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The Brown Daily Herald M onday, M arch 31, 2008

Volume CXLIII, No. 41

Since 1866, Daily Since 1891

Wing to replace Adashi as new BioMed dean U. finishes search in two months By George Miller Senior Staff Writer

Herald File Photo

Tour groups told that the Rockefeller Foundation insisted students stop calling the library “the John” may be getting a tall tale.

Tours serve up fact with a side of fiction By Catherine Cullen Contributing Writer

Lise Rahdert ’10 stood comfortably on the steps of Manning Hall in front of a large group of prospective freshmen and their parents, ready to give them their introduction to the University. She is as well-informed as any of her fellow tour guides, having memorized the popular histories retold in the information packets provided by the Bruin Club, and she has added her own personal touch and distinction to share with

her attentive group. But though she follows the proscribed stories faithfully, Rahdert may unwittingly mislead her tour groups. Many Brunonian legends have evolved over the years into overembellished tall tales, to the point

FEATURE where taking a campus tour is like hearing the tail end of a game of telephone. You get the message, but the details are a bit off. Rahdert began her tour by walking through the quiet green

Tonight at 5 p.m., angsty applicants log on — and on By Sophia Li Senior Staf f Writer

When asked on Sunday night how she felt about receiving her admissions decision from Brown, Cassie Taylor, a senior at Brighton High School in Rochester, N.Y., laughed and said, “It’s what, 22 hours to go?” But at 5 p.m. this evening, when Brown and the rest of the Ivy League releases decisions online, Taylor will be at crew practice. Unlike Taylor, Nathaniel Marshall, a senior at Whitney M. Young Magnet High School in Chicago, plans to be at his computer at 5 p.m. to find out if he’s been accepted to Brown. “I’ll probably just get home from school early, set my alarm clock for 5 p.m., and just take a nap until then,” Marshall said. Marshall, who also applied to the University of Wisconsin, Morehouse College, and Har vard, Yale, Vanderbilt and New York universities, is one of about 20,000 students waiting to hear from Brown. Marshall said he was anxious to know whether or not he had been accepted. The length of the college application process contributed to



his anxiety, he said. “It’s been forever since I did the applications and even longer since I began the process,” said Marshall, who said he star ted thinking about college applications after his freshman year and began visiting schools the summer after his sophomore year. “Tomorrow, I’m getting the last round of all my decisions,” said Marshall, who has been rejected from NYU and accepted to Vanderbilt, Morehouse and Wisconsin so far. “For me, it’s the end of something and the beginning of something as well,” he said. Catherine Cheng, a senior at Cheshire High School in Cheshire, Conn., agreed that receiving the decisions marks a “milestone” in her life. Cheng said she was anxious but excited. “Close to the actual time, I’m not going to be able to relax or sleep or anything,” she said. Cheng, who applied early to Yale and was deferred, said Brown remained one of her top five choices. “I think it was definitely the quirkiest place when I went to

industry to art Artists tap the creative potential of Styrofoam in a new exhibition

continued on page 6



and stopping in front of the John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Library. She quickly launched into a story most Brunonians have heard before. The library was built in the 1960s, said Rahdert, but shortly after its dedication students rechristened the new building. “Brown students like to shorten the names of things, so they started calling it the Rock,” she said. “When the Rockefeller Foundation found out about this, they sent an official letter to the University prohibiting calling it the Rock. Well, continued on page 4

Professor of Medical Science and chairman of the Department of Medicine Edward Wing has been selected as the next dean of medicine and biological sciences after an abbreviated and somewhat controversial selection process. Eli Adashi, the current dean, confirmed Sunday that Wing will be his replacement. Adashi said he knows Wing very well and that he’s an “excellent choice.” Administrators are planning to hold a press conference about the appointment today. Wing and a University spokesman declined to comment for this article. In marked contrast to the threeyear process that ended with Adashi’s selection in 2004, the search committee finished its work one month ago after two months of narrowing down the candidate list, Professor of Medical Science and committee member Barry Connors said last week. The committee forwarded an unranked final list of five names to President Ruth Simmons at the end of its work, with Simmons and Provost David Kertzer ’69 P’95 P’98 making the final decision, Connors said. Connors said the committee, although held to a “lean and mean”

Courtesy of

Professor of Medical Science Edward Wing schedule, invited everybody with an opinion to make suggestions. Although the committee was limited to candidates within the Division of Biology and Medicine, Connors said the committee chose candidates with “serious” administrative experience. Professor of Biology Susan Gerbi said on March 22 that the caliber of internal candidates was at least as good as during the previous search, which was not limited to candidates at Brown. Gerbi was involved in the selection process for Adashi as well as the current one. “There’s a lot of talent here in Providence,” she said. “Although I was dubious at first” about whether there would be a sufficient pool, “I was heartened to see the quality of the candidates that emerged.” Some within the biomed division questioned the nature of the search, criticizing it as too short or too excontinued on page 6

Task force: U. can better address sexual assault Klawunn: all requests ‘being worked on’ By Marisa Calleja S taf f Writer

As she brought her sexual assault case to a University nonacademic disciplinar y hearing, Kezia Spence ’08 said she realized the process to hold the accused responsible would be more difficult than she originally thought. “I knew I would have to fight against the Brown system to have my stor y heard, which is

not what I expected” Spence said in “Hush,” a documentar y made by Kristin Jordan ’09 and Marta daSilva ’09. The film uses inter views with three students who were victims of sexual assault to highlight their difficulty navigating Brown’s policies after their assaults. As members of the student group Sexual Assault Task Force, Jordan and daSilva now use the documentar y to support the task force’s recommendations, which include hiring a full-time resource staffer to more adequately handle sexual assault cases and maintaining

more accurate statistics concerning occurrences of the crime. The task force has made some progress on their recommendations. Task force members were told in a March meeting with Director of Health Education Frances Mantak that the University has decided to hire a full-time resource staffer for issues of sexual misconduct, Jordan said. Dean for Student Life and Associate Vice President of Campus Life Margaret Klawunn said the policies currently in place are continued on page 6

J-term for credit heading toward approval By Chaz Kelsh Senior Staf f Writer

As the proposal to of fer some January@Brown courses for credit works its way toward official approval, the College Curriculum Council is currently working on a “formal proposal” to the faculty, which still must give its go-ahead to the idea, Dean of the College Katherine Bergeron wrote in an e-mail to The Herald. Once the CCC’s proposal receives “faculty endorsement,”

arms control Kimberley Misher ‘07 will work as a Carnegie Fellow on nonproliferation issues



instructors will submit course proposals to the Office of Summer and Continuing Studies, which will then submit them to the CCC for approval on an individual basis, she wrote. “The idea would be to offer the courses on a credit-optional basis; and to assign no more than a half credit for each course,” Bergeron wrote. It will be unclear whether courses would be offered for a grade or on a satisfactor y/no credit basis until the proposal is

a fresh look Matt Aks ‘11 calls for a second, more nuanced glance at counterterrorist strategies

195 Angell Street, Providence, Rhode Island

“vetted” by the CCC, she wrote. It is “way too soon” to say what the criteria are for a credit-bearing course, Dean of Summer and Continuing Studies Karen Sibley said. Courses must have a certain number of hours and a certain quality standard to receive credit, she added. Bergeron and Sibley both said students have over whelmingly requested a credit option for January@Brown. Bergeron wrote that many students who participated continued on page 4 tomorrow’s weather It’s going to be sunny and warm — we heard that on a tour

wind, 62 / 39 News tips:

T oday Page 2

Monday, March 31, 2008


But Seriously | Charlie Custer and Stephen Barlow

Menu Sharpe Refectory

Verney-Woolley Dining Hall

Lunch — Black Bean and Sweet Potato Ragout, Shrimp Bisque, Chicken Fingers with Dipping Sauces

Lunch — Pepperoni French Bread Pizza, Broccoli Quiche, Chocolate Krinkle Cookies

Dinner — Vegetable Cheese Casserole, Roasted Rosemary Potatoes, Beef Shish Kabob, Broccoli Spears with Lemon, Whole Beets

Dinner — Chopped Sirloin Patties with Onion Sauce, Vegan Stir Fry Vegetables with Tofu, Cajun Chicken Pasta

Free Variation | Jeremy Kuhn

Sudoku Fill in the grid so that every row, every column and every 3x3 box contains the digits 1 through 9.

Enigma Twist | Dustin Foley

© Puzzles by Pappocom

RELEASE DATE– Monday, March 31, 2008

Los Angeles Times Daily oCrossword Puzzle C r o ssw rd

Dunkel | Joe Larios

Edited by Rich Norris and Joyce Nichols Lewis

ACROSS 1 Stroll through the shallows 5 Theaters in ’hoods 10 Snow coaster 14 Land east of the Urals 15 Not for kids 16 With 41-Across, traveled fast 17 Hairpin turn, e.g. 19 Green Gables girl 20 Two fins 21 Dancer Castle 22 Coffee lightener 23 Make possible 25 Curly hair or blue eyes 27 Take a break 29 Slept loudly 33 Sci-fi robot 36 Moscow landmark 39 Caused to toll 40 Attacked 41 See 16-Across 42 Blueprint creator 44 Half-step above A 45 Bug on the road? 46 Morales of “La Bamba” 48 Petrol purchase 51 In one piece 55 Actress Dickinson 58 African antelope 60 Louis XIV, e.g. 61 Synthesizer pioneer 62 Scones or biscuits 64 Way in the woods 65 Cyberjotting 66 Poker player’s payment 67 Tavern measure 68 Steer away 69 Head-’em-off spot DOWN 1 Squander 2 Visibly frightened 3 Beloved princess 4 Corn unit 5 Mollusk shell materials

6 Together, in a musical score 7 Way beyond well done 8 Young eel 9 Sault __ Marie 10 Fashionable attire 11 Bowling alley 12 “Giant” author Ferber 13 Judge 18 In a stack, with “up” 22 Half of dix 24 It might make you squint 26 Part of NAACP: Abbr. 28 Arboretum purchase 30 Advantageous racetrack position 31 Humorist Bombeck 32 Insect-repelling chemical 33 Colorless 34 Like a collector’s item 35 Story starter 37 Abbr. covering unlisted items

38 Shower attention (on) 40 Put back in 43 Netman Nastase 44 Inn, informally 47 Fishing weight 49 Attend homecoming day 50 Prufrock creator T.S. 52 Bowl game venue

53 Enamel layers 54 Ocean phenomena 55 Gear for gigs 56 He saved many an animal 57 Reliable kind of guy 59 Paris play part 62 Letters at the end of a proof 63 Bow Wow’s genre

ANSWER TO PREVIOUS PUZZLE: Vagina Dentata | Soojean Kim


War and Peas | Eli Jaffa and Linda Zhang

T he B rown D aily H erald By Joy C. Frank (c)2008 Tribune Media Services, Inc.

If you do one thing on College Hill today: View a screening of “I’m Not There” with filmmaker Todd Haynes ‘85 7 p.m. in the RISD Auditorium


Editorial Phone: 401.351.3372

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demic year, excluding vacations, once during Commencement, once during Orientation and P.O. Box 2538, Providence, RI 02906. Periodicals postage paid at Providence, R.I. Offices are located at 195 Angell St., Providence, R.I. E-mail World Wide Web: Subscription prices: $319 one year daily, $139 one semester daily. Copyright 2007 by The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. All rights reserved.

A rts & C ulture Monday, March 31, 2008

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RISD Museum’s ‘Styrofoam’ features kilted Lincoln By Robin Steele Ar ts & Culture Editor

Proving it’s more than just a lightweight packing material, Styrofoam is at the center of the RISD Museum’s newest exhibition, which features a diverse collection of

REVIEW Styrofoam-related works from various contemporar y artists. Compiled by Judith Tannenbaum, the museum’s curator of contemporar y ar t, “Styrofoam: from industrial invention to artistic transformation” presents about a dozen pieces and sets of works, representing a sampling of the material’s possibilities. In the exhibition notes she wrote for the show, Tannenbaum poses the questions: “Why would artists choose to work with this particular material, and how do their investigations relate to larger environmental issues and sociopolitical concerns?” This exhibition attempts to answer those questions through the work of 10 ar tists, demonstrating Styrofoam’s cheapness, lightness and malleability, as Tannenbaum notes. Just beyond the museum’s entrance stand two wall-sized installation pieces by artist Sol LeWitt. Entitled “Black Styrofoam on White Wall” and “White Styrofoam on Black Wall,” the pieces are chromatic opposites, featuring fractured pieces of Styrofoam fitted together like stone slabs or cracked glass. Among the strongest pieces in the show are a pair of relief paintings from Bruce Pearson. Pearson achieves his unique, textured surfaces by cutting Styrofoam with hot wire and layering it to make “tesserae-like shapes,” according to the exhibition notes. Pearson creates his patterns through layering words and phrases. In his complex 2003 piece, “Encyclopedia I (Clues Scattered from Charred Remains of a Father’s Plea False Names),” words can only barely be gleaned from the weblike geometric shapes he forms. In addition, each shape is filled with a swath of bright colors, in which no one paint color is ever repeated. The show also features an earlier piece from Pearson, 2000’s “Who’s to Say That a Shoe Is Not a Piece of Sculpture.” In this simpler piece, Pearson works with the same processes he used in “Encyclopedia,” but the title words are clearly legible over a ripple-like pattern. A simplified palette of red, pink, green and aquamarine also makes this a more straightforward piece. “Styrofoam” also features some fascinating three-dimensional works such as Tom Friedman’s untitled powder blue Styrofoam cube. With rounded edges and a soft-looking texture, the cube looks like a giant petit four. The piece sits on a raised platform surrounded by Styrofoam shavings. In a whimsical touch, a powder blue fly takes off from the object, suspended on a piece of wire. One advantage of working with Styrofoam is its lightness. RISD

A&C Editors’ Picks Through April 11: “Inside Terrorism: The X-Ray Project” at Brown/RISD Hillel; photography exhibit by artist Diane Covert that uses x-rays to explore effects of terrorism. The exhibition is presented by the Creative Arts Council. A gallery talk and reception with the artist will take place Thursday from 6 p.m. to 11 p.m. March 31: “I’m Not There”; film screening and question-andanswer session with writerdirector Todd Haynes ’85. The free screening, part of Pride Month, takes place at 7 p.m. in RISD Auditorium; sponsored by the Malcolm S. Forbes Center for Culture and Media Studies, the Department of Modern Culture and Media, the Cogut Center for the Humanities and the English Department. April 1: “SCULPT: An interactive sound/image work for sensor gloves”; master thesis performance by music graduate student Robert Byron, using projected images and interactive electronics. The free event is at 8 p.m. in Grant Recital Hall.

Courtesy of

RISD alum Heide Fasnacht’s “Exploding Plane” is part of RISD Museum’s new exhibition “Styrofoam.” alum Heide Fasnacht’s dramatic installation “Exploding Airplane,” suspended near the galler y ceiling, captures a frozen moment of explosion. Using a web of wires, the nose, tail and wings of a silver airplane are seen fracturing apart, spewing forth a mass of silver y urethane foam. Only one artist in this exhibit attempted to work with foam in reaction to the human figure. Dutch artist Folkert de Jong’s sculpture “The Piper” immediately catches the eye upon entering the exhibition space. The massive, multicolored piece depicting Abraham Lincoln as a bagpiper in a kilt is almost grotesque. The figure is complex, yet roughly hewn, made of yellow, red, pale pinks and greens, with orange and blue accents. Using polystyrene and liquid plastics, de Jong creates sculptural pieces that “refer to the histor y of Western painting and sculpture as well as to the current state of the world,” according to exhibition notes. Other artists in the show explore the nature of Styrofoam itself rather than simply utilizing it as a convenient material. Shirley Tse’s “Do Cinderblocks Dream of Being Styrofoam?” makes use of cinderblock-like Styrofoam pieces to play with the viewer’s expectations about the material’s weight. Titled after Philip K. Dick’s novel “Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?” according to exhibition notes, the piece is mounted in a corner of the galler y, suspended off the ground. The artist added little designs to the industrially produced blocks in order to personalize them. Artist Tony Feher used found

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Styrofoam in the creation of his sculpture “Blue Tower.” In the piece, Feher arranges blue Styrofoam bricks in a vertical cylindrical shape. The oldest works in the show are a series of photographs by ar tist B. Wur tz. Dating back to 1986, the six black-and-white photographs of Styrofoam forms are shot as close-ups, removing the shapes from context. Although the bumpy texture of the Styrofoam gives away what the viewer is seeing, the “molded packaging is transformed into mysterious architectural plazas or interiors,” according to exhibition notes. Other pieces draw notice to the apparent similarities between Styrofoam shapes and the art of ancient cultures. Steve Keister’s series of wall reliefs feature casts of Styrofoam packing materials, which he likens to pre-Columbian ar t, according to the exhibition notes. Using browns, oranges and rich terra cottas, Keister paints on designs to heighten this likeness, combining “the ever yday material culture of our time with the rich visual vocabular y and histor y of a unique culture from the past.” Richard Tuttle’s wall reliefs, part of his 16-part “Lonesome Cowboy Styrofoam” series, are reminiscent of Native American artifacts, suggesting pottery shards or arrow heads, the exhibition notes stated. The simple shapes are daubed with brightly colored paint. Tuttle’s pieces are accompanied by an artist’s book, which features images of the “Lonesome Cowboy” series paired with photographs of the farmhouse where he found his materials. In his book, he states,

“It’s not to celebrate this material that I use it. It is one of the worst materials used by man. Nature in man must find a method to deal with ‘Nature.’ The material is nature. Perhaps, then, I am the environment.” The artists in this exhibition have dif ferent responses to the environmentally harmful implications of Styrofoam. Some seem to disregard these negative connotations, while others, such as LeWitt, have since stopped using it due to these concerns, according to exhibition notes. Artists working with found Styrofoam are engaging in a type of recycling. Others, like de Jong, choose the controversial material deliberately, as a symbol of mass consumption, immorality and political incorrectness, according to the exhibition notes. As a whole, “Styrofoam” is almost awkwardly disparate, featuring artists with different aesthetic intentions and different relationships to the material. But Tannenbaum has pulled together a playful, colorful collection that is still compelling and accessible.

April 3 to 6: “Human Rights Film Festival 2008”; kicks off Thursday with a speech by Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist Nicholas Kristof and a screening of “The Devil Came on Horseback” from 6:45 to 9:30 p.m. in Sayles Hall. Entry costs $5 and proceeds go to Mercy Corps. Other film screenings include “Sentenced Home” at 8 p.m. Friday in Wilson 102, “Lumo” at 2 p.m. Saturday in MacMillan Hall 117 and “Sex Slaves” at 2 p.m. Sunday in MacMillan Hall 117. April 4: “Concert for Kids”; presented by UNICEF to raise awareness and donations for education. The concert features performances by Amira, Badmaash, Stand Up Comics, Hansori, Attitude, Chattertocks and Shades of Brown. Doors open at 5 p.m. and the concert runs from 5:30 p.m. to 7 p.m. in Salomon 101. April 4 to 6: “The Mikado”; presented by Brown University Gilbert and Sullivan Society. Shows, at Alumnae Hall, are Friday at 8 p.m., Saturday at 2 p.m. and 8 p.m. with a “PG-13 Gag show” Sunday at 2 p.m. Admission is free. Tickets are not needed, but may be reserved online at www.brown. edu/Students/BUGS/.

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Monday, March 31, 2008


Tour guides regale visitors to College Hill with truths and tales continued from page 1 we all know how Brown students hate being told what to do, so everyone began calling it the John!” Spurred by the group’s laughter, Rahdert continued, ad-libbing the rest of the way. “You can picture what people would say,” she said. “Like, ‘Oh man, I just spent three hours in the John, it was the most painful experience of my life.’ ” Ben Mishkin ’08, tour coordinator for the Bruin Club, said he enjoys telling this story as well. “It always gets the biggest laugh,” he said, adding that all of the tour guides put their own spin on the stock stories. “There’s just so much you can do with it.” But entertaining as the legend is, it may not be true. Ray Butti, senior library specialist for scholarly resources, found no trace of the purported “official letter” from the Rockefeller Foundation in University records. Senior Library Specialist Gayle Lynch, like Butti, is familiar with the story but is unsure about the truth at the heart of it. Lynch, who joined the University three years after the library’s 1964 construction, recalled, “There was some discussion that the building committee was not too happy with it being called the Rock, so students started calling it the John, and then the committee decided that maybe ‘the Rock’ wasn’t so bad.” Unfortunately, as Butti wrote in an e-mail to The Herald, “The problem with these legends is that there is not a lot of documentation on them.” The University archives in the John Hay Library, however, do contain one document that mentions the legend. In November 1964,

Providence Journal reporter Garrett Byrnes wrote to then-President Barnaby Keeney, regarding a neverpublished editorial about the “raffish and possibly false” origins of the nickname. “The story goes — and there may be no substance to it — some of the leaders on College Hill thought ‘the Rock’ was a trifle deprecating for such a fine structure and made an effort, happily in vain, to thwart the name,” reads a draft of the editorial attached to the note. “The student attitude seems to have been, ‘okay, if we can’t call it the Rock, we’ll call it the John.’ ... Wisdom prevailed, as it should on the campus of a great university.” The story of the Rock is just one highlight of Rahdert’s tour. She turned her group’s attention across College Street to the Hay, which Rahdert said housed a massive toy soldier collection, an original book by ornithologist and painter John James Audubon and a manuscript of George Orwell’s “1984.” She then pulled out her trump card: The Hay Library owns books bound in human skin. Hay librarians said they try to downplay the mythical aura that surrounds the books, as it leads some students to believe the books are only University myths. But Ann Dodge, coordinator of reader services, told The Herald in an e-mail that the books — and their corporeal bindings — are real. Two of the books are copies of Hans Holbein’s “The Dance of Death” and the third is an Andreas Vesalius anatomy text. The Holbein books are kept on reserve at the front desk of the Hay and the anatomy text is currently under glass in the Lownes Room as part of a recent exhibition for first-years.

Herald File Photo

Two of the three books bound in human skin at the John Hay Library are copies of “The Dance of Death” by Hans Holbein.

Dodge said Hay librarians have asked tour guides not to mention the books because they are fragile and deteriorate more every time they are held and inspected. In an e-mail to The Herald, she warned: “Most people find the bindings to be ‘anticlimatic’ as they look like many other books. Tanned skin is tanned skin after all. It’s not as if there is a tattoo or a belly button.” The books do look like normal leather-bound books, though the back of one of the copies of “Dance of Death” feels more like suede than a typical leather cover. The human-skin books may generate the most excitement among a tour group — Rahdert’s responded with a collective “ew” — but the toy soldier collection is an impressive holding in its own right. The collection is one of the largest in the world, according to Peter Harrington MA’84, curator of the Anne S. K. Brown military collection. The 5,000-plus tin soldiers are housed in glass cases on the second floor of the Hay and are also displayed in the Annmary Brown Memorial, both of which are open to the community. Although this collection is significant, Harrington describes it as only the “tip of the iceberg, the icing on the cake” of the entire Brown military collection. But Harrington joked that tourgoers shouldn’t get the wrong idea about the collection and his position. “I think some people think my day-to-day job is arranging the toy soldiers,” said Harrington, when in reality, “I just put the lights on and

turn them off.” Harrington’s primary responsibility is maintaining the other elements of the military collection, including more than 14,000 prints, paintings and watercolors. Rahdert’s tour continued around campus through Wriston Quadrangle, past the fraternity houses and the Sharpe Refectory and out onto Thayer Street. As the tour group continued up Thayer past the Sciences Library, Rahdert discussed the 14-story building. “Can anyone tell me what is important about the number 14 in the science field?” she said. When a passing Brown student shouted out “It’s the pH scale!” Rahdert nodded, adding, “The books get more basic as you go higher.” Mishkin said when he first visited Brown, the tale of the epic Tetris game was the “highlight of the tour.” But now that almost eight years have elapsed, few tour guides retell the story because the game was played before their time as undergraduates. Rahdert’s tour then proceeded up Lincoln Field and paused in front of the statue of Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius behind Sayles Hall. Rahdert told her tour that the figure of Aurelius upon his horse is a copy of a statue that once stood in Rome. As she tells it, the Roman statue was destroyed and a new one was cast as a copy of Brown’s statue. But this one turns out to mix fact and fiction. According to an article in the January/February 1998 issue of Brown Alumni Magazine, the statue that stands on Lincoln Field is an

exact replica of an original Roman statue, which was cast in A.D. 173 and was the centerpiece of Michelangelo’s redesign of Rome’s Capitoline Hill in the 1540s. The replica was donated to Brown in 1908 in honor of Moses Brown Ives Goddard, class of 1854. According to the article, the Roman statue of Aurelius was moved inside the Capitoline Museum in 1981 to prevent weather damage, but was never destroyed. A copy was then indeed made from the dimensions of the University’s statue to forge an outdoor replacement in the summer of 1997. The legend of the twin Marcus Aurelius statues reflects the spirit of tours at Brown: Though not every story is grounded in solid fact, ultimately a tour is about giving prospective students a taste of the Brown experience. Mishkin said he has even fabricated some legends of his own, popularizing one story about origins of the “Ratty” moniker for the Sharpe Refectory. “I say, back when the food used to be bad, people called it the ‘Rat Factory,’ so now we call it the ‘Ratty.’ ” “At the end of the day, hopefully students aren’t making their college decision based on whether there are lifeguards posted at the pool during open-swim hours,” Mishkin said, citing an oddly specific question he was once asked while giving a tour. “It’s the interesting and unique stories that make or break a student’s decision to come to Brown.”

January@Brown credit awaits faculty approval continued from page 1 in this year’s program said at the end of the program that they would be interested in receiving credit for Januar y@Brown. “It seems important, though, that students continue to be allowed to take the courses for no credit at all, if they prefer,” she wrote. Bergeron added that students are also attracted to the program for its “organized group activities that bring students together and foster community,” which would not be affected by a credit offering. Sibley said that a majority of

January@Brown students told her they would have liked to receive credit for their courses had they involved a larger assignment, like a paper. But Sibley said it was unclear whether students wanted to work harder during the program for instrinsic reasons or because they want the work reflected on their transcripts. Sibley said she is “eager for student feedback,” adding that she is curious how students expect to use the credit they would receive for Januar y@Brown. “This is about what the students want and need,” she said. This year’s program helped to prove Januar y@Brown’s sus-

tainability, said Rakim Brooks ’09, chair of the Academic and Administrative Af fairs Committee of the Undergraduate Council of Students. “If it wasn’t viable, it wouldn’t continue, and if it didn’t continue, it wouldn’t be offered for credit,” he said. Brooks proposed a credit of fering for this year’s program last fall but said he was told that the program needed to become more solid. Bergeron wrote that a credit of fering could boost Januar y@ Brown’s popularity. “It is entirely possible that the prospect of earning a half-credit would draw more students to the program,” she wrote.

C ampus n ews Monday, March 31, 2008



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Prof. finds water in an unlikely place Thirty-seven years ago, Apollo 15 brought back 170 pounds of surface material from its lunar mission. But recently a Brown professor found something unexpected in the samples — water. In a presentation to the 38th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference earlier this month, Assistant Professor of Geological Sciences Alberto Saal announced his discovery of trace amounts of water — about 30 parts per million — in a sample of basalt Courtesy of recovered by the 1971 Apollo 15 Assistant Professor of Geological Sciences mission. Alberto Saal found water in moon rocks. To date, no one had found any conclusive evidence of water in the samples. “They thought it was stupid,” Saal said of his proposal to reexamine the basalt. “It took me three years to get it funded.” Saal said the advantage he had over previous examiners was a technique created by Erik Hauri, a researcher at the Carnegie Institution for Science’s Department of Terrestrial Magnetism. The new technique allowed Saal to achieve a level of precision that was not possible for previous researchers. Saal said that with the older technology, it had been difficult to differentiate the planetary component of the sample from terrestrial contamination. But with Hauri’s new method, Saal was able to examine the basalt with as much as two orders of magnitude more precision. The basalt isn’t exactly dripping with water, but the discovery provides support for one theory on how the moon came to exist. “In some sense, it’s expected,” said Ian Dell’Antonio, associate professor of physics. He explained that the water, based on beads of glass brought from the moon’s core to its surface by volcanic eruptions, helps to explain the creation of the moon by providing evidence on the composition of its core. He said the discovery verifies the common theory that the moon was created more than 4 billion years ago when an object the size of Mars impacted the Earth. Dell’Antonio added that, while this verifies one theory about the existence of water on the moon, it does very little for another, more controversial theory that postulates impacting meteroids posited water in the form of ice on the surface of the moon after its creation. According to NASA’s National Space Science Data Center, it is in this second type of water — surface ice embedded in craters situated at the moon’s north and south poles — that future exploration would look for. “Deposits of ice on the Moon would have many practical aspects for future manned lunar exploration,” the Web site states, citing the ice as a possible source of water and oxygen for future explorers. After attempts by the Clementine probe in 1994 and the Lunar Prospector in 1998 to discover such surface ice on the moon, NASA plan to launch another craft, the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, equipped with new technology, to continue the search in October. —Nick Bakshi

Recent graduate wins Carnegie Fellowship By Priyanka Ghosh Contributing Writer

Kimberly Misher ’07 has been selected as a Junior Fellow for the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in the nonproliferation department. She will serve as a research assistant to associates working on the nonproliferation project, while conducting independent research on Russian nonproliferation issues. The highly competitive Carnegie fellowship begins with nomination from students’ colleges. Each college can nominate two students every year, and about 300 colleges participate. After the initial college nomination, a small number of applicants are invited to interview, Misher said. Usually eight to 10 students, or less than 5 percent of the applicants, are selected from the pool. Applicants are selected based on “written essay, related academic study and/or work experience, grades, recommendations, and personal interviews,” according to the Carnegie Endowment’s Web site. Misher said that she was “really excited to get Brown’s nomination, even more excited to get the interview and even more excited when (she was) selected.” While at Brown, Misher switched her concentration from neuroscience to political science with an emphasis in international relations. She did this after realizing her passion for political science when taking a class on postCold War global security, she said. She subsequently completed her undergraduate honors thesis, “A Border Longer than the Equator: An Investigation into Russian Border Security,” with guidance from Professors of Political Science Linda Cook and Philip Terrence Hopmann. Her thesis focused on four major threats to Russia’s border security: weapons of mass destruction, terrorism and illegal immigration, drug and human trafficking and illegal trade in wildlife. Cook wrote in an e-mail that Misher’s thesis “presented original research and analysis. She did a prodigious amount of research, and made a convincing argument.”

B ack in the buddy days

Devraj Basu / Herald File Photo

In April 1992, Mayor Vincent “Buddy” Cianci announces his plan to promote the development of Thayer Street.

After graduating from Brown, Misher worked as a research associate at the Center for International Policy from August to December 2007. She worked under Selig Harrison, the director of the Asia Program at the Washington, D.C.-based center who has specialized in South Asia and East Asia for 50 years. She is currently working as program associate in the Asia division of the American Bar Association, Rule of Law Initiative. She works on judicial reform in transitioning states in the Asia division; specifically, she handles the portfolios of Cambodia, Vietnam and Nepal. She has also been awarded the Kathryn Davis Fellowship for Peace at Middlebury College, which will allow her to participate in an intensive Russian language program at the college this summer, she said. Misher’s future plans include graduate school for either political science or international relations. She is hoping to attend graduate school in the fall of 2009, after completing her Carnegie fellowship. But

Courtesy of

Kimberly Misher ’07 Misher said she’s not sure what she’ll do after graduate school. She hopes her work with the Carnegie fellowship will allow her to decide whether she wants to be “a professor who publishes work, or an expert at a think tank who publishes works,” she added. Misher said she looks forward to the Carnegie fellowship. Cook wrote in her e-mail that Misher is “enthusiastic, energetic, engaging, a student with whom it was always enjoyable to work. I know that she will be a terrific Carnegie Fellow.”


Monday, March 31, 2008

Full-time sexual assault staffer to be hired

Applicants prepare to log on to the rest of their lives

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continued from page 1 supported by the administration. The misconduct policy condemns “nonconsensual physical contact of a sexual nature” and stresses that the use of drugs or alcohol in such a situation is considered “an exacerbating rather than a mitigating circumstance.” The policy further states the “sanctions that can be imposed through a University Disciplinary Council or administrative hearing (which) include reprimand, probation, deferred suspension, suspension, or expulsion.” Klawunn said that this spring, the administration will review the judicial system, a process which takes place ever y five years. The administration has already met some of the task force’s requests — most notably, the recent decision to hire a full-time resource staffer and a decision to start a peer education program, Klawunn said. The task force has met with President Ruth Simmons — from whom they said they received a favorable response — as well as with deans and other members of the administration to voice their concerns. “Ever ything the task force has asked for is being worked on,” Klawunn said. The goals of the task force which have not yet been realized include sexual assault sensitivity training for Department of Public Safety of ficers and a resource center in Faunce House, according to materials provided by the task force. Until the recently approved sexual assault staf f position is filled, the University will continue to rely on an advocate system to help victims navigate the disciplinar y procedures and available resources. In this system, a student who has repor ted an assault is assigned an advocate who can

help direct him or her to different resources on campus. Gail Cohee, the director of the Sarah Doyle Women’s Center who also ser ves as an advocate, said most students with whom she works get help from Psychological Ser vices and are able to speak with deans. “Most students (who come to me) find support.” Jordan said the task force was created in response to DPS initially misrepor ting the number of sexual assaults that occurred on campus in 2005. DPS later amended their repor t, which originally said no assaults had occurred that year when four actually had taken place. Like all institutions that participate in federal student financial aid programs, Brown is required by the Jeanne Cler y Act to provide accurate crime statistics to all current and prospective students and employees, to maintain a crime log and to publish an annual security report. There were four forcible sex of fenses in 2006, four in 2005 and three in 2004, according to the 2007 crime repor t released by DPS. In each year, at least half of the offenses were committed in a residence hall, according to the report. Although the University follows federal statutes, perpetrators of sexual assault on campus are afforded more privacy than in the criminal justice system. In making “Hush,” Jordan and daSilva were not allowed to use the names of the attackers whom their inter viewees described. “It’s a violation of that student’s confidentiality,” Klawunn said. “Just like we wouldn’t reveal grades to another student, we wouldn’t name another student in a judicial case,” she said. “When students go through the judicial system, they are both asked to

Forcible sex offenses on campus • 2006: 4 • 2005: 4 • 2004: 3 • 2003: 1 • 2002: 7 • 2001: 0 Source: Department of Public Safety 2007 and 2004 Campus Crime Reports

preser ve confidentiality.” In addition to their meetings and proposals to the Of fice of Campus Life, the Sexual Assault Task Force is working with the Undergraduate Council of Students to craft a resolution that would work towards addressing the issue of rape on campus. The resolution may come to a vote in the last weeks of the academic year since UCS is beginning to focus on elections for the upcoming year, said Rakim Brooks ’09, UCS’s academic and administrative affairs chair. Brooks has been working with Jordan to publicize her film and with the task force to promote awareness of its causes. He said he supports the work of the task force, but that their proposals could be difficult to realize. “There are a few dif ficulties with major things they’ve asked for,” Brooks said, such as obtaining a resource center in Faunce. “Ultimately, it’s a touchy issue,” he said. “I think it’s something the campus needs to consider more rigorously. But it’s like looking into a mirror and critiquing where you’ve gone terribly wrong,” he said. “What does it mean to admit that something like this goes on even here?” he asked.

continued from page 1 visit,” she said. “What really struck me were the tour guides,” Cheng said. She said they were “enthusiastic” and “more energetic” than the ones at other colleges she had visited. But, she added, “I’m not really expecting anything, not getting my hopes up, because I know if I do, it’ll be a really big disappointment.” Unlike Marshall, Cheng debated whether she would check her decision online or wait for the letter to arrive in the mail. Cheng said she dislikes how quickly students can check their decisions online. “You type in your password, you click a button and you find out,” she said. “You can’t take your time.” But Cheng said she will probably check her decision from Brown online, though she will do it a few hours after 5 p.m. to avoid the busy ser vers. The Office of Admission, an-

ticipating calls from anxious applicants, will close its phone lines today and tomorrow. It will resume taking calls at 10 a.m. on April 2. The admission of fice’s automated answering system directs applicants with difficulties accessing their online decisions to the Computing and Information Services Help Desk, where a separate extension has been set up for about a week to assist Brown applicants, said Chris Grossi ’92, manager of the help desk. “Applicants have been calling all month,” Grossi said. He said that generally applicants call because they have lost the username and password they need to access the decision online. Grossi estimated that so far the help desk has sent about 1,000 usernames and passwords to applicants. He said he expects about 500 more applicants to call today. Grossi said the help desk’s staff will work from 8:30 a.m. to 10 p.m. to assist applicants in other time zones.

U. picks Adashi’s successor continued from page 1 clusive. Associate Dean of Medicine Arthur Frazzano wrote a letter to Simmons earlier this semester asking that clinical faculty be represented on the search committee. Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine Roy Poses said that Wing’s appointment “seems to be what everyone has predicted” and that the Lifespan health-care organization, where Wing is program director of internal medicine, has become an “important influence at the medical school.” Lifespan owns the Rhode Island, Miriam and Bradley hospitals, which are affiliated with Brown. Adashi announced in December

that he will step down at the end of this academic year. He wrote in an e-mail to members of the Division of Biology and Medicine that he accomplished most of the goals he had been charged with at the time of his appointment as dean four years ago, according to a Dec. 6 Herald article. In an e-mail sent to the Brown community around midnight, President Ruth Simmons wrote that Wing will take over for Adashi on July 1. Wing graduated from Williams College in 1967 and from Harvard Medical School in 1971. He came to Brown as the chairman of medicine in 1998 and serves as physician-inchief of Rhode Island Hospital and the Miriam Hospital.

Olympic torch lands in Beijing for start of tour By Maureen Fan Washington Post

BEIJING — Under heavy security, the Olympic torch was flown into Beijing on Monday to begin an aroundthe-world tour that was designed to symbolize peace and harmony but instead has become a lightning rod for anti-government protesters. The torch, encased in a secure van, arrived after 10 a.m. Monday by convoy at Tiananmen Square, which was closed to the public. It was met by President Hu Jintao and other members of China’s Politburo, the foreign diplomatic corps and a cheering throng of 4,000 dancers and acrobats and retired state workers in uniform, waving flags and red-andgold pompoms. Liu Xiang, the men’s 110-meter hurdles world champion, was to take the torch from Hu and run briefly to the Tiananmen rostrum to end the ceremony, which officials aired live on state television. A chartered Air China plane, specially painted with Olympic symbols, brought the torch from Greece, where it had been formally handed over to mark China’s assumption of responsibility for the Summer Games, scheduled to begin Aug. 8. The heavy security was intended to prevent protests of the sort that occurred last week in Greece. After official speeches at the square, focal point of the 1989 democ-

racy demonstrations and the site of joyous celebrations seven years ago when Beijing won its bid to host the Olympics, the flame was separated into two. One part, headed to Mount Everest, will travel in a lantern capable of withstanding high wind and elevations; bearers will have a 10-day window in May to make an ascent. Two cameramen with state broadcaster CCTV have been training for more than two years to make the climb, organizers said. The other part goes to Kazakhstan to begin the round-the-world tour. The two halves are scheduled to be rejoined in the Tibet Autonomous Region, where unrest continues despite a heavy police and paramilitary presence, hundreds of arrests and a general crackdown following deadly rioting in mid-March. The torch relay is the longest in Olympic history, covering 85,000 miles across six continents in 130 days and offering ample opportunity for demonstrators to draw attention to their causes. China had hoped the Olympics would showcase its economic progress and harmonious society — a favorite catchphrase of President Hu Jintao — but the recent unrest in Tibet has highlighted an ethnic and economic divide. Largely peaceful monk-led protests in Lhasa on March 10 gave way to deadly rioting on March 14, with

much of the violence directed at Han Chinese, who control government jobs and dominate business in Lhasa. The unrest quickly spread to other heavily Tibetan areas in the provinces of Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan and Yunnan, where armed police were deployed to quell protests. Chinese leaders blame the Dalai Lama, the exiled Tibetan spiritual leader, for sparking the riots in order to sabotage the Olympics. They describe the issue as a matter of law and order and have vowed to step up the “patriotic education” campaigns resented by many Tibetans because they force them to denounce the Dalai Lama as a separatist. Senior officials and state media have encouraged public condemnation of foreign journalists, who are still barred from traveling to Tibet and restive Tibetan-populated areas in neighboring provinces. Following the crackdown in Tibet, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Czech President Vaclav Klaus said last week they would not travel to Beijing for the Games’ opening ceremony. For security reasons, Olympics organizers declined to describe the torch’s route in advance or say how it would make the 16-mile trip from Beijing Capital International Airport to downtown. The torch travels on to Almaty, Kazakhstan, on Tuesday, Istanbul on Thursday and St. Peterscontinued on page 8

W orld & n ation Monday, March 31, 2008

Troop levels at issue as Bush woos NATO By Peter Baker and Ann Scott Tyson Washington Post

WASHINGTON — President Bush heads to Europe on Monday to try to rescue the faltering mission in Afghanistan, and key NATO allies plan to meet his demands for more forces with modest troop increases, though not by as much as U.S. military officers say is needed to put down a stubborn Taliban insurgency. France has signaled it will announce at this week’s NATO summit that it will send another 1,000 troops to Afghanistan, while Britain plans to send about 800 more and Poland has already promised another 400. Germany and others refuse to contribute additional ground forces, and the United States may have to increase its own commitment to make up the shortfall, U.S. and European officials and analysts said. The friction over force levels underscores a philosophical divide between the United States and its allies over the best approach in Afghanistan more than six years after U.S.-led forces toppled the Taliban government — and, more broadly, over the future of the NATO alliance. The summit in Bucharest that opens Wednesday will also test the allies over issues such as NATO enlargement, missile defense and the relationship with an increasingly muscular Russia. Nothing on the agenda is more important to Bush’s legacy than turning Afghanistan around. “It’s very clear that we all need to do more,” National Security Adviser Stephen J. Hadley said last week. “The president’s message is going to be one of the importance of success in Afghanistan, the need for all countries to make it a priority, the need for us to develop a more integrated strategy for success and the need for all of us to do more.” Gen. Dan K. McNeill, top commander of the NATO-led international force, has already sent the

alliance a similar message in starker terms: Provide more troops or accept a longer war. “I’d like the NATO allies and their non-NATO partners in this alliance to properly resource this force,” he said in a recent interview at his Kabul headquarters, “and absent that, that they adopt the patience and will for a slower pace of progress.” McNeill estimated that it will be necessary to maintain at least the current foreign force level in Afghanistan — now about 55,000, including 27,000 U.S. troops among NATO and non-NATO forces — for at least three to five years until Afghan security forces are ready to take over. It will take that long for Afghan forces to obtain the airplanes, helicopters and other logistical support they need to be fully independent, he said. Also important would be lifting the restrictions each nation sets on what its forces can do. On the wall beside McNeill’s desk is a chart detailing the various restraints, with columns labeled “Prohibited” and “Yes, but ...” McNeill said he repeatedly asks foreign governments to lift limits temporarily. “I’m batting about .500,” he said. In a war, he added, “it’s not a good average.” The resistance by many NATO allies to stepping up their involvement despite pressure from Bush and Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates means that a greater burden is likely to fall on the United States, administration officials said. Bush already has authorized another 3,200 Marines for Afghanistan for seven months, but without more European help, he may be pressed to send even more U.S. forces or to extend the Marine buildup. The debate in Bucharest comes as attacks in Afghanistan have spiked by 30 percent over the past year, and a recent report by the Atlantic Council of the United States, headed by retired Gen. James L. Jones, a former NATO commander, warned that “NATO is not winning

Not a chance, both Clintons tell drop-out speculators By Perry Bacon Jr. and Anne Kornblut Washington Post

NEW ALBANY, Ind. — In her most definitive comments to date on the subject, Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton sought Saturday to put to rest any notion that she will drop out of the presidential race, pledging in an interview to not only compete in all the remaining primaries but also continue until there is a resolution of the disqualified results in Florida and Michigan. A day after Democratic National Committee Chairman Howard Dean urged the candidates to end the race by July 1, Clinton defied that call by declaring that she will take her campaign all the way to the Aug. 25-28 convention if necessary, potentially setting up the prolonged and divisive contest that party leaders are increasingly eager to avoid. “I know there are some people who want to shut this down and I think they are wrong,” Clinton said in an interview during a campaign stop here Saturday. “I have no intention of stopping until we finish what we started and until we see what happens in the next 10 contests and until

Page 7


we resolve Florida and Michigan. And if we don’t resolve it, we’ll resolve it at the convention — that’s what credentials committees are for. “We cannot go forward until Florida and Michigan are taken care of, otherwise the eventual nominee will not have the legitimacy that I think will haunt us,” said the senator from New York. “I can imagine the ads the Republican Party and John McCain will run if we don’t figure out how we can count the votes in Michigan and Florida.” Asked if there was a scenario in which she would drop out before the last primaries on June 3, Clinton said no. “I am committed to competing everywhere that there is an election,” she said. The Clinton campaign requested the interview Saturday to talk about how she could win and to emphasize her focus on Michigan and Florida. Her remarks come as Clinton faces a mounting drumbeat, driven by the campaign of Sen. Barack Obama, D-Ill., and his backers, for her to bow out and avert a party crisis. Obama’s supporters argue that he is too far ahead in pledged delegates for Clincontinued on page 8

in Afghanistan.” As the summit approaches, NATO leaders are trying to formulate a new strategy, drafting a “vision statement” intended to reassure European publics weary of the conflict, but Europeans reportedly resisted including a five-year commitment to Afghanistan sought by Washington. The NATO leaders plan to debate strategies for southern Afghanistan, where the Taliban is strongest. One idea under discussion is for the U.S. military eventually to take over the regional command for the south, which is currently headed by the Canadians and includes primarily British, Canadian and Dutch forces. Another proposal is to lengthen military tours, said William Wood, the U.S. ambassador to Afghanistan, “so we’re not swapping people out all the time.” He suggested “extending the period for whoever is in charge of the south so it doesn’t rotate every six or nine months.” U.S. troops in Afghanistan now serve 15-month tours, but other NATO countries balk at extending their shorter tours. “If they had us do more than six months, everyone would quit,” British Bombardier Tim Dean, who is fighting in the southern province of Helmand, said in a recent interview. Canada and other key NATO allies are pressing for a shift in their core military mission from combat to training Afghan security forces, in part to ease home front concerns over casualties, officials said. Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper even threatened to pull out unless NATO sends another 1,000 troops and helicopters to bolster it in the south. “Britain at least has long historical memories of what happens to British troops in this land,” said British Ambassador Sherard CowperColes. “So we need to have a sense of perspective for moving our troops out of direct military combat opcontinued on page 8

Sadr says he will order ceasefire if demands met By Sholnn Freeman and Sudarsan Raghavan Washington Post

BAGHDAD, Iraq — Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr ordered his followers Sunday to lay down their arms and end six days of clashes against U.S. and Iraqi forces if the government agrees to release detainees and give amnesty to Sadr’s fighters, among other demands. But after the statement, mortar attacks continued in Baghdad and Basra, and violence persisted in many pockets of the country. Ali al-Dabbagh, a spokesman for the government, described Sadr’s statement as a “positive step,” but he said Iraqi security forces would continue to try to bring order to Basra, a southern oil center. A government offensive there against militias triggered clashes across southern Iraq and in Baghdad last week. Iraqi forces “will finish the job,” Dabbagh said. Sadr’s nine-point statement instructed his Mahdi Army militia to cooperate with government efforts to achieve security, but stopped short of ordering them to turn in weapons to Iraqi security forces, as the government has demanded. Sadr also used the opening of the statement as a rallying cry against occupation forces, describing them as the “armies of darkness.” In exchange for an end to fighting, Sadr demanded that the government of Prime Minister Nouri alMaliki release hundreds of detained Sadr followers not proven guilty of crimes. Over the past few months, Iraqi security forces have raided the homes of hundreds of Sadr followers, arresting and detaining them. Thousands more have fled their homes. Sadr demanded that they be returned to their homes. Mahdi Army commanders and

fighters in Baghdad and across southern Iraq appeared to have mixed reactions. Some laid down their arms while others kept fighting. The text of Sadr’s statement was negotiated in the Iranian city of Qom between Sadr representatives and a group of lawmakers aligned with Maliki’s ruling Shiite coalition. It came after Maliki, as well as Iraq’s defense minister, acknowledged they had underestimated militia resistance in Basra. Although U.S. and British forces backed Iraqi troops in Basra with air power and special forces, the fighting has drawn to a stalemate, with militias still in control of large sections of the city. Ali al-Adeeb, a prominent Shiite legislator in Maliki’s Dawa party, said lawmakers are worried that the conflict is sparking instability in the country that is not to “the benefit of all sides.” He said he reassured the Sadr representatives that the Basra operation was not targeting political parties, as the Sadrists have alleged. The escalating clashes threaten to collapse a cease-fire imposed by Sadr on his militiamen last August, one reason for tenuous security gains across Iraq in recent months. Contributing to the reduction in violence were a buildup of 30,000 U.S. troops and the rise of a Sunni movement that turned against the extremist insurgent group al-Qaida in Iraq. In 2004, Sadr’s militiamen fought fierce battles in the Shiite holy city of Najaf, refusing to surrender or negotiate until Iraq’s Grand Ayatollah Ali Sistani stepped in and brokered a truce. Today, Sadr appears more politically astute. If he succeeds in helping end the clashes, it could improve his standing ahead of provincial elections later this year. continued on page 8

Zimbabwe election results still unknown By Robyn Dixon Los Angeles T imes

HARARE, Zimbabwe ­­­— The main opposition par ty and independent obser vers said Sunday that President Rober t Mugabe was suf fering a resounding defeat as election results were tallied, but no official returns were released and the capital was rife with speculation that they were being rigged. Tension was high in Harare, with police deployed on most corners as the delay in announcing results from Saturday’s balloting wore on. Usually, the first official results are released within hours of the polls closing. There were unconfirmed repor ts that key ministers and Mugabe loyalists lost their seats in parliament. In a briefing to diplomats, independent election obser vers said that with 66 percent of the vote counted, the leader of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change, Morgan Tsvangirai, had 55 percent of the vote. Mugabe, 84, had 36 percent, and ruling party defector Simba Makoni had 9 percent, it said. Tsvangirai’s par ty said that

with 12 percent of the polling stations reporting, he was winning 67 percent. The estimate was based on figures posted at individual polling stations after election of ficials had signed off on them, the first time such counts have been posted under recent reforms to election law. “The wave of change was too strong,” said one shocked official of the ruling ZANU-PF, who lost his seat. The of ficial spoke on condition of anonymity. He said conditions were extremely tense, with speculation rife in the ruling party that the militar y might step in to back Mugabe and block the opposition from taking power. The MDC defied government warnings that any early claim of victor y would be considered an attempted coup. “We’ve won this election,” said an exhausted Tendai Biti, MDC secretar y-general, who had been up all night as MDC representatives sent in their results. “The results coming in show that in our traditional strongholds we are massacring them. In Mugabe’s traditional strongholds they are doing ver y badly. There

is no way Mugabe can claim victory unless it is through fraud. He has lost this election,” Biti said. “We must savor these scenes, as for the rest of our lives we’ll say we were there.” A chirpy state television bulletin Sunday night announced that Zimbabwe Election Commission officials were “verifying” results before broadcasting inter views on how smooth and peaceful the elections had been. It was equally quiet at the ZEC “command center,” where results are normally posted. One independent observer who visited the center said there were just a few people sitting around reading the paper. Noel Kututwa, chairman of the Zimbabwe Election Support Network, an independent monitoring group, said the delay in results created tension and speculation, and called on the ZEC to release the results. “The issue of the delay of the announcement of the results raises tension which is why we are saying the ZEC should release these results as quickly as possible,” he said. “Clearly the delay is fueling speculation that something might be going on.”

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Breakaway union ready for prime-time negotiating By Claudia Eller Los Angeles T imes

HOLLYWOOD — Labor negotiations could begin as early as this week between Hollywood’s major studios and the smaller of the two unions that represent actors. The move could set the stage for a new prime-time TV contract for members of the American Federation of Television and Radio Artists, which hopes to avoid a showdown with the studios that could trigger another Hollywood strike. This weekend, AFTRA broke with its sister union, the Screen Actors Guild, with whom it has bargained for 27 years, alleging an ongoing campaign to marginalize the smaller guild. “We’ve begun the process and let the studios know we’re ready to negotiate,” said Roberta Reardon, AFTRA president. That’s welcome news to the Alliance of Motion Picture and Television Producers, the group that negotiates on behalf of the studios and that said it was “pleased to learn that AFTRA is also ready to begin talks immediately.” Officials from the Alliance and AFTRA said Sunday that no date has been set, but both indicated that talks would begin promptly. A pre-emptive deal by AFTRA with the studios could weaken the hand of SAG, however. A major issue for the dominant actors union is to push for higher residuals from new media and a larger cut of revenue from DVDs -- which the studios have said is not up for discussion. Whether putting DVD on the table is a bargaining ploy or a strike issue is unclear, but SAG leaders have been talking tough. “Unions don’t cause strikes to happen,” said Doug Allen, SAG’s chief negotiator and executive

director. “Strikes happen when management is unreasonable and intransigent and there’s no other option. We’ll see what happens at the bargaining table.” If AFRTA reaches a contract agreement with the studios before SAG, then the larger guild might find itself in a predicament similar to the one that writers found themselves earlier this year. In a deft strategic maneuver, the studios quickly negotiated a new contract with the directors while writers were on picket lines. That contract served as the model for the subsequent writers’ deal. And despite a three-month strike and its cost in lost jobs and wages, the writers won little more. Allen said he planned to contact the studio’s chief negotiator, Nick Counter, on Monday to set a date for talks. He said SAG would have preferred to negotiate with AFTRA because “unions that stick together have more leverage than unions that are divided.” Nonetheless, Allen said his goal remained “to get the best possible contract that addresses the issues that concern working actors.” The infighting between SAG and AFTRA is upsetting to some union officials and many members, who say they have a tough enough time making a living as working actors. Some 90 percent of SAG’s 120,000 members earn less than $10,000 a year from acting. “The idea of us now having to negotiate against ourselves is ver y awkward,” said Mike Pniewski, president of SAG’s Georgia branch. “I think of us as actors, not union members. ... We just want a contract that gives us residuals, access to benefits and protections to look out for our interests.”

Sadr fighting for demands continued from page 7 His demand that the government return all Sadr followers displaced by raids and violence could repopulate areas with potential voters. The military said Sunday that U.S. troops, frequently backed by helicopters, killed at least 16 fighters who were either firing at U.S. ground patrols or rigging roadside bombs, car bombs or mortars. A U.S. soldier was killed in a roadside bomb attack north of Baghdad, and a Marine was killed by a roadside bomb in Anbar province, in western Iraq, the military reported. For the seventh day, rocket and mortar fire pounded the Green Zone, the U.S. and Iraqi government and military compound in the capital. Iraqi security forces battled gunmen in Abu Dasheer, south of Baghdad, in clashes that killed nine gunmen and two police officers and wounded 33. Gunmen also attacked a joint checkpoint in Shulla in northwest Baghdad, killing three policemen. Roadside bombs in western Baghdad killed three policemen. Iraqi police also fought gunmen in Kirkuk in the north; five insurgents and two policemen died. In his statement, Sadr disassociated his political movement from anyone carrying weapons targeting government forces or party offices. He ordered followers to end public displays of weapons in Basra and other Iraqi provinces. “The withdrawal according to Muqtada al-Sadr order will be carried out within 24 hours and not immediately, so do not be surprised if you will see armed men now in some streets,” said Salah al-Ubaidi, Sadr’s chief spokesman in Najaf. Hazim al-Araji, a close aide to Sadr, told journalists in Najaf that the government had guaranteed that arrests and detentions of

Embattled Clinton ‘not big on quitting’ continued from page 7 ton to catch up; Clinton counters by saying that neither of them has secured the 2,024 delegates needed for the nomination. At a news conference Saturday in Johnstown, Pa., Obama welcomed Clinton to continue campaigning. “My attitude is that Senator Clinton can run as long as she wants,” he said. “She is a fierce and formidable opponent, and she obviously believes she would make the best nominee and the best president.” Central to Clinton’s case that she can still win is solving the question of Michigan and Florida, whose Democratic parties scheduled primaries in January in violation of national party rules, leading to their contests being invalidated. Dean has said he would like to find a way to seat the two delegations, but no agreement has been reached among the state parties, the Clinton and Obama campaigns, and the DNC. The failure to schedule a revote or to count the earlier results has been a major setback for Clinton, who won both primaries, though she was the only Democratic candidate on the ballot in Michigan. Clinton on Saturday accused Obama of blocking a proposed Michigan revote. Party officials earlier this month cited problems with conducting another primary there, but Obama aides had previ-

Monday, March 31, 2008


ously detailed their concerns in a memo, which she called a “smoke screen.” “His campaign rejected the plan that was put forward,” she said. “For the life of me, what Barack was afraid of in Michigan I will never understand.” Obama spokesman Bill Burton said in an e-mail: “Sen. Obama is actually interested in and working towards a solution, unlike Clinton, who is trying to change the rules she agreed to and is more interested in potshots than solving this problem.” Clinton hopes to overtake Obama in the overall popular vote to argue to superdelegates — the nearly 800 party members and elected officials who are likely to determine the outcome of the race — that she is ahead where it matters. Including Florida and Michigan in that equation could boost her vote and delegate totals, as well as bolster her argument that she is better positioned to capture big general-election swing states. When asked Saturday how she could still win, Clinton immediately talked about wooing superdelegates, who she said “have a role and very important responsibility.” “We have to nominate someone who can go toe to toe with John McCain on national security and beat him on the economy,” she said. “This will all be for naught if we don’t win in November.” But in the lull before ballots are

cast in the next contest, in Pennsylvania on April 22, Clinton has been deluged with calls for her withdrawal, provoking a backlash among her supporters and defiance from the candidate and her family and staff. Bill Clinton sent out an e-mail, titled “Not big on quitting,” on Saturday that reminded supporters that his wife is behind in the popular vote by less than one percentage point and that she trails by 130 delegates. “With the race this close, it sure doesn’t make sense to me that she’d leave now — does it make sense to you?” the former president’s email read. In the interview, Hillary Clinton brushed aside concerns from party leaders that the campaign will hurt the party’s chances against McCain, who launched his first general-election television ad last week and who has spent the month raising money and attacking the Democrats. “General elections start where there is a nominee or a putative nominee,” Clinton said. “They think they have theirs, we don’t yet have ours. ... We have frozen this election.” Asked whether Obama could win in November, Clinton deflected the question. “I’m saying I have a better chance,” she said. “You cannot as a Democrat win the White House without a very big women’s vote. What I believe is that women will turn out for me.”

Sadr followers would stop. But it remained to be seen whether fighters in Sadr’s decentralized militia would heed his orders. In the city of Kut, Jafar Abu Sadiq, a senior Sadr leader, said the Mahdi Army had withdrawn half its forces but remain poised for battle. “They are worried that if they withdraw, the Iraqi forces might attack them and detain them. And by the way, a few minutes ago 15 Mahdi Army men were arrested and two others were killed by the Iraqi forces,” Sadiq said. “We do not trust them.” In the city of Diwaniyah, south of Baghdad, Sadr militiamen withdrew from the streets to their homes and farms. But they were still concerned about the Badr Brigade, the armed wing of the Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq, Sadr’s chief Shiite rival. In the adjacent cities of Najaf and Kufa, police returned to checkpoints as fighters withdrew. And in several areas of Baghdad, Mahdi Army fighters and commanders indicated they would obey Sadr’s orders. “But of course, we want guarantees from the government that they will not carry out a detention campaign,” said Abu Mohammed al-Bahadili, a fighter in Baghdad’s Hay al-Amil neighborhood. He viewed the government’s overtures to Sadr as a sign of weakness — that it is unable to defeat the Mahdi Army. “The fighting has proved they have learned a lesson,” Bahadili said. “The government is dead from our point of view.” In Basra, Ali Abdel-Amir, a 25-year-old leader of a Mahdi Army unit, said he would immediately pull back men from their positions. “I will obey this order and will order my fighters to pull out,” he said. But residents said they saw Mahdi Army militiamen continuing to battle Iraqi security forces.

Olympic torch in China’s hands continued from page 6 burg on Friday. The ceremony in Ancient Olympia last week that launched the torch’s journey to Beijing was disrupted by free-speech and pro-Tibet demonstrators, who were arrested. Chinese journalists who appeared to be organizing a counter-demonstration were also arrested after holding up banners with celebratory slogans, according to Hong Kong’s Ming Pao newspaper. On Saturday, as torchbearers moved through Athens, a group unfurled a banner and lit candles at the foot of the Acropolis to protest China’s recent crackdown in Lhasa and other Tibetan areas. Anti-globalization demonstrators also rallied, though neither demonstration disrupted the relay. As a helicopter flew overhead, more than 2,000 police officers were deployed in Athens, including a plainclothes motorcycle contingent, to protect the torch, the Associated Press said. Meanwhile, few new details emerged about a melee in Lhasa on Saturday that might have been sparked by police security checks. The reports of fresh unrest came as Chinese officials continued a strong propaganda push, arresting Tibetans who were involved in the demonstrations and blaming separatist motivations for the discontent. “No one knows what happened. Just suddenly, all the people in the street began to run, including Tibetans, Han Chinese people and others,” a hotel room broker, who gave his surname as Zhu, said in a telephone interview Sunday. “Since everyone else was running, I followed them.” “Some shops in and around Beijing Eastern Road were closed. I think this is because everyone is still frightened about what happened before,” Zhu said.

Bush headed to Europe to strategize with allies continued from page 7 erations into mentoring and training roles that will probably last decades. What neither the Afghan public nor our publics at home will support is the sense of this being a war without end.” At the heart of the discussion is whether NATO should even be projecting force so far from its own borders or return to its historical role of self-defense. “This is a debate we’ve seen inside the alliance for the last couple of years,” said Julianne Smith, head of the Europe program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, “but it’s really coming to a head over Afghanistan, because part of the alliance feels that Afghanistan should be a precedent for future missions and part of the alliance feels like it should be an exception, perhaps never to be repeated again.” Bush champions the precedent side of the debate, framing success in Afghanistan as vital for NATO’s future. He flies this morning to Kiev, Ukraine, where he will visit before heading to Bucharest Tuesday. After the summit, he will stop in Zagreb, Croatia, to welcome nations expected to be invited into NATO, and then head to the Russian resort of Sochi to meet with President Vladimir Putin.

Bush has pushed for months for a greater NATO commitment to Afghanistan. French President Nicolas Sarkozy, whose nation has 1,500 troops on the ground, said last week that he will send more forces. French officials said details are still being finalized, but it appears likely to be a battalion of elite paratroopers. If the French are sent to the U.S.-led eastern region of Afghanistan, that could free up the United States to move 1,000 of its troops to the south, meeting Canada’s demand for help. The British, who already have 7,800 troops on the ground, plan to send the equivalent of another battalion plus a headquarters unit, though it was unclear if this will be announced at the NATO summit, British officials said. Poland has already promised to send 400 more troops by the end of April. Bush took the French promise as a sign of progress. “It will pretty much ensure that this conference is a successful conference,” he said last week. “When you combine our commitment, the Canadian commitment, the British commitment and the French commitment of troops that will be in harm’s way, it is a strong statement that NATO understands the threats, understands the challenges, and is willing to rise to them.”

Monday, March 31, 2008

M. lax breaks three more foes last week continued from page 12 tinues to blossom,” Tiffany said. Though the team is young on that end of the field, he said he felt that the offense is “coming up to that intersection and we are going to make that turn.” Overall, the team was pleased with its play in such an important game. “It was a huge win,” Sharnick said. “It’s nice to get the first Ivy League win off your back.” After such a big win, the Bears appeared to have a bit of a hangover three days later against a Vermont team with a 1-6 record. Though Brown responded to an early Vermont goal with tallies from Kyle Hollingsworth ’09 and Jack Walsh ’09, the Catamounts answered with two scores to go up 3-2 at the end of the first quarter. “We were there physically, but we made some mental mistakes in the first half,” Tiffany said. He cited the big Dartmouth win as well as the fact that it was the team’s first midweek game as possible reasons why the team was slow out of the gates. The game star ted to turn around in the second quarter, as the defense again led the way. The Brown backline held the Catamounts scoreless for more than 39 minutes, including the entire second and third quarters. “Once they got those quick goals, it woke up the team and we played with more intensity,” Sharnick said. The of fense slowly came

Page 9


around, and the score was tied at three at the half. Muldoon and Walsh scored early in the third quarter, but it wasn’t until Brady Williams ’09 scored with 2:44 left in the third that the offense took off. It ended up scoring four goals in about six minutes, putting the game out of reach, though the Catamounts scored a few goals in a late comeback attempt. After the 11-7 win, the team headed to Delaware on Thursday to get its version of a vacation before taking on the No. 14 Fightin’ Blue Hens on Saturday. Going into the game, Bruno was concerned about Delaware’s high-octane offense, which features four players who already have at least 14 goals, including attackman Curtis Dickson, who has 31 scores so far this season. Brown jumped out to a 2-1 lead after the first period on goals by Hollingsworth and attackman Andrew Feinberg ’11. The defense again stepped in, holding Delaware scoreless through the middle two quarters for an almost-mirror image 39 minutes 17 seconds, with the help of 16 Burke saves. He leads the country in save percentage at 71.1. “We just used our basic defense,” said tri-captain Brian Asher ’08. “As an offense, they don’t try to trick you because they have such talent. We just executed perfectly.” Though Tiffany was “pleasantly surprised” that his team had given up only one goal through three quarters, it was the offense that he

said really impressed him. He was particularly happy with the man-up offense, which scored four times in nine tries against Delaware, after only converting one in seven attempts against Vermont. Delaware “is chippy and in your face on defense and our men dealt with it in the best way possible,” he said. “They allowed Delaware to take their penalties and retaliated with our man-up offense.” Leading the way for the Bruno offense was Hollingsworth, who put two in the cage and had four assists, with one goal and two helpers coming in man-up situations. Though Delaware scored five goals in the four th quar ter in hopes of getting back in the game, goals by Reade Seligmann ’09 and Walsh kept Brown in front for a 9-6 win. Tiffany called the win “a statement win for the Brown lacrosse program,” and Asher called the three wins over break “a turning point in the season.” Though the 6-2 record and fivegame win-streak gives the team a morale boost heading into the heart of the Ivy League schedule, Tiffany said it will be a balancing act between gaining confidence and preventing overconfidence. The Bears have to understand “that ever y time we step on the field, we have to prove it again,” Tiffany said. The team will next try to prove it at Yale on Friday night. Brown beat the Bulldogs 10-9 last season, scoring the game-winner late in the fourth quarter.

New gymnastics talent debuts because of injuries continued from page 12 (9.25) also performed well. “Floor felt great,” Goldstein said. “It has really come together this year for me. It’s (scary) to think it is my last home meet.” Rivera placed the Bears on the bars in third place (9.425), while Binkley followed right behind her (9.40). Zanelli was the top finisher for the Bears in the all-around with a personal best, finishing in third (37.3). Binkley came in four th (37.15), as they both narrowly missed top finishes by less than one point behind Yale’s Brigitte Kivisto and Alina Liao. Two all-around per formers, Stephanie Albert ’10 and Jen Sobuta ’09, have been sidelined because of injury. So in recent weeks, both Binkley and Zanelli have stepped up their performances and have been gaining momentum for the postseason. “I feel like we can pull it together,” Binkley said. “We need to keep each other up — that’s what makes

us strong. We’re confident, all in the same mind-set.” The overall team score for the night was lower than other meets in the season. New faces were given the opportunity to compete because of injuries. Albert fractured her ankle in the previous week’s home meet. Sobuta severely sprained her ankle well over a month ago and has competed on occasion. When asked about the lower score, Carver-Milne said, “The team score is not made up by one person. It’s not what we don’t have, but how we can improve our score.” The Bears placed eighth at the ECAC Championships last Saturday, and they are waiting to see if anyone qualified for the NCAA Regionals on April 12. Among Brown’s top finishers was Binkley, who earned a 9.575 on the floor, good for 25th in that exercise, while she also finished 12th in the all-around. Diederich put up a 9.525 on the floor as well. Sobuta placed 16th on the beam with a 9.65 and Zanelli earned 32nd on the vault at 9.35.

E ditorial & L etters Page 10

Monday, March 31, 2008


Staf f Editorial

Shifting into neutral Future residents of Harkness House and Caswell Hall, prepare yourselves. When you see a boy and girl walking out of a double room together, don’t jump to conclusions — they could just be roommates. ResLife recently approved the designation of a number of doubles scattered across campus, from New Pembroke #1 to Harkness, that can be occupied by students of different genders. That’s right, boys and girls — as you scramble to get ready for the lottery, you can live with anyone you please, no restrictions. This policy is especially important for rising sophomores, stoked or bummed to live again in a double, since they now have doubled their set of potential roommates. We commend ResLife for implementing the new policy, which opens up roommate choices for students and comes at no cost to the University. For rising sophomores and up, roommate choices should not be dictated by needless restrictions. Students must be trusted to make their own housing decisions — and own up to their mistakes, if they choose their roommates poorly and subsequently need a room change. The next stop for the gender-neutrality movement is first-year dorms. The University needs a method for entering freshmen to indicate that they either need gender-neutral housing or are comfortable living with someone of any gender identity. Individual students are trusted to pack their bags, trek away from their homes and eke an existence on College Hill. They can be trusted, too, to assess their comfort level with gender issues when it comes to housing.

Good neighbors In the past, it’s been easy to link graffiti to gangs. But the March 1 arrest of two college students shows that graffiti is not only a problem stemming from violent gangs, but also the city’s college students. Local organizations like the Fox Point Neighborhood Association are right to call for “the harshest penalty possible under the law,” as the group’s president did earlier this month. Heavier enforcement is likely to help stop the problem. In addition, local colleges should make sure to begin their own disciplinary proceedings against any students caught vandalizing property, even off their own campuses. The problem of graffiti presents a perfect opportunity for colleges to work with community organizations to educate new students on local laws and respect for their neighbors. Brown already has staff dedicated to its relations with the community, but directly involving students would be even more helpful. Inviting the heads of the College Hill Neighborhood Association and the FPNA to speak during first-year Orientation could add some much-needed context to students’ experiences as four-year guests here. With off-campus housing and loud drunken carousing, neighborhood leaders should have the opportunity, if they’d like, to speak directly with students about their concerns. It could help alleviate town-gown friction while also giving students a better idea of whom their behavior affects.

P ete fallon

T he B rown D aily H erald Editors-in-Chief Simmi Aujla Ross Frazier editorial Arts & Culture Editor Robin Steele Andrea Savdie Asst. Arts & Culture Editor Debbie Lehmann Higher Ed Editor Chaz Firestone Features Editor Olivia Hoffman Asst. Features Editor Rachel Arndt Metro Editor Scott Lowenstein Metro Editor Michael Bechek News Editor Isabel Gottlieb News Editor Franklin Kanin News Editor Michael Skocpol News Editor Karla Bertrand Opinions Editor James Shapiro Opinions Editor Whitney Clark Sports Editor Amy Ehrhart Sports Editor Jason Harris Sports Editor Benjy Asher Asst. Sports Editor Andrew Braca Asst. Sports Editor Megan McCahill Asst. Sports Editor

Senior Editors Taylor Barnes Chris Gang Stu Woo Business Darren Ball General Manager Mandeep Gill General Manager Susan Dansereau Office Manager Alex Hughes Sales Manager Lily Tran Sales Manager Emilie Aries Public Relations Director Jon Spector Accounting Director Claire Kiely National Account Manager Ellen DaSilva University Account Manager Darren Kong Recruiter Account Manager Katelyn Koh Credit Manager Ingrid Pangandoyon Technology Director photo Rahul Keerthi Meara Sharma Min Wu Ashley Hess

Photo Editor Asst. Photo Editor Asst. Photo Editor Sports Photo Editor

post- magazine production Steve DeLucia Production & Design Editor Chaz Kelsh Asst. Design Editor Catherine Cullen Copy Desk Chief Adam Robbins Graphics Editor

Matt Hill Rajiv Jayadevan Sonia Kim Allison Zimmer Colleen Brogan Arthur Matuszewski Kimberly Stickels

Managing Editor Managing Editor Features Editor Features Editor Associate Editor Associate Editor Associate Editor

Jessie Calihan, Chaz Kelsh, Designers Rafael Chaiken, Stephanie Craton, Josh Garcia, Alexander Rosenberg, Copy Editors Sophia Li, Robin Steele, Night Editors Senior Staff Writers Sam Byker, Nandini Jayakrishna, Chaz Kelsh, Sophia Li, Emmy Liss, Max Mankin, Brian Mastroianni, George Miller, Alex Roehrkasse, Caroline Sedano, Jenna Stark, Joanna Wohlmuth, Simon van Zuylen-Wood Staff Writers Stefanie Angstadt, Marisa Calleja, Noura Choudhury, Joy Chua, Sophia Lambertsen, Cameron Lee, Christian Martell, Anna Millman, Seth Motel, Evan Pelz, Leslie Primack, Marielle Segarra, Melissa Shube, Catherine Straut, Gaurie Tilak, Matthew Varley, Meha Verghese, Allison Wentz Sports Staff Writers Peter Cipparone, Han Cui, Meagan Garza, Lara Southern, Nicole Stock, Katie Wood Business Staff Stephanie Cheung, Veronica Yu, Jay Guan, Jennifer Chang, Jamie Phinney, Anna Reisetter, Kartika Chourdhury, Serena Ho, Akshay Rathod, Galen Cho, Maryrose Mesa, Van Le, Maura Lynch, Grant LeBeau, Jacqueline Goldman, Dana Feuchtbaum, Geraldo Guanaes, Lauren Presant, Lindsay Walls, Lucy Wang, Ruyi Jiang, Saul Lustgarten, Diego Gomez, Laura Sammartino, Ava Amini, Charley Chen, Lee Chau, Rory Stanton, Oliver Bowers, Katherine Richards, Alison Greenberg, Lilia Royanova Design Staff Jessica Calihan, Serena Ho, Rachel Isaacs, Andrea Krukowski, Joe Larios, Joanna Lee, Alex Unger, Aditya Voleti Photo Staff Oona Curley, Alex DePaoli, Erik Maser, Kim Perley, Quinn Savit Copy Editors Ria Ali, Paula Armstrong, Kim Arredondo, Ayelet Brinn, Aubrey Cann, Rafael Chaiken, Stephanie Craton, Erin Cummings, Katie Delaney, Julianne Fenn, Jake Frank, Anne Fuller, Josh Garcia, Jennifer Grayson, Rachel Isaacs, Joyce Ji, Jenn Kim, Tarah Knaresboro, Ted Lamm, Alex Mazerov, Seth Motel, Lisa Qing, Alex Rosenberg, Madeleine Rosenberg, Elena Weissman, Jason Yum

Corrections An web update on The Herald’s Web site (“Seven Brown students arrested Thursday,” March 21) reported that student protesters at a local Army National Guard Recruitment office were asked if they wanted to be arrested, and that they replied that they would. According to a Brown Students for Democratic Society member who was arrested, no such exchange took place. The students were notified that they would be arrested if they did not leave the office. A photo caption in The Herald (“Enough is enough,” March 19) stated that Operation Iraqi Freedom organized a Funk the War dance event held in Kennedy Plaza. The event was, in fact, organized by Providence Students for a Democratic Society. C O R R E C T I O N S P olicy The Brown Daily Herald is committed to providing the Brown University community with the most accurate information possible. Corrections may be submitted up to seven calendar days after publication. C ommentary P O L I C Y The staff editorial is the majority opinion of the editorial board of The Brown Daily Herald. The editorial viewpoint does not necessarily reflect the views of The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. Columns, letters and comics reflect the opinions of their authors only. L etters to the E ditor P olicy Send letters to Include a telephone number with all letters. The Herald reserves the right to edit all letters for length and cannot assure the publication of any letter. Please limit letters to 250 words. Under special circumstances writers may request anonymity, but no letter will be printed if the author’s identity is unknown to the editors. Announcements of events will not be printed. advertising P olicy The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. reserves the right to accept or decline any advertisement at its discretion.

O pinions Monday, March 31, 2008


Page 11

Rethinking counterterrorism BY MATT AKS Opinions Columnist On March 18, the New York Times published an article that detailed the emergence of new strategies for combating terrorism. According to the article, counterterrorism experts are rethinking the assumption that Islamic extremists cannot be deterred. The reasoning behind this assumption initially seemed sound. Many extremists believe that they are carrying out a mission as mandated by a higher religious authority and that their actions will bring rewards in the afterlife. It made sense to conclude that extremists would not be dissuaded by the possibility of any worldly retaliation. But more recently, American officials are taking a closer look at the goals and motives of terrorist organizations with the hope of developing a counterterrorism strategy that will deter and delegitimize violent extremism. According to the article, a variety of approaches have emerged from this newfound emphasis on deterrence. The American government is working to propagate statements from Islamic religious leaders denying that suicide bombers will be rewarded in the afterlife and declaring that terrorism is antithetical to fundamental Muslim values. Of the suggestions offered in the article, this idea seemed like one of the most promising. Other possible deterrence mechanisms — like the New York Police Department’s plan to have massive police presences “converge twice daily at randomly selected times and at randomly selected sites ... to rehearse their response to a terrorist attack” — seemed counterproductive and

unnecessarily disruptive. Of course, whether or not these measures will succeed remains to be seen. Yet American citizens concerned about the terrorist threat should applaud law enforcement agencies’ openness to new ways of thinking. The White House’s 2002 National Security Strategy declared bluntly, “Traditional concepts of deterrence will not work” in the fight against terrorism. Those familiar with the Bush administration’s dogmatism on a variety of issues (especially national security policy) are

Terrorists could carry out a lethal attack on American soil with remarkable ease. In a population of 300 million, it would only take a handful of willing individuals with modest ingenuity and decent access to resources to inflict great harm. When I contrast the apparent ease of committing a terrorist attack with the fact that terrorists have not struck American soil in over six years, I am left wondering: Why aren’t terrorist attacks occurring on a daily, monthly or yearly basis? The first possible answer is that our de-

Our understanding of terrorism as a constant, menacing and inescapable threat continues to diverge from reality. As a result, counterterrorism experts must remain open to a variety of strategic opinions. understandably surprised by such a complete reversal in position. Moreover, in the current landscape of American political discourse, those who support anything less than the harshest measures against terrorists are generally written off as soft or unpatriotic. (See the ongoing debate over waterboarding.) It is reassuring that new, untraditional and previously ignored counterterrorism strategies can still gain traction with policy makers.

fense and counterterrorism efforts are just that good. However, this is almost certainly not the case. America’s borders and ports are poorly secured. Moreover, most Americans carry on their daily affairs without interference from counterterrorism and law enforcement agencies. There are no security checkpoints on busy streets or subways. The more likely explanation for the apparent lull in terrorist activity is that American

citizens and policymakers have misperceived the nature and extent of the threat. Indeed, infrequency is an aspect of terrorism that must be analyzed and considered. I do not mean to trivialize the events of Sept. 11 or to ignore the national trauma that resulted. And I certainly do not believe that the infrequency of terrorism in America justifies relaxing counterterrorism efforts. My point is that our understanding of terrorism as a constant, menacing and inescapable threat continues to diverge from reality. As a result, counterterrorism experts must remain open to a variety of strategic options. Citizens should not hesitate to question the value of practices — harsh interrogation, wiretapping, random searches and other forms of surveillance — that have heretofore been labeled as crucial. The government’s willingness to adjust positions on the question of deterrence exemplifies the kind of flexibility that must guide counterterrorism policy. Counterterrorism policy deserves a realistic and logical analysis of probabilities, costs and benefits. Assume, for instance, that law enforcement agencies searched 1 percent of the bags of subway goers in major cities or tapped 1 percent of phone calls each day. What are the chances that the group of people subjected to surveillance would contain a potential terrorist? Would this probability be high enough to justify the costs (compared to alternative mechanisms)? In deciding which policies to pursue, we cannot afford to become dogmatic or to write off opponents of a particular policy with unfair labels.

Matt Aks ’11 cannot be deterred

Let their people go: Jews’ German grudge is counterproductive BY CHELSEA RUDMAN Guest Columnist “Especially in this place, I emphasize: Every German government and every chancellor before me was committed to the special responsibility Germany has for Israel’s security.” “Israel’s security is non-negotiable.” Such were a few of the lines that earned German Chancellor Angela Merkel, visiting Israel to commemorate its 60th anniversary, a standing ovation when she spoke before the Knesset on March 18. Whether holding forth on Hamas’ rocket attacks or Iran’s thinly veiled threats, Merkel reiterated her country’s historic obligation to the Israeli people. Too bad several of the Knesset’s members most in need of these healing words chose not to hear them. Why not? Because Merkel delivered her speech in her mother tongue, German, which will forever be linked to Hitler and the Nazis for some Israelis. Arye Eldad, of Israel’s right-wing National Union party, sparked the language snit the week before Merkel’s visit when he called for Merkel to deliver her speech in the lessoffensive English. “German was the last language my grandmother and grandfather heard before they were murdered,” he declared. “The execution orders were given in German.” Over Eldad’s protests, the Knesset gave Merkel the goahead to address them in German, and though she began with a brief greeting in Hebrew, two other Knesset members joined Eldad in storming out of her speech at the first word of Deutsch. Merkel is not a Nazi war criminal; in fact, born in 1954, she was still in diapers almost ten years after the Third Reich fell. It’s fair

for Eldad to stew privately over a perceived reminder of unforgivable atrocities; it’s his public, overly emotional display of those feelings that’s the problem. I understand, as someone who also lost family to the Nazis, the deep anger and sorrow the Holocaust continues to evoke for Jews. But such appropriate feelings are increasingly overshadowed by an unhealthy sense of entitlement, which holds all Germans eternally accountable to all Jews, that threatens to erode both Israeli credibility and Jewish self-respect the world round.

raelis to raise the specter of Auschwitz. Just last month, a group of 25 German scholars published a manifesto calling on Germany to be more balanced in its relations with Israel and its Arab neighbors. In turn, Dov Ben-Meir, a former deputy speaker of the Knesset, issued a counter-manifesto warning Germans that ending preferential treatment of Israel could return Germany to the “black days” of the Holocaust. Sound extreme? Ben-Meir is downright moderate compared to some of his backers.

To insist that every German should feel complicit in the Nazi atrocities seems to suggest that a German baby born today is somehow inherently more guilty or more evil than a Jewish one. Since the end of World War II, Germany has paid approximately $25 billion in reparations to Israeli Holocaust survivors and an estimated $60-80 billion total to Jewish organizations. The 1952 Luxembourg Agreement that secured West Germany’s initial down payment to Israel gave the fledgling nation a vital financial boost following the devastation of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. And the German government continues to be one of the staunchest supporters of Israel in the European Union. Yet any suggestion that Germans have done enough already inevitably prompts Is-

Among the 90 online reader responses to the Jerusalem Post article on the scholars’ manifesto were attacks ranging from “Amazing that you can get a degree in anti-Semitism these days” to “6,000,000 Jews murdered? How come Israel doesn’t nuke Germany?” Another article on Ynetnews, regarding this past November’s debate over reparations, boasts even nastier comments. “For what the Germans did to our six million brothers and sisters,” one reader writes, “they will owe the Jewish people until the end of time.” Several other readers agreed wholeheartedly. What these over-the-top attacks fail to ob-

serve is that Germans themselves, at least collectively, already believe this. The narrative of perennial guilt overshadows German national consciousness; remarks perceived as anti-Semitic are grounds for immediate firing and even fines or incarceration. Yiddish theater and klezmer music are wildly popular. And the German flag is rarely flown near private homes, a German friend once told me, because “people would think you were a Nazi.” Yet the collective public guilt is coupled with private feelings of resentment: a recent World Public Opinion poll found that 77 percent of Germans view Israel negatively. No doubt it’s accurate to partly attribute those high numbers to the unpopularity of Israeli actions in Gaza and the West Bank; and yes, plain old anti-Semitism surely plays a role, too. But at least in the case of Germany, it’s worth considering that Israel’s own rhetoric fosters its low approval rating. Young Germans do not appreciate being made to feel complicit in atrocities committed decades before they were born. What’s most troubling about the German grudge, however, is not the harm it does abroad, but the harm it does at home. The “New Jew,” the standard held up by the founders of Israel, was idolized for leaving the ghetto to join a strong, self-reliant people in demanding its long-awaited rights. It hardly seems self-reliant, or self-respecting, to dwell on a state of victimhood and use it as leverage. To insist that every German should feel complicit in the Nazi atrocities seems to suggest that a German baby born today is somehow inherently more guilty or more evil than a Jewish one. That’s not very fair. One might even say it’s not very Jewish.

Chelsea Rudman ’08 will gerade Frieden

S ports M onday Page 12

Monday, March 31, 2008



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W. crew wins three of five at Princeton Against No. 6 Princeton and MichVarsity Eight igan State, the No. 3 women’s crew 1 Princeton 7:13.4 won three of five races Saturday in 2 Mich. State 7:13.7 Princeton, N.J., but placed third in 3 Brown 7:21.1 the varsity eight race. In their first competition since the Nov. 17 Foot of the Charles race in which they placed second, the Bears were looking to start strong in the spring season. The second varsity eight, second freshmen four and novice eight each pulled in first-place finishes for Bruno. The second varsity eight was six seconds faster than the second-place Spartans with a winning time of 7:46.5. The second freshmen four beat Princeton by 27 seconds, 8:52.1 to 9:19.4, and the novice eight’s 8:02.0 was almost nine seconds better than Princeton’s time. The Tigers led the way in the varsity eight, finishing in 7:13.4. Michigan State was just behind them at 7:13.7, and the Bears came in third at 7:21.1. The varsity four was pushed down into second by Michigan State, finishing 15 seconds behind their 8:29.8. The Bears will be hosting their next two Saturday meets. They face off against Radcliffe this Saturday before taking on Rutgers the following weekend. The Bears are currently ranked third behind Yale and Virginia. —Amy Ehrhart

Ashley Hess / Herald File Photo

In their last home meet of the season, Victoria Zanelli ’11 placed second in the vault and third in the all-around on March 21.

Gymnastics ends regular season with an Ivy loss By Katie Wood Spor ts Staf f Writer

The gymnastics team ended its regular season with a loss on the scoreboard, but had some solid per for189.925 mances Yale Brown 181.825 f r o m young and old alike on March 21. The Bears (181.825) finished second to Yale (189.925) in their final home meet of the year. Because of nagging injuries keeping many on the team sidelined, Head Coach Sara CarverMilne was excited to showcase some other girls in events in which they normally do not compete. It was also a great opportunity to highlight the three seniors who ended their careers at Brown — Sarah Durning ’08, Hannah Goldstein ’08 and Jessica Pestronk ’08. On the vault, Durning finished in fifth place (9.40). Victoria Zanel-

li ’11 finished with a personal best in second place (9.55). Chelsey Binkley ’11 rounded out the top performances in fourth (9.325). The beam did not prove as kind to the Brown team. Four of the six Bears competing on the beam fell, resulting in point deductions and lower scores. But Zanelli finished well to lead the team in fourth place (9.35), followed by Izzy Kirkham-Lewitt ’10 in fifth (9.225). Pestronk, who has competed in few competitions this season because of injury, finished out her career on the beam with a solid performance (8.75). The floor exercise was a great event for the Bears, with each competitor scoring higher than 9.0. Binkley finished in the top spot for Bruno in fourth place (9.525). Goldstein finished out her career at the Pizzitola Center with a 9.425. Whitney Diederich ’09 (9.35), Vida Rivera ’11 (9.275) and Zanelli continued on page 9

M. lax takes no break, wins three straight By Jason Harris Spor ts Editor

Anchored by tremendous play from its defense and goalie, the men’s lacrosse team won three straight games, including its Ivy League opener, over spring break. The Bears began by avenging a quadruple overtime loss to Dartmouth last year by defeating the Big Green, 9-5, at home on March 22. Bruno then followed that up with an 11-7 home victory over Vermont on Tuesday and then a 9-6 win at No. 14 Delaware on Saturday. The team now has a five-game winning streak and its record stands at 6-2 overall, 1-0 in the Ivy League. Against Dartmouth, the Bears had a little something extra. That motivation came less from the sting of last year’s loss in Hanover and more from the fact that it was Brown’s Ivy League opener. “It was a little bit of redemption, but we don’t really need that,” said Head Coach Lars Tiffany ’90. “We told the freshmen after the (March 15) UMass game, ‘It will be a different experience (playing in an Ivy League game).’ The energy is palpable.” The Bears were fired up to improve upon their 1-5 Ivy League record last season. Bruno was competitive in almost every league game, but that success did not translate into wins. “I look at last year’s Ivy League season with satisfaction,” Tiffany said. “Every game was a battle, even against Cornell and Princeton, who went to the tournament and blew out some other teams.” With improvement in mind, Brown came out firing early on against the Big Green. Midfielders Zach Caldwell ’10 and Mike Cummins ’08 each scored in the first five minutes to give Brown the lead. The small margin would be all the experienced Brown defense would need, as Dartmouth was only able to muster one goal in each of the first two quarters, and Bruno went

Ashley Hess / Herald File Photo

Jack Walsh ’09 had five goals and three assists in Brown’s three wins over the break. into halftime with a 5-2 lead. “We did a good job playing our game plan,” said tri-captain defenseman Brian Sharnick ’08. “We executed all our schemes and did a good job knowing their personnel and what they like to do.” Sharnick and Tiffany both cited outstanding performances by goalie Jordan Burke ’09 and close defensemen Reed Deluca ’08. Burke had 17 saves, netting him the Turfer Athletic New England Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association Division I Player of the Week for the second straight week. In front of Burke, Deluca drew

Dartmouth’s top attackman Ari Sussman, who has 15 goals and seven assists on the season. Despite being dodged 14 times, Tiffany said, Sussman netted just one goal, which came late in the fourth quarter when the game was in hand. Offensively, the Bears spread their nine goals around. The team was led by Caldwell and attackman Thomas Muldoon ’10, who each scored twice. “We saw the offense beginning to emerge. We are hoping it concontinued on page 9

Varsity crew prevails over winds at Yale By Andrew Braca Assistant Spor ts Editor

The men’s crew overcame choppy waters and an unfamiliar course to win three of its five races against Yale in its spring opener on Saturday morning. The Bears won all three varsity races but dropped both freshmen races in their firstVarsity Eight Brown 5:28.78 ever visit to the BullYale 5:30.44 dogs’ home course on the Housatonic River in Derby, Conn. “I thought the guys did a good job overall,” said Head Coach Paul Cooke ’89. “It was disappointing to lose the freshmen races, but I thought to win the varsity, JV and third varsity races were a really good accomplishment.” Two of the three varsity races were tight contests. The varsity eight crossed the finish line first at 5:28.78, trailed closely by Yale at 5:30.44. The second varsity cruised to more than a 13-second victory, coming in at 5:39.66. The third varsity prevailed in yet another dogfight, finishing in 5:52.62, 1.58 seconds

ahead of Yale. Cooke said that it was beneficial to win the close races. “Anytime we race a tight race, it’s a good experience,” he said. “At the same time, you always want to win by as much as you can. But I think Yale is a strong crew ... and it didn’t surprise me that they were tough to put away. I thought they raced a good hard race against us, and I do think that gave our guys good experience.” Ryan McShane ’08 said he thought it would be most beneficial for the third varsity to experience the narrow victory. “Those are the races that are usually decided a little bit earlier on in the races,” he said. “There’s usually somebody who’s significantly faster than another crew, and they’re over pretty quickly as far as who’s going to win. But in this case, both crews put up a great fight.” Despite a strong effort, the freshmen eight came out on the wrong end of a tight finish, crossing the finish line 1.59 seconds after Yale’s time of 5:40.22. “The freshmen had a strong race but they weren’t quite able to pull it out, so they’ll be looking to gain a little bit more speed,” said co-captain

Paul Strombom ’08. Bruno finished second in the freshmen four race at 6:49.88, sandwiched between Yale “A” at 6:36.28 and Yale “B” at 7:03.03. The Bears had to overcome a stiff tailwind that produced very rough conditions, much like Brown’s home course. Strombom said that the similarity to the team’s home course helped, but it was still a challenge. “We have pretty rough water on the Seekonk usually, so I think that might have helped us in some ways,” he said. “It definitely made the racing a bit nerve-wracking because it’s much easier to make mistakes and kind of let the race get away from you, but I think that was something that we handled well.” The Bears will race on the Seekonk River on Saturday morning when they host Boston University in their first home meet of the season. McShane is looking forward to it. “It will be nice, especially for us seniors,” he said. “It’s always fun racing at home. We’re used to the race course, there’s no traveling involved, no really early morning wakeups. Having ever yone from Brown coming out to cheer you on the race course is really fun. I love racing at home at Brown, so I’m re-

Monday, March 31, 2008  

The March 31, 2008 issue of the Brown Daily Herald