The Brown Daily Herald F riday, A pril 4, 2008
Volume CXLIII, No. 45
Since 1866, Daily Since 1891
THE HERALD POLL
Professor solves a meteor mystery Students split on where U.
should spend financial aid
By Chaz Firestone Features Editor
72 percent think U. should fund more aid over new dorm
Last September, something strange landed near the rural Peruvian village of Carancas. Two months later, so did Peter Schultz. One was an extraterrestrial fireball that struck the Earth at 10,000 miles per hour, formed a bubbling crater nearly 50 feet wide and afflicted local villagers and livestock with a mysterious illness. The other is the Brown geologist who may have figured out why. The fiery mass shot across the morning sky bursting and crackling like fireworks, villagers said after the Sept. 15 impact. An explosive crash tossed nearby locals to the ground, shattered windows one kilometer away and kicked up a massive dust cloud, covering one man from head to toe in a fine white powder. Many thought the streaking fireball — brighter than the sun, by some accounts — was an aerial attack from neighboring Chile. Curious shepherds and farmers approached the crash site to find a smoking crater reminiscent of a Hollywood film, laden with rocks and stirring with bubbling water that emitted a foul vapor. But curiosity
By Joanna Wohlmuth Senior Staff Writer
Courtesy of brown.edu
continued on page 4
Professor of Geological Sciences Peter Schultz
Kristof: Don’t get apathetic about Darfur By Alex Roehrkasse Senior Staff Writer
Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist Nicholas Kristof applauded activists’ response to the violence in Sudan’s Darfur region yesterday, but called on Americans not to grow fatigued and apathetic toward the atrocities that continue to ravage the troubled region. Kristof, a columnist and for-
mer reporter for the New York Times, recounted with vivid and often gruesome detail stories of systematic rape, mutilation and murder that he has collected in his 10 visits to Darfur. “I don’t just want to inform you. I want to galvanize you,” Kristof told about 400 people in Sayles Hall. “Washington has provided leadership when national interests are at stake, but whenever
national values are at stake, then, in fact, leadership comes from folks like you.” Kristof explained that there’s a special imperative to address the conflict in Sudan because the killings, which the White House and Congress have identified as genocide, represent a “tearing apart of the human fabric.” He acknowlcontinued on page 9
The overwhelming majority of undergraduates — 92.7 percent — support the University’s new financial aid policy, a recent Herald poll found. But on the details, including whether it should further increase aid for those who have it or boost the number of students receiving aid, students are split more evenly. When asked about the University’s decision to ease the financial burden on students from lower- and middle-income families, 71.7 percent said they strongly approve of the new policy, and another 21 percent said they somewhat approve. When asked about alternate investments, 72.2 percent said that they thought the University should spend its money on financial aid, while 19.1 percent preferred the option of a new dorm. “The real positive is people support improvements in the financial aid program,” Dean of Admission Jim Miller ’73 said. “We’ve tried to respond to where we felt the most students could benefit.” Students were divided on the question of whether to expand financial aid to include more students or increase aid to those already receiving it. 49.1 percent thought the University should offer aid to more students, while 37.2 percent thought it’s more important for Brown to increase aid to students already receiving it. “As a student on financial aid, (the aid package is) still not necessarily enough, so I see how people think they should get more,” said Nermarie Velazquez ’10. “But it would be good
if the University could spread aid to more students. ... (The new financial aid initiative is) a good first step but they could still work on it.” Amandeep Gill ’08.5 also said that “a lot of students (who) are getting aid aren’t getting enough,” and suggested the split poll results may reflect the proportion of Brown students receiving aid. Currently, around 41 percent of students qualify for need-based aid and the number may rise slightly — by 1 or 2 percentage points — in the next year as the new financial aid initiative is implemented, said Director of Financial Aid Jim Tilton. In creating the new financial aid program, “we wanted to address the needs of students having problems making ends meet with financing their education,” Tilton said. When asked to choose where the University should focus its funding, 72.2 percent of students said that they thought financial aid should be prioritized ahead of the construction of a new dorm, while 19.1 percent said a new dorm should come first. “I would probably prefer that aid be expanded” before new dorms are built, said Matt Jacobs ’11. Because the University does not have the financial resources that some other elite universities do, “if people really want Brown to increase aid they need to focus on growing the endowment. ... They definitely couldn’t build new dorms for a while,” he added. “I would want a new dorm instead because some are really old and falling apart,” said Kristen Sebasky ’10. “But I understand for people on financial aid that they have a problem with it.” In response to an increasing amount of student loans being issued and the rise in the average amount of debt students face after graduation, continued on page 6
W a l l I n t h e f ami l y
THE HERALD POLL
No surprise: students cutting classes often By Max Mankin Senior Staff Writer
Not all Brown students may be like Ferris Bueller. But a majority of them skipped class at least once in an average week in March. According to a recent Herald poll, only 44.0 percent of students said they did not skip class for the week of March 3. The poll, conducted from March 10 to 12, also found that 30.9 percent of students said they skipped class once that week, 18.8 percent two to three times, 2.3 percent four times and 3.4 percent five times or
ARTS & CULTURE
more. The results stunned neither professors nor students. “That sounds pretty accurate,” said Cr ystal Vance ’11, who said she does not skip class often.“But I know people who skip class at least once a day,” she said. “My classes are way too small” to skip, she added. Barrett Hazeltine, professor emeritus of engineering who teaches ENGN 0900: “Managerial Decision Making,” which has 389 students, said students “feel less invested” in larger classes because
feeling too free? Take a step back in time to a 1945 Japanese internment camp at the debut of ‘The Mikado’
Meara Sharma / Herald
The Visual Arts Department Undergraduate Group gathered last night to paint the walls of the List Art Center stairwell.
continued on page 8
Turn off the light! Andreas Kraemer analyzes the future and politics of global climate change initiatives
Admissions season Sarah Rosenthal ‘11 is concerned about the college admissions craze gripping the country
195 Angell Street, Providence, Rhode Island
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tomorrow’s weather Just when the weather was getting nicer, expect more rain — and more reasons not to get out of bed for class
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Friday, April 4, 2008
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
But Seriously | Charlie Custer and Stephen Barlow
Verney-Woolley Dining Hall
Lunch — Saturday Night Jambalaya, Broccoli au Gratin, Pancakes, French Toast, Chicken Soup with Tortellini, Vegetarian Vegetable Soup
Lunch — Chicken Fingers, Vegan Nuggets, Vegan Brown Rice Pilaf with Mushrooms, Corn Cobbets, Butterscotch Oatmeal Cookies
Dinner — Fried Catfish with Tartar Sauce, Spanish Rice, Fresh Vegetable Melange, Okra and Tomato, Italian Bread
Dinner — Codfish Cakes with Tartar Sauce, Grilled Chicken, Stuffed Shells with Sauce, Roasted Potatoes, Spinach -Stuffed Tomatoes
Dunkel | Joe Larios
Fill in the grid so that every row, every column and every 3x3 box contains the digits 1 through 9.
Enigma Twist | Dustin Foley
© Puzzles by Pappocom
RELEASE DATE– Friday, April 4, 2008
Los Angeles Times Daily oCrossword Puzzle C r o ssw rd Edited by Rich Norris and Joyce Nichols Lewis
ACROSS 1 Line in a bull session? 6 Not disposed 11 Go right to the top? 15 Asia’s __ Mountains 16 Man of principle? 17 Sumptuousness 18 Starts (from) 19 Honored chronicler? 21 On-time tax return? 23 Dada notable 24 Close nos., usually 25 USNA grad 26 Bind 29 Gander 31 Type of chest 32 Marketing leader? 33 ’90s N.L. president Coleman 34 Busy colonist 35 Dreadful review? 36 Finalized decree? 39 Dispirit 41 Vague ordinal 42 Plural suffix 43 Brute 44 It’s measured from birth 45 Japanese for “empty orchestra” 49 Consider briefly, with “with” 50 Prospector’s quest 51 High roller? 52 Super __: game console 53 Profit sharers, in Shiraz? 56 Hogs that take you to court? 59 Skater Slutskaya 60 Cracker with scalloped edges 61 Cockamamie 62 Speaker before Gingrich 63 The whole enchilada 64 Malicious 65 “Bubbles: A SelfPortrait” author
4 Pipe user’s gadget 5 Terminal request 6 Halftime report segment 7 Ruhr refusals 8 Rat tail? 9 “That’s it exactly!” 10 Encouraging words 11 Clue academic 12 Bemoan 13 Workplace downer, with “the” 14 Eastern capital 20 P-T link 22 “__ a Letter to My Love”: Signoret film 26 Force-driven one? 27 2001 biopic 28 Brave rival 30 “A Fish Called Wanda” Oscar winner 31 Slightest bit 32 Arkansas River city 34 __ d’accusation: charge 35 Pastis and sherry 36 It may be unleashed
37 Half a Tinseltown duo 38 Ohio River tributary 39 Modern address part 40 Past 44 Like 0 through 9, e.g. 45 Grammer of “Cheers” 46 “Ah, Wilderness!” playwright 47 Bit of truth
Free Variation | Jeremy Kuhn
48 Parts of college applications 50 Museum hanging 51 Used up 53 Heckle 54 Game with trump cards 55 Picard’s counselor 56 Ditty syllable 57 It may precede 3-Down: Abbr. 58 Jurist in ’90s news
ANSWER TO PREVIOUS PUZZLE:
Vagina Dentata | Soojean Kim
DOWN 1 Imp 2 Corrida opponent 3 At the original By Dan Naddor speed, to Liszt (c)2008 Tribune Media Services, Inc.
War and Peas | Eli Jaffa and Linda Zhang
T he B rown D aily H erald 4/4/08
If you do one thing on College Hill today... Enjoy Savoy Opera and discover a 1945 Japanese internment camp at the opening of “The Mikado” 8 p.m. in Alumnae Hall
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A rts & C ulture Friday, April 4, 2008
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
Nanki-Poo and Yum-Yum hit stage in ‘The Mikado’ Gilbert and Sullivan critique gov’t restriction By Andrea Savdie Assistant Ar ts & Culture Editor
Set in a Japanese internment camp where any form of flirting is punishable by death, Gilbert and Sullivan’s light, comic opera “The Mikado” pokes fun at absurd government laws with the English duo’s signature topsy-turvy style and patter songs. This political critique seems to transcend time and place — the original Gilbert and Sullivan production has been interpreted as a spoof of Victorianera British government disguised by a Japanese setting. Accordingly, Brown University Gilbert and Sullivan’s production of “Mikado,” which opens tonight in Alumnae Hall and will run through Sunday, contemporizes the opera by setting it in a 1945 Japanese internment camp. In doing so, the directors manage to “work in some interesting dramatic elements” and add depth to the more simple characters, said Nick Leiserson ’09, a cast member who is also president — or “Lord Chancellor” — of the BUGS executive board. According to the group’s Web site, the original operetta tells the stor y of Nanki-Poo, son of the Japanese emperor Mikado, who has fled the court to escape an arranged marriage and is traveling disguised as a musician. During his travels, Nanki-Poo visits the town of Titipu, where he falls in love with a young woman, YumYum, who is already betrothed to a tailor named Ko-Ko. Divided into two acts, the opera opens with Nanki-Poo returning to Titipu to find his beloved Yum-Yum after receiving the news that the tailor has been sentenced to execution for flirting. He is disappointed upon his arrival when he learns that Ko-Ko has actually been made Lord High Executioner and must cut off his own head before the executions can continue, an act that he is naturally disinclined to undertake. The conundrum is fur ther complicated when the Mikado demands that somebody be executed in Titipu within a month because of the dearth of executions. The plot continues to take the bizarre twists for which Gilbert and Sullivan productions are famous, accompanied by humorous lyrics — the most popular song is about “a little list of society offenders who might well be underground, and who never would be missed,” including among them people with flabby hands and a lady that dresses like a man. In the BUGS show, the prisoners of a Japanese internment camp are putting on a production of “Mikado” to “spoof their American oppressors and the illconceived notions of their culture
by American society,” said chorus member Jeremy Kuhn ’10, the communications chair of the board, or “Duke Plazatoro.” This play-within-the-play device adds a profundity that Gilber t and Sullivan productions are often thought to be lacking, Leiserson said. “Because we have the duality of the character existing in the internment camp and existing in the show, the more simplistic characters need to have a little more depth to them,” he said, citing Yum-Yum as an example. A self-proclaimed “Gilber t and Sullivan purist,” Leiserson said that it was nonetheless “nice to have a fresh take on (the Mikado).” However, none of the original dialogue of the play was changed, Kuhn said. “They wanted to stay true to the original play.” One of the directors, Finn Yarbrough ’09, had the idea of changing the setting and worked out the details with the other two directors, Katie Meyers ’10 and community member Steve Schwar tz, before proposing it to the BUGS board, Yarbrough said. “It wasn’t as tough a pitch as I thought it would be because it has never been done before,” he said. The directors chose the setting of the internment camp because “the themes — bureaucratic interference in ever yday life and political oppression — resonated with the time period,” he said. To set the scene, the set includes a 12-foot-tall tower and barbed wire fencing. The production of “Mikado” was a challenge to the directors because of its racist portrayals, Kuhn said. Since the original play was written when the British had just been exposed to Japan, it had elements of Orientalism , he said. The original “is supposed to be a bunch of white people painting their eyes and acting Japanese, which is offensive,” Yarbrough said. “None of us in the cast or directing team are of Japanese descent ... so we researched very heavily what happened and what it meant. We thought it was the best way to deal with some of the problems.” Many of the original play’s racial references had already been changed in past productions of the Mikado, he added. For those who like their performances a little bit less family friendly, Sunday’s “gag show” frees the actors from directorial constraints. The actors will be able to include improvised, risque jokes that may or may not be related to Gilbert and Sullivan. “It’s not necessarily for the plot driven,” Yarbrough said. Show times are Friday at 8 p.m., Saturday at 2 p.m. and 8 p.m. and Sunday at 2 p.m. Admission is free and tickets reser vations can be made on the BUGS Web site.
Thanks for reading.
Kim Perley / Herald
Artist Diane Covert is showing her project, “Inside Terrorism: The X-Ray Project,” at the gallery at Brown/RISD Hillel until April 11.
X-rays put focus on victims of terrorism By Ben Hyman Staff Writer
In the Photoshop age, with photographs often bearing only a passing relationship to reality, the X-ray image remains the authority on a deeper kind of truth. In “Inside Terrorism: The X-Ray Project,” on view at a gallery in Brown/RISD Hillel until April 11, artist Diane Covert has mined the honesty of X-rays to put the suffering experienced by victims of terrorism into stark focus. The traveling installation consists of X-rays and CT-scans drawn from hospitals in Jerusalem, showing the shrapnel-pierced bodies of suicide bombing survivors. Most of the images are presented bluntly, with matter-of-fact medical descriptions. Others are paired with artist’s statements or the victims’ personal accounts. An X-ray series titled “I Was Riding the Bus” reads, “I was in college then, riding the bus to campus. When he exploded, his watch blasted into my neck. Some of the shrapnel tore through my carotid artery, which carries blood to my brain.” In the accompanying images, the watch face, clearly visible in the woman’s neck, and physically
on display itself, becomes an almost absurdist element underscoring the arbitrariness of this violence. Three chilling X-rays show a nail embedded in a man’s neck, a spike of searing white where there should only be empty space. This triptych includes one print in unfiltered black-and-white, one in cool colors and one in hot red and orange, exploring a range of possible emotional responses to a single unsettling image. Frustrated with apologists for terrorism, Covert conceived of the
REVIEW project in 2002 as a way to reintroduce an element of certainty into this discourse. “I’d say the moral relativists are right 98 percent of the time, but I think sometimes things are so out of whack that we have to reject it and go back to a more absolute value system,” she said during a discussion at Hillel on Thursday night. “The purpose of terrorism is to create victims. When we muddy this fact, we create an ethics-free world that’s kind of like what Dante was talking about.” In her statements, Cover t somewhat grandiosely situates
“Inside Terrorism” in an art historical narrative with Francisco de Goya’s “Disasters of War,” Pablo Picasso’s “Guernica” and Mathew Brady’s photographs of Civil War battlefields. But “Inside Terrorism” is too clinical to match the emotional impact of Goya or Picasso. Moreover, X-ray art as a medium is so well established that this exhibit could not hope to equal Brady’s pioneering photojournalism in terms of formal exploration. The central problem with “Inside Terrorism,” though, is that asking viewers to sympathize with the individuals whose bones we see fractured by bolts and nails is not particularly controversial or particularly difficult, and leaves little room for any other interpretations but Covert’s own. Because of this, the exhibit, while generally succeeding as social commentary, only intermittently achieves the status of art. In addition, there is something exploitative about appropriating these shredded bodies and putting them on display in order to make a point. The exhibition’s title is misleading — viewers only see inside the victims of this violence. Terrorism itself remains utterly opaque.
Friday, April 4, 2008
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
Prof. explains how meteor crash that shouldn’t have happened did continued from page 1 turned to fear when unexplained symptoms began to crop up in Carancas: headaches, vomiting and skin lesions struck more than 150 villagers, Peru’s Ministry of Health stated days later. Locals reported that their animals lost their appetites and bled from their noses. Children were restless and cried through the night. But according to Schultz, the professor of geological sciences who visited the site last December, the true mystery in Carancas is how any of this happened in the first place. Sophisticated theory and conventional wisdom have long agreed that most meteors break into fragments and fizzle out before they can reach the Earth’s surface. Even those large and durable enough to make it through the atmosphere hit the ground as ghosts of their former selves, “plopping out of the sky and forming a bullet hole in the Earth,” Schultz said. “This meteor crashed into the Earth at three kilometers per second, exploded and buried itself into the ground.” Last month, Schultz delivered a highly anticipated lecture at the 39th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference in League City, Texas. And if he’s right, the bold theory he proposed there may shake loose a “gut response” entrenched within the geological, physical and astronomical sciences: “Carancas simply should not have happened.” A Web of speculation The handful of shepherds who happened to lead their Alpaca herds near the arroyo that day may have been the first humans ever to witness an explosive meteor impact. But the rest of the world quickly got its chance, if vicariously, through a flurry of activity in the blogosphere. Hundreds of scientists, journalists and captivated amateurs weighed in on the bizarre events as they unfolded, offering scores of pet theories and radically revising them as more information streamed in from Peru. Pravda, a Russian online newspaper born out of a print version run by the country’s former Communist Party, ran the headline “American spy satellite downed in Peru as U.S. nuclear attack on Iran thwarted” five days after the impact. The story attributes the villagers’ illness to radiation poisoning from the satellite’s plutonium power generator. Other proposed explanations were less sensational. Nevadan wildlife biologist and amateur geologist David Syzdek wrote a Sept. 18 blog post titled “Meteorite strike in Peru gassing villagers? Maybe not.” In it, he proposed that a mud volcano producing toxic gases was responsible for both the illness and the crater. “The Andes are very active geologically so I think there is a good possibility that this crater was caused by an outburst of geothermal activity,” he wrote. As for the blinding light shooting across the sky, Syzdek chalked it up to coincidence. “Fireballs are quite common,” he wrote. “One possible scenario is that the people who saw the fireball just happened on a recently formed mud volcano while they were out looking for the fireball impact site.” Though Pravda and Syzdek drew radically different conclusions from the reports, what they shared with each other, many bloggers and even some scientists was a healthy skepticism about reports coming out of Peru. Pravda and Syzdek
both pointed out in their posts that an explosion powerful enough to create such a large crater would be equivalent to 1,000 tons of TNT, or a tactical nuclear strike. “When I first saw the news reports, they just didn’t seem right,” Syzdek later said in an interview. “Explosive impacts like this just don’t happen.” ‘A hyperspeed curveball’ Gonzalo Tancredi, a Uruguayan astronomer who collaborated with Schultz in Carancas, said initial reports of the impact confounded amateurs and Ph.D.s alike. Bewildered scientists even entertained the possibility of a hoax as rumors floated around the scientific community. “At the beginning, there were some doubts about what really happened there,” Tancredi said. “We thought maybe it was a meteor fall or maybe it was something else, even something fake.” But when Tancredi visited Carancas a few weeks later, what he observed silenced the conspiracies and pointed unequivocally to one conclusion. Tancredi interviewed locals, who reported a large mushroom cloud that formed over the crater and compression waves that knocked villagers to the ground. He also found pieces of soil and rock that had been launched over three football fields from the crater — one piece even pierced the roof of a barn 100 meters away. Combined with analyses of infrasound detectors and the patterns of crater “ejecta,” the evidence pointed to a genuine and very powerful meteorite impact. But the question that remained on everyone’s mind was how the meteor got there at all — a scientific riddle that was made even more challenging by Michael Farmer. Farmer is a controversial figure in the geological community. He is a meteorite hunter, a poacher of alien rocks who travels to impact sites around the world — usually the “bullet hole in the Earth” type mentioned by Schultz — and collects whatever he can find, often brushing up against authorities and other hunters. Meteorite hunting is Farmer’s full-time job; he profits from selling what he finds. Farmer, who said he is “totally self-taught” when it comes to meteors, said he was as skeptical as the rest when he first heard the reports coming out of Peru while on hunt in Spain. But 16 days later, he and his partners found themselves staring into the Carancas impact crater, the first Americans on the scene — and they stumbled on an extraterrestrial gold mine. “We got there and just started picking up pieces off the ground,” Farmer said. “The entire ground was white, just white powder which was all meteor.” Farmer and his team eventually accumulated 10 kilograms of small meteorite fragments and sold them to private collectors and universities for an astronomical $100 per gram. But despite his rocky past with the geological community, Farmer and his expensive fragments made a priceless contribution to scientists. Within minutes of arriving on the scene, Farmer discovered that the Carancas meteorite was a chondrite, or stony meteorite, as opposed to an iron meteorite. Though far more common than iron meteorites, chondrites are highly vulnerable to ablation — the cracking, eroding and even exploding that occurs when a meteor enters the atmosphere and undergoes extreme
changes in temperature and pressure. As a result, chondrites are far less likely than the more durable iron meteorites to make it to the Earth’s surface in large pieces — which makes the Carancas meteorite all the more baffling. “For a while, the only information we were getting was from Farmer’s Web site,” Schultz said. “This was not the type of object you’d expect to get through the atmosphere in a tight clump.” With most pieces of the geological puzzle on the table, the stage was set for Schultz to visit the site for himself. But when he arrived there in December with a Brown graduate student, Tancredi and Peruvian astrophysicist Jose Ishitsuka, a budding geologist actually made the crucial discovery. Scott Harris GS said he collected some soil samples “initially out of curiosity” to look for evidence of shock deformation, which occurs when an object rapidly decelerates in cases like impacts or explosions. When Harris looked at the material under a microscope, he found tiny mineral grains that had turned into glass because of heat and massive shock forces, indicating a very highspeed impact. Here was yet another mystifying piece of evidence. “At the minimum,” Harris said, “this would support a velocity of three kilometers per second — a real high-velocity explosion instead of just a plop in the ground.” By this time, more reputable scientific theories of the impact had supplanted the initial speculation, the most popular of which came from a group in Germany and Russia. They proposed that the meteor entered the Earth’s atmosphere at a very shallow angle, allowing it to reach the surface gradually and avoid a sudden increase in pressure — “the difference between diving in and doing a belly flop,” Schultz said. But their theory’s relatively low impact velocity of 180 meters per second, or about 400 miles per hour, was consistent with every piece of evidence but Harris’, which pointed to a velocity of about 10,000 miles per hour at impact. “This was nature’s way of throwing us a curveball,” Schultz said. “A hyperspeed curveball.” Changing shape, changing theory Back home in Providence, Schultz was now faced with the task of fitting the puzzle pieces together into a cohesive theory. And to do it, he looked to Earth’s closest planetary neighbor, Venus. “Our models make predictions about what kind of objects can make it to the surface at what velocity, and the Carancas meteor isn’t usually one of them,” Schultz said. “But Venus has a much denser atmosphere and we still find craters on its surface. How did they get there? I think it might be the same thing here.” To explain the alternative theory he developed, Schultz compared a typical meteor’s descent to a waterskier behind a boat. “Normally when you’re on the outside of the wake, you’re pushed out further,” Schultz said. “From my experience looking at Venus, I realized that there was a certain condition where the waterskier will stay inside the wake, and actually get pushed inward.” At last month’s Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Schultz proposed that the meteor did break up into pieces, but shock waves created by the speeding mass may have kept them close together. And since the meteor descended as a clump of fragments instead of one large piece,
Bolivia Site of impact
Courtesy of Peter Schultz
From the Internet to the halls of academia, there were lots of theories on how a fireball struck a rural Peruvian village. it reshaped itself along the way to become more aerodynamic, like a football or a javelin cutting through the air instead of a poorly shaped hunk of rock. “It’s like having a Volkswagen turn into a Ford Taurus,” Schultz said, adding that this sort of reshaping is well known to geologists who study islands and land-water interaction. “If you put a big pile of dirt in a stream, that mound will eventually turn into a teardrop shape. It’s trying to minimize the friction.” Tancredi, who co-authored the paper with Schultz, Harris and Ishitsuka, said Schultz’s theory is gaining popularity but is still being debated, even among the group that proposed it. “This is the hot question right now,” he said. “We still have to demonstrate that this phenomenon is possible.” In the meantime, another hot question had remained without a definitive answer — the etiology of the strange illness that afflicted the people of Carancas. But the group may solve that mystery, too. Schultz, Harris and Tancredi all dismissed the possibility of the meteorite emitting harmful gases that would sicken villagers. Instead, they proposed a simpler cause: the power of the mind. The meteorite impact sent out a powerful compression wave that knocked nearby villagers and animals to the ground and injected the soil with air, which later bubbled up through the crater. Shepherds and cattle may also have breathed in the thick dust thrown up by the crash and smelled the sulfurous gases produced as water reacted with iron sulfide in the meteor. But what the group thinks later spread through the town was not disease, but panic.
“We think it was probably more of a psychological response,” Harris said, adding that commonplace symptoms like headaches and nausea could easily have been caused by the disorienting impact and then mirrored by frightened villagers. Harris also admitted the possibility of the meteorite releasing arsenic deposits, which are known to exist in Peru, but said it would be very unlikely for those gases to have caused the illness. “In order to really get arsenic poisoning, you’d need high concentrations,” he said. “You’d have to be there inhaling the vapor filled with the stuff right after the meteorite hit.” Poisonous or not, the Carcancas meteorite could have important implications for public safety. Tancredi said there’s no reason an impact like this couldn’t happen in a major city, wiping out a few city blocks. He also pointed out that today’s most advanced meteor detectors aren’t nearly powerful enough to detect an object as small as the Carancas meteorite. “Near-Earth detectors detect objects that could create a global catastrophe, something maybe a kilometer across,” he said. “We don’t have any kind of technology that could detect this object before reaching the atmosphere, so it will not be possible to know when and where one of these objects could strike again.” But Schultz said the most important lesson to learn from Carancas is that the foundation of good science is hard empirical evidence, even — and especially — when it contradicts established principle. “We tried to understand what the rocks told us rather than looking at the theory,” he said. “Nature trumps theory, every time.”
C ampus n ews Friday, April 4, 2008
Associate professors to be reviewed more frequently By Jenna Stark Senior Staff Writer
Departments must now offer to review associate professors for promotion to the status of full professor after 10 years of teaching, according to a motion passed during the faculty meeting on April 1. The new policy created by the Tenure, Promotion and Appointments Committee allows associate professors to defer their review at a maximum of five years at a time until they are ready for review. Prior to the new policy, there was no timeline specified as to when associate professors should be promoted to full professor, Martin Maxey, professor of applied mathematics and TPAC chair, told The Herald. “It was being left largely up to departments to initiate a review when they thought it was appropriate. Because of that, there is diversity ... between departments.” Under the University’s old policy, some associate professors were left “languishing” in their departments, waiting to be reviewed for promotion, some professors said at the meeting. “We have a log jam at the associate level,” said Associate Professor of Sociology Ann Dill, past chair of the Faculty Executive Committee. “How do you overcome a log
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
jam?” Despite concerns expressed at the April meeting, the new policy is also not meant to be a “punitive” means of “cleaning house.” “If a person defers their discussion, in no way should they be penalized for that,” Dill told The Herald. “Under a different administration that doesn’t share the same intents in drafting this, I could see how a person would be concerned.” “The idea is, up to now you got promoted to associate professor and that was it and after that things just stopped,” Maxey said. “We wanted to make sure that faculty had the resources to be as productive and as successful in their career at Brown as possible.” The University’s next steps will be to follow up in terms of implementing the motion and to notify departments to “modify the standards and criteria,” Maxey said. The new policy will force any current problems with associate professors to come forward, Dill told The Herald. “It’s true that we haven’t solved all the problems, nor do we even know what those problems are,” she said. “I think we’ve taken a step in the right direction, but there’s still a lot of work to be done.” continued on page 6
Green thinker calls for behavior change By Nick Bakshi Contributing Writer
Andreas Kraemer illustrated the disparity between American and European approaches to climate change with a simple anecdote. “I was staying with an American friend recently, and I had to constantly remind him that he left the lights on when he walked out of rooms,” Kraemer, the director of Berlin-based environmental think tank, told about 20 people in MacMillan 115 yesterday. Kraemer’s lecture was the latest in a yearlong series sponsored by the Brown University Environmental Change Initiative. His remarks dealt with transatlantic cooperations on climate, energy and security — three things, he admitted, that are rarely discussed in combination. Kraemer’s think tank, Ecologic, was founded in 1995 and currently employs 75 men and women on more than 10 different projects, including assessing waste management technology and encouraging environmentally friendly farming. At first, Kraemer focused on the last decade of climate change policy. He cited the rapid movement of the Greenland ice sheets and melting of Siberian permafrost as key catalysts in the reassessment of current policies and goals. He
said that when scientists extrapolated the ice melting currently caused by global warming, they found a sea level rise of as much as nine feet by the end of the centur y — a daunting prediction which he said could spell the complete elimination of low-altitude island nations such as Tuvalu and the Maldives. He went on to outline the future of climate change. Right now, the European Union has pledged to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 20 percent before 2020, promising to cut emissions by another 10 percent if the United States agrees to match its efforts, Kraemer said. “This is an opportunity for the U.S. to call the E.U.’s bluff,” he added. Kraemer focused on what he said are unrealistic goals claimed by nations trying to portray themselves as leaders in fighting climate change. Kraemer not only laid out the histor y of environmental policies and agreements, but explained the unseen national motivations and intentions behind them. “He looks several layers deep,” Nathaniel Manning ’08 said. Kraemer was optimistic that the world can change, saying the challenges involved are not particularly difficult, but that behavior remains a major hurdle. Drastic changes are necessary
in American behavior and mentality, he said. But he admitted there is controversy surrounding policies aimed at behavioral changes and suggested several non-intrusive alternatives. For instance, right now ever y new car sold in the United States, he said, must be equipped with the same tires that were used to determine its advertised gas mileage. Car companies, seeking to use gas mileage as a selling point, outfit their cars with low roll-resistance tires to keep this number as high as possible. But there is no law mandating that replacement tires maintain this low roll resistance, he said, and customers often unknowingly choose tires with higher roll resistance because they are cheaper. These less efficient tires use more gas and release more harmful emissions, so by mandating factory quality replacement tires, the United States could cut fuel consumption by 8 to 10 percent, Kraemer said. Simple solutions like this one can have huge environmental impacts, Kraemer said, but they must be implemented. After outlining the complex and twisted history of environmental change, and providing several ideas for the immediate future, he closed with a simple request for his audience, “Let’s be sure that we stop negotiating and start acting.”
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Financial aid finds widespread favor continued from page 1 the University decided that focusing resources towards limiting loans would be the best way to assist students, Tilton said. The majority of students interviewed by The Herald said a combination of expanding aid to more students and increasing the amount of aid given would be optimal, though some had stronger opinions. “I think more aid should be given to the people who already get it,” said Faisal Baqai ’11. “I don’t think they are getting enough and I’m opposed to giving it to those who don’t need it. ... There’s a greater chance of that if you expand it to more students.” Betsy Jacobson ’11 said that aid should be made available to more students because “it gives more opportunity for different levels of income families to receive aid rather than focusing on one specific group.” By making aid available to more students, fewer will have to worry about debt after graduation, she said. The results of the poll show that “people are pleased but there are still students out there (who) are concerned about how they are going to manage,” Tilton said. In addition to working with students receiving need-based aid, there are resources — including payment plans and additional loans— available through the Office of Financial Aid to assist those who do not qualify, he added. “Every year there have been adjustments (to the financial aid program) to benefit students,” Tilton said. “We will continue to make sure we are doing the best we can with the resources we have.” The Herald poll was conducted from March 10 to 12 and has a 3.6 percent margin of error with 95 percent confidence. A total of 643 Brown undergraduates completed the poll, which was administered as a written questionnaire to students in the University Post Office at Faunce House and in the Sciences Library.
Do you approve or disapprove of the new financial aid policies? Strongly disapprove 1.2% Don't know / No answer Somewhat 3.1% disapprove 3.0% Somewhat approve 21.0% Strongly approve 71.7%
Poll of 643 Brown students conducted between March 10 and March 12. There is a ± 3.6% margin of error.
Do you think the University should focus on expanding financial aid to include more students or on increasing financial aid to those who already receive it?
49.1% Include more
13.8% 37.1% 37.2% Increase aid Don’t know/ No answer
In the future, do you think the U. should prioritize increased financial aid or the construction of a new dorm?
72.2% Financial aid Steve DeLucia / Herald
19.1% 8.7% New Dorm Don’t know/ No answer
Assoc. profs. review now clearly scheduled continued from page 5 Chung-I Tan, professor of physics and department chair, said he isn’t concerned about facing an accumulation of associate professors who have gone without review because his department generally reviews associate professors after five to seven years of service. “By the time the review comes around, we have expectations that faculty will be prepared,” Tan told
The Herald. “For the departments that have been doing their job of nurturing and mentoring faculty, this shouldn’t have been a problem,” Tan added. TPAC, however, may encounter difficulties with the implementation of the new timeline because many associate professors will want to be reviewed at once, Maxey said. “TPAC won’t be able to handle 46 new cases next semester,” he said. “My guess is that it will take a few
years to work through the backlog of cases.” The Faculty Executive Committee will next hold a series of discussions with TPAC members and department chairs to address concerns with the new policy, said Ruth Colwill, associate professor of psychology and FEC chair. The FEC also plans to conduct a survey of associate professors next week to assess their level of “comfort” in their departments.
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House probes chemical industry’s influence
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NATO backs U.S. missile defense plan BUCHAREST, Romania (Los Angeles Times) — With President Bush headed to what is likely to be his final summit conference with President Vladimir Putin, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization on Thursday provided the show of support Bush sought for the missile defense plan the Russian leader has vehemently opposed. The alliance also renewed its political and military support for the U.S.led war in Afghanistan; welcomed two new members, Croatia and Albania; and opened the door to eventual membership to Montenegro and BosniaHerzegovina. With the 12 members admitted in the nearly two decades since the end of the Cold War and those on the formal path toward membership, NATO is demonstrating a dramatic evolution eastward. Figuratively and literally, it is moving away from its post-World War II roots as an alliance of the United States, Canada and the major powers of Western Europe erecting a defense network against the nation of the Soviet-led Warsaw Pact. A day after it became clear that the alliance would balk at meeting Bush’s demand to put Ukraine and Georgia on the first rung of a ladder intended to lead toward membership, the alliance instead said that the countries would eventually be allowed in -- and that NATO foreign ministers would consider the matter again in December. The summit, which marked the alliance’s 59th anniversary, dealt a setback to Macedonia’s hope that it would be admitted with Albania and Croatia. NATO actions require the consent of all members, and Greece has long objected to Macedonia’s name, which it says is in conflict with a region of Greece that bears the same name. Throughout the day, Bush, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, and White House national security adviser Stephen Hadley and other U.S. officials sought to present the summit as an unqualified success for the administration. At times it was easier than others. The support for the missile defense system, which the administration wants to build in the Czech Republic and Poland, went the administration’s way. But Bush had lobbied hard, first privately and then in public, in recent weeks to start Ukraine and Georgia on the road to NATO membership. NATO members Germany and France opposed the move, with German Chancellor Angela Merkel leading the argument that the two would-be members had not done enough to reform their politics and military forces. In addition, Putin, who arrived here Thursday to take part in a Russia-NATO meeting on Friday, opposes giving membership for the two countries, which were part of the Soviet Union and now sit on Russia’s southern border. —James Gerstenzang
Census-taking computers are scratched WASHINGTON (Los Angeles Times) — Commerce Secretary Carlos Gutierrez and Census Bureau director Steve Murdock told a House Appropriations subcommittee Thursday that the government would not be able to use specially designed hand-held computers to collect information for the 2010 Census from the millions of people who don’t return census forms. The two officials cited poor communication with Florida-based Harris Corp., the contractor that was to provide more than 500,000 of the devices, as a leading reason for the technical problems that have put the program on hold. As a result, the 600,000 temporary workers who will go door-to-door to track down the individuals who fail to return the forms will gather the data as they have in previous decades –– with pen and paper. “This is a grossly mismanaged constitutionally mandated program,” said the subcommittee chairman, Rep. Alan Mollohan, D-W.Va. Gutierrez, whose department oversees the Census Bureau, did not disagree with that assessment. “This has experienced significant schedule, performance, and cost issues,” he said of the program, which now has a price tag of about $600 million. “A lack of effective communication with one of our key contractors has significantly contributed to the challenges. As I have said before, the situation today is unacceptable, and we have been taking steps to address the issues.” The information gathered by the census, which is taken every 10 years, is used to apportion federal and state funding. It is also the basis for determining the boundaries of congressional districts and reallocating the 435 seats in the House of Representatives among states because of gains and losses in population. In a test of the computers last year, workers struggled to understand the complexity of the computers. In addition, the devices were not able to transmit large amounts of data. During the hearing, legislators accused the Census Bureau of doing a poor job of explaining technical requirements to Harris Corp. Gutierrez agreed, noting that census officials lacked experience working with an outside vendor on a sizable contract. Of the millions of census forms that are sent out, officials estimate that one-third aren’t returned, requiring in-person interviews to verify information. The new devices will be used to verify residential street addresses through global positioning system software. “The wireless hand-held devices are part of a larger, multifaceted process to move from a ‘paper culture’ to a more `automated’ culture appropriate for the 21st century,” Harris Corp. said in a statement. “We are encouraged that automation and the adoption of new technology is moving forward, even if in a more narrowly focused fashion.” Officials said the additional manual labor required due to the technical problems would cost up to $3 billion, boosting the overall 2010 census cost to as high as $14 billion. That would be the most expensive count in U.S. history. —Ben DuBose
By Lyndsey Layton Washington Post
WASHINGTON — A congressional committee is investigating ties between the chemical industry and expert review panels hired by the Environmental Protection Agency to help it determine safe levels for a variety of chemical compounds. Rep. John Dingell, D-Mich., chairman of the House Energy and Commerce Committee, and Rep. Bart Stupak, D-Mich., chairman of the oversight and investigations subcommittee, have demanded documents from the EPA and the American Chemistr y Council to probe the roles of nine scientists who are serving on EPA panels or have done so in the past. The lawmakers sent a letter to the chemical industry Wednesday, expanding a probe that began earlier this month. “Americans count on sound science to ensure that consumer products are safe,” Dingell said through a spokesman Thursday. “If industry has undue influence over this science, then the public’s health is endangered.” Dingell and Stupak want to know how much the chemistry council has paid consultants, lawyers, scientists and a scientific journal in efforts to affect public policy. “I don’t remember the last time Congress investigated a trade association like this,” said Richard Wiles of the Environmental Working Group, which contends that the chemical industry has stacked EPA panels. “Maybe for the first time, we might find out the extent of industry influence. It’s a landmark investigation and has called into question the
ethics of the entire industry.” Tiffany Harrington, a spokeswoman for the chemistry council, said it supports independent scientific research and will cooperate with the congressional request. The lawmakers want to know why the EPA allowed the scientists in question to remain on expert panels but removed a public health scientist, Deborah Rice, from a panel at the chemistry council’s request. Rice chaired an EPA panel last year that reviewed safe levels for deca-BDE, a polybrominated diphenyl ether used as a fire retardant in television casings and other electronics. Deca has been found to cause cancer in mice and is a suspected human carcinogen. As a toxicologist for the state of Maine, Rice testified before the Maine legislature about the health risks associated with deca. Maine and several other states — and this week, the European Union — have since banned the compound. After Rice’s panel completed its work, Sharon Kneiss, a vice president of the chemistry council, wrote to the EPA and called Rice “a fervent advocate of banning” deca who “has no place in an independent, objective peer review.” The agency informed Rice that it was removing her from the panel, and it expunged her comments from the official record, even removing them from the EPA Web site The Chemistry Council “seems to argue that scientific expertise with regard to a particular chemical and its human health effects is a basis for disqualification from a peer review board,” Dingell and Stupak wrote to EPA Administrator Stephen Johnson. “This does not seem sensible on its face.”
At the same time, the EPA has allowed at least nine scientists who have received funding from chemical makers or expressed similar opinions about particular chemical compounds to remain on review panels, Dingell and Stupak wrote. Among those scientists is Dale Sickles, who serves on a panel reviewing acrylamide. He received $93,000 from the manufacturer of the compound and $230,000 from its marketer. “I’ve been totally transparent throughout the process,” Sickles said Thursday. Four other scientists reached Thursday said that industry funding never influenced their research. Scientists invited to participate in review panels are asked to disclose any conflicts or perceived conflicts. EPA guidelines say that conflicts do not automatically disqualify an expert but that the agency should make sure the panel has a balance of viewpoints. Timothy Lyons, an EPA spokesman, said privacy issues prevent the agency from commenting on Rice or the scientists singled out by the congressional investigation. But the agency followed procedures in selecting panel members, he said. Rice, who has declined to comment, has become a cause celebre among Bush administration critics, who say her case is symbolic of undue industry influence in public health regulation under President Bush. “This is an administration that has put corporate interests before public health and safety, and ideological zealotry before sound science,” Dingell said. “This disturbing pattern extends to EPA’s peer review panels.”
Trial begins for eight British Muslims accused of multiple-plane bombing plot By Mary Jordan and Kevin Sullivan Washington Post
LONDON — Seven transatlantic flights, all leaving Heathrow Airport within 2 1/2 hours of one another, were to be simultaneously blown up in midair with the goal of killing on “an almost unprecedented scale,” jurors were told at the opening of the long-awaited trial of eight British Muslims.
The men intended to smuggle liquid explosives onto the planes, including United Airlines Flight 925 to Washington, prosecutor Peter Wright said in court. By his account, flights to New York, Chicago, San Francisco, Montreal and Toronto were also to be targeted. Hydrogen peroxide, dyed to resemble a sports drink and carried in plastic bottles, was allegedly to be combined with other ingredients in flight and triggered by the batteries of
everyday devices such as disposable cameras, Wright alleged. “These men ... were indifferent to the carnage that would ensue,” Wright said as he began to detail the government’s case against the men publicly for the first time since they were arrested in August 2006. The trial is the culmination of the largest anti-terrorism investigation in British history, a case that changed airport continued on page 9
Losses prep m. tennis for Ivy League continued from page 12 sweep as No. 3 doubles Charlie Posner ’11 and Chris Lee ’09 dropped their match, 8-6. It was a difficult singles lineup as three of the six players for the Cardinal were ranked in the top 100 in the country. At No. 4 singles, Kendrick Au ’11 fell 6-1, 6-2, followed by Kohli, who was defeated at No. 1 singles by No. 2 nationally ranked Alex Clayton. The fourth and clinching loss came at No. 2 singles, as Jon Pearlman ’11 fell to No. 56-ranked Matt Bruch, 6-2, 6-3. Nos. 5 and 6 singles showed a more competitive match, as Garland won the first set in tiebreaker but ultimately fell 6-7, 6-2, 1-0 (10-4). The lone win of the day came from Gardner, who won a long and intricately calculated win in a first set tiebreaker, 7-6, and dominated in the second set, 6-2. “The biggest thing was that I didn’t panic,” Gardner wrote in an e-mail. “I knew I was outside (of my game plan) and, eventually, some things were going to land in my favor. After playing so much, you know that you’ve got some sort of rhythm, and once that happens, your confidence grows and you’re hard to beat.” Gardner was difficult to beat with his newfound rhythm and confidence in the next match against No. 39 Boise State as he grabbed the lone Bruno point again at No. 5 singles with another comeback victory. He dropped the first set, 3-6, but grabbed the win by winning the next two sets, 6-4, 6-3. Once again, Garland put up a fight, taking his No. 4 singles match to three sets but falling short again, 3-6, 6-4, 6-3. The Broncos bucked the rest of the Bears one by one as Lee was defeated 6-4, 7-6 at No. 3 and Au endured another loss 6-3, 7-5 at No. 6. Top-ranked players were on the menu for Kohli and Pearlman once again, as No. 79-ranked Luke Shields defeated Kohli, 6-4, 6-4 at No. 1 singles, and No. 60 Clancy Shields overcame Pearlman, 6-3, 6-4, at No.
2 singles. The Bears once again lost at what they consider their “bread-andbutter” doubles play. Gardner and Garland fell, 8-4. They were followed by a new doubles pair that matched Lee and Pearlman, who met the same fate by dropping their match, 8-6. The surprise and excitement of the day came at No. 1 doubles, in which Kohli and Ratnam defeated the No. 13 doubles team in the country in a nail-biting match, winning in an 8-7 tiebreaker. “The boys had a great break doubles win,” Harris wrote in an e-mail. “I mean, they beat the No. 13 team in the country, and they almost beat the No. 8 team the very next day!” But the Bears luck and Harris’ apparent enthusiasm seemed to burn out in the California sun as they faced their third opponent of the break, No. 43 Denver. While the Bears finally pulled out the doubles point, they failed to get the sweep when Kohli and Ratnam didn’t have the steam to grab another upset, falling to No. 8-ranked Adam Holmstrom and Nik Persson in 9-8 tiebreaker. But Garland and Gardner found their footing at No. 2 doubles, grabbing the victory in tiebreaker, 9-8, and were followed by No. 3 pairing Posner and Lee, who won, 8-3. With the Bears back on their usual prowl after grabbing the first point of the match, Bruno’s singles play suffered the same fate it had in its previous matches. Kohli fell first at No. 1 singles, 6-2, 6-1, followed by Ratnam, 2-6, 7-6, 11-9, and Lee, 6-4, 6-4. Down 3-1 in the overall match score, Pearlman bounced back from his previous losses at No. 2 singles. In just his third match at No. 2 singles, the freshman seemed to settle into his strokes. “I was finally able to grab a win because I played smart on crucial points and relaxed,” Pearlman said. “I didn’t try to go for overly difficult shots, but rather, I waited for my opponent to tighten up and make the first error.” While Pearlman pounced on
his opponent, his sudden epiphany on how to grab a victory in highintensity matches didn’t cross over to his two teammates still on the court. Needing the two matches to ensure Bruno the win over the Hawks, Gardner fell at No. 5 singles, 6-4, 6-4, and was followed by No. 6 Au’s loss, 6-3, 7-6. Losing three matches on the road in a row is never an easy pill to swallow, but Harris wasn’t worried about his team’s preparation or morale. “Well, winning is always better than losing,” he said. “But this group understands that you have to take some tough losses like this to improve, and these tough matches only make us more ready to face our Ivy foes.” Struggling in a couple matches before the start of the Ivy League schedule is a position Bruno knows all too well. In 2006, the year they won their second straight Ivy League title, the Bears had just come off a six-match losing streak before the start of the Ivy season. “Losing three on the road all the way across the country makes traveling down to Princeton seem like nothing,” Gardner wrote. “Right now, we don’t feel sorry for ourselves. ... We just feel ready.” These Bears come out of hibernation as they gear up for their first Ivy League match at Princeton today. They will continue the road trip on Saturday when they will take on Penn. But with their recent matches on the road, the No. 73 Bears are ready and eager for the Ivy season to finally begin. “It’s been funny with our team because different people keep stepping up, and we’ve put it all together only a few times, but that’s perfect,” Gardner wrote. “That means no one is relying on one guy to grab a point, which means everybody will go out and work their butt off to get a win because we need every single one. When we have that knowledge that we can do anything but will have to work for it, that’s when we’re ready, and that time is now.”
Senior gymnast vaults Equestrian off to medical school walks, trots continued from page 12 I only looked at schools that had gymnastics teams. And that narrowed it down because there aren’t that many programs at good liberal arts schools. By the time I got into Brown I knew I wanted to go here. My sister actually went to Brown. She was a senior when I was a freshman. So I was familiar with the school but I was hesitant to pick it because of that as well. Did you always know you wanted to go to medical school? Yeah, I did, actually. I was the little five-year-old that was like, “I’m going to be a neurosurgeon when I grow up.” Do you ever regret doing so many dif ferent things at Brown? I feel like for the most part, no. I mean, there are definitely times
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where it’s stressful. ... I probably give up more sleep than I should. I guess what’s important to me is that I enjoy everything I do, and as long as you enjoy everything you do, it definitely makes it easier and makes it worth it.
What has been your favorite year at Brown? Why? That’s a tough one. I don’t know if I can pick one; they’re all so different, which is something I didn’t really expect. Each year really has been different. Are you sad about finishing your athletic career? It’s definitely bittersweet. I don’t think it’s fully hit me yet — we just finished this past Saturday. Gym is a funny sport, my body is ... ready to be done. But it’s definitely been something that’s been a big part of my life for so long. I’m definitely going to miss it and it’s going to be weird. ... It’ll be nice to have free time and enjoy senior spring.
continued from page 12 petition next Saturday, when they will compete at the Zone One Championship at the Mount Holyoke College Equestrian Center in South Hadley, Mass. The show will include the other three regional champions in Zone One, and the teams that finish in the top two will move on to compete at the Intercollegiate Horse Show Association’s National Championship Show in Los Angeles in May. Griffith said she was optimistic for the Zone One Championships. “I think the last few competitions have really helped me pinpoint what I need to focus on, and hopefully I will be able to come through for the team,” she said.
Good news: It’s Friday.
How many times did you skip class last week ? Didn't attend class 0.2% 5+ times 3.4% Didn't know / No answer 4 times 2.3% 0.3%
2-3 times 18.8%
Poll of 643 Brown students conducted between March 10 and March 12. There is a ± 3.6% margin of error.
Students skipping class may be short on sleep continued from page 1 they don’t get as much individual attention, and are thus more likely to skip. In addition to two sections of ENGN 0900, Hazeltine teaches a 25-student seminar. He said a smaller percentage of students skip the seminar than ENGN 0900 because they “feel they’ll be missed.” But class size isn’t the only thing that contributes to class skipping, Hazeltine said. It may also have “something to do with laziness.” “Sometimes it’s more fun to watch the tube,” he joked. Kieran Fitzgerald ’10 said he will cut class if he does not feel well. “I don’t regularly (skip), but if I’m sick or tired or something (I do).” Going to class but catching a nap might be tempting, but the responsibility for being awake in class belongs entirely to students, said sleep expert Mary Carskadon, professor of psychiatry and human behavior at Alpert Medical School. “College students should be better (able) to manage things than high school students,” Carskadon said. College students “have lots of control over their life and schedule.” “This is nothing new,” she added. “When I was in college, I actually dropped a class because I couldn’t get up for it.” Carskadon said it made sense to drop her 8 a.m. art histor y course because even when she did wake up for it, she fell asleep when lights were turned off to view slides. “It’s possible that some students skip class because they can’t wake up in the morning or they take a nap or they find themselves falling asleep in class,” Carskadon said. “I’m not convinced it’s not a smart thing to do to skip a class if you’re going to fall asleep
anyway.” In addition, Hazeltine speculated that students sometimes cut class because professors’ presentations are not geared towards their various learning styles. Students “feel they can learn the material in another way more effectively, which is certainly not a bad argument,” he said. He suggested splitting up courses into several sections of the same class, each of which would be taught in a different manner to accommodate various learning styles. Another reason for skipping is “plain immaturity,” he said. “Somehow, they think they’re beating the system by not coming to class.” Students’ schedules also are a factor for skipping, he said. “Some people are too busy doing other things,” such as theater rehearsals during the weeks before a performance, he said. Hazeltine agreed the statistics were not surprising, but he did find them upsetting. “If you’re paying, you want to get your money’s worth,” he said. “It is troublesome. At Brown, there are so few requirements. Why sign up for a class they’re not going to come to?” Carskadon also said skipping detracts from a student’s education experience. “It’s sad for students to miss a lot of class or drag themselves to class and miss that dialogue with their professors,” she said. “I wish a good night sleep to students and wish they could help themselves in this regard.” The Herald poll was conducted from March 10 to 12 and has a 3.6 percent margin of error with 95 percent confidence. A total of 643 Brown undergraduates completed the poll, which was administered as a written questionnaire to students in the University Post Office at Faunce House and in the Sciences Library.
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Kristof says Darfur conflict may get worse Trial begins for eight would-be suicide bombers continued from page 1
edged the injustice in weighing one human atrocity against another, noting that far more people die from diseases like AIDS and malaria each year than all those killed in Darfur. Still, Kristof argued, the quantity of lives lost should not be the bottom line. “At the end of the day, we have a moral compass, and it is moved in part by the degree of suffering, but it is also moved in part by the degree of evil,” he said. Kristof said that in all his years of reporting, he has never confronted an issue so affecting as the situation in Sudan. Kristof received his first Pulitzer in 1990, for his coverage of the Tiananmen Square protests, and his second in 2006, for his commentar y on the atrocities in Darfur. Recalling his first visit to the region, Kristof described how Arab janjaweed militias hired by the Sudanese government would loiter around wells — few and far between across the scorched Darfur countryside — waiting to attack black African villagers. The fear in eyes of parents forced to send their children to collect water was an image Kristof could not forget, and one that obliged him to use his column to write about the unbelievable horrors that plagued Darfur. “In rural Darfur, you don’t see living humans except for the janjaweed and some of the Arab tribes that contribute to them,” Kristof said. “You drive for mile after mile after mile and it’s just burnt-out villages.” In a quivering voice, Kristof — who during his speech showed photographs of victims he met in Darfur — recounted the first time he saw a man whose eyes had been gouged out, a sight he came to see many more times because of its success, as with rape, in terrorizing victims and their tribes. Rape, he said, is a particularly crippling weapon because of the stigma it carries in Sudanese culture. Testimony to the crimes is dangerous and can lead to accusations and criminal charges of fornication, Kristof said. Kristof’s talk was a part of the Human Rights Film Festival and followed a screening of the documentar y film “The Devil Came on Horseback.” The film illustrates the conflict in Darfur through the lens of American militar y obser ver Brian Steidle, who was embedded with African Union peacekeeping troops in the region. His stories and photographs of the atrocities there ignited a controversial dialogue about genocide in Darfur when they were featured in several of Kristof’s columns in 2005. Kristof discussed his apprehension about engaging in “genocide porn” — relying on gut-wrenching imagery to oblige a stronger, swifter response to the Darfur issue. “But that’s what Darfur looks like,” Kristof said. “That’s what is going on. And I think the only way we are able to build a response in this country and in other countries is to remind people exactly what it looks like.” In light of a historical standard of unresponsiveness to incidents of genocide, Kristof acknowledged that the global response to Darfur has been “OK.” He cited the relatively swift identification of the conflict as bona fide genocide and a commendable medical aid response as having saved hundreds
continued from page 7 security around the world. Amid exceptional security at Woolwich Crown Court in east London — including bomb-sniffing dogs and checks of individual roof tiles — the eight men were ushered into a wood-paneled courtroom and seated behind thick glass. More than a dozen uniformed police officers stood guard behind them. The men, who range in age from 23 to 29, are almost all of Pakistani heritage. Most wore suits and ties and listened impassively as the prosecution began outlining the case against them. They have denied
Meara Sharma / Herald
Nicholas Kristof, a Pulitzer Prize-winning columnist for the New York Times, spoke last night on the horrors he has witnessed in Darfur. of thousands of lives. But medical aid alone, Kristof noted, “feels incredibly inadequate.” He recalled victims of the genocide telling aid workers there was nothing they could give them, and that they simply wanted to die. Kristof identified two possible trajectories for the situation in Darfur. One would involve a coordinated diplomatic effort to leverage the Sudanese government in the capital city of Khartoum to a peace agreement, a possibility with reasonable chances of success. The bleaker possible future for Darfur, Kristof said, is the intensification of chaos and violence in Sudan that would threaten to rekindle a greater North-South civil war, as well as conflicts in Sudan’s neighboring countries. “That, I’m afraid, is the path we’re on right now,” Kristof said. “If that happens, then Darfur is going to be remembered as a modest prologue to a much, much bloodier conflict.” Janjaweed militiamen have already invaded Chad under the auspices of the Sudanese interior ministr y, Kristof said. There they have burned villages and camps, further stressing an already tense relationship between Sudanese refugees and their impoverished, reluctant Chadian hosts. Kristof explained that the power of personal stories keeps him committed to passing on testimony of the atrocities in Darfur. Testimony, he said, is the only way victims can fight back against genocide. Amid stories of the worst of mankind, Kristof said he also finds inspiration in the greatest examples of moral courage. Kristof commended the response of student activists across the countr y to Darfur, and reassured them that their efforts to pressure lawmakers toward action are effective. “There are a lot of things going on in Darfur that really make me question humanity, but that response does reassure me to some degree,” Kristof said. Film festival organizer Carly Edelstein ’08 said that Kristof was a clear choice for a speaker because his long career covering human rights issues enables him to put the Darfur issue in context. “We wanted to do something big
and bold,” Edelstein said of inviting Kristof. She said that the event’s organizers had hoped to bring him to last year’s festival, but he was too expensive. This year, widespread sponsorship from campus groups and outside organizations made his visit possible, she said.
the charges. Wright said the men had “the cold-eyed certainty” of fanatics and intended to kill “in the name of Islam.” They were aiming, he said, for a “deadly statement of intent that would have truly global impact.” British authorities allege that the arrests of the defendants on Aug. 9, 2006, foiled the most ambitious terrorist plot since the Sept. 11 attacks five years earlier. The initial security scare paralyzed international air travel for days, cost airlines hundreds of millions of dollars and led to permanent restrictions on passengers carrying liquids or gels onto commercial flights.
E ditorial & L etters Page 10
Friday, April 4, 2008
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
S t a ff E d i t o r i a l
Diamonds and coal Coal to the high school senior who “could not figure out the Brown Web site” while tr ying to find her admissions decision. This is why we’re No. 14. A cubic zirconium to movie director Todd Haynes ’85. We didn’t really know what you meant when you said you were as “queer as two cents,” but then again, we didn’t really get “I’m Not There,” either. Coal to Mayor David Cicilline ’83 for fibbing. We appreciate that you’re reaching out to college students in your new Facebook profile, but with “going to the gym” and “riding my Harley” as your interests, we think you’re tr ying to attract more than just prospective voters. A diamond to the UCS officer who quietly began an online election for the University’s budget committee while the rest of the student government was still debating the matter. Instead of helping select the budget committee, you should help write the budget. We’d have that new dorm in no time. Coal to Lauren Vitkus ’09, the women’s lacrosse player who was named Ivy League Offensive Player of the Week, after five goals, one assist and 37 yo momma jokes. A congratulator y diamond to Edward Wing, the new dean of medicine and biological sciences, and a former Chief of Infectious Diseases. We hope you take the division to new heights. We hear your approval ratings are soaring. We anticipate you piloting new initiatives.
D a N I E L L AW L O R
Cubic zirconium to TPAC — the Tenure, Promotions and Appointments Committee — for the regularly scheduled review of associate professors’ promotions and for releasing a slew of posthumous hip-hop albums.
Neither a diamond nor a coal to UCS, according to our poll results.
BIAP editorial forgets a key expense
A diamond to former Sen. Lincoln Chafee’s ’75 new book detailing his years in Washington, “Against the Tide: How a Compliant Congress Empowered a Reckless President.” We can’t wait for the sequel, on your experience at the Watson Institute: “Outlook Express Sure Is Confusing.”
To the Editor:
A farewell diamond to Gail, naturally given while tr ying to balance three takeout boxes, forks and knives, a plastic cup and our Brown ID.
T he B rown D aily H erald Editors-in-Chief Simmi Aujla Ross Frazier editorial Arts & Culture Editor Robin Steele Andrea Savdie Asst. Arts & Culture Editor Debbie Lehmann Higher Ed Editor Chaz Firestone Features Editor Olivia Hoffman Asst. Features Editor Rachel Arndt Metro Editor Scott Lowenstein Metro Editor Michael Bechek News Editor Isabel Gottlieb News Editor Franklin Kanin News Editor Michael Skocpol News Editor Karla Bertrand Opinions Editor James Shapiro Opinions Editor Whitney Clark Sports Editor Amy Ehrhart Sports Editor Jason Harris Sports Editor Benjy Asher Asst. Sports Editor Andrew Braca Asst. Sports Editor Megan McCahill Asst. Sports Editor
Senior Editors Taylor Barnes Chris Gang Stu Woo Business Darren Ball General Manager Mandeep Gill General Manager Susan Dansereau Office Manager Alex Hughes Sales Manager Lily Tran Sales Manager Emilie Aries Public Relations Director Jon Spector Accounting Director Claire Kiely National Account Manager Ellen DaSilva University Account Manager Darren Kong Recruiter Account Manager Katelyn Koh Credit Manager Ingrid Pangandoyon Technology Director photo Rahul Keerthi Meara Sharma Min Wu Ashley Hess
Photo Editor Asst. Photo Editor Asst. Photo Editor Sports Photo Editor
post- magazine production Steve DeLucia Production & Design Editor Chaz Kelsh Asst. Design Editor Catherine Cullen Copy Desk Chief Adam Robbins Graphics Editor
Matt Hill Rajiv Jayadevan Sonia Kim Allison Zimmer Colleen Brogan Arthur Matuszewski Kimberly Stickels
Managing Editor Managing Editor Features Editor Features Editor Associate Editor Associate Editor Associate Editor
Steve DeLucia, Andrea Krukowski, Designers Katie Delaney, Jake Frank, Seth Motel, Elena Weissman, Copy Editors Isabel Gottlieb, Max Mankin, Brian Mastroianni, Andrea Savdie, Night Editors Senior Staff Writers Sam Byker, Nandini Jayakrishna, Chaz Kelsh, Sophia Li, Emmy Liss, Max Mankin, Brian Mastroianni, George Miller, Alex Roehrkasse, Caroline Sedano, Jenna Stark, Joanna Wohlmuth, Simon van Zuylen-Wood Staff Writers Stefanie Angstadt, Marisa Calleja, Noura Choudhury, Joy Chua, Ben Hyman, Sophia Lambertsen, Cameron Lee, Ben Leubsdorf, Christian Martell, Anna Millman, Seth Motel, Evan Pelz, Leslie Primack, Marielle Segarra, Melissa Shube, Catherine Straut, Gaurie Tilak, Matthew Varley, Meha Verghese, Allison Wentz Sports Staff Writers Peter Cipparone, Han Cui, Meagan Garza, Lara Southern, Nicole Stock, Katie Wood Business Staff Stephanie Cheung, Veronica Yu, Jay Guan, Jennifer Chang, Jamie Phinney, Anna Reisetter, Kartika Chourdhury, Serena Ho, Akshay Rathod, Galen Cho, Maryrose Mesa, Van Le, Maura Lynch, Grant LeBeau, Jacqueline Goldman, Dana Feuchtbaum, Geraldo Guanaes, Lauren Presant, Lindsay Walls, Lucy Wang, Ruyi Jiang, Saul Lustgarten, Diego Gomez, Laura Sammartino, Ava Amini, Charley Chen, Lee Chau, Rory Stanton, Oliver Bowers, Katherine Richards, Alison Greenberg, Lilia Royanova Design Staff Jessica Calihan, Serena Ho, Rachel Isaacs, Andrea Krukowski, Joe Larios, Joanna Lee, Alex Unger, Aditya Voleti Photo Staff Oona Curley, Alex DePaoli, Erik Maser, Kim Perley, Quinn Savit Copy Editors Ria Ali, Paula Armstrong, Kim Arredondo, Ayelet Brinn, Aubrey Cann, Rafael Chaiken, Stephanie Craton, Erin Cummings, Katie Delaney, Julianne Fenn, Jake Frank, Anne Fuller, Josh Garcia, Jennifer Grayson, Rachel Isaacs, Joyce Ji, Jenn Kim, Tarah Knaresboro, Ted Lamm, Alex Mazerov, Seth Motel, Lisa Qing, Alex Rosenberg, Madeleine Rosenberg, Elena Weissman, Jason Yum
Putting Manolo Blahniks and the D.C. party life aside, one fundamental expense that some students will incur for their unpaid summer internships will instantly exceed the $2,500-$2,650 awarded by BIAP/ AIP. The Herald’s March 19 editorial (“BIAP blues”) confronted the glaring deficiencies in the University’s summer internship awards program; however, The Herald failed to mention those students whose work will take them overseas. Neither the BIAP/AIPs nor the limited number of awards explicitly designated for international opportunities reflect the increasingly expensive cost of entry into this work: the plane ticket. Booking my summer travel, I was alarmed to discover that the $1,979 Boston to Kigali, Rwanda, airfare I had quoted in a fellowship application has jumped to $2,598 ($3,768 for my original dates!) in just six weeks’ time. Holding the University to its recent internationalization commitments requires advocating for increased
financial support for students pursuing summer work outside of the country. I echo The Herald’s suggestion that the University appeal to alumni in building this support and would add that, in this instance, frequent flyer miles could be donated as well. Whereas some current awards are earmarked for specific regions or disciplines, new funding opportunities should support a broader range of international, interdisciplinary work. Stated on the Office of the Provost Web site, the “underlying purpose” of Brown’s internationalization efforts is “to ensure that our students are adequately prepared for lives and careers in an increasingly globalized world.” Nothing could better achieve this end than giving a significant number of Brown students access to the international work experiences that will broaden and deepen their understanding of this “globalized” world. Emma Clippinger ’09 March 31
Construction noise preventing precious sleep To the Editor: Regarding the article about construction projects around campus interfering with students’ sleep schedules (“Construction noise creates early birds,” March 17): Living on the second floor of Minden (a building which itself makes a number of strange noises), with a window overlooking one of these construction projects, I have firsthand experience on how disruptive this construction can be. Despite the administrations assurance that they try to schedule louder tasks for later in the day, I am consistently woken up at 8 a.m. by the construction next door. The two days a week I have 9
a.m. class this is not a huge deal, but on the three days my first class is at 11 a.m. it is. Having dealt with this for the entire year, it is discouraging to discover that there are numerous other students that have to deal with this problem. Any sleep that college students can get is precious, and to lose it when it would be an easy problem for the administration to fix is very frustrating. I would hope that the importance of the mental health and happiness of current students is not lost as “Boldly Brown” looks to the future. Jon Zucker ’09 April 1
o r r e c t i o n
An article in Wednesday’s Herald (“Puerto Rican activist: Now is ‘no time for separation,’” April 2) incorrectly referred to Latino History Month as Latin American History Month. C O R R E C T I O N S P olicy The Brown Daily Herald is committed to providing the Brown University community with the most accurate information possible. Corrections may be submitted up to seven calendar days after publication. C ommentary P O L I C Y The staff editorial is the majority opinion of the editorial board of The Brown Daily Herald. The editorial viewpoint does not necessarily reflect the views of The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. Columns, letters and comics reflect the opinions of their authors only. L etters to the E ditor P olicy Send letters to email@example.com. Include a telephone number with all letters. The Herald reserves the right to edit all letters for length and cannot assure the publication of any letter. Please limit letters to 250 words. Under special circumstances writers may request anonymity, but no letter will be printed if the author’s identity is unknown to the editors. Announcements of events will not be printed. advertising P olicy The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. reserves the right to accept or decline any advertisement at its discretion.
O pinions Friday, April 4, 2008
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
Thin envelope blues BY SARAH ROSENTHAL Opinions Columnist Ah, it’s that time of year again. Birds are singing, flowers are sprouting, young men’s fancies are turning to thoughts of love and anxious high school seniors are stalking their mailmen. Yes, it’s college admissions season, and Brown will soon play host to hundreds of potential members of the class of 2012. But getting to College Hill is too often a stressful, even harrowing, experience. Does it have to be that way? The bad news is that the numbers say yes. That’s what happens when a greater number of students apply to a greater number of schools. Admissions officers love the recent spike in applications, as well they should. It’s great to have the smartest, most diverse and, let’s face it, most virtuous group of accepted students possible. After all, the amount of community service and good deeds you have to do before age 18 to get in to college would make Mother Teresa blush for shame. Unfortunately, though they can’t control demographic trends, admissions departments have an incentive to exacerbate the situation by “aggressively” recruiting students who have no hope of admittance in order to reduce their school’s acceptance rate. The good news is that the worst will soon be over. The college class of 2013, with its 3.2 million seniors, is projected to be the largest for a good long while, so things should die down after next year. But for students applying to highly competitive schools, the stress
is unlikely to diminish, because besides the obvious and actual pressures of vying with thousands of smart, well-qualified peers for a limited number of spots, there’s the gleeful stoking of the situation by the press. When I was a high school senior, it felt like every time I picked up a paper, there was some article about how students who had not spent their summers caring for lepers or teaching Bangladeshi infants how to use microfinancing had no chance of college or happiness. In fact, the New York Times Web site has an entire section on college admissions, with hundreds of articles on everything from the
observe other people’s problems when they aren’t really problems. Though getting in to an Ivy League school can seem a sick, insane, gut-wrenching drama, it’s hardly genocide in Sudan (although many major news outlets give the former more attention). Students who are serious contenders for Brown and its peer institutions are going to land on their feet and get in to a good college, even if it wasn’t their first choice. So why the craziness? The college admissions frenzy is both a symptom of and a contributor to our increasingly competitive society. Take the SAT. Like any test, it is not
Why the craziness? The college admissions frenzy is both a symptom of and a contributor to our increasingly competitive society. advantages of fencing to the importance of thank-you notes to the decreasing certainty of Exeter students’ prospects — not exactly earthshaking stuff. There is definitely a market for it; education articles are consistently among the most e-mailed on its Web site. But people follow admissions news for the same reasons they watch Gossip Girl; it’s fun to
perfect; some believe that it is deeply and irredeemably flawed. But for many high school juniors, it’s considered the be-all and end-all, the sole determinant of one’s worth in life, and sadly, that view sort of makes sense. After all, when someone is sifting through 20,000 or more applications, the temptation to reduce a person to a number — whether math, verbal
or GPA — can be overwhelming. Nor is the damage limited to incoming college students. An increased reliance on standardized testing means that even first graders are thinking in multiple choice, at the expense of developing creativity, critical thinking skills and alternative styles of learning. In an analogous situation, job applicants fear that employers won’t even consider them unless they have certain institutions’ names listed under “Education” on their CVs. Well, that’s both the root and the end product of all this stress, and no one really ends up happy. Can the university do anything about it? Should we wait until the enormous wave of applicants has crashed and hope it doesn’t happen again? Should we start putting our ugliest buildings on Brown promotional materials in hopes of scaring people away? It’s naïve even to suggest it, but what we all need to do is take a deep breath and chill out. Seniors should stop padding their resumes to keep up with the mythical superstudents that the papers should stop writing articles about. Parents should stop wringing their hands about the enormous applicant pools admissions officers should stop relentlessly trying to increase. Every single fall, in schools across the nation, university presidents tell the freshman class that they are the best class ever admitted — the smartest, the most diverse, the most virtuous. That was true even before the craziness set in, and it will be true after it’s gone.
Sarah Rosenthal ‘11 was never actually admitted to Brown — she just hangs out here
The end of Never-never Land MAHA ATAL Opinions Columnist
There’s a protest underway at the University of Iowa. Outraged graduate students have launched an e-mail petition to thwart a new library policy they believe violates their rights. Meanwhile, they’re refusing to sign up for the new system and tampering with copies of the library license to replace it with a policy they prefer. On the surface, these are the typical contours of student revolt: Since the 1960s, students have used the boycott and the petition to resist administrative bureaucracies that ignore their interests. What makes the Iowa case unique is that the new library policy is one the same students might have supported five or ten years ago when they were college freshmen. The University of Iowa has decided to digitize its librar y, joining GoogleBooks and Project Gutenberg in the quest for a universal, searchable, linkable archive of written texts. Iowa students — members of a generation prone to using Wikipedia over dusty manuscripts for research anyway — should be thrilled. Instead the graduate students are furious. About to submit theses and dissertations, they’re no longer concerned with having easy access to the research of others; now they are worried about publishing their own work. Because Iowa, like many academic institutions (including Brown), catalogs student theses in its library, the graduate disserta-
tions would be subject to the University’s new digitization process. Finding themselves on the producer side of the intellectual property issue, Iowa’s students are looking for stricter copyright laws. They are replacing the “Open Access” clause on the university’s library license with the phrase “All Rights Reserved.” Does this mean the generation that cham-
graduate and trying to make a buck, exclusivity looks appealing. Or, consider gossip site JuicyCampus. Like IvyGate and Gawker, JuicyCampus is a Web site where students can post their (and others’) sexual antics and incriminating photographs. And although the Web site’s official rules forbid contributors from submitting libelous or obscene content, JuicyCampus is
For the first time, the Facebook generation is no longer America’s student generation. Does that mean the end of our student ideals? Is selling out simply part of growing up? pioned Napster is changing its mind about open source ideals the moment it’s us — and not big corporations — who stand to gain financially from exclusivity? Take the case of two groups at Harvard and Yale responsible for online versions of the board game, Risk, with maps of college campuses. Hugo van Vuuren of “Kirkland North” and Brad Hargreaves of “GoCrossCampus” each claim they had the “original” idea, yet both groups appropriated as much from Hasbro’s Risk game as either did from each other. But now that they’re about to
unconcerned with enforcement. The New Jersey Consumer Affairs office is investigating JuicyCampus for fraud, arguing that the antilibel rules mislead students into thinking they are safe. But lawyers will have a hard time stopping JuicyCampus, since students need not be contributors (those legally covered by the Web site’s rulebook) to be slandered on its pages. Notably, many of the complaints have come in from juniors and seniors about to enter the job market who have told reporters at the New York Times and the Chronicle of
Higher Education that they’re worried about what potential employers might think of their JuicyCampus pasts. Yet these same students likely tagged drunken photos of themselves on Facebook as freshmen and sophomores. And while Facebook used to be a walled community that corporate headhunters couldn’t access, that wall broke down last year. Since then, I’ve seen more and more of my peers restrict their profiles and seek to reclaim the privacy and exclusivity we rejected as teens. That these incidents are all happening at once, just as I’m about to graduate from Brown, has me thinking there’s a bit of generational change taking place. The first batch of students to have Facebook throughout college is graduating: For the first time, the Facebook generation is no longer America’s student generation. Does that mean the end of our student ideals? Is selling out simply part of growing up? Some older observers — our parents — can perhaps enjoy a knowing chuckle over all this. Their generation — hippie students who graduated college in the 1970s — decided to stop “sticking it to the man” when they needed the man to employ them. They became America’s middle-class establishment, the suburban uber-parents David Brooks derides as bourgeois-bohemians. Watching our generation reclaim privacy and exclusivity in the effort to make our public selves employable, I wonder if we’re following their pattern. Indeed, the only thing scarier than the slander on JuicyCampus is the thought that I’m turning into my mother.
Maha Atal ’08 believes history repeats itself
S ports W eekend Page 12
Friday, April 4, 2008
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
o r t s
r i e f
Ranked teams swat men’s tennis in Calif.
Throwers excel at the Husky Invitational As the rest of the Brown students traveled to their respective spring break destinations, the Brown track and field team were warming up for the Husky Invitational in Boston. Only a few members — all throwers — of both the men’s and women’s teams competed March 22. The throwers for the women’s track team emerged victoriously in three of the four events. Danielle Grunloh ’10 excelled, winning both the shot put with a 46-01.50 foot throw and the discus, with a throw of 150-09 feet. Both events saw some freshmen perform well, as Natasha Smith’11 earned a fifth-place finish in the shot put with a throw of 35-95.25 feet, and Brynn Smith ’11 finished in seventh place in the discuss with her throw of 102-11 feet. Molly Hawksley ’09, who missed the end of the indoor season because of a broken wrist, appeared to be fully recovered as she brought home the women’s team’s third first-place finish, winning the hammer throw with a distance of 157-02 feet. The freshmen subsequently earned second-place positions. Natasha Smith ’11 had a 131-02 foot heave in the javelin and Smith had a 147-07 foot toss in the hammer throw. The three members of the men’s team who traveled to Northeastern on Saturday all competed in the discus throw, with Bryan Powlen ’10 spurring on the team with his winning throw of 162-09 feet. He was followed by teammates David Howard ’09, who threw a solid 156-02 feet, and then by Eric Wood ’09, who emerged in eighth place with a throw of 139-08 feet. Powlen continued his success by throwing 48-07.25 feet in the discus, earning him second place in the event. Wood competed in two more events, including the shot put, in which he came third with his 47-05.00 foot throw, and the hammer throw, in which he also took third place with a toss of 178-09 feet. The Bears will split its squad this weekend to compete at the Stanford Invitational at Palo Alto, Calif., and the UConn Invitational at Storrs, Conn. — Lara Southern
By Meagan Garza Sports Staff Writer
Ashley Hess / Herald File Photo
Basu Ratnam ’09 played a strong doubles game on the tennis team’s West Coast trip. He and partner Saurabh Kohli ’08 knocked off the No. 13 doubles pair in the nation, 8-7, and then almost pulled off an upset against the No. 8 pair, losing 9-8.
Gymnast Goldstein sets some high bars
Alum, coach invited to compete in events By Megan McCahill Assistant Spor ts Editor
Hannah Goldstein ’08 just finished her career in gymnastics this past Saturday, as the Bears took eighth place at the ECAC Championships at William and Mary, but she’s already ready to move on to the next big thing.
ATHLETE OF THE WEEK
Herald: When did you start doing gymnastics? Goldstein: I started taking classes when I was five, and I’ve been competing since I was nine.
continued on page 8
In the Zone: Two equestrian riders qualify after top results
By Whitney Clark Spor ts Editor
In addition to outstanding athletic accomplishments — as cocaptain, she earned career-high scores on the bars (9.625) and the floor exercise (9.275) this season — Goldstein was recently accepted to Columbia’s medical school, where she plans to study to become a pediatric neurosurgeon. But the list of accomplishments doesn’t stop there. Goldstein was recently named ECAC Scholar Athlete of the Year for the second time in her career. She holds a 4.0 GPA as a pre-med neuroscience concentrator and serves as both a Meiklejohn adviser and a writing fellow. There isn’t much she doesn’t do. But she likes it that way and that is why she has been named this week’s Herald Athlete of the Week.
After the Bears closed the Blue Gray Invitational with a win over No. 48 Fresno State in Alabama two weeks ago, Bruno cut back into the national rankings, entering at No. 75. The Bears then hit the road, taking their newly ranked status to sunny California, where three top 50 teams rained on the Bears’ parade. Brown lost 6-1 to both No. 30 Stanford and No. 39 Boise State and fell to No. 43 Denver, 5-2. “It is the best way to get ready for the Ivy season,” said Head Coach Jay Harris about scheduling three difficult opponents during spring break. “We compete against some of the top teams in the country and that allows us to raise our games to their level. That enhanced level allows us to feel comfortable in Ivy League play, no matter how tight a match gets.” The Bears didn’t experience any tight matches against Stanford, quickly dropping all three doubles matches. Basu Ratnam ’09, paired with co-captain Saurabh Kohli ’08, and Sam Garland ’09, paired with co-captain Noah Gardner ’09, fell 8-3 at Nos. 1 and 2 doubles, respectively. The Cardinal finished the doubles
Ashley Hess / Herald File Photo
Hannah Goldstein ’08 earned her second ECAC Scholar Athlete of the Year award.
Did you ever play any other sports? When I was younger, I did swimming one day a week and ballet and a whole mess of other things, but I gave up all of those once gymnastics got more intense. Was there anything you wish you could have done? I definitely wouldn’t give up my experience with gymnastics for anything at this point but I definitely gave up a lot of things for it. ... There’s no one sport I can pick
out and say, “I wish I could have done that instead of gymnastics,” but if I had to do a different sport as a kid, I would have picked a more team-focused sport. Before college, gymnastics is primarily an individual sport. One of the things I love most about college gymnastics is that it becomes a team sport. How did you choose Brown? Did you look at other schools? continued on page 8
While many students were traveling back to Brown from spring break trips, members of the equestrian team left College Hill to compete at the Region One Championships on Saturday at the Mystic Valley Hunt Club in Gales Ferr y, Conn. The competition was an individual event that riders qualified for based on their performances during the regular season. No team score was kept, and the top two riders in each class qualified to compete in the Zone One Championship as individuals. Whitney Keefe ’08 and Stephanie Carmack ’08 were the only Brown riders who qualified for Zones as individuals, with Keefe taking second in Open Flat and Carmack pinning second in Walk Trot. A few other Brown riders narrowly missed qualifying for Zones, most notably Elizabeth Giliberti ’10, who took third in Intermediate Fences, and Rachel Grif fith ’10, who pinned fourth in Novice Fences. “I’ve been training and riding with my teammates all year, so I really wanted to see them rewarded for all the work they’ve put in,” Grif fith wrote in an e-mail. “As far as my own placing, I would have liked to have qualified, but I made a bit of an error at one of the jumps, and I think the result was fair.” Bruno also had a number of eighth-place finishes, including Emma Bogdonof f ’10 in Novice
Fences, Amy Cameron ’08 in Novice Flat and Kristen Beck ’08 in Walk Trot Canter. Keefe and McCall Lewis ’08 also added a pair of fifth-place finishes for the Bears, in Open Fences and Walk Trot, respectively. “It was a good course and the horses selected were generally their better ones. Showing as an individual can be fun because you are the one putting the pressure on yourself,” Giliber ti wrote in an e-mail. “I thought it was about the same (amount of pressure) as regular shows because though you are technically (competing as) an individual. ... You are still riding for the team.” Brown also got a boost on the day from former team member Amanda Forte ’02, who qualified for Zones by taking second in Alumnae Flat. In addition to featuring Alumnae classes, the competition also included a Coaches’ Class. In an ef for t to raise money for charity, the entr y fee for riders in the Coaches Class was donated to charity. Brown Head Coach Michaela Scanlon took fourth in the coaches’ competition. “I thought (Coach Scanlon) was great,” Giliberti said. “This is the first time I’d seen this class run and it was really amusing to watch all the coaches tr ying to show off and win the class.” Griffith had a similarly positive review of Scanlon’s performance. “It was fun to watch her do what we do and to jokingly coach her from the sidelines when she rode past,” she said. The Bears return to team comcontinued on page 8