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MAY 24, 2018

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CONTENTS

COMMUNITY

Around the Community . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 Community Calendar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

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MAY 24, 2018

JEWISH THOUGHT Rabbi Zvi Teichman. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Eytan Kobre. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Rabbi Dovid Jaffe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38

PEOPLE 613 Seconds with Chana Friedman . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

FEATURE A Judge of Character . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53

HUMOR & ENTERTAINMENT Notable Quotes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Centerfold. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46

JEWISH LIFE Health and Fitness. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Dating Dialogue. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Political Crossfire. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Collusion is Usually a Dirty Word. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Forgotten Heroes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 BizWiz. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Mental Health Corner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 Bernie Sanders and the Broken Window . . . . . . . . 66 My Israel Home. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 Your Money. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 Gluten Free Recipe Column. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 In the Kitchen. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71

NEWS

Dear Readers, #fakenews - We Jews have witnessed it so long we are not surprised by it. I remember sitting on a plane during Operation Grapes of Wrath, a 1996 air campaign to put an end to the bombing of cities in northern Israel. All CNN would play was images of injured people who were either caught in the crossfire or Hezbollah militants posing as civilians. Never mind that it’s a government’s responsibility to protect its citizens, and never mind that Israel went to greater lengths to avoid civilian casualties than any other country. Mainstream media needed Israel to be the villain, and that was it. More recently there was the 2014 Gaza campaign. Again, one-sided coverage painted victims as aggressors and the monster as a harmless child. What’s changed is that now there’s a handheld device called a smart phone through which people can spontaneously record events in real time. For example, following the attacks in London, CNN tried to pull one of its usual “photo ops to fit its message” moves, but unfortunately for them the staged event was recorded, including its journalists directing which police officers should be filmed in the “official demonstration!” The truth is our whole view of olam hazeh is #fakenews. At face value, it seems to run on its own and have its own rules. Success, it seems, is not based on virtue but on strength. Bad things seem to happen to well-behaved people and great things seem to happen to awfully-behaving ones. But in truth there’s a Creator who created all that we see, and one day, when Moshiach finally arrives, we’ll see everything in its true form. It’s happening already. Just a few years ago, no one even dreamt that Qatar would be at odds with fellow Muslim countries and that the UAE, Bahrain, and Saudi Arabia would cut diplomatic ties, put travel to and from Qatar on hold, including all shipments. Or how about this: despite doomsayers telling us for years that if Israel stands strong she will be ostracized and cut off financially, yet the country is thriving more than ever before. Whether one is on the Right, and security is the number one concern, or on the Left, and sees global warming as the number one threat, or if one simply is looking for up and coming technology – Israel has become a trendsetter! Let’s be part of these miracles; or, rather, let’s be part of nature revealing its intended purpose. We can do it by adding goodness and kindness, prayer, learning, and engaging in all matters of Torah and kedushah, preparing ourselves for the time – as the Rambam states at the end of Hilchos Melachim – when “we shall know our Creator as is possible for a human being.” Wishing you and your families an enjoyable and successful summer, Shalom

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Israel News . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 That’s Odd. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

The Baltimore Jewish Home is an independent bi-weekly newspaper. All opinions expressed by the journalists, contributors and/or advertisers printed and/or quoted herein are solely their opinions and do not reflect the opinions of BALTIMORE JEWISH HOME, their parent company or affiliates, and may have been previously disseminated by them on television, radio, Internet or another medium. The Baltimore Jewish Home is not responsible for typographical errors, or for the kashrus of any product or business advertised within. The BJH contains words of Torah. Please treat accordingly.


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Around the Community

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MAY 24, 2018

BGE Customers To See Lowered Electric Bills By: Staff Reporter BaltimoreJewishLife.com/Jeff Cohn

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ills will soon go down for most BGE customers, the utility announced. The average residential customer who purchases electricity from BGE (as opposed to another provider like Energy Plus or NRG) will see their bill go gown $11 a month starting June 1. Officials cite what they say are the lowest electric prices in a decade and distribution rate reductions brought on by federal tax reform. “Customers are reaping the benefits of historic commodity prices and BGE’s innovative and effective efficiency programs. Customers have greater control over the cost of their electric service through managing their energy use, which lowers their bills and helps us meet our efficiency goals,” Rodney Oddoye, vice pres-

ident and chief customer officer for BGE, said in a statement. “Our customers are also experiencing the most reliable energy grid in our history. We’ve invested heavily in equipment upgrades and maintenance to better serve our customers with quality electric power and safe, reliable natural gas and it’s paying off.” The utility says the average residential customer’s total monthly bill is still lower than in 2008. Customers who use the utility’s energy efficiency programs and manage their energy using smart meters can save more, according to the utility.

Councilman Yitzy Schleifer Delivers a Stump Speech By: BJLife/Nathan Willner, Esq

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BaltimoreJewishLife.com/Jeff Cohn

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very year in Baltimore City after the City removes a tree a stump is left. Unfortunately, these stumps that are left after the City removes the fallen or decayed tree is the cause of people tripping and falling causing injuries. These injuries result in personal injury claims that the City ends up paying the injured party for the ensuing negligence. Councilman Schleifer after seeing the large sums of City funds that are paid to these injured parties began to investigate the issue. What he found is that the City paid out last year more in related claims than it would cost to just remove all of the stumps. Currently there are approximately 3,000 stumps inventoried by the City. Today he took the issue to the floor of the City council. The next step is for the

Mayor to agree with his proposal and have these hazardous nuisances and unsightly stumps removed. To that end as he made his impassioned plea before the Baltimore City Council, Councilman Schleifer literally made a stump speech.


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Around the Community

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MAY 24, 2018

Bnai Jacob Shaarei Zion-Bikur Cholim Of BaltimoreJewish Caring Network Health Day

C

haim Schecter led the run and Noam Shiman led the cyclists-all for the unity of the community and to promote a healthy life style.  Under the leadership of Rabbi Moshe Hauer, Bnai Jacob Shaarei Zion, Jewish Caring Network and Bikur Cholim of Baltimore teamed up to sponsor a HEALTH DAY for the community.  Participants were encouraged to WALK, RUN, or BIKE (leave your car at home) to a sign-up event for the JCN WOMEN’S 5K RUN, JCN MEN’S 5K RUN, OR THE BIKUR CHOLIM BIKE-A-THON. JCN Women’s 5K Car Run and Walk: June 3, 2018   http://wizathon. com/jcn5krun-women JCN Men’s 5K Care Run: June 17, 2018  http://wizathon.com/jcn5krun-men Bikur Cholim’s Men’s Bike-a-thon: July 29, 2018 https://wizathon.com/bikercholim Notwithstanding the cloudy, driz-

zly skies, in the beautiful backyard of Dr. and Mrs. Shmuel Wealcatch, young and old arrived to enjoy the very talented and hilarious Efraim Backer, moon bounce, face painters, balloons, and delicious “healthy” food from the Knish Shop.  It was a tremendous display of achdus for the community and a truly fun day for all the children.  Men and women signed up to either RUN or WALK or Bike and some for both!  Rabbi Hauer has set by example his passion for everyone to exercise and eat healthy.  The Rav welcomed everyone and encouraged everyone to get out and train for at least one of these events. He thanked JCN and Bikur Cholim for joining together in a spirit of achdus and the Wealcatch’s for generously opening their home for the event. The event was chaired by Mrs. Stacey Goldenberg, Mr. Mordechai Gottlieb, Rabbi Pinchos Rabinowitz, Mrs. Rochelle Goldberg, and Mr. and Mrs. Phil Bogart.  JCN and Bikur Cholim

Join

want to thank the following people who worked so hard to make this event happen:  Mr. Avrum Klugman, Mrs. Liz Rothstein, Mr. Tzvi Feigenbaum, Ms. Rochel Ziman, Mr. Yaakov Berkowitz, Mrs. Chaya Cheina Bortz, and Ms. Shoshi Glazer. In addition to the tremendous health

benefits, these three events are truly lots of family fun!  So, don’t waste another minute.  Choose your favorite activity or challenge yourself for a new one and WALK, RUN, or BIKE for your health and for the benefit of these very important organizations.

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Candidate Kamenetz’s Sudden Death Stirs Sadness, Uncertainty By: AP

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MAY 24, 2018

BaltimoreJewishLife.com/Jeff Cohn

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top Democratic gubernatorial candidate who unexpectedly died of a heart attack was eulogized Friday as a public servant who was unafraid to confront controversy during his more than two decades of public service — and while the last year of his life included sleepless nights and a fair amount of stress, he was in the race “to win it,” his widow said. Kevin Kamenetz’s sudden death Thursday after going into cardiac arrest shocked everyone in Maryland’s political circles and sent a palpable sense of unease through Baltimore County’s executive offices, based partly on uncertainty about the future but mostly on the knowledge of what they just lost. The 60-year-old, longtime po-

litical leader of populous Baltimore County was one of seven candidates vying for the Democratic nomination in the June primary to oppose Republican Gov. Larry Hogan this fall. One of three front-runners in the Democratic pack, he had chosen Montgomery County Councilmember Valerie Ervin as his running mate and built a war chest of roughly $2 million. His death “has the potential to dramatically reshape the race” because many of his supporters may now look to four other candidates who have been polling in the single digits, said Todd Eberly, a political science professor at St. Mary’s College of Maryland. Eberly described Kamenetz as one of the top three Democratic contenders in the race, along with Rushern Baker and Ben Jealous. Kamenetz woke up early Thursday, complaining to his wife, Jill,

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about chest pains. They drove to a volunteer fire station near his home in Owings Mills because he didn’t want to disturb his neighbors with an ambulance, according to his chief of staff, Don Mohler. Kamenetz was in “full cardiac arrest” when he arrived at St. Joseph Medical Center and was pronounced dead shortly afterward, chief medical officer Dr. Gail Cunningham said. After beginning his public service career as a prosecutor in the Baltimore City State’s Attorney’s Office, Kamenetz was elected in 1994 to the Baltimore County Council, where he served four terms. He was a former president of the Maryland Association of Counties and the Baltimore Metropolitan Council. He was first elected county executive in 2010 and re-elected in 2014. Condolences from political leaders and rivals rolled in after his death. “He was a dedicated public servant in Baltimore County for more than two decades, and we join with the citizens of Baltimore County and all Marylanders in mourning,” Gov. Hogan said in a statement. The governor ordered state flags to fly at half-staff. U.S. Sen. Ben Cardin was among those who spoke at Kamenetz’s funeral Friday. He recalled meeting frequently with Kamenetz over breakfast and said that rather than jumping straight into politics, Kamenetz would talk about his family. “To Karson and Dylan, I want

you to know your father treasured you and your mom. To Jill, you were the love of his life, his best friend, his most valued adviser, the person with whom he wanted to share life’s adventures,” Cardin said, according to radio station WBAL. Jill Kamenetz, who eulogized her husband, said the past year during the campaign had been “rough.” “We rarely saw each other. He was a little moody, he barely slept. ... But he was in this to win it. He was driven and he loved what he was doing,” she said. Kamenetz’s campaign touted his track record on education and the environment, highlighting a $1.3 billion investment in public education and the renovation or construction of 90 schools. On his campaign website, he also emphasized his fiscal policies, which he said resulted in no tax increases or government furloughs or layoffs during the Great Recession. “He did not shy away from controversial or politically unpopular issues if he believed that addressing them was the right thing to do,” Eberly said. Orrester Shaw, Baltimore County’s special assistant for education, health and human services, said what impressed him most about Kamenetz was the opportunities he gave to African-Americans to serve in local government. “He gave us opportunities that were not afforded to us in the past,” Shaw said. Longtime county administrative officer Fred Homan will serve as acting executive until the council votes on a replacement to serve the remainder of the term. Kamenetz’s death was all the more surprising because he was both fit and health-conscious. He routinely trotted up stairs and teased colleagues about eating doughnuts and other junk food. “He was a yogurt, granola and salad kind of guy,” Mohler said.


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It’s Checkmate For Baltimore’s Latest Police Commissioner

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THE BALTIMORE JEWISH HOME

MAY 24, 2018

By: AP BaltimoreJewishLife.com/Jeff Cohn

W

hen Baltimore’s mayor hand-picked Darryl De Sousa as her choice for police commissioner, heralding his experience and the respect he commanded in the city’s force, he proudly described himself as a chess player who uses strategic thinking to avoid pitfalls. Now just a few months later, De Sousa is out of the game, resigning in embarrassment for failing to file his taxes, a key test of Adulthood 101. De Sousa’s path from the corner office to the revolving door was speedy, even for a city accustomed to leadership instability in a scandal-plagued police force. De Sousa resigned on Tuesday, less than four months into the job, after being charged with failing to file three years of taxes. Tuesday also was the deadline federal prosecutors gave the city for producing years of De Sousa’s financial records. Rising through the Baltimore force’s ranks since the 1980s, De Sousa was the third commissioner in three years and the ninth since 2000. His downfall was a blow to Mayor Catherine Pugh and the City Council, which nearly unanimously authorized his

promotion in February. “Law enforcement needs to follow the law. It is critically important that the citizens of Baltimore have complete faith in their police department. I am deeply disappointed by Mr. De Sousa’s actions that leave us in this place,” City Councilman Zeke Cohen said. Pugh had portrayed her choice of the veteran police commander as the right person to lead the force as the violent crime rate continued to soar. She said his resignation shouldn’t derail the department’s recent successes, and she’s already begun a national search to find his successor. “I want to reassure all Baltimoreans that this development in no way alters our strategic efforts to reduce crime by addressing its root causes in our most neglected neighborhoods,” said Pugh, who fired De Sousa’s predecessor, Kevin Davis, in January after roughly 2 ½ years on the job. In the meantime, the force is being led by Deputy Commissioner Gary Tuggle. He was named as acting leader Friday. The U.S. Attorney’s office announced last week that De Sousa “willfully failed to file a federal return for tax years 2013, 2014, and 2015, despite having been a salaried employee of the Baltimore Police Department in each of those years.”

If proven, each of three misdemeanor counts carries up to one year in prison and a $25,000 fine. But his ongoing case has the potential to get a whole lot worse for De Sousa: Federal prosecutors have issued grand jury subpoenas to the city’s finance and police departments, seeking specifics about his pay, taxes, travel, and second jobs dating back years, according to a Tuesday report by The Baltimore Sun. De Sousa himself could not immediately be reached Tuesday. His attorney, Steven Silverman, said he did not wish to comment. Last week, Silverman said federal prosecutors didn’t give his client a chance to explain himself or file late returns before bringing criminal charges. De Sousa’s twin brother, Jason, described his brother’s resignation as “a loss for Baltimore City.” “This is not the end. He has a very bright future, he’s very talented,” he said, adding that his brother was taking care of his parents, who had Alzheimer’s, during the period when he didn’t file his taxes.

TA Honored with Major Grant for its New Gymnasium By: BJL Staff BaltimoreJewishLife.com/Jeff Cohn

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abbi Yaacov Cohen, Executive Director of TA, attended a hearing at the Maryland State House in Annapolis, MD, where Governor Larry Hogan and the Board of Public Works approved payment for a $250,000 state grant for Talmudical Academy of Baltimore’s new gymnasium, currently being built as part of their major expansion project. Huge thank yous go to Governor Hogan, Yehuda Neuberger and Senator Bobby Zirkin!

Last week, De Sousa issued a statement admitting his failure to file federal and state taxes for those three years. He called it an oversight, and said he did file his 2016 taxes and got an extension for 2017 with the help of a “registered tax adviser.” “My only explanation is that I failed to sufficiently prioritize my personal affairs,” De Sousa said. The U.S. Attorney’s office did not immediately comment on De Sousa’s resignation. His case is being handled by the same federal prosecutors who recently prosecuted eight members of a rogue Baltimore police unit called the Gun Trace Task Force. All but one await sentencing after pleading guilty or being convicted at trial of corruption charges. The city’s police union, which applauded De Sousa’s promotion earlier this year, said it was “anxious to put these events behind us” and hoped Pugh would find a suitable replacement fast. “Our members deserve consistency in their leadership,” said Gene Ryan, union president. “In a police department that has had the worst kinds of challenges and scandals, this is the last thing that the people of Baltimore and its police officers need,” said David Harris, who researches police behavior as a professor at the University of Pittsburgh School of Law.


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Bnos Yisroel Hosts Grandparents’ Day

THE BALTIMORE JEWISH HOME

MAY 24, 2018

By: AP BaltimoreJewishLife.com/Jeff Cohn

O

n Friday, May 11th, Bnos Yisroel hosted a Grandparents’ and Special Friend Day for its students in grades 2 to 4. It was an amazing event, with nearly 100 grandparents, great-grandparents and special friends coming from as far away as Ontario, Canada, New York, and Philadelphia. The children were so elated to have the guests join them in school! The event began with a lovely brunch for the visitors. During this collation, the principal, Mrs. Sara Itzkowitz, addressed the crowd and told stories emphasizing the uniqueness of each child, the hallmark of Bnos Yisroel. Mrs. Ahuvah Heyman, the school Director then discussed some exciting projects in the future- including plans for a new gym and other special projects to enhance the school campus. Following Mrs. Heyman, Mrs. Rachel Mishori shared some thoughts, represent-

ing the Grandparents’ Committee of the school. Mrs. Mishori and her husband moved to Baltimore from Denver recently and Bnos Yisroel is thrilled to have her as an active participant in this group. Following the presentations, everyone moved into the large multi-purpose room, where the students found cupcakes waiting for them and where they joined their guests. Mrs. Russy Newman, star staff member and Bnos Yisroel parent, conducted an interactive game with all the participants, presenting questions geared towards each age group. It was so much fun- and because of the format, all of the students were included, even the ones who had no special visitor with them. The morning concluded with everyone going outdoors and having pictures taken with their grandchildren. The feedback has been extremely positive, and the grandparents, great-grandparents, and special guests had an opportunity to see first-hand what an amazing school their youngsters attend!

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Yeshivas Ner Yisroel Hosts 5 Baltimore Community Shuls for Pre Kabalas HaTorah Yarchei Kallah By: BJLife/ Reb Eli Greengart BaltimoreJewishLife.com/Jeff Cohn

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n preparation for Shavuos, five local shuls, Derech Chaim, Kehilath B’nai Torah, Khal Ahavas Yisroel Tzemach Tzedek, Kol Torah, and Mercaz Torah UTefilla, gathered in Ner Yisroel’s Bais Medrash for a Yarchei Kallah. The day of learning schedule included shiurim and divrei chizzuk from the Rosh Hayeshiva, Harav Aharon Feldman, shlita, the Mashgiach, Harav Beryl Weisbord, the Menahel, Harav Sheftel Neuberger, Harav Shraga Neuberger, Harav Dovid Rosenbaum, Harav Tzvi Einstadter and Rabbi Yosef Aryeh Schachter.

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Chana Friedman What do you do for a living? I have worked in the insurance and human resource industry for the past 11 years. I currently work at The Columbia Group, where I specialize in small group accounts. Last year, I decided to return to school and am currently attending a program at University of Baltimore that upon completion, will allow me to sit for the CPA exam.

Tell us about your involvement with the Jewish Caring Network Women’s 5k Run? My daughter Aliza is deter-

Tell us about your famous cookies? Last year, I decided to add in a special bonus to anyone who donated a minimum of $18 to my Jewish Caring Network run. They would receive a dozen of my famous sprinkle or chocolate chip

cookies. I decided to do it again this year and within a few days of announcing the cookie bonus, Aliza and I were making 24 dozen cookies for the upcoming Shabbos. I have sent cookies to donors in New York and Boston this year as well. It is not too late to donate to our run if you have not done so yet - https://www.wizathon.com/ jcn5krun-women/?p=display&action=participant_Page&id=51596 What do you love most about the Baltimore Jewish Community? Having lived in Baltimore my whole life I really see how there is a place for everyone in the community. B”H our community is blessed with schools and shuls that cater to the different members of the community. In addition, programs like The Shabbat Project, cater to the entire community and really bring a sense of Achdus to Jewish Baltimore.

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Tell us a little about yourself? I have lived in the Baltimore Jewish community my entire life, with my parents and 4 siblings. My parents made Aliyah this past summer and now split their time between their homes in Ramat Beit Shemesh and Baltimore. I have one daughter, Aliza, who is 6 years old and attends Kindergarten at Ohr Chadash Academy.

What Shul do you attend? I am a member of Suburban Orthodox and Shomrie Emunah. I am involved in the Sisterhood and Welcoming Committee at Suburban. It is my job to make sure that every new member receives a warm welcoming basket when they join the shul. This allows me to get to meet all the new members when I drop off their basket.

mined to be a top fundraiser for the upcoming Jewish Caring Network Women’s 5k run. This will be my 5th year participating in the run and her 2nd. We have already raised over $2,500 for Jewish Caring Network this year thus far and are not stopping yet. Every year we set our goal higher than the previous year and B”H we have been able to meet and exceed that goal. I am also head of “Team Suburban” for the run and as of today, we have 14 team members and have raised over $4750 for Jewish Caring Network. We could not have been able to raise the funds without the wonderful help of all the individuals who donated so far.


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The Week In News

Cabinet to Meet Underground

As of this week, Israel’s high-level security cabinet will meet in a new, specially built underground bunker in Jerusalem for the foreseeable future. The change of venue – meetings of the security cabinet usually take place in the Prime Minister’s Office in Jerusalem – may signal the heightened sen-

sitivity of upcoming discussions, with some observers in the Hebrew-language media suggesting it could point to preparations for a possible escalation of hostilities with Iran. Talks held in the secure bunker could also prevent leaks to the media. The decision to move the meetings to the bunker was made by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. Following Israel’s recent military successes, including the Air Force’s strike on an Iranian base attack two weeks ago, the cabinet is reportedly formulating policy and deciding Israel’s red lines with regard to Iran and Syria. During two pre-dawn hours on May 10, Israeli F-15 and F-16 fighter jets evaded “dozens of missiles” and dropped “many dozens” of bombs on over 50 Iranian targets throughout Syria as the Israel air force carried out an extensive campaign, dubbed “Operation House of Cards,” to debilitate Iran’s military presence in the country. Those strikes came after 32 rockets were fired by Iranian troops in Syria at

the Golan Heights, according to Israel Air Force figures, none of which struck Israeli territory. At a meeting on the morning after the attack, the security cabinet discussed how best to proceed: whether to press its military advantage or settle for what had already been achieved.

Israel 1st in World to Use F35 Fighter Jet in Operations

According to Israeli Air Force commander Amikam Norkin, Israel has used F-35 fighter jets to conduct airstrikes on at least two occasions,

which he said made Israel the first country to use the American-made stealth aircraft operationally. “I think that we are the first to attack with an F-35 in the Middle East; I’m not sure about other areas,” Norkin told a conference of air force chiefs visiting Israel from around the world. “The Israeli Air Force has twice carried out strikes with the F-35, on two different fronts,” Norkin said. The Israeli military later went further, saying that this was the first operational use of the fighter jet in the world, not only in the Middle East. The air force chief did not specify when those two attacks took place, but said the F-35 did not carry out strikes during Israel’s massive bombardment of Iranian targets in Syria on May 10. “You know that we just won the Eurovision with the song ‘Toy.’ Well, the F-35 is not a toy,” Norkin mused, referring to the lyrics of Netta Barzilai’s winning song. The air force chief made his remarks to dozens of commanders or deputy commanders of air forces from around the world visiting Israel as part

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As an Assistant State’s Attorney, prosecuting some of the worst and most violent criminals in Maryland, has been working for you to make our streets safer.

„‫כוחו ˘ל יחי‬ The POWER OF ONE VOTE can win an election. In Virginia last year, an election for state delegate was won by one single vote when Shelly Simonds beat David Yancey (11,608 to 11,607). Every single vote matters, but it is more than that. Each volunteer. Each person who gives a donation. Each person who puts a sign up, makes phone calls, stuffs envelopes, distributes literature, or works at a poll on Election Day. Each person who registers to vote. Each person who switches parties to vote. Each person who votes. Each person who invests time or money to help our community have better representation in Annapolis becomes part of a united effort, strengthening our kehillah.

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AS YOUR DELEGATE IN ANNAPOLIS, YOU CAN COUNT ON DALYA TO ALWAYS FIGHT • For safer streets and lower crime. • For lower taxes and a stronger economy. • For more jobs and higher take home pay. • For more funding for local schools. … FOR OUR FAMILIES, NEIGHBORHOODS, AND CITY.

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The Week In News

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of a three-day conference in honor of the IAF’s 70th anniversary. During his speech, Norkin also revealed that earlier this month Iranian forces in Syria had fired more rockets at Israeli military bases on the Golan Heights than the army had previously acknowledged. “The Iranians fired 32 rockets, we intercepted four. The rest landed outside Israeli territory,” he said. The Israel Defense Forces previously claimed that Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps’ al-Quds Force had fired 20 rockets at Israeli bases just after midnight on May 10. Norkin said that Israel’s multitiered air defense network – made up of the short-range Iron Dome, medium-range David’s Sling and longrange Arrow systems – had a collective 85 percent success rate. Israel and Iran have been waging a quiet war in Syria for several years, with Jerusalem maintaining that it will take military action against Tehran’s efforts to entrench itself in Syria. This has stepped up considerably in recent months, beginning in February when an Iranian drone carrying explosives was flown from the T-4 air base in central Syria into Israeli airspace and was shot down by an IAF helicopter. Aside from talking about the intense activity of Iran inside Syria, Norkin also noted that earlier this month Israeli jets targeted a Hamas attack tunnel that was meters away from entering Israeli territory. Israel began receiving the fifth-generation F-35 stealth fighter from the United States in December 2016. The aircraft were declared operational approximately a year later. The fifth-generation fighter jet has been lauded as a “game-changer” by the Israeli military, not only for its offensive and stealth capabilities, but for its ability to connect its systems with other aircraft and form an information-sharing network. Detractors, however, balked at the high price tag for the aircraft: approximately $100 million apiece. (The manufacturer, Lockheed Martin, says the cost is expected to go down as more countries purchase the F-35.) The F-35 stealth fighters are operated by the air force’s Golden Eagle Squadron, based in the Nevatim Air Base in central Israel.

Israel has agreed to purchase 50 F-35 fighters in total from the United States, which are scheduled to be delivered in installments of twos and threes by 2024. The IAF’s first use of the F-35 on attack missions marks at least the third time that Israel has been the first country to use a new type of aircraft operationally. In 1979, an Israeli fighter pilot, Moshe Marom-Melnik, was the first to use an F-15 jet to shoot down an enemy plane, a Syrian MiG-21. Two years later, an Israeli pilot was the first to use the F-16 fighter jet to shoot down an enemy aircraft, a Syrian Mi-8 attack helicopter.

Research to Reverse Cancer

A team of researchers in Israel’s Ben-Gurion University have developed a new molecule that inhibits the growth of cancer cells. The treatment involves inhibiting a protein known as voltage-dependent anion-selective channel 1 (VDAC1), which is found in much higher than normal numbers in solid and non-solid tumors. The VDAC1 protein regulates the mitochondria, which control cell metabolism. Cancer cells are known to have a very active metabolism. The inhibition of this protein not only slows the cancer growth, it reprograms the cells to become non-cancerous. Prof. Varda Shoshan-Barmatz of the Department of Life Sciences and the National Institute for Biotechnology in the Negev Ltd. (NIBN) led the research team. “Cancer cells have hundred times more VDAC1 than normal cells,” she said. “So we said, let’s prevent, down-regulate its formation.” The researchers went on to create siDNA, a molecule that was found to stop the growth of cancer cells in mice. The study is especially promising


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The Week In News

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because the inhibition of VDAC1 was able to reverse the growth of brain, lung, and breast cancer. Equally encouraging is the fact that normal cells were not negatively affected. The “treatment with siRNA against VDAC1 inhibited growth of cancer cells but not of noncancerous cells, pointing to a potentially safe treatment,” Shoshan-Barmatz explained. ”Although still in early stages, we are excited with our results that demonstrate the potential of this novel molecule for cancer treatment.”

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Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has confirmed Economy Minister Eli Cohen’s claim that Israel has helped more than 30 countries thwart terror attacks. “Israel’s security services and our remarkable intelligence services have prevented terrorist attacks in over 30 countries, major terrorist attacks — the downing of aircraft,” he said, referring to remarks in January that Israel has prevented hijacked airplanes from crashing into European cities. “But today we have prevented such catastrophes by sharing our intelligence with other countries, as we share with our friends in Panama,” added Netanyahu. The prime minister did not detail the potential attacks that Israel helped to avoid or the countries that were targeted by terrorists. His figures do back up what Economy Minister Eli Cohen said earlier this year about how Israel shared its intelligence with many other countries in 2017. Cohen was speaking after Israel revealed that Military Intelligence Unit 8200 was able to stop ISIS from bombing a flight from Australia last August. While meeting with Panama’s Juan Carlos Varela to finalize a bilateral trade agreement, Netanyahu stressed the “common battle to fight terrorism,” while blasting Iran as the “preeminent terrorist state.” “Iran was responsible for the horrible terrorist

attacks in Argentina, and I think beyond that,” Bibi said, referring to the deadly bombings in the early 1990s of Israel’s embassy in Buenos Aires and the Argentine Israelite Mutual Association building. Israel has blamed Hezbollah, the Lebanese terror group that is backed by Iran, for the horrific bombing attack.

“So we have a common battle to fight terrorism, and to fight the sponsors and dispatchers of terrorists,” added Netanyahu. “And we are doing it in the Middle East, but I think as I said, it encompasses today the entire world, the entire world.” In turn, Varela echoed Netanyahu’s comments saying: “The fight against terrorism shouldn’t have boundaries, ideologies, or fate. The fight against terrorism should unite all human beings to stop the evil that terrorists represent and to fight for the right of all human beings to live in this world in peace.”

Guatemala Moves Embassy to Jerusalem The Trump White House released a statement last week thanking Guatemala for being the first country to follow its lead in moving its embassy to Jerusalem. “We thank our Western Hemisphere partner for joining us in recognizing Israel’s capital and encourage additional moves,” the White House said. Last Wednesday, Guatemala became the second country to move its embassy to Israel’s capital city, two days after the United States made history by doing so. Paraguay is also following suit. Although no others have


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The Week In News said that they will move their embassy yet, Honduras, the Czech Republic, and Romania have all expressed interest in making the move. Most countries with diplomatic relations with Israel have an embassy in Tel Aviv. They are waiting until the international legal status of Jerusalem is resolved between Israel and the Palestinians. President Trump’s December decision to move the embassy was met with international outcry and

condemnation by countries around the world. Though Israel has always claimed Jerusalem to be its eternal capital, Palestinians have made claim to East Jerusalem as their “future capital” and were infuriated by the move. For many years, Israel has lobbied other countries to move their embassies, however, The United States is the only country to have openly push for the move. “We look forward to welcoming many more of our friends and

allies in Jerusalem, the capital of Isra-

el,” the White House statement read. The statement also compared Trump’s decision to President Harry Truman recognizing Israel upon its founding in 1948. In a video message shown at Monday’s U.S. embassy inauguration, Trump said his recognition was of the “plain reality that Israel’s capital is Jerusalem,” noting that the city houses Israel’s main governmental facilities, Supreme Court, Prime Minister’s Office and president’s home. He then went on to say that the U.S. is committed to brokering peace between Israel and the Palestinians and called for Israel to preserve the status quo at religious sites in Jerusalem.

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Coffin Café Customers at Kid Mai (“Think New”) Death Café in Bangkok are in for a scare. The outdoor café was created by assistant professor Veeranut Rojanaprapa for his thesis in philosophy and religion. Patrons are greeted to the café by a plastic skeleton. Near the tables lays an open coffin. Before downing their java, customers are asked to climb into the coffin and then lay there for three minutes with the top closed.

Morbid? Yes. Claustrophobic? For sure. Creepy? Totally. But Veeranut says that the coffin is meant to invoke feelings of mortality. The topic of his thesis is “how to decrease greed, how to decrease the corruption index, and how to increase the transparency [accountability] index in Thailand” by utilizing Buddhism in a country with a 90% Bud-


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dhist population. “If you think that tomorrow is your death day, and you will die tomorrow, everybody will not use their valuable time to revenge his enemy, or use his brain to think about how to be corrupt, or how to get more money,” the PhD student says. “He will use those six or seven hours of his life to do good, to go back to his family, to hug with his daughter or son, and to do the thing he wished to do in the past and still does.” After customers climb out of the coffin, Veeranut asks them to write in the café’s notebook about their experience and design their own funeral – which the cafe is also willing to host – by selecting a coffin from a photo album. Gesturing toward the skeleton made of resin, he says you might regret delaying your dreams and best intentions, because one day “you will turn into being a skeleton like him.” To add to the morbidity of the restaurant, coffee drinks, such as ones called the “One Year Left” latte, “One Month Left” mocha, and the “Last Day” espresso, are sold. The café’s most popular items, however, are the four tall, sweet, icy, dessert drinks named “Born,” “Elder,” “Painful,” and “Death.” A 10% discount is offered to customers who agree to lie in the coffin. “We also make death cookies – black cookies – to give to the guests. We have many types. The cookie itself is charcoal, and we put a topping of white chocolate and a chocolate scoop,” a waiter says. Sounds like this place is to die for.

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Looking to experience the New York life? If you have an extra $85 million to spare now’s the time to move. A 15,000-square-foot duplex in Hell’s Kitchen in New York City is being offered for a mere $85 million. But the purchaser won’t just be getting the massive penthouse for his

or her millions. The purchase price includes two $250,000 seats on a Virgin Galactic flight to space. Aside from the out-of-this-world trip, the listing comes with two Rolls-Royce Phantoms, a Lamborghini Aventador roadster, a 75-foot yacht with five years of free docking, a year’s worth of weekly meals at Daniel Boulud’s restaurant Daniel, courtside season tickets to Brooklyn Nets basketball games, a year of service from a live-in butler, a private chef and a summer stay in a mansion in the Hamptons. Talk about the living the high life.

Daniel Neiditch, who owns the penthouse and is the president of the building’s condo board, told the Post that the price is not just about the home – it’s about living the New York life. “Someone not from New York can [move here and] have a New Yorker’s lifestyle and point of view,” said lifelong New Yorker Neiditch, who previously lived in the building. “In a way, I’m offering my lifestyle. I’m offering a way for a foreigner to jump right in.” He added, “Going to outer space was always a dream of mine.” He is including his own cars, Hamptons house, butler and yacht in the sale, although he insists he has more than enough “toys” and won’t miss the items he’s giving away. Sounds like an out-of-this-world experience.

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war crime trials

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At the end of my visit, my guide said, “You have wanted to come here for quite some Delegate Sandy Rosenberg and Leo Bretholz time.” Ever since my class with Professor Taylor, I realized.

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Leo Bretholz’s testimony and activism were crucial to the passage of our bill. Leo was an extraordinary human being. His perseverance, commitment, and sense of humor never faltered.

After House Bill 520 became law, I decided to visit Nuremberg, on my way to Israel. Why Nuremberg? That’s where Nazi war crime trials were held. My constitutional law professor was Telford Taylor. He was the chief prosecutor at the trials.

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I worked with Leo on legislation requiring all companies that want to bid for MARC train service contracts to disclose their specific involvement in Nazi regime deportations. The passage of House Bill 520 in 2011 was instrumental in getting the French National Railroad to finally disclose its deportation files and be held accountable for its actions aiding and abetting in the deportation of Jews and other victims to Nazi concentration camps.

fight injustice, no matter how long it has gone hidden or unpunished.

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Leo Bretholz was a survivor. He never made it to a concentration camp. Instead, he jumped from a train headed from France to the German border.

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Employment

The Week In News

- TA is Growing Be a Part of our Team Elementary Educational Positions - 2018-2019 General Studies Teachers* And Assistants Special Education Teachers* And Assistants *Teacher positions require a college degree and experience. General Studies Teachers and Assistants: email resume to smeister@talmudicalacademy.org Special Ed. Teachers and Assistants: email resume to rdanziger@talmudicalacademy.org

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Current Office Positions Front Office Receptionist Answering phones, visitor check-in, office communications, other office tasks

trol? Perhaps your children are leaving their toys all over the floor or the laundry just keeps on piling up. Or maybe your lights are being turned on or off all the time – by your pet parrot. A Florida pet owner says that her African gray parrot’s latest obsession is Amazon’s Alexa – and she has been using it to terrorize the home. The owner of Petra, an African grey Congo parrot, learned to operate the Alexa in her owner’s Echo smart speaker and has taken to ordering the virtual assistant to operate the lights at unusual hours. “First, you’re like half awake and ... like, ‘Was that a dream? Did that just happen?’” Petra’s owner said. “All day, every day, it’s all lights on, all lights off.” Videos posted to Petra’s YouTube account show her operating Alexa and showing a clear preference for the Amazon assistant over her owner’s other speaker, a Google Home. “Alexa, I love you,” Petra says in one video. Petra’s owner said the 4-year-old parrot can speak more than 300 words and is now learning how to use the Google Home, despite her preference for Alexa. Smart parrot using a smart device.

24K Gold Chicken Wings A restaurant in New York City has made something ordinary into some-

thing extraordinary. The Ainsworth has partnered with Jonathan “Foodgōd” Cheban to create 24K gold chicken wings for their customers. There is no alchemy involved. Here’s how the magic happens: the wings are brined for 12 hours (one half-hour per karat), coated with a house-made dry rub, baked, flash-fried and then coated in a layer of gold dust.

All that glitters is not gold. These wings are still just chicken, although the price may set you back a bit. Ten wings will cost you $45. Want to spread your wings even more? For a mere $1,000 you can down 50 gold wings along with a bottle of champagne. Brian Mazza, president of Paige Hospitality (which owns The Ainsworth) explained the urge to offer gold chicken. “We wanted to create something over-the-top that’s never been done before, and you’ve never seen or tasted anything like it before,” he said. What’s next? Gold-plated matzah?

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BALTIMORE VOTERS Elections are around the corner. Please save these dates in your calendar to Vote Early.

at the Police Training Academy on the corner of Northern Parkway and Park Heights (enter on Manhattan Ave).

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The deadline to register to vote or to change your voter registration to Democrat is June 5.

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32

Torah Thought

‫אנחנו אוהבים אותך‬,‫– !הקב”ה‬ Hashem, We Love You!

B A LT I M O R E J E W I S H H O M E . C O M

THE BALTIMORE JEWISH HOME

By Rabbi Zvi Teichman

There is an ancient Jewish tradition for parents to formally bless their children. In addition to the traditional blessing of Yesimcha Elokim..., it is customary for us to bless our children with the Birkat Kohanim, the ‘Blessing of the Priests’ as well. There is much halachic discussion in seeking to resolve the dilemma of how can anyone other than a Kohen confer this blessing, which is uniquely their domain. Nevertheless, the question begs as to why this blessing specifically was selected to be bestowed on our children? • The Kohanim recite a blessing prior to fulfilling this mitzva and express how G-d, ‘has sanctified us with the holiness of Aharon’, and has commanded them, ‘to bless His people with love’. This last assertion that they are to bless the people ‘with love’ has no obvious source in Torah. This too has prodded much discussion in search of scriptural support for this directive. Why is ‘love’ such a critical component of this blessing? • An intriguing Midrash directs us to an early allusion to this special blessing, at the Akeidah, the binding of Yitzchok. )‫(ב"ר מג ח‬ Avraham Avinu tells the young men accompanying him to stay with the donkey, ‫ואני והנער נלכה עד ּכֹ ה (ברא־‬ )‫שית כב ה‬, “while I and the lad will go yonder”. The word '‫ 'ּכֹ ה‬used here as a description of their destination, is also mentioned in describing the special blessing the Kohanim are to confer on the Jewish nation: ‫'ּכֹ ה' תברכו את בני ישראל אמור להם יב־‬ )‫ (במדבר ו כב‬...‫רכך‬, So shall you bless the Children of Israel, saying to them: May Hashem bless you...

From this great deed we are taught we merited this special blessing. What is the deeper connection between this ultimate display of self-sacrifice and its reward, the Blessing of the Priests? • The 15th century Spanish scholar and communal leader, Rav Yitzchak Arama, writes in his masterpiece, Akeidat Yizchak, the following: What is the benefit of this mitzva if He the Exalted One is the one bestowing the blessing? Does He require their assistance? What is the intention of the command ‘Let them place My Name upon the Children of Israel’? What is the ‘placement’ and what is its benefit? The main success of man is when he has an accurate perception that all his achievements are determined solely by G-d. This is the thrust of this command, to assert before the nation that, ‘May Hashem bless you..., May Hashem illuminate His countenance for you..., May Hashem turn His countenance to you...’, the emphasis on ‘Hashem’, conveying a message and establishing it in their hearts that all blessing stems from Hashem. This then is the understanding of the notion to ‘place My Name’, to implant this awareness that everything is ‘My Name’. As to the actual blessing, Hashem attests, ‘I will bless them’! ‫(עקידת יצחק נשא שער‬ )‫עד‬ Clearly it is not their blessing that is the objective of this command. It is rather this inspired message that G-d the ultimate provider of all success seeks our welfare and turns His countenance to us. The great Jerusalem sage and Chief Rabbi of Copenhagen, Rabbi Michoel Shalom Winkler, alleges that the ‘love’ we mention in the blessing

that the Kohanim recite prior to performing this mitzva, refers not of the injunction to the priests to bless with feelings of love, but rather to G-d’s love for His people. G-d has commanded the priests to bless the Nation of Israel out of ‘His’ deep love for His children! ).‫(משברי ים סוטה לט‬ ...and (G-d) has commanded us (the priests) to bless His people, out of (His) love. (Blessing prior to Birkat Kohanim) This idea needs no scriptural support; it is the very essence of the mitzva in light of the Akeida’s thesis. • Sensing G-d’s unconditional love in every facet of life is a great challenge. But it is a truth we must strive for. It is the ultimate goal in life. If we achieve that, we will live inspired by His presence every moment of our lives. The greatest test of all time was that of the Akeidah. Avraham was not only asked to risk sacrificing his very life’s mission, teaching the world of a benevolent Creator, he was asked directly by G-d to offer upon the altar )‫ אשר אהבת (בראשית כב ב‬...‫את בנך‬, your son... whom you love. He was asked to sacrifice the love for his child for a greater love, that of G-d. The moment Avraham attained this highest level of Ahavas Hashem, love for G-d, his children were granted the privilege to be blessed in the future, through the agency of the priests, with G-d’s love directly. Does G-d’s love eclipse the deep love we have for our children? Is it a trade-off? • My son shared a very moving story that has been making the rounds in Lakewood. A couple had been married for twelve years and not blessed with children. They wouldn’t consider separation and had exhausted much energy and resources to bring children into this world but to no avail. They finally

considered adoption and the husband mustered the strength to register at a local agency. He was given a grueling form, five pages long. He dutifully filled it out and was left with the two last questions. The second to the last question asked him to list the five things he loved most. He answered foremost his love for G-d, then Torah and mitzvos concluding the list with similar notions. Then he came to the last question. “Will you love this child more than any of these five things?” He was aghast. He couldn’t answer it honestly and put down his head and broke down in tears. He finally got a hold of himself handing the form to the clerk and apologized that he simply couldn’t answer the question honestly. He came home and reported dejectedly to his wife that he blew the opportunity and they were ineligible to receive a child. Eleven months later they were blessed with their very own twin boys! (Kudos to Rabbi S.A. Zelinger of Yeshiva Even Yisroel) • When we unconditionally accept His love in the most trying of circumstances that is precisely the moment G-d will fully express it. Love of G-d doesn’t overshadow the love for our child, it defines it. So often we gaze into the eyes of our children and see ourselves. It is gratifying but not accurate. The love we instinctively feel for our progeny is similar to the nature of animals that dote over their seed. True love is when we look at them and see G-d’s benevolence in granting us the privilege to express our love of G-d through the joy of raising and nurturing children. Even in the challenges, because it is never easy, it is G-d peering through those obstacles beckoning us to see Him in the equation and act in accordance to that love, not the instinct within us. • We bless our children precisely with this blessing lest we forget what true love is about. We warmly assert that the love of G-d should permeate all our interactions and decisions. If we succeed in asserting that love, we in turn will be blessed with a visible affection of G-d toward us. ‫ואני והנער נלכה עד כה‬, May we and the lad travel until '‫'כה‬, receiving G-d’s boundless blessing and love!


33

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20

Between the Lines

Me and We By Eytan Kobre

B A LT I M O R E J E W I S H H O M E . C O M

THE BALTIMORE JEWISH HOME

MAY 24, 2018

34

OCTOBER 29, 2015 | The Jewish Home

If I am I because you are you, and you are you because I am I; then I am not I and you are not you. But if I am I because I am I, and you are you because you are you; then I am I and you are you. -Kotzker Rebbe

T

here was once a king whose castle sat atop a mountain overlooking the land he ruled. The king was benevolent and fair, and he brought peace and prosperity to his people. He was deeply respected. The villagers all drew water from one source: a well in the village square. One day, the well was contaminated by a poison that caused complete and immediate insanity. Within a day, all the villagers had drunk the poison, and the once harmonious village was now overrun by lunatics. Only the king was spared, as his water came from a different source.

The king’s frantic attempts to restore order and harmony fell on deaf ears. All the villagers agreed: the king had gone crazy. The villagers threatened to depose the king, since they regarded him as no longer fit to rule in his crazed state-ofmind. With little alternative for restoring peace and order, the king was just about to step down when he conceived a brilliant plan. What if I drink from the well? Then I will be the same as them, and they will once again accept me. So the king drank from the well and, like his subjects, turned insane. The villagers found that, thankfully, the king had finally come to his senses. And they all lived happily ever after…as complete lunatics. For twelve consecutive days, the princes of the twelve tribes honored the dedication of the Mishkan by bringing gift-offerings. And while each prince brought precisely the same offering, the Torah describes each gift-offering in the same, almost verbatim detail (Bamidbar 7:12-83). Because despite their apparent uniformity, the offerings were actually different, with each

prince putting a personal touch on his offering by infusing it with meaning and symbolism to reflect the unique attributes of his tribe (Ramban, Bamidbar 7:2-5; Rabbeinu Bachaye, Bamidbar 7:84). The offerings conformed to one another outwardly, but each also reflected the individualistic nature of the tribe on whose behalf it was brought. Some cultures loathe individuality. In North Korea, for example, all men might be required to cut their hair in the style of dictator Kim Jong-un. In ancient Sodom, there was one bed for guests: those too short were stretched and those too tall had their feet lopped off (Sanhedrin 109b). Such societies demand absolute uniformity and conformity – a one-size-fits-all approach to life, with utter disdain for individuality. We reject that ideology. G-d used one prototype to form every human, yet no two are the same (Sanhedrin 4:5). “Just as their faces are different, so their characters are different” (Berachos 58a). And we “train a child according to his nature” (Mishlei 22:6), because we recognize that the nature of each child is different. As Reb Zisha of Anipoli observed famously, “In the

World to Come, I will not be asked why I was not like Moshe; I will be asked why I was not like Zisha.” We affirm the value of individuality. As Rav Yosef would declare on Shavuos, “If not for [the day we received the Torah], how many Yosefs there would be in the market!” (Pesachim 68b). In other societies, Rav Yosef’s individuality would have found no proper expression; it was only through the Torah, with its many means towards the ultimate end of serving G-d, that he was able to distinguish himself from the other Yosefs in the market. In addition to being a renowned scholar, the Sfas Emes was known to tend to the needs of his community of Ger, which he left only rarely. When his son, the Imrei Emes, assumed the mantle of leadership, he too tended to the needs of his community, but he also traveled to other communities to assist them. When asked why he was not more like his father, the Imrei Emes answered, “I am like my father. He never imitated anyone. And neither do I.” But we must always satisfy not only our individual purpose but also a broader one. “What is the proper path a person should choose for himself?


35 prised of all of its letters, which emphasizes the value of the community; yet the Torah also is invalidated if any two letters become so close that they join, which emphasizes individuality (see Darash Moshe, Shavuos). R’ Yissachar Dov of Radoshitz once asked the Chozeh of Lublin to identify the one path in which all Jews ought to

prayer; for yet another, it is feasting or fasting; for another, it is helping those in need.” R’ Yissachar Dov was not satisfied. “But what should I tell those who seek my guidance in this regard?” “Tell them this,” the Chozeh answered. “Carefully observe the way of your own heart. See what stirs your

“In the World to Come, I will not be asked why I was not like Moshe; I will be asked why I was not like Zisha.”

serve G-d. “One path?” the Chozeh challenged. “There is no one path. Are people all the same that one practice could suit them all? For one, the way is the way of study; for another, it is the way of

rs! u o t g n t spri a e r g r w fo call no

passion for G-d and godliness. And do that will all your might and all your heart.”

Eytan Kobre is a writer, speaker, and attorney living in Kew Gardens Hills. Questions? Comments? Suggestions? E-mail eakobre@outlook.com.

The princes’ gift-offerings embraced the ideals of both community

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and individuality. The offerings had different meanings, but they were identical. Each tribe had its own flag and its own camping position, but the Tabernacle was always at the center as the focal point. In both cases, there were many paths to one common goal. Too often, just as the king and his crazy subjects, we close our eyes and drink from the same well as everyone else, failing to recognize that perhaps we are and should be different. Instead, we ought to take a page out of the Chozeh’s playbook, finding what drives us and what excites us. Maybe it’s Torah study. Maybe it’s prayer. Maybe it’s acts of kindness. Maybe it’s charity. Maybe it’s communal causes. It hardly matters. But we need to find it. And, if it is true to Torah law and values, we should go out and do it with all our might and all our heart.

THE BALTIMORE JEWISH HOME

Whatever brings glory to himself and to others” (Avos 2:1). There is the “me” and there is the “we.” And the service of G-d must advance both. A military is comprised of different units, each bearing different uniforms, different procedures, different training, and a different cadence. Each unit can be proud of its individuality, but only when all units share a common goal. When there is no unifying goal, the army ceases to function properly. So it is with us. There is ample room for individuality, so long as the expression is consistent with Torah values (Ha’amek Davar, Bamidbar 15:41). One person excels at Torah learning, another at prayer, another at charity, another at hospitality. And then there are sub-categories; just within Torah learning there are 70 “faces” (Bamidbar Rabba 15:13). All are different means to the same end. Citing the dictum that each Jew is represented by a different letter in the Torah, R’ Uri of Strelisk noted that a Torah scroll is valid only when it is com-


Sivan 13

9:05 PM

Sivan 6

Sunday

2018

Sivan 14

9:06 PM

Sivan 7

Monday

19

Sivan 8

Sivan 15

Sivan 22

Sivan 29

Tamuz 6

Bnos Yisroel High School Graduation 6:30pm - 9pm

12

5

Lev Shlomo Charidy campaign see page 25

Meeting 8pm @ Jason and Shani Reitberger see Cover & page 6

Torah Umesorah Parlor

29

22

Tuesday

May June 21

28 Derech Chaim Annual Shul BBQ

Sivan 21

4pm - 8pm @ Meadowood Park

4 @ Beth Tfiloh Congregation

Tamuz 5

Sivan 28

Jason Alexander in Concert 7:30pm - 10:30pm

11

18

Sivan 16

Sivan 9

Wednesday

23

30

Sivan 30

Sivan 23

@CHAI see page 22

CHAI’s Annual Open House Tour 6pm - 8pm

6

13

Bais Yaakov HS graduation

Tamuz 7

Bnos Yisroel Senior Nursery & Kindergarten Graduation 6:30pm - 9pm

20

TI’s 8th Grade Seudas Preida 6:15pm - 9pm

TA High School Graduation 7pm - 8:30pm

22

Friday Sivan 11

7:51 PM

Sivan 18

8:09 PM

Sivan 25

8:13 PM

Tamuz 2

Tamuz 9

8:17 PM

Mir Yerushalayim Shabbos of Chizuk

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Tamuz 10

9:25 PM

Tamuz 3

9:22 PM

Sivan 26

9:17 PM

Sivan 19

8:56 PM

Sivan 12

Saturday

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2

9

23

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TA Shabbos of Chinuch see Cover & page 39

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1

25

Community Calendar

Sivan 24

Sivan 17

Sivan 10

Thursday

24

31

7

Behavioral Health Education Day

Tamuz 8

Tamuz 1

Next BJH Issue

12pm - 2pm @Levindale

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21

9:27 PM

B A LT I M O R E J E W I S H H O M E . C O M

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27

Sivan 20

Glen Ave Shul Picnic

3 JCN Women’s 5K Maryland Zoo see page 2

Chai Lifeline Over the Edge 7am - 6pm Ner Tamid Dinner

Sivan 27

6pm - 10pm @ Ner Tamid

10

Summer BBQ Suburban Orthodox Toras Chaim 12pm - 2pm @ Suburban Orthodox Toras Chaim

Tamuz 4

WIT Shiur by Rebbetzin Holly Pavlov 10:30am -12pm

17

JCN 5K Care Run - Men’s Bnos Yisroel 8th Grade Graduation 6:30pm - 9pm 8am - 4pm @ Timonium Faigrounds see page 9 TA Dessert reception/ graduation 7:30pm

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MAY 24, 2018

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Contemporary Loshon Hora Issues

B A LT I M O R E J E W I S H H O M E . C O M

THE BALTIMORE JEWISH HOME

MAY 24, 2018

Loshon Hora in Regard to Shidduchim RESPONDING TO QUESTIONS

By Rabbi Dovid Jaffe This article is adapted from my upcoming sefer on the laws of Loshon Hora in contemporary times. All halachos mentioned herein are complex and part of a larger framework. The purpose of the article is to raise awareness of these essential halachos. Hence, one should not draw any practical conclusions without first consulting a rav. Introduction In most cases of relating Loshon Hora for a constructive purpose, it is not relevant if the speaker has been solicited for the information or not.

When there is a sufficiently constructive purpose, the information may be related whether asked for it or not; when a constructive purpose does not exist, the prohibition remains in all circumstances. Nevertheless, when it comes to shidduchim, many rabbonim draw a distinction, as we will explain. There can be factors which would render a shidduch untenable even from an objective standpoint. However, most factors which make up a successful shidduch are subjective, depending on the feelings and personalities of the individuals involved. When it comes

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to such a subjective deficiency, an individual may not decide to reveal it to another party on his own. After all, everyone has deficiencies, and one cannot expect to marry someone who is perfect. Therefore, it is incumbent an individual embarking on the shidduch process to decide what qualities are the most crucial for their spouse. When making inquiries, they should ask about those qualities. It follows that one who is asked about a particular aspect can understand that it is important to the questioner, and it is permissible to respond. [See further for specifics and qualifications.] General Vs. Specific Questions However, here there is a difference between general questions and specific ones. When asked a generic question, one generally should not divulge any negative information. For instance, one will commonly ask if the subject has good middos (character traits). There may be times that the one who is being asked feels that the subject is lacking in certain middos. Nonetheless, he should not respond by saying that the individual has bad middos. This is because what constitutes good middos is subjective. For some people, anyone who does not have a severe anger management problem has good middos. For others, good middos indictate that the person never exhibits a trace of anger. For a third group of people, middos refer to how many acts of kindness the individual performs. Thus, when asked a question about middos, one should generally respond that the individual has good middos. (However, see further for exceptions to this rule.) This is because everyone has some good middos, and those middos may be what the questioner is referring to. [As an aside, one should also be

careful to refrain from using terminology which has a different meaning for each party. For instance, if an American is speaking to one who is British, he should refrain from using the word “mad”. In the United States, this word refers to anger, whereas in England, it refers to insanity.] When a Common Definition Exists If the one being asked knows that he and the one asking the question have a mutual definition of the phrase, the halacha is different. In such a situation, the one who was asked may respond according to their mutual definition. However, one must exercise caution before doing so, and be absolutely certain that they both truly share a common definition. Exceptionally Poor Middos If the individual under discussion has exceptionally poor middos (objectively speaking), one may not respond that he has good middos. In such a case, if one is asked about the middos of the individual, he should respond that he cannot answer such a general question. If the questioner probes further and gets more specific, it is permitted to answer truthfully. However, one must be cautious even with more specific questions, as they can still be interpreted differently by different people. In general, one should answer in as vague a way as possible until asked a specific, pointed question. Unnecessary Details Even in a situation in which one may disclose certain negative information, he should try to conceal the details as much as possible. If he knows that the negative information will cause to questioner to stop pursuing the shidduch, he should simply respond, “This shidduch is not for you,”


39

COMMUNITY SHABBOS

Yeshivas Chofetz Chaim Talmudical Academy of Baltimore

9,

201

8 ∙ ‫ע״ח‬

‫תש‬

- ‫∙ כ״ה‬

‫כ ״ו‬

‫יון‬

‫ס‬

8-

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Talmudical Academy and the Baltimore community have partnered in the Torah education of our community’s children. This Shabbos, hosted in various community shuls, will celebrate this partnership and solidify this relationship for the next 100 years.

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‫ש‬ ‫בת‬

When to Avoid Answering The above are general guidelines, but not ironclad rules. There are times when a question will be posed, but the one who is answering knows that the information is not important. For instance, suppose one is asked if the subject has seen a psychologist, or if he takes psychiatric medication. There

When Unsure When one is asked a question about an individual, and he is not sure how he is supposed to respond (that is, he does not know if and how he should discuss a certain deficiency), he should avoid answering the question at that time. This can be done by changing the topic or by saying that he is unable to keep talking now and he will continue the conversation later. However, one must exercise caution not to give the other party the impression that he is trying to avoid the question. If one is not capable of avoiding a question properly, he may lie and pretend that he is not aware of the deficiency (or that he is not aware of the details of the deficiency). If he is able to respond, “I do not know,” without arousing suspicion, this is preferable. At that point, he should speak to a halachic authority to determine if he should call the other party again and disclose the information. In general, some poskim advise that when one is asked about an individual, he should respond that now is not a good time and that he will be available later. This way he will be able to prepare himself in advance and discuss whether or not he should reveal certain deficiencies with a halachic authority. In this way, he will be prepared to respond when asked questions that may pertain to the individual’s negative qualities.

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ne ∙ Ju

More Examples of Ambiguous Questions Another common example of a generic question is when one is asked about an individual’s skills in Torah learning or his Torah knowledge. This is a general question, and it means something else to each person. One should follow the aforementioned guidelines until he is asked a specific question (such as, “How many mesechtos [tractates] has he learned?”), unless he has a personal understanding of the questioner’s intentions and knows exactly what he is referring to. Similarly, a woman who is asked whether or not a girl is attractive, may not respond according to her own personal taste, as beauty is in the eyes of the beholder. Since it is difficult to avoid answering this question without giving the impression that the girl is unattractive, she should respond in the affirmative, even if she does not think that the girl is attractive. She should only respond objectively to an objective question, such as one about the individual’s height or weight. It is common to be asked if an individual is talkative. The one asking this question is not searching for anything negative. Rather, he is simply trying to get a feel for the individual’s personality. Nevertheless, one may not answer unless he will be giving an accurate response. The word “talkative” means different things to different people. If one cannot determine the definition that the one asking the question is working with, he should say that the question is too vague for him to answer.

are many individuals who are normal, functioning people, even though they have minor psychological issues. Indeed, their functionality is not hampered all that much even when not on the medication. However, many would turn down a shidduch with such a person due to the stigma of psychological issues in the Orthodox community. In truth, were they to first become acquainted with the individual and see that he is perfectly normal, they would be able to accept the minor psychological issue. In such a situation, one should try to avoid answering the question as much as possible. A rav must be consulted for guidance.

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without adding any details. However, there are times that this is not possible. Still, he should try to be general as possible, while conveying the message that the questioner should look elsewhere at the same time.


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Health & F tness

MAY 24, 2018

Mapping Out the Mediterranean Diet

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By Aliza Beer MS, RD

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any a diet has come and gone, all the rage one year and out the next. There is one diet, however, that has stood the test of time both in longevity and sustainability, and that is the Mediterranean diet. The area bordering the Mediterranean Sea is culturally diverse, encompassing 23 countries, including Greece, Italy, Spain, France, Lebanon, Turkey, and the North African countries. While there is variance in which foods are traditional to a specific country, there is an overlap of certain cuisines that share nutritional value. The classic Mediterranean diet was studied in people living in the olive-growing areas of Crete, Greece, and southern Italy in the late 1950’s and early 1960’s. This is the time period after the region overcame the economic difficulties following World War II and the people had enough to eat, but before socioeconomic changes introduced more meat, processed foods, and vegetable oils. According to leading Mediterranean diet researcher Antonia Trichopoulou, MD, PhD, president of the Hellenic Health Foundation and director of the World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Nutrition at the

University of Athens (Greece) School of Medicine, the Mediterranean diet is a plant-based diet which does not say “no” to meat. Specifically, she says, the traditional Mediterranean diet is characterized by high consumption of vegetables, fruits, legumes, and unprocessed grains, low consumption of meat and meat products, and low consumption of dairy products. The most important ingredient of the Mediterranean diet is olive oil. It is universal and plentiful in these regions. It is also necessary in order to consume the large quantities of vegetables and legumes typical for this diet. Vegetables are stewed in olive oil often with garlic, onion, and herbs, such as parsley, oregano, and basil. The end result is a diet rich in vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals. The phytochemicals have anti-inflammatory benefits, and the whole or minimally processed plant foods also provide prebiotic fiber, which promotes intestinal health. Additionally, grains are consumed whole, or in the form of fermented sourdough breads or pasta cooked al dente, which lowers the glycemic index and the glycemic load. There was a landmark clinical trial called the PREDIMED that assessed

the long-term effects of a Mediterranean diet on the primary prevention of cardiovascular events. PREDIMED enrolled 7,447 adults at high risk of cardiac vascular disease and followed them for eight years. One group followed a Mediterranean diet supplemented with olive oil, a second group followed a Mediterranean diet supplemented with nuts, and a third control group followed a lower-fat diet. The results were astounding: the benefits of a Mediterranean diet include a 30% reduction in heart attacks, stroke and cardiovascular deaths; a 40% reduction in type 2 diabetes; a 68% reduction in peripheral artery disease; a 38% reduction in atrial fibrillation; and a 62% reduction in breast cancer. The following are some of the superstar foods found in this delicious, nutritious, and health-promoting diet. • Olive Oil: Italy, Spain, and Greece are the top three producers of olive oil in the world, and olive oil is the common denominator in the varying dietary patterns that make up the overall Mediterranean diet. Extra-virgin olive oil is rich in tocopherols, carotenoids, and polyphenols, giving it antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Olive oil is the principal

source of dietary fat in the Mediterranean diet. • Olives: These are another food staple, bringing with them even more polyphenols. They can be eaten whole, or made into a sandwich spread or dip, or as topping for fish or poultry. • Wheat: Wheat is the foundation grain of the Mediterranean. One traditional grain is faro, an ancient wheat that has become popular again. Bulgur is another healthy grain made from whole wheat berries. Breads often use unrefined wheat and barley flours. Traditionally, wheat was ground with millstones, producing a fiber-rich whole wheat flour with a lower glycemic index than the refined flours we use today. It was also leavened with sourdough starter, and this fermentation reduced the glycemic index of the flour and improved digestibility. • Wine: In the Mediterranean diet, alcohol is consumed in moderation, and usually in the form of wine, and during meals. Wine, especially red wine, contains antioxidant polyphenols and the flavonoid resveratrol, which may help increase HDL cholesterol while decreasing LDL cholesterol levels.


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The sulfur compounds in garlic are responsible for both its pungent odor and most of its health benefits, which include anticancer, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory effects. To maximize garlic’s benefits, crush or chop the garlic and allow it to sit for 10-15

spices are universally important in the Mediterranean cuisine. Add fresh herbs to your salads, eggs, fish and chicken. • Feta and Yogurt: Traditional feta and yogurt are fermented, making them rich in probiotics. They also

minutes before using it. • Herbs: They are high in antioxidant and anti-inflammatory compounds, especially polyphenols. Each region in the Mediterranean has a different flavor palate, but herbs and

provide additional protein to a diet that is mostly plant-based. Authentic Greek feta is made from goat’s or sheep’s milk. Yogurt and berries are a common Greek breakfast, and feta is usually added to salads.

Aliza Beer is a registered dietician with a master’s degree in nutrition. She has

MAY 24, 2018

Olive oil is the common denominator in the varying dietary patterns that make up the overall Mediterranean diet.

Preparing simple meals from fresh and minimally processed ingredients at home is a cornerstone of the traditional Mediterranean lifestyle, as is a balanced approach to eating that includes enjoying meat, sweet treats, and wine in moderation. The above key ingredients are readily available to us, not only to Mediterranean populations. The Mediterranean diet is not only health-promoting, but delicious and flavorful. It is, however, significantly different from the American diet of sugar and processed foods. An adjustment in your mindset and lifestyle will result in a wonderful change of diet. Incorporate as many of the Mediterranean diet’s foods and customs, and you will reap long-lasting health benefits.

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• Wild Greens: Dark leafy greens are typically high in carotenoids, vitamins C and E, and minerals such as magnesium, iron, and calcium. They also provide plant-based omega-3 fatty acids. Eat them in raw salads dressed with olive oil and lemon juice, sauté them in garlic and olive oil, or add them to frittatas and soups. • Lemons: Acidic foods lower glycemic response by slowing stomach emptying. The acidity and high flavonoid content of lemon peels may have a beneficial impact on blood glucose, helping to control or even prevent diabetes. A common Mediterranean habit is to squeeze lemons on salads, fish, soups, and into drinking water, lowering the glycemic load of the entire meal. Now you understand why your mother taught you that the first thing you should drink in the morning is lemon water! • Garlic: Although garlic is an essential ingredient in all Mediterranean cuisines, how pronounced it is will vary from province to province.

a private practice in Cedarhurst, NY. Patients’ success has been featured on the Dr. Oz show. Aliza can be reached at alizabeer@gmail.com.

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Notable Quotes MAY 24, 2018

“Say What?!”

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The Taliban Forces in Farah city #Afghanistan would much rather have heard #Yanny or #Laurel than the deafening #BRRRT they got courtesy of our #A10. - Tweet by the U.S. Air Force, referring to an attempted Taliban attack on Tuesday, which the U.S. Force thwarted with A-10s

I hear covfefe. - President Trump, when asked if he hears Yanny or Laurel

Levi’s just released a smart jacket that lets you know when your Uber arrives. It’s great for people who love to have all the latest gadgets — except a phone. – Jimmy Fallon

If it weren’t Lehman Brothers, but Lehman Sisters, we might not have had the financial collapse.

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- Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY) telling a group of feminists this week that if the now-defunct investment bank were run by women the 2008 financial collapse could have been averted

There’s a restaurant in New York that’s now serving hummus smoothies. They have zero calories because you suck so hard on the straw you pass out. - Jimmy Fallon

Scientists claim to have succeeded in transplanting a memory from the brain of one sea snail and implanting it into another. Or, more likely, snails live pretty similar lives. – Seth Myers

Starting this week, every fast food chain in America has to post calorie counts on their menus. You can tell people are confused, because today they read the menu like, “I’ll have the Whopper 3,000!” – Jimmy Fallon

It’s time for the Democrats to stop bashing President Trump. It’s not going to be easy, given his policies and personality. It might even mean checking into a 12-step program. But setting a winning agenda is like maneuvering an aircraft carrier. It takes time to change course. And if they want to be on target for the November midterm elections, the Democrats need to start changing course now. Like it or not, a significant number of Americans are actually happy these days. They are making money. They feel safe, and they agree with the president’s protectionist trade policies, his call for more American jobs, even his immigration stance. - Former San Francisco Mayor Willie Brown in a San Francisco Chronicle article titled, “Trump is More Popular than Dems Want to Admit”

MORE QUOTES


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You wouldn’t believe how bad these people are. These aren’t people, these are animals, and we’re taking them out of the country at a level and at a rate that’s never happened before.

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- President Trump discussing the brutal MS-13 gang, during a roundtable with law enforcement at the White House last Wednesday

- House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) responding to Trump’s comments about MS-13 in her weekly press briefing last Thursday

I believe that this president’s language is racist.

It was G-d’s will. I did nothing to make it happen. I see people going in for sports, eating something special, keeping themselves fit, but I have no idea how I lived until now.

- Oakland Mayor Libby Schaaf condemning the president for calling MS-13 gang members “animals”

- Koku Istambulova, who the Russian government claims is 128 years old, talking about her longevity, in a recent interview

MAY 24, 2018

You have to wonder, does he not believe in the spark of divinity, the dignity and worth of every person? Every day you think that you’ve seen it all, along comes another manifestation of why their policies are so inhumane. Calling people animals is not a good thing.

It’s never right to call other human beings “animals.” It’s not something we should even have to debate. No matter how debased the behavior of a given individual or group, no matter how much legitimate anger genuinely evil actions might inspire, dehumanizing others always leads us down a dangerous path. – E.J. Dionne, Washington Post

Animal

I mean isn’t it funny that twice in one week Democrats chose to defend Hamas and then chose to defend MS-13, a violent gang that leaves women dead on park benches in New York? - Department of Homeland Security spokesperson Katie Waldman, in an interview with Breitbart News

7-Eleven has announced they are going to be offering healthier options for their customers. The CEO said, “We want our customers to live to be as old as one of our hot dogs.” - Conan O’Brien

I hate to say it: I don’t follow it like I used to, because there are so many other things to follow. And it’s just what can grab your attention. – Tom Brady, at the Milken Conference, admitting that he doesn’t follow the NFL as closely as he used to

Truly inexcusable. - A Japanese railway company after a train conductor left the station 25 seconds early

MORE QUOTES

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- Nickname of an MS-13 member who received a 40-year prison sentence this week for a conspiracy that included the murder of a 15-year-old boy


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44 [Hamas] uses the dead baby strategy. You use children and women, you deliberately put them on the front lines, you make it impossible for Israel to defend itself without occasionally killing a woman or a child or an elderly person. And every time Israel accidentally kills somebody like that, Israelis grieve. Israel loses. Hamas cheers and celebrates because that’s exactly what they want. They want the media to show the body count. They want the media to show the dead baby, even though Israel tried everything in its power to avoid civilian casualties.

If you are raising livestock and producing a lot of carbon dioxide with your farm equipment and the exhaust from the animals, then you would pay a fee on that and it would be reflected in the price of meat, reflected in the price of fish, reflected in the price of peanuts.

- Alan Dershowitz, on Fox News

- Bill Nye in a recent interview with the Daily Beast, proposing a tax on cow flatulence

[Hamas] urges its own people to become cannon fodder as a means of appealing to Western journalists and intellectuals.

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- David Harsanyi, The Federalist

Over the weekend, Education Secretary Betsy DeVos told a group of new college graduates to “embrace the mess” in their lives. By the way, “Embrace the Mess” is also Trump’s 2020 campaign slogan. – Jimmy Fallon

Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg is funding a major effort to find extraterrestrial life. Zuckerberg said, “I truly believe somewhere out there is intelligent life whose personal data I can sell.” – Conan O’Brien

Scientists in Australia just announced that the world’s oldest known spider has died. The spider died at the age of 43 and is survived by 75 bazillion children. – James Corden

Kelvin - What Johanna Sandstrom, of Sweden, changed her 2-year-old son’s name to after a tattoo artist misspelled the little boy’s original name (Kevin) on her arm

MORE QUOTES


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e! w r e mo

nalti b

rent the dress. own the night.

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MAY 24, 2018

TJH

Centerfold

In Memory of our Fallen Soldiers “To be prepared for war is one of the most effective means of preserving peace.” – President George Washington “It is foolish and wrong to mourn the men who died. Rather we should thank G-d that such men lived.” – General George Patton “What counts is not necessarily the size of the dog in the fight—it’s the size of the fight in the dog.” – President Dwight D. Eisenhower “Bravery is being the only one who knows you’re afraid.” – Colonel David Hackworth

B A LT I M O R E J E W I S H H O M E . C O M

“It is well that war is so terrible — otherwise we should grow too fond of it.” – General Robert E. Lee “Never tell people how to do things. Tell them what to do and they will surprise you with their ingenuity.” – General George Patton “Be willing to make decisions. That’s the most important quality in a good leader.” – General George Patton “A true leader has the confidence to stand alone, the courage to make tough decisions, and the compassion to listen to the needs of others. He does not set out to be a leader, but becomes one by the equality of his actions and the integrity of his intent.” – General Douglas MacArthur

“History fails to record a single precedent in which nations subject to moral decay have not passed into political and economic decline. There has been either a spiritual awakening to overcome the moral lapse, or a progressive deterioration leading to ultimate national disaster.” – General Douglas MacArthur “We are not retreating – we are advancing in another direction.” – General Douglas MacArthur “I have never advocated war except as a means of peace.” – General Ulysses S. Grant “The most confident critics are generally those who know the least about the matter criticized.” – General Ulysses S. Grant “Leadership is a potent combination of strategy and character. But if you must be without one, be without the strategy.” – General Norman Schwarzkopf “Going to war without France is like going hunting without an accordion.” – General Norman Schwarzkopf “You can’t help someone get up a hill without getting closer to the top yourself.” – General Norman Schwarzkopf


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b. Panic, scream and run c. Jump up and down d. Stop, drop and roll

b. Whenever they are as yellow as a taxi c. When you are about to go to a dentist d. In the morning and at night 2. If someone’s clothes catch on fire, what should they do? a. Twist and shout

5. Which of the following is a good way to get rid of brain freeze?

a. 1-877 KARS-4-KIDS b. 1-800 CUCUMBER

b. Do a cartwheel

c. 1-800 888-8888

c. Just scream “Eeewww, brain freeze…. brain freeze….brain freeze”

d. 1-718 230-1000 4. According to the National Safety Council, approximately how many injuries occur each year from accidents caused by texting while driving? a. 140,000 b. 222,000 c. 300,000

d. Press your thumb against the roof of your mouth

b. A doughnut, chocolate milk and another doughnut c. Steak, steak and more steak d. A piece of chicken, some rice and salad 7. What should you not wear on a trampoline? a. Your new Bar Mitzvah suit

MAY 24, 2018

a. At least once a week

sorbet for dessert

a. Quickly eat the rest of the ices without stopping even for a second

3. Which of the following is Hatzalah’s number? 1. How often are you supposed to brush your teeth?

d. 400,000

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Safety Trivia

b. Shoes c. Glasses d. All of the above

6. Which of the following would be a safe and well-rounded meal? a. A Slurpee, Marino’s ices and Sharon’s

 Answers D – to every question. Obvious right? Well, when it comes to safety, common sense is first! 6-7 correct: You are a safety expert! Pump up the Pumpadisa! See you at the Achiezer/ TJH Safety Fair on Memorial Day from 2PM-5PM at the Lawrence Middle School. 3-5 correct: Not bad, but you need to brush up a bit. Make sure to go to the Achiezer/ TJH Safety Fair on Memorial Day from 2PM-5PM at the Lawrence Middle School.

Now, just in case I didn’t mention it: The Achiezer/TJH Safety Fair will be on Memorial Day from 2PM-5PM at the Lawrence Middle School. It is going to teach you a thing or two about safety and it will be loads of fun!

0-2 correct: You should really walk around with a hard hat. It’s time for you to learn about safety. Start by going to the Achiezer/ TJH Safety Fair on Memorial Day from 2PM-5PM at the Lawrence Middle School.

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 Wisdom Key


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MAY 24, 2018

Dating Dialogue

What Would You Do If… Moderated by Jennifer Mann, LCSW of The Navidaters

Dear Navidaters,

I’m dating a woman who seems interesting enough to keep dating. Many things about her appeal to me. We seem to be well matched in many ways and I’m attracted to her. Here’s the problem. She talks a lot about money and it’s such a turn-off to me.

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I come from a family that is very private about money. They don’t talk about what they have, what they spend, what other people have, what things cost, etc. It’s obvious to me, and I guess to others, that we’re comfortable, but I’ve been raised to regard any conversation about money as poor manners. This woman I’m dating, whom I’ll call Rachel, brings money up often and in lots of different contexts. For instance, she’s asked me whether my parents help out my two married siblings financially, whether they’ve helped them buy homes, and private questions of that nature. She’ll sometimes mention a family we both know and say something like, “Well, obviously, they’re very wealthy.” From the looks of Rachel’s home, her family is probably not terribly well off. I would normally never notice this or care, but I’m getting the feeling that because she’s had to struggle, she’s somewhat obsessed with money. It’s crazy, because there are so many things about her that are great. She is a truly kind, smart, compassionate person, so many good qualities going for her. But this business with money is really off-putting. And I know that if my parents overheard some of her comments, they would be horrified! Is that reason enough to stop dating someone? Is there a way to address it and give her an opportunity to change?

Disclaimer: This column is not intended to diagnose or otherwise conclude resolutions to any questions.

Our intention is not to offer any definitive

conclusions to any particular question, rather offer areas of exploration for the author and reader. Due to the nature of the column receiving only a short snapshot of an issue, without the benefit of an actual discussion, the panel’s role is to offer a range of possibilities. We hope to open up meaningful dialogue and individual exploration.


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The Rebbetzin

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across. It could be that she seems tacky and needy. But you need to learn about how to deal with differences. If you can’t bring up something like this on your own and you are considering changing her at this point I wonder if you are ready to date seriously. Differing attitudes towards money is hard for all couples, dating or married. Most people are influenced by or react in an opposite way of their parents. Dealing successfully with these differences is a skill that has to be learned over time. But if you cannot even negotiate (even if she is somewhat tactless) and need to have her change, get yourself some help ASAP.

If you confess that your parents would be horrified by her comments, that's probably your gut feeling expressing your own horrified feelings.

The Mother

The Shadchan

Sarah Schwartz Schreiber, P.A. ingo! You’re on the money! You’re accurate in your assessment that Rachel’s family is probably not as “well off” as yours, hence her obsession with all thing monetary. And I duly understand why her incessant talk about prices, spending and other people’s finances are unsavory and a turn-off to you. Is fiscal compatibility that important a factor in building a relationship with Rachel? Absolutely! According to therapists, financial dissonance (e.g., cheapskate marries spendthrift) is a major cause of marital disharmony. Time for an audit: of your relationship, that is. Tell Rachel how you admire her myriad qualities, while at the same time her fixation over money is distracting, disturbing and, frankly, unbecoming. Bear in mind, it’s impossible to transform Rachel’s miserly mindset overnight. Only after several candid conversations (Does she acknowledge a skewed attitude? Does she sincerely want to change?) can you determine whether a future with Rachel is a sound investment.

Michelle Mond he emphasis on finances, compounded by the comments on others’ financial situations and remarkably nosy questions regarding your parents’ financial relationships with your siblings, is concerning. Frankly, if you confess that your parents would be horrified by her comments, that’s probably your gut feeling expressing your own horrified feelings! As you pointed out, she might have a residual jealousy from her childhood, watching her friends display their lavish lifestyle which her parents couldn’t afford. However, a mature young woman should see beyond that at this stage in life. While your future wife should ideally possess a mature approach to finances, her approach clearly makes you uncomfortable given your upbringing in which these discussions regarding others’ finances were (rightfully) taboo. The best way to sort this out is by communicating. A thorough conversation on this matter will help dig deeper and will solidify whether this is a significant issue warranting a break-up or not. During your conversation, explore where her attitude comes from. Try to get an idea of the following: should you

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Rebbetzin Faigie Horowitz, M.S. t’s good that you are paying attention to differences about approaching money and communication about finances. You find Rachel’s approach off-putting and the two of you are obviously coming from differing circumstances and have differing senses of tact and appropriateness. It’s time to address this with Rachel directly. Why would you stop dating someone without addressing an issue like this face-to-face? Prepare to bring this up with sensitivity. I’ve noticed that we may have different approaches to openness about finances could be a conversation opener. Another approach could be, Financial security is very

important but some people have a problem talking about it – I do. In my family we… You need to really think this through so that you handle this with tact and are able to listen. This is not about giving her an opportunity to change. It’s about addressing a big difference between the two of you. You are smart to pick up that financial security is a big issue for her because her parents have limited resources. But you are not smart in the sense that you want to “give her an opportunity to change.” That’s not how relationships work. If you care about someone, you listen to them and talk to them with understanding. At the minimum, you put the subject on the table and open up respectfully. It could be that this young lady is unaware of the way she comes

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The Panel

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marry, will she expect you to work hard and long hours in order for her to afford the life of affluence which she longs for? Does she view her parents as failures since they were unable to provide her with an extravagant lifestyle? Can you expect her attitude towards money to mature over time? How much do material possessions mean to her, compared to raising a family with the fundamentals of a Yiddishe home including Torah, good middos, chessed, etc.? If it is indeed apparent that above-average material possessions mean a lot to her, then it is important for her to marry a man who reciprocates that mindset. Is that person you? If you think as highly of her as it seems in your description, you clearly trust her enough to be able to have an open discussion about it. Once you have more information,

only you can make a personal cheshbon weighing the positives and negatives of the relationship and decide whether this is something you want to pursue. Hatzlacha!

The Single Tova Wein ne of the big issues that comes up between two individuals getting married is the result of the fact that you have two people who often grew up very differently, in homes that dealt with many issues differently, and their personal style of dealing with everyday life is often totally unique from one another.

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Pulling It All Together The Navidaters

Some of these differences are not that important and one or the other can easily learn to change in order to accommodate the other or a compromise can be found that suits everyone. But when we are talking about issues that relate to character, and maybe even class, that’s not something that you can teach another person so easily. It sounds to me that your family is dignified and classy and views any discussion around money as being in poor taste. You’ve clearly incorporated that attitude into your own personal style. Rachel, on the other hand, as you’ve suggested, is obsessed with money, no doubt because she always craved what others had that she did not have and it has left a strong impression on her. This is a problem. If you two got engaged and ultimately married, you would probably be constantly cringing over comments Rachel would make in front of you, your family and even friends. That’s a hard way to live. Certainly, it’s worth having a conversation with Ra-

When we are talking about issues that relate to character, or maybe even class, that's not something that you can teach another person so easily.

chel, respectfully explaining to her the reality of your upbringing and sensibilities. Can she and would she change as a result of your explanation? It’s hard to say, but if I had to guess, I would say that certain things are deeply rooted in people. But have the talk and see where it goes. This is an important issue that could have far-reaching effects on a marriage.

Dating and Relationship Coaches and Therapists

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efore you call it quits, my suggestion is that you speak with Rachel about your concern. Rachel has a lot of positive qualities that you find attractive and interesting. In my opinion, that is a good reason to pursue a conversation. Let’s not jump to any conclusions or make any assumptions about where Rachel’s questions and remarks are coming from. Instead, have a heart-to-heart conversation and share your concerns with her. Go into that conversation with an open mind. Give her a chance to explain herself. Some children are raised to never speak of money. In some families, it is seen as utterly classless to discuss financial matters. Money is a private matter. And yet, in other families, it’s just not that big of a deal. These families would tell you they aren’t lacking class, but they are simply more open and expressive. Could it be that her family speaks openly about money and yours doesn’t? Yes. (And of course,

s ome families all along the fi nancial spectrum are obsessed with mone y – theirs and everyone else’s – and talk about their belongings – and everyone else’s – day and night). Could it be that Rachel is insecure about money because of her upbringing? Yes. Growing up financially unsound can create insecurity for a person. Around wealthier individuals, that insecurity can become highlighted. When two individuals come from vastly different economic backgrounds, there are bound to be some differences – from the way they spend money, to the way they talk about money, and to their relationships with money. There are many comfortable/ wealthy individuals who, unlike you, wouldn’t date someone who was less well off. Kudos to you for being open-minded and seeing beyond her

family’s financial status. Since you are an open-minded guy, you need to be aware that some of your differences may be par for the course. I’m also wondering if you have said anything to Rachel, intentionally or unintentionally, that has made her uncomfortable, with regard to your differences. And if so, might she be reacting to you? I don’t know. Just throwing that out there. When you have your talk, be prepared for what she may have to say about that. The only reaction she could have that would be of concern to me is if she is unable to appreciate or understand your concern. If she can’t appreciate it, or see where you are coming from, then you may run into hardships down the road not only involving money, but with regard to vastly different values and difficulty communicating and showing understanding for one another. And if you find out that Rachel’s comments are indeed coming from a tacky, nosy, uncouth place (i.e., “Well, I was only asking because the Goldbergs down the block gave their married kids mon-

ey for a down payment for a gorgeous mansion in Woodsburgh. And I was wondering if your parents can do the same for us”) then, of course, you will have run into a big red flag. This may be something that can be cleared up rather quickly and be put to bed forever, or it may turn out that you and Rachel weren’t meant to be. The only way to know this is to get talking. Good luck! Sincerely, Jennifer Esther Mann, LCSW and Jennifer Mann, LCSW are licensed psychotherapists and dating and relationship coaches working with individuals, couples and families in private practice in Hewlett, NY. To set up a consultation or to ask questions, please call 516.224.7779. Press 1 for Esther, 2 for Jennifer. Visit www.thenavidaters.com for more information. If you would like to submit a dating or relationship question to the panel anonymously, please email thenavidaters@gmail.com. You can follow The Navidaters on FB and Instagram for dating and relationship advice.


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Political Crossfire

By Marc A. Thiessen

THE BALTIMORE JEWISH HOME

To Understand Why Trump Won, Look at Democratic Hysteria

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tained American citizens,” Schumer declared, channeling Captain Obvious, and warned that, by praising Kim, Trump “weakens American foreign policy and puts American citizens at risk around the world.” Seriously? How do Democrats take a positive event such as the release of American hostages and turn it into an excuse to attack Trump? Apparently, Trump Derangement Syndrome is so debilitating that Democrats can’t bring themselves to say “Good job, Mr. President,” even when he brings our hostages home. Before, Democrats complained that Trump was too belligerent toward Kim; now, they’re upset that he is too effusive. This is absurd. Trump is laying the groundwork for a high-stakes nuclear summit with Kim; of course the president is not going to publicly criticize him. People in Middle America listen to the Democrats’ reactions and think: Can Trump do nothing right in these people’s eyes? Then, a few days later, Trump racked up another major achievement when he fulfilled his promise to move the U.S. Embassy to Jerusalem. Four American presidents pledged to do it, but only Trump actually did. How did

Democrats respond? Not a single congressional Democrat traveled to Israel to attend the historic opening of the embassy. Sen. Lindsey O. Graham, R-S.C., said that he personally invited Democrats to join the congressional delegation, but no one took him up on the offer. “I am disappointed that not one Democrat came,” Graham said. “What does that say?” It says not a single Democrat could bring themselves to join in a celebration of what Trump had done. House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., blasted Trump’s decision when he announced it in December, declaring that “moving the U.S. Embassy to Jerusalem now may needlessly spark mass protests, fuel tensions, and make it more difficult to reach a durable peace.” Sen. Dianne Feinstein, D-Calif., did the same, declaring, “The future of Jerusalem is an issue that should be decided by Israel and the Palestinians, not unilaterally by the United States.” Sen. Chris Murphy, D-Conn., called Trump’s embassy move a setback while former Democratic presidential candidate Sen. Bernie Sanders, I-Vt., declared that Trump’s action would “severely,

perhaps irreparably damage” peace efforts. Keep in mind, the past four Democratic Party platforms had called for the recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. And last June, the Senate voted 90-0 (with the support of Feinstein, Murphy and Sanders) for a resolution that “reaffirms the Jerusalem Embassy Act of 1995,” which mandated the embassy move (a bill that passed two decades ago with Pelosi’s vote). Americans see Trump being criticized for doing exactly what Congress demanded, and his Democratic and Republican predecessors promised, and they rightly see hypocrisy. No matter what Trump does, the Democratic reaction is the same: outrage. When Democrats can’t even praise Trump unreservedly for bringing American hostages home or show up when he fulfills a plank of the Democratic Party platform by moving our embassy to Jerusalem, it further convinces millions of Americans who abandoned the Democratic Party in 2016 that they made the right decision. (c) 2018, Washington Post Writers Group

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f you want to understand why Donald Trump is president today (and why he could very well win a second term), look to the Democrats’ hysterical response to two of Trump’s major foreign policy achievements over the past week. Last Thursday, the president traveled to Joint Base Andrews to greet three American hostages whose release he had secured from North Korea. Unlike his predecessor, Trump did it without sending the offending regime an unmarked plane loaded with hundreds of millions in hard currency. The return of these American captives should have been a moment of celebration and bipartisan unity. So how did Democrats respond? By blasting Trump for the way he welcomed the U.S. hostages home. The pretext for their outrage was Trump’s comment thanking Kim Jong Un, who he said “really was excellent to these three incredible people” – by which Trump obviously meant releasing them. No matter. Senate Minority Leader Charles E. Schumer, D-N.Y., took the Senate floor to attack Trump for his “troubling” remarks. “Kim Jong Un is a dictator” who “capriciously de-


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Political Crossfire

MAY 24, 2018

Collusion is Usually a Dirty Word THE BALTIMORE JEWISH HOME

So where's the outrage over Kerry's secret meetings on the Iran deal? By Marc A. Thiessen

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emocrats routinely express outrage over claims of collusion with a foreign power to undermine our democracy. So where is the outrage over revelations that former secretary of state John Kerry held not one but two secret meetings with Iran’s foreign minister to strategize over how to undermine President Trump’s plans to withdraw from the Iran nuclear deal? An Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesman confirmed the meetings after the Boston Globe broke the news, declaring, “We don’t see the U.S. just as Mr. Trump; the United States is not just the current ruling administration.” Think about what this means. Iran is a terrorist state responsible for the deaths of hundreds of Americans in Iraq, whose leaders hold rallies where thousands chant “Death to America!” Kerry was working with a sworn enemy of the United States to try to undermine the foreign policy of the elected president of the United States. I thought we didn’t like Americans who colluded with our enemies. Kerry’s meetings with Iran’s leaders were not isolated incidents, but part of a formal lobbying campaign that included phone calls with Eu-

ropean Union leaders and meetings with the presidents of Germany and France in which, the Globe reports, he discussed “the details of sanctions and regional nuclear threats in both French and English.” On Twitter, Trump suggested that Kerry might have violated the Logan Act, which says: “Any citizen of the United States ... who, without authority of the United States, directly or indirectly commences or carries on any correspondence or intercourse with any foreign government ... with intent to influence the measures or conduct of any foreign government ... in relation to any disputes or controversies with the United States, or to defeat the measures of the United States, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than three years, or both.” In fact, no one has been prosecuted under the Logan Act in more than 160 years, and most conservative legal scholars consider it unconstitutional. Although what Kerry did was probably not illegal, it was deeply hypocritical. Recall that in 2015, when Sen. Tom Cotton, R-Ark., and 46 other Republicans wrote to Iran’s leaders informing them of the Senate’s constitutional role in approving

international agreements, Kerry was incensed. “My reaction to the letter was utter disbelief,” he said at the time. “To write leaders in the middle of a negotiation ... is quite stunning ... [and] ignores more than two centuries of precedent in the conduct of American foreign policy,” Kerry said, adding that he would never have interfered in that way “no matter what the issue and no matter who was president.” What a difference three years make. Cotton is a sitting United States senator. The Senate has a constitutional role in foreign policy. Kerry is a private citizen. He has a constitutional role in nothing. Kerry’s defenders compare him to Henry Kissinger and other former secretaries of state who regularly meet with world leaders. “Secretary Kerry stays in touch with his former counterparts around the world, just like every previous Secretary of State,” a Kerry spokesman said. But Kissinger does not conduct rogue diplomacy. When he meets with foreign leaders, he usually coordinates with the White House, often carrying messages for the president, and then briefs administration officials afterward. Kerry did none of

this. This is not the first time Kerry has interfered in U.S. diplomacy as a private citizen. In 1970, he flew to Paris and met with the North Vietnamese while they were in the midst of negotiating the Paris Peace accords with Kissinger. Kerry admitted then that his actions were “on the borderline of private individuals negotiating.” What he did last month was not on the borderline. Kerry would not have had to resort to rogue diplomacy if he had negotiated a better deal. The agreement he struck could not even muster the support of a simple majority in the Senate, much less the two-thirds majority needed to ratify a treaty. As Sen. Ben Sasse, R-Neb., correctly points out, the Obama administration “made a bad deal with Iran without support from Congress. ... American foreign policy makes lasting progress when it is led by the President, approved by Congress, and presented honestly to the American people.” Kerry has no one to blame but himself for Trump’s decision to withdraw. And he certainly has no business colluding with America’s enemies against America’s president. (c) 2018, Washington Post Writers Group


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Judgeof

MAY 24, 2018

Character Judge Aharon Melamed on His Years in the Hagana and on the Bench By Rafi Sackville Retired Judge Aharon Melamed just a few weeks ago

Caught for stealing, and then found behind the wheel of car involved in an accident, high school senior

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n a rainy afternoon I drove up the steep and winding hills to Haifa’s Neve Sha’anan neighborhood to see Judge Aharon Melamed, the retired president of Israel’s juvenile court and one of the country’s leading experts on underage crime. The judge’s son,

Gavriel, teaches Tanach in our school. A week earlier the judge had visited our shul and spoken about his time during the War of Independence. The question about my student aside, I wanted to know more about his life, and he had graciously agreed. The name Melamed (teacher) is a

most apt description when describing Judge Melamed. He has carried the name throughout a humble and illustrious life. An educator by instinct, Aharon Melamed was born into a family of rabbis and teachers. He has spent most of his professional life as a judge and then president of Israel’s

juvenile courts. He has always been prone to seek rehabilitation rather than punishment: a lesson taught with compassion and concern replacing cold, court decisions. Judge Aharon’s history is the story of Israel; he encompasses a warmth and passion for people, coupled with

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Ben (not his real name) is facing juvenile court. As his homeroom teacher, the police probation officer had asked me to write a letter to the court providing a character reference and appraisal of his behavior. The night before, I had spoken at length to his mother, a woman under obvious emotional stress. She told me things I had not previously known; sensitive information that shone a light on the last year and a half of Ben’s life. His delinquent behavior happened to coincide with the start of the breakdown in the relationship between his parents. They were in the middle of divorce proceedings and the emotional and financial difficulties at home were dire. Ben and his parents had kept this information hidden from the world. Her confession was timely. The letter needed to reflect this. At the same time, the truth about Ben’s truancy had to be told; he had lied to the probation officer, telling her he had been turning up to school daily, a claim very far from the truth. I sought advice from the school administration, yet a sense of unease remained. How would a judge receive my letter?


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a strong resolve which, like this remarkable country, has served him well over the course of his 86 years. Beginning the story from his birth in 1931 without taking into the history of his family into consideration would be precipitous because he is a true reflection of his descendants. His roots can be traced back to Rabbi David Oppenheim (1664-1736), the chief rabbi of Prague in the central synagogue of Nikolsburg. The woodcut of Rabbi Oppenheim is uncanny in likeness to his descendant. In 1923, almost 200 years later, Marc Chagall painted a rabbi wearing tallis and tefillin. There is a photo taken in Paris a year later of Chagall, his wife Bella and their daughter with the painting behind them. It was so important to Chagall that it wasn’t until he was nearing his life’s end that he could part from it. It is a portrait of Judge Aharon’s grandfather, Rav Yosef Elchanan. As a boy Chagall was a permanent fixture in Judge Aharon’s grandparents’ house in Vitebsk, Belarus, where he would come for cholent and kishke. After being arrested three times by the Russian police, Rav Yosef was told he would not be treated kindly were he arrested again. A fervent Zionist, he chose aliyah rather than to stay in Russia. He moved to Chevron, where he began to teach. He and his family were caught up in the pogrom there in 1929. On the day of the massacre, a Shabbat, Rav Yosef was coming home from shul when the wife of the head of the murderers hid him and his family on her roof. When her husband appeared, she announced that she’d prefer to die than to see the rabbi murdered. After the massacre, the rav moved to the newly founded neighborhood of Kiryat Moshe in Yerushalayim, where he was the rabbi. His brother was Rabbi Meiri, after whom Meiri Street is named. Judge Melamed’s parents originally met there. In fact, before they got to know each other, they planted the very trees that stand in Meiri Street today. In 1936, when Judge Aharon was 5 years old, the Hagana was formed. His father played a prominent role during the early years of its formation. He never told his family that he was a member, but Aharon was more

Judge Melamed’s grandfather, Rav Yosef, the subject of Marc Chagall’s famous painting

than aware. “I so admired my father,” the judge relates. “He was everything to me. In my eyes he was Superman. I accepted everything he told me. I never once questioned him.”

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hen he turned 14, in 1944, Aharon became a member of the Haga-

despite ammunition being at a premium. The British made no bones about shooting any armed Jew they found. At the same time, they permitted the Arabs to arm themselves. If discovered with weapons, young Aharon’s life would have been in danger. To counter this, the Hagana would send out couples to patrol the street. “They

When her husband appeared, she announced that she’d prefer to die than to see the rabbi murdered.

na. His mother never knew because his father never told her. Among his many missions was to post flyers in Ushisskin Street in Rehavia and the surrounding areas. He was also taught how to use a Sten gun. This,

always sent us out with a member of the opposite gender. This way, we would look as if we were on a romantic stroll,” he chuckles. “I wouldn’t carry a weapon, but the girls usually hid guns and grenades in their under-

garments. “Those walks were often difficult because the Arabs in Sheik Badar and Deir Yassin would curse us and throw stones at us,” he says. By the time the war broke out in 1948 Aharon was an active member of the Hagana at the tender age of sixteen and a half. He was at school and still laughs aloud when recalling his teacher. “When the Partition Plan for Palrestine was proposed by the United Nations in November 1947 disturbances immediately broke out,” he says. “The Arabs came to burn Mamilla to the ground. “We were in school at the time and we had this teacher called Schlessinger. He would constantly ask me what was happening during the uprising. I would tell him I didn’t know anything. One day he said to me, ‘Melamed, your father is a big shot in the Hagana. The fruit doesn’t fall far from the tree. Where are the Arabs planning to attack?’ My classmates were niggling me and laughing. Schlessinger was living in Bayit Vagan at the time. So I told him the Arabs were planning to attack Gush Etzion, and when they had done there, they were going to attack Bayit Vagan. He started shaking. We broke out into hysterical laughter. Then Schlessinger said, ‘I know you think I’m a coward. But I’m not scared of actually being bombed. I’m only scared at the thought of being bombed.’ “When we were feeling depressed because of the situation and the lack of arms at our disposal, we would tell stories about Schlessinger. That always made us feel better.”

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udge Aharon’s most distinct memories are of the battle for Yemin Moshe. Today the area (just beyond the King David Hotel) is upscale and a tourist must-see; Montifiore’s Windmill, the beautiful row of houses, and the unsurpassed view of the Old City are serene and relaxing. It’s not a place synonymous with war. “We came from Kiryat Shmuel, which is Katamonim today. The girls with us smuggled in weapons. We hid the grenades and guns inside the Torah scrolls in the Mizrahi Synagogue,” he recalls.


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disadvantage of the situation, one of the judge’s friends once fired one bullet in the direction of a truck of Arab soldiers coming from the direction of Derech Bet Lechem. This one shot brought heavy gunfire upon them from all sides.

where he was placed on a stretcher. As they were putting him in the ambulance he was fired upon from the British position at the King David Hotel and killed. “Eventually we were able to quiet the Arabs in the area between

At one point, they were attacked from Jaffa Gate. Yisrael Kirshenbaum, a true hero, collected all the grenades and ammunition he could and began attacking the Arabs. They fled in fear. Yisrael was wounded. He was brought back to Yemin Moshe

Har Zion and Yemin Moshe,” Judge Melamed explains. “We placed four huge explosions in an open lot there. The sounds was tremendous. The entire Arab village fled. They took everything they could with them. It was ironic because no one was hurt,

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fter the war Judge Aharon studied in a seminar and soon after began teaching.

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“I’m often asked how we survived. We didn’t have time to think about hunger because we were so busy with our army duties.”

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The painting by Marc Chagall of the judge’s grandfather

and yet they were too scared to stay.” One of the tactics used to demoralize and weaken the Jewish resistance was the siege of Jerusalem. Many Jewish lives were lost trying to break through. Even when the convoys were able to reach the city, there still wasn’t enough food to go around. “My grandmother was a remarkable woman,” Judge Melamed says. “She was sick during the siege, but still found the strength to get out of her bed. ‘Don’t worry!’ she would say. ‘There’s no food, no electricity, no fuel for the stove, nothing! I’ll show you what to do.’ “She taught us how to collect rocks to make a stove. She showed us how to light a fire and use the stove. Then she took us to the fields and pointed out thorns and plants that could be eaten. Some of them we cooked; others we ate as they were. “I’m often asked how we survived. We didn’t have time to think about hunger because we were so busy with our army duties. “I had a friend with whom I would do guard duty. One night he decided to walk to one of the only restaurants in town. On his way he was hit by a mortar and killed. “When the Burma Road was opened I walked by that very restaurant. I noticed that on each diner’s plate was a piece of tomato, a small piece of cucumber and a few other paltry vegetables. The plates looked sparse. It was only upon seeing them that I became very, very hungry.” Towards the end of the fighting there was a three week ceasefire, which was upheld by all sides. The Ministry of Education made the decision to give high school students that period of time to study for all their finals, after which they’d be tested and then sent back to the army. They promised to take into account their lack of study due to the fighting. Judge Aharon got his Bagrut certificate based on those three weeks of study. “It was good to be back at school,” he says, “but very difficult to see the empty benches upon which our former friends had sat.”

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“Much like today, Yemin Moshe was open on all four sides, which made it vulnerable to attack by the Arabs and the British. There was Jaffa Gate at the Old City, The Scottish Church where heavily armed Arabs soldiers roamed freely, the bottom of Rehov Jaffa directly opposite us where the Arab Legion were armed with machine guns, and finally the British had positioned themselves on the top of the King David Hotel. “The British were constantly watching us. Whenever they stopped me and asked what I was doing there – and don’t forget we never walked around armed –I would tell them I was working for the civilian guard. We had ways of being armed, however. While we were on guard duty we were always accompanied by little boys. If we detected the approach of British soldiers the boys would take the weapons and crawl out from under our feet and escape,” he says. “One night I was doing duty when another soldier and I heard a noise coming from a large lot adjacent to the entrance of the neighborhood. We had been given strict instructions not to shoot unless we were absolutely certain we were under attack. We waited a while until once again we heard a rustle coming closer to us. I took out my gun ready to fire one shot into the air,” the judge remembers. “My partner begged me not to because the consequence of firing that one bullet would have brought a rain of fire in our direction. Again we heard a rustle, only this time it was even closer. I was about to fire when through the smoke of a burning garbage dump a donkey came walking towards us. “The irony of the story is that I received a tin medal for not having fired a shot. Although not fond of me, the commander made a speech praising me for not firing. He also pointed out that the donkey in question had cost us over 35 bullets already. “I must have been in his good books,” Melamed quips, “because one night he told me to step outside of my post. He ordered me to take the Sten gun and fire one shot only into the air. I was so excited to fire a gun for the first time that I fired a volley off instead.” To give a picture of the military


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At the time there was a severe shortage of teachers in the Holy Land. By the time he was twenty-two he was a principal of a small school in Givat Shaul. “While I was a principal I decided to go to university to study law,” he says. “I knew Nechama Leibowitz. She had known me since I was a boy. I saw her at the time and she jokingly asked me if I wasn’t still climbing the trees of my youth, which I found amusing. Not long after this she saw me in the city and asked me if it was true that I had moved out of education to learn law. I said it was. ‘Aharon, are you also a traitor to your true profession?’ I said, ‘Nechama, believe me I’m not a traitor.’ “When I became a judge I would occasionally travel to Haifa. One day while waiting for a taxi, I heard her voice yelling at me from across the road. ‘Aharon, you are not a traitor!’ People stopped in bewilderment. She discovered I had gone into juvenile law.” Judge Aharon spent many years as a district judge in Haifa before being appointed as president of Israel’s juvenile courts. In that capacity he traveled the world extensively. He was renowned for his fairness, kindness, and willingness to rehabilitate delinquent youth rather than punish; he even published a book on the topic. He sees little difference, in principle, to the crimes being committed today to those a generation ago, although he admits there is more violence today than there once was. When pressed about cases that stand out in his time behind the bench, he tells me of the day he was walking down the street and chanced upon the grocer standing with an elderly man. This man would patrol the streets at night keeping his eye on wayward youth. The man formally addressed the judge and reminded him of three boys he had represented in his courtroom many years earlier. Each had been before the judge twice. The boys had been told that with such behavior they would find themselves in jail. The man had been called towards the bench and asked by Judge Aharon if he was willing to take all three boys under his personal responsibility and under the court’s jurisdiction. The man agreed.

The judge’s ancestor, Rabbi Dovid Oppenheim, 1664-1736

He was eager to tell the judge how those boys had faired in life. One became a lieutenant colonel, another a successful businessman in America,

coming a danger to society. Twice he had appeared in court. On the third occasion the prosecutor demanded he be jailed and the judge sentenced

“The boy raised his eyes and recognized me. He said, ‘Did you come to visit me?’ ... He thanked me and began to cry.” and the third had also rehabilitated himself. Another story that exemplifies the judge’s attitude towards teenagers on the wrong side of the law is that of a young man who was extremely violent, so violent that he was fast be-

him to four years in juvenile prison. The young man became violent in the courtroom and had to be restrained by four policemen. At the end of the trial the judge went back to his rooms and checked his calendar. He noticed that the fol-

lowing day he was scheduled to visit Tel Mond prison, the very prison he had just sent the young man. “I didn’t make prison visits to speak to the warden. I would go to visit the prisoners,” the judge says. “I was momentarily concerned as the young man would be there. How would he react when he saw me? Nonetheless, I said to myself that I had to go. “I came to the prison and went directly to the yard where the prisoners exercised. The first person I noticed when I walked inside was this young man sitting with his mother in the corner of the yard. Without considering the consequences, I walked directly towards them and stood there until they eventually noticed me. “The boy raised his eyes and recognized me. He said, ‘Did you come to visit me?’ I said, ‘Yes, I did come to visit you.’ He thanked me and began to cry.” At a conference on one of his trips to New York each speaker had to make a suggestion for other judges to consider implementing. Judge Aharon suggested that each judge sitting there had an obligation to visit the jails they sent offenders at least twice a year. The opposition to his suggestion was voted down. Kindness and compassion are not ubiquitous in the justice system.

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he stories had flown from Judge Melamed during my visit like sweet honey on hot, buttered toast. The afternoon was waning and the judge’s time was short. I asked him about my student Ben and the manner and style of the letter I should write. After spending almost two hours with him, it was clear what he would say: think like an educator, feel compassion, tell the truth. This is precisely the advice he gave me. I felt privileged to have sought his wisdom, enriched for having learned about his life, and inspired for all that Judge Aharon represents, not only to me, but to all Israelis living in a very different and sometimes unrecognizable world in which Judge Aharon Melamed grew up. A bit of sympathy and compassion in each of us can make the world a better, kinder place.


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Forgotten Her es

By Avi Heiligman

THE BALTIMORE JEWISH HOME

The Establishment of Memorial Day

MAY 24, 2018

Major General John Logan, the founder of Memorial Day

Logan, then a congressman from Illinois, declared that there should be a Decoration Day. As the commander-in-chief of a veteran’s organization called the Grand Army of the Republic, Logan had May 30 proclaimed as the first Memorial Day in the North. Southern states had been holding similar Memorial Day celebrations since 1866. A year earlier, on May 1, 1865, 1,000 freed slaves along with U.S. black troops and white civilians gathered in Charleston, South Carolina, at a former POW camp. There they consecrated a new burial site for 250 Union troops that dies in the camp. May 30 was chosen as Memorial Day because that is when flowers are blooming across the country. It was not to celebrate a particular battle or event, and some historians be-

lieve that Logan chose the date so as not coincide with any battle. May 30 was always Memorial Day until 1970 when Congress decided to make it a convenient three day weekend and moved it to the last Monday in May. The name Decoration Day slowly changed to Memorial Day and by 1967 Federal Law declared it the official name. Twenty-seven states held some type of commemoration in 1868. The site of the Battle of Gettysburg was a major part of the 1868 Memorial Day events as speeches and ceremonies became an annual custom at the war’s most iconic battle site. Civil War General and future President Ulysses S. Grant headed the ceremonies at Arlington Nation Cemetery in Virginia with over 5,000 people in attendance. Future

President James Garfield gave a lengthy speech at this event. Small American flags were placed at every grave and that tradition still continues today. In 1929 President Herbert Hoover presided over the first official Memorial Day ceremony at Arlington. Today there is a full Presidential Guard wreath laying ceremony at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier on the morning of Memorial Day. By the end of the 19th century several states had enacted legislation and the army and navy adopted regulations to honor their fallen predecessors. Several Southern sates held separate Memorial Day events until after World War I. Originally the day was to commemorate only the dead from the Civil War but gradually the fallen from all Amer-

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emorial Day is much more than barbeques, the Indianapolis 500, vacations and the start of summer trips to the beach. It started as a tradition in the 1860s to honor the over 600,000 soldiers that had been killed during the Civil War. Since then the holiday hasn’t changed much and many will take this time to reflect on those lost in all wars. It should be noted that Veterans Day honors those who served, while Memorial Day is a remembrance for those killed in service in the U.S. military. The practice of decorating a fallen soldier’s grave with flowers is centuries old and was done well before a day was established for the honor of our country’s fallen heroes. Three years after the American Civil War ended, Major General John


ican wars were remembered on this day as well. Traditions have evolved over the years as have the celebrations and commemorations. The American flag is flown at half-staff until noon on Memorial Day, at which point it is raised to the top. In 2000, Congress passed a resolution that at 3 PM all Americans should pause for the National Moment of Remembrance. Parades are held in several cities with many military personnel and veterans participating and organizing the events. Since the day is at the end of May many Americans use it as signal that the vacation season is starting. Thousands of Jewish soldiers, sailors, marines and airmen have given their lives in defense of the United States since the Revolutionary War. The Cemetery for Hebrew Confederate Soldiers in Richmond, Virginia, is one of only two Jewish military cemeteries in the world outside of Israel. Dozens of Jew-

ish Confederate soldiers are buried there while many other Jewish Confederates were buried by their families in their respective hometown. Many Jewish veterans take time out

“Let no neglect, no ravages of time, testify to the present or to the coming generations that we have forgotten as a people the cost of a free and undivided republic.”

on Memorial Day to find the graves of these fallen soldiers and place flags by the headstones. In the past, certain shuls read

Shelly’s

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the names of their members who were killed in battle during the Shabbos prior to Memorial Day (presumably this was a Keil Maleh for those whose Yartzeits are un-

Shop

known). Other shuls had a kiddush sponsored in the memory of the fallen soldiers, usually paid for by the local Jewish War Veterans chapter,

on this particular Shabbos. In more recent years these practices have become less commonplace. When Memorial Day coincides with the second day of Shavuos some shuls include the names of those killed in battle during Yizkor. In Logan’s 1868 order he writes, “We should guard their graves with sacred vigilance... Let pleasant paths invite the coming and going of reverent visitors and fond mourners. Let no neglect, no ravages of time, testify to the present or to the coming generations that we have forgotten as a people the cost of a free and undivided republic.” Memorial Day should be a remembrance for those who made ultimate sacrifice for our freedom.

Avi Heiligman is a weekly contributor to The Jewish Home. He welcomes your comments and suggestions for future columns and can be reached at aviheiligman@gmail.com.

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Biz Wiz

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THE BALTIMORE JEWISH HOME

MAY 24, 2018

Hey Kid… Get a Job! By Azi Rosenblum

According to the US Department of Labor, in the late ‘80s (when the year started with 19) nearly 70% of teenagers had summer jobs. In the summer of 2017, it was closer to 40%. Hmmm, I think that’s terrible, so if you are a teenager or legally responsible for one, here are a few reasons I think you should consider making a summer job part of your plans. Money: Before I lose the teens, let’s talk about earning a few Shekels. Want to know the secret to making $20 feel like more and last much longer? Earn it yourself. Everyone loves getting a few bucks from Grandma or Grandpa but there is something extraordinarily special about that paycheck. I still remember hanging on to all my summer paychecks one summer and depositing them all at once, a little trick I learned from my good buddy and now financial advisor (go figure) Eitan. It drove our boss cra-

zy because we hung on to the checks all summer but that deposit… it felt like depositing a Publisher’s Clearing House check. Earning your own money helps you appreciate the value of it. This is a skill you want for yourself and for your kids… believe me. Don’t knock it till you try it. Responsibility: Teens are constantly being told about things they are responsible for and required to do, and then they promptly don’t do them. Not because they are bad, but because they are teenagers. However, something amazing happens when the teenager chooses to enter a situation where they elected to take on responsibilities or have personally invested in something (example: regularly forgetting to do a chore vs. reminding you 100 times that you said they could have/do something). Having a boss that expects you to be on time, docks your pay if you arrive late and has ex-

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pectations is an important opportunity for a young person to develop a work ethic, an understanding of real life cause and effect, and some important character traits that will serve them far beyond their days of serving pizza or cutting lawns. I still remember rollerblading to BJSZ for minyan, learning a bit, and then going to work during the summers, which shocked me as much as anyone else because I was not exactly Mr. Minyan in my youth, but there was just something about that routine change and the “choice” to do what I was doing that put me in a different mode. Humility: Let’s face it, summer jobs for teens are not (and should not be) the most glorious, but they can be fun and fulfilling. Cleaning tables, washing dishes, serving customers and doing what you are told to do, even when it seems unfair or unnecessary is a valuable experience in character building. Along with lifeguarding and a few other little jobs, I spent a few of my summers in Tov Pizza. At Tov, one of the many catchphrases that remain with me today (some not for print) is, “Got time to lean? Got time to clean!” I still remember a quiet Monday when I was caught leaning on the trashcan up front - my gift from Marc Rosenblum was scrubbing down the vestibule before his nap was over! I can’t say I looked forward to my peers seeing me mopping spills and wiping down tables at first, but with time I developed a certain confidence about it and did it with pride because it was my job and I was going to do it well,

no matter what jokes came my way. So, bottom line: summer camp is awesome (I did that too) and “time off” is also a necessary part of life, but if you can find at least a chunk of the summer and dedicate it to earning a few bucks and a lifetime of character and skills, do it! The opportunity to interact with people of different ages, cultures, and demographics is eye opening and educational as well. Especially today, with measurable declines in teenage employment, an experience like this one can not only be fun and productive, but it can also help you gain an advantage on the folks you will one day be competing with for a job, so if you are not motivated by money or character development, do it because it will make you more competitive! The money and character development are included anyway! Azi Rosenblum is a business consultant and the founder and CEO of RemSource, an outsourced provider of administrative and bookkeeping services for small businesses. To suggest a topic or ask a question for a future #BizWiz column, email BizWiz@ baltimorejewishhome.com. Azi Rosenblum is a business consultant and the founder and CEO of RemSource, an outsourced provider of administrative and bookkeeping services for small businesses. To suggest a topic or ask a question for a future #BizWiz column, email BizWiz@ baltimorejewishhome.com.


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Mental Health Corner

“I’m Fine” By Rabbi Azriel Hauptman

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You have probably heard “I’m fine” countless times from people who were anything but fine. People who need help often refuse to accept it and even when they are compelled to accept help they are often ashamed to admit it. This is especially true in mental health where very often many years go by before someone is willing to see a therapist. Why are people so unwilling to admit that they need help? What are we afraid of? A beautiful insight from Rabbi Yitzchak Hutner Zt”l (Pachad Yitzchak, Chanukah, 2:5) sheds light on this aspect of human nature. Rav Hutner points out that the Hebrew word “modeh” has two seemingly unrelated meanings. On the one hand, it means to offer thanks. But it can also mean to admit or confess. When someone receives a favor from his friend and thanks him, we say that he is being modeh. When someone is accused of a crime and confesses, we also say that he is being modeh. What is the connection between these two meanings? Rav Hutner explains that human beings have an intense desire to be independent. When a person thanks someone else for a favor that was received, he is admitting defeat and confessing that at least this time he has failed to be independent and was com-

pelled to accept help from someone else. Therefore, modeh means both thanking and confessing, since within every expression of thanksgiving is a confession that he has failed this time in his attempt at independence. When someone sees a therapist, he is recognizing that his emotional health is something that he cannot manage on his own. We often view our emotions as the essence of who we are, so admitting that we have failed at achieving independence in this area is truly challenging. There are virtually no bad character traits. There are just proper and improper applications of those traits. Seeking independence is a perfect example. Working towards self-sufficiency is a virtue that the Torah values very highly. However, when that independence is self-defeating then the right thing to do is to be “modeh” that you need help. You are not a failure of a human being. Rather, you are acting courageously by overcoming the stigma of seeking help and accepting help when necessary. This is a service of Relief Resources. Relief is an organization that provides mental health referrals, education, and support to the frum community. Rabbi Yisrael Slansky is director of the Baltimore branch of Relief. He can be contacted at 410-448-8356 or at yslansky@reliefhelp.org


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Bernie Sanders and the Broken Window By Rafi Metz

I B A LT I M O R E J E W I S H H O M E . C O M

MAY 17, 2018 The Jewish HomeHome OCTOBER 29,| 2015 | The Jewish

n what surely must be a harbinger of another presidential run in 2020, Senator Bernie Sanders (D-Vermont) has offered one of the most audacious proposals from any politician yet in recent U.S. history. His plan is for the federal government to offer a $15-an-hour job (with benefits) to anyone who wants one. Of course, neither Bernie Sanders nor any of his closest colleagues can account for how this colossal program will be paid, or even its exact costs; estimates range from $1-2 trillion a year. This proposal would compound the fact that the federal debt has exceeded $20 trillion, and the $200+ trillion in unfunded liabilities from Social Security, Medicare and Medicaid. Now assume for a moment – for the sake of argument – that our country wasn’t encumbered by excessive debt and trillions of dollars in unfunded liabilities and that hypothetically, we can financially afford Sanders’ proposal. If we approach it strictly from an economic point of view – as

opposed to a financial point of view – it becomes clearly manifest that his proposal is economic folly; a mere resurrection of an old, recycled, and debunked version of Keynesian economics. This shall be demonstrated by way of a parable. The story is told of a boy who inadvertently breaks the glass window of a grocery store. People from the town gathered around the store to survey the situation, and concluded that despite the broken glass, the boy had done an economic service for the community: the grocery owner now must pay the glazier $50 to replace his window. The glazier will then spend that $50 elsewhere; and that will be, no doubt, a boom to the economy. “For after all,” the townspeople argue, “what would happen to glaziers if windows were never broken?” Of course, this little scenario which I have presented is not my own; it was first presented by the French economist Frederic Bastiat in 1850 in his famous essay, “That Which is Seen and That Which is Not Seen: The

Unintended Consequences of Government Spending.”1 The purpose of the essay was to drive home the point that economic policies must not only be considered in their short-term effects, but in their long-term effects too. A particular policy may have a good appearance at first sight – that is what is seen – but in the long-run, what is not seen, can be very detrimental to the economy. A classic example of this, though not mentioned in Bastiat’s essay, is the case of inflation.2 When the government embarks on an inflationary policy, the short-term consequences are positive – everyone has more money – that is what’s seen. However, the long-term consequences are negative: when the quantity of money exceeds the rate of production, the cost of everything doubles –and that is what’s not seen. Of course everyone sees that prices have doubled; but most people, unknowledgeable in economics, never make the long-run connection between inflation and increased prices. These long-term con-

sequences are negative, and much harder to see. The recovery process from inflation is just the opposite: the initial consequences are negative and the long-term consequences are positive; that is why it has always been politically unpopular to fight inflation, because it is immediately followed by a short recession, and then only in the long-term, economic prosperity. But the point here is clear: we must not only account for the short-term effects of a policy, but its long-term effects as well. Now let us return to the story of the broken window. As mentioned earlier, from our artificial evaluation, it seems as a benefit to the glazier, for he is $50 richer. He will undoubtedly spend the $50 on all types of goods spurring consumer spending, and in short, everyone benefits in some way from that money. Many jobs will be created as a result: from jobs in the glass industry to jobs in the installation process of the store’s new glass window. All of this is what’s seen.


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ity redistribute it. As the saying goes, “You can’t multiply wealth by dividing it.” So even though the short-term effects of public works programs seem positive, in the long run, the artificial gains in the public sector are heavily outweighed by the losses in the private sector.

As the saying goes, “You can’t multiply wealth by dividing it.”

for the economy because of all the jobs that will be created, we ought to take this to its logical conclusion. That is, we ought to break every window, destroy every house, demolish every building, and completely dismantle our infrastructure: roads, sidewalks, train tracks, electrical lines, bridges, tunnels and so on, and we would have the entire country employed! In fact, while we’re at it, we might as well abolish the railroad, automobiles, trucks, airplanes, washers and dryers, electrical stoves and ovens, computers and cell phones and revert back to the ancient methods of doing things and, like Bastiat’s proposal, we would have the entire country employed! The truth is that economics isn’t about creating jobs; it is about creating goods and services, i.e. wealth. Wealth creation is the ultimate goal. Jobs are simply a means to that end. We forward economic progress when creating the greatest amount of wealth with the least amount of resources, whether they are human, capital, or land resources. If building

1. Bastiat, F. (2006). That Which is Seen and That Which is Not Seen: The Unintended Consequences of Government Spending. “The Broken Window.” Waking Lion Press. Originally published in 1850. 2. See Friedman, M., & Friedman, R. D. (1990). Free to Choose: A Personal Statement. “The Cure for Inflation.” San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. 3. For more information on this topic, see Hazlitt, H. (1979). Economics In One Lesson. New York: Three Rivers Press. 4. Bastiat, F. ibid. “Public Works”. See also Mises, L. V. (2012). Human Action: A Treatise on Economics. Martino Publishing. Originally published in 1949. 5. Krugman, P. (2001, September 14). Reckonings; After The Horror. The New York Times. Retrieved from https://www. nytimes.com/2001/09/14/opinion/reckonings-after-the-horror.html.

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economy. Just as the gain in purchasing power for the glazier corresponds exactly to a reduction in purchasing power for the shopkeeper, the gain in purchasing power for the public sector corresponds exactly to a reduction in purchasing power for the private sector. In both of these scenarios, not only has nothing been “created” there is a net loss to the economy in its entirety. Now, it’s entirely understandable why the general public supports public-works programs, because it really does give the façade that jobs have been created. But no sane person – at least today, given how much economics has developed over the past 200 years – could actually believe that destroying things is a net positive for the economy, right? Wrong! Paul Krugman, one of the most famous economists in the U.S. who is still a Keynesian, despite Keynesianism having long been debunked hundreds of times, still believes in the broken window fallacy. Only days after 9/11, Krugman argued in the New York

an average bridge fifty years ago required 1,000 workers and now thanks to new technological advancements it only requires 500 workers, that is a net gain to the economy. That means that the other 500 workers can be used elsewhere in the economy, producing additional goods and services, augmenting the aggregate wealth of society. If, though, jobs are an end and not a means to an end, there is surely a more simple way to realize “full employment,” and we need not concern ourselves with job losses ever again: either destroy our entire infrastructure system, or have half the nation dig holes and the other half fill them up! Every man and woman from the civilian working population would have jobs, and we not to be concerned about those pesky unemployment numbers again: 100 percent employment, 0 percent unemployment! I will conclude with the following. President Franklin D. Roosevelt tried on a grand scale massive public works programs more than 75 years ago with his New Deal program. His Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau Jr. later admitted, “We’re spending more than ever, and it doesn’t work…I say after eight years of this Administration we have just as much unemployment as when we started – and an enormous debt to boot!”

MAY 24, 2018

Now let’s circle back to Sander’s proposal. The reason why his proposal is sheer economic folly is the same reason why it’s preposterous to think that breaking things is a net gain to the economy, or that public works programs “create” jobs. Both scenarios demonstrate the economic principle that an artificial gain in purchasing power in one sector of the economy –either via government spending or breaking things – corresponds exactly to a reduction in purchasing power in another sector of the

Times that the economy will get a boost because of the jobs “created” to rebuild the Towers. In relevant part, he wrote: It seems almost in bad taste to talk about dollars and cents after an act of mass murder. Nonetheless, we must ask about the economic aftershocks from Tuesday’s horror…These aftershocks need not be major. Ghastly as it may seem to say this, the terror attack – like the original day of infamy, which brought an end to the Great Depression – could even do some economic good. But there are already ominous indications that some will see this tragedy not as an occasion for true national unity, but as an opportunity for political profiteering.5 If you believe, as Krugman does, that destroying things is a net gain

THE BALTIMORE JEWISH HOME

What we overlook is the unseen shoemaker, from whom the store owner could have, in the absence of a broken window, purchased new shoes, thereby augmenting the total wealth of society. Paying the glazier for a new window hasn’t created wealth in any economic sense of the word; wealth was destroyed and must be re-created, resulting in a misallocation of labor and capital. While there are new jobs in the short-run, since they must be diverted to re-create wealth that once existed and not additional wealth, society is economically poorer in the long run.3 Another example that Bastiat presents is the scenario of public works programs. 4 Suppose that the government hires 1,500 workers to build a bridge, at a cost of $1 million. What is seen are workers with jobs, and their wages and salaries. However, what is not seen here is that in order for the government to procure the money for the bridge and pay the workers their wages and salaries, it must first tax $1 million out of the private sector; obviously money isn’t created from nothing. It must also reallocate 1,500 workers from the private to public sector. In other words, the gains in the public sector correspond with a direct loss of jobs in the private sector. There is the unseen fact that the money could have been used in the private sector to create more jobs, or raise wages and salaries, or invest, or to simply create more wealth. Instead, human and financial resources have been diverted to some spurious public works project to “create” jobs, except that nothing has been created. This is bona-fide wealth redistribution. Money that is used in the public sector comes from the private sector by default since the government has no money of its own other than what it raises through taxation and borrowing. The same is true of labor: government has no workers of its own other than what it diverts from the private economy. The aggregate result of increased tax rates on the private sector is a reduction in jobs, working hours or wages, a decline in production, and worst of all, higher prices on consumer goods and services which financially incapacitate the poor in the severest form. In other words, they inhibit the creation of real wealth and in actual-


The Jewish Home | OCTOBER 29, 2015

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1

My Israel Home

MAY 24, 2018

A Voice Among the Silent

THE BALTIMORE JEWISH HOME

By Gedaliah Borvick

McDonald attending a conference about fundraising for the State of Israel

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M

any streets across Israel are named in memory of righteous gentiles who were sympathetic to the plight of Jews and stood up to anti-Semitism or supported the establishment of the State of Israel. Some streets are named for world leaders who supported the creation of a Jewish homeland, such as Czechoslovakian President Tomas Masaryk, South African Prime Minister Jan Smuts, and British Prime Minister David Lloyd George. Other streets are named for individuals from the private sector, most notably Oskar Schindler, who saved 1,200 Jews from the Nazis by employing them in his factories. His activities were chronicled in the novel Schindler’s Ark and the subsequent film adaptation Schindler’s List. Several streets are named for government employees and diplomats who risked their jobs and their families’ lives during World War II to help Jews escape the Nazis. Such people include Japanese diplomat Chiune Sempo

McDonald with Prime Minister Ben Gurion

Sugihara, who was based in Kovno, Lithuania, and helped approximately 6,000 Jews flee Europe by issuing transit visas; Carl Lutz, a Swiss diplomat based in Budapest, Hungary, who is credited with saving over 60,000 Jews, the largest rescue operation of World War II; and Raoul Wallenberg, Sweden’s special envoy in Budapest, Hungary, during the later stages of World War II, who similarly saved tens of thousands of Jews. I recently attended the screening of a fascinating documentary called “A Voice Among the Silent: The Legacy of James G. McDonald.” Let’s focus on this hero who was honored by the city of Netanya with a street named after him in recognition of his lifelong advocacy of the Jews. In 1933, McDonald was appointed the League of Nations’ High Commissioner for Refugees from Germany. McDonald quickly became aware of the German Jews’ plight and informed President Roosevelt of Hitler’s open threats to destroy the Jews. Unfortunately, his clarion call failed to sway

With President Roosevelt

Roosevelt and his policies toward Germany. Roosevelt was not alone in ignoring McDonald’s protestations, as many world leaders turned a blind eye to his alarming predictions regarding the impending demise of German’s Jews. McDonald dejectedly resigned from his post in 1935 to protest the international community’s indifference to the plight of German Jewry. In 1938, McDonald was appointed chairman of a new commission called the President’s Advisory Committee on Political Refugees. Again, Roosevelt paid him lip service but did not heed McDonald’s advice. Despite FDR’s strict immigration policy, McDonald was able to bring 2,000 Jewish refugees into the United States on the eve of the Holocaust. After the war, McDonald served on the Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry on Palestine and, in that role, he pressured the British to open then-Palestine to Holocaust survivors. Upon the establishment of the State of Israel, President Truman picked McDonald to serve as the United States’

first ambassador to the nascent state, where he continued advocating for the Jewish people. One little known but major example: McDonald played an important role in helping Israel retain possession of the Negev when the British, trying to protect its interests in the Suez Canal, attempted to wrestle control of the large southern region from Israel to Trans-Jordan. The street in Netanya which is named after this modern-day hero houses a synagogue which the community has amusingly renamed “McDonald’s.” Notwithstanding the gentle humor, it is fitting that a house of prayer bears his name, as McDonald was a brave voice of moral clarity and ethical principles during history’s darkest hour.

Gedaliah Borvick is the founder of My Israel Home (www.myisraelhome.com), a real estate agency focused on helping people from abroad buy and sell homes in Israel. To sign up for his monthly market updates, contact him at gborvick@gmail.com.


The Jewish Home | OCTOBER 29, 2015

15

69

Your

Money

By Allan Rolnick, CPA

THE BALTIMORE JEWISH HOME

Have You Taxed a Ford Lately?

MAY 24, 2018

O

So, shutting down production is a big, big deal. But we’re not here to talk about the downsides of just-in-time manufacturing, cascading supply chain failures, or black swan events. We want to know what the IRS and

duction of that quaint product we used to call “cars” (other than the iconic Mustang) in favor of trucks and SUVs. Ford has already sold 300,000 F-150s this year, at an average profit of $10,000. One Wall Street analyst

Losing just one week of F-150 sales could cost the company $175 million in profits.

other tax collectors think about this sort of manufacturing mishap! Ford has already laid off 7,600 employees. Idled employees will qualify for unemployment insurance benefits, which are taxable because they replace wages that would have been taxable. The United Auto Workers also provides members with taxable supplemental pay after a certain point. So the IRS likely won’t see much loss on the employee side. What about Ford itself? The company recently decided to scrap pro-

recently calculated the “enterprise value” of Ford’s truck business at $20 per share. That’s a neat trick, considering the whole company’s stock is just $11 per share. Right now, Ford has an 84-day supply of trucks waiting for buyers. But Meridian says it could take 120 days to get their plant back to normal. You don’t have to be a math major to see the problem. Losing just one week of F-150 sales could cost the company $175 million in profits. And that, in turn, suggests that with the current

corporate rate at 21%, the IRS could miss out on over $35 million in tax. Or would it really? It turns out that Ford is carrying billions of dollars in net operating losses on their books. They use those losses from previous years to offset their current income. In 2013, they even paid their CEO more than they paid the IRS. (Alan Mulalley took home $23.2 million, and Ford snagged a $19 million refund.) So if the factory fire really does cost Ford millions, the tax hit may not show up in Uncle Sam’s pocket for years. Nobody plans on a freak accident taking out production of a key part. That’s why you buy insurance. But there’s nothing unexpected or surprising about tax bills. You know the IRS wants a share of your production. Make sure you have a plan for that, and be sure to keep a fire extinguisher handy!

Allan J Rolnick is a CPA who has been in practice for over 30 years in Queens, NY. He welcomes your comments and can be reached at 718-896-8715 or at allanjrcpa@aol.com.

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n May 2, fire broke out at the Meridian Magnesium Products of America plant in Eaton Rapids, Michigan. The factory supplies components to Audi, BMW, Daimler, Fiat, GM, Tesla, Jaguar and Mercedes. But their most important product may be the die-cut radiator “front bolster” supports in Ford’s F-150 pickup. Workers pressure-feed molten magnesium into a mold, then rapidly cool it like Jell-O. And Meridian is the only factory that does it. No bolster, no truck. The fire has forced Ford to shut down production of the truck completely while they scramble to come up with the part. The F-150 may look like just another pickup truck rumbling down America’s fast-crumbling roads. It’s not. It’s been the best-selling vehicle in the entire country since M.A.S.H was on primetime and the most profitable vehicle of all time. The average truck sells for $47,000 and you can pay north of $70,000 for a fully-loaded Limited SuperCrew model. Celebrity drivers include Walmart founder Sam Walton and actors John Goodman and Dwayne “the Rock” Johnson.


70

Gluten Free Recipe Column by Mrs. Elaine Bodenheimer

MAY 24, 2018

GlutenFree@BaltimoreJewishHome.com

THE BALTIMORE JEWISH HOME

Cherry Banana Muffins (Kudos to Valerie Bertinelli from the Food Network)

What You Will Need:

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12 oz. frozen pitted cherries, thawed and well-drained 3 very ripe bananas ½ tsp. vanilla 4 large eggs Confectioner’s sugar for dusting

Preparation: 1. Pre-heat oven to 375 degrees. Spray a 12-cup muffin tin with oil spray. 2. Dry out the defrosted cherries with a paper towel. 3. Put the bananas in a large bowl and mash them very thoroughly with a fork. Add vanilla and mix and mash to combine. Add the eggs and whisk until well-beaten. 4. Divide the cherries evenly among the muffin cups, then pour in the banana mixture until each cup is about three-quarters full. Mix the contents of each cup around a bit. Bake until the muffins are set- about 15 minutes. 5. Run a thin knife around the edge of each muffin and remove with a small offset spatula. Cool. Dust with confectioner’s sugar before serving


71

In The K

tchen

Summer Chicken Salad

Ingredients Salad

MAY 24, 2018

By Naomi Nachman

THE BALTIMORE JEWISH HOME

stop in and pick up your CHICKEN today!

1 box Manischewitz vegetable broth 1 lb. chicken cutlets 1 peach, cubed 1 cup blueberries 4 cups arugula ½ cup honey glazed pecans, crushed

Dressing ½ small red onion 1 tsp. salt 1 Dijon mustard 4 TBS balsamic vinegar ½ cup honey 1 tsp. poppy seeds ½ cup olive oil

Preparation

Naomi Nachman, the owner of The Aussie Gourmet, caters weekly and Shabbat/ Yom Tov meals for families and individuals within The Five Towns and neighboring communities, with a specialty in Pesach catering. Naomi is a contributing editor to this paper and also produces and hosts her own weekly radio show on the Nachum Segal Network stream called “A Table for Two with Naomi Nachman.” Naomi gives cooking presentations for organizations and private groups throughout the New York/New Jersey Metropolitan area. In addition, Naomi has been a guest host on the QVC TV network and has been featured in cookbooks, magazines as well as other media covering topics related to cuisine preparation and personal chefs. To obtain additional recipes, join The Aussie Gourmet on Facebook or visit Naomi’s blog. Naomi can be reached through her website, www.theaussiegourmet.com or at (516) 295-9669.

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In a 4 quart pot on high heat bring the broth to a boil. Add the chicken and lower to a simmer. Cook for 20 minutes until the chicken is no longer pink in the center. Remove chicken from heat and cool. Once cool, slice into small, bitesize pieces. Prepare the dressing: Place the onion in a food processor with the “S” blade and chop until ive oil and blend with the onion for 10 seconds. While the machine is running, pour the oil in a slow and steady stream into the mixture. This will help emulsify the dressing (thicken) and stop it from separating. Toss all the salad ingredients together in a bowl, including the chicken. Drizzle with dressing right before serving.


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