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sanctions on the country' .giving "Another victory for democracy!" .../ much needed shot in ~e ann. These words by President Bush laud smooth apparently an With Nicaragua. · the arrival of democracy to transition, many of the political 1I1 a victory as unlikely as the prisoners will be released by . upheaval of Eastern Europe in 1989, Chamorro's inauguration (Apnl 25) or Violeta· Barrio ·a e Chamorro beat the soon afterwards. These dissidents can dictator Daniel Ortega· w.ho has help to shape the political future of pas!. ten controlled _Nicaragua for , years: the country. At the same 'time, those who have fled to other Latin The Nicaraguan ~ople are now Ametjcan countries, as well as to th~ able to,come 'into the reatm of the real United States, can return to where world. Under the original 1979 revolution led by Ortega, he and his they beJong~ their Nicaraguan Sandinista Party transfpnned a victory homeland. There are political results in for the the people of Nicaragua into a national di:::ster:victory. The Sandinistas had long This incredible victory over been known for supporting tlte disaster can be traced all the way back . if'arabundio Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN), which has been trying to the contras, or, as President Reagan to oust the popularly elected ...-called them, the Nicaraguan freedom ffheir attacks on the fightel's. Salvadoran govergment. Through Ortega's support, he brought the Sandinistas to win true freedom for · possibility of a Latin American their people have been successful at The legitimate domino effect. times. Howe~er, in many other countries were able to stop the threat, instances, they lost _..g round and but · at 'high cost. _ With aid to the · appeared to De on the verge of defeat. guerillas ending, the FMLN will Throughout their battles, they remained the - only organized - gradu~y lose its influence, allowing the region a more stable situation opposition to Ortega. Without them, than its current ·state. he would probably be in power for There is an even greater political many more years. Their continued _to the triumph of implication _ . an for call to presence caused Ortega Chamorro; Cuban diCtator Fidel election. While it has taken nearly a Castro will not have any support in decade, the contras declared victory on the Western Hemisphere. The Lefti~t February 25. revolutionary movements' of the past Through the policies_ of the have been proven unsuccessful, and Marxist regime, with their disproven unworkable. With the dire straits backward economic ideas~ Nicaragua Cuba is now in, Castro's regime has beCame one of the poorest per capita been confirmed as such. He has to nations in the Western Hemisphere. realize he is losing not only the Latin With the election of Chamorro, ~there ~ American sphere, but a great part of is a guaranteed improvement in their .the rest of the WOJld. economic outlook since the Bush tr~de all ·lift will Administra~ion continued page 10 ·

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- It is just so funny to ~me how the · liberals on this c.ampu.s ·hvis~~ · · the _·, truth _ to · su_p por-t _·: their ·. outrageous Clitims~ "The l.atest example would have to' . -. be tlleir resp.~)nse to ' the .· elections in ' Ni·caragua. LASC . was 'so . confiden-t in democracy that Jt . held ifs ·, victory party_. for ·\ ~andinista leade~r · Dani-e-l · o~rtega _two days before the elect·i_on was _ held~ B·ut ·surprise, surprise!!_ Now ... tha-t Violetta Chamorro has Won, .- democracy does. ·not s~em so sweet'~$. it did . ·a few days ago, and those who were . rea.dy to claim ··the overwhelmin-g · victory of · the · Sandinist-as in .· fair · -elections a-re desp.e rately seeking reasons why such. a great ·guy -like Ortega could lose. - Where bett-er to · loo_k :· than t.o · the ·imperialist CIA gringos from the north. who · stole · the. election in NicaragLra! ._ How did .they "'c it? ~-. Who cares, ifs the scapegoat we always I use. So why· not put it · into practice. again. · e.._.t once , again the · libera·ls .are ·wrong~ And it must be' ·getting kh1d of embarrassing·_ for - them to -try to · explain the1 defeat · of .so.ciallsm -worldwide ·. and tr_ y. to blarrie · it ali- · oh the United States~ . - .' ... · -The - funniest thing 1- rea1d ' was - tast week's i·s sue:· of 0 -FF-. wh~re - an obvio-usly . dumbfqunded 'autho:r · attempted to explain - that th·e ·· victo-r y . o·f :_ . the democratic _UNO · par.ty would prevent- -a _peaceful . . solution to - the- _prQblem of the .FMLN, i-n El Salvador. Since -when? It seems ~hat the "''n ly ; change . that will · . occur is · that this - Marxist, Soviet backed terrorist group , will lose the weapons : s·e nt ;- to . them ·through the -Sa_n di'nistas. · ~ayb' e·-- O()W the·re , w)li. _ be · a "peaceful sdlutio.n '' ' (for 'all 'y.ot.l l.iber·aJs . 1h~f .. me-a ns without . ~guns) .,

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. How about that Nelson , Mandela. ·He laid some ~ig wet ones on .the . lips ol 0\'assi:r A_rafat. Did you · see . hi_ . ,· . on. the· television · last week? Asked· if he was aco-mmu~ist, .· he responded that if was· wrong to ass~me he was just · b~cause h_e · wanted to nationalize some of South Af·ri.ca's· industries~ ·.'" funny, he c~uldn't · say yes ' ; ·· .or . no--b.ut who . would admit it thes.e days?· I~ the meantime, Nelson, maybe.· it is tho.se . p_re_s s . ·confer-e nces · siar1ding · in front of that old hammer and si-c kle red flag that gives i·t away!

Let's' talk about . something closer · to home ... like Spring Fling, th~t -. , · perenni·al · faihu~' ·'is doomed _to fai~ a.gain. ·- .' · Not . · becau·s e. a · majority of the campus was opposed - to a MASH theme,__ - but because a small group. - of ~ay · activists .made·decision for . us all. And why ·· shouldn't .they? V.ou don't think this is a . democracy · d~ you'? )_ ,.

J this·. horrendously lame . campus. ·

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Finally, . to all you Pipe D~eamers. ~ou~ _·- impeccable -journ·a wstic · integrity shines again! _You conveniently. forgot to mention ~ that the Bingham~on R~view . sponsored the . speaker ~from Am,ricans for a Safe . Israel .~n February · 26th. . .S~urces tell ·. ~:~s · that · yo.u _had ·to cut it out b~cause . the article was to long._ ·very · professional of yo~. (those two words ~'Binghamton Revi:e w" would have screwed up t..__e layout" of ·t~e· entire paper). I

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Editor-in-Chief Executive Diretor Managing Eilitor · Copy Edi.ter Publishing EditQT .

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Kathryn· M.:_PoP,eity Ephraim R. Bernstein · BrianD. Sulljvan Matih~w Cari

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of .the natiop), and said that they .. .make-up of the·~transiq1atrons is, by ~ by Ephraim R. 8ern.stein shoul~ continue on with their armed category, one · most ·desired by · . After twenty seven, years of . ·The Off Campus. Community struggle. Lest we · forget that the imprisonment, a freed' Nelson . advertis_ers. ~owfug how sensi~ve Transport has-let the students of African National Congress · is a . Mandela has burst onto the world ·the OCCT is, in this matter, they· SUNY.:.BinghaintOn down .. Again. · terroristorganization, who in the past scene. Since that time he has been coul-d be highly selective in On February 17; the Drivers · has intentionally carried out violence -praiseq,by world leaders, asked to drop choosing the advertisers with whom Collective.. voted iihanitnously to against civilian targets. The A~N.C. 1 lri on the White House, appeared via _. they wish to do business. reject a! · proposal . to . solicit car bomb,in July of 1988, outside of satellite on the Phil Donahue show, Is advertising intrinsicly advertising for additional revenue for Ell~s pa~k · sports stadi)lm 1 In · ·· exploitive? It can provide a public and has been the subject of numerous the .OCCT. This .wasn't . the first Johannesburg that killed , two and ser.vice. ._ Advertisements.. of' colle-ge .·campus celebrations. .time such a proposal has been ma~e. i~jured thirty five, was one of eigQt · · Students of SUNY-Binghalnton held charitable organizations· ate an It probably .won~t be the last time, civilian bombings carried out by the their own. celebration, . playing obvious ·example of this . .' Not so either, and''there is a"\gdOO reason for · A.N.C. since 1980. recorded speeches . of · the A.N.C. obvious is-the ·a d placed by a small Advertising on· public · this. On Friday, March . 2nd leader. considering what Mr~ Mandeta business .in· the Bipghamton transportation,: if you excuse the Mandela appearing on Phi! Donahue's community, struggling · to pay the · has had to say. and taking into pun, makes ·sense. ' . ' servicea is States United. The rent th · talk show by satellite, reiterated his African th~ pf . agenda the .ac·count . . . ·, standsm e Inee, d d the OCCT National Congress and it's allies, it is - support for one man one vote in minority .... of .· · comt:nunity _ . ~ oriented socie~y. Advertising is the· hard tO share the euphoric enthusiasm. · South Africa. This has always been a · way to bridge the gap_between the . transportation ·systems that do not popular ·catch phrase among the Left . . . between consumer, the ~d Mandela's release. ,, over producer _accep~ advertising. Jn 1904, the the supply ·.and . the demand. ·as a simple ·soluqon for dismantling · While Eastern Europe has · New -York City . subways were apartheid. South Mric·a, more-than recognized the failqre ofcommuqism, Advertising on OCCT buses could· . opened with .celebration, fanfare, .and any other countrY is not made for - the African continent is still gripped do even more · tllan that. It could advertisjng. -Today, it isn't easy te sim~le . solutions. The country by this menace. In Ethiopia, Colonel · help strengthen the bonds between find a mrinicipal bus or rail system r,nade-up of five million whites who . · Mengistu Haile· Mariam has carried campus and the citY ·ofBinghamton. that doesn't include advertising as are split amongst themselves between . out Stalinist style collectivization, part of it's r~venue base.~ · Even the. . , / .Selling clear. ·is mes'Sage The descended Afrikkaners, and'Dut£h own his of starving . -the in · re-sulting airline .shuttles have ·advertisementS ads on . mass transit is an industry .- · English speaking Anglicans. There people. Zambia, _a country once .rich· on them. · .Was it not the astronau~ · standard,. instituted by :dedicated · also one million AsUms, one and a . in copper is · now .impoverished -~d · tha~ took advertising to new heightS, . the of interests the in servant$ public million of mixed race, and twenty half 1967. in as dictator same the by ruled · when they brought Tang and Adv_il . make Advertisements taxpayers. blacks divided deeply between . million ·· the government Marxist Angola's . · shots? moon on board with them on 'free' revenue, provide a service to . MPLA continues it's chemical warfare . nine tribes. Any demagogue who is Advertising ·and transportation . th~ community, and~ as several against UNITA. Thus it is certainly · capable of uniting · a majority in · systems are one in this country. rider bus a offer commented, students _ South Africa will overwhelm . no comfort to ·see Nelson Mandela Orie OCCT official commented, .; s_m hething . to look at during -their everyone else and there will be the· · spealc in front of a podium draped "Ad-vertising · is- inh.e rently . with the .Soviet flag. Nor do tears· of · .- ev~r popular one man 'one vote' one exploitive," ·and the OCCT does not . . trip. ,AdvertisementS on the OCCT time. Idi Amin, the ~onner dictator of joy well in the: eyes as Mandela want to exploit students. Let's get · · bu~ses would -be fund-rilising from ·campus,_ SUNY the of off sources claimed to practice one man Uganda, . Comn:Iunist African South the praises right to· the heart of the i'ssue. Is tl\e·: revitalizing the · SUNY student Party, or calls for the nationalizatjo.n .· · ·one vote. In fact he did~ His tribe Metropolitan Transportation economy. Students; on the whole, and it's allies were--in the majority and of South · African industry. ·In ·Authority looJdng to exploit the idea. the love perse~uted as well as slaughtered . release his S.peech_~er ~st Mand~la:~ ~paye.t: ~9 ma8s:-transit 'User·when The money ralsed by ads could ; . . · everyone else. Jrom pnson, lie prrused the South 'they soli~it advertising? Or are they The government of South African Communist party for it's ·actually acting responsibly, in the · . be used to stabilize the amounts the OCCT leeches from the Student. Africa has for too iong carried out a ·"sterling contribution to .the struggle best interests of ·the citizens they·· · · serve? Association e~ch year. An amount, . racist policy of apartheid, and have in . for democracy". He went on to stress incidentally, which the OCCT askedthat the alliance .between the A.N.C. . _the· past failed to build multi-raCial . Selling ad-space on ma8s transit . be .-r ai.sed, by . 125 percent, the and the ~arty "remain as strong as it · coalitions with men such as Gatsha is a beautiful gesture. It shqws that. . allowable by the SA,Jn ·rriaximpm Buthelezi chief minister of Kwazidu. always will be", and called Joe Slovo, while millions· of tax dollars are u8ed ' could. money The year~ coming the · Buthelezi has called for a peacefut' the for ,Secretary General the · · system the syster~~; the subsidize. to · _, _ ~. be ..· used tQ improve service, transition to, a multi-racial S.A.C.P., as well as KGB colonel, a is also -receiving monies from the government. "patriot". Why are people joyfully especially on ~e weekends, where The revenue private· sector. S~uth . Afr:ican president .one must push .savagely in order tO celebrating the release of Mandela arid \ generated .from .advertising m~y be is a far sighted man people" DeKlerk hosen c F,W. -"· · 40 the when of one . ·A.N.C., be the of legalization ihe · minimal, but it is the closest thing who- has taken great strides to allowed on the busses. they both endorse the saine Marxist to getting money for nothing. After ideology ·that has caused · su~h . dismantle apartheid and create a new · Where is the OCCT in all this? the advertisemen~ mounting·s are . . South AfriCa. The South African suffering in other Afriean nations? They're clutching .onto their last hold ~qght and installed, advertising is government should not ruin this his voiced also haS Mandela a with baby a like · on socialism, money in the ·bank with nearly. no opportunity .by bending to precious the of wing military the fqr support · · donations use to prefer "We pacifier. "' -in:~d. worries No labor involved. from . a Marxist terrorist p~essure · (spear Sizwe We Umkhonto A.N:C., · . said revenue]," additional raise [to Transit .systems don't _pursue one OCCT official~ · They have to Nelson Mandela, who after 27 years ~f the nation), ~d sa.i d -that they advertisers, as some OC~T officials in prison has failed to learn the error · should continue their armed,struggle. would like you to believe. ' wake up. As the great publjc . servant Robert Moses once said ofhis ways. Lest we forget lhat the African Advertisers pursue them. In the case "That's not going t6 solve th~ National Congress is · a terrorist of the OCCT, the demographic problem, chum." . . organization, who in the past has' .

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-F -id-el Castro _has _said that Jhe _ Cuban ~ - · peqple ·will -eat " 1gra~ss-: if- ne·c{?-ssa-ry -t_ o -.d·e fend - socialism.._ This _will . no-~ doubt _...·-_from , Havana · · --:be _o~_e _ }o f _the better m,eal~ -. th:_e:_-Cuban -~ _ -·people· have ' htid - since~- the revolution . students' · a-'--~-- · A :-.teacher . :s·h·ow: . - s her . b egan. ~ :picture· of _: Ronald_.Reagan -p;nd asks -iJ·- -: ~ anyone~ recognizes -· tlie ·. man- in_. tht{'i-~t: , photo~ -_- Wh_e_·n , n.ob.ody~ responds she ·;· - d~cides to explain 'the ph-oto. _ ~- · ''Look, .children this is the -m an - ·. -res/ions,ible jo-r -, children - no_t' having -~shoes _ and~ people ~not -- having jood 'in , C'uba " '" · .- · - - - - · ' <- Sf! "- Pepito ~- interrupts q,.n d '! says,.; · · '~Oh sorry, _te:acher, I ~ didn't ~ recognize Fidel· without his ~ beard.." _:., ·.

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_- Z·a_mbia· - and · ·e x.c hangetl . 'three·_· · pa~si.onate _·-_ .kisses _- with -P.L~O~ -_ Jeader -·--- . Yassir - Araja(~ :-__ Not quite -the-. coupl~ qf .th·e· y~~ar; >·but··!1~t;!o-rists of·: a f~a!her ___· ___ -~- ~ do~ -flock to~eth~e_':·- -. .

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coffee ·- beans · {lt - the-· Fo~d_ ·Coop?-'. We'd· tlke ~- to sell . them -.for . a funf)- (. ra{se'r.· '

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Governor ·Cuomo ' claims that ·the _- reason .that , he doesn't take ·an 'aC;tive - ~- _stan_d · - agains·!J~. abortion, e-ven- though ' · h'e 'is -~ 'personally opposed"'.~ to it, is.that J:ze ·- do~sn 't want io i11Jpose _ his -~ -"m-o rlility" · on ·. the_ citizens of New--.· :Y ork·· state. - .·-Y et _ w_h e·n··- it . comes -to ." :c_a p_ital _· punishment CuomQ has . · c·o nsistently-- ·imposed . h-is -pers_onal · mo.rality.:.· , ,Jsn't it :-sad -that· Cuomo . wo-u ld rather. ·defend murders . than u-nb'Qrn · children? · '

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"1'h.oSf! who campaign Jor sQnctions and. /.·disin .v e.s tment as -a · w·e apon against ~ · apartheid do · so not only again~t · -.th -~ ~ish .es · of the~ -bla-c k maj~rity_ ·but also . -Jn · harm·ony_ ·with th.ose fev~lf:ltionary - and- ·, political ·forcf#S Which . are .committed to the US.e of viol'ence • to ~ bring ·· about .radical - change·" , - ' ·

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_· -Mangosuthu · Gatsha Buthelezi . Leader . of Inkatha.

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nee again ·the student ·body _ must · suffer due to_ the influe~J,c.e a .minority, W_ of homose'x ual activists exert over SU~Y-B. · The student · asse·mbly --"w .' canceled. · the M* A *S* H._ theme for NPtTIONAL EOUCATION-·A~~OCIATION ·._ Spring Fling .du~ . !o _an .. ol!-tcry from . -·th·e Gay- peopl~s Union . over _the ·lT.S. 1 :~ military policy . ag,a iitst recruitment ,of · _· homosexuals~ __-Beware ·students I this . ''The only ~aw the- Nar~_o-terrorists · · · may ve.ry • welt · be, an · outbreak of do~'i break ·is- the la~ of supply_,and - M*A~~S~H*A·*P*H~O*B*I*_A. · · . ·- demiind" ~ · . · . ·'· . , , • . ::.o, , ,Colombian · .President 1 · { _ ~ V i~gilio B_arc'Q. -

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· when - I look · a~ . my -c hildren 1 say /to my.s~lf, · "Lillia~~;, . you should · have -stayed a ;v irgin." , - · . · ~illian ·Carter, ·Jimmy·'s mothet So· m~times .

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''·R espect Ni~ar~gua's elections'·~ ~ . . · · LA.S C ,field trii p_oste_r. .

"AND FINALLY, THE STOCK: MARKET PLUNGED TWELVE HUNDRED POINTS THE DOLLAR FELL AND OUR ENTIA~ WESTERN CULTURE. COLLAPSED WHEN RUMORS 'sPREAD- THAT MIKHAIL GORBACHEV HAD A NASTY HANGNAIL ••• I" .


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f -NYPRIG cJaims _ to be working in the After numerous atte.ml>ts to . followed improper voting procedures, public . interest, yet they find ii · contact ·the Judicial Board an offiCial and that NYPIRG harassed·.students On February 6th arid 7th the . neces-sary to floOd. this cainpus with letter of charge was . submitted- on -who held a particular minority belief. · StUdent Association held a referendum · information that misrepresents ihe February· 7th. In this letter members . to determine ~ if :NYPIRG , should This harassment ranged from verbal issue facing the students. of ·s!T.A.F.F. charged ~at the. SA .name calling to- pbstfuction of a continue tQ~ receive $3.0(fper studen~ properly ~et up table·in the ullion~· .' per semester. The referendum, which~ · S.T.A.F.F. is !equesting that l}as .been officially contested with :the . ' the Judicial ·Board invali~te the the Student Association Judicial Board, results of the referendum and that they has yet to be resolved. Members of pp· '• • L repr~hensible s,uspend NYPIRG's chatter. The Students Against Forced Funding · Judicial Board·has convened once for S:.T.A.F.F. filed a letter of cch~ge force~ the purpose of clarifying the charges, with the Judicial Board on February but have yet to hold a formal hearing. . 7~ on the grounds that the election : The stud~nts can only h.o~ was bOth Qnconstitutional arid unfair. that the Student A~sociation can act The unofficial . results, . tabulated by the Elections CQmmitt~ . objettively and can ~om~ to a just ~f the Student Ass~iation, favored fair resolution of this caSe. NYPIRG by a percentage of about .· 75% 'in . favor of forced funding an4 25% against · · \ · . . · Students Against · Forced Funding· was organized to , gather ' ( support to protect ·students · rights. S. T .A.F..F ~ Co-Chairman Brian Degano claimed: in a letter circulated . to the _campus community that, ."NYPIRG is essentially .a politiCal organization arid that it is morally reprehen·sible to force each and every·· student to financially support the . political agenda that NYPRIG .' -advocates.'' Members of S.T.A.F.F. feel that .to not allow students lo graduate or register for classes-un_til they pay their- "dues" to NYPIR$} and become a ·member · o~ thai gr_~up ·is W!ong. NYPRIG, which stands for New York Public Interest Group, ' . claims ·to ·be a nonprofit, nonpartisan research and advocacy organizatio!l · directed by New York 'S .tate college The hea~lihes speak 'for ·themselves:· students. PIRG's were founded in Cou~ls stop illegal- aliens' deportation . .. 1971 to. serve as . the student . component of R"alph Nader's political . · . . ' New ·shopping center bloc~ed. ,.. activist network, ~d to l.'ro~ote his . . Judge takes over school system ·. .. ·bn,lnd oLconsumensm. ·· _Co uri for.ces cQmmunity. to build ·]ow-income housing . . . NYPIRG is a - registereq -I ' charity, yet donations ·t9 .this · Defense Department· pr_ojects targeted by ~ourt . .. . organization are not tax -deductible ,-. · · · Murderer 's death s~ntence halted by . . ~ because of its lobbying activities._ -Enviroi!mental is.t s defend Yellowstone fire : .. -NYPRIG actively takes a stand on and Anti-drug law faces court challenge . . . 'lobbies for and against legislation· on_ ·, ' all levels of government. · By its very Cop killer mocks light ·sentenc~ . . . qefinition NYPIRG, "an advocacy Judge orde~~ busin~ to b~gi:f!. : . group", is highly political. The organizations goals· ·is to further . . ~ What so_m e peopl~ call public:interest law! center .dedicated to protecting the . · specific poli~ical stances. · We call it political activism. Unfortuhately,. individu.al ~igh~s and econ_o mic ljbe!ties of · On 1;1Jesday, Febr:muy (ith · when you come down to it, it's the· public-'s_, honest, m.amstream Amen<;::a.ns. member-s of S.T.A.F.F., in an · interest that suffers· th~ most! It's en~:mgh to . WLF' s. overrid~ng goal is to continue att~mpt to ·educate the . student give "public interest" a bad name. serving as. an effective count~ rw.eight to population on the issue they were ' . ' · t.h e hundreds of special interest legal being to asked to vote on, set up a It's the handiwork of lawyers for 1 table in the Studeqt Un~~n to· ·. America's liberal movement. You see, when groups wi)o excet'i:lt promoting their anti~business, anti-national d:e fense, distribute information. ·After repeated it · comes to how v.:_ell-organized, ·radical pro-criminal crusades in the courts. :harassment from individual members . activists use our courts as ideoloe-ical of NYPRIG the Student Association . playgrounds, the go~d guys don'~'t always . There is no reasbn why the iudicial ExecutiV;e Vice Presid~nt·Matt Sheedy win. For every liberal political cause that process should be driven by their agenda . -demanded that . the . table :, be · · ~xists_, the:Fe _is a heavily funded leg.al · We believe that 'the courts are for all . disassem J)Je:d~; c-i ti:n g that·. it -~as in·~ . f' •,.' iristih.It'io ~ t hat seeks to-achieve in our . Arn~ricans, not just for those on the fri'nge clear violation of the SA Bylaw's · fuchcial system what it co~ldn't possibly of society. . · , , governing University wide elections. win at the ballot J:>ox. Sometimes you' · At However, the members of WLF, we be.lieve that Am.erica' s wonder whose side they are on. . . ../ S.T.A.F.F . .are claiming that the future. and the rights of haravyorking : , We'r!= the Washington Legal Foundatiom- ' taxpayers ar~ worth fighting for! .. regulations the Student Associaf:ion . , (WLF), a pubHc interest.law,.and policy . selectively - applied ~ duriilg the "< referendum do not pertain· ·to . the · ~ · Referendu_m Procedures as enumerated in Article 9 of the SA ConstitUtion . . -----· Aside ..fro in . the - use. of ~ .. lmpi:oper election procedures by the , .. .SA, ·NYPIRG- c~mducted themselves WASHINGT ON in a manner that was in$uJting_' and LEGAL FOUNDATION ® revolting to many _ students~ · Th~y · 1705 N ·Street, 'NW .- brought in .over 35 member.s; from Washin)c,rton, D.C 20036 across the state along with a numbe,. 202 /857-0240 " _of fUll time staffers to ·badger students into ·stiiJport tpe.m. It is es~m~ted WLF.is a tax-~dw:tib/e (hariti that ~ey spent close !O ··$5;0_0 0 in ·. "campaigning" · for their car~e. .. - '

it ts m.o Tally to· each , tl,n d eve.ry stu_d ent -lo ' fin. arieially . support .t he - political agenda that . NYPIRG advocates .,, .

and

·ni'M FROM TliE .PUBLIC I~,tEREST MOVE MENT ,,. ~ - AND J lrM HERE TO '\ · HE·LP~ YOU!''

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BINGHAMT_ON REVIEW

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By, Joseph A~ ,Ros:enthal ...~ the raison d'etre oftheir~tiQggl¢.

' Iii · .> Them~jof~ceofJapan~Se necessary. This ~~st begin wiili the The Twentieth-. Century has. addition, the past decade has seen . nationalism is their "island outlook." : .educational system, oLcourse. The rightfully -bOOn called ~the Ameri,can . · . ethnic strife . in Soviet Georgia,. · . -~his gi~e~ the~ 4 se_n se of purpose · Pledge of Allegiance is not enqpgh; century; .. In these _90 years; 1b.is Artnenia, Azerbaijan,., and the Ukraine . . and . uniquep:e~s. and a desire for . . we must give .Qur children.an ~curate copntry ~a& ,elevated itself from a and ·~ - . ~~jor, cause of' all of these.' national strength. This in turn spurs ' historical accourit of the birth and _or!.' great~,t · produc-tivity . ih_an -is . . growth of America. -No propaganaa is . second-rate power to a .milit;,try and - m.o vemeiits have. be~e.n; the: -economic superpower. . .Freedom, natio:nalis~ie .feelings of their possiple inJC$s natiomUistie :capitalist necessary; a ra~onal ·being will ,love derriocrncy ,\~apitalisin;:·and .the r.Jght _· .PaniC,ipants. · ·. · countries such as the U. S.. 1-{ere we America ·on the basis ·Of the facts. ..;.....;...~...;.......,...________......_ _ _ _ _ _--"!-_ _ _~--~--' ·- - · ·- · ' · · · to own and di$pose of property have

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''U.nless_"... t_he_re -.-.i__s <J a·. rise "'- in .American ·_:nationalz_._sm,~ _· ·. e _,·._ r_.ica _,w_·ifl_·_ s. urely._· 4., ~- c_ li_ n_e·· in . the_.· -21st . cent_·u__ry. '" _encouragedby .abeliefthatweare"a ._A -m city upon . a. hill", ·a · beaepn . of

·sut"anotherfacto.f _ · ·has · been _·American ·nationalism,

·democracy to the world's . oppressed~ '· In modem America~ howe.v:er, we are . . ·Outside the Soviet Union, ~ . talk about how we want madejn the .. Also, we need to pay more attention but within .th~ir Sphere of influence, · li.-s.- A.. :to ·mean something. again, : · to what unites Americans rather than experiencing deeij.ne of nationatism; . due mostly to divisiveness and ·a ~ack · almost all of the War.s-aw Pact · while quality Japanese· products what divides us; There is no ctenying of understanding <)f th~ role of . countries hav~ - ~e:x:perience<f ~igldy smound· In Japan, quality -is ~a 'that · American-s are a ·people: · For. . America ir1: l)istriry~ Un_ies~ lhere ·is ~ nationalistic inde·p erid .e nce · source of personal ~a national pfide. e~am:ple, w}len Americans travel, we ~movements. Alt of these· events, · _ . . . - There has obviously .Oe~n a · rise : in _, AmeriCan nationalism, are ~mmediately recognized as America will surely d~cllne in· ~e; have lead to what 'is •commonly , ' gFeat ~lse in Ge(man, nationillism . J\'m~ri.~a-!1~- .. ~.by _. Ol-Jr. .language, , . ·"' twenty-frrst c.e!ltqry. .. . _ .. ·· : .. --: ·. . · known as the '!rebirth .Qf Great .: sin~e the· fall of the Ber,lin Wall, but · . m~mnerisms, apd · dress. We ;must · _ Nationalism was thought by Russian nationalism ." . ht fact,. . · this phenomenon has been a driving · ' begin acting as a people anq ' stop ~- Man to .be a .bourgeQiS pijncipte·that _. · ... anyone :-. with even . a . passing. force . in histOry. since _the original instituting,.policies -.like .A ffirmative ' Germ~~ uriificatio~ - -in 18?1. · It has . ·knowledge of .Soviet history· know~. · would wither in the class strUggle. In , Action whi~h separate AmeriCans into lhe· past few years, and e8pecially in 'that Great Russiari nationalism never allowed the devastated West Germany · sociologiCal .groups. . Divided .we .. 1989, we have, seen tliat nationalism died, bllt-.rather was t;lle m·ain reason · to attain great power s~tus~ because · Cannot s.t and · · is far more impriitant .than glassy:-eyed that the bloated Soviet e·~pire was nationalisiic · feelings giv_e t~e . . Furthermore, America ·will · utopians ever real~e.d. The .t\\'O · - ~ · ·, , · . . , · f~rce. -in history -since. the '· original. · never _fully achieve its-glorio~:s . pl~ce originaf Criinmunist countries, th~ . ' .. Pick · ~ tip :·. almost . anY: German unification in 1871: It has in ,history if the. American LeJt does - · USSR and China, have· been tom by :newsmagazine ..and you -W~ll. -see· allowed tlle_devastated West Germany ·. not ·s top delighting in American . internal .strife jn the past f~w · years, iuticles· abmit .the Japanese purc~aS.t?-of ·· ·to attain great power.status, beCause-.. weakness ,and humiliation. ·. \.I;>issent , . and while our news media stresses the -~ American real estate_and artiol~ abopt - nationaHsiic . feeljngs g,ive the. '. should 00 tolerated, but not ·~0 ' the ~ democratic .. -n atute of. thes.e · . German. reunification. ~omplete with Germans. their widely .recognized . point of -national ' emasculation . . movements~.. tlrey negiect to ominous ~ic~~s of J¥tl~r addr~~ing extraotd.inacy .capacity f~r w~i:k. In · Ecological and social problems must . an enthusiastic ~rowd. Many ~hev~ .. -.' -East Germany, hard-wqrking men and mention th~ dnvip.g force behind ihe8e' ' be recognized . as · se.coildary . · to ·. that .the.Japal)ese will overwh~lm u~ ·women. even came close io making movements, nationalism. ,. ' . . . econo~i( and, especially military . Years after the annexation of economica.lly, and -that the Germ~s socialism succ.eed. (No small feat.) a{fairs. America can.no.lc:mger ~ford will, dominate Eur~pe and becom~ a _ . Recent ·reports and · pictmes · have the Baltic states by ~ the USSR, the .· to be fooled by .the bold and e~treme · shown that the division of Gennany · Estonians, Latvians, and especially superpower. . ~at lS the cause behmd exaggerations· of . en.vironmenta1 - the . grea~ strength o{ . these two . has ·been an aitificial barrier, and ~t the Lithuanians~ far from feeling:any groups and social . welfare · brotherhood with their fellow Soviet · ' nations, so ~eadfully defeated only 45 German nationalism was a major organizations, many of . which are workers, want to govern themselves. years ago'? The .answer is obvious; force ~bringing this barrier down. ' created and ·supported , by . Seviet , · As ·rational people, they will choose · ·capitalist ec?no~ic. syste_ms ~ well Clearly, in order to compete un~onventiohal diplomacy and the democracy as their form of as heavy natmnal1stic feelmgs m both . -with the Japanese and the Germans a world socialist · l!lOvement. · government, .but nationalisni remains · · nations are.responsible. rise in AmeriCan Dlli(),nalism will be

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Get your career off to a flying start. Become ·.mer. There are no on-campus drilk._Plus, you · · your~elf ~mongst the best and start o(f ntaking · "Marineaviator.. ,Ifyou'rea·coUegefreshman, . . · receive $Iooamonthquringtheschoolyear. _ from $17,oooto $23,oooa " ' , sophomore or junior, youco~~ _qu~ ~<~r our ·. ·· ·Seniors can·quallfy.for the graduate Officer , -ze~. See if you m~ure up. undergraduate.Officer Comnusstonmg Pro- :" · Commissioning Program and attend training ,: . Check out the ~~n~ Cor~s , . . gram .and be guaranteed flight school after gradafter graduation. " ·· · ·· Officer Comrrussto~~g ·· ·uatien. All trajni~g is conducted du~g the Slim- , · This·is air excell~nt oppQ.rtunity to prove ~ Programs. . . ., · ·'

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. modern ~ation -state for the . good the entire country. · This nation.:sta'te · . . As :communism crumbles -acros·s . · ·will . represent . an: ·atte·m pt . to the _globe,. stilt'a~ g~eater problem is amalgamate, in the sense of creating· .. lurking''{n rria:ri)i foreign ·countries .. . po!itical solidarity;· ' d~v·ef'Se,i :< This -problem·: concern~ ~·nationalisrn nationalities. The nation-s~te· is~' and ethnic -differences whiCh are , capable of preserving the culture - of . . causing many conflicts and deaths. ' the Aibanians since .it claims itS-right~Yugoslavia is one_' such COUFltry . . . to rule on· the legitimacy of ·popular · ~xperiencing turmoil; the creation of a ' will; a popular·. will gmunded in \ diversity. · , · · .· . modern nation-state may be . th~ . . solution. ~ ' ... . . . · ·· ·. · Yugoslavia i$ · similar to -an . ' i ¥ u,goslavia is a· country .locatcil in empire<in several ways. As an Eastern ·Europe .made . up · of· six empire, it has-taken control and rules . constitu~nt . republics-; B.osnia and . over, .several nations with separ~te ··. Herzegohna, Croatia, ·Macedotiia: cultures, .languages, etc~ .. · It is. not"a Montenegro. Serbia. ~ and Slovenia.·. legitimate ·gov_e rnment, ·but-it-~does .Within Serbia, one of the .republics, . have authority~ twhieh empires·· had'atid-'' are ' two autonomous provinces, - . - e~entually · lost . time. · Nation·s ' _Kosovo and Vojvodina. For man·y ·revolted and fought ·th.e ~core bf; th_e ye(U"S' Kosovo .· has. served as . 'tlie empire, just as the · Albanians are . SOU:l'Ce of tensions between Christian ·; . doiBg now. Similarly, when the core Serbs and ·Muslim Albanians due to , · of the empire crumbled, the peripheral the different religions; languag~s •.-and · . countries gained power, ~d it seems cultures. Kos9v'o's. ethnic turinoil has . . as · though Yugoslavia will .soon lose · · even beeri ~ characterize'd.; '· by so~e control of the·state. government officials . as Q'e'ing _ -_ Yilgosla~ia is ~a. multinational - · ! Yugoslavia's singre ·greatest problem. state facing a vital inner dilemma-as _ T<wo years :_ago, the govern~ent . .different - ethnfticities fight . for -- decided t9 · take -action ·and · prevent .-~ '---"""'-!o---.:..o...iii.o-..;..;;._....,_ _..;;.._ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _~·--~-.-~ ,}egiti.ma¢y. -· Ethnic struggles tend to · ethnic harassment . of . Serbs_· in -the way it was being treated). the past few we.t(ks; Reeently, these unify individuals . _causin-g ' them to . Kosovo. _ . . At the beginnililgofthe-new year, protests have evolvef·into :actual . fight ·harder. fq_r -their heri~ge and In 1988, the .S-erbian Commlihist more changes quickly develQped: as the.• battle.s as thousands~ of Albanians traditional customs; therefore, . if an . · Party chief., -Slobodan Mil'oseviC, _ Communist Party v0ted itself _out of f{gllt·for legiti~acv: : . · ~. ·_ ·ethnic group was ;_to_lose this fight,- _ motioned to ass~rt . authority -over ,•office and Galled UpOn Parliament to -. .T his·· major ethnic conpict is ; .-they· would in turn lose· their identity· -Kosovo ·whiCh ,' quickly led ~o·. . create politi~al plW"alism, including a escalating .,t hroughout, KOSQVO as .and this is whaL is -happening -in. ,. Albaniali-Serbjan clashes·. in the . multiparty : system. / . After this .individuals _are dying· 'to 9l>ta.in · ' Yugoslavia; ._ They' are fighting with · pro.v-ince as leaders of the. Albanian. occurred, . ethnic tensions have · legitimacy illld preserve their _c):lltul'e: · all of their power tQ pre~tve their. , majority urged that _the-autonomous mounted in Yugoslavia.·as· strqggling . .· Tile Albanian nation . in Kosovo is own existence... It appears that culture province . b~ ' given . republic status cultures are trying to become unified. . ..striving to gain the authoiity ~hich it · and.. nationali'sm will · prove -its .. (probably so that i_t could·then.·secede ._ . Most of this unrest has occun:ed hi. feels it d.eserves. . Nationalis·tn is . strength, as it did during the age of · if the majority ·y.'as displeased· with the province Kosovo; where.. ethnic 1!-nifying Albanians· to fight and · · ·empires, and . force - government . ,A~banians nave been protesting for protest with hope of creating a change~ to occw-. · . ,_ .

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- Nearly every Communist country has had · changes · in- Its ·political ·structure, Without th'e ·_-help of his Nicaragu~ ally~ he will not be able · · . to maintain such a haid-line 'stance .. 'It' -may take some ·time; b;ut Cuba has to, and will~ become a freer society. . . Though Chamorro- ·has won, she faces many problems in the rtextfew ·months: Assume that Daniel 0rt(1ga holds to his promise of ~peacefully stepping dow~. _M anx high ra@ng members of his party lnay not be S<? cordial. They ·h ave itnpli&J that they wish to' cause s'evere turmoil during the . two-munth trap~ition. period. Even if ·charriorro t:akes her pcisition _ without inajor problems, ,Jhey are \likely · to. ·plot coup attempts, and if successfuL w.iu cause yet m.or~ heartache _for ihes~ lon_g-suff~ring . people. · · .. . _ - _: : ~:.. · . . . ' violeta,__-<Jhamorto. won impro~~ble victory, without question. Undoubtedly, · she will have ·. a . ,"'honeymoon" with her people. It . ' will be short-lived; its ·eBd willo cow~ when she !ties lo bring about refo_rm after ' her inaug-uration.- -, though it may be harmful at first, refdrm wiH . help greatly .in the futti:re.- 'She; also · has to face the \;threat\i of {bitter . Sand~~istas att~iri.pting ·a return 'to _ power: How&ver~ s.he is.iQ_. a posjtion · where.n:iaay .will ~elp to. soothe:·tnese. ; . probl~ms: . F.or- ;now;;: that- can··be~- · -heru:<lin NicaragUfi is:U:Miva Yi9ieta!~·,~ ·

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Page 11 .

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St'ate of the 'S,tate _by _·Adam Bromberg

contrary, many taxes wili be raised. Not to worry, the state bl,li'eaucracy · wilt continue to ·increase. -·The Governor has chosen the wrong . route ~0 selve the states economic · ·difficulties. . New York's other mdjor issues are crime .and education. P~lice · officers are being slain in the streetS · of New York. Edward Byrne, Jeffrey Heiman; Everett Hatcher, a-. federal ' · drug agent_killed in Staten Island and top many more. The scourge of crime and drugs continues to worsen and nothing is beiqg done ·about it. Every year for the past ~Ieven, both the ~epublican controlled ·s enate and the Democratic controlled· Assembly ·· have _o verwhelmingly passed the death penatty ~ but it has been vetoed by ~o.th. Cuomo, .and -Carey .before . him. The people of . the .· state overwhelmingly support .the death penalty, as well as cfose _to two- . , thirds . of .the sate leg!slators. The Governor has said that he is :Personally opposed to abortion, but .adds that lie will not push his personal view on others. · If he is- ' · truly sincere on ibis, why doesn't he hold the same -belief, about capital · . punishment? \ ·Governor Cuomo~ and Assemb1y ·Democrats fought a Senate meastire to have a drug forfeitirrelaw enacted. If the law was passed we _could have · · used money confiscated from drug dealers to figh~ the drug war. The Go:vernm: is saying that it's okay to . taX the people to fight the drug war, but it's fiot •o~y -to take the money · from the _drug dealers. The State of New York spends more money per ~tudent than any other state in the country and·yet we still s~e. -.no:· P.rogress . . We spend 'more 'o6 -education than' 30 . other ' state's total budgets combined. The Governor enjoys talking about how · much m6ne¥ he has spent but does not . talk ·,abo,ut results. t. Since the ,1982~83 scll_o ol year state aid to schools, has gone up 87% and yet ·sAT scores continue to.'decline and education · as a whole has . not improved· at all, · in fact it is worsening. If we measure education . in t~rms of' financial output and creation of more _a gencies and bureaucracies, then . we are doing a great job in education. If we . measure , it in terms of teaching quality, SAT scores, and graduation rat~s. then we are failing miserably. , · New York is a state in' decline. · is reversible. · However the"(-decline. . ' New Yo:r:k can ~ one of the greatest . state~ in the CQU11try. We are the financial capital of the nation. We are a state .filled with many theaters -. ,. . and bursting with culture.. a state · with many beautiful mountains', and · ' ~ ·' .many beautiful towns and _'cities. New York was once a great place to · live and t;o raise a family, but is now ..., , a state that' is . driving away i.ts .. ' t. .... ·: :. citizens and its businesses . ·- - ~ " . . 'New York must provide no to-Mcirio~~----- ' : ·' / 'Just :~:~ ~:., ~;.~;s,~;~·~:~:7!~e~«l! ~ · leadership that will fight to lower I. ·' logr~e-Now';thetimetotoke.ostondii.lavO<olte!pmgth.etm~ul. ' . ..; · · . . Th ere he ~oes ogom. . . , , . · ~ ·. · ' ·. , ondrll help by: . . :· . . . .t axes to .. keep us econo~cally . Governor Cuomo tS t~mkmg about concellmg l~e last year ~_! ... 0 volt\nteenngmy lime!o help mobilize wpporti(J( 1~ laHul · j _, prosperou~ and to fight the growmg ' ' S of the.ol!lOU(!t in iccintributibn C ' moking. o · , I · · . the to commttment solemn a of slate tax cuts_- breokmg .,, · , _, · -' owrit•ng to my stote legislotor1people and bustnesses of New York. .. . state bureacraey. We need leadership "·" ·' -. •i • • • '·. That's wrong- and now's th~ time to let him·know how you · I· -. ·.' '· · _: ", that will fight the -war on crime and 1 . , Nomt -..----=-=-:-------'-----~-~··~feel about tl. . ·. drugs. We need leadership that will . New :Vorke_rs suff:r und~rthe purden of th~ highesttoxes_in 1 . : ~ .' ·., _ Addreu the noltan. fmally, 1ust w~en we thought wed get some reltel1 ,_;_push for solutions _as_opposed to just , ~ ~ ii looks lil<e the Gove(hors going 'to renege on ~i~ promise. • · !;' ( ·_·,. ;.,·. :' ~ "' -~ : ·_t; •'\ ' :: ~ ::.· , ' r . ,. . ··. more ·money in education and other · . - . • 'P· · Whenopoliticianstortstolkingab·out'.'maybe'\concelling ., ·~X.- .. , ..., < · ·---_, · : , .'ote _ _ Unfortunately- the . _problems. • · · . l -PhonH ,,~· ,;; - ), · ·'' ~ - - .,. t •'· . ~ :o ·a.tox cut, it's ii.me io hold on to ypur wallet. · · . • . ., ' · :' .... :"- . .,_ <· • . . ·:, :., · G~vernor and hi_ .,.~. ',. cr ;.,;,Jj :, ,•. /.-. · · Send Mandp message- one he'll hear loud o,nd'cleor s people can't fimt a · 1 ;~rBorrtn 'o.o;,,;.,., Ne.;v,;,\ Republican 5,c,;. (Ommittoe. Let htm know that a promrse a promise. EV,en when it • . .: .J ' •P. • mo• York's . decline. · New of out way _,. . . · .• ., · 12210 llSSt~r.sireer),t~y.NewYon · ~ · . ~. · : ' politician. a_ comes-from 1 ~ .: . or.coH · ·.- ~ybe it's time the j,eople showed .; . ~6(.2601 for more inlormohon s them .the way out--through the door.· It's time tO make New York ·great. :-<'

l If the Governor wants to plug, up people will leave because it Is OO,coming too expensive to live in . the budget deficit he c~ ..start ·by · are York New in .. - Many people ·· looking at spending. In the years . New -York. The only people -who very concerned about the state's will be left are the pe(>ple wbo -can't · since 1982 state spending· has gone ·· ,~ present decline; ·these people ·include· of many state, · · · the · tate s · leave up 61% (in constant dollars). At · . afford· to the Governor and many other politicians. . The . battle over the whom cannot afford to pay taxes. the ~e time federal spending has New Yor,k will -become _a state. . gone up 15%.:. Why-can't New York direction of the state will concentrate on the Governor's proposed budget . poverty, a state ·of people .w bo have .State. keep it's spending at th~- same and once again the uJ}coming battle no other. choice -but to live · here~ ~te as fed~ral spending? over the death penalty~ . The coptroversy over these. issues will · ; ~i!.ered continue through the •~gislative 0 0 'JJ 4 · session and into the NovemBer • • F ' elections, in whiclf Gov. Cuomo and J-·OT ·- many of the legislators ~ill be up · F ~·· ~ · for re-election: The major issues_.., · JOT SO willfocusonCuomo'splantod efer · • • . the tax cut. the death penalty and - . • . . ·· . .: education initiatives. Over the past few years~ New York has taken a tum for me worse. Our economy c"'ntinues to/ lag · Besides keeping businesses and Spending went up 8.5% 1ast year behind the rest of the nation. Crime __ ~ taxpayers in New Yorki tax cuts also inflation w,as 4.2%. Many of while ·-' .and drugs increasingly plague the invigo_rate _the eco!lomy. Si~ce New ·states have kept neighboring our people of · New ·York State . . · The York started cutting taxes in 1987, the level of below or at. spending · - ·the economy -has begun to improve. ' edl,lcation system is failing the very has also Governor . The .inflation. . help. to students it . is supposed Over IOQ,OOO people have left the ~ . with · programs, new 35 1 initiated Throughout all qf this the Governor . welfare rolls; many ·more jobs have spending. new in billion. $3 almost . · has .made n9 attempt to- rally the been created and revenue has grown ' Most of this has been in the area of state to improve the situation. In .- by $5.4 billion.; -If we want to save . personnel. He has proposed hirings a Ailes, Roger oi the . words· the· state's economy' we must keep -. in agencies like the Energy prominent ,Republican consul~nt, the final phase of the tax cut. . New Department and· . the - LoHt(r.y · . , "Ne}V York his become the welfare- . · ". / · Division ..strong eff~nt to · make ·must York and-crime'-excuses capital ef the viable' a as state the . promote state the can hypocritical How He .also says that New ' nation. econoQlic force in·the nation. This . be? . 'The workirig people of,New York has become hated by the rest of by lowering the taxes 'as start must York ·are told that their. UJ,xes : wiH · tlie nation ·and ·can no longer afford Governor and' the legislature the· not be cut as promised. · Q~ the this. The Governor has offered no .,.·_ prom~ sed~ solutions for creating economiC ineen4ves --for working people and fQ:tr; businesses, and .no -solutions for 11 ·. · increas~g economic opportunity ;@d-'' prosperity.-- ·.- c ·-. -:..- , ··- o -~. :-·- . - . '·· . Since 1982, New York has lost .. )' ;: 280,000 manuf~cturing jobs. We ~ continue to lag far behind the rest of · the nation in economic . growth. -, New York has the highest per capita _ · c'ombination o( ·state and Ioca• · · income taXes. The state also rated one of the top ten "tai hells" in the . couritry. New York's inc-ome ~es ate 45% higher than the national .. average. Considering ~ese factors it js ludicrous ..for .the Governor to · propose that the_state put off the fmal phase of the four-year tax cut .

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· n ''T·h. e· ·G·ov· ern·o·r ·.h.' as·creatzng economiC so'l ·u.t-ions • ' · · d · Utl.OIJ, -:inc·en.tives .._.an · n·o •t " Jnc.reastng .economzc prosperz _y. ;

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In 1987 the legi$latui'e enacted lt':· ·'lour-year tax cutting plan. The final -phase, which would·take effect this . year, would have. cut the top taX rate . from 7.5% to 7%, putting $400 million back in the pocketS of the working people. · The cut would also take m~y lower income peo.pfe off ' the welfare tolls ..altogether, _. decreasing their · need for publiC' · · · · assistance. New York's tax rates ·are . i~:tcredibly high ·compared to those of ._ ~ our neighboring · states. . ·New -Jersey's top · rate · is 3.5%, Connecticut's is 0%, and Pennsylvania's ·top rate is_· 2.1 %. .. -How· can we c'o mpete with these ;- sates : if~ our tax r~~es are so much . .'-. higher?>· Gov. Cuomo has stated . . " ·many. ~times· that he. wants to make New york : globally competitive. . H~w . is 'that' possible when-we ar~ .not even regionally competitive? . . Sena,t or Roy Goodman (R;Manhattim); ·Chamnan of ·th·e State · Senate €o~mittee on Taxatimi,, said, "Tax rates.are the most CI'\1Cia1 · considetatibn "when ·-a business · , ---~ decides wh~ther to ·slay the.cpw'se or ' " ·- , leave Ne:w Yotk-.for more congeniaf \: ·tax · c lilttates·. ~· ···-If .w e don't cut our tax nt~'tnally more corporations are - ' going _to leave Ne~ Yorlc for New J Jersey or COnnecticUt. In addition to· corporationS, nnd«l)e and upper class ';:--;~.----

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' F~bruary 1990

BINGHAMTON REVIEW ~ . ·t

Teats 'student .Apatlty

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_by ~John .Maggio:

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· Nearly lO.years ago~El ·Salvadck Catholic nuns. . Yet there is ' DO - Our -,country is -based _01)' the · ~ for a"variety .of progrcuns w.hen few was ruled by a military junta which outcry ·' fro in the Left in these · _fundai:nental principle of government objections were made at the time of · was fighting a particularly yicious ' instances. ' · · for the people QY th~ people. This · .legislative decisions. _ ci vii wa{i with· the. Marxist ·FMLN · · .., Since·' th¢, revolution, -ihe system is.' m~diitained. _to ·give · - · Our legislatures are 'el~ied . to terrorists. - During this ·episOde of Ca;tholic Church in c ·uba has been . _ ipdividuals th~ greatest ability to 8ay · make decisions for us . .If we do not ·· fighting, Archbishop Oscar Romero • the target of a long term · campaign · . ··how ·they rure to be governed; a right voice' our opinions, h6w can we deemed ilullienable py our~ fo~nding to destroy it, because it .is tlie only' · of San · Salvador was assassinat~d expect them to cast a vote in' our while bolding·mass by the infamous ·institl,ltion the Commimist Party fathers . .· B~t individuals take this · favor? /If you were a legislator, ijow cannot control. To this ,end Castro .remarkable privilege· for granted. · death ·s quads of th¢ extreme Ijght ln . · wQuld ·you: vote if you saw only ·a order to commemorate the tenth' u~es terror ,and coercion to ppnish They complain about everything, but handful of students complain? anil{versalyof this terrorist act, ·there · · the -faithful. Ma8s arrests and the dQ . nothi~g. A superb, example of Wouldn't you think there wasn't a . -,expulsion -of the Clergy . as w.el'l as' such apathy ·occurred F~bruary 2{?, will be-a mass demonstration held in ·major problem or concern? . · · . :t he' use of •· forced laboi and 19~0 when students were given the . Washington D.C. and organized by a . . But then again,. where ~~ill - the · concentnition camps have been opport~nity to · speak" out ~against veritable whd's 'who of the American money come from to fund oui proposed program cuts that will affect ,~Left. According to our own campus . ._ · · employed by the Cuban -govern_ment ~. programs as students are opposed to against tbe Qlurch. . : SUNY -Ilinghamton · Jlnd. fe~ · representativ.es of this event - t~e . bot!!_a· tuition increase and a parking Repression in ~another:~ one-tinle individuals too1c action. In fact, few Latin American . Solidarity fee. ,Unfortunately, it is impo~sible. Committee - it .is sponstm~d by a · · . darl'~ng of- the American Left, · . __ .;students even know· bovy negatively to have ·· the· best of both sides .. , -Vietmim, has c6me in lhe form .of '-· · · affected they will be by the proposed potpourri. o£ ~·solidarities, c9ali~ons, increased ·services wi~out incre~ed . the . infamous re-edu:catic:m camps~ · . budget c~ts made by our Governor campaigns, ·and J>e:aCe .organizations" · paymems. Realistically, a ··. tuido~ Mario Cuomo. , , · opposed to the "kmerican "· war·in '" One survivor of these cap1ps;tran , Central Americ~. · · , . • increase ~ is inevitable if SUNYNhu,_ described the Communist ·' · These proposed cuis will include: Party-is · policy towards both ·a -$500;000 tut in the· college work Binghamton wish~s to remain at its · i ·• However, what is really radical · study. program, a $.1.5 million cut in Christian and Buddhist priests and .: curr~nt level of hlgher education. . . . about this event is the fact that these ·_ . monks: ·since religion is me opium . ~ the EOP program, $4 million cut in The idea being stressed is·tfult ybli groups have chosen a m~rd.ered part ti~e · . faculty · and teacl~ing oJ the peopl~, ·religious leaders were cannot cmpplain about the current _· -·catholic bishop to be their 'standard treated as dtug dealers. These restud~nts, a.$9 million gap. in graduate .<. situatio~, if you didn't bother, to take · be~er. Mter all, the -American Left student tuition waivers, . $1.1 · and' the regimes it has hi~iorically · · . 'edupation cc;unps tiear rriuch closer an active role and voice your opinion. · resetnblanc~ .to concentFation .:camps . millio~ cut in library- acquisitions as supported . hay,e be~n for the' most Each.. of us has tf\e ability to make a - because· few survive the harsh well as many other,progcims that wiil . part vehemently anti-religious. \The . . difference and it is an utter shame that . this' precious privilege is overlooked. conditions . . "'·. . · :· . persecution- of"'i he Chmch in the be eJther cut or elimi~~ted according Soviet l.]nioQ, . eas:tern \ Europe, My disdainfuL conclusion is .· that . . In recently, liberated Nicaragua, · ~o th~ .p roposed budget. As anyone . political apathy is the:phraSe .for our China, Cuba, Vietnam,' and _ the Sandinistas ha¥e ·been trying to .· · · can see, everyone will bt} affected by z. Nicaragua is· well known. Although ·campq.s. It's nof the . fault of supplant the Church by creating · th~se · cuts~ · Unfortunately, as a1ways sOme of · these states -have legislative ignorance~ but rather the · their own · "People's . Church~" The _ · on this campus, students act ex post ~ students: .fault of apathy. · ameliorated some of the more odious Sandinistas have_harassed cl~rgy and facto whe.n actions are futile .. How aspects 'of their: anti-religion · bishops, who refusedto play the role . foolish it . will be · next year to policii:S, . brutal pe.rsecutio~ . ~f quislings in their regime, with - . comein about the lack of funding · continues. ·"'

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American L.e ft ·and . the regimes .' ·it has · historica~ly , sup~'orted ·.fzave ' been jot th.e f!l.o st _ .P~rt _veh~e!fZently . anti-religiolis. ·- . .

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_tJ3ingliamton ~view ' '6peil~r Series

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In the_ Soviet Unio.ll the stone thro~ing. mobs:· In adqitioil, .. Ulcrainian Catholic arid Orthodox Christian Miskitri Indians have been '· Churches .are . still-,:. waiting for · · the target of systematic·perse_cution . . Gorbachev to carry out th¢ promises, _ ·Foreign .priests have bee11 ex~lled. he-made last fall to legalize them. · In one instance, the Sandinistas . Other denominations await a similar ,.~ fraln~d .and imprisoned' ,a Cathol~c-··. . legalization~ There·are still hundreds ·priest, Father Amima' Pefia, who··had of ' prisoners languishing .mlabor . dbeen a vocal' oppoit¢rit oJ the : camps-' and. psychi~tric hospitals . Marxist dictatorship. . . ; . \: < "· . because their cl\itne was to be a '· With su.c h a long)ist' ;_Qf, faithful (Ilember of a religion ' '-., supporting rev9lu~ion~y_ violence whether Christian: Jewish,, Muslim-;v-' and persecution agrurist the Church, . one can only be led to wonder how Hare Krishna or Jehovah's .Witne~~ . :. siacere the_s~archers are jn Repression ofthe Church in pre- : - 1990 e~t~rn· Europe was particularly condemning tile death nfa Cathqlic bishop. Perhaps it would ~ more vicious i~ Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, · and_Romania. · "Bible smuggling" ' · a'ccurat~ to .. characterize . -the motivation -behind the choice of : · · .was ' a s.e vere crime . under· the · ,. Ceau·se~cu regime. :The murder of a · .~ Mwch 24~ 19-9 0 as -,~.a . cynical · Catholic · pr1:est, who was a" ' exploitation of.a truly tragic event. · The murder· of Archbishpp Romero · Solidarity activist, in Poland by the - · -secret pol1ce didn't '·mobilize the ·has been re~ted countless times in· American 'Left into ' action : ·nations s.upported Q.Y the American~ Albani~'s anti-religion >-l aws are . so -: Left. The Ain.erican Lef~ m~y r~ject · extreme thaf':bapti_sm is· punishable such·. cl;tims by conven-iently ' '. by death. ' ~ -' .. . .. . - . exculpating themselves from .·~he~ The Catholic Chmch -in China connections to . regimes where- the · . :.. has been the target, of repeated . brutality is so pervasive that it is ,' attacks bY. . the ·Co.mm'q nist ' .. impossible to ignore. However, it . ·· government. _.For ex8!J1ple, in Hebei · · ~ should be 'amply · clear that the · . Province several ;thousand·: police :· :· American Left cares little for the_ · . brutally assaulted a Vatican·oriented . deatb of. a ·Catholic bishop unless it community . of: worshippers. , The " serves to fur·t her their cau8e. This'. pollee injured 300 .}>eople~ including _ · commemoration of th~ assassination over 100 seriously, and murdered at ., of Archbishop Roiri,ero once again least IO... La8t year an undergro~nd .;: illustrates - the American .Lef~,is convent was attacked by ·security _·· ~.'selective indignation and hypocritical_ ~· stance;on.human rights ~peace. forces who .raped and mutilated the 1.

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Lesfie.Carbone '5!-ccuracy .in .!JL~atfen4( . .Libert!{ 'Bias on ·_ Campus •

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.1?epuiy -~presentative <·to f[lnitetf,S tates ·. '· , ·

February 1990 - Binghamton Review  

¡Viva Democracy!

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