W E D N E S D A Y SEPTEMBER 11, 2002
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD Volume CXXXVII, No. 69
An independent newspaper serving the Brown community since 1891
Full day of events scheduled in memory of Sept. 11 attacks BY ANDY GOLODNY
A variety of University events will commemorate the oneyear anniversary of Sept. 11, 2001. “The staff of the College and the Office of Campus Life who have worked on the schedule of events have wanted to make a diversity of kinds of events available to students so that they could choose how to remember last year’s tragedy,” said Dean of the College Paul Armstrong. “Students will no doubt want to respond to this anniversary in different ways: some by attending the memorial service, others by going to the many academic events that are planned for the week,” he said. Some professors say they will modify their lectures and discussion topics slightly on the anniversary of the worst terrorist attacks in the country’s history. Assistant Professor of Political Science Paul Kellstedt said he won’t “fundamentally re-orient” his class around Sept. 11, 2001, but he will discuss “the tension between the rights of individuals and the rights of the collective citizenry to make decisions that can infringe upon the freedoms of individuals.” Armstrong said he sent a letter to the faculty asking “if it is appropriate to consider spending some time in class to discuss the events of a year ago.” Professor of Sociology Frances Goldscheider said she has “integrated the Middle East more thoroughly in the demographic questions we raise” in her class on population. “We look at the ways rapid population growth in the context of rising but frustrated expectations has been problematic,” Goldscheider said. Other professors, such as Associate Professor of Sociology Gregory Elliott and Assistant Professor of History Michael Vorenberg, have not yet made up their minds about how to handle the anniversary. “I remain uncertain about exactly what I will do,” Vorenberg said. Last year, the University chose not to cancel classes on Sept. 11. Armstrong said the University did so because “we thought that students would find it useful to have the benefit of conversation with faculty to help assimilate and make sense of the tragic events. “I know a number of faculty who are teaching courses in areas relevant to those events plan to spend class time on discussions like this,” Armstrong said. Herald staff writer Andy Golodny ’03 is a news editor. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Grading system won’t change — at least for now, admins report BY LANIE DAVIS
University administrators considered adding “pluses” and “minuses” to Brown’s grading system last fall, but despite strong faculty support for the change, officials now say the current grading system is here to stay. In a Sheridan Center for Teaching and Learning survey last November, 82 percent of faculty and 85 percent of graduate student TAs said they thought the University’s A, B, C or NC grading system needed pluses and minuses. Not only did professors say they wanted change, but most said they informally used pluses and minuses. Ninety-eight percent of faculty and 97 percent of TAs said
Seth Kerschner / Herald
David Cicilline ’83 greets supports at Roger Williams Park after the announcement of his victory in the Democratic mayoral primary Tuesday. Cicilline staved off a challenge from former Mayor Joseph Paolino to win the nomination.
Cicilline wins In a tight gubernatorial primary, unofficial tallies showed Myrth York edging out Sheldon Whitehouse for the Democratic nomination BY ADAM STELLA
David Cicilline ’83 cruised to victory with 53 percent of the votes in the Democratic mayoral primary Tuesday to beat out three challengers and put himself in a strong position to become the next mayor of Providence. “This election marks a new beginning for Providence,” Cicilline said in his victory speech. He made changing the city government a central issue in his campaign, a message that apparently resonated with Democratic voters. Cicilline defeated former mayor Joseph Paolino, who received 33 percent of the vote; State Sen. David Igliozzi, who received 11 percent; and lawyer Keven McKenna, who received 3 percent. Cicilline garnered much support from East Side residents and particularly members of the Brown community. In fact, Cicilline had a Brown student, Chris Bizzacco ’03.5, run his now-successful campaign. Ryan Goldberg ’05, a member of the College Democrats who attended Cicilline’s victory celebration at Roger Williams Park, said he supported
Cicilline in part because he is a Brown alumnus, but was mainly impressed by his message and commitment to all sectors of the community. Goldberg praised Cicilline, who spoke to the Brown College Democrats late last week, while other Democratic candidates only sent representatives. “He knows how important the college vote is,” Goldberg said. “He really got college kids in the campaign.” Polls leading up to the Democratic primary had Cicilline 8 to 10 percentage points ahead of Paolino. The fact that Cicilline earned a majority of Democratic votes in the primary bodes well for his chances in the general election in heavily Democratic Providence. Cicilline will face Republican David Talan, Independent Christopher Young and Green Party candidate Greg Gerritt on Nov. 5. The next mayor will take over a city still smarting from the highly publicized corruption of former mayor Vincent Cianci’s administration. A federal judge sentenced Cianci to 64 months in prison last Friday for racketeering. Cianci, who must report to prison Dec. 6 barring a successful appeal, served as a political commentator for Channel 6. “Tonight people are looking for a change,” Cianci said. Arriving at Cicilline’s victory party shortly after the see CICILLINE, page 6
see GRADES, page 4
I N S I D E W E D N E S D AY, S E P T E M B E R 1 1 , 2 0 0 2 Professor of German Studies Carol Poore aims to bring disability studies to Brown page 3
Dept. of Public Safety welcomes officer James Massey to the campus police force page 5
On anniversary, students remember the emotional impact of Sept. 11, 2001 page 5
TO D AY ’ S F O R E C A S T Alex Schulman ’03 says we must be careful in choosing how we teach Sept. 11, 2001 column,page 11
Nick Gourevitch ’03 wonders ‘what is the place of sports on a solemn day?’ sports column,page 12
windy high 78 low 50
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
THIS MORNING WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 2002 · PAGE 2 A story of Eddie Ahn
W E AT H E R TODAY
High 78 Low 50 windy
High 68 Low 50 sunny
High 72 Low 54 sunny
High 75 Low 58 party cloudy GRAPHICS BY TED WU
Pornucopia Eli Swiney
CALENDAR VIDEO TELECONFERENCE — with commentators from universities in Egypt and Israel. Joukowsky Forum, Watson Institute, noon. OBSERVANCE — “A Gathering: One Year Later,” commemorating the nation’s fallen. Manning Chapel portico and the Front Green, 12:30 p.m. LECTURE — “Adapting the Message in the New World: Cross-Cultural Indigenous and European Religious Exchange,” Fernando Gil, Universidad Católica Argentina. Dining Room #9, Sharpe Refectory, 12:45 p.m. LECTURE — “American Power in an Insecure World,” Jean Bethke Elshtain, University of Chicago Divinity School. Sayles Hall, 4 p.m.
Beth Comic Beulah Farnstrom
SEMINAR — “Professional Development for Advanced Graduate Students.” Room 302, Tower E, Graduate Center, 4 p.m. WORKSHOP — “From Farmers to Merchants: A Human Capital Interpretation of the Economic History of the Jews,” Maristella Botticini, Boston University. Room 301, Robinson Hall, 4 p.m. CANDLELIGHT VIGIL — In memory of the victims of the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001. Main Green, 10 p.m.
CROSSWORD ACROSS 1 Considers 6 Kind of water 10 “__ is the last straw!” 14 Arabian Sea country 15 Tel __ 16 Seek prey 17 Force out 18 Interstate demarcation 19 Cinders of comics 20 Legend 21 Abrupt withdrawal 23 Hole starter 25 Swears to 26 Camus, by birth 31 Consume 32 Cause of a big splash 34 “Iliad” writer 38 Conceit 39 Livy’s land 41 Down Under denizen 42 Reduce 45 State-of-the-art weapon 48 “Waking __ Devine”: 1998 film 50 Connector of floors 51 Got into a row 55 Fuzzy stinger 56 Possible title for this puzzle 59 Play parts 63 Kon-Tiki Museum site 64 Fairy tale opening 65 Watch feature 66 Takes advantage of 67 Sounds of disgust 68 Base color? 69 Lob 70 Tooth part 71 Sana’a is its capital DOWN 1 Per __
2 Feeling that makes you green? 3 Revise 4 Jackson or Jordan 5 Posed for a portrait 6 High light? 7 Track shape 8 Singer Ronstadt 9 Mimieux of “The Time Machine” 10 Legalese adverb 11 Clumsy vessels 12 Small bay 13 Doesn’t split, so to speak 21 Actor Montgomery 22 The Beehive State 24 Twisted, as a grin 26 Genesis victim 27 Toy block 28 Incandescence 29 Bitterer-thanbeer brews 30 Performance averages
33 Fall lead-in? 35 Cat call 36 Poet Lazarus 37 July birthstone 40 Saudis, e.g. 43 Fascinate 44 Russo of “Get Shorty” 46 Suit accessory 47 Expire, with “out” 49 Gobble up
Divorced, Middle-aged, Alcoholic Gang Yuri Zhukov and Dash Riprock
51 Regarding 52 Rodeo rope 53 Doesn’t do anything 54 Outback dog 57 Bounce 58 Left in an atlas? 60 Pack tightly 61 Seize 62 Twirl 65 Firmament
ANSWER TO PREVIOUS PUZZLE: A L A M O S
D A N U B E
E D B E B A A N N A
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ACADEMIC WATCH WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 2002 · PAGE 3
Poore looks to found disabilites studies program at Brown BY STEPHANIE HARRIS
If Professor Carol Poore has anything to say about it, there will eventually be a disability studies department at Brown. Poore, a professor of German studies, took the first step toward that goal four years ago when she developed a University course titled “The Cultural History of Disability Minorities in the United States.” The course, which generally attracts 20 students, “has really interesting groups of students in it who have been concentrators in all different kinds of things,” Poore said. This past year, Poore organized about a dozen faculty members from different departments to discuss how to increase course offerings for undergraduates in disability studies. “There are a number of courses that touch on disability studies in some way, but so far there have not really been many specific courses that have dealt with disability,” Poore said. She said many faculty members have expressed interest in developing courses with topics such as statistical ways to study disability or the perception of disabilities in the media. “Disability studies is a growing field at many universities around the country. Several universities even have graduate programs and Ph.D. programs in disability studies. I’m trying to bring this to Brown,” Poore said. Poore’s interest in disability studies is both personal, as she has a disability herself, and academic. “I’ve been interested for a long time in a humanistic approach to disability,” she said. “I look at disability not only as a medical problem but also as a cultural and political and historical phenomenon.” Poore developed her UC140 course around three major areas: the history of disability and how it has been defined over the years, cultural images of disability — how it is portrayed in literature, film, art and media — and bio-ethical questions.
“I look at disability not only as a medical problem but also as a cultural and political and historical phenomenon.” Carol Poore Professor, Department of German Studies Poore manages to combine her interests in German studies and disability studies. “I’ve been really interested in disability as a theme or as an image in German literature and culture,” she said. She is currently working on a group of articles comparing the cultural representations of disability in the United States and in Germany, and is looking at examples from film, literature and other media. This summer, Poore lectured in Germany about disability studies. She attended a conference in Berlin at which scholars from the United States introduced disability studies to a German audience. The conference was in connection with an exhibit in Berlin depicting the history of disability throughout the centuries. The exhibit, the first on that topic ever done anywhere in the world, was also unusual in that the United States and Great Britain, not Germany, are the generally accepted leaders in the field of disability studies, Poore said. The exhibit, titled “The (Im)perfect Human Being,” questioned the idea of perfection and imperfection and examined the place of people with disabilities in society. Stephanie Harris ’04 edits the academic watch section. She can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
More than a dictionary, new work is Egyptologist’s best friend BY STEPHANIE HARRIS
By the end of this semester, Professor Leonard Lesko, chair of the Egyptology department, plans to finish a project that he began in 1973. Lesko and his Brown colleagues are in the final stages of their work “A Dictionary of Late Egyptian” — a glossery of Egyptian hieroglyphics. The dictionary covers the late Egyptian stage of the language, “a colloquial stage of the language,” Lekso said. It is found mostly in handwritten documents and therefore is inconsistent, he said. Lesko said he hopes the dictionary will “provide a tool for scholars and students who want to have all the different writings and different meanings collected. “We collect all the writings of every word — in some cases 40 different ways — and then we collect every different meaning that had been attributed to these words in various different texts,” Lesko said. The dictionary also includes all the citations and references for each word. This will help scholars translate additional texts, he said. “We have various people looking for all the different meanings that have been associated with each letter and examining different writings. The more we get, the easier it makes it for people in the future to translate the texts,” Lesko said. The first volume of the dictionary was published in 1982, when Lesko was chair of the Department of Near Eastern Studies at the University of California at Berkeley. Four additional volumes appeared over the next eight years, after Lesko’s move to Brown. The second edition of the dictionary, which Lesko is currently working on, includes two volumes, he said. The 24 letters of the Egyptian alphabet were divided up among the first four volumes of the first edition of the dictionary. The fifth volume, completed in 1990, contained an index of all the words. Although the dictionary was comprehensive, new information has been discovered since Lesko first published it. “In 25 years, there have been a lot of changes. It was important to bring it up to date,” he said.
“People continue to discover more and more words, and more texts are published. We continued to update our files and collected new data to plan for the second edition” even during the writing of the first edition, Lesko said. Lesko started working on the second volume “as soon as the last volume of the original appeared in 1990,” he said. “We’ve been collecting the data for the past 10 years for any additional material.” The first volume of the new edition was published at the beginning of this year. It consisted of the first two volumes of the
“The more we get, the easier it makes it for people in the future to translate the texts.” Leonard Lesko Chair, Egyptology department original edition along with additions, corrections and new references. The second volume, which should be published at the end of this year, will do the same with the remaining volumes of the first edition. Lesko, who first got involved in Egyptology as a graduate student at the University of Chicago, switched his focus from classics to Egyptology because “I wanted something that provided more possibilities of discovering new things,” he said. “I saw that Egyptology had so little work done in comparison to the classical texts.” He hopes his dictionary will be a useful resource for students who, like him, are interested in reading old Egyptian texts and learning from them. “It’s a research tool we’re producing,” Lesko said. “It’s been very useful.” Stephanie Harris ’04 edits the academic watch section. She can be reached at email@example.com.
PAGE 4 THE BROWN DAILY HERALD WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 2002
continued from page 12
continued from page 1
nor will it be the last time, sport has transcended its seemingly simple purpose. Sport can be symbolic, as when Jesse Owens raced for four gold medals in 1936 in front of Hitler and Nazi Germany. It can be provocative enough to fuel a national debate, as when Muhammad Ali refused to fight in the Vietnam War. Or as we saw on Sept. 11, 2001, it can help to heal a nation. And of course there are limitations. I’m not suggesting Owens won World War II or that a baseball game is some magic antidote for the world’s problems. Not everyone likes sports and I understand that. I don’t think sporting events are the appropriate avenue for everyone to express their sentiments and it certainly should not be the only avenue for those of us who enjoy sports. However, as we look back Sept. 11, 2001, today, sports will play some role, albeit a small one – maybe just a moment of silence at a ballgame – in helping us remember a day none of us will ever forget.
they gave half-grade distinctions on assignments during the semester. Some professors said that absorbing these distinctions into final grades would give graders more flexibility while maintaining the integrity of an “A.” The ad hoc committee on grade inflation, which distributed the grading survey in November, presented its results to the College Curriculum Council last spring, but no faculty-wide vote ensued. Although last spring, Dean of the College Paul Armstrong said that the grade policy change “was worth talking about,” this week he said that it is now a “dead issue.” Armstrong described the discussions about a possible grade change as old news, and said, “It’s not true that I want to change the grading system.” He said he contacted the College Curriculum Committee to discuss the survey results, but said he believes Brown should emphasize student accomplishment and academic success and not how students are graded. “There should be high grades and lots of honors,” he said. But many professors say Brown’s grading policy is a distraction that forces them to award grades students don’t earn. In last year’s survey, 60 percent of the faculty
Nick Gourevitch ’03 is an assistant sports editor. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
reported feeling pressure to inflate grades. Bernard Reginster, associate professor of philosophy and chairman of the ad hoc committee that distributed the survey, said Tuesday that he was surprised by Armstrong’s claim that last year’s discussions about grades are over. Armstrong “seems to me to be shifting his views,” Reginster said. Last spring, Armstrong expressed an interest to continue the discussions into the new academic year, Reginster said. “I don’t understand that this is a dead issue. Eighty-two percent of the responding faculty said that things should be changed. Period. If we don’t have the support of the one dean that is supposed to be involved with this, maybe it won’t get changed, but I find this quite troubling.” Reginster said professors feel pressure to bump strong “B’s” up to “A’s.” Students, meanwhile, are mixed on whether the grading policy should change. “A ‘B+’ is not the equivalent of a ‘B-,’” said Dina Gewaily ’05, but a “B” encompasses both distinctions. Tim Henry ’04 said the addition of minuses and pluses would ensure student grades accurately reflect student effort and ability. The “‘B’ range in most classes is too wide,” he said. Many students see a “C” as a failing grade, and the current system “polarizes everything and makes class kind of meaningless unless you get an A,” Henry said. Reginster said he used to give many
“C’s,” but he is now reluctant to assign a “C” because it is considered “the kiss of death. It’s a shameful — it’s a blemish. It’s the scarlet letter.” But without “C’s,” Brown’s two grading systems — A/B/C and S/NC — are essentially the same. As a result, Brown is often singled out for grade-inflation, he said. Reginster said members of national fellowship committees tell him that Brown fellowship candidates often have high grades, but don’t do well in interviews. “Brown students have acquired this reputation that they look much better on paper than in person,” he said. Many faculty members think the University’s grading system does not discriminate enough, Reginster said. Reginster joined the grade-inflation committee that surveyed professors about the grading system because his students often complain about grades, he said. The evaluation of Brown’s grading policy raises many questions “about teaching and education and what contributes to education. These issues of: What is grading? What is grading supposed to measure? What is it supposed to accomplish? Maybe (Armstrong) has the sense that this is just overwhelmingly difficult,” he said. Reginster said he hopes that last year’s discussions on grades will continue. “Maybe the university is not a democracy, but at the very least, the faculty should have the last word on what — on how — the education ought to be carried out,” he said.
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
CAMPUS NEWS WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 2002 · PAGE 5
Students recall emotions of a day unlike any other BY CARLA BLUMENKRANZ
Brown students, in Providence and abroad on Sept. 11, 2001, shared with The Herald where they were and what they were doing when terrorists attacked the United States. 8:45 a.m. American Airlines Flight 11 crashes into the North tower of the World Trader Center. 9:00 a.m. Ben Goldhirsch ’03: I was abroad studying film in the Czech Republic. I remember I was on my way to class when I passed a TV monitor that had one of the World Trade Center towers, smoking. Someone said a plane ran into it. By the time I got to class, the other one had been hit. What we heard when I got to class was far worse ONE YEAR AFTER FIFTH IN A SERIES than what actually happened. We heard that 30,000 people were dead. Pretty much the whole American community, which I was surrounded by, we all went to various spots where there were televisions and just sat with CNN turned on the whole afternoon. It was very weird to be watching that on CNN and then stepping outside onto cobblestone streets and having things be so far separated. The people there were very compassionate, but it was totally detached from what was going on here. People say, “Where were you when the Challenger blew up?” I don’t remember that, but I do remember walking by that TV and thinking, “What the fuck is going on?” I didn’t realize the scale of it. 9:03 a.m. United Airlines Flight 175 hits the South tower. 9:30 a.m. Nick Rosenblum ’03: I remember sitting with a group of people on the Main Green, and we were taking it pretty casually until this girl came over, freaking out because she didn’t know where her father was. That sobered us up a little. I didn’t feel worried for my family and friends, but it made me think more about where people at Brown were coming from and how they were affected by it. We were talking about how we didn’t feel like there was anything we could do. We were just sitting there and waiting to find out all this stuff. It was very quiet. I think everyone was watching television, so the Green was pretty empty that morning. I remember they were having a poster sale, and they were playing coverage from New York, but then at a certain point, they just switched it to music. It seemed a little strange to be looking for wall decorations on Sept. 11, so I stopped. see ATTACKS, page 6
Police force adds a new officer to ranks BY SAM SHULMAN
Brown students will see a new face on patrol in a Department of Public Safety car this semester — Campus Police Officer James Massey. Massey joined DPS on Feb. 11 as a security officer after working for the Rhode Island Department of Corrections and the Warwick Police Department. He made the switch to the University because at Brown, unlike at urban police organizations, community policing, rather than municipal policing, is the norm, he told The Herald. When he worked in municipal policing, Massey said, “it was basically get in, get out, get on with the next call.” Massey said he preferred community-based policing, where “you can deal with the students on a one-toone basis and help them solve their problems.” He originally chose policing as a career because he wants to help people and solve problems. He sees law enforcement as a career in which “a lot of puzzles are involved, primarily dealing with the people” in the community, he said. Massey was sworn in as a DPS officer on Aug. 22 after spending five and a half months as a DPS security officer. Massey said he is confidant that DPS and the four Providence Police Department units on campus will halt the rise in violent crime that occurred over the summer. In terms of arming DPS police officers, Massey said a gun is “just another tool in the belt … to be used if necessary.” Officer Massey carried a sidearm when he worked for the Warwick Police Department and says that to perform the duties of an officer of the law effectively, a gun is a useful tool. Massey graduated from Tolgate High School in Warwick and graduated from the Community College of Rhode Island in 1996 with an Associates Degree in Chemistry. He has always been interested in forensics and got a job in chemical technology after college, but he said he always wanted to eventually get involved in law enforcement. After working in chemical technology, he worked for the Rhode Island Department of Corrections and recently graduated from the Rhode Island Municipal Police Academy. The primary differences between a DPS security officer and police officer are that “an SO walks, but a CPO rides the car and has arrest powers,” Massey said. Security officers are the “eyes and ears” of DPS, but they only enforce the campus rules rather than the law, Massey said. Massey said he was elated when he was sworn in as a DPS police officer. He took the security officer position originally because there was an open spot, but he always hoped to become an officer. Being a security officer helped Massey to “get into the field, get a feel for what the community was like (and) learn the layout of the land,” he said. Less than a month on the job, Massey said he is
Ellen Bak / Herald
Campus Police Officer James Massey joined the Brown Department of Public Safety in February. happy at Brown. He said he enjoys interacting with the diverse community and learning about Brown students’ backgrounds. Massey said he tries to introduce himself to everyone he sees while on the job and loves to stop and chat. Today Officer Massey, along with three other DPS police officers will travel to New York City to participate in the remembrance ceremonies for the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001.
PAGE 6 THE BROWN DAILY HERALD WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 2002
Attacks continued from page 5 9:43 a.m. American Airlines Flight 77 crashes into the Pentagon. About half an hour later, United Airlines Flight 93 crashes in Somerset Country, Pa. 12:30 p.m. Hundreds of students gather outside Manning Chapel for a silent vigil. 1:00 p.m. Mary Bend ’03: I got to my acting class, and my teacher sat down and said, “Why don’t we talk about this?” because a number of students were from New York and were waiting to hear if their families were OK. At college, you don’t really see people’s families, so to have them worrying about their families and have the whole class discussing it and being careful about it was a really different experience for me. It’s hard for me, because I’m from Minnesota and in some ways I’ve always felt out of place in the East. I don’t really understand the whole New York thing. Every time I go to New York I feel like I don’t belong there, and really insecure, and I just want to leave. I think that was part of my reaction. I really felt disconnected from New
Cicilline continued from page 1 results were announced, acting Mayor John Lombardi told The Herald, “I think change is in the air … That’s what they were searching for. I think there was an overriding mandate for David Cicilline.” Unofficial results for the Democratic gubernatorial race placed two-time Democratic nominee for governor Myrth York ahead of Attorney General Sheldon Whitehouse by one percentage point. With 100 percent of precincts reporting, York received 39 percent of the vote and topped Whitehouse, who received 38 percent, and State Rep. Antonio Pires, who garnered 23 percent. Pires, who had lagged far behind in early polls, performed better than expected and may have thrown the election to York, Cianci said.
York City, and I still do, but I think I’ve realized that it wasn’t just about New York City, it was about the whole country. I don’t think New York City is all of America, but I think what happened in New York City is about all of America. 3:30 p.m. Jamie Fleischman ’05: I’d come back from class, and I was trying to get on the phone to my family, but of course that was impossible. I remember that I couldn’t just sit there and wait for people to call, because nobody could get through and I was trying, and I was just going crazy. I had a book that I had to return that day to the bookstore, so I thought, “I’m going to go to the bookstore and return this book, and then I’m going to come back.” I remember walking on Thayer Street to the bookstore and it was completely quiet, and everyone was watching TV monitors in some window. I saw on five TVs at once the towers falling. Both of them just collapsing and falling, and I couldn’t believe it. I was standing in the street and just watching this. I was in this really new place, and I’d never lived in another city before — not that I could remember — and I saw something that was so familiar to me go down so violently. I wanted to be at home. I wanted to be with my city. I wanted to be with my family. I
As of press time, York led Whitehouse by 944 votes or .8 percent of the electorate and was declared the winner. Whitehouse may request a recount. The Providence Journal reported that York spent $1 million from her personal finances down the home stretch of the race, contributing to her overall 2-1 outspending of Whitehouse during the last month of the race. In the Republican gubernatorial primary, Donald Carcieri won easily with 67 percent of the vote, beating out James Bennett, who had been endorsed by the Rhode Island State GOP. Carcieri’s victory sets up a showdown with York to decide who will take over the Governor’s mansion after current Gov. Lincoln Almond, who is term-limited, leaves office in January. One of the foremost problems the next governor will face will be solving the state’s mounting
I think I’ve realized that it wasn’t just about New York City, it was about the whole country. I don’t think New York City is all of America, but I think what happened in New York City is about all of America. Mary Bend ’03 wanted to know what they were going through. They kept telling me, “We’re so happy you’re not here, we’re so happy you’re safe,” but I just wanted to share what they were going through with them. I just wanted to be there with them, and with New York. I’d never felt so much like New York was my home, until that happened. Herald staff writer Carla Blumenkranz ’05 can be reached at email@example.com.
budget problems. Carcieri touted his experience as CEO of Cookson America, where he managed a multi-billion dollar company, as invaluable preparation for managing the state’s budget. York represented herself as a savvy businesswoman ready to solve Rhode Island’s budgetary problems. In the Democratic primary for Secretary of State, challenger Matthew Brown rolled over appointed incumbent Edward Inman with 58 percent of the vote. In the Republican primary for U.S. Congressional District 1, Michael Battles beat out two opponents with 41 percent of the vote, and will face U.S. Rep. Patrick Kennedy in the general election. In the Republican primary for U.S. Congressional District 2, John Matson won easily with 61 percent of the vote and will face U.S. Rep. Jim Langevin in the general election.
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
WORLD & NATION WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 2002 · PAGE 7
Bush to discuss all Iraq ‘options’ at U.N. WASHINGTON (Baltimore Sun) — President Bush will chal-
House calls for probe on Stewart WASHINGTON (L.A. Times) — House leaders on Tuesday asked the Justice Department to launch a criminal probe of homemaking celebrity Martha Stewart, saying she may have misled investigators about her sale of a biotech stock. The House Energy and Commerce Committee has been investigating whether Stewart, a former stockbroker who is now chief executive of Martha Stewart Living Omnimedia Inc., relied on inside information when she sold nearly 4,000 shares of ImClone Systems Inc. a day before the company disclosed that its cancer drug, Erbitux, had been rejected by the Food and Drug Administration. House Commerce Committee Chairman W.J. "Billy" Tauzin, R-La., said Stewart's phone records and other information obtained by committee investigators indicate she may have given the committee false details about the Dec. 27 stock transaction, which netted her $229,522. In an eight-page letter to Attorney General John Ashcroft, Tauzin and James C. Greenwood, chairman of the House investigations subcommittee, urged the Justice Department to determine whether Stewart provided false details to Congress, which would be a federal crime. The letter, also signed by the ranking Democrats on Tauzin’s and Greenwood’s committees, cited the federal False Statements Act, which makes it a felony for anyone to "knowingly and willfully make any material false statement" in an investigation by Congress. Violators can be fined and imprisoned for up to five years. Stewart’s Washington lawyer, James F. Fitzpatrick, declined to comment. But another Stewart lawyer, Robert Morvillo, said in a prepared statement that he is glad that the probe will be handled by the Justice Department. He praised them as "professional law-enforcement authorities who are trained to conduct a responsible and thorough investigation. I'm glad that the political aspects of this matter will now terminate and am confident that the investigation will lead to Ms. Stewart's exoneration." Stewart has not been charged with a crime and has said she did not engage in any illegal activity.
Senate approves drought relief fund (Washington Post) — Defying President Bush by a huge, bipartisan majority, the Senate voted Tuesday to provide nearly $6 billion in emergency drought relief to farmers and ranchers that the administration has opposed as too costly. The vote was 79-16, with two-thirds of Republicans joining nearly all Democrats to help Farm Belt states, which many strategists believe will play a decisive role in the contest for control of the Senate in the November elections. The margin of defeat — the most resounding so far for Bush’s effort to hold the line on domestic appropriations — underscored the difficulty of trying to squeeze popular programs in an election year. “This is an emergency. We need this help ... . Provide us with assistance. Do what is right,” said Majority Leader Tom Daschle, D-S.D., whose home state is one of those hardest hit by the widespread drought. Some Republicans complained that the Daschle-drafted proposal was a thinly disguised Democratic effort to woo critical states in the mid-term elections.“Unfortunately, the vote ... was just a political statement,” said Minority Leader Trent Lott, R-Miss., who voted against the measure. Few challenged it openly, however, knowing it was headed for easy passage and was highly popular in many states whose farmers have suffered. One Republican who did challenge it, Sen. Phil Gramm, of Texas, who is not seeking re-election this fall, accused the Senate of being “willing to throw fiscal restraint out the door” by adding $6 billion to a deficit that is “swelling daily.” He didn’t want to hear any more lecturers from Democrats about deficit spending, he added.“Do we want these deficits to go even higher, or are we willing to take a stand?” he asked. The drought aid would come on top of the record-high farm subsidy bill that Congress passed earlier this year, which is projected to cost $180 billion over the next decade. In a letter to senators earlier this week, Agriculture Secretary Anne Veneman reiterated the administration’s opposition to the aid and said any drought assistance should be financed out of the farm bill.
lenge the international community Thursday to rid Iraq of its weapons of mass destruction, opening the way for a final push to get United Nations weapons inspectors back into the country and possibly forestall U.S. military action to topple Saddam Hussein’s regime. Bush administration officials doubt Iraq will abandon its drive to produce chemical, biological and nuclear weapons while Hussein holds power. But Bush is prepared to listen to other world leaders on how to deal with the Iraqi dictator, officials said Tuesday. "The only thing off the table is inaction,” a White House official said. A senior Bush administration official, briefing reporters at the White House, said, “The president is not talking a military option only. He’s talking about the full range of options that might be at our disposal.” By going through the United Nations, Bush will be bowing to American allies and some key advisers who oppose the United States going to war on its own against Hussein without first trying collective action. But Bush seemed to signal Tuesday that he would not be constrained from acting alone to protect U.S. interests if the United Nations fails to disarm Iraq. “I’m going to the United Nations to give this speech for a reason – because I believe this is an international problem, and that we must work together to deal with the problem,” Bush told reporters during a visit to the Afghan Embassy. “And I am also very mindful of my job as the American president to do everything we can to protect the American people from future attack.” With Bush due to lay out his case against Iraq before the U.N. General Assembly Thursday, European officials said an international consensus is building for one last effort to pressure Iraq into readmitting weapons inspectors, who have been barred from the country since 1998. This is the course favored by British Prime Minister
Tony Blair, so far the only major overseas ally to endorse Bush’s threat of military action against the Iraqi regime. In a speech Tuesday that diplomats said reflected a shared U.S.-British approach, Blair described Hussein as an “international outlaw” and said “action will follow” if Iraq refused to readmit arms inspectors. Many U.S. allies in Europe and the Arab world have tried to discourage Bush from launching military action to oust Hussein, fearing that it could destabilize the Middle East. Two key NATO allies, France and Canada, have insisted that the U.N. Security Council approve any action against Iraq, rather than having the United States act on its own authority. German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder has said that he would not support an attack on Iraq even if the United Nations approves the action. French President Jacques Chirac has called for the U.N. Security Council to set a three-week deadline for Iraq to readmit inspectors. If Iraq refuses, the council could then step up the pressure and possibly authorize the use of force, French officials say. But going through the United Nations increases the likelihood that if war comes, other countries would help. Foreign Minister George Papandreou of Greece said Tuesday that he “wouldn’t exclude” his country’s participation in military action against Iraq if the Security Council backed it and alternatives had been explored. Vice President Dick Cheney and other senior Bush advisers have publicly questioned the value of inspections, saying it is unlikely Hussein would provide the necessary cooperation and would instead continue his past practice of hiding his most dangerous weapons. But other administration officials believe that the process of inspections itself would impede Iraq's efforts to build up its arsenal. “It would be a lot harder with inspectors running around” for Iraq to flagrantly amass weapons, said a senior State Department official.
Iraq threatens retaliation should U.S. attack BAGHDAD, Iraq (Washington Post) — An Iraqi vice president threatened Tuesday to engulf the United States in a wider conflict if his country is attacked, urging Arabs outside Iraq to respond by striking at U.S. interests all over the world. “We categorically believe that the aggression on Iraq is an aggression on all the Arab nations,” Vice President Taha Yassin Ramadan said at a news conference in the Jordanian capital, Amman. He called on “all Arab and good people to confront the interests of the aggressors, their materials and humans, wherever they are.” Arabs should use “all means” to respond, he said. Ramadan’s exhortation was among the most confrontational made by senior Iraqi officials in response to growing fears here of a U.S. attack. Although Iraq has long sought to elicit support and sympathy from Arabs beyond its borders, it hasn’t before made such a public call to arms. Despite the escalation of rhetoric, there was no sign of crisis on major Baghdad streets that foreign reporters traveled en route to a tour of a bombed-out Iraqi nuclear facility. Traffic flowed normally; ordinary people patronized shops and restaurants. Conversations with government officials who were made available to reporters didn’t suggest a sense of panic. Ramadan spoke on the same day that British Prime Minister Tony Blair, the United States’ closest ally in the standoff, warned that “action will follow” if the country didn’t heed U.N. Security Council resolutions and readmit U.N. weapons inspectors. Israeli President Moshe Katsav, meanwhile, said that Iraq would probably attack Israel in response to a U.S. campaign and that Israel would “for certain” retaliate. “I know for certain that the state of Israel is prepared ... to confront that challenge and this time it does not intend to sit idly by with its arms folded,” Katsav told Israeli Army Radio. During the Persian Gulf War in 1991, Israel abided by U.S. requests not to respond to Iraqi Scud missile attacks. U.S. officials argued that an Israeli counterattack would undermine the Arab coalition against Iraq. Saudi Arabia’s foreign minister, Prince Saud Faisal, said Tuesday he worried that a U.S. attack might tear Iraq apart. Speaking to reporters after a meeting with French President Jacques Chirac, he insisted that the United States seek U.N. approval for any action against Baghdad. European countries have made similar calls. Ramadan’s comments appeared to be aimed in part at the leaders of neighboring Arab states. Although their
governments have all voiced opposition to U.S. military action, several countries have privately urged Iraq in recent days to accede to Security Council resolutions and let in U.N. inspectors, who are tasked with determining whether Iraq has nuclear, biological or chemical weapons. The U.N. withdrew inspectors in 1998, complaining that Iraq was obstructing their work. Four days of air raids by U.S. and British warplanes on alleged weapons sites followed. Iraq has refused to readmit the inspectors, and denies it has the kinds of weapons they’re looking for. Diplomats in other Arab nations said Iraq may be hoping that threats of unrest across the Arab world—where anti-American sentiment is widespread due to U.S. support for Israel in its conflict with the Palestinians—will dissuade Arab leaders from breaking ranks with Baghdad. “They want countries like Jordan and Egypt and Saudi Arabia to know that if they support the United States, they’re going to have to deal with a new terrorism problem,” an Arab diplomat in Cairo said. “And the threat is not just going to be against the United States but the overall stability of other nations in the Arab world.” In Amman, government officials and academics have voiced concern about a spillover of violence if war begins in neighboring Iraq. “The repercussions will be felt across the region,” said Mustafa Hamarneh, director of the Center for Strategic Studies at the University of Jordan. “The Americans need to listen to what their allies in the region are telling them.” Already fearful of anti-Israel street demonstrations getting out of control, countries such as Egypt and Jordan have tightened security. The U.S. government also has increased security at its diplomatic posts in the region. Washington fears attacks by al-Qaida operatives around the anniversary of the Sept. 11 attacks, but also action by local opponents of U.S. policy toward Iraq, officials said. On Tuesday night, a senior official in the Iraqi Information Ministry sought to tone down Ramadan’s comments. “We are not against individual Americans,” the official said. “We even protect Americans who are visiting here.” But, the official warned, “Americans should be acquainted with the hatred for them from Pakistan to Senegal.” “People are willing to sacrifice their lives to save the holy (Islamic) shrines in Iraq,” he said. Iraq has characterized the Bush administration’s call for “regime change” in Baghdad as a joint U.S.-Israeli ploy to dominate the region and monopolize the oil market.
WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 2002 THE BROWN DAILY HERALD PAGE 8
NASA calls on TRW to build new space telescope (L.A. Times) — TRW Inc. was selected by NASA Tuesday to build a new space telescope, among the nation’s highest profile scientific projects. The new observatory would be ten times more powerful than the existing Hubble space telescope it would replace, allowing astronomers to peer deeper into the cosmos than ever before. TRW engineers have proposed a bold architecture for the new telescope, which would orbit around the sun far beyond Earth's moon. The telescope, rather than having a single mirror, would use 36 mirrors that form a single 20 foot diameter array. Although the $825 million contract for the device is not large by aerospace industry standards, it is among the most prestigious programs in the space business. TRW would build the telescope at its Redondo Beach, Calif., plant, which has 9,000 employees. “Besides the space station, it’s probably the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's biggest scientific project for the next ten years,” Marco Caceres, senior space analyst for the Teal Group, Fairfax, Va.-based aerospace research firm. The importance of the TRW award is reflected in the achievements of the Hubble, which was launched in 1990 to an orbit 375 miles above Earth. It has provided stunning headline grabbing pictures of galaxies and invaluable insights into the beginning of the universe. TRW’s next generation space telescope would replace Hubble by about 2010, and provide what scientists hope will be tantalizing clues to how galaxies formed after the Big Bang created the universe. In awarding the contract Tuesday, NASA officials named the telescope after its legendary director James Webb, who lead the Apollo missions that eventually landed the first men on the moon. TRW beat Lockheed Martin Corp. for the contract. The entire program would cost $1.3 billion, including future contracts for electronic sensors. NASA hopes to keep the cost well under the $2 billion price tag for Hubble, which has operated for 12 years and expected to last another decade. The TRW telescope would have a design life of only five years, though NASA officials hope it will last much longer. The company anticipates hiring 400 engineers for the project. In the past year, the unit has won a string of major government contracts. Two weeks ago, TRW won the largest satellite production contract in its history, a $6.5 billion program to build a new fleet of primary weather-monitoring satellites for joint military and civil use. Just three months earlier, the Pentagon's Missile Defense Agency selected TRW to oversee a $6-billion satellite system to track enemy ballistic missiles. “This is probably one of TRW's best year’s ever,” Caceres said. “I can't recall a
year where they have won so many major contract in a relatively short time, and they've basically beaten the industry leaders in doing it.'' The TRW contracts adds to work already underway at Boeing Co. facilities in El Segundo, Calif., and Seal Beach, Calif., where the company is developing supersecret spy satellites for the National Reconnaissance Organization, which intelligence analyst estimate could be worth up to $25 billion over two decades. Boeing’s El Segundo unit is already the world’s largest commercial satellite maker. In addition to TRW and Boeing, NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif., produces the nation's deep space probes. Aerospace analysts said the TRW project is “pushing the scientific envelop in several different ways,” including for the first time placing a spacecraft in a permanent orbit around the sun. After it is launched on an expendable rocket, probably Lockheed Martin’s new Atlas V, the spacecraft will take three months to reach its destination some 940,000 miles from Earth. Positioned at so-called second Lagrange Point, the spacecraft will be able to literally hover in space balanced between the gravity of the sun and the Earth. Because of its distant position, NASA officials said space shuttle astronauts will not be able to make repairs to the telescope as they've been able to do with the Hubble observatory. Once in position, the spacecraft will unfurl a sun shade the size of a double's team tennis court. The high tech fiber shield would protect the mirrors from the light and heat of both the sun and the Earth. The infrared sensors can also be cooled in that orbit to very low temperatures without the use of complicated refrigeration equipment, NASA officials said. “It’s not like Hubble at all,” said Charles Vick, chief space policy analyst for the Federation of American Scientists. “The design approach is very very unique and frankly I don-t comprehend it myself.” Shielded from light, the telescope would detect with more precision and clarity the first objects to emerge after the Big Bang, NASA officials said. Some of the objects date back 12 to 13 billion years but astronomers aren't quite sure what these objects might be. Even though the Hubble telescope is a significant improvement from Earth bound observatories that are hindered by the atmospheric distortion, the telescope's smaller aperture and less sensitive detectors have prevented it from seeing earliest objects. “It’s pretty stunning what this mission will do compared to the Hubble,” said Tim Hannemann, chief executive of TRW’s Space and Electronics unit in Redondo Beach. “This will be a real breakthrough.”
PAGE 9 THE BROWN DAILY HERALD WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 2002
U.S. enters new phase in security effort WASHINGTON (L.A. Times) — Twelve months ago, the United States had done so little to protect itself from terrorists that airlines routinely left cockpit doors agape and Saudi Arabian travel agents issued U.S. visas. Shocked by Sept. 11, the nation reacted with a reflexive outpouring of energy and alarm not seen since the dawn of the Cold War, with its threats of communist subversion and nuclear holocaust. Security initiatives were launched of every shape and kind. And today, while gaping holes remain in anti-terrorist defenses, Americans are significantly safer – especially in air travel – than they were when 19 al-Qaeda agents were able to claim more than 3,000 lives in a single morning. In the nation’s response to Sept. 11, that was Phase One. Now comes Phase Two, and it will be harder – a race against time and ourselves. “We’ve succeeded in raising the bar for anyone with hostile intentions toward Americans, American infrastructure or American transportation,” says Gerald Kauvar, who headed the President’s Commission on Aviation Security in the mid1990s. Over the next decade, demands for government spending on terrorism could exceed $600 billion. By comparison, the entire Apollo space program that put men on the moon cost only $140 billion in today’s dollars. The Manhattan Project to build the atomic bomb cost $200 billion. Spending $600 billion on homeland security would almost certainly mean prolonged federal deficits and reductions in popular government programs. In the private economy, less money would be available for new technology and other productive investments of the kinds that helped fuel record prosperity after the Cold War. But experts say change is necessary. The nation is not as safe as it needs to be in many areas, including cyber and bioterrorism – areas that intelligence suggests al-Qaeda has been exploring. As a result, with money clearly limited and other priorities reasserting themselves, Phase Two is about choices: tough apples-and-oranges choices between competing security needs. Your neighborhood nuclear power plant vs. my airport or hospital. “I don’t think we can just keep pouring it on,” warns William Webster, former director of both the FBI and the CIA. “If we overload the system with high-cost, nonproductive devices, we’re more likely to see the system fall away.” Increasingly, homeland security must compete with the other things Americans also need and want – economic growth, better schools, prescription drug benefits for the elderly, the old freedom to live without government interference. If decision-makers do not begin to weigh competing needs more carefully and consider where best to spend limited resources, money and public support could decline before the essential work is finished. That would leave a patchwork of partial defenses – all the more dangerous because they would encourage a false sense of securi-
ty and offer little more real protection than a flood wall with sections missing. So far, government action has been driven primarily by public pressures and doing what came easiest. “There was a lot of low-hanging fruit you could pluck rather easily, and we’re certainly in the process of doing that,” says David Langstaff, head of Veridian Corp., which does hi-tech security work for the CIA and others. But most of what remains to be done is more challenging, and it comes with higher economic and social costs. For example, the new Transportation Security Administration has been so preoccupied with air travel that it has paid relatively little attention to the far bigger challenge of securing the 6.5 million cargo containers that sail into the heart of America’s port cities each year. Similarly, while state and federal officials have been busy drafting plans for meeting bioterrorist attacks, most of the 3.5 million police, firefighters, emergency medical technicians and other first responders have received no more than what one federal official called “basic awareness classes.” The pattern of good but incomplete beginnings can be seen almost everywhere. More than half the 30,000-plus screeners who check passengers and carry-on luggage at airports now work for the federal government, not rent-a-cop firms. They meet higher qualification standards. They are also finding a dismaying number of guns in carryon luggage, most belonging to police officers and others authorized to carry weapons who forgot to check them properly. Nonetheless, tests by federal agents this summer succeeded in sneaking guns and explosive devices past the screeners 25 percent of the time, on average. Rep. John Mica, R-Fla., chairman of the House aviation subcommittee, says it will take another three years to make commercial aviation safe. Similarly, the Coast Guard spends seven times as many hours on harbor security as it did a year ago. Its new national vessel movement center in Martinsburg, W.Va., gets data on cargo and crews of incoming ships 96 hours before they reach U.S. ports, instead of 24 hours. That should help uncover potential problems, since the center has improved access to intelligence files and the State Department’s hugely expanded watch list. But the information from inbound ships is too often incomplete, delivered on blurry faxes or written in languages most agents cannot read. Legislation to require electronic reporting awaits action by Congress. Border controls are also tighter, with more money and more agents for the Customs Service and Border Patrol in the pipeline. Customs now staffs every border crossing 24 hours a day; previously, its stations on remote highways often closed at night, leaving orange traffic cones to deter illegal entry. Customs agents also can call up computer images of individuals who received visas overseas and compare those with faces presenting themselves for admission.
“I don’t think we can just keep pouring it on. If we overload the system with highcost, nonproductive devices, we’re more likely to see the system fall away.” William Webster Former director of FBI and CIA On the other hand, the Customs Service continues to struggle with data systems that are outmoded and incompatible. So do others. FBI Director Robert S. Mueller III recently admitted he was shocked at how antiquated the agency’s information storage, retrieval and sharing systems were. “We are way behind the curve,” he said. Overhauling the FBI’s systems will take three years, at least. This means there’s still no guarantee that intelligence and other information needed to foil terrorists will reach those who need it in time. In Congress, pieces of the proposed Department of Homeland Security are spread out on the tables of assorted committees like so many Frankensteinian body parts. Indeed, despite the still-patriotic flavor of public rhetoric, down in the trenches, interestgroup politics is reviving. Many hospitals have quietly resisted a plan to designate specific treatment centers for biochemical attacks and to prepare them accordingly. They fear such a designation could frighten away patients, disrupt business during an emergency and expose the institutions to new costs. Efforts to strengthen border security in the Pacific Northwest by using a few hundred National Guard troops collided with Canadian sensitivity about putting soldiers on the world’s longest undefended border, and even more with parochial concerns in the Pentagon. The guard’s troops did not arrive until April even though the Pacific Northwest is precisely where customs agents in 1999 intercepted a car laden with explosives and a driver intent on bombing Los Angeles International Airport. Harbor security is in danger of bogging down in a dispute over who pays. America’s loosely controlled seaports are an open invitation to mega-terrorism. Smuggling a “dirty bomb” into a U.S. city in a cargo container and using conventional explosives to spread radioactive waste or biochemical toxins ranks high on lists of nightmare scenarios.” Effective defenses against such attacks require new technology to track cargo and detect tampering. Shippers have to be willing to live with burdensome and costly security measures. In Congress, where more federal spending raises the specter of tax increases or budget deficits, there is support for user fees.
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
EDITORIAL/LETTERS WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 2002 · PAGE 10 S T A F F
E D I T O R I A L
A following act In many ways, Vincent Cianci is a tough act to follow. The charismatic former mayor’s storied and rocky career saw Providence undergo a meteoric transformation from a grimy port to a true “Renaissance City.” Once a pit stop between two “real cities” — New York and Boston — downtown Providence now draws tourists in droves. But Cianci’s reign was cut short last week. While Providence flourished, Cianci used his political influence for personal gain. As Cianci exits, downtown Providence is bursting with culture and business. Providence is a success story, and the next mayor will find himself in charge of a wonderful city. But like the boisterous mayor who revolutionized Providence, the city’s charm is insidious. Operation Plunder Dome uncovered layers of corruption that began at the top of City Hall, but which seeped into the city. Decades of corruption will not disappear overnight. While the mayoral candidates tout change, only a handful of former city employees and others involved in corruption have been found guilty or jailed. Federal prosecutors accused Cianci of running a vast criminal enterprise out of City Hall — no easy feat. Cianci could not have pulled it off without help from many people. The winner of the Democratic primary, David Cicilline ’83, said Providence must elect a mayor who will change city government. Other candidates have also tried to paint themselves in opposition to Cianci. But saying and doing are very different things. Corruption in Providence government will not disappear with the election of a new mayor. Even if a new leader has utmost moral character, he will enter an office rife with the residue of misdeeds and a city government that may still contain some enablers of those misdeeds. The only way to ensure good government is to remain vigilant and conscious of our leaders. Candidates who distance themselves from Cianci and claim their reign will be corruption-free are well intentioned, but mislead voters. No one man can undo decades of debauchery. No candidate has shown how he will rejuvenate a government reeling from corruption at its core. Kickbacks and bribes are still fresh in our memories, and we need more than sound bites to ensure our leaders work for our good, not their own. On election day, vote not for the candidate who is most unlike Cianci, but for the Candidate whose proposals and personality make him the best leader. And every day after, read the news, talk about politics, visit City Hall and demand that our leaders work for us. The mayoral candidates are wrong: they won’t end corruption. Only we can.
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD EDITORIAL Beth Farnstrom, Editor-in-Chief Seth Kerschner, Editor-in-Chief David Rivello, Editor-in-Chief Will Hurwitz, Executive Editor Sheryl Shapiro, Executive Editor Andy Golodny, News Editor Elena Lesley, News Editor Brian Baskin, Campus Watch Editor Carla Blumenkranz, Arts & Culture Editor Stephanie Harris, Academic Watch Editor Juliette Wallack, Metro Editor Victoria Harris, Opinions Editor Sanders Kleinfeld, Opinions Editor PRODUCTION Marion Billings, Design Editor Bronwyn Bryant, Asst. Design Editor Julia Zuckerman, Copy Desk Chief Jonathan Skolnick, Copy Desk Chief Andrew Sheets, Graphics Editor Ellen Bak, Photography Editor Makini Chisolm-Straker,Asst.Photography Editor Allie Silverman, Asst.Photography Editor Brett Cohen, Systems Manager
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Jessica Chan, Night Editor Carlita Rivello, Copy Editor Staff Writers Kathy Babcock, Brian Baskin, Jonathan Bloom, Carla Blumenkranz, Chris Byrnes, Jinhee Chung, Maria Di Mento, Nicholas Foley,Vinay Ganti, Neema Singh Guliani, Ari Gerstman, Andy Golodny, Daniel Gorfine, Nick Gourevitch, Stephanie Harris, Victoria Harris Maggie Haskins, Shara Hegde, Brian Herman, Shana Jalbert, Brent Lang, Elena Lesley, Jamay Liu, Jermaine Matheson, Kerry Miller, Kavita Mishra, Martin Mulkeen, Alicia Mullin, Crystal Z.Y. Ng, Ginny Nuckols, Juan Nunez, Sean Peden, Katie Roush, Caroline Rummel, Emir Senturk, Jen Sopchockchai, Anna Stubblefield, Jonathon Thompson, Joshua Troy, Miranda Turner, Juliette Wallack, Jesse Warren, Genan Zilkha, Julia Zuckerman Pagination Staff Bronwyn Bryant, Jessica Chan, Sam Cochran, Joshua Gootzeit, Michael Kingsley, Hana Kwan, Erika Litvin, Jessica Morrison, Stacy Wong Staff Photographers Josh Apte, Makini Chisolm-Straker, Allison Lauterbach, Maria Schriber, Allie Silverman, Vanessia Wu Copy Editors John Audett, Lanie Davis, Marc Debush, Daniel Jacobson, Sonya Tat
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
Column trivializes Palestinian issues, lacks balanced and informed analysis To the Editor: As an alumnus, I am disappointed by “Palestinian grievances don't pass the ‘gut test’,” (9/10) for many reasons. I am disappointed that a Brown student can come up with a piece that lacks sufficient analysis and logic. I would not expect or want someone to condone the violent acts, but to make no attempt to understand them makes this whole piece useless drivel. I am equally disappointed that the column's “analysis” is so one-sided. Plenty of Israeli Army tactics have also cost innocent people their lives (including children), and it can easily be argued that a legitimate authority with such power has to exercise greater responsibility than has been shown. Again, it is fine to disagree, but not raising this obvious issue is just poor work. Empathy is a life skill that is necessary to succeed in most things. I don't mean agreeing with the other side, but at least being able to analyze and understand their perspective. The lack of understanding about the scope of the problem is appalling. Trivializing Palestinian issues as “less serious” than the Israeli issues is ridiculous. Having no hope or prospects for a decent life is what most would consider a serious problem. Assuming that the world would pay more attention to a non-violent movement is naive. The world does not always act (Rwanda, Bosnia, etc.). The general tone lacks some bit of humanitarianism that I would hope most Brown students would have. I never participated in any protest during my days, but I also never marginalized the causes of others. I realize that this is an opinion piece, but I am perhaps more disappointed that some sort of editorial control was not exercised to prevent some-
thing this biased from being given a forum or that a counterpoint was not run concurrently. Vik Agrawal ’94 Sept. 10
Palestinian suffering — like Israeli — is equally gut-wrenching To the Editor: The opinion expounded in “Palestinian grievances don't pass the ‘gut test’,” (9/10) is indicative of American Jews’ inability to see the true nature of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict as that of a group of people fighting for independence from a foreign power. Instead, they view Palestinian suicide bombers as just another of the many historical enemies of Jews and suicide bombings as just a new sort of pogrom. The author implies that the only implications of Israeli occupation for Palestinians have been “humiliating checkpoints or restrictive travel options.” He conveniently leaves out the thousands of Palestinian civilians who have died in the past two years, and the fact that the death ratio in the recent two-year conflict is approximately three Palestinians to one Israeli. This author also fails to realize that the primary difference between suicide bombers and the Israeli soldiers who bomb Palestinian settlements is that the latter are in uniform and have more sophisticated equipment. Like the author I am of Jewish heritage; however sights of Palestinian and Israeli civilian deaths equally pass my “gut test.” It is perplexing that the Jews, who have suffered so much persecution throughout their history, are not more receptive to the agony that they are now inflicting on others, and why the author hold this double standard regarding the deaths of innocents. Anthony Halperin ’06 Sept. 10
Correction In “For Arab students, a unique test followed attacks of Sept. 11 (9/10),“ Alia El-Senussi ’03 was imcorrectly identified as a male. She is female. CO M M E N TA RY P O L I C Y The staff editorial is the majority opinion of the editorial board of The Brown Daily Herald. The editorial viewpoint does not necessarily reflect the views of The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. Columns and letters reflect the opinions of their authors only. LETTERS TO THE EDITOR POLICY Send letters to firstname.lastname@example.org. Include a telephone number with all letters. The Herald reserves the right to edit all letters for length and cannot assure the publication of any letter. Please limit letters to 250 words. Under special circumstances writers may request anonymity, but no letter will be printed if the author’s identity is unknown to the editors. Announcements of events will not be printed. ADVERTISING POLICY The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. reserves the right to accept or decline any advertisement in its discretion.
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
OPINIONS WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 2002 · PAGE 11
How not to teach students about the Sept. 11 tragedy The NEA and its attackers are both wrong in their approach to instilling multiculturalism in the classroom The Aug. 19 Washington Times article that sort of global, geopolitical or philosophibegan an ongoing, acrimonious debate cal implications outside of how students about the National Education Association’s (shudder) feel about witnessing a big, fiery “lesson plan” for Sept. 11 was completely disaster. It reflects that insipid species of libelous, but leads to an interesting set of individuality now cancerous in American issues nonetheless. The article was the culture, the one lampooned ably by Al Franken on old episodes of essence of a politically moti“Saturday Night Live”: how vated attack against the largest does this all affect me? Democratic fundraiser by one The first heading under the of our looniest right-wing rags. high school lesson plan is It cites quotes that aren’t in the “Facing Personal Feelings.” piece and ignores reams of Under the subheading material that is. But there is “Kindness Towers Here,” plenty to be angry about (huh?) we read the objectives: across the board. “To reinforce the concepts Exhuming good old Jeanne that each of us has an impact Kirkpatrick, the article falsely upon one another and that suggests that the NEA’s plan ALEX SCHULMAN each of us can make a differadopts a “blame America first” BORN TO RUN ence ... To remind all memstrategy and goes on to insist bers of the learning commuthat no one is to be faulted or nity that each person has a accused (except the United States) in the attack of last year. The plan story to share ... .” Nice sentiments, but does no such thing; the article’s quotes are this was meaningless fluff a year ago, and taken from an outside link, written by an it’s even more meaningless fluff now. In the “Communities in Crisis” section, affiliate of a California college and not the NEA Web site. In fact, the NEA site pro- the students read Arthur Miller’s “The vides prominent links to documents with- Crucible” and are taught to ask, “What in the patriotic canon — the Declaration of concerns about our nation do you have as Independence, Roosevelt’s “Four a result of our response?” The teachers “get Freedoms” speech, etc. The degree to students into reading about the Salem which the accusation has been swallowed witch trials through “The Crucible,” and by mainstream conservative commenta- from there use that literature and the histors, all seething with indignation, is torical context of its authorship to reflect shameful. But taking a look at the NEA’s on today’s national climate.” The implicaactual plans reveals a larger, more perva- tion, of course, is that the hunting of tersive problem: more Oprah Winfrey than rorists may yet lead to another hysterical witch hunt. Elsewhere, the students are Noam Chomsky. The plan doesn’t blame America. It taught about the internment of Japanese doesn’t really blame anybody, take much Americans during World War II and asked of a stand on anything or seem to indicate to examine a backlash (which has not that the events of Sept. 11, 2001, have any occurred, now or during the Gulf War) against Arab Americans. There is surely a discussion to be had Alex Schulman ’03 does not like being about the complex interrelationship called Alexander. If you and he are sworn between liberal democracy, civil liberties enemies, this may be an effective war and national security during a period of tactic to use against him.
crisis. But the NEA consistently hedges its bets on everything, following that rank “I’m ok, you’re ok” worldview that gives Sept. 11, 2001, none of its real grandeur, none of its real pathos or glory or tragedy or sense of momentous historical change. The event is atomized to the point that what seeing a big building collapse on TV made person x from town y feel like (they provide a handy list of emotional adjectives to pick from) is of chief importance. A considerable emphasis is placed on the entirely fictional backlash; thus the NEA can embrace our favorite pop-psych buzzword, “tolerance,” without looking into thornier but much more crucial issues, such as Islam, globalization, the chaotic forces of modernity, the implications of fundamentalist religion and mass media, for example. In the “Facing Personal Feelings” section we see words like “emotional triggers,” “stereotype” and “prejudice” looming in front of us. This raises some interesting questions, such as at what point will students discuss the fact that there was no meaningful violence against American Muslims post-Sept. 11, 2001? When will they discuss what that means? Will they be told that an Arab is safer in New York than a Jew is in Paris, not to mention Cairo? While they are being lectured on their need for tolerance (even as we demonstrate it), will students receive any information about the black hole of tolerance that drives the ideology of radical Islam and that found its most profound modern display in our attackers? It gets worse. There is a “Circle of Feelings” designed to “give students the opportunity to discuss and have validated their feelings about the events of Sept. 11, 2001, in a non-judgmental discussion circle.” What does this even mean? Can there be anything “non-judgmental” about anyone’s reaction to the attacks, from the anger of Americans to the celebration of Palestinian crowds? (By the way, the NEA
also recommends discussion on whether — well, the implication is more why — it was wrong to broadcast the cheering section in Nablus and Gaza) Even the “9/11 as History” section is headlined by “Diversity/Compassion for Others,” which “promotes understanding differences and our own stereotypes. Encompasses global, religious and cultural diversity.” Here is as good a microcosm as any of the educational problems in the United States. Once a child is in middle school, not to mention high school, he should be spared this nonsense. We need to be training new generations of truly global citizens, and a broad knowledge of historical clashes and imperial exchanges, uncomfortable as they might be for the losing side, is needed, not empty psychobabble. Normative reflection on cultures — that is, that some are, for whatever reason, more advanced, evolved, tolerant, and so on, than others — does not imply racism. Students need to be told what is, not what should be. So whatever good is to be found in the NEA’s publication, such as when they finally get around to a broad look at history and international relations, is buried in a sea of meaningless pieties. How should Sept. 11, 2001, be taught? No one can say for sure, but I can declare fairly certainly that it should be neither the watered-down twelve-step program of the NEA nor the knee-jerk jingoism of its howling critics. As long as our public schools are circles of feelings and not places of genuine debate, an immense opportunity to train a new global populace will have been squandered. Religion, with its rich past of glory and carnage, is the elephant in the room. That it cannot be taught does not mean it cannot be discussed. It’s time to bring about a true multiculturalism, applying scrutinizing value judgements to all societies, including our own, out of the cage.
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SPORTS WEDNESDAY WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 2002 · PAGE 12
What is the place of sports on Sept. 11? AS I SAT DOWN AT MY COMPUTER TO write today’s column, I started my usual routine of browsing the sports headlines on the Internet in search of something to write about. I considered writing about the Patriots romp over the Steelers on Monday Night Football or the rejuvenation of NICK Pete Sampras – GOUREVITCH both topics on SEE NICK’S VIEW which I would be happy to churn out a column on any other day. But, as well all know, today, Sept. 11, 2001, is not a normal day and as I started to reflect on the events of a year ago and I could not stop thinking about anything else. I clicked around a few more web sites, but my mind was elsewhere. How does one write a sports column about Sept. 11, 2001? It seems like an almost inappropriate exercise. Sports aren’t important. They’re entertainment. And while other entertainers like musicians, filmmakers and writers might be able to provide some meaningful commentary into the events of that dreadful day; does sport really have a place in today’s remembrance? I would have a lot of trouble arguing with a person who answered that question with a frank “no,” but I would also have to disagree with them. In the days after Sept. 11, 2001, I think many of us found it hard to enjoy anything. If somebody cracked a joke, a nervous laughter followed; if somebody was playing their music just a bit too loud, there were disapproving glances. How could we be enjoying ourselves when we knew — in the back of our minds — all that was going on in New York City? The same question was asked as many when athletes, amateur and pro, returned to their respective sports and fans came out to watch. However, sports provided a unique outlet in the weeks after Sept. 11, 2001. Where else could you sing the “Star-Spangled Banner” or “God Bless America” with 50,000 other people? Where else could New Yorkers, and Americans across the country, simply gather together and be with people who — for the most part — had experienced this tragedy alone, in their homes, in front of television sets and newscasts? The baseball games in NYC also provided New Yorkers a chance to celebrate their city — and gave the rest of us a chance to feel connected to a place whose citizens had experienced something we couldn’t even begin to comprehend. The Mets wore NYPD and NYFD hats and World Series games were played at Yankee Stadium and whether you were there or watching at home, there was something about those games that were meaningful and it had nothing to do with the actual games or results. For all the problems plaguing sports these days, they still offer a distinctive collective experience that few other events can replicate on such a regular basis. Whether you love sports or you hate them, you have to recognize the value in something that can bring so many people together after such a dreadful event. Sept. 11, 2001, was not the first time, see NICK, page 4
Baseball will be played — even today NEW YORK (Washington Post) — Baseball
will be played here Wednesday night. Yankees-Orioles. It said so right up there on the side of Yankee Stadium. In big block letters it promised: Baltimore, 7:05 p.m. Baseball goes on, like life does, though not without a long, sad pause at 9:11 p.m. and an undeniable sense that despite our routines and return to normalcy, nothing is quite the same. When the baseball schedule came out and the Orioles saw they were going to play the Yankees in New York on Sept. 11, it was not a date to be anticipated with any relish. The anniversary poses a powerfully personal question for everyone: how to commemorate the tragedy. But to be in New York or at the Pentagon or among those mourning those brave, doomed airline passengers, this necessitates an extra dose of emotional resolve. “I know some of the guys were scared,” Orioles outfielder Melvin Mora said Tuesday. “We took a train all the way here and some of the guys were talking about it. I told the guys: `Listen, New Yorkers are strong people.’ I talked to each of them, especially the Latin players, and said it’s different playing here. People don’t care. If they get hit, they say, `Let’s go.’ Nobody stops in this city. Look at what happened to all these people, and they still are strong.” Mora, whose big-league career started with the New York Mets and whose wife is from the Coney Island section of Brooklyn, feels in his heart he’s still part New Yorker. The words he preached on the train to his teammates turned out to be exactly the correct read on the city. “When we stepped off the train (in New York Monday) and the guys saw that people in New York weren’t scared, they understood. There was no anxiety. People were out walking in the streets,
going to work, doing what they do. Like I tell my wife, New York is New York. People move forward.” On the one-year anniversary of the terrorist attacks, they’ll move forward despite the anguish and the fear. They’ll move forward despite the anger and the sadness. And baseball will be part of the day, despite the tragic losses — far too many, far too deep for any single human to fathom. “This is going to be a tough for everyone,” Yankees pitcher Mike Stanton said Tuesday. “Our role is going to be the role we’ve had since the tragedy: to get people’s minds off the state of the world.” Even on this day, playing baseball is the right thing to do. At least it’s one of the right things to do, along with the church services and community gatherings and the rolling requiems of Mozart’s music that will bind together cities and people across America and the world. Tuesday, Roger Clemens talked about how the fire company closest to his Manhattan apartment was Ladder Co. 22. After it was clear that 343 firefighters were killed at the World Trade Center, Clemens said he could not resist the pull to be around that firehouse. “It’s just strange that it turned out to be same number as the one I wear on my jersey, but I just started going down there. They gave me a jacket. I told them I’d wear it with pride. Eventually, I had it signed, and they auctioned it off to help raise more money,” Clemens said. “But it helped me, too. When I stand on the mound and hear fighter planes whipping around over the city, it makes you think about other places in the world that live in that kind of disarray all the time. What we do as ballplayers is very minor, but to be down at the (World Trade Center) site and then to come and
put on the pinstripes of the New York Yankees, it gives you a lighter spirit knowing that baseball for some people has a big place. “Still,” Clemens said, “it’s going to be hard (Wednesday night) thinking of all those loved ones that were lost.” Playing baseball is only one part of making sure normalcy remains. It is a better, more powerful statement that the game goes on because the alternative could send the wrong message: a sign of defeat. One year later, Yankees pitcher Mike Mussina said the inclination to carry on, to play, even though “there are things much more important to people than baseball” is no different than the resolve shown a year ago. Back then, going back to work, in any manner, felt like a political statement. It was an expression of America’s freedom and strength just to drive your car again, to go out in public, to make plane reservations. Going to the ballpark was no different. “We didn’t want to change our daily life too much,” Mussina said.”That’s why we were attacked, to try and change the way we go about things. We didn’t want that to change or to not have the freedoms we do. Part of our daily routine is to watch baseball, and we want to get the American lifestyle back into motion.” One year later, it is still impossible to believe what happened, let alone why. No one is entirely sure what comes next, except that it must be something, so like all those other things we did before Sept. 11, 2001 — working, parenting, loving, playing — baseball has a mandate to go on. Yankees Manager Joe Torre remembered how, one year ago, the idea of playing baseball in the wake of the terrorist attacks turned from wrong and impossible into something necessary.
“A strike good for baseball?” Think again JUST 11 DAYS AGO, MAJOR LEAGUE Baseball saved itself from chaos by averting a strike. No, I’m not talking about the idea of a “strike” while a batter is at bat or the concept of someone striking another person across the face. I’m referring to the idea of a work stoppage, one that would have ERIC PERLMUTTER occurred had a FAN-TASTIC last-minute agreement between players and owners not been reached. This agreement, while far from perfect or revolutionary, keeps baseball afloat. Though there are still problems with the sport’s infrastructure, a ninth stoppage would have led to baseball’s near-certain doom. When it comes to the baseball universe, a strike is a black hole, and baseball’s integrity is a beam of light. (Strangely, Bud Selig and Stephen Hawking share a remarkable facial likeness. But I digress.) Those who advocate a strike as a means of restoration of the game, as Chris Senio ’04 did in his editorial, “Lack of baseball walk-out a strike-out,” (9/9) are missing the main point, which is that baseball is irreparably damaged when a work stoppage occurs. There can never be a return to “true baseball,” regardless of any contractual changes to the game. Such a view-
point is too idealistic to be taken at face value. Exhibit A: the 1994 strike, in which 921 games were lost and the World Series seemed like an old habit. The 1994 strike proves two points, the first of which is that were it not for the strike, the game today would be historically richer than it is. That season, the Montreal Expos, a team that is now known for its poor attendance and heaps of lost talent, were 74-40 when the strike took place. The Montreal Expos! Had that season finished, the Expos would have made the playoffs and as a result of their success, could have had a future unlike the last eight pitiful years. Maybe more big-name free agents would have signed with them; maybe a new TV agreement would have been reached, increasing their revenue. Possible effects abound, and surely, a valuable and proper history was lost. An honorable, Senio-esque “return to what (baseball) once was” certainly doesn’t involve something so undignified as a strike. There is a second thing to be learned from the 1994 strike, which is that more negotiation time does not necessarily give rise to a better agreement. In the years following the 1995 agreement, the New York Yankees morphed into a free-agent-taking, status-quo-breaking beast, conducting their evil business all under new and
“improved” rules (naturally, I am a Red Sox fan.) Big-market teams increased the gap between the rich and poor, giving rise to baseball poverty and practically extinguishing any parity that remained. So when people now say that a strike would have given both sides more time to hammer out an agreement, and that this agreement would have wiped out many of baseball’s problems, they should ask themselves how the current problems arose. Apparently, 232 days was not enough last time. There are people who claim that a strike would make the owners and players realize what selfish hogs they are, and that this might cause a guilt-ridden return to the baseball we all knew and loved. It is my opinion that both parties are already well aware of the fans’ acrimony. Furthermore, the events of a year ago caused heartfelt yet unbelievably transient changes in baseball rhetoric — if that didn’t do the trick, I don’t know what will. Would a strike have ultimately saved baseball? That’s doubtful. Will the new agreement help solve the existing problems? Maybe. Should you keep watching the most beautiful sport on earth? You bet. Eric Perlmutter ’06 is a guest sports columnist. This is his first column for The Herald.