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T H U R S D A Y OCTOBER 31, 2002


An independent newspaper serving the Brown community since 1891

TWA picks up effort to keep guns out of officers’ hands

Admission office begins ‘Talent Quest’ to recruit more minorities



The Main Green Brown Bear statue carried a paper gun on Wednesday in an effort to raise awareness about a petition against arming the Brown Police. Third World ACTION began circulating the petition about a week ago and has so far gotten over 750 signatures, said TWA member Doreen Wang ‘05. TWA members chose to hand out yellow ribbons to students and decorate the Main Green with yellow balloons on Wednesday because “yellow means no guns,” said TWA member Sage Morgan-Hubbard ‘05. “Black usually goes with anti-police stuff, but we decided it wasn’t as visible.” Organization members also equipped the Brown Bear with his firearm. “We wanted to raise awareness and get people interested because Ruth Simmons will be making a decision at the end of the semester,” Morgan-Hubbard said. An e-mail circulated by TWA said that the Department of Police and Security has a history of racial profiling and “students have found the system to file complaints against police officer behavior dismissive, bureaucratic, and ineffectual.” Instead of arming police, the e-mail suggested

The admission office recently launched a program to recruit more students of color by increasing communication with high schools that have large populations of underrepresented minorities. The project, dubbed “Talent Quest,” aims to present Brown as an attainable goal and accessible university for minority students, said Andrea van Niekerk, assistant director of admission. The Office of Undergraduate Admission enlisted the cooperation of the Undergraduate Council of Students and the alumni office for the Talent Quest project, Niekerk said. Some parts of the admission process are remnants of the “old process” of admission, in which the applicant pool was heavily represented by East Coast private schools, she said, and Talent Quest will help move Brown beyond that. “Brown’s admissions office is just really incredible,” said Rahim Kurji ’05, who heads the UCS division of the project. “The people in the office are very idealistic.” The project will not replace current recruiting measures, but will supplement current initiatives, van Niekerk said. Undergraduates, alumni and admission officers selected the schools that the University should target. Some schools on the list have had little contact with the University but others already work with the admission office. UCS compiled its own list entirely from student word of mouth and input from Third World Action, Kurji said. The list now includes several hundred schools, and admission officers will further refine the list by making school visits.

see TWA, page 13

Allison Lombardo / Herald

Members of Third World Action placed a paper gun in the hands of the Brown Bear Wednesday to show their opposition to the arming of Brown Police.

Students discuss growing up multiracial BY JOANNE PARK

As part of Multiracial Heritage Week, Assistant Dean of Student Life Kisa Takesue ’88 facilitated a discussion for biracial and multiracial students to share experiences and perspectives on growing up in multiracial settings Wednesday at the Third World Center. The Herald was allowed at the discussion contingent on its not reporting student names. Forum participants raised questions ranging from the issue of phenotype to the way multiracial people are racially “read” in society. Students also discussed their experiences with racial classification at Brown and the personal conflicts they faced within their own families which differed in culture, upbringing and language. “If I play basketball, people refer to it as it being the ‘black’ in me, whereas if I study at the science library then that’s the ‘Indian’ in me,” said one participant. Other students echoed these difficulties and said extra pressures they faced in electing majors or socializing were due in part to the assumptions people made about their multiracial identities. “No matter who you really are, others tell me this is the person I look like, therefore the person I should be,” said another participant. “Although inside the house there is mostly acceptance, I’ve had rocks thrown at me in other places.” Students often interlaced their recounting of experiences with references to their families, who they said were significant influences on their views of multiracial issues. “Personally, I don’t really care what other people think. I accepted myself and formed my own identity,” said a participant. “My parents, by not forcing it to be an issue, allowed me to become comfortable with it “ Other participants said they experienced difficulties due to language barriers they faced with one or both parents. These barriers hindered their mutual understanding of racism’s current context, students said. Participants said they faced conflicts with their siblings as well, due to their multiraciality. They said that different skin colors between siblings often led to one being associ-

ated more often with a particular parent. Students said they were often frustrated while growing up in a multiracial household because they felt compelled to identify with one race to the exclusion of the other. “Our mixed heritage does not mitigate our struggles against myths that are held about one particular group,” a participant said. Parents of a biracial son and daughter also attended the forum. “Growing up and watching them has been both an enlightening and challenging experience,” the student’s father said. “I try to do a lot of reading on multiraciality to grasp an idea of what they are going through,” said the student’s mother. “I ask my children if they go through the same problems, but it’s often difficult to talk about it.” While multiraciality most affected their children, the parents said it posed a frustrating problem for them as well. “It evokes fury sometimes,” the father said. The parents said they were often asked if their children were adopted. They faced difficulties when racial slurs were thrown at their children, because they had to construct a comprehensive way to speak to their children about their multiraciality, the parents said. “I’ve tried to turn this into a positive experience,” the mother said. “It’s taken me nearly 37 years, but now I try to look at where a person is coming from, and what aspects of their backgrounds makes them think a certain way about multiracial people.” The mother said her daughter’s recent interest in Korean language drew them closer together. The student participants also said it was important for multiracial people to recognize all facets of their identity. A participant said a recent trip to his mother’s homeland sparked a further understanding of himself and of his family’s background. “I realized the importance of seeing who I am in a fuller perspective,” he said. “I feel like I can step back from the painting now and see the bigger picture.”

see QUEST, page 6

Ivy League students team up to promote oncampus greening BY LISA MANDLE

Environmentally-minded students from Ivy League universities teamed up to form a coalition to coordinate their efforts at the fifth annual Greening of the Ivies Conference earlier this month. Approximately 35 students, including five from Brown and students from several other Ivy League universities, attended this year’s conference on the weekend of Oct. 18. Attendees participated in workshops, lectures and panels on environmental issues and campaigns. Attendees created the coalition because there is a need for environmental groups at Ivy League schools to have a collective voice and communication, said Susan Dubois, a sophomore representative from Dartmouth College. While students recognized this need at previous conferences, it never led to anything concrete, Dubois said. The group’s primary initiative is achieving “tree-free” campuses. By speaking and acting together, the coalition

I N S I D E T H U R S D AY, O C T O B E R 3 1 , 2 0 0 2 In South Carolina, a small college president gives 100 first-years $50 each — find out why page 3

At Vanderbilt, administration faces lawsuit over changing a building’s name page 3

First Ward Candidate Bill Miller hosts a Thursday night ‘soiree’ at Louis page 5

see GREENING, page 6

TO D AY ’ S F O R E C A S T Jonathan Skolnick ’04 says U.S. Jews must resign their support for Ariel Sharon guest column, page 15

In outreach effort, Brown student-athletes promote literacy in Fox Point sports, page 16

cloudy high 45 low 31


THIS MORNING THURSDAY, OCTOBER 31, 2002 · PAGE 2 Pornucopia Eli Swiney





High 45 Low 31 cloudy

High 47 Low 32 partly cloudy

High 45 Low 35 cloudy

High 42 Low 25 snow showers GRAPHICS BY TED WU

A Story Of Eddie Ahn

CALENDAR CONVOCATION — Asian American History Month Convocation, Salomon 101, 7 p.m. FILM — “Night of the Living Dead,” Carmichael Auditorium, 8 p.m. ROCK SHOW — BSR rockin' Halloween show, Upstairs Production Workshop, 8:30 p.m. PARTY — Monster's Ball, Peterutti Lounge, Faunce House, 9:30 p.m.

CROSSWORD ACROSS 1 Firebug’s felony 6 Nick and Nora’s terrier 10 Line crosser of a kind 14 Words on a rep’s button 15 Wheel’s partner 16 Ruminate 17 Be frugal 18 Succotash bean 19 “Born Free” lioness 20 Where “Last Judgment” was painted 23 Old Roman welcome 25 Old White House nickname 26 Make bubbly 27 Tuned in to, as a radio show 30 “It’s sooo cold!” 31 Davis of “King” 32 Sullen state 34 Without warranties 38 Backfiring 41 Ocean flier 42 Part of an insomniac’s vision? 43 Petal perfume 44 Ed.’s work pile 45 Psychologist’s concern 46 Emulate Marcel Marceau 50 Hearing aid 52 __ rally (where to hear this puzzle’s theme) 53 New Providence site 57 Condo, e.g. 58 Payroll datum 59 Expressed pleasure 62 Compos mentis 63 Part of ER: Abbr. 64 It’s not poetry 65 Fraternal group 66 Provide bank blueprints, maybe 67 Like some nests DOWN 1 Bitty batteries

2 Queue after Q 3 Wintertime in Winter Park, e.g. 4 Imploded Atlanta arena 5 Clears 6 Improvise 7 Rouen’s river 8 Submissive 9 Menu heading 10 Lipstick slip 11 Mea __ 12 Charm, for example 13 Memphis “blues” street 21 Little bit 22 Seagoing pronoun 23 Cliff dweller’s building material 24 Driver’s shield 28 Key __ pie 29 Broad shoe size 30 Zapper targets 32 Feet on the furniture, at times 33 Singleton 34 Aqua Velva competitor 35 Go into business

36 Part of Caesar’s boast 37 Commuter stabilizer 39 Trucker’s turnoff 40 “__ out!” 44 Close-mouthed 45 Song syllable 46 Hurl epithets at 47 Erie, for one 48 Rack one’s brains

Hopeless Edwin Chang

49 Novelist Joyce Carol __ 50 Lauder of cosmetics 51 Tip off 54 Poetic foot 55 “Uh-uh” 56 Campus quarters 60 Baltimore hrs. 61 “L.A. Law” actress



























Inappropriate Touches Deepu Murty and Zara Findlay-Shirras

Cookie’s Grandma is Jewish Saul Kerschner

Stumped? Call 1-900-226-4413. 99 cents a minute 1





















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By Norma Johnson (c)2002 Tribune Media Services, Inc.

56 60



THE RATTY LUNCH — vegetarian eggplant vegetable soup, chicken mulligatawny soup, chicken fingers, stuffed shells with sauce, sticky rice, green peas, Halloween cupcakes DINNER — eggplant vegetable soup, chicken mulligatawny soup, meatloaf with mushroom sauce, crispy baked filet of sole, shells with broccoli, roasted potatoes, carrots, green beans with tomatoes, focaccia with mixed herbs, poundcake with strawberries and whipped cream

V-DUB LUNCH —vegetarian eggplant vegetable soup, chicken mulligatawny soup, hot turkey sandwich, vegan stir fry noodles with tofu, mashed potatoes, California blend vegetables, Halloween cupcakes DINNER — eggplant vegetable soup, chicken mulligatawny soup, sausages, vegan stuffed peppers, risotto, carrots, green beans with tomatoes, focaccia with mixed herbs, poundcake with strawberries and whipped cream

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IN BRIEF Presbyterian College Pres rewards 100 students with $50 each Presbyterian College President John Griffith invented a new tactic this fall to fight corporate greed in the United States: give $50 to 100 randomly selected first-year students and see how they spend it. At his welcoming speech to incoming first-years in September, Griffith said corporate greed has gone too far. “If you’re the CEO of a major corporation, you’ve got responsibilities to your employees and to stockholders,” Griffith told The Herald.“The only way that certain people could have made millions and millions of dollars and their corporations went bankrupt was to misrepresent their financials and have little regard for the employers, employees and their investors.” Griffith said his Convocation speech focused on integrity and service to others — and then he set out to provide an example with his $50 experiment. “I want you to think about what it means to be a person that has responsibility for the quality of life here on this campus,” Griffith said he told his students.“It needs to be a person who deals honestly and truthfully with others. And just tell me how you use this money.” Located in Clinton, S.C., Presbyterian College is a small school of 1,200 students, about half of whom participate in community service, according to the college’s Web site. Overall, student reaction has been positive, and Griffith said he has gotten responses from one-third of the participants, some choosing to remain anonymous. Kelly Graham Morris, one of the first-years who received a $50 bill, used the money in the Big Sister program. “I know it felt really good, when I went and bought stuff (for my little sister) and was able to give to that little girl,” she said.“To see that look on her face, it made me feel really good about not just spending it on something I needed, or what one of my friends needed.” Blair Seymour, another first-year at the college, said her initial reaction on seeing the $50 bill in her mailbox was less than ecstatic. “I actually was not exactly thrilled, because I knew it would be hard to decide what to do with it,” Seymour said. “There’s lots of angst about wanting to do the right thing, and what would make Dr. Griffith happy or make him proud.” Seymour ended up spending $35 on small American flags to hand out during a memorial service on Sept. 11. She donated the rest of the money to a student volunteer service that works with sixth graders. “It made me feel so much better for me to cheer people up,” Seymour said.“It made me feel really good to have touched the people around me with that.” Griffith said he’s not sure if he’ll do the experiment again. “It’s interesting,” he said.“I’ve gotten several e-mails saying,‘What about making this an annual event?’ Well, I don’t know about that. It may be that if you do it every year, it loses its impact.” — Momoko Hirose

The Washington Post

Confederate Memorial Hall at Vanderbilt University is at the center of a law suit brought by the Tennessee division of the United Daughters of the Confederacy.The group is suing the university over the administration’s decision to remove the word ‘Confederate’ from the name of the building.

At Vandy, Confederate controversy BY AMY RUDDLE

After 14 years of controversy, the racially charged debate over the name of a Vanderbilt University residential hall has finally gone to court. The Tennessee division of the United Daughters of the Confederacy is suing Vanderbilt over the university administration’s decision to remove the word “Confederate” from Confederate Memorial Hall. Officials at the university decided to change the name of the hall because many students were offended by the word Confederate, a reminder of slavery. The UDC’s lawsuit seeks a ruling requiring that the word Confederate not be removed from the building’s façade. The removal of the word would breach a contract made between Peabody College and the UDC. The UDC donated $50,000 in 1935 to George Peabody College for Teachers to build a residential hall in honor of Tennessee Confederate soldiers who died during the Civil War. The money donated was a third of the cost required for constructing the building, and would be equivalent to over $600,000 today. Vanderbilt acquired Peabody College to add to the university’s facilities, and when the university began renovations on the residence hall in 1985, various student groups, faculty and administration demonstrated

their anger at the name of the hall, said Michael Schoenfeld, vice chancellor for public affairs at Vanderbilt. “At the time, the university chose to put a historical marker on the building,” he said. Vanderbilt’s Student Government Association passed several resolutions over the years to change the building’s name, the last of which was accepted as a proposal by administrators in May 2002. Administrators agreed with changing the name, and Chancellor Gordon Gee, former Brown president, presented the proposal to the Board of Trustees and ultimately approved the decision. After offering several name changes to the UDC such as South Hall and Tennessee Hall, none of which were accepted, the university passed the resolution to make the name change and “triggered the lawsuit from the UDC,” Schoenfeld said. Suzanne Silek, president general of the UDC, stated that she understands how some people could be offended by the word Confederate, but that the word should not bring up that connotation. “I don’t feel that it does,” she said. see VANDERBILT, page 6




ACUP focuses on travel,Web site funding in budget meeting BY BRIAN BASKIN

Kimberly Insel / Herald

RUN WITH THE FOX First Ward Candidate Bill Miller debuted what he refers to as his “secret weapon the fox” at a pre-election rally at Louis restaurant on Brook Street. “The fox gets a lot of attention,” Miller said.

On Monday, the Offices of Advancement and Public Affairs and University Relations presented their budgets to the Advisory Committee on University Planning for the first time in recent history. The meeting was closed to the media and to members of the Brown community. Assistant Provost Brian Casey said ACUP will not release details regarding the amount of money the two University departments requested. At the meeting, the heads of both offices expressed a desire to find the best way they could serve the upcoming capital campaign, Casey said. Senior Vice President for Advancement Ronald Vanden Dorpel will examine other universities undergoing capital campaigns, looking for clues as to how to structure Brown’s own fundraising efforts, Casey said. Vanden Dorpel mentioned the possible creation of two hypothetical components of a capital campaign: a publication that recognizes large donations and more alumni events, Casey said. The economy has affected the timing of the campaign, but not day-to-day fundraising operations, said Associate Vice President for Budgets and Planning Susan Howitt. The Office of Advancement listed travel, computer replacement and Web site funding as its three most important budget concerns. Public Affairs will soon undergo a comprehensive audit of how Brown presents itself to the world, Casey said. Special attention will be paid to whether the Web site could be more user-friendly and consistent between departments, Casey said. Before making any major changes, the University will consider whether potential undergraduates use the Web site to the same degree as prospective graduate students, Casey said. Over the next several years, Public Affairs will look into making the phone directory and George Street Journal available exclusively online to cut expenses, Howitt said. Public Affairs listed Commencement expenses, increasing printing and photography costs and costs associated with enhanced Web services as its three main budgetary pressures.


Greening continued from page 1 wants to encourage campuses to use 100 percent post-consumer recycled paper, said Garrett Meigs, a junior representative from Cornell University. “Awful as it sounds, we hope to use (the Ivy League) name to get stuff done,” said Brown representative Megan Furnari ’06. The coalition hopes that the “tree-free” campaign will be the first of many collaborative efforts organized by the Ivy League Environmental Coalition, Meigs said. The coalition also plans to promote fair trade coffee on college campuses and become involved with the “Kyoto Now!”

Vanderbilt continued from page 3 “The Confederacy was not all about slavery. There were other reasons for the existence of the Confederate States of America. The ladies of the United Daughters of the Confederacy who gave that money” gave it to the college in “memorial of Confederate soldiers,” Silek said. The UDC claims that Vanderbilt risks making those of Confederate descent feel excluded in their attempt to make other minorities feel included, according to the Nashville Tennessean. “This is not a matter of color, this is not a matter of race,” said Betty Hughes, chairwoman

Quest continued from page 1 The difficulty is not in admitting students of color but rather in getting the underrepresented student populations to apply to the University, van Niekerk said. “I think a college like Brown is victim to a larger social context,” van Niekerk said.

campaign to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Having a collective voice will make for a more powerful statement when interacting with the press and public, Dubois said. It will also give environmental groups at different schools the chance to educate each other, she said. The coalition’s charter mandates frequent communication between campuses, currently via conference calls, so that schools can focus efforts and pool ideas, Furnari said. Students from every Ivy League University except Columbia University have signed the charter as of Wednesday morning, Dubois said. Representatives from Columbia are expected to join

“Awful as it sounds,

of the UDC’s Confederate Hall Memorial Committee in an interview with the Vanderbilt Hustler. Students and administrators at Vanderbilt disagree. Student groups such as the Black Student Alliance and the campus Green Party held letterwriting campaigns to show student support of the school’s decision to change the name. Nia Toomer, a Vanderbilt senior and president of the Black Student Alliance said that although the UDC claims they don’t support slavery, “Their ancestors were slave-owners — they earned their money from slavery — and that building itself was bought from slavery. “The name is more than honoring soldiers — it represents slavery and discrimination,”

Toomer said.” Toomer stated that the school should have made the change long ago, adding, “I personally feel that the new administration is bringing the change. Chancellor Gee is doing a whole lot on this campus.” Student polls conducted by the SGA show support outnumbering opposition in the matter. There were a number of student groups, administrators and faculty involved in the process, as this is “not something you decide lightly,” Schoenfeld said. “We have looked at the legality of whether Vanderbilt has the right to name buildings on its campus. We are confident we have the ability and the authority to change the name,” Schoenfeld said.

To alter the preconception of Brown as an inaccessible institution, alumni across the nation will act as liaisons to the targeted schools. “Brown has always been undefensively committed to affirmative action,” van Niekerk said. After the prospective students apply, the admission office will be, as it always has been, hugely sensitive to the context and background of the applicant, she

said. By admitting underprivileged applicants, the admission office can broaden the intellectual scope of an incoming class without lowering the quality of the students, she said. Beginning next year, Brown will adopt need-blind admission, and once a student is admitted, the financial aid office usually “leans backwards for the student to come,” van Niekerk said.

we hope to use (the Ivy League) name to get stuff done.” Megan Furnari ’06. the coalition soon, she said. Being part of the coalition will give environmental groups at Brown more direction, inspiration and drive, Furnari said. After learning about Dartmouth’s composting center, Brown representatives wondered if the same program could be started at Brown, Furnari said. Brown will host next year’s Greening of the Ivies Conference.



IN BRIEF Expanded use of federal statute may ease prosecution WASHINGTON (Washington Post) — Congress passed the Hobbs Act in 1946 to prevent organized crime or corrupt labor unions from shaking down truck drivers on the nation’s highways. But over the years, federal prosecutors have found ever-wider applications for the broadly worded statute, which makes it a crime to “obstruct, delay or affect” interstate commerce through robbery or extortion. So while the Justice Department’s use of the law against alleged serial sniper John Allen Muhammad may have represented a bit of a legal stretch, analysts generally view the federal government’s case as a plausible one that might help ensure capital punishment, the professed goal of authorities in all the jurisdictions where Muhammad, 41, and John Lee Malvo, 17, allegedly carried out one of the most sensational killing rampages in recent history. Essentially,in charges filed Tuesday,the government accuses Muhammad of shooting people to death in the course of violating the Hobbs Act — and that is punishable by death. Still, as the discussion continues over who will prosecute the suspects first, the federal case offers disadvantages as well asadvantages. Most important, prosecutors would have to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that extortion was the motive behind the shootings, perhaps by relying on a letter allegedly left by the shooter demanding $10 million. But some lawyers noted that demand came long after the beginning of the shootings, whose deeper purpose remains murky. “Some may think that they killed all the people to set up a demand for $10 million. If that’s true, then it’s perfectly appropriate to use the Hobbs Act,” said former federal prosecutor Eugene Propper.

Arellano says U.S. has lost war on drugs ALMOLOYA DE JUAREZ, Mexico (Washington Post) — Benjamin Arellano Felix, the man accused of running Mexico’s most ruthless drug cartel, said the United States has already lost its war on drugs and that violent trafficking gangs will thrive as long as Americans keep buying marijuana, cocaine and heroin. “It would stop being a business if the United States didn’t want drugs,” Arellano said Tuesday during a rare interview in the La Palma maximum security federal prison here, where Mexican authorities hope to keep him for the rest of his life. Most Latin Americans, from presidents to taxi drivers, say that U.S. demand is responsible for the drug trade. But hearing it directly from Arellano Felix, in his first interview with the U.S. media, provided a seldom-seen glimpse into the thinking of one of the hemisphere’s most prominent drug lords. U.S. and Mexican officials say Arellano, 48, heads the Tijuana-based cartel bearing his family name, which has moved billions of dollars worth of Mexican and Colombian drugs into the United States while committing some of the most vicious murders ever seen in the drug underworld. But they also acknowledge that since his arrest in March there has been no slowdown in the flow of drugs over the border. “They talk about a war against the Arellano brothers,” said Arellano, who eluded the Mexican police and military, the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration and the FBI for more than a decade. “They haven’t won. I’m here, and nothing has changed. “When something is out of reach it is more interesting to people,” Arellano said. “If drugs were like cigarettes or alcohol, there wouldn’t be a black market. It would put an end to the capos.” Authorities say Arellano was the capo of capos, the brains behind an organization that controlled a third or more of the cocaine traffic into the United States and spent countless millions to buy protection from police, judges and generals. They said his top enforcer, his broth-

er Ramon Arellano Felix, left a trail of hundreds of mutilated corpses. Allegations against Arellano have been made for years in newspapers, books, political speeches and court documents in Mexico and the United States. He has been charged with numerous drug offenses. Now, telling his story, Arellano said that the accusations against his family are “all lies” made up by people who are “sick in the head. “If I had all the money they say I do, where is it? You should be able to see the properties and the money,” Arellano said, his face flushing with anger as he sat in a cold prison classroom wearing a beige uniform, slip-on shoes and a heavy beige coat. “I didn’t have airplanes, bodyguards and yachts.” Authorities are not sure where Arellano’s money went, beyond some real estate investments in Tijuana. Mexican officials say it has been invested in American real estate, while their U.S. counterparts say much of it is hidden in cash in Mexico. Arellano described himself a “simple” housing contractor. He said he suffers from daily migraine headaches from the stress of being wrongly accused. Arellano acknowledged that he has moved frequently in the past decade, living in Mexico City, Monterrey, Puebla and Tijuana. Law enforcement officials said his life has been marked by a complicated series of dodges, aliases and secret dealings all designed to avoid arrest, which Arellano denied. “I’ve lived simply, not in hiding,” he said. “I wasn’t calling attention to myself, but I wasn’t running from them. I went to the movies, to restaurants just like you. If I wanted to go somewhere, I got on a plane. I’m a peaceful person. A person could not have done all they accuse me of without being caught.” Told of Arellano’s comments, Donald Thornhill Jr., a DEA spokesman in San Diego, where for years there has been a joint DEA-FBI task force devoted solely to the Arellano Felix organization, said Arellano will face a mountain of evidence at his upcoming trials.


Arrests prompt leads in Tacoma shootings TACOMA, Wash. (Washington Post) —

Keenya Cook had taken refuge at her aunt and uncle’s house here after a falling-out with her baby’s father. She was killed in February at the front door of their home, shot in the face by somebody police couldn’t identify and for reasons they didn’t know. Then, after John Allen Muhammad and John Lee Malvo were arrested last Thursday in the sniper case, investigators in Tacoma were handed what they hope are two keys in solving Cook’s slaying. That day, a Tacoma man told the FBI that his friends Muhammad and Malvo occasionally borrowed two of his handguns — one of which has since been linked to the Cook slaying. And as soon as Muhammad’s photograph appeared on television, Cook’s uncle called police to tell them that Muhammad might have had a grudge against his family. “I thought, ‘Wow, that’s John. I know him,’ “ said Joseph Nichols, Cook’s uncle. “I couldn’t believe it. Then ... I started remembering the encounters he had with my wife. I thought maybe he was trying to get some vindication.” Nichols said his wife, Isa, a former bookkeeper for Muhammad’s failed auto repair business here, had once helped Muhammad’s ex-wife hide from him at a women’s shelter and sat beside her in court during the custody hearing for their three children. Isa Nichols did not respond to requests for interviews, but her husband said they never suspected him in their niece’s slaying — until last week. “It was a fairly cold case,”

Tacoma police spokesman Jim Mattheis said. Muhammad’s “was a name that never came up. It’s a situation where it’s either a real strange coincidence, or we’re hoping we can tie him into the case. He knew the family, and it sounds like there was possibly some reason for some bad blood.” Joseph Nichols said he and his wife last heard from Muhammad in about June 2001, when Isa received a telephone call from him. He wanted to know where his ex-wife was. Mildred Muhammad had divorced him more than a year before, and when they split up, he left the area with their three children. Now he was back. Isa Nichols, hoping to help Mildred find out where he was living and where the children were, invited him over for a cookout. “And he didn’t say anything,” Joseph Nichols said. “John has always been kind of mysterious.” Afraid to arouse suspicion, Nichols said he didn’t press for details — but as Muhammad drove away, Nichols copied his license plate number and called police. At the end of August, authorities found the children attending school in Bellingham, about 100 miles away, and a judge gave custody to their mother. Not quite six months later, on Feb. 16, the Nicholses’ niece, Cook, 21, was shot to death. Cook’s family believes that the intended target was Isa Nichols — and that the sniper victims in the Washington area might still be alive if the Muhammad link had been made sooner. By most accounts, Muhammad was then living in

Bellingham, staying on and off in a homeless shelter. But Tacoma police know that Muhammad was in Tacoma about the time of Cook’s slaying. Four days earlier, on Feb. 12, he was charged with shoplifting $27 worth of groceries from a Tacoma convenience store. Mattheis said Muhammad was given a citation and released. When he didn’t show up for his court date, an arrest warrant was issued. The day Muhammad and Malvo were arrested in Maryland in the sniper attacks and Muhammad’s face appeared on television coast to coast, Joseph Nichols called police. So did a Tacoma man who told police that he and Muhammad “had a friendship based on their interest in firearms” — and that he allowed Muhammad and Malvo to stay in his home and borrow his weapons several times. One was a .45-semiautomatic handgun that police have confirmed was used in the Cook killing. The other was a .44-magnum used in a vandalism incident in May at Tacoma’s only synagogue, Temple Beth El; the building was unoccupied, but one bullet lodged in the back of the ark, where the Torah scrolls are kept. Cook’s mother, Pamala Nichols, said the possible connection to Muhammad and the sniper cases has brought her some measure of peace after months of uncertainty. “I slept last night for the first time since February,” Pamala Nichols said. Cook’s family, she said, made T-shirts with her name on the front and “Who Did It?” on the back.

Bhutto assails Musharraf, Pakistani elections WASHINGTON (Washington Post) —

Former Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto has unleashed a scathing attack against President Pervez Musharraf, accusing him of manipulating this month’s parliamentary elections by paving the way for fundamentalist gains in the provinces and pushing his own party, while blocking more mainstream ones such as her Pakistan Peoples Party and the Muslim League. Bhutto told Washington Post editors and reporters on Monday that the signal she was getting from U.S. officials on the outcome — which left the proMusharraf Quaid-e-Azam faction of the Pakistan Muslim League with the most seats but not enough for a parliamentary majority — is that “while they did not endorse the elections, they did not condemn them as rigged.” While the war on terrorism is ongoing, she said, Bush administration officials “still have too much on their plate.” She warned, however, that the election’s outcome was “a slap in the face of transition to civilian rule” three years after Musharraf took power in a bloodless military coup. The European Union described the election as “seriously flawed” after its observers reported that polling officials rigged the process to favor proMusharraf candidates and that campaign workers with Bhutto’s party were arrested for whistlestop campaigning from a train.

Bhutto, who claimed that surveys and exit polls had predicted a stronger showing by her party, said she has written the election commission demanding an investigation. “Now the elections are being systematically rigged. Religious parties get two provinces now; next time they get the whole country,” Bhutto said, referring to the unexpectedly strong showing by the United Action Forum, a coalition of six Islamic parties. Bhutto was elected prime minister in 1988 and again in 1993 but never completed a term, twice being dismissed by previous presidents with the support of the military. She has been in exile in Britain since being sentenced to prison for corruption in 1999. She and former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, convicted of hijacking and attempted murder after the 1999 coup and now exiled in Saudi Arabia, were barred from running in this month’s election. When the doors to democracy are shut, Bhutto contended, radical religious parties will be chosen over military dictatorship in protest. “If religious extremists were fairly elected, they should be included, but I am just asking, ‘What, exactly, did the people of Pakistan vote for?’ The only other parties allowed to come to the fore were the religious parties,” she said. “The regime wanted this hung parliament.” Bhutto charged that Musharraf

has not delivered on all his promises. “The regime speaks with a forked tongue,” Bhutto said, urging that jockeying between the pro-military and religious parties in Pakistan be watched closely as they try to form a coalition government. “Our main objective is to get a strong parliament and put an end to the witch hunt,” Bhutto said, adding that her party would consider allying with any of the opposition parties if it kept Musharraf’s party out of government. In some conversations with her representatives, Musharraf has raised the issue of constitutional reforms, Bhutto disclosed. Tuesday in Islamabad, Musharraf was quoted as saying a meeting with an aide to Bhutto at a hilltop restaurant was a coincidence. While Musharraf has pledged to hand power to a new prime minister next month, he retains the power to dismiss the elected parliament and secured a major role for the military to oversee the workings of government. Bhutto claimed Musharraf rehired some 300 retired intelligence officers and appointed persons with close links to alQaida to senior posts. “The judiciary lives in fear,” said Bhutto, noting charges of corruption and misgovernance are only used as a smoke screen to get at political opponents. “People like me never wanted war on our borders with India and Afghanistan, and generals don’t like these policies.”


Anti-U.S. feelings bubble up in Egypt CAIRO, Egypt (L. A.Times) — Forty-six

years ago, when the United States withdrew its offer to help build the Aswan dam after Egypt recognized China, President Gamal Abdel Nasser rallied his people in Cairo and shouted from an elevated stage, “O America, may you choke to death on your fury!” In the streets below, the multitudes roared approval. Today, on the streets of Cairo, capital of the Arab world’s most populous and influential country, one hears an echo of those antiAmerican sentiments from the past. Sometimes harsh and angry, sometimes softened by a longheld admiration of the United States, it is the voice of people who feel betrayed by and distrustful of America and what is perceived here as its effort to rearrange the Middle East at gunpoint. “I’d always looked up to the U.S.,” said Gamal Mahfouz, 32, a computer engineer. “I never liked its foreign policy, but I admired its democracy and general system. After 9/11, everything the country stood for seemed to disappear. It became judgmental and intolerant. Isn’t that why the U.S. was created — to get rid of intolerance toward others? I don’t look up to the U.S. anymore. Worse, I feel since 9/11 the American people, not just the American government, are against the Arabs.” The signs of tension, and the hint of risk, are everywhere. The U.S. ambassador does not fly the American flag on his armor-plated BMW as he moves about Cairo. The press is more adversarial toward Washington than it’s been in years, with the Egyptian Gazette suggesting in an editorial that the United States might use the “spoils of Iraq” — oil — to “tempt opponents into bowing to its militarism.” The British, Israeli and American flags were burned

during a downtown Cairo demonstration last month. The risk of a deteriorating American-Arab relationship was underscored Monday by the slaying of Lawrence Foley, an official of the U.S. Agency for International Development, outside his home in Amman, Jordan. Although a motive for the shooting was not immediately established, his death raised fears in the U.S. community that Americans themselves, rather than U.S. policy, could become the target of Arab anger. “This is not a comfortable time to be associated with the Americans,” said an Egyptian professional who has worked for the U.S. Embassy here for more than 20 years. “My friends don’t say anything, (but) I know they don’t approve. The other day my uncle, an old man, said to me, ‘When are you going to finish with the Americans?’ When you’ve got old, uninvolved people feeling like that, it’s sad.” Despite the souring mood in the streets, resident Americans in Egypt, numbering about 16,000, encounter neither hostility nor difficulty in their daily lives, and American visitors are welcomed as graciously as ever by a people who have a justified reputation for friendliness and moderation. It is not hatred that is in the air. It is anger, disappointment, disillusionment and defensiveness. “We took a hit with the Israeli peace treaty in ‘79,” an Egyptian journalist said. “We weren’t ready for it. But we came around to the view that, well, maybe we’ll get something out of this. We didn’t. Then the alliance with the United States, and we said, ‘Oh well, at least you offer us protection.’ Now, after Afghanistan, the green light for Israel to do as it pleases to

the Palestinians, the plans for war on Iraq, there are educated Egyptians seriously asking if we’re next on (the U.S.) attack list.” The emotional underpinning of Arab-American relations remains the Palestinian question. Arabs accept that the United States has a special relationship with Israel. But they believe the Bush administration’s unstinting support of Prime Minister Ariel Sharon and his tough military and economic actions in the Palestinian territories negate any sense of evenhandedness. What they see forming is an anti-Arab Israeli-American partnership. “If there is an attack on Iraq, the reaction on the Arab street depends on a couple of things,” said Edward S. Walker Jr., president of the Middle East Institute in Washington and a former ambassador to both Israel and Egypt. “One is if Israel were to join in and the Arabs saw the war as one of Israeli aggression rather than one to liberate the Iraqi people (as Washington contends). If that happened, we’d lose an embassy or two.” Popular antagonism toward the United States puts many Arab governments in a delicate position. Most despise Iraqi President Saddam Hussein but want to avoid losing credibility with their people or alienating Washington. They’ve let controlled demonstrations and the state-run media condemn U.S. actions but gave Iraqi Foreign Minister Naji Sabri the cold “If it comes down to war, we are not going to allow our strategic friendship with the United States to be jeopardized,” Jordanian Foreign Minister Marwan Muasher told the Council on Foreign Relations in Washington last month.

Straw says compromise on Iraq resolution is near LONDON (L. A. Times) — Weeks of tough negotiations at the United Nations over a proposed U.S.British resolution on Iraq have achieved a “very, very significant closing of the gap,” British Foreign Secretary Jack Straw said Wednesday. “I think we probably will be able to resolve the matter,” Straw said in an interview here. “There’s been a lot of very interesting debate. I wouldn’t put a specific time schedule on it. Could be next week. Could be the week after that.” France and Russia, which hold permanent Security Council seats along with the United States, Britain and China, have resisted any resolution that would allow the United States to take automatic military action against the Iraqi regime if it refuses to disarm. Straw’s words and tone echoed the cautious optimism expressed by U.S. Secretary of State Colin L. Powell and other diplomats as the deal-making process accelerates at the United Nations. Saying he is immersed in discussions involving numerous phone conversations a day with other key players in the U.N. debate, the British foreign secretary described a process that appears to be zeroing in on final significant details. The essence of the debate has boiled down to not what to do about Iraq, but who should decide it. The United States still claims the right to attack Iraq if

the United Nations doesn’t take action. With British help, however, France and the United States are discussing a compromise that would require Washington to consult with the council after reports of Iraq’s violation of a new resolution — though not be bound by the council’s decision. The latest proposal zinging between Paris and Washington adds French amendments to emphasize that only the Security Council can decide whether violations by Iraq would constitute “a further material breach” — and initiate the use of force. France had worried that the United States would use other mentions of material breach in the text as a “hidden trigger” for an attack. “You can never be certain about these things,” Straw said. “If I was certain, then the agreement would be there. And when you have the final stages of the negotiation, they are always the most difficult. But my sense is that the (five permanent Security Council) members want to reach an agreement. My own sense is there’s a widespread recognition of the need for action to be taken by the United Nations.” If the Security Council eventually crafts an agreement, Britain will have helped to pull off a delicate diplomatic feat: endorsing a hard-line U.S. policy toward Iraq while steering that policy through the United Nations as urged by France and other

nations that are worried about unchecked U.S. power. In comments in Parliament on Wednesday, Prime Minister Tony Blair similarly held out hope for an accord and rejected a legislator’s assertion that Powell had demanded a U.N. decision by the end of the week. Withstanding political heat from Britons who are dubious about a war on Iraq, the Blair government has served as a kind of bridge between the United States and the international community during the U.N. debate. Straw’s role has been crucial. Straw, 56, became Britain’s top diplomat last year after serving as home secretary, the nation’s top law enforcement official, since 1997. The unflappable and bespectacled Cabinet minister became internationally known in 1998 when he oversaw the convoluted case of Augusto Pinochet, the former Chilean dictator who was arrested by British police on a Spanish warrant and then sent home after 16 months in legal limbo. On Iraq, Straw has staked out a firmly pro-U.S. position while articulating a policy that differs quietly from the Bush administration on certain points. “Our objective is the disarmament of Saddam Hussein’s regime, and not regime change itself,” Straw said. “We would prefer that, of course, but it is not the objective we are seeking in the United Nations.”


Twenty health hazards linked to half of premature deaths, study finds (Washington Post) — About one-

half of the premature deaths worldwide are caused by 20 health hazards that if modified or avoided could produce substantial increases in life expectancy in every country, and huge ones in many, according to an ambitious new accounting by the World Health Organization. Nearly one-third of early death and disability stems from nutritional or dietary causes, including both too little food in the poorest countries, and too much (or the wrong kind) in the richest. Inadequate intake of three key “micronutrients” — zinc, iron and vitamin A — is responsible for an unexpectedly high burden of disease, the authors of the report found. In perhaps the most unexpected finding, the international research team determined that three conditions — high blood pressure, elevated cholesterol, and tobacco use — are among the top 10 risk factors for early death in essentially all countries of the globe. Previously, those hazards were thought to be important only in relatively affluent nations. Many of the findings are predictable. Malnourishment is the leading single cause of shortened life, as has probably been the case for thousands of years. It primarily affects children and women of reproductive age, increasing their risk of dying from infectious diseases and birth-related problems. At the same time, relatively overlooked hazards turn out to be important. Among them is indoor smoke that arises from cooking, which increases the incidence of penumonia in children, and emphysema and lung cancer, particularly in women. “There is a bunch of fairly surprising things we found,” said Christopher J. L. Murray, a physician and epidemiologist at WHO

who co-led a team of more than 100 researchers and statisticians from dozens of countries. The findings appear in a 248page report from the WHO in Geneva. A summary version appears as an article in this week’s issue of The Lancet. Ten years ago, Murray and his chief collaborator, Alan D. Lopez, also of WHO, published the first effort to quantify the causes of death and long-term disability — what they called the “burden of disease”—for the entire world. This new study steps back into the chain of causation that leads to those outcomes. It attempts to quantify the conditions or risks — modifiable ones, in particular — that can lead to disease. The project is premised on the idea that much (although certainly not all) premature death is avoidable. The research team hopes that by estimating the effect of various risk factors, governments (and to some extent, private companies and organizations) will be able to better produce and target public health campaigns. To that end, the report also estimates the effect various interventions — everything from food fortification and condom giveaways to tobacco taxes and widespread salt-reduction in processed food — might have on health. Some of the estimates involve considerable uncertainty. That’s because, for some risk factors (such as dietary intake of fruits and vegetables, or amount of physical activity) there are many countries with little or no data. For some hazards there is also uncertainty about the relationship between a risk factor and a disease — for example, to what extent childhood sexual abuse contributes to mental illness and suicide in adulthood. The researchers calculated the amount of disease arising from

the various hazards by starting with the total burden of disease determined by the project 10 years ago (which has been updated). For 14 geographical (which together comprised the entire world) they estimated the prevalence of risk factor “exposure,” using hundreds of studies as the source of information. They then determined what fractions of each disease or cause of death could be attributed to the risk factors. For many risk factors, the so-called “attributable burden” is well known. The link between smoking and lung cancer is indisputable. ujIf a researcher knows both the number of lung cancer deaths and the prevalence of smoking for a population, then the number of deaths attributable to smoking can be calculated fairly easily. The researchers also set a target for each risk factor, a “theoretical minimum.” For some hazards, such as tobacco use, it was zero. For others, it was the level at which further reductions produce no benefit — in the case of cholesterol, about 150 milligrams per deciliter of blood. This further allowed them to determine what fraction of premature death would disappear if risks were eliminated. For developing countries with high child and adult mortality (most of Africa, Pakistan, India, and a few Latin American and Caribbean countries), insufficient dietary protein and calories accounted for about 15 percent of lost years of life. Unsafe sex was second, accounting for about 10 percent of lost years — almost all arising from early death from AIDS. Unsafe water was third and indoor smoke from burning wood, dung and other substances for cooking was fourth.

Polls show decline in Americans’ support for potential invasion of Iraq WASHINGTON (L.A. Times) — After remaining steady for months, Americans’ support for U.S. military action in Iraq has softened in recent weeks, two polls indicated Wednesday. The apparent drop in enthusiasm for war comes as U.S. officials report progress in U.N. negotiations aimed at crafting a resolution that will send weapons inspectors back to Iraq, and possibly set the stage for a U.S. invasion. Secretary of State Colin L. Powell said Wednesday that U.N. Security Council members were getting much closer to agreeing on a resolution and that he expects work to be completed before the end of next week. Powell also said he believes it will take “a matter of months” once inspections begin for U.N. weapons experts to determine whether Iraq is producing weapons of mass destruction. His comments suggest that any military action might not occur before late winter. A poll conducted by Pew Research Center between Oct. 17 and Oct. 27 found that 55 percent of Americans support an attack on Iraq. That was down from 62 percent earlier in the month, and

64 percent in August. The poll found that a large percentage of Americans are worried about the possible consequences of a campaign, including high U.S. casualties and increased terrorist attacks on the United States. And it indicated that Americans are reluctant to support military action unless the United States has support from allies. A poll by Fox News with slightly different wording found that support for a military campaign had declined from 72 percent to 62 percent in recent weeks. But a Gallup Poll conducted Oct. 21-22 showed no decline. Carroll Doherty, editor at the Pew Research Center, said he believes the slippage is noteworthy after months of stability. He said the dip may reflect the fact that President Bush has not been actively campaigning recently to build public support for military action. John Gorman, president of Opinion Dynamics Corp., which conducted the poll for Fox News, said the decline may reflect that news coverage of the possible war with Iraq has evolved into a story about U.N. diplomacy “that is inherently confusing. Without

constant reinforcement of the importance of this, support erodes.” He said the erosion may also reflect, to a lesser extent, the fact that opponents of the war have become more visible in recent days. The Pew poll, which sampled the views of 1,751 adults, found increased opposition to the war among Democrats. For the first time since the debate over the war intensified last summer, a minority of Democrats, 49 percent, support the war. Like earlier polls, this survey suggested that Bush needs allied support to keep U.S. public backing for an attack on Iraq. Twentyseven percent said they would favor military action if allies did not go along, down from 33 percent in mid-September. In Washington, officials continued to press forward in their planning. Bush met for 10 minutes at the White House with chief U.N. weapons inspector Hans Blix and Mohammed Baradei, head of the International Atomic Energy Agency. The pair also met with Powell, Vice President Dick Cheney and National Security Adviser Condoleezza Rice.


Moscow grieves for child actors killed in siege MOSCOW (Washington Post) — They

lay side by side, he in a neat black suit, she in a frilly white dress that looked like a wedding gown. Onstage for the last few months, they played youngsters who would grow up to be star-crossed lovers. Offstage they were close friends growing closer, but what might have been will never be known. Arseny Kurilenko, 13, and Kristina Kurbatova, 14, were laid to rest Wednesday, a week after he went down to the theater to hang out with her during a rehearsal for the musical they both starred in. On special order of the mayor, they were interred next to each other in one of Moscow’s most prestigious cemeteries. “Like Romeo and Juliet, we will be burying them together,” as Yosif Kobzon, perhaps Russia’s most famous singer, described it. Moscow has become a city of funerals, at least 43 Wednesday alone, yet few could be more wrenching than this one. Arseny and Kristina were among the youngest victims of the powerful gas used by Russian special forces to overcome Chechen guerrillas who seized a theater along with 800 fellow members of the cast, crew and audience. Most of the hostages were saved, most of the guerrillas killed, but left behind were the limp bodies of two child actors just beginning their lives. In the photographs that their friends held outside the church Wednesday, their faces radiate youth and possibility. His is such a boyish smile, hers are such wide haunting eyes. The faces of the boys holding the pictures, however, told the real story, eyes reddened by tears, cheeks hollowed by grief.

“I asked a priest, `Why do the children have to die?”’ Alexander Tsekalo, the executive producer of the musical, “Nord-Ost,” recounted bitterly as he stood in a freezing drizzle outside the church. “He said that children are suffering for their parents’ sins. That’s why I’m an atheist. I don’t believe in this.” A clutch of old women and young children surrounded the impossibly small caskets Wednesday inside the Church of the Resurrection, lighting candles, crossing themselves, listening to the chanting priests, leaning on all the ritual comforts of the Orthodox faith to get through the moment. Relatives gazed disconsolately at the bodies lying so peacefully, a cross in his hand, a stuffed bear next to hers. Sometimes they reached in to stroke a cheek or straighten a loose hair, all the while staring as if they expected them to sit up at any moment and start singing again. Gleb Bauer, an 11-year-old actor with slightly spiky blond hair, slipped his way through the packed church to the front to say goodbye to his friends, then disappeared again, only to return 10 minutes later, this time with a few flowers to leave. Each was covered with a blanket of flowers, as if they were being tucked in for the night. “I’ve been crying a lot, I cry all the time. I can’t go anywhere,” said Bauer, who managed to escape the night the guerrillas first stormed into the theater and was one of the first to tell the world outside what had happened. He still cannot sleep. “Five hours at most.” Kristina and Arseny belonged to a troupe of children who played in “Nord-Ost,” or “NorthEast,” standing in for each other

so they did not work all the time. Based on the novel “Two Captains,” by Veniamin Kaverin, the musical tells the romantic, epic story of a boy, Sanya, whose father is falsely imprisoned for murder and as an orphan comes to meet a girl, Katya, and falls in love. Their budding relationship becomes ripped apart in a tale of secrecy, betrayal and suicide set against the mile-markers of history, from the Bolshevik revolution through the siege of Leningrad during World War II. Kristina played the young Katya from the first performance last Nov. 19, while Arseny joined the cast as Sanya in May. They soon became inseparable. The night the Chechen rebels captured the theater, neither was on stage; she was in a rehearsal on the third floor of the theater, while he came down to be with her. “The child actors often came there because they loved to hang around,” said Darya Morgunova, the show’s publicist. “It was a special atmosphere of camaraderie that existed between the children and the grown-ups.” Morgunova said she knew of no backstage romance between Arseny and Kristina. “They were just peers who played the roles of kids who as adults were blessed with great love” in the story. Arseny’s friends suggested he may have nurtured feelings for Kristina. “We knew he had a girl who he really liked,” recalled his former teacher, Mikhail Mingaleyev, who brought a handmade poster with pictures of the boy singing to today’s service. “He told me a lot about her,” said Arseny’s friend, Denis Kazantsev, 13. “He told me that she was as close to him as a sister.”

Bush offers accelerated plan to select judges WASHINGTON (Washington Post) —

President Bush laid out an accelerated method for getting the judges he wants onto the federal bench Wednesday, brushing aside longstanding traditions by trying to fill vacancies before they occur and demanding that the full Senate vote on all nominees. Bush said his plan would correct “a lousy record” in which vacancies have mounted and nominees have languished as the selection of judges has become highly politicized. The proposal gives him new ammunition on a favorite issue for conservatives as he begins a five-day campaign swing before Tuesday’s elections. The Democrats who control the Senate are unlikely to approve such a plan, but for Bush that is largely beside the point. Republican officials said the timing was designed to dramatize the stakes going into the elections, when just a few races will decide whether Democrats keep their majority. The administration’s strategy, drafting major changes in the way judges are chosen without consulting senators of either political party, suggested an eagerness by the White House to expand its powers, rather than to broker compromise on a delicate issue. “Nominees are too often mistreated, votes are delayed, hearings are denied, and dozens of federal judgeships sit empty,” Bush said at an East Room cere-

mony filled with conservatives. “The judicial crisis is the result of a broken system, and we have a duty to repair it.” Republicans and conservative interest groups praised the proposals. But Democratic leaders reacted angrily, saying the White House did not tell them about the plan until after it had been announced to reporters. Sen. Judiciary Committee Chairman Patrick Leahy, D-Vt., said his party had made a good-faith effort to reduce the backlog of nominations during 15 months in control. “The timing and handling of this unilateral White House proposal, a week before the elections, and after ignoring all previous invitations to consult with the Senate, cannot help but raise questions,” Leahy said. Senate Majority Leader Tom Daschle, D-S.D., was told by aides after they heard about it from reporters. Sen. Edward Kennedy, D. Mass., a longtime Judiciary Committee member who has played a prominent role in confirmation battles, said, “This is a campaign tactic, not a realistic proposal.” Democrats said the episode could worsen their already sour relations with Bush, which were exacerbated when the administration did not brief leaders on Capitol Hill before telling reporters that North Korea had admitted to sponsoring a nuclear weapons program. Richard A. Baker, the Senate historian for 28 years, said the

proposal was an unusual case of one branch of government trying to dictate reforms to another. “Committing in advance to a certain timetable would rob the Senate of its independence and its responsibility to consider these issues as long as it needs to,” Baker said. “The framers of the Constitution expected the Senate to slow things down, and that has annoyed a lot of presidents over two centuries.” Bush’s plan asks senators to give up the power to delay or kill nominations by ignoring them. The White House asked senators to make the plan part of their rules, meaning it could be changed by future lawmakers. Nevertheless, Bush said the change should be permanent. “This procedure should apply now and in the future, no matter who lives in this house or who controls the Senate,” he said. Bush is attempting to redefine the Constitution’s balance of power between the White House and the Senate for deciding who becomes a federal judge. He does not seek to rewrite the basic responsibilities — the president selecting candidates, and the Senate confirming them. B ut Bush wants to change when the president could make nominations and to reduce the role of the Senate’s committee system. The White House is recommending that existing judges give at least one year’s notice when they plan to retire.


War crimes envoy gets face-to-face with suspects (Washington Post) — As the U.S. ambassador for war crimes, PierreRichard Prosper is unafraid to try unorthodox moves to put suspects on trial. Putting up “wanted” posters and offering $5 million rewards is one thing. He did that in Africa, trying to locate Rwandan fugitives accused of genocide. But in the former Yugoslavia, he got personal. Prosper met suspects face-toface, persuading one Serb to surrender this year. And he knocked on the door of Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic’s mother, hoping she would lean on her son, one of the most wanted men in the world, to turn himself in. His appeal went nowhere — Karadzic remains on the lam — but the visit demonstrated the penchant of the peripatetic U.S. war crimes ambassador to wade into his work as he makes his global rounds. At 39, Prosper has spent most of his professional life as a prosecutor, starting in rough neighborhoods in Los Angeles before heading to Rwanda and Tanzania. He crossed over to the State Department, and as a Republican political appointee finds himself out front on issues that have roiled policymakers at home and abroad since the Sept. 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. Prosper argued the case to Congress that the United States is at war with al-Qaeda and needs special military tribunals to prosecute its new foes. He criticized the professionalism of international courts for Yugoslavia and Rwanda. He also warned foreign audiences that their governments could lose U.S. aid if they did not grant Americans immunity from the International Criminal Court. Yet Prosper’s most prominent test may well be his next one, in the person of Iraqi President Saddam Hussein. The Bush administration is developing strategies for targeting Hussein and his most loyal relatives and lieutenants with criminal prosecutions if the Iraqi government

falls as officials hope. Staffers in Prosper’s modest office are working the issue, as are a pair of Defense Department lawyers assigned to assemble documents and details. One task is to sift evidence gathered in recent years by antiHussein organizations backed by millions of dollars in U.S. funds. Hussein must be held accountable for “heinous crimes” committed at his direction, Prosper says, picking up the argument advanced by his Clinton administration predecessor and former boss, David Scheffer. The United States, he said, must set the tone — and perhaps more. Tens of thousands of Iraqis have been killed by government forces since the 1988 Iraqi campaign against the Kurds, in which about 5,000 people in the town of Halabja were reported to have died from poison gas. Torture and extra-judicial killings continue to be tools of the regime, human rights groups say, and “ethnic cleansing” campaigns are persistent features of Hussein’s rule. Prosper said he first learned about political repression as a child in Haiti, his parents’ native country. They did their medicalresidencies in the United States and settled in Saratoga County, N.Y., but Prosper spent boyhood summers in Port-au-Prince, where friends made clear which things were too dangerous to say about Haitian president-for-life Francois “Papa Doc” Duvalier. His university years took Prosper to Boston College, then it was law school at Pepperdine University and a five-year plunge into prosecuting gang homicides in South Central and East Los Angeles. When a colleague returned from a trip to Rwanda, where militiamen from the Hutu majority had killed more than 800,000 of their Tutsi countrymen in barely three months, Prosper experienced senselessness in a new dimension. He soon applied for work with the United Nations, which had created a tribunal to prosecute the genocidaires, as the genocide suspects were called in French.


Fox Point continued from page 16 Set, Read,” offered cheers of appreciation to each sports team. Afterwards, Brown student-athletes met with them in their classrooms. So far the mentoring program has been a tremendous success. “The kids love seeing the students,” said Mandy Katz, the school coordinator of the literacy campaign. “It has created a nice relationship between them. They’ve bonded with the students and just their presence makes a difference.” Fox Point has seen an increase in reading and math scores in the past few years and has been named a District Jewel Box School by Rhode Island Governor Lincoln Almond for being the top scoring school in the district in math and reading. The literacy campaign hopes to continue the trend. For the elementary students, having Brown students in the classroom not only reinforces what hard work can achieve, it also provides a healthy distraction from the day’s lesson. “They play games with us, bring

Troy continued from page 16 can become a profitable trick-ortreater for a few years before knee problems force you to give it up. Sadly though, once you retire you end up on trial for manslaughter, when if convicted, a newer, more painful costume would be debuted. The Tiger Woods – In this costume, you have the potential to be the greatest trick-or-treater in history. Moreover, despite pressure to be better each year, you still manage to earn more candy than anyone else and people go

TWA continued from page 1 “alternatives such as paying safe-walkers, having the shuttle run both directions, and expanding escort ser vices.” Taking these precautions would force DPS to “focus on preventing crime rather than on having police officers engage with and apprehend suspects,”

stuff for us, show us how to do things and teach us things about their sport,” said Taylor Britto, whose fifth grade class is frequently visited by the men’s crew team. Brown coaches set aside time for athletes to visit the school. “The (program) provides an opportunity to give back. We have students here once a week to every two weeks,” said Rob Johnson, head coach of the track team. At the end of the year, a few Gregorian students are chosen to attend Brown’s year-end Sports Banquet, an honor reserved for outstanding allround students. Years ago, Brown adopted the school and Athletic Director David Roach started the mentoring program with now Gregorian School Principal Mary Brennan. The school is named after former Brown President Vartan Gregorian, who strongly supported the school and community involvement by Brown students. Sports staff writer Jermaine Matheson ’03 is an assistant sports editor and covers the football team. He can be reached at

out already knowing they will get less candy than you. (Note –This costume now supports women being allowed to permanently trick-or-treat in some exclusive neighborhoods.) The Anna Kournikova – In this one, you get no candy at all from trick-or-treating, but all of the guys will offer to give you their candy. Unfortunately, as you have gotten older and failed to get any candy, other more talented versions of you have come along and your popularity has decreased. Joshua Troy ’04 hails from Stamford, Conn. and hopes to be Hulk Hogan this Halloween.

the e-mail read. Morgan-Hubbard said she hoped TWA’s efforts would at least prompt students to reflect on the issue. “People need to think about what safety means to them,” she said. “Will giving cops guns really make the campus safer?” Herald staff writer Elena Lesley ’04 is a news editor. She can be reached at

Noe continued from page 16 allowed just one goal and made 14 saves to help Brown to a 2-1 victory. Noe cited the team’s closeness as a factor for the recent turnaround. “We’re a close-knit group both on and off the field and that has helped us deal with the ups and downs of this season,” she said. “Hopefully we can finish this season on a strong note and win the last few games.” After the season, Noe will shift her focus to her other passion: music. She has been a member of the Chattertocks, a female a cappella group, since her freshman year and will continue to sing with them this year. Noe is also pursuing a concentration in psychology. As for the next two years, Noe looks forward to helping the team achieve its ultimate goal: winning the Ivy League. “Princeton has always been the dominant team in our league, but we have beaten them in the recent past,” Noe said. “Hopefully if we continue to play well, we can someday take that top spot from them. Staff writer Shara Hegde ’05 writes athlete of the week features and can be reached at

Hatfield continued from page 16 mat. These games could be played at bowls that already exist, with the biggest bowls taking turns hosting the national championship. Smaller bowls could host earlier rounds. Bowls that are not involved in the playoff could still play their games, and the quality of teams in these bowls would be better. Yes, some teams would be left out, but last season 12 teams with records of 6-5 or worse made bowls, so most of these teams have no business in the postseason anyway. This means all of the bowl game s are still played, but more have significance. As I mentioned, this may be the year that something is finally done, but people have been saying that for years. Before change is effected, those running the show need to put their greed aside and do what is best for the game. Until then, fans will have to deal with multiple teams each year claiming supremacy on the national scene. Chris Hatfield ‘06 hails from Salem, N.H.





Tell us more The University’s highest ranking representative governing organization meets behind closed doors. This is unacceptable and makes this body ineffectual. Provost Robert Zimmer said in September that even though the Advisory Committee on University Planning has closed its meetings, all topics of discussion and the results of the debates will be revealed to keep our community involved in the process. Associate Provost Brian Casey said that at Monday’s meeting, ACUP discussed budgets for Public Affairs and University Relations and the Office of Advancement. In the meeting, ACUP discussed a handful of minor longterm changes and vaguely defined “budgetary pressures.” Casey refused to elaborate on the specifics of the meeting. He said the committee will not reveal how much money the two University departments requested. When ACUP meetings were open to the public, students could gauge what budgetary issues were facing the University. It’s becoming increasingly clear that if ACUP intends to inform the community on pressing budgetary issues by offering only bare-bone press briefings, it does a disservice to all members of the University. Administrators claim that if ACUP meetings are closed, then committee members will be able to speak more freely — this might be true. But when people assume leadership positions, they should be willing to accept all of the implications of their words and decisions. They should be willing to stand up to the pressure of various groups whatever the consequences may be. If ACUP members had nothing to hide, the meetings would be open. Now, the same administrators who promised the closed meetings would promote open discussion are withholding information. Releasing bits and pieces of what happened behind an ACUP meeting’s closed doors sends a clear message that the committee’s members wish to work without student and community input. In effect, our representatives absolve themselves of true and meaningful responsibility. It is especially insulting that students elect members to ACUP — how can students elect a representative if students aren’t privy to their elected official’s comments during a meeting? Our elected representatives have no incentive to listen to our concerns or adhere to their campaign promises. In a University setting, where community members strive to live by codes of ethics and ideals, leaders should feel free to follow their conscience regardless of who is aware of what the impact of their decisions will be. ACUP should not be allowed to give out blank checks of undisclosed amounts to University departments. The press briefings that are intended to inform the community are offensive. The ACUP elections are absurd. Brown is a community of intellectually curious bodies. Open the meetings, and use all of Brown’s resources to make decisions for the future.

THE BROWN DAILY HERALD EDITORIAL Seth Kerschner, Editor-in-Chief David Rivello, Editor-in-Chief Will Hurwitz, Executive Editor Sheryl Shapiro, Executive Editor Beth Farnstrom, Senior Editor Elena Lesley, News Editor Brian Baskin, Campus Watch Editor Carla Blumenkranz, Arts & Culture Editor Stephanie Harris, Academic Watch Editor Juliette Wallack, Metro Editor Victoria Harris, Opinions Editor

BUSINESS Stacey Doynow, General Manager Jamie Wolosky, Executive Manager Joe Laganas, Senior Accounts Manager Moon-Suk Oh, Marketing Manager David Zehngut, National Accounts Manager Lawrence Hester, University Accounts Manager Bill Louis, University Accounts Manager Hyebin Joo, Local Accounts Manager Jungdo Yu, Local Accounts Manager Tugba Erem, Local Accounts Manager Jack Carrere, Noncomm Accounts Manager Laurie-Ann Paliotti, Sr. Advertising Rep. Genia Gould, Advertising Rep. Kate Sparaco, Office Manager

Sanders Kleinfeld, Opinions Editor PRODUCTION Marion Billings, Design Editor Bronwyn Bryant, Asst. Design Editor Ilena Frangista, Listings Editor Julia Zuckerman, Copy Desk Chief

P O S T- M A G A Z I N E Kerry Miller, Editor-in-Chief Zach Frechette, Executive Editor Morgan Clendaniel, Film Editor Dan Poulson, Calendar Editor Alex Carnevale, Features Editor Theo Schell-Lambert, Music Editor

Jonathan Skolnick, Copy Desk Chief Andrew Sheets, Graphics Editor Kimberly Insel, Photography Editor Jason White, Asst.Photography Editor Brett Cohen, Systems Manager

SPORTS Joshua Troy, Sports Editor Nick Gourevitch, Asst. Sports Editor Jermaine Matheson, Asst. Sports Editor Alicia Mullin, Asst. Sports Editor

Bronwyn Bryant, Night Editor Hanne Eisenfeld, Copy Editor Staff Writers Kathy Babcock, Brian Baskin, Jonathan Bloom, Carla Blumenkranz, Chris Byrnes, Jinhee Chung, Maria Di Mento, Jonathan Ellis, Nicholas Foley, Neema Singh Guliani, Ari Gerstman, Andy Golodny, Daniel Gorfine, Nick Gourevitch, Stephanie Harris, Victoria Harris, Shara Hegde, Brian Herman, Brent Lang, Elena Lesley, Jamay Liu, Jermaine Matheson, Monique Meneses, Kerry Miller, Alicia Mullin, Crystal Z.Y. Ng, Juan Nunez, Melissa Perlman, Amy Ruddle, Emir Senturk, Jen Sopchockchai, Adam Stella, Anna Stubblefield, Jonathon Thompson, Joshua Troy, Juliette Wallack, Ellen Wernecke, Julia Zuckerman Pagination Staff Bronwyn Bryant, Jessica Chan, Melissa Epstein, Joshua Gootzeit, Caroline Healy, Hana Kwan, Erika Litvin, Stacy Wong Staff Photographers Josh Apte, Nick Mark, Makini Chisolm-Straker, Allison Lauterbach, Maria Schriber, Allie Silverman Copy Editors Anastasia Ali, Lanie Davis, Marc Debush, Yafang Deng, Hanne Eisenfeld, Emily Flier, George Haws, Daniel Jacobson, Eliza Katz, Blair Nelsen, Eric Perlmutter, Amy Ruddle, Janis Sethness



Recognition of guilt on both sides essential for Mid East peace

actions of opposing groups through this onedimensional lens, we will get nowhere in the search for peace.

To the Editor: In her letter, “Chaffee implicit in his support of terror,” (10/28) Shira Wakschlag ’06 states that “(t)he Jewish people too, throughout their history, have lived in incredibly desperate circumstances and never once did they resort to such reckless amoral behavior. The slaughter of innocent civilians, no matter what the ‘cause’ is never acceptable.” Wakschlag uses these claims to show the inherent differences between Israeli military actions and Palestinian “terrorist efforts (that) specifically target Israeli civilians,” based on the pure history of the Jewish people. Her view of history, however, is misinformed. In the period between 1937 and 1946, when the Jews were fighting their British occupiers’ statehood, there were two organized Jewish terrorist groups: Irgun and LEHI (also known as the Stern gang). Irgun advocated terrorist tactics in response to the Arab Revolt. In the span of three weeks in 1937, for example, Irgun bombs planted in Arab marketplaces killed 77 Arab civilians. After the 1939 White Paper, Irgun targeted British personnel and civilians as well, including calculated bombings of British gathering places. In 1944, Irgun purposefully bombed British civilian installations rather than military installations. After World War II (1946), Irgun blew up the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, a bombing scheduled for the middle of the working day. Ninety-one British, Jewish and Arab civilians were killed. In December of 1946, Irgun used a car bomb to kill several British personnel. LEHI broke off from Irgun in the middle of World War II and began assassinations on British officials, civilians and military personnel. These assassinations culminated in 1944 with the murder of Lord Moyne, the British Minister of State for the Middle East. Through this brief recapitulation of the facts, I am not seeking to place one group in a position of higher moral power than the other. Blanket statements that declare that one group’s actions are morally superior to another’s only serve to further the racism, ignorance and hatred these groups have for each other. If we continue to view the

Private groups should aid the unfortunate, not the government

Jocelyn Weiner ’03 Oct. 30

To the Editor: After reading “Libertarianism: ‘freedom’ masks abhorrent ideology,” (10/30) I have to address the fear that in a libertarian society the unfortunate (or, as the writer calls them, the “unlucky”) would be abandoned by the fortunate; therefore government must take care of them. History proves that the private system is far more efficient. It was religious societies that provided for the Irish during the Great Hunger, or famine, of the 19th century, not the government. It is today’s private societies (Salvation Army, Catholic Charities, Jewish Charities, etc.) that routinely turn 95 percent of their donations to good works, with 5 percent or less overhead. It is the Gates Foundation that provides 4 million dollars in computors to Providence schools, not the government. It is the alumni of Brown who have endowed this University, providing the vast scholarship funds, not the government. How much more could be done if we all didn’t send 35 to 50 percent of our income to the government? The guiding principle of libertarianism is that we each should be free to live our own lives away from government interference, and that the government should do only what a government must do — keep the peace. The Republicans and Democrats preach about government waste; the libertarians would do something about it by reducing government to a minimum. The private works of good individuals and organizations would flourish in such a society. Daniel S. Harrop ’76, ’79 MD Clinical Assistant Professor of Psychiatry Candidate, RI House District 3 (College Hill) Chair, Libertarian Party of Rhode Island Oct. 30

CO M M E N TA RY P O L I C Y The staff editorial is the majority opinion of the editorial board of The Brown Daily Herald. The editorial viewpoint does not necessarily reflect the views of The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. Columns and letters reflect the opinions of their authors only. LETTERS TO THE EDITOR POLICY Send letters to Include a telephone number with all letters. The Herald reserves the right to edit all letters for length and cannot assure the publication of any letter. Please limit letters to 250 words. Under special circumstances writers may request anonymity, but no letter will be printed if the author’s identity is unknown to the editors. Announcements of events will not be printed. ADVERTISING POLICY The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. reserves the right to accept or decline any advertisement in its discretion.



Vanilla Ice, Vitamin A and six pounds of candy Dishing out more about Halloween than you ever wanted to know HALLOWEEN IS CELEBRATED BY 82 an excellent source of Vitamin A. Toss percent of children and 67 percent of those carrots aside — a half-cup of adults. But how well do you really know pureed pumpkin has three times your recommended daily requirement! your favorite holiday? Robert Van Winkle, better known as Pumpkins come in all shapes and sizes, Vanilla Ice, was born on Oct. 31, 1968. but the biggest of all time — grown in Topsfield, Mass. this October Who else was born on All — is 1,337.6 pounds (roughly Hallows Eve? Poet John the size of three sumo Keats, painter Jan Vermeer wrestlers). A member of the and news anchor Dan cucurbitaceae family, pumpRather. Oct. 31 has also seen kins are related to gourds, the deaths of Harry Houdini, squash, cucumbers and melIndira Ghandi and River ons, all of which are native to Phoenix. Many important the Americas. But the pumphistorical moments have kin, most fascinatingly of all, transpired on Halloween: In is a berry! 1517, Martin Luther posted What’s Halloween without his “95 theses” (and to think, SARAH GREEN BETTER THAN CATS candy? If you were like me, I can’t even get my column you stuffed handfuls of done on time) on the door of mini-Milky Ways into a pilWittenberg Chuch, kicking off the Reformation. Nevadans fondly lowcase and always avoided the house remember Halloween 1864 as the day that gave out fruit and granola bars their state became the 36th in the Union. (honestly, some people were born midIn 1922, Mussolini became Italy’s pre- dle-aged). And I bet I’m not the only one mier. Last and probably least, Debbie who counted every single Snickers and Gibson remembers Halloween 1988 as Tootsie Pop, hiding the stash under my the day she tried, through séance, to bed like it was cocaine, living in fear that contact the spirits of Sid Vicious and someone would find it and take it away from me while I was at school. Liberace. Each year, Halloween generates Although the first Jack-O-Lantern was carved out of a turnip, today we can’t almost $2 billion in candy sales, and a imagine Halloween without pumpkins. quarter of all candy is bought between To keep your own Jack-O-Lantern from Sept. 15 and Nov. 10. Considering drying out, I suggest rubbing petroleum Americans eat an average of 26.2 pounds jelly on the inside within half an hour of of candy each year, that means we must carving the pumpkin. (I know you’ve eat about 6.5 pounds of candy for been looking for something to do with Halloween. As for Christmas, Valentine’s all your extra Vaseline.) Pumpkins not Day or Easter — y’all got nuthin’. only look good, they are good for you — Incidentally, consumers spend another $4 billion each year on decorations, costumes and crafts. Sarah Green ’04 still hides her hoard of Remember how in elementary school candy, and her mother still tries to take it there would always be a lecture where from her.

you learned the basics of holding your flashlight bulb side out, not running in front of cars and turning your precious candy over to your greedy parents as if they were CIA-trained experts in detecting bio-chemical candy tampering? Well it turns out that the whole “razors-incandy-apples” scare stems from a 1964 incident when a New York housewife thought it would be a cool practical joke to hand out poisoned candy ants. About as funny as Jennifer Love Hewitt in “The Tuxedo.” Speaking of films, what about “Halloween” the movie? The creepiest part of the film is that the white mask worn by Michael Myers is really a mask of William Shatner. Now that’s horrifying. Perhaps a brief history of the holiday would be in order. It’s pretty complicated, but here’s the Cliff Notes version. A bunch of bleached-blond barbarians living in the British Isles decided to have their new year begin on Nov. 1. Samhain, as they called it, began at sundown on Oct. 31 and celebrated the final harvest of the year, as well as the beginning of winter. The layer between the time-space continuum — oh no wait, that’s “Back to the Future” — between this world and the next was at its thinnest point, making the night a kind of ghostly homecoming. Druids ran around lighting fires, either to help spirits find their way home or to keep evil spirits away, and the barbarians disguised themselves so that wicked spirits couldn’t recognize them. This festival was appropriated by Christians as a part of “All Saints Day,” and evolved over the years to become the Halloween we celebrate today. And what an evolution it has been! In the 19th century, a popular prank was

outhouse tipping, while in parts of New England the holiday is referred to as “Cabbage Night” because of the marauding tricksters who smeared cabbages over windows. In conclusion, I offer you the story of the Jack-O-Lantern. Although Charlie Brown waited for The Great Pumpkin, who would bring toys to all the children of the world, most non-animated people associate Halloween with Jack of the Lantern. Jack was a mischievous blacksmith who convinced the devil to climb a tree. Once the devil had reached the top of the tree, Jack carved a cross in the tree’s trunk so that he could not climb back down. Finally, Jack reached a bargain with Beezlebub: if Jack let him down, the devil promised he would no longer try to lead Jack into temptation. But Jack, as you may have guessed, was not particularly pious. When he died, he was in the unique position of having been shut out of Heaven but also rejected from hell — the devil had no interest in spending eternity with the man who had hoodwinked him. But as anyone who has read Milton knows, the devil is often sympathetic to those he has screwed over, and, when Jack was doomed to wander the earth, the devil gave him a burning ember to light his way. Jack carries the ember in a hollowed-out turnip. When Irish immigrants came to the United States in the 1840s, they discovered that pumpkins have a lot of Vitamin A and are really a kind of berry, and for these reasons (as well as for them being more plentiful and generally cooler than turnips) began carving them instead — and the modern Jack-O’-Lantern was born.

U.S. Jews must resign from support of Sharon By refusing to divert funds from settlements, Israeli president demontrates lack of foresight and planning THE COLLAPSE OF THE COALITION government assistance to needy sectors government in Israel yesterday served of society, but rather, I am arguing two purposes. It exposed the weakness against a government that would fund and increasing moral bankruptcy of Ariel settlements in areas that, according to a Sharon and his Likud Party, and it provid- U.S. peace plan that Sharon apparently ed a long sought-after political alterna- accepted in principle, would be turned over to Palestinians within tive for Jews in Israel and the next two years. around the world who saw no JONATHAN The sudden appearance of other practical policy for SKOLNICK Labor’s backbone exposed Israel other than the current GUEST COLUMN the inherent weakness that one, which has no political has been at the heart of horizon or real endgame in Sharon’s government since sight. Finally, those who care about peace in its inception. Sharon never really was the Middle East and the security of the prepared to evacuate any settlements, State of Israel no longer have an excuse for and he never really did want to implesupporting whatever policies the Sharon- ment the U.S. peace plan. No one called his bluff, and so he proled coalition government decided were ceeded to stall for time, emphasizing the necessary for the country’s security. Regardless of the political capital importance of national security and defense minister and leader of the Labor unity. Sharon, to many, was the man of Party Benjamin Ben-Eliezer can gain the hour, and, although many abhorred from bolting the government, his reasons his past actions and his disparaging, for doing so are nonetheless moral. He is often humiliating treatment of the leading Labor out of the government Palestinians, they saw him as the right because, in his budget passed yesterday, person for the moment, when Israel’s Sharon refused to divert funds from set- security was at stake. Meanwhile, while nearly the entire tlements, which are heavily subsidized by the government, to poorer sectors of Jewish community here in the United society that are suffering from economic States and most in Israel were praising Sharon as a hardened warrior ready to recession. I am not primarily arguing for giving take on the Palestinian terror infrastructure, settlements were expanding and no one was tackling the hard issues that will Jonathan Skolnick ’04 has a twin brother Joshua, who is a Herald opinions columnist. one day be necessary to close a deal with the Palestinians. We simply said, “They Jonathan is copy desk chief at The Herald, had their chance two years ago and they along with the lovely Julia Zuckerman.

missed it.” The truth is, eventually, whether one likes it or not, they will have another chance for peace, and that peace should come sooner rather than later, even if it really could have come two years ago. Ben-Eliezer put it well in his resignation speech: “We must fight terror, but this is the day when we have to present a diplomatic horizon … The prime minister is unable to present a diplomatic horizon.” The bottom line is, for too long Israel has refused to take steps such as settlement freezes endorsed by the Mitchell and Tenet reports, and its excuse has been that they cannot stop settlement expansion or take other non-security related steps because it will show that terror is being rewarded. Just a few days ago, Sharon backtracked on his acceptance of the revised U.S. roadmap for peace because he said it required Israel to stop settlement expansion without first seeing any tangible, on-the-ground steps from the Palestinians. This specific moral argument encapsulates the Sharon government, and it is deeply flawed. Now is the moment for everyone interested in peace, especially those in the American Jewish community, to admit as much. Here’s another, clearer example of the argument: pretend that the sniper demanded that all Americans stop smoking because it caused cancer, and we all started smoking to prove that the sniper’s threats wouldn’t work. Such actions would be ridiculous. Smoking is harmful,

and we should refrain from supporting it because it’s the right thing to do, regardless of whether someone with fanatical, crazy ideas also thinks it’s the right thing to do. If, on the other hand, the sniper had demanded free tickets to Game Seven of the World Series in exchange for stopping his rampage, and we had acceded, that would have been giving in to terror — his claim to the free tickets would be illegitimate, and he would be trying to get us to support an illegitimate claim by offering a temporary ceasefire that will last only until he found another irrational demand with which to blackmail us. The ability to differentiate between these two scenarios is an important step in ending the current impasse between Israelis and Palestinians, and it seems as though Labor is finally showing that it knows the difference. Sharon is now in the process of forming a narrow, far-right wing coalition consisting of parties who see no legitimacy to any Palestinian claims, however fair, and have no plan of ever offering a just solution to the conflict. It is time for all of us who care about peace to abandon ship. Labor’s decision to leave the government is a real opportunity for U.S. Jews to switch back decisively to supporting those in Israel who increasingly understand that it is possible to pursue a moral course that takes meaningful steps toward peace without conceiving of those steps as somehow being a reward for terror.



Trick-or-treat: Costumes for the sports fan

Playoffs? BCS needs to revise its formula

FOR THE THIRD CONSECUTIVE YEAR, I present to you the best Halloween costumes that the sports world has to offer. Regrettably, several costumes are unavailable this year, including the Atlanta Brave and the Phil Mickelson, as they can lead to choking, and the Cincinnati Bengal, as it guarantees you will somehow manage to lose candy. The Kordell Stewart – With this costume, you have one successful year picking up candy and then falter, JOSHUA TROY leading your parWIDE RIGHT ents to adopt another kid to go trick-or-treating in your place. The new son manages to have a successful Halloween and you are stuck inside watching “The Garfield Halloween Special” on Nickelodeon. The Anaheim Angel – In this costume, you end up being the most triumphant candy earner in your area, but no one can explain why you were able to do better than others who spent more money on their costumes. (See the New York Yankee and the Arizona Diamondback) The only drawback to this costume is having to constantly clean up after the Rally Monkey accessory. The Serena Williams – This Halloween is special for this costume because it has finally gotten out from behind the shadows of the Richard and Venus Williams costumes. With racquet in hand, you earn more candy than anyone else in your neighborhood and your family. Plus, the optional skintight body suit can be worn throughout the year. The New York Ranger – Here, you simply spend a lot of money each year to assemble a costume from parts of other successful costumes with the goal of making the best costume ever. Somehow with all of the expensive parts, for over five years you have been unable to have a lucrative Halloween and sometimes even struggle to make it out the door. The Drew Bledsoe – As Drew, you establish yourself by bringing in a lot of candy for over seven years, but after an injury and a new younger trick-or-treater comes along, you find yourself sent off to boarding school in upstate New York. Still, with your candy-collecting ability intact, you end up amassing plenty of candy in your new city, as your replacement struggles. The Jason Williams – This is one of the most versatile costumes. In standard form, you have a flashy trick-or-treating style, but the hype of your ability is usually greater than the amount of candy you bring in. With a few simple changes, it turns into the Jay Williams and you will be able to pick-up tons of candy in the smaller neighborhoods, but it is still unproven whether you will be able to succeed in the big city. With a slight modification, this can then turn into the Jayson Williams and you

department buildings to allow professors and students to donate gently used children’s books to the elementary school. The SAAB also has an agreement with the Brown Bookstore for a 20 percent discount on books purchased for the school. Though this is the first year of SAAB’s partnership with Literacy Campaign, for the past twelve years Brown athletes have been regular visitors to the Fox Point School, taking time to mentor the school children and help with their reading and math skills. SAAB has set up a system where every class in the school is sponsored by a specific team, and team members drop in on a weekly basis. During the assembly, the students, wearing t-shirts with the slogan “Ready,

WELL, OCTOBER HAS COME AND GONE, and with it one of the more exciting sports months of the year. Major League Baseball crowns its champion, the NFL kicks into full swing and the NBA and NHL start their seasons. However, even with all the professional sports going on, it is college football that has me particularly interested at the moment. NCAA football is the only major sport that does not have a playoff system to determine its champion. While CHRIS HATFIELD journalists, coachOUT OF LEFT FIELD es and players across the country clamor for a playoff system, the NCAA ignores their cries for justice. This season may prove the final straw, as there are currently eight undefeated teams in Division I. For those of you who do not follow college football, possibly because of your experience with Brown football, let me try to explain how the ranking system works. The current system, the BCS, tries to use an incredibly complex mathematical formula to rank the best teams. The two best teams in this ranking then play for the national championship in one of four rotating bowl games. Of course, every year since the BCS was put in place in 1998 there have been three teams with legitimate cases to play in the championship game. This means that no matter how many teams deserve to play for a national championship, whatever two teams a computer decides are the best will play for that title. As I risk losing your interest, I am not going to go into the bowl system, which gives almost half of the Division I teams a chance to play in the postseason for, well, nothing. That said, we should look at the current situation. Miami, Oklahoma, Virginia Tech, Georgia, Ohio State, Notre Dame, North Carolina State, and Bowling Green are all undefeated as I write this. Bowling Green has no shot due to their mid-major conference status, so we can forget about them. That leaves seven teams that are currently vying for the chance to play in the Fiesta Bowl, which hosts the national title game this year. Depending on how the rest of the season goes, there could be three undefeated teams left standing at the end of the season. That means one of these teams would miss out on a chance at the championship based on how they are ranked by a computer. Things do not get much more unfair than that. The reason that the NCAA is slow to put a playoff system into place is because of the huge amounts of revenue the current bowl system brings in. The eight teams that make it to the BCS bowls net their conferences between 11.78 and 14.67 million dollars. With that kind of money being tossed around, you can understand why those in charge are slow to change. However, I propose a way to keep a system similar to that in place while implementing playoffs. A number of teams, say 12, could make the playoff, including the major conference champs and at-large teams chosen using the BCS formula. These teams could be seeded based on their rankings, then play out a playoff for-

see FOX POINT, page 13

see HATFIELD, page 13

see TROY, page 13

SCOREBOARD Yesterday’s Results Men’s Soccer Boston College 2, BROWN 1 (OT)

Athlete of the week Katie Noe ‘05 is giving field hockey a fighting chance in the Ivies.


Noe doubt: F. hockey goalie makes big saves BY SHARA HEGDE

When Katie Noe ’05 first started playing field hockey, she didn’t have much success. “I was terrible on the field,” said Noe. “I kicked the ball a lot instead of hitting it with my stick so to get me off the field, they made me play goalie.” Noe thrived in this new position and enjoyed a stellar high school career that included two state championships in addition to many individual accolades. She then brought her skills to Brown where she has been the starting goalkeeper for the past two years. Noe chose Brown over many other schools due to her familiarity with the coaching staff and Brown’s academic opportunities. “I already knew Brown Assistant Coach Tara Harrington because she worked with me in the Futures High School Developmental Program,” Noe said. “In addition, Brown was academically strong

and offered me the chance to pursue my other interests.” Upon arriving at Brown, Noe was quickly thrown into the lineup and expected to perform. She enjoyed success, being named Ivy League Rookie of the Week, but saw her share of ups and downs. “At first the adjustment was difficult because the college game is so much faster,” Noe said. “But I’ve settled down this year and I feel much more in control.” The team is 6-7 so far this year due to a rough stretch early in the season. However, its play as of late has been outstanding, as they have won their last two contests against Providence College and Cornell University. Noe’s play was a huge factor in the victory against Providence because she stopped two of the first four Friars’ penalty stroke attempts to give the Lady Bears a 3-2 win. Against Cornell, Noe see NOE, page 13

Student-athletes promote literacy at Fox Point school BY JERMAINE MATHESON

Brown student-athletes took a break from their hectic schedules to visit the Vartan Gregorian Elementary School in Fox Point on Wednesday morning for an assembly to kickoff their partnership with the Literacy Campaign. Student-Athlete Advisory Board Presidents Jessie Cooper ’03 and Chris Relf ’03 talked about making good decisions such as staying drug-free and the importance of role models. The assembly also established a book donation campaign to supplement classroom libraries throughout the school. Like many public schools, the Gregorian School has been hard hit by budget cuts and hopes Brown and its student-athletes will help fill every classroom with quality reading material. The SAAB has placed drop boxes in

Thursday, October 31, 2002  

The October 31, 2002 issue of the Brown Daily Herald