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21st Century Knowledge, Skills, Character: A Clear and Present Imperative

Charles Fadel October 1, 2012 Charlesfadel (at) gmail (dot) com


Music exercise – Audio

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“The dancing salesman problem”

Source: Simon Colton, The Painting Fool

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Agenda  World We Live In  Impact of Technology  Creativity & Innovation  What should students learn ?

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The New World We Live In

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Globalization’s Perfect Storm Greed Financial Meltdown Global Warming

Intolerance Religious fundamentalism

th century by Katsushika Hokusai, Metropolitan Museum, NY Source: “In the Hollow of a Wave off the Coast ©atCharles Kanagawa” Fadel – 18 All Rights Reserved


The stakes have never been higher

Source: Video extract from “Occupy Wall Street” © Charles Fadel – All Rights Reserved


Our New World

Volatile Uncertain Complex Ambiguous

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The Impact of Technology

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Non-digital displacement technologies

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Offshoring Health Care

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Impact of Technology • Autonomous vehicles •Telepresence • Telemedicine

Nonroutine Skill Radiologist  Pathologist

Legal discovery  Legal Opinion

Routine Skill

Surgeon

Court proceeding

Security video monitoring  RoboGuard

Policeman

Typing clerk  Bookkeeping

Taxi driver

Impersonal delivery © Charles Fadel – All Rights Reserved

Personal delivery


Google Autonomous Vehicle >300kmiles already, one minor accidents, occasional human intervention

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“Computational Pathologist” “Computers found more accurate than doctors in breast-cancer diagnosis” Science Magazine November 10, 2011 “Computational Pathologist” by Stanford Schools of Engineering and Medicine

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Even modeling

H&M admits using a mannequin as digital model with “no flaws” Source: Le Monde Culture & Idees, December 24, 2011 © Charles Fadel – All Rights Reserved


Even Pop Stars  Video – Hatsune Miku

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Displacement due to Technology Ox  Harvester Horse  Automobile Lab Mice  Assays (not soon enough>) Humans: Scribes  printing press Washers  washing machine Cashiers/Attendants  bar code scanner Healthcare/Finance/Services/Jeopardy champions  Watson etc

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Technology Acceleration Optical fiber bandwidth (bps) Doubling Time (months): 9 12

Performance per $ spent

18 Storage density (bits/sq-cm)

Si chip density (# of transistors/area)

0

1

2

3

4

5 (number of years)

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More to come  iPhone: $400 price point • 40T in 2015 • 40E in 2025

 Video record your entire life (2025)

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}

Already possible in the Cloud !


On the road to ExoBrain

Source: Hans Moravec © Charles Fadel – All Rights Reserved


More to come5 3-D Printing “3-D Printing Spurs a Manufacturing Revolution” September 13, 2010

“It’s about going from the Model T to something like a Mini that has 10 million permutations.” Scott Summit, Bespoke Innovations:

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More to come5 Things

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More to come5 Robotics

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High-speed manipulation - Video

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Replace Workforce With Robots Terry Guo, CEO of Foxconn, said last July that the Taiwan-based manufacturing giant would add up to one million industrial robots to its assembly lines inside of three years.

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More to come – Augmented Reality

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More to come5 Virtual Reality

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Brave New World Human Genome mapping (2005) “Technology today can do in five minutes a decoding task that would have taken a year to complete a decade ago” Eric Lander, Founder, The Broad Institute

Improvement by a factor of 1 million in ten years

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More to come5 Nanomaterials

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More to come5 Augmented Humans

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A combinatorial explosion of possibilities

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“The future is already here – it's just not very evenly distributed.” Science-Fiction author William Gibson, quoted in The Economist, December 4, 2003

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Creativity & Innovation

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Music Decomposition

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Computerized Trading – Flash Crash

>2/3 of volume is now “high-speed trading” © Charles Fadel – All Rights Reserved


Even Journalism ? “Computers will write more than 90 percent of news in 15 years, and will win a Pulitzer Prize within 5 years.” Kristian Hammond, CTO and cofounder of Narrative Science, a company that trains computers to write news stories.

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Innovation follows patterns  automatable

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Source: Invention Machine “IM Labs”


So what do we teach for5 >in an era of ubiquitous Search and A.I. that help us with answers ? How about: • Wisdom • Ethics • Fluidity with Technology • Adaptability • Resilience • Curiosity • Asking the right questions • Synthesizing/integrating • Creating !

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The Race between Technology and Education Inspired by “The race between technology and education” Pr. Goldin & Katz (Harvard)

Social pain

Prosperity

Education

Digital Revolution

Social pain Technology Industrial Revolution

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What should students learn in the 21st century?

www.curriculumredesign.org

Charles Fadel


Coalition of key global players International organizations

Jurisdictions

Academia

Foundations & Non-Profits

Corporations Š Charles Fadel – All Rights Reserved


Redesigning all dimensions Character

Knowledge

Skills Š Charles Fadel – All Rights Reserved


Traditional vs. Modern Knowledge

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Begging for Relevance

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Impact vs Context Minoans, Sea People

Persian Wars Peloponnesian Wars

Ptolemaic Egypt

4

grade Sparta’s system

Homer

8

grade

Athens’ Democracy

Philosophers & Scientists

Example: Ancient Greece

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Alexander the Great

12

grade


So5

What do we remove ?

 Deep re-examination of every single discipline’s branches, topics, items>

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What else is needed ? Psychology/Sociology/Anthropology ? Personal Finance/Economics ? Entrepreneurship ? Engineering ? Robotics ? Programming ? Recreational Maths in lower grades ? Linguistics ? Mythology ? Philosophy ? Ethics ? Journalism ? Woodworking ? Gardening ? 3D Printing ? Etc.

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Rethinking Skills

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Workforce Requirements Survey Knowledge

Skills

English Language (spoken)

Critical Thinking/Problem Solving

Reading comprehension (English)

Communications (oral & written)

Writing (English)

Collaboration/Teamwork

Mathematics

Diversity

Science

Information Technology Applications

Government/Economics

Leadership

Humanities/Arts

Lifelong Learning/Self-Direction

Foreign Languages

Professionalism/Work Ethic

History/Geography

Ethics/Social Responsibility

Source: “Are they really ready to work ?” report by the Conference Board, P21 et al © Charles Fadel – All Rights Reserved


21st Century Skills Framework Learning & Innovation Skills • Creativity & Innovation • Critical Thinking & Problem Solving • Communication • Collaboration

Information, Media & Technology Skills • Information Literacy • Media Literacy • ICT (Information, Communications & Technology) Literacy

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Practical book + DVD classroom examples “The authors have done nothing less than provide a bold framework for designing a 21st century approach to education, an approach aimed at preparing all of our children to successfully meet the challenges of this brave, new world.” Paul Reville, Secretary of Education, Commonwealth of Massachusetts; former director of the Education Policy and Management Program, Harvard Graduate School of Education “It’s about time that we have such an accessible and wise book about the 21st century skills that so many companies, policymakers, and educators are talking about” Roy Pea, Professor, Education and the Learning Sciences, Stanford University

http://www.21stcenturyskillsbook.com © Charles Fadel – All Rights Reserved


The Role of “Character”

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Divergence Between Technology & Culture

Source: Professor SHIH Choon Fong President National University of Singapore, 2007 Š Charles Fadel – ,All Rights Reserved


Per UNESCO “There is every reason to place renewed emphasis on the moral and cultural dimensions of education> this process must begin with self-understanding through> knowledge, meditation and the practice of selfcriticism.” Report from the International Commission on Education in the 21st Century, UNESCO 1996

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Character means  Performance character • One’s mastery and thrust for excellence in school, the workplace, and in other experiences: adaptability, resilience, curiosity, initiative, socialization, productivity, leadership

 Moral character • Relational and ethical, how one treats others in interpersonal and social matters: ethics, justice, respect, courage, zest, care, awareness

Source: Lickona and Davidson (2005) © Charles Fadel – All Rights Reserved


Metacognition  Interdisciplinarity  Learning how to learn (understanding how You learn, and what processes you learn to use)

 Self-directed Learning (ability to leverage Learning how to learn)

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http://curriculumredesign.org/ Twitter: @CurrRedesign

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Charles Fadel “21st Century Knowledge, Skills, Character: A Clear and Present Imperative”