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F E AT U R E A R T I C L E What is the Reggae Dance Law?

(an article to motivate young people)

The 14 year old Genius

Haiti the Mighty?

Issue 19

Stimulates - Educates - Motivates

Black - B r i g h t

I felt ostracised by everyone who was not unemployed like me. I felt like a failure and the Job Centre I had held with disdain, became my friend as its employers were the only people who could support me financially. Thank goodness I had mortgage protection - that protected my dignity and allowed me to relax a little.

What would it feel like going to the dole office and asking for hand outs? How would I feel mingling with people I had stuck my nose up at in the past? However, once I accepted my situation, I became comfortable with my unemployment. I no longer felt stigmatised, although I found it difficult sharing my unemployed status with others when someone asked what I was up to. My role as Publisher/Editor seemed to lack value - it was my 9 - 5 job that somehow validated me. I could claim that redundancy was beyond my control, but I couldn’t help questioning myself as to why was I among the 35% who were made redundant, could I have worked harder or illustrated my skills more obviously?

I had been employed by the same company for 9 years and left with the statutory payout. With the proverbial golden spoon in my mouth for years, it suddenly it fell out and broke in tiny pieces!

Shortly after the recession hit, I was made redundant in April 2009, which made me feel very vulnerable. I had never been involuntarily unemployed - in fact, I don’t recall ever being unemployed, so it hit me for six and I did not feel there was anyone I could rely on to bridge me financially. Feeling quite desperate, I was forced to to revisit my finances and place myself on a strict budget. Being instinctively generous, I found having to be shrewd, very uncomfortable. I felt mean and stingy.

2009 was a year of challenges and I now face 2010 with optimism. People who know me as a publisher, a writer, a poet, inspirational mentor or a DJ, probably did not know that I was also holding down a 9-5 job as a full-time Legal PA/Secretary.



The Editor

When I got more relaxed, confident, didn’t try so hard to look good and behave ‘correctly’ I got a job after 6 months for being myself. The experience in getting it has made me very appreciative, and I hope this rendition of events is helpful to anyone reading it, who has been made redundant and is in the market looking for work. Good luck!

Once I had studied my CV and understood how I had achieved outcomes, and was able to articulate that to an interview panel, I started making progress. Interviewers began being apologetic when I didn’t get through; they reassured me that they would put me on their register for future jobs, and when I asked them for feedback, they reassured me it was marginal and that I did well in the interview, so I knew whatever it was I was improving my interview techniques.

Meanwhile, I also realised that what the interviewers were looking for, had little to do with my academic background or what fantastic UN/international experience I had, but more to do with what value I could add to their organisation and whether I was able to translate what I had in my CV into actual results. It was this hurdle that was difficult to overcome. I was not accustomed to blowing my own trumpet, and labels on my work that were deemed ‘exceptional’ by a third party, to me, were ordinary.

I decided to make myself current. I quick-tracked my education and got a Level 3 Associate Teacher qualification in English literacy and numeracy. I thought this qualification supplemented by my TEFL qualification (which qualifies me to teach English to students whose first language is not English) would fast track me into a job. I went into override and pursued a part-time Counselling Skills believing that being qualified to Level 2, would help me get a job. The process of learning was very educational. It taught me that qualifications were incidental - it was the process of qualifying ithat became integral to building my confidence and self-esteem.

I was encouraged by friends who knew about my interviews, that being short-listed meant there were jobs out there, but being rejected time after time did not leave me feeling optimistic. What was the point of jobs being out there, if I was not being accepted for any. I could not understand why interviewers did not think of me as a viable candidate. What was I doing wrong in the interview process, was my age holding me back, I kept asking myself.

Every morning I got up as though I was going to work, and I ‘worked’ for 8 hours a day on administrative stuff in the home. Looking for jobs, completing application forms, keeping records and journalling was a full-time job.

ISSN No. 1751–1909 This is an Online Publication Only

Managing Editor: Myrna Loy

Studio 57 Saywell Road Luton LU2 0QG Tel: 01582 721 605 email:

The Total Quality, Information-Based Publication that Stimulates, Educates, Motivates & Elevates The Cultural Learning Magazine developed to redress inaccurate perceptions!

Blackbright News

Stewart has confronted skepticism on all sides, much of which comes from Matrix fans, who are strangely loyal to the Wachowski Brothers. One on-line

According to court documentation, an FBI investigation discovered that more than thirty minutes had been edited from the original film, in an attempt to avoid penalties for copyright infringement. The investigation also stated that ‘credible witnesses employed at Warner Brothers came forward, claiming that the executives and lawyers had full knowledge that the work in question did not belong to the Wachowski Brothers.’ These witnesses claimed to have seen Stewart’s original work and that it had been ‘often used during preparation of the motion pictures.’ The defendants tried, on several occasions, to have Stewart’s case dismissed, without success.

Stewart filed her case in 1999, after viewing the Matrix, which she felt had been based on her manuscript, ‘The Third Eye,’ copyrighted in 1981. In the mid-eighties Stewart had submitted her manuscript to an ad placed by the Wachowski Brothers, requesting new sci-fi works.

Stewart, a New Yorker who has resided in Salt Lake City for the past five years, will recover damages from the films, The Matrix I, II and III, as well as The Terminator and its sequels. She will soon receive one of the biggest payoffs in the history of Hollywood, as the gross receipts of both films and their sequels total over 2.5 billion dollars.

A six-year dispute has ended involving Sophia Stewart, the Wachowski Brothers, Joel Silver and Warner Brothers. Stewart’s allegations, involving copyright infringement and racketeering, were received and acknowledged by the Central District of California, Judge Margaret Morrow presiding.


Others are suspicious and mocking. ‘It doesn’t bother me,’ said Stewart in a phone interview last week, ‘I always knew what was true.’

This little known story has met a just conclusion, as Sophia Stewart, African American author of The Matrix will finally receive her just due from the copyright infringement of her original work!!!

Stewart is currently having discussions with CBS about a possible exclusive story and has several media engagements in the near future to nationally publicize her victory. June 13th 2004. Sophia Stewart’s press release read: ‘The Matrix & Terminator movie franchises have made world history and have ultimately changed the way people view movies and how Hollywood does business, yet the real truth about the creator and creation of these films continue to elude the masses because the hidden secret of the matter is that these films were created and written by a Black woman...a Black woman named Sophia Stewart. But Hollywood does not want you to know this fact simply because it would change history. Also it would encourage our Black children to realize a dream and that is...nothing is impossible for them to achieve! [Submitted by email]

If Stewart represents spirituality, then she truly has prevailed over the ‘technocracy’ represented in both the Terminator and the Matrix, and now, ironically, by their supposed creators.

Stewart’s future plans involve a record label, entitled Popsilk Records, and a motion picture production company, All Eyez On Me, in reference to God. ‘I wrote The Third Eye to wake people up, to remind them why God put them here. There’s more to life than money,’ said Stewart. ‘My whole to the world is about God and good and about choice, about spirituality over ‘technocracy’.

Although there have been outside implications as to racial injustice (Stewart is African American), she does not feel that this is the case. ‘This is all about the Benjamins,’ said Stewart. ‘It’s not about money with me. It’s about justice.’

Fans who have taken Stewart’s allegations seriously, have found eerie mythological parallels, which seem significant in a case that revolves around the highly metaphorical and symbolic Matrix series. Sophia, the Greek goddess of wisdom has been referenced many times in speculation about Stewart. In one book about the Goddess Sophia, it reads, ‘The black goddess is the mistress of web creation spun in her divine matrix.

‘The reason you have not seen any of this in the media is because Warner Brothers parent company is AOL-Time Warner.... this GIANT owns 95 percent of the media... let me give you a clue as to what they own in the media business... New York Times papers/magazines, LA Times papers/magazines, People Magazine, CNN news, Extra, Celebrity Justice, Entertainment Tonight, HBO, New Line Cinema, Dream Works, Newsweek, Village Roadshow and many, many more! They are not going to report on themselves. They have been suppressing my case for years.’

Some fans, are unaware of the case or they question its legitimacy, due to the fact that it has received little to no media coverage. Though the case was not made public until October of 2003, Stewart has her own explanation, as quoted at

forum, entitled Matrix Explained has an entire section devoted to Stewart. Some who have researched her history and writings are open to her story.

Black Author wins The Matrix Copyright Infringement Case

By Sir Hilary Beckles (an extract). For too long there has been a popular perception that somehow the Haitian nation-building project, launched on January 1, 1804, has failed on account of mismanagement, ineptitude, corruption. Buried beneath the rubble of imperial propaganda, out of both Western Europe and the United States, is the evidence which shows that Haiti’s independence was defeated by an aggressive North-Atlantic alliance that could not imagine their world inhabited by a free regime of Africans as representatives of the newly emerging democracy. The evidence is striking, especially in the context of France.. The Haitians fought for their freedom and won, as did the Americans fifty years earlier. The Americans declared their independence and crafted an extraordinary constitution that set out a clear message about the value of humanity and the right to freedom, justice, and liberty. In the midst of this brilliant discourse, they chose to retain slavery as the basis of the new nation state. The founding fathers therefore could not see beyond race, as the free state was built on a slavery foundation. The water was poisoned in the well; the Americans went back to the battlefield a century later to resolve the fact that slavery and freedom could not comfortably co-exist in the same place. The French, also, declared freedom, fraternity and equality as the new philosophies of their national transformation and gave the modern world a tremendous progressive boost by so doing. They abolished slavery, but Napoleon Bonaparte could not imagine the republic without slavery and targeted the Haitians for a new, more intense regime of slavery. The British agreed, as did the Dutch, Spanish and Portuguese. All were linked in communion over the 500 000 Blacks in Haiti, the most populous and prosperous Caribbean colony. As the jewel of the Caribbean, they all wanted to get their hands on it. With a massive slave base, the English, French and Dutch salivated over owning it - and the people. The people won a ten-year war, the bloodiest in modern history, and declared their independence. Every other country in the Americas was based on slavery. Haiti was freedom, and proceeded to place in its 1805 Independence Constitution that any person of African descent who arrived on its shores would be declared free, and a citizen of the republic. For the first time since slavery had commenced, Blacks were the subjects of mass freedom and citizenship in a nation. The French refused to recognize Haiti’s independence and declared it an illegal pariah state. The Americans, whom the Haitians looked to in solidarity as their mentor in independence, refused to recognize them, and offered solidarity instead to the French. The British, who were negotiating with the French to obtain the ownership title to Haiti, also moved in solidarity, as did every other nation-state the Western world. Haiti was isolated at birth - ostracized and denied access to world trade, finance, and institutional development. It was the most vicious example of national strangulation recorded in modern history. The Cubans, at least, have had Russia, China, and Vietnam. The Haitians were alone from inception. The crumbling began.

The hate and the quake Then came 1825; the moment of full truth. The republic is celebrating its 21st anniversary. There is national euphoria in the streets of Port-au-Prince. The economy is bankrupt; the political leadership isolated. The cabinet took the decision that the state of affairs could not continue. The country had to find a way to be inserted back into the world economy. The French government was invited to a summit. Officials arrived and told the Haitian government that they were willing to recognize the country as a sovereign nation but it would have to pay compensation and reparation in exchange. The Haitians, with backs to the wall, agreed to pay the French. The French government sent a team of accountants and actuaries into Haiti in order to place a value on all lands, all physical assets, the 500 000 citizens were who formerly enslaved, animals, and all other commercial properties and services. The sums amounted to 150 million gold francs. Haiti was told to pay this reparation to France in return for national recognition. The Haitian government agreed; payments began immediately. Members of the Cabinet were also valued because they had been enslaved people before independence. Thus began the systematic destruction of the Republic of Haiti. The French government bled the nation and rendered it a failed state. It was a merciless exploitation that was designed and guaranteed to collapse the Haitian economy and society. Haiti was forced to pay this sum until 1922 when the last installment was made. During the long 19th century, the payment to France amounted to up to 70 per cent of the country’s foreign exchange earnings. Jamaica today pays up to 70 per cent in order to service its international and domestic debt. Haiti was crushed by this debt payment. It descended into financial and social chaos. The republic did not stand a chance. France was enriched and it took pleasure from the fact that having been defeated by Haitians on the battlefield, it had won on the field of finance. In the years when the coffee crops failed, or the sugar yield was down, the Haitian government borrowed on the French money market at double the going interest rate in order to repay the French government. When the Americans invaded the country in the early 20th century, one of the reasons offered was to assist the French in collecting its reparations. The collapse of the Haitian nation resides at the feet of France and America, especially. These two nations betrayed, failed, and destroyed the dream that was Haiti; crushed to dust in an effort to destroy the flower of freedom and the seed of justice. Haiti did not fail. It was destroyed by two of the most powerful nations on earth, both of which continue to have a primary interest in its current condition. The sudden quake has come in the aftermath of summers of hate. In many ways the quake has been less destructive than the hate. Human life was snuffed out by the quake, while the hate has been a long and inhumane suffocation - a crime against humanity. During the 2001 UN Conference on Race in Durban, South Africa, strong representation was made to the French government to repay the 150 million francs. The value of this amount was estimated by financial actuaries as US$21 billion. This sum of capital could rebuild Haiti and place it in a position to re3 engage the modern world.

Blackbright News will keep updating you about Talkin’ Blues!

Email : Claudette Stapleton: 07904 385 584 Website:

Contact Details:

Refreshments will be provided and there is a £2.50 administrative fee.

The first forum will take place at Ashanti House, 93b Marsh Road Luton LU3 2QG on Saturday, 27 February, from 5p.m. – 7p.m, thereafter it will be the first Saturday of every month unless otherwise advised.

Talkin’ Blues will be a forum where Loy and Stapleton will present different relationship topics and participants can ask questions, raise concerns or just listen. The forum will be open to anyone over 18, who wants to feel safe to discuss challenges in a place where there are others experiencing similar situations.

Loy and Stapleton agreed that unmet needs are causing break-up and frustration – many do not know what is expected of them within a relationship, while others feel unable to talk freely and openly with partners, about certain things that bother them.

Why ‘Talkin’ Blues?’ - because it will be a open forum where people can talk about things that make them feel uncomfortable in relationships - like why do partners play games? Who do you put first, yourself or your partner? How do you cope with a partner who has suddenly become disabled, ill or unemployed? Do you think relationships are too one-sided? etc. A place where you can trade concerns without walking on eggshells!

Myrna Loy and Claudette Stapleton were having a quiet drink together, talking about relationships (as women do!) and decided that since there was no forum, group or outlet in Luton where men and women can talk freely about issues affecting them in relationships, they would start one themselves and call it ‘Talkin’ Blues!’

(a Relationship Forum for Men & Women) PRESS RELEASE

Talkin’ Blues...




£10 or £15 per couple

Jamrock’s best Lady DJ - Lady Loy (for the best in current and revives!) Find her at ‘The Club’ Pastures Way, Lewsey Farm LU4 0PE on Saturday 13 February for Valentines

by Debbie Ford,

In its purest form, your soul’s desire is a magnet pulling you toward the life you want to live. Your desires will source you with the inspiration to release your outdated beliefs and let go of whatever behavior is keeping you stuck in the past. Your soul’s desires compel you to grow, evolve and move closer to your highest potential. Beneath the surface of your ego’s insatiable cravings, your authentic desires are waiting patiently for you to acknowledge, claim and express them.

You might ask, “Why is this important?” It is because desire is the spark that ignites the flame of your soul and illuminates your innate creativity, imagination and vision. On this day, you will summon one of the most powerful agents of change in the universe—desire.

.. that On Day 1 (or as soon as possible in the new year), it is imperative that you bring forth your soul’s greatest desire, that you pick one goal to achieve in the outer world and one goal to achieve in your inner world in the next 21 days.


I saw him lean back his head as if he was saying something to one of his bredren. I knew his type - the type that had not evolved; the type who had not moved with the times; the type who probably had a 30 year old BMW or a Cortina outside that was his prize possession and had the nerve to 6

He stood there against the wall, dressed in a silvery-grey suit, razor sharp seams, toes turned outwards; silk socks and crocodile shoes. He was standing in between his two bredren - one arm hugging his waist while supporting the elbow of his other arm so that his fingers could stroke the stubble on his chin. He was rocking his head to the music – a leather cap tilted precariously on one side of his head. From a distance it looked like he was sneering. He closed his eyes slightly, raised an eyebrow, and looked straight at me. I rolled my eyes but couldn’t help grinning. Just look at him I thought: “ ‘im tink him nice - who stands up like that these days? I said to myself, while another part of me was thinking... he’s too cute!

Written by Myrna Loy

”W’appen baby?” he says, in a deep Barry White voice. My eyes scan him swiftly. Hmmm, diamond in left ear, clean hair cut, smooth skin, a goatie, big hands, clean nails - I can’t help smiling back. “Yuh waan rub a dub to dis chune yah?” His choice of words perturbs me a little, but I think, what the heck, it is only a dance!

We had established eye contact and connected with a smile, which was a fatal combination in the dance arena. I knew he would be confident now to walk over - and true to form he does:

I wanted to choops, and look for someone ‘I could take home to mother’ but that wasn’t happening in this club, not now.. not tonight.

say: ”me have a bimmer outta back.. you whan come ride wid me?” with every pun intended. Why did I always attract this type? And the weird thing is, something about them fascinated me against my will.

One Dance Won’t Do!

The Reggae Dance Law

“So what’s your name? “ he continued.

“You know how fe move eeeh?” he whispered hotly in my ear. I winced at his accent combined with his choice of words, but smiled without meaning to. I didn’t approve of the sensations that were going through my body with just a dance, they were taking me down a road I had no intention of travelling.

The man could dance - his body navigated mine with such expertise, it was as though he was teasing out sensations with his meandering. One dance led to another as the DJ selected one nostalgic chune after the other. I am sure we must have danced through 7 records without stopping.

Have you ever danced with a man (or if a man is reading this, have you ever danced with a woman) and your legs start to tremble uncontrollably? Well, that was me on the dance floor - and then it was not only my legs that were trembling uncontrollably, it was my body too, but in sync with the riddim, so hopefully no-one noticed, except him and me.

I wanted to dislike him because of his outdated stance, and unsightly gold chains around his neck, but he pulled me towards his hard frame and I am just the right height to rest the side of my head on his shoulder and that was it. His cologne mesmerised me - it should be a crime to smell so good! I wanted to find an excuse to dislike him. I found plenty but they weren’t enough to make me refuse him: he wasn’t articulate, my parents would not approve of his earring and gold tooth, but when he cupped my back with his strong hands; pressed his nose in my neck and breathed hot air down my chest throughout the dance - that was it - my knees went, literally.


“My name is Denton Walker”, he said with a wide grin; the light catching the gold tooth, causing it to sparkle.

That is the thing about a dance – with the right partner and the right music, it has a magnetic effect. I mean, a dance should just be a social interaction between two people, however, in a rub-a-dub dance, integrate it with a the right song, the right riddim track and the right person, it becomes a fatal prescription for a love affair.

(Painting by Myrna Loy)

“Bloody cheek!” I thought as I reached the woman’s room, flushed and with no desire to pee.

“She beautiful jus like you.. she have a nice smile jus like you, and she dance nice jus like you..” All of a sudden, the dance didn’t feel so sweet again, I withdrew from him and told him I wanted to use the ladies’ room.

“So what?” I felt like blurting out, “... as if I want to know all the Susan’s he’s slept with!”

“I used to know a Susan,” he continued.

Denton Walker?? You can’t get more black than that I thought.

“Susan” I lied, “What’s yours?” [I always called myself Susan when someone asked my name at a dance, probably because I am expecting them to realise that it is not my real name] but they always fell for it..

Derrick Harriott was singing “some guys have all the luck” in the background, the treble is high, the base is low - a wicked chune. I would be a fool to let this dance pass me. I accept, praying he can ‘rub-a-dub’ so that I am not disappointed.

“Well, it didn’t take him very long did it?” I said to myself angrily. I stood there trying not to look annoyed. I started dancing by myself to signify I didn’t care, although secretly I felt uncomfortable. I wished that someone would pull me for a dance so I wouldn’t feel so conspicuous. I wanted to be in a position where I could ignore him and I could do that if I was dancing with someone else. 8

I patted my nose with a powder puff, reapplied my lip gloss, puffed up the side of my hair which had been flattened by the dance, composed myself and went back into the dance hall. Denton was dancing with someone else.

I realised that I was giving Denton permission to breach the Reggae Dance Law by staying away so long, so I eventually got myself together and wondered why I had reacted so possessively. I figured that even though I had only just met him, we had made a connection through the dance. The riddim spoke on our behalf and we consummated the relationship through the vibes. So, what had happened between Denton and myself was more than a dance - it sounds crazy, but I can’t think of any other explanation, can you?

Yes, I guess in my mind they did. A man doesn’t dance with a woman 7 times and it don’t mean anything. Besides, rub-a-db dances could lead to love, long-term relationships and sometimes marriage. It was the reggae dance law that if you danced consecutively with someone 4-5 times, an implied contract was formed. It would be inappropriate for him to ask anyone else to dance and the woman would not dance with anyone else either unless of course, you were fool enough to leave the man/woman to go to the bathroom before you secured the digits, and spent longer than 10 minutes in there like I did, then the impled contract was broken (although not irretrievably). If you were lucky, you might find your dance partner when you come back, that is if s/he hasn’t been whisked away by someone who can dance just as good as you

Fancy asking a woman to dance and then talking to her about another woman, as though I am supposed to be flattered or interested! But then I thought: “hole up.. hole up… you don’t even know the man so why you getting in a tizzy? It was true. Why was I getting so wound up about a man I hadn’t known for more than 30 minutes. Did the 7 consecutive dances licence me to be jealous or have a claim on him?

Check out the details on about the Talkin Blues Relationship Forum in this issue:

(Written by Myrna Loy, and may be continued)

Relationships, children, love and marriage have been initiated by a single dance. Audrey Hall definitely knew the meaning behind the song: “One Dance Won’t do”.

I eyes fell to the floor, he had cream shoes on. How the hell can you wear white trousers and cream shoes? His face was shiny too, which was probably why he had acne! If this was my knight in shining armour then I preferred to do without! Just as I was thinking of an excuse to decline the proposition, I felt someone tug my arm gently from the other side. When I looked up to see who was, it was Denton - gorgeous by comparison. So even though I wanted to be spiteful, refuse or at least give him a taste of his own medicine, I couldn’t. I saw the woman he had been dancing hovering around, with her lip hanging down, hair mash up where she too had rested it on his shoulder - looking as though she wanted him to dance with her again, so even though I didn’t want her left offs, I did not want to refuse just in case he danced with her again. I rationalised it by convincing myself that since he only danced with her once and had danced with me 7 times in a row, he obviously liked me better! Besides, the alternative was to dance with someone who was not only height-challenged, but unattractive. I allowed myself to be pulled into Denton’s confident arms, which seemed more forceful this time around!

As I walked over towards them, one short, fat man with acne and large framed spectacles, pulled me for a dance. “Be careful what you wish for came to mind!” He had on one of those dogtooth jackets, a black shirt and a white tie and white trousers.

I started looking for the two girls I had come in with. One of them was brukking her back with this tall guy. I don’t know how she wined like that. She was like a snake, and her protuberant bottom swished from side to side - it was very noticeable in the clingy fabric she was wearing. My other friend was engaged in conversation (while dancing), with some guy she had just met.

Employment is available for nonintellectuals with positive selfesteem

There is more to education than academics.

These same students could develop positive self-esteem in a different learning environment, one where academics was a by product.

No employer will hire people with negative self-esteem no matter how many education certificates they have. These people are turned off to the learning process.

No one wants to associate with people with negative self-esteem, even classmates.

People with negative self-esteem accept and believe the negative labels placed on them by others, especially authority, and simply gives up.

A person who can read and write, but is told they are a failure in every class they attend, also develop negative self-esteem.

A person who can’t read and write develops negative self-esteem.

On Self-Esteem

Motivational and inspiration skills, that can’t be measured, are not taught in the classroom. The student must discover and adapt them on their own.


(If you’ve visited the Caribbean, you’ll love this!) It’s witty, it’s funny, it’s engaging. £7 + p.p. or get it from your library. (ISBN 096323881-7) Order via (Written by Myrna Loy, Published by AOG)


Source: Jamaican Gleaner

“The way I feel about the United States’ actions cannot be put into words,” Marballie said.

Forced out on the streets by US policy, Marballie found her way to the Jamaica Defence Force (JDF) base where she was allowed to stay. She will journey from the base to Jamaica en route to the US. Although happy to use the opportunity to say hello to relatives in Jamaica, she is not amused.

The United States and Jamaica were among the nations to respond to the crisis there. The US has since taken control of Haiti’s air and sea ports. Non-US citizens have been having difficulties accessing the facilities.

Up to the point when this news item was received, over 110,000 persons have been confirmed to have died as a result of the 7.0 magnitude earthquake.

She said that Haitians with US green cards were also turned back.

“I was trying to go back to the States with the group but the United States won’t allow me. They say that they have so many American citizens to evacuate and they don’t have space for me,” Marballie told The Sunday Gleaner.

She had been in Haiti since last Sunday, arriving with a group of medical volunteers in the aftermath of the disaster.

Melissa Marballie, who has been the holder of a US green card since 2005, was turned back by US immigration when she attempted to return to the States where she has lived since 2000.

Jamaican nurse practitioner was denied passage to the United States when she attempted to leave Haiti.

DID YOU KNOW.... that a


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Talkin’ Blues


This is the 18th Edition. Do you have all your copies?

Attempt to change media images of blacks and disadvantaged ethnic minorities by offering alternative solutions.

Counteract negative stereotypes by depicting genuine, identifiable role models.

Dispensing with the ‘trash element of Black culture” by creating a new image for BME’s; and

Providing the correct tone and method of reporting;

Giving those on the receiving end of negative stereotyping a chance to express their views

Widen the scope and effectiveness by:

Providing an alternative and relevant publication/source of information.

Addressing cultural pride vs. cultural hijacking issues.

Challenge assumptions that are often dangerous to blacks and minority ethnic groups.

Contesting damaging images by integrating positive facets of urban life so as to educate media professionals and widen their vision of black people.

Revealing role models, high achievers and successful entrepreneurs within the local community and by acknowledging BMEs who are, or can be assets to society.

We are all aware that the national press offers various reports and comments and are somewhat selective in properly explaining what is happening in the life of black people and it is for this reason that Blackbright redresses negative stereotypes that affect BMEs and young adults by using the following methods:



(Written for WWEB Haiti Fundraising Event)

By Myrna Loy 1/2010

I hope the photography of creative minds Are devising ways to open the eyes of the blind.. A picture stained in our memory Of how Haiti was, and forever shall be.

We have seen the horror The scars, the screams Every day on our television screens – The deprivation, squalor and mutilation That photographers have captured on every news station While standing and watching..

It will take time but being black They will fight back With a determination Given only to a nation Such as these.. For Jesus fed the world With two loaves and 6 fishes And so will Haiti rise to unleash The ultimate devastation and pain.

But now it is time to bring things around So that Haiti can restore herself Back to her original dignity When it was rich in resources Minerals and love .. how it was in the beginning - the Genesis.

So many prayed to the God of the Sun While others prayed to Demons ...and the demons won.. As they do most of the time When we allow them to see .. our vulnerability.

Haiti, the mighty - a small country Severely discarded ..and betrayed.. First by the French, the CIA The Central African Republic and the USA, ... And then by themselves!


Even though he could not say when the prosthesis would be marketed in the Caribbean, Sadler noted, “Designing for the developing world is a deep need.”

He said that he would continue to evaluate the JaipurKnee with the aim of creating new components.

The avid musician, who is motivated to help people, said “The work is never, ever complete.”

Though he has no immediate plans of returning to Jamaica, Sadler, a former Campion College student, said he would continue to design products that would help Jamaica and other developing countries.

The soft-spoken Sadler described the challenges faced in the design process as “interesting”. He noted the main challenge was “coming up with a product that (would) work very well and at the same time be affordable”, adding that many persons in India earned less than a US$1 per day.

“I was motivated to help people in need,” he said.

He said after seeing the needs and problems of persons in developing countries he was motivated to use his skills to help.

Sadler’s invention is being sold for US$20 (J$1,765) and was developed from a project for a course called Medical Device Design, at Stanford University in California.

The design, which currently benefits 400 persons, was a collaboration between the Jaipur Foot Group and Stanford University.

The former Wolmer’s Preparatory student, Joel Sadler, along with teammate, Eric Phorsell, has designed the JaipurKnee, which has been used to help amputees in India to walk again.

His invention is such that Time Magazine lists the product at number 18 in its ‘50 best inventions of the year’.

He is 25 years old but already he has made a valuable contribution to the world.

Published: Wednesday | November 18, 2009

Rise up and walk’ - Jamaican builds one of the 50 best inventions of the year


Education experts say youngsters as young as 10 can experience great achievement at an early age if their thirst for knowledge is encouraged and they are given opportunities to shadow professionals and get internships. Also, a rigorous study schedule that also builds in some recreation is key.

Hansberry’s discovery won second place in its regional science fair in February 2009, in the medical category.

He was supervised by Dr Brent Siebel, a urogynaecologist, and Bruce Nappi, administrative director of the Centre for Simulation Education and Safety Research.

Hansberry responded to a challenge to improve a procedure called the endo stitch, used in hysterectomies that could not be clamped down properly to close the tube where the patient’s uterus had been. The teen devised a vertical way to apply the endo stituch and using a medical dummy, completed the stitching in a third of the time of traditional surgery. “It took me a day or two to come up with the concept” Hansberry said.

The idea for his procedure developed last summer during an internship at the University of Florida’s Centre for Simulation Education and Safety Research at Shands Hospital in Jacksonville.

In April, the brilliant teen presented his findings at a medical conference at the University of Florida before an audience of doctors and board-certified surgeons. Hansberry attends Darnell-Cookman, a special medical magnet school that allows him to take advanced classes in medicine. Students at the school master suturing in eighth grade. “I just want to help people and be respected, knowing that I can save lives.” Said Hansberry, the son of a registered nurse and an African Methodist Episcopal church pastor. His goal is to become a neurosurgeon.

“I’ve always had a passion for medicine,” he said in a recent interview. “The project I did was basically the comparison of novel laparoscopic instruments in doing a hysterectomy repair”. By the way, Hansberry is a 14 year old high school freshman.

Tony Hansberry II isn’t waiting to finish medical school to contribute to improved medical care. He has already developed a stitching technique that can be used to reduce surgical complications as well as the chance of error among less experienced surgeons

by Jackie Jones,

Black Youth Invests in Surgical Technique A Genius at 14 Years Old!

One thing is now certain: the issue of the APD and the Caribbean is far from over

The clear message from the Gordon Brown-led British government is that the Caribbean must find a way coping with the hike and the British Treasury says it needs all the money it can get and wont repeal the measure, but St Lucia Tourism Minister Alan Chastanet said in a BBC Radio interview that he will be in the forefront of efforts to fight “the illegal tax increase.” Mr. Chastanet has also hinted that a legal challenge is one of the options being looked at in conjunction with other concerned States.

CTO’s boss, Hugh Riley, is in total agreement that “these changes in the APD will have a major detrimental effect on tourism to the Caribbean and disproportionately affect the large Caribbean Diaspora in the United Kingdom, at a time when the projections of the CTO suggest a sharp fall in visitor arrivals for the remainder of 2009 and in 2010.”

Many of the Caribbean destinations are highly dependent on tourists from the UK even through this economic downturn. For example, 39 percent of tourist arrivals to Barbados are from the UK, while Antigua and Grenada attract 34 and 28 percent respectively.

According to Caribbean tourism experts and government officials, the impact of the increased Air Passenger Duty on UK visitors to the Caribbean is expected to be immediate and will have a negative effect on the economies of Caribbean countries. Last year, the region received over one million British visitors or just 6 percent of total arrivals.

Mr. Cooper called on the British government to reconsider the changes to APD or to scrap the tax altogether something that the Dutch government did in July of this year.

The ABTA official added, “Many customers will simply not be able to afford the new rates of tax and will have to change their booking patterns causing huge damage to economies which are dependent on British tourists.”

ABTA’s Head of Development, Andy Cooper said, “It’s no coincidence that the United States, the country most likely to challenge these taxes appears to have benefited mostly from these new arrangements.”

Under this impaired British logic, it is implied that the damage to the environment caused by flights to the Caribbean is more than that generated by flights to California or Hawaii. The Caribbean is banded along with the US despite being 3,000 miles further away than for example St. Kitts and Nevis, in the Eastern Caribbean.

It does so by determining that all of the US (although oddly enough not the US Virgin Islands or Puerto Rico which are considered Caribbean) is closer to London than all of the Caribbean.

Under the banding system, the amount of duty levied is related to the distance between London and the destination’s capital city. This measure has the disturbing effect of discriminating in favor of the United States over the Caribbean “for reasons of administrative ease.”

According to Mr. Hugh Riley, “These are wholly unacceptable increases at a time when our economies are struggling to maintain demand. In practical terms this means that a family of four traveling in Economy Class to a Caribbean destination, will be required to pay 300 pounds in APD alone and in Premium Economy, 600 pounds!”

sengers traveling in Premium Economy and Business Class, the corresponding increases will be 25 percent and 94 percent respectively.

With effect from November 2009 the APD payable by a visitor to the Caribbean traveling in economy class will increase by 25 percent. From November 2010, the increase will be no less than 87 percent. And for pas- 14 Note from the Editor: No point in appealing, this has already been done!

As of November this year, APD charges are being divided into four “bands.” A, representing journeys of up to 2000 miles; B, representing flights 2000-4001 miles; C, covering trips between 4001-6000 mile; and band D, for all journeys more than 6000 miles.

In November 2008, however, the government made known that it planned in the context of its annual budget, a number of significant changes by introducing a four-tier distant related system.

To add a historical perspective to this universally despised tax, one has to go back to 1994 when the UK government originally introduced the APD which comprised a flat rate on all passengers departing from British Airports at varying levels depending on the class of travel.

Virgin Atlantic also voiced its opposition to the tax, predicting that the increases will hurt the aviation industry, the British economy, the Caribbean and other developing countries.

And Brian Deeson CEO of the Pacific Asia Travel Association (PATA), has said the UK government’s decision to raise taxes from British airports is “shortsighted and self-defeating.”

It is a sentiment that the Association of British Travel Agents (ABTA), which launched a petition on its website, agrees with. ABTA spokesman Sean Tipton in a BBC Radio interview said, “ It’s impact would be felt in Britain, the Caribbean and elsewhere.”

Meanwhile, British Airways, which is greatly increasing service to the region this winter, has denounced what it calls “these huge tax hikes,” warning “it was bad news for holiday makers and completely unjustified.”

CTO secretary general Hugh Riley called the air passenger tax “ illogical and one that will damage tourism to the Caribbean.”

In spite of massive lobbying from home and abroad and objections from airlines, tour operators and tourism organizations including the Caribbean Tourism Organization (CTO), the British government went ahead with its plan to impose the allegedly “green” and controversial Airport Passenger Duty (APD) aimed at taxing aviation’s “carbon emissions.”

Britannia may no longer rule the waves but its imposition of the November 1 Air Passenger Duty (APD) tax has sent shock waves across the Atlantic that will wash up on Caribbean shores with a devastating effect on the Caribbean tourism industry.

Read the following taken from Caribbean Fever Community website.

We are constantly being chastised because Caribbeans’ in the UK do not support their own. We are constantly reminded about how the Asians stick together and people from the EEC. Well one of the ways Caribbeans unify is when we go to visit the home of our ancestors and we introduce our children to that homeland as well. Up until recently, this was a reasonable thing to do.. quite expensive, but many of us were willing to make the sacrifice. However, now, according to, and as predicted in earlier issues of Black-Bright, additional tax has been levied on travelling to the Caribbean to make it even more expensive, and therefore more difficult for us to visit the Caribbean.


D J Lady Loy

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