The Brown Daily Herald Wednesday, A pril 16, 2008
Volume CXLIII, No. 52
Since 1866, Daily Since 1891
U. looking in-house for West’s replacement
Simmons sells U. to prefrosh Class of 2012 ‘most beautiful and most handsome,’ pres. says
Public policy center director headed to Brookings Institution
By Nick Bakshi Contributing Writer
in the sun amid miniature cardboard coffins in front of Faunce House, one of three separate protest installations vying for attention on the Main Green and Lincoln Field. “It’s definitely a ver y active, vocal campus,” said Laura Fried, who arrived from Kansas City, Mo. on Monday, while browsing in the Brown Bookstore. “I have
More than 700 prospective first-year students crammed into a large tent on the Main Green yesterday, chattering with excitement and anticipation as they waited for President Ruth Simmons and Dean of Admission Jim Miller ’73 to give the opening speeches for this year’s A Day On College Hill. The speeches, filled with praise for both the Class of 2012 and for Brown as a whole, emphasized the University’s open curriculum and uniquely collaborative approach to learning as key reasons for choosing Brown. Miller spoke first, keeping the mood light by beginning with a few routine jokes. “I just want to reassure you, I voted for every one of you,” he said to a cacophony of applause and laughter. Simmons followed, reviving the cheers by lauding the future first-years as the University’s “brightest, most creative and most diverse class yet,” adding “most beautiful and most handsome” to the list of superlatives shortly
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By Sophia Li Senior Staf f Writer
The unexpected departure of the head of the Taubman Center for Public Policy and American Institutions has left administrators scrambling to fill his shoes from within the University. Professor of Political Science Darrell West announced earlier this month that he will leave Brown after 26 years for a position at the Brookings Institution, a liberal public policy think tank in Washington. West, who has directed the Taubman Center for the past eight years, will become Brookings’ vice president and director for governance studies. Though West wasn’t actively seeking a job, Brookings approached him about the position, he said. He will oversee the program and encourage its 30 scholars to come up with ideas that will “improve the American government and governmental democracy,” he said. Since his announcement, administrators have decided to replace him with someone from Brown. “We will need to have someone from the inside step in on July 1 when Darrell leaves,” said Dean of the Faculty Rajiv Vohra P’07. Vohra said that because West will be leaving so soon, a “full-blown external search” for a replacement for the Taubman Center’s director is impossible. The internal search for a replacement will require consulting other faculty involved with the Taubman Center for their recommendations, Vohra said. Vohra, who will direct the search, said he hasn’t yet begun talking to faculty about West’s replacement. Vohra said he doesn’t know if West’s replacement will assume the position of director temporarily or permanently. “We have not decided on a longterm strategy other than clearly understanding that the Taubman Center is an important unit on campus,” Vohra said. West is only the second director of the center, which was created in 1984. He was appointed director after the center’s first director retired, said Brett Clifton PhD’02, assistant director of the Taubman Center and lecturer in public policy. West said the Taubman Center raised $10 million for its endowment during his eight years as director, helping to fund new faculty chairs, internship programs and general program support. During his di-
Kim Perley / Herald
Maps and packets in tow, prospective students criss-crossed campus Tuesday for A Day on College Hill.
Accepted hit campus for ADOCH By Colin Chazen Contributing Writer
“For all those of you visiting, registration begins in Leung Gallery at 4 p.m. And the dance party begins right now,” announced a Brown Student Radio DJ through speakers on the Main Green Tuesday afternoon. The music played in front of a large white tent set up to greet the hundreds of prospec-
Freshman Suspect arrested in armed robbery pleads guilty to voyeurism By Max Mankin S enior S taf f Writer
By Alex Roehrkasse Senior Staff Writer
Former varsity hockey player Harrison Zolnierczyk ’11 pleaded guilty to the production and distribution of voyeuristic materials in a British Columbia court Friday. Zolnierczyk had also faced more serious charges of child pornography, which were dropped as part of a plea bargain, the prosecution told The Herald. The voyeurism charges carry a minimum sentence of a discharge without a criminal record and a maximum sentence of six months in jail and three months probation, Provincial Crown Counsel Gordon Baines said. However, the charges are the result of a new law passed in British Columbia in 2003, so prosecutors have no precedent for sentencing, Baines said. He would not disclose the sentence he will request before the judge at Zolnierczyk’s sentencing hearing June 6 in Port Alberni provincial court. The guilty plea was entered by Zolnierczyk’s lawyer Richard Fowler. Zolnierczyk did not appear in court last week to enter the plea, Baines said, though he must be present for his sentencing hearing. Zolnierczyk and Fowler did not
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FEWER FRESHMeN After 2008, researchers predict college applicant numbers will fall, but more minorities may apply
tive students and parents visiting yesterday from across the countr y for A Day on College Hill, the University’s annual twoday event for accepted students mulling the decision to attend Brown. Walking five feet in front of their parents, as if determined to begin the inevitable separation right then, few prospective students seemed bothered by the sight of undergrads lounging
On Tuesday morning, the Providence Police Depar tment arrested a woman believed to have been involved in an armed robber y around midnight Friday. At 12:27 a.m. Saturday, after a male and female walked by a white SUV parked near the
intersection of Brown and Cushing Streets, a female occupant of the vehicle approached them, asked for gas money, displayed a knife and demanded the female passer-by’s purse, said Mark Porter, chief of police and director of public safety. The victims were then confronted by a male occupant of the car, who took the male pe-
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tr u th f u l , b u t n o t c o n v e n i e n t
Quinn Savit / Herald
Janus Forum panelists spoke on the challenges advocates of climate change face if they don’t speak in apocalyptic rhetoric.
SEE CAMPUS NEWS, PAGE 5
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destrian’s backpack, he said. After the incident, the suspects left and drove nor th on Brown Street, according to an e-mail sent to the Brown community Saturday afternoon. Neither of the victims was injured. In the e-mail, the alleged
Guitar heroes A music professor is listening to students sound off on the popular game
banner blues Tyler Rosenbaum ‘11 thinks Banner has no place deciding what classes he’s prepared for
195 Angell Street, Providence, Rhode Island
tomorrow’s weather Hey, prefrosh: It’s sunny like this all the time. We swear.
sunny, 66 / 40 News tips: firstname.lastname@example.org
T oday Page 2
Wednesday, April 16, 2008
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
But Seriously | Charlie Custer and Stephen Barlow
Verney-Woolley Dining Hall
Lunch — Beef Tacos, Spanish Rice, Refried Beans, Spinach with Toasted Sesame Seeds, Vegetarian Tacos
Lunch — Polynesian Chicken Wings, Tomato Quiche, Sticky Rice, Peas with Mushrooms, Polynesian Cookies
Dinner — Pork Medallions with Portobello Sauce, Quinoto, Green Beans, Beets in Orange Sauce, Spinach Stuffed Squash, Sweet Potato Fries
Dinner — Rotisserie Style Chicken, Spinach Pie Casserole, Spanish Rice, Broccoli with Cheese Sauce, Polynesian Ratatouille
Nightmarishly Elastic | Adam Robbins
Sudoku Fill in the grid so that every row, every column and every 3x3 box contains the digits 1 through 9.
Vagina Dentata | Soojean Kim
© Puzzles by Pappocom
RELEASE DATE– Wednesday, April 16, 2008
Los Angeles Times Puzzle C r o sDaily s w oCrossword rd Edited by Rich Norris and Joyce Nichols Lewis
ACROSS 1 Inset site 6 Dirty Harry’s org. 10 Lab helpers? 14 Infatuation 15 River to the Rhein 16 Bad way for things to go 17 Space shuttle supply 19 Jaworski of Watergate 20 Somme summer 21 Sports commentator Musburger 22 With 48-Across, what 17-, 26-, 43and 57-Across each begins with 23 Put in the pen 24 Wind quintet instrument 26 ’80s title sitcom role for Soleil Moon Frye 31 Counter cleaner 33 They help 34 Make haste 35 Blank on a game rack, e.g. 36 Mobile home?: Abbr. 37 “The Son of __ in weary Night’s decline”: Blake 38 Hardly friendly 39 Holliman of “Police Woman” 41 Sent 43 Quick action in an emergency 46 Ricci of fashion 47 Biblical preposition 48 See 22-Across 51 Bistro bill of fare 53 Green shade 56 Where lomi-lomi salmon is often served 57 Roll toppers 59 Sea eagles 60 Popular reality show, familiarly 61 Free from bondage 62 Role in the musical “Two By Two” 63 Give up
64 Olive Garden offering DOWN 1 Land buy 2 Fox chaser? 3 Journalist Clare Boothe __ 4 Pop the question 5 Whole thing 6 Without risk 7 Man-goat deity 8 South Africa’s administrative capital 9 Wilmington’s st. 10 Regards highly 11 Cote denizens 12 “Star Trek: T.N.G.” halfBetazoid Deanna 13 Lip-__ 18 Tot’s wheels 22 Maintains the lawn 23 Solstice month 25 King or queen 26 Coral component 27 Pro shop purchase 28 Pin in an oarlock 29 Hibernia 30 Rip
31 Word with fried or crazy 32 12-point type 36 208 in Idaho, e.g. 37 Sushi bar soup 39 Pop singer Brickell 40 Prince Valiant’s son 41 Hall of fame 42 Pays for a hand 44 Sudden mass arrival
Gus vs. Them | Zachary McCune and Evan Penn
45 Color in an Alice Walker title 48 Small valley 49 Continental cash 50 “Peter Pan” dog 52 Like two peas in __ 53 10-Across concerns 54 Blue-pencil 55 Sailing 57 Photog’s shot 58 Bambi’s aunt
ANSWER TO PREVIOUS PUZZLE: Classic Deo | Daniel Perez
Classic How To Get Down | Nate Saunders
T he B rown D aily H erald By Alan Olschwang (c)2008 Tribune Media Services, Inc.
If you do one thing on College Hill today... Practice your silent auction skills. First Annual Alpha Epsilon Pi Charity Auction Wriston Quad, 5 p.m. to 7 p.m.
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H igher E d Wednesday, April 16, 2008
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
Study: colleges to see fewer applicants until 2015 By Nick Bakshi Contributing Writer
Current A Day On College Hill attendees belong to the most competitive class Brown has ever seen. But next year’s College Hill visiters may not be able to say the same about themselves. According to a recent study by the Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education, the rapid expansion of high school graduates that began in the early 1990s will end this year, beginning a period of decline that will continue until 2015. The report, titled “Knocking at the College Door,” found that in addition to fewer applicants, admissions officers could expect to see a shift in the racial composition of their applicant pools. The report predicts that between now and 2015, the gap between the number of white high school graduates and minority high school graduates will shrink, with the number of Hispanic graduates increasing by 54 percent and the number of white graduates decreasing by 11 percent. These changes can mainly be attributed to the disparity in birthrates among different ethnic populations in the United States, said WICHE Senior Research Analyst Brian Prescott. In 1990, there were 1.25 million more births to white women than to women of all other races, but in 2004 that gap had already decreased to 514,000, Prescott said. As for the volume of future college applicants, “If the class of 2008 is the peak, the class of 2015 will be the trough,” he said. But this decline doesn’t spell easy admissions to the Ivy League for future high school graduates, said Ivy Educational Ser vices Founder Nicole Oringer. Her New
Jersey-based company handles both SAT prep and college counseling for high school juniors and seniors. After the high school class of 2009, elite institutions will see a very slow decline in the volume of applicants, but “it’s still going to be very competitive,” she said. But Oringer said smaller, lesserknown institutions might see bigger changes. She expressed concern for schools whose endowments might not be able to withstand the blow of reduced enrollment and increased demand for financial aid, citing Antioch College, which suspended operations in 2007 due to dwindling enrollment. Though all colleges and universities around the country are wary of the imminent decline in the number of high school graduates, highly visible top-tier schools like Brown have less to worry about, said Kenyon College Director of Admissions Greg Buckles. He explained that the challenge for small, liberal arts colleges like Kenyon will be to promote awareness in the South and Southwest, where the population of Hispanic high school graduates is growing most rapidly. Schools in those regions have seen large booms in their applicant pools in recent years, said Royce Mussman, assistant dean of admission at Occidental College in Los Angeles. Occidental received a record number of applications, he said — 10 percent more than last year. Mussman added that while Occidental is not anticipating a decline in applicants in the near future, the college is not expecting further growth either. Asked whether the increased number of Hispanic graduates in the area would affect how Occidental weighed minority status in evaluating applicants, Mussman
said, “I don’t think we’re there yet. I don’t think that’s going to happen for a while.” Admissions officers at Carleton College in Minnesota also said they did not expect to be affected greatly by the changing demographics. “I wouldn’t expect anything to fluctuate more than 5 percent,” said Carleton College Admissions Counselor Hans Peterson, referring to both applicant volume and racial composition. He explained that Carleton’s unique location and small size make it less volatile to fluctuations than other schools. Other schools are less optimistic about where these trends will leave them. Robert McGann, director of admissions at the University of New Hampshire, said his school is anticipating and preparing for a reduced volume of applicants in the future. McGann added that UNH emphasizes diversity in its student body and looks for ward to the increased number of minority applicants. But he expressed concern about potential strains on the university’s budget, as minority students traditionally require more financial aid. UNH, a public university, only receives 14 percent of its funding from the state and therefore charges its students a tuition rate that is relatively high compared to other public institutions — $9,400 per year for in-state students, and $23,000 per year for those from out of state. With 70 percent of UNH’s student body already on financial aid, McGann said the future will involve a “competition for limited resources.” UNH is already beginning a campaign to raise the university’s visibility in an attempt to compensate for reduced enrollment, McGann said.
Universities offer new energy programs By Priyanka Ghosh Contributing Writer
With more and more Americans warming up to the idea of renewable energy, the Oregon Institute of Technology this year will graduate the initial crop of students from its first-in-the-nation undergraduate program in the field — and several more schools are on the verge of following suit. OIT started the program after seeing “a need for renewable energy engineers in the work force,” Robert Bass, assistant professor and program director of the Renewable Energy Systems Program at OIT, wrote in an e-mail to The Herald. He added that the university was “well placed to start this program ahead of the renewable energy growth curve” because of its long history using and teaching about renewable energy. The degree program requires a grounding in chemistry, physics, math and communications, and then progresses to higher-level courses on renewable energy. The sequence aims to prepare students for employment in a variety of fields, including manufacturing, design and renewable-energy systems inspection, according to the university’s Web site. Bass wrote that the program is attracting a lot of student interest and is currently filled to capacity, with 64 students. He added that “demand exists to fill twice this many
seats.” “This is an exciting program that is attracting a unique set of students,” Bass wrote. “And the quality of these students points to the importance society is now placing on energy security and our environment.” Bass added that companies are “very excited about our graduates.” Neither mechanical nor electric engineering programs “fully address the engineering of energy-related systems,” he said. Other universities are also establishing similar programs. The State University of New York at Canton has established a four-year degree program in Alternative and Renewable Energy Systems. Illinois State University also has a similar program in renewable energy. Appalachian State University’s program in Appropriate Technology focuses on technologies that are “ecologically and socially benign, affordable and often powered by renewable energy,” according to its Web site. Community colleges have also created programs in renewable energy. Lane Community College in Oregon trains renewable-energy technicians, and San Juan College in New Mexico has a program that teaches design and installation of solar-energy systems. Brown does not currently offer a degree program in renewable energy engineering, but students are working to integrate sustain-
ability into current classes. This semester, five students created a Group Independent Study Project titled “Integrating Energy Science and Education.” Currently, they are “working with current topics in existing classes and building modules around them,” said Kate Goldstein ’08, who will attend University of Texas at Austin for graduate work in sustainable energy next fall. The GISP explored the idea of creating a renewable energy concentration, as the engineering concentration currently offers only “normal engineering with environmental classes,” Goldstein said. But she said she and the other students eventually decided that altering the entire engineering curriculum was “too ambitious.” Christopher Bull, senior research engineer and adviser of the GISP, said it is “a better idea to incorporate these ideas into existing classes” because of the difficulty of creating an entire concentration. A renewable energy concentration would need to incorporate environmental studies, economics and sociology, he said, and would require heavy collaboration with other departments. But he added that the development of a concentration is “a response to a demand,” and “the longer and stronger the demand, the more likely a concentration will be created.” “We’re seeing the start of that level of demand,” Bull said.
Andrew Stanfill / Independent Florida Alligator
Students at the University of Florida have been on a hunger strike since last Wednesday to call on their university to make its investment practices more transparent.
UF students hunger strike for investment transparency By Debbie Lehmann Higher Ed Editor
For students at the University of Florida, the path to socially responsible investment is one of empty stomachs. About 10 students at UF have been on a hunger strike since last Wednesday as part of a campaign for transparency and community input in the university’s investment of its $1.2 billion endowment, said Richard Gutierrez, a senior at UF who has consumed nothing but water for the last week. Students in the Gainesville, Fla., chapter of Students for a Democratic Society organized the strike after approaching the issue from “lots of angles” and being “talked down to and ignored” by the administration, Gutierrez said. “All we had available in terms of tools of protest was our bodies,” Gutierrez said. “So we’re putting our bodies on the line to force our university to put its reputation on the line.” The campaign for transparency in investment began last year as a campaign for divestment from “certain profiteering firms,” Gutierrez said. But when UF students found out that their university’s endowment was invested “behind closed doors,” Gutierrez said, the campaign transformed into a call for a “framework for democratic input” to be put into the investment process. When the university did not respond — even after 80 percent of students supported the idea in a student government referendum — SDS members decided to take more direct action. The 10 students participating — half of whom are consuming only water and half of whom are consuming only liquids — have not heard from the administration, Gutierrez said. Though several students have had to break their fasts because of health concerns, some intend to keep fasting until the last day of classes, April 23, or
the date of graduation, May 5. Others have said they will fast until they are hospitalized, Gutierrez said. Stephen Orlando, a UF spokesman, said the university has been working with the students for several months, adding that the president and trustees have met with them three times. He said the university has not given in to students’ demands in part because transparency would cause UF’s investment to “lose its competitive edge.” On April 1, UF President Bernard Machen sent a letter to one of the students involved in the campaign, writing that the university “wholeheartedly (agrees) that there are certain circumstances in which UF should evaluate its investments.” He added that the board of trustees adopted a provision last year that allows it to “reconsider investments in corporations that could cause substantial social injury, such as those operating in apartheid nations.” The university is also reviewing a list of companies in which the State of Florida and the State Board of Administration have prohibited investments from the state’s pension fund, and will use this as a guide for its investments, he wrote. But he wrote that the university “does not believe that establishing a committee, as you recommend, is an effective option for a university this large and this diverse. A consensus of opinion would be impossible to reach.” Still, Orlando said the university “understands students’ feelings.” “We feel like we’re on the same page,” he said. But students participating in the hunger strike said their administration is a few pages behind. “They haven’t seemed to be supportive at all,” said Simon Fitz-William, continued on page 4
Wednesday, April 16, 2008
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
Zolnierczyk’s sentencing Simmons greets prefrosh Female suspect with flattering remarks hearing set for June 6 continued from page 1 respond to phone calls or e-mails. Canwest News Service reported Monday that the case involves a surreptitiously recorded, sexually explicit video featuring an underage girl. That video was subsequently posted on YouTube, Canwest reported. Baines said the child pornography charges were dropped in the plea bargain because they arose from the same incident, and that the charges to which Zolnierczyk pleaded guilty fully describe the crime. “The main factor is: Do the pleas to those counts accurately address the facts?” Baines said, to which the answer, he believes, is “absolutely.” Zolnierczyk’s co-accused, former Alberni Valley Bulldogs teammate Brad Harding, has entered a similar guilty plea in which the child pornography charges will also be stayed, Baines said.
Zolnierczyk was released from Brown’s varsity hockey team in February after the Providence Journal published a story about the charges against him, though the University was aware of the charges before then. Vice President for Public Affairs and University Relations Michael Chapman said the University could not comment on the implications of Zolnierczyk’s plea for his future on the hockey team or as a student at Brown. “This is a privacy matter for a student, and, you know, the University doesn’t have a comment on it,” he said. He added that Brown’s standards of student conduct “don’t speak specifically to the question of a violation of laws outside of the University disciplinary system.” In such cases, the University officials must proceed “on a case by case basis,” abiding by those standards as best as possible.
UF students hunger strike continued from page 3 a senior at UF. “They agreed with the idea, but there has been no sort of support as far as implementing it.” Fitz-William broke his fast Tuesday after fainting, experiencing ringing in his ears and feeling “weak in body and in mind.” He said he went 130 hours without any food.
Fitz-William said the strike will “put things in the face of the administration,” but he said he does not expect the protest to yield a transparent investment policy. “It’s ethical, but it’s not profitable,” he said. “And in the capitalist realm that the university works in, ethical is not the goal. The administration really doesn’t seem to care.”
continued from page 1 thereafter. Simmons speech took on a more serious tone when she changed the focus from the admitted students to the University. “The will to best others will not be your inspiration here,” Simmons said, adding that as Brown students, the members of the audience would find themselves becoming “more confident, well versed and adaptable learners.” As a result, she said, they would begin to discover “what it means to truly, deeply love learning.” Simmons went on to discuss the importance of the University’s “commitment to diversity,” calling it the “single most important thing” that prospective students should know about Brown. She said that this commitment is not just limited to the composition of the student body and faculty, but includes the University’s academic values as well. As a result of this commitment to diversity, she said, the only mandatory requirement for future Brown students is an open mind. “You must come prepared to respect every individual in this room. If you’re not prepared to do that, you really should not come to Brown,” Simmons continued. But she added, “You don’t have to agree with them. In fact, you won’t agree with many of them. But you must come prepared to listen, to engage, to challenge and to respect.”
“We’ve also pledged to integrate global perspectives more fully into the curriculum so that our students will feel confident living and working in a truly global environment,” Simmons said, noting that weak boundaries between countries and cultures are easily overcome by shared knowledge and circumstance. She said that the elimination of these boundaries is a key aspect of Brown’s mission. About half of the eight attendees interviewed by The Herald felt confident that they’d attend Brown in the fall. Most students did, however, appreciate the speeches. “Ruth Simmons is great, and she’s gorgeous,” said Andrea Garcia of Falfurrias, Texas. Garcia said that she will definitely attend Brown in the fall and that she plans on spending ADOCH attending classes and meeting the other future first-years. Yuli Zhu, of Chicago, was also confident that she’d be enrolled next year. “I thought it was very inspiring. It made me want to come even more,” she said of Simmons’ speech. Not all in attendance were as optimistic as Zhu and Garcia, however. June Yoon of Tempe, Ariz., for instance said that, though Brown was high on her list, she was still unsure where her final decision would place her. She did add that, despite her uncertainty, coming to Brown definitely made her feel much more comfortable with the idea of a future here.
arrested Tuesday continued from page 1 robber was described as a Hispanic female of about 18 years who had curly hair in a ponytail and was wearing plaid pajama pants. The male who approached the victims was described as a “dark complexioned male wearing a blue baseball cap with white trim and a blue jersey.” PPD arrested the woman who allegedly stole the purse yesterday, Porter said. “We were updated today of the fact that the person has been arrested,” Porter said. The crime is the first armed robber y repor ted on campus in 2008, Porter said. Last year at this time in the semester, four such robberies were repor ted to have occurred on or near campus, according to Por ter. He attributed the decrease to increased DPS presence around campus and more crime awareness information being distributed to the Brown community. Por ter declined to say whether the victims were students. A PPD official would not comment on the case because the investigation is ongoing.
Prefrosh and parents size up Brown during ADOCH continued from page 1 heard it’s a lot of fun.” Fried, who said she is leaning toward Brown, stopped by the store to purchase a lanyard and maybe a tote bag to accompany the window decal she received with her acceptance package. John Boeglin of Carmel, Ind., is deciding between Brown, Dartmouth and the University of Indiana. “I’m looking for a certain seriousness but coupled with an ability to be social,” he said. “Obviously, this is a more laidback campus than some,” said Boeglin, who mentioned that “Rapture” by Blondie began playing as he walked onto the Main Green as evidence of Brown’s “alternative” character. “We’ve visited a lot of schools,” said Anne Bunett, on campus with her son. “Har vard had a yuppie, preppie, jock kind of feel. ... This feels more open.” “I have to say I like the campus, ver y relaxed,” said Phillip Reinhold, who drove here this morning from Buf falo, N.Y. He spent the day visiting the physics department, where he attended a presentation. Reinhold is still split between Brown and the University of Chicago, he said, but he thinks that speaking to undergrads and checking out the dorm life here will help finalize his decision. Clay Theibodeaux flew in from Los Angeles on a red-eye and spent most of the day wandering around Providence. “I’m probably going to go to Brown, but I want to make sure I like it,” he said.
Students like Theibodeaux, already planning on attending Brown, were expected to make up a much smaller portion of ADOCH attendees than in previous years — the University did not invite early-decision admittees for the first time ever this year. Instead, ADOCH organizers have said they’re counting on current students to provide enthusiasm about attending Brown. Noah Kraft ’09 may be the kind of student they had in mind. “You just need to remind the students that Disneyland stole their slogan from Brown, because this is the happiest place on earth,” said Kraft, who estimates that he’s probably delivered that line to about 200 prospective students over the past three years. Unlike at the two previous ADOCHs, Kraft said he was not planning to don a Clifford the Big Red Dog outfit to greet students this year. But others may not have fit the bill quite so well. Michael Frauenhofer ’11 volunteered to host prospective students but found himself swamped with work. He and a friend “decided we’d lock them out and they’d entertain each other,” he joked. David Tagle ’11 said he had a great time at ADOCH last year because of the students he met on the train ride from Washington. “I got in with a group of kids so it wasn’t awkward to walk around.” Listening to students’ forced conversations as they walked from the Sharpe Refector y up Wriston Quad, Tagle said, “Their awkwardness make me feel old. I feel like I’m a senior.”
C ampus n ews Wednesday, April 16, 2008
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
Janus Forum panel urges tempered climate rhetoric
s o mb e r R e m e mbra n c e
By Dana Teppert Staf f Writer
Kim Perley / Herald
An exhibit on the Main Green commemorates the lives of the people who died attempting to cross the Mexico-U.S. border.
Prof. listening up for Guitar Hero’s meaning By Mitra Anoushiravani Contributing Writer
When Kylee Hench ’11 plays Guitar Hero, his eyes glaze over and he hunches down, assuming game-play position. Every time he misses a note, which rarely happens, he lets out an angry sigh before continuing his ferocious finger movements. Hench, who is one of the best players in the world according to ScoreHero.com — he’s ranked 13th — takes Guitar Hero very seriously. And now, Assistant Professor of Music Kiri Miller is taking the popular video game seriously, too. Miller, an ethnomusicologist, is researching the emotions Guitar Hero players feel when they match the notes on screen with buttons on their plastic guitars. Her research, along with casual conversations among students, bring to light some of life’s essential questions: What makes people feel creative? How do we experience music? Which is better: Rock Band or Guitar Hero? An online survey Miller is conducting has found 70 percent of Guitar Hero players do not feel creative when their fingers are frolicking across the plastic guitar. Miller said she wants to know more about those who do feel creative. “I’m really interested in that 30 percent,” she said. Miller is planning to ask students to play Guitar Hero in her office so she can observe them and ask questions about the experience. Many of that creative-feeling 30 percent wrote that playing the game “teaches them to be more creative listeners and inspired them to write their own songs,” she said. “The movements involved in playing are also creative.” Hench holds the more popular opinion about Guitar Hero. “There is not much room for creativity,” he said. “It is a lot of fun, and it has certainly gotten me into a lot of different types of music than I used to listen to, but I usually play for the score. I go on ScoreHero. com and see a song I’m behind on and work on that song.” Jason Lee ’09 doesn’t play the game to satisfy creative needs, but
Mitra Anoushiravani / Herald
From left, Jason Lee ’09, Kylee Hench ‘11, Jake Eakle ‘10 and Will Vinci ‘10 play Rock Band, which a Brown ethnomusicologist is studying. rather for what he called its “technical challenge.” He added, “I’m not making any original music, but I’m having fun.” Ben Flaherty ’09 said he often plays because he enjoys the competition. “But you are still simulating playing music, so you feel part of the song. Imagine if it was just lights on a screen without the music. People probably wouldn’t be as interested.” Kevin Lee ’11 isn’t sure something as mechanical as Guitar Hero qualifies as music. “Every time someone plays sheet music it sounds different because of personal style,” he said. “But every time someone plays Guitar Hero at the same level it sounds the same because the buttons you press always make the same sound. I don’t think it’s a form of music.” Miller said that some argue that video games like Guitar Hero are especially detrimental because they are “fooling people into thinking they’re being real musicians when they’re not.” “I would question assumptions about what music is,” Professor of Music Jeff Titon said. “Music is organized sound that people consider to be music. People might not think it’s worthwhile music. Some people believe that there is a music hierarchy with classical at the top. That is an elitist view, and the majority of people now think
that all music that involves human beings is worth studying.” Miller’s research is also beginning to incorporate a comparison between Guitar Hero and its chief competitor, Rock Band. Guitar Hero and Guitar Hero II were designed by Harmonix before the rights to the game were bought by Activision, which released the most recent version, Guitar Hero III. Facing the challenge of competing with their own invention, Harmonix created Rock Band, which has an almost identical guitar part but also incorporates drums and karaoke. “Guitar Hero III has gone in a classic gamer direction,” Miller said. “Rock Band is geared towards women and younger people and older people.” “Rock Band is oriented around being a party game,” Jake Eakle ’10 said. “It is also much easier than Guitar Hero.” “Guitar Hero I and II are more like Rock Band because they have much more of an indie music community,” Lee said. “Guitar Hero III seems much more corporate. It’s more score-oriented and not as casual as the other Guitar Heroes and Rock Band.” The identities and experiences that go with each game are crucial, Titon said. “These games are a human phenomenon,” Titon continued on page 6
As the star of the Academy Awardwinning documentary “An Inconvenient Truth” and winner of the Nobel Peace Prize for his work on climate change, Al Gore has become a well-known face of the campaign against global warming. Yesterday at the Janus Forum panel, “Global Climate Change: The End of the World as We Know It?,” Gore was held up as the face of something else — alarmist environmentalism. “Gore and many others tell us it’s a ‘planetar y emergency,’” but they have dramatically overstated the nature of the problems associated with climate change, said Bjorn Lomborg, an author who spoke on a three-man panel in Alumnae Hall. “Yes, global warming is real and man-made,” he added. But “we need to start cooling our rhetoric. We need to stop talking about this as if it were the end of the world.” Lomborg’s argument that the global warming problem has been overdramatized was echoed by the other panelists, Yale economist Robert Mendelsohn and Michael Schellenberger, co-founder and president of the Breakthrough Institute, a progressive think tank. Lomborg made a name for himself with the publication of his book, “The Skeptical Environmentalist,” and was named one of the world’s 100 most influential people by Time magazine in 2004. His presentation repeatedly featured Gore as a representative of those in the environmental movement who formulate climate change as a catastrophe. Lomborg argued that the world does need to cool the planet but that Gore and other environmentalists like him vastly exaggerate the consequences of global warming. Mendelsohn, author of “The Impact of Climate Change on the United States Economy,” projected that major impacts of global warming would not be felt by the planet for another 50 years. “It’s the future emissions that are actually most harmful. The emissions your children are going to do,” he said. “You actually have time — time to develop new technologies. We have time to come to global agreements to mitigate. We have time to adapt.” Shellenberger told the audience of mostly students that by exaggerating the impact of global warming on the planet, “environmental leaders have set up the problem in a way that is politically impossible to
solve.” He argued that global warming demands a shift in the current thinking on the problem. The U.S. needs to move away from pollution regulation and begin to focus on global economic development and energy technology innovation, he said. “Global warming demands a fundamental transformation of the global economy,” Shellenberger said. The private sector, he said, cannot achieve the current revolution in technology needed to meet the challenge of global warming by itself. The U.S. government must make massive clean energy investments in the future, likely between $30 and $80 billion, he said. Mendelsohn emphasized that the effects of climate change would be felt most strongly by the rural poor living in developing countries. “You need to realize that climate change is not fair,” he said. The countries that emit the most carbon dioxide, the main pollutant associated with rising temperatures, are not the countries that will experience the greatest damage from changes in the climate, he said. People will adapt to the challenges a warming planet presents, he said. He offered the example of swimmers adjusting to changes in the tides of the ocean in order not to be drowned as a metaphor for the situation. Both Lomborg and Schellenberger called for smarter options to deal with climate change. Lomborg criticized the Kyoto Protocol, an agreement among more than 170 countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. It would only postpone global warming by a few years, he said, despite its $180 billion annual cost. “The way forward is through investing dramatically more in research and development,” he said. Schellenberger also spoke on the difficulty of advocating climate change policies that go against the consensus. In response to one question posed by a student, Schellenberger said that both he and Lomborg have been called “climate change deniers” and “delayers.” But policy consensus in this countr y does not allow alternative voices, he said. Anyone who suggests a different plan for dealing with climate change that does not agree with that consensus is told they are denying science, he said. “It’s been one of the most frustrating parts of being involved in climate change issues,” he added.
Wednesday, April 16, 2008
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
Over 50 Iraqi civilians killed by two Sunni insurgent bombings By Tina Susman Los Angeles T imes
BAGHDAD, Iraq — Bombs in two provincial capitals killed more than 50 Iraqi civilians Tuesday, underscoring the continuing threat posed by Sunni Muslim insurgents as they try to regain power in former strongholds. Coinciding with military efforts to curb the strength of Shiite militias in Baghdad and southern Iraq, the new attacks also portend the potential hurdles ahead for the Iraqi government as U.S. troop levels decrease through the summer. Iraqi troops will take on more responsibility for holding onto security gains made in the past year, and the challenge will be formidable if both Sunni and Shiite extremists are active. The latest attacks occurred in Baqubah, the capital of Diyala province northeast of Baghdad, and Ramadi, the capital of Al Anbar province in western Iraq. Both were characteristic of al-Qaida in Iraq, which has targeted public places with suicide bombers and car bombs
to inflict widespread damage and casualties. Last month, there were 60 such attacks across Iraq, according to U.S. military figures. That represented an increase from 45 in February and 43 in January, the figures showed. Attacks occur far less frequently than a year ago, before an additional 28,500 U.S. troops were sent to Iraq, but the steady increase of late appears to be a sign of the Sunni militant group’s tenacity, an American military official said. As long as it is able to lure foreign fighters into Iraq with promises of financial rewards, and as long as Iraq’s borders remain porous, al-Qaida in Iraq will remain a threat, said the official. He spoke on condition of anonymity because he was speculating on security issues. “Their strength is they can buy the talent they need,” he said. “They’ve got a great deal of resilience.” At least 14 suicide bombings or car bomb attacks have been carried out this month, in addition to the incidents Tuesday and a bombing Monday in the northern city of Mo-
sul that killed 14 Iraqi soldiers. U.S. military officials condemned the latest violence but said it should not be viewed as a sign that Sunni insurgents have regained the strength they had lost in the past year. “This is the first suicide attack inside Baqubah in almost 90 days, and the overall violence in the city has decreased by 80 percent since June,” said Maj. Mike Garcia, a spokesman for U.S. forces in Diyala province. Ramadi also has has seen violence plummet from an average of hundreds of attacks per day in early 2007, to about two per day now, according to the military. But Iraqi and U.S. officials, as well as independent analysts, have warned that there is the potential for a continued up-tick in violence by both Sunni and Shiite militants who aim to drive U.S. forces out of Iraq. One high-ranking Iraqi government official predicted “a few more rude awakenings” by Shiite militias and by al-Qaida in Iraq through the summer. “Al-Qaida command is eyeing the American elections,” the official said. “Therefore, we must anticipate they will do everything in their power to mount spectacular attacks and increase the level of violence to tell Americans that Iraq is not worth it.” Tuesday’s bombings targeted commercial areas guaranteed to be crowded with people. In Baqubah, a car parked along a busy downtown street exploded at about 11:30 a.m., shattering store fronts, setting vehicles ablaze, and sending chunks of debris flying through the air. The targeted street is lined with government buildings, including a post office and court-
house. Police said at least 40 people died and 70 were wounded. In Ramadi, the attacker rode a motorcycle up to a restaurant, walked inside, and blew himself up. Police said 13 people, including seven police officers eating lunch, were killed. Fifteen people were wounded and several of them were not expected to survive. In Mosul, two bombs wounded three Iraqi police and 15 civilians, U.S. militar y officials said. Both blasts targeted the same spot, with the second one going off minutes after the first as people rushed to the scene to help the wounded. At least four people died when a bomb went off in central Baghdad. The decreased violence in Sunni strongholds has been due in part to the decision by many Sunni Arab leaders to turn on the insurgents. This led to the recruitment of tens of thousands of mainly Sunni volunteers who bolster security in the former insurgent areas. But these volunteers, known collectively as the Sons of Iraq or the Concerned Local Citizens, have been targeted repeatedly by insurgents using suicide bombers to attack their checkpoints. These attacks have been particularly prevalent in Baqubah, despite two major U.S. offensives aimed to drive insurgents from the city. A leader of the Sons of Iraq in Diyala, Abu Mustafa, described the attacks as “nothing but muscle flexing” by insurgents desperate to reclaim territory but also warned that unless U.S. and Iraqi forces gave more help to the security volunteers, the situation could deteriorate. “The Americans helped in the beginning. However, they are leaving
us now in the middle of the road,” he said, an apparent reference to U.S. troop decreases and to the Americans’ stated intentions to pass responsibility for the Sons of Iraq program to the Iraqi government. Each volunteer gets about $10 a day, but with more than 90,000 of them now on the U.S. military payroll, the Americans have warned that the program cannot last forever. They have said that Iraq’s government has promised to set up job training programs for volunteers who cannot be absorbed into the regular security forces. Many of the Sons of Iraq, however, suspect that the Shiite-led government has no intention of taking care of the overwhelmingly Sunni volunteer forces. Resentment toward the Iraqi government is particularly strong in Diyala, where the Sons of Iraq have staged walkouts in recent months to demand the ouster of a Shiite provincial police chief whom they accuse of sectarian bias. The government has refused to fire the police chief, and U.S. officials have voiced support for him. Holding onto security gains is crucial if the United States is to carry out projected hand-overs of provinces’ security from U.S. to Iraqi control. In his testimony to lawmakers in Washington earlier this month, the commander of U.S. forces in Iraq, Gen. David H. Petraeus, presented charts showing the projected hand-over of Al Anbar was June 2008. Diyala province is projected for hand-over by December. —Times staff writer Ned Parker in Baghdad, and special correspondents in Ramadi, Baqubah and Baghdad contributed to this report.
U. hurrying to replace Music prof. public policy director looking at continued from page 1 rectorship, the center also added more than two dozen courses to the curriculum and increased the number of faculty involved in public policy. “The center director wears many dif ferent hats,” Clifton said. He said West teaches and advises students and sometimes introduces speakers that come to campus, in addition to his other responsibilities. Clifton said a replacement for West will need to be “someone who is an excellent researcher, someone who has a vision for the center and someone with excellent leadership.” West’s successor will need to be able to work with a variety of people, Clifton said, including undergraduates, grad students and faculty from such wide-ranging depar tments as public policy, education, political science and economics. “Brown is going to have some pretty big shoes to fill,” said Ravi Perry GS. Perry and Jeremy Johnson GS, two third-year Ph.D. candidates in political science whose
dissertations West is involved in supervising, said they will be sad to see West go but that his departure will not adversely affect their work. West has agreed to continue to serve on their dissertation committees by keeping in touch with them through e-mail. Though those who have worked with West said they are sad to see him go, they added taking up the Brookings job is a good move. West will be able to have a “larger impact on American politics,” Perry said. West said the new administration that will soon arrive in Washington factored into his decision. “It was just an opportunity to participate in the national political dialogue at a major turning point,” he said. Perr y called Brookings an “internationally renowned think tank” and said that its decision to hire West “says a lot about the quality of work that he has produced at Brown.” “Brown should be excited about it, to have such a high, prominent figure go to a more high-profile position,” he said.
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Guitar Hero continued from page 6
said. “We’re interested in how people make music, and experience is part of that.” Although Miller’s research mainly focuses on players’ perceptions while playing Guitar Hero, she is also interested in how video games are affecting the future of the music industry. “There is definitely going to be competition between Guitar Hero and Rock Band for who will get which artists,” she said. “Artists will start releasing albums to Guitar Hero or Rock Band for download.” “The downloads are available for really serious players,” Lee said. “They want really hard songs that aren’t on the original Rock Band.” Miller still has a lot of research to complete before she has anything publishable for a journal, she said, but she plans on continuing to explore the many reasons why players value Guitar Hero and why society values video game prowess. “I like Rock Band better,” Lee said. “It’s a party game, and I like to show off.”
W orld & n ation THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
One year later, shooting scars still fresh
Obama hanging close in Pennsylvania, poll shows
Wednesday, April 16, 2008
By Nick Miroff Washington Post
BLACKSBURG, Va. — Virginia Tech students have learned to talk about it in shorthand, if they talk about it at all. They do not use the words massacre, or shootings, or rampage. They call it “April 16th,” and sometimes not even that. To say “four-sixteen” is enough. Everyone knows. One year ago Wednesday, on a cold, windy morning, Seung Hui Cho killed 32 people on this campus before turning his gun on himself. The damage from that day is still so raw and so extensive that many here can barely bring themselves to utter his name. They will say “the killer,” or “the shooter,” but rarely “Cho.” “When I talk to people about it, they choke before they say his name,” said Julie Evans, a 19-yearold sophomore from Woodbridge, Va. “There are a lot of sensitive words people don’t like to say out loud.” Then there are the names, in this same system of shorthand, that have grown more familiar in the past year. Say “Caitlin” and many will know this means Caitlin Millar Hammaren, a sophomore from Westtown, N.Y., killed in her French class. Or that “Reema” refers to Reema Samaha, a bright, radiant young woman from Centreville, Va., who seemed to have friends from all over. “Every community that has to heal is a little ambivalent about how it has to heal,” said Jane Vance, a writing instructor who has become a close mentor to many of her students since the tragedy. “Talking about it is the open wound. But not talking about it is being repressed.” For the past year, these abbreviations have helped to ease this campus back to something like normalcy and to negotiate the difficult balance between not forgetting and moving on. But Wednesday it is 4/16 again, bringing an unwanted milestone that is reopening the wounds that so many students, parents, faculty members, and others have struggled to close. While the public memorials and remembrance ceremonies planned for today are designed to reaffirm the resiliency and extraordinary unity that have come to define this campus, they will also be reminders that healing is difficult and time-consuming — and it is mostly done in private. “We have struggled to equilibrium,” said Vance, who will stand with her students Wednesday morning at a commemoration on the drill field and again Wednesday night for a candlelight vigil. “But no matter how strong we are, how wise we are, it hurts.” Like any anniversary, it will be a day to gauge the large and small ways that things have changed. The large differences are easy to list. Tighter gun access for those with a history of mental illness. New security measures on campus that send e-mails and text messages from police. A new Center for Peace Studies and Violence Prevention planned for the same place in Norris Hall where so much of the cruelty and killing occurred. But the psychological toll remains scattered and difficult to pinpoint, surfacing occasionally in awkward ways — from taboo words
to the eerie feeling some students get walking by Norris. “It feels like just yesterday that it happened,” said Wesley Yeager, 20, a junior from Stafford County, Va. She was outside Norris a year ago when the gunshots began and police rushed her into a nearby building for cover. A week later, when classes resumed and Yeager saw flowers placed on a nearby desk in memory of a murdered classmate, she went home for the semester and didn’t return to campus until this fall. “There was a period of time that I didn’t know how to feel about anything,” Yeager said. A numbness set in, and it stayed with her for months. “It was hard to say `Hey, this affected me in a really bad way.’ And I don’t think it’s gone away fully.” Tomorrow, April 17, will be Yeager’s 21st birthday. Rather than leave campus to celebrate with friends at another school, she has decided to stay. “I want to be here,” she said. By all accounts, the attacks of 4/16 have made what was already a friendly campus into a place of intense loyalty and community devotion. “We redouble and re-triple our efforts to be kind to each other,” said Vance. “That may prevent another accident.” A memorial with 32 engraved “Hokie Stones” is now a centerpiece of the campus’s drill field, and all day Tuesday, students and others arrived to place roses, seashells, angel figurines, and hand-written notes. Gabrielle Willis, 20, of Newport News, Va., came to lay flowers for two fallen friends, and the old feelings came flooding back. “You feel emotions you thought you’d gotten rid of, or that were embedded in your heart,” she said. Others said that they have been able to push back against the dread they’ve been feeling about the 4/16 anniversary by the anticipation of the same showing of community strength and support that followed
the attacks. “I think about September 11th,” said Blacksburg Mayor Ron Rordam. “You remember the horror and devastation, but you also remember how New Yorkers all worked together and came together to support each other. That’s how people think of us,” he said. When the town held its annual volunteer day earlier this month to invite students to work with Blacksburg residents, 3,600 showed up to an event that only drew 400 in the past, he said. That same sense of unity is what strengthened the resolve of Mark Petersen, a 19-year-old freshman from Fairfax County, Va., to stick to his decision to attended Virginia Tech last year despite the attacks. And yet, for him and other freshman, 4/16 can seem like a dark family secret that is rarely talked about, and when it is, only in the company of other freshman who are unburdened by the tragedy. It isn’t a safe subject to raise with anyone else. “I don’t know how to deal with people who have been in that situation,” said Petersen. “I don’t want to bring back memories.” Having completed nearly two semesters here, Petersen said Virginia Tech mostly seems like any other school, until, he said, “every once in a while, you get a glimpse of it.” A friend in a German language club recently explained to him that he had changed his major because his advisor, Christopher James Bishop, was one of the 32. And then there is Norris Hall. Petersen walks past it nearly every day, and because he is an engineering major, he will likely attend classes in the building at some point. He’s not sure how he’ll handle it. “Norris itself has this dark sense of what happened,” he said. Today, the doors to the Norris classrooms are bolted shut. The second-floor continued on page 9
By Janet Hook Los Angeles T imes
WASHINGTON — With three crucial Democratic primaries looming, Hillary Rodham Clinton might not be headed toward the victories she needs to jump-start her presidential bid — even in Pennsylvania, the state that was supposed to be her ace in the hole, a new Los Angeles Times/Bloomberg poll has found. The survey found the New York senator leading Barack Obama by just 5 percentage points in Pennsylvania, which votes Tuesday. Such a margin would not give her much of a boost in the battle for the party’s nomination. What is more, the poll found Clinton trails Obama by 5 points in Indiana, another Rust Belt state that should play to her strengths among blue-collar voters. In North Carolina, an Obama stronghold, he is running 13 points ahead. The race remains volatile, however, because many likely voters in the Democratic primaries are still undecided — 12 percent in Pennsylvania, 19 percent in Indiana and 17 percent in North Carolina. “I could be one who goes into the voting box and makes up my mind at the polls,” Gwen Hodavance, a receptionist in Paoli, Pa., said in an interview after participating in the poll. “Obama is the best candidate, the best articulator of the mood for change, but I don’t know how he would be for president.” The results underscore the rough road ahead for Clinton in the balloting in Pennsylvania and, on May 6, in Indiana and North Carolina. With the Illinois senator leading Clinton in the number of convention delegates selected, states won and popular votes cast, she is hoping that a decisive win in Pennsylvania and a victory in Indiana would slow
Obama’s momentum and bolster her plea for support from the party’s superdelegates -- the elected officials, party leaders and activists who likely will decide the nomination. The poll, conducted under the supervision of Times Poll Director Susan Pinkus, interviewed 623 voters in Pennsylvania, 687 in Indiana and 691 in North Carolina who expected to cast Democratic ballots. The margin of sampling error for the findings in each state is plus or minus 4 percentage points. The telephone interviews took place Thursday through Monday, meaning the bulk were conducted just as controversy broke out over an Obama remark criticized as demeaning rural voters in Pennsylvania. He suggested that for some residents of small towns, their commitment to gun rights, religious faith and hostility toward foreign trade had its roots in their “bitterness” about economic hardships. No poll question was asked specifically about the comment. However, voters were asked about another controversy that has dogged the candidate in recent weeks: racially incendiar y comments made by the Rev. Jeremiah A. Wright Jr., the now-retired pastor of Obama’s church in Chicago. The furor prodded Obama to deliver a major speech on racial relations in America last month. In Pennsylvania, the flap seems to have marginally helped Obama more than hurt him: 24 percent said his handling of the issue made them think more highly of him; 15 percent said it made them think less highly of him; 58 percent said it made no difference. Many Democratic voters, however, see Obama’s association with Wright as posing a problem for him in the general election -- 46 percent in Pennsylvania said they expected continued on page 9
Putin to lead Russia’s main political party By Sergei Loiko and Megan Stack Los Angeles T imes
MOSCOW — President Vladimir V. Putin took over as head of Russia’s main political party Tuesday, moving to shore up his continued power after he leaves office next month. As head of the United Russia party, Putin will hold sway over Parliament through the party’s controlling majority. That means the former KGB officer and popular political leader, who is also expected to be appointed prime minister, will be able to engineer constitutional amendments or begin impeachment proceedings. The move also could set the stage for Putin’s return to the Kremlin in the 2012 presidential elections, analysts said. Putin’s appointment as party chief feeds the impression that, while he might bow to his constitutional duty to step down as president, he has no intention to relinquish the power he has consolidated. Putin will take up his new posts just as his handpicked successor, Dmitry Medvedev, moves into the Kremlin as the new president. Tuesday’s announcement was carried out with pageantry reminiscent of Soviet-era power plays, as hundreds of delegates raised cards in unison to vote unanimously for their new party boss. “I accept the offer of the party and its leaders with gratitude,” Putin told the assembly, which burst into a standing ovation. Putin interrupted, almost shouting to finish his acceptance speech. And then,
amid swelling applause, Putin and Medvedev shook hands. “Today, even more than before, we need the consolidation of political forces and the spiritual unity of our people,” Putin said. “We need responsible authorities, working efficiently and in coordinated effort on all levels, and acting as a unified organism.” Putin and Medvedev presented the outgoing president’s new job as a guarantee of stability. But critics said that it was merely another step in the authoritarianism that has been creeping over Russia since Putin became president in 1999. The party congress drew inevitable comparisons to the old Communist Party meetings -- and many analysts pointed out that, in Soviet days, the party chief could reign as a de facto dictator. “The country is being thrown further back into the past,” said Sergei Mitrokhin, deputy leader of the opposition Yabloko Party. “The old Soviet-type one-party system will quickly lead us into a new stagnation period.” Putin and Medvedev have taken pains to present themselves as a solid team that would rule Russia cooperatively. But observers have been skeptical of this arrangement, pointing out that Putin was unlikely to sit quietly in the less powerful of the two posts while Medvedev roamed the globe as head of state. “This move makes him a much less vulnerable premier in the new government because he will have a solid base of support in Parliament,” said Lilia Shevtsova, senior associate in the Carnegie Endowment’s Russian Program. “Thus the
role of the government will become more pronounced, while the position of Medvedev as president will become weaker.” Sergei Markov, a United Russia lawmaker close to the Kremlin, said Putin’s rise to party chief should silence the speculation about who would be in charge. “It should be clear to everybody now that we don’t have a dual power in Russia, which would be ruinous for the country,” he said. “We have one solid center of power with two leaders: Dmitry Medvedev is the president with very significant powers and Vladimir Putin is a national leader of the country.” But other Kremlin watchers are predicting a behind-the-scenes struggle for power — and the gradual emergence of Medvedev as a strong president in his own right. “Even though United Russia is a party of bureaucrats, they will still bow first to the new president rather than to their new party leader,” said Stanislav Belkovsky, president of Moscow’s National Strategy Institute. “The concentration of power in Medvedev’s hands will quickly grow. All the most important decisions will still be made in the Kremlin.” In taking over as head of United Russia, Putin will formalize a relationship that has existed for years. “I will repeat again that the offer that the United Russia be led by Vladimir V. Putin is quite logical,” Medvedev told the party gathering Tuesday. “President Putin has in fact, for a long time, been an informal leader of the party.” —Loiko reported from Moscow and Stack from Kiev, Ukraine.
Indian officials brace for ‘tortured torch’ By Rama Lakshmi Washington Post
NEW DELHI — Thousands of Tibetan protesters from across India have gathered here in the past week in anticipation of the arrival of the Olympic torch Thursday, as nervous government officials tighten security to ward off any threat to the relay run. Protesters have planned hunger strikes, dramatic re-enactments of the uprising in Lhasa, the Tibetan capital, a parallel torch run for Tibetan freedom, and flag marches. Some youth groups are plotting what could become disruptive street action along the route of what one Indian television channel called the “tortured torch.” “We are being watched by the authorities constantly. Wherever we go, their shadow is following us. So we carry out much of our planning not in meetings, but by cellphone calls and text messages,” said Tenzin Tsundue, a 33-year-old activist, waving his two cellphones as he sat under a colorful panoply of flags and banners. Many members of the Tibetan Youth Congress, a group that publicly disagrees with the cautious approach of the Tibetan spiritual leader, the Dalai Lama, have gone underground, fearing police surveillance and preventive detention. India is home to the largest population of Tibetan exiles in the world and hosts the Tibetan government-
Wednesday, April 16, 2008
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
in-exile. Indian government officials have told China that they will not try to stop Tibetan protests as long as they are peaceful. “Keeping in mind the spirit of the Games, we will provide full support and security to the torch relay,” said Prakash Jaiswal, India’s deputy home minister. He declined to give details of the arrangements or the schedule of the run. On Tuesday, about 30 protesters slipped through a security cordon and carried a dummy torch to a historic war memorial in the heart of the capital, the site of the relay run. The police moved quickly to douse the flame, detain the group and end the protest, which took place as a mock security drill was being conducted nearby. The Olympic torch route was initially more than five miles but was shortened to two miles following the protests in London and Paris. Commandos from the National Security Guard are to protect the torch as teams in helicopters conduct surveillance, and thousands of policemen and paramilitar y forces will be deployed. A Chinese government request to fly in its air surveillance team was refused by India last week. The tight secrecy shrouding the Indian government’s security plans is leaving some activists frustrated. “They keep changing the route, the timing, the location. It is difficult for us to plan any action with such
loose bits of information,” said Tenzing Norsang, 26, joint secretary of the Tibetan Youth Congress, speaking by phone from an undisclosed location outside New Delhi. “We want to do one of three things: take away the torch, extinguish it or just protest alongside the route. Any of these will embarrass China and highlight its policies on Tibet,” Norsang said. “We do not want to harm the torchbearer, and we will be nonviolent,” he added. Distancing himself from the youth activists, the prime minister of the Tibetan government-in-exile, Samdhong Rinpoche, urged his people last week not to harm or stop the torch, adding that his government supports the Games in China. The security plans are putting off some Indians who would have liked to watch or take part in the relay. Kiran Bedi, who was India’s first female police officer, withdrew from the relay last week, saying she could not “run in a cage” with a torch that symbolized the spirit of freedom. On Tuesday, a Bollywood actress, Soha Ali Khan, pulled out from the event as well, saying the protests and disruptions against the torch saddened her. For Tenzin Tsundue, however, the Games represent both pride and pain for him as a Tibetan exile. “As a child, I, too, had the romance of the Olympics in my eyes. But I would ask myself, `Where are my Tibetan national heroes? Where is my flag at the Olympics?’”
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McCain economic agenda includes tax, spending cuts By Michael Finnegan Los Angeles T imes
PITTSBURGH — Sen. John McCain outlined his agenda for reviving the nation’s troubled economy Tuesday with a mix of tax and spending cuts, starting with a summerlong suspension of federal gasoline taxes to ease the pain of soaring fuel prices. His plan also includes a proposal that carries some political risk: an increase in the amount high-income elderly people would pay in premiums for the Medicare prescriptiondrug program. McCain’s speech at Carnegie Mellon University here was his most sweeping presentation of the presidential campaign on how he would tr y to reverse the U.S. economic slowdown. It gave the presumptive Republican nominee a chance to express his vision for the economy — a topic that the Arizona senator previously acknowledged was not his strong suit but which voters consistently name as their top concern. The thrust of McCain’s approach would be to limit the size of government, although he also recently proposed rescuing perhaps as many as 400,000 homeowners facing the threat of foreclosure. Although the package of ideas drew support from some economists for its pledge to cut taxes and simplify the tax system, many analysts called the proposed holiday from the 18 cents-a-gallon gas tax a gimmick. Others questioned whether McCain’s plans would bloat the federal budget deficit. McCain made a point of standing back somewhat from his own party at a time when polls show that most Americans view Democrats as better suited than Republicans to handle the economy. “In so many ways, we need to make a clean break from the worst excesses of both political parties,” McCain told several hundred students in a university gymnasium. “For Republicans, it starts with reclaiming our good name — our good name as the party of spending restraint.” McCain portrayed the Democratic Party’s White House contenders, Sens. Barack Obama of Illinois and Hillary Rodham Clinton of New York, as sorely lacking in fiscal restraint. At the same time, he hammered them for opposing a permanent extension of President Bush’s tax cuts. “Both promise big change, and a trillion dollars in new taxes over the next decade would certainly fit that description,” McCain said. “Of course, they would like you to think that only the very wealthy will pay more in taxes, but the reality is quite different.” When McCain voted against Bush’s tax cuts, he denounced them as a giveaway to the rich. But in his campaign for president, he has called for keeping them on the books — at an annual cost of $280 billion, aides say — rather than let them expire in 2010. Beyond preser vation of those cuts, McCain’s agenda calls for slashing the corporate income tax from 35 percent to 25 percent and banning new taxes on mobile phones and the Internet. He also would double a tax break for parents, increasing the exemption for dependents from $3,500 to $7,000. McCain also called for abolishing the alternative minimum tax, a levy originally aimed at the wealthy
but now increasingly hitting the middle class. All told, the new tax cuts would put a $195 billion-a-year dent in the Treasur y when fully phased in, but spending reductions would entirely offset them, McCain advisers said. McCain also promised a “top-tobottom review” of federal spending. He pledged to veto any bill that earmarked money for pet projects of members of Congress. He singled out Clinton and Obama as pushing “pork-barrel projects” in their home states, including the New York senator’s $1 million item for “that allimportant Woodstock museum.” “That kind of careless spending of tax dollars is not change, my friends; it is business as usual in Washington, and it’s all a part of the same wasteful and corrupting system that we need to end,” McCain said. McCain’s fiscal blueprint drew scorn from the Clinton and Obama campaigns. Neera Tanden, policy director of the Clinton campaign, called it “a George Bush-redux of corporate windfalls and tax cuts for the wealthy that will bankrupt our government and leave working families with the bill.” With family incomes on the decline and corporate profits on the rise, she said, “the last thing that hard-working families need is a president committed to slashing corporate taxes.” Obama spokesman Bill Burton dismissed McCain’s agenda as an extension of “George Bush’s failed policies.” “John McCain’s plan is one that could have been written by the corporate lobbyists who run his campaign, and probably was,” Burton said. The Club for Growth, an antitax group, welcomed most of McCain’s plan but criticized his proposal, released last week, to spend as much as $8 billion on efforts to keep homeowners from defaulting on mortgages that require sharply mounting monthly payments. “Though McCain declared his aversion to government bailouts just a week ago, this new plan is exactly that,” said Pat Toomey, the group’s president. Absent from McCain’s speech was any pledge to wipe out the federal deficit. Asked about the omission a few hours later at Villanova University outside Philadelphia, McCain told reporters that he would balance the budget within eight years, a retreat from his previous vow to do so within four. With Pennsylvania’s tightly contested Democratic primary a week away, McCain’s daylong visit gave him a burst of free media exposure in a state that will be a major battleground in the general election. But the state’s relatively large population of elderly voters made it an odd setting for him to unveil his plan to reduce prescription-drug benefits for higher-income Medicare recipients. For individuals who earn more than about $80,000 a year — or couples earning roughly $160,000 — the $35 monthly premium for medicine coverage would rise. The schedule of how the increases would be phased in had not been set. “People like Bill Gates and Warren Buffet don’t need their prescriptions underwritten by taxpayers,” he said. “Those who can afford to buy their own prescription drugs should be expected to do so.”
Wednesday, April 16, 2008
Singer ’09: I love you fans, but please, behave continued from page 12 ently for each athlete.” It doesn’t take a doctorate in psychology to figure out that parents influence how their kids behave. Regardless of the effects of parental behavior on kids or where you draw the line between trash talking and savagely beating your coach, this phenomenon of fan violence only gets magnified on the professional level. Twelve people were trampled to death in a riot at a World Cup qualifying match played in Zimbabwe in 2000 after South Africa took a 2-0 lead over Zimbabwe. And as the guys who taunted and spilled their beer on Ron Artest at a game featuring the Detroit Pistons and the Indiana Pacers on Nov. 19, 2004 are well aware, sometimes players don’t control themselves well either. That’s not to say it isn’t funny when some tiny, middle-aged Spanish woman starts calling out the
referee at an intramural basketball game. There’s something amusing, and arguably crucial, about fan intensity contributing to the health of a sport. Just as player competition and intensity is a crucial part of sports, we don’t need to follow the route of the Massachusetts Legislature and ban dodgeball in public schools in order to secure the safety of our games. But we need to be aware when situations are getting out of hand, to make sure that guy in the fourth row finishing his seventh Keystone doesn’t send the coach home in an ambulance. If we don’t, we might just end up with more guys like Randy Marsh, only three-dimensional and way less funny.
Ben Singer ’09 wonders what inebriated parents yell at Little League games in Communist countries
M. golf readying for next weekend’s Ivy Champs continued from page 12 After the disappointing performance on Saturday, “Conor grinded it out to play well in the second round,” Hoffman said. “I was happy with the way I played on Sunday, good to have that to build some confidence,” Malloy said. Next weekend the Bears will head to the Galloway National Golf Club, N.J., for the Ivy League Championships. The men finished second last year but will have to be on the top
of their game this weekend as Yale, Harvard and Dartmouth all finished ahead of Bruno last weekend. “Other Ivies that were there played solid, we know that we are going to have to play well at Ivies,” Conor said. The team will be practicing all week to work on the kinks in hopes of getting the best result possible. “We are happy to have decent weather (for practice), and we’re using it the fullest, working hard every day,” Hoffman said.
Va. Tech remembers its tragedy, one year later continued from page 7 corridor that links them has been repainted and scrubbed of any physical trace of 4/16. But Ishwar K. Puri’s office is right down the hallway, and a year ago, he locked himself in there when Cho began shooting. Puri is still picking up with the pieces from that day. As head of the campus’s vaunted Engineering Science and Mechanics department, soon to celebrate its 100th anniversary, Puri said he faced a stark choice after 4/16: “either survive or become extinct.” Puri said his program couldn’t afford to walk away from its labs, offices, and other facilities inside Norris. “Shame on me to lead a department into extinction in its 99th year,” he said. Nor could they walk away, Puri added, from Liviu Librescu and Kevin Granata, engineering colleagues who gave their lives trying to defend their students. He is now trying to fill their vacant positions on the faculty. “Both died in service of students,” he said. “It’s indelibly etched in blood in my department. That was the necessity of going back.” He and others here take comfort knowing that each anniversary will be a bit easier, especially as the campus accepts new students who do not carry the scars. This year, the
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
campus’s admissions office received even more applications than the year before the killings. And by this fall, when the new class of students arrives, it will mean that more than half the undergraduate population was not present during the massacre. “We have the benefit of not having been here,” said Samantha Simcik, 18, a freshman from Stafford. “We can bring something positive, and help those others who were here to heal.” Tuesday evening, as students contemplated whether to attended the memorial events or leave campus, Vance’s class, “The Creative Process,” met in a building not far from Norris. On a window in that building, the word HELP was still visible in large block letters, streaked into the glass a year ago by students trapped inside. No one had washed it off. Vance said she could not let 4/16 go unremarked. Her students had been reading the memoir of a Tibetan woman imprisoned for 30 years in a Chinese jail, and she drew parallels wherever she could. “Think of Cho as occupied,” she told them. When class ended, Vance reminded her students where she would be on the drill field in the morning, if they wanted to stand with her. “Will I see some of you tomorrow?” she asked. All around the room, they nodded.
W. golf has a tough lie after tournament continued from page 12 263 (94-89-80) that placed her 44th place individually. “Everything from my long game, short game and putting was a little off, which made it hard to make any adjustments out on the course. I have been working hard to get my short game back to where it usually is, but short game consistency is probably the hardest aspect to any golf game, and mine is just being stubborn right now,” Crane wrote. “I wasn’t happy with my results but next week can only get better.” Finishing right behind Crane for Bruno was Sarah Guarascio ’11 at 265 (90-85-90) and Susan Restrepo ’11 at 275 (92-95-88). “As an individual, I focused on
improving my mental approach to the game and I believe I made progress, and I think I can say the same thing for the team as a whole,” Restrepo wrote in an e-mail. “It was a tough weekend for all of us but we kept going, taking it one shot at a time, and in golf sometimes that’s all you can do. It’s a real trial to play 36 continuous holes — that’s about 11 hours of continuous competitive play — and we’ll have to do that again on the first day of the Ivy Championship.” Rounding out the scores for the Bears were Julia Robinson ’11 with a total score of 279 (102-91-86) and Anita Sekar ’10 at 286 (97-95-94). “It’s never fun to come in as one of the last teams in a tournament. It can be disheartening, especially for
such a young team with so much enthusiasm and hope for success,” Crane wrote. “Again though, we are all looking at this past weekend as a learning experience and prep for Ivies, which will be the real test of how we can succeed.” The Bears will begin that test at the Ivy Championship, beginning with 36 holes this Saturday at the Atlantic City Country Club in New Jersey. “In terms of goals, both individually and as a team as a whole, I just want us to play to our potential,” Restrepo wrote. “It’s easier said than done of course, but we would all like to finish strong for ourselves, our team, our coach, and specifically for our only senior and captain, Blythe Crane.”
Obama gaining on Clinton in key state continued from page 7 it to hamper him in a contest with presumptive Republican nominee John McCain; in Indiana, 47 percent agreed with that, and in North Carolina, 42 percent. “I can’t help but thinking the church is a big influence on him,” said Roberta Rowe, a retiree in West Middlesex, Pa. “I’d like to feel completely comfortable, but that one issue there is really gnawing at me.” The poll found Clinton leading Obama 46 percent to 41 percent in Pennsylvania -- a far cry from the double-digit margins she held in earlier polls. In Indiana, where little polling has occurred, previous sur veys gave Clinton the edge. The Times/ Bloomberg poll put Obama ahead, 40 percent to 35 percent. The leads in Pennsylvania and Indiana are within the poll’s margin of sampling error. In North Carolina, the poll found, Obama leads Clinton 47 percent to 34 percent -- a finding in keeping with expectations that he will do well in the state, which has a large black population. Among blacks there, 71 percent
supported Obama; only 5 percent backed Clinton and 24 percent were undecided. One reason Clinton is struggling in Indiana and North Carolina is that women, a mainstay of her coalition in earlier contests, have been defecting. In Indiana, the poll found women split their vote, 35 percent for each candidate. In North Carolina, they favored Obama, 43 percent to 36 percent. Many Democrats -- including some Clinton backers -- appear to have concluded that Obama might be in a better position to defeat McCain. In Indiana, for instance, 37 percent said they thought Obama would fare better against McCain in November, compared with 18 percent who said Clinton was more likely to beat the Republican. “I would prefer Clinton, but Obama has less baggage to throw darts at,” said Eric Beiz, a real estate agent in Indianapolis. “She is going to have a tough time.” Clinton also suffers from being seen as less admirable than Obama. Even in Pennsylvania, 47 percent of Democrats said he had more honesty and integrity, compared with 26 percent who thought that of Clinton.
“She doesn’t tell the truth a lot,” said Brannon Crace, a store manager in Frankfurt, Ind. “We’ve already been through the Clinton era.” In all three states, Clinton was seen as better equipped to handle trade and health-care policy. But she does not appear to have been as persuasive in making a core argument of her campaign -- that she would be better prepared to lead the nation’s military and foreign policy. There are some ominous signs that the party will not easily unify after a long and contentious primary fight. Fully 30 percent of Clinton supporters in North Carolina said they would switch to McCain if Obama was the nominee (only 14 percent of Obama backers would defect if Clinton was the nominee). “McCain, I like him better than Obama,” said Robert D. Hawkins Jr., a disabled veteran from Lenoir, N.C., who already has voted absentee for Clinton. “He’s a Vietnam veteran, and I am too. I’m still learning more things about Obama.” —Associate polling director Jill Darling contributed to this report.
ADOCH visitors: Learn about The Herald! Open House today 1 p.m. to 4 p.m. at our office (195 Angell St., half a block east of Thayer) Activities Fair today 12 p.m. to 1:30 p.m. at the Olney-Margolies Athletic Center
E ditorial & L etters Page 10
Wednesday, April 16, 2008
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
Staf f Editorial
Welcome Students are riled up. And what’s their cause du jour? Well, there’s lots of them. The Main Green and Lincoln Field are filled with flags and photos, tables and chatter. Burma, Love Day, Slavic cheer, Martin Scorcese — the topics on students’ tongues are as diverse as the world of curious minds that convene here on College Hill. Their enthusiasm — and the bright sun above them — illuminates the spirit of Brown for the hundreds of visitors on campus during the 36-hour, rapid-fire introduction to what could be their home for the next four years. ADOCH is underway, and as you, the faces that could be our newest on College Hill next fall, consider whether Brown is for you, we offer you what we have learned about our unique community in our time reporting on it. Here is a place of passion. It’s not just under the awesome blossoms on the Green. It’s tucked away in our libraries’ corners, where students are now wrapping up months of careful research on their senior theses. You’ll see it around Rhode Island, where students work in shelters, on campaigns, in local schools. You’ll see it in our headlines – “Two student activists arrested Sunday in D.C.,” “Profs. try to solve mysteries of universe,” “Achilihu sets school triple jump record at UConn Invitational.” Brunonians don’t see work, study, extracurricular and play as separate arenas in their lives. Our passions and goals guide us and give larger meaning to all of our pursuits. Here is a place of intense curiosity. The New Curriculum, a large reason why many students are attracted to Brown, means that your introductory poetry writing course will have just a few Literary Arts concentrators, because the majority of the class will be studying neuroscience, international relations, computer science — anything but the subject at hand. The purpose of our curriculum is to put the responsibility on students to guide their education. That responsibility allow us to enrich our minds and become stronger thinkers who can interact in the world in a confident and openminded manner. Here is a place of growth. No student who comes to Brown has experienced anything like it before, and no student leaves unchanged. From Tennessee to Taiwan, Brown legacies to first-generation college students, the student body and faculty are radically diverse, both intellectually and demographically. Within walking distance of your dorm, you’ll find an array of thoughts and experiences you’re unlikely to see in nearly any other place in the world. Campus is not usually the mild chaos you see now, with hundreds of new faces wandering, wide-eyed, and hands worn from too many introductory handshakes. But chaos is the norm of College Hill — every day being thrown into new, perplexing and challenging situations that will expand your mind and invigorate your passions. This paper has been reporting on Brown for over a century, and each day we still find new and fascinating mysteries to unfold. If you truly love to learn, welcome to Brown. We hope here is a place for you.
Letters An Olympic boycott would be ineffective To the Editor: I’m not sure what a boycott of the Beijing Olympics will achieve. The U.S. boycott of the 1980 Moscow Olympics due to Soviet involvement in Afghanistan did not solve anything, and a similar boycott will not convince China to free Tibet or stop purchasing oil from Sudan. Instead, the boycott will probably hurt the proud and excited Chinese people and the hardworking athletes
more than the truly culpable Chinese Communist Party. The ideals behind the boycott are nice. China needs to be taken to task, but there must be better ways to negotiate with a notoriously hard-headed government, ones that hopefully will not involve rabid protesters attacking a wheelchair-bound Olympic torchbearer. Ivy Chang ‘10 April 15
T he B rown D aily H erald Editors-in-Chief Simmi Aujla Ross Frazier editorial Arts & Culture Editor Robin Steele Andrea Savdie Asst. Arts & Culture Editor Debbie Lehmann Higher Ed Editor Chaz Firestone Features Editor Olivia Hoffman Asst. Features Editor Rachel Arndt Metro Editor Scott Lowenstein Metro Editor Michael Bechek News Editor Isabel Gottlieb News Editor Franklin Kanin News Editor Michael Skocpol News Editor Karla Bertrand Opinions Editor James Shapiro Opinions Editor Whitney Clark Sports Editor Amy Ehrhart Sports Editor Jason Harris Sports Editor Benjy Asher Asst. Sports Editor Andrew Braca Asst. Sports Editor Megan McCahill Asst. Sports Editor production Steve DeLucia Production & Design Editor Chaz Kelsh Asst. Design Editor Catherine Cullen Copy Desk Chief Adam Robbins Graphics Editor
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Rachel Isaacs, Chaz Kelsh, Designers Catherine Cullen, Rachel Cummings, Jennifer Grayson, Jason Yum, Copy Editors Sam Byker, Caroline Sedano, Michael Skocpol, Night Editors Senior Staff Writers Sam Byker, Nandini Jayakrishna, Chaz Kelsh, Sophia Li, Emmy Liss, Max Mankin, Brian Mastroianni, George Miller, Alex Roehrkasse, Caroline Sedano, Jenna Stark, Joanna Wohlmuth, Simon van Zuylen-Wood Staff Writers Stefanie Angstadt, Marisa Calleja, Noura Choudhury, Joy Chua, Ben Hyman, Cameron Lee, Ben Leubsdorf, Christian Martell, Anna Millman, Seth Motel, Evan Pelz, Eli Piette, Leslie Primack, Marielle Segarra, Melissa Shube, Catherine Straut, Sara Sunshine, Gaurie Tilak, Matthew Varley, Meha Verghese, Allison Wentz Sports Staff Writers Peter Cipparone, Han Cui, Meagan Garza, Lara Southern, Nicole Stock, Katie Wood Business Staff Stephanie Cheung, Veronica Yu, Jay Guan, Jennifer Chang, Jamie Phinney, Anna Reisetter, Kartika Chourdhury, Serena Ho, Akshay Rathod, Galen Cho, Maryrose Mesa, Van Le, Maura Lynch, Grant LeBeau, Jacqueline Goldman, Dana Feuchtbaum, Geraldo Guanaes, Lauren Presant, Lindsay Walls, Lucy Wang, Ruyi Jiang, Saul Lustgarten, Diego Gomez, Laura Sammartino, Ava Amini, Charley Chen, Lee Chau, Rory Stanton, Oliver Bowers, Katherine Richards, Alison Greenberg, Lilia Royanova Design Staff Jessica Calihan, Serena Ho, Rachel Isaacs, Andrea Krukowski, Joe Larios, Joanna Lee, Alex Unger, Aditya Voleti Photo Staff Oona Curley, Alex DePaoli, Erik Maser, Kim Perley, Quinn Savit Copy Editors Ria Ali, Paula Armstrong, Kim Arredondo, Ayelet Brinn, Aubrey Cann, Rafael Chaiken, Stephanie Craton, Erin Cummings, Katie Delaney, Julianne Fenn, Jake Frank, Anne Fuller, Josh Garcia, Jennifer Grayson, Rachel Isaacs, Joyce Ji, Jenn Kim, Tarah Knaresboro, Ted Lamm, Alex Mazerov, Seth Motel, Lisa Qing, Alex Rosenberg, Madeleine Rosenberg, Elena Weissman, Jason Yum
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O pinions Wednesday, April 16, 2008
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
Dare we even think about the world in 50 years? BY GRAHAM ANDERSON Opinions Columnist Let me propose a question: Where will you be in 50 years? Though I may be overly cynical, I am assuming that many of you probably focused on your future career, your future family and perhaps your future celebrity and illustriousness in your answer. What I want to know is if you answered with any consideration to the world, or whether it was all about you and solely you. After all, I hope we can agree that the disastrous problems — economic, environmental, political or otherwise — currently fomenting in our nation and our world will have a major impact on our lives in the future. I could not care less if you become a rich lawyer or professional athlete or have eight kids and a mansion on the waterfront. Indeed, such comfortable goals could very well be unattainable because of problems on a greater scale. And so let me propose the question in a slightly different way: What will the world look like in 50 years? Maybe you think it is invalid to speculate about the future, but I want you to be scared about it. Maybe you think the question is pointless. It probably is, unless you are motivated by fear. And so this is the tentative image I propose: Perhaps the ice caps will be melting and Providence, along with many other centers of civilization that we love, will be underwater. Natural disasters that would now make
front-page news will be as commonplace as gas stations are now. Perhaps this will all be irrelevant because the world will already be ravaged by the wars of tyrants who were left unnoticed. Perhaps the United States as we know it will cease to exist, making details like the collapse of Social Security and our nation’s frighteningly large treasury debt irrelevant. After all, how long can a Congress and a presidency, regardless of who actually holds the jobs, maintain such low approval ratings without some sort of major backlash
eating pasta. The place was teeming with drunken undergraduates in matching blue t-shirts. The shirts indicated to us that they had the ingenuous idea of creating a social organization for the sole purpose of barhopping. At half-past-six in the evening many were already on the verge of passing out. This was not like Spring Weekend, where the rules are temporarily suspended and the world is turned upside down for only a little while to ensure the long-term maintenance of social order. This was normalcy.
“Me, me, me, it’s all about me,” we say to ourselves. “You, you, you, it’s all about you,” our parents all told us. But it’s not. It’s all about our children and our grandchildren and those beyond us. from the people? These apocalyptic images are all avoidable, but somebody’s going to have to step up to the plate and figure out how. Merely by chance, it is going to be the job of our generation. Perhaps we should start preparing. I recently found myself at a restaurant-bar near the Penn State University campus with some of my Brown cycling teammates. It was half-past-six in the evening and we were
With every puff of a cigarette I could see the coronar y arteries hardening in each young man and woman clad in blue shirts. With every $1 beer that each student downed came a few more ounces of excess body fat. My distant barhopping compatriots were destroying themselves, and the only explanation for the behavior was boredom. Some Brown students destroy themselves in a similar manner, but usually with a promise
to redeem themselves with some future good deeds to society. And surely there would be little reason for any of us to suffer from boredom. After all, what is there to be bored about? The world that we are inheriting is screwed up to an unprecedented level. Most major journalistic publications provide good documentation of how this is occurring. The problems are too numerous to be listed here, and the solutions do not yet exist. “Me, me, me, it’s all about me,” we say to ourselves. “You, you, you, it’s all about you,” our parents all told us. But it’s not. It’s all about our children and our grandchildren and those beyond us. That’s for whom we must work. So be it if we destroy ourselves in the process. There are attitudes and institutions and ways of life that we need to fix and reform and possibly even overthrow. We cannot pin all of this responsibility on one man and one election, because one man is powerless to do the job of a whole generation, and election campaigns just breed lies and unkept promises. A friend of mine recently told me, “Honestly, the only goal I have in life is making a lot of money.” He is a Brown student. I have no respect for his only goal in life. Those who inherit the world from us 50 years from now will have no respect for that goal either. It is healthy to have sweet dreams in the comfort of our current beds. But ever y once in a while, we need to experience the silence and darkness that come with uncertainty.
Graham Anderson ’10 is actually a fairly happy person in real life
Banner went too far BY TYLER ROSENBAUM Opinions Columnist Since I am a freshman, I will never experience the joy of trekking to University Hall on a balmy late-October morning to register for next semester’s classes, or change classes or grade options. The ferocity with which many upperclassmen attack Banner leads me to believe that having to hoof it to U-Hall was actually a privilege that would have shown me the true meaning of ecstasy, and not the unnecessary pain in the neck it appears to be. Nevertheless, heathen that I am, I defended Banner. Sure, it’s atrociously designed, but there’s always Mocha when you are researching classes. And yes, the course caps are unfortunate, but professors limited class sizes before Banner. In the end, because electronic registration seemed like such a no-brainer, and the various restrictions it imposed seemed bearable, I did not sympathize with those who complained about Banner. But during Spring Break, things changed. Students were informed that Banner would begin to enforce prerequisites during registration. This came as a shock to me. Perhaps it should not have; the University was not being devious or sneaky about it, but it still impressed me as completely unnecessary and made me seriously rethink my previous nonchalance vis-a-vis Banner. Brown’s “prerequisites” always seemed more like guidelines or suggestions than unbending demands to me. After all, what possible purpose could prerequisites serve? From my point of view, I can only imagine two distinct reasons for enforcing prerequisites. The first possibility is that prerequisites
are meant to ensure that everyone in a certain course has the ability to keep up with the material and to excel. In this case prerequisites are superfluous. The generously long shopping period gives students ample time to determine whether they are a fit for a certain class or not. Few if any students are academically masochistic enough to follow through with a course for which they are under-prepared.
a low-level, introductory calculus class, or an AP score to ensure that those taking the class are not swamped by math they have never seen. I happen to be pretty good at calculus; I won a trophy in a calculus event at a national math competition two years ago and took a course in high school that was more rigorous than Math 90. But because I took the International Baccalaureate program instead of Advanced
The vast majority of students do not need the University to force them to be prepared for the classes they take, especially at an institution famous for its curricular openness and freedom. The vast majority of students do not need the University to force them to be prepared for the classes they choose to take, especially at an institution famous for the freedom of the open curriculum. Even worse, despite good intentions, the University’s rigid prerequisite enforcement prevents students who have prepared themselves in ways that it does not or cannot recognize. For example, ECON 0111: “Intermediate Microeconomics,” technically requires
Placement, I may have to take an entire semester’s worth of math that I have already learned just to enroll in Microeconomics. The second possibility is that prerequisites are meant to compel students to take a certain pre-determined academic path or to restrict class size by forcing curious students through tedious hoops. In that case prerequisites are condemnable. While enforcing prerequisites for registration would certainly achieve these ends, doing
so would be completely at odds with Brown’s academic philosophy. I know this particular argument is often cited in discussions about academic policy, but it is incredibly important and should not be lightly discarded. In the end, students can always try to convince their professors to grant an override, and many professors would likely do so, given an appropriate level of interest. But the override process is more complex than it should be, and it gives professors one more excuse to arbitrarily turn away interested, qualified students. Furthermore, the enforcement of prerequisites creates an almost adversarial atmosphere for those students hoping to explore academically, and therefore gives interested students a reason to limit such exploration. As students, we should all accept that Banner is here to stay. We should also acknowledge that, in the long run, an electronic registration process makes infinitely more sense than continuing to use a paper system. In fact, it’s astonishing that Brown waited so long to switch over. But we should certainly fight for positive changes in the system and vigorously oppose changes for the worse. The implementation of prerequisites into Banner serves no legitimate purpose and is contrary to Brown’s spirit of academic freedom and unhindered inquiry. We would do ourselves a great disservice if we did not voice our displeasure about this encroachment upon our academic liberty and the harm it will cause.
Tyler Rosenbaum ’11 also won several spelling bees and feels that he is perfectly qualified for Graduate Independent Study in Modern and Contemporary Literatures and Cultures
S ports W ednesday Page 12
Wednesday, April 16, 2008
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
W. golf quiet with 13th place at Roar-ee Invitational By Megan McCahill Assistant Sports Editor
While many Brown students may be struggling through Spring Weekend hangovers this week, the women’s golf team is hoping to avoid its own hangover from a 13th place finish at the Roaree Invitational last weekend at the Hampshire Country Club in Mamaroneck, N.Y. With the Ivy League Championship coming up this weekend, the Bears are looking to recuperate from their poor showing last weekend in time to redeem themselves. “This tournament was definitely supposed to be our litmus test for how we’ll play at Ivies,” captain Blythe Crane ’08 wrote in an email. “As a team, we wanted to put up the best scores possible to see where we fell in comparison with the other Ivy League teams at the tournament.” The Bears were looking at the Roar-ee Invitational as a gauge of their readiness for the Ivy Championship. For one, it was their last
Spirit of the game?
tournament, and the tournament’s format mirrored the Ivy League Championship schedule, with the golfers playing 36 holes on Friday and 18 holes on Saturday, rather than the usual two days of 18 holes. Unfortunately for the Bears, they did not fare well against their Ivy League opponents. Their team score of 1,077 put them in 13th place, which was second to last overall. It was also well behind Ivy competitors Harvard, which took second (965); Yale, which placed third (988); Princeton, which finished sixth (998) and Columbia, which came in seventh (1002). “Unfortunately, we all just had a really rough weekend,” Crane wrote. “None of us played well and it was really disappointing for us as a team. At the same time, we know things will be better next weekend at Ivies, and all of us are looking forward to being able to redeem our golf games.” Crane led the Bears with a score total three-round score of continued on page 9
The women’s rugby team did more than take care of business in the Ivy League Championships last weekend. The tournament was held at Brown, and the hosts did not disappoint. In three games, Bruno steamrolled its opponents, outscoring its opponents by a combined 145-0. The team trounced Columbia in its opening match despite losing key starters Emilie Bydwell ’08 and Herald Sports Photo Editor Ashley Hess ’08 to injury early on. The rest of the backline stepped up its play to propel Bruno to a 52-0 victory. Brown next faced Cornell, the only team predicted to give the powerhouse Bears a challenge. The Big Red fared better than the Lions but were still blanked, 15-0. After advancing past Cornell, the final game against Yale was their most impressive performance of the day. They destroyed the Bulldogs, 78-0. With the Ivy League title under their belts, the team is headed for Albuquerque, N.M., today for Nationals. Bruno is the No. 1 seed from the New England Rugby Football Union conference and will take on West Chester University, whose team has varsity status. Also in Brown’s pool are UCLA and UC-Davis. If the Bears get past the first two rounds, they will head to the Final Four at Stanford on May 2 and 3.
In a South Park episode titled “The Losing Edge” Randy Marsh gets into a drunken brawl with another dad at his son’s baseball game. As the police drag him off the field in his underwear, bleeding and inebriated, Randy indignantly proclaims: “What, is this a Communist country or Ben Singer something?! I High Notes thought this was America!” What Randy doesn’t realize is that even halfway around the world, parents share similar sentiments. I was walking around in my gym in Barcelona the other day when my ears were met by an uncomfortably piercing shriek. “Venga, cabrón! Falta. Falta!” I whirled around, trying to locate the noise. It appeared to be coming from a middle-aged woman, five-foot-two at best, sitting on the bleachers behind me. No, she hadn’t been assaulted. As far as I could tell, she hadn’t broken anything either, other than my train of thought. What she was doing was watching an intramural basketball game between two teams of college-aged guys? A couple of seconds later, the ref called a pretty routine charging foul and the woman went into a second round of hysteria. “Que es eso?! Jod—.” The ref turned around to briefly glance at where the sound was coming from, at which point the woman thought she would elaborate using a universally understandable form of sign language. You didn’t need to understand Spanish in order to figure out what was happening; any string of four-letter English words would be just as adequate. This woman was getting really invested in the game, and more to the point, being a “cabrón” (cabra, if you want to get technical) to the ref. Not only are these types of situations not foreign, they’re not uncommon either. Who hasn’t watched some Little League baseball or high school soccer game where some parent gets way too into it? At a kids’ hockey game in Staten Island in 2000, Matteo Picca was charged with second-degree assault and fourth-degree criminal possession of a weapon after breaking the volunteer coach’s nose with a hockey stick because his 10-year old son didn’t get enough playing time. His son’s team won the game, in case you were wondering. That situation seems sane when you compare it to that of Thomas Junta, who beat another father to death after an argument at his kid’s practice hockey game. Why does this happen? There are probably many reasons why parents get invested in their children’s sports games to the point where they verbally or physically assault each other. Many suggest that most documented cases are alcohol related. And the effects aren’t limited to the parents themselves. A study in the journal “Psychology of Sport and Exercise” by Chris Gee and Larry Leith suggests that aggressive player behavior “may be better explained as learned responses that are modeled and reinforced differ-
— Jason Harris
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Courtesy of DSPics.com
Captain Blythe Crane ’08 led the women’s golf team at the Roar-ee Invitational with a combined score of 263. The team finished a disappointing 13th.
M. golf finishes sixth of 13 at New England champs By Anne Deggelman Sports Staff Writer
The men’s golf team placed sixth out of 13 teams at the New England Division I Golf Championships last weekend. The tournament, held at the par-72 Triggs Golf Course in Providence, took place on Saturday and Sunday. After two rounds of golf, the Bears shot a total score of 607, just one stroke behind Dartmouth.
Yale won the tournament with a score of 583. “As a team we made a little bit of progress, but there’s still stuff to improve on, which we’re working on this week,” said Chris Hoffman ’09. First Team All-Ivy Larry Haertel ’08, who won this event last year, led the team with a 10th place finish with solid scores of 75 and 74 over the two days. Hoffman finished close behind at 17th. After shooting one-
over par 73, the best round for the Bears for the weekend, on the first day, Hoffman sat in seventh place. But he struggled to maintain his momentum on day two and dropped down in the rankings with a 78. John Giannuzzi ’10 shot an 80 during the first round of play, but came back the next day and dropped his score to 76. Michael Amato ’11 was more consistent, shooting 77 and 79 over the two days. With a
o r t s
two-day total of 156 the two tied for 27th place. Conor Malloy ’09 also struggled to find his rhythm on day one. He shot an 85, putting him at the bottom of the Bears’ pack. But Malloy came back and stayed even with Haertel on day two, shooting the second best round of the tournament for the Bears with a 74. continued on page 9
i e f
W. crew turns Rutgers scarlet in sweep The women’s crew took Rutgers down easily Saturday on the Seekonk River, despite some blustery conditions. Neither the wind nor the Scarlet Knights could stop the No. 12 Bears, the defending national champions. Bruno’s varsity eight turned in a time of 7:17.72, defeating Rutgers’ top eight, who had a time of 7:45.28. The second varsity eight beat Rutgers’ second team by almost 40 seconds, finishing in 7:43.93. The novice boat also picked up a win with a time of 7:44.58. In the varsity four race, the Bears’ A, B and C teams swept the top three places, finishing in 8:22.77, 8:27.34 and 9:08.25, respectively, while Rutgers took the fourth slot with a time of 9:19.21. Boston University will host Bruno, Texas and Gonzaga on Saturday on the Charles River.
W. rugby destroys Ivies on way to Nationals
Ashley Hess / Herald
Fly-half Whitney Brown ’08.5 grabs a line-out, helping the women’s rugby to three straight victories and an Ivy League title.