M O N D A Y MARCH 14, 2005
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD Volume CXL, No. 32
An independent newspaper serving the Brown community since 1891
MAYHEM WITHIN Get your complete men’s Division I bracket — and enter The Herald’s Bracket Challenge INSIDE 9
LOOK WHO’S SMILING Neale Mahoney ’05: Would you sell out your buddy for some cheap DVDs at Wal-Mart? O P I N I O N S 11
QUINNIPIAC SENT PACKING M. lacrosse team doubles up on the Bobcats 14-7, advancing its record to 2-0 SPORTS
sunny 40 / 24
partly cloudy 41 / 21
Frank Hall architect Duffy intrigues University officials BY SONIA SARAIYA CONTRIBUTING WRITER
The architect chosen to design Sidney E. Frank Hall, the future home of the Department of Cognitive Sciences and Linguistics and the Brain Science program, brings a reputation for flexibility and ingenuity to the project. Roger Duffy, a partner at Skidmore, Owings and Merrill, is “not characterized by a particular style,” said John Fawcett ’85, a spokesman for SOM and for Duffy, who could not be reached. “Every project is unique.” The team’s focus at Brown will be to create a building that allows students and faculty to have a unique experience related to its function. Fawcett further said Duffy and the company are exploring the “possibility for enhanced perception” and “engaging with scientific inquiry.” The design of the approximately 60,000 sq. ft. building will have to accommodate two different needs for those using the building, what Fawcett refers to as a “binary context.” On one hand, “labs will require isolation of sound, light and vibrations” — particularly in a proposed virtual reality lab — but the first floor of the building will be devoted to a large auditorium, as well as to public spaces, classrooms and offices. Vice President for Planning Richard Spies said billionaire donor and liquor
importer Sidney Frank ’42 “was intrigued” by the public component to the building. Students will find many uses for the building, he said, “even if you have no interest in CogSci.” Construction should start “fairly early in the 2006-2007 academic year,” Spies said, and may end in time for the 2008-2009 school year, though it is “too early” to know for sure. According to Spies, the selection of the architect was the responsibility of a committee, which used proposals, interviews and tours of sites to determine which architectural firm would get the contract.
Spies said SOM was “very open to a range of solutions that fit the problems of the site.” Members of the committee that chose Duffy had nothing but praise for him. William Warren, a professor of cognitive science and linguistics, said that other sites Duffy has designed were “built with an intellectual mission in mind,” adding that he was “inspired” by Duffy’s work. Duffy demonstrates “enthusiasm in rethinking everything about design,” said Frances Halsband, creator of Brown’s see FRANK HALL, page 4
City trips give students a change of pace New York vs. Boston: The debate goes on BY ELIZA LANE CONTRIBUTING WRITER
The University provides an environment that many students affectionately call home. However, Brown students find themselves, from time to time, looking elsewhere for comfort — seeking diversion, away from campus and its many reminders of things still to be done. Students at universities throughout the country occasionally trek home on weekends, or visit nearby campuses for a day or so: Brown students are no exception. After all, too much stress is self-destructive and should be alleviated at times — hence students’ sporadic urges to get off campus for even just a few hours. “Although I don’t have much free time because I run track, I try to get away from campus whenever possible — usually on weekends. It’s important to get outside the tiny bubble we all live in at Brown so we don’t forget what it’s really like outside, in the real world,” said Anna Willard ’06. This sentiment is not limited to athletes whose time is constrained by competitions and training. It is echoed by students of all interests attending the University — and other colleges, too. “Getting away is good for all students, no matter where they go to school,” said Alicia Young ’06. “It enables us to get a slice of life that isn’t Brown life, which is important every once in a while.” Because of its proximity, Boston is a popular destination for students escaping the see CITIES, page 5 Editorial: 401.351.3372 Business: 401.351.3269
Jane Tanimura / Herald
Kate Moller ’05 and Rose Weaver MFA ’00 performed in “Eclipsed,” a multi-media presentation created and directed by Raina Rahbar ’05 in celebration of Women’s History Month.
Ris ’05 pondering City Council run BY ALEXANDRA BARSK SENIOR STAFF WRITER
With graduation approaching, Brown seniors are struggling as they decide what they’d like to do next. Ethan Ris ’05 thinks he might like to become your city councilman. Though he has not yet made a final decision, Ris said he is thinking “seriously” about the possibility of running for Providence City Council in 2006. “I am very much still a student — I’m focusing on graduating. While getting involved in local politics is something I’ve thought about, I definitely haven’t made any decisions about what I’m going to do,” Ris said. “I’m just talking to people in the neighborhood and in the city government, getting a sense of the situation and also of whether this is something that I’d really want to do.” Ris said he expects to make a decision by the end of the summer. Over the summer, in preparation for a potential campaign, Ris will have to file papers through the state declaring himself as a potential candidate, start raising money and appoint a treasurer to oversee fundraising. If he does decide to enter the race, he will run as a Democrat in Ward 1, representing the College Hill and Fox Point neighborhoods, a position currently held by David Segal of the Green Party, who was elected in 2002. Last summer, Ris, a former president of the Brown Democrats, was given a three-month-long mayoral fellowship at Providence City Hall in the Department of Operations. He said the experience made him excited about what could get done in a city like Providence but also made him frustrated about what was not getting done. “Things seemed to move at a glacial pace, and a lot of times, people have good ideas that never get heard by the right people,” he said. One of Ris’ main issues is the divide see RIS, page 4
Conservative author D’Souza, Dartmouth grad, to speak tonight Dinesh D’Souza, author and fellow at the Hoover Institution at Stanford University, will give a lecture tonight titled “In Defense of American Empire,” at 8 p.m. in Salomon 101. D’Souza was one of the first editors of the cutting-edge conservative publication the Dartmouth Review during his years at Dartmouth College in the 1980s. He was senior domestic policy analyst at the White House from 198788 under President Ronald Reagan, and has done extensive research on higher education, civil rights, cultural issues and politics and the economy and society, according to D’Souza’s Web site. He has published a number of books, including “The End of Racism,” “Illiberal Education: The Politics of Race and Sex on Campus” and “What’s So Great About America?” In tonight’s lecture, sponsored by the College Republicans, D’Souza will
address post-Sept. 11 foreign policy from a broad perspective and will focus heavily on the topics of “What’s So Great About America?” his most recent book, according to Christopher McAuliffe ’05, president of the College Republicans. D’Souza draws heavily on his experiences at Dartmouth and reflects on his perspective as an Indian immigrant to argue against affirmative action and for the global supremacy of Western institutions, McAuliffe said. D’Souza argues that the reality of the American dream and the United States’ emphasis on individualism make it the easiest society for any minority to succeed. D’Souza is known for his pro-global capitalism, pro-colonialist point of view, McAuliffe said. D’Souza defends Western culture and values to the rest of the world and believes that their
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spread across the globe is beneficial to all. In “Two Cheers for Colonialism,” one of the most controversial chapters in “What’s So Great About America?,” D’Souza writes that colonialism was degrading to those who were colonized, but that descendants of colonialist societies ultimately gain from the incorporation of Western institutions, law, education and ideals of opportunity into their lives. McAuliffe said he chose to invite D’Souza because he was personally inspired by D’Souza’s compelling arguments regarding the dominance of Western institutions. McAuliffe hopes that people will attend the lecture not only because D’Souza is a high-profile speaker but also because of his academic perspective. The lecture is free and open to the public. — Nicole Summers News tips: firstname.lastname@example.org
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THIS MORNING MONDAY, MARCH 14, 2005 · PAGE 2 Coreacracy Eddie Ahn
WORLD IN BRIEF Rice on a run for presidency:“I won’t” BY MARK MAZZETTI LOS ANGELES TIMES
WASHINGTON — She got a promotion just four months ago, yet Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice was forced Sunday to discuss her ambitions for a job that won’t be available for almost four more years — and denied that she had any plans to move up to the Oval Office.
During appearances on three Sunday-morning television shows, Rice closed the door on a bid for the White House in 2008, saying she planned a return to academic life. “I don’t have any desire to run for president. I don’t intend to. I won’t do it,” Rice said on ABC’s “This Week.”“I won’t. How’s that? Is that categorical enough?”
Jero Matt Vascellaro
TO D AY ’ S E V E N TS PI DAY 1:59 p.m. (Barus and Holley Lobby) — On 3/14 at 1:59, the Math Dug will hold their annual Pi day extravaganza. Come eat pie and present your favorite Pi theorems, facts and anecdotes (blackboard provided).
"REVISITING STUCK RUBBER BABY: SEXUAL IDENTITY, RACIAL PREJUDICE AND POLITICAL CONFLICT IN THE 1960s" 12 p.m. (Barus and Holley 166) — Cruse, an influential gay cartoonist, will be speaking about Stuck Rubber Baby, which tells a young white man’s coming-out story against the backdrop of the 1960s civil rights movement in the American South.
Chocolate Covered Classic Mark Brinker
MENU SHARPE REFECTORY LUNCH — Pulled Pork Sandwich, Italian Vegetable Saute, Snickerdoodle Cookies, Rainbow Cake, French Taco Sandwich
DINNER — Roasted Honey Glazed Chicken, Lemon Rice, Rabe, Belgian Carrots, Focaccia with Mixed Herbs, Lemon Chiffon Cake
VERNEY-WOOLLEY DINING HALL LUNCH — Vegetarian Vegetable Barley Soup, Chicken Okra Gumbo Soup, Jamie’s Spiced Chicken Wings, Baked Manicotti with Tomato Sauce, Corn and Broccoli Casserole, Snickerdoodles DINNER — Vegetarian Vegetable Barley Soup, Chicken Okra Gumbo, Pork Chops, Tofu Parmesan, Cranberry Wild and White Rice Pilaf, Fresh Vegetable Melange, Wax Beans, Focaccia, Lemon Chiffon Cake
How to Get Down Nate Saunders
CROSSWORD ACROSS 1 Subject with subtraction 5 “Horrible” comics character 10 Elevator man 14 Black-and-white treat 15 Angry 16 Group of beauties or quail 17 Noggin 18 Had the nerve 19 Yoked pair 20 Tax return category 23 First lady 24 __ tai 25 Org. with Cubs and Eagles 28 Sixth sense, briefly 29 Folk singer Phil 33 Lingo 35 Franklin of soul 37 Ages and ages 38 Shuttlecock hitter 43 Bread spread 44 Fertilizer component 45 Prejudices 48 Short-term worker 49 Opposite of WNW 52 Mournful 53 Nervous twitch 55 __ Rica 57 “West Side Story” garb 62 Ear-cleaning thingy 64 Mischievous sprite 65 German article 66 Muscle quality 67 Liqueur flavoring 68 Roman love god 69 “Peter Pan” pirate 70 Spud 71 Like a snoop
4 “Objection, Your __!” 5 Stay out of sight 6 Jordanian, probably 7 Actress Teri 8 Elite group 9 Baggage porter 10 Wind instrument 11 Student’s resource 12 “Now __ seen everything!” 13 Dict. entry 21 New Zealand native 22 Hyundai competitor 26 Trig ratio 27 Kind of D.A. 30 100 yrs. 31 Internet address starter 32 “Ask away!” 34 PC expert 35 “Famous” cookie maker 36 Pay to play 38 Short haircuts 39 Inter __: among others
40 Reporter’s due date 41 Smash into 42 Pet protection gp. 46 Incoming flight info 47 Be patient 49 __ Pie: ice cream treat 50 Dictation takers 51 Bistro, e.g.
54 Fourth-largest country 56 Atlantic or Pacific 58 Rapier with a guarded tip 59 Off-ramp 60 Get up 61 Catcall 62 Fourths of gals. 63 Mix or Cruise
Homebodies Mirele Davis
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ARTS & CULTURE MONDAY, MARCH 14, 2005 · PAGE 3
Matisyahu fuses reggae, hip-hop, rock and Judaism BY KIM STICKELS STAFF WRITER
Entering Hillel’s social hall to hear Matisyahu Miller perform Saturday night, one was unsure how to react. To the right, a small group of orthodox men danced a hora, while closer into the crowd a few couples REVIEW were cautiously grinding. Matisyahu, whose fusion of Judaism and reggae could only inspire these vastly different reactions, crooned a psalm into the mike to an energetic reggae beat. Looming at 6’3”, the bearded and bespectacled Matisyahu — who uses only his first name, Hebrew for Matthew — at first glance looked out of place sitting on a speaker and rapping. He wore a tallith, symbolizing his commitment to Orthodox Judaism, and was flanked on all sides by the three others who comprise his band. Along with Josh Werner on bass, Jonah David on drums and Aaron Dugan on guitar, Matisyahu blends reggae, hip-hop and rock. Matisyahu’s music imparts a Hasidic message and tells of his experience living in New York alongside the alternating mellow and energetic reggae beats, through lyrics such as “Hashem’s rays fire blaze burn bright and I believe/ Out of darkness comes light, twilight unto the heights/ Crown Heights burnin’ up all through till midnight.” Matisyahu has achieved incredible success within the past year as the world’s pre-eminent Hasidic reggae star. On Saturday, he oozed energy and passion for both his music and his religion, intensely belting out the songs. He seemed focused, but his music simultaneously engendered a jovial, carefree atmosphere. see MATISYAHU, page 5
EDITORS’ PICKS, MARCH 14-20 “Pornography and Sexual Intimacy” Lilian O’Brien, Philosophy GS March 16, 6 p.m. Sarah Doyle Women’s Center Lounge Fusion Dance Show March 16-19, 8 p.m. March 20, 3 p.m. Ashamu Dance Studio Vienna Teng Concert March 17, 8 p.m. Sayles Hall Reading by Mexican Authors Valerie Mejer Caso and Jennifer Clement March 17, 8 p.m. McCormack Family Theater Rangeela South Asian Students Association Cultural Show March 19, 6:30 p.m. Salomon 101
‘Karaoke Kid’ not just the same old song BY JOEL ROZEN STAFF WRITER
Oakie Pokie is a small city on the brink of ecological ruin. It’s slowly sinking into the surrounding marshland, its buildings are falling apart — and worse still, its inhabitants are in serious danger of becoming the resident alligators’ next blue-plate special. Located in backwater Florida — for where else would such a crisis occur? ARTS & CULTURE REVIEW — the fictional town provides the set“The Karaoke Kid” Written and directed by Caitlin Marshall ’05 ting for “The Tonight at 8 p.m. in Production Workshop’s Karaoke Kid,” downstairs space an original Tickets at the door or pw.students.brown.edu play written Free (donation suggested) and directed by Caitlin Marshall ’05 and presented in the Production Workshop’s downstairs space. The show transports the audience to its swampy dystopia by way of innovative set and lighting design, an imaginative story and robust performances, with just a few setbacks along the way. “Karaoke Kid” ends its run with an 8 p.m. performance this evening. Marshall’s satire charts the fate of Poplar Duvet (Allison Posner ’05), Oakie Pokie’s deadbeat karaoke queen. As is often the sad case with aspiring lounge singers, Poplar dreams of stardom, belting Celine Dion power ballads on cue and annoying everyone in earshot. Perhaps most irked is her English surrogate mother and landlady Cynthia Applebaum (Michelle Oing ’07), the mayor’s dissatisfied mistress and the neighborhood sour apple. Understandably, Applebaum can’t handle the recurring
musical melodrama upstairs — or figure out why her tenant keeps talking to a Rod Stewart sock puppet (Weldon Ledbetter ’06). Like the fog ominously hovering over the city limits, the plot thickens: When Bill Green (Jon Neidich ’05), the selfdescribed “CEO of a major entertainment company,” offers corrupt Mayor Chuck Lott (Michael Obremski ’07) a lucrative chance to film the town for his next reality TV show, things start looking up for everyone. With a reluctant Poplar in mind, Mayor Lott’s eyes flash dollar signs as he loops a media circus around the “huge cash prize” in store for whoever wins Green’s televised karaoke contest. Adding to the frenzy, Poplar’s witch-doctor lover, Charell Barbosa (Andrea Gompf ’08), finds herself growing increasingly frustrated while her partner gets swept away by the sudden attention. Marshall has flavored the absurdity of her tale with dialogue that displays both a sharp linguistic prowess and a knack for intriguing characters. The script is funny but dense and full of rhyming couplets and neat attempts at rap and poetry, a real challenge for even the most experienced actor. Fortunately, the cast of “Karaoke Kid” is full of experienced actors. As Poplar, Posner evokes Alyson Hannigan by way of sheer earnestness and lighthearted naiveté. Oing’s Applebaum is a good attempt at a British sex kitten, if such a thing exists, and she laces her lasciviousness with the tragedy her role deserves. Obremski brings swift comic timing to his portrayal of Oakie Pokie’s mayor, reaching new heights of sleaziness and mimicking the drawl of — it was bound to happen — George W. Bush. see KARAOKE, page 4
‘Eclipsed’ showcases Iranian, American identities BY JANE TANIMURA STAFF WRITER
A woman dressed entirely in black limps feebly onto a dimly lit stage. As soulful music plays in the background, she begins to speak about what being a woman means to her and, rejoicing, suddenly breaks into song and dance. She shouts, “This woman’s not done.” She hobbles off the stage, bent but strong. This monologue, written and performed by Rose Weaver MFA ’00, was one of many pieces that reflected the theme and purpose of “Eclipsed,” a multimedia presentation created and directed by Raina Rahbar ’05. In celebration of Women’s History Month, “Eclipsed” examined the construction of feminine identity in Iranian and American cultures through the lens of fashion, dance, media, music and image. The March 11 performance at the Black Repertory Theatre was the culmination of a year’s work for Rahbar, who has been collaborating on the project with the Resource Scholars and Artists Program since last semester. The program, which was initiated by the Resource Center and expanded five years ago to include projects dedicated to the creative arts, encourages students of all disciplines to think about how their work has a larger social relevance. The program helped Rahbar to shape the context of her
show and provided her a space to present her project to the Brown and greater Providence community, she said. Rahbar started to conceptualize the idea for “Eclipsed” after thinking about writing a senior thesis, she said. As an International Relations concentrator, she knew her thesis would be restricted to academic writing, which made her consider an independent project as a freer way of expressing her ideas. An Iranian-American, Rahbar wanted to explain both sides of this dual identity as well as fuse both cultural perspectives. She said she also wanted to shed light on representations of Islamic femininity, a timely and prevalent topic in today’s media. “My intention in doing this is trying to reach to women in general,” she said. As long as one person is somehow changed by the experience by rethinking his or her conception of femininity, her mission will have been accomplished, Rahbar said. Rahbar chose to explain the mission of her project through the metaphor of an eclipse, an allegory that is predominant in Iranian culture. The eclipse examines the relationship between three factors, Rahbar said — the sun is the symbol for man; the moon, the symbol for woman; and earth, the symbol for culture. see ECLIPSED, page 5
PAGE 4 THE BROWN DAILY HERALD MONDAY, MARCH 14, 2005
Frank Hall continued from page 1 strategic framework of physical planning. Duffy shows “sensitivity to the needs of his users,” Warren said. “He’s definitely not a cookie-cutter architect.” Warren also said Duffy has worked with “environmental art and lighting” in past projects. Fawcett said SOM is also able to “mimic the beneficial effects of natural light” and therefore create a more appealing learning environment that “reinforces circadian rhythm.” SOM has been environmentally conscious when it comes to design. According to Fawcett, SOM is “very good at designing green buildings.” The company has followed the standards set by the United States Green Building Council in past projects and may use them for Frank Hall. Whether the building will fit in with Brown’s classic New England brick and stone is debatable. Halsband said she sees the project as “a wonderful opportunity to open up new possibilities.” “We know the campus, we are familiar with the kind of materiality of the campus,” Fawcett said. “We think there
are different kinds of buildings that will fit.” Spies echoed the sentiment, saying Frank Hall should “be a positive, complementary member of the Brown community of buildings.” He said he doesn’t foresee a “red brick building,” but “all (of ) that will be challenged and developed.” Fawcett also said that at Brown, “individual buildings are not as impressive” and some “lack strong interiority presence,” but the campus’ strength is in “ensemble buildings.” “If you walk around campus, there are lots of different kinds of buildings. The important thing is that they work together, not to copy what has come before.” Halsband said some universities have created “architecture zoos,” with their campus buildings, with “some terrific, some terrible.” Brown, according to her, has more of a campus feel — the buildings all work together. Frank Hall will be built on a site behind the Brown Bookstore, presently occupied by a Shell gas station. The Shell station will be demolished to make room for the building. It will be one of the first structures to be built on The Walk, a proposed pathway to connect Lincoln Field to the Pembroke Campus, and according to Fawcett, the hall will “set the tone for other buildings.” The University wants to “establish (The Walk) as a public area,” Spies said. “The building needs to take advantage of that.” Both SOM and the University are enthusiastic about the new project. “We’re going to be able to design a building that will be really enjoyable to be in,” Fawcett said. Warren in particular was optimistic about designing a building for Cognitive Sciences and Linguistics, referring to it as a “journey.” “I’m actually looking forward to working with the architect,” he said.
Ris continued from page 1 between Brown and the surrounding community. “Brown students don’t understand the community, and the community doesn’t understand Brown,” he said. “And there is nobody in the community right now trying to bridge that gap.” “I think the only person who can do that is someone who, for example, is a recent Brown graduate and reaches out to the community, becomes a member of the community and who moves things forward,” he said. Though Ris grew up in Maryland, he said he has considered himself a resident of Providence since he began at Brown and that he intends to spend the rest of his life here. The election is more than a year and a half in the future, but Ris’ tentative plans have already begun to cause a stir, particularly among supporters of Segal. According to Ris, on March 8, “(Segal) sent me an e-mail essentially trying to scare me out of the race by listing a lengthy list of people and organizations, a lot of unions, a lot of lobbying groups, that he claims supported him. … The vast majority of groups or people on that list don’t know who I am. I’ve never met with them. So, I don’t think it’s fair to say that, in a potential match-up between me and Councilman Segal, they’ve weighed the alternatives and have chosen him.” But Segal said the intent of the e-mail was not to scare Ris out of running. Rather, he said he wanted to make clear that he would run for re-election and “to assert that I am doing work that I think is very important and that many individuals and organizations with whom I work think is very important and which wouldn’t happen if I weren’t in office.” Segal said he also wanted “to ask (Ris) why he’s considering doing something so potentially destructive when we will be in an election year that will potentially have very tight races on many levels of government and when his energies could be put towards those efforts.” Robert Walsh ’83, the executive director of the Rhode Island chapter of the National Education Association and a supporter of Segal, pointed out Segal’s unique
position as the only nonDemocrat of the 15 City Council members. “He gets the benefit of picking and choosing which committee he wants to sit on because he’s the only ‘other’ party representative, thus making him a more powerful progressive,” he said. Segal and his supporters are less worried that Ris may win the election and more that he may act as a “spoiler” by splitting the progressive vote, thus causing a more conservative candidate to be elected. “My guess is that Ethan doesn’t have any real chance to get more votes than David. What he maybe has a chance to do is, ironically and if things go the wrong way, to possibly be the spoiler person,” said Peter Asen ’04, who was the co-volunteer coordinator of Segal’s campaign in 2002. According to the current president of the Brown Democrats, Seth Magaziner ’06, “That’s the same thing people said about David in 2002.” In that race, Segal ran as a Green Party candidate against a Democrat, an independent and a Republican candidate. “People were afraid that he was just going to end up stealing votes from (Kyle) Diggins (the Democratic candidate), but as a matter of fact, the neighborhood was so progressive that they ended up coming in first and second,” Magaziner said. But Asen questioned what Ris’ motivation would be in running against a fellow progressive. “He has to answer the question of ‘why is he running against David?’ ” he said. “How does he see himself as being different? And if he doesn’t really, that raises the question of ‘why put your energy into this?’ ” Ris said that while he often agrees with Segal on an ideological level, their strategies differ. He cited as an example Segal’s sponsorship of Council resolutions against the war in Iraq and the USA Patriot Act. “It’s nice to have resolutions against the Patriot Act — I agree that people should take a stand against that — but I would much rather see the Providence City Council concern itself with issues like trash collection and transportation issues and taxation issues, because those affect people’s lives much more,” Ris said. Though he said it is too early to make forecasts about votes being split, Magaziner, a friend of both Segal and Ris, said he thinks polit-
ical issues will not be the focus of a race between the two. “Their politics are pretty much identical. Their personalities are very different. They might have different priorities, but I put them in approximately the same place on the conservative-liberal spectrum,” he said. “When the issues are really similar, it ends up coming down to leadership skills, things like that.” Ris said that, in his recent conversations with Providence residents, he has noticed “a lot of dissatisfaction” with the state of leadership on the East Side and in the city in general. “I’m going to keep having those conversations,” Ris said. “Even if I decide not to run for office, I still intend to be very involved in local city politics. I feel like I’ve done a good job of orienting myself in the past four years, understanding the community and the politics of Providence, and I think I’m in a good position to become involved,” he said. “I’m excited about, if not now, at some point serving the people.”
Karaoke continued from page 3 Ledbetter, the puppeteer and voice behind Rod Stewart, succeeds at alienating and weirding out the audience. While the play’s one-dimensional personalities call primarily for one-sided performances, this actress stomps through her role with Stewart’s trademark hoarse, indefatigable libido. Ultimately, the play is a mixed bag. It feels a bit slow in certain scenes, particularly those shared by the lesbian lovers, and dialogue is occasionally clunky and heavyhanded, but these flaws are ironed out by the show’s inventive set. Spectators are treated to a festival of water and dry ice, with actors stumbling in galoshes through a real moat and burbling through fake fog. If the second act feels long to theatergoers, it probably is, but there are always a host of stage effects to hold their attention — and the unsettling vibrato of bad karaoke to keep them awake.
MONDAY, MARCH 14, 2005 THE BROWN DAILY HERALD PAGE 5
Cities continued from page 1 pressure of college life. However, during the Presidents Day long weekend, New York City seemed to be a verifiable Mecca for Brown students looking to kick back and temporarily forget their worries. The city’s special art exhibit, “The Gates,” proved an attraction during the unscheduled hours. Boston also draws an abundance of students and is hardly the underdog in the cities’ rivalry to attract them. The Boston Red Sox draw students to the city during the spring and early fall, and the New England Patriots bring students to Foxborough, Mass. — about a 25-minute drive from Providence — during the cold winter months. “I’m a huge Red Sox fan! Seriously, I sometimes think of the two cities (Boston and New York) in terms of their baseball teams — the Red Sox and the Yankees. New York will never have the same appeal as Boston does for this very reason,” said Young, who hails
Matisyahu continued from page 3 Growing up in White Plains, N.Y., Matisyahu dropped out of high school to follow Phish on their national tour. A Reconstructionist Jew who resisted Hebrew class as a youth, he experienced a spiritual awakening in the Colorado wilderness and in Israel and reconnected to his Jewish roots, converting to Lubavitch, a sect of Judiasm, after meeting a rabbi in New York’s Washington Square Park. Today he divides his time between playing three to four shows a week and the yeshiva. Fusing the world and words of reggae and the Talmud, his lyrics move fluently in between English and Hebrew. His songs are original and catchy but many of them blend together. Indeed, Rastafarians, who are closely
Eclipsed continued from page 3 In her self-written monologue titled, “Eclipsed,” Abigail Ronck ’05 summarizes the idea of an eclipse as a form of imprisonment. “Eclipsed, encased, enclosed. Can she breathe in there?” she asked. Rahbar’s presentation asks for this trapped woman to be freed from the patriarchy of American and Iranian societies. An original garment created by Rahbar, called “Eclipsed,” is a tangible representation of that request. The outfit’s bold and sexy combination of silky cloths — an orange tank top decorated with flowery ornaments around the neckline, red Capri pants and a yellow see-through sari that covers the waist — visualizes the voice and power women can maintain within that patriarchal system. Other highlights from the event included dances and monologues created and presented by female Brown undergraduates. These performances translated the cultural and historical development of womanhood aesthetically. “It was a unique way of presenting information,” said audience member Ben Johnson. “It’s defi-
from Epsom, N.H. Massachusetts sport enthusiast Scott Dunn ’08 is more inclined to head north on the weekends to watch football. In fact, Dunn spends a significant number of weekends in his home state, watching the Boston College Eagles on Saturdays and the Patriots on Sundays. “I like Pats games — especially because the drive from Providence to (Gillette) Stadium is so short. I’ll usually go with some friends from Brown — either that or I’ll meet some of my buddies from high school there and we’ll tailgate before heading in. A lot of my old friends ended up at schools in Boston. … After the game, if I’m with Brown kids, we usually just go back (to campus). If I’m with guys from high school, we’ll sometimes head to their college for the night,” Dunn said. A location’s ability — or lack thereof — to foster a sense of familiarity, putting visitors at ease, plays a role in students’ selection of off-campus destinations. Considering that students frequently just go home when they need a short break, this criterion is
hardly surprising. “I like going home and all, but it’s nice to get out and see different campuses, too. A bunch of my friends go to universities in and around Boston — including Boston College, Tufts, Boston University and Harvard, so I go visit them at their schools. Usually I just spend the night with them. It’s easier that way,” Young said. Boston is different from New York — the latter’s physical setup is impersonal, even intimidating, because it is built on a grid, Young said. This layout makes the city seem inhospitable, characterized by a mechanical and overly formal property. “I find the people in New York City to be somewhat abrasive. I’m definitely not referring to people I’ve met here at Brown who are from the City, but strangers I’ve come into contact with during my visits. Walking on the street, I’ll get shoved by some stranger. It’s as if I’m not even there,” Young said. “The people in Boston seem so much more approachable and congenial. I don’t feel like I’m imposing when I visit,” Young
linked to reggae, believe they are a lost tribe of Israel, and much of their music deals with social awakening. Matisyahu’s lyrics recount biblical stories, urge the awakening of a higher consciousness and are laden with messianic themes. The music is upbeat dancehall reggae with a rootsy origin. Matisyahu’s voice and style recall Bob Marley, yet he is still developing his musical talent. The crowd was initially hesitant but quickly warmed to the infectious tropical beat. Interspersed among the college students were older couples, orthodox Jews and a few middleschool-aged kids. The simple stage was almost on level with the audience, allowing the 26-year-old Matisyahu to interact with the audience and creating a casual theme to the show. The friendly atmosphere and novelty of the act made up for a few times the songs seemed monotonous and Matisyahu lacked energy. The
lighting was simple — a single light shone on the band, the color varying depending on the mood of the song. One highlight of the show was Matisyahu’s rendition of “Chop ’em Down,” a song recounting the Israelites’ exodus from Egypt. Both the guitarists and drummer demonstrated their superb abilities during several extended solos. Several a cappella solos by Matisyahu also proved to be a highlight of the show and were greeted by the audience’s enthusiastic cheers. Throughout the show, Matisyahu was endearing in his casual interactions with the audience. Although he gave a short concert, Matisyahu skillfully combined his two passions resulting in a moving and upbeat show. By the end of the night it was clear that Judaism and reggae are not such strange bedfellows.
nitely a good thing to see it up on stage,” he added. The event was sponsored by the Resource Scholars and Artists Program, the Sarah Doyle
Women’s Center and the Christian Northrup Charitable Trust Fund. All proceeds from the event will go to women’s shelters in Providence.
added. Both Willard and Young take the bus whenever they go to Boston or New York City. “The only issue I have with bus trips is when the schedules require me to travel at a time when I’ll arrive late at night. It can be scary. There’s some danger involved in a female’s hanging around a public bus terminal in a major city at night, waiting for a ride or whatever. It’s just as bad when you have to walk back to campus after dark. It’s just an unnecessary risk,” Young said. Brown alums settle in both Boston and New York City, usually tempted by the job opportunities available to young people with Ivy League degrees. “I’ve been to New York City three times during my four years at Brown — but only once was to see friends. Boston, though, is like a second home to me. I mean, I go there all the time — usually with the intention of seeing old friends,” said Christian Luening ’05, a native of Houston. “I don’t really go to Boston, or New York City either, to see sights and tourist attractions. These can
be a cool bonus, because I like learning about places on an offhand basis, but they are hardly ever my primary reason for going to a place. Usually, I go because I want to stay in touch with people who have been an important part of my life,” Luening added. Luening has a car readily accessible to him, so he finds himself driving to Beantown to have lunch or to see an old friend several times a month. “The strange thing about Boston is that it’s so close it doesn’t really seem like much of a destination. It only costs me gas money — and a few hours of my time. To me, that’s worth it,” Luening said. “These brief trips definitely break up the monotony of college life,” he added. “It’s absolutely critical to get a change of scenery no matter what form it takes. I mean, go to Boston, New York, home — it doesn’t matter where,” said Jeffrey Miksis ’03. He added: “Lots of college kids forget to take a break and enjoy their surroundings, and they suffer because of it. College comes just once and should not be a time you look back on and regret.”
MONDAY, MARCH 14, 2005 THE BROWN DAILY HERALD PAGE 7
Higher education may benefit elderly brains, study says BY ROBERT LEE HOTZ LOS ANGELES TIMES
Schoolwork may strengthen the brain against some ill effects of aging, a new study on education and memory loss suggests. In research made public Sunday, a team at the University of Toronto’s Rotman Research Institute used brain imaging to show that higher education may protect older people from faltering mental powers by building up alternate neural networks absent in the uneducated. Elderly volunteers who had many years of higher education not only performed better on a series of memory tests than their less educated peers but also used
different parts of their brain, the study showed. More years of education were associated with more active frontal lobes, areas known to be involved in problem solving, memory and judgment, the scientists reported. Those who treat memory loss and other maladies of the elderly have long been intrigued by evidence that an active life of the mind might “vaccinate” the brain against Alzheimer’s disease and other chronic neural disorders that may appear over time. Learning, they suspected, might be an effective preventive medicine. Researchers know that animal
brains readily respond to stimulating, enriched surroundings by developing more intricate connections between brain cells. Until now, however, no one knew what brain mechanisms might be involved in the aging human brain. “The frontal lobes seem to be playing an important role in this protective effect that education seems to have,” said Cheryl L. Grady, the senior scientist involved in the research project. “It may be the more education you have the more practice you have had using different brain strategies,” she said. “Education see BRAIN, page 8
Great white shark is killing in captivity BY IRWIN SPEIZER LOS ANGELES TIMES
MONTEREY, Calif. — The great white shark that has enthralled throngs of curious spectators at the Monterey Bay Aquarium since its arrival six months ago has proved lethal for some of its tank mates. Over 13 days, the infant great white sank its razorsharp teeth into two soupfin sharks, killing both. The recent incidents have prompted calls and letters questioning whether a predator such as a great white is suitable for a captive aquarium environment. The great white, the only one
on exhibit in the world, is the first to survive in captivity for more than a few days, and the aquarium is determined to try to keep it for a while longer, possibly into the busy summer tourist season. Thanks to the shark’s residency, aquarium attendance is up 30 percent. Aquarium officials say the high attendance validates the decision to display the shark. Part of the aquarium’s mission is to educate the public about fragile ocean species such as the great white shark. “Are we keeping it here to generate more visitation? Absolutely,”
said Randy Kochevar, a staff marine biologist who serves as science spokesman for the aquarium. “The more visitors, the more we get the word out. Bringing people face to face with real animals is the best way to inspire people in conservation.” Kochevar also said scientists are able to study things about the great white, such as eating habits and growth trends, that might not be possible in the wild. But Sean Van Sommerman, executive director of the Pelagic see SHARK, page 8
PAGE 8 THE BROWN DAILY HERALD MONDAY, MARCH 14, 2005
Shark continued from page 7 Shark Research Foundation in Santa Cruz, questioned the importance of the research, saying the captive shark would not necessarily behave or develop as one in the wild. He also took exception to the idea that exhibiting the shark broadens public awareness. Displaying the shark simply promotes awareness of the aquarium and helps fill its coffers, Van Sommerman said. Visitors did not witness either shark attack, which occurred during hours when the aquarium was closed to the public. The first happened overnight Feb. 23. The second took place around 7:30 a.m. March 7. By the time aquarium officials noticed the second injured soupfin shark, visitors had arrived and saw it as well. Aquarium officials sutured the injured shark’s wound, but it did not survive. One soupfin was 4 feet long and weighed 85 pounds, the other 5 feet, 6 inches long and 125 pounds. Both incidents were captured on cameras that monitor the mil-
W. lax continued from page 12 more goals before Mimi De Tolla ’08 and Redd scored in the closing seconds. It was a homecoming of sorts for Redd and other Bruno players who hail from the Baltimore/Washington D.C. area. “I grew up idolizing Maryland players because they were so dominant for the past decade,” Redd said. “Playing against them was cool, but we felt equal to them.” The Bears were given a surprising boost in goal from Melissa King ’08, who filled in for injured co-captain Julia Southard ’05 to record 15 saves. “Melissa stepped up and did a phenomenal job,” McDonald said. “She was composed and confident. It was the most minutes she’s seen in her college career, and her play in the cage really sparked our momentum on the field.” The Terrapins outshot the Bears 43-23 for the game and
M. lax continued from page 12 paced as the first, but the Bears still maintained solid control over the game. The Bobcats scored to open the quarter, but Woodson responded midway through off an assist from Wailes. Things picked up at the end of the half, as the Bears showed off their dodging ability by scoring two unassisted goals in the last
lion-gallon Outer Bay tank, which the great white shares with other sea life, including tuna, barracuda and sea turtles. Aquarium officials say that in both cases, the great white appeared to have been spooked by soupfin sharks that swam too close. Both times, the white shark bit near the tail of the nearby soupfin. The great white is known to feed on other sharks but was not apparently trying to eat the soupfins, Kochevar said. The aquarium has tried to prevent the shark from noshing on its neighbors by feeding it several times a day in hopes of keeping it sated. The female great white was about 4 to 6 months old when it was trapped in a commercial fisherman’s net off the coast of Huntington Beach last August and then taken to the aquarium. It arrived at 4 feet, 6 inches long and weighing 62 pounds. Over the last six months it has grown about a foot and gained about 40 pounds, but it is still not the largest fish in the tank. Some tuna in the tank weigh more than 300 pounds. Full-grown great whites run 12 to 15 feet long, with some known to exceed 20 feet.
scooped up 37 ground balls to Bruno’s 18. Maryland also did better on the draws in the second half, winning 12 out of 17 and did a good job forcing turnovers when Brown controlled the possession. “Right after we got a draw control, they would double- and triple-team us, and we wouldn’t be able to get a pass-off,” Staley said. The Bears have a chance to get back on the winning track this Wednesday when they take on Boston College (1-1). “I tell the women everyday we want to get better every game,” McDonald said. “We need to be coming out just as strong with the same mentality and sense of purpose. I would, (however,) like to see us getting those ground balls and working better into the flow of our attack.” “We came out in the first half and proved that we can play with any top-ranked team,” Staley said. “We need to maintain the positive attitude we came out with in the first half. We aren’t down. We aren’t dwelling on the Maryland game. We are ready to move on.”
2:30, one from co-captain Britton Derkac ’05 and the other from David Madiera ’07. Quinnipiac gave the Bears some trouble in the third quarter. After Clarke scored, the Bobcats turned the tables on Brown, controlling possession and the movement of the ball. In a savvy move, the Quinnipiac defenders applied unexpected pressure to the Brown attack during clears, making it difficult for the Bears to get into their settled offense. The move paid off, and the Bobcats
The aquarium’s goal is to keep the shark as long as it can, then return it to the wild. As for the two remaining soupfin sharks, they have “been moved to our Monterey Bay habitats exhibit, and we’ll continue to monitor them to see if they will stay on display there or if they’ll need to be released,” said Ken Peterson, an aquarium spokesman.
Brain continued from page 7 builds up intellectual capacity, and that may come into play.” She cautioned that other factors such as health, exercise and diet could also be responsible for the difference in mental ability. A full report of the research appeared in the current issue of Neuropsychology, a bimonthly journal published by the American Psychological Association. To investigate the relationship between education and brain activity among the elderly, the researchers conducted memory tests using a functional magnetic resonance imaging scanner, which records the changes in blood flow associated with mental activity. They tested 14 people between 18 and 30 years old who had between 11 and 20 years of formal schooling and 19 people over 65 who had between eight and 21 years of education. The scientists correlated brain activity to each volunteer’s age and education level. The better-schooled volunteers were able to work around the memory problems common among the aged by drawing on mental reserves. “We found that the older adults who were more educated tend to recruit these frontal areas of the brain,” said lead researcher Mellanie Springer at the Rotman Institute. The less educated elderly did not have such extra neural capability, nor did the younger educated volunteers, Springer said. These young brains had not yet developed the need to draw on such neural reserves.
scored four goals in the quarter to cut Brown’s lead to 11-6. “They came with a lot of pressure and it caught us off guard,” Buckley said. “It was a good tactic by them.” The Bears adjusted to the pressure in the fourth quarter, as the attackmen used their speed to make the Quinnipiac defenders pay for coming out farther to cover them. Buckley and Woodson both scored early, and the threat was over. The teams traded goals late in the quarter to give the Bears their final margin of victory, 14-7. The Bears face a much more serious challenge next weekend, when they travel to No. 13 University of MassachusettsAmherst, who is still stinging from last year’s 10-5 loss at Stevenson Field. “We got a lot of work to do before UMass,” Woodson said. “Once we gel … everyone who touches the ball can score.”
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Tar Heels continued from page 12 May went for 24 points and 13 boards despite pathetic conditioning. With the 6’8” Jawad Williams and 6’9” Marvin Williams added to the equation, Illinois would be in for the fight of their season. This column isn’t intended to say that I’m an arrogant North Carolina fan (although I am) but rather suggests that North Carolina must be considered the favorite to win it all. I will acknowledge that Roy Williams’ teams have been prone to choke, something I pray will be averted this year. On paper, though, North Carolina is the favorite in my book. Brian O’Donnell ’07 is the co-host
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
EDITORIAL/LETTERS MONDAY, MARCH 14, 2005 · PAGE 10 S T A F F
E D I T O R I A L
Frank discussion Roger Duffy has designed airport terminals and elementary school libraries. His buildings are all tall, luminous, gorgeous … and strangely cold. It may be that his designs, once brought to fruition as office buildings, transport hubs and shopping centers, are rarely photographed with the people who inhabit and use them. Duffy brings to Sidney E. Frank Hall his experience building for educational institutions, and integrating interior and exterior spaces — both important parts of designing a successful Frank Hall. We are tantalized by the prospect of a truly green campus building and our pale souls hunger for an academic space that may “mimic the beneficial effects of natural light” to “reinforce circadian rhythm.” Duffy’s creations with fiber optics and enormous windows are particularly appealing to those of us who spend most of our waking hours working under florescent lighting. At his more experimental, however, Duffy’s spaces seem undeniably inhuman. The most derided structures on campus — the Sciences Library or New Pembroke, for example — are mocked for their ugly exteriors. But students’ primary gripes are about the unaccommodating interiors. Our favorite spaces on campus aren’t the showiest or even the most practical. We love the comfortable elegance of Sayles Hall, the functionality of MacMillan Hall and the transparency of versatile Smith-Buonanno. The Urban Environmental Lab may be a little cramped, but its tight spaces ensure interaction among its users and create a sense of family. The buildings we like best may not have glamorous facades, but inside, they are accessible, useable and even a little homey. We are pleased to see that the University has taken a risk in hiring the unconventional Duffy. The job ahead of him — to satisfy faculty, students and perhaps most threatening, College Hill residents, who are already unhappily living in the shadow of one behemoth, the LiSci — is a difficult one. We would love to have a snazzy new building to divert attention from eyesores like the SciLi and the Rock. But we hope that Duffy will keep in mind that while campus spaces can be works of art, they are also our homes. When the classes of the future walk into Frank Hall, we want them to be bathed in light — we do not want them to scurry through chilly open spaces or hunch away from looming columns and banks of glass. We encourage Duffy to think big, but think of us.
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD EDITORIAL Jonathan Ellis, Editor-in-Chief Sara Perkins, Executive Editor Christopher Hatfield, Senior Editor Lisa Mandle, Senior Editor Meryl Rothstein, Arts & Culture Editor Melanie Wolfgang, Arts & Culture Editor Justin Elliott, Campus Watch Editor Stephanie Clark, Focus Editor Kira Lesley, Focus Editor Robbie Corey-Boulet, Metro Editor Te-Ping Chen, Opinions Editor Ari Savitzky, Opinions Editor Chris Mahr, Sports Editor Ben Miller, Sports Editor Stephen Colelli, Asst. Sports Editor PRODUCTION Peter Henderson, Design Editor Katie Lamm, Copy Desk Chief Lela Spielberg, Copy Desk Chief Matt Vascellaro, Graphics Editor Ashley Hess, Photo Editor Juliana Wu, Photo Editor
BUSINESS Ian Halvorsen, General Manager Daniel Goldberg, Executive Manager Mark Goldberg, Senior Financial Officer Lisa Poon, Marketing Manager Abigail Ronck, Senior Business Consultant Rob McCartney, Senior Accounts Manager David Ranken, Senior Accounts Manager Kathleen Timmins, Senior Accounts Manager Laird Bennion, Senior Project Manager Elias Roman, Senior Project Manager Ryan Shewcraft, Chief Technology Officer POST- MAGAZINE Fritz Brantley, Editor-in-Chief Adrian Muniz, Executive Editor Sarah Gordon, Calendar Editor Abigail Newman, Theater Editor Josh Cohen, Design Editor Marissa Hauptman, Photo Editor Ruthie Baron, Features Editor Jeremy Beck, Film Editor Paul Levande, Assistant Film Editor Jesse Adams, Music Editor
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DANIEL L AWLOR
LETTERS Stein’s argument is pointless, lame To the Editor: I found most of Andrew K. Stein’s “Three kinds of stupid Brown conversations” on Friday to be a pathetic attempt at saying something meaningful or being funny. I’d listened to more coherent, entertaining and enlightening statements from Wesley Willis’ songs than I’d read in Stein’s train wreck of an op-ed. Stein’s mindless rant against certain Brown students complains about “how much they friggin’ love their ethnicity.” Andrew, I have to apologize here. I’m sorry that my appreciation for my own Asian American heritage has brought to light your lack of appreciation for/understanding of/boredom with your own background, and that it has incited you to write nonsensical ramblings about groups of people you’ve probably never even met. I’m proud of my ethnicity because of the ways in which my ancestors fought to get into this country against exclusionary acts and made a living doing manual labor when their capabilities were well above the work — all so that I could do something
crazy like move up the social ladder and help other people get their start in this country. Does my “friggin’ ethnicity” still bother you? Unless you’ve been followed around a clothing store, been punched in the face or had a rock thrown through your living room window because you were of a certain ethnicity, you’ve got no place to say that you’re tired of listening to someone else explain her/his struggle with racial oppression. It would be one thing if I were shoving rice down your throat and delivering kung fu kicks to your groin, if I should be so stereotypical, but it’s another to embrace my culture and others’, and try to learn something during the exchange. Maybe a good start for you would be to have a real conversation with a real Brown student (i.e., other than yourself or the Bruno statue). You’d realize that your opinion, albeit overstated for the sake of making a point, is not only unfounded but also simpleminded and lame. Brian Lee ’06 March 13
Green should ignore anonymous posts To the Editor: I was happy to learn the purpose of Etan Green’s film submission (“ ‘Orgasm’ on trial,” March 10). It sounds like he predicted that “identifying hypocritical sexual boundaries” would provoke a strong response; his real outrage was that people would be so rude as to attack him personally. But the comments he quoted were anonymous
posts on the Internet, where people tend to lack the common courtesy that we are used to in personal relations or printed writing. As an artist, Green should be able to filter out mean-spirited criticisms and determine which, if any, are relevant to his work. Noah Chevalier ’07 March 10
C O R R E C T I O N A review published Friday, “Elizabethan gender bender is a potent production,” mistakenly stated that Jeffrey Hatcher’s play “Compleat Female Stage Beauty” was set in the 15th century. It was actually based on 17th-century events.
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THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
OPINIONS MONDAY, MARCH 14, 2005 · PAGE 11 MICHAL ZAPENDOWSKI
World must talk its way out of Pax Americana As a generation, we have come of age against the backdrop of international conflict. The pressure is to choose sides: Either to support America, support the Bush Administration, support the liberation of Iraq by force and (ipso facto) an attempt to bring democracy into the Arab world or oppose unilateral invasion and pre-emptive war and champion the authority of the United Nations Security Council. But is the choice really that simple? Opposing the invasion of Iraq, which was not unilateral (remember Poland), makes it difficult to justify NATO taking action against genocide in Kosovo, which was also made possible by flouting U.N. authority — that time in the form of a Russian veto. The “U.N. argument” essentially claims that action should only be taken against exceedingly brutal regimes when all five permanent members of the Security Council are willing to condone the action being taken. Given the “special relationships” various members of the Big Five enjoy with countries around the world, what this essentially does is create a world order based on a network of patronage. The Iraqi regime can’t invade Kuwait without facing an international response, but Israel can occupy and settle foreign territory with impunity. On the other hand, while supporting U.S. unilateralism is an easy alternative for those at home and abroad who have absolute faith in the U.S. leadership, placing this type of immense moral authority in the hands of one nation is a bad idea, not in the least because the United States has a humanitarian and moral record no
cleaner than the average world power. Clearly, we need a multilateralism that works. The main problem with the current situation is that we exist in a world that is in
wields a lot of leverage. The problem is that America acts like it has a right to speak for world democracy, a role that is a legacy of the Cold War. Meanwhile, as democracy spreads, the
We live in a world where any nation whose government has the desire to use force (externally or internally) can do so, so long as it doesn't invade a protégé of a stronger power — as was the case with Iraq and Kuwait. This kind of arrangement suits the government of the United States. a state of near-anarchy. While the United States is more-or-less free to overthrow any third world dictatorship it chooses, Russia is free to maintain a brutal occupation in Chechnya; Israel is free to occupy Jerusalem and the West Bank; India is free to occupy Muslim Kashmir; and Iran is free to occupy the Arab province of Khuzestan. We live in a world where any nation whose government has the desire to use force (externally or internally) can do so, so long as it doesn’t invade a protégé of a stronger power — as was the case with Iraq and Kuwait. This kind of arrangement suits the government of the United States, because in a world where the ultimate trump card is force, the nation with the most powerful army
necessity for a multilateral framework that is not just a fig-leaf for anarchy becomes more and more apparent. Paper will not achieve this dream — it requires old-fashioned power realignment. Only once democratic nations in Europe and elsewhere become more assertive, and once international authority is backed up by a pillar of force other than the U.S. Army, will the United States be restrained. Only once America is restrained will it become possible to create a world where force does not trump the judgment of the international community, and situations such as the Palestinian-Israeli conflict or the Chechen conflict can be resolved in a humanitarian manner. America has an agenda for every conti-
nent, focused on promoting American ideas of how international relations and free trade should work, which nations can or cannot legitimately use force, who counts as a terrorist and who is a freedom-fighter. What about Europe? Or Japan? These nations might counter that they do not desire the type of role in the world that the United States takes on today, but the only alternative seems to be U.S. dominance, and power need not necessarily be projected through the simplistic “friends and enemies” dichotomy preferred by Washington. Greater world involvement by other nations — which has already begun to develop on many fronts — would go a long way in restoring balance to the international order. If other democracies begin to play more of a role on the international stage, world public opinion will eventually start to shape the course of events, similarly to the way U.S. public opinion does today. The outcome of the 2004 U.S. election had a clear impact on international affairs. Someday, the same might be true about the election of the Council of Ministers of Europe. Opinion polls and demonstrations in the street make the will of other peoples clear, but that can only bring concrete results if it translates into national foreign policies. The situation we have today resembles a classroom where one student talks over everybody else, and the other students do nothing but complain. The only way forward is for someone else to start talking. Michal Zapendowski ’07 is that kid in section who won’t stop yammering.
Wal-Mart freedom I first learned of the prisoner’s dilemma in an economics class my freshman year. For those who missed out or forgot, it goes like this: Two criminals are arrested, suspected of collaborating on the same crime. Since the authorities don’t have sufficient proof, they isolate the prisoners in separate cells and offer them the same deal: “If neither of you talk, we’ll keep you for couple days but then we’ll have to let you go” they say. “If both of you talk, we’ll convict you both, but we’ll soften your sentence for cooperating,” they continue. But, “if one of you rats out the other, the snitch can go free while the other rots.” Isolated in his cell, one of the prisoners thinks it over: If the other guy talks, then I better talk too so I can get a softer sentence, he deduces, and if the other guy plays dumb, then I should talk and walk free. The other prisoner has the exact same thoughts. Both snitch and both get sentenced to jail. The outcome is surprising. Both prisoners make their best decision but don’t get the best outcome. Ideally, neither of the prisoners would have talked and both would have been released, but that doesn’t happen. It doesn’t happen because they have the choice to snitch. It is this choice that undoes them. When it comes to choice, the prisoners would have preferred less. They would have preferred to restrict their freedom of choice. The current debate about Wal-Mart brings the prisoner’s dilemma to mind.
The pro-Wal-Mart crowd claims consumer savings as mandate for dismal corporate practices. People are free to shop or not shop at Wal-Mart, they explain. Their choice of Wal-Mart over the competition amounts to stamp of approval for the company’s business practices, which they claim are all in the name of low prices. The Wal-Mart sympathizers frame the
Mart because the lower prices are worth “those other costs.” The activists are criticized for being “out of touch with America.” If America did not like WalMart then they wouldn’t shop there. That logic is faulty. Consumer behavior does not a mandate make. In fact, U.S. consumers may be similar to the prisoners, wishing there were fewer options. If U.S. consumers are rational
The current debate about Wal-Mart brings the prisoner's dilemma to mind. The pro-Wal-Mart crowd claims consumer savings as mandate for dismal corporate practices. Perhaps consumers would like less freedom to choose. debate as a cultural war, with leftist activists on one side and price-minimizing consumers on the other. The activists — in the form of community, labor, and local business groups — reject Wal-Mart on the grounds that it breeds strip malls, depresses wages and bankrupts family businesses. The consumers, being rational cost-minimizers, flock to Wal-
price-minimizers then they know that if everyone else shops at Wal-Mart their individual purchasing decisions won’t change a thing. They could convince their family, their friends, and their friend’s friends to avoid the chain and they still wouldn’t put a dent in the Walton bottom line. And if they can’t change things then they might as well
buy cheap and shop at Wal-Mart. On the other hand, if everyone else decides not to shop at Wal-Mart, then one individual’s purchase, of say a TV with DVD player and surround sound system, can’t single-handedly keep Sam Walton afloat. Again the rational price-minimizing consumer chooses to shop at Wal-Mart because as an individual his or her decision doesn’t change a thing. Americans, whether they like Wal-Mart or not, shop at Wal-Mart, and the Walton fortune grows. Freedom is a word that can legitimize most anything these days — from wars to protect our freedom, to tax cuts to free us from government, to Wal-Mart as freedom of consumer choice. Free-marketers expect the market to reward and punish, but they are mistaken. Individuals have no incentive to avoid Wal-Mart because their actions, in isolation, have no effect. It remains to activists, community groups, zoning boards and labor organizations to protest Wal-Mart. And when they do, they’re not being paternal or exhibiting “we know what’s best for you” elitism, they are addressing an issue the market is ill-equipped to address.
Neale Mahoney ’05 is to Han Solo as Sam Walton is to Darth Vader.
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
SPORTS MONDAY MARCH 14, 2005 · PAGE 12
No. 16 m. lax moves to 2-0 on season BY BERNARD GORDON SPORTS STAFF WRITER
The No. 16 men’s lacrosse team ran its record to 2-0 yesterday, beating Quinnipiac University 14-7 on the Turf Field at the Erickson Athletic Complex. The Bears were led by four goals from Alex Buckley ’07 and three from co-captain Chazz Woodson ’05. Kyle Wailes ’06 had an integral part in leading the Bears’ impressive attack, notching four assists. “(Wailes is) one of the best passers in the country,” said Head Coach Scott Nelson. “He makes our guys (better) shooters.” Buckley had been playing midfield last season, but Nelson saw that he had tremendous shooting talent and moved him to attack this season to get him more opportunities to score. Buckley’s performance yesterday justified Nelson’s faith that he would become a key part of the offense. “He’s learning the attack position (and getting more comfortable), and he’s a great shooter and athlete,” Nelson said. The Bears also got both of their goalies into the game, as Nick Gentilesco ’06 and Chandler Clarke ’07 were both solid between the pipes. Gentilesco and Clarke have been competing for the starting spot, and Nelson has had a hard time choosing a starter because both have been excellent. Gentilesco started the game for the Bears and did a fine job of anchoring the defense, allowing only two goals while making five saves. Clarke started the second half and wasted no time making his presence felt. Less than two minutes into the half, Clarke took off on an amazing end-to-end run, cutting up Quinnipiac defenders en route to his first collegiate goal. “I just started going downfield, beat one guy, and just kept going,” said Clarke. The Bears were dominant during the first quarter, controlling the ball for nearly the entire period. Brown simply overpowered the Bobcats at midfield and attack, winning all of the faceoffs, moving the ball well and frustrating
Ashley Hess / Herald
Alex Buckley ’07 scored four of 14 Brown goals in its 14-7 triumph over Quinnipiac on Sunday. Quinnipiac’s attempts to get a good possession. Less than a minute into the game, cocaptain Chris Mucciolo ’05 scored on an extra-man opportunity. After Quinnipiac struck back three minutes later, Buckley started the Bears on a huge run with an unassisted goal six minutes into the first quarter. In the next 2:40, the Bears scored three more goals, giving Bruno a 5-1 lead with little more than half of the period gone by. “We wanted to jump on them early, (and that was what we did),” said Woodson. “We’re starting to figure each other out and get used to each other.” The Bears slowed down as Quinnipiac finally managed to gain possession of the ball, but Buckley scored again before the end of the quarter to give Brown a 6-1 lead. The second quarter was not as fast-
With the Illini vulnerable inside, UNC is the safest bet to win it all Two Sundays ago, shortly after 6 p.m., one play marked the official return of the North Carolina men’s college basketball program. I sat in a Barbour Hall suite with my Carolina hoodie pulled over my head for good luck, since UNC BRIAN O’DONNELL O’DONNELL RULES had gone on an 8-0 run with that look. I said just about every prayer I knew with Raymond Felton at the charity stripe, shooting his second free throw of two, with the Heels down one. My gut told me Felton, a 68-percent free throw shooter on the season, would miss. And miss he did, but “Everybody Loves” Raymond got a piece of the rebound, knocking the loose ball to Marvin Williams, who calmly made the basket while drawing a foul. Who would have thought that Williams, a freshman who had been blocked five times earlier in the game on attempted dunks, would be the player to enter Tar Heel folklore? The game marked only the third win for the Heels over Duke in their last 18 meetings. The monkey that was Duke was finally lifted off the backs of this crop of Carolina players, even without leading scorer Rashad McCants, who was recovering from a combination of the flu, intestinal disorder and stress related to his mother’s cancer. Furthermore, it was the first time that this North Carolina team showed the mental toughness needed to win a nail-biter, unlike their previous meeting with Duke at Cameron Indoor Stadium, when they failed to get a shot off in the final 18 seconds of the game while down one. The No. 1-ranked team in the land, Illinois, fell that same day to a respectable Ohio State team. Immediately afterward, however, college basketball “experts” said Illinois should still be No. 1. Honestly, I don’t care if they are No. 1 in the polls, because all that will matter in the end is the NCAA Tournament — just ask last year’s UConn team. Illinois has had some tremendous
see M. LAX, page 8
W. lax puts in game effort in loss to MD BY BEN MILLER SPORTS EDITOR
A furious second-half rally proved to be too much for the women’s lacrosse team, as it fell 20-7 to No. 7 University of Maryland, College Park on Saturday. The loss drops the Bears to 1-2 on the season. It was the second year in a row that the Terrapins (3-2) scored 20 or more goals against the Bears, having toppled Brown 21-6 in Providence last year. In a back-and-forth first half, the Terrapins struck first, scoring two goals —
Ashley Hess / Herald
Caitlin Wolff ’08 scored the first goal of her college career Saturday.
including one off a behind-the-back shot — in the first minute and a half. Maryland increased its lead four minutes later on a goal by Acacia Walker to go up 3-0. It was the beginning of what would be a career day for Walker, who scored five goals, had two assists, won six draws and picked up four ground balls. “I didn’t really change anything,” said Head Coach Keely McDonald ’00 of Maryland’s torrid start. “To score three goals is easy in lacrosse. We didn’t change our mentality, we played just as strong.” The Bears cut the margin to two on the first career goal by Caitlin Wolff ’08 with 17:55 left in the half. The two teams continued to trade goals, with the Terps going up 4-1 before co-captain Kate Staley ’06 responded with her fifth goal of the season at the 14:24 mark. Maryland scored again to take a 5-2 lead, but the Bears brought it to one after a free-position shot from Amie Biros ’07 and a score from Sarah Passano ’05. “The times when we had the ball, we did pretty well with it,” said Jen Redd ’07. “We just were not getting as many secondchance opportunities.” The Bears got a chance to tie the score after winning the ensuing draw, but Maryland forced a turnover and scored on a fast break at 14:32. Passano had one last shot before the end of the half, but it was saved by Maryland goalie Kirah Miles.
“It was back and forth there for a while,” McDonald said. “We had a lot of chances to tie it at 5-5, but they just got the last goal.” One key to the Bears’ first-half success was their ability to gain possessions off the draws, as they won eight of 11 in the opening period. “They scored off fast-break transitions, and then we started getting draw controls and converting,” Staley said. “We knew we could play with them. We were not intimidated. We put our minds to getting the job done.” The next 30 minutes proved to be all Maryland, as the Terps scored eight goals in the first 11 minutes and 14 for the half. “They went on a run, they kept control of the draws and they moved the ball really quickly,” Staley said. The post-halftime surge was typical for a Terrapin team that has outscored opponents 42-20 in the second half this season. “Maryland came out strong, and we were ready for them, but they got some quick goals in transition,” McDonald said. “We need to make some adjustments, especially in our transition defense, to stop their fast break.” The Bears finally got their first goal of the second half from Redd to cut the lead to 14-5 with 13:34 left. The Terrapins, however, poured in six see W. LAX, page 8
wins this season against the likes of Wake Forest, Gonzaga, Michigan State, Cincinnati and Wisconsin, but in reality, they have rarely been tested with tough road games. Also, the Big Ten has had a down year, unlike the ACC, the top-ranked conference according to the RPI. I welcome Illinois to go to Durham to play No. 2 Duke or WinstonSalem to play No. 6 Wake Forest rather than stay in the comfortable confines of Assembly Hall. At some point over the next few weeks, we can assume that a potential UNC-Illinois match-up will be discussed. In my opinion, and it’s not just the Tar Heel fan in me talking, Illinois will want to avoid the Tar Heels because of the match-up nightmares UNC would pose. Illinois leans heavily on perimeter shooting from its dynamic guard trio of Dee Brown, Deron Williams and Luther Head, but Williams, the tallest of the three, stands at just 6’3”. Carolina counters with Felton, one of the fastest players in the nation, at the point. Rashad McCants is arguably the most gifted offensive player in the country, and defensive star Jackie Manuel, who recently garnered first team All-ACC Defensive honors, is capable of shutting anyone down, as evidenced by J.J. Redick’s zero-point second half two Sundays ago. The game in the paint would be a virtual no-contest. Carolina has a potential AllAmerican in Sean May, who’s coming off a 26-point, 24-rebound effort against Duke. Last year, in a meeting won by UNC, Sean see TAR HEELS, page 9
Skiing takes 2nd at Nationals The skiing team took second place at the UCSCA National Championships this past weekend at Brundage Mountain in McCall, Idaho. The Bears came in second in the slalom and third in the giant slalom. In a pool of nearly 90 competitors, Hillary Swaffield ’06 placed sixth overall with a time of 1:58.93 in the giant slalom. Kelly O’Hear ’07, meanwhile, was third in the slalom with a mark of 1:31.08. Swaffield was 19th in the same event. Sophie Elgort ’08 also performed well for the Bears, coming in 17th in the slalom and 25th in the giant slalom. — Ben Miller More in The Herald Tuesday. WEEKEND SPORTS SCOREBOARD
FRIDAY, MARCH 11 Men’s ICE HOCKEY: Colgate 4, Brown 1 Women’s WATER POLO: Brown 22, Utica 1 BASEBALL: Santa Clara 8, Brown 6 Men’s TENNIS: Tulane 4, Brown 0 (at
SATURDAY, MARCH 12 Women’s LACROSSE: Maryland 20, Brown 7 GYMNASTICS: Bridgeport 197.7, Brown 180.85 Women’s WATER POLO: Hartwick 18, Brown 8 Women’s WATER POLO: Brown 21, Queens 6 BASEBALL: Brown 7, Santa Clara 5 BASEBALL: San Jose State 5, Brown 3 Men’s ICE HOCKEY: Colgate 3, Brown 0 (Colgate wins best-of-three playoff series 2-0) Men’s TENNIS: Brown 4, SDSU 2 (at Blue/Gray Invitational) SKIING: 2nd overall (at USCSA Nationals) SUNDAY, MARCH 13 Men’s LACROSSE: Brown 14, Quinnipiac 7 BASEBALL: Brown 7, Santa Clara 5 Men’s TENNIS: Brown 4, NC State 3 (at Invitational)