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RETREAT OF 'THE PEACE AND SECURITY COUNCIL OF THE AFRICAN UNION MASERU, LESOTHO 22 -23 FEBRUARY 2014
Maseru Conclusions on Enhancing;the Im~lementationof the Livingstone Formula for Interaction between the Peace and Securitv Council and Civil Society Organisations in the Promotion of Peace, Securitv and Stabilitv in Africa
Maseru Conclusions on Enhancing the lmplementation of the Livingstone Formula for lnteraction between the Peace and Security Council and Civil Society Organisations in the Promotion of Peace, Security and Stability i n Africa
The Peace and Security Council (PSC) of the African Union (AU) held its sixth Retreat in
Maseru, the IKingdom of Lesotho, from 22 to 23 February 2014, under the theme Progress, Challenges and Opportunities i n the Implementation of the Livingstone Formula for lnteraction between t h e PSC and Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) i n the Promotion of Peace, Security and Stability in Africa. The Retreat was convened, pursuant to Article 20 of the Protocol Relating to the Establishment of the Peace and Security Council of the African Union.
The Retreat provided an opportunity to review the implementation of the Livingston
Fot-mula over the last 5 years since 2008, and focused on ways and means t o enhance implementation of the Formula. During its deliberation, the Retreat benefited from the Outcome of the Civil Society Organizations Consultative Forum, held in Maseru, on 2 1 February 2014. II.
The Retreat reached the following conclusions on enhancing the implementation of the
Livingstone Formula: A.
Principles aimed at facilitating CSOs interaction w i t h the PSC
The PSC reaffirmed the coordinating role of the Peace and Security Cluster of the
Economic, Social and Cultural Council (ECOSOCC) in the interaction between the PSC and CSOs and stressed the need t o mobilize the CSOs in establishing a culture of cooperation in promoting peace, security and stability in Africa. In this regard, the process for enhancing the implementation of the Livingstone Formula shall be guided by the following principles:
(a) ECOSOCC Statutes
PSC's re-affirmation of the provisions of the Statutes of the Economic, Social and Cultural Council (ECOSOCC) of the African Union relating t o CSOs. (b) Constructive Engagement The shal-ed ultimate goal embedded in the framework o f APSA, of which the PSC is the central p~llar,i s t o build a conflict-free Africa. In this context, the PSC shall pursue a constructive engagement in the effort t o tap inputs from CSOs into its work.
(c) Relevance Part~c~patron o f CSOs rn t h e work of the PSC shall be on the ,basis o f their expertise, record and capac~tyt o make relevant contributions t o enable the PSC take well-cons~dereddecisions for the prevention, management and resolution of conflicts in Africa. The CSOs relevance and contribution
t o peace and securlty in the continent shall be recognized and encouraged. (d) Flexibility The PSC may decide t o engage African CSOs and determine their active participation on a regular basis for effective pursuit o f its efforts for conflict prevention, management and resolution. In this regard, given t h e fact that in the past five years there has been little interaction between the PSC and CSOs as envisaged, there is need for a flexible application o f some o f the requirement for the CSOs participation, in order t o facilitate as a transitional measure, a dynamic implementation o f article 20 of the PSC Protocol. (e) Remedy t o t h e Institutional weakness o f ECOSOCC There i s urgent need t o effectively address the factors that have hindered ECOSSOCC from fulfilling its mandate of facilitating interaction between the PSC and CSOs.
Furthermore, t h e following elements shall underpin t h e tapping o f CSOs inputs into the
worl< of the PSC: Shared objective t o achieve a conflict-free Africa; Application o f conflict-specific interaction; Quarterly briefings t o the PSC with an early warning focus; CSOs t o be invited, when appropriate, as Observers t o monthly PSC briefings t o the AU Permanent Representatives Committee (PRC); Data base o n CSOs mapping and selection of credible, effective and capable CSOs t o add value t o t h e work of the PSC; Trust and mutual confidence. B.
Modalities f o r Interaction
The PSC agreed t o hold annual meetings with the Peace and Security Cluster o f ECOSOCC in
its consultative role, starting f r o m December 2014, in accordance with its Annual Work Plan from 2014. Furthermore, the PSC agreed t o hold a meeting at least once a year, preferably before the last quarter of each year, with the aim o f consolidating inputs provided by CSOs for consideration by the PSC before the finalization o f t h e Report o f the Peace and Security Council on its Activities
and the State o f Peace and Security in Africa t o be submitted t o the Ordinary Session o f the Asscrrlbly of the African Union.
With regard t o the annual consultative meeting, the PSC agreed that: .The Chairperson o f .the PSC, 'in consultation^ with sother Members-of.the .PEL, ,as 'well as
with t h e African Union Commission, shall facilitate t h e convening o f the annual consultative meeting with CSOs. In this context, t h e PSC Secretariat should establish and maintain a databank of CSOs, t o be approve by t h e PSC, that are credible, active and effective in the -field of peace and security. The PSC Secretariat should, on t h e occasion of t h e annual consultative meeting, receive
inputs from t h e CSOs, through the Secretariat o f ECOSOCC and the Citizens and Diaspora Organizations Directorate (CIDO),
t o be considered for inclusion in the
Report of t h e Peace and Security Council on its Activities and the State of Peace and Security in Africa. C.
Modalities for enhancing t h e implementation of t h e Livingstone Formula
The following are t h e modalities for operationalizing t h e provisions o f the Livingstone
Formula: (a) Conflict Prevention (Early Warning) I.
Given the imperative of prioritizing the focus on conflict prevention, as part o f their activities in early warning and situation analysis, CSOs are encouraged t o undertake a review of potential risks o f conflict and violence in AU Member States and identify areas of intervention for prevention and advise t h e PSC accordingly, through its (PSC) Secretariat.
The PSC agreed t o dedicate at least a session on a quarterly basis t o undertake a thorough assessment of the trends and dynamics of peace, security and stability in Africa, in which relevant CSOs, in collaboration with t h e relevant Departments o f t h e African Union Commission, submit findings of their research on potential risks of conflict, instability and violence.
(b) Contribution t o t h e deliberations of t h e PSC o n issues under consideration I.
CSOs that work closely on the promotion of peace, security and stability, including those proposing policy options on existing and emerging peace and security issues on the continent, are encouraged t o enrich the deliberations of the PSC on issues under consideration, through briefings during t h e open sessions of the PSC.
The Chairperson of the PSC shall, t o this effect where deemed necessary, shall extend invitations t o the relevant CSOs. Page 3
(c) Peacemaking and Mediation .In order t o gemsable CSOs to assist and provide advice o n ;and ,suppoct.for .pe:acemaking and mediation processes, revision of opportunities for engaging and interacting with relevant CSOs may, where deemed necessary, form part o f the working methods of peacemaking and mediation efforts of AU Special Envoys/ Representatives in the execution of their work. (d) Training Building on the best practice, the PSC Secretariat is encouraged t o collaborate with CSOs that track and study the work of the PSC. In this regard, relevant CSOs, research centres and academic institutions may contribute, as appropriate, t o the induction of newly elected members of the Council so as t o update them on the issues that are on the agenda of the PSC and on institutional developments regarding working methods, modalities of collaboration and interaction with other organs of the AU and organizations with direct influence on issues on the agenda of the PSC. (e) Advocacy/publicity of the work of the PSC For CSOs t o effectively play their role in monitoring the implementation of PSC decisions, including through providing independent evaluation reports and briefs, and in publicizing PSC decisions and activities as envisaged in the Livingstone Formula: I.
The Chairperson of the PSC is encouraged t o collaborate with the relevant CSOs in public forums specifically designed for publicizing the work of the PSC in the discharge of its mandate.
CSOs undertaking research and publication on the work o f the PSC should seek, as a matter of good practice and in the spirit o f objectivity, the views of members
o f the PSC and the PSC Secretariat before publishing reports or findings on the work of the PSC. ... 111.
CIDO, in close collaboration with the Peace and Security Cluster and Political Affairs Cluster of ECOSOCC, as well as with the PSC Secretariat, shall develop a database of CSOs working on peace and security issues. Such a databank will assist the PSC Secretariat t o widely circulate the monthly Programme of Work and decisions of the PSC, as well as other relevant documents of the PSC.
Mechanisms for interaction between the PSC and CSOs In order t o achieve effective implementation of Article 20 of the PSC Protocol through a .more institutionalized 'and ,systematic implement,ation o f t.he ,Livingstone .Formula., the following mechanisms shall be applied: (a) Monthly Chairperson of the PSC
The monthly Chairperson of the PSC, in consultation with other Council members, may determine the session of the month during which inputs of relevant CSOs are sought and canvassed.
The monthly Chairperson of the PSC, in consultation with the other Council members, may, upon their request, invite CSOs a) to provide information to PSC field missions and AU fact finding missions and
b) to form part of such field
missions as observers and at their own cost, as provided for in the Livingstone Formula. (b) PSC Secretariat I.
The PSC Secretariat may, upon request, receive submissions from CSOs, based on the approved databank, for consideration in the preparation of reports and briefings t o the meetings of the PSC as envisaged in the Livingstone Formula.
The PSC Secretariat is encouraged to collaborate with CSOs which deal with peace and security issues, to keep an AU Commission-established register of CSOs relevant to all the various aspects of the mandate of the PSC as articulated in the PSC Protocol.
(c) ECOSOCC Secretariat I.
The Citizens and Diaspora Organizations Directorate (CIDO) of the African Union Cornmission, in its capacity as the Secretariat of ECOSOCC, should take necessary steps t o facilitate the active participation of CSOs whose activities contribute t o the promotion of peace, security and stability in Africa in support of the work of the PSC.
The PSC Secretariat and ClDO should enhance their collaboration and further strengthen their coordination with the aim of consolidating the engagement of CSOs with the PSC.
Vote of Thanks
The P5C adopted a Vote of Thanks delivered by H.E. M r . Mull S. Katende, Ambassador and
Permanent Representative of the Republrc of Uganda to the African Unron, addressed to His Majesty Krng Letsre I l l , the Right Honorable Prime Min~ster,the Government and the people of the I(1ngdorn of Lesotho, for hosting the PSC Retreat and for the warm welcome and hospitality accorded to rts members and t o those of the African Union Commission.