M O N D A Y FEBRUARY 9, 2004
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD Volume CXXXIX, No. 9
An independent newspaper serving the Brown community since 1891
Former political prisoner Bility speaks at ‘Live for Liberia!’ fundraiser
Marlon Riggs film festival explores questions of black identity BY ALEXANDRA BARSK
The work of Marlon Riggs, a gay African American filmmaker, poet and educator who died of AIDS in 1994 at the age of 37, was commemorated in a film festival Saturday titled BLACK HISTORY “Performing and Race, MONTH • 2004 Policing Gender and Sexuality.” The festival presented three of Riggs’ documentaries: “Color Adjustment,” “Ethnic Notions” and “Tongues Untied.” It was also part of Brown’s celebration of Black History Month. The screenings were followed by a discussion panel moderated by Andrea Carvalho ’05 and featuring Andre Thompson ’05; Daniel Scott, a professor of English at Rhode Island College; and Kevin Quashie, a professor of AfroAmerican Studies at Smith College. Riggs’ final documentary, “Black Is … Black Ain’t,” which was completed posthumously, was referenced by the panelists but not included in the festival. The film explores identity issues confronting black people in America. Professor of Africana Studies Joy James said she organized the event hoping to initiate a dynamic discussion about the way that “democratic culture unfolds or collapses in the presence of certain peoples.” She said Riggs’ work is important “in terms of thinking about identity in the American landscape.” To begin the discussion, speakers gave short presentations of their thoughts in response to Riggs’ work and the issues it raises. Thompson, a sexuality and society concentrator, read a piece about both what he called his “personal dis-identification” from a black culture promoting hyper-masculinity and the negative effects of alienation in general. Until members of the black community can accept themselves wholly and without exception, they will continue to be economically, spiritually and politically disenfranchised, Thompson said. Quashie addressed the issue of representation and its authenticity in society, an idea that recurred throughout the discussion. He spoke about black cultural nationalism as a force that responds to oppression by attempting to “define who we are and what we should be in order to obtain freedom.” It demands that people leave aspects of their identity out of its discourse, he said. “The sooner that we can give up the security of nationalism and find other ways of talking about human life, the better off we’ll be,” Quashie said after the discussion. During the question-and-answer session, the audience and panelists dissee RIGGS, page 4
BY ELISE BARAN
legendary beloved Brown resident professor of “psychoceramics,” or the study of cracked pots, reputedly began this tradition when he made a donation of $101.01 to the Brown library one Friday the 13th in 1955. Fittingly, a cracked pot will be available in the post office for donations to the library fund between 10 a.m. and 3 p.m. Also on the calendar for SPEC this month is Dance Through the Decades, which will offer music from a different
The responsibility for making Liberia a democracy ultimately lies with its citizens, said human rights activist, journalist and former political prisoner Hassan Bility, at Live for Liberia! Saturday. “Americans can only do so much,” Bility said. “The real challenge goes to Liberians themselves.” Live for Liberia!, a fundraiser benefiting Liberian relief efforts, drew about 700 students and Providence residents to Beneficent Church Saturday and raised about $5,000 through ticket sales, according to volunteer Ethan Ris ’05. The money will be sent to support the Liberian operations of at least one humanitarian aid group, such as the Red Cross or UNICEF, Ris said. In his speech Saturday, one of the main evening events, Bility reminded the audience that Liberia was founded on the same political ideals as the United States. He said he supported recent American interventions in Liberia that forced the resignation of former President Charles Taylor and have facilitated the release of political prisoners such as Bility. President Ruth Simmons also spoke Saturday, encouraging audience members to educate themselves about the plight of Liberians. Rather than seeing Liberia as a problem, Americans should see it as a country with the capacity to be reborn, she said. “There is always room to celebrate our humanity,” Simmons said. The audience responded with cheers and applause. Bility echoed Simmons’ conviction that Liberia is ready for political rebirth, focusing on the importance of democracy. Between 1997 and 2002, Bility was
see SPEC, page 4
see LIBERIA, page 4
Nick Neely / Herald
Three of Marlon Riggs’ documentaries were screened Saturday in List Art Center.
SPEC plans semester of dancing, psychoceramics BY MELANIE WOLFGANG
Brown’s Special Events Committee is kicking off 2004 with dancing, dining and a few cracked pots. Now in its third year, the student-run Special Events Committee, charged with planning events that appeal to the entire University community, has a full schedule planned for the spring semester. SPEC will start the semester Friday — like every Friday the 13th better known to Brown as Carberry Day — with the collection of student donations toward the Carberry Book Fund. Josiah Carberry, the
Simmons to address all students tonight BY SARAH LABRIE
President Ruth Simmons will discuss the Initiatives for Academic Enrichment and other topics of concern to undergraduate, graduate and medical students in tonight’s Presidential Address, Assistant to the President Marisa Quinn told The Herald. The address will be structured much like Simmons’ remarks at last week’s faculty meeting, during which she brought faculty up to date on University fundraising and plans for physical expansion of the campus, Quinn said.
The University Council of Students initially suggested Simmons give a “State of the University” address last year, after students expressed interest in seeing more of her, said UCS President Rahim Kurji ’05. Because she has spent much of the past year traveling to promote Brown’s capital campaign, Simmons has not been as visible on campus lately, Kurji said. “Students want to hear more from the president, and she wants to spend the time that she’s here communicating with students,” he said. After the speech, Simmons will be available to speak indi-
I N S I D E M O N D AY, F E B RUA RY 9 , 2 0 0 4 Shape Note singing comes back into style, showcased in a Providence concert arts & culture, page 3
New Plays festival showcases Brown grad student in directorial role arts & culture, page 3
Brian Rainey ’04 says Green Party candidates are the right ones for him column, page 11
vidually with students, Kurji added. Although Monday night marks the first official presidential address, Kurji said he hopes the president’s remarks to undergraduates will become an annual tradition. The most important factor in the success of the event is student attendance, he said. “We want to make sure it is worthwhile and President Simmons is making good use of her time.” The Presidential Address will be held at 7:30 p.m. in Salomon 101 and simulcast in Salomon 001.
TO D AY ’ S F O R E C A S T Women’s hockey does well in recent weekend action, looks ahead sports, page 12
Men’s basketball sees mixed results in weekend efforts against two schools sports, page 12
partly cloudy high 42 low 30
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
THIS MORNING MONDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 2004 · PAGE 2 Coup de Grace Grace Farris
W E AT H E R FRIDAY
High 42 Low 30 partly cloudy
High 43 Low 25 partly cloudy
High 38 Low 22 sunny
High 37 Low 19 sunny GRAPHICS BY TED WU
Four Years Eddie Ahn
MENU SHARPE REFECTORY LUNCH — Vegetarian Six Bean Soup, Clam Bisque, BLT Sandwich, French Taco Sandwich,Vegetable Strudel, Oregon Blend Vegetables, Chocolate Chip Cookies,White Chocolate Cake, Banana Cream Pie.
VERNEY-WOOLLEY DINING HALL LUNCH — Vegetarian Chick Pea Soup, New England Clam Chowder, Chicken Fingers,Vegetarian Grinder, Sugar Snap Peas, Chocolate Chip Cookies.
DINNER — Vegetarian Six Bean Soup, Clam Bisque, Batter Fried Fish, Baked Stuffed Chicken Breast, Vegetable Stuffed Peppers, Italian Roasted Potatoes, Spinach with Lemon, Summer Squash, Honey Wheat Bread, Chocolate Chip Cookies,White Chocolate Cake, Banana Cream Pie.
DINNER — Vegetarian Chick Pea Soup, New England Clam Chowder, Pot Roast Jardiniere, Shells with Broccoli, Baked Potatoes, Zucchini, Carrot & Garlic Medley, Asparagus Cuts with Lemon, Honey Wheat Bread,White Chocolate Cake.
My Best Effort William Newman and Barron Youngsmith
CROSSWORD ACROSS 1 Memorial news item 5 Linger 9 Hopper or Gabler 14 Zilch, to Pedro 15 Amass, with “up” 16 Figure of speech 17 Employs 18 “__ no kick from champagne”: song lyric 19 New York newspaper 20 Cleveland suburb named for a religious sect 23 Feet-wiping surface 24 Legal thing 25 Story in installments 29 Turn sharply 31 Queer 34 Tehran native 35 “Little Man __”: Jodie Foster film 36 Nike competitor 37 Delicacy from the desert 40 Exxon predecessor 41 Desire 42 52-Down’s creator 43 __ volente: God willing 44 Blood components 45 Leased 46 Md. neighbor 47 Balloon filler 48 British Invasion group 55 Luigi’s love 57 Faucet defect 58 TV’s Warrior Princess 59 Get frantic 60 Not on time 61 Actor Jannings 62 Not approximate 63 Snow transport 64 Lymph __
DOWN 1 Burden 2 Big party 3 What a light bulb means, in comics 4 Job 5 Kind of notebook 6 Snug 7 On the sheltered side 8 Abominable Snowman 9 __ and yon 10 Revises text 11 Darkens a bit 12 Anonymous John 13 Morning periods: Abbr. 21 Online message 22 Athenian, e.g. 25 Begat 26 Obliterate 27 Dustin’s “Midnight Cowboy” role 28 Division word 29 “Wheel of Fortune” celeb 30 French state 31 Out in the open 32 Actress Keaton 1
33 Outmoded 35 Onetime Russian leader 36 Sermon response 38 “The Seven Year Itch” actor Tom 39 Tennis great Chris 44 Choose 45 Gambled 46 Kind of column
N E N E
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Q U E E R
D C N F I A N A K E V E E D E R O P S U P E T S
U T’s Fifteen Days Yu-Ting Liu
36 39 42
Penguiener Haan Lee
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S L E D S I V E A N I A D A N G A N S O I M O K N E R I G L E T O S S N D T I R E O N E D U E N E R R O R
M A N O N
B U M R A P
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B A R U S S H E E A R S E T D O I N N I T I
T E T
Greg and Todd’s Awesome Comic Greg Shilling and Todd Goldstein
ANSWER TO PREVIOUS PUZZLE: O D O M
47 Quartz marble 48 Gossip’s Barrett 49 Tribulations 50 Oscar winner Patricia 51 Yoked beasts 52 Captain created by 42-Across 53 Geraint’s wife 54 Bargain event 55 Impersonate 56 Greatest degree
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ARTS & CULTURE MONDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 2004 · PAGE 3
Providence group strives to bring Shape Note singing into spotlight BY KIRA LESLEY
At the age of 14, Tim Eriksen developed an affinity for two types of music — punk rock and early American Sacred Harp singing. Although he still sports a shaved head, multiple rings and big black boots, Eriksen has left the punk rock behind and opted instead for a successful career in Sacred Harp singing — a subdivision of the Shape Note music genre. On Sunday night, Eriksen gave a concert in the Round Top Center at Beneficent Church in downtown Providence after spending the day conducting a “singing school” for community members. Shape Note music is some of the earliest music composed in America. In the country’s early years, towns and parishes hired a Singing Master to teach music that he had written or collected. According to Kelly House, one of the core members of the Providence Shape Note singing group, these meetings, known as “sings” to those who attended them, were social events where people would not only learn to sing but also share dinner and conversation. In Shape Note musical notation, differently-shaped note heads identify the degree of the scale, making it easier for people with little or no musical training to read music. One of the oldest collections of Shape Note music still in existence is the Sacred Harp hymnal, which was first published in 1844, House said. Audience members who arrived early Sunday were greeted by powerful hymns from the Sacred Harp hymnal reverberating throughout the room. The melody (tenor), treble (soprano), alto and bass voices of Providence Shape Note singers blended together to create a vibrant, powerful sound.
After the group singing, Eriksen took the stage, beginning with two a capella pieces. His rich, soulful voice evoked a deep longing in the first song, which he described as an obscure New England Christmas carol in a minor key. Eriksen’s twangy second song was peppered with glottal stops reminiscent of a masterfully executed cracking country yodel. Such glottal stops are common not only in traditional American singing but also in Bosnian music, Eriksen said. Shape Note music reached its popular apex around the time of the Second Great Awakening in the mid-19th century, House said. Much of the music focused on Christian themes and was sung at Protestant churches. But although the religious nature of the music held deep meaning for some, the “sings” of the 19th century were primarily a social event, House said. In addition to hymns, Eriksen sang march songs, tales of unrequited love and battle songs telling stories such as the sinking of the Cumberland, a battleship used by the Union Army during the Civil War. Despite covering diverse topics, many of the songs were linked together by the rich, lonely quality of Eriksen’s voice. Eriksen conveyed genuine emotion by singing “straight out.” As opposed to the Italian “Bel Canto” style of singing that is common in classical performances, Shape Note singing is throatier and less stylized. Eriksen said that rather than trying to alter his voice, he sings “the way most of the people in the world sing.” Shape Note singing is similar to the folk music of Appalachia, Eriksen said.
ARTS & CULTURE REVIEW
Play details complicated relationships, fight between good and evil BY KRISTA HACHEY
“The Blind Woman from Veracruz,” by Jonathan Ceniceroz, creates an ironic and powerful central visionary who atones for a deal with the devil by leading those around her away from self-denial and estrangement from love. Directed by Alex Torra GS, a first-year M.F.A. candidate in the Brown/Trinity Rep Consortium, “The Blind Woman” was performed Sunday at the McCormack Family Theater, as part of Brown’s annual New Plays Festival. Complex and moving, Ceniceroz’s work proves that there are and will continue to be new ways to shape the human condition into art. One is likely to leave the theater carrying a piece of his passion. Ceniceroz captures love’s healing power through four characters, each of whom acts as a catalyst for another’s self-discovery. While the play is rich with emotional and artistic complexity, its backbone is the conflict between Maria DeLeon (Tina Chilip GS), a blind woman with oracular capacities, and the daughter she abandoned at birth, Destiny Cartwright (Meagan Prahl GS). On one layer of analysis, DeLeon and Destiny assume the faces of good and evil and infuse some parts of the play with a supernatural and dream-like disposition. The tensions between the two characters are transcended through a surreal and dramatic act of self-sacrifice, in which DeLeon gives up her life and
see SHAPE-NOTE, page 7 see TORRA, page 6
PAGE 4 THE BROWN DAILY HERALD MONDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 2004
SPEC continued from page 1 genre each hour during a Feb. 26 celebration. Like many of SPEC’s events, Dance through the Decades will feature free food and prize giveaways. SPEC’s official mission is to support the campus community by offering free, fun events that appeal to the entire student body. By offering these communitybuilding events year after year, SPEC also hopes to make students aware of the history of the university and its traditions, said Kate Wolford, SPEC advisor and project director for the Office of Campus Life and Student Services. “We are regularly looking at old
Liberia continued from page 1 arrested seven times for reporting on human rights violations by the Liberian government, he said. Then, in June 2002, Bility was arrested as the editor-in-chief of the independent newspaper the Analyst and held prisoner for six months. Bility’s release in December 2002 was conditional upon exile in the United States. It was the first time a Liberian citizen had ever been exiled, he said. Bility’s speech was part of the
Riggs continued from page 1 cussed people’s desire to find a positive image on the screen that precisely represents their identity. But Quashie said this search is ultimately futile. “Riggs’ work pushes us to give up representation as our only entryway into talking about identity politics,” he said. Carvalho asked the panelists
files and University archives to look for other, older events that we could bring back,” she said. The group offered a host of events last semester, including the third annual Live on Lincoln, the Super SPECtacular Study Break and Carnivale, which offered the musical talents of a Boston-based Latino band — and lots of free food — outside the Sciences Library. Founded in 2001 by current Student Coordinator Anna Stern ’04, SPEC was developed as an answer to a “lack of communal feeling on campus,” Stern said. Its events have regularly yielded a turnout of more than 800 students across a range of academic years, interests and concentrations, she said.
“You can go to other events on campus and not necessarily get that kind of diversity,” said SPEC member Rachel Lauter ’06. Three years have passed since SPEC’s founding, and with an annual budget of about $60,000, SPEC is now a firmly established group of about 30 members, including many first-years and sophomores, Stern said. “They’re going to take it to even greater places next year, and that’s really exciting,” she said. In past years, the group has also provided the campus with the “Heaven and Hell” event in Faunce House, the annual Dave Binder Concert, SPEC Day on the Main Green and the birthday celebration of the Van Wickle Gates.
culmination of a day packed with events, including performances by MEZCLA and Fusion Dance Company and speeches by officials such as Rep. Patrick Kennedy (D-R.I.) and Providence Mayor David Cicilline ’83. Cicilline arrived two hours late after his flight to Providence from Chicago, Ill., was delayed. Organizers sold about 1,000 tickets for $10 each, Ris said, but only about 700 people attended the event. “It definitely was not more people than we expected, but not drastically fewer,” he said. “I think it was a big success. We raised a lot
of money.” Organizer Nick Bayard ’04 said some of the event volunteers are considering making the event an annual tradition. Bayard, who said the event probably raised more than $1,000 in T-shirt and program sales, said he is happy with the amount raised. “We were actually shooting for more, but that, plus the great community response we got, was great,” he said.
how they thought members of the black community might begin to redefine themselves on their own terms in order to find a new “home.” Scott, who had noted earlier the way Riggs embeds his personal narrative into his films while simultaneously allowing numerous people to share their own stories, said “home comes from interchange.” It is important to remember Riggs’ conviction that “silence needs to be rup-
tured,” he said. The event — co-sponsored by the Department of Africana Studies, the Sarah Doyle Women’s Center and the Rhode Island Council on the Humanities — was part of the year-long Wayland Faculty Seminar “Incarceration, Narratives and Performance.”
Herald staff writer Elise Baran ’07 can be reached at email@example.com.
Herald staff writer Alexandra Barsk ’06 can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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WORLD & NATION MONDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 2004 · PAGE 5
Spirit rover grinds surface of Martian rock (Washington Post) — The rovers Spirit and Opportunity,
completing history’s first week of dual robotic exploration on Martian soil, are taking the measure of target rocks named Adirondack and Snout, half a world apart, in search of signs that the arid planet was once wet enough to spawn life. On Friday, engineers pronounced Spirit completely recovered from a brush with a nervous breakdown attributed to computer memory problems. “I think I can say ... our patient is healed,” said smiling mission manager Jennifer Trosper at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena. The week also brought more good news for the Mars team, in the form of an administration budget plan calling for a 16 percent increase in money for Mars exploration. Spirit resumed work Thursday after more than two weeks on sick leave and what Trosper called a “nerveracking” remote repair job, carried out across a distance of about 200 million miles, in which engineers deleted files from Spirit’s flash memory and reformatted it. They will continue to monitor both golf-cart-size rovers to prevent any tendency toward a recurrence. Opportunity has been edging closer to a slabby outcropping that has scientists almost drooling in anticipation. The first example of Martian bedrock ever encountered, it contains fine layering that may represent waterdeposited sediment. Both robots are designed to detect evidence of whether water ever persisted on Mars in liquid form long enough for life to evolve. Opportunity and its drivers back on Earth were still getting the hang of negotiating the unfamiliar sands at the landing site in a small crater on the equatorial plain of Meridiani. The rover had covered most of the distance of almost 20 feet in recent days, but as it reached the crater rim and began to climb, it tilted up at an angle of about 13 degrees. This apparently caused the rover to backslide and halt 18 inches short of its target, a feature called Snout, said mission manager Matt Wallace. On Saturday, the rover was poised for a final push up to Snout to study the layering. Of key importance is the rover’s ability to study the layering in microscopic detail, to determine what conditions produced it, said JPL Director Charles Elachi. “Next week will be very exciting, if all goes well,” he said. On Jan. 31, Opportunity rolled onto the soil a hemisphere away from where Spirit had already gotten its own six wheels dirty, inaugurating Earth’s first two-rover Mars operation. “Two for two,” flight director Chris Lewicki had proclaimed, as mission control at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory erupted in a celebratory outburst. “One dozen wheels on soil.” Many of the team members speak of their six-wheeled emissaries in human terms, often referring to them using the feminine pronoun. They play wake-up tunes for the machines, as NASA’s mission control in Houston does for human astronauts, and some team members have spoken of “missing them’’ during the seven-month cruises to Mars. On roll-off day, the team woke Opportunity with the strains of Bruce Springsteen’s “Born to Run.” This was fitting, mission manager Wallace said, because “really, from the time Opportunity was first born only about two years ago, this vehicle has been a blue-collar, hardworking machine. She’s got the scars to prove it.” On Thursday, Opportunity set out on its first road trip and, during a traverse of about 10 feet, found itself crossing soil strewn with pebbles that scientists described as unlike anything seen before on the planet’s surface. Color-enhanced microscopic images, focused on a thumbprint-size patch of soil, showed about 30 rounded pebbles scattered across the dark sand. Scientists speculated about the cause of the roundness — possibly the melting heat of a violent impact, or an ash-spewing volcanic eruption or, most intriguingly, the effects of water moving across a sea floor. Spirit, having settled in what may be the dried-up bed of an ancient lake on the opposite side of the equator, on Thursday used a small bristle brush on its arm to dust off the volcanic rock called Adirondack. Although the rock see MARS, page 7
Massachusetts town poised to market its gay wedding potential PROVINCETOWN, Mass. (L.A. Times) — A thick blanket of
snow carpeted the main avenue of this resort at the tip of Cape Cod on Saturday, lending a false sense of winter serenity. So quiet was Commercial Street that one of dozens of shut-tight establishments posted a sign lamenting: “Closed. Too Cold To Shop.” But behind the closed doors, the inns and restaurants and town offices of this famously Bohemian community were buzzing as Provincetown prepares to reinvent itself as the gay Niagara Falls. Thanks to a court decision that will make Massachusetts the only state in the country to permit gay and lesbian marriages, Provincetown expects a tidal wave of same-sex wedding ceremonies. Barring intervention from the state legislature — and the wording of the decision last week from the state’s highest court makes that unlikely — town clerk Douglas Johnstone could begin issuing marriage licenses to gay and lesbian couples as early as May 17. Massachusetts requires a three-day waiting period, so the “I do’s” could start here on May 20, just as the crocuses are bursting behind white picket fences. “We’re getting ready for it as best as we can,” Johnstone said before pausing to field the latest in an average of 20 or more phone inquiries from around the country. E-mails also are pouring in, diverting Johnstone from his normal workload of handing out hunting permits, dog licenses and voter registration forms. With an office staff of “one and a half people” — the clerk in this town of 4,000 shares his assistant with several other departments — Johnstone and tourism director Patricia Fitzpatrick plan to enlist volunteer “ushers” to help with the anticipated crush on May 17.
Friday morning, the pair huddled in town hall to sketch designs for lavender T-shirts that on one side will read: “Provincetown — Gay Wedding Capital,” and on the other: “Ushering in a New Harmony.” Fitzpatrick said she will pipe in “wonderful wedding music” and serve heart-shaped cookies while the grooms-andgrooms and brides-and-brides apply for their licenses. “I think many people in the community, both gay and straight, are going to want to help out, because this is such a historic event,” Johnstone said. A spirit of openness long has drawn artists and writers to Provincetown. Norman Mailer chose to live in “Ptown,” as the village is known, over Martha’s Vineyard or Nantucket, and Eugene O’Neill produced many of his plays at the Provincetown Theater. Stanley Kunitz, the nonagenarian former U.S. poet laureate, still tends his garden in Provincetown in the summer. The welcoming qualities of Provincetown helped turn it into the country’s best-known gay and lesbian beach-season destination. Half of the town’s year-round residents are gay and lesbian, according to Fitzpatrick. In the summer, she said, the figure swells to 70 percent, “maybe higher.” But the tradition of tolerance long predates the town’s current proclivities, many residents are inclined to point out. It was in Provincetown harbor that the Mayflower first dropped anchor in the New World in 1620. For five weeks before sailing on to Plymouth, the ship anchored here while land scouts unsuccessfully sought a source of fresh water. Aboard the vessel, Capt. John Bradford drafted a docsee MARRIAGE, page 7
Bush concedes prewar Iraq assessment was wrong Washington (L.A. Times) — President Bush on Sunday conceded for the first time that he relied on flawed assumptions and inaccurate information in launching the Iraq war, but he denied having intentionally misled the American people. Sounding far from defensive, however, a forceful Bush said repeatedly that he had made the right decision to oust Saddam Hussein. “It’s a war of necessity,” the president said, declaring that he had “no choice” but to attack because the Iraqi dictator was a dangerous “madman.” Beset by sagging job-approval ratings and sharper attacks from the Democratic presidential candidates, Bush used an unusual hour-long interview on NBC’s “Meet the Press” to lay out his new rationale for the war, but also to mark the battle lines on which he intends to fight the coming election campaign. In the most substantial shift so far from his previous position that Saddam possessed weapons of mass destruction, Bush said Saddam’s ability to produce such weapons, coupled with his history of acquiring and using them, constituted sufficient grounds for the “regime change” in Baghdad. “The man was a threat, and we dealt with him,” Bush said. More broadly, he outlined positions ranging from the economy to questions that have been raised about his service in the Texas National Guard during the Vietnam War. Bush asserted that he had fulfilled his obligations to the Guard and agreed to open existing records on the subject. He also vigorously defended his stewardship of the economy and America’s foreign policy, saying that he looked forward to selling himself as a man who can “sit here in the Oval Office when times are tough and be steady and make good decisions.” The wide-ranging interview was held Saturday at the White House but aired in full on Sunday. Bush and Tim Russert, host of “Meet the Press,” sat facing one another in straight-back arm chairs in the middle of the Oval Office. Throughout, Bush stayed relentlessly “on message,” repeating himself so often on the issue of Iraq that he all but apologized for sounding “like a broken record.” At the heart of the message was the image of Bush as a
wartime leader whose first priority must always be the security of a threatened nation. “I’m a war president,” he said. “I make decisions here in the Oval Office in foreign policy matters with war on my mind.” In arguing that the U.S. attack was justified even though weapons of mass destruction have not been found and may not have existed, Bush told Russert: “I believe it is essential that when we see a threat, we deal with those threats before they become imminent. It’s too late if they become imminent.” Despite the now-discredited intelligence that Saddam had illicit weapons, the president said, “... what wasn’t wrong was the fact that he had the ability to make a weapon.” Bush’s admission that he had been wrong in his prewar assertions that Saddam had such weapons came during an exchange in which Russert quoted the president as having said on March 17, the night Bush launched the Iraq war: “Intelligence gathered by this and other governments leaves no doubt that the Iraq regime continues to possess and conceal some of the most lethal weapons ever devised.” “Right,” Bush replied. “That apparently is not the case,” Russert said. “Correct,” Bush said. “I expected to find the weapons ... I expected there to be stockpiles of weapons.” The president then cited what he called theories about “where the weapons went,” adding: “Saddam and his henchmen could have destroyed them as we entered into Iraq. They could be hidden. They could have been transported to another country. And we’ll find out.” Bush continued: “There is no such thing necessarily in a dictatorial regime of iron-clad, absolutely solid evidence. The evidence I had was the best possible evidence that he had a weapon.” On Thursday, in a strongly worded public defense of the intelligence community, CIA Director George Tenet said that his agency never warned Bush that Saddam’s regime posed an “imminent threat” and he backed away from several claims about illicit weapons that the White House had used to justify the regime change in Baghdad.
PAGE 6 THE BROWN DAILY HERALD MONDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 2004
Torra continued from page 3 promises to love Destiny unconditionally in the spirit world. With an expressionless face and eyes concealed by clumsy black glasses, DeLeon looks cold-hearted and humorless. Chilip shapes a woman whose outward appearance reflects her inability to love but belies her deep understanding of the human capacity to love. Prahl masters the art of duplicity through Destiny, bringing to life an unforgettable character reminiscent of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. Destiny is the victim of her mother’s rejection and also a demonic antagonist, manipulating and oppressing the fictionalized country singer Randy Travis (Rick Dildine GS) to further her own career. The almost-mythological grapplings between good and evil, as personified by the seer and her daughter, are balanced by moving portrayals of the human condition and the personal evils that plague it. Through two characters’ struggles with homosexuality, a perceived weakness, Ceniceroz illustrates the healing capacity of love. DeLeon’s assistant, Fernando Jimenez ( Jordan Kaplan GS), is armed only with innocence as he embarks on a journey to self-acceptance and companionship. Although Fernando cherishes DeLeon’s strange and sparse love, if it could be called that, it is a romantic love he restlessly seeks. He moves painfully from isolated loneliness to forays into gay nightlife that leave him feeling frustrated and empty. While most of the play is set in a dull hotel room, the audience follows Fernando to a club, where disorienting strobe lights and music imitate his internal confusion and the pulsating oppression of loneliness. Fernando’s important explorations into selfhood, which are slightly obscured by his child-
like and simple nature, are artfully paralleled by the evolution of the Randy Travis character, whose relationship to Destiny highlights the balance Ceniceroz strikes between comic lightness and the gravity of emotion. In his debut scene, Randy enters with machismo and a larger-than-life Nashville ego. He proceeds to show his comic inability to strum a guitar chord and tries to shrug it off coolly in front of Destiny. “People do the writing for me on account of my personal charm,” he says. The play’s central visionary delves beyond Randy’s toughguy persona and exposes the perceived sin of homosexuality that he himself later admits concealing. In a heavy moment between them, Randy confesses that telling the truth about one’s self “feels awful.” At this point in the play, Randy and Fernando have been liberated from internal self-denial, but they have yet to find freedom outside themselves. Through his work, Ceniceroz seems to say that in life, there is the inevitable triumvirate of “sorrow, disgust, hope.” The tempest of conflict and DeLeon’s death lead to an unforgettable finality. It is a moment of rich calm in which Randy and Fernando, appearing only as silhouettes confronting a pastel yellow morning, see each other as each finally sees and accepts himself. It is in this moment that the two men find freedom and perhaps destiny. The New Plays Festival is an annual forum for first-year graduate students such as Torra to showcase a major project. Ceniceroz graduated from the University of California-Los Angeles with a major in fiction writing. He has written five fulllength plays and will continue to expand his work by seeking the creative “black magic that creeps upon you,” he told The Herald. Herald staff writer Krista Hachey ’07 can be reached at email@example.com.
MONDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 2004 THE BROWN DAILY HERALD PAGE 7
Marriage continued from page 5 ument to outline the rules of governance as the pilgrims settled in Massachusetts. The Mayflower Compact served as John Adams’ model for the constitution of Massachusetts, and in turn for the U.S. Constitution. Bradford and his pilgrims were fleeing repression, and at the heart of the compact was an insistence on equality. “So here we are on Bradford Street,” said Lynette Molnar, co-owner of Provincetown’s Fairbanks Inn, “and 300-plus years later we are making history again.” In a parlor where Out magazine sits alongside copies of Martha Stewart Living, Molnar said scores of same-sex couples have held commitment ceremonies in the converted home of an 18th-century sea captain. “But we have never used the ‘w’ word before.” Now Molnar actively markets gay weddings — offering everything from a pre-wedding “pop-the-question” package to conventional “Here Comes the Bride”-type ceremonies. “In the spirit of who we are,” Molnar said she also has designed what she calls “the ‘tres’ gay” wedding option — featuring lots (and) lots of dancing and other flourishes. Up the road at the Crowne Pointe Inn, co-owner Tom Walter said the calls about same-sex weddings have been “out of control,” especially since the court clarified its decision last week. “Usually we average seven to 10 (heterosexual) weddings per year,” Walter said. “Now we are averaging seven to 10 (gay and lesbian) wedding requests per week.” Regardless of the gender of the partners, Provincetown weddings tend toward the inventive, Walter said.
“They’re not like the typical weddings of Sally and Joe in the Midwest. You’re not going to see too many sit-down dinners and 16-tier cakes,” he said. “It’s more like a ceremony on the beach, followed by a fabulous cocktail party.” Walter recalled being host of one wedding where the groom wore a tuxedo and the bride wore a long white gown. Within 15 minutes, he said, they had peeled down to their skivvies and jumped into the hot tub, along with many of the wedding guests. Although she, too, has been inundated with inquiries about scheduling same-sex marriages, the Rev. Alison Hyder said the she doesn’t think legalization of gay unions would have little effect on the way she does business: “All that will happen is that I will have another piece of paper to sign, and more questions to ask and answer.” The price is the same, too, Hyder said — she charges $300 for her services and use of the big white church — whether it is called a wedding or not. In her four years as minister at the Unitarian Universalist Meeting House here, Hyder said 87 percent of the nuptial rites she has conducted have involved lesbian couples, 5 to 7 percent have united straight couples “and the rest have been gay men.” Hyder said she uses virtually identical language for weddings and commitment ceremonies. The exception is what she chooses to pronounce the couple as the ritual concludes, Hyder said. “I have said ‘wife and wife,’ she said. “But more often, people choose something like ‘partners for eternity,’” a phrase she admits has a slightly funereal overtone. Far from somber, the matrimonial avalanche is likely to make this gay resort even cheerier.
Business owners are ecstatic, as they envision a lucrative industry growing up around gay and lesbian marriages. Indeed, Rick Murray, the owner of the Crown & Anchor Inn and tavern on Commercial Street quipped Saturday that all the town needs is a beach-front wedding chapel. Humor is as much a part of Provincetown as the saltsprayed air or the drag queens on roller blades. Comedian Kate Clinton plans to perform weddings, calling herself “The Irreverend,” and after the vows she will serve as host for the entertainment. Performance artist Jay Critchley plans to offer “septic ceremonies,” weddings in the huge abandoned septic cylinder he refurbished and now uses for opera and theater. All the festivities can only enhance the worldwide reputation of Provincetown as a haven for inclusiveness, said innkeeper Lynette Molnar. “This is a watershed moment. It is personal and it is political,” she said. “This is how you change society. When the weddings start, when people bring their parents and their grandparents and their aunts and uncles to Provincetown, hearts and minds will be changed.”
Shape Note continued from page 3 It is also similar to Russian music, said Lynne Debenedette, who is a senior lecturer in Brown’s Department of Slavic Languages and has been a member of the Providence Shape Note singing group for about 10 years. Eriksen, who accompanies his singing with fiddle, banjo and guitar, said he became interested in Shape Note music as a young teenager after listening to some of his family’s old records and hearing Shape Note music sung
Mars continued from page 5 had appeared to be relatively free of dust, the brushing almost effortlessly dislodged a coating of surface material, exposing a patch of dark basaltlike material. That was “a big surprise,” said Stephen Gorevan of Honeybee Robotics, which built the rockdrilling tools. The discovery of so much dust on a surface previously thought to be clean could prompt scientists to rethink some of their assessments of various features on Mars, said Ken Herkenhoff of the U.S. Geological Survey. Scientists reported Saturday that Spirit had drilled into its first rock, using its rock abrasion tool. It ground out an area of surface layer on Adirondack a small fraction of an inch deep and just under two inches wide to study the exposed interior. Next, the robot geologist is set to head northeast, toward a small crater 800 feet away — a journey that could take weeks. Trosper said there appears to be a pathway that will enable the rover to go right up to the edge and look in. “There is going to be lots of driving on Spirit,” she said. Future Mars robots should be able to cover much more ground, work nonstop and yet live longer, NASA science officials said as the
aloud. It appealed to him because it has great historical significance and describes old tales and stories, he said. Although Shape Note singing went out of style in the 20th century, it has experienced a revival over the past 30 years, House said. The 2003 film “Cold Mountain” featured Eriksen’s Shape Note singing, and many communities throughout New England host regular sings, she said. The revival is also spreading southward and westward, with some Shape Note singing groups in Seattle, Wash., and San Francisco, Calif., she said.
new budget proposal was released. Missions through 2009 are in various stages of planning, to be launched every two years as the planets are favorably aligned. As early as 2009, scientists say, they could have a nuclear-powered rover able to operate around the clock and travel hundreds of miles. “It will be like putting 15 or 20 Spirits and Opportunities on the surface,” said NASA chief space scientist Edward Weiler. The longer-term vision for Mars exploration includes new techniques for conducting pinpoint landings so that robotic researchers can revisit the same locale at will, and the establishment of permanent robotic outposts similar to some in Antarctica, Elachi said. One of the ultimate goals for the robotic missions — precursors of human missions — is to bring back samples of rock and soil for analysis in sophisticated Earth laboratories. Orlando Figueroa, NASA’s director of Mars exploration missions, said missions leading to such an outcome — which could require multiple vehicles on the surface and in orbit — might conceivably commence as early as 2013. But for now, scientists said, they are delighted with the birds they have in hand on the Martian soil.
With his music’s appearance in “Cold Mountain” and a growing nationwide interest in Shape Note music, Eriksen may soon be in even greater demand. But he said he is happy playing concerts and conducting singing schools without a rigid schedule. In addition to being an accomplished musician, he is also a father, and when he’s not captivating movie theater and live audiences with his music, his day job “is changing diapers,” he said. Herald staff writer Kira Lesley ’07 can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
PAGE 8 THE BROWN DAILY HERALD MONDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 2004
Hockey continued from page 12 with the Bears out-shooting Colgate 19-3. The Bears, however, had trouble capitalizing on their opportunities. “We put a lot of pressure on their goalie,” Zucker said. “We controlled the puck for the majority of the game, and while the score doesn’t reflect that dominance, the shot count does.” Solid defense and formidable goaltending performances on both ends of the ice kept the game scoreless for the following 32 minutes. While Brown kept the puck out of its defensive zone, it could not finish its quick
Wrestling continued from page 12
Won’t you try some today?
the last match of the day, Greg Pace ’06 was on the losing end of a 16-4 major decision at 125 pounds. Major decisions proved to be the deciding factor in the match against Penn. Out of their four victories, the Bears were only able to record a single major decision. Penn won four of its six victories by major decision and also had a pin. Despite the disappointing loss, Head Coach Dave Amato was optimistic about the match. “I thought we wrestled well against Penn,” Amato said. Coming back the next morning, Brown faced stiff competition from Army. The match began at the 197-pound weight class, and Army jumped to a 3-0 lead with a victory from Todd Wysman over Mosley 8-5. The loss was a bad way to begin the match, and things continued to spiral downwards for the Bears. Brown dropped the next four matches and did not score an offensive point until Mike Ashton ’06 scored a takedown against Patrick Simpson at 141 pounds. Simpson, however, took control of the match and pinned Ashton in 4:18. Dies continued his winning ways, scoring an 11-3 major decision and giving Brown its first victory of the day. At 157 pounds, David Saadeh ’06 was not supposed to be much competition for returning All-American Phillip Simpson of Army. In the best match of the day, Saadeh carried a 6-5 lead into the last 30 seconds of the match. Simpson, showing why he is ranked fifth in the nation, was able to throw Saadeh straight to his back and record the pin in 6:48. Brown won the last three matches, but the deficit was too great for the Bears to overcome.
passing game. The Raiders tied the game at 1-1 halfway into the final frame, which sent the game into overtime. At the 2:18 mark, Moos stepped it up for Bruno, knocking home the puck for the game winner. Brown out-shot the Raiders 58-12 in the ECAC contest. The women will return to action Feb. 14 to host Harvard at 2 p.m. “It’s a huge game, and it’s exciting that the last few weekends have shown us that we’re ready as a team,” Guay said. Herald staff writer Lexi Costello ’06 covers women’s ice hockey. She can be reached at email@example.com.
Ciarcia added to his number one ranking in the EIWA by defeating third-ranked Luke Calvert of Army 3-2. “We wrestled very flat against Army. There was no emotion,” Amato said. Despite two tough matches, Brown came back strong against Princeton. Wrestling again began at 197 pounds, and Mosley and Beane each dropped decisions at 197 pounds and heavyweight, respectively. Pace got the momentum flowing towards Brown with an 8-4 decision, but a pin by Brian Kirschbaum over Appello at 133 with only one second remaining in the first period threatened to take the life out of the Brown team. Ashton, feeding off his earlier loss by pin, wrestled an excellent match against Milo Adams at 141 pounds. The match was scoreless going into the second period, and Ashton chose the bottom. He quickly scored a reversal and was able to pin Adams in 4:04 to get Brown back on the scoreboard. “I knew we needed some sparks to get things going against Princeton, and the rest of the guys took care of it from there,” Ashton said. Dies went undefeated on the weekend, winning his match by technical fall in 3:58 by a score of 18-2. From there, Brown dominated the match. Savino scored a 175 major decision at 157 pounds, Jenkins won a 9-4 decision at 165 pounds and Santee sealed the win with an 8-6 victory at 174 pounds. The Bears return to the mat Friday to take on Ivy rival Columbia University in New York before heading to Ithaca, N.Y., to take on Cornell University on Saturday. Herald staff writer Craig McGowan ’07 covers wrestling. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
MONDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 2004 THE BROWN DAILY HERALD PAGE 9
Hoops continued from page 12 outscored Barnes by three and Bruno trailed 42-22. “We didn’t compete as a team at the start of the game, and it really cost us,” said Head Coach Glen Miller. “When you dig yourself a hole like that against a good team, it is difficult to come back.” For the half, Brown shot only 24.4 percent from the field, missing 31 of the 41 shots it attempted, including zero of nine from beyond the arc. Leading the team was Jason Forte ’05, who had 11 points but no assists. Despite improved shooting, the Bears would pull no closer than 14 points in the second half. In the first three minutes of the half, Patrick Powers ’04 drained two three-pointers and slammed home a dunk to edge the score to 46-32, but Cornell’s hot shooting proved to be too much for the home team to handle. Cody Toppert put up 26 points in the second half, making six threepointers on just 10 attempts. Toppert finished with 29 for the game. Toppert’s feat would have been more impressive had Powers not put up 23 second-half points of his own, after being held scoreless in the first. Powers not only recorded a double-double with five offensive and five defensive rebounds, but provided one of the game’s highlights with the dunking of an alley-oop pass from Forte. Forte finished as the game’s leading scorer, with 30 points, and led the team with six assists. The following night, the Columbia Lions entered the Pizzitola with a 2-3 league mark. The team had also come within five points of knocking off Yale University the previous night. With the Bears trailing by nine with just under six minutes gone by, the contest looked as though it was going to be a repeat performance of Friday night. However, Powers and Forte continued the hot streak they
Next weekend, the Bears will leave Providence for the start of a four-game road trip, facing Harvard University on Friday and Dartmouth College on Saturday. started in the second half against Cornell. The two combined for the Bears’ first 13 points and after pulling within six at 24-18, Powers simply took control of the game. He scored 15 of the team’s first 26 points and 25 of the team’s first 49 points, draining five three-pointers and slamming home another Forte alley-oop. Finishing the half on a 13-4 run, Bruno took a 51-40 lead into the locker room. “Patrick hasn’t been coming out with much aggression offensively in the last four games, and we talked to him about it,” Miller said. “Tonight he did, and we saw good results.” In addition to Powers’ 25, Forte finished the half with 12 points and a perfect eight-for-eight from the charity stripe. He also led the team with five assists. “Coach has been asking me to take more shots, and I hadn’t really taken him up on it until tonight,” Powers said. “I think it’s just a matter of me being aggressive and getting out of the passive mode, which I have been in all season.” As the second half got underway, Brown seemed to lose its ability to score and put up just four points in the first six and a half minutes of the half. This allowed Columbia to tie the game at 57 with 14:20 to play in the game. A Powers three helped Brown regain the lead, but three different Lions hit three-pointers in less than a minute to give Columbia a sevenpoint lead with 9:03 to play.
Once again, though, Brown bounced back, and with five different players scoring, the Bears put together a 12-0 run and did not trail the rest of the way. Luke Ruscoe ’06, Jaime Kilburn ’04, Mike Martin ’04, Forte and Powers all scored during the span. Defensively, the team held Columbia scoreless for a fourminute stretch and gave up just four field goals in the final nine minutes of play. “They play 40 minutes of hard basketball, we played 30,” Miller said. “We had to pick ourselves up off the floor to come back and win the game.” For the game, Powers finished with a career-high 34 points and also added seven rebounds and four steals. Forte finished with 23 points, eight assists and four steals, and Kilburn notched 13 points and pulled down six boards. In a turnaround from the start of the season, the team shot a blistering 88.6 percent from the freethrow line, missing only four of 35 attempts. “We’ve been shooting better at the foul line since we’ve got into Ivy League play,” Miller said. Next weekend, the Bears will leave Providence for the start of a four-game road trip, facing Harvard University on Friday and Dartmouth College on Saturday. The Bears are a game behind first place, behind Princeton University (4-0) and Cornell (5-1), and the University of Pennsylvania and Yale have just two and three losses, respectively. Brown will need to sweep the league’s two last-place teams to have any chance of winning an Ivy title. Despite only one win for each of the last-place teams, each has shown signs of life, with Harvard falling to Princeton in double overtime on Saturday and Dartmouth losing to Cornell the previous weekend by just six points. Herald staff writer Joshua Troy ’04 is a former sports editor and covers men’s basketball. He can be reached at email@example.com.
Tobo-cop continued from page 12 you don’t pick at them!). With all that, though, it’s still eminently worth it. It’s worth it because … well, hell, it’s our religion. Athleticism is sublime, and the game is endlessly hopeful. There are moments that stink, sure, but also moments bordering on the transcendental. And sometimes, if you believe hard enough, the sports gods reach down deep in their hearts and deliver miracles (and cheerleaders). Another part of the sports fan’s life is that he or she is required, by law, and punishable by death in Virginia and Texas, to carry a chip on at least one shoulder. Preferably two. And actually, this sort of angst tends to come in completely separate flavors: regional and personal. Regional prejudice is that which causes you to hate the foes of your hometown team the way that I, a Cowboys fan, hate the Redskins or the Eagles, or how I used to hate the Packers back when we didn’t suck and that rivalry was relevant. When the Cowboys held the Redskins’ quarterback this year to a zero quarterback rating, I was so ecstatic that I sacrificed a goat. All right, it was a moon pie, but that’s not the point. There are also personal prejudices, which are picked up along the way for no good reason. These are specific to the individual sports fan. For example, I know saying this in New England is like painting a “stab me” sign on my back, but I hate the Patriots. I don’t think they’re that good, and they definitely didn’t deserve to win two Super Bowls in three years. Fair-minded man that I am, I’ve even gone out of my way to watch Patriots games (Oh, the hardship!) just to see if I might be wrong, but I don’t believe it.
It’s either too ingrained, or I’m not wrong. Tom Brady hits open men well, it’s true. For that matter, so do I. They won 15 games in a row, true too, but rarely convincingly. Let’s not forget, they didn’t even make the playoffs last year, and that missed fumble call in the Raiders game two years ago was the worst call in the history of the NFL playoffs. I hate the Florida Marlins for the same reason, because they’re perfect in the playoffs over the last decade, with two World Series wins in that span, and no one watches them and no one cares. Is it right that people from Florida who, for the most part, don’t even know the Marlins exist, get the supreme joy of celebrating a world championship twice in 10 years? No! No! No! Also, just like everyone else who’s not a bandwagon-jumper or from New York City, I hate the Yankees and you. And then there is “SportsCenter,” a sports fan’s church. If you want to join us, you need to watch it. Why? Well, for one thing, because it is a veritable treasure trove of perpetual delights! Why watch it three, four, five times a night, despite the fact that it doesn’t change at all? Because certain things need a second look! Like when Ron Artest of the Indiana Pacers actually pulled down the pants of the Boston Celtics’ Paul Pierce (followed by Pierce nonchalantly pulling them up and burying his shot. Man, I love sports!). Five times? Hell, I’d watch that six. And that, my friends, is the magic of being a sports fan. It’s the only socially acceptable way other than politics of being partially deranged in public. You heard it here first. Or at least, again. Andrew Tobolowsky ’07 has a shrine in his dorm room where he repeatedly tries to sacrifice his friend Scott to the sports gods.
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
EDITORIAL/LETTERS MONDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 2004 · PAGE 10 S T A F F
E D I T O R I A L
Addressing the present The Brown we return to in 20 years will be utterly different from the one we attend, in physical structure and academic scope. Our question is, what change can we expect to see in the time that remains for us here? President Ruth Simmons’ address tonight provides the ideal forum for her to answer this question, at least preliminarily, for current undergraduates. We are genuinely excited about the long-term future of the University, but in the short term, which directly concerns us most, we are unsure of what to expect. The draft of the Initiatives for Academic Enrichment distributed to students last October outlines, under the strategic goal of “enhancing Brown’s undergraduate education,” a number of specific objectives, including expanded opportunities for student-faculty interaction, improved financial aid, more attention to diversity and improvements to the “quality of students’ residential and extracurricular experience.” Since the beginning of Simmons’ tenure, we have seen the advent of the first-year seminar, the implementation of needblind admission and the renovation of a number of facilities, including dormitories and the Verney-Woolley Dining Hall. The success of these short-term enterprises has convinced us of all the initiatives have to offer. We do not expect Simmons to answer all of our questions tonight. We are not asking for an explicit picture of what we will see as we walk through the Van Wickle Gates at Commencement. What we do hope for is an update on the initiatives that is addressed not to the University’s faculty or donor base, but to the current population of students. The Class of 2005 will not see the full course of the initiatives. But neither will the Class of 2015. This plan will not, for any student, truly come to fruition; such is the nature of an institution whose population stays only for a few years. As the University focuses on long-term planning, we seek an acknowledgement that we are not simply a continuum of students. Just like students of every generation, we want to see improvements while we are here. We are prepared to watch as proud alumni when students 15 years from now benefit from the full execution of the initiatives, but in the meantime it is not too selfish to ask what Brown can do for us.
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD EDITORIAL Juliette Wallack, Editor-in-Chief Carla Blumenkranz, Executive Editor Philissa Cramer, Executive Editor Julia Zuckerman, Senior Editor Danielle Cerny, Arts & Culture Editor Meryl Rothstein, Arts & Culture Editor Zachary Barter, Campus Watch Editor Monique Meneses, Features Editor Sara Perkins, Metro Editor Dana Goldstein, RISD News Editor Alex Carnevale, Opinions Editor Ben Yaster, Opinions Editor Christopher Hatfield, Sports Editor
BUSINESS Jack Carrere, General Manager Lawrence Hester, General Manager Anastasia Ali, Executive Manager Zoe Ripple, Executive Manager Elias Roman, Senior Project Manager In Young Park, Project Manager Peter Schermerhorn, Project Manager Laird Bennion, Project Manager Eugene Cho, Project Manager William Louis, Senior Financial Officer Laurie-Ann Paliotti, Sr. Advertising Rep. Elyse Major, Advertising Rep. Kate Sparaco, Office Manager
PRODUCTION Lisa Mandle, Design Editor George Haws, Copy Desk Chief Eddie Ahn, Graphics Editor Judy He, Photo Editor Nick Neely, Photo Editor
POST- MAGAZINE Ellen Wernecke, Editor-in-Chief Jason Ng, Executive Editor Micah Salkind, Executive Editor Abigail Newman, Theater Editor Josh Cohen, Design Editor Allison Lombardo, Features Editor Jeremy Beck, Film Editor Jessica Weisberg, Film Editor Ray Sylvester, Music Editor
Sydney Carton, Night Editor George Haws, Copy Editor Staff Writers Kathy Babcock, Zaneta Balantac, Elise Baran, Alexandra Barsk, Zachary Barter, Hannah Bascom, Danielle Cerney, Robbie Corey-Boulet, Ian Cropp, Sam Culver, Gabriella Doob, Jonathan Ellis, Justin Elliott, Amy Hall Goins, Dana Goldstein, Bernard Gordon, Krista Hachey, Chris Hatfield, Jonathan Herman, Miles Hovis, Robby Klaber, Alexis Kunsak, Sarah LaBrie, Hanyen Lee, Julian Leichty, Kira Lesley, Allison Lombardo, Chris Mahr, Lisa Mandle, Jonathan Meachin, Monique Meneses, Kavita Mishra, Sara Perkins, Melissa Perlman, Eric Perlmutter, Sheela Raman, Cassie Ramirez, Meryl Rothstein, Michael Ruderman, Emir Senturk, Jen Sopchockchai, Lela Spielberg, Adam Stern, Stefan Talman, Joshua Troy, Schuyler von Oeyen, Jessica Weisberg, Brett Zarda Accounts Managers Laird Bennion, Eugene Clifton Cha, In Young Park, Jane C. Urban, Sophie Waskow, Justin Wong, Christopher Yu Pagination Staff Peter Henderson, Lisa Mandle, Alex Palmer Photo Staff Gabriella Doob, Benjamin Goddard, Marissa Hauptman, Judy He, Miyako Igari, Allison Lombardo, Elizabeth MacLennan, Nicholas Neely, Michael Neff, Alex Palmer, Yun Shou Tee, Sorleen Trevino Copy Editors Emily Brill, George Haws, Leslie Kaufmann, Katie Lamm, Anne Rabbino, Melanie Wolfgang
LETTERS TWTP shows “gumption” in confronting race To the Editor: Laura Martin’s op-ed titled “Affirmative Discrimination” (Feb. 5) complains that (the Third World Transition Program) is not politically correct and discriminatory. Yet TWTP is a strong program because it has the gumption to make decisions blatantly based on race without tiptoeing around the issue. TWTP assumes that non-white people will feel threatened in an “all white” environment and tells them so, whether it’s true or not. It’s nice that our university has gotten away from political correctness and doesn’t think it’s a badge of shame to discriminate openly in this day and age. I think that shows confidence in partial but reasonable, effective solutions — and it shows that Brown does not bow to “egalitarian” complaints in situations where it wants to segregate people. Barron Youngsmith ’06 Feb. 8
Give up the Democratic ghost To the Editor: The recent op-eds on Democratic primary poli-
tics have inadvertently demonstrated the true nature of the Democratic Party. The Democratic Party exists to lower the political consciousness and subdue the revolutionary demands of the masses in the U.S. When else do you read of so many people urging each other to support someone who has none of their interests at heart, because it is supposedly “strategic.” In fact, the more repulsive and right-wing a Democrat is, the more “strategic” it becomes to support him. For the life of me, I can’’t understand this “strategy.” But it is not meant to be understood, it is meant to be feared. Our politics, the means by which, in a more democratic system, we might hope to gain things like universal health care and education, an end to imperialist war, and a halt to the racist death penalty, are driven by a fear of the “greater evil.” With this “strategy” nothing can be gained. It is not a strategy, it is a rout, a chaotic and dispirited retreat from the field of political struggle through the mechanism of a depoliticized election. In the U.S., we have a democracy for the rich. The flaws are far deeper than any campaign-financereform bill can remedy. So if we seek change and progress, we must gain a strategic perspective on political action, not a cowering peek at the television screen. We must realize that the masters of war, judged by their own response, fear mass protest and organization around progressive demands far more than they might worry about a Democrat in the White House. Leave the Democrats behind, and join in the worldwide day of protest against war and occupation: Saturday, March 20 in New York City. The people lost the 2004 presidential election before the Iowa caucus, but we have a world to win. Alex Gould Feb. 6
C O R R E C T I O N S Jane Lancaster, the author of “Making Time,” worked at the Lincoln School, a private girls’ school in Providence, not Lincoln High School, as an article in Friday’s paper stated.
Bishop Stang High School, the location of the nation’s first WonderPizzaUSA vending machine, is in North Dartmouth, Mass., not New Bedford, Mass., as an article in Friday’s paper stated.
CORRECTIONS POLICY The Brown Daily Herald is committed to providing the Brown University community with the most accurate information possible. Corrections may be submitted up to seven calendar days after publication. COMMENTARY POLICY The staff editorial is the majority opinion of the editorial board of The Brown Daily Herald. The editorial viewpoint does not necessarily reflect the views of The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. Columns and letters reflect the opinions of their autho rs only. LETTERS TO THE EDITOR POLICY Send letters to firstname.lastname@example.org. Include a telephone number with all letters. The Herald reserves the right to edit all letters for length and cannot assure the publication of any letter. Please limit letters to 250 words. Under special circumstances writers may request anonymity, but no letter will be printed if the author’s identity is unknown to the editors. Announcements of events will not be printed. ADVERTISING POLICY The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. reserves the right to accept or decline any advertisement at its discretion.
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
OPINIONS MONDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 2004 · PAGE 11
The other nomination At last, after thinking long and hard about which candidate to back in the presidential primaries, I have settled on one man: Peter Camejo. Camejo was the Green Party’s candidate for governor of California during the recall and I believe he has the right perspective for the most important third-party movement in a century. I know that I’m in the minority on the left. Most major liberals agree that the best thing for us to do in 2004 is unite around the Democratic nominee, which means that third-party candidates are strictly taboo. This is the line taken by the main “progressive” magazines in the U.S. (The Nation, The Progressive, Mother Jones) as well as respected intellectuals like Manning Marable, Norman Solomon and even Noam Chomsky. In some cases, the outrageousness of the Bush administration has caused some liberals to lose their minds. The award for Most Unprincipled goes to filmmaker Michael Moore, who endorsed Wesley Clark simply because he is an ex-general and can supposedly beat Bush on the national security question. That Clark presided over a war that Moore adamantly opposed is not important — only his ability to beat Bush is. Moore is a prototype for many Democratic voters, who have shown a remarkable and incomprehensible indifference to issues during the primaries. Instead, they have chosen the media construction of “electability” as the main issue. Electability is certainly about image and whether or not a candidate “looks presidential,” but it is also about a politics of moving to the socalled “center.” The “center” in American politics is often associated with the absence of ideology and is said to indicate independent thinking. However, the truth is that the “center” represents a powerful ideology; it represents a political phenomenon that Howie Hawkins of the New York State Green Party calls “a bipartisan consensus
around neoconservative militarism and neoliberal economics” that began over 25 years ago. Both parties agree on this project, but differ about the details of the project’s execution. It is by putting a microscope on the details and blowing them out of proportion that the Democratic Party can whip up the “anybody-but-GOP” hysteria every four years. The continuity of this consensus throughout both Republican and Democratic parties can be clearly seen in the military interventions, Pentagon budget hikes, domestic fiscal policies, civil liberties records and policy statements of the Carter and Clinton administrations in comparison with Republican presidents. Most of the outrageous programs established by Republican presidents have had their roots in preceding
The Democrats have failed American liberals. Democratic administrations, and many have had the support of a majority of congressional Democrats. The current war in Iraq is merely a logical application of the Carter Doctrine, which argued that oil was a cause over which the United States can and should go to war. Reagan’s tax cuts in 1981, which received wide Democratic support, were preceded by Carter’s $37.5 billion tax cut in 1977. Reagan’s astronomical 50.9 percent increase in military expenditures between 1980 and 1987 was preceded by Carter’s more modest 10.4 percent increase from 1978 to 1980. Yes, 10 percent is much less than 51 percent, but the bottom line is that both presidents supported defense budget increases. The PATRIOT Act, endorsed by almost all Congressional Democrats, is simply an expansion of Clinton’s 1996 Anti-Terrorism and Effective Death
Penalty Act. The racist “get-tough-on-crime” rhetoric of the 1980s was affirmed by Clinton’s 1993 Crime Bill. The recent ban on dilation and extraction abortion was bound to happen sooner or later because the 1990s saw the gradual erosion of abortion rights. But I’m preaching to the choir. Many progressives already know that the Democrats are evil. Of course, the justification for supporting them is that they are the “lesser of two evils.” The problem is that the left will, as it has always done, spend so much time and energy fighting for the lesser evil that it will ignore fighting evil itself. This age-old pattern is already apparent. Indifference about political issues and the obsession with electability during the primaries is a preview of what will happen should a Democrat take the White House in November. It will be a rerun of the Clinton years — years that saw not a reversal of Reaganism, but a continuation and extension of it. Challenging a future Democratic president for rolling back abortion rights, reneging on gay rights and attacking the poor, labor and the environment while in office will be off-limits, because the president’s electability in his bid for a second term will be more important than the issues. And so the treacherous cycle will continue. The bipartisan consensus, which is conservative at its core, will endure for another four years. Changing the bipartisan consensus means forming a grassroots social movement to combat it and creating an electoral alternative that truly represents this movement is an important part of the process. But the Democratic Party has served as an inimical force to social movements in the past, first by opposing them and then by co-opting them. Conversely, the Green Party is consciously building itself as the electoral arm of a growing progressive movement in the U.S. Brian Rainey ’04 is still an unrepentant Nader voter.
Ups and downs of the Bush revolution GUEST COLUMN BY KINGSTON REIF
Many commentators have gone to great lengths in an attempt to debunk the rationale of the Bush revolution in U.S. foreign policy. Despite numerous compelling critiques of preemption and unilateralism, the problem with the vast majority of this recent literature is the way it often fails to come to terms with the most important component of the Bush administration worldview. “Free societies do not breed terrorism,” noted the president recently in New Mexico. “Free societies are peaceful nations. What we’re doing for the long term, we’re promoting freedom.” Oddly enough, many of the president’s most vehement critics are liberals and human rights activists who now find themselves opposing a foreign policy that stresses the importance of championing aspirations for human dignity. As many supporters of President Bush have been keen to point out, siding against preemption in the Iraq debate invariably meant siding in the short term with the status quo, the unpleasant reality of Saddam Hussein continuing to brutalize his people and flouting the demands of the international community. Though I have serious misgivings about the war in Iraq and the worldview that ultimately drove it, it is hard to take seriously those who write article after article decrying the war without bothering to mention the justice Saddam denied his fellow countrymen. What’s more, charges that U.S. engagement abroad is driven by some neoconservative cabal bent on Dr. Evil-like world domination simply do not hold water. All the same, to say that the Bush administration should be given credit for embracing what the president called a “new policy, a forward strategy of freedom in the Middle East” does not mean we should fail to look critically at the way in which such an enormous undertaking is both rationalized and prosecuted.
Like the administration of Woodrow Wilson, the Bush administration perceives itself to be yielding power in the service of liberalism. Such an invocation of Wilson hinges on a fundamental misunderstanding, though. Wilson yearned for a world in which democracy and multilateralism reigned supreme because he witnessed the damage wrought by nation-states acting unilaterally in pursuit of a narrowly defined strategic or national interest during World War I. He feared that if such a system for mediating disputes between states were allowed to continue, the likelihood of conflict and killing would
Is this how to advance the cause of freedom? increase by leaps and bounds. Much to the chagrin of Bush administration officials and countless Americans, many throughout the world perceive America’s current rhetoric about human rights and democracy to be self-righteous and insincere. Terrorism does not flourish simply because many terrorists despise free-market economics and the ostensible imposition of western values. Much of it can also be attributed to American policies that at times have been and continue to be duplicitous. An alternative approach toward advancing the cause of freedom would first recognize the influence many such policies have had in undermining the cause of human rights throughout the world. Apparently unconvinced of the roles played by feelings of humiliation and anger caused by particular U.S. policies in the evolution of terror, President Bush has instead resorted to disbelief. “I’m amazed that there’s
such misunderstanding of what our country is about that people would hate us,” he remarked in a press conference a month after the Sept. 11 attacks. “I just can’t believe it because I know how good we are.” Surely no nation can ever hope to flawlessly marry power and principle in all cases. Yet acting as if departures from the principles of liberty, equality and human dignity at the heart of America ought to have no bearing on the way the actions and intentions of the U.S. are perceived is a surefire way to generate resentment and make it increasingly difficult to fight terrorism. I wonder if the vast majority of Americans have the slightest idea as to the implications of the new mindset driving U.S. foreign policy. Will they be willing to launch additional campaigns in faraway lands in the name of human rights and democracy? In order to achieve the goals outlined by President Bush in his numerous speeches extolling the virtues of freedom, America will be required to maintain an armed global presence for the foreseeable future. Do the American people have the stomach for such a gambit? And what of the costs? America’s insistence on maintaining sole possession of the reins to the Iraq reconstruction in the immediate aftermath of Saddam’s removal has saddled the U.S. economy with a deficit so large one wonders how it can ever be repaid in the face of continued tax cuts. The persistence of chaos on the ground in Iraq — together with the recent U.S. efforts to seek help from the United Nations — proves that though stopping genocide is a good thing, attempting to single-handedly liquidate a legacy of perceived backwardness and centuries of ethnic animosity may merely work to perpetuate the monster America seeks to slay. Kingston Reif ’05 can also be read at the Brown Democrats blog (www.browndemocrats.org/blog.php).
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
SPORTS MONDAY FEBRUARY 9, 2004 · PAGE 12
Women’s ice hockey sweeps two more BY LEXI COSTELLO
Nick Neely / Herald
Pat Powers ’04 exploded this weekend,averaging 28.5 points per game.Bruno lost to Cornell University 96-81 on Friday before beating Columbia University 90-81 Saturday,putting the team in third at 3-2.
Weekend split leaves men’s hoops at 3-2 BY JOSHUA TROY
Heading into this weekend’s games, the men’s basketball team (8-11, 4-2) had never lost to Cornell University or Columbia University. Following the weekend, only one of those streaks was intact. After a disappointing 96-81 loss to Cornell on Friday night, the Bears bounced back and knocked off Columbia 90-81. In what was billed as a battle for first place in the Ivy League, Cornell traveled to the Pizzitola Sports Center with an undefeated but untested Ivy League record. By the end of the night, few would question the Big Red’s ability to contend for an NCAA bid. Cornell grabbed a two-point
lead with 17:44 to play in the first half and never looked back. After Brown pulled within one point, at 7-6, Cornell reeled off a 19-0 run and put together a lead that proved insurmountable. Throughout the first half, Bruno could put together only two 4-0 stretches, and each time Cornell’s Ka’Ron Barnes responded with a three-pointer. Barnes, the league’s leading scorer entering the weekend, lived up to his billing and put up 19 first-half points, on 8-of-10 shooting and three three-pointers, in only 14 minutes. At the end of the half, the entire Brown team had only see HOOPS, page 9
The women’s ice hockey team (12-5-2, 8-1-1 ECAC) defeated Cornell University 4-2 Friday night in Ithaca, N.Y., in its second victory over the Big Red this season. Bruno came out of the gates quickly, scoring at 1:16 in the first period when Jessica Link ’05 found the back of the net off her own rebound. Marguerite McDonald ’04 and Keaton Zucker ’06 notched assists on the play. Brown dominated the opening frame defensively and offensively, outshooting Cornell 11-5. Krystal Strassman ’07 opened the second period with her fourth goal of the season, netting a top-shelf shot past a diving Cornell goalie. Kathryn Moos ’07 followed up with a goal of her own, giving Brown the early 3-0 advantage. The Brown defense protected the lead handily until Cornell capitalized on the power play 10 minutes later to cut the deficit. “We played smart and maintained our focus even when they started playing chippy,” said Co-captain Katie Guay ’05. “While it wasn’t our best performance, we held on to the lead by playing professionally and staying out of the box.” Early in the third, the Big
It was a weekend of great individual performances at the Pizzitola Sports Center as the men’s basketball team hosted Cornell and Columbia universities. Unfortunately for the Bears, Friday night’s great performances came from Cornell guards Ka’Ron Barnes and Cody Toppert as Cornell improved its record to 5-0 in the Ivy League. On Saturday, however, Patrick Powers ’04 torched Columbia for a career-high 34 points as the Bears downed the Lions, 90-81. Cornell entered Friday night’s game as the leading scoring team in the Ivy League, boasting the league’s top two scorers in Barnes and Toppert. The pair
was as good as advertised, combining for 57 points with Barnes shooting 11-14 from the field for 28 points and Toppert drilling seven three-pointers on his way to 29 points. “We had no answer to them. They just made play after play. Give them credit, they played an outstanding game,” said Head Coach Glen Miller. Not to be lost in this game was the play of Jason Forte ’05 and Powers. Forte finished with 30 points and six assists. Powers, who was scoreless in the first half, exploded for 23 points in the second half. The following night versus Columbia, Powers had an outstanding individual game, and
see HOCKEY, page 8
Wrestlers rally to beat Princeton 28-12 after losses to Penn and Army BY CRAIG MCGOWAN
The men’s wrestling team began Ivy League competition last weekend, taking on the University of Pennsylvania and Princeton University as well as the United States Military Academy. Penn topped the Bears 25-13 on Friday and Army
Men’s basketball game notes BY SHAUN MCNAMARA
Red brought the game within one, tallying its second powerplay goal of the game. Brown’s Amy McLaughlin ’05 answered the Cornell threat, clinching the 4-2 win with her fourth goal of the season. Link and Zucker both earned their second points of the game with assists on the goal. “Our systems and lines are beginning to click,” said the starting goalie, Co-captain Katie Germain ’04. “We did not play our best game against Cornell, but we still dominated. They got two goals when they shouldn’t have because of our lack of discipline in the defensive end, but we compensated offensively.” Germain recorded the win for the Bears with 23 saves. The following afternoon, the Bears faced the Colgate University Raiders in Hamilton, N.Y., edging out their ECAC rivals in a 2-1 overtime victory. After 19 minutes of scoreless play, the Bears got on the board with a power-play goal by Link. This marked the forward’s fifth goal in five games and her 15th tally of the year. The Bruno offensive pressure remained constant throughout the opening frame,
the Bears came out on top. He came out of the gate strong, scoring 25 points in the first half. In the second half, Columbia fouled the Bears repeatedly, and it was difficult for any player to get into a groove offensively. Nevertheless, Powers tossed in nine more after the break to finish with a career-high of 34. On the weekend, he averaged 28.5 points, 8.5 rebounds and three steals per game. Forte was again rock-solid, as he finished with 23 points, eight assists and four steals. He also was a perfect 12-12 from the free-throw line, while the team was 31-35. Overall, the Bears out-scored Columbia 31-11 on free throws.
defeated Brown 24-13 Saturday. Facing Princeton that afternoon, Brown was able to fight to a 2812 victory, bringing its record to 4-9. Fifteenth-ranked Penn jumped to an early lead against the Bears, recording a 2-0 decision against Dan Appello ’06 at 133 pounds and a 12-0 major decision against Frank Gill ’05 at 141 pounds. Co-captain David Dies ’04, currently ranked 18th in the nation at 149 pounds, was able to defeat Rob Hitschler 4-1 to notch the Bears’ first win. Mike Savino ’06 followed by dropping a 10-1 major decision at 157 pounds, but then the Bears came to life. Brown was able to string together three wins in a row, as Sean Jenkins ’04, Co-captain Adam Santee ’04 and Co-captain Nick Ciarcia ’04 all defeated their opponents at 165 pounds, 174 pounds and 184 pounds, respectively. However, only Ciarcia was able to record a major decision. Fifteenth-ranked Marcus Schontube defeated Peter Mosley ’05 13-0 at 197 pounds, and a pin at heavyweight sealed the victory for Penn. Wrestling in see WRESTLING, page 8
An ode to the sports fanatic I want to talk about the game’s most precious resource: the sports fan. Fans are the people who make the world go round (in conjunction, of course, with its spinn i n g ANDREW magnetic TOBOLOWSKY TOBO-COP core). I am a sports fan, and therefore it’s not at all a conflict of interest for me to tell you why they are so wonderful. You see, sports fans are the ones who make sports. They serve simultaneously as their entourage, their treasury and their lifeblood. In fact, sports are a lot like beer in that respect. They make women more attractive. Wait, I mean they make the world a beautiful place. Whatever. Not that it’s easy. Nothing worthwhile ever is. There are very specific sports-related problems. For example, the inevitable first sports-related breakup, which generally occurs when the guy chooses a game over something the girl thinks is (somehow) more important. Something like a date, or Valentine’s Day, or spousal childbearing — you know, frivolous stuff. And yes, I’m aware the province of sports is not limited to males, but as far as I know, this doesn’t happen to girls, and if it does, I want to meet them. Failure can also really hurt the sports fan. Whether the team has recently fallen into disrepair or is just a bottom-feeder in the first place, the agony of defeat never goes away. And sure, sometimes the losses are brutal, leaving scars that just won’t heal (even if see TOBO-COP, page 9
SCOREBOARD Friday, Feb. 6 Men’s Basketball: Cornell 96, Brown 81 Women’s Basketball: Brown 69, Cornell 56 Men’s Ice Hockey: Brown 5, Princeton 2 Women’s Ice Hockey: Brown 4, Cornell 2 Women’s Swimming: Yale 155, Brown 145 Wrestling: Pennsylvania 25, Brown 13 Saturday, Feb. 7 Women’s Skiing: First place – Giant Slalom Men’s Skiing: Giant Slalom (Results tomorrow) Wrestling: Brown 28, Princeton 12 Army 24, Brown 13 Men’s Squash: Trinity 9, Brown 0 Brown 7, Wesleyan 2 Women’s Squash: (Results tomorrow) Men’s Swimming: Columbia 183.5, Brown 112.5 Yale 193, Brown 95 Women’s Tennis: Virginia Tech 4, Brown 3 Women’s Ice Hockey: Brown 2, Colgate 1 (OT) Women’s Basketball: Columbia 68, Brown 66 Men’s Basketball: Brown 90, Columbia 81 Men’s Ice Hockey: Brown 4, Yale 1 Gymnastics: Fourth of four at Pittsburgh Men’s Track: Third of nine at URI Invitational Women’s Track: Fourth of 12 at URI Invitational Fencing: (Results tomorrow) Sunday, Feb. 8 Women’s Water Polo: Ivy League Championship Brown 8, Harvard 1 Women’s Tennis: Brown 6, Virginia 1 Women’s Skiing: Second place – Slalom Men’s Skiing: Slalom (Results tomorrow)