Bangor International Annual Report 2012/13
Contents Executive Summary International Marketing & Recruitment
Multicultural Student 9-10 Experiences Bangor Student Abroad
English Language Support
Halfway through the implementation of the Bangor University Internationalisation Strategy, A Five Year Plan, which was launched in March 2011, the University has made progress in fulﬁlling its ambition to become “an International University for the region.” Bangor’s reputation as an international University is recognised in the World Top University table published by QS in September 2013. It places Bangor 143rd in the world as a destination for international students. It is also in the top 200 universities (183rd) as a recruiter of international staﬀ, and is in the top 50 UK universities.
This report highlights some of our achievements in the last academic year. In particular, we saw a signiﬁcant increase in outward staﬀ and student mobility. More students than ever are studying in more destinations at very prestigious universities. A number of Schools were successful in securing international joint research funds in the reporting year, which laid a promising foundation for large-scale sustainable research collaboration with some of the best universities in the world. The University developed rapidly its transnational education (TNE) provision in the last year with more than 400 students now studying towards a Bangor degree in more than 15 countries. This has started to make a positive impact on Bangor’s brand recognition and contributed to the University’s ﬁnances.
The summer of 2013 saw the largest number of participants and the most diverse student body enjoying our two-week international summer schools. Besides the well established American Fulbright Welsh Summer Institute, the Bilingualism Centre hosted a successful Cognitive Linguistics Summer School with about 170 postgraduate students and young researchers from more than 20 countries. For the ﬁrst time, the Bangor School of Ocean Sciences ran an intensive ﬁeld trip summer school for a group of students from Shanghai Ocean University. The Law School continued their summer school with an expanded student body. The glorious summer, dedicated staﬀ support and some unique activities made it an unforgettable experience for all the summer school students.
However, the University faced great challenges with regard to recruitment overseas. We continued to suﬀer from the downturn in India, and for the ﬁrst time in the last 10 years, Bangor experienced reduced applications and registrations from Chinese students. This report provides a detailed analysis of 2013-14 recruitment performance and we are working with the Schools to address some of the challenges. It is worth pointing out that despite the diﬃculties in the international recruitment market, it is encouraging to see that a large number of Bangor Schools continued to increase their international student numbers, such as Biological Sciences, Ocean Sciences, Electronic Engineering, Chemistry, Computer Science, English, Social Sciences, Medical Sciences & Psychology.
I hope this report demonstrates progress and achievement in delivering the University’s Internationalisation Strategy. It also addresses the great challenges we are facing in overseas recruitment. We look forward to working with all colleagues and partners in the coming years to fulﬁll our international ambitions.
Dr Xinyu Wu Director International Development October 2013
International Marketing & Recruitment
The international recruitment environment became increasingly competitive during the 2012-13 recruitment year. The UK HE sector experienced a continued downturn in a number of markets, including India, Pakistan and Nigeria which have all been aﬀected by UK Government’s immigration policy. Bangor suﬀered a signiﬁcant decline from China for the ﬁrst time in ten years.
During the academic year 2012-13, 1,770 international students (FTE) studied in Bangor including 805 undergraduate students, 753 postgraduate taught students and 213 PhD students. This is just over 18% of the total student population. The ﬁgure below shows the growth of our international students over a period of four years.
UNDERGRADUATE RECRUITMENT It is encouraging to see that many Bangor Schools performed well in undergraduate international student recruitment. Apart from the Schools of Business, Law, Education and Modern Languages which experienced a small decline compared to the same point last year , all other Schools have experienced an increase.
However, we experienced a signiﬁcant downturn in international student recruitment for 2013-14. At this early stage, we anticipate a 15% decrease compared to 2012-13. The main areas of decrease are Bangor Business School at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels in terms of recruitment subjects and China in terms of the recruitment market.
Monalisa Odibo, International Student Ambassador taking part in a recruitment fair in Nigeria
SCHOOLS INCREASE IN UNDERGRADUATE ENROLMENTS 2013/14
Creative Studies and Media
Environment & Natural Resources
Linguistics & English Language
Sport, Health & Exercise Science
SCHOOLS DECREASE IN UNDERGRADUATE ENROLMENTS
Figures from BI, 05/11/2013
POSTGRADUATE RECRUITMENT Bangor Business School experienced a signiďŹ cant drop in postgraduate taught numbers at the Bangor campus (-35%) and the London Centre (-38%). The Law School also experienced more than a 50% decrease in its postgraduate taught number. The number in other Schools has either remained at a similar level or declined slightly compared to last year. SCHOOLS INCREASE IN POSTGRADUATE ENROLMENTS 2013/14
Biological Sciences 24
Linguistics & English Language
SCHOOLS DECREASE IN POSTGRADUATE ENROLMENTS
Creative Studies & 0 Media
Environment & 27.8 Natural Resources
Modern Languages 1
Sport, Health & Exercise Science
Figures from BI, 05/11/2013
TARGET MARKETS We continued to target the same markets as in previous years, the new markets of Brazil, Cameroon and Turkey were developed, with all showing increases in 2013-14. First-time visits took place to Colombia and Norway. Academic Schools contributed to recruitment visits including Bangor Business School, the School of Law, School of Computer Science, School of Psychology and the School of Ocean Sciences. The following tables show the increases and decreases in the main recruiting countries : MARKETS INCREASED AT UNDERGRADUATE LEVEL 2013/14
MARKETS DECREASED AT UNDERGRADUATE LEVEL 2013/14
MARKETS INCREASED AT POSTGRADUATE TAUGHT LEVEL 2013/14
MARKETS DECREASED AT POSTGRADUATE TAUGHT LEVEL 2013/14
Factors Aﬀecting Recruitment External The removal of the Post Study Work (PSW) visa in 2012 UKBA’s introduction of credibility interviews in 2013 The threat of bonds in ‘high risk’ countries Strong competition within the UK universities. Eﬀects of the market downturn is evident amongst many UK universities. Academic entry requirements at Masters level have been lowered, in some cases from 2(i) to 2(ii) by higher ranked universities, or from 2(ii) to 3rd class degrees by similarly ranked universities. Strong competition from other countries. An increasing number of UK based international students have applied to study Masters in the US and Canada in 2013-14. This cohort has been an important postgraduate taught market for BBS in recent years. International students are more selective and demanding on university and course rankings, as well as all the services available to them from accommodation, career services, sports facilities, healthcare and local primary and secondary schools.
Internal Lack of industrial placement and internship opportunities. UK universities that have incorporated such professional development within their programmes maintained or grew their international student numbers.
Key Marketing & PR activities In 2012-13, we continued to beneﬁt from the engagement of senior staﬀ including the Vice Chancellor representing the University and the Welsh Higher Education Sector around the world
High proﬁle visits to China, Saudi Arabia, UAE and the US from the University gave the Bangor brand maximum exposure on the international higher education stage. The University received a large number of visits from overseas universities including some very prestigious institutions such as Sao Paulo Institute of Oceanography, Denver University, University of North Carolina at Pembroke, Victoria University of Australia, Korea University, Qatar University , Tokyo Metropolitan University, Mahidol University, Thailand and Bridge House College, Nigeria to name a few.
In the UK, relationships with various Cultural Bureaux were strengthened through visits to the Kuwait Cultural Bureau, Saudi Cultural Bureau and Iraqi Cultural Bureau. The Vice Chancellor hosted a visit by the Iraqi Cultural Attaché. The close relationship with the Iraq Cultural Bureau was further strengthened as Bangor University was selected, along with Imperial College to host the 4-week Academic Development programme for academic staﬀ from 11 Universities in Iraq.
A new Bangor University representative desk arrangement was established in Lagos, Nigeria with agent BCIE. An oﬃcer has been appointed to work exclusively for Bangor University and to date the arrangement has been working smoothly.
Multicultural Student Experiences More than 60 students attended the 2012-13 Cultural Challenge, an event modeled on the University Challenge, but with a lot more fun, to promote multicultural awareness and appreciation.
With more than 2,000 international and EU students on campus, Bangor is a colourful and vibrant university. Many diﬀerent languages, cultures, histories and customs interact on campus every minute of every day, which makes it an amazing place for staﬀ and students to learn from each other and enjoy the rich cultural environment. The International Student Support team supported by a number of international student societies, especially the Chinese Student Society and The Confucius Institute, staged a Cultural Challenge competition. 12 teams each made up of 4 students from diﬀerent nationalities reached the ﬁnal, and turned the Powis Hall into a “United National” festival with music, dance, food, costume, humour, technology and stories from around the globe.
The judging panel made up of students and staﬀ enjoyed the performances which showcased diﬀerent cultures. The winning team enjoyed a week in China during the Easter holidays. As well as sightseeing, they enjoyed meeting students from Bangor’s partner universities.
Thank you very much for helping me apply for my visa. Your kind, gentle assistance greatly alleviated my concerns at that time. Please know how much I appreciate your help. Xin Liu (China)
Support for International Students Immigration Advice & Visa Extensions Financial Matters Student Healthcare Bringing Family to the UK Registering with the Police General Welfare Issues Employability - Regulations & Work Social Integration
Bangor Students Abroad 2012-13 saw Bangor staﬀ and students embrace the various exciting study abroad opportunities. There is a signiﬁcant cultural change on campus, and it underpins the University’s internationalisation strategy of making our students global citizens with the language, cultural and work skills required in the global labour market.
Currently just one UK student studies abroad for every 15 international students in the UK. The UK lags behind Spain, France, Germany, Italy and Poland in accessing the European Commission's Erasmus funding for study or work placements. Since the introduction of the international experience year in 2011-12, Bangor’s student mobility increased by 18% in 2012 comparing with 2011. In total, more than 170 Bangor students enjoyed some form of international exchange, which is about 9% of a year cohort. Staﬀ mobility also increased by 18% comparing with 2011.
Study Abroad in Numbers Bangor has 146 Erasmus Exchange partners A full list is available at: www.bangor.ac.uk/international/exchanges/ incoming/partners Bangor has 15 International exchange partners including new partners in Australia and America: Deakin University, Melbourne and Pace University, New York. A full list is available at: www.bangor.ac.uk/ international/intl_exchange_partners Erasmus contract increased by 20% to more than £403,000 in 2012-13 Total number of mobility students reached over 170
Going to Brazil and taking the opportunity to work abroad not only gave me more conﬁdence in my studies, motivation to become a better engineer and a willingness to try new things but also gave me a better perspective on the World. Quite frankly in the UK we have so many opportunities that we let slip by but if you’re given the chance to go and study abroad, grab it with both hands and don’t look back, I loved every minute of it Sean Kiely, Final year MEng student, completed a 9 week placement in the University of Sao Paulo
I can't describe the VIMS trip as anything less than AMAZING!! It was a perfect way to experience ﬁeldwork abroad and learn about several new and interesting species. We went out on the boats most days getting opportunities to see the diﬀerent parts of the saltmarsh and learn about diﬀerent trawling methods, one day consisted of seine netting which involved getting in the water and was great fun. Victoria Collier Attended 2 week ﬁeld course in Virginia Institute of Marine Sciences through generous funding from the Drapers Bangor International
International Research Collaboration Working in partnership with a wide range of reputable universities worldwide, for academic exchange, research collaboration and capacity building is at the heart of our Internationalisation Strategy.
In addition to some major international and European funding successes, Bangor academics took advantage of a number of government backed research collaboration funding opportunities in 2012-13, and secured grants for research collaboration and mobility from China and Brazil. Such initial success will encourage researchers to pursue large scale, more sustainable research collaborations with major grants from various funding bodies in the UK and abroad.
UK-China Joint Research Professor Jianming Tang working with the University of Electronic Science and Technology of China successfully secured a two year joint research funding of £36,000. The award was part of the UKChina research collaboration initiative funded by UKTI and China Scholarship Council. The two years funding started in February 2013 and will support up to 6 Bangor PhD students and researchers to undertake research in the ﬁeld of optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OOFDM) at UESTC, which is one of the top research universities in China.
At the announcement of the success of the bid, Professor Tang commented “OOFDM proposed by Bangor university is one of the hottest optical communications technologies of today. The proposed project brings together world-class expertise to explore the feasibility of utilising the OOFDM technology in future cost-eﬀective, high-speed optical access networks. Bangor is the world-ﬁrst and world-only organisation capable of experimentally demonstrating a series of cutting-edge, end-to-end, real-time OOFDM transceivers operating at speeds of up to 20Gb/s. The Chinese partner, UESTC, has state-of-the-art passive optical network (PON) test-beds capable of carrying real end-user’s traﬃc.”
Millions of people around the world are heavily reliant of ecosystem Services provided by forests and other habitats for their livelihoods Photo credit: Madagasikara Voakajy
Bangor – FAPESP Joint Research Since the launch of the Science without Border (SwB) Scholarship Scheme by the Brazilian government, Bangor has welcomed over 20 undergraduate study abroad students and 3 PhD students. To fully engage with the SwB scheme and to eﬀectively raise Bangor’s proﬁle in the new market with a strong message that Bangor is a leading research university, a pump prime research fund was jointly set up by Bangor and FAPESP, the Sao Paulo State research funding body, to initiate and support research exchange and development between Bangor University and Sao Paulo State universities. £50,000 was made available to three projects for a period of two years starting in July 2013.
Bangor School of Ocean Sciences and the Marine Science Institute of Sao Paulo University, Brazil successfully set up three research projects reﬂecting Bangor's international reach and research strengths in Marine Sciences and Marine Ecology: • Locating vulnerable marine ecosystems on the Brazilian Shelf: Maximising research potential, Dr Andrew J. Davies (Bangor), Paulo Y. G. Sumida (Universidade de São Paulo) • Integration of marine ecological processes at multiple spatial scales in the Brazilian coastal zone, Dr Stuart Jenkins (Bangor), Áurea Maria Ciotti (Universidade de São Paulo) • Tropical and Temperate Marine Ecosystems Adapting to a Changing World, Dr Ian McCarthy (Bangor), Prof. Dr. Alexander Turra (Universidade de São Paulo)
Bangor Leads International Consortium to Combat Poverty Dr Julia Jones, senior lecturer in the School of Environment, Natural Resources and Geography is leading a £2 million project to investigate whether international schemes that pay people in low income countries to protect globally important habitats can reduce poverty. The 4 years funding is from the Ecosystem Service for Poverty Alleviation. It involves a consortium of institutions in the UK, Madagascar, the Netherlands and the USA. The research will help ensure funds from international ecosystem payment schemes make a real diﬀerence to people’s lives. The success of the funding award was built on the School’s international reputation in tropical ecology, land use and international development.
Bangor Transnational Education The Transnational (TNE) landscape is competitive and constantly changing with varied degrees of risks and opportunities. Since the launch of the Bangor Internationalisation Strategy, which placed TNE at the heart of the University international development, great progress has been made. More than 400 students are now studying towards a Bangor award in their home countries either on a validated, franchised or online programme.
“The course is even better than I expected. It is very interesting with lots of real case studies and my questions were always addressed seriously by the tutors.” Mr Zhiwei Tan, Co-owner of Shanghai Kang Nian Life Science Tech Co
Bangor’s online MSc Forestry sponsored by the Commonwealth Scholarship and the online Charted Banker’s MBA programme continued to ﬂourish with students from more than 15 countries on the programme.
To meet the market demand, two new MBAs will be validated in November 2013, MBA in Finance and MBA in Marketing, which will triple the number of students in the two cosmopolitan cities of Shenzhen and Shanghai in 2013-14.
Validation with RITS in China Following the successful validation of the MBA Business Management programme with the Research Institute of Tsinghua University in Shenzhen (RITS), 193 students registered on the two year part time programme in RITS Shenzhen and Shanghai in 2012-13. Most students are working professionals in international companies or running their own business. The MBA programme provides a unique opportunity to systematically study theories of management, and encourage open discussions of business strategy and management skills.
Validation and Franchise with MDIS in Singapore & Tashkent Building on the success with RITS in China, Bangor Business School expanded the TNE provision to Singapore and Tashkent working with one of the largest and most reputable higher education providers in Singapore, the Management Development Institute of Singapore (MDIS). A range of undergraduate and postgraduate programmes in business and ﬁnance are validated in MDIS Tashkent campus with a ﬁrst intake in September 2013 of about 180 undergraduate students.
Similar programmes were validated for franchise to MDIS Singapore with a ﬁrst intake expected in 2014. The Future As demonstrated in this report, Bangor made signiﬁcant progress in its TNE activities in 2012-13, and there is a much clearer understanding among Schools and Services about the beneﬁts and challenges of TNE. It is recognised as an important international education area which complements the traditional international student recruitment. However, its potential for Bangor is yet to be fulﬁlled. Traditional international student recruitment in the UK, or the so called “global” segment of the international students, will grow at a slower pace owing to pull factors such as the challenges related to immigration policies,
increased competition and cost of recruiting international students, slow recovery from the economic downturn in the UK, and more sophisticated education needs from students and sponsors. Bangor has seen a signiﬁcant slow down in overseas recruitment for 201314, while many UK universities are in the same position. On the other hand, students who have global aspirations, but need or want to stay local, the so called “glocal” students, are the great potential for the faster growth of the TNE. The “glocal” students from the expanding wealthy middle classes in emerging economies are willing to pay for a global educational experience while staying in their home country or region through a range of TNE models including validation, franchise, dual, joint, overseas campuses and Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs).
Although Bangor has taken a successful ﬁrst step in TNE development, as a globallyminded university, we still have a long way to go to fully realize the potential TNE can oﬀer. One key issue we must consider in delivering any TNE projects is the deep understanding of the ever changing needs of the “glocal” students and identifying the best ﬁt delivery models to be competitive in the increasingly competitive TNE market. “Glocal” students are diﬀerent from “global” students after all as they would like to earn the social prestige and career edge associated with a foreign education without having to go very far from home.
English Language Support A comprehensive pre-sessional academic English and in-sessional subject speciﬁc English programme delivered by a dedicated professional team in Bangor enabled our international students to fulﬁll their potential.
The academic year 2012-13 proved to be another successful year for the English Language Centre for Overseas Students (ELCOS). The summer pre-sessional course numbers peaked at 184 students. In terms of our in-sessional provision, the credit-bearing modules once again recruited well, with numbers slightly higher than the previous year. The existing provision of 1-1 tuition, the evening writing support classes and the free General English classes (International Cultures & English) were all well attended and garnered very positive feedback from the respective course members. Our targeted support initiatives with Electronic Engineering, Chemistry, Management PGTs, Linguistics, Law PhDs, Psychology, Biology and Music continued to progress well.
Additionally, ELCOS validated 3 modules for the CoHABS pre-Masters initiative, 2 modules for the Linguistics UG ‘International English Language Studies’ programme and 3 generic EAP PG modules available to all PG students. Bangor IELTS centre has operated eﬀectively in Bangor, Wrexham, and Coleg Cambria in the last academic year with a new oﬀsite centre in Liverpool. A total of 1,055 candidates were tested by the IELTS centres during the year. The centre was audited by the British Council with a positive overall conclusion: The Bangor English Test has continued to generate a good stream of enrolments for the university. The tests were delivered in China, Sudan, Kuwait and Bangor to a total of 149 students. 115 of the candidates were approved for meeting Bangor’s entrance requirements.
“Bangor University is a stable IELTS operation, run by a dedicated team of IELTS staﬀ with a strong knowledge of IELTS procedures. The centre is deﬁned by an excellent approach to customer service and a willingness to accommodate candidates urgently needing to take a test.” British Council Audit Report
Investment into Student Experience
FAITH CENTRE The £2.5 million Rathbone renovation project was completed in the summer of 2012. This provides all Bangor international students with a focal point. As well as being a “home” for close to 30 staﬀ in the International Education Centre (IEC). Work on the Rathbone Annexe was completed in the summer of 2013. It is a multi function Faith Centre for all Bangor students and families with various sized quiet rooms for group or individual reﬂection as well as religion related meetings.
POSTGRADUATE ACCOMMODATION This September new postgraduate students were welcomed into the newly renovated Garth Accommodation residence on Love Lane. The renovated halls provide accommodation for 150 students. FREE VISA SERVICES The International Support and Services team within the IEC has been oﬀering comprehensive visa and immigration services in the last few years. Group visa applications were organized by the team free of charge. The number of international students availing of themselves these services increased year on year, with 471 visas being processed by the team in 2012-13, and a 100% success rate.
Staﬀ Success Achievements Maggie Parke, International Oﬃcer successfully defended her PhD thesis entitled “Incorporating and Considering Fans: Fan Culture in Event Film Adaptations” and was awarded a PhD in Film and Digital Media. Manuela Vittori, International Student Support Oﬃcer was nominated and awarded the Student Led Teaching Award International Award. Lisa Paxman, International Marketing Oﬃcer successfully completed the Chartered Institute of Marketing Course and is qualiﬁed as a Professional Marketeer
Promotion Dave Andrew, Director of ELCOS Kerry Roberts, Administrative Oﬃcer, International Recruitment and Admission Oﬃce Alan Charlesworth, Administrative Assistant, International Recruitment and Admission Oﬃce
Appointments Ekaterina Videnskaya, Clerical Oﬃcer, International Student Support Oﬃce Franki Adey, International Clerical Trainee, International Exchanges Oﬃce Monalisa Odibo, Sharon Williams, Aashu Jayadeep IEC Receptionists (Current Students Job Sharing) Bangor International
Events Calendar October 17th 2-4pm
International Cross-institutional group which aims to Exchanges Forum disseminate information and discuss important issues relating to Bangor's international mobility initiates.
Saudi Arabia (and A session to bring together staﬀ who have an the Gulf States) interest in Saudi Arabia and the Gulf States to Country Forum share information and ideas for recruitment, research collaboration, cultural exchange and commercialisation.
Alun Building Room A1.01
Annual event for IEC to brief the University on overseas recruitment, student support and mobility.
USA Country Forum
A session to bring together staﬀ who have an interest in the USA to share information and ideas for recruitment, research collaboration, cultural exchange and commercialisation.
Alun Building Room A1.01
Africa Country Forum
A session to bring together staﬀ who have an interest in Africa to share information and ideas for recruitment, research collaboration, cultural exchange and commercialisation.
Main Arts Lecture Room 3
Training sessions for Managers on ‘Internationalisation’.
Teras Conference Room
29th Maps & 10am - Compasses 12.30pm Training Session
December 2nd 10am 5pm
One-day Conference on International Student Support
An opportunity to discuss issues of mutual interest and sharing of good practice.
4th Brazil & South 10.30am America Country Forum
A session to bring together staﬀ who have an Rathbone Hall interest in Brazil and South America to share information and ideas for recruitment, research collaboration, cultural exchange and commercialisation. International A chance for all international students and Bar Uno Christmas Dinner staﬀ to get together over Christmas dinner.
Ceremony for incoming exchange and study abroad students.
February 17th 2-4pm
17 - 24
International The International Exchanges Forum is a Exchanges Forum cross-institutional group, made up of both academic and administrative representatives, which aims to disseminate information and discuss important issues relating to Bangor's international mobility initiates Mobility Week This is a week-long event devoted to raising (Semester 2) awareness of mobility within the University. There will be people from our partner universities being brought in to teach and there will also be a week of admin staﬀ training, through Erasmus. International Lead Themed discussions and information good Workshop practice sharing among Bangor International Leads from all Colleges and Schools.
Main Arts Lecture Room 4
March 28 3-5pm
South Asia Country Forum
Following the success of the ﬁrst Forum, the Rathbone Hall focus will be on research links and doing business in India. SENRGY will present their extensive research collaborative projects in the region. Guest speakers are invited from the Indian Embassy.
One World Gala evening
A full programme of colourful and lively PJ Hall performances by students. The fun-ﬁlled evening traditionally consists of a variety of international students performing songs, dance and instrumentals which showcase their particular country and culture. This event has become an important date in the calendar for Bangor’s international students.
International Education Centre Bangor University Rathbone College Road Bangor, Gwynedd LL57 2DG T: +44 (0) 1248 382028 E: firstname.lastname@example.org www.bangor.ac.uk/international