shefali Luthra Staff Writer
Despite this year’s addition of a $64 athletic fee for all students, satellite gyms are underfunded, according to Director of Athletics Michael Goldberger and Assistant Athletic Director of Physical Education, Intramurals and Club Sports Matthew Tsimikas. The new fee did not add to the athletic budget, although it did “reduce the amount of dollars that we were asked to cut,” Goldberger wrote in an e-mail to The Herald. He wrote that the fee went to paying for athletic competitions, operating athletic facilities and running intramurals, among other costs. The satellite gyms — Bigelow Gym, Emery Gym and the Bears Lair — have a budget of about $35,000, of which $10,000 has already been spent this year on repairs to fitness equipment, Tsimikas said. To replace all satellite gym equipment would cost about $300,000, while 10 new treadmills would be about $75,000. Most of the satellite gym equipment is seven years old, although some pieces in the Bears Lair are up to 10 years old. Typical cardiovascular equipment lasts three years, Tsimikas said. “On any given day, a piece of
down of the student body looks comparable to national averages, she said. Spearin added, though, that she found the gender breakdown in the Brown data unusual: About 11 percent of men but only 2 percent of women identified as homosexual, whereas about 5 percent of men and 7 percent of women indicated that they consider themselves bisexual. “It must be something about the nature of the student body,” she said, speculating that Brown’s culture may attract gay men or make them feel comfortable identifying as such. “It does seem like there is a slightly larger number of homosexual men on campus than there are homosexual women,” said Mike Rose ’13, facilitator of QUEST, a discussion group for students questioning continued on page 4
d ut y, h onor, c ountry
By Margaret Yi Staff Writer
News.......1–6 Arts.........6–7 Spor ts.....8 Editorial....10 Opinion.....11 Today........12
continued on page 2
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Freddy Lu / Herald
Chaney Harrison ’11, staff sergeant in the U.S. Air Force Reserves, was one of the speakers at Thursday’s Veterans Day ceremony. See story, page 3.
Is Brown really green? Most Brown students are familiar with the phrase “Brown is Green,” which is often used to describe the University’s efforts to make Brown more environmentally conscious. The initiative has encompassed ever ything from reducing consumption of bottled water to making campus buildings more energy-efficient. Though this trend toward “greening” the University seems
nearly ubiquitous today, it was not fully official as a policy by the University until 2007. That year, Facilities Management recognized the “Brown is Green”
SPOTLIGHT slogan through a website detailing the University’s campus-wide environmental initiatives. “We decided to start a Brownsponsored ‘Brown is Green’ site to take all the great work that ever yone around campus was doing and have a repositor y for
‘Pippin’ a ‘neo-Vaudevillian steampunk extravaganza’ By Anita Badejo Staff Writer
Color-changing, LED light fingertipped gloves. Sequins. Feather eyelashes. Oversized plumes. Giant puppets. Patent leather platform heels.
ARTS & CULTURE
photo / Herald
continued on page 4
people to share information,” said Chris Powell, director of sustainable energy and environmental initiatives. “It was a way to go to one place and connect with many different organizations,” he added. An energy and environment advisory committee began developing an environmental mission statement in 2006 that came to fruition in 2007, Powell said. The committee’s work led President Ruth Simmons to sign the Sustainable Campus Charter
The School of Engineering is implementing a major hiring initiative to find four faculty members and a founding dean. The initiative is the first step in expanding and strengthening the engineering school, which was elevated from “division” status over the summer, said Rodney Clifton, dean of engineering. The positions became available when three engineering faculty members retired and one resigned, Clifton said, but the four openings are not restricted to the areas of engineering that those faculty members belonged to. Instead, the school is expanding the search process to all areas of engineering, such as biomedical, computer, materials science and entrepreneurship. “It gives you the chance to get truly outstanding candidates,” Clifton said. For Iris Bahar, associate professor of engineering and head of the computer engineering search committee, the “important thing is to find a candidate who can expand our existing strengths.” There is a general search committee for the faculty positions as well as separate search committees for seven different areas of engineering, Clifton said. Another board is tasked with
U. moves toward greener campus By Mark Raymond Senior Staff Writer
Engineering school starts hiring search
Steampunk style flavors Director Kym Moore’s take on “Pippin.”
“Pippin,” Sock and Buskin’s second show of the 2010–11 season, is certainly nothing if not a spectacle. “It’s really a neo-vaudevillian, steampunk extravaganza,” said Kym Moore, the show’s director and a visiting assistant professor of theater arts and performance studies. The over-the-top production chronicles the part-fictional, partreal life and times of its title char-
acter (Ari Rodriguez ’13), who is thrust into the limelight when he is invited on stage to become a part of the performance of a motley crew of actors led by their Leading Player (Ned Riseley ’12), called the LP by the other performers. “Pippin,” written by Stephen Schwar tz, is a show about “the breakdown of fakeness, about the breakdown of performance, and about finding reality and finding what’s really meaningful,” said Alex Keegan ’12, the show’s assistant director. The plot centers around a play-within-a-play, in which the actors and the characters they portray sometimes share the same names and the line between illusion and authenticity is often blurred. continued on page 7
English department to restructure its curriculum
Men’s football team to play against Big Green this weekend
Simon Liebling ‘12 discusses Kertzer’s influence on the U.
195 Angell Street, Providence, Rhode Island
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
Friday, November 12, 2010
“We’re working on short-term solutions now.” — Lilly Mirviss ‘12, on composting solutions
U.’s efforts to reduce energy use take hold across campus continued from page 1 in January 2008, which connected Brown to the International Sustainable Campus Network. The charter entailed a commitment on the University’s part to make the campus more sustainable. That same week, Simmons announced the University’s goal to reduce its emissions 42 percent below 2007 levels by 2020. This goal would be reached in large part by finding alternative ways to fuel buildings and by increasing efficiency. Current progress Facilities Management has begun releasing an annual report detailing what progress Brown has made toward sustainability. As The Herald reported Sept. 9, the University has already cut its emissions to 21 percent below 2007 levels, which is half of what the University hopes to achieve by 2020. Powell credited this quick progress to the ease of switching to more efficient fuel sources. Another sign of progress cited in the 2010 report is the require-
ment that all new buildings meet LEED silver standards, a rating for building sustainability. In some instances, the University has even surpassed the silver standard. The Stephen Robert ’62 Campus Center and the new Perry and Marty Granoff Center for the Creative Arts are both on their way to becoming gold certified,
sp second to the highest attainable rating of platinum, according to the report. Besides pursuing emissions reductions in buildings, the University has collaborated with student groups to make the campus green in other ways. One example of this is the Beyond the Bottle campaign, which involved Brown Dining Ser vices partnering with students to encourage the use of reusable water bottles. According to Powell, these kinds of projects have been part of a larger effort to make the campus more sustainable.
Daily Herald the Brown
Editorial Phone: 401.351.3372 | Business Phone: 401.351.3260 George Miller, President Claire Kiely, Vice President
Powell and Ginger Gritzo, energy and environmental programs coordinator, said the University, along with emPOWER and Eco Reps, is currently assessing the number of water sources available on campus to make sure students have options aside from disposable plastic bottles.
Katie Koh, Treasurer Chaz Kelsh, Secretary
The Brown Daily Herald (USPS 067.740) is an independent newspaper serving the Brown University community daily since 1891. It is published Monday through Friday during the academic year, excluding vacations, once during Commencement, once during Orientation and once in July by The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. Single copy free for each member of the community. POSTMASTER please send corrections to P.O. Box 2538, Providence, RI 02906. Periodicals postage paid at Providence, R.I. Offices are located at 195 Angell St., Providence, R.I. E-mail firstname.lastname@example.org. World Wide Web: http://www.browndailyherald.com. Subscription prices: $319 one year daily, $139 one semester daily. Copyright 2010 by The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. All rights reserved.
tions available to the public and that the University prioritizes investment in sustainable projects. How does Brown compare? Brown’s sustainability rating may rank among the highest in the nation, but there are some other colleges with standout initiatives that set them apart from
“If we need more sources of water, we will work with dining to go for ward and bolster those hydration sources,” Powell said. The earth’s recycling Composting is one environmental initiative that has proven challenging for the University. Lilly Mir viss ’12, an organizer for Student Composting to Rejuvenate Agriculture in Providence, said that progress is being made to allow students who cook to compost their food waste. She said that implementing a plan for the entire student body remains difficult given the lack of composting solutions in Providence. “We’re working on short-term solutions now,” Mir viss said. “There is a compost bin at the (Urban Environmental Lab), at West House and at the student garden on Hope Street, and we’re tr ying to get grant money to build more bins and create a more unified composting system for students.” Mir viss acknowledged that some universities are now handling waste and composting on site. But she said a better solution at the city level will allow Brown to expand its composting program. Middlebur y College, which is known for its sustainability efforts, has made composting a priority. Clare Crosby, the communication and outreach coordinator at the sustainable integration office at Middlebury, said on-site waste and compost management has proven beneficial. “It is more cost-ef fective to have our own facility, and there are fewer hoops to jump through,” Crosby said. “You don’t need to transport it and find someone to deal with it. We also get the advantage of being able to use the compost.” Though Facilities and student activists have expressed a need for a more robust composting system and even more efficiency in buildings, The College Sustainability Report Card recently gave Brown an “A” rating, The Herald reported Nov. 10. Though many other universities received similar marks in many of the scoring areas, Brown did comparably well in the endowment transparency categor y. The report notes that Brown makes its asset alloca-
the rest. Carleton College in Northfield, Minn., for example, accounts for 40 percent of its energy with a wind turbine near the school. It has also set a specific goal to be carbon neutral by 2050. Carleton has also made great strides in composting. “All of the food in the dining halls is composted and almost all of the dining halls’ products are compostable,” said Nina Whitney, a student sustainability assistant with facilities at Carleton. She added that they are also working on putting compost bins in residential bathrooms. Whitney and Ryan Noe are part of a five-person group of students who are employed by facilities at Carleton to work on sustainability initiatives. Brown has recently taken similar steps. Sustainability intern Ben Howard ’11 is one of several students working with Facilities Management on campus sustainability projects. Facilities expressed its desire to expand the number of students with whom they work directly depending upon available funding. Middlebur y has also set out some ambitious goals, including a plan to become carbon neutral by 2016. In order to reach this goal, the school’s administration and students put together a plan that included constructing a biomass gasification plant to power part of the school. In addition to reducing emissions through their woodchippowered biomass plant, which Middlebur y claims will have the secondar y effect of putting money into the local forestr y industr y, the college also plans on purchasing offsets to meet its goal of carbon neutrality. According to Powell, Brown has chosen not to purchase any carbon offsets and will meet all of its goals through actions taken specifically by the University. Middlebury is also moving to make its athletic programs more green, encouraging athletes to drink from reusable water bottles and transporting players to games using biodiesel vehicles. Positive direction While some universities have taken unusually bold steps to be more energy-efficient, such as building on-site waste and energy
facilities, the more traditional steps Brown has taken have proved to be relatively effective. The University has begun to ramp up its efforts to work with students, and Facilities has plans to install low-flow shower heads in residence halls. Brown is collaborating with students from emPOWER and Eco Reps on this project. Powell claims that one of the most significant signs of progress has been the increased communication between students and faculty in making the campus more sustainable. “We’ve done a much better job reaching out to other departments, but the biggest change was bringing in all the student groups,” Powell said. “You realize how powerful and unique the University is when you see the number of groups involved.” Powell was also quick to point out that on top of all the efficiency progress outlined in the most recent sustainability report, there are many projects either completed or under way that did not receive mention. “There is a lot of efficiency work that we did this summer and that are in the works that weren’t featured,” Powell said. “It took a lot of work to accomplish this much and to have this many projects under way.” In addition to the major emissions reductions in new and existing buildings, there is a laundr y list of other changes being made across campus to make Brown more green. Dining Ser vices is sending its pre-consumer food waste to pig farms, and according to Mir viss, it is also tr ying to send food waste from students’ meals to these farms, in the absence of a comprehensive composting system. Dining Ser vices has also begun implementing trayless dining at the Ratty, with the intention of reducing energy consumption. Facilities Management has begun testing the use of solar trash compactors, with one already in place outside of the Ratty. Gritzo said that two more of these compactors are already on order, and that the University is looking to see where they are most needed. “We’re going to look at our campus map and come up with a plan from a labor perspective on where we should put the compactors,” she said. With this vast array of projects under way, Gritzo made it clear that the University is looking at all the areas where it can be more environmentally conscious. She said no one approach will address all of the Brown’s sustainability needs. “You shouldn’t make your decision just based on one component of the environment,” Gritzo said.” You need a holistic approach.”
Friday, November 12, 2010
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
C ampus N EWS
“Their sacrifice creates a debt that America can never fully repay.” — Chaney Harrison ’11 on thanking veterans
U.S. senators, Brown and R.I. community honor vets in ceremony By Margaret Yi Staff Writer
Veterans, political figures and members of the Brown and Rhode Island communities gathered on Lincoln Field yesterday under the bright noon sun to honor those who served and are currently serving in the armed forces. This annual Veterans Day ceremony, organized by the Student Veterans Society and sponsored by the Offices of Campus Life and the Dean
of the College, featured speeches and appearances by students, administrators and guests, including U.S. Sens. Jack Reed, D-R.I. and Sheldon Whitehouse, D-R.I. The ceremony began at 12:30 p.m., with the Providence College Patriot Battalion Honor Guard leading participants from the flagpole on the Main Green down to Lincoln Field, near Soldier’s Arch. Provost David Kertzer ’69 P’95 P’98 began the ceremony by the thanking the speakers, the guests
present and all those who died in service. He then introduced the Chaplain of the University, Reverend Janet Cooper Nelson, who led all those present in a prayer, in which she thanked all those who “gave their lives and hearts” in service of their “beloved nation.” “Help us to be grateful for each life given in loyalty to the very best purposes of our nation,” she prayed. After the prayer, Chaney Harrison ’11, president of the Student Veterans Society and a staff sergeant in
the U.S. Air Force Reserves, gave a speech in which he highlighted the rich history of military service at Brown. It was a history that he was “both humbled and honored to be a part of,” he said. Harrison also discussed the “current perception of Brown among the military,” which he described as being “just a little bit on the radical side of liberal.” According to Harrison, this view “suffers from the negligible number of veterans who have been accepted onto campus after their
time in uniform.” It is also a result of the military “having little to no access to the Brunonian mindset and culture since 1972, when the last ROTC program left campus.” He concluded by thanking the veterans and soldiers who continue serving. “Their sacrifice creates a debt that America can never fully repay,” he said. The next speaker was Elaine Zimcontinued on page 5
English to restructure concentration CIT improves file system By Casey Bleho Staff Writer
The Department of English is in the process of finalizing plans to instigate major changes within its curriculum. The proposed changes are the result of a routine academic program review conducted during the last academic year. While a proposal has been drawn up by the department concerning key issues within the curriculum and the development of plans for future action, it must be approved by the College Curriculum Council before the changes can be made official. One of the main changes proposed is changing the name of the concentration from “Literatures and Cultures in English” to the more traditional “English,” with the intention of making the concentration more accessible and clear to students. Academically, the new curriculum would require completion of
three introductory courses: ENGL 0210: “Medieval and Early Modern Literatures and Cultures,” ENGL 0410: “Enlightenment and the Rise of National Literatures and Cultures,” and ENGL 0610: “Modern and Contemporar y Literatures and Cultures.” These mandator y courses would take the place of the previous area requirements. “The idea is to have faculty in relatively small classes teaching broad-based courses for the concentration,” hopefully devoting more resources towards these classes to create a more extensive foundation, said Kevin McLaughlin, professor of English and chair of the department. Within these courses, there will be a focus on analytical skills and a consideration of a range of literar y texts from a broad historical spectrum, he said. “At first I was apprehensive because of the potential for big classes,” said Yuli Zhu ’12, a concentrator brought in by the com-
Receptor linked to cancer, research finds By Jonathan Staloff Contributing Writer
Brown University and Rhode Island Hospital researchers discovered a process by which cellular receptors involved in signaling breast milk production in women may be linked to cancer. The team of researchers published their findings in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science journal, according to a press release. According to Eugene Chin, associate professor of surgery at Alpert Medical School and lab director, these cells are equipped with receptors for prolactin, a hormone secreted by the pituitar y gland. Prolactin is responsible for triggering the production of milk in the mammar y gland. While prolactin receptors are essential for the secretion of milk, having too many of them can be dangerous, Chin said. Normally, these receptors are repelled by each other’s like charges. But when prolactin binds to the re-
ceptor site, it initiates a chemical process in the cell called “acetylation,” which can neutralize the receptors’ charge, allowing them to bind into “dimers.” “How they form the dimer is what we study,” Chin said. “When the prolactin receptor is over-expressed, that can cause cancer,” said Chin. When two receptors bind to form a dimer, they work in a way that Chin compared to chopsticks. Together, they pick up and over-express cancerous cell growths. From their findings, the research team is continuing to explore relations between prolactin receptors and therapeutic cancer treatment. “It can be valued in breast cancer,” said Li Ma, a post-doctoral researcher in the lab and principal author of the paper. “It has clinical significance” and possibly therapeutic significance, she said. “It is ver y impor tant to the continued on page 5
mittee charged with considering potential changes. But “the three core courses are a good idea because it makes the curriculum more cohesive,” she said. Janet Zong ’11, also brought in to provide a student perspective on the changes, agreed. “I think overall, the perceptions will be positive because they’re incorporating issues that have been evident in the curriculum for a long time,” she said. “It’s obvious they’re putting a lot of thought into the improvements based on issues raised by continued on page 5
stability to prevent crashes By Inni Youh Contributing Writer
The Department of Computer Science’s technical staff has contacted Dell to address the continuing delays and crashes that have inhibited students and professors from completing their projects and conducting research. These hardware problems are the result of the department’s move to a new file system — with which students can store and retrieve files and run programs — to provide more disk space and
quicker hardware at a lower price. “Dell has been ver y cooperative and has sent us an entire box of hardware to replace the problematic machines,” said Jeff Coady, director of computing facilities. Dell, Coady and his staff conducted “component-level” repair, which involves swapping parts to diagnose the problem, he said. Until about a month ago, all four file systems were malfunctioning, but a change in memory has greatly improved stability. Now, continued on page 4
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
C ampus N EWS
Friday, November 12, 2010
“People are pretty open to explore things.” — Briana McGeough ’12
Men more likely to identify as gay CIT problems get help continued from page 1 their sexuality. “Within the Queer Alliance, there’s definitely an overrepresentation of gay men as opposed to lesbians,” and of straight women as opposed to straight men, he said. Perhaps “there’s a strength in saying you’re a homosexual male at Brown. There’s support,” Spearin said, though she said she isn’t certain. “For women, it’s not quite the same.” “I really think it all comes down to identity” and the construction of a “sexual self,” she said. The gender difference could have arisen because it is “easier for men to identify themselves as homosexual at Brown and women to identify themselves as bisexual.” What’s in a name LGBTQ Resource Center Coordinator Kelly Garrett suggested a different hypothesis, attributing the gender difference to the question’s terminology. “ ‘Homosexual,’ historically, has been mostly used to refer to men,” she said. Gay men and lesbians, especially the latter, may not identify with the term — which has been mostly superseded by gay, lesbian and queer, she said. “I know a lot of students that just identify as queer.” It’s also “a little more socially acceptable for women to identify as bisexual than men,” she added. Briana McGeough ’12, a facilitator of the social group Bisexuals Talk and Eat and a former facilitator of QUEST, said the overall demographics and gender breakdowns were what she would expect. But “people are very unlikely to express confusion or questioning about their sexuality” on such a survey, she said, and so the data probably “under-represents the number of people who are uncertain about their sexual orientation.” Such students may “just put the default option of heterosexual,” she said. McGeough added that when she facilitated QUEST, she often saw new faces at the meetings, leading her to believe that many Brown students are still figuring out their sexuality. There is “a very large contingent of questioning people on campus,” according to Rose — especially when students first arrive at Brown.
Undergrads’ sexual identification 81.4% Heterosexual 87.5% 11.3% Homosexual 2.1% 4.5% Bisexual 6.8%
Men (±3.5%) Women (±2.7%)
Other Don't know / No answer Though The Herald’s poll found no significant sexual orientation differences across age or class year, Rose said the results may have been different if the poll were conducted in September. The poll results also don’t reflect “the fluidity of sexuality and identity,” said Aida Manduley ’11, Queer Alliance head chair and Queer Coordinating Committee leader. If one were to question “the same 900 students in a year, or in two years, or in 10 years, these percentages might be different,” she said. Other ambiguities also make it difficult to see these numbers as fixed or comprehensive. For example, Spearin explained that two people can have the same sexual history but different sexual identities — a comment Rose echoed, saying that some people “separate things they’ve done incidentally and how they identify.” Culture shock Culture can also influence the relationship between behavior and selfcategorization, Spearin said. Different people, as well as different cultures, have different ideas about what classifies someone as gay or bisexual, she said. The distinction between sexual acts and sexual identities was quantified in a recent survey conducted at the Center for Sexual Health Promotion at Indiana University. The study found that the number of people who engage in same-sex sexual activity is greater than the number who identify as something other than heterosexual.
Manduley said college students often view same-sex sexual behavior, common under the influence of alcohol, as incidental. “There are less negative repercussions also in terms of exploring sexuality for women than there are for men,” she added. “There’s a thing about doing it once,” Spearin said, “just to try it.” Spearin added that Brown — home of Sex Power God and FemSex workshops — in some ways markets itself to LGBTQ students looking for a liberal atmosphere. Several students said Brown probably has a higher percentage of queer-identifying people than the rest of the country. “Given that Brown’s a pretty open environment and generally a pretty sex-positive environment, people are pretty open to explore things,” McGeough said. “Brown is a ver y welcoming place, but there are different factors for coming out,” Garrett said, such as “your home environment, your family, other experiences you have (and) your religious background.” Manduley said it would be interesting to ask respondents, “Why do you choose to describe your sexual orientation the way you did?” She added that the labels in the question could be limiting, especially the word “homosexual.” According to a CBS News article, Americans associate more prejudices with the category “homosexuals” than “gay men and lesbians.” In the study cited, about 70 percent of participants said they favor gay men and lesbians serving in the military, while fewer than 60 percent approved of homosexuals doing the same. The cultural baggage the term carries may have “deterred some people from answering that they were homosexual,” Manduley said. “Take this with a grain of salt,” Manduley said, “and remember there’s more to it than just these numbers.” The Herald poll was conducted Nov. 1–2 and the question on sexual orientation has a 2.2 percent margin of error with 95 percent confidence. For the subset of men, the margin of error is 3.5 percent. For the subset of women, the margin of error is 2.7 percent. A total of 915 students completed the poll, which The Herald distributed as a written questionnaire in the University Mail Room in J. Walter Wilson and the Stephen Robert ’62 Campus Center during the day and the Sciences Library at night.
from outside vendor continued from page 3 only one file server is defective, Coady said. The department is still unsure what the cause of the problem is, but is hesitant to conduct further tests on the file system because these trials create machine hangs and further instability. “Right now, nothing is scheduled,” Coady said. “We have the equipment to tr y and change, but we are quite stable now so we have no push to do it.” Unless more problems occur, the staff will postpone further trials and focus on retaining the current, relatively stable condition until the semester ends. Students had mixed respons-
es, though many agreed that the system is slowly improving. Sam Eilertsen ’12 said he hasn’t noticed any major problems recently, whereas major crashes used to prevent him from using the software, available only at the Center for Information Technology, for his animation class. Vihang Mehta ’12 said Wednesday that the system was “pretty bad yesterday,” but was fixed in a few minutes. Siddhartha Jain ’11 said that circumstances are “better than last semester when they didn’t change the file system” and said that the department has been “transparent” in informing the students of the trials and problems it was facing.
U. lacks resources to repair satellite gym facilities continued from page 1 Brown’s equipment will break,” Tsimikas said. “We’re throwing good money on old equipment.” Efforts to improve student gym facilities are currently focused on the new fitness and aquatics center, scheduled to open in 2012, Goldberger wrote. Including the three satellite gyms, the University will then house five separate fitness centers, Tsimikas said. Tsimikas said that at that point, the University may need to reevaluate how much funding goes to the gyms — and if it even wants to keep the satellite gyms open. “The University needs to determine whether it wants to support five areas, and if so, you need to have the financial resources to do so,” Tsimikas said. The athletics department is hiring a fitness center recreation coordinator over winter break, Tsimikas said. Though the coordinator could help improve satellite gyms by overseeing their maintenance, he said, such improvements would only be within budgetary constraints. Tsimikas said most schools in the Ivy League face similar challenges maintaining gym facilities. “We try to budget for replacement of ‘groups’ of cardio equipment (i.e. treadmills) every several years, but this is a constant challenge in difficult financial times such as these,” wrote Duke Diaz, Yale’s director of intramurals and recreation, in an e-mail to The Herald. Diaz wrote that Yale allots a “modest” amount of its operating budget to maintain fitness equipment. Citing Yale policy, he wrote that he could not disclose specific numbers. Robert Scalise ’71, Harvard’s athletics director, said he imagined all schools in the Ivy League face similar fitness constraints.
“If you did a study, every school would be slightly or significantly deficient in the amount of space for recreational use,” Scalise said. The Undergraduate Council of Students also conducted a recent audit of Brown’s satellite gyms. Chris Collins ’11, chair of the council’s Admissions and Student Services Committee, said the audit revealed what UCS suspected — that atmospheric elements of the gyms, such as lighting and carpeting, made the gyms “uninviting.” “It kind of kills our ability to get new equipment, because all of the money that could get new equipment goes to refurbishing old equipment,” Collins said. Satellite gyms are also maintained by student employees rather than the custodial staff, Collins said. “Not to knock any of the student workers who do it, but most students are doing really exciting things outside of cleaning fitness equipment, so it’s so low on their priority list that they don’t do a very good job,” Collins said. The council’s audit of the Bears Lair cleaning supplies cabinet found a couple of bottles of disinfectant and a binder where students wrote down when they cleaned, he said. “It’s very clear that satellite gyms aren’t maintained by professionals,” Collins said. Goldberger also wrote that he believes understaffing and underfunding are issues “across the board” in the athletics department. “This is a very difficult time for the University in areas that extend beyond athletics,” Goldberger wrote. “We understand that and try to make do.” Tsimikas characterized the budget shortfall as a “tough” situation. “The end result is to have clean equipment, functional equipment and relatively new equipment for Brown students,” Tsimikas said. “Getting there is the challenge.”
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
C ampus N EWS
Friday, November 12, 2010
“Their service sustains us and inspires us.” — U.S. Senator Jack Reed
Engineering school seeks founding dean continued from page 1
finding a founding dean for the school. This position is an expansion of the role of the dean of engineering and will replace the existing position, Bahar said. The committee is employing the services of Baker and Associates, an executive search firm that specializes in academic hiring for high-level positions, she said. The committees are accepting applications as well as actively recruiting distinguished members of the engineering community. “A lot of faculty time is poured into this to get the best people,” Clifton said. Applications will be accepted through the end of this year, and the committees plan to review all the applications early next semester, Clifton said. The entire hiring process should be completed by the end of this academic year. The goal is to have the new faculty members start by next summer, Bahar said. The hiring initiative will have many positive effects on undergraduate students, Clifton said. Bahar agreed. “Having more faculty means more classes, more faculty to advise research projects (and) more diversity in general,” she said. The ratio of undergraduates
to faculty will likely decrease, “leading to a richer, more diverse education for the undergraduate engineers,” wrote Alexander Zaslavsky, professor of engineering and co-chair of the general faculty search committee, in an e-mail to The Herald. Emily Hsieh ’12, an engineering concentrator, agreed that increased recognition of the engineering school will aid in graduate school admissions and job hunting. But she said she is unsure whether having more faculty members will add to the advising program. “If you want to talk to a professor, there’s always someone available. It’s up to the student,” she said. The hiring of new faculty and a founding dean are just the beginning of a plan to increase the visibility of the school, Clifton said. There are also talks of a new building for engineering and the applied sciences, he said. Establishing a school of engineering also makes the University’s engineering programs more competitive with other Ivy League institutions, which all have schools of engineering, Clifton said. “We want the world to know that there is a school of engineering at Brown,” Clifton said.
Freddy Lu / Herald
The Providence College Honor Guard Battalion led the flag-raising at Thursday’s Veteran’s Day ceremony on the Main Green.
Provost, senators praise veterans continued from page 3 mer Davis, a journalist and writer who continues to search for her first husband’s remains after his plane was shot down in Vietnam in 1969. In her speech, she thanked the Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command and a former Vietcong guerilla for assisting her greatly in her efforts to recover Captain Jerry Zimmer’s remains. She said she hopes that better technological improvements will help her reach her goal. After a brief introduction by Kertzer, Reed took the stage. Reed, who was also a speaker at last year’s ceremony and an army veteran himself, also emphasized the need to honor those that have voluntarily sacrificed for this country. “Their service sustains us and inspires us,” he said. In addition, he called for the need not only to pay respect, but also to provide veterans with the resources, namely education, to serve their communities after leaving the armed forces. He also pointed out
two important lessons to gather from Zimmer’s speech. “People may perish, but love does not die, and ... over time, enemies can become allies in the pursuit of a noble and common goal,” he said. Whitehouse gave the last speech, in which he called for everyone to “reflect on the blessings of this nation” on Veterans Day, and recognize the sacrifice that those in the armed forces have made to bring liberty and freedom for civilians. The ceremony concluded with the laying of wreaths on the Lincoln Field war memorial as bagpipes played “Amazing Grace.” David Salsone ’12.5, vice president of the Student Veteran’s Society and a Navy veteran, said that Zimmer’s speech added a more modern, contemporar y touch to the ceremony. He echoed Harrison’s thoughts that the University should “extend a hand to veterans” and admit more of them. Overall, he said he was very proud of the ceremony, as it was completely organized by the Student Veteran’s Society, which has
only four members. “It’s student led… it’s genuine, and it honors Brown’s veterans very appropriately. It’s one of my favorite events of the year,” said Matthew McKinley, a soldier who ser ved in the army for 18 years, and who brought his family to the ceremony. One of his favorite moments was Zimmer’s speech, which he described as “very moving and very real.” “I think it’s a wonderful tribute to veterans,” Reed said after the ceremony. He said that he was especially inspired by Zimmer, who has moved on from the death of her first husband but has not forgotten about their time together. “It’s encouraging… to see some patriotism here,” said Kelley Cox ’10, adding that it was incredible to see two senators at the University on Veterans Day. “I think every year, the students do a more beautiful job,” said Dean of the College Katherine Bergeron. “It’s interesting to see how memorial events like this really bring a community together.”
English trying to ‘reinforce’ curriculum continued from page 3
Jonathan Staloff / Herald
University researchers co-authored a paper on the relationship between certain receptor proteins and the development of breast cancer.
Discovery may advance new cancer therapies continued from page 3 whole world,” she added. “Right now we are tr ying to develop an antibody to therapeutically use for breast cancer patients, especially those who have over-expressed prolactin receptors,” said Chin. Ma also said the process of acetylation is not linked solely to prolactin receptors. “This is
not a single phenomenon — it is a common phenomenon. We are now looking at other receptors.” Members of the research team said they think they can link this process in other cell receptors to other forms of cancer. Zhe Zhang, co-author of the paper, said, “The mechanism can be applied to other receptors, not just prolactin receptors. This mechanism may be used for clinical therapy.”
the concentration committee.” The department is also looking to introduce a number of senior seminars for concentrators, McLaughlin said, with “topics especially designed with English concentrators in mind.” Another potential change involves establishing nonfiction writing as a track, rather than a focus area, within the English
concentration. The department is also considering the creation of an honors seminar and honors adviser in nonfiction writing and the elimination of the “four-course focus” from concentration requirements. “What we’re essentially tr ying to do with all of these changes is reinforce the structural aspects of the curriculum so that we make it possible to fulfill these goals of learning and gain a background in English literature,” McLaughlin
said. According to the draft of the proposal for these requirements, the new concentration requirements will provide students with a “coherent sense of the history of literature written in English from the Anglo-Saxon period up to today,” as well as critical writing and thinking skills. If approved, these changes would go into effect in the fall semester of 2011.
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Arts & Culture The Brown Daily Herald
Friday, November 12, 2010 | Page 6
‘Adults are idiots’: in doc, kids’ authors recall youth By Rebecca Ballhaus Senior Staff Writer
The Rhode Island School of Design Illustration Department co-hosted a screening of “Library of the Early Mind,” a new documentary about the world of children’s literature, Wednesday night. The screening was the sixth in a series of 50 screenings across the country before the film is made more widely available next fall, according to the film’s director, Edward Delaney. The film offers an inside look at the many different aspects of children’s books, featuring a stream of interviews with authors, illustrators and publishers. The first of its many poignant moments depicts Natalie Babbitt, author of “Tuck Everlasting,” smiling at the camera. “I write books for children because my childhood was the most important part of my life to date,” she says. “And I’m 72.” The film recounts some shocking statistics — for example, that people do 90 percent of their reading for pleasure before the age of eight. Author Grace Lin pointed out that children’s books have to appeal to both kids and the parents and teachers who serve as filters for the literature that actually reaches children. Delaney addresses other obstacles that children’s book authors face, including the vocabulary, complexity of ideas and level of humor deemed appropriate for children. “It seems that publishers’ idea is ‘we don’t want the child to confront anything he doesn’t already know,’ ” said Chris Van Allsburg,
author of “The Polar Express” and “Jumanji,” in the film. Delaney also takes on controversial issues in the history of children’s literature, including the portrayal of African Americans and homosexuals over time. Nancy Garden — the author of “Annie on My Mind,” which tells the story of a romantic relationship between two 17-year-old girls — recounts how she received a call one day telling her the book was being burned in Kansas City, Kan. The book’s burning and removal from the library prompted a lawsuit that Garden’s supporters ultimately won. But in her interview, Garden points to the fact that, other than a select few books, most homosexual characters in children’s books in the 50 years prior had either “committed suicide, been killed in a car crash, turned straight or been sent to a mental institution.” In a panel following the screening of the film, authors Babbitt and Van Allsburg and illustrator Mary Jane Begin, sat down with Delaney and his co-producer, Steven Withrow, to conduct a question-andanswer session with the packed auditorium. One audience member asked the panelists what they believed might account for a decrease in the quality of children’s books today. Van Allsburg cited the “peculiar economic model” of publishing houses as a reason. “If they would shorten up lists and accept that they could publish more (of each book) but fewer titles, that might continued on page 7
Courtesy of Erina Shibata
Artist Hope Hardesty ’08 used insulation foam to create the coral-like shapes in “Landscape.”
Glamour and guts in ‘Landslide’ By Suzannah Weiss Arts & Culture Editor
Frequenters of the Sarah Doyle Women’s Center Gallery will find themselves caved in by “Landslide,” an exhibit of two- and three-dimensional images of glamorous guts by Hope Hardesty ’08. Conveying vulnerability, slippage and escape, “Landslide” exposes something not conventionally for display: the gut, in the sense both of internal organs and of intuition. The corporeal flair of “Gush” embodies this unsettling juxtaposition of the glitzy and the grotesque. With colorful organs filling and spilling out of the fireplace, “Gush” singes the border between interior and exterior, organic and ethereal. Santa Claus has no place in Hardesty’s mythos of the hearth, whose boldly unexpected contents confront viewers in a manner more
resembling “The Nightmare Before Christmas” than “ ’Twas the Night Before Christmas.” The piece transforms the chimney into the building’s large intestine. Rather than gracefully puffing out waste, it excretes a smorgasbord of materials for all to see. Hardesty said she took this methodic mess and “put some kind of makeup on it.” On the opposite wall, shiny, white sculptures — undecided about their identity as clouds or intestines — protrude from pale blue paint with red splotches. “Landslide” is a hybrid between an anatomical crosscut and a winter sky. The exhibit’s eponymous piece utilizes insulation foam, typically used for home improvement. Though “gushy” and formless during the sculpting process, it develops a delicate coral-like finish, Hardesty said. “It’s kind of like this living thing.”
Hardesty wrote in the exhibit’s notes that her art explores how landscapes can manifest her somatic and emotional inner life, including her “identity as a woman.” She described the “feminine” ornamentation, patterns and color schemes as these elements of self-expression. But in “Collection in the Cabinet,” the gallery’s display case is transparent, literally and figuratively, in exposing the muddled emotions behind womanhood’s adorned exterior. Inside lie tangled worm-like tubes in glossy, glittered fabric — an awkward combination that emanates contrived surface beauty. The objects’ identity and direction are ambiguous or nonexistent. Jumbled and lost, they simultaneously whisper, “What am I doing here?” and shout, “Look at me!” By drawing attention to the practice of exhibiting art, “Collection in the Cabinet” draws attention to the cultural practice of exhibiting women. The most salient new features of the gallery are the repainted walls. Loud lime green and soft blue backgrounds highlight “Untitled” and “Landslide,” respectively — an addition Hardesty said was hers. “The space was very much considered in the making of everything,” Hardesty said, adding that she was interested in the psychogeography of viewergallery interactions. The rest of the show includes paintings and sculptures of body parts that are also landscapes, seascapes and sky-scapes. Some are aesthetically pleasing, some are horrifying and most are both, as well as attention-commanding. Hardesty said a “gnawing, very emotional feeling” inspired the collection, whose impression is accordingly cathartic. Some of its abstract naturalistic paintings evoke a release of psychic energy akin to the rumbling, tumbling outburst of built-up earth. While constr ucting “Landslide,” Hardesty said she was curious where viewers would localize “the line between something that’s beautiful and something that’s grotesque.” But her artwork illustrates that such a division need not exist. Visitors are welcome to witness gravity at work until Nov. 27, weekdays 9 a.m.-5 p.m.
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
A rts &C ulture
Friday, November 12, 2010
“It’s a magical show. It’s beautiful to watch.” — Alex Keegan, “Pippin” assistant director
Cast of S&B’s Pippin has ‘magic to do’ Panel discusses changing continued from page 1
The neo-vaudevillian group of players charm the audience and Pippin in the opening number, “Magic to Do,” where they entice listeners, beckoning “join us” and promising that they have “magic to do just for you.” An enthusiastic Pippin jumps up from the audience and joins the players, hoping that he will finally find his “corner of the sky” by becoming one of them. Pippin is forced to act immediately, as the LP sets up his role as the son of King Charlemagne, or Charles, of the Holy Roman Empire (Kyle Dacuyan ’11), who is preparing for war against the Visigoths. He also learns that he has a stepmother, Fastrada (Madeleine Heil ’13, Patrick Madden ’14), and a stepbrother, Lewis (Sean Patrick McGowan ’12), within the show. Pippin begs Charles to allow him to join in his campaign against the Visigoths. “You’re dedicated to something and I just want to be dedicated to something too,” he says, pleading with his “father.” Though reluctant at first, Charles ultimately lets Pippin become a soldier. However, once the battle’s won, Pippin still feels unfulfilled. In the course of the musical’s subsequent events, Pippin searches desperately for meaning in his life — both on stage and off. In his performance, he attempts to retreat to his grandmother’s house, kills Charles and ascends the throne as king, only to realize it’s not as promising a role as he initially expected. He tries throwing himself into art and then into the church, all to no avail, and he becomes a laborer on the estate
of a widow, Catherine (Katelyn Miles ’11). Offstage, Pippin navigates the complex relationships and antics of the players, even attempting to find enjoyment through sexual encounters with them, which play out in an all-ensemble orgasm scene that ends with everyone flat-backed and panting on the floor. But this leaves him “empty and vacant,” and he ultimately falls in love with the actress who plays Catherine, growing close to her and her son, Theo (Kerry Hall ’13). By the end of the production, Pippin’s frustrating failure to find meaning reaches a boiling point, and he is left to decide between acting out the elaborate “Grand Finale” that the players and LP have set up for him, or leaving the magic of their theatrical world behind for a more mundane, but real, existence. Despite the extreme exaggeration of many of the performers’ actions — apparent in elements such as obvious theatrical slaps between players, Lewis’ borderline maniacal obsession with himself and Theo’s hysterical relationship with a duck — the “meta” nature of the play often leaves one questioning when Pippin and the players are acting as themselves and when they have become the characters they’ve crafted. “There was an interest in sleight of hand — what’s seen and what’s not seen, what’s real and what’s not real, what’s true and what’s not true — as a way to reveal a truth about life,” Moore said. In navigating how to perform in the role thrust upon him, Pippin mimics the struggles of ever yday existence. He blunders and fumbles as he negotiates the various
figures and characters the LP introduces to him, while attempting to stay true to himself in the process. The production touches on a number of ver y human themes — including love, betrayal and finding oneself — that anyone can identify with and derive something from. “Pippin” is visually arresting, a impressive display of high-tech scener y and elaborate costumes. While the show features a large ensemble cast, every one of the actors contributes a unique element. “It’s a magical show. It’s beautiful to watch. It’s fun to be a part of. And it’s 20 people and a team who’ve really put their all into creating something that’s dynamic, that’s energetic, that’s moving, that’s a spectacle, but that’s also really real,” Keegan said. “Ultimately, we want an entertaining show that will touch people in some way … but I layer it and construct it as tightly as possible so that there’s a lot you can get,” Moore said. Join the cast of “Pippin” in an extravaganza of musical theatre this weekend or next. Who knows — you may just find a little magic in the most unexpected of places. “Pippin” runs Nov. 11-21, Thursday - Saturday at 8:00 p.m. and Sunday at 2:00 p.m. in Stuar t Theatre.
world of children’s books continued from page 6 improve quality,” he said. “But this (current) situation is the reality of supply and demand.” Begin, who illustrated a 2002 edition of “The Wind in the Willows,” also lamented the influence of marketing on publishers. “It happened maybe 10 years ago that they realized books could actually make a lot of money,” she said. “Then marketing started determining what was on the covers of books,” provoking a more aesthetic-based culture of book sales, she explained. Babbitt told the audience she found Lewis Carroll’s “Alice in Wonderland” appealing as a child because “there is only one sensible character in the book” — Alice. “The adults are idiots,” she said. “I liked that idea — and I grew up to find out that that’s true.” Babbitt also recounted her experience with Disney during the production of the 2002 film version of “Tuck Everlasting,” a process in which she was not involved. When she lamented the changes the studio had made to a creative executive at Disney, the executive told her the story had to be simplified. “Otherwise, children wouldn’t
understand,” she recalled the executive telling her. “It’s a good thing I live on the East Coast, or I would have done something evil, ” Babbitt said, smiling mischievously at the audience. “The biggest danger we have is that we don’t respect the intelligence of children,” Babbitt added. “I don’t know why we have all forgotten what it’s like to be one.” “It was just everything I came (to RISD) for,” said Sarah Lammer, a RISD sophomore majoring in printmaking, of the film and the panel. “I remember these people from reading ‘The Polar Express’ and ‘Tuck Everlasting’ — and they’re here. It’s just wonderful.” Karen Sung, a RISD sophomore majoring in illustration, said she had never thought of going into the field of children’s book illustration until she saw the film. As a children’s illustrator, “you are grabbing them at the very beginning stages of their lives,” she said. “You become burned into their brains.” Withrow said that the film was intended for an “audience of people who have given up on children’s books. They might see this as a reminder of something they’ve been missing for many years, or may not even be aware they’re missing.”
SportsWeekend The Brown Daily Herald
Friday, November 12, 2010 | Page 8
Rejuvenated Big Green pose next threat to 4th-place Bears
By Ethan McCoy Spor ts Staff Writer
After starting off strong with three consecutive wins in Ivy League play, the football team has lost two weeks in a row and now seems all but out of the race for a conference title. But for the fourth-place Bears (4-4, 3-2 Ivy League), there is still much to play for, and the squad will look to bounce back as the team travels to Hanover, N.H., Saturday to take on Dartmouth (5-3, 2-3) in what should be a competitive game. Last week, the Bears lost a close game to Yale, 27-24, in a matchup of second-place teams. The loss relegated Bruno to fourth in the standings, where they now sit below Penn (5-0), Yale (4-1) and Har vard (4-1). “We had ourselves in a position to stay in the race this past weekend against Yale,” said Head Coach Phil Estes. “We just didn’t do enough to win. Yale’s a good football team and they did what they had to do to win and we didn’t.” The tough schedule will not let up Saturday, as Dartmouth has experienced a rebirth of sorts this season. After records of 3-7, 0-10, and 2-8 their previous three sea-
sons — highlighted at one point by a 17-game losing streak — the Big Green have played impressive football all year, with wins over Columbia and Cornell and a close loss to first-place Penn in overtime. “I really look at a sign of a good team as overcoming adversity, and they’ve done that all year,” Estes said of the Big Green. “They’ve been down in first halves and come out and outscored ever yone they’ve played in the second half.” The Dar tmouth of fense has shown great prowess in 2010, averaging over 25 points a game. Running back Nick Schwieger leads the Ivy League in rushing, averaging 134.6 yards a game, and he needs only 58 more yards to eclipse the 1,000-yard mark for the season. Quarterback Conner Kempe ranks third in the Ivy League in passing yards, leading a balanced attack that will challenge the Bruno defense this weekend. Kempe is “ver y poised, ver y confident and he seems to make the right plays at the right time,” Estes said. “I think Schweiger is the most dangerous big-play back in the league right now, so they’ve got the complete package… It makes it ver y tough for us to load up on the pass or the run because
one or the other is going to hurt you.” On the other side of the ball, the Brown offense is looking to maintain a consistent attack for 60 minutes. Throughout the season, the offense has made big plays, but also fallen victim to quick threeand-outs. It has also failed at times to establish the run, one thing that Estes sees as a necessity Saturday. “I think we need to take the pressure of f (quar terback Joe Springer ’11),” Estes said. “We need to run the ball better and have a little more patience with the run so that we can open up a little more of the passing game.” Key to the success of the rushing attack this season has been the play of Mark Kachmer ’13, who left the Yale game in the second quarter with a leg injur y and did not return. Kachmer’s status for Saturday is unknown, and it appears as if the Bears will have to rely on Zach Tronti ’11, who has himself been playing through injuries all season. In the air, Springer has formed a nice rapport with his troupe of wide receivers — Alex Tounkara ’11, Jimmy Saros ’12, Tellef Lundevall ’13 and Jonah Fay ’12 — and will look to spread the ball all over the field against a Dartmouth side that
Emily Gilbert / Herald
Bears wide receiver Tellef Lundevall ’13 will work against the Big Green’s relatively weak pass defense.
ranks last in the Ivy League in pass defense. A league championship does not appear to be on the horizon for either side, but both coaches are nevertheless excited for what should be a great football game between two evenly matched squads. “Brown is always a ver y physical team,” said Dartmouth Head
Coach Buddy Teevens. “They’re ver y, ver y competitive and have some older guys on both sides of the football that are ver y physical… Historically, they’re just a powerful, explosive, physical team, so we need to prepare well.” Kickoff is set for noon in Hanover. The game will be nationally televised on the Versus network.
World & Nation The Brown Daily Herald
Washington state bans caffeine alcohol drinks
By Andrew Garber The Seattle Times
OLYMPIA, Wash. — The Washington state Liquor Control Board on Wednesday approved an emergency ban of caffeinated alcohol drinks, the type of beverage that sickened nine Central Washington University students last month during an offcampus party. Board members said they took the action because of public health and safety concerns. The ban will take effect Nov. 18 and remain in place for 120 days while the board goes through rule-making procedures for a permanent ban. The state Legislature also is expected to consider passing a law early next year banning the drinks. “We have been concerned for some time about the dangers posed by alcohol energy drinks. At my request, the board this morning voted to ban this new breed of alcohol drinks in the state of Washington,” Gov. Chris Gregoire said at a news conference after the vote. “The Liquor Control Board has a duty to protect the safety of the people of Washington state. It has fulfilled that duty by banning these drinks.” Gregoire said she had been concerned that caffeinated alcohol drinks were targeting young people. “Reports of inexperienced or underage drinkers consuming them in reckless amounts have given us cause for concern,” she said. “With hospitalizations and near-lethal blood alcohol levels, many of these young folks were unaware just how drunk they had become… Quite simply these drinks are real trouble for our youth.” The six women and three men who became sick at the Oct. 8 house party in Roslyn, Kittitas County, had consumed Four Loko, a product some people have dubbed “blackout in a can.” It is among some two dozen such products on the market that combine a stimulant with alcohol. All of the students who became ill were under 21 and had high bloodalcohol readings. One woman nearly died, officials said, noting that con-
suming a single, 23.5-ounce can of Four Loko, which is 12 percent alcohol, is considered comparable to drinking five or six beers. Since the incident, various groceries across the state have pulled caffeinated alcohol products from their shelves. Jim Halstrom, a lobbyist for Phusion Projects, the maker of Four Loko, objected to the action during the board meeting. “No one is more upset than we are when our products are abused or consumed illegally by underage drinkers. But we also believe curbing alcohol abuse or underage drinking will not be accomplished by singling out a lone product or beverage category,” he said. “We think the true answer lies with increased education and awareness by all and with respect for the law.” After the meeting, Halstrom said, “We’re concerned about the haste with which this was addressed. We understand that much of the impetus for this came out of the Roslyn event. What we have seen from the police reports ... our product was not identified as at fault. “I’m not saying our product was not consumed. I’m saying we’re not at all sure that our product was the one that created the significant problems,” he said, referring to the students becoming ill. This month, the Michigan Liquor Control Commission banned Four Loko and dozens of similar drinks. Last year, 25 state attorneys general, including Washington state Attorney General McKenna, asked the Food and Drug Administration to examine the beverages. Washington state liquor stores do not carry the products, but many convenience stores do, according to the state Liquor Control Board. Critics say the hefty dose of caffeine in the drinks masks the effects of the alcohol. Makers of the products counter that combining alcohol and caffeine is not new. Fans of the beverages compare them to cocktails such as Irish coffee, rum-and-cola and vodka-and-Red Bull, all of which combine alcohol and a stimulant.
Friday, November 12, 2010 | Page 9
Bush tax cuts extension gaining momentum By David Lightman and Kevin Hall McClatchy Newspapers
WASHINGTON — The Bush-era tax cuts that are set to expire on Dec. 31 are expected to be extended temporarily by the lameduck Congress, with a two-year extension the most promising compromise. But the path to getting that fix approved is going to be bumpy, and there’s fear that if the debate gets unusually ugly, the extension won’t be approved at all this year. Failing to act means tax rates will jump next year and will return to pre-2001 and 2003 rates. Nonetheless, there’s reason for optimism that the Dec. 31 deadline will be met: The key players are sending strong signals they’re willing to accept a temporary fix. And the Internal Revenue Service is warning lawmakers that they later they wait to change 2011 tax law, the more likely it is that consumers and businesses could face confusion and delays in getting refunds. President Barack Obama said last week he was ready for a “serious conversation” on a compromise, despite his long-standing insistence he wants the cuts continued only for individuals with an adjusted gross income less than $200,000 and couples less than $250,000. On the Republican side, Sen. Orrin Hatch of Utah, who’s slated to become the top Republican on the tax-writing Senate Finance Committee, said this week that a temporary extension “would garner support from Democrats and Republicans alike. That path forward is an extension of all the tax relief well past the next election.” Some Republican leaders in the House of Representatives also have signaled that they’re open to a vote on a two-year fix. But others in GOP are digging in. Ohio’s John Boehner, who’s set to become House speaker, said Wednesday he wants a permanent extension. But the temporar y extension is gaining momentum because it would allow both parties to use the issue in the 2012 campaign.
And making the tax cuts permanent wouldn’t require a vote until a lame-duck session after the 2012 presidential election. All this logic and leadership firepower, though, may not convince the rank and file in Congress to move ahead. Most Democrats have been adamant that there should be no more tax breaks for the wealthy. The current top rates, now 33 and 35 percent, would return to preBush levels of 36 and 39.6 percent for the richest Americans. Many also think that continuing the tax cuts is too costly. Letting the tax cuts for wealthiest expire would reduce the deficit by about $700 billion over 10 years. Extending all the cuts adds to the deficit —the shortfall between what government collects and what it spends — by an estimated $2.5 trillion over a 10-year period. Democrats aren’t eager to fight only for the middle-class tax cuts because many moderates made it clear before the election they wanted all the cuts extended. Their rationale: They didn’t want to be accused of raising taxes during the economic slump. In the Senate, since at least four Democrats expressed such reservations, it seems nearly impossible to get support for cuts only for the middle class. Robert Bixby, the executive director of the Concord Coalition, a bipartisan budget watchdog organization, said: “That’s really just the tip of the iceberg.” That’s because Congress also must extend a fix to the alternative minimum tax, a creeping tax that was never indexed to inflation and thus threatens to snare 21 million taxpayers if it isn’t patched. A bipartisan group of senators this
week voiced support for raising the AMT limit in 2010. Should that limit continue to expand, “you’re really talking about $4 trillion to make them permanent over 10 years. The expectations of getting a balanced budget anytime soon are quite exaggerated,” Bixby said. Boehner has pledged to cut spending by $100 billion a year, but Bixby thinks that’s hardly a serious solution to the nation’s budget woes. “If you are extending tax cuts that cost more than $100 billion a year, and entitlements (Social Security and Medicare) are growing at more than $100 billion a year, you are really not improving the situation dramatically,” Bixby said, adding that hard choices about cutting the sacred cows of government spending are needed. But allowing even some rates to return to pre-Bush levels, other Democrats argue, means taxes are going up during a serious economic slump. “Most economists predict that our nation will face continued economic weakness for the next 18 months to two years,” said Senate Budget Committee Chairman Kent Conrad, D-N.D. “The general rule of thumb is that you do not raise taxes or cut spending during an economic downturn. That would be counterproductive.” While there’s talk of compromise, the political squabbling already has consequences on taxpayers, as IRS Commissioner Douglas Shulman noted in a Nov. 5 letter to key lawmakers. “The later that Congress passes tax law changes that affect 2010, the more strain it would have on the IRS’s limited resources,” Shulman wrote.
Editorial & Letters The Brown Daily Herald
Page 10 | Friday, November 12, 2010
Letters, please! email@example.com
ale x yuly
d i a m o n d s a n d c oa l Coal to men at Brown, only 11 percent of whom told us they are gay. Our bitter heterosexual female staffers tell us that number must be higher. Coal to UCS for looking into a program that gives updates on which dorm laundr y machines are available. Soon, we won’t have any more excuses to walk around our dorms without pants.
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said social networking is sometimes the most personal connection he has with students. Now perhaps you understand why we’re always on Facebook during lecture. Another social media #Diamond to @Prof. Tricia Rose MA’87 PhD’93, who has amassed nearly 1,500 followers on Twitter. Just 1.6 million more, and you’ll almost be as popular as colleague @Wyclef.
A diamond to former Herald editor and Keith Olbermann ball-buster Simmi Aujla ’09. This does not violate Herald employee donation policy. We swear.
A diamond to Sex Power God, whose new location has fewer places to “sneak off and do things.” We wouldn’t want Bill O’Reilly to miss anything.
Coal to the sociology professor who encouraged the art of “doing it once… just to tr y it.” We are nearly sure that Brown students need no encouragement.
Diamond to the libraries union for signing a contract through September 2014. But coal to libraries in 2014, which will have more union employees than books.
A diamond to the English department for changing the name of its concentration from “Literatures and Cultures in English” to just plain English. That will look so much better on the diploma you hang on your cardboard box’s wall.
Diamond to Sen. Sheldon Whitehouse, D-R.I., for telling a RISD student that he could fight climate change with art. Who says the Democrats don’t know how to sell their message?
A diamond to Health Services’ after-hours nursing hotline. Finally, we can talk to nurses late at night without charging it to our parents’ credit cards. A virtual diamond to the biology professor who
“Diamonds and Coal” is written by The Herald’s staf f. Submit your own at diamondsandcoal.com.
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An article in Thursday’s Herald (“Chafee’s election renews hope for R.I. gay marriage movement,” Nov. 11) incorrectly claimed that activists for same-sex marriage in Rhode Island would settle for civil unions, attributing that claim to Seth Magaziner ’06. In fact, Magaziner said he and other same-sex marriage supporters in the state were not willing to settle for civil unions. The Herald regrets the error.
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Opinions The Brown Daily Herald
Friday, November 12, 2010 | Page 11
Net neutrality, dead for some, ripe for compromise BY dan davidson Opinions Columnist In the wake of election day, Republicans eagerly pointed out the many specific policy proposals voters rejected with their ballots. As in years past, when it was the Democrats explaining which Republican ideas voters repudiated, few in the media are pointing out that these “analyses” are nothing more than spin-jobs applied to an election decided overwhelmingly by the economy and the fact that Democrats happened to hold most Congressional seats. Emblematic of this post-election departure from logic was Scott Cleland’s assertion that Democratic losses proved the American people are opposed to net neutrality. Net neutrality, according to the New York Times, is the idea that Internet providers “should treat all sources of data equally.” In other words, data should be transmitted to your computer at the same rate, whether you are reading the New York Times or your friend’s study-abroad blog. Some would like to see a different scenario emerge, in which the Times could pay an Internet provider to receive faster transmission. Cleland, a telecom industry consultant who opposes net neutrality, noted that 95 candidates who signed onto a Progressive Change Campaign Committee pledge to support net neutrality all lost their races. For Cleland, this was more than enough evidence that Americans don’t want net neutrality. Never mind that not a single candidate was an incumbent, all were Democrats in a
terrible year for the party, or the possibility that any issue other than net neutrality could have influenced voters. Such pathetic attempts at understanding the election aren’t problematic on their own, but several major media outlets picked up on Cleland’s faulty analysis, running with stories declaring net neutrality doomed. It is probably true that this Congress will be less friendly to net neutrality than the last. Several key supporters will not return to Washington, such as North Dakota Senator Byron Dorgan — who sponsored a net
communications law, but to little effect. Current rules regulating the Internet stem from the 1996 Telecommunications Act. Think about what the Internet was like in 1996, and it’s obvious that we need a new regulatory framework. Fundamental concerns make it essential that some form of net neutrality be established as law in the United States. Without net neutrality, Internet providers are free to censor content on the Web, either subtly, by making certain websites take an exceptionally long time to load, or overtly, by simply
Without net neutrality, Internet providers are free to censor content on the Web, either subtly, by making certain websites take an exceptionally long time to load, or overtly, by simply blocking them. neutrality bill in 2007 — and Virginia Congressman Rick Boucher, who is known for bringing both parties, industry and consumer groups together on telecom issues. And recent events make it increasingly unlikely that Congress will be able to put off action on the issue for any longer than it already has. In April, a federal appeals court ruled that the Federal Communications Commission doesn’t have the regulatory authority to enforce net neutrality. Since then, the FCC, members of Congress and industry have all tried to get the ball rolling on revising tele-
blocking them. Access to this valuable public good should not be controlled by a handful of corporations, but should instead remain open to all. Beyond this core element of the debate, however, lie many opportunities for legitimate bipartisan compromise. Censorship cannot be allowed, but perhaps a tiered Internet, as envisioned by many Internet providers, could be workable. Access to websites wouldn’t be denied, but some users could opt to pay more and in return receive service that prioritizes the Web traffic they most use, like streaming video. In many oth-
er countries, greater competition amongst Internet providers gives the public options if they are unhappy with how their service is prioritizing the websites they use. Americans often find themselves with only one or two local providers, so encouraging more competition could be a useful counterweight to scaled-back net neutrality proposals. The issues surrounding net neutrality are obviously more complex than what I lay out here. But my point is that new rules governing the Internet and prohibiting censorship are badly needed, and that the new Congress has a real opportunity to work together in a meaningful way for the good of the public. Whether or not lawmakers choose to take on this challenge remains to be seen. Unfortunately, many conservative organizations take a reactionary stand against net neutrality, playing up the popular Tea Party meme of limited government. But it’s hard to understand how one can value freedom and free markets, yet not believe the government should prevent Internet providers, who often hold regional monopolies, from censoring Web content. New rules will have a huge impact on our Internet-dependent generation, and we can’t afford to let our lawmakers be short-sighted. However the new regulations get hashed out, young people should take an active interest in the subject — nothing less than the future of how we communicate is at stake.
Dan Davidson ’11.5 is a political science concentrator from Atlanta, Georgia. He can be reached at email@example.com.
Kertzer’s Brown, Inc. legacy BY simon liebling Opinions Columnist Announcing the end of a 45-year transformation from one of the University’s foremost student radicals to a bureaucratic Brown, Inc. acolyte, President Ruth Simmons took the opportunity last week to praise departing Provost David Kertzer ’69 P’95 P’98 for what will likely be his last administrative pet project — his unsuccessful attempt to push through unpopular and unneeded tenure reforms over widespread faculty disapproval. “His recent and courageous efforts to reform and improve the tenure process at Brown will no doubt be one of his most lasting accomplishments,” she wrote in an e-mail to the same faculty who worked through the channels of democratic faculty governance to ensure that the proposed reforms would be neither “lasting” nor “accomplishments.” The e-mail itself is indicative of the antagonistic tack the administration has taken in dealing with faculty. The only thing that makes Kertzer’s efforts “courageous” is that he has stubbornly foisted them upon a faculty that does not want them. Simmons’s unwillingness to take an unbiased position, casting her lot with the provost, is an antidemocratic insult to the principle of autonomous faculty governance that carries strong overtones of the growing “administration knows best” attitude. The same goes for her insistence that the reforms will ultimately be accepted and implemented, an ominous warning that one way or another, the faculty will be overruled.
The only reason that these tenure reforms are on the table at all is the First Commandment of Brown, Inc: “Thou shalt always endeavor to be more like Harvard and Yale.” The reform process began only after the committee that reaccredited Brown — chaired, notably, by the president of the University of Pennsylvania — pointed out that Brown’s tenure rate was significantly higher than those of our supposed peer institutions, the research universities of the Ivy League. Faculty members have rightly pointed out that this fact should be read as a success story rather than a cause for soul searching.
gument — Brown, Inc.’s favorite — there is no compelling reason for administrators to be worried about Brown’s tenure rate. Kertzer has been wholly unable to articulate any actual negative academic consequences of a high tenure rate. The only concern — as seems to be the case with most things in which Brown, Inc. gets involved — is external perception. Unsurprisingly, the real purpose of these tenure reforms has nothing to do with academic quality. The administration’s first goal, reflected in Simmons’s e-mail to faculty, is to seize authority over academic gov-
The only reason that these tenure reforms are on the table at all is the First Commandment of Brown, Inc: “Thou shalt always endeavor to be more like Harvard and Yale.”
High tenure rates are proof only that Brown is more judicious in its initial hiring processes and more thorough in its mentoring of junior professors — departments tend not to hire those unworthy of tenure in the first place. At the peer institutions with which Brown compares itself, meanwhile, junior professors join high turnover faculties under the expectation that they will not receive tenure — which explains the gap in tenure rates as a difference of philosophy rather than rigor. Absent the “everyone else is doing it” ar-
ernance from the faculty and consolidate power in University Hall. To that end, one of the reforms would grant administrators the ability to pick the outside reviewers who evaluate tenure candidates — previously the exclusive domain of departments and faculty committees. The other goal — coming hand-in-hand with Brown, Inc.’s plan to reinvent the university-college as an international research university — is to incentivize research at the expense of teaching. The reforms would double from five to 10 the number of letters
required from outside experts in each tenure candidate’s field — letters that are invariably based on professors’ research reputations, not their teaching acumen. Prominent faculty members have taken to national higher education publications to express their concern that this reform in particular would mark the end of Brown’s unique emphasis on undergraduate education. Professor of Comparative Literature Arnold Weinstein told Inside Higher Ed that “the status of teaching at Brown is in jeopardy.” Kertzer’s tenure reforms, then, fit neatly into Brown, Inc.’s vision of the thoughtless emulation of Harvard and Yale, whether or not mimicking makes actual sense for Brown. The faculty’s resistance to the reforms is a clear statement of their own alternative vision — one that preserves the university-college and reasserts their uncompromised authority over academics at Brown. Simmons assured the faculty that they will have input into the search for Kertzer’s replacement, which is promising, given that one would hope that the faculty would have a role in selecting their chief academic officer. But if the administration has any respect for faculty governance, it will choose a provost who respects the final democratic authority of the faculty and whose academic philosophy is built on something a little more substantial than competition for competition’s sake.
Simon Liebling ’12 is from New Jersey. He can be reached at simon.liebling@ gmail.com
Today The Brown Daily Herald
Changes in store for English department
1 November 12
Bat & Gaz | Sofia Ortiz
Concert for a Cause, Alumnae Hall
Bach Marathon - Part 1, Grant Recital Hall
Brown New Music Concert, Grant
Legends of the Sea, Salomon
Center, Room 101
menu SHARPE REFECTORY
VERNEy-WOOLLEY DINING HALL LUNCH
BBQ Beef Sandwich, Bulgur Stuffed Pepper, Vegetarian Curry Stir Fry with Tofu, Rice Krispie Treats
Chicken Fingers, Vegan Nuggets, Zucchini, Carrot and Garlic Medley, Rice Krispie Treats
Dr. Bear | Mat Becker
DINNER Gnocchi with Arugula and Spinach Pesto, Bourbon BBQ Chicken, Chocolate Marshmallow Cake Roll
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60 / 41
Friday, November 12, 2010
c a l e n da r Today
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t h e n e w s i n i m ag e s
Pollock Putanesca, Grilled Chicken, Golden Corn and Rice Casserole, Orange Beef Pad Thai
Cabernet Voltaire | Abe Pressman
Dot Comic | Eshan Mitra and Brendan Hainline
Classic Hippomanic | Mat Becker