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Volume CXLI, No. 51

An independent newspaper serving the Brown community since 1891 FROM SYMBOL TO SUBSTANCE Ward 1 City Councilman David Segal argues symbolic action can push forward progressive change OPINIONS 11

EGG-ING ON INDEPENDENCE At a reading, several McSweeney’s authors, including Dave Eggers, denounced the proposal to outsource the bookstore ARTS & CULTURE 3

TRACK ATTACK After a 15-month recovery, thrower Hugh Murphy ’06 hurled a javelin 224 feet, 6 inches for a personal best SPORTS 12



partly cloudy 56 / 42

sunny 57 / 45

The outcome of outsourcing


Save the Bookstore Coalition, U. administrators disagree on how Barnes and Noble might affect the Brown Bookstore’s pricing and selection BY ALISSA CERNY STAFF WRITER

Min Wu / Herald

Members of Out of Bounds dressed up to entertain those in attendance during its “Bar Mitzvah” show Saturday night in MacMillan 117.

History hiding in plain sight Nearing recommendations, slavery and justice committee explores wide-ranging issues BY ANNE WOOTTON METRO EDITOR

Though the University Steering Committee on Slavery and Justice was expected to submit its report to BROWN President Ruth SimCONFRONTS mons this spring, it is unclear when the reSLAVERY port will be submitFirst in a series ted or whether it will be released publicly before summer. In this, the first of a series on the committee and its work, The Herald examines the committee’s reception, its charge and the Brown family’s involvement in slavery. When the University Steering Committee on Slavery and Justice releases its recommendations, it will address the University’s involvement in slavery and the slave trade along with a much bigger question: if slavery is such an integral part of our country’s history, why is it so hard to talk about the issue? The committee was created by Simmons in 2003 and has received substantial national press coverage in its three years of existence, including a New Yorker article in the fall of 2005. The Providence Journal recently printed a sevenpart series exploring Rhode Island’s role in the slave trade, two parts of which were about the Brown family and its ven-

tures in slave trading. When the New York Times reported on the committee’s original charge in the spring of 2004, Simmons was singled out for her unique position as the first descendant of slaves to be president of a university whose founding players owned and traded slaves. Simmons sparked speculation that Brown would pay monetary reparations for slavery when she requested that the committee produce a set of recommendations as part of the report. (Simmons quickly dismissed the possibility in an April 2004 Boston Globe editorial.) But the committee’s work has encompassed a far wider range of topics than one university’s reconciliation with its past or the debate over reparations as it has been conducted in recent years through litigation against major American corporations. Its charge has provided an opportunity for committee members to step back and examine the ways in which Americans address their historical ties to an institution that most people today are still uncomfortable discussing. In the 2004 Times article, Simmons said she was motivated to create the committee by a sense that discussions about reparations are often reduced to one-dimensional, surface-level arguments. see S & J, page 9

Last Wednesday, members of the Save the Bookstore Coalition gathered on the Main Green to oppose outsourcing the Brown Bookstore to an external vendor like Barnes and Noble College Booksellers. During the course of the protest, coalition members delivered a petition including the signatures of 1,201 community members in support of their cause. Since the mid-1990s, Barnes and Noble has won several contracts to operate bookstores at other Ivy League schools. The Harvard Cooperative Society announced in 1995 that Barnes and Noble would manage the Coop’s store operations. Administrators at Yale University selected Barnes and Noble to take over the Yale Co-op in 1997. Barnes and Noble also won a contract to operate a new bookstore at Columbia University in 1997. As coalition members continue to advocate maintaining the Brown Bookstore’s current independent model, they

argue that outsourcing the bookstore to Barnes and Noble could lead to higher prices and a depleted selection. But University administrators, including Brendan McNally, special assistant to the executive vice president for planning, maintain they would be able to ensure comparable prices and selection when drafting the University’s initial contract with Barnes and Noble. Pricing concerns Peter Sprake ’07, an employee of the Brown Bookstore and member of the Save the Bookstore Coalition, said he believes the Brown Bookstore offers more competitive prices than bookstores operated by Barnes and Noble. “No matter what, we never price books above the recommended list price, because it’s part of Brown’s mission to save students’ money on textbooks,” said Sprake, who originally enrolled in 1966, left Brown before graduating and re-ensee BOOKSTORE, page 7


Film crews from the hit Fox show “The OC,” which has featured Brown throughout its current season, were on campus in the past two weeks to shoot footage for an episode airing this Thursday. Production crews from the show came to Providence to shoot background footage for the show, according to Michael Chapman, vice president for public affairs and University relations. Chapman said officials from Fox contacted him and asked for permission to film on campus. The episode features Summer Roberts and Seth Cohen, played by Rachel Bilson and Adam Brody, respectively, as they make their first visit to Brown. Summer is deciding whether to attend the University, while Seth makes a final plea to gain admission, according to Lora Ducat, director of clearance and integration at Warner Brothers. The actors and crew had planned to shoot scenes for the episode at Brown but ended up running out of time, Ducat said. Instead, the show “sent a photographer to take exteriors” while the actors were filmed

on the campus of the University of Southern California, according to Ducat. David Appelbaum, script coordinator for “The OC,” said shooting on Brown’s campus would have been preferable. But given that shooting on location “takes a lot of time and money and the actors have busy schedules, it made more sense to keep it (in California),” Appelbaum said. Chapman said his office gave the show permission to shoot footage on campus. “We’re fine with it. I think the University is being portrayed in a favorable light,” he said. Brown is not being compensated for the footage that was taken, Chapman said. “The University has not charged us a license fee, which is great,” Ducat said, adding that no school had charged such a fee in her experience. Ducat said the University has been extremely helpful both in granting permission and giving Brown sweatshirts and other props to Fox. Chapman’s office even gave the show authentic admission letters to use, Ducat said. see THE OC, page 5

History dept. attempts to cope with high turnover BY STEPHANIE BERNHARD SENIOR STAFF WRITER

Jacob Melrose / Herald

The Department of History has seen a high rate of faculty turnover. Editorial: 401.351.3372 Business: 401.351.3260

Continuing a recent string of faculty departures, the Department of History will lose two more long-time professors over the next year. Professor Emeritus of History Abbott Gleason, who specializes in modern European history, will leave at the end of the semester, and Pulitzer Prize-winning Professor of History Gordon Wood will retire next spring after 36 years of teaching at Brown. According to several pro-

fessors in the department, the abnormally high level of turnover is due mainly to faculty retiring. “I admit there has been quite a lot of turnover in recent years,” said Professor of History Timothy Harris, who has recently served as chair of the department. James McClain, professor of history and the department’s current chair, said he believes the high turnover does not reflect poorly on the quality of Brown’s history department but is instead the result of a coinci-

195 Angell Street, Providence, Rhode Island

dence: many of Brown’s history professors have reached retirement age in the past few years or will reach it in the next few years. “Of the last 10 people who left, eight were in that category,” McClain said. The other two professors who left Brown chose to take positions at other universities. Volker Berghahn, a professor of modern German history, accepted a position at Columbia University. Sumit Guha, who specializes in South see HISTORY, page 5

News tips:


TO D AY ’ S E V E N TS BROWN IN TANZANIA INFO SESSION 4 p.m. , (Rhode Island Hall) — Leah Omari, on-site coordinator for the Brown in Tanzania program, will talk about the University’s program in Tanzania. General information and application procedures will be covered.

“IT CAN HAPPEN HERE: THE FIGHT FOR THE HISTORY OF HINDUISM IN THE AMERICAN ACADEMY” 6 p.m. ,(Alumnae Hall) — Wendy Doniger, professor of the history of religions at the University of Chicago, will deliver a lecture.

“THREE NOTIONS OF CONTEXT” 4 p.m., (54 College St.) — Robert Stalnaker, professor of philosophy at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, will deliver the first of three Royce Lectures.

SEMANA CHICANA CONVOCATION 7 p.m., (MacMillan 117) — Otto Santa Ana, professor of Chicana studies at UCLA, will be the keynote speaker for Semana Chicana’s convocation. A reception will follow in MacMillan Lobby.

Chocolate Covered Cotton Mark Brinker

Deo Daniel Perez



LUNCH — Clam Strips on a Bun with Tartar Sauce, Cauliflower, Green Beans and Peppers, Pancakes, French Toast, Paprika Potatoes, Grilled Breakfast Sausages, Hard Boiled Eggs, Raspberry Swirl Cookies, Blueberry Pie, Honey Mustard Chicken

LUNCH — Vegetarian Japanese Noodle Soup, Potato Vegetable Chowder with Ham, Cavatini, Rosemary Portobello Sandwich, Sauteed Zucchini and Onions, Raspberry Swirl Cookies Bars

DINNER — Beef Pot Pie, Tomato Rice Pilaf, Peas with Pearl Onions, Carrots in Parsley Sauce, French Bread, Dutch Cherry Cake, Beef Pot Pie

DINNER — Vegetarian Japanese Noodle Soup, Potato Vegetable Chowder with Ham, Grilled Mustard Chicken, Brown Rice Garden Casserole, Paprika Potatoes, Arabian Spinach, Cauliflower, Green Beans and Peppers, French Bread, Dutch Cherry Cake

Homebodies Mirele Davis

RELEASE DATE– Monday, April 17, 2006

C Times R O SDaily S WCrossword O R D Puzzle Los Angeles Edited by Rich Norris and Joyce Nichols Lewis ACROSS 1 “Get out of here!” 6 Word on a blue ribbon 10 Israeli submachine guns 14 Neither here nor __ 15 Mayberry tyke 16 Trot or gallop 17 Quick 18 Gossipy Barrett 19 “If that’s the case ...” 20 Start of a Steven Wright quote 22 High on something other than life? 24 Showed affection to, as one’s dog 25 Eternally 27 Talk shrilly 29 Public speaker’s forte 34 Stare at lasciviously 38 Lunch or dinner 40 Sweetie pie 41 More of the quote 44 TV studio sign 45 Home of the volcano El Misti 46 Gas company with toy trucks 47 Crisis phone number 49 Falsetto-voiced comedian Philips 51 Dumbo’s “wings” 53 End of a threat 58 Flamethrower compound 62 End of the quote 64 Ovid’s love 65 Iowa State’s city 67 Like a Stephen King novel 68 Corn bread 69 Bulletin board sticker 70 June celebrants 71 “The __ the limit!” 72 Big “Bonanza” brother 73 Positive feature DOWN 1 Backpack part 2 Rub the wrong way 3 Put into new soil, as a houseplant

4 “You’re __!” (“You crack me up!”) 5 Musical pastiche 6 Brought into the world 7 Lyric poem 8 One of the seven deadlies 9 Ad to entice you 10 Until 11 Newswoman Paula 12 Maker of the frozen drink Arctic Blast 13 E-mail command 21 Rhett’s last words 23 Vestige 26 Song also called “Nel blu dipinto di blu” 28 Eyeball, slangily 30 Keister 31 Onetime tribe of the Winnebago nation 32 Rivers, in Spain 33 Strong urges 34 “Whoops!” 35 “I Just Wanna Stop” singer Vannelli 36 Future atty.’s exam

37 Actor Jannings 39 “Yes, Captain!” 42 Bay window 43 Gossip mill’s product 48 Broadway Joe of football 50 Sandinista leader Daniel 52 Job details, for short 54 Ones giving the once-over 55 Turkish coins

56 Like a rude remark 57 Spew out 58 Tots’ rests 59 Wild way to run 60 Shetland __: small horse 61 Belligerent Greek deity 63 Gets inquisitive 66 “Little Red Book” author

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BOP’s ‘The Medium’ brings user-friendly opera to Brown

McSweeney’s authors speak for bookstore’s independence BY SIMMI AUJLA SENIOR STAFF WRITER


Though Brown students might pride themselves on being a cultured, educated bunch, you probably won’t find an abundance of opera in their iTunes collecREVIEW tions. So what better way to start an opera company here than with a production about venturing into the unknown? For this reason alone, “The Medium,” a play about a fraudulent psychic who accidentally encounters the supernatural, was an excellent choice for Brown Opera Production’s inaugural show, performed this weekend in Alumnae Hall. At the beginning of the play, the “psychic” Baba (Christie Gibson ’06) conducts a séance with three grieving parents, Mr. and Mrs. Gobineau (Michael Hadley ’06 and Clara Schuhmacher ’06) and Mrs. Nolan (Samantha Delson ’06). She is aided in her nefarious doings by her daughter Monica (Sonia Nayak ’08) and mute adopted son Toby (Bochay Drum ’09), who are forced to rattle furniture and provide ghostly responses to the parents’ inquiries. Though perfectly content with swindling these unfortunate souls, Baba becomes uncomfortable after she feels a cold hand on her neck. When no one confesses to touching her, she calls off the charade and orders the parents out of her house. Blaming the unresponsive Toby for the incident, Baba then begins her slow descent into drunken madness. BOP deserves kudos for making the art of opera so accessible, particularly for those unfamiliar with the genre. By selecting an English opera, including a screen with written lyrics and sticking to the show’s hour-long run time, the typical audience member’s comprehension and enjoyment of the production were greatly enhanced. Musically, the show was in very capable hands. The actors exhibited immense control when employing their classically trained voices, and they enjoyed a strong backing from the 12-piece orchestra seated in the pit. Vocally, there were very few weak moments, and the actors nimbly

id to confront the canonical nature of texts. By contrast, Sardini’s “Salome” is what he called a “confrontation with Wilde’s text.” “Think of the original Oscar Wilde text as a program, and what I am setting up as a virus to that program,” he said. This is an apt description, as Sardini’s production figuratively hacks the text of Wilde’s play in a systematic deconstruction of its traditional literary form. Only three of the play’s original characters — Salome (Jessie Hopkins ’08), the Page (Ameer Ameeri ’08) and Herodias (Sarah Campen ’07) — are included in the performance. Sardini also added the character of the Arab Princess (Olivia Olsen ’08) to his production. These characters confront and express themselves more through kinetic emotions than through the pow-

Five authors affiliated with McSweeney’s, a publishing company founded by Dave Eggers, concluded the McSweeney’s Rectangular Festival Saturday evening with readings from their works and words of support for keeping the Brown Bookstore independent. The festival, the largest gathering of McSweeney’s authors ever, began Friday evening with readings and continued with book signings at the Brown Bookstore Saturday morning and panels with the authors Saturday afternoon. Eggers, a Pulitzer Prize finalist and author of “A Heartbreaking Work of Staggering Genius,” founded the magazine McSweeney’s Quarterly Concern in 1998 with the intention of publishing works rejected by other publications. Today the company is at the forefront of experimental fiction and publishes both short stories and novels, often introducing new, talented authors who would otherwise sink into obscurity. Eggers concluded the festival with readings from his yet unpublished novel based on the experiences of a Sudanese refugee in Ethiopia. Before reading, Eggers, sporting a pin expressing his support for the Brown Bookstore, condemned the bookstore’s potential takeover by Barnes and Noble College Booksellers. Eggers called Barnes and Noble “predatory,” especially among Ivy League schools. “This is a scary thing and not a right thing,” Eggers said. “McSweeney’s wouldn’t be here without selling only through independent bookstores,” he added. “Make yourself heard,” Eggers told the audience before he began reading from his work, which will be published this fall through McSweeney’s. Excerpts of his work have not appeared in any publications. Adjunct Professor of Literary Arts Robert Coover, who coordinated the festival with Associate Professor of English Brian Evenson, also asked audience members to support the independent Brown Bookstore at the start of the event. Independent bookstores have always welcomed authors like those published in McSweeney’s, he said. “Let’s hope McSweeney’s carries the day for us,” Coover said before introducing Eli Horowitz, managing editor of McSweeney’s. Horowitz first introduced Miranda Mellis, who completed her master’s in literary arts in 2004 at Brown and currently resides in Providence. Mellis read “The Doctor of Mental Health,” a story about a vegetarian who buys 10 pounds of meat from his psychiatrist. Dustin Long followed Mellis with his first book reading ever. Long read several sections from his debut novel, “Icelander,” a mystery set in Iceland and recently published by McSweeney’s. Salvador Plasencia then read from his first nov-

see SALOME, page 4

see MCSWEENEY’S, page 4

Min Wu / Herald

Brown Opera Production staged its first show, “The Medium,” in Alumnae Hall over the weekend.

achieved even the highest of notes. From a traditional theater standpoint, the performers seemed to be doing their best with the highly stylized text (it was opera, after all). Even so, particularly in the show’s first half, honest acting occasionally took a back seat to episodes of pure song. These moments were relatively rare, however. The actors shined brightest when dwelling on their individual tragedies. Schuhmacher, in particular, managed to capture the audience’s sympathy when she movingly described the tragic death of her son, who drowned in a shallow fountain while under her care. Nayak also deserves praise for doing justice to the kind, imaginative character of Monica. The interactions between Nayak and Drum, who played Toby, were always poignant. The scene during which their love culminates in a brief kiss stands out as one of the show’s best. In the end, the play is defined by its haunting, unfulfilled relationships. The parents are unable to let go of their children, even after Baba explains her sham to them, and they continue to insist on one last séance as she ushers them out the door. As for Monica and Toby, their love is cut short by Baba’s actions. Convinced that she is killing the ghost who touched her, Baba shoots Toby as he hides in a puppet theater in their living room. Overall, “The Medium” was a competent and stirring effort. It left one with the notion that we are all puppets in one way or another and that, more often than not, it is exactly when we feel most in control that we’re being manipulated by unseen forces.

PW’s ‘Salome’ modernizes Oscar Wilde’s classic play BY LINDSEY MEYERS THEATER CRITIC

Mustafa Sardini’s interesting, if sometimes muddled, adaptation of Oscar Wilde’s “Salome” challenges the norms of traditional theater. The Production WorkREVIEW shop performance is an attempt to present a radically “new” form of theater, what Sardini, a graduate student, calls “performative installations” — a purposefully ambiguous term that suggests the selfconsciously elevated experimental nature of his play. Sardini’s ambitious, though not completely realized, purpose is to create an innovative theatrical performance, one that transforms traditional theater into a more visceral experience with greater relevance for modern audiences. He said writers and directors who adapt classic works for the modern stage fail because they are too tim-


Salome continued from page 3 er of Wilde’s words or the drama of his plot. Relating to the audience through movement rather than sound, the play has no story line except for the mini-scene descriptions stated in the program, an unfortunate necessity that underscores how far Sardini’s adaptation deviates from Wilde’s meditations on the myth of Salome. Though the actors are given little dialogue, they still perform well under limiting circumstances. Olsen as the Arab Princess and Ameeri as the Page are particularly impressive. While acting in the play is commendable, Sardini’s movement away from words and linear plot creates an environment in which space, light and sound are more expressive than dialogue. In a sense, the real performance on the stage is the usage of light evocatively designed by Jono Spiro ’06 and the fusion of sounds effectively composed by Jon Roberts GS. Sardini’s production has an

McSweeney’s continued from page 3 el “People of Paper,” also recently published by McSweeney’s, about a man in love with a woman made of paper. Brian Evenson followed Plasencia with the first half of his unpublished piece about the relationship between two sisters, titled “Younger.” Audience members praised the readings. “I read Dave Eggers’ book last spring and I never imagined that I would get to hear him read,” said Sophie O’Connell ’09. “It’s always a privilege to hear authors read from their own

Fill in the grid so that every row, every column and every 3x3 box contains the digits 1 through 9.

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attenuated connection to Wilde’s “Salome,” which was written as a traditional play, not a performative installation. In fact, the cuttingly witty Wilde might have associated a performative installation more with the setting-up of a plumbing appliance rather than the performance of theater. Even Sardini said, “You cannot come and leave knowing what the myth of Salome is, for that you go to a lecture or read the play.” As a result, Sardini’s adaptation is more a product of his considerable imagination than Wilde’s authorial voice. The result of this conceit is that Wilde’s characters “are dead and their souls are lost in the space of this play” with only “a vague notion of once being alive in a play named ‘Salome,’” reads Sardini’s director’s note included in the program. Because these characters have “forgotten themselves and the story,” the audience is as “lost” as the characters themselves. The result is a radically anarchic, oftentimes muddled but nonetheless interesting experience, in which the virus of Sardini’s modern theater renders Wilde’s text as dead and as lost as

the characters in Sardini’s adaptation. Rather than imposing a purpose for his viewer with words, Sardini wants his audience “to experience the limits of presence and absence,” even if that means sleeping and missing his production in its entirety. Sardini does not mean to belittle theater but rather to challenge the conventional stage by presumably suggesting that we are all sleepwalkers, much like the characters in his adaptation. But if a director says that one can “fall asleep and wake up five to 10 minutes later and it will not matter much,” one wonders what that signifies about the thematic value of his production and the artistic worth of the new theater he envisions. Sardini’s production demonstrates that it is easier to deconstruct a classic than it is to create an adapted work with timeless meaning. Still, Sardini’s production is a beneficial experience for those who enjoy experimental theater or simply need a nap. “Salome” is showing tonight at 8 p.m. in the downstairs space of T.F. Green Hall.

work, especially from a publishing company I really like,” said Jenny Filipetti ’09, who also attended the panels on experimental fiction Saturday afternoon. The authors themselves also said they thought the readings went well and echoed Coover’s sentiments about the bookstore. “You go in there, you know you’re in Providence,” Plasencia said. “It’s marked by Brown.” Eggers reiterated his views on the bookstore in an interview with The Herald after the readings. “If people at Brown don’t stand up against that sort of aggression, then who will?” he said. “I think there’s a place in the world for Barnes and Noble, I just don’t

think they should be pushing out independent bookstores,” he said. Eggers said Brown holds a special place in his heart, partly because the University was his firstchoice school when he applied to colleges 18 years ago and also because he received an honorary degree from the University last year. “I’d do anything at anytime for Brown,” he said. Horowitz said Brown was an appropriate venue for the festival because the literary arts program “really runs in parallel to what we’re doing at McSweeney’s,” he said. “Brown serves as a lab for a lot of things McSweeney’s is trying to do,” he added.


Track continued from page 12 it also ranks him first in the Ivy League and top 10 in the nation. Brown’s school record in the event is over 240 feet, and Murphy also has his sights set on that mark. “My next competition will be Ivies and I will hold off until then so I don’t hurt myself,” Murphy said. “Winning (the Heptagonal Championships) is my number one goal, and I’d like to end the season around a 245 (foot throw).” Murphy’s performance emerged as the team’s feel-good story of the day. “I was excited about pretty much all of the performances, but I was most excited about Hugh because his road has not been easy. It was nice to see all of his hard work pay off,” said Assistant Coach Michelle Eisenreich. Though Murphy’s effort stole the show early on, other male throwers shined brightly as well. Kent Walls ’06 won both the discus and the hammer throw, hitting a personal best of 180-10 in the hammer. Paul Rosiak ’07 threw a personal best of 211-6 in the javelin to take third. “We train and practice together, so when one of us throws far, the other throws far. We really pump each other up,” Murphy said of his training partner, both of whom qualified for NCAA Regionals with their efforts. Brown also dominated the jumps events. Grant Bowen ’07 won the pole vault, finishing at 16 3/4. In the long jump, Steve Bernardi ’07 finished second with a 22-2 1/2, and Ray Bobrownicki ’06 took second in the high jump with a 6-8 1/4. On the track, the Bears continued the trend of big performances. Big wins of the day came in the 4x100-meter relay (41.39 seconds) and the 800-meter run, with Jordan Kinley ’06 racing to a top time of 1:53.81. The

Bears also swept the top three spots in the 3,000-meter steeplechase thanks to the efforts of Ozzie Meyers ’08, Nick Sarro ’08 and Neil Hamel ’07. Meyers secured the win in 9:19. The mile race proved dramatic with current and former Bears harriers setting the pace. Alum Patrick Tarpy ’05, who now runs professionally and ran unattached, nearly breached the four-minute mark. Although he missed the barrier by slightly over a second, his presence pushed former teammate Kinley to a second-place finish of 4:10.44. “Although I would have been happier if the last lap in my mile was a bit faster, racing Pat Tarpy was great, as it brought back memories of last year,” Kinley said. “It was nice to see that the home crowd get involved in his attempt at breaking the famed four-minute mark.” Bruno stacked the 3,000-meter run, and Ari Zamir ’08 led the Bears with a second-place showing of 8:32.08. Captain Owen Washburn ’06 (who, while recovering from injury, competed unattached), Nick Neely ’07 and Chris Burke ’07 closely followed Zamir in fourth, fifth and sixth place, respictively. More points were racked up by the distance squad in the 5,000-meter run, with Brian Schmidt ’09 and Ryan Graddy ’08 coming in second and third, respectively. The hurdles showed some depth in the Bears’ lineup, with Jamil McClintock ’08 finishing second in the 110-meter event (14.39) and Christian Tabib ’07 also getting second in the 400meter race (54.75). On the women’s side, Brown delighted the home crowd with some big performances of its own. Michol Monaghan ’07 opened the day for the Bears on the track, dismantling the opposition in the 3,000-meter run. She lapped three girls en route to a top finish and personal best of 9:58.33. The next runner came in at a 10:40.12. Anna Willard ’06 ran the 3,000-meter steeplechase for

the first time this season and still finished with a time of 10:31.64. It was a personal best, a new school record and a Regional qualifying time. Willard is presently the top seed in the Ivy League in the event. “I wanted to run around a 10:20, but it was tough because there was no one really around me,” Willard said. “But the crowd was great, especially at the water jump. It is always fun running at home.” Captain Kelly Powell ’06, Kat D’Auria ’09 and Smita Gupta ’08 came in first, third and fourth in the 800-meter run, with Powell winning in 2:12.26. Anya Davidson ’06 and Herald Assistant Sports Editor Jilane Rodgers ’06 provided a one-two punch in the 5,000-meter run, coming in first and second with times of 17:19.29 and 17:27.38. Both qualified for the ECAC Championships in early May. Akilah King ’08 had a big day, placing second in the 400-meter dash and third in the 200meter dash. Mirroring the men’s side, Brown’s women’s jumps team and throws team picked up crucial teams points as well. In the high jump, Erin Meschter ’06 performed for the last time in front of a home crowd and came in second at 5-5. In the pole vault, Tiffany Chang ’08 also took second, jumping 115 3/4. Sarah Groothuis ’08 threw the discus 138-3, and Molly Hawksley ’09 threw the hammer for a personal best of 1597. Both finished second. Overall, the perfect weather and the Bears’ success helped make the meet be a wonderful homecoming for all involved. The string of personal best marks and standout performances should give the Bears a shot of confidence as the championship season grows near. “The little performances and commitments that each athlete has made over the course of the year will begin to pay off as the big meets and our conference championships approach,” Kinley said.

History continued from page 1 Asian history, left for Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey. According to McClain, Guha left Brown because his wife received tenure at Rutgers. As older professors retire or leave, the department is working hard to find replacements to fill holes left in the curriculum while maintaining high standards of teaching, Harris said. “The department is actively trying to fill all its vacant positions. We’ve had a number of job searches each year over the past few years,” Harris said. He added that the department has recently hired replacements not only for departing faculty members, but also professors to fill new positions. “So we actually have a much larger faculty now than we did when I first came to Brown (in 1986),” Harris said. “(The recent turnover rate) is so noticeable because in fact there was very little turnover in the history department for so many years before then,” Harris said. History concentrator Jesse Cohen ’07 said the high turnover rate has not affected his own academic career, though he does regret losing the opportunity to take a class with Gleason.

The OC continued from page 1 “Mike (Chapman) has been really great. Some schools are really specific about what we can and can’t say, but it’s been great to have the freedom of creativity,” Ducat said. Chapman read the scripts in which Brown was mentioned. “The University asked us to change almost nothing,” Ducat said. She added the University only asked for changes to small things “that would hamper the integrity of the school.” Ducat add-

David Beyer ’07, also a history concentrator, said he cares less about the department’s attempts to hire new faculty than the fact that students will lose the opportunity to take classes with high-profile professors like Wood. “When you take a class with a new professor, it’s a risk because no one can tell you anything about them,” Beyer said. He said he considers himself lucky to have had the opportunity to take courses taught by Wood. “I’m on the cusp — I’m getting the last of the good history department,” he said, adding that he views the future of the department as bleak. “People consult me about whether to concentrate in history, and I’m advising them against it,” Beyer said. “How can I recommend it, not knowing who the professors will be?” He said even if the department hires highly qualified new professors, it will take some time before individual courses and the concentration as a whole are once again up to par because “it takes a while for new professors to get in sync with the school.” In the meantime, Beyer said he can only suggest taking as many well-known courses as possible while they are still offered. “The legendary professors are just disappearing,” he said. “It’s becoming a defunct department.”

ed that writers hadn’t foreseen a problem with these changed segments when originally drafting the scripts. Appelbaum agreed the show has had a very good relationship with the University. “There hasn’t been much conflict, or potential scenarios where Brown would have questioned our motives. Brown in the world of the show has always been painted in a positive light — it’s where Seth has always wanted to go.” Ducat and Appelbaum could not comment on the upcoming episodes without giving the story away, but Appelbaum said Brown will likely continue to appear in future plotlines. Appelbaum said he did not know whether the actors would be coming to campus for future episodes, but it is a possibility. Currently, no plans exist either for filming the cast on campus or shooting more footage of the University, according to Ducat. When asked why Fox chose to feature Brown over other prominent schools, Ducat said the University has a unique personality. “Brown has the reputation of being the coolest of the prestigious schools,” Ducat said. “When you think of Brown you think of John F. Kennedy Jr. It’s a cool school, I really believe that.” The show’s creator, Josh Schwartz, grew up in Providence’s East Side and attended the nearby Wheeler School, located at 216 Hope St. Lynn Horowitz ’08, who watches “The OC” on a regular basis, said she is excited about the University being featured in the show. “I think it’s good for Brown’s reputation. A lot of kids think of Brown as very liberal and hippy, so this might be good publicity for the school,” Horowitz said. “It’ll be cool to see Brown on TV. It would have been cooler if they had actually shot at Brown, though,” she added.


Baseball continued from page 12 the home team cruised to a victory. Christian hit his sixth home run of the year to lead off the first inning, and later leftfielder/first baseman Danny Hughes ’06, who also drove in and scored two, hit his fourth homer of the year. Bryan Tews ’07 gave up just three hits and two unearned runs to pick up his third win of the year in a complete game. Following the game-one outburst, Brown began struggling to put runs across the plate. To be specific, it was due to a lack of clutch hitting, rather than hitting in general, that was the problem. For example, against Dartmouth ace Josh Faiola, who upped his record to 5-1 by winning the second game, the Bears scored only one run despite getting seven hits and two walks. The lack of timely hits wasted a solid performance by starter Shaun McNamara ’06, who gave up only three hits and three walks over 8 1/3 innings, striking out eight. McNamara gave way to Rob Hallberg ’08, who allowed an inherited runner to score in his first of three appearances on the weekend. In Sunday’s first game, taking advantage of scoring chances was not the problem, generating any chances at all was. Entering the contest, Dartmouth starter Jeff Wilkerson had allowed 15 earned runs in his four starts, good for a 7.50 earned run average. However, he looked like a star on Sunday, allowing just one unearned run and striking out seven in picking up the seven-inning complete

game. Ethan Silverstein ’07 pitched 4 2/3 innings and allowed three runs to score. Hallberg finished the game for him, throwing 2 1/3 scoreless after allowing a pair of inherited runners to score. For the first six innings of the back end of the doubleheader, the Bears again had trouble getting runs across, this time against starter Chase Carpenter (2-2, 6.32 ERA entering the game). Unlike the previous two games, the poor offensive output was accompanied by trouble on the mound. Starter Alex Silverman ’08 had mentioned that he had some discomfort in his elbow to coaches before the game, but said he could go, according to Drabinski. Silverman lasted just four batters, allowing two singles and a walk and hitting a batter to score a run before being pulled for Jeff Dietz ’08. Dietz was able to get out of the jam, allowing just one more run in the inning, but was hit hard in the second for six runs. Dietz settled down and put up six zeros on the scoreboard after the second inning, but it took the Brown lineup until the seventh inning to wake up. Down 82, the Bears finally rallied, scoring three on a groundout by Thomas and home runs on back-to-back

pitches by Dietz and Hughes. The Bears added another in the eighth and brought the winning run to the plate in both the eighth and ninth, but fittingly, they left five runners on base in those two innings and fell 8-6. Dietz led the way at the plate, helping his own cause by going 4 for 5 with two RBIs and a run scored. Brian Kelaher ’08, inserted into the lineup at third base as part of an attempt to shake things up, made a case for some more playing time, going 3 for 4. “We’ve got guys that don’t want to make those adjustments, so they’re not going to be in the lineup and I’ll put some guys in there that at least will compete,” Drabinski said. “There’s no reason for how we hit today, especially how we showed we could hit (Carpenter) later in the second game. It’s just getting the job done, and we didn’t,” Hughes said after Sunday’s contests. After Dietz, Hallberg again came in to finish the game, throwing 1 2/3 innings. Over the weekend, he threw 4 1/3 innings of scoreless ball, although he did allow three inherited runners to score. Combined with two previous appearances, he now has a 10-inning scoreless streak.


Bookstore continued from page 1 rolled in 2001. “Barnes and Noble will try to recover extra money by bumping the price up.” It’s unclear whether Sprake’s claims are supported by actual price comparisons. A new copy of “Principles of Economics,” a common introductory textbook by N. Gregory Mankiw, is sold for $151.50 at the Harvard Coop, while used copies cost $114. The Brown Bookstore charges $141.35 for a new copy and $84.75 for a used copy. At Columbia and Yale, “Organic Chemistry,” a textbook by Peter Vollhardt and Neil Schore, was not available but could be purchased for $133.50 through the non-collegiate division of Barnes and Noble. The same book costs $153.35 at the Brown Bookstore. But an employee from Yale’s bookstore said the book might be priced differently if sold in Yale’s bookstore. In reaction to the concerns of Sprake and others, McNally said University administrators will focus on keeping book prices low when negotiating with Barnes and Noble, a concern he said may not have been emphasized at other schools. “My understanding has been that when other universities have brought in Barnes and Noble in the past it was not one of their priorities to keep textbook prices low,” McNally said. “Brown makes it a priority to make textbook pricing favorable to students, and that can be part of the contract. It might mean that the University receives a smaller profit from Barnes and Noble.” But Mark Palmore, executive director of Connect2One, which describes itself as “an alliance of independent college bookstores” that is “committed to keeping the independent college bookstores strong,” expressed skepticism that the University could negotiate with Barnes and Noble to ensure low prices. Palmore, who is also a member of the National Association of College Stores, said though the University could include a stipulation for lower prices in its original contract with Barnes and Noble, it would be difficult to guarantee a long-term commitment to keep textbooks at recommended list prices. “Barnes and Noble frequently re-negotiates their contracts — which isn’t always a bad thing,” Palmore said. “But it is virtually impossible to turn back from outsourcing once it has been done due to the difficulty and cost of buying the entire inventory. The University would lose all its bargaining power to resist higher prices and in order to escape they would have to outsource to a different company.” Comparing selection The second concern frequently raised by Sprake and other members of the Save the Bookstore Coalition is that outsourcing would compromise the quality and breadth of academic books available to the Brown community. “Whenever Barnes and Noble takes over a university bookstore, independent bookstores nearby are forced to pick up the slack of what Barnes and Noble fails to supply,” Sprake said. Sprake said he believes the

difference in the range of books offered by independent stores and those operated by Barnes and Noble stems from the fact that the Brown Bookstore is willing to purchase books at a very low discount or no discount at all. Additionally, the Brown Bookstore purchases imported books. Sprake said he believes Barnes and Noble, however, often declines to buy books at a low discount because such purchases generate smaller markup, thereby reducing a store’s ability to profit from sale of these books. According to Palmore, it is also possible that a bookstore operated by Barnes and Noble would stock fewer books published by faculty than the Brown Bookstore currently offers. “Faculty books have a limited audience and there is a good chance they won’t be extremely popular, but they are still very meaningful to the professors and students,” Palmore said. “It is very important that a university bookstore makes a commitment to the faculty and not just making a profit for profit’s sake.” But McNally said the quality of books offered should not suffer if the University ultimately decides to sign a contract with Barnes and Noble. “We have found from primary discussion with vendors that they are more than willing to locate and purchase any book requested and that they would be able to work with the same buyers,” McNally said. Faculty frustration? Taylor Carman, an associate professor of philosophy at Barnard College, said he prefers to purchase textbooks from nearby Labyrinth Books rather than the Columbia University Bookstore operated by Barnes and Noble. “Most professors don’t do business with the Columbia bookstore because the selection is so bad. They don’t have much in the way of an academic collection and scholarly material,” he said. Rachel Fulton, associate professor of medieval history at the University of Chicago, said she has faced similar issues since the university chose to outsource its bookstore to Barnes and Noble in 1995, adding that most professors in humanities departments purchase their books from the local Seminary Co-op. “I like the relationship I have with the Seminary Co-op much better, and it’s a better academic bookstore so it’s in my interest to support them,” Fulton said. “The Barnes and Noble bookstore doesn’t tend to stock the

academic books that professors in the humanities department are looking for.” Fulton said she primarily hears complaints about UChicago’s bookstore from humanities professors, adding that professors in the sciences don’t typically experience the same difficulties with Barnes and Noble. One bookstore advocate at Brown, Professor of English William Keach, formerly taught at Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey and witnessed the outsourcing of that school’s bookstore to Follett Higher Education Group. “My strong impression was that people felt that the attention paid to making a priority of the course and academic material shifted when the bookstore was outsourced,” Keach said. “They seemed to have other priorities than serving the needs of the courses like they did when they were independent.”


S&J continued from page 1 James Campbell, chair of the committee and associate professor of history, stressed the committee’s ability to enrich this dialogue. “A number of sources have converged to make this a moment where (the way we discuss our historical ties to slavery) matters. That’s what’s really cool about this,” Campbell said. “We’re living at a moment in which the terms of the public discussion about history are shifting.” The Brown brothers and slavery On a superficial level, the University’s founder and major benefactors played a relatively insignificant role in slavery and the slave trade. Originally opened in 1764 as Rhode Island College in Warren, R.I., the University was founded by Baptist Reverend James Manning. Manning freed his only slave in 1770, but he accepted donations from numerous slave owners and traders — including prosperous Providence

M. tennis continued from page 12 stroyed Jared Drucker and Dan Urban 8-0 at third doubles. “The guys played very solid, very sharp,” Harris said. The doubles point later proved crucial when the Bears and the Lions split the singles matches. “Singles was a battle,” Thomas said. After a straight-set loss by Lee at fifth singles, the match was tied at 1-1. But at second singles, Ratnam defeated Jimmy Moore 6-3, 6-3, and Thomas defeated Ratchford 7-6 (6), 6-1 at third singles to bring the match score to 3-1. With just one more singles victory needed, Hanegby dropped a close match at the first spot 7-5, 6-4

merchants John, Nicholas, Joseph and Moses Brown, whose father James had initiated the city’s shift to a trading economy when he opened a small shop in the 1720s. John and Nicholas Brown were signatories on the charter of Rhode Island College, and Joseph was an architect of University Hall and the First Baptist Church in America on North Main Street as well as a professor of experimental philosophy at the college. The firm Nicholas Brown and Company was responsible for the construction of the College Edifice, which would later be renamed University Hall, and the company was known to have employed some slaves in nearby spermaceti candle and pig iron factories, from which most of its profits were derived. John Brown, whose residence on Power Street houses the Rhode Island Historical Society today and who later became an outspoken proponent of the slave trade in Congress, served as treasurer of the college for over 20 years. John Brown invested in five slaving voyages between 1764 and 1795, according to Stanley Lemto Mark Clemente. Meanwhile, the two remaining matches at fourth and sixth singles were pushed to three sets. After Kohli ultimately dropped the fourth singles match 6-3, 36, 6-3 to Martin Moore to tie the score at 3-3, everything rested on Garland’s match against Urban at sixth singles. Garland easily won the first set 6-1, but Urban managed to pull out a 6-4 score in the second set. “I started off really well,” Garland said. “But the wind was a big factor, and I lost my concentration in the second set.” At the start of the third set, Garland was down 4-2, but he battled back to take a 5-4 lead. With an excited crowd egging on both players, Urban broke Garland to tie the score at 5-5, but Garland held serve and then broke Urban for a final score of

ons, professor of history at Rhode Island College, but all four Brown brothers were only connected to one voyage: that of the Sally. “The Brown brothers took extensively good records,” all of which are in the John Hay library, Campbell said. “We can track their business records amazingly well,” he added. The slaving ship Sally was dispatched to the west coast of Africa in 1764, the year the University was founded. Though most Rhode Island captains spent about four months on the African coast, it took captain Esek Hopkins — after whom a park, monument and avenue in Providence are named — nine months to complete his business in Africa. In that time, his crew was exposed to malaria, yellow fever and amoebic dysentery, which was known to traders as the “bloody flux.” While still in Africa, slaves began hanging themselves on the Sally, and by the time he returned, Hopkins had lost 109 Africans. In the Providence Journal series, Campbell speculated that the Brown brothers lost the equivalent of $10,000 on the voyage. “The debacle represented a 6-1, 4-6, 7-5. “I was so nervous,” Garland said. “But hearing the Bruno cheers made me happy.” The Bears will next face Dartmouth on Friday and Harvard on Sunday, and they need to win both matches in order to stay in the running for the Ivy League title. “No one can win it with two losses,” Garland said. While Dartmouth is so far winless in the Ivy League, the Bears consider Harvard a serious rival. In fact, Harvard’s 5-2 win over Penn on Friday helped put Brown back into position to vie for the Ivy League title. But according to Garland, improvement is not the only thing the team needs. “We need fans,” he said. “Harvard is in our house. This is definitely the most exciting match of the year.”

turning point for three of the brothers — Nicholas, Joseph and Moses — who thereafter left the trade for good,” Campbell told the Journal. “There are a lot of ships probably that had the experience of the Sally, but this is really good documentation of it,” Lemons said. “Everything that could go wrong on one of these slave voyages went wrong.” Lemons said no members of the Brown family made money on the slave trade. “It’s a mark of the desperation of Rhode Islanders to earn a living that they turn to all these enterprises — some which are, from our view, plainly immoral,” he said, adding that Rhode Islanders never put more than about 10 percent of their assets into the slave trade. “The slave trade is a marginal enterprise for Rhode Islanders — especially the Brown family,” Lemons said. “The merchant economy was such that if you didn’t keep all of your assets in play, you would probably go bankrupt. You’re working on such a narrow margin — that’s a measure of the precarious nature of the oceanic econo-

my of Rhode Island.” Moses was the first of the Brown brothers to free his slaves and created an ironic dichotomy in the family, converting to the Quaker faith and founding Providence’s first abolitionist society. Contrary to popular belief, the University was not named for John Brown but in fact for Nicholas Brown’s son, Nicholas Jr., who graduated in the class of 1786. Nicholas Jr. donated $5,000 to the University toward the endowment of a professorship in 1804, a year after John Brown died in his College Hill home. Nicholas Jr., who later succeeded his uncle as treasurer of the University and whose donations to the school ultimately totaled near $160,000, was a member of his uncle Moses’ abolitionist society. “Brown, like a great many other people in the late 18th century, was indirectly a beneficiary on a very very small scale of the fact that slavery was a source of wealth in this country,” James Patterson, a committee member and professor emeritus of history, told the New York Times in 2004.


same energy that fueled their seventh-inning miracle the night before, putting away three runs in the first two innings to give Moses an early cushion. Brown broke the game open in the fifth, when Baxter hit a basesloaded triple to clear the bases, putting the Bears up 6-2. Bruno added two more runs in the next inning and cruised the rest of the way. Moses pitched a complete game, striking out five and walking only two. The second game of the day was a pitching duel, pitting Wilson against Dartmouth’s Stephanie Trudeau. For the first five innings, Wilson dominated the Big Green, allowing a mere two hits and tallying five strikeouts. She ran into trouble in the sixth, giving up backto-back singles. Dartmouth’s Kelly Fry connected next, hitting a twoRBI double to put the Big Green up. Though the damage had been done, Wilson regained her composure, retiring the last two hitters of the inning and stranding Fry at second base. With two runners on and two out in the seventh, Dartmouth intentionally walked Seid to get to Saturday’s hero, Laabs. The move proved to be an effective one, and Laabs struck out, ending Bruno’s dreams of another seventh-inning rally. “We played really hard and executed well. We just couldn’t get that big hit when we needed it,” McCreesh said. Brown returns to the diamond on Wednesday when it travels to Kingston, R.I. to face the University of Rhode Island in a doubleheader for state bragging rights.

continued from page 12 Amini ’09 kept the Bears alive and brought in Baxter, cutting the deficit to 10-6. When Fleitell was hit by a pitch, the bases were loaded for Seid, who had led off the inning. She worked the count to 2-1 and then, in dramatic fashion, hit a screaming line drive into the left-center field gap to clear the bases. “When I am hitting, I try to look for the pitcher’s mistakes,” Seid said. “I wasn’t trying to kill the ball in that at-bat, just to make solid contact.” With Seid on second base as the tying run, Laabs returned to the plate. With the count at 11, she turned on a fastball, driving it over the right-center field wall, clinching Brown’s amazing comeback. The opening game earlier against the Crimson, unfortunately, did not have the same fairytale ending. The Bears got off to a solid start by taking an early 20 lead in the second inning when Baxter hit a double to center to score Wilson and Ota for Bruno’s lone runs. The Crimson dominated in the fifth inning, as Harvard tagged Michelle Moses ’09 for two runs. In the sixth, the late-game charge continued, with the Crimson tallying four more runs off of Moses and Wilson. Harvard then sealed the Bears’ fate with three runscoring doubles. Up against the Big Green Sunday, the Bears brought out the



Steering toward substance Since its founding three years ago, the University Steering Committee on Slavery and Justice has earned Brown a fair amount of press, generating full-length articles in the New York Times and the New Yorker and countless mentions in other national media outlets. But the coverage, particularly in the committee’s early stages, has not been entirely accurate, highlighting the tendency to try to fit a complicated process into a simple framework. In general, there have been few attempts to grasp the full realm of the slavery and justice committee’s charge, both in the media and on campus. When the committee finally presents its report to President Ruth Simmons, Brown will surely find itself in the media spotlight once again. Unfortunately, on-campus events related to the committee — ranging from lectures by relevant political figures like Rep. John Conyers, D-Mich., to lower-profile interdisciplinary workshops — have generated little enduring, substantive discussion of the committee, even when they managed to draw large crowds. There are several explanations for this. For one, it’s safe to say that many Brown students have not familiarized themselves with the nuances of the University’s ties to the slave trade. Additionally, some Brown students may not view the issue as relevant today. But this perception of the slavery and justice committee as a purely historical undertaking reveals just how poorly its mission has been portrayed in the media. Across the country, schools and corporations have conducted similar explorations of their own respective histories. Some of these efforts were inspired by Brown’s own foray into its tangled past, thereby granting the slavery and justice committee undeniable contemporary relevance. More importantly, however, any discussion about slavery invites analysis of comparable modern institutions and human rights violations. The committee will attempt to expand on such links tonight when it hosts former slave and current author and activist Beatrice Fernando and Katherine Chon ’02, cofounder of the Polaris Project, an organization that attempts to uncover incidents of sexual slavery and labor trafficking. Events like this one may be able heighten the committee’s on-campus profile, but it remains to be seen whether students and faculty will show up. The decision to create the slavery and justice committee stemmed in part from a desire to look at why Americans find it difficult to discuss slavery in a meaningful way. If the limited discussion surrounding the committee’s work is any indication, it will be necessary for community members to engage in this process as it unfolds in order to ensure that its results are in fact substantive.

THE BROWN DAILY HERALD EDITORIAL Robbie Corey-Boulet, Editor-in-Chief Justin Elliott, Executive Editor Ben Miller, Executive Editor Stephanie Clark, Senior Editor Katie Lamm, Senior Editor Jonathan Sidhu, Arts & Culture Editor Jane Tanimura, Arts & Culture Editor Stu Woo, Campus Watch Editor Mary-Catherine Lader, Features Editor Ben Leubsdorf, Metro Editor Anne Wootton, Metro Editor Eric Beck, News Editor Patrick Harrison, Opinions Editor Nicholas Swisher, Opinions Editor Stephen Colelli, Sports Editor Christopher Hatfield, Sports Editor Justin Goldman, Asst. Sports Editor Jilane Rodgers, Asst. Sports Editor Charlie Vallely, Asst. Sports Editor PRODUCTION Allison Kwong, Design Editor Taryn Martinez, Copy Desk Chief Lela Spielberg, Copy Desk Chief Mark Brinker, Graphics Editor Joe Nagle, Graphics Editor

PHOTO Jean Yves Chainon, Photo Editor Jacob Melrose, Photo Editor Ashley Hess, Sports Photo Editor Kori Schulman, Sports Photo Editor BUSINESS Ryan Shewcraft, General Manager Lisa Poon, Executive Manager David Ranken, Executive Manager Mitch Schwartz, Executive Manager Laurie-Ann Paliotti, Sr. Advertising Manager Susan Dansereau, Office Manager POST- MAGAZINE Sonia Saraiya, Editor-in-Chief Taryn Martinez, Associate Editor Ben Bernstein, Features Editor Matt Prewitt, Features Editor Elissa Barba, Design Editor Lindsay Harrison, Graphics Editor Constantine Haghighi, Film Editor Paul Levande, Film Editor Jesse Adams, Music Editor Katherine Chan, Music Editor Hillary Dixler, Off-the-Hill Editor Abigail Newman, Theater Editor

Allison Kwong, Night Editor Lela Spielberg, Heather Peterson Copy Editors Senior Staff Writers Simmi Aujla, Stephanie Bernhard, Melanie Duch, Ross Frazier, Jonathan Herman, Rebecca Jacobson, Chloe Lutts, Caroline Silverman Staff Writers Justin Amoah, Zach Barter, Allison Erich Bernstein, Brenna Carmody, Alissa Cerny, Ashley Chung, Stewart Dearing, Kristina Kelleher, Hannah Levintova, Hannah Miller, Aidan Levy, Taryn Martinez, Kyle McGourty, Ari Rockland-Miller, Chelsea Rudman, Kam Sripada, Robin Steele, Spencer Trice, Ila Tyagi, Sara Walter Sports Staff Writers Sarah Demers, Amy Ehrhart, Erin Frauenhofer, Kate Klonick, Madeleine Marecki, George Mesthos, Hugh Murphy, Eric Perlmutter, Marco Santini, Bart Stein, Tom Trudeau, Steele West Account Administrators Alexandra Annuziato, Emilie Aries, Steven Butschi, Dee Gill, Rahul Keerthi, Kate Love, Ally Ouh, Nilay Patel, Ashfia Rahman, Rukesh Samarasekera, Jen Solin, Bonnie Wong Design Staff Adam Kroll, Andrew Kuo, Jason Lee, Gabriela Scarritt Photo Staff CJ Adams, Chris Bennett, Meg Boudreau, Tobias Cohen, Lindsay Harrison, Matthew Lent, Dan Petrie, Christopher Schmitt, Oliver Schulze, Juliana Wu, Min Wu, Copy Editors Chessy Brady, Amy Ehrhart, Natalia Fisher, Jacob Frank, Christopher Gang, Yi-Fen Li, Taryn Martinez, Katie McComas, Sara Molinaro, Heather Peterson, Lela Spielberg


LETTERS Two Ivies adopt anti-sweatshop policies To the Editor: Brown University should strengthen its commitment against sweatshop abuse and adopt the Designated Supplier Program. The program requires the companies that make our clothes, like Champion and Adidas, to move production of Brown clothes to supplier factories that pay a living wage and allow unions. This is the most concrete and perhaps only option for Brown to support workers’ rights in an industry where the pressure to keep costs low forces firings and factory closures when workers seek improvements from sweatshop conditions. Columbia University has officially adopted the

DSP, making it the second Ivy and the 11th school overall to join the program. Brown has been a leader in social justice for the Ivy League and we should continue to be. The willingness of two other Ivies to join the DSP should tell us that the program has enough strength and support from intelligent people for Brown to immediately adopt the program. Christopher Eaton ’06 Student Labor Alliance April 15

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Trickle-down progressivism Recent progressive triumphs in Providence will prove to have far-reaching implications BY DAVID SEGAL GUEST COLUMNIST

There’s a frequently constructed binary that distinguishes the “symbolic” from the “substantive” political act. This is usually a false distinction, since any quasi-democracy should, pretty quickly, be able to convert so-called symbolic acts into substance via the electoral process. A single speech, rally or resolution might have no immediately discernable effect on policy, but a series of them can overthrow a government. (There are, of course, some actions that are more likely than others to yield instantly tangible results.) At the Brown University Community Council meeting last week, it dawned on me that there’s an increasingly powerful interplay between the University, city and state that makes clear the substance of several recent actions, each of which has individually been derided as merely “symbolic.” I was at that meeting in support of the emPOWER effort, which seeks to have the University commit to using 25 percent renewable energy by the year 2010. I was there to present a resolution in support of that campaign, passed last week by the City Council. It cites the commitment the state made two years ago to having 16 percent of energy statewide be derived from renewables by 2020 and the ensuing city ordinance requiring that 20 percent of municipal operations be run on renewables

by 2010, making Providence the first state capital to commit to such a measure. Each of these acts individually was dismissed by detractors as frivolous, a waste of time or just too darn selfless. But now we’re on the verge of a clean sweep, with other schools, cities and states looking to join this growing movement. Perhaps even more exciting is the quick response to Brown’s decision to

in other divestments in coming months. And it’s all having the intended effect. Sudan’s notoriously murderous regime recently put out “An Open Letter on the Negative Impact of Divestment on Sudan,” a ridiculous propaganda piece that more or less begs, “Please, please stop divesting from us — it’s really mean!” The Student Labor Alliance’s antisweatshop work at the campus level has

Our recent progressive acts were individually dismissed as frivolous. But others now look to join this growing movement. divest from the Darfur genocide. Last week, Providence became the country’s first city to act to divest, and we’re getting ready to dump more than $800,000 invested in Paris-based Alcatel. Rhode Island looks poised to follow suit, per a bill sponsored by Rep. Edie Ajello, D-District 3, and Sen. Rhoda Perry P’91, D-District 3, who represent campus. Providence’s divestment made national news, with many other cities now looking to do the same. Brown’s lonely action a month ago could end up spurring billions of dollars

also led to city-wide advances. Last week, the City Council passed an ordinance that forces the city to stop exploiting workers through its use of sweatshop labor to manufacture city-purchased apparel — about $1.5 million each year in uniforms for police, firefighters and student-athletes. A crucial portion of the organizing behind that campaign was coordination between city activists and Brown students to bring to town delegations of workers who actually toil under sweatshop conditions, and to build international solidarity between

workers here and abroad. Soon Providence will look to join a consortium of cities that will monitor sweatshops for abuses — analogous to the college-level Workers Rights Consortium, which Brown was the first school to join five years ago. The final item on the agenda at last week’s BUCC meeting was the potential institution of a social choice fund — a socially responsible option for those who want to donate money to the University. After some healthy debate and a presentation of evidence that a socially responsible fund could theoretically earn as much interest as a typical unrestricted portfolio, the BUCC supported the concept of such a fund. Providence recently added a socially responsible option for city pensioners’ personal deferred compensation accounts. But because of the city’s precarious financial position, the finance director is very hesitant to restrict the ability of the city invest its $310 million general pension fund wherever, whenever — until there’s lots of evidence that it won’t hurt our bottom line. So as Brown’s process moves forward, I hope decision-makers recognize there’s more at stake than Brown’s own donations. The city’s watching closely — and hoping for your fund’s creation and success — so we can follow your lead.

David Segal is Ward 1 City Councilman for Providence.

Reaction, globalized Radical Islamic terrorism is the modern globalized incarnation of an older anti-modernist movement BY JACOB SCHUMAN OPINIONS COLUMNIST

With the amount of articles, books and university courses seeking to explore and explain radical Islam and its relation to contemporary conflicts, you’d think the religious movement actually had something to do with terrorism. It does not. In fact, the answer to fighting Al-Qaeda and its opposition to the “West” cannot be found in the Koran, Wahhabism or the tenets of political Islamism. Indeed, radical Islamic terrorism is merely another doomed manifestation of a much older and broader rejection of modernity, and a study of the history of “Western” values demonstrates the realities of Islamic extremism’s rise and inevitable defeat. Quotation marks are a necessity when using the term “Western” values because, though these principles are often associated with Europe, the ideology of modernity has gradually become a universal philosophy for all humanity. Ideals of rationality, pluralism and the formation of a shared global society are not restricted to American politicians or policy, but are espoused by leaders from Nelson Mandela to Evo Morales to Jacques Chirac and Junichiro Koizumi. Neither is it a matter of capitalism versus socialism, as both economic ideologies are based on a fundamental philosophy of progress that advocates reason, unity and cultural diversity. Radical fundamentalist Islam claims to oppose these values, frightening its foes with what seems to be an unprecedented challenge to the “West.” Actually, it’s nothing new. The past 100 years have witnessed two other manifestations of this same rejection of the homogenizing, rationalizing and unifying forces of progress, first in the form of Fascism and later as Bolshevism in the Soviet Union. Though the three movements

selectively employed advanced technology (like guns, tanks, suicide-bomber piloted planes or Iran’s new nuclear program) and sometimes even claimed to represent the forces of progress, a close look at their ideologies reveals a shared fundamental core rejection of modernity — exaltation of a supposed utopian past, opposition to “corrupt” modern values, formation of closed societies and celebration of irrationality. While the philosophies differ due to geopolitical circumstances and the cultures in which they’ve taken root, they have always originated from the same inherent, underlying reaction to modernity. In reality, Fascism, Bolshevism and radical Islam are three

progress. Fascism’s doomed “will to empire” caused it to exhaust its militaries and provoke the formation of a mighty defensive alliance that lead to its defeat. Bolshevism could not suppress the will of the masses nor sustain its high industrial demands in a planned economy. The only reason the two regimes survived as long as they did was that they were able to continuously re-energize their ideologies and rally their followers by railing against the “decadent” modernity of the “West” which threatened their traditional ways of life. A look at the speeches of Fascist leaders like Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini or Bolsheviks like Joseph Stalin reveals the paucity of affirmative beliefs

In reality, Fascism, Bolshevism and radical Islam are three different masks that disguise one anti-ideology — Reaction. different masks that disguise one antiideology — Reaction. Reaction is merely the world’s innate response to progress. It is the unavoidable by-product of the spread of modernity. Just as the human body will react against unfamiliar changes like inoculation, a new diet or an organ transplant, so too do human societies often initially resist the advance of time. Jean Baudrillard explains, “Allergy to any definitive order, to any definitive power, is — happily — universal.” Yet the experience of Reaction’s first two manifestations demonstrates that, as purely a response to modernity, it is fated to ideological emptiness, internal contradictions and inability to resist the overwhelming force of

in their ideologies and the overwhelming amount of simple negations of “Western” modernity. One can imagine how much faster these movements would have collapsed had they been unable to use modern regimes as scapegoats. It is only a matter of time before radical Islam too fails as a flawed movement in which Reaction has manifested itself. However, though the nation-state centered continent on which Fascism arose made it possible to destroy it through inter-state war, and the competing global economies of the Cold War allowed the West to simply “outspend” Bolshevism, the realities of the 21st century world are quite different. In a globalized society, all forces — including both modernity and

Reaction — have become transnational and deterritorialized. Radical Islam has no state loyalties, no economy and no central authority. Rather than relying on the tired paradigms of state-centricity, invasion and economic warfare (as it has so far with the “Axis of Evil,” the invasion of Iraq and potential sanctions on Iran), the “West” must instead employ the weapons of globalization. Cultural dispersion, the spread of advanced technology and redistribution of its vast material wealth are the tools of a post-modern arsenal that will allow progress to once again defeat Reaction. Under either a regime of modernity or a regime of radical Islamic reaction, Muslim women could choose to wear the hijab, believers could object to intentionally offensive cartoons and the orthodox could practice their religion, but only under a government that embraces progress can people find better healthcare technology for their children, a government responsive to rational concerns of the state and rising standards of living — irresistible desires that ensure the downfall of an independent political Islamist ideology that cannot not position itself “against the West.” Radical terrorist Islam cannot survive independently; it is a black hole of reactionary thought that feeds on modernity in order to maintain its existence and legitimacy. By understanding the realities of 21st century politics, using globalization to undermine Reaction and making sure not to foolishly strengthen its hold, the “West” can, and will, once again succeed and continue the inevitable spread of progressive thought across the globe and through all levels of society.

Jacob Schuman ’08 thinks Jean Baudrillard and Francis Fukuyama would get along great.


M. and w. track teams shine at sun-splashed Brown Invite BY SARAH DEMERS SPORTS STAFF WRITER

At the Brown Invitational on Saturday, the Bears hosted squads from Ivy League-rivals Yale and Columbia and the University of Connecticut, among others. Under sunny skies and soaring spring temperatures, the Bears’ new brown-colored uniforms stood apart from the sea of blue jerseys in more ways than one. The men’s team avenged last weekend’s loss to the Huskies in Storrs, Conn., and won its only home invite of the year with 249 points. The women’s side, meanwhile, placed second with 167 points. UConn’s women took first with 229.5 points. Although pleased with the solid performances her team displayed, Director of Track and Field Craig Lake refused to let the squad become complacent. She insisted the day’s success must be used as momentum heading into the championship meets later this month. “We don’t want to settle. … We expect to be hitting personal bests and beyond, and we are really strong and fit right now. We will begin to taper over the course of the next three weeks and are looking to continually improve.” One of the biggest personal victories of the day came in the first event — the javelin — from

Dan Grossman ’71

Herald Sports Staff Writer Hugh Murphy ’06, returning from an elbow injury, made his season debut on Saturday and won the javelin throw. thrower and Herald Sports Staff recovery period behind him, Writer Hugh Murphy ’06. Mur- the Brown Invitational was his phy completed a fairytale come- homecoming. “It was my first time throwback from elbow injuries with his season debut Saturday. For ing with a healthy arm and it felt the past three years, Murphy has great. I had no serious pain and battled though rehabilitation I was really pleased with how it from reconstructive elbow sur- felt,” Murphy said. His final throw, coming in gery after snapping a ligament in the first collegiate meet of his at 224 feet, 6 inches, drew loud freshman year. With a 15-month cheers from the early morning crowd and won Murphy the event. Following his first victory in over three years, Murphy simply put his head down and pumped his fist. The distance was a personal best, and

Baseball’s bats quieted by Big Green in three losses BY CHRIS HATFIELD SPORTS EDITOR

The baseball team’s quest for the Ivy League title got a lot more difficult this weekend. Hosting a quartet of games against Dartmouth, the Bears suffered a power outage, failing to get key hits in dropping three of four games. In the first of three intradivision weekends, Brown won the opening game on Saturday 8-2, but lost 3-1 in the nightcap and dropped 3-1 and 8-6 decisions on Sunday. After this weekend’s games, Brown sits one game behind Harvard and Dartmouth for first BROWN SPORTS SCOREBOARD FRIDAY, APRIL 7 M. TENNIS: Brown 6, No. 71 Cornell 1 W. TENNIS: Cornell 5, Brown 2 SATURDAY, APRIL 8 BASEBALL: Brown 8, Dartmouth 2; Dartmouth 3, Brown 1 M. CREW: Brown V8 6:02.7, Northeastern V8 6:08.9 W. CREW: Brown V8 1st of 4 M. LACROSSE: No. 7 Penn 9, Brown 8 W. LACROSSE: Cornell 17, Brown 8 SOFTBALL: Harvard 6, Brown 2; Brown 11, Harvard 10 M. TENNIS: Brown 4, No. 69 Columbia 3 W. TENNIS: Brown 4, Columbia 3 M. TRACK: 1st of 7 (Brown Invitational) W. TRACK: 2nd of 7 (Brown Invitational) W. WATER POLO: Brown 14, Connecticut College 4 SUNDAY, APRIL 9 BASEBALL: Dartmouth 3, Brown 1; Dartmouth 8, Brown 6 M. GOLF: 5th of 16 (New England Division I Championships) W. GOLF: 3rd of 3 (Dartmouth Triangular) SOFTBALL: Brown 8, Dartmouth 2; Dartmouth 2, Brown 1

place in the loaded Red Rolfe Division at 9-3. Yale is in fourth at 8-4. The losses were a trip into bizarro world for the Bears. The normally potent Brown lineup went relatively silent for games two and three and most of game four, while the at-times beleaguered pitching staff sparkled for all four contests. “If you were to tell me my pitching would have done this — except for two innings the whole weekend our pitchers pitched great. With the wind blowing out, you’d think, ‘OK, we’re in great shape,’” said Head Coach Marek Drabinski, adding that the Bears’ failure to adjust to how the Big Green hurlers were pitching led to the offensive drought. “We’ve got some guys that refuse to make adjustments and try to hit the ball the other way, so they’re taking that outside pitch and they just want to keep hitting those long fly balls to the warning track off the end of the bat,” he said. In Saturday’s first game, scoring runs was not a problem, as is the case usually for this team. Behind 3-for-4 days from second baseman/outfielder Paul Christian ’06, who scored two runs and drove in one, and catcher Devin Thomas ’07, who scored twice and drove in two runs, see BASEBALL, page 6

see TRACK, page 5

Softball stuns Harvard with nine-run rally in 7th BY JUSTIN GOLDMAN AND STEPHEN COLELLI HERALD SPORTS STAFF

Down to its last out and trailing by eight runs, the softball team could have allowed Harvard to leave Providence with an easy sweep of the teams’ doubleheader on Saturday. But Melissa Ota ’07 stepped to the plate and drilled a three-run home run to bring Brown within five, at 10-5. With the impossible now within grasp, the Bears pulled out all the stops and claimed an improbable 11-10 victory. “I was so proud of our team at that point because we showed a never-say-die attitude, and just refused to be swept on our home field,” said tri-captain Rachel Fleitell ’06. The momentum of Saturday’s thrilling come-from-behind victory helped propel the squad to another 8-2 win over Dartmouth in the first game of its Sunday doubleheader. Despite these two great offensive performances, Brown could only manage a split in its four games this weekend, as the Bears’ offense fell silent in two other contests. The Crimson defeated Bruno 6-2 in the first game of the weekend, and the Big Green pulled out a 2-1 victory to close the weekend. The Bears move to 3-5 in Ivy play and 13-23 overall. The Crimson jumped out to the early lead in the second game, bringing home three runs in the first inning. Tri-captain Jaimie Wirkowski ’06 responded in the bottom of the first, hitting her first home run of the season with no runners on. Harvard quickly retaliated,

tacking on five more runs in the fourth in an attempt to walk away with the two-game sweep. Bruno brought the score to 7-2 in the sixth when catcher Amy Baxter ’08 homered. Harvard refused to relent, striking back with two more in the seventh inning, boosting its lead to 10-2. In the final inning, Brown stepped up to the plate and refused to go quietly in defeat. “Jaimie brought the whole team together (before Brown’s turn to bat),” said Head Coach Pam McCreesh. “She said that it was a matter of pride at this point and to get something going in the last inning.” Mary Seid ’06 started the inning by reaching base on an error, and Kaitlyn Laabs ’09 advanced Seid when hit by a pitch. Wirkowski and Kelsey Wilson ’09 earned outs by popping up, and the Crimson was one out away from burying Bruno. Ota stepped to the plate next, and with the game on her shoulders, came through with a bomb. “There were two outs and runners at first and second so I was actually trying to shorten up my swing and get a hit — not hit a home run because I am not a home run hitter,” Ota said. “Even after I hit the homerun, we still had a big deficit to make up, but it definitely set the tone for the rest of the inning. At that point, it generated some momentum for us.” That momentum carried over when Baxter reached on another error, advancing to second. Then, Liz Anderson ’07 singled, advancing Baxter to third. Blooping a single to center, Ava see SOFTBALL, page 9

M. tennis clubs No. 71 Cornell, No. 69 Columbia to climb back in Ivy title race BY ERIN FRAUENHOFER SPORTS STAFF WRITER

The men’s tennis team set up a showdown for the Ivy League title next week by winning both of its weekend matches. On Friday, the Bears defeated Cornell 6-1, and on Saturday, they pulled out a close 4-3 victory over Columbia, which came down to a threeset win by Sam Garland ’09. “He saved our season,” said Basu Ratnam ’09 of Garland, whose victory gave Brown the match needed to move into second place in the Ivy League standings, tied with Yale behind the University of Pennsylvania. Before facing Columbia, however, the Bears needed to defeat Cornell, which also had one loss going into the competition. The match began with a close fight for the doubles point. Co-captain Phil Charm ’06 and Chris Lee ’09 dropped the first doubles match 8-2 to the No. 53 team of Nick Brunner and Josh Raff, while the Big Red led the second and third doubles matches 7-6. But the second doubles duo of Dan Hanegby ’07 and Saurabh Kohli ’08, and the third doubles duo of Garland and Eric Thom-

as ’07 fought back to take their matches 9-7 to give the Bears the doubles point. “That set the tone for singles,” Thomas said. “Winning a close one defeats the other team.” Singles play started off with wins at the sixth and second spots to bring the total match score to 3-0. At sixth, co-captain Luke Tedaldi ’06 easily defeated Rory Heggie 6-1, 6-3, and at second, Ratnam triumphed 6-4, 6-2 over Raff. Hanegby lost the first singles match 6-4, 6-1 to Brett McKeon to make the team score 3-1, but at fifth singles, Lee defeated Kyle Doppelt 6-4, 7-5 to give Brown the final victory it needed to take the match. Three-set victories followed at fourth singles, as Kohli won a 1-6, 7-6, 6-2 match over Dan Brous, and, as Thomas defeated Brunner 3-6, 6-2, 7-5 at third singles. “I told the guys two things afterwards,” said Head Coach Jay Harris. “There is no team tougher than us in the league, and no matter where we are in the match, whether we’re up or down, I feel comfortable with these guys.”

Against Columbia, the Bears immediately went up by sweeping the doubles matches — marking only the second time Columbia has lost the doubles point all season. At first doubles, Charm and Lee defeated Jimmy Moore and Martin Moore 8-4, and at second doubles, Hanegby and Kohli defeated Paul Ratchford and Scott Robbin 8-5. Meanwhile, Thomas and Garland desee M. TENNIS, page 9

Dan Petrie / Herald

Eric Thomas ’07 has a record of 12-0 playing doubles this season with Sam Garland ’09.

Monday, April 17, 2006  

The April 17, 2006 issue of the Brown Daily Herald

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