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The Brown Daily Herald M onday, O ctober 29, 2007

Volume CXLII, No. 98

Since 1866, Daily Since 1891

Simmons pleases on Parents Weekend

New campus life leader needs to ‘understand Brown’ By Debbie Lehmann Senior Staff Writer

Anecdotes about the recent birth of her first grandchild, an ill-advised attempt by thieves to use her stolen credit card to purchase goods on Thayer Street and a spontaneous kiss of former Harvard President Lawrence Summers were among the highlights of Simmons’ remarks. Speaking before a packed crowd of parents and a handful

An understanding of Brown’s student culture and leadership skills will be a key criterion in the search for a permanent vice president for campus life and student services, President Ruth Simmons told The Herald on Friday. The Corporation’s campus life committee identified these priorities for the position during its meeting earlier this month, Simmons said, adding that she “certainly agrees with them.” Simmons appointed Russell Carey ’91 MA’06 as interim vice president for campus life and student services in the fall of 2006, when David Greene left the position to become vice president for strategic initiatives at the University of Chicago. As Carey’s two-year term nears its end, the University is beginning a national search for a permanent candidate for the position. Campus life is in an “unusual period,” Simmons said, because many ongoing University initiatives include construction, renovations and other projects that rely heavily on facilities, yet affect campus life. The Office of

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By ZACHARY CHAPMAN and SCOTT LOWENSTEIN Staf f Writer and Senior Staf f Writer

Whether it was the ubiquitous badges, abundant a capella concerts, an influx of out-of-state license plates, unusually tidy dorms or the hushed mentions of “Al Forno” and “Capital Grille,” the changes on campus this weekend could mean only one thing — the prospect of parental visitors. Almost 4,000 parents and relatives descended on campus for Parents Weekend, representing 47 different states and more than a dozen dif ferent countries including Australia, Turkey and the Philippines, according to Cynthia Schwartz, director of University events. Overcast skies and a constant drizzle characterized much of the weekend. Skies finally broke Sunday morning, revealing a picturesque fall day in Providence and a

Chris Bennett / Herald

The campus was abuzz this weekend as about 4,000 visitors converged on College Hill for Parents Weekend.

campus largely bereft of the usual post-Saturday night detritus. The actual number of people registered for the weekend, 3,911, was a few hundred less than last year — the result of “natural occurrences from year to year,” Schwartz said, adding that some visitors on campus might not have bothered to register. Overall, “the weekend went ver y well,” Schwartz said, citing the variety of events, including

discussions with deans, various performances by student groups and a new program geared toward first-generation college students and their parents. The weekend also featured two speeches  the keynote address, given by private equity manager and University trustee Jonathan Nelson ’77 P’07 P’09 and the traditional Sunday morning questionand-answer session with President Ruth Simmons.

r e d so x S W EE P R O C K S

Graduating to the ranks of the uninsured? an option,” he said. Since he will no longer be covered by his parents’ health insurance and will have trouble qualifying for an individual policy, Rastelli’s only feasible opBy Sam Byker tion is to work for a firm that offers Contributing Writer coverage. “I have to treat it as part of my pay,” he added. “I would be Patrick Rastelli ’08 had hoped to willing to accept a lower salary in take a year off after graduating from order to get health benefits.” Brown this spring. But after some Rastelli’s dilemma is one few thought, Rastelli decided to travel Brown students have faced. The last summer instead, and when he University mandates that all 8,025 graduates, he wants to get a job students have health insurance. as quickly as possible. He’s not Most undergraduates are excluseeking prestige sively covered or money, but by their parents’ CHECK-UP rather something plans, while some graduate most college stustudents purdents take for Second in a series on granted: health chase individual the state of health at Brown insurance. coverage. The Rastelli was remaining 3,200 diagnosed with melanoma his are covered by Brown’s Student freshman year of high school. He Health Insurance Plan, or SHIP. underwent a short and successful “Many colleges and universities treatment, but the risk of recur- require health insurance,” Jeanne rence has necessitated follow-up Hebert, director of the University’s visits to the dermatologist ever Office of Insurance and Risk, told since. Insurance companies often The Herald in an e-mail. “If studeny coverage to people with medi- dents are faced with unexpected cal histories like Rastelli’s. medical expenses, they may not be “I just think of actuaries and able to continue their enrollment bean counters being like, ‘Well, in college.” he had cancer at 14, his mother After graduation, students no had cancer, his father had cancer. longer have access to SHIP, and ... The genes aren’t that good,’ ” most are barred from their parents’ he said. policies when they turn 22 or cease If Rastelli’s melanoma recurs to be full-time students. Some, like while he is uninsured, he will have Rastelli, apply for jobs with firms to cover the full costs of treatment continued on page 4 himself. “So that’s absolutely not

Students face health issues without insurance after college

INSIDE:

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ARTS & CULTURE

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STORMY WEATHER A host of dance groups showed off their stylish moves at Ashamu Dance Studio on rainy Saturday.

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Rahul Keerthi / Herald As the Boston Red Sox defeated the Colorado Rockies 4-3 to complete a sweep in the World Series last night, students watched in Josiah’s.

Amazon investment drives Amie Street By Sam Byker Contributing Writer

Just over a year ago, three recent Brown graduates launched Amie Street, an online music store with an innovative business model but a tiny catalog and few users. Now, with a coveted investment from Amazon. com, more than 100,000 songs for sale and 13 employees — eight of them Brown alums — the company is betting it can change the way you buy music. Amie Street, accessible at AmieStreet.com or Amie.st, has drawn users by offering a variety of features

CAMPUS NEWS

Medical Pursuits A new program, in the spirit of the New Curriculum, fosters interdisciplinary studies for med students.

that industry giants don’t have. When a song is first offered on the site, it costs nothing. As more and more users download the song, the price goes up until it reaches Amie Street’s maximum of 98 cents. Social network-

FEATURE ing tools allow users to “friend” one another, and friends’ purchases or recommendations show up on each user’s “news feed.” “The question we always asked ourselves throughout the process is ‘What would get us to buy music?’ ” said company founder Joshua

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OPINIONS

195 Angell Street, Providence, Rhode Island

Obama’s brilliance Zack Beauchamp ’10 argues Obama has some of the clearest foreign policy of any 2008 contenders.

Boltuch ’06. “We are our target demographic. So what would get us to buy music? And the answer always ended up being ‘Well, if you give me new music, I’m willing to pay for that service.’ ” The company’s top-selling artists include the rock band State Radio, indie pop trio Au Revoir Simone and rapper The Game. State Radio songs that retail for 99 cents on iTunes can be found on Amie Street for as little as 18 cents. The company keeps 30 percent of the sale price of every song, which Boltuch says is comparable to continued on page 7

16 SPORTS

The Quaker Quake Men’s soccer dominated the Quakers this weekend, holding their undefeated Ivy record.

News tips: herald@browndailyherald.com


T oday Page 2

Monday, October 29, 2007

THE BROWN DAILY HERALD

But Seriously | Charlie Custer and Stephen Barlow

We a t h e r Today

T O M O RR O W

sunny 52 / 38

sunny 58 / 42

Menu Sharpe Refectory

Verney-Woolley Dining Hall

Lunch — Pasta Bean Bake, Italian Vegetable Saute, Vegan Moroccan Beans with Raisins, Comino Chicken Sandwich, Pulled Pork Sandwich, Snickerdoodle Cookies, Chocolate Brownies

Lunch — Fried Clam Roll, Manicotti with Tomato Basil Cream Sauce, Mediterranean Bar, Fresh Broccoli, Snickerdoodle Cookies

Dinner — Grits Souffle, Lemon Rice, Roasted Honey-glazed Chicken, Rabe, Belgian Carrots, Ambrosia Cake

Aibohphobia | Roxanne Palmer

Dinner — Roast Honey and Chili Chicken, Fettuccini with Baby Greens, Creamy Rosemary Polenta, Fresh Vegetable Menage, Ambrosia Cake

Sudoku Fill in the grid so that every row, every column and every 3x3 box contains the digits 1 through 9.

Nightmarishly Elastic | Adam Robbins

RELEASE DATE– Monday, October 29,by 2007 © Puzzles Pappocom

Los Angeles Times Daily oCrossword Puzzle C r o ssw rd Edited by Rich Norris and Joyce Nichols Lewis ACROSS 1 Elite invitee roster 6 Each, informally 10 Spumante source 14 Right-hand page 15 18-wheeler 16 Couturier Christian 17 Play with clay 18 Brain wave 19 Dog food formerly pitched by Lorne Greene 20 Bodybuilder’s mantra 23 Told it like it was 26 “Rhinoceros” playwright Eugène 27 Prefix with potent 28 Gary of “CSI: NY” 31 AOL alternative 32 One of the Zodiac’s 12 33 Chapel vow 34 Cry of discovery 36 Hero’s mantra 41 Comics caveman Alley __ 42 Non’s opposite 43 A party to 45 Hot under the collar 47 Thanksgiving spreads 50 Chinese lap dog, briefly 51 Briefly 53 Anchored in the harbor 55 Rule breaker’s mantra 58 Time line divisions 59 Skye of “Say Anything …” 60 “__ a monkey’s uncle!” 64 Totally absorbed 65 One on a musical scale 66 Kangaroo kids 67 __-Ball: arcade game 68 Baseball Hall of Famer Slaughter 69 Hospital helpers DOWN 1 Biblical shelter

2 Spy novelist Deighton 3 Rocks in a cocktail 4 Rousing audience response, briefly 5 Hullabaloos 6 Pacific Rim continent 7 Partner of a mani, salon-wise 8 Subtitle of the sequel “Damien” 9 Baby grands, e.g. 10 Traditional truism 11 George Eliot’s “Weaver of Raveloe” 12 Subjects for debaters 13 Attach, as a patch 21 Assume as fact 22 Cager Shaquille 23 Urgent call at sea 24 Idi of Uganda 25 Physically fit 29 Ones with photos are required at airports

30 Taboos (and title of this puzzle) 35 Common people 37 Eagerly anticipatory about 38 Escape clause 39 Thingamajig 40 Oxen collar 44 American composer Rorem 45 The Seven Dwarfs, at work

46 Arctic jacket 48 Expensive fur 49 When the lunch whistle usually blows 52 Proverbial waste maker 54 Séance board 56 Not tricked by 57 Lawyer’s charges 61 Had followers 62 “Catch ya later!” 63 Slalom segment

Octopus on Hallucinogens | Toni Liu and Stephanie Le

ANSWER TO PREVIOUS PUZZLE:

Classic How To Get Down | Nate Saunders

xwordeditor@aol.com

10/29/07

T he B rown D aily H erald Editorial Phone: 401.351.3372 Business Phone: 401.351.3260

University community since 1891. It is published Monday through Friday during the aca-

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once in July by The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. POSTMASTER please send corrections to

Mary-Catherine Lader, Vice President Mandeep Gill, Treasurer Dan DeNorch, Secretary By Nancy Salomon (c)2007 Tribune Media Services, Inc.

10/29/07

The Brown Daily Herald (USPS 067.740) is an independent newspaper serving the Brown demic year, excluding vacations, once during Commencement, once during Orientation and P.O. Box 2538, Providence, RI 02906. Periodicals postage paid at Providence, R.I. Offices are located at 195 Angell St., Providence, R.I. E-mail herald@browndailyherald.com. World Wide Web: http://www.browndailyherald.com. Subscription prices: $319 one year daily, $139 one semester daily. Copyright 2007 by The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. All rights reserved.


A rts & C ulture Monday, October 29, 2007

Brown students danced up a storm on a rainy Saturday night

N EEd . . . B R A I N S

By Carol Celestine Contributing Writer

Min Wu / Herald

Max Brooks, author of “The Zombie Survival Guide,” kicked off the Providence Zombie Film Festival with a lecture on Friday.

RISD Museum dresses up with alum’s costume jewelry By Robin Steele Ar ts & Culture Editor

A glittering menagerie of animal, fruit and seashell-inspired jewelry is on display as part of the exhibit “Fabulous Fakes: Costume Jewelry of Kenneth Jay Lane,” which opened Friday at Rhode Island School of Design Museum. Kenneth Jay Lane RISD’54 has designed costume jewelry for celebrities, first ladies and style icons — from Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis and Audrey Hepburn to Jessica Simpson. The exhibition is the largest retrospective to date of Lane’s work, featuring primarily pieces from 1963 to 1993 on loan from his personal collection. The exhibit celebrates the versatility of a designer whose work can adorn both Barbara Bush and Paris Hilton with ease. The playful pink and black gallery display is book-ended by a blown-up picture of Lane from the 1960s, decked out with his jewelry and enthroned like a Russian czar. The jewelry on display is divided into groupings based on era and inspiration. A collage of Glamour magazines, tabloid covers and fashion spreads featuring Lane’s pieces serves as a backdrop for the section “Bling It On for the Celebutantes” — which shows pieces worn by Paris Hilton and Sarah Jessica Parker, among others. Other famous patrons include Duchess of Windsor Wallis Simpson, Princess Diana and Nancy Reagan. Much of Lane’s work is whimsi-

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THE BROWN DAILY HERALD

REVIEW cal and fun, drawing on a variety of influences. One section displays gold work inspired by Egyptian and pre-Columbian civilizations. Another features elaborate crosses and opaque resin stone necklaces reminiscent of Renaissance jewelry. Lane draws inspiration from ever ything from English china to Greek coins. His work makes use of natural shapes, such as a bejeweled strawberries and china pansies, as well as abstract geometric designs. Other works include Op-Art bracelets from the 1960s, black and white punk inspired pieces from the 1970s and 1920s inspired Art Deco watches. Lane’s work also features a large number of animal inspired pieces — 1960s bangles adorned with snakes, elephants, rams and giraffes. A series of brooches — frogs, dragonflies, snails and unicorns — in the exhibit are perched on a log in a glass container like insects in a terrarium. Lane received his bachelors of fine arts in advertising design because no jewelry degree was offered at the time. Although he is based in New York, much of Lane’s work is manufactured in Rhode Island. The exhibit was organized by Henry Joyce, an independent curator of decorative arts and design, with the help of Lane, who loaned many of the objects and materials. The works will be on display until Jan. 27.

Before an audience of parents and students in a packed Ashamu Dance Studio on Saturday, dance companies the Dance Extension, Divine Rhythm and New Works/World Traditions Collective performed six pieces for the Parents’ Weekend Dance Concert. In what was the second of three shows, Saturday night’s concert truly delivered — the performances were vastly entertaining: enthusiastic, dynamic, varied and stylish. In numbers including lyrical pieces, interpretative dance and traditional African dances, the companies’ members blended great technical skill with dazzlingly creative choreography. The highlights of the performance were “Dansa/Wolosodon” and “Bamanan Don,” the high-energy African dance pieces performed by New Works/World Traditions Collective that were accompanied by a live African drumming ensemble. The vibrant numbers, which involved traditional Malian call-and-response chanting and rapid, complicated footwork, showcased the dancers’ stamina and expertise. These dance numbers celebrated African history and customs by telling the story of Malian cultures through percussion and movement. The concert’s opening piece was performed by stepping company Divine Rhythm and combined elements of song, dance and storytelling. The dance detailed step’s origins in South Africa and its development through the centuries to the present day, as it evolved from an African expression

into a uniquely African-American art form. Led by choreographer Stesha Emmanuel ’08, Divine Rhythm was captivating in a tightly choreographed step number that showcased the dancers’ mastery of the form as well as their creative talent. The company played with the dance moves, creating a textured piece that was both playful and

REVIEW serious. The concert’s interpretive dance offerings “Family Experiment #1” and “Rainbow Etude” played with dance’s ability to express aspects of the human experience. Performed by Dance Extension, the numbers were fusion dance interpretations of different themes. The issue of family was explored in the group’s quirky “Family Experiment #1,” accompanied by a mash-up of family-themed songs such as “Family Affair.” The other piece recreated black choreographer

Donald McKayle’s 1959 piece “Rainbow Etude,” which alluded to different forms of oppression. Though expertly executed and interestingly choreographed, the pieces were a bit confusing due to their abstract nature. A third Dance Extension performance, “Madame Sand,” was beautiful and expressive. Simultaneously somber and jubilant, the piece successfully blended elements of ballet, jazz dance and lyrical dance, making for a gorgeous interpretive number. Another wonderful performance was the jazzy “Civil Liberties,” set to a synth-heavy version of Jimmy Smith’s “Papa’s Got a Brand New Bag.” The piece was noticeably more traditional than the other offerings but every bit as satisfying and fun to watch, with powerful presentations from the dancers and a number of standout mini solos. “Civil Liberties” was excellently choreographed, and the group demonstrated great chemistry.


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Students face health issues without insurance after college continued from page 1 that provide insurance. Others enter graduate programs, many of which have policies similar to Brown’s. But those who don’t receive insurance, and have no mandate to purchase it, face a difficult choice. Nationwide, 19-to-24-year-olds have the lowest rate of health insurance coverage in the nation, with 34.9 percent uninsured in the first half of 2006, according to the federal Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. In 2004, the agency reported that 17.7 percent of 18-to-29-year-olds

believed they were healthy enough not to need insurance, while 26.3 percent claimed it wasn’t worth the cost. “Most post-college students are young, they think they’re going to live forever and that nothing terrible can ever happen to them, and so they’re willing to take that risk for a couple of extra bucks in their pocket every month,” said Vincent Mor, professor of medical science and chair of Brown’s community health department. “So the rational choice for most 23-year-olds — healthy as hell — is to not be covered, because

they’re very unlikely to get sick unless they’re run over by a truck.” Weighing the options For graduating students who want, or need, insurance, several options exist. Recent graduates can extend their Brown plan, SHIP, for up to three months after its Aug. 15 end-date, said Bill Devine, president of University Health Plans, which administers the program. Once SHIP expires, a “bridge” policy can cover a brief gap between SHIP or parental insurance and a work-based or individual plan. The University’s Office of Alumni Relations offers information on a bridge policy provided by New Jersey-based Meyer and Associates that can last from one to six months for upwards of $100 per month. For longer-term coverage, growing numbers of recent grads are seeking to remain on their parents’ insurance. Rhode Island now permits full- and part-time students to do so up to age 25, as part of a bill signed by Gov. Donald Carcieri ’65 last year. Massachusetts and New Jersey have raised their limits to 26 and 30, respectively. Several other states have similar proposals in the works, but in most states non-students are still kicked off their parents’ plans when they turn 19. The federal Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act provides another option. COBRA allows children to remain on parents’ worksponsored plans for up to three years after graduation, but it comes with a catch: In addition to their normal contribution, parents must pay the portion of insurance costs normally covered by their employer. For a healthy young person, this often costs more than an individual plan. Claire Galya ’08 used COBRA coverage for six months in 2005, between three semesters at Smith College and her transfer to Brown. Her father’s work as an environmen-

tal scientist had provided Galya insurance, but when she ceased to be a full-time student she was booted from the plan in accordance with California law. Galya’s asthma necessitated insurance coverage, so her parents purchased it through COBRA until she started at Brown. Now she’s unsure what to do after graduation. “I will try not to be uninsured,” Galya said. “I would have to stop seeing my pulmonologist for asthma, and that would be really scary. If I had an asthma attack and had to go to the emergency room, I don’t know how I would pay for it.” Grads who don’t receive insurance through work or their parents must purchase it themselves. In Rhode Island, only Blue Cross & Blue Shield of Rhode Island, the state’s largest insurer, offers individual plans. State law mandates that BCBS offer such coverage, even though it is typically unprofitable, said product manager Kim Holloway. BCBS Rhode Island lost $6 million on the plans last year alone. For young people, this individual coverage is often quite cheap. In Rhode Island, a healthy male under 25 can get a plan with a $5,000 deductible for $92.32 per month, while one with a $400 deductible would run $179.30. (A policy’s deductible is the amount an individual must pay for care before insurance will kick in.) Plans cost somewhat more for women because they could become pregnant, Holloway said, and tend to visit the doctor more often. Cost of coverage But individual insurance policies like the BCBS plans can be prohibitively expensive for students who have pre-existing medical conditions. In Rhode Island, BCBS screens its patients for such conditions, which can include diabetes, asthma and past cases of cancer like Rastelli’s. Applicants who fail such tests are

offered rates about three times the cost for a “healthy” 25-year-old. Thirty-three other states mandate the availability of such coverage, but in others, individual insurance can be unobtainable for or beyond the means of applicants with current or past medical problems. This makes sense, Mor said. “If you’ve had a condition, you’ll use the doctor more often, whether you want to or not. Any insurance company is going to know that.” Working for a large firm is often the best option for grads with medical problems, Mor said. Such firms “have sort of made the calculus that as long as you’re a valuable worker it’s okay because ... one sick person who’s otherwise valuable is not a detriment to them.” Spokespeople for Microsoft and Verizon told The Herald that, upon hiring, their companies grant employees immediate coverage that fully funds treatment for pre-existing conditions. David Dryer ’07 has lived in Massachusetts and remained on his parents’ coverage since graduating in May, and he’s already received a few job offers that would provide insurance. “The health compensation ... is a big part of the pitch,” Dryer said. “Salary is the first thing and the second is, ‘Here are the health benefits!’ They seem to be basing their pitch on the understanding that graduates are pretty concerned with it.” Smaller companies often have less generous plans. Many don’t offer immediate health coverage, and some that do place restrictions on spending for pre-existing issues, Mor said. Nonprofits often have even tighter policies. Congressionallyfunded AmeriCorps — a third of whose 70,000 members are recent grads ­— offers a comprehensive health plan, but excludes treatment for all pre-existing conditions, spokeswoman Siobhan Dugan told The Herald. Other organizations offer no coverage at all.

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C ampus n ews Monday, October 29, 2007

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THE BROWN DAILY HERALD

Scholarly Concentrations Program expanding medical education By Whitney Eng Contributing Writer

Courtesy of National Archives and Records Administration

The leader of the Soviet Union, Nikita Krushchev, left, and President Dwight Eisenhower, pictured here in 1959.

Statesmen’s descendants recall Cold War memories By Caroline Sedano Contributing Writer

When Susan Eisenhower, the granddaughter of President Dwight Eisenhower, was eight years old, Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev pinned a small red star on her jacket and told her parents that she was welcome to come visit him in Russia. “Even as an eight year old, I could tell this wasn’t going to happen,” Eisenhower said. Fifty years later, Eisenhower has been to Russia and married a Russian scientist. She spoke Saturday at a symposium on campus celebrating the publication of the third and final volume of Khrushchev’s memoirs, “Memoirs of Nikita Khrushchev: Statesman, 1953-1964.” Nikita Khrushchev’s son Sergei Khrushchev, a fellow at the Watson Institute for International Studies, joined biographer William Taubman and sociologist Vladimir Shlapentokh at the symposium, held at the Watson Institute on Saturday morning. “These memoirs are in a class by themselves,” said Professor Emeritus of History Abbott Gleason. “They throw light on momentous events, and we here at Brown are simply fortunate to have been able to help Sergei.” The first volume of the memoirs, “Commissar, 1918-1945,” was published in 2005, and the second volume, “Reformer, 1945-1964,” in 2006. All three editions are translations of Nikita Khrushchev’s work and were edited by Sergei Khrushchev as a joint effort between the Watson Institute and the Pennsylvania State University Press. The panelists shared their own personal stories about Khrushchev, the Cold War and Russian history and legacy. Susan Eisenhower explained the relationship she witnessed — and has since discovered — between her grandfather and Khrushchev. “They had a sense of affinity for each other — the fact that someone who was an adversary to the U.S. was at our family farm and had given us presents was quite something,” she said, adding that after Khrushchev left that day, her mother immediately told her to take off the pin and not talk to anyone about it. “Their personal relationship

was very important. All the crisis during this tense time could have blossomed into something bigger,” she said. Eisenhower continued to discuss the influence of the 1950s and how relevant it is today. “Nothing gave me greater satisfaction than seeing the Eisenhower administration calming the public down,” she said, going on to describe the international peace efforts of the 1950s, in particular. “I’m not sure when it stopped being the government’s job to calm and support its people,” she said. Sergei Khrushchev began his talk by joking that while Susan had not saved her red star, he had saved his “I like Ike” pin. He then focused on his father’s role in Russia and how the elder Khrushchev is perceived by the world today. “His most important task was to make a better life for our own people — and he truly believed that our political system would make life better,” Khrushchev said, discussing the housing reforms his father implemented — during which Shlapentokh interrupted to exclaim, “They were great apartments!” The improved lifespan of Russians during this time period was significant as well, he said. “He realized early on that the U.S. was much more powerful than we were and that we should focus on what we really need — so he tried to reduce arms spending and wasting resources,” he said. Sergei Khrushchev and Shlapentokh said they believe this to be part of the reason Khrushchev is unpopular or ignored by people and history. “In books about the time period, his name is not even mentioned — just called ‘the Prime Minister of the Soviet Union,’ ” Khrushchev said. Despite the serious content of all the panelists’ remarks, the symposium maintained a light atmosphere. Both Eisenhower and Khrushchev commented that they had seen a lot of each other lately because of the many recent Cold War commemoration events. “All these events have strong personal ties for us,” Eisenhower said. “But looking back on them so often in these forums reminds me how relevant they are to understanding how the world is today.”

Ask medical students across the country the best way to learn medicine, and they’ll point you toward their cadavers. At Brown, however, medical students are encouraged to take their learning beyond the classroom by participating in the Scholarly Concentrations Program. Since its inception last year, more than 40 secondyear medical students have enrolled in the program. The program allows medical students to pursue a self-directed course of study in addition to the standard medical curriculum. Students work with a mentor to produce a “scholarly product” such as “a published paper, curriculum development, a major literary review and things we haven’t even thought of yet,” by the end of their four years of medical school, said Richard Besdine, professor of medicine and director of the Center for Gerontology and Health Care Research. “This is a chance to follow your passions and explore something indepth,” said Jeffrey Borkan, professor of family medicine and chair of the working group that developed the program.

Students can choose from 11 different concentrations, including global health, advocacy and activism, aging, medical ethics, disaster medicine and informatics. “Students constantly work on projects in the summer and wish that they had more time to continue their work. This is that ‘more time,’ ” Borkan said. “The overall rationale is that students do all of these things anyway, and a program like this gives them structure and pushes them to take the work to the next level,” said Emily Green, manager of the program. “We’re getting credit for things that are not as sexy in the medical world as basic science research,” said Jason Lambrese ’06 MD’10, who is enrolled in the program’s medical education concentration. Lambrese, who concentrated in Hispanic studies as an undergraduate, has worked on developing and improving the course BIOL 3600: “Doctoring,” which all first-year medical students take. Lambrese, in conjunction with several faculty, has worked to find ways of “reducing, reusing and recycling” parts of the course in an effort to improve medical education at Brown. “We as medical students

like to complain about the course, but it’s a lot harder to offer constructive criticism, and that was really something that I wanted to do,” he said. “The Scholarly Concentrations Program gives students recognition for going above and beyond the traditional medical school curriculum,” Green said. “This provides students with the framework to pursue their passions in a scholarly way.” Students in the program take on a wide range of disciplines in their concentrations. Andrew Allegretti ’06 MD’10, a medical humanities concentrator, has worked on collecting “pain narratives” — stories from patients who suffer from chronic lower back pain. “I wanted patients to talk with me as freely as they could so that I could learn more about their life story,” he said. Allegretti then spoke with the patients’ doctors to see how the narratives matched up, and if they didn’t, “to look to see if there were any holes that could be addressed to help improve their care.” Allegretti, who was a music concentrator as an undergraduate, said he “wanted to keep a little bit of humanities in my medical school continued on page 7

Protest questions U.’s aid to sexual assault victims By Nandini Jayakrishna Senior Staf f Writer

Signs reading “Sexual Assault Happens Here” and demanding a stronger sexual assault policy were posted on trees outside Wilson Hall Friday morning as the Sexual Assault Task Force protested the lack of adequate on-campus resources for victims. Task force members wearing shirts saying “Stop Campus Rape” — seeking to mimic a similar protest by a group of female Brown students in 1990 — put up banners and T-shirts made by sexual assault survivors at Brown and in Providence. By protesting on the first day of Parents Weekend, the group hoped to bring wider attention to the issue of sexual assault on campus and to have as many people as possible sign a petition calling for better University resources and education programs aimed at preventing sexual assault. “It’s Parents Weekend, the University has planted a lot of grass trying to make the University look good,” said Amy Littlefield ’09, a columnist for The Herald’s postmagazine and co-founder of the task force. “I think that pointing out that the issues are the same as in 1990 and approaching parents with information is a more powerful form of protest than your traditional rally.” The task force, which was formed this spring, currently has over 15 members from Brown and the Rhode Island School of Design. It has begun creating its own resources for students, such as a confidential support group reaching out to survivors, Littlefield said. Though the task force has received funding from the Sarah Doyle Women’s Center, it wants financial support from the University, Littlefield said. “The women’s center has been

Chris Bennett / Herald

T-shirts were displayed on the Main Green Friday by members of the Sexual Assault Task Force to protest the lack of on-campus resources for sexual assault victims.

fantastic, but they’re cutting out of their resources to give to us,” Littlefield said. “We need support from the people with the money.” The task force also wants the University to formally recognize the extent of sexual assaults that occur on Brown’s campus. Recently released Department of Public Safety statistics showed four sexual

assaults on campus in 2006, but task force organizers say sexual assault is typically an underreported crime. “As of three weeks ago, if you typed ‘sexual assault’ in the A-Z on Brown’s Web site, nothing showed up,” said Marta daSilva ’09, a member of the task force. “We’d like to continued on page 6


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Sexual Assault Task Force stages Parents Weekend protest continued from page 5 see an acknowledgement and awareness (on the part of the University) to look the issue in the face and deal with it as a real problem.” Littlefield said the University is “uncomfortable” dealing with sexual assault issues. “We’d like to make it more uncomfortable for them not to address the issue,” she said. The task force is calling for the creation of a full-time staff position to deal with sexual assault cases, a sexual assault resource center, University backing for a peer-led support group for survivors and a 24-hour on-campus sexual assault hotline. It is also calling for more accurate reporting of the number of sexual assault cases. This spring, the University created a Sexual Assault Advisor y Board, comprising administrators, students and some members of the Sexual Assault Task Force, said Margaret Klawunn, associate vice president for campus life and dean of student life. The board will consider the task force’s demands, and Klawunn said she was supportive of the task force’s wishes. Littlefield said though the advisory board “does open up a dialogue” between students and administrators, it does not have “as much potential for change” as the task force. “It hasn’t changed anything yet,” she said. Though the University has “a lot of services” for sexual assault victims, Klawunn said there should be one person in the administration in charge of such cases. “We’re making a proposal for funding for a full-time position to the University Resource Center,” she said. The proposal will be made on behalf of the Division of Campus Life in November. If the University grants funding in the spring, the position should be filled before next fall, Klawunn said. Friday evening marked the opening of a sexual assault resource center at the Sarah Doyle Women’s Center. Littlefield said the task force plans to have staffers at the center to talk to survivors. The center will also be a “safe place to study.” “If a survivor feels she’s going to go to the library and see her perpe-

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trator, she can come (to the center instead),” Littlefield said. Many students and parents who had stopped by the protest Friday morning came to the resource center’s opening. By the end of the day, the task force had about 50 parents and 100 students and faculty sign its petition, Littlefield said. Some visitors to campus were outraged after talking to the protestors. “I find it shocking in this day and age,” said Catherine Herrmann, mother of David Dean ’11. “I graduated from George Washington University in 1978. We had a rape crisis center back then and the University supported it.” Herrmann said she thought “Brown would be a university that would stand up for these issues and care about them. As a parent I understand rape happens. I don’t understand how the University can not provide services,” she said. Students and faculty echoed similar sentiments. Tom Chen GS, who was involved with Peer Advocates of Sexual Respect as an undergraduate student at Amherst College, said he was “surprised” Brown doesn’t support a similar counseling program for sexual assault survivors. Associate Professor of Religious Studies Donna Wulff, who signed up for the task force’s e-mail listserv at the protest, said the University’s response to sexual assault is “inadequate.” But some seemed less worried. Hank Alterman P’08, father of Evan Alterman ’08, said he thinks “it’s the responsibility of the administration to support survivors” but admitted that he would probably be more concerned if he had a daughter at Brown instead of a son. Many students who stopped to read the banners and T-shirts declined to comment, saying they didn’t know enough about the issue. The task force’s future plans include setting up a peer education program, starting a hotline on a pay-as-you-go cell phone and setting up an anonymous self-reporting system to keep track of the number of sexual assault cases at Brown.


Monday, October 29, 2007

Scholarly concentrations expand medical education continued from page 5 curriculum.” The Scholarly Concentrations Program also allows medical students to conduct research in the biological sciences. Nikki Tang ’06 MD’10, who is concentrating in aging, spent last summer working on a research project studying cellular senescence. “I’ve always wanted to do basic science research, and the development of the Scholarly Concentrations Program was very serendipitous. It allowed my interests to come together in the right fit,” Tang said. “I think that in many ways, what medical education does is to force students to think very narrowly, and we’re trying to avoid that as much as we can,” Green said. It’s hard to predict how many new medical students will choose to enroll in the program this year, but Green and others are hoping to attract first-year students with information sessions and lunchtime presentations by the first generation of concentrators, who are all now in their second year. “I think that the program seems really cross-disciplinary, and I’m definitely interested in participating,” said Nitin Aggarwal MD’11. Aggarwal said he is not sure exactly which concentration he hopes to pursue but is “glad that the program seems like you can really mold it to your interests.” The second-year concentrators agree that pursuing a scholarly concentration in addition to keeping up with regular course-

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work can be difficult at times. “Pursuing my concentration may be taking time from studying for my next exam, but that’s okay with me,” Lambrese said. “It’s definitely a matter of maintaining balance,” Tang said. But students say the time commitment for the program is often well worth the while. Lambrese said, “Having a diversity of perspectives is really great for us. We each bring a different experience to the table, and that really enhances the medical students’ perspective here.” The program was advertised to prospective first-year students during their “re-visit” to Brown, after they had found out they had been accepted, Green said. Gregory Radin MD’11, who spent his undergraduate years at New York University, said the program did play a factor in his decision to come to Brown for medical school. “I definitely feel that the (Program in Liberal Medical Education) and the Scholarly Concentrations Program are making a genuine effort to focus on social and psychological aspects of becoming a doctor that wasn’t present at other schools,” Radin said. “I’m a firm believer that the well-rounded physician is the best kind,” Allegretti said. “Keeping a broad perspective keeps you wellinformed and happier. You can’t have your nose stuck in a book all the time. Sometimes, pursuing your passions is just as important as knowing every last fact about a biochemical cycle.”

Amie Street gets Amazon.com’s cash continued from page 1 the margins of other online retailers. From College Hill to Web 2.0... Amie Street went online in July 2006 and took off after an early endorsement from well-known blogger Michael Arrington of TechCrunch. com. In October, its founders made BusinessWeek’s list of the Best Entrepreneurs Under 25. By March, the company had sold over 100,000 tracks and acquired rights to sell its first bigname band, the Barenaked Ladies. “We really blew up in March,” Boltuch said. “And on the heels of that there was a lot of interest from the financial community.” Amie Street’s founders — Boltuch, Elliot Breece ’06 and Elias Roman ’06 — traveled to California’s Silicon Valley seeking venture capital investments for the business’ expansion. The three also traveled to Seattle, where they met with Amazon founder and CEO Jeff Bezos. In August, Amie Street announced the results: A group of investors, led by Amazon, had offered to fund the company’s first major round of financing. Amie Street accepted, agreeing to sell part of the company — and its future profits ­­— in exchange for the investment, as is typical of venture capital deals. Neither firm has disclosed the terms of the agreement, and a spokeswoman for Amazon told The Herald that the company does not comment on investments outside of press releases and legal filings. But Amazon’s motives were relatively clear, said Edward Weller, managing director of retail and consumer research at San Franciscobased ThinkEquity Partners. “I think they have a stake in knowing what’s happening in the underbrush all around the Internet,” Weller

said. Amazon’s practice of investing in startup firms “not only gives them intelligence, it also gives them an early line in on buying some of these things if they pan out. And maybe there is an option to buy.” Boltuch believes investors were attracted by his company’s customers. “Amie Street certainly has a very coveted, younger demographic that probably doesn’t buy music on Amazon,” he laughed. “So our demographic I think is what’s key” to their interest in the deal, he said. Though the terms of the investment weren’t disclosed, Weller said the deal-making process offers some clues as to its size. “Do you think that the CEO of a big company like that would meet to invest ... $640,000 in a company like this?” he asked. “Often, first-round venture stage financing can be $5 or $10 million.” Amazon might fund one-third of that, he added. With the infusion of capital, Amie Street has hired a group of much-needed software engineers and moved out of its former headquarters in a Long Island house to office space just outside New York City. Yet as the company grows, Boltuch says it won’t stray from the basic principles that have brought Amie Street success. For example, every track sold on Amie Street comes without any Digital Rights Management restrictions, used by sellers like Apple Inc.’s iTunes Music Store to hinder the distribution of downloaded music. “That was never even a question,” Boltuch said. “For 99 percent of artists you can’t get your music into too many places.” The only way to achieve success “is to have a lot of people hear your music, and DRM is the antithesis of that.” Amie Street’s refusal to use DRM has been a stalling point in negotiations with the United States’ four major

record labels — Universal, Sony BMG, EMI and Warner Music. The company needs at least one of the labels onboard if it wants to compete with major online retailers, but Boltuch remains hopeful that an agreement will be reached. “They want access to people on our site, and our demographic, and we want their music,” he said. “We just have to make that deal.” ... And back to Brown Brown was a critical part of Amie Street’s formation, Boltuch said. He met Breece and Roman when they lived on the same hallway in Keeney Quadrangle during their freshman year. When the three decided to start Amie Street in their senior year, the founders “cherry-picked” from Brown’s Computer Science Department, hiring several students as contractors to build the site’s code. Roman, a business economics concentrator, handles the company’s finances, while Breece, who concentrated in modern culture and media, focuses on the site’s design. Boltuch concentrated in English and now works on marketing and public relations. (The house in which the three lived during their senior year, at 18 Amy St., gave the company its name.) Of Amie Street’s 13 employees, eight are Brown alums. Peter Asbill ’06, Amie Street’s chief content officer, and Lucas Hrabovsky ’06, its Chief Technology Officer, joined the company last year when it was still based in Providence. Since the move, the company has hired three more alums: software engineers Todd Lipcon ’07 and Zach Shubert ’02 GS, and Systems Administrator Jimmy Kaplowitz ’07. Students who use the promotional code “Brown” when registering for Amie Street get $5 of credit towards music on the site.


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Simmons and Nelson ’77 P’07 P’09 address parents during weekend festivities continued from page 1 of bleary-eyed students, Simmons praised the University’s “unique” and “innovative” approach to learning, defended the University’s reevaluation of the New Curriculum and reviewed the ongoing efforts of the Campaign for Academic Enrichment. Her comments often elicited applause and waves of laughter from the audience. After her prepared remarks, Simmons and a cadre of her deputies fielded questions, concerns and praise from parents. When Simmons took the stage, she joked that the University was going to charge a parent’s lost credit card that had turned up on the podium. She then explained that during a recent speech at a church, thieves stole her credit card from her purse — which she had left in

another room — but were apprehended soon after when they used her credit card to make purchases on Thayer Street. “Fortunately, Brown students are much smarter than that,” she said. Later, in the midst of a passage of her speech addressing Brown’s commitment to internationalization, Simmons stopped mid-sentence when a cell phone went off. After noting that she shared the same ring tone with the embarrassed audience member, Simmons explained this week had been “harrowing” for her because she had been awaiting a call notifying her of the birth of her first grandchild. “I have had my cell phone on in every meeting, and I was scared it could ring at any time. I waited and waited. No phone call,” she said. “I was prepared — I was thinking

I would remember this moment for the rest of my life, where I was when I got the call, what I said, so I practiced how I would say it. And no call. So I get on the plane, and the call came on the plane — it was a message. It’s a girl, seven pounds and six ounces,” she said, drawing a chorus of “awws” and applause from the audience. “I have a picture if you want to see it,” she joked. Simmons tried to return to the subject of internationalization but was interrupted by laughter and applause when she returned to a more formal tone. “I bugged my son (Khari) forever. I said, ‘You really need international experience, you need to get out of the countr y to understand what the world thinks,’ ” Simmons said. “So what does he do? He has my first grandchild in Australia!” During the more serious portions of her speech, Simmons told parents that the University is constantly “striving to improve every aspect of student and faculty curricular and extracurricular experience,” outlining efforts under the Campaign for Academic Enrichment to expand the size and diversity of the faculty, extend financial aid and embark on multiple new construction projects. “In our view, financial aid philanthropy — which gets stronger ever y year — is one of the most compelling American stories, proof of the concern that we have as a nation for access and opportunity across all groups,” she said. “This will remain one of our highest priorities for many years to come because we are far from having the resources we do need to reduce the loan burden for our students.” Simmons said the University is in the process of responding to student and parent concerns about the quality of advising and calls for increased research and internship opportunities. “In the next few months I expect we will have a lot to say about what we propose for further advising improvements,” she said, noting efforts by the dean of the College to create more one-on-one mentoring partnerships. Internationalization also remains an essential element of the University’s agenda, Simmons said. Simmons stressed the need for students to “expand, not diminish their global knowledge in the face of intensifying political, religious and cultural differences” and told the audience that “this effort must begin here at home.” “In today’s complex and turbulent global reality, problems require multinational, multidisciplinar y

skills and solutions,” she said. The status of the New Curriculum was another topic of focus. In her speech, Simmons assuaged concerns that the administration is seeking to overhaul the New Curriculum and stressed the need to re-examine Brown’s approach to undergraduate education. “No matter what you hear, or what you read or what some of you hope, I don’t foresee an elimination of the New Curriculum. Far from it,” she said. In response to a parent who asked if the goal of the Task Force on Undergraduate Education is to dismantle the New Curriculum, Simmons said that the intent of the University’s review process is not to replace the curriculum with core requirements. “There is no virtue in just being another university, in my opinion. What Brown has that is unique is something to treasure and protect, but it would be a very serious mistake for us not to examine what we do in an ongoing way. It sets a bad example for our students — and it sets a bad example for us — because self-satisfaction is a deadly thing,” she said. The second parent to the microphone read a lengthy letter asking Brown to adopt the Designated Suppliers Program, an initiative designed to promote the use of fair labor practices among suppliers of University apparel. The letter said Brown’s inaction showed a “hypocritical disregard for human rights.” The mother then delivered a box of 179 form letters signed by parents asking Brown to adopt the program. Students also distributed letters to parents before the event asking them for their support. Simmons said the University agreed that protecting the rights of workers who make its apparel is of fundamental concern, but she said the Corporation does not make decisions based on petitions. Vice President for Administration and Chief Risk Officer Walter Hunter said the University is “committed to ensuring that factories treat workers fairly,” noting that the University stopped taking orders from a supplier within 24 hours of learning that the supplier was violating labor practices. He also said the DSP is a program “that deserves our attention.” Hunter, however, expressed concern over the legality of the DSP program, which he said might be ruled in violation of anti-trust laws by the U.S. Department of Justice. Even in the absence of a ruling, Hunter said elements of the DSP would need amending before the University could adopt the document. The mother of one student voiced concern over a recent incident in which her son was struck by an SUV while riding his bike near campus. She wanted to know if the University had plans to reduce traffic flow around the College Hill area and to improve access to bike paths around campus. A man who identified himself as the father of a football player thanked Simmons for her support of the team and for helping to foster what he described as a thriving athletics program at Brown. “You come out and cheer, and that really means a lot to the program,” he said. The father said in discussions with his son, it seemed that too many classes at the University are taught by graduate students. He asked if the University is making efforts to reduce the number of classes taught by grad students.

Simmons said the University is striving to increase the quality of admitted graduate students and explained that “in today’s University environment graduate students are important components of the learning process” and are “required to teach because they are the next generation of faculty.” She said the University is not using them in lieu of faculty but that in large courses grad students are essential. She also emphasized the accessibility of professors and the willingness of professors to teach undergraduates. Simmons ended the event with another anecdote, detailing an unlikely intra-Ivy League encounter with a former Harvard official. According to Simmons, it was in the course of accepting a certificate from the Clinton Global Initiative for Brown’s work in assisting universities in New Orleans impacted by Hurricane Katrina that the exchange occurred. “I was quite surprised that the person who was presenting Brown’s certificate was Larry Summers and ... he was so laudatory about Brown that I lost my head, and I kissed him,” she said. On Friday night, Nelson delivered the weekend’s keynote address “From Beethoven to Bond: James Bond,” to a mostly full Salomon 101, offering audience members an idealistic view of life after Brown. Nelson, founder and CEO of private equity firm Providence Equity Partners, told the audience to “follow your passion” and called longterm plans “folly.” “There is no long-range plan that will reliably lead you to happiness,” Nelson said. “Life doesn’t work that way.” He spent much of the lecture tracing his path from a late-night disc jockey at WBRU with a passion for jazz music to owner of a major media and telecommunications investment firm. “The dots in my bio are not perfectly aligned,” Nelson said. “By today’s standards, it’s important to know where you are headed and get there as fast as possible,” which he emphatically said did not agree with his life experience. Nelson worked in China and Sweden before he attended Harvard Business School and eventually raised enough capital to found Providence Equity Partners. Nelson also offered advice to the parents in the crowd. “Trust your kids. If they have good values, work hard and challenge themselves, they will succeed,” he said. Even if a recent college graduate is unsure about what he or she wants to do, Nelson assured parents, “Don’t despair. That’s the process and it works well.” Though Nelson was critical of students who focus on a long-term career goal, many of the questions asked at the end of the lecture were business- and career-related. One student asked about taking a first job that does not inspire passion as a stepping stone for another, better position, to which Nelson replied “that’s not a good route ... you have to love the drudgery.” Another asked about what skills are most important in business, to which Nelson replied, “communication.” Trudy Ferland P ’10, who attended the lecture said she appreciated Nelson’s message. “I am an idealist, so I liked his idealism,” she said.


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Ugandan leader to visit White House WASHINGTON (Washington Post) — Corruption in the Iraqi government is likely to be a prime topic of discussion Tuesday on Capitol Hill, as Stuart Bowen Jr. and Joseph Christoff testify before a House Appropriations subcommittee reviewing development in the country. Bowen, the special inspector general for Iraq reconstruction whose quarterly updates always make for interesting reading, advised last week that a billion-dollar contract to train Iraqi policemen could not be audited because of sloppy record-keeping. Days earlier, Christoff, director of international affairs and trade issues at the Government Accountability Office, had noted that a similar problem plagued a $300 million U.S. project to improve the capacity of Iraq’s ministries. There is no way to track the “effectiveness of what is spent,” he said. Members of the State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs subcommittee may also bring up last week’s news that the State Department will make service in Baghdad mandatory, the first such forced assignment since the Vietnam War.

Ugandan leader to visit White House Yoweri Museveni, who has ruled Uganda for 21 years and changed his country’s constitution so that he could run for (and win) a third term as president last year, is to come to the White House Tuesday to meet with President Bush. The White House has never remarked on Museveni’s maneuvers to remain in power, which included jailing his leading opponent. Bush praised Museveni during a 2003 visit to Entebbe, Uganda, for his country’s progress in controlling AIDS (an effort supported by Bush’s $15 billion AIDS relief program) and for using his “prestige and ... position to help solve regional disputes.” Both issues are expected to be on the agenda Tuesday. Uganda sent peacekeepers earlier this year to Somalia, where unrest has continued to simmer. The country has long faced an insurgent crisis of its own, with the Lord’s Resistance Army striking fear into northern Uganda; the LRA has pulled its forces across the border into Sudan and Congo. AIDS, meanwhile, remains Uganda’s leading killer of adults, and declines in the country’s rate of infection are starting to erode as people return to risky sexual behavior. Museveni, his spokesman told The Washington Post earlier this year, “has gotten a bit bored with the AIDS story.”

Iran condemns U.S., Kurdish groups TEHRAN, Iran (Los Angeles Times) — Iranian Foreign Minister Manoucher Mottaki, at a news conference with his Turkish counterpart Sunday, accused the United States of backing Kurdish separatists waging warfare against Turkey and Iran. Both Ankara and Tehran have been fighting autonomy-minded Kurdish guerrillas of the Kurdistan Workers Party, or PKK, and the Party for Free Life in Kurdistan, PEJAK, holed up in the mountains of northern Iraq. Turkey has amassed troops near the Iraqi border and threatened to launch a ground invasion into the Iraqi Kurdistan to avenge the killing and capture of Turkish troops in cross-border clashes in recent weeks. Sunday, a Turkish military operation in eastern Iraq resulted in the deaths of at least 15 militants, according to the private Dogan news agency. “The patience of the Turkish government, parliament and nation has come to its end,” said Turkish foreign minister Ali Babacan at the news conference here. Babacan thanked the Tehran government for its support but said he did not subscribe to the theory that Americans were backing the Kurdish rebels. “The U.S. does not seem to be involved in the PKK insurgence,” he told reporters. Mottaki called PKK, PEJAK and the Mujahedin Khalq Organization, or MKO, terrorist groups and suggested the United States was supporting them. “We do hope that the U.S. administration will take corrective actions regarding clandestine and behind-the-curtain support for the terrorist activities,” he told reporters. “We condemn the terrorist actions of PKK, and we express our heartfelt sympathy” to Turkey, he said. Iran accuses the United States of backing separatist ethnic and religious groups fighting the Tehran government in a bid to pressure Iran to slow or halt its nuclear research program and end support for militant Islamic groups in Iraq, Afghanistan, Lebanon and Palestine. The U.S. government, which has labeled the PKK a terrorist group, has at the same time urged Turkey to show restraint and continue to work on a diplomatic solution rather than mount an incursion that could further destabilize the region. “I’m very worried about this,” said Sen. Barbara Boxer, D-Calif., a member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, on CNN’s “Late Edition.” “This is a definite hot-spot. This could be an expansion of a front of a nightmare situation we’re already involved in.” Babacan said talks between Ankara and U.S. officials had been unsuccessful thus far. “We have so far been unable to find a solution in this regard,” he said. Economic, military and diplomatic ties between secular, pro-U.S. Turkey, a member of NATO, and the Islamic Republic of Iran have blossomed in recent decades despite the country’s radically different relations with Washington. While the United States considers Iran an enemy, annual trade between Iran and Turkey exceeds $4 billion.

2 more San Diego fires fully contained By Tami Abdollah, Ashley Powers and Michael Muskal Los Angeles T imes

SAN DIEGO — Two more fires in San Diego County were declared 100 percent contained Sunday, the latest good news for Southern California as it enters its second week dealing with an outbreak of wildfires that has destroyed more than half a million acres across seven counties. The Rice fire near Fallbrook and the Horno fire at Camp Pendelton were fully contained, officials said. Cooler, moist air gave firefighters a break. “We’re making very good headway,” Capt. Phil Rawlings, of the state fire agency CalFire said Sunday by telephone. “We’re cautiously optimistic.” Rawlings was watching the Santiago fire in Orange County, officially at 50 percent containment, up from 40 percent Saturday. There was no estimate for when it would be fully contained. There are currently seven fires burning, CalFire spokesman Daniel Berlant said. As of Sunday morning, 516,356 acres had been burned and 2,767 structures had been destroyed. More than 15,235 firefighters were engaged and 1,551 fire engines in use, he said. The only active blaze in San Diego is the Poomacha Fire, officials said. It threatens about 500 homes. The blaze has burned through 49,150 acres and is 50 percent contained with full containment expected Wednesday, officials said. It has destroyed 136 homes and 19 outbuildings and injured 18 firefighters. About 2,100 firefighters will tackle the blaze, which has cost $5.2 million to battle. It was caused by a house fire. The Witch Fire, one of the largest

of several dozen that moved through Southern California in the past week, has burned 197,990 acres and was said to be 90 percent contained Sunday morning. Officials said they were hoping for 100 percent containment by Tuesday and full control by Saturday. The blaze has destroyed 1,040 homes, 30 businesses and damaged 70 homes and 10 businesses. There were 36 firefighters and two civilians injured and two deaths. Approximately 2,800 firefighters are fighting the blaze, which has cost $11.3 million to battle. The cause of that fire is under investigation. The Harris Fire in San Diego has burned through 90,750 acres and is 65 percent contained, with full containment expected Wednesday and full control expected by next Sunday. The blaze has destroyed 206 homes and damaged 250 other homes and 247 outbuildings. Thirty-two firefighters and 21 civilians have been injured and five people have died in the fire. About 2,500 firefighters are working the blaze, which has cost $9.7 million to fight. The cause of the fire is under investigation. Outside San Diego, the Slide Fire, which chewed through nearly 13,000 acres in the San Bernardino National Forest, is expected to be contained by Tuesday, fire officials said Sunday. The fire is 75 percent contained — up from 65 percent Saturday night. Cooler weather, which has greatly aided firefighters, is expected to continue Monday, with winds at 5 mph to 10 mph, scattered clouds, temperatures in the low 70s and up to 30 percent humidity. The blaze, which has cost $8 million to fight, destroyed about 200 homes. With most of the fires nearing

containment, politicians took to the airways on the Sunday morning talk shows. Rep. Duncan Hunter, R-Calif., a contender for the GOP presidential nomination, said the government should allow military aircraft to fight fires without the requirement of having a state firefighter aboard. That requirement has sparked anger because some aircraft were kept on the ground when the fires broke out. Hunter and Sen. Dianne Feinstein, D-Calif., appeared on ABC’s “This Week.” Feinstein said communities neede to keep big housing developments from being built in fire-prone areas. Throughout Southern California, bad air remains a concern, especially for athletes. The NFL players union said it felt “ very confident” that the air wouldn’t endanger players in Sunday’s game between the San Diego Chargers and the Houston Texans. At Qualcomm Stadium, where more than 10,000 people have sought shelter from the firestorm, fans were in a celebratory mood before the game. The smell of barbecues mixed with the smoke still wafting over the stadium. “I think it was a very good decision,” said John Bergman of playing the home game as scheduled. The Salvation Army volunteer, who was holding an orange plastic bucket near Gate H, said one fan told him he’d lost his house and dozens of homes in his neighborhood had been destroyed. “San Diego needs a morale boost,” Bergman said, “San Diego needs relief from the fires, and I think this helps.” Times staff writers Kevin Baxter, Helene Elliott, Duke Helfand, Tony Perry, Michael Rothfield and Jeff Rabin contributed to this report.

Argentine First Lady elected president By Monte Reel The Washington Post

BUENOS AIRES, Argentina — The presidency of Argentina was handed from husband to wife Sunday, as first lady Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner crushed 13 opposition candidates on the promise of adhering to the political principles that made President Nestor Kirchner one of Latin America’s most popular leaders. Multiple exit polls released after Sunday’s election indicated that she had received about 46 percent of the vote, enough to outdistance her nearest rival by about 20 percentage points and avoid a second-round runoff. The victory makes her the second woman to be elected president in South America in the past two years, after Chile’s Michelle Bachelet. Fernandez de Kirchner, 54, was a nationally recognized senator before her husband was elected president in 2003. But she pegged her presidential campaign to the successes of his term, in which there were four years of strong growth following the country’s 2001 economic collapse and $100 billion debt default. She offered few concrete proposals during the electoral race, but promised to “deepen the change” that her husband’s government instituted. Like her husband, Fernandez de Kirchner is a fiery and often combative orator whose politics are rooted in the brand of populism made fa-

mous here by former strongman president Juan Peron and his wife, Eva. Nestor Kirchner’s government steered the country away from the free-market policies of the 1990s that the Kirchners — along with a large percentage of the population — blame for the economic crisis. Fernandez de Kirchner has vowed to remain defiantly opposed to the advice of global lending institutions such as the International Monetary Fund. To her supporters, such declarations of economic independence — together with a long history of holding Argentina’s 1976-83 military dictatorship responsible for human rights abuses — count as the Kirchners’ principle strengths. Fernandez de Kirchner’s campaign literature drew parallels between her and Eva Peron, who is revered here as a champion of social justice and defender of the poor. “Cristina will lead a government that represents all of the people, but the rest of the candidates want to govern just for the elites,” said Nestor Arevalo, 38, who cast a ballot for Fernandez de Kirchner in the province of Buenos Aires on Sunday. “She has proven herself to be a fighter for human rights, and that is very important in a country with a history like ours.” Raised in the provincial city of La Plata, she was a student activist in the 1970s who supported the Peronist party and opposed a military

dictatorship that had no tolerance for dissent. She met her husband while in law school there, and after the two moved together to the Patagonian province of Santa Cruz, they formed an alliance that soon dominated the region’s political landscape. He was elected the province’s governor, and she became its senator. After he was elected president, she won a third term in the Senate in 2005, this time representing the province of Buenos Aires, the country’s largest. Her initial terms in the legislature established her as an active lawmaker, regularly challenging then-President Carlos Menem and championing reforms calling for more transparent government. But aside from aggressively promoting reforms of the country’s Supreme Court, her most recent term has been comparatively inactive and marked by reversals of some of her earlier positions. “After her husband became the president, something changed in her,” said Laura Alonso, executive director of Poder Ciudadano, a Buenos Aires-based organization affiliated with Transparency International. “Before, she was a great defender of the access of information law. And after he became president, she hated that law.” The idea that the Kirchners seek to accumulate power and stifle opposition is a handy dart thrown often continued on page 10


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Trade ties with East may help Iran withstand U.S. sanctions By Steven Mufson and Robin Wright Washington Post

WASHINGTON — Confronted by mounting U.S. and U.N. pressure, Iran has been steadily shifting its trade from West to East and, with the benefit of record high oil prices, is likely to be able to withstand the new U.S. sanctions, according to U.S., European and Iranian analysts. China, a permanent member of the Security Council that can veto any U.N. resolution, is expected to overtake Germany as Iran’s biggest trading partner this year. Germany and other European countries had consistently been Iran’s largest trading partners for more than a decade, according to the Iran Investment Monthly. The U.S. Treasury said that more than 40 banks, mostly in Europe, have curbed business with Iran as a result of U.S. pressure, but smaller banks, Islamic financial institutions and Asian banks are likely to step in and replace the Western financial institutions through which Iran has long sold oil on the international market. Oil traders said that Iran does an increasing portion of its petroleum sales in euros and yen, instead of U.S. dollars, and often through third parties, to help its customers circumvent U.S. financial sanctions. “Given particularly the price and demand for oil, Iran clearly has leverage with countries that need Iran’s oil,” said Shaul Bakhash, a George Mason University historian and author of “The Reign of the Ayatollahs.” In addition, he said, “Iran has a huge cushion of foreign-exchange reserves.”

Iran’s oil revenue this year will far exceed the government’s budget forecasts, which had assumed an average oil price of $60 a barrel. On Friday, oil settled above $90. The extra revenue will make it easier for the government to maintain socialservices payments designed to bolster its popularity amid economic problems. Iran has also moved to protect what Leo Drollas, chief economist of the Center for Global Energy Studies in London, calls its Achilles’ heel — gasoline imports. Because of its limited refining capacity, Iran last year imported 200,000 barrels a day of gasoline, about a third of its consumption. But the government has trimmed gasoline subsidies, a move that has curtailed consumption and smuggling, cutting imports of gasoline in half. Nonetheless, U.S. efforts to exert financial pressure on Iran were having some impact, even before the new measures taken last week against firms linked to Iran’s Revolutionary Guard Corps. Lukoil, a Russian company with an extensive gasoline marketing network in the United States, announced last Monday that its exploration work in Iran’s big Anaran oil field “is currently impeded because of the U.S. sanctions,” which bar investments of more than $20 million in Iran. The U.S. sanctions, announced Thursday, complicate new oil projects by targeting Iran’s main oil-field engineering firms. The firms are controlled by the Revolutionar y Guard, which the Bush administration has accused of supporting terrorism and aiding nuclear proliferation. One of the firms sanctioned

Thursday, Khatam al-Anbiya, is the rough equivalent of the Army Corps of Engineers, according to Karim Sadjadpour, an associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. The Treasury Department said the firm had $7 billion of contracts in the oil, natural gas and transportation sectors. European oil companies are holding off on exploration and production deals in Iran. Royal Dutch Shell, Total of France and Italy’s ENI have held talks or reached preliminary agreements for new oil and gas projects in Iran in recent years. But now they say they are unlikely to move ahead, in large part because of the commercial terms Iran is offering. Chinese oil companies have not signed contracts yet for commercial reasons, according to Julia Nanay, a Caspian region expert at PFC Energy, a Washington consulting firm. The picture on the financial front is similar. The United Arab Emirates, a key transit point for Iranian imports and a major financial center for Iran, had closed 42 firms doing business with Iran before the new sanctions list, said an official there. He said it remained unclear how the new U.S. measures would affect Iran’s Bank Melli, targeted by Treasury for allegedly facilitating ballistic and nuclear equipment purchases. The bank, Iran’s largest, had nearly $1.4 billion in assets in its U.A.E. branches at the end of 2005, according to its Web site. Bank Melli also has branches in London, Paris and Hamburg. Even if Iran finds ways around U.S. financial sanctions, U.S. pressure could increase the costs of Iran’s international banking trans-

Campus life vice president search gears up continued from page 1 Student Life’s “huge agenda” will require a candidate with strong leadership abilities and “the breadth of ability to tackle all of that and to get

it done,” Simmons said. But leadership and ability are only part of the picture, Simmons said. The head of campus life must also understand Brown’s culture. “If you bring somebody from

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a university that is quite different, they might not know what to make of Brown,” Simmons said. “It is different from other places, and I would charge the committee to look very carefully at the sensibility of the individual.” Brown students have more agency than students at many other universities, Simmons said, adding that there is “much less baby-sitting at Brown.” “Other vice presidents for campus life see their job as keeping students in check,” Simmons said. “What’s important for us is seeing students more as peers than as children.” Simmons said she has heard “very positive comments” about Carey’s work over the past year. Carey has not commented on whether he will apply for the position. Several administrators, including Associate Vice President for Campus Life and Dean for Student Life Margaret Klawunn, were appointed to their positions after serving interim terms. But the national search process is important even when an internal candidate may be considered, Simmons said. “If an internal candidate is the top candidate, they will rise to the top,” Simmons said. “Their credibility will be enhanced by the fact that they competed against candidates from a national pool.” The Undergraduate Council of Students and the Faculty Executive Committee will appoint members to the search committee in the next several weeks, Simmons said. The committee should be ready to advertise the position by the end of the semester, leaving “ample time” to make an appointment by April, Simmons said.

actions. European and Japanese banks have made it more difficult for Iran to arrange letters of credit, Drollas said. “Most of Kuwait’s banks have stopped dealing with Iranian accounts,” said Abdul Majeed al-Shatti, chairman of Commercial Bank of Kuwait. “There are opportunities in Iran. Unfortunately, we need to be part of the international system,” he said. “We have a lot of dealings with the United States.” He said his bank had not issued any letters of credit for transactions with Iran in more than a year. “It raises the cost of operation for all Iranian banks,” said Jahangir Amuzegar, a former Iranian finance minister and representative to the World Bank before Iran’s Islamic revolution. “But whether sanctions are going to cripple banking operations, I don’t think so. Sanctions are effective only if they are comprehensive and universal.” Germany and France have been slowly reducing banking exposure and government credit guarantees for exports to Iran, thus shrinking potential for losses in the event of a confrontation with Tehran. Germany issued about $2 billion of credit guarantees for trade with Iran in 2005, helping companies do business that might otherwise be too risky. This year, the government said, the guarantees will drop to about $715 million. France’s embassy in Washington said French banks reduced their exposure to Iran from $5.7 billion in December 2005 to $3.8 billion a year by the end of 2006. Both countries still buy oil from Iran. The most important question may be what political and psychological

impact the sanctions will have on Iran, especially with parliamentary elections next spring and presidential elections in 2009. Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad has faced growing internal rumblings over his erratic economic policies. A few critics of the regime inside Iran have gone public. “Are we to endure the hardship of sanctions and other harsh measures on our nation as a result of our illogical and unreal glorification?” Mohsen Mirdamadi, former chairman of parliament’s foreign relations committee, said at a reformist conference Friday. But other observers said that sanctions had little political effect in places like Cuba, Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe), South Africa and North Korea. “Iranians have a strong sense of themselves,” said J. Robinson West, chairman of PFC Energy. “If these new sanctions create internal problems and cause the people to unify, then they won’t work. But if the sanctions can drive a wedge (between the regime and its constituents), then they have a chance of being successful.” Sanctions could even generate greater resistance. “This is a regime that hates to be seen to be backing off under international and U.S. pressure, so it seems unlikely that the threat of international sanctions alone will cause the Iranians to back off on the nuclear issue,” said Bakhash, the George Mason historian. Carnegie’s Sadjadpour said: “These sanctions are not negligible, and they’re not going to be pain-free for Iran. The question is: Will they be substantial and painful enough to change Iranian behavior? No, I don’t think they will be.”

Argentina’s first lady captures the presidency continued from page 9 by their critics. Nestor Kirchner’s administration was led by a tight circle of close advisers, including his wife, and he never held Cabinet meetings. When he announced this year that he would not run for reelection and would instead support his wife’s bid, many interpreted it as a ploy by the couple to try to alternate terms and occupy the nation’s top office for as long as 16 years. “Nothing concerns them more than just staying in power,” said Guillermo Dacini a banker who voted against Fernandez de Kirchner on Sunday. “She’s the same as her husband — very authoritarian.” But the relative health of the economy — which during Nestor Kirchner’s term grew 8 percent annually, with unemployment dipping to 15-year lows — was a key factor in preventing the complaints of the opposition candidates from igniting voters’ passions. The early exit polls suggested that former congresswoman Elisa Carrio came in second with about 25 percent of the vote, followed by former economy minister Roberto Lavagna with about 15 percent. The main difference between the outgoing and incoming presidents is one of style, according to political analysts. Whereas Nestor Kirchner is often brusque with world leaders and prone to gaffes of protocol, Fernandez de Kirchner has cultivated a more diplomatic image and appears more concerned with courting foreign investment and polishing Argentina’s image abroad.

“He has appeared very domestically oriented, whereas she appears much more prone to talk to the outside world and to engage other people in conversation,” said Maria Victoria Murillo, a Latin American political scientist at Columbia University in New York. “She has been willing to meet with employers’ associations and entrepreneurs to a much larger extent than he has been.” But when most people here speak about Fernandez de Kirchner’s style, they have something more superficial in mind. When she assumes office in December, the glamour quotient behind Argentina’s presidential podium will instantly, and unapologetically, soar. Reporters here write often about her generously applied mascara, the prices of her luxurious Hermes Birkin handbags and her shopping trips to designer boutiques in Paris. The apparent contradiction between her populist discourse and her reputation as a fashionista is the same one that defined Eva Peron, and Fernandez de Kirchner appears unconcerned by those who have tried to fault her for it. She told journalist Olga Wornat, her biographer, who has known her since her university days, that others have no right to expect her to surrender her femininity just because it doesn’t conform to political stereotypes. Since she was 15 years old, Fernandez de Kirchner said, she had used a lot of makeup. “I love being a woman. I make myself up like any other woman, and it was always that way.”


C ampus W atch Monday, October 29, 2007

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Wellesley student arrested for allegedly stabbing MIT student By Nick Semenkovich The Tech

(U-WIRE) CAMBRIDGE, Mass. — A MIT sophomore was stabbed seven times in his Next House residence on Tuesday, Oct. 23, prompting a review of housing security policies. Anna Tang, a Wellesley College junior who was taking classes at MIT, allegedly stabbed her ex-boyfriend, Wolfe Styke ‘10, as he slept. On Tuesday, Tang was charged in the Cambridge District Court with home invasion and armed assault with intent to murder. At 6:28 a.m. on Tuesday morning, Cambridge Police received a 911 call from Styke indicating that he had been stabbed and identifying Tang as his attacker. Arriving at the second floor of the east wing of Next House undergraduate dormitory, Cambridge Police found Styke standing at the door to his room and “bleeding profusely from multiple stab wounds,” according to a police report. Styke suffered severe but non-life threatening stab wounds to his neck, chest, right upper arm, left rear shoulder, and left leg. Styke told a Cambridge Police officer that he did not know where Tang was. At that point, Tang, who was standing approximately 20 feet down the hallway, said, “Here I am.” Tang was then placed under arrest and her jacket and backpack, which were both covered in blood, were taken as evidence. Her backpack contained a small folding buck knife, according to the police report. Tang told the arresting officer that she had multiple knives and lost control of the first one during the attack, according to the report. Wolfe is recovering at Massachusetts General Hospital and is in serious condition, according to the Associated Press. In a statement issued by Pamela Dumas Serfes of the MIT News Office, MIT is “heartened by the progress he has shown in his recovery” and is “cooperating fully with the Cambridge Police Department and the Middle-

sex District Attorney’s office on their investigation.” “Our hearts and minds go out to the people at MIT affected by this,” said Arlie Corday, a spokesperson from the Wellesley Office for Public Affairs. Wellesley is “trying to help our students to cope with this news.” Disciplinary action is premature at this point, Corday said. Tang is currently being held at the MCI-Framingham correctional facility, pending a 58A dangerousness hearing on Tuesday, Oct. 30. Meredith Lerner from the Middlesex District Attorney’s Office said that a dangerousness hearing is a bail review and gives the Commonwealth more time to gather evidence. Tang’s defense attorney, John Valerio of Andover, did not return a call for comment Thursday. Residents of Next House held an impromptu prayer session the midnight after the assault, said Samuel Poon ‘09, who lives next door to Styke. “We prayed a word of blessing for him and his family,” Poon said. Key given out by watchman According to the police report, Tang traveled to MIT on the Wellesley-MIT Shuttle and arrived at Next House around midnight. It is unclear if she walked in behind someone or was let in by a deskworker. Tang told an officer that she waited in a Next House lounge where she “read for a while” and “took a nap,” according to the report. When she awoke around 5:30 a.m., Tang approached the Next House night watchman, Russel Novello, for a key to Styke’s room. Novello told an officer that he gave Tang the key to Styke’s room and knew that Tang and Styke were dating but was not aware that they had broken up. According to the police report, Tang and Styke had been dating for eight months and broke up approximately three weeks ago. Novello later went to Styke’s room to retrieve the key and knocked on the door. Tang answered the door and

returned the key, at which point Novello did not notice anything wrong. Tang later told the arresting officer that Novello’s knocks didn’t wake Styke. Novello was immediately placed on leave following MIT’s standard procedure, said Senior Associate Dean for Student Life Karen Nilsson. Night watchpersons are “never supposed to touch the spare keys,” Nilsson said. MIT’s policies state that night watchpersons should “never open a student door without the resident present,” except in certain — usually emergency — circumstances, Nilsson said. Nilsson, however, stressed that the investigation into the incident was just beginning. MIT needs to perform a full investigation and “hear directly from (Novello) what the circumstances were,” Nilsson said. Nilsson said that Novello has been with the institute for 26 years, served as a night watchman for five and has a “strong reputation of good service.” Charles Stewart III, McCormick housemaster and head of political science, wrote an e-mail to McCormick stating a deskworker was also asked by Tang for Styke’s room key earlier in the day and the deskworker refused. Dorm access policies reviewed As a result of the incident, Housing has reiterated policies regarding access control to all relevant individuals. “(We) have already begun a process of looking at all our current policies to see that they are being followed to the letter of the law,” Nilsson said. Housing has met with every night watchperson, as well as all of the house managers regarding current policies. Nilsson said that the house managers would meet with desk captains and desk workers to remind them of access policies. MIT Police Chief John DiFava

said that Housing, not the MIT Police, is responsible for dormitory access control decisions. In addition to tighter access control, some residents have expressed concern regarding the way the assault was handled, specifically since residents of Next House were notified hours after the incident. The MIT community was notified of the incident via e-mail around 2:30 p.m. DiFava said that a decision was made not to use MIT’s new emergency notification system, implemented after the Virginia Tech shootings, since “it was determined there was no longer a danger to the community.” DiFava said he met with Next House students regarding the assault and that, in the future, the police would aim for “a more timely notification.” The stabbing has also prompted a review of residence hall security to be conducted by Chancellor Phillip Clay, according to a communitywide e-mail from President Susan Hockfield. Clay wrote in an e-mail to the Tech that he was working out the details of the security study and wanted to ensure that the process “consults deeply with students, housemasters, and staff.” Nilsson was hesitant to speculate on changes that could occur to residence security, but did say that each residence would be consulted on policy changes. Current spare key policies are set by each individual residence, though they only apply to deskworkers and not night watchpersons, Nilsson said. Random Hall, as an example, has a policy that allows individuals on a “key list” to get room keys. The policy was temporarily halted after the stabbing, but Random’s housemaster Nina Davis-Millis said the policy had been reinstated. “Random Hall does an outstanding job of keeping our dorm safe,” Davis-Millis said. “I see no reason to change our policies.”

New alert system to warn illegal uploaders at U. Michigan By Katherine Mitchell Michigan Daily

(U-WIRE) ANN ARBOR, Mich. — To fight illegal peer-to-peer file-sharing, the University of Michigan will launch an alert system tomorrow informing network users if it detects file uploads. BAYU — which stands for Be Aware You’re Uploading — will send e-mail alerts to users in residence halls or Northwood Community Apartments who may be illegally uploading files. The service searches for uploads made on the network using peer-to-peer file sharing technology. The new service comes after hundreds of university students have been notified by the Recording Industry Association of America that they could be guilty of illegally sharing copyrighted materials. The RIAA traces IP addresses it thinks are file sharing illegally on the university network. It then passes those addresses along to the University, which asks students to take the material off their computers. The RIAA has threatened a few dozen university students with lawsuits. To settle, those students often have to pay fines that can amount to

thousands of dollars per song. The new service won’t share information with the RIAA. Assistant General Counsel Jack Bernard said the new service’s purpose is to make people aware of uploading. “It’s designed to be a service to help computer users in our community,” he said. E-mail alerts are sent to users within 10 minutes of an upload occurring. It will only send one e-mail every 24 hours, though. The e-mails contain information about what BAYU is and what peer-topeer file-sharing is, along with several links to educational information about uploading and downloading files. Recipients can learn how to turn off uploading capabilities on software programs, how to remove uploading software from their computers and how to upload lawfully. “The sooner we do this, the fewer students that will run into problems,” he said. Bernard said there is no enforcement policy being administered with the program. The service is meant exclusively to help people avoid risks. “Anytime you have peer-to-peer file sharing software on your com-

puter, you’re taking a risk,” he said. “Uploading makes you vulnerable. We want people to be aware of that risk.” BAYU does not identify what is being uploaded, what software is being used or the contents of any files. The service only identifies the user’s IP address and uniqname. The information is saved for seven days, though aggregate data is saved longer amounts of time. Bernard developed the idea for the service after handling copyright infringement problems for the university. He said students accused of illegal file-sharing often don’t understand the technology they’re using or are unaware they’re uploading. Bernard said that from the university’s perspective, the program is meant to help inform students and teach them to make more informed decisions about file sharing. “Our hope is that the majority of people will see a benefit,” he said. The new service was developed by the university’s Information Technology Central Services. Students uploading lawfully can be issued alerts, too, because BAYU doesn’t read what is being uploaded

or what software is being used. They may be uploading for academic reasons or playing online games that require software with uploading ability. Bernard said peer-to-peer file sharing is lawful when you’re uploading things that are yours or in the public domain. Students have the option, though, to opt out of e-mail alerts by following a link in the notice to a cancellation site. There will be a way to report falsely identified uploading if a student is sure he or she is file sharing legally, he said. Bernard said the service is unique to the University of Michigan. “We’re the first that we know of to implement something like this,” Bernard said. Because of this, he said, the service will be refined over time based on its effectiveness, feedback and any problems encountered after its implementation. Bernard said the program is aimed at residence halls because 72 percent of notices the university receives for alleged peer-to-peer file sharing on the University network come from computers in residence halls.

Former U. Nebraska regent sues campus paper for libel By Katie Steiner and Chris Rosacker Daily Nebraskan

(U-WIRE) LINCOLN, Neb. — Former University of Nebraska Regent Robert Prokop has filed a libel lawsuit against the Daily Nebraskan. Prokop filed the lawsuit against the Daily Nebraskan on Monday in Lancaster County’s District Court. He is seeking $700,000 in damages. In the lawsuit, Prokop claims the Daily Nebraskan made “false, scandalous, illegal, defamatory and malicious” statements against him in an Oct. 24, 2006, staff editorial titled “Regents should be held to ethical standards.” Prokop is seeking $500,000 in general damages, $200,000 in special damages for monetary loss and unspecified punitive damages to be determined by the court. Prokop, of Wilbur, requested a jury trial in the lawsuit. No one at Prokop’s home answered several phone calls made by the Daily Nebraskan on Wednesday. The 2006 editorial refers to allegations that Prokop plagiarized portions of a guest column he wrote for the Daily Nebraskan in the 1970s. When Prokop’s column was submitted, Daily Nebraskan editors declined to publish it because of the uncertainty surrounding Prokop’s research. The column, however, was forwarded to the Douglas County Gazette, which published the piece. Prokop said the Daily Nebraskan “inexcusably exposed (him) to public hatred and dislike, contempt and ridicule and impeached (his) honesty, integrity, virtue and reputation as a person” in the suit. Additionally, Prokop said the Daily Nebraskan tried to tarnish his credibility and prevent him from being elected to the NU Board of Regents by knowingly making false statements. In the suit, Prokop said he requested a retraction or correction seven days following the editorial’s publication in 2006 but received no response from the Daily Nebraskan. According to a Daily Nebraskan article published on Feb. 10, 1972, “Every paragraph in Prokop’s column except the first and last is similar to portions of the first 16 pages of a book, ‘Homosexuality: Disease or Way of Life.’ “ The article said Prokop did not mention the book or its author in his guest column. In the article, Prokop said he had used the book as a reference for his column. When the 2006 editorial was published, members of the Daily Nebraskan’s editorial board included Jenna Johnson, Mark Karpf, Collin Sullivan, Meredith Grunke, Maggie Stehr, Alex Clark and Stacey Van Zuiden. None of these staff members currently work for the Daily Nebraskan. Johnson said she had not seen the lawsuit and asked to have questions referred to Dan Shattil, the Daily Nebraskan’s general manager.


Monday, October 29, 2007

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In final home game, field hockey loses Win over Quakers pumps up continued from page 16 On a penalty corner, Victoria Sacco ’09 received the ball in the middle of the field and passed to Posa on the left side, who found the back of the cage. “That was a beautiful corner,” Harrington said. “It was perfectly executed and they did a great job of finishing it.” Kazarian said responding so well to Penn’s goal was characteristic of the team. “It really shows that our team has been resilient,” she said. “No matter what is thrown at us, we come back 100 percent.” Brown played one of its strongest first halves of the season, outshooting Penn 11-7. Harrington said passing was the key for the Bears. “The kids came out with fire,” she said. “They passed the ball really well

(and) attacked as a unit. Our midfield joined the front line (and) our defenders were punching through into our attacking circle. Penn struggled with that. I think a lot of it was we were really just passing the ball very well. (In the) second half, we stopped passing the ball and started trying to take Penn one-on-one.” The tide turned quickly after the break. Penn roared out to score three goals in the first 16 minutes of the second half, all assisted by Margaretha Ehret. Nicole Black found the back of the cage twice, at 40:29 and again 7:38 later. Jamie Calahan wrapped up the scoring with 19:22 left to give Quakers a commanding 4-1 lead, but Harrington praised the Bears for continuing to scrap until the final whistle sounded. “I think that one thing that these kids have consistently shown all year is their fight and their heart,” she

added. “They never give up.” Harrington said she would remember them fondly for their tough play no matter the circumstances. “The five seniors played hard today,” she said. “Katie Auriemma, our left back, played so well and played with a lot of heart. What they’ve done for four years for this program and who they are as people and how they represent this program both on and off the field, I’m just very proud of them.” “It’s very bittersweet,” Kazarian said about playing her final game at Brown, “(but) I’m so proud and honored to be a part of this program.” Even though a feeling of finality hung over the game, the season is not over yet. Brown will travel across town to play Providence College on Tuesday, and then go to New Haven on Saturday to take on Yale in its final game of the season.

Fueled by tenacity, m. soccer wins continued from page 16 said. “But we got a goal going into halftime, which helped.” The goal resulted from a number of chances in the last 10 minutes that finally culminated in Bruno cracking the Penn defense. Defender Rhett Bernstein ’09 had a number of header chances off of a trifecta of set pieces. He was first to the ball in the Penn box on a flip throw-in, a corner kick and a free kick, all within five minutes. The Bears finally scored on a regular throw-in. With 3:52 to play in the half and deep in Penn’s end, co-captain Stephen Sawyer '09 threw the ball in to Thompson with his back to the goal. He quickly chested the ball down to his feet and then slid the ball to his left for Howerton, who had snuck behind the ball-watching Penn defense. Howerton took one touch into the 18-yard box and then blasted a shot with the outside of his left foot past Penn goalkeeper Drew Healy and into the bottom left corner of the net. The assist marked the first time that Thompson has gotten his name onto the score sheet this season. “I just touched it over to Howie,” Thompson said. “He did a great job finishing. I am happy to break the seal.” Brown’s momentum carried over into the second half. The Bears attacked Penn’s 4-3-3 formation down the flanks over and over again, but the Quaker defense refused to yield another good scoring chance in the first 15 minutes of the second half. Meanwhile, the game became increasingly physical, and multiple yellow cards were handed out to both sides. “It was a tough game,” Thompson said. “Every match is like that. All Ivy League games are tough.” Noonan agreed that the physicality was to be expected. “It was a typical Ivy League game,” he said. “The stakes are high and the ball was sliding around a lot.” Despite choppy play, Brown broke through again with 28:50 remaining in the game. Sheehan received the ball just inside the Penn zone and dribbled by his defender toward the net. Realizing he was beaten, the Penn player grabbed Sheehan’s shirt, but Sheehan would not be stopped as he dragged the defender for five yards. The referee allowed play to continue and Sheehan played a ball to midfielder Laurent Manuel ’08 at the top of the 18-yard box. Manuel touched

the ball between two more Quaker defenders and ripped a left-footed laser by Healy, who had come off his line but was unable to cut down the angle enough. This game highlighted the importance that Bruno’s bench has had all season, as both Manuel and Thompson came off the bench on Saturday. “Our bench has been fantastic,” Noonan said. “One of the tell-marks of this team is that nobody cares who gets the credit. Even in practice, the guys who don’t play as much push the guys who do.” Up 2-0, Brown refused to let up, as it has been prone to do at some points late in games this season. The back line of David Walls ’11, Bernstein, Matt Britner ’07.5 and Sawyer were a brick wall all night. The few times Penn found a hole, goalkeeper Paul Grandstrand ’11 was there to shut off any chances. In one two-minute stretch with 15 minutes to play in the game, Grandstrand made one kick save with his left foot and then a diving save with his right hand. The Bears kept their feet on the gas throughout, scoring their final

goal with 10:45 left in the game. Howerton played a pass from the left wing to Thompson at the top of the box. Met with a wall of Quakers, Thompson used some fancy footwork to hold onto the ball, waiting for something to develop. Finally he pushed the ball right and dropped it behind him for Davies, who ran onto the ball and drove it by Healy to put Brown up 3-0. “I was just holding it,” Thompson said. “I thought Kevin was going to go behind me. So finally I yelled for him to come and just laid it off.” Brown’s victory was Noonan’s 200th as a head coach, victories split between his time at Wheaton College, the University of New Hampshire and Brown. He credits his players with his success. “The players won 200 games,” he said. “Tell me how many losses I have. I probably had more of a hand in those.” This week the team will travel to Rutgers on Wednesday and Yale on Saturday. Each game is crucial for the Bears because Dartmouth is just a half-game behind them in the Ivy League standings with a 3-0 record.

football for Yale next week continued from page 16 line for a touchdown with 2:11 left in the first quarter. “That was the key for us today,” Harrison said. “If the kickoff didn’t do well and let up a big play, the defense came out and we got a stop. If the offense threw a pick, the defense made a play. If the defense let up a big play, the offense was there, they had our backs. We played great as a team today.” After Dougher ty threw his second interception of the first quarter, the defense responded once again. The Quakers took over at the Brown 47, but an offensive holding penalty followed by a 9-yard sack by defensive end David Howard ’09 sent Penn back to its own 35. The next two plays failed to net the Quakers any yards, and they were forced to punt. Brown added to its lead on the ensuing drive, when it drove 71 yards on 13 plays. Running back Chris Strickland ’10 ran for a third down conversion and a fourth down conversion to keep the drive alive, and Dougherty finished the job with a 23-yard touchdown pass to receiver Paul Raymond ’08. Dougherty finished the game with 24 completions on 39 attempts, for 238 yards and two touchdowns, as well as the two interceptions. Raymond led the Bears with nine catches for 89 yards. At the end of the second quarter, Brown put an exclamation point on its exceptional first half. Matt Mullenax ’08 downed a punt at the Penn 2-yard line, and on 3rd-and-5, defensive end James Develin ’10 landed on a fumbled hand-off at the 4-yard line to give Brown another shot at the end zone. The offense did not let the opportunity go to waste. Versatile receiver Bobby Sewall ’10 took a handoff on the first play and ran off-tackle into the end zone with just 21 seconds left to give the Bears an 18-point halftime lead. Though the offense sputtered in the second half, the defense contin-

ued to muzzle the Quakers. In the third quarter, the Bears clamped down deep in their own territory to keep Penn out of the end zone. In addition, the Bears blocked two field goals to maintain their commanding lead, which stood at 28-10 after the end of the third quarter. In the fourth quarter, Strickland’s 38-yard run set up a 29-yard field goal by Steve Morgan ’08, which put Brown ahead 31-10 with 9:02 left. Strickland finished the game with a career-high 81 yards on 25 carries. But the Quakers fought their way back into the game. On a Penn drive, a defensive pass interference call on 4th-and-goal gave the Quakers a 1st-and-goal at the 3, which led to a 3-yard touchdown pass that cut the lead to 31-17, with 3:25 left. After Sewall recovered an onside kick, the Bears had an unproductive drive, with Strickland gaining only two yards on three carries, and Penn used its three timeouts, allowing 29 seconds to run off the clock. On the ensuing drive, the Quakers picked up five first downs, stopping the clock with each move of the chains. But with the ball on the Brown 21, quarterback Bryan Walker threw a pass which bounced off the hands of receiver Braden LePisto and right to Craigwell in the end zone. Next week, the Bears will face perhaps their toughest competition of the season when they travel to New Haven, Conn., to face an unbeaten Yale team. “It’s probably going to be a tough one for us,” Harrison said. “I feel like we can pull it off. I know we can pull it off.” At 2-2 in the Ivy League, Brown’s hopes for a conference championship are slim, but still alive. “This week, coach reminded us that we can still win an Ivy League championship,” Rowley said. “From my perspective, and I think the perspective of most of the players on this team, that’s what we want to do, that’s all we want to do.”


E ditorial & L etters Page 14

Monday, October 29, 2007

THE BROWN DAILY HERALD

Staf f Editorial

Ignoring ‘Islamofascism’ hype Last week, Islamofascism Awareness Week came to town. Yet, contrary to the campaign’s promise that “the nation will be rocked by the biggest conservative campus protest ever,” our lives went on much as before. The week was a bigoted joke, an insult to the intelligence of college students, and we’re proud most of our peers didn’t take the bait. The purpose of “Islamofascism Awareness Week” is not awareness, but provocation. It’s a stalking horse set up by David Horowitz, whose target is not Islamic fundamentalists or terrorists, but American liberals. The Web site of the “Terrorism Awareness Project,” which sponsored the week, is filled with the language of confrontation. “The left is up in arms,” the site notes, while colleges nationwide are “bracing for campus showdowns” as Horowitz’s paladins seek to confront and expose liberals’ support of the terrorists. Horowitz knows that if he pokes liberals with a stick, they will poke back, and hard. His modis operandi has always been to say or do something outrageous and wait for the left’s overreaction to become the story. He placed a racially charged ad about reparations for slavery in The Herald and other college newspapers in 2001, but the national headlines that followed weren’t about reparations — they were about the reaction of some students who seized an entire production run of the paper in protest. Fortunately, despite confrontational remarks made by Robert Spencer, who said in his lecture here Thursday that he does not believe “that Islam at its core is a peaceful religion,” Brown’s campus remained largely calm. There was tension and disagreement at the event, but no notable disruptions. A general letter sent to the Brown Muslim Students Association e-mail listserv earlier in the week said that Muslim student groups nationwide have been urged not to “allow themselves to be baited by” Islamofascism Awareness Week and noted that “responding to this campaign in a reactionary manner merely reinforces the very stereotypes that the campaign seeks to promote and creates controversy which will draw unnecessary attention to the campaign.” Bigotry obviously deserves confrontation, but campus groups did it the right way by organizing a left-leaning “Seven Days of Truth and Justice” of presentations and lectures instead of overreacting and giving the week’s organizers exactly what they wanted: a fight. We’re glad that the debate is being carried out at this level, not with signs and shouting. U.S.-Muslim relations are a vital topic of discussion in our world, and a number of students and professors at Brown will dedicate their lives to exploring the issue. These issues are far too complex and far too important to be reduced to childish comparisons to Hitler’s Germany with booklets like “The Islamic Mein Kampf” or “Jimmy Carter’s War Against the Jews” (both available on the Terrorism Awareness Project’s Web site). In the continuing wake of the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks and in the midst of wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, we know students appreciate that it is more important than ever to try to understand the Islamic world and its troubled relationship with the West. Last week, almost nine months after Nonie Darwish’s controversial visit provoked students’ vitriol, we were pleasantly surprised to see students’ recognition that polemics don’t advance the debate. And since the true aim of the week was to provoke a response, we’re happy that Brown students denied Horowitz that satisfaction, too.

T he B rown D aily H erald Editors-in-Chief Eric Beck Mary-Catherine Lader

Executive Editors Stephen Colelli Allison Kwong Ben Leubsdorf

Senior Editors Jonathan Sidhu Anne Wootton

editorial Lydia Gidwitz Robin Steele Oliver Bowers Stephanie Bernhard Simmi Aujla Sara Molinaro Ross Frazier Karla Bertrand Jacob Schuman Peter Cipparone Erin Frauenhofer Stu Woo Benjy Asher Amy Ehrhart Jason Harris

Arts & Culture Editor Arts & Culture Editor Campus Watch Editor Features Editor Metro Editor Metro Editor News Editor Opinions Editor Opinions Editor Sports Editor Sports Editor Sports Editor Asst. Sports Editor Asst. Sports Editor Asst. Sports Editor

photo Christopher Bennett Rahul Keerthi Ashley Hess

Photo Editor Photo Editor Sports Photo Editor

jon guyer

Letters Mocha creators shouldn’t sell out too easily To the Editor: I’m pressed to lay down a few important thoughts concerning a recent Herald article (“After BOCA, U. tries to absorb Mocha,” Oct. 26). Mocha is not a good system — it’s a brilliant system, and those behind it deserve huge credit for its design. Mocha is a perfect example of young creativity that can and will produce a better product than the big companies, and the ability of a motivated, low-budget student group to beat those who spend $23 million revamping faulty designs. Mocha’s site has always had the disclaimer — the “extremely unofficial” status of the program — and I highly doubt that in the beginning, the University was particularly supportive of an alternative system. Behold as Mocha becomes the default tool for all class scheduling issues, and suddenly Computing and Information Services wants to be best friends, and through avuncular condescension, pluck away the prod-

uct as any big company freely harvests its researcher’s brilliant ideas. The infantilization particularly chafes me. Michael Pickett, vice president for computing and information services, says he would consider providing financial support to the developers, but “I’ll definitely take them out to dinner.” More insulting was the desire to “take the software that Dan and his buddies created and host it”. To CIS: You’re up against the new generation of web designers, not freshmen. Respect the students, don’t exploit their work. To the great Mocha team: Thank you, your work is great. We’ll all use Mocha whether Big U. takes it or doesn’t. But don’t let them grab the credit for it easily. If you’re going to sell, sell big. If not, stay independent, and take the stand for your intellectual property. The bargaining chips are entirely on your table. Colin Baker ’08 Oct. 26

Business Mandeep Gill General Manager Darren Ball Executive Manager Dan DeNorch Executive Manager Laurie-Ann Paliotti Sr. Advertising Manager Susan Dansereau Office Manager production Steve DeLucia Catherine Cullen Roxanne Palmer

Design Editor Copy Desk Chief Graphics Editor

post- magazine Hillary Dixler Melanie Duch Taryn Martinez Rajiv Jayadevan Sonia Kim Matt Hill

Managing Editor Managing Editor Managing Editor Features Editor Features Editor Associate Editor

Alex Unger, Wudan Yan, Steve DeLucia, Designers Emily Sanford, Jenna Stark, Laura Straub, Rafael Chaiken, Copy Editors Senior Staff Writers Rachel Arndt, Michael Bechek, Irene Chen, Chaz Firestone, Isabel Gottlieb, Nandini Jayakrishna, Franklin Kanin, Kristina Kelleher, Debbie Lehmann, Scott Lowenstein, Michael Skocpol, Nick Werle Staff Writers Amanda Bauer, Brianna Barzola, Evan Boggs, Aubry Bracco, Caitlin Browne, Joy Chua, Patrick Corey, Catherine Goldberg, Olivia Hoffman, Jessica Kerry, Cameron Lee, Hannah Levintova, Abe Lubetkin, Christian Martell, Taryn Martinez, Anna Millman, Marielle Segarra, Matt Varley, Meha Verghese Sports Staff Writers Andrew Braca, Han Cui, Kaitlyn Laabs, Kathleen Loughlin, Alex Mazerov, Megan McCahill Business Staff Diogo Alves, Emilie Aries, Beth Berger, Steven Butschi, Timothy Carey, Jilyn Chao, Ellen DaSilva, Pete Drinan, Dana Feuchtbaum, Patrick Free, Sarah Glick, Alexander Hughes, Claire Kiely, Soobin Kim, Katelyn Koh, Darren Kong, Christie Liu, Philip Maynard, Ingrid Pangandoyon, Mariya Perelyubskaya, Viseth San, Paolo Servado, Kaustubh Shah, Saira Shervani, Yelena Shteynberg, Jon Spector, Robert Stefani, Lily Tran, Hari Tyagi, Lindsay Walls, Benjamin Xiong Design Staff Brianna Barzola, Chaz Kelsh,Ting Lawrence, Philip Maynard, Alex Unger, Aditya Voleti, Wudan Yan Photo Staff Oona Curley, Alex DePaoli, Austin Freeman, Meara Sharma, Tai Ho Shin, Min Wu Copy Editors Ayelet Brinn, Rafael Chaiken, Erin Cummings, Katie Delaney, Jake Frank, Jennifer Grayson, Ted Lamm, Max Mankin, Alex Mazerov, Ben Mercer, Ezra Miller, Seth Motel, Alexander Rosenberg, Emily Sanford, Sara Slama, Jenna Stark, Laura Straub, Meha Verghese, Elena Weissman

Corrections A letter to the editor in Thursday’s Herald (“Alum exhorts students to support football team,” Oct. 25) incorrectly identified Zak DeOssie ’07 as a quarterback. In fact, he was a linebacker. An article in Tuesday’s Herald (“PBS spotlights religion on campus,” Oct. 23) quoted Jacob Baskin ’08, executive vice president of Hillel’s student board, as saying, “We wanted to make sure we didn’t offend anyone by having them film on Shabbat because there is a Jewish law that you shouldn’t profit from actions done by non-Jews on Shabbat, and we worried about people being uncomfortable about a secret space.” In fact, Baskin said, “We were worried about people being uncomfortable about a sacred space.” C O R R E C T I O N S P olicy The Brown Daily Herald is committed to providing the Brown University community with the most accurate information possible. Corrections may be submitted up to seven calendar days after publication. C ommentary P O L I C Y The staff editorial is the majority opinion of the editorial board of The Brown Daily Herald. The editorial viewpoint does not necessarily reflect the views of The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. Columns, letters and comics reflect the opinions of their authors only. L etters to the E ditor P olicy Send letters to letters@browndailyherald.com. Include a telephone number with all letters. The Herald reserves the right to edit all letters for length and cannot assure the publication of any letter. Please limit letters to 250 words. Under special circumstances writers may request anonymity, but no letter will be printed if the author’s identity is unknown to the editors. Announcements of events will not be printed. advertising P olicy The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. reserves the right to accept or decline any advertisement at its discretion.


O pinions Monday, October 29, 2007

Page 15

THE BROWN DAILY HERALD

The Obama you don’t know ZACK BEAUCHAMP Opinions Columnist

The media in the United States has a tendency when covering presidential elections to focus primarily on the candidate’s views on a small set of hot-button issues at the expense of the majority of the candidate’s proposal. This propensity hurt Barack Obama in August when his otherwise excellent speech on terrorism policy was obscured by two small remarks on two very tendentious issues. Obama generated a firestorm of controversy after claiming that the United States should both open negotiations with Iran on its nuclear program and unilaterally deploy troops in Pakistan if we have “actionable intelligence about high value terrorist targets” and the Pakistani government will not act. Indeed, if you enter “ ‘Barack Obama’ negotiate Iran August speech” into Google, around 165,000 hits come out, and “ ‘Barack Obama’ actionable intelligence Pakistan” returns about 43,400. That’s a lot of coverage for two issues that combined only make up a paltry 6 percent of one of Obama’s speeches. But what about the other 94 percent? Was the media interested in the overwhelming majority of the substance of Obama’s speech? The answer, only somewhat surprisingly, is no. Google searches for “ ‘Barack Obama’ ‘America Houses’ ” and “ ‘Barack Obama’ ‘mobile development teams’ ” — two major foreign policy proposals in the speech — only turn out 436 and 210 results, respectively. Though these results make sense (Iran policy and troop deployments to get terrorists are both issues that easily capture the public’s attention), they are a shame. The foreign policy presented in the speech is the most comprehensive, in-depth and on-point set of counterterrorism proposals that I’ve seen

from any of the presidential candidates to date. It situates Obama squarely between between the overweening arrogance and idiotic simplicity of right-wingers like Rudy Giuliani and the Ameri-centric myopia and shallow moral relativism of far left-wingers like Noam Chomsky. In short, the substance of Obama’s speech represents the closest any major American politician has come to an ideal counterterrorism policy. Obama argues that five main goals ought

them, but Obama — unlike his Republican counterparts — does not lack for policy ideas. Though I won’t discuss his Iraq strategy here, Obama rightly argues that the war is tying up troops that would be able to do far more good in Afghanistan, though he is also quite right to insist more troops alone will not be able to defeat the resurgent Taliban. Two specific proposals demonstrate the essential insight that guides Obama’s counterterrorism policy: a $1-billion increase in non-military aid to help

(This speech) situates Obama squarely between between the overweening arrogance and idiotic simplicity of right-wingers like Rudy Giuliani and the Amerocentric myopia and shallow moral relativism of far left-wingers like Noam Chomsky. to define American terrorism strategy: “getting out of Iraq and on to the right battlefield in Afghanistan and Pakistan; developing the capabilities and partnerships we need to take out the terrorists and the world’s most deadly weapons; engaging the world to dry up support for terror and extremism; restoring our values; and securing a more resilient homeland.” In and of themselves, these objectives mean very little without specific proposals for achieving

develop Afghan civil society (including helping farmers find a new cash crop to replace poppy plants) and earmarking a large sum of money for the creation of a viable alternative to the radical madrasas in Pakistan which indoctrinate children into the Taliban worldview. Though terrorist organizations are dedicated enemies of liberalism that we cannot shirk from combating (sometimes with force), the only way to defeat them in the long term is

erode their base of support in the Muslim world, and the only way to do that is to bring democracy, freedom and economic development to Arab and Muslim nations. This central thesis — which Obama clearly believes is the key to understanding how to accomplish each of his five objectives — is the motivating force behind the best proposals in the speech. The “America Houses” mentioned earlier are a global network of centers in major Islamic cities that provide Internet connections, access to books and information about the United States and its Muslim population to counter the anti-American propaganda that is almost omnipresent in the Islamic world. Among other proposals, these houses will be supplemented by “America’s Voice Corps” (essentially a Peace Corps to counter antiAmerican sentiment, made up of Americans who speak the local language), a “Global Education Fund” (a $2-billion global extension of Obama’s counter-madrasas initiative), and “Mobile Development Teams” (groups of individuals from the State Department, the Pentagon and USAID who work with local governments and NGOs to help improve areas where poor living conditions have helped increase support for terrorists). I’ve only just breached the surface of Obama’s speech, which includes proposals on everything from nuclear proliferation to restructuring the Department of Homeland Security, most of which is very sensible. I don’t want to convey the sense, however, that Obama’s foreign policy views are perfect. His position on negotiation with Iran, for example, is uncharacteristically simplistic and one-sided. Yet the good far outweighs the bad. A careful examination of his August speech should, once and for all, set to rest the idea that Obama (and the Democratic party) are somehow unprepared or not serious when it comes to counterterrorism.

Zack Beauchamp ’10 clapped when he finished reading this speech for the first time.

Bhutto good for women’s rights, bad for government BY SHYAM SUNDARAM Guest Columnist Benazir Bhutto’s accomplishments as a woman are undeniable. As the first female — and the youngest — to lead a post-colonial Muslim state, Bhutto has revolutionized and broken down the stereotypes surrounding the role of women in the Muslim world. However, Maha Atal ’08 is wrong to assert that the return of Bhutto is a benefit for Pakistan (“Sex and the City, Bhangra-style: the subtleties of female power” Oct. 22). Whatever Bhutto’s accomplishments as a proponent of female empowerment, they should not overshadow or hide her incompetence as a prime minister. Bhutto is infamous for redefining the concept of corrupt leadership during her five years in power. Through a variety of bribes, kickbacks and commissions in a myriad of enterprises both in Pakistan and abroad, Bhutto and her husband, Ali Asif Zardari, pocketed nearly $1.5 billion. To put this figure in perspective, it is nearly 40 percent of the entire U.N. budget. This rampant corruption crippled the Pakistani economy — a country which had previously posted robust growth rates of 6 to 7 percent diminished its outlook to 3 percent in the years of her premiership. Money that could have been used to improve Pakistan’s crumbling infrastructure, subsidize struggling farmers and revitalize the extremely important cotton industry was instead used

to line the already fat pockets of Bhutto and her cronies. And while the Pakistani economy was suffering under the weight of this inefficiency and corruption, what did the Bhutto and Zardari do with the money? They purchased ,among other things, an apartment in the posh Queens Gate Terrace region of London, four shops in Brussels, properties in Palm Beach and Florida and a diamond necklace worth nearly

International Monetary Fund suspend its aid package in the spring of 1996 as a result of the extreme corruption, but foreign investment also declined dramatically, leaving Pakistan in a miserable situation. Bhutto’s corruption became so prevalent that Transparency International rated Pakistan as the second most corrupt country in the world in its 1996 annual report. What was Bhutto’s response to all this? To declare ridiculously that her administration

Benazir Bhutto’s return to Pakistani politics should not be celebrated. If anything, it should be commiserated. $200,000. And this is to not even mention the tens of millions of dollars stored in bank accounts across the world. Her rampant corruption earned Bhutto the title “the most corrupt leader in Asia,” and with the amount of money that she has embezzled, she would immediately be among modern history’s top ten most corrupt leaders. This fact did not go unnoticed by the international community. Indeed, not only did the

was still “the most honest in Pakistan’s history” and that she was the subject of a mass slander campaign. Even more recently, concrete evidence of Bhutto and Zardari’s illegal dealings have been documented and delivered to the government of Pakistan. The Spanish, Polish, French and Swiss governments provided extensive documents, detailing the instances of corruption the couple had engaged in, in their respective

countries. A most lucrative example of this was a deal that Zardari struck with Dassault — a French military aircraft provider — to receive a 5 percent commission on each aircraft sold in exchange for exclusive rights to replace the Pakistani air force fighter jets. In addition, in 2003 Swiss judicial authorities found the couple guilty of money laundering through an extensive network spanning banks in Switzerland and Dubai. And what was Bhutto’s response to this? To fervently deny all the charges and insist that all the disparaging information is part of a complex political conspiracy designed by the Pakistani military. Benazir Bhutto’s return to Pakistani politics should not be celebrated — if anything, it should be commiserated. Bhutto is a representation of everything that is wrong with Pakistani democracy. In her two terms as prime minister, she abused her position, her power and Pakistan to benefit only her personal ambitions and desires. Pakistani politics needs a fresh, new and clean prime minister if it is to revitalize its democratic and electoral institutions. Bhutto, with her history of mismanagement, corruption and poor governance is barely even a mediocre candidate for the position. So three cheers for Bhutto’s work in empowering Muslim women — but let’s hope the Pakistani people don’t reward her by giving her a third term.

Shyam Sundaram ’08 is anything Bhutt-O fan of Bhutto.


S ports M onday Page 16

Monday, October 29, 2007

THE BROWN DAILY HERALD

Quakers rise up in 2nd half, defeating field hockey By Andrew Braca Sports Staff Writer

In its final home game of the season, the field hockey team could not pull out a victory on Saturday to honor its seniors. Brown entered halftime tied with the University of Pennsylvania, 1-1, on a goal by Andrea Posa ’08, but the Quakers (8-8, 4-2 Ivy League) pulled away with three unanswered second-half goals to deal the Bears (0-15, 0-6) a 4-1 defeat. Before the game, a pregame ceremony honored the senior class of co-captains Posa and Ani Kazarian ’08, as well as Katie Auriemma ’08, Sandhya Dhir ’08 and Kristen Hodavance ’08 before their final game on Warner Roof. “I think the whole team really wanted to rally and give (the seniors) the win today,” said Head Coach Tara Harrington ’94. “Unfortunately, it didn’t happen.” Brown entered the game coming off two straight heartbreaking losses. After a 2-1 loss to Cornell the previous Sunday on a last-minute goal, the team fell in a 3-2 overtime loss to the College of the Holy Cross on Wednesday. In the first half, Saturday’s game looked like it might turn out to be yet another nail-biter. Strong fundamental play from both sides kept the game scoreless for more than 26 minutes until Penn broke through on a goal by Rachel Eng with 8:10 left in the half. Brown took only 2:46 to answer. continued on page 13

No. 6 m. soccer rocks Quakers 3-0 By Jason Harris Assistant Sports Editor

The rain streamed down steadily on the large Parents Weekend crowd during the national anthem Saturday night at Stevenson Field. But suddenly, as the men’s soccer team took the field, the rain stopped, clearing the way for No. 6 Brown’s 3-0 victory over the University of Pennsylvania. Despite ugly conditions, Bruno’s pretty play helped the team improve to 11-1-1 overall and 4-0 in the Ivy League, while the Quakers fell to 5-7-2 and 2-2 in the conference. The match opened at a frantic pace as players slipped and struggled to control the ball due to wet conditions from the day of off-and-on rain. “The conditions were really rough,” said forward TJ Thompson ’10. “It was really sloppy out there.” But Brown wasn’t phased by the wet field and physical Quaker. “At halftime I told them ‘Just deal with the things you can control, that’s all you can do,’ ” said Head Coach Mike Noonan. The Bears threatened to take the lead a number of times early on. Less than a minute had passed Ashley Hess / Herald when midfielder Darren Howerton Darren Howerton ’09 scored the winning goal against the Quakers. ’09 saved a ball from going out of bounds on the left sideline by mak- ’09 who received the ball, turned game settled down. Neither team ing a sliding chip down the field toward the net, shed his defender was able to generate genuine scorto forward Kevin Davies ’08, who and then sent a left-footed shot on ing chances for 20 minutes. ran onto the pass. Davies collected the ground just wide of the right “We had a letdown in the the ball and played a short pass post. middle of the first half,” Noonan from just outside the 18-yard box After a few more challenges by continued on page 13 to fellow forward Dylan Sheehan Brown early on, the pace of the

Total team effort helps football break Penn By Benjamin Asher Assistant Sports Editor

Ashley Hess / Herald File Photo

Chris Strickland ’10 ran for 81 yards in the football team’s victory over Penn.

S C O RE B O A R D FRIDAY, OCT. 26 W. Hockey: Brown 1, Union 0 M. Cross Country: 6th at Heps W. Cross Country: 3rd at Heps Volleyball: Dartmouth 3, Brown 2 M. Water Polo: Brown 10, Mercyhurst 7 SATURDAY, OCT. 27 Football: Brown 31, Penn 17

M. Soccer: Brown 3, Penn 0 Volleyball: Brown 3, Harvard 1 M. Hockey: Yale 2, Brown 0 W. Hockey: Rensselaer 3, Brown 1

SUNDAY, OCT. 28 Field Hockey: Penn 4, Brown 1 W. Soccer: Brown 1, Penn 0 OT W. Crew: 4th at Princeton Chase

Sitting in the locker room with a 28-10 halftime lead over the University of Pennsylvania, all the football team wanted was to get back on the field for the second half. After letting a 31-14 lead to slip away in an overtime loss to Cornell the previous week, the Bears (3-4, 2-2 Ivy League) were determined not to squander another chance for a win. “They were gonna bust the door down,” said Head Coach Phil Estes. “They wanted to get out there and start playing the second half.” A 3-yard touchdown pass for Penn with 3:25 left in the game cut Brown’s lead to 31-17, but an interception in the end zone by linebacker Miles Craigwell ’09 with 56 seconds to go sealed the win for the Bears. After its second-half collapse last week, the defense came through with its best effort of the season on Saturday, in a game in which big defensive plays kept Brown in control. Brown blocked two field goals, and cornerback Darrell Harrison ’09 returned an interception 65 yards for a touchdown in the first quarter to put the Bears up 14-7. “That was a huge momentum swing,” Estes said. “That was big, as big a play as we had out there.” The offense put Brown on the

scoreboard first. A 68-yard drive in the first quarter ended with a 17-yard touchdown pass over the middle from quarterback Michael Dougherty ’09 to tight end Colin Cloherty ’09. Starting at their own 32, the Bears called on seldomused fullback Tyler Rowley ’08 to give them a spark. First, Rowley caught a two-yard pass from Dougherty, and then, on only his second carry of the season, Rowley powered his way up the gut for an 18-yard gain that moved the ball into Quaker territory. Rowley finished the day with 20 rushing yards on two carries, to go along with his four receptions for 35 yards. “It’s hard to make plays when you’re on a team with ... so many playmakers,” Rowley said. “If it looked like I sparked the team, that’s great, but all I’m doing is going out and playing as hard as I can.” After Cloherty’s touchdown, the ensuing kickoff was returned 48 yards to the Brown 42. From there, it took the Quakers just two plays to find the end zone and knot the score at 7-7. Penn looked poised to pull ahead when Dougherty’s pass down the middle was intercepted and returned to the Brown 37 . But on 3rd-and-12 from the Brown 39, Harrison stepped in front of an out route and charged down the sidecontinued on page 13

M. and w. cross country teams leaves Heps happy By Elisabeth Avallone Contributing Writer

The men’s and women’s cross country teams climbed the Ivy vine this past Friday at the Heptagonal Ivy League Cross Countr y Championships at Van Cortlandt Park in New York. Both teams improved upon their seventh place finishes last year, with the women jumping to third place overall and the men finishing in sixth. Princeton dominated both races. Its men’s squad finished first with 38 points, and the women won with a total of just 25 points, the fourth-lowest point total in Heps histor y. On the women’s side, Smita Gupta ’08 paved the way for the Bears by earning sixth place with a time of 17:46.5 on the five-kilometer course. Right behind her in seventh place was Ariel Wright ’10 with a time of 17:48. Both Gupta and Wright received first team AllIvy honors for their efforts. “It was huge that we had two girls finish in the top 10 considering we were lacking depth with some of our top girls and freshmen being injured,” Gupta said. “We were ecstatic with the women’s results. It is the highest finish for the women’s team in seven years — since 2000! It shows we are quickly improving,” wrote Director of Track and Field Craig Lake in an e-mail to The Herald. Rounding out the field for the Bears were Jenna Ridgway ’10 (18:15.5), Lauren Pischel ’11 (18:29.2) and Kesley Ramsey ’11 (18:52.6). According to Lake, Ridgway had been the team’s top runner all season but did not feel well during the race. But Lake was especially impressed with Ramsey and Pischel, as Ramsey ran the course 40 seconds faster than she did in high school and Pischel “surpassed all expectations.” Once again, Christian Escareno ’10 was the lead runner for the men’s team, placing ninth overall in a time of 25:03 on the eightkilometer men’s course. “My goal was to get a medal (the top 12 receive medals) and I did just that. When I passed the first mile in 4:47 and felt strong and in control, I knew that I was going to achieve my goal. I’ve raced two Heps now and have two more to go. I can’t wait for round three ... next year I’m going for the win,” Escareno said. “Although we weren’t pleased with (the men’s team’s) sixth-place finish and know that there is more there, we did have some solid great performances. We did improve on last year’s finish … but our goal was and will be to place higher,” wrote Lake. Ari Zamar ’08 placed 27th in 25:27, and Stephen Chaloner ’09 (25:31.4), Brian Schmidt ’09 (25:39.3) and Duriel Hardy ’10 (25:41.7) finished up for the Bears. Lake said Chaloner ran a personal best by 22 seconds, and Schmidt, Hardy and Loeser ran personal bests as well.


Monday, October 29, 2007  

The October 29, 2007 issue of the Brown Daily Herald

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