Daily Herald the Brown
vol. cxliv, no. 27 | Monday, March 2, 2009 | Serving the community daily since 1891
Researchers view funds with optimism, caution By Brigitta Greene Senior Staf f Writer
Hang Nguyen / Herald
The Brown Band skated into its final performance of the year on ice during the Brown-Colgate hockey game.
First band on skates plays last show of year By Dan Alexander Staff Writer
The game ended, and the Brown and Colgate hockey players unlaced their skates in the locker rooms after a 3-3 tie. But the small crowd stayed in its seats and waited. “Ladies and Gentlemen, friends and alumni,” a voice yelled over the loudspeaker. “Presenting an
organization that’s trying not to get cut from this year’s budget, it’s the Brown University — guess we’ll be replacing that drum with a garbage
FEATURE can — Band!” For the last time this season, the Brown Band took the ice carrying flutes and clarinets, trumpets and
Group recalls ’68 walkout, past of student activism By Alicia Chen Contributing Writer
Forty years ago, 65 black students walked off campus and boycotted classes for the better part of a week to protest what they saw as a lack of commitment to minority students at Brown and its then-sister school, Pembroke College. The boycotters represented more than three quarters of the schools’ combined black enrollment, and a major demand of the walkout — which began Dec. 5, 1968 and lasted five days — was for black students to make up 11 percent of Pembroke’s next incoming class. On Friday, students, faculty and alums gathered on Pembroke’s campus, now long since merged with Brown’s, to commemorate the walkout and hear a panel discuss the protest and its lessons in front of an audience that filled most of SmithBuonanno 106. The panel discussion, “Student Activism: Past, Present and Future,” included seven walkout participants,
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tubas. Some of them raced out on hockey skates while others barely stayed balanced on their figure skates. In a performance that could be best described as organized chaos, the band played for over 10 minutes. In between songs, the announcer read a script making fun of movies, the Sharpe Refectory and continued on page 4
Researchers across the countr y are looking with anticipation at the federal stimulus bill, hopeful it will provide a brief respite from years of financial strain. The $787 billion economic stimulus package, signed into law two weeks ago, allocates $10.4 billion to the National Institutes of Health — the major funding agency for biomedical research — and $3 billion to the National Science Foundation. The money comes at a critical time for researchers. In the last decade, grants from the NIH have become dramatically more competitive. The agency’s paylines — the percent of total applications that receive funding— fell from 32 percent in 1999 to 24 percent by 2008. “The last 10 years have been horrible,” said Assistant Professor of Medical Science Richard Freiman. He, along with the research community as a whole, is hoping the stimulus bill is an indication of future federal support for the sciences. Congress has set a deadline of September 2010 for allocating the stimulus funds. Beyond that date, funding may remain elusive,
forcing researchers like Freiman to spend more time chasing after grants than, say, pursuing runaway mice. “We don’t want the faculty and undergraduates to become accountants,” said Robert Tamassia, chair of the Department of Computer Science. Though the stimulus may create relief in the short term, it remains unclear to what degree President Obama and the Democrat-controlled Congress will be able to boost research spending in the long term. “It feels like it’s a roller coaster,” Freiman said. “You just have to hold on until you get back to the top.” A funding bottleneck Freiman runs a small lab in the Brown research building at 70 Ship Street, using mice to study transcriptional control mechanisms and organ development in mammals. But recently, teaching a class, managing his lab and writing grant applications have forced him to leave his students to run the majority of the research. “It’s pretty standard to be juggling three balls at once,” he said, continued on page 2
NAACP head speaks on Obama era
two other alums from the period and two current students. The event also featured a documentary about the walkout by Julia Liu ’06 and Alison Klayman ’06. Elmo Terry-Morgan ’74, associate professor of Africana studies, moderated the event. Shut out The protest had its beginnings in a letter sent by a group of black Pembroke women to their dean of admissions requesting changes to Pembroke’s policies regarding black students. But when they weren’t satisfied with the response, they set a deadline for the walkout and were soon joined by a group of Brown students in making the threat. The walkout ultimately lasted five days and earned a number of concessions from the University, drawing national attention. The former students on the panel, especially the former Pembroke women who helped spark the walkout, said that in 1968 it was continued on page 4
By Ellen Cushing Senior Staf f Writer
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is in the process of “retooling” itself, widening its focus from civil rights to more general human rights, including effective law enforcement, quality education and financial security for black Americans, the organization’s president, Benjamin Jealous, told a crowded Salomon 101 Friday afternoon. Jealous, who took of fice in September and is the organization’s youngest president ever, spoke as part of the Department of History’s symposium, “Abraham Lincoln for the Twenty-First Century,” which honored the Lincoln Bicentennial. In an interview with The Herald before the speech, Jealous explained the evolution of his organization — which was founded 100 years ago last month in an effort to stop lynchings — using law enforcement as an example. “We were founded to stop extra-
Federic Lu / Herald
NAACP President Benjamin Jealous spoke as part of the Department of History’s symposium, “Abraham Lincoln for the Twenty-First Century.”
judicial homicides — the killing of black men suspected of crimes without being properly charged,” he said. “Fortunately, that has stopped, but at the same time, the undergirding aspiration (of the NAACP), which is to feel safe and secure in this country, is elusive because of high rates of homicide in the black community.” The organization is mounting a “big national campaign around ef-
fective law enforcement — ending racial profiling, ending police killing of unarmed civilians, dramatically increasing the rate at which murders in the black community are solved,” he said. During the lecture and the interview, he also discussed the organization’s focus on moving past the desegregation battles of continued on page 6
Working Over Time
A new RISD exhibition features the disruptive camouflage of World War I
Lacrosse, hockey and basketball played past regulation four times over the weekend.
globalize, we must The editorialists urge administrators to stay the international course.
CHANGE OF COURSE Katharine Hermann ’09 reflects on her course selections at Brown.
195 Angell Street, Providence, Rhode Island
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“I end up in the office preparing lectures and doing grant applications.” “It’s not something I was prepared to do,” he added. Researchers spent approximately 42 percent of their “research time” on administrative tasks in 2007, according to a sur vey completed by the Federal Demonstration Partnership at Northwestern University. Freiman said he spends at least a third of his time writing proposals. In total, he has written over 30 grants — some of which can take up to three months to finish — in the six years he has been at Brown. The competition for federal funding is particularly tough on first-time researchers and junior faculty members. Because the majority of agencies require preliminary data in applications, investigators may not even begin applying for funding until they are three or four years into lab work. Brown offers researchers standard start-up funding to cover the cost of these initial years, but leaves investigators on their own from there. “It’s almost like being the owner of a small business,” Freiman said. “It’s challenging for all of us.” Between 1998 and 2003, Congress authorized consecutive increases in the NIH’s funding, effectively doubling its budget over a period of six years, said Al Teich, director of science and policy pro-
grams at the American Association for the Advancement of Science. The increases were heralded with great anticipation by the biomedical world. Encouraged by the possibility of future funding, research facilities dramatically built up their biomedical programs, hiring new faculty and increasing construction of laboratories, Teich said. Within these shiny new labs, hundreds of hopeful junior faculty and students began their research. But those golden days of increasing spending did not last. The NIH’s budget has remained nearly stagnant for the past six years, while inflation has eroded the effective purchasing power of the funds. “There are some schools that really over expanded,” said Tim Leshan, Brown’s director of government relations and community affairs. “That’s not the case with Brown.” The University’s research funding figures have not gone down in the past couple of years, according to Clyde Briant, vice president for research. But “that’s not to say,” Leshan said, “that there was not the potential for much higher rates had the government provided higher funding.” Despite the budgetar y plateau, the number of applications reviewed by NIH each year has increased by about 65 percent since 1998, while the number of grants actually awarded has remained relatively constant. As their success rates for ac-
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— Tricia Serio, associate professor of medical science
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“There is feasible, meritorious science not being funded.”
Stagnant NIH Funding, Lower Grant Approval Rate NIH budget (millions)
U. awaits research funding from stimulus
March 2, 2009
’98 ’99 ’00 ’01 ’02 ’03 ’04 ’05 ’06 ‘07
Over five years of steady or declining funding for the National Institutes of Health, the fraction of research proposals receiving funds has declined with increasing competition. In 2007, just 27.2 percent of grant proposals reviewed were approved, down from a high of 36.9 percent in 1999. Budget numbers adjusted to 2008 dollars. Data from American Association for the Advancement of Science, NIH.
Students in the Brown Space Club took a ride on NASA’s zero-gravity plane last year, conducting experiments under conditions of weightlessness. Photo Courtesy of NASA
quiring funding fall, researchers find themselves filling out more and more applications. In Januar y, President Ruth Simmons, along with scientific leaders and the heads of 18 other universities, signed a letter to thenPresident-elect Obama, emphasizing the need to increase scientific research funding as part of any stimulus package. “While some might argue that the current economic crisis should push such plans into the future,” the letter read, “we believe, to the contrar y, that the stimulus package provides a vital opportunity to begin rebuilding American science.” The “health and vitality of the American scientific enterprise is seriously threatened,” the letter read. Briant said the details on how federal money will be distributed are still unclear. “The stimulus is a moving target,” he said. Briant said his office will act as a “clearinghouse” for all information regarding the stimulus package, adding that faculty, administration and government employees are all working together to ensure the flow of information. “We will swing into action with each new step,” he said. A broken pipeline Last March, Brown, with five other American research universities, authored a report, “A Broken Pipeline? Flat Funding of the NIH Puts a Generation of Science at Risk.” Since 2003, according to the report, the NIH has experienced a 13 percent drop in real purchasing power, and research progress has slowed as a result. The university report profiled 12 early-career researchers, high-
lighting the difficulties they faced in tr ying to secure funding. Increased competition, the report argues, will drive a generation of young people away from academe, leaving an unrecoverable gap in scientific progress. In 1990, young researchers received 29 percent of R01 grants, the major awards offered by the NIH. By 2007, that figure had declined to 25 percent, according to the report. There are resources available to early-career investigators that currently fund many young Brown researchers, but because they are from private agencies, the packages are small and ver y competitive, said Tricia Serio, an associate professor of medical science who was among the young researchers profiled in the report. As a result of increased competition for grant packages, scientists who review NIH proposals have become increasingly conservative in judging applications, Serio said. Proposals must prove a high degree of feasibility, and researchers have become increasingly cautious in their endeavors, she said. In effect, the system has created an atmosphere that discourages risk, a key element to scientific discover y, Serio said. “There is feasible, meritorious science not being funded,” she added, pointing to the fact that NIH will now be looking at old proposals to fund. Ultimately, if funding does not come in, researchers will have to shut down their labs. Graduate students and prospective students of the sciences may see the difficulty their superiors face, Serio said, and be discouraged from entering the
field. “The scary part is that we could lose a generation of really good people,” she said. “I think that loss would be permanent,” she added. “There’s no way to re-enter the pipeline.” Just a Blip? Because the primary goal of the bill is short-term economic stimulus, the new funding will only be available for a ver y short period of time. The level of funding is “gonna go up — and then it’s gonna go down,” Teich said. Besides Congress’ 2010 deadline, the NSF has set an internal goal of distributing all stimulus funds within 120 days, according to a Feb. 24 New York Times article. The agency will not actively seek new proposals, but will instead finance a greater number of proposals already under review, while looking back at previously rejected ones as well, the Times reported. “Things are pretty difficult, any help is extremely welcome,” Serio said. “But if it’s not converted to longer term, we’re going be in the same position two years from now.” In addition, White House priorities may still play a role in the direction of funding. Though the NSF is an independent federal agency, the NIH falls under the Department of Health and Human Ser vices, making it more likely to follow the directions of Congress. The version of the stimulus package passed by the House urged equal geographic distribucontinued on page 3
March 2, 2009
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“This is not just about climate change — this is about a whole range of social justice issues,” — David Schwartz ’09.5
Students rally for environment in D.C. By Jeremy Jacob Contributing Writer
Max Monn / Herald
Researchers at Brown see an opportunity for the United States to maintain its scientific edge with increased federal grants.
Federal spending on science to increase continued from page 2 tion of science research funding, but the Senate version, which became law, did not contain such a provision. The NIH announced last week that it will “tweak” its distribution guidelines to ensure “some measure of geographic parity,” according to a Feb. 25 article in the Chronicle for Higher Education. Though Rhode Island is not one of the top receivers of federal funding, it ranks among the top states for research and development intensity, a measure of funding level as a proportion of total Gross State Product that adjusts for the var ying size and population of states, according to NSF data from 2007. On the other hand, Rhode Island, receiving some of the lowest funding overall on a state-by-state basis, is eligible to participate in the NSF’s Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research, or EPSCoR , which focuses on small states. That gives Brown a “leg up” in receiving a por tion of the stimulus funds, Leshan said. Though funding may only exist at this elevated level for a short time, it will act as a valuable investment for future efficiency and discover y at the University, Leshan added. He said he sees the stimulus as a “down payment” on future science funding. The bill allocates $3.5 billion for research and development facilities and large research equipment, according to a breakdown on the AAAS Web site. Such money for large equipment is usually very hard to come by and will have a significant long-term impact, Briant said, adding that any increase in data collection and research progress will help in applying for future grants. “We all have concern about this being a two-year blip,” he
said. “But it will certainly enhance research in the future.” “You’ve got to hope that the economic situation is a temporar y one,” Teich said. “What the stimulus is intended to do is get us through the next two years in expectation that things will pick up.” “In that sense, one can expect it to work,” he said. In search of Sputnik “The answers to our problems don’t lie beyond our reach,” Obama said in his address to Congress last week. “They exist in our laboratories and universities; in our fields and our factories; in the imaginations of our entrepreneurs and the pride of the hardest-working people on Earth.” For decades, the United States has been considered a leading power in scientific research, and some economists estimate that 50 percent of the country’s progress since World War II is a product of this new knowledge, Teich said. Yet some believe the enthusiasm for the sciences may be fading. “For my generation, it was the space program,” Briant said. The “space race” of the 1950s blanketed the nation in a sense of awe and potential, he said, inspiring a generation of youth — gazing up at Sputnik crossing the night sky above their beds — to enter the field of science. “I worr y now,” Briant said, “when we don’t have things like that.” The fall of federal funding for the sciences is not a recent phenomenon. Spending by the government on investment and research has dropped significantly since the 1950s — from approximately 7 percent of GDP to about 4 percent now. “If we’re underinvesting in research, it’s going to hurt us down the line,” Briant said.
Forty Brown students associated with emPOWER drove down to Washington, D.C., this past weekend, joining 12,000 college students from around the country in support of the “Power Shift ’09” conference. The conference’s main objective is to use the power of the youth to push for new energy legislation, said David Schwartz ’09.5, a member of the Sustainable Food Initiative who attended Power Shift. Power Shift’s goal is to “hold our elected officials accountable for rebuilding our economy and reclaiming our future through bold climate and clean energy policy,” according to the conference’s Web site. The group of Brown students — which includes members of emPOWER, the Sustainable Food Initiative and Project 20/20 — left for Washington Feb. 27 and is set to return today. Schwartz said the group has been networking with other students from around the country and attending workshops, “identity caucuses” and keynote speeches. The identity caucuses, which focused on the specific issues of gender and ethnicity as they relate to climate and energy justice issues, were part of the conference’s increased emphasis on justice over last year’s Power Shift, Schwartz said. “This is not just about climate change — this is about a whole
range of justice issues. What good does it do if we have clean energy if people can’t benefit from it? What good is it that you have good drinking water if it’s not in some communities?” he said. “There’s definitely a broadening of focus this year.” Schwartz, who gave a presentation on sustainable food to an audience of 150, said the conference was more than meetings and workshops. Power Shift also featured musical performances from Santigold and The Roots, as well as screenings of films about the environment. Tara Prendergast ’12, who also attended Power Shift, said she first got involved in emPOWER when she signed up at an activities fair. She said she decided to attend the conference because she believes this is a “watershed” moment in the environmental and energy movement. Prendergast attended several workshops over the weekend, including one about regulating corporate carbon emission. She said the workshop discussed different cap and trade ideas and considered the pros and cons of each idea. “There was a debate about which one we should be supporting, particularly between cap and dividend and cap and invest models,” Prendergast said. Demonstrating and rallying are also a major part of Power Shift. On Saturday night, 600 people gathered outside the White House to demonstrate, and there is a large rally planned for today in front of
the Capitol, Prendergast said. She said lobbying was also a large aspect of the conference. More than 5,000 students are slated to lobby senators and representatives from their states and districts. The lobbying effort would not only be the biggest in environmental lobbying history, Prendergast said, but also the biggest general lobbying day in history. Prendergast, who is from Colorado, will meet with the staff of Colorado representatives. She and fellow Brown students will also meet directly with Rhode Island representatives. The group will lobby for a set of goals laid out by Power Shift and ask for the representatives’ support, she said. One of the major aspects of the conference, stressed by both Schwartz and Prendergast, was the chance to network with other students and organizers involved in pushing for changes in energy and sustainability policy. “A lot of it was just hanging out and having fun and networking and meeting people,” Schwartz said. Schwar tz and Prendergast agreed that at least some of the goals of the conference have been met already. “It’s an incredible symbol” to have “5,000 people lobbying,” Prendergast said. “It’s very visible and really brings that message home that this is an issue that we really care about, and that we really need strong measures.”
BuDS workers to petition against no-homework policy By Sydney Ember Senior Staf f Writer
BuDS workers are planning to submit a petition to their managers opposing a no-homework policy that managers introduced last month. Signers of the petition, which was organized by BuDS super visor Yanely Espinal ’11, want revisions to the new regulation, which formally prohibits all non-cashier workers and Blue Room cashiers from doing homework on the job. “My argument was that I thought the no-homework policy was unfair, and I was trying to get rid of it,” Espinal said. She said she hopes to get 100 signatures by the time she presents the petition today. But Espinal said she realized it was unlikely that BuDS management would completely repeal the new regulation. Instead, the petition takes issue with how the policy was introduced — it was written into workers’ contracts, and those who didn’t sign the new contract received formal warnings. “We just thought it was completely unfair that we received formal warnings,” Espinal said, adding that about 120 students received them. Students who received the warnings — either because they refused to sign the new contract or were unaware that they had to — had their annual bonuses revoked.
Many students who did not sign the new contract were unaware that they had to do so by the Jan. 30 deadline, Espinal said, a concern she addressed in the petition. The petition’s demands also include a system that takes into account input from current super visors and direct student involvement in crafting the revised policy. The new policy was written by 10 unit managers, Espinal said, adding that the lack of broad input added to the regulation’s unfairness. Though BuDS management has since decided not to count the formal warnings toward the number of allowable infractions that can ultimately affect workers’ employment and possible termination, Espinal said she thought the warnings should be completely voided. Under the current provisions, workers still must work extra hours for their bonuses to be reinstated, she said. Former BuDS general manager Cindy Swain ’09, who introduced the formal policy with current BuDS general manager Alex Hartley ’10, said late last month she was aware that a petition was circulating among BuDS workers, but, at the time, she was uncertain when she would receive the formal appeal. “Officially, there hasn’t been any more development as of right now,” Swain told The Herald Sunday night. But Swain said she now
expects BuDS workers to submit the petition today. BuDS management will have a meeting to discuss the petition once it is formally presented, Swain said. But, she added, “We don’t really have a planned outcome.” Espinal said it was Swain who asked her to have the petition ready today. According to Espinal, Swain made the request at a meeting between management and concerned supervisors that was held when the no-homework policy was first introduced. Espinal said she originally intended to circulate the petition to workers during their shifts, but she ultimately felt that “probably wasn’t a good idea” because she didn’t want workers to feel pressure while on the job. Espinal has recruited signatories primarily by e-mail instead. “Personally, I think that it kind of hurt us that we couldn’t talk to people on shift,” Espinal said, but she did get “a big group of students” to support the petition. Though not all the workers who signed the petition are against the policy, many who are in favor of a revised policy want BuDS management to understand that students still have a primar y responsibility to their schoolwork, Espinal said. For those who are considered “student workers,” she said, “the emphasis is on the ‘student.’”
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Band takes antics to the ice one more time continued from page 1 the Quinnipiac band. Band President Andrew Marshall ’10 said the Brown Band, which has played on skates four times this season, is the only band in the country that plays on skates. The Princeton and MIT bands also do shows on the ice, but they play without skates, and the Brown Band Web site proclaims, “We are proud to be the world’s first ice-skating band.” Marshall isn’t certain when the band started skating. “I know it goes back at least 30 years, because my mom was in the band, and I know they did it then.” After his mother told him the band used to do themed ice shows, Marshall decided to do a “Day at the Beach” show last year. All of the band members traded in their brown and red rugby shirts for bathing suits before they took the ice. “I was going to wear just a bathing suit, but I ended up wearing these Hawaiian boxers instead,” Marshall said. The band’s performances aren’t just limited to shows after the game. During face-offs and intermissions, the band plays everything from the Beach Boys to Offspring. Just before the last minute of each period, the band yells, “5, 4, 3, 2, 1 — 69 seconds left and Colgate still sucks.” The announcer then comes over the loudspeaker: “One minute left in the period.” The band finishes its chant, “And Harvard sucks, too.” During an intermission during Saturday night’s game, the crowd had nothing to cheer for while they waited for the hockey team to retake the ice for the third period. But then the drums started up. Music blared out of the band’s saxophones, tubas and trumpets — one of which wore its own Brown
foam finger. An old man stood up and bounced his hips to the rhythm of “Stacy’s Mom.” Two students danced in their seats as they sang out the words. When Marshall talks about the band, his face lights up. A Providence native, Marshall has watched the band for years. He said he went to a game with his father when he was 11 or 12 years old and saw a baritone saxophone in the band. Marshall, who had just started playing the baritone saxophone, pointed out the instrument to his dad, who told him to go ask the band member if Marshall could play the instrument. “I played a Brown bari sax, and I was hooked,” Marshall said. In fact, the band was a major reason that Marshall decided on Brown when he was looking for colleges. “I thought, ‘I want to join a Brown Band,’” he said. “But only Brown has a Brown Band.” The band also plays for basketball games during the winter and at football halftimes in the fall. But playing on the ice adds an extra challenge. “There’s usually someone who will fall every show,” said Band Vice President Sam Winograd ’11. He once spilled when his lyre fell and he tripped over it. Former band member Jay Levin ’08 MD’12 said he never took the ice on skates because he knew what would happen if he did. “I’d fall flat on my butt,” he said. After watching the show at the Colgate game, Levin said he was very impressed by both the music and the skating. Friday’s ice show was the last time that the band seniors will take the ice. “It’s tough to leave,” John Cucco ’09 said. “There was a small crowd, but it was meaningful for me and the rest of the seniors.”
March 2, 2009
“People had been struggling for a long time to open the doors for us.” — Ido Jamar ’69 ScM’74 PhD’77
Panel remembers walkout in late ’60s continued from page 1 hard for black students to feel a part of the larger Brown and Pembroke community. (Life at the two schools, which would merge completely over the next several years, was closely intertwined.) “We felt this rejection, of being unworthy, disempowered,” said Phyllis Cunningham-Hutson ’69, one of the panelists who walked out in 1968. “People asked about your hair and why you do your hair differently. It was just very foreign to me, very uncomfortable,” recalled panelist Bernicestine McLeod Bailey ’68 P’99 P’03, who did not participate in the walkout but was involved in black student activism at the time. “I kept telling my mother, ‘I got to leave here. I have to take a leave of absence.’” Panelist Harold Bailey ’70 P’99 P’03, McLeod Bailey’s husband, said the walkout arose from both the students’ own circumstances and a sense of obligation to others. “It wasn’t just on a lark,” he said, drawing agreement from the other panelists. Many panelists said there was a sense that they were not just at Brown or Pembroke for themselves but also for future students. Black students also served an important role in their home communities and in nearby Providence neighborhoods like Fox Point, panelists said. “People had been struggling for a long time to open the doors for us,” said panelist Ido Jamar ’69 ScM’74 PhD’77. The Afro-American Society had meetings every Sunday night, often hours long, discussing black students’ lack of support at Brown and possible solutions. “We realized something was not right here,” Jamar said. “It either had to be made right or we could no longer be here.” ‘We’re only visible when we’re not here’ The first step toward the walkout came in November 1968, when 23 of Pembroke’s 35 black students signed a letter to the Pembroke dean of admissions that charged the admissions office with holding a “lackadaisical attitude” toward black applicants. The letter listed 12 ways the college’s racial policies needed improvement. One of their demands was that a minimum of 11 percent of the Pembroke’s Class of 1973 be black, to reflect the percentage of blacks in the United States. Five of the black students later met with the Pembroke Dean of Admissions, who would not commit to a set percentage. Talks broke down, and on Nov. 28 the women sent a letter to the The Herald stating that if appropriate changes were not made, “As of 12:00 noon on December 5, 1968 we will cease to be a part of Pembroke College.” The students said they chose a walkout over other forms of protest because they felt absence was the best way to make their presence felt. In the screened documentary, Sheryl Brissett-Chapman ’71, who also participated in the panel, said one of the lessons the students learned from Ralph Ellison’s novel
Justin Coleman / Herald
Black alumni discussed the activism that compelled Brown and Pembroke to revise minority recruitment and admission practices in 1968.
“The Invisible Man” was that sometimes “we’re only visible when we’re not here.” But the University still would not commit to a set percentage, thenPresident of Brown Ray Heffner said, writing in a Dec. 2 reply to the original Pembroke letter that he did not believe in quota systems of any kind. But, Heffner also wrote, “Our aim is to have 35 black entering freshmen at Pembroke College next fall and, with the help of a black admission officer, at least to maintain that number in future years.” That number would have constituted 12 percent of the Pembroke Class of 1972. The University had taken steps to aid black applicants even before the walkout was threatened, The Herald reported in 1968. An article published Dec. 3 of that year noted, for example, that the administration had already made “special considerations” including “admitting blacks solely on the basis of probability of graduation,” hiring a black admissions officer and “considering applications for admission past the usual deadline and keeping some of the scholarship money available for such late black applicants.” But in the eyes of the black students, the University needed to do more, and Heffner’s proposal was not enough. In letter to The Herald on Dec. 3, two days before the walkout was to begin, the black Pembroke women wrote that they wanted more concrete assurances and detailed plans for implementation. On the same day, a group of black men at Brown stated that they would join the planned walkout. Recalling that decision, many of the male panelists said they felt a responsibility to support the Pembroke women. Walking out On Dec. 5, the 65 students left classes and walked off campus. Their destination was the Congdon Street Baptist Church, a historically black church located just off campus at the corner of Meeting Street and Congdon Street. The walkout captivated the campus. Some white students expressed their support for the black students’ demands and encouraged professors to discuss the walkout during class. Other white students, according to Harold Bailey, had the mindset that black students were “just fortunate to be in the door” and wondered why the black students seemed to want to “mess things up.” There was a senti-
ment that the black students should have worked within the system. “Blacks haven’t been a part of the system so we aren’t comfortable working within it,” Chapman said then, a statement she read aloud for the documentary that was screened Friday. “The blacks are so far behind that we are afraid to work within the system, because the system has kept us down. There is a stereotype that we are a patient people.” The walkout also garnered national media attention, including coverage in the New York Times. The panelists ultimately believed that attention led to the University’s cooperation. On Dec. 9, the Times reported that the walkout ended “after a tense weekend of negotiations” with a commitment from the University to spend $1.1 million to create a “3-year ‘intensive program for the development of black students’” and for black enrollment to better reflect the make-up of American society. Brown also hired a black woman to work in the Pembroke admissions office, which would merge with Brown’s in 1971. Then and now Each person’s experience and understanding of the walkout was different, said panelist Glenn Dixon ’70, who was president of Brown’s Afro-American Society at the time. Some, like panelist Ken Grooms ’72, who had walked with Martin Luther King, Jr. and Malcolm X, were seasoned activists, but others had never been very involved before. “I didn’t come here to be an activist. The circumstances just brought it out of you,” McLeod Bailey said. Kristin Jordan ’09, one of the two student panelists, said she was “hoping to see that legacy come back and take off.” She reiterated Morgan’s opening comment that “every ‘back then’ has a ‘right now’” by noting that though progress had been made, minorities at Brown still face some of the same problems that they did in 1968. Indeed, recent enrollment figures have not reflected the signature goal of the walkout — more than 40 years later, blacks are still underrepresented at Brown when compared to the American population. While black students are admitted at a higher rate than the average applicant, The Herald reported last month, 6.7 percent of entering freshmen this year were black. More than 12 percent of all Americans are black, according to the Census Bureau.
Arts & Culture The Brown Daily Herald
RISD ‘dazzled’ by camouflage exhibition
By Kathleen Nishimoto Contributing Writer
Kim Perley / Herald
“Fragile Present,” which is at the Brown-RISD Hillel gallery from Feb. 26 to March 10, features glass works done by students at the Rhode Island School of Design and Korean National University of the Arts.
Stuart Theater becomes the Kit Kat Klub in ‘Cabaret’ By Rosalind Schonwald Staff Writer
Stuart Theater has been transformed into the Kit Kat Klub, where the musical “Cabaret” takes place and “life is beautiful,” as the Emcee, Aubie Merrylees ’10, sings in the opening number. The production, directed by Don Mays, who has directed other plays at local theaters, is a colorful display of nuance and chutzpah with the constant pop and fizz of double entendres and plain old indecency. “Cabaret” takes place in 1930s Berlin, where cultural life thrived despite — or because of — Weimar Germany’s economic and social uncertainty. The Nazis were a rising force but had yet to grab hold of the reigns of power. Against this preWorld War II backdrop, the cast of Brown students portrays ill-fated love stories and struggles with identity, allegiance and fear while mastering German accents, elderly hobbles and shameless innuendo. The foremost storyline is that of Sally Bowles (Emily Borromeo ’09), a cabaret singer, and her tempestuous love affair with an American writer, played by Michael Williams ’10. The show’s subplots undermine the champagne-like bubbliness of the cabaret world, reminding viewers of the darkening cloud hanging over Germany. Facing anti-Semitic pressure, an elderly German woman (Alicia Coneys ’09) decides not to marry the Jewish man she loves (Ellis Rochelson ’09, a Herald sports columnist). Meanwhile, bigoted Fraulein Kost (Jessica Goldschmidt ’10), Sally’s prostitute neighbor, refers to
bedding good German sailors as her patriotic duty. The theme of sexuality, in explicit references and symbols as well as implications from characters’ costumes and body language, is a major facet of the play and the production. The play centers on various love stories, and burlesque dancers and pan-sexuality dominate the scene at the Kit Kat Klub. The members of the orchestra, mostly male, wear beautiful sequined gowns. When the Emcee is introducing Sally, he announces, “I told her, ‘I want you for my wife.’ She said, ‘What would your wife want with me?’” The cast is saturated with the skills of triple threats — performers who act, sing and dance with equal talent. Many prove to be exceptional character actors, changing their inflections, accents and postures to embody their roles. The ensemble numbers involving the Cabaret’s Kit Kat Girls (and boys) and the Emcee are formidable portrayals of lasciviousness and cunning. For this production of “Cabaret,” the Kit Kat Klub occupies the same space as the theater itself, and the audience shares in the characters’ own escapism. There are theatergoers seated on stage at red-draped tables under the club’s yellow-bulb sign. With this arrangement, Mays blurs the line between the reality of Stuart Theater and the suspended non-reality of the Klub, making concrete the musical’s refrain, “Life is a cabaret.” “Cabaret” runs Thurs. through Sun. with performances at 8 p.m., Thurs. through Sat. and 2 p.m. Sun.
March 2, 2009 | Page 5
Camouflage normally means blending into the background. But as a new exhibition at the Rhode Island School of Design shows, camouflage can also be “dazzling.” As visitors to “Bedazzled,” at RISD’s Fleet Library, learn, dazzle is “a disruptive type of camouflage used during World War I to camouflage ships against German Uboats,” according to exhibition materials. The exhibition draws from RISD’s collection of dazzle imagery, one of the largest such collections in the world. The exhibit showcases 455 plans and 20 photos of dazzled ships as well as information about the history of camouflage and original work by RISD students. There are two basic types of camouflage found in nature — concealment and disruption, said Claudia Covert, readers’ service librarian at the Fleet Librar y. Covert said concealment camouflage — used in army fatigues, for example — is so much a part of contemporar y culture that people often don’t think
other forms of camouflage exist. In nature, for instance, chameleons use concealment camouflage for protection, whereas zebras’ stripes, a form of disruptive camouflage, have a distorting effect on the eye. Just as the zebra’s predators have trouble distinguishing the shape of each individual, the U-boats were easily confused by the disruptive patterns — dizzying, multi-colored shapes arrayed at odd angles. After the U.S. military began using this disorientation technique, more boats were able to sur vive combat, and the colorful ships were a “great morale booster,” Covert said, adding that, even among scholars, little is known about dazzle camouflage because it was a war strategy and was therefore implemented in secrecy. The technique is also unfamiliar because the war ended soon after dazzle began being used. By World War II, Covert said, air warfare and radar had become prevalent enough that dazzle wasn’t continued on page 6
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
A rts & C ulture
RISD exhibit shows camoufleur at work continued from page 5 considered as effective. Covert, who organized the exhibition, first learned about dazzle when a student asked her about the “colorful ship drawings” in the library’s collections. Not knowing what the student was referring to, Covert discovered the dazzle plans for the first time. They sparked her curiosity, and she began researching. Through her research she learned about Maurice Freedman, a RISD alum who donated the plans and photos that now make up the exhibit. According to the exhibit’s Web site, Freedman “was the dis-
trict camoufleur for the 4th district of the U.S. Shipping Board.” His job was to implement the dazzle plans by hiring and directing painters and making changes as needed. RISD gave Covert a grant to continue her research. She used the funds to visit the Imperial War Museum in London where someone suggested she develop her own exhibit. The Imperial War Museum has the largest collection of dazzle plans in the world — about 700 — but they are all British plans, Covert said. Covert said Britain and the U.S. weren’t alone in developing dazzle ships. The Japanese, French, Ital-
ians and Germans also adopted the practice. On Feb. 14, RISD held a symposium, “Artists at War,” about the relationship between art and camouflage. Brown’s Peter Harrington MA’84, curator of the John Hay Library’s Anne S.K. Brown Military Collection, was among the invited speakers. Covert described the symposium as a success, saying that more than 80 people — including students, current and former militar y personnel, parents with young children and art historians — attended. “Bedazzled” runs through March 29 at the Fleet Library, 15 Westminster St.
March 2, 2009
NAACP in process of ‘retooling’ itself was their vision and determination that made this possible,” he earlier decades and ensuring that said. “Students and young activists all children have a high-quality need to hold on to the invincibility education. that this victory has given so many “We’re one of the few groups in of them. We need that optimism, the country that’s well positioned that determined spirit and the to advocate for the children, and skills that so many young people we’re in the process of revisiting learned now more than ever.” all of our policies on education,” He also stressed this moment he told the audience. in history’s place in a larger, lonJealous told ger story. Students The Herald he was CAMPUS NEWS “need to recognize interested in disthat they’re part cussing President Abraham Lin- of a continuity of work that led to coln’s legacy and how it remains this moment, to understand that relevant today. “It’s important at history and understand their place this moment for the countr y to in that history,” he said. “The real victory is not transreflect about Lincoln, his dream of a united country and what we still forming the face of the White need to do to fulfill that dream,” House,” he told The Herald. “The he said. real victory is transforming the Jealous spoke to the audience face of this country, and there’s at length about another Illinois a lot of work that needs to be politician and histor y-making done.” president — Barack Obama. In addition to discussing the Though in the inter view he as- roles of students themselves, Jealserted that “as a countr y, we’ll ous talked about the responsibilnever be post-racial until we’re ity that colleges and universities post-racism,” Jealous, an early as institutions have to promote Obama supporter, discussed the positive social change. “Institusignificance of Obama’s campaign tions of wealth and privilege have and presidency as it relates to col- a responsibility to the country as lege students. “Young people need a whole. They play a vital role in to really claim and to own this vic- defining the type of countr y in tory, because they were the ones which we live. Students, faculty who embraced this candidate first, and alumni should always be vigiwho worked the hardest, and it lant to ensure that their university is inclusive and reflects the diversity of the country at every level.” Speaking to The Herald, Jealous said Brown should work harder to ensure this diversity and inclusivity. He applauded the intent of President Ruth Simmons’ Committee on Slavery and Justice, but he criticized the lack of faculty diversity. “The small number of African-American faculty here in the history department is as disappointing as it is ironic, considering the wealth that built this university came from the trading and hard labor of black slaves,” he said. After the speech, Jealous fielded questions from audience members on a number of issues, including affirmative action, voting rights and gay marriage. Of Proposition 8, which eliminated same-sex marriage in California, Jealous said, “We object to any attempt to validate the power of a simple majority to strip people of fundamental rights.” Allowing a “50-percent-plusone” majority to take rights away from people sets a dangerous precedent, he said, particularly for an institution concerned with civil rights, like the NAACP. Paula Kaufman ’10, a former Herald contributing writer, said she was glad to hear Jealous speak and especially appreciated his answers to audience questions. “I was happy that someone of his stature came to campus, but I actually got more from his responses to student questions than from the lecture itself. The audience asked really insightful questions,” she said. continued from page 1
SportsMonday The Brown Daily Herald
March 2, 2009 | Page 7
W. hoops falls twice in final home games By Nicole Stock Sports Staff Writer
Justin Coleman / Herald
The men’s lacrosse team got strong efforts from Jake Hardy ’10 (#18) and Matt Greenberg ’11 (#19) in an 11-10 loss to Hofstra.
M. lax falters down the stretch in 11-10 loss By Andrew Braca Sports Editor
Sixty minutes were not enough to decide a battle between two of the top men’s lacrosse teams in the country on Saturday. With 19 seconds remaining in double overtime, Jay Card netted a man-up goal to give No. 12 Hofstra an 11-10 victory over No. 13 Brown, capping a huge comeback from a 10-3 third-quarter deficit. “We just didn’t have the poise down the stretch there to win the game in terms of possessing the ball, in terms of making that last goal,” said Head Coach Lars Tiffany ’90. “But I never doubt the heart of these men. I love this team. I love these men. They play with a passion, they play with a sense of urgency and they love each other.” The game was attended by 514 boisterous fans, including a large contingent supporting the Pride,
who braved icy winds to pack Meister-Kavan Field for a contest between two teams that had escaped their season openers the previous weekend with one-goal wins. On Feb. 21, Brown slipped past Lehigh, 13-12, after entering the fourth quarter with a 12-6 lead, while Hofstra rallied from a four-goal deficit to earn an 11-10 victory over No. 20 UMass on a goal by Card with four seconds left. Saturday’s game followed those formulas, with the Bears jumping out to a quick lead. Brown quickly took advantage of a Hofstra penalty for a man-up goal when quad-captain Jack Walsh ’09 scored off a feed from Brady Williams ’09 just 2:49 into the game. Nic Bell ’09 doubled the lead eight seconds later. Quad-captain Todd Faiella ’09 and Andrew Feinberg ’11 added goals later in the quarter to build
a four-goal lead, but Hofstra got one back to end the quarter with a 4-1 deficit. In a quiet second period, Feinberg and Collins Carey ’10 sandwiched goals around a Hofstra score to build a 6-2 lead for Brown heading into halftime. After 30 minutes, the Pride held a narrow 18-15 advantage in shots, while the Bears controlled the ground balls, 20-14, but the stats did not convey Bruno’s dominance. Hofstra Head Coach Seth Tierney said “close to everything” was going wrong in the first half for his team. “Coach Tiffany does a great job,” he said. “They were disrupting some things offensively on us. In the clearing game, we were clearing the ball, but … we turned it over a little bit.”
The women’s basketball team played its final two home games of the regular season this weekend, hosting the Princeton Tigers on Friday and the Penn Quakers on Saturday. Sadiea Williams ’11 came up big, totaling 24 points over the two games, but Brown (3-23, 1-11 Ivy) still finished the weekend with two losses. In Friday’s game, Princeton (12-12, 7-4 Ivy) grabbed a doubledigit halftime lead on the way to a 61-38 rout of Bruno, and Saturday’s game was a grind from beginning to end, with Penn (9-16, 5-6 Ivy) eventually pulling out a 55-48 overtime victory. Princeton 61, Brown 38 Against the Tigers, Williams led the Bears with 13 points and seven rebounds. In the first half the Bears were able to stay competitive with the Tigers, who shot 55 percent from the field. Midway through the half the Bears trailed by nine points, 17-8, but back-to-back jumpers from Williams brought the Bears to within five with 8:58 left in the half. But the Tigers were able to regain control to close out the half with a 10-point lead, 29-19. At the start of the second half, costly turnovers combined with a scoring drought for Brown en-
abled Princeton to build its lead to 41-19 just five minutes after intermission. “We didn’t come out strong in the second half,” said Head Coach Jean Burr. “They pushed the ball inside in the first five minutes. Then we started going for steals and they took advantage.” Princeton’s 12-0 run to start the second half would prove to be the deciding factor in the game, as the Bears were unable to lift themselves out of the hole. Over the last 10 minutes of the half Brown pushed the ball more and was able to shave some points off the Tigers’ lead, but it was too little too late. Brown would get to within 13 points with three minutes remaining, but the Tigers hung finished with a 61-38 win. “We moved the ball too slowly on offense,” Burr said. “A balanced attack is our strength. Moving the ball in and out of the post (to) open up the next shot. We needed to move the ball more to break down the defense and make them work harder.” Brown out-rebounded Princeton, 35-32, on the night. Co-captain Amy Ehrhart ’09, a former Herald sports editor, had a game-high eight boards, chipped in six points and helped to create turnovers at the continued on page 8
continued on page 8
M. hockey goes to OT twice, comes up win-less By Dan Alexander Spor ts Staf f Writer
The men’s hockey team went into overtime in both of its games this weekend, tying Colgate on Friday night and losing to No. 10 Cornell on Saturday. Down 2-0, the Bears (3-21-5, 3-15-4 ECAC Hockey) came back on Friday night thanks to strong play from several freshmen. After letting in two first-period goals, Mike Clemente ’12 shut down the goal for all of the second period and most of the third. When he let one slip by him with less than five minutes left, the freshmen line of Jarred Smith ’12, Bobby Farnham ’12 and Jack Maclellan ’12 produced a goal to even the score, 3-3. Saturday night was senior night, both in ceremony and in play. Ryan Garbutt ’09 had a pair of goals to put the Bears ahead 2-0 early in the third period, but Cornell took advantage of three power-play opportunities late in the game — scoring one of its three goals just after a man advantage expired and two more on the power-play.
Brown 3, Colgate 3 (OT) The Raiders (11-16-7, 6-11-5), who rank third from the bottom of the ECAC, came to the Meehan unbeaten in their last three games, while the Bears, who are last in the ECAC, came into the weekend following a win over Quinnipiac the previous Saturday, 3-2. In the Quinnipiac game, assistant captain Matt Vokes ’09 had been given a five-minute major penalty and a game disqualification, ordered to take effect in Friday night’s match-up with Colgate, when an altercation broke out after the Bears’ game with Quinnipiac last Saturday. “It just wasn’t fair,” said Head Coach Roger Grillo. “It was totally unjustified because he didn’t do anything.” But Grillo found out that his team’s leading scorer would, in fact, take the ice on Friday night, when the ECAC sent him a letter apologizing for the mistake and revoking Vokes’ game disqualification. Colgate came out strong in the opening frame, scoring two goals in the first nine minutes, the first of which came seven and a half
minutes into the game, when Tom Riley made a shot in traffic from point-blank range. “It was kind of a scrum in front and he chipped it over my shoulder,” Clemente said. “I didn’t really see the puck.” Colgate’s Austin Smith tacked on another one just 1:10 later to put the Raiders up, 2-0. “We were down 2-0 eight minutes into the game and we didn’t give up,” Clemente said. “That takes a lot of character.” Less than a minute into the second period, Sean Muncy ’09 left the puck for Vokes at center ice. Vokes split two defenders and came up on goalie Charles Long from the left. He deked the goalie and shot the puck near-side to bring the Bears within one goal. Fifteen minutes later, Brown got the equalizer when Eric Slais ’09 sent a cross-ice feed to Farnham. Farnham shot the one-timer into Long’s blockers, but Slais got the rebound from the other side and fired the puck into the net before Long had a chance to get back into continued on page 8
Justin Coleman / Herald
Karly Grace ’11 averaged seven points per game in two games for the women’s basketball team this weekend.
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
S ports M onday
March 2, 2009
“They did some really unique things, and that’s what Brown’s known for.” — Hofstra Lacrosse Head Coach Seth Tierney
Quakers pull ahead in w. hoops OT continued from page 7 defensive end. Penn 55, Brown 48 (OT) The final home game of the season, which the Bears lost in overtime, brought the Penn Quakers to the Pizzitola Center on Saturday evening. Ehrhart played a strong defensive game, forcing consecutive turnovers midway through the first frame. Brown held a five-point lead until the two-minute mark of the first half, when Penn closed out the half on a 6-2 run to cut Bruno’s lead to 20-19 at the half. “We did a good job of defending in the post,” Williams said. “We wanted to keep the ball out of their main scorers’ hands. It was important to attack the key players.” The Bears made sure they would not have a repeat performance from the previous night, as they came out strong in the second half. Though Penn took the lead, the Bears kept the game within reach. Midway through the second half, with Penn clinging to a 34-31 lead, Williams blocked a shot to start a fast break, leading to a lay-up by Court-
ney Lee ’10 that brought the Bears to within one. Just two minutes later, with Brown putting on a full-court press, Williams stole the ball, one of her four steals of the night, and handed it off to Karly Grace ’11, who buried a three from the right side to give Brown its first lead of the half, 37-36. “We definitely like to put on the press and force turnovers to create momentum, which leads to opportunities to score,” Williams said. “We work well together on the floor to do that.” Penn came back with two quick buckets to grab a three-point lead, but Brown was able to slow down the tempo and stay within three. With just two minutes left, Williams was fouled on her way to the basket and converted a three-point play to tie the game at 44. Williams then had a chance to win the game in the final seconds of regulation when she stole the ball and got off a last-second shot, but it just missed the mark, forcing the game into overtime, still tied. Penn grabbed the lead early in the five-minute overtime session, but the Bears continued to fight, and with just
26 seconds remaining Lee was able to break the defense and cut to the rim to bring the Bears within two. That would be as close as Brown would get, as a costly turnover created another basket for the Quakers, who then iced the game with good shooting from the charity stripe, leading them to a 55-48 win in overtime. “Even with the loss we gave a lot of heart,” Williams said. “Our team goal is to play 40 minutes and we did, just not 45 minutes. We worked really hard in honor of our seniors.” Williams once again led the Bears with 11 points, and added six rebounds and four steals, while Christina Johnson ’10 added 10 points and six rebounds of her own. After the game the Bears honored seniors Ehrhart and Jaclyn Goldbarg ’09 for their four-year careers for the Brown women’s basketball program. “It is going to be tough to lose our seniors, and (it) will change the dynamic of the team,” Williams said. “They are both such good people on and off the court.” The Bears will head to Harvard and Dartmouth next weekend to face their final Ivy opponents and close out the season.
M. icers fall in tough extra frame continued from page 7 position. The game looked like it was headed for overtime with the score knotted, 2-2, with less than five minutes remaining in the third period, but Jason Fredricks put Colgate ahead with 4:38 left in regulation when he sent a rocket from the left faceoff circle over Clemente’s right shoulder. Defenseman Jeremy Russell ’10 laid out on the ice to tr y to block the shot, but it went over him on its way to the back of the net. Less than a minute later, Brown evened the score again. Maclellan passed from the right faceoff circle to Farnham at the goal line. Farnham immediately redirected the puck to Smith, who was stationed in front of the goal, and Smith put the one-timer past Long to make it a 3-3 game. The game headed into overtime, and it almost ended when Brian Day of Colgate got on a one-onone with Clemente, but the goalie turned away Day’s backhand and the score remained even. Clemente finished the game with 38 saves, while Long had 25 in the 3-3 tie. “I thought (Clemente) played great,” Grillo said. “We made some big mistakes and he erased the mistake. That’s what his job is.” No. 10 Cornell 3, Brown 2 (OT) In front of a crowd of 1,517 with more red in it than brown, the Bears got off to a comfortable lead thanks to two goals from Garbutt. In the Bears’ last home game of the season, they took on Cornell (18-7-4, 13-6-3), who had crushed them 5-1 in Ithaca on Jan. 24. Cor-
nell came into the game after losing to ECAC leader Yale (20-7-2, 15-52), ranked No. 12 nationally, by a score of 4-2 the night before. The two teams looked even in the first period, with both teams recording eight shots on goal, and neither team scoring. Both goalies were per fect through the first 34:38 of game play. Clemente was much more conservative in the net, while Big Red goalie Ben Scrivens was aggressive in coming out of the net to make passes and control the puck. With less than six minutes remaining in the middle frame, Vokes sent the puck in on the left boards. Scrivens came out from the net to tr y to stop the rim-around, but he missed the puck. It deflected off the boards out to Garbutt on the right side, and Garbutt scored the tough-angle goal with Scrivens out of position to give Brown a 1-0 lead. Garbutt scored another goal just 3:43 into the final frame. Mike Wolff ’12 fired a shot from the right side of the blue line, which Scrivens deflected, but the rebound went right to Garbutt, who put the puck into the back of the net. Cornell began its comeback with less than 12 minutes remaining when Patrick Kennedy scored the Big Red’s first goal just after a Cornell power-play expired. Colin Greening then made it a 2-2 game with under six minutes remaining off a rebound from Cornell captain Michael Kennedy’s shot. Just over two minutes into overtime, Michael Kennedy sent a pass out to Blake Gallagher, who was stationed a few feet in from the blue line — directly in front of Clemente. Gallagher wound back and put the puck through Clemente’s
five-hole. “The guy was able to shoot it before I could get a good look at where it was coming from,” Clemente said. The Cornell bench stormed onto the ice as Gallagher jumped up and down. Clemente rested on his knees, staring down at the ice. His teammates came up to him and offered him encouragement. They told him, “‘Don’t worr y about it. We all played hard,’” Clemente said. “I said to Roger (Grillo) afterwards that I know it’s been a tough year for him, but I have a tremendous amount of respect for him and his kids,” said Cornell Head Coach Mike Schafer. After the game, the Bears stayed on the ice to watch Brown’s seven seniors — Garbutt, Muncy, Vokes, Slais, Matt Palmer ’09, Mike Stuart ’09 and Mark Sibbald ’09 — take pictures in their last time on the ice at Meehan. All of the players got to play in Saturday’s game, except Sibbald — the third-string goalie. “I felt bad for Mark Sibbald because he’s a class act,” Grillo said. “He’s one of the nicest, classiest kids we’ve had in the program since I’ve been here.” The Bears will take the ice in Cambridge, Mass. next Friday in their first game of a best-of-three series against fifth-seed Harvard (914-6, 9-7-6) for the opening round of the ECAC Hockey Playoffs. Brown and Har vard tied in both of their two meetings earlier this season. Clemente said that despite the Cornell loss, the Bears can take positive energy from the game. “We had them on the ropes,” Clemente said. “As Coach Grillo said, ‘That’s playoff hockey.’”
Justin Coleman / Herald
The No. 14 men’s lacrosse team gave up eight unanswered goals down the stretch to drop an 11-10 overtime decision to No. 13 Hofstra.
Hofstra beats m. lax in comeback victory continued from page 7 “They knocked us out of sync,” he said. “They did some really unique things, and that’s what Brown’s known for.” The Bears continued to control the beginning of the third quarter, as Jake Hardy ’10 gave Brown a 7-2 lead just 11 seconds into the frame. Card scored the first of his four goals 2:01 later, but Feinberg netted his third goal 3:37 into the quarter to restore Bruno’s fivegoal lead. Feinberg then assisted on goals by quad-captain Kyle Hollingsworth ’09 and Thomas Muldoon ’10 that came seven seconds apart, giving Brown a 10-3 lead with 6:17 remaining in the third quarter. “The men were flying around,” Tiffany said. “Even into the first half of the third quarter, we were playing great scramble lacrosse, not a lot of set plays. (When the) ball hit the ground, we were flying to it, picking it up, moving it, looking for transitions, creating plays, creating opportunities.” Things looked rosy for Bruno at that point, but the Bears’ offense faltered, failing to score for the remaining 28:58, while Hofstra scored twice to cut Brown’s lead to 10-5 heading into the fourth quarter. The Pride then cut the deficit to three on a pair of goals 24 seconds apart. Card notched a man-up goal, and then assisted on a score by Tom Dooley with 11 minutes left in regulation. “Hofstra got a couple of their own scramble goals of their own in the fourth quarter — you know, you sort of live by the sword, die by the sword,” Tiffany said. “If you’re going to be up and down, you’re going to give up a couple up and down, and then it’s 10-7.” Tiffany said he knew Hofstra was capable of getting back a few goals, but the truly frustrating moments came in the final minutes of the game. Dan Stein scored with 4:18 left and Kevin Ford followed 1:03 later to cut Brown’s lead to a single goal. Time could not wear away quickly enough for the Bears, and Anthony Muscarella scored the tying goal with 1:08 left in regulation.
Hofstra dominated the final two quarters in shots, 24-11, and ground balls, 17-7, but Brown had a glimmer of hope going into the first four-minute, sudden death overtime period. The Pride had been flagged late in the fourth quarter, giving the Bears 55 seconds to try to end the game with the extra man. Brown took the only three shots of the first overtime, but attempts by Reade Seligmann ’09 and Muldoon went wide, and Hofstra’s Danny Orlando made one of his nine saves on a shot by Walsh to send the game into a second overtime. About 2:30 passed before quadcaptain Jordan Burke ’09 made a strong save, one of 15 on the game, on a hard shot by Muscarella. The Bears went back the other way, but Orlando saved one shot and a second hit the post. With 40 seconds left, Muldoon was called for an illegal body check, the last of many calls that prompted the crowd to rain boos upon the officials. Hofstra took 21 seconds to seize the opportunity, as Michael Colleluori fired a pass across the crease that found Card near the left post, where he managed to slip a shot past Burke to give the Pride the 11-10 victory. Tiffany said that facing their second fourth quarter collapse in as many weeks leaves the Bears searching for answers. “As a coach, I’ll address those things, but what does that really mean? It’s not a scheme, it’s not a play, it’s not a strategy. I want to say it’s an attitude, and it’s a sense of purpose, but we have that. That’s what’s bewildering me,” he said. The Bears will have to turn it around soon. They will host Quinnipiac on Friday at 3 p.m. and Denver on Sunday at 1 p.m. on Meister-Kavan Field. “I was actually quite happy with the defensive play today, the intensity we had on the defensive end — chopping the sticks and creating loose balls and picking up loose balls,” Tiffany said. “We found our defense today, which is exciting for me. Making those plays on the offensive end for 60 minutes, that’s what we’ve got to sustain.”
Editorial & Letters The Brown Daily Herald
Page 10 | March 2, 2009
e d i to r i a l
The internationalization imperative The economic crisis has had and will continue to have a major effect on the way Brown is run. Jobs will be lost, budgets will be tightened and tuition will most likely increase again. But in the face of this scorched economy, it is important we not lose sight of those few, past commitments sure to prove instrumental in the University’s rise from the ashes. Globalization is not just another hot topic — it’s the future. If Brown is to maintain its position at the forefront of worldwide educators, it will need to follow through on its commitment to internationalization. The predicted fall in U.S. high school graduates (to begin in 2009), in tandem with the current economic recession, spells disaster for American universities unable or unwilling to adapt. Many schools with an eye to the future have launched initiatives not unlike Brown’s Plan for Academic Enrichment to target high school seniors from burgeoning regions locally and abroad. But Brown’s commitment to internationalization, outlined in the 2006 Internationalization Committee Charge, is proving to be little more than illusory. Those who read last Friday’s “Pushing U.’s global profile, Kennedy ’76 wears two hats” are already familiar with the enormity of Vice President for International Affairs David Kennedy’s charge: not only is the renowned litigator doubling as Vice President for International Affairs and interim director of the Watson Institute for International Studies, he also taught a course at Harvard Law in the fall. We don’t doubt Kennedy’s commitment to the University or internationalization, but it almost goes without saying that breadth trades off with depth. The University’s recent “memorandum of understanding” with Madrid’s Instituto de Empresa simultaneously highlights the potential for and necessity of forward progress in the effort for internationalization. While the agreement opens the door to a number of future programs, it is nothing more than a foundation. Kennedy himself admits collaboration is “a long process,” and that the two universities are still only in the initial stages. It’s clear that progress is hard-fought in times of extreme adversity. For our alliance with the Instituto de Empresa to prove fruitful it’s going to take hard work and dedication. Former Director of the Watson Institute Philip Terrence Hopmann described the directorship as demanding “far more than eight hours a day, five days a week.” If the University expects its efforts towards internationalization to be taken seriously, and for its current seeds to bear fruit, it will need to ensure that the vice president for international affairs can commit full-time to the position. Editorials are written by The Herald’s editorial page board. Send comments to email@example.com.
t h e b r o w n d a i ly h e r a l d Editor-in-Chief Steve DeLucia
Managing Editors Michael Bechek Chaz Firestone
editorial Arts & Culture Editor Ben Hyman Hannah Levintova Arts & Culture Editor Features Editor Sophia Li Features Editor Emmy Liss Higher Ed Editor Gaurie Tilak Higher Ed Editor Matthew Varley Metro Editor George Miller Metro Editor Joanna Wohlmuth News Editor Chaz Kelsh News Editor Jenna Stark Sports Editor Benjy Asher Sports Editor Andrew Braca Asst. Sports Editor Alex Mazerov Asst. Sports Editor Katie Wood Graphics & Photos Graphics Editor Chris Jesu Lee Graphics Editor Stephen Lichenstein Eunice Hong Photo Editor Kim Perley Photo Editor Justin Coleman Sports Photo Editor production Kathryn Delaney Copy Desk Chief Seth Motel Copy Desk Chief Marlee Bruning Design Editor Jessica Calihan Design Editor Anna Migliaccio Asst. Design Editor Julien Ouellet Asst. Design Editor Neal Poole Web Editor
Associate Editors Nandini Jayakrishna Franklin Kanin Michael Skocpol
Senior Editors Rachel Arndt Catherine Cullen Scott Lowenstein
Business General Managers Office Manager Shawn Reilly Alexander Hughes Jonathan Spector Directors Ellen DaSilva Sales Director Claire Kiely Sales Director Phil Maynard Sales Director Katie Koh Finance Director Jilyn Chao Asst. Finance Director Managers Local Sales Kelly Wess National Sales Kathy Bui University Sales Alex Carrere Recruiter Sales Christiana Stephenson Credit and Collections Matt Burrows Opinions Opinions Editor Sarah Rosenthal Editorial Page Board James Shapiro Editorial Page Editor Nick Bakshi Board member Zack Beauchamp Board member Sara Molinaro Board member Post- magazine Arthur Matuszewski Kelly McKowen
chris jesu lee
l e t t e r to t h e e d i to r s
Big ideas are more important than big names To the Editor: We were dismayed to read Thursday’s editorial, (“Running Frum conservatives,” Feb. 26) which claimed that the Brown Democrats’ “speakers have their own problems (there are only so many students who want to see local politicians and policy wonks).” First, this statement is not true; in the past year, we brought Senator Jack Reed of Rhode Island and Congresswoman Diana DeGette of Colorado, a member of the House Democratic leadership, to speak about federal issues ranging from defense policy to sex education. In addition, the editorial demonstrates that the authors do not fully understand the importance of Rhode Island politicians in the daily life of Brown students. These state legislators vote on many quality-of-life issues, from education reform to the tax code to investments in renewable energy. It is important that students meet them and find out where they stand. Fighting for issues
that grab national headlines is important, but right now we can have a measurable impact on issues that affect us as Rhode Island residents and students. Finally, our weekly meetings that have featured four state legislators and a city councilman are not designed to have hundreds of attendees. We much prefer that the 20 or so students that do attend have the opportunity to engage in discussion and debate, rather than be limited to a short question with an equally short answer. But don’t worry, in the future our lectures will certainly feature some big names and national issues. In the meantime, we welcome any of the members of the editorial board to our meetings to see first hand the benefits of these close interactions.
Harrison Kreisberg ’10 President, Brown Democrats Feb. 26
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An article in Friday’s Herald (“Pushing U.’s global profile, Kennedy ’76 wears two hats) incorrectly referred to Philip Terrence Hopmann as a former director of the Watson Institute for International Studies. Hopmann is a former director of the Global Security Program at Watson. C O R R E C T I O N S P olicy The Brown Daily Herald is committed to providing the Brown University community with the most accurate information possible. Corrections may be submitted up to seven calendar days after publication. C ommentary P O L I C Y The editorial is the majority opinion of the editorial page board of The Brown Daily Herald. The editorial viewpoint does not necessarily reflect the views of The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. Columns, letters and comics reflect the opinions of their authors only. L etters to the E ditor P olicy Send letters to firstname.lastname@example.org. Include a telephone number with all letters. The Herald reserves the right to edit all letters for length and clarity and cannot assure the publication of any letter. Please limit letters to 250 words. Under special circumstances writers may request anonymity, but no letter will be printed if the author’s identity is unknown to the editors. Announcements of events will not be printed. advertising P olicy The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. reserves the right to accept or decline any advertisement at its discretion.
Opinions The Brown Daily Herald
March 2, 2009 | Page 11
Backing up Brown NICK WERLE Opinions Columnist The other day I was rushing off to my first class and quickly grabbed a coffee mug sitting on my desk. The sloshing black coffee spilled over the top and covered a quarter of my desk, missing my laptop by two inches. Of course now’s not the time to be carelessly destroying a computer. But even if the coffee had seeped into my hard drive I wouldn’t have lost my data, since I’ve got everything backed up. I’ve already had to resort to my backup three times after hard drives burned out, so I appreciate the importance of having a safety net. It would take a lot more than a spilled cup of coffee to incapacitate the Brown network, but a devastating failure is not inconceivable. It doesn’t have to be incompetence; a freak accident would be sufficient to cause some serious problems for the University’s IT infrastructure. Last week’s minor flood on the first floor of the Sidney E. Frank Hall for Life Sciences is just the kind of unforeseeable accident that could wreak some serious havoc. A mysterious jump in the pressure of a water line caused the cap of a pipe to fly off, covering 10,000 square feet of the building in two inches of water. Luckily, a quick response from Facilities Management prevented the damage from getting out of hand. Were something like this to happen in the CIT’s data center, which runs the whole Brown network, there would be some major problems, said Executive Vice President for Finance and Administration Beppie Huidekoper. While the University’s data are
backed up and would be safe in the event of an accident, there is no backup data center ready to take over in a pinch. This means that it would be a challenge to get the most crucial University systems up and running again quickly. Of course, not all of the systems that run off the University’s data center are so essential that the Brown community could not do without them for a few days. If Banner access were cut off while the problem was fixed, I’m sure that few students or staff would com-
ly formed by the time they were scrapped last week. However, they had grown out of a two-year-old analysis of the University’s existing infrastructure, so some of the goals of the project were clear. Obviously, there is a definite need to provide the University with a fully redundant system that would enable the network to respond to a problem with the primary infrastructure. Projections determined that the current rate of growth in Brown’s data storage needs was quickly outpacing the capacity of the
While the University’s data are backed up and would be safe in the event of an accident, there is no backup data center ready to take over in a pinch.
plain. E-mail, however, is another story. So is the system for printing paychecks, which would also need to be brought back online quickly in order to avoid causing financial problems for University employees due to delayed payments. Before the economic crisis, the University had planned to build an $18 million data center to augment its current capacity. Facing an uncertain and challenging economic climate, the Corporation decided to defer this project during its meeting last weekend. The administration is scheduled to report back to the Corporation in the spring with an updated plan for addressing Brown’s IT needs. Plans for the data center were not yet ful-
current space. Even with technological improvements in cooling and more efficient machines, Brown’s data center is physically insufficient to meet future storage needs. One of the biggest users of data storage capacity is e-mail. Were our e-mail accounts no longer hosted by the school, this would free up a lot of space on University servers. In light of the recently deferred plans to expand institutional storage capacity, the University should move quickly to transfer email service to Gmail or another cloud computing service. (Gmail has institutional service that would retain our @brown.edu addresses.) It feels like the idea of outsourcing e-mail service has been endlessly discussed by UCS and always appears to be just around
the corner. Since it’s clear that the University will not be able to provide us with the bigger e-mail server space we all want, UCS, CIS and the administration should work together to make this happen. The analysis also determined that there were serious physical problems with the existing data center. At the time, there was not even an emergency power supply. While the space has been shored up — there is a temporary generator right now and a permanent one will be installed soon — it is crucial that the University build a redundant system. Luckily, there are other options besides building a private data center with an eightfigure price tag. According to Huidekoper, universities are increasingly discussing ways to work together to address their IT needs. This might take the form of a cooperative data center. The University is also looking to outsource its data needs to a private company. Considering the bleak economic times, these options seem more prudent than investing in a new building full of expensive technology. Outsourcing is a smart move from a technological perspective, since anything the University buys will surely be out of date as soon as it’s installed. Letting another organization deal with the rapid pace of technological change is certainly a good idea. But the administration shouldn’t neglect these issues; it is crucial that the University address these IT needs as quickly as possible. Anyone who’s had a computer crash can attest to how invaluable it is to have a backup.
Nick Werle ’10 is a physics and modern critical philosophy concentrator from Port Washington, NY.
What to do about course choice regret BY KATHARINE HERMANN Opinions Columnist Lately I have been thinking that if I could do Brown over again, I probably would. Not only because attending Brown is fun, but because there are certain things that I wish I had done differently. The courses I chose top this list of regrets. I regret taking some of the classes that I took, but more often and more poignantly, I regret the many classes that I did not take. POLS 0220: “City Politics” with Professor Morone (which is not being offered this year) would have fit splendidly into my freshman year schedule. COLT 0810: “Civilization and Its Discontents” with Professor Weinstein (which is also not being offered this year) would have been a wonderful addition to this spring semester. I wish I had taken courses on pragmatism, Constitutional law and land use, and I wish I could replace the courses that I valued less with those I now lust after. This regret has settled in on me more heavily than ever because the end of my Brown experience is so near in sight. The schedule of my final semester is sealed. My ability to change a grade option ended as of Feb. 18 at 5 p.m.
My regret is not over the appearance of my transcript. The courses I have taken were sufficiently difficult, varied and interesting and look fine on paper. My regret stems from a deep fear that I could have gotten more out of Brown. Maybe I could have taken classes that I would have enjoyed even more, been inspired by a particularly brilliant professor or developed what would become my primar y interests
23) that appeared in last year’s Herald commencement magazine. She writes that college is only the first in a series of many experiences in which we must make completely independent choices. We should all start accepting our choices now: Where to live after college, which job to take and whether to go to graduate school, for example. I will add another piece of advice to Lad-
The fear that I have not fully sucked the marrow out of the bone of Brown is one thing that keeps me striving.
earlier. The question that I am facing on the cusp of graduation becomes: What do I do about it? The best piece of advice that I have come across is to start accepting your choices now. Former Editor-in-Chief Mar yCatherine Lader ’08 dispensed this advice in a column (“Some sisterly advice,” May
er’s: Give yourself plenty of time to reflect upon the decisions you have made and celebrate ever ything that you got out of them. I might not have taken a course on ever y topic I now see as valuable, but I did write at least 40 papers and am a better writer for it. I have been forced to do group work, which I previously loathed, and now value
and enjoy working cooperatively. I attended the office hours of almost ever y one of my professors, and have made connections with a few them, which I am sure will continue post graduation. I am reaching the conclusion that my fears are natural and even beneficial. The fear that I have not fully sucked the marrow out of the bone of Brown is one thing that keeps me striving — to take five classes some semesters, to reach out to professors, to write a thesis, to be a teaching assistant and even to write for The Herald. I am not saying this is the sole reason to do these things. I hope genuine interest and enjoyment tops that list, but fear is a useful motivator. Furthermore, it is a gift not to feel completely fulfilled by college, because learning and engaging with people should and will not stop after Brown. As I leave Brown, I will acknowledge the ver y important pieces of knowledge that I have tucked away from particular courses, but I will be more thankful for and empowered by the new interests that I have identified and the capacities that I have developed to pursue them.
Katharine Hermann ’09 is a COE and urban studies concentrator from Portland, Oregon. She can be reached at Katharine_Hermann@brown.edu.
Today The Brown Daily Herald
Students perform “Cabaret” in Stuart
to m o r r o w
33 / 15
29 / 12
Lax, hoops, hockey play in to overtime
March 2, 2009
the news in images
in like a lion
7 c a l e n da r TODAY, MARCH 2, 2009
TOMORROW, march 3, 2009
12 P.M. — “Saving & Investing in a Volatile Market,” Faunce 201
12 P.M. — “The 2008 Election: A Look Behind the Pollster’s Curtain,” 67 George Street
7:30 P.M. — “Working for Change: Strategies from the World of Homelessness,” Brown-RISD Hillel
4 P.M. — “Women in Politics with Lt. Governor Elizabeth Roberts,” MacMillan 117
menu Sharpe Refectory
Verney-Woolley Dining Hall
Lunch — Chicken Fingers with Dipping Sauces, Broccoli Noodle Polonaise, Asian Vegetable Blend
Lunch — Buffalo Wings, Baked Mac & Cheese, Nacho Bar Dinner — Tor tellini Provencal, Roasted Herb Potatoes, Moo Shu Chicken
Dinner — Fiery Beef, Italian Couscous, Vegan Roasted Vegetable Stew RELEASE DATE– Monday, March 2, 2009
Los Angeles Times Puzzle c r o sDaily s w oCrossword rd Edited by Rich Norris and Joyce Nichols Lewis
ACROSS 1 Fallback option 6 “Odyssey” enchantress 11 Sun. church talk 14 Salon job 15 The Teamsters, e.g. 16 Chopping tool 17 Yellowstone geyser 19 Prefix with duct 20 Lad 21 Fillings between tiles 22 William the archer 23 Hipbone section 24 Two-seated bicycle 26 It begins with the Gospels 30 Taken by mouth 31 Spiffy 32 Wharton Sch. degree 35 Kindle, as passions 39 College payment 41 On Soc. Sec. 42 Carpe __: seize the day 44 Before long, to Shakespeare 45 Daredevils may live on it 49 Brunch cocktail 52 Bank that deters flooding 53 Confess openly 54 Movie reviewer 56 Clean air org. 59 AFL partner 60 Aristocratic 62 The other woman 63 Half of octa64 Blew a gasket, so to speak 65 Emotional verse 66 Seat finder 67 Staircase units DOWN 1 Dilemma, briefly 2 Stitch’s adopter, in a Disney film 3 “Raggedy” fellow 4 Bounced-check letters
5 Snoopy, notably 6 Remove from the magazine, as coupons 7 Monstrous 8 Falling-out 9 Undersea explorer Jacques 10 Big picture?: Abbr. 11 Socked away 12 Cast out of one’s country 13 King’s domain 18 Showy bloom 22 Big bang initials 23 “__ never work!” 25 Debate side 26 Somber film genre 27 Marine flier 28 Drift through the air, as odors 29 Came across 32 Series opener? 33 Thriving time 34 Frank or Francis 36 Commotions 37 Turning water into wine, and others
38 Always, in verse 40 London gallery 43 “Le Misanthrope” playwright 45 Violist’s need 46 Bachelor pad amenity 47 Good’s opposite 48 Interior designs 49 Manly to the max 50 Like some college walls
51 1970s-’80s Bond portrayer Roger 55 Buzzi of “Laugh-In” 56 Tense, after “on” 57 “Not a __ out of you!”: “Shh!” 58 Throws in 60 A/C measure 61 Stable staple
With so much mild weather, it may have seemed to some like winter was over. But Mother Nature had other plans. After a morning dusting, snow picked up heavily Sunday afternoon around Providence. Roads were covered late last night. Some forecasters predicted as much as 20 inches to fall during the storm, but the appearance of milder air brought down those projections. About four to eight inches of snow and sleet accumulation was expected during the night, with another two to four inches possible Monday. The National Weather Service issued a winter storm warning Sunday night for areas including Providence and most of southern New England, in effect until 1 p.m. Monday. The difference between a moderate and a very high snowfall is the amount of freezing rain and sleet that mixes with the snow during the period of heaviest precipitation — late Sunday night and Monday morning, in this case — Fred Campagna, the chief meteorologist for ABC 6 News, wrote on the
station’s Web site Sunday night. “Regardless of the snow totals, this is going to be a high-impact storm,” Campagna wrote. Most precipitation was expected to stop before noon today, with more snow showers possible tonight. Providence was already holing in to ride out the storm, granting public school students a surprise snow day. Local private schools Moses Brown School and Wheeler School are closed Monday, as is Johnson and Wales University. Brown had not announced any adjustments because of the storm at press time, except to say that safeRIDE would cease operations after midnight and would not operate Monday if hazardous conditions existed on the roads. A parking ban was in effect in the city starting at midnight and will continue until 4 p.m. today. The University will provide updated information related to the storm on a hotline at 401-863-3111.
comics Socrates | Luke Jeffrey
ANSWER TO PREVIOUS PUZZLE:
Alien Weather Forecast | Stephen Lichenstein and Adam Wagner
The One About Zombies | Kevin Grubb
By Elizabeth Babikan (c)2009 Tribune Media Services, Inc.