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Editor-Md. Moshahid Ali Chief Adviser : K M Abu Taher Chowdhury Publisher- Ansar Miah Executive Editor- Jakir Hussain Web Designer: Md Mabrur Ahmed Advertising manager: Anita Aryal Sub Editor : Abdur Rahim Special Correspondent: Dr Anisur Rahman Anis Bangladesh Correspondent- Khaled Ahmed Dhaka Office: Najmin Ara

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London 22 Nov 2019

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covB‡Z PvB

Wanted to teach Year 1 to GCSE Expert and 15 years experience in teaching. Extra Care will be taken for inattentive students. Please contact

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Sadath Al Mamun

GCSE Maths A Grade LLB(HON)LLM ( First class first )

phone: 07817922277


06

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London 22 Nov 2019


07

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London 22 Nov 2019

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weĂ vcb

08

London 22 Nov 2019

Mahbub & Co is pleased to announce that for the convenience of parking, ease of access and to improve customer service, we relocated our office to a larger ground floor premises.

Dedicated Professional Team for all your Accounting needs. Mahbub & Co Accountants

Old Address 112-116 Whitechapel Road London E1 1JE

New Address 58 Nelson Street London E1 2DE

We Speak

58 Nelson Street, London, E1 2DE Phone: 020 7790 8706 Fax: 020 7791 0648 Mobile: 07956919063, 07944621399 Website: www.mahbubandco.com Email: info@mahbubandco.com

=English =Bengali =Sylheti =Hindi =Urdu

& =Bulgarian


weª‡Ub msev`

09

London 22 Nov 2019

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A to Z Builders ( wejWvim ) wewìsÔi

G·‡Ubkb wjdU Kbfvm©b ‡cBw›Us ev_iæg wdwUs UvBwjs

wKwPs wdwUs ‡d¬vwos cvwgs B‡jw±«K ‡cwfs ‡WwKs cv÷vwis we«K IqvK©

‡hvMv‡hvM : 07722199492

wbqwgZ evsjv msjvc co–b KwgDwbwUi mv‡_ _vKzb


10

weª‡Ub msev`

London 22 Nov 2019

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wbqwgZ evsjv msjvc co–b, KwgDwbwUi mv‡_ _vKzb, weÁvcb w`b.


weª‡Ub msev`

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London 22 Nov 2019

Px‡bi wbcxo‡bi wkKvi we«wUk `~Zvevm Kg©x nsKs‡q wbhy³ we«wUk nvBKwgk‡bi GK Kg©x wewewmi Kv‡Q Px‡b wbcxo‡bi wkKvi nIqvi AwfÁZv eY©bv K‡i‡Qb| wZwb e‡jb, Zvi ‡PvL ‡eu‡a wbh©vZb Kiv nq| Zv‡K gviai Kiv n‡q‡Q Ges ‡Rvi K‡i ¯^xKv‡ivw³g~jK Revbew›`‡Z ¯^v¶i Kiv n‡q‡Q| we«wUk miKviI Zvi `vwe wek¦vm‡hvM¨ e‡j AvL¨v w`‡q Pxbv ivó«`~Z‡K Zje K‡i‡Q| Z‡e Pxb ‡mB Zje M«nY bv K‡i ‡eBwRs‡q wbhy³ we«wUk ivó«`~Z‡K Zje K‡i Af¨š— ixY wel‡q n¯—‡¶c bv Kivi ûuwkqvwi Rvwb‡q‡Q|

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wbqwgZ evsjv msjvc co–b, KwgDwbwUi mv‡_ _vKzb


weª‡Ub msev`

12

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07488553878

London 22 Nov 2019


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London 22 Nov 2019

Greater Sylhet Development and Welfare Council (GSC) in UK South East Region

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Membership Renewal & New Membership Until On Saturday

30

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Time: 5pm–7pm

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Place: GSC Head Office 135 Commercial Street London E1 6BJ

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07799130097

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15

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We offer a unique tailor made service to landlords allowing you to fix your income and costs, whilst giving you the reassurance that the property is being looked after by experienced professionals.

LETTINGS Management

Sell your property (Sole and multiple agencies) for a fix FEE OF £ 500 Rent collection service/Let only service from £100 per month.

GURANTEED RENT

Guranteed fixed monthly rent ( no late or miss payment)

SALES

LANDLORDS,WE CAN PAY UP TO SIX MONTH RENT IN ADVANCE !

London 22 Nov 2019

BRADY

& CO.

Estate Management

76 Brady Street London E1 5DW

We offer free maintenance,free check in and out reports, as well as free arrangement of EPC,gas & electricity certificate. Whatever you require for your property,please contact us for a free no obligation valuation. Brady & Co referral scheme: Simply refer a landlord to brady & co ,and you will receive £200 (T&C). for further details, contact us via telephone,text or email.

Sales Lettings Rent Guranteed Property Repair Mortgage Welfare & General Advice Open 10am to 6.pm Mon to Friday. Info@bradyandco.co.uk bradyandcouk@gmail.com

M. Mukeith (Nanu)

Tel : 020 73778975 Mob: 07950262454 07985467184 On same Road as Whitechapel Sainsbury/Swanlea School.


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16

London 22 Nov 2019

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LywkLywk we‡Kj GKUv LywkLywk we‡Kj cvnvwo Qovq Rj wQ‡jv MwZ wQ‡jv K¬vš— ‡iv‡`i Wvbvq wQ‡jv fvmvb cvwbi ‡XD ‡Mva~wji ‡Vvu‡U wQ‡jv fvuUdy‡ji MÜ Ni‡div cvwL¸‡jv D‡oD‡o f‡i w`‡jv ‡Zvgvi cwihvqx gb AZyj Kyn‡K ‡gvov Zywg bv c«K…wZ? 6-10-2019

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London 22 Nov 2019

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London 22 Nov 2019

General election 2019: Labour launches 'radical' manifesto

December. Labour is locked in a battle with the Conservatives - who are also promising to borrow money to spend on public services - in seats across the Midlands and the north of England. 'The people own Labour' In his speech, Mr Corbyn criticised the Tories after claims they are being backed by donations from a third of Britain's billionaires. The Labour leader said voters could trust his party to deliver its pledges because "we're opposed by the vested interests for standing up for a different kind of society".

Labour is launching its general election manifesto, which includes plans for a windfall tax on oil firms. Leader Jeremy Corbyn said it was "a manifesto of hope" and promised "a green transformation" of the economy. But a party conference pledge to make the UK zero carbon by 2030 has been watered down. The manifesto sets out plans to bring rail, mail, water and energy into public ownership, as well as for more housing and free public transport. Other policies include: Scrapping the planned rise in the pension age beyond 66 and reviewing the retirement age of those in hard manual jobs Introducing a financial transaction tax, an excessive pay levy and a second homes tax Scrapping higher education tuition fees Reversing inheritance tax cuts and imposing VAT on private school fees Giving EU nationals living in UK the automatic right to stay Speaking in Birmingham, Mr Corbyn insisted Labour's policies were fully costed and "popular" - but there has been internal controversy over the idea of a one-off tax on the oil industry. Some trade union officials fear it would damage Scotland's North Sea Oil

industry. Mr Corbyn is promising to set up a ÂŁ250bn Green Transformation Fund - to be paid for through borrowing to fund 300,000 new "green apprenticeships" and loans for people to buy electric cars. In September, Labour's annual conference passed a motion urging the party to commit to make the UK carbon neutral by 2030 matching the Green Party's key general election pledge. But the wording of the pledge was watered down, following complaints from trade unions and others in the Labour movement who feared it was impossible to meet. Radical and ambitious' Labour calls its manifesto the "most radical and ambitious plan to transform our country in decades". It includes a pledge for more cash for the NHS if the party wins the 12 December general election, paid for by taxing higher earners and borrowing. Labour's Brexit plan, including another referendum, is set out. Labour and Tories push rival housing policies Lib Dems consider hung Parliament options What else is Johnson

planning to spend on? LIVE: Labour manifesto launch Mr Corbyn also promised the biggest affordable house building in decades - including 100,000 new council houses a year by 2024. Local authorities would also be given more powers over schools in their area. Among the other policies confirmed at the launch are: A "real living wage" of at least ÂŁ10 an hour - including for younger workers The creation of one million "green jobs" to tackle climate change Free broadband for all delivered by partnationalising BT 'Manifesto of hope' The Labour leader said it was a "manifesto of hope", adding: "Over the next three weeks, the most powerful people in Britain and their supporters are going to tell you that everything in this manifesto is impossible. "That it's too much for you. Because they don't want real change. Why would they? The system is working just fine for them. It's rigged in their favour. "If the bankers, billionaires and the establishment thought we represented politics as usual, that we could be bought off, that nothing was really going to change, they wouldn't attack

us so ferociously. Why bother? "But they know we mean what we say. They know we will deliver our plans, which is why they want to stop us being elected." The party is hoping its manifesto will help it get back into power for the first time since 2010, but the opinion polls so far suggest it is heading for defeat on 12

"We'll deliver real change for the many, and not the few. That's what this manifesto is all about," he said. Responding to the launch, the Conservatives said: "A Corbyn-led government would mean higher taxes, the chaos of two more referendums, and frightening levels of debt." A spokesman added that "hardworking taxpayers" would be left to "foot the bill".


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Challenges and Opportunities of Social Media and formal education Rayhan Ahmed Topader Education does not exist outside of the social or technological contexts in which it is located. Thus, it is little surprise that both users and developers are proposing and exposing teachers and students to new affordances of social networking tools. In addition, researchers are beginning to understand and appreciate the learning designs and value that integrating informal social media tools adds to formal education As a long-time advocate for technologically based innovation in education, I am pleased, but apprehensive, about the pervasive and increasing use of these tools in education. As with the introduction of any tool in education, we need to examine the evidence for both its effectiveness and the challenges and problems associated with its use. I hope to add to the discussion by drawing upon both formal educational research and the wisdom acquired through reflective use by myself and others in campus and online classrooms. Likely the most significant and life changing technologies of the 21st Century is the adoption of social media as major components of commercial, entertainment and educational activities. In this article, I overview the supposed benefits of the application of these tools within formal higher education programs. I then discuss the disadvantages and challenges, with a focus on the paradox that accompanies convenience and value in use, with loss of data control. It is likely that we will continue to see both authorized and unauthorized use of data that we have created for both personal and institutional use. I conclude by examining some of the solutions proposed and tested to resolve this challenge. I then overview two possible solutions-the first focused on institutions creating and managing their own social media and the second an emergent technical solution whereby users keep control of their data, while sharing and growing in multiple social contexts. Just as variation in tools and their application makes it challenging to assess the general effectiveness and value of social media, so, too, is identifying and assessing the problems that use brings. There are many types of social media and many ways in which they are used. Notwithstanding this variance, researchers find much to be concerned about. Critical thinkers have long suspected that the inherent commercial bias of social

media, with a business model based upon promoting the consumption of advertised goods and services, is anathema to educational use. This claim is perhaps unfairly attributed to social media, given the predominance of advertising revenue in all mass media used in education — from many academic journals to newspapers and television. However, no one wants to see the data trails created by ourselves and our students exploited in ways that lack informed consent and in addition are little understood by teachers or students.

On the other hand, we may find the exchange of our time and our data is a small cost for an obvious educational benefit. Users consciously or unconsciously engage in an exchange when consuming commercial media. We give our attention to promoted goods or services and in return we receive some value perhaps a social or educational connection or access to desired entertainment, news or learning opportunity. As researcher Yuwei Lin summarizes, the terabytes of data we generate in our interactions on these platforms allows companies to “datafy”, quantify, track, monitor, profile us and sell target adverts to haunt us. As a personal example, I am tempted to eliminate my use of both Facebook and Twitter. However, I value the insights from others that are shared on particular Facebook groups and the resources and ideas shared by those I follow on Twitter. As a student, I appreciate the notifications that prompt my participation and engagement in learning. Thus, value is created at the cost of my attention. What value can be extracted from the resulting data in the future is currently unknown and of concern both for civil discourse and personal and institutional privacy. Some critical reviewers suggest that social media is not conducive to education as it contains an explicit bias towards conviviality and homogeneity and lacks the critical components of disagreement and discourse. The phenomena of social media filtering out opposing views has been documented in many applications of social media. Critics point out that social media use and information flow is self-segregated into interaction amongst sets of people with similar political and social views. The social media sites are inherently designed for conviviality. To stay in these spaces in this way is to inhabit a space devoid of the abuse witnessed and experienced by others outside of that community, and one that is at risk of understanding itself as a cyber utopia”. These views seem to be both true and false at once. The effects of

living in a filter bubble of like minds is well documented but equally notorious are the often heated and occasionally abusive disagreements aired in these media. The large, centralized social media companies use proprietary algorithms to select content to which individual users are uniquely exposed. It is not possible for a user to understand, much less directly control how the algorithm works to create their unique feed of information. The content served to me is selected by the algorithm. Previous to the development of large centralized social media, I was presented with a host of personal and independent blogs, feeds and emails from which to choose my own web presence. We are now reduced to both consuming and creating content that is then owned by the media companies and served to myself and those who follow the topic in order to influence your purchasing or political activities. The cemetery of neglected blogsis growing and growing with every new social media platform. Further Greenhow and Lewin theorize that students may practise learning with formal, informal, and non-formal attributes across a wide range of contexts and exercise considerable authority over how they learn, when they learn and with whom”. Thus, the case is made for developing tools that work to expand formal learning into these more public domains. Given the large number of unknowns that mark the use of social media that are described above, what can we expect from formal educational research? When one critically examines the research literature on social media, we come to a number of unfortunate and somewhat discouraging results. Far too much of the research literature is based on case studies and descriptions of use with a paucity of empirical data especially as regards to educational outcomes. In a 2017 systematic review of ten years of social media found “the most prevalent type of study conducted related to our focal topic was research on common uses. The least common type of study conducted was research that established the technology’s effectiveness at improving student learning”.Research relating to “common use” has some exposure value when new tools are being introduced into classrooms but provides very little evidence related to cost or learning effectiveness. There are many reasons for this paucity of evidence-based research and these inadequacies are shared with many other interventions in formal education systems. Over ten years ago I compared the funding available for Canadian research in health compared to .01%

currently allocated for educational research as compared to expenditure. There seems little public or private faith in the efficacy and cost return of education research. I also note the over-representation of research in which the samples are drawn from education students generally and especially those enrolled in graduate educational technology programs. Can we honestly assume that the early adopters drawn to education technology studies are representative of all students or teachers? Finally, as I detail above, the data generated by students and teachers using social media is owned by the social media companies. Researchers are constrained or not allowed to examine and analyse this data such analysis is left to the media company, always hidden and most often used for commercial advantage and external sales. Despite the challenges of low funding, lack of data availability and extensive convenience sampling, I have hope that the continuing increase in power and capability of research tools themselves, will continue to provide us with at least a trickle of openly accessible research results. The creation of this paper has focused my attention on both the challenges and the opportunities provided by social media and likely to continue to develop in the near and long-term future. Education has unparalleled opportunity to monitor and improve its own practices. Teachers have new ways to connect with students and, as importantly, means to monitor and intervene in student learning so as to increase the efficacy of both teaching and learning. Students have new ways to find, retrieve and share their learning products and opportunities. However, the cost of these benefits currently is reduction in privacy and user control. Continuous monitoring, research and surveillance of the surveillers is of critical importance to the development of educational quality and opportunity. Today social media has become indispensable in our day to day life. It is virtually impossible to distance social media from the learning process. Instead, now we should focus on exploring new avenues of using social media in teaching and learning process because our new generation is so addicted to this media that they cannot think anything beyond this. Writer and Columnist raihan567@yahoo.com

www.banglasanglap.co.uk


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London 22 Nov 2019

BREXIT negotiations, chaotic political situation ever in British political history and the tit bits of The 2019 UK general election.

In July, the newly assembled Boris Johnson ministry declared intention to re-open The DUP, SDLP, Sinn negotiations on the Féin and the UUP are withdrawal agreement, all declining to contest with the Irish backstop at least one seat in removed as a preNorthern Ireland: the condition. UK and EU UUP and DUP so as not negotiators met for the to split the unionist vote, first time on 28 August the SDLP and Sinn Féin and meetings "will so as not to split the pro- continue twice a week". Remain vote. Fresh proposals were Brexit issues and released by the Johnson discussions made a ministry in October, severe chaotic situations which the EU dismissed and divisive policies as unworkable. ever in British politics. The Benn Act, passed Brexit negotiations in by the UK parliament in 2019 commenced in September, required the August, after having prime minister to seek a originally concluded in further extension in the November 2018 with the event that by 19 October, release of the withdrawal a deal has not been agreement. Negotiations reached and parliament took place between the has not given its consent United Kingdom and to a No-deal Brexit. On 28 the European Union October 2019, the date during 2017 and 2018 was moved back to 2020. for the withdrawal of the On 15 January 2019, United Kingdom from the House of Commons the European Union voted against the deal following the referendum put forward by May's held on 23 June 2016. government by 432 votes In March 2019, Prime against to 202 votes for. Minister of the United Shortly afterwards, the Kingdom Theresa Leader of the Opposition, May and European Jeremy Corbyn, tabled a leaders negotiated a motion of no confidence fortnight's delay for in the government, a the Parliament of the vote which was won United Kingdom to ratify by the Government the Brexit withdrawal by a margin of 325 agreement,[1] moving to 306. Following the the date from 29 March confidence vote, Corbyn 2019 to 12 April 2019. On voiced opposition to 10 April 2019, a further entering talks with the half-year extension was Government on Brexit, agreed between the UK until May had ruled out and the EU27 at the EU the option of a no-deal summit, until 31 October Brexit. On 17 January, 2019. May rejected this offer, At the time of the stating that ruling out a second extension, the "no-deal" Brexit would EU position was that the be "impossible". On negotiation of terms for 28 January 2019, May withdrawal ended in expressed opposition November 2018 and that to the backstop that she the extension is to give and the EU had agreed to the UK Parliament more and urged Conservative time to consider the MPs to back a Agreement. Negotiations backbench amendment during 2019 have been asking for the backstop primarily within the UK to be replaced by an Parliament on whether unspecified "alternative to accept the Theresa arrangement". On 29 May Government's January, this proposal, negotiated settlement, which was presented to leave the EU without by MP Graham Brady, any agreement, or to passed in the House of abandon Brexit. Commons by a margin of

Dr Anisur Rahman Anis

317 votes to 301 votes. The House of Commons had also agreed to reject a no-deal Brexit in principle only, and also rejected other proposed amendments which would have given Parliament the power to extend Article 50 and block a no-deal Brexit. Following the vote, Corbyn met with May and it was agreed that if May were able to successfully renegotiate the withdrawal agreement, another vote would be held on 13 February 2019. It was also agreed that May would return to Brussels for more talks. After a long political argument in the parliament with the representatives of the different political parties and intrinsic political chaos, On 2 October the Government published a fresh Brexit plan, which included proposals to replace the Irish backstop. It would create an "all-island regulatory zone", meaning that Northern Ireland would essentially stay in the European Single Market for agricultural and industrial goods, meaning that sanitary and phytosanitary controls would be needed between Northern Ireland and Great Britain. The proposal also declared that Northern Ireland, along with the rest of the UK, would leave the Customs Union, meaning that customs controls would be needed for cross-border goods trade. The proposal did not appear to address cross-border services. On 4 October the Government assured the highest civil court in Scotland that Johnson would send a letter to the EU seeking an extension to Article 50 as required by the European Union (Withdrawal) (No. 2) Act 2019. The court was originally due to release their ruling on 9 October, but decided to delay doing so until

21 October, in order to allow the court to "assess how circumstances have changed". On 17 October 2019, a revised withdrawal agreement, with a changed backstop, was agreed by the EU leaders and Boris Johnson. On 19 October, a special Saturday sitting of Parliament was held to debate the revised agreement. MPs passed an amendment by 322 votes to 306 that withholds Parliament's approval until legislation implementing the deal has been passed, and forces the Government to request a delay to Brexit until 31 January 2020. Later that evening, 10 Downing Street confirmed that Boris Johnson would send a letter to the EU requesting an extension, but would not sign it. EU Council President Donald Tusk subsequently confirmed receipt of the letter, which Johnson had described as "Parliament's letter, not my letter". In addition, Johnson sent a second letter expressing the view that any further delay to Brexit would be a mistake. On 22 October, the UK government brought the recently revised EU Withdrawal Bill to the House of Commons for debate. MPs voted on the Bill itself, which was passed by 329 votes to 299, and the timetable for debating the Bill, which was defeated by 322 votes to 308. Prior to the votes, Johnson had stated that if his timetable failed to generate the support needed to pass in parliament he would abandon attempts to get the deal approved and would seek a general election. Following the vote, however, Johnson announced that the legislation would be paused while he consulted with other EU leaders. On 28 October 2019, it was confirmed Brexit had been delayed until 31 January 2020.

The following day, MPs backed a general election on 12 December 2019. On 30 October 2019, the day named as "exit day" in UK legislation was changed to 31 January 2020. Whoever the political party will get the majority in the upcoming UK general election in 2019, it depends on how they will ensure to approach their views and the elector’s demand about the Brexit as the outgoing European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker has told the BBC he believes the UK will leave the EU by 31 January 2020, the end of the current extension period. He told BBC Europe Editor Katya Adler that Brexit is "a too-long story that has to be brought to an end". On Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s claim that he will negotiate a trade deal with the EU before the end of December 2020, Mr Juncker said some UK MPs think negotiating a deal will be easy, but discussions with Canada "took years". And he said he did not think Labour’s pledge to renegotiate the withdrawal agreement if it wins a majority in the general election was a realistic approach although this would be an issue for his successor. The British people are desperately eager to see and have a positive political decision from the politicians for this chaotic situations to be brought to an end to ensure and uphold the British socio- cultural and political harmony for better Britain. Writer: Dr Anisur Rahman Anis, Political Analyst, Law researcher, Member: London Bangla Press Club. E: anisphd@ yahoo.com. 6th November 2019.


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Alex Salmond accused of sexual assaults on 10 women face with his hand Sexually assaulted a woman at Stirling Castle in November 2014 by touching her buttock with his hand over her clothing Police began an investigation following a Scottish government inquiry into complaints of sexual harassment against Mr Salmond. Mr Salmond launched a judicial review against the government over how it had handled its inquiry, saying he had been treated unfairly.

Alex Salmond has appeared in court charged with carrying out a series of sexual offences against 10 women while serving as Scotland's first minister.

as first minister between 16 May 2007 and 20 November 2014.

onto a bed and lying naked on top of her.

clothing Sexually assaulted a woman on various The other 13 charges occasions between allege that the 2011 and 2013 at 64-year-old former Bute House, the Media captionAlex SNP leader: Scottish Parliament Salmond says he is and other locations innocent of sexual Indecently assaulted by touching her Mr Salmond faced a assault allegations a woman on a number buttocks with his total of 14 charges Speaking outside of occasions in hands over her at the High Court in court after the brief Glasgow in June and clothing, stroking her Edinburgh. hearing, Mr Salmond July 2008 by kissing arms, and touching said he was innocent her on the mouth and stroking her hair He denies all of the charges and touching her Sexually assaulted the allegations, against him, and buttocks and breasts a woman at Bute which include one would defend himself with his hands over House in October attempted rape, "vigorously" during her clothing 2013 by removing one intent to rape, the trial. Sexually assaulted her foot from her 10 sexual assaults the same woman in shoe, stroking her and two indecent He added: "The December 2010 or foot, lifting her foot assaults. only proper place December 2011 in towards his mouth to answer criminal the Ego nightclub and attempting to The offences are charges is in this in Edinburgh by kiss her foot alleged to have court, and that is touching her arms Sexually assaulted happened between exactly what I intend and hips with his a woman at Bute June 2008 and to do next spring." hands over her House in November November 2014. clothing or December 2013 What is Mr Salmond Indecently assaulted by kissing her on the His QC, Gordon accused of? a woman in October mouth Jackson, said The attempted or November 2010 Intended to rape Mr Salmond was rape is said to have at Bute House by the same woman pleading not guilty, happened in June repeatedly seizing in December 2013 and judge Lady 2014 at the first her by the wrists and at Bute House by Dorrian set the trial minister's official Bute repeatedly pulling causing her to sit date for 9 March next House residence her towards him and on a bed, lying on year. in Edinburgh. He attempting to kiss her top of her, making is alleged to have Sexually assaulted sexual remarks to The trial is expected pushed a woman a woman in a car her, touching her to last about four against a wall and in Edinburgh in buttocks, thighs weeks. to have removed her February 2011 by and breasts over clothes and his own, touching her leg with her clothing with his Mr Salmond served before pushing her his hand over her hands, repeatedly

kissing her face, struggling with her and pulling up her dress Sexually assaulted a woman in 2012 at the Ubiquitous Chip restaurant in Glasgow by touching her buttocks with his hand over her clothing Sexually assaulted the same woman at Bute House in April 2014 by placing his arm around her, making sexual remarks to her and attempting to kiss her Sexually assaulted a woman at Bute House in May 2014 by placing his arm around her body, placing his hand under her clothing and underwear and touching her breast, repeatedly kissing her on the face and neck and stroking her leg with his hand Sexually assaulted a woman at Bute House in September 2014 by seizing her by the shoulders, repeatedly kissing her on the face, attempting to kiss her on the lips and touching her leg and

The government later conceded its procedures had been flawed and paid out more than ÂŁ500,000 in Mr Salmond's legal expenses. Alex Salmond's political career I m a g e copyrightREUTERS Image caption Mr Salmond was twice leader of the SNP, but quit the party in 2018 after taking legal action against the government He was twice leader of the SNP, and led the party into government at Holyrood in 2007 Mr Salmond left office after the 2014 Scottish independence referendum, with his former deputy Nicola Sturgeon taking his place in Bute House He returned to Westminster as an MP the following year, but lost his Gordon seat in the snap election in 2017 Mr Salmond has since worked as a talk show host on Russian network RT He quit the SNP when launching his legal action against the Scottish government in 2018

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