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The Brown Daily Herald F riday, O ctober 5, 2007

Volume CXLII, No. 83

Since 1866, Daily Since 1891

Brown lands Fukayama, Silver debate biotech and society $14.1m NIH award

Students voice concerns in DPS open hearing

By Max Mankin Contributing Writer

By Isabel Gottlieb Senior Staff Writer

By Hari Tyagi Contributing Writer

The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development has awarded the University and its partner, Women and Infants Hospital of Rhode Island, a five-year, $14.1 million contract to participate in the National Children’s Study, a research project dedicated to improving the “health and well-being of children.” The NICHD, part of the National Institutes of Health, initiated the National Children’s Study under the federal Children’s Health Act of 2000. The study was created to examine the effects of environmental conditions and stimuli on the health and development of children. It designates 22 new research “centers” — which include universities, hospitals and other medical research facilities — to join the existing 83 centers in conducting the survey. According to Stephen Buka, professor of community health and director of the Center for Population Health and Clinical Epidemiology, the University was named a lead institution after “intense” competition for the contract. Buka is the principal investigator for the Providence center. Using the information gathered by watching children who are infants today over a long period of time, researchers hope to illuminate the environmental origins of childhood diseases such as asthma, autism and diabetes and gain a more thorough understanding of birth defects and injuries, and learning, continued on page 6

Political theorist Francis Fukuyama and Princeton University molecular biology professor Lee Silver discussed biotechnology and how it may benefit society in a packed Salomon 001 Thursday afternoon. The discussion, “Playing God? Biotechnology and the Future of Humanity,” was the opening lecture of the Janus Forum series sponsored by Brown’s Political Theory Project. The two public intellectuals spoke individually for 30 minutes, with Fukuyama speaking first. After their lectures, there was an audience question-and-answer session. In his remarks, Fukuyama said technological advancement in biotechnology cannot be stopped, but society and government should regulate genetic manipulation, since there is no benefit to society if humans can choose physical traits such as sex, eye color and height of their children. “I figured if I had another three or four inches of height, I would continued on page 9

By Kevin Pratt Contributing Writer

Proud Californians haven’t simply brought distinctive slang and a laid-back attitude to campus this fall. Longboards, originally popularized in the Golden State, are starting to trickle East. Lenny Marandino ’09.5, a longboarder from northern California, has noticed the phenomenon.

“I see more and more longboards out on the Green as well as a decline in skateboarding,”

FEATURE he said. The emergence of the longboard may indeed challenge the popularity of skateboarding — and give Brown students another way to roll to class. The longboard looks like a long

Renowned sex therapist and radio personality Dr. Ruth Westheimer delivered a lecture, “Sexually Speaking: An Evening with Dr. Ruth,” to a packed Salomon 101 last night. Sponsored by the Office of Student Life, the Dean of the College and Health Education, the talk was held in honor of Deputy Dean of the College Stephen Lassonde. The evening began with an introduction from Miles Hovis ’08, representing the Office of the Dean of the College, and soon after, the floor was turned over to Lassonde, the “man of honor,” according to Hovis. Lassonde credited his friendship with Westheimer for bringing her to the University. Heralded by Lassonde as “one of the world’s authorities on sexuality for the last 25 years,” Westheimer took the stage to thunderous applause, subsiding into laughter as

Chris Bennett / Herald Students mingle in List Art Center during the opening reception and exhibition for “Before Letters: After Words.” See Arts & Culture, Page 3

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www.browndailyherald.com

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Mixed Media Providence’s fourth annual Pixilerations festival mixes new media and visual art.

skateboard with a wider wheelbase. It was developed in the 1950s with the rise of California’s surfing culture, where smooth, rolling hills made riding ideal. Shane Farrell ’11, a skateboarder from Philadelphia, said that region might play a big part in the longboard’s popularity. He said people seem to prefer longboards when there are continued on page 8

Sexually speaking, Dr. Ruth Westheimer’s talk a hit By Catherine Cullen Contributing Writer

ARTS & CULTURE

continued on page 4

Brenda Han / Herald

Political theorist Francis Fukayama discussed biotechnology during the opening lecture of the Janus Forum series.

Longboarders roll across campus

D i g i tal G e t do w n

INSIDE:

she climbed onto a wooden box behind the podium, elevating her 4-foot-7-inch form to the level of the microphone. Westheimer thanked the audience for their attendance then laid out the format for the evening, announcing that she wanted to “put some issues on the table” and conclude with a question-and-answer session with the group. Westheimer praised modern sexual attitudes, saying that Americans have come a long way since the Victorian era, when mothers would instruct their daughters to “lie back and think of England” on their wedding nights. In other words, she said, “don’t expect the world to shake, don’t expect the stars to twinkle, don’t expect orgasms.” Despite the admirably frank and unabashed vocabulary used by Westheimer — she did not

Four students spoke at a public hearing Thursday night that will help decide whether the Department of Public Safety is reaccredited by the Commission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies. The hearing was videotaped for later review by the commission, which is commonly known as CALEA. DPS voluntarily contracted with CALEA, an outside organization that reviews and accredits security forces, and first received its accreditation status from the commission in 1998. Every three years, the department undergoes a reaccreditation process in which its Professional Standards Bureau must prove to CALEA that DPS is compliant with 446 standards in nine categories, including interagency relationships, administration, traffic operations and prisoner and court-related activities, according to the department’s Web site. CALEA originally set the public hearing date in August. But Mark Porter, chief of police and director of public safety, received phone calls from students “expressing their disappointment for not being able to attend” the summer hearing, Porter said. Porter then sent CALEA a formal request asking to hold a second public hearing during the academic year. CALEA assessors came to campus for two days in August to conduct their on-site review but postponed writing their report until after the second, rescheduled hearing. “I got the sense from the calls I received from students that they wanted an opportunity to appear at the hearing and voice concerns and that they also wanted some type of dialogue with DPS,” Porter said. “We always want more input. We can never have enough.” About a dozen students were in attendance to hear the four who spoke, prefaced by remarks from George Carpenter, a police chief from Wilmette, Ill., who is leading CALEA’s onsite assessment. He read an official statement from the commission and requested that students limit their comments to five to 10 minutes. Josh Teitelbaum ’08 read a statement on behalf of an alum who graduated in December 2005. The student was attacked on Benefit Street in September 2005. “I was knocked to the ground, and I sustained various injuries, later requiring medical attention. My attackers repeatedly yelled the word ‘faggot,’ ” the student recounted in his letter as read by Teitelbaum. The student went directly to DPS headquarters, where his injuries were photographed, and he filed an incident report and received emergency medical attention. The student said that when he returned to DPS to

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CAMPUS NEWS

Take a BIKE DPS will make bicycle registration on campus mandatory starting in January.

11

OPINIONS

195 Angell Street, Providence, Rhode Island

Move On Madness Lindsey Meyers ‘09 examines the New York Times’ MoveOn.org advertisement controversy.

12 SPORTS

On the Rebound After losing to Boston University, men’s soccer looks to rebound against Princeton this weekend.

News tips: herald@browndailyherald.com


T oday Page 2

Friday, October 5, 2007

THE BROWN DAILY HERALD

We a t h e r

But Seriously | Charlie Custer and Stephen Barlow

Today

TOMORROW

sunny 84 / 58

mostly cloudy 81 / 58

Menu

Sharpe Refectory

Verney-Woolley Dining Hall

Lunch — Saturday Night Jambalaya, Zucchini Burgers, Chicken Parmesan Grinder, Rhode Island Quahog Chowder, Vegetarian Vegetable Soup

Lunch — Chicken Fingers, Couscous Croquettes, Vegan Brown Rice Pilaf with Mushrooms, Steamed Vegetable Melange, Cheesecake Brownies

Dinner — Fried Catfish with Tartar Sauce, Red Potato Frittata, Okra and Tomato, Chicken Florentine, Strawberry Dessert Pizza, Chocolate Pudding

Dinner — Breaded Pollock Fillet, Grilled Chicken, Tortellini Angelica, French Fries, Beats in Orange Sauce, Italian Bread, Bananas Foster

Sudoku Nightmarishly Elastic | Adam Robbins

Fill in the grid so that every row, every column and every 3x3 box contains the digits 1 through 9.

Octopus on Hallucinogens | Toni Liu and Stephanie Le

RELEASE DATE– Friday, October 5, 2007 © Puzzles by Pappocom

Los Angeles Times Daily Crossword Puzzle

C r o ssw o r d

Edited by Rich Norris and Joyce Nichols Lewis ACROSS 1 Weisshorn, e.g. 4 Dessert with a hyphen in its name 9 They aren’t long shots 14 Subject of the one-man play subtitled “Once Upon a Midnight” 15 Basketry material 16 In progress 17 Spanish preposition 18 One calamari order for another? 20 “__ Mio” 22 Talladega’s st. 23 Mil. branch 24 Hefner, to Playboy? 28 Communications prefix 29 Children’s author Blyton 30 Language related to Thai 31 Predicated 32 From California to Méjico 33 On 34 Dungeons & Dragons monster 35 Green sauce lover’s motto? 40 Diamond expert? 41 Like Sarah Lawrence, since 1966 42 AEC successor 44 Challenging roommates 47 Din 48 “The Cosby Show” son 49 Pub array 50 Boy who makes you sick? 52 Wrath 53 Ohio pro 54 My__: networking Web site 55 Missing Bombay? 60 Huge amount 61 Quebec neighbor 62 “The Divided Self” writer R.D. 63 Shogun’s capital 64 Perfume oil

65 Nobel, for one 66 Mountain __

34 Bloch’s “Macbeth,” e.g. 36 Heros 37 Reddish brown 38 Like many a beach house 39 727 in Florida, e.g. 43 “You’re kidding, right?” 44 Stain 45 Rogers prop 46 Christmas urging

47 Tangles, or disentangles 48 Culinary abbr. 50 Scale syllables 51 Practice 53 Good buddy 56 Anecdotal collection 57 Backwoods “uhuh” 58 Exec’s accessory 59 Neither Rep. nor Dem.

DOWN 1 Puts side by side 2 Stretch 3 Bleaching agent 4 Franz __ Land: Arctic archipelago 5 Shingle abbr. 6 Inst. that includes C.W. Post 7 Flowery welcome ANSWER TO PREVIOUS 8 Predestine 9 Normal start? 10 Mysterious craft 11 Chefs’ toppers 12 Rumple 13 Lit 19 Gaza gp. 21 City served by Ben-Gurion Airport 25 Measure in which 2 is half the size of 1.4 26 Links specialist? 27 Simple Northeast cottage 28 Delicate handling 31 Like racehorses 33 Withdrawal aids xwordeditor@aol.com

Classic Deo | Daniel Perez

PUZZLE:

Classic How To Get Down | Nate Saunders

10/5/07

T he B rown D aily H erald Editorial Phone: 401.351.3372 Business Phone: 401.351.3260

University community since 1891. It is published Monday through Friday during the aca-

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once in July by The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. POSTMASTER please send corrections to

Mary-Catherine Lader, Vice President Mandeep Gill, Treasurer Dan DeNorch, Secretary By Jim Leeds (c)2007 Tribune Media Services, Inc.

10/5/07

The Brown Daily Herald (USPS 067.740) is an independent newspaper serving the Brown demic year, excluding vacations, once during Commencement, once during Orientation and P.O. Box 2538, Providence, RI 02906. Periodicals postage paid at Providence, R.I. Offices are located at 195 Angell St., Providence, R.I. E-mail herald@browndailyherald.com. World Wide Web: http://www.browndailyherald.com. Subscription prices: $319 one year daily, $139 one semester daily. Copyright 2007 by The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. All rights reserved.


A rts & C ulture Friday, October 5, 2007

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THE BROWN DAILY HERALD

Bunky Echo-Hawk takes the stage with live painting By Robin Steele Ar ts & Culture Editor

The Native American Heritage Series kicked off Tuesday evening in List Art Center 120 with a series of speakers and the creation of a “live painting” by artist Bunky Echo-Hawk. The event, “Artistic Expression: Modern Perspectives on a Modern People,” opened with a series of speeches from members of the organization Native Americans at Brown, including an introduction from Mikel Brown ’08 and Delphina Thomas ’08, Native American Series programmers for the Third World Center. Thomas and Loyola Rankin ’11 then each spoke briefly about their experiences with NAB. Rankin described her initial reservations about coming to Brown and the comfort and security she has found through NAB in only the first weeks of her freshman year. Thomas reflected on the first heritage series event she attended as a freshman and recalled watching the senior speakers on that occasion with admiration. “We were all looking for that sense of community — and we found it,” she said. “NAB is not only a community — they’re my family.” Elizabeth Hoover MA’03 GS, a doctoral candidate in the Department of Anthropology, introduced Echo-Hawk, a 32-year-old Coloradobased visual artist and poet who graduated from the Institute of American Indian Arts. Echo-Hawk, a member of the Yakama and Pawnee tribes, expressed his appreciation for the turnout of both Native American and non-Native students and community members. He stressed the significance of keeping Native American cultures alive and sharing them with the world, showing the audience his page on MySpace. com — through which, he said, he conducts 80 percent of his business as an artist. “In my culture, in my language, there’s no word for artist, there’s no word for religion — it’s a way of life,” he said. He also spoke about NVision, a non-profit group he co-founded in 2006 that conducts Native American youth outreach through multimedia arts. “We want to empower Indian kids,” he said of NVision, for which he currently serves as executive director. Echo-Hawk also mentioned some of the issues facing Native Americans today, including high suicide rates, high military enlistment and low college enrollment, noting

those are an “indication we’re struggling as a people.” In the second portion of the evening, Echo-Hawk invited audience members to suggest themes to be incorporated into his spontaneously-created painting. “I never know what I’m going to paint,” he said. He invited the audience to call out suggestions to be written down and put in one of two hats — one for issues facing Native Americans and the other for words that described modern mainstream America. The former received suggestions ranging from “domestic violence” and “identity” to “mascots” and “Disney’s Pocahontas.” Into the second hat went “fast food,” “immigration” and “Britney Spears,” as well as “democracy” and “diversity.” Once all the terms were collected, Echo-Hawk announced, “I’m going to get an Indian Vanna White to come up and draw a word from each hat.” The two terms chosen were “overindulgence” and “Christianization of indigenous people.” As Echo-Hawk went to work sketching out a figure on the blank canvas while hip hop blared from his laptop, students were encouraged to take the stage and read pre-selected quotes by poet John Trudell. Thomas then encouraged students to spontaneously perform their own spoken word poetr y. When there were no takers, audience members were asked to shout out questions for Echo-Hawk as he worked on his painting. In response to various questions, Echo-Hawk candidly discussed everything from his first painting — a portrait of an ancestor that he painted onto a leather jacket — to what initially drew him to art. Echo-Hawk presented a slide show of his paintings — bright, colorful images which juxtapose mainstream historical or mass media images with traditional Native American dress or stereotypes. His past works include everything from a portrayal of General Custer as Darth Vader and Shrek in Native American garb to “Small Pox Full Circle,” which depicts a figure in a Native American headdress and gas mask injecting a syringe into a magenta-skinned President Bush. Although his works range from playful to biting critique, Echo-Hawk insisted that “(I) don’t believe in being real avant-garde with art.” Echo-Hawk said he chooses his colors based on the traditional color theory of his tribe, in which each color has a symbolic meaning. continued on page 4

T H U R S D A Y , O C TO B E R 4 T O SU N D AY , O CTOB ER 7 Reading Digital Literature: American-German Conference: Smith-Buonanno Hall “Camino Real,” directed by Liesl Tommy (Brown/Trinity Consortium): Pell Chafee Performance Center at Citizens Bank Theater FRI D AY , O C T O BE R 5 Luke DuBois, Interactive Sound and Image Artist (Mediated Musical Communities: Dept. of Music Colloquium Series): Orwig Music Building, Room 315, 4 p.m. SAT U RD AY , O C TO B E R 6 The Low Anthem, “What the Crow Brings” concert: AS220, 9 p.m. RISD Alumni + Student Fall Art Sale: Benefit Street, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.

Emmy Liss / Herald

The Hourglass Cafe in Faunce hosted campus band Butter Days and Kansas indie rockers Fourth of July on Wednesday night.

I’ve seen Butter Days By Sarah Gordon Contributing Writer

None of the members of Butter Days are shrinking violets, and in a six-person band, that might seem a little dangerous. But opening for indie-rock group Fourth of July at the Hourglass Cafe in Faunce House Wednesday night, the musical talent and exuberance of each Butter Days member made for a performance that was warmly cohesive rather than competitive. With nothing to keep spirits afloat but caffeine (the Hourglass Cafe, unlike its doppelganger the Underground, eschews standard concert booze for non-alcoholic beverages), the crowd’s enthusiasm was testament to the band’s infectious brand of folk-influenced indie-pop. The nuanced vocals and earnest

strumming of Henry Freedland ’08 seemed at once quietly personal as well as confidently charismatic, affording him formidable frontman status without upstaging the other musicians.

REVIEW Even on a crowded stage, each member held their own. Guitarist James Potter ’08 drily bantered his way through an uncomfortable broken-string crisis — a potentially irritating interruption that instead proved entertaining. Back-up vocalists Brittany Harwood ’09 and Kathleen Ross ’08 added ‘ooh’s and ‘aah’s reminiscent of the Rentals, and Ross’ melodica solos were a perennial crowd-pleaser. Nor did Herald Senior Editor Jonathan Sidhu ’08.5 on drums or bassist Lena Buell ’08 choose to

hang back, both giving energetic performances and fielding the shout-outs of an exuberant audience. The caliber of Butter Days’ music did justice to their impressive stage presence. Ross and Harwood in particular allowed certain songs to flirt with Of Montreal-style whimsy, while Freedland sustained the emotional range and catchy melodies reminiscent of Sufjan Stevens. It was during their final number, “San Francisco,” that the band really came into its own. Sidhu’s compelling rhythm maintained the group’s force as each musician fired on all cylinders. Such a group effort made for a movingly orchestral finale, demonstrating that Butter Days is a band that combines individual musical chops with impressive strength in numbers.

Pixilerations brings new media to Providence By Marisa Calleja Contributing Writer

There is a sheep confined in ceramic blocks at the Sol Koffler Gallery, and two blocks away, at the Space at Alice, a rooster will crow at the push of a button. No, downtown Providence isn’t overrun with animal rights violations — it’s Pixilerations [v.4], a series of new media and digital art installations, concerts and screenings that showcase the works of dozens of local and international artists. Now in its fourth year, Pixilerations is part of the larger FirstWorksProv festival, a nonprofit organization that works in collaboration with the city of Providence’s Department of Art, Culture and Tourism. The installations at this year’s Pixilerations showcase mainly mixed-media sculpture with audio and video components. “FirstWorksProv is all about creating firsts, and exploring what’s new. So in addition to the performances we bring, we wanted to have a really cutting edge component to it. Digital arts seemed to offer that possibility,” said Kathleen Pletcher, FirstWorksProv’s execu-

tive artistic director. Preparations for this year’s festival began months ago with a call to artists. FirstWorksProv received over 120 submissions from artists in the United States and other countries such as Germany and South Africa. Later, a curatorial committee combed through submissions to find works that were best suited for the festival. “It got to be a very competitive year,” said Clara Schuhmacher ’06, FirstWorksProv’s development associate. FirstWorksProv has numerous ties to the University — both faculty and students have actively contributed to Pixilerations and its other events. Brown’s Creative Arts Council partners with FirstWorksProv on performances and artist residencies and is currently involved in four different collaborative projects. The curatorial committee and technical staff for Pixilerations include University faculty and staff. In addition, several of the films screened for the festival were submitted by Brown students. “(Pixilerations) is really a kind of public and private crossover,” Pletcher said, referring to the

collaboration between the city of Providence and private universities such as Brown and the Rhode Island School of Design. “It’s downtown, and in some ways that’s just a matter of logistics, but it’s also significant. Brown students are coming downtown,” Pletcher said. “It’s a melding of Providence, as a city, and what’s happening at the universities.” So far, Pixilerations has included openings for gallery shows on Sept. 28, two concerts last weekend and a screening of short films Wednesday at the Cable Car Cinema. Electronic, audio-visual trio SKIF++ will perform tonight at the Space at Alice. “They’re like rock stars in Amsterdam,” Pletcher said. “All around Europe, too.” In coordination with Pixilerations, Brown will host the Reading Digital Literature Conference from Oct. 4 -7, which is cosponsored by the Departments of Literary Arts and German Studies. The Pixilerations exhibits will be up in RISD’s Sol Koffler Gallery and the Space at Alice through Oct. 14, when the plastic rooster will crow no more.


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Friday, October 5, 2007

THE BROWN DAILY HERALD

The other Ruth on campus continued from page 1 blush or bat an eye when discussing topics such as oral and anal sex, masturbation and the mechanics of an orgasm — she declared herself to be “old-fashioned and a square,” believing that “sex is and ought to remain a private matter.” Though Westheimer is often credited as a sexual pioneer, bringing issues of physical intimacy into the public forum through her radio show “Sexually Speaking” and later her publication of 31 books on sex, relationships and family, she is in many ways a traditionalist. When asked during the questionand-answer session about her feelings on the influence of alcohol on sexual consent, Westheimer explained that “something that has to be part of the sexual encounter is a relationship ... (in order to) have really pleasurable good sex.” According to Westheimer, sex outside the context of a relationship is to be avoided, regardless of consent. She accepted, however, that this belief is not shared among most college-aged people and her lecture did nothing to condemn those who are more promiscuous, saying that “anything two consenting adults want to do ... is perfectly okay.” Westheimer emphasized repeatedly the importance of humor with regards to sex. She declared that while sex is a serious issue, as a sex therapist she has to be able to find humor in sex in order to help people overcome self-consciousness. Acknowledging that sex is funny and yields humorous situations enables people to truly relax and “allow themselves to experience sex,” she said. She returned to the importance of personal comfort and relaxation

Janine Kwoh / Herald

Dr. Ruth Westheimer, a sex therapist, addressed students in Salomon on Thursday evening.

when discussing orgasms, saying that for women in particular, “people must allow themselves to have orgasms ... to make the experience the most enjoyable, but not to put pressure (on themselves or their partners).” The lecture’s consistent theme mirrored Westheimer’s goal throughout her career as a psychosexual therapist: the attainment of “sexual literacy.” Westheimer’s primary aim, which is fitting after spending the early years of her career working for Planned Parenthood, is the continued reduction of the rate of unwanted pregnancies. Westheimer cautiously approached the realm of “controversial issues,” explaining that her experiences growing up Jewish in Nazi Germany taught her that “you have to stand up and be counted for what you believe in.” She also declared that “in my way of thinking, abortion must remain legal ... it has to be taken away from the political arena and it has to be a public health discussion,” and her subsequent remarks were drowned in applause and cheers from the audience. She then explained that she does not “engage in debates because they do not accomplish anything.” Rather she encourages discussion and listening

to issues. She encouraged people who held more conservative sexual and political ideas to maintain them but to remain informed, saying, “These are your values, these are your beliefs. You stick to those. That doesn’t mean you shouldn’t sit here and be sexually literate.” Westheimer concluded the evening’s remarks by reminding students not to let sex become “routine and boring,” urging people instead to communicate their sexual desires to their significant others. “I saw, in walking on your campus, plenty of private places ... don’t have sex in them! But go for a walk and talk,” she said. Westheimer beamed as she received a standing ovation from the over-capacity lecture hall. Following her talk, she signed copies of her book “Sex for Dummies,” sold by the Brown Bookstore, and posed for pictures with enthusiastic fans in the lobby of the Salomon Center. Waiting in line to have his book signed, Faustino Mora ’10 said, “I thought (the lecture) was amazing, very informative. She included humor in a really classy way.” His sentiments were echoed by Monica Carvalho ’10. “It was really fun and she’s absolutely adorable!”

Q & A w i th D r . R uth W e sth e i m e r The Herald briefly interviewed renowned psychosexual therapist Dr. Ruth Westheimer — or as she is publicly known, Dr. Ruth — following her lecture in Salomon 101. Having begun your career working for Planned Parenthood, what are your thoughts on the current controversy surrounding the rising price of birth control for large health care providers? I really would like everybody to have access to contraceptives. Add a big exclamation mark! And not to have political discussions about it.

Throughout your career you have interwoven Jewish culture with your take on sex education. How has being Jewish influenced how you approach sex and talking publicly about sex? Because first I did a book called “Heavenly Sex: Sexuality in the Jewish Tradition,” and second, I do believe because for Jews sex has never been a sin. It always has been a good deed … especially on Friday nights! So I think that that has helped me to be very explicit about it.

How has the public perception of sexual culture changed since you began your work in the 1980s? Well, what has changed is the vocabulary. But there is still a lot of work to be done and more people should enter into the field of sex education. Do you have any parting thoughts or advice for the Brown community? You are a wonderful group of people! I got a standing ovation, put it down there. — Catherine Cullen

Echo-Hawk makes art on the fly continued from page 3

Janine Kwoh / Herald

Bunky Echo-Hawk used audience suggestions to develop his painting on Tuesday night.

Black represents death, a way of life that has passed, whereas yellow represents birth, he said, adding that applying this theory to his paintings tends to work out aesthetically. “The sky is blue, but the people are a little tweaked,” he said. The event ultimately ended about 40 minutes past its projected running time of an hour and half. The painting that resulted from EchoHawk’s labor featured a dominant orange-skinned figure dressed as a

enjoy the long weekend.

priest and holding a Bible, pointing forcefully at the viewer in a pose reminiscent of the “Uncle Sam Wants You” U.S. Army recruitment poster. The priest’s hat was decorated with an American flag pattern, and his shirt had the beginnings of a word started with “Mc” as in “McDonald’s.” Echo-Hawk asked the audience for suggestions as to what the Mc-word should be, garnering suggestions such as “McSalvation” and “McChrist”, until one word finally captured popular opinion — “McBelieve.”


C ampus n ews Friday, October 5, 2007

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Brown’s bandwidth capacity sufficient for now, but use growing Brown’s connection to the Internet is sufficient for the near future, despite increases in traffic as more students download large files such as videos, according to Timothy Wells, director of network technology for Computing and Information Services. Because there is no shortage of bandwidth, the University does not restrict the kinds of traffic on the network, Wells said. Brown is connected to the Internet through OSHEAN, a coalition that provides Internet services to over 20 non-profit organizations in Rhode Island and eastern Massachusetts, including the Rhode Island School of Design and the University of Rhode Island. OSHEAN provides Brown with two 190 megabit connections, one for residence halls and the other for academic and administrative buildings. At peak hours, Brown uses 100 megabits of the academic connection and up to 150 megabits of the residential connection. Usage is much lower in the evenings, Wells said. Bandwidth use is increasing, though, as more students download large files. “We have seen (traffic) go up a lot over the last year,” Wells said. “Eventually we’ll have to upgrade, and that’s what the name of the tune is.” Upgrading to greater bandwidth will be costly, Wells added, so Brown will not do so until usage projections indicate that it is necessary. Though the content of traffic on the Brown network is unregulated, CIS does try to prevent users from abusing the network. Individual connections are throttled to a 3 MB download and a 512 KB upload limit — similar to a typical cable modem connection. CIS does not track what applications a student is using and does not impose special restrictions on individual students, although it could do either of those things if it became necessary. The one exception to CIS’s policy of not tracking student Internet use is when it receives a legal request to do so from an organization like the Recording Industry Association of America. Wells also said Brown’s IPTV service does not reduce the amount of available bandwidth because the IPTV server is on-campus, and Brown’s ability to carry internal network traffic is enormous. Students seem pleased with Brown’s Internet connection. “Bandwidth would be one of the last things I would complain about as far as technology at Brown,” said Owen Strain ’08, a computer science concentrator. — Chaz Kelsh

$160,000

...so as to end up flaccid, immobile, alone on the carpet of a dorm room, shirtless, wheezing, intellectually menopausal, cutting lines on an iBook® with a pre-paid Discover® card, watching consecutive hours of user-generated porn, in the dark, in a hoodie, apolitical, remorseless, eating saltand-vinegar potato chips from a bag without a napkin: like some hero, pretending to be otherwise, on a Wednesday, during discussion section. Carl Dickerson / Herald File Photo

On Sept. 24 signs with this message appeared on several campus buildings as part of a class assignment.

Mystery of the $160,000 signs solved By Joanne Wang Contributing Writer

Students walking by Wilson Hall, Salomon Center, the Modern Culture and Media building or the Department of English at 70 Brown St. on Sept. 24 spotted confusing changes to familiar buildings. New signs — strikingly similar to the official University ones — had seemingly appeared overnight. They read, “$160,000,” followed by stream-ofconsciousness prose that illustrated

Dual degree nothing new for many students By Cameron Lee Staff Writer

Though the Brown-Rhode Island School of Design dual degree program was signed into being only a few weeks ago, students have been taking classes at both institutions for years, with a few even individually creating their own dual degree programs. Students studying at the other institution say they often gain insight not only into a new school, but also into themselves. “Liberal arts are sort of considered by everyone, even professors, (as) secondary to studio (classes) at RISD,” said Emmie Thelander, an illustration major at RISD who is currently taking Brown’s ENGL 0610: “Introductory General Topics in Modern And Contempary Literatures and Cultures”” and ENGL 0180: “Introduction to Creative Nonfiction.” “I was unstimulated last year,” Thelander said. “I needed something to keep me motivated and thinking.” Although she spoke highly of her RISD liberal arts professors, Thelander said the classes themselves were less discussion-based than she wanted, and that students would often not do the work for those classes because of their heavy art loads. In liberal arts classes at Brown, however, she said she feels “the kids are more enthused about being there.” The benefits work the other way as well. Andrew Bearnot ’09 began as a materials engineering concentrator at Brown and found himself taking advantage of RISD’s glass

program. “I was coming to Brown to study math and science in this liberal arts environment, but the intense focus on arts and design at RISD was of interest to me,” he said. Bearnot, who hopes to graduate with degrees from Brown and RISD, said his decision to study at both schools was “ver y much a discovery,” adding, “It’s a daily decision.” Bearnot said meeting Sarah Gilbert ’06, who studied art semiotics at Brown and glass at RISD, and Gamaal Wilson ’06.5, who studied English at Brown and film and animation at RISD, encouraged him to pursue his own dual degree. Because the official dual degree program does not begin until next fall, Bearnot was required to transfer to RISD for his third and fourth years. He plans to finish his requirements at Brown in his fifth year. And Brown students aren’t the only ones looking to graduate with dual degrees. Alice Costas ’09 started college at RISD with a major in textiles but felt she was missing out on something in her education. “I loved art and making textiles but I couldn’t only do that. I needed heavier academics,” she said. After looking at dual degree programs around the country, she found that students were already doing it on their own on College Hill and decided to give it a try. After transferring to Brown this fall, she is now also pursuing a concentration in American civilization, though she is cross-registered at RISD and continues to take classes for her textiles major.

Both Costas and Bearnot said creating their own dual degrees wasn’t easy, but officials at both schools were helpful. “I ran around and talked to a lot of administrators,” Costas said. “The person at Brown I talked to the most was Dean Cornish. He was really the person in charge of forming the program.” Associate Dean of the College Steven Cornish MA’70 left Brownover thesummer. Registering for classes at both schools simultaneously can also be a challenge. “There’s a lot of mismatch,” Bearnot said. “There’s week-toweek scheduling. There’s semester scheduling. There’s also this question of if it counts to your degree. I wouldn’t say it’s easy. I don’t know that it ever will be or needs to be, they’re two distinct schools. That’s part of what makes it so exciting.” Thelander, who is only crossregistered and not pursuing a dual degree, went through a much more expedient process. After e-mailing the professors teaching the classes she wanted to take and figuring out what fit her schedule, she obtained signatures from those professors, the RISD dean of liberal arts and the Brown and RISD registrars. Though it might seem difficult to combine two social lives at two schools, Costas and Bearnot felt it was not a challenge. “Now that I’ve transferred to Brown ... I’m meeting tons of people (and) there were people I knew from being in classes over the years,” Costas said. “Even last year there were kids at Brown continued on page 6

a lazy, high, “intellectually menopausal” student. Three days later, when Vice President for Facilities Management Stephen Maiorisi first noticed the signs, he had no idea whether the suggestive message qualified as vandalism or was an approved design. A Department of Public Safety spokesperson was equally unaware of the reason the signs had appeared. The sign’s prose read, “...so as to end up flaccid, immobile, alone on the carpet of a dorm room, shirtless,

wheezing, intellectually menopausal, cutting lines on an iBook with a prepaid Discover card, watching consecutive hours of user-generated porn, in the dark, in a hoodie, apolitical, remorseless, eating salt-and-vinegar potato chips from a bag without a napkin: like some hero, pretending to be otherwise, on a Wednesday, during discussion section.” Though a coke-snorting, shirtless slob hardly seems like a Universitycontinued on page 6


THE BROWN DAILY HERALD

Friday, October 5, 2007

U. gets $14.1m award from NIH

The $160,000 sign question answered

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continued from page 1 behavioral and mental health disorders. In Rhode Island, the BrownWomen and Infants team will look at 10,000 households and then enlist 1,000 Providence children from those homes in the study. Buka told The Herald that there would be opportunities for field work and research opportunities for all students. Appropriated funds are “earmarked for student learning opportunities,” he said. And while he was “hesitant to say that there will be opportunities for students to go knock on doors and collect data, there clearly will be opportunities for students to learn about the conduct of such studies and the analysis of the data,” Buka said. Eli Adashi, dean of medicine and biological sciences, announced the contract Thursday at a press conference in Alumnae Hall. Adashi stressed that “it is decidedly this type of collaboration (among all of the organizations involved) which allows us to ask bigger and bolder questions.” Constance Howes, president and chief executive officer of Women and Infants Hospital, added, “This opportunity to work in a collaborative way to look at the environmental and genetic influences on the development of children will really help us to focus in on the social disparities, the physical surroundings, the behavioral influences, the cultural and family differences that impact each child and each family as they raise those

children.” In addition to commending the “phenomenal collaborative spirit” of the Providence-based study center, Buka compared the health status of the nation’s children to a “barometer” of what to expect in the years to come and shared thoughts from the perspective of a scientist who was actually doing the “heavy lifting” for the study. “The health of our children is the health of the nation. That’s not rhetoric — that’s an empirical statement of fact. Children with disorders grow up to be adults with disorders,” Buka explained. “So, child health is essential and U.S. children are not healthy. As you heard, there are high rates of asthma, obesity, autism, ADD, disabilities, injuries. We’re in bad shape, and it’s worsening.” Buka said that the handful of problems that he listed account for approximately $600 billion of expenses in the United States each year but that this study — which, according to Buka is the largest ever undertaken of its kind — will provide “scientists with the knowledge that will allow us to know how to act.” Gov. Donald Carcieri ’65 also congratulated the University and Women & Infants Hospital at the press conference. He praised his alma mater for “engaging in our community in a much more broadly based, much more aggressive, much more ambitious” way. He continued by citing the “alarming” incidents among children today of autism, obesity and diabetes and the ramifications of

these incidents could cause. Maureen Phipps, associate professor of obstetrics and gynecology, added that in addition to children, “This study is critical to understanding how to improve the health of women.” Although primarily focused on infants, the study will provide valuable data on women’s health before, during and after pregnancy. William Waters Jr., deputy director of the Rhode Island Department of Health, discussed the potential for helping scientists identify the roots of childhood disease, which would benefit the state of Rhode Island and eventually the nation. “The future of public health in Rhode Island is much brighter today,” he said. The study is supported broadly in Rhode Island by the Providence Community Health Centers, the Neighborhood Health Plan of Rhode Island, Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Rhode Island and United Healthcare. Following in the footsteps of other long-term biomedical research projects such as the Women’s Health Initiative, the study will sample 100,000 infants from across the country and observe them from before birth to age 21. The 22 new research centers will monitor 26 representative counties, of which 15 are in the eastern half of the United States and 11 are in the West. At each study center, employees and workers divide their counties into subsections and begin a search for mothers who are or will become pregnant. 

continued from page 5 sponsored message, the signs were actually a homework assignment, created by Adam Delehanty ’07.5 for MCM 1700P: “Radical Media,” taught by Mark Tribe ’90, assistant professor of modern culture and media studies. “I didn’t know what it was,” said Gabi Demith ’11. “I was confused.” As many students guessed, $160,000 refers to the cost of a Brown education, while the imagery of a useless, indifferent undergraduate reflects on the sometimes wasted potential of the four-year experience. But Delehanty said his sketch of a Brown student doesn’t represent anyone in particular. “The figure I portray isn’t anyone or me,” he said. “But I thought that people could maybe identify with some part of it and use it to reflect on their own experience here and the way they spend their time here.” Delehanty said he wanted to paint “a worst case scenario picture of what happens to some students” at Brown. Though some students may have found Delehanty’s stream-of-consciousness prose difficult, Delehanty said the more jarring prose served the effect he intended the signs to have on his audience. “I was trying to make it clear as soon as you started reading it that it wasn’t anything Universitysponsored,” he said. “It’s confusing. I wanted to make the text sound like something that was unofficial. I wanted to make the text sound spontaneous.” Tribe asked his radical media students to design, print and distribute a “radical” poster. “That’s one of the central purposes to the course — for students to develop an understanding of what

we think the term ‘radical’ means,” Tribe said. Delehanty’s first thoughts in response to the assignment were not political. But imitating official University plaques occurred to Delehanty before he thought of exactly what he would put on them. Tribe said Delehanty’s signs sparked so much curiosity and confusion among students walking by them precisely because they are, in a sense, not unfamiliar but still imitate the official signs on the buildings on which they were posted. “What interested me about the project was the way he reclaims the face of these official signs for art and for his own creative voice,” Tribe said. “In that sense, I think it’s an exciting intervention.” To properly reproduce the official University signs, Delehanty called Facilities Management and asked to speak to the person who designed and made the signs. “I said it was for an art project,” Delehanty said, adding that the designer told him the exact fonts and colors used in the signs. Despite their seemingly subversive message, the signs were not removed from the buildings until the Monday after they were posted — perhaps, Delehanty suggested, because they looked identical to the ones on the buildings. Tribe and Delehanty did not expect the signs would receive as much attention as they did. But both were pleased the project caught students’ interest. “I think it’s great when student work captures the imagination of their peers and sparks debate,” Tribe said. But students shouldn’t expect a flurry of controversial media to appear on campus as Tribe’s class continues — their next project is a YouTube video.

For some students, dual degree is nothing new continued from page 5 I would hang out with more than RISD friends. A lot of events are open to both students.” Bear not compared having friends at both schools to having friends in different concentrations. “Potentially (having friends at one school), your friends live closer to you, but I’ve been living off campus,” he said. “For dual degree, that’s something that they’re working on for next year, to give them the opportunity to meet freshmen at both schools.” Thelander also found her art classes at RISD to be vastly different from her liberal arts classes at Brown. Many RISD classes begin with critiques of student work. “We spend the first few hours of each class looking at a piece we brought in. You put yourself on display each week,” she said. “You can’t necessarily tell in a literature class who is the most talented ... whereas in the studio setting it becomes ver y apparent in a few weeks.” “I think people have the perception that RISD classes are easier,” said Zachar y Marcus ‘10, who is one of four Brown students taking RISD’s “Art as a Source of Healing.” In fact, he said, “they’re harder,” noting that the workload for his RISD class was about three to four readings a week, plus responses to those readings and activity plans for visits to a group home run by

Bradley Hospital for people aged 16 to 22 with disabilities. “People seem to be at each other’s throats a little more at RISD based on the fact that we are put on display each week,” Thelander said. “RISD’s almost like a trade school, depending on the department you’re in. At Brown the emphasis seems to be on more learning for the sake of learning. It’s more self-motivated or at least self-guided.” Marcus expressed optimism about the Brown-RISD dual degree program, as did others taking classes at both schools. “Brown has this certain idea of what education is, and RISD has this certain idea of what education is, and they don’t have to be mutually exclusive,” Marcus said. “I think a B.F.A. and a B.A. create something greater than the sum of its parts.” Costas said she was glad the program was finally being realized after many years of discussion. “I’m not so worried about the specifics,” she said. “I’m happy with the way it worked out and helping develop it.” However, Bearnot said he favored the way he formed his dual degree program. “Dual degree should be something you discover,” he said. “Right now you pitch it as a graduating high school senior.” But he admitted there will be great benefits to the new program. “There are opportunities that didn’t exist that will hopefully exist in the future.”


C ampus n ews Friday, October 5, 2007

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Bike registration with DPS to be mandatory on campus By Catie Straut Contributing Writer

The bicycle registration program currently offered by the Department of Public Safety will become a requirement starting in January 2008. Crime Prevention Officer Mark Perry explained that though “we’ve gotten good results” from the optional but strongly encouraged registration program, an increase in unregistered student and staff bicycles on campus has prompted a push to make the program mandatory. Crime prevention is the main goal of both the current and future bicycle registration programs. After registering online, students and staff receive decals in the mail to place on their bicycles, which often act as a “deterrent for a potential thief because it’s marked property,” Perry said. The system has had considerable success in the past and appeals to many student riders like Teddy Daiber ’11. “I would definitely register my bicycle if it keeps it from getting stolen. It’s definitely worth it,” he said. Another benefit of campus-wide participation in the bicycle registra-

tion program is the ability to clean up the on-campus bicycle racks. “One of our biggest problems with bicycles is that students will leave them abandoned on the bicycle rack after they graduate because they don’t want to take them home,” Perry explained. Through the registration program, DPS can identify the owner of a bicycle left on the rack instead of waiting to confirm that it is abandoned. Currently, all abandoned bicycles are put into a secure storage facility, and only the bicycles that are completely rusted and unusable are thrown out. The ability to identify bicycle owners affects the cleanliness and safety of dorms as well as walkways. According to Perry, students frequently lock their bicycles against railings and walkway ramps and are often unaware that this is illegal and can be a safety hazard. Daiber, for example, said he “had no idea that it was illegal.” The registration program allows DPS to contact owners to move their bicycles, thus preventing safety hazards and damage to bicycles. Perry also noted that the registration program can solve potential problems

Meara Sharma / Herald

The Department of Public Safety will soon require registration of bikes on campus.

with the dorm bicycle rooms as well, acting as a preemptive measure to prevent crowding. Registration has been running smoothly so far this fall, due to student and staff initiative to register their bicycles as well as a successful bicycle registration drive held

from Sept. 11 to 14, Perry said. The transition is expected to be an easy one: in January, students and staff who have already registered their bicycles will not need to re-register but will simply update the decals on their bicycles. In addition, the project coordina-

tors are currently designing notices to place on unregistered bicycles to remind owners to register them online, and advertisements will run throughout the beginning of the spring term to encourage all bicycle owners to participate in the program.


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Friday, October 5, 2007

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Students voice concerns about DPS in open hearing continued from page 1 try to classify the incident as a hate crime, “department representatives had to look up the definition of a hate crime.” He said that his original police report had been altered, that DPS told him hate crimes had to be reported through the Providence Police Department and that photographs taken of his injuries just after the attack were lost and “have yet to be recovered.” “Members of the community were never informed that a hate crime had taken place,” the statement continued. Kristin Jordan ’09 also spoke of being assaulted on campus last year, and she expressed her concerns with the department’s follow-up to the incident. Right after the incident occurred, Jordan said, a friend called DPS for her. “The dispatcher … put my friend on hold. It took quite a bit of time for the officer to

arrive. What made him arrive was a call from my mother — at least that’s what I was led to believe,” Jordan said. She also said that when she returned the next day to report something she had forgotten, DPS was unable to locate her original statement. She acknowledged DPS’ outreach efforts — she attended a DPS workshop for the Third World Transition Program’s participants — but questioned the department’s attitude. “During that workshop the police officers were sometimes disrespectful ... smiling and smirking,” Jordan said. “It’s not a breach of protocol, but it is general disrespect.” Michael da Cruz ’08.5 reported a recent interaction with DPS that occurred while he was protesting outside of the career fair. “While generally, especially by the end when the deans showed up, (DPS) was respectful, at the beginning

they continued to yell at me and threaten to remove me even though the Brown student handbook and a dean’s hearing last year affirmed my right to be there,” da Cruz said. He said DPS is “woefully uninformed” of student rights. Not all the student comments were negative. Callie Lawrence ’09, who said she spoke on behalf of the women’s lacrosse team, said the team has “developed a great relationship with Officer Pat.” She said she wanted to recognize the officer and DPS for “the community outreach being done.” Teitelbaum told The Herald after the event that a focus on outreach, mentioned by two of the student speakers, is not enough on the part of DPS. “Reaching out to make people think DPS is better, friendlier and more capable is not the same as DPS being better, friendlier and more capable, and outreach at events like TWTP and

women’s lacrosse can mask DPS’ failings,” he said. DPS’ previous efforts to gauge public opinion have not garnered much student response. At the last reaccreditation hearing, in April 2004, only one student voiced a complaint. And in the last public survey, prior to the 2004 reaccreditation, only 4.25 percent of students and 3.09 percent of faculty and staff responded. Preparations for the on-site CALEA assessment start a year in advance, Porter said. DPS offered the community ways to provide input through public information sessions, a special telephone line linked to the CALEA assessors and a public opinion survey. In addition to Thursday’s public hearing, DPS is also holding an open forum Oct. 23 in which representatives from DPS and the Providence Police Department will respond to students’ concerns.

Longboarding imported to College Hill from West Coast continued from page 1 ample opportunities for “bombing,” or skating down large hills. Despite the Californian origins of the longboard, several of its newest innovators hail from the west coast of Canada, and modifications in design are continual. “Longboards mimic surfboards, and the type of board makes a big difference in terms of the ride,” said Herald Business Staffer Darren Kong ’10, a longboarder from southern California. Longboards come with a variety of wheelbase designs and can be made from birch or maple wood. Some manufacturers also use fiberglass or carbon fiber for a lighter, stiffer board. Much of longboarding’s draw comes from these design differences. “With a skateboard, the tiny wheels make it difficult to ride,” Marandino said. “Longboards are made with big, thick wheels for a

nice, smooth ride.” But longboarders don’t just want an easy ride, Marandino said. “Longboards have a bit more stable base, so you can maneuver better,” he added. “There is a lot of downhill technique that can make it a lot more fun. It’s definitely different than just bombing a hill.” So why would a student pick up a longboard? Convenience, for one. “You can carry it pretty easily with your books,” Marandino said. “With a bike, you always have to think, ‘Where am I going to park it?’” Kong agreed that a longboard, as opposed to a skateboard, provides an efficient mode of transit. “The main difference is that in longboarding, you don’t do tricks,” Kong said. “It’s more about the ride than anything else, and that appeals to me.” Farrell said the ability to hone

skateboarding skills may help the sport maintain its appeal despite the emergence of alternatives. “Skating is less a mode of transportation and more of an activity,” Farrell said. “It’s more recreational; the idea is to learn new tricks. ... You can take it a lot farther.” Marandino said mainstream perceptions may be a driving force behind the popularity of alternatives to skateboarding. “Skateboarding seems to be going downhill because of its image,” he said. “The X-Games brought a lot to skating, but now it has a bad image on the West Coast. I don’t approve of the style I see.” The longboard might be new enough on the East Coast that its image has not yet solidified. Zachary Zdrada ’09 said he has noticed a lack of knowledge regarding the “Ripstick,” which both he and Marandino recommend even over the longboard. “It doesn’t seem to have

its own culture yet,” Zdrada said. But Kong said he has observed an emerging longboarding culture, at least on the West Coast. “For a lot of people, longboarding is just a form of transportation, but for some it’s a big scene. People can compete in going down hills and carving,” Kong said, though he added that the longboarding scene remains smaller than that of skateboarding and is often “less flashy.” Besides usability and ease of ride, skaters said their preference for longboarding over skateboarding comes down to how they see themselves. Marandino said so long as people want to express a relaxed image, longboarding could continue to gain popularity beyond the West Coast. “People see longboarding as a little bit more hippie, a little bit more free-spirited,” said Marandino, “That’s why you see them at Brown.”

M. soccer looks to rebound continued from page 12 against a Princeton team that should be a difficult test despite a poor record. The Tigers are just 2-6-1, but Brown refuses to underestimate them. “Princeton is a good team,” Noonan said. “They have just had some bad luck.” Princeton started the season with six straight losses, four of which occurred on the road. But the Tigers have turned their season around, going 2-0-1 in their last three games including a 4-3 overtime victory against Adelphi University on Wednesday. Cooling off the streaking Tigers would be a big momentum booster for Brown heading into the second half of its season. “A win on Saturday would be a good springboard for the rest of the Ivy League season, just like (the win against) Santa Clara (University) was for the first half of the season,” Noonan said. Bruno will play Princeton at 7 p.m. Saturday at Stevenson Field.

Bears take on Crusaders continued from page 12 about ourselves as a team,” Edwards said. “If we play mistake-free, we should beat every team we play. We just need to be disciplined and play smart.” This weekend Brown will face a Holy Cross team that is 2-2 and coming off a 38-17 loss to Yale. The Crusaders feature a passing game that has averaged over 300 yards per game, an attack the Bears will have to contain in order to stay in the game. After gaining just 2.3 yards per carr y last week, Brown will also look to establish its running game against a Holy Cross defense that allowed 412 yards on the ground in its last game. “We have to attack on all cylinders,” Edwards said. “(Dougherty’s) been doing a great job of stretching the field and making big plays, and (the running backs) need to help him out.” This weekend will mark the end of Brown’s non-league season. The Bears hope to gain momentum going into their Oct. 13 matchup with Ivy League rival Princeton. “Every game is a must-win for us,” Dougher ty said. “It would be great to have a win going into Ivy League play, to give us confidence.”


Friday, October 5, 2007

‘Excessive force’ used against Iraqi civilians By Sudarsan Raghavan, Joshua Partlow and Karen DeYoung Washington Post

BAGHDAD, Iraq — U.S. military reports from the scene of the Sept. 16 shootings involving the security firm Blackwater USA indicate that its guards opened fire without provocation and used excessive force against Iraqi civilians, according to a senior U.S. military official. The reports came to light as an Interior Ministry official and five eyewitnesses described a second deadly shooting minutes after the incident in Nisoor Square. The same Blackwater security guards, after driving about 150 yards away from the square, fired into a crush of cars, killing one person and injuring two, the Iraqi official said. The U.S. military reports appear to corroborate the Iraqi government’s contention that Blackwater was at fault in the shootings in Nisoor Square, in which hospital records say at least 14 people were killed and 18 were wounded. “It was obviously excessive, it was obviously wrong,” said the U.S. militar y official, who spoke on condition of anonymity because the incident remains the subject of several investigations. The Blackwater guards appeared to have fired grenade launchers in addition to machine guns, the official said. The company has said its guards acted appropriately after being attacked. Blackwater Chairman Erik Prince, in previously unpublicized remarks prepared for delivery at a congressional hearing Tuesday, said the Blackwater guards “came under small-arms fire” and “returned fire at threatening targets.” State Department spokesman Sean McCormack hinted Thursday that Blackwater guards could face prosecution. Announcing a decision to have FBI agents lead a State Department inquiry into the shootings, he said it was “a hedge against the possibility that an investigation leads to the point where there may need to be a referral” to U.S. courts. In response to the shootings, the Pentagon is also conducting a broad review of its relationship with the private security contractors it employs. The military has issued about 7,000 weapons permits

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to private contractors, the senior U.S. military official said, but has stopped issuing new permits until it can review who has the weapons and how they have been used. Many U.S. military officials are critical of Blackwater because its guards have a reputation for reckless behavior that officials say reflects poorly on American soldiers in Iraq. Iraqi citizens often do not distinguish between U.S. soldiers in Humvees and Blackwater guards in armored vehicles. U.S. soldiers have reviewed statements from eyewitnesses and video footage recorded at Nisoor Square, the official said. Blackwater, whose primary task in Iraq is to protect U.S. diplomats, has been unwilling to share information about the incident with the U.S. military, the official said, adding that military officials went to Blackwater’s compound in the Green Zone but were denied access to company managers. The prepared testimony of Blackwater Chairman Prince is the company’s fullest accounting to date of the events at Nisoor Square. The testimony said that after a Blackwater team delivered a U.S. government official to a Baghdad destination, a “very large” car bomb exploded “in close proximity to their location.” After the team “secured its principal and requested support for its evacuation,” a second Blackwater team proceeded to an intersection “approximately one mile away from the explosion site to secure a route of egress” for the first team. According to Prince’s prepared testimony, which cautioned that his “current understanding” remained incomplete, only five members of the 20-member team ever discharged their weapons “in response to the threat.” Blackwater helicopters “did assist in directing the teams to safety, but contrary to some reports, no one in the helicopters discharged any weapons.” In the testimony he did deliver, Prince said that “based on everything we currently know, the Blackwater team acted appropriately while operating in a very complex war zone.” He said that there was a “rush to judgment based on inaccurate information.”

Fukuyama and Silver debate merits of biotech continued from page 1 have gotten a few more dates,” Fukuyama joked, but he argued that society wouldn’t be any better if everyone had their desired height. Silver, on the other hand, said there are many benefits to biotechnology. He said governments should not, in general, regulate biotechnology since it helps humans by combating disease. Fukayama did not disagree with Silver on the practical uses of genetic manipulation to treat disease, but he said other applications are less useful. “I think that some of the technological possibilities in the next few years are ones that are not going to see to the flourishing of human life,” Fukuyama said. Silver, to support his argument that humans must take an active role in determining their own destinies through biotechnology, discussed a five-week trip he made to the African nation of Ghana and noted that many villagers he met there looked to God to cure their diseases. But, he said, “God and Nature doesn’t care about pain, suffering and death of individuals. Nature readily sacrifices individuals for the benefit of a gene.” That sentiment sparked some controversy. During the questionand-answer session, during which about 20 people asked questions,

one audience member asked Silver how he can “assume that the villagers of Ghana believe in God because they have no better idea.” “They are ignorant. Ignorance means not educated,” Silver responded. “If you go to parts of the world where many people are uneducated, many people don’t understand the basis for diseases.” In response to Silver, Fukayama said “there is never a simple dichotomy” between religion and science, arguing that corruption and lack of health care play a role in Ghanian faith in God for healing. Over 100 people were turned away from Salomon by Department of Public Safety officers due to fire code capacity limits, but those who were able to attend the lecture said they appreciated the debate. “I thought both speakers were very good, although I was a little bit offended about the way Professor Silver reacted towards the question about God,” said Faustino Mora ’10. “The presenters gave a good balance between the science behind the issue and the philosophy that underlies the choices that society will be forced to make,” said Neil Parikh ’11. “It was a nice contrast between a very holistic viewpoint that Fukuyama gave and that of Professor Silver.” Fukuyama is a professor at the Johns Hopkins University’s Nitze School of Advanced International Studies and is the director of its In-

ternational Development Program. He has written eight books, including bestseller “The End of History and the Last Man,” in which he argues that, at the end of the Cold War, liberalism triumphed among competing political theories. He was a member of the President’s Council on Bioethics from 2001 to 2005 and a member of the policy planning staff of the Department of State in the 1980s, specializing in Middle Eastern affairs and, later, European political and military affairs. Silver is a professor of molecular biology and public affairs at Princeton University’s Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. Silver has published over 200 scientific articles on genetics and has written several books, most recently “Challenging Nature: The Clash of Biotechnology and Spirituality.” Jesse Maddox ’08, director of the Janus Forum student committee, said he was pleased with the discussion. “This is a pretty large operation and it has been turning out well so far,” he said. “This is just one of the many things we do in pursuit of our mission of providing a medium to Brown students to engage in political discussion.” The next Janus Forum Lecture, “Is America in the midst of a culture war?” will take place Nov. 29 and will feature Morris Fiorina and James Hunter.

Memos reveal ‘harsh’ CIA techniques By Dan Eggen and Michael Abramowitz Washington Post

WASHINGTON — Democratic lawmakers assailed the Justice Department Thursday for issuing secret memos that authorized harsh CIA interrogation techniques, demanding that the Bush administration turn over the documents. But officials refused and said the tactics did not violate anti-torture laws. One opinion issued by the Justice Department’s Office of Legal Counsel in May 2005 authorized a combination of painful physical and psychological interrogation tactics, including head slapping, frigid temperatures and simulated drowning, according to current and former officials familiar with the issue. A second document issued by the same Justice Department office in the summer of 2005 asserted that the interrogation practices approved for the CIA did not violate legislation to prohibit “cruel, inhuman and degrading” treatment, current and former officials said. The existence of the two classified memos was reported Thursday by the New York Times. White House and Justice officials said the legal opinion on interrogation techniques did not conflict with administration promises not to torture suspects, including a memo released publicly in December 2004 that declared torture “abhorrent.” They said the newly revealed memo focused on “specific applications” under the parameters of the earlier document. “It is a policy of the United States that we do not torture, and we do not,” said White House spokeswoman Dana Perino. The memos create an unwelcome complication for the Bush

administration as it tries to win confirmation of former federal judge Michael Mukasey as the next attorney general. He would replace Alberto Gonzales, who resigned last month after months of conflict with Congress over his credibility and management abilities. Gonzales led the Justice Department at the time the newly disclosed memos were written. Sen. Patrick Leahy, D-Vt., chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee, vowed to question Mukasey closely about his views on interrogation policies during confirmation hearings later this month. “After telling us and the world that torture is abhorrent ... it appears that under Attorney General Gonzales they reversed themselves and reinstated a secret regime by, in essence, reinterpreting the law in secret,” Leahy said. The House Judiciary Committee demanded copies of the documents from the Justice Department and vowed to hold hearings on the issue. “Both the alleged content of these opinions and the fact that they have been kept secret from Congress are extremely troubling,” Chairman John Conyers Jr. , D-Mich., and Rep. Jerrold Nadler, D-N.Y., wrote in a letter to acting Attorney General Peter Keisler. President Bush and his aides regularly denounce torture and deny that it has been condoned as part of the aggressive anti-terrorism campaign after the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks. But administration of ficials have repeatedly refused to specify which tactics are allowed, and both the military and the CIA have operated under var ying standards and guidelines over the last six years. White House, Justice and CIA officials refused to discuss the spe-

cific tactics authorized in the 2005 Justice memos. Both documents were signed by acting OLC chief Steven Bradbur y, who declined requests for comment. Justice spokesman Brian Roehrkasse said Bradbury “has worked diligently to ensure that the authority of the office is employed in a careful and prudent manner.” The secret opinion followed an OLC analysis released publicly in December 2004 which declared that “torture is abhorrent both to American law and values and international norms” and endorsed a legal definition of torture as acts “intended to inflict severe physical or mental pain or suffering.” That analysis explicitly rejected a previous Justice opinion that had declared only that causing pain equivalent to “organ failure, impairment of bodily function, or even death” constituted torture punishable by law. Paul Gimigliano, a CIA spokesman, said the agency’s interrogation program “has been implemented carefully and lawfully” and has “produced vital information” to disrupt terrorist operations. “The CIA itself has sought the legal clarity on which this program rests,” he said. The CIA approached the Justice Department in mid-2004 seeking specific guidelines on interrogation methods in anticipation of congressional legislation that sought to limit allowable interrogation techniques, according to a senior U.S. official. The official said that at the time of the request, the CIA had wanted to ensure that its detention of terrorism suspects in secret sites overseas was sustainable, legally and politically. But the official maintained that the opinions did not “lead to anything harsher being done” to the suspects in CIA custody.


E ditorial & L etters Page 10

Friday, October 5, 2007

THE BROWN DAILY HERALD

S t a ff E d i t o r i a l

Diamonds and coal A diamond to laundering money, second-guessing the coach’s calls, getting a baked potato with everything on it and other things President Ruth Simmons probably now regrets letting our reporter witness at last weekend’s football game. If only Dean of the College Katherine Bergeron were as transparent. Coal to the Office of Environmental Health and Safety. Maybe you can use the charcoal to filter that lead-tastic water. Cubic zirconium to the “terrorists” who seized an airplane on the tarmac at T.F. Green last week as part of a homeland security exercise and mock-executed some of the volunteer passengers. For a second, we thought it was an MCM performance art piece. Imagine the diamond we could buy with $160,000. A diamond to the three Ivy League champ football players who got inked with signs of their alma mater before Brown researchers brought us the era of removable tattoos. That takes guts — but diamonds are forever. Coal to the history and political science profs who pooh-poohed students’ relatively strong performance on a national survey of civics knowledge. Whenever we beat Princeton in rankings, we’re not going to ask too many questions. A diamond to students digging holes on College Hill for credit — while you’re doing that for a grade, Princeton students are getting bodyslammed by grade deflation. Take that, U.S. News & World Report! Coal to UFB for cutting the Critical Review’s print run. And all these years we thought Brown students just loved Russian literature and Akkadian. Oh well, we hear geology isn’t that big at Princeton anyway. A diamond to the Brown researchers who devoted entirely too much time to exploring the smell of soil. Thanks for giving us a chance to use the words “dank” and “fecund” in print ... in bed! Coal to campus Wikipedians. If you’re so enthusiastic about grammar, why aren’t you copy editing for The Herald? A cubic zirconium to compelling rhythm and indie rock bands. We only give diamonds to editors who make it into the crime log.

Executive Editors Stephen Colelli Allison Kwong Ben Leubsdorf

Arts & Culture Editor Arts & Culture Editor Campus Watch Editor Features Editor Metro Editor Metro Editor News Editor Opinions Editor Opinions Editor Sports Editor Sports Editor Sports Editor Asst. Sports Editor Asst. Sports Editor Asst. Sports Editor

photo Christopher Bennett Rahul Keerthi Ashley Hess

Photo Editor Photo Editor Sports Photo Editor

Business Mandeep Gill General Manager Darren Ball Executive Manager Dan DeNorch Executive Manager Laurie-Ann Paliotti Sr. Advertising Manager Susan Dansereau Office Manager production Steve DeLucia Catherine Cullen Roxanne Palmer

Design Editor Copy Desk Chief Graphics Editor

post- magazine Hillary Dixler Melanie Duch Taryn Martinez Rajiv Jayadevan Sonia Kim Matt Hill

Chinese students urge against Olympics boycott To the Editor: In his column (“Boycott China to free Burma,” Oct. 2), Patrick Cook-Deegan ’08 calls for a boycott of the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games to push China to “take action on Burma.” We agree with him on the point that China as a rising superpower needs to join the world to “call for an end to violence and a peaceful transition to democracy,” but we cannot accept Cook-Deegan’s self-claimed “most effective leverage” or solution to the Burma issue is to boycott China and the Olympics. In an age of globalization, a better way to solve international problems apparently is not to “boycott” or to “threaten” a nation like China, as Cook-Deegan suggests but to cooperate with and combine all influential forces under the banner of the United Nations. Also, there is no good reason to boycott Olympics. The Beijing Olympics is not only a big part merely for Chinese government, but it also a splendid dream cherished by all the Chinese people including us, the Chinese students at Brown, as well as most of the people in the world. Just a couple days ago, a friend of ours and a former Brown student was struggling to be a torchbearer in

To the Editor:

Senior Editors Jonathan Sidhu Anne Wootton

editorial Lydia Gidwitz Robin Steele Oliver Bowers Stephanie Bernhard Simmi Aujla Sara Molinaro Ross Frazier Karla Bertrand Jacob Schuman Peter Cipparone Erin Frauenhofer Stu Woo Benjy Asher Amy Ehrhart Jason Harris

Letters 2008 Olympics and all we Chinese students here voted for him, hoping to help him fulfill his dream in Beijing. Just as the slogan for Beijing Olympics says, we have “One World, One Dream.” So let’s call for more cooperation with China and more nations to take actions, but not “against” them. Hongjie Wang MA’04 GS, History Xiangxiong Zhang GS, Mathematics Chao Wang MS’05 GS, Engineering Hua Li MS’06 GS Engineering Yanglong Hou, Chemistry Juzhi Hou MS’06 GS, Geological Sciences Tao Liu, Community Health Yingchun Wu, Applied Math Chenjie Xu GS, Chemistry Sheng Peng GS, Chemistry Jin Xie GS, Chemistry Jaemin Kim GS, Chemistry Youngmin Lee GS, Chemistry Baodui Wang, Chemistry Oct. 4

Backpack policy for campus events arbitrary

T he B rown D aily H erald Editors-in-Chief Eric Beck Mary-Catherine Lader

frances choi

Managing Editor Managing Editor Managing Editor Features Editor Features Editor Associate Editor

Chaz Kelsh, Steve DeLucia, Designers Jake Frank, Jennifer Grayson, Seth Motel, Elena Weissman, Copy Editors Senior Staff Writers Rachel Arndt, Michael Bechek, Irene Chen, Chaz Firestone, Isabel Gottlieb, Nandini Jayakrishna, Franklin Kanin, Kristina Kelleher, Debbie Lehmann, Scott Lowenstein, Michael Skocpol, Nick Werle Staff Writers Amanda Bauer, Brianna Barzola, Evan Boggs, Aubry Bracco, Caitlin Browne, Joy Chua, Patrick Corey, Catherine Goldberg, Olivia Hoffman, Jessica Kerry, Cameron Lee, Hannah Levintova, Abe Lubetkin, Christian Martell, Taryn Martinez, Anna Millman, Marielle Segarra, Matt Varley, Meha Verghese Sports Staff Writers Andrew Braca, Han Cui, Kaitlyn Laabs, Kathleen Loughlin, Alex Mazerov, Megan McCahill Business Staff Diogo Alves, Emilie Aries, Beth Berger, Steven Butschi, Timothy Carey, Jilyn Chao, Ellen DaSilva, Pete Drinan, Dana Feuchtbaum, Patrick Free, Sarah Glick, Alexander Hughes, Claire Kiely, Soobin Kim, Katelyn Koh, Darren Kong, Christie Liu, Philip Maynard, Ingrid Pangandoyon, Mariya Perelyubskaya, Viseth San, Paolo Servado, Kaustubh Shah, Saira Shervani, Yelena Shteynberg, Jon Spector, Robert Stefani, Lily Tran, Hari Tyagi, Lindsay Walls, Benjamin Xiong Design Staff Brianna Barzola, Chaz Kelsh,Ting Lawrence, Philip Maynard, Alex Unger, Aditya Voleti, Wudan Yan Photo Staff Stuart Duncan-Smith, Austin Freeman, Tai Ho Shin Copy Editors Ayelet Brinn, Rafael Chaiken, Erin Cummings, Katie Delaney, Jake Frank, Jennifer Grayson, Ted Lamm, Max Mankin, Alex Mazerov, Ben Mercer, Ezra Miller, Seth Motel, Alexander Rosenberg, Emily Sanford, Sara Slama, Jenna Stark, Laura Straub, Meha Verghese, Elena Weissman

I am a senior and, as such, I have been wanting to go to more special lectures and other such events while I still can enjoy them. I was thus very interested in seeing Gov. Deval Patrick’s (D-Mass.) lecture this evening. I live offcampus and bike to classes every day, so I was tired and reluctant to go back to campus for the fifth time tonight in what has been a very long day. I thought since I was heading back toward the Main Green, I would bring my backpack and head to the Rockefeller Library after the lecture to work on a paper. When I got to Salomon, the door guards told me that I couldn’t enter with my bag. Disappointed, I contemplated whether I should go back to drop my bag off and risk missing the first part of the lecture. While I stood aside, the guards let in several other students with bags, one or two much larger than mine, albeit none were backpacks. I approached the guards about this, and they simply said they were instructed not to let anyone in with a backpack. I understand that I should have more diligently read the bulletin in Morning Mail, and I understand a no-backpack policy could be a security, privacy or even copyright mea-

sure. But to discriminate a potential threat based on where the bag is carried on one’s body is ludicrously arbitrary. Could there be any other reason for such a criterion to be enforced? Could the event coordinators be trying to filter out students? As an off-campus senior, it takes special effort to feel a similar sense of solidarity with the Brown community I felt during my previous years on campus. You never realize how much you take for granted the campus events broadcast on the TV in the Sharpe Refectory or the tableslips until you don’t go to the Ratty anymore. If Brown wants to put a strong effort into bringing the senior class closer into the fold of campus life, as I understand it does, then they need to start by publicizing events to seniors. To solve this, Brown should allow off-campus students to access IPTV for the campus channels. As for the problem of missed lectures, if the security of distinguished lecturers is a concern, guards should be instructed to do bag checks instead of arbitrarily denying potential attendees who might want to get some studying done after the event. Paul Monnes ’08 Oct. 2

Correction In Wednesday’s edition of The Herald, a photo caption read, “The men’s soccer team suffered its first loss of the season last night against Boston University, despite efforts of points leader Laurent Manuel ’08.” In fact, Dylan Sheehan ’09 is the team’s points leader. C O R R E C T I O N S P olicy The Brown Daily Herald is committed to providing the Brown University community with the most accurate information possible. Corrections may be submitted up to seven calendar days after publication. C ommentary P O L I C Y The staff editorial is the majority opinion of the editorial board of The Brown Daily Herald. The editorial viewpoint does not necessarily reflect the views of The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. Columns, letters and comics reflect the opinions of their authors only. L etters to the E ditor P olicy Send letters to letters@browndailyherald.com. Include a telephone number with all letters. The Herald reserves the right to edit all letters for length and cannot assure the publication of any letter. Please limit letters to 250 words. Under special circumstances writers may request anonymity, but no letter will be printed if the author’s identity is unknown to the editors. Announcements of events will not be printed. advertising P olicy The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. reserves the right to accept or decline any advertisement at its discretion.


O pinions Friday, October 5, 2007

Page 11

THE BROWN DAILY HERALD

Overheard on College Hill By Spencer Amdur and Jacob Izenberg

What did you think of Iranian President Ahmadinejad’s visit to Columbia University? Pratik Chougule ’08

Brian Rainey ’04 GS On the one hand, I understand why he’s a controversial person, and I certainly don’t agree with the policies of his government domestically and sometimes internationally. But at the same time I’m concerned with how people have reacted to it, because I think a lot of the rhetoric plays into the anti-Iran rhetoric that’s happening in Washington — justifications for overly aggressive policies towards Iran. Whether or not he comes to Columbia, I don’t know. I’m sure controversial people have spoken at Columbia and (Brown). The question is whether or not someone who has said things as controversial as what he’s said and done should be invited to a university. It’s about context a lot of times. I am very concerned about the anti-Iran rhetoric, and I think a lot of the reaction is not careful about how they play into that. I don’t think he’s a dictator. He presides over a repressive society, but it’s a little different from dictatorship. It’s a lot of rhetoric and luster, the reaction.

From Ahmadinejad’s standpoint, it was a great thing — the perfect PR stunt. (Columbia President Lee) Bollinger, Columbia and the liberal protestors in the street did a pretty good job of making sure he got the great media stunt that he pulled off. The problem with academia, in general, is that they have this perverse concept of academic freedom. Bollinger tried to sound tough in his introduction, but when you invite this dictator who’s threatening the world with genocide, and give him the distinction of speaking at Columbia, you’ve already lost all credibility in my mind. And all those protestors out there — what better way for Ahmadinejad than to go home and show that he’s speaking at a distinguished university and having a bunch of Jewish protestors protesting him? Can you think of a better image that he could create in the Muslim world? I think all around it was a disaster.

Personally, I do not think that Ahmadinejad should have been invited to speak at Columbia. I do believe in diversity of ideas, I value challenging beliefs and I think that liberal universities should try to promote intellectual diversity. But with Ahmadinejad — he propounds views that are factually incorrect, and he clearly doesn’t value or advocate for free speech or diversity of ideas in his own country, so I don’t know that it’s the place of the liberal university to be giving a person who doesn’t value other people’s opinions at all a pulpit to speak from. But what is also interesting is that I don’t think Bollinger believes that his ideas are valid either. Otherwise, I just don’t understand why he would have given him a reception like he did. I think that if he had invited Ahmadinejad to Columbia to get a public slogging, that his

intro would be great, and I loved it, and would have gone to see it. But if he actually meant what he said, and seriously invited Ahmadinejad to be there because he believes that the university should care about a diversity of points and he thinks that Ahmadinejad’s viewpoints fall into that category, then his introduction was totally inappropriate. I don’t think you can on the one hand say that you care about hearing his opinions to your school, and on the other call those opinions stupid or invalid or incorrect before you even let him speak. So I’m not entirely sure what was going on there, and I also heard that Bollinger might have changed his speech after a lot of public pressure that came before the speech happened. I’m not sure if that happened or not. Either way, you can’t have it both ways, and he was trying to have his cake and eat it too.

Yael Shavit ’08

Keeping and breaching the public trust: Self-criticism at the New York Times BY LINDSEY MEYERS Columnist Abroad OXFORD — Troubling allegations of unfair advertising practices have been made against the New York Times in connection with an ad placed by a liberal Political Action Committee opposed to the war in Iraq. To make this already interesting matter even more intriguing, the Times has raised these charges against itself in an extraordinary opinion piece (“Betraying Its Own Best Interests,” Sept. 23) written by its Public Editor, Clark Hoyt, whose job is to serve the public interest. What I am referring to is the uproar that has arisen from the ad placed by MoveOn.org in the Times (“General Petraeus or General Betray Us,” Sept. 10) — one that personally attacked the loyalty and truthfulness of General David H. Petraeus the day he appeared before Congress to give his long-awaited assessment of the war in Iraq. In the frank estimation of the Time’s Hoyt, this “ad violated the Time’s own written standards, and the paper now says that the advertiser got a break it was not entitled to.” The facts, as Hoyt reports them, are that MoveOn.org paid a stand-by rate of $64,575 for the ad but did not have to wait up to seven days for its publication like other stand-by customers. Instead, it received a guaranteed publication date, an advertising perk that should have cost $142,083. The result was a sweetheart deal for MoveOn.org that permitted it to schedule this ad against Petraeus with the tactical precision of a pre-emptive

military strike. To compound matters, Hoyt also believes that the ad violated the Times’ established internal policy to reject “opinion advertisements that are attacks of a personal nature.” The Times’ reaction to these charges has been a curious mixture of denial and retraction. First, it defended the MoveOn.org discount as proper. Then one of its advertising representatives candidly conceded that the discount violated the advertising policy of the Times.

questions the loyalty of General Petraeus as if he were a kind of modern Benedict Arnold. Though conservatives and liberals alike have rightly condemned this ad, it is unclear to me whether or to what extent the Times deliberately gave MoveOn.org an unfair advantage to serve the anti-war editorial aims of the paper. One plausible, and certainly more charitable, conclusion is that some folks at the Times simply made an honest mistake. However, the fact that employees at the

Has our national compulsion to think the worst of people devolved to such an extent that even the publisher of the Times now conflates ad hominem attacks with political discourse? And though the Times’ executive responsible for approving the ad disagrees with Hoyt’s conclusion about its combative content, it is difficult to understand how an ad effectively accusing a respected general of treason could be construed as anything other than a personal attack on his honor. In fact, the ad exemplifies the very worst in political attack ads. First, it recklessly accuses Petraeus of “cooking the books for the White House.” Then, it assaults him for being a general “at war with the facts.” And if those personal attacks were not enough, it insultingly

Times broke, or, at the very least, seriously bent two established policies is as curious as it is troubling. So, too, is the reluctance and failure of some at the Times to own up to these mistakes. Thus, even if there were not actual improprieties committed, the Times has created the appearance of impropriety through its clumsy handling of this matter. That is why many question whether the Times allowed its editorial views to unfairly interfere with its advertising policies. Because this controversy raises troubling issues about journalistic fairness, Arthur Sulz-

berger Jr., the publisher of the Times, should address this matter with clarity and candor. However, the best response Sulzberger could grudgingly muster for Hoyt is that “Perhaps we did err in this case. If we did, we erred with the intent of giving greater voice to the people.” Far be it from me to suggest that the publisher of one of the world’s most prestigious papers offered a lame, or perhaps even disingenuous, excuse. Still, it strikes me as more than passing strange for anyone to conclude that the tripe in the MoveOn.org ad somehow “gives voice to the people.” Has our national compulsion to think the worst of people devolved to such an extent that even the publisher of the Times now conflates ad hominem attacks with political discourse? And since when does MoveOn.org, or any PAC for that matter, give voice to anything but their own factional interests? Though Sulzberger’s response is disappointing, the remarkable thing about the Times is that it has the institutional integrity to investigate and expose its failings to the public. The Times does not have to employ a public editor like Clark Hoyt to represent its readers in this manner. Yet it does, because a newspaper must speak the truth to power — even if that power is wielded by the newspaper itself. Were it otherwise, freedom of the press might become nothing more than a self-defeating nullity.

Former Herald Arts & Culture Editor Lindsey Meyers ’09 is seeing her best interests betrayed by the falling U.S. dollar.


S ports W eekend Page 12

Friday, October 5, 2007

THE BROWN DAILY HERALD

M. soccer looks to rebound in Ivy League opener

Bears defend home turf against Crusaders

By Jason Harris Assistant Sports Editor

By Benjamin Asher Assistant Spor ts Editor

Last season, close losses plagued the football team. Five of the team’s seven defeats were decided by seven points or fewer, contributing to a disappointing 3-7 finish. After suffering devastatingly close losses to Har vard and the University of Rhode Island in the past two weeks, the Bears are looking to reverse the curse when they host the College of the Holy Cross at 12:30 on Saturday. First-year starting quarterback Michael Dougherty ’09 said the team has not yet performed to its full potential. “We’ve still got a long way to go,” he said. “We’re a 1-2 team, but we should be 3-0.” In last weekend’s game,  the Bears came painfully close to winning the Governor’s Cup, but URI’s dominant triple-option offense and Brown’s inability to close out the win resulted in a 49-42 double-overtime loss. This weekend the Bears will look to prove they possess the maturity and poise necessar y to play well for all four quarters and emerge victorious. On the positive side, last weekend’s game showcased several new offensive weapons. After throwing three interceptions in the fourth quarter of the loss to Har vard, Dougherty showed aplomb against URI, completing 27 of 47 passes for 407 yards and two touchdowns, with no interceptions. Paul Raymond ’08 accounted for 221 of those passing yards, which tied for the fourthbest receiving day in Brown history. And with tri-captain running back Dereck Knight ’08 sidelined with a foot injury, Jonathan Edwards ’09 scored four rushing touchdowns in his first start for Brown. “Dereck’s been there helping me the whole way,” Edwards said. “Whenever I come off the field, he’s the first one to greet me on the sideline to tell me what I did right and what I did wrong.” Brown’s offense also utilized the versatility of receiver Bobby Sewall ’10, who in high school was both a quarterback and a champion sprinter. On Saturday, in addition to seven receptions for 43 yards, Sewall gained 10 yards on two rushes and completed a 20-yard pass on a flea-flicker in overtime. “There’s a lot we can do with Bobby,” said Head Coach Phil Estes following the game against URI. “The more in-game experience he gets, the better he’ll get.” Despite the abundance of talent, the team’s biggest problem has been inconsistency on both sides of the ball, particularly late in the game. In the fourth quarter against Har vard, two trips into Har vard territory ended in an interception and a missed field goal for Brown, and in the fourth quarter of last weekend’s game against URI, the Bears failed to convert a secondand-goal opportunity from inside the 1-yard line, keeping the Rams in the game and allowing them to force overtime. “It’s not like we have any doubt continued on page 8

Ashley Hess / Herald File Photo

Co-captain Stephen Sawyer ‘09 will lead men’s soccer in its Ivy League debut against Princeton on Saturday night.

Sometimes failure is better than success. In basketball, a player who hits a few three-pointers in a row tries a “heat check” by firing from way outside with his defender right up under his chin. The inevitable miss brings him back down to earth where he can focus on just doing what his teams asks of him again. The No. 15 ranked men’s soccer team hope that they, too, can turn failure into a positive when they meet Princeton at 7 p.m. on Saturday. After starting the season 6-0-1, the Bears finally dropped their first game on Tuesday night to Boston University, 1-0. While Brown would have preferred positive momentum going into the match against the Tigers, it will instead use the loss to BU as a catalyst for a new winning streak. “The players were appropriately disappointed,” said Head Coach Mike Noonan of the team’s performance against the Terriers. “They are a resilient group though. Any true competitor will want to make amends.” After the tough loss, Brown hit the film room Wednesday to see what went wrong in order to improve for Princeton and always-brutal Ivy League play. “We got outworked,” said co-

captain defender Stephen Sawyer ’09. “We have to remember that and use it as a motivator.” At the same time, it is important for the team not to look backward too much. “We have to learn from the loss, but not dwell on it,” Sawyer said. Co-captain defender Matt Britner ’07.5 echoed Sawyer’s diagnosis. “We can’t be complacent and expect to win every game,” Britner said. “There will be no lack of effort on Saturday. Princeton gives 110 percent and we have to match that.” High intensity day-in and dayout will be crucial moving forward because the Ivy League schedule always brings a string of close, emotional games. The league is always hotly contested because the winner receives an automatic bid for the NCAA Tournament. “Ivies are the only guarantee to make the tournament,” Sawyer said. “We have been disappointed in Ivies the last few years.” Britner said there are no easy games in the Ivy League. “Games are always tight,” he said. “Most games are 1-0 or 2-1.” No. 8 Harvard (7-1-1) and Dartmouth (6-2-1) appear to pose the biggest challenge to the Bears, though no team has played an Ivy League match yet. The Bears hope that they can get the ball rolling in the right direction continued on page 8

Athlete of the Week Cunningham ’09 scores big for Bears By Stu Woo Sports Editor

ATHLETE OF THE WEEK

GOOOOOOAAAAAALLLLLL! Nothing beats striking the ball cleanly and putting it past the keeper, and no one knows that feeling better than Lindsay Cunningham ’09. After scoring two goals in her last three games, the Cumberland native sat down to talk to talk some (real) football as our Athlete of the Week.

Okay, how about this? You run to the corner flag, pick it up, and use it to stake the ball to the ground. Are you serious? People do this?

Herald: Last Sunday, in a game versus Army, you scored the winning goal in the 82nd minute. How does it feel to score a gamewinner? Cunningham: There’s nothing like scoring a game-winning goal, especially late in the game. The score was tied 1-1, and scoring that goal was pretty exciting.

How did you get started playing soccer? My dad put me in a recreational town league. We played co-ed — it was terrible.

After making a tough putt, Tiger Woods does a fist pump. After making a sack, Michael Strahan pretends to take a jump shot. What does Lindsay Cunningham do after scoring a goal? Good question. I don’t think I really have any trademark. I just celebrate with the team. Everyone’s pretty excited when we score. You’ve never choreographed anything? No, I haven’t. I’ve got a couple of ideas that I’m going throw at you, if you don’t mind. What if you take the ball out of the net after you score, and pretend to do CPR on it? (Laughs.) Sounds pretty good.

No, I was just trying to be creative. I’m not that outgoing, per se, so I don’t think I’ll be doing anything like that.

Did your dad play soccer? Yeah, he played soccer, too. He’s from Scotland. What’s your favorite part about playing soccer? I think my favorite part is just being part of a team. We’re like a family. We eat every meal together, we basically live together and it’s great to know that once the season starts, you have 32 best friends. It’s pretty sweet. What’s the best part about playing at Brown? The Brown team? Besides the fact that we’re really close, I’d say that everyone is willing to work really hard at practice, at the games, in the classroom. The whole team is just really hardworking, and it’s a good atmosphere to be part of. Now, you’re from Cumberland. How does it feel to be going to school so close to home?

Ashley Hess / Herald File Photo

Forward Lindsay Cunningham ‘09 has scored two goals in her last three games.

I’m really glad that I got to go to school so close to home. My parents come to every game, my grandparents come to every game. It’s nice to know that my family can come see me play easily, and it’s nice to be able to go home when you want to. What do you hope to do after you

graduate? That’s a good question. The (women’s) pro league is starting up again in 2008, which would be really cool. I don’t really know how that’s going to work, but I would like to defer real-life-like scenarios for awhile. I’ll probably go into investments or banking or something like that.


Friday, October 5, 2007