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LONDON - 2010

CITY CLUSTERS ST. PAUL’S

CANARY WHARF TOWER OF LONDON

PALACE OF WESTMINSTER

BATTERSEA POWER STATION GREENWICH ROYAL OBSERVATORY

HISTORIC LANDMARK

TALL BUILDING CLUSTER


LONDON - 2016 • 75 residential buildings over 20 storeys under construction

CITY FRINGE CLUSTERS

• Additional 145 are approved CITY CLUSTERS

CANARY WHARF

ST. PAUL’S

PALACE OF WESTMINSTER

TOWER OF LONDON

WOOD WHARF

SOUTHWARK GREENWICH

BATTERSEA POWER STATION GREENWICH ROYAL OBSERVATORY NINE ELMS / VAUXHALL CLUSTER

HISTORIC LANDMARK

TALL BUILDING CLUSTER

EMERGING TALL BUILDING CLUSTER

REDEVELOPMENT AREA


LONDON - AS OF 2013 • New residential in UK required to meet zero carbon standards. • To comply, a new scheme must achieve a 44% reduction on the carbon emissions rate over a target notional building of the same size, shape and area.

Aim: To future-proof the energy efficiency of dwellings over their whole life by limiting heat losses across the building envelope. Impact: Increasingly difficult for traditional curtain wall design to comply with code and meet market demands. HISTORIC LANDMARK

TALL BUILDING CLUSTER

EMERGING TALL BUILDING CLUSTER

REDEVELOPMENT AREA


LONDON - TWO KPF CASE STUDIES

CITY CLUSTERS OFFICE OFFICE CANARY WHARF

WOOD WHARF RESIDENTIAL

NINE ELMS / VAUXHALL CLUSTER RESIDENTIAL

HISTORIC LANDMARK

TALL BUILDING CLUSTER

EMERGING TALL BUILDING CLUSTER

REDEVELOPMENT AREA

KPF SITE


VIEW EAST TO THE CITY Glass enclosed Offices


VIEW WEST TO NINE ELMS / VAUXHALL

TWO TOWERS: - 58 FLOORS/ 203M ONE NINE ELMS - 43 FLOORS/ 164M


ONE NINE ELMS Scale and Materiality - Long Distance Views

BREAK DOWN MASSING ONE NINE ELMS

MATERIALS THAT REFLECT LIGHT AND GIVE CLARITY TO A 2-TOWER SCHEME

LAYERS AND DEPTH


ONE NINE ELMS Scale and Materiality - Local Views

STONE AND TEXTURE

MODULATION OF THE FACADE


VISUAL MOCKUP


VISUAL MOCKUP


VISUAL MOCKUP


RESIDENTIAL CODE COMPLIANCE

TO COMPLY WITH CODE (SAP):

is pushing standard curtainwall design to the limit MINIMIZE GLAZING, EXCEPT SOUTH FACING Performance Criteria  he Standard Assessment T Procedure (SAP):

MAXIMIZE OPAQUE INSULATED VERTICALS

The focus on cladding compliance becomes: • heat loss; and • air tightness with the average U-value of the wall targeted at 1.0W/m²K (metric).

X MAXIMIZE INSULATED SPANDREL

MINIMIZE THE NUMBER OF MULLIONS


RESIDENTIAL CODE COMPLIANCE is pushing standard curtainwall design to the limit

Contradicting Criteria Daylighting requirements generate wider glazed panels.

TO SATISFY DAYLIGHTING, VENTILATION AND DEVELOPERS: MAXIMIZE MINIMIZE GLAZING WIDTH MINIMIZE MAXIMIZE OPAQUE INSULATED VERTICALS

Market drivers generate: • floor to ceiling glazing for views; and • reduced depth of insulation to maximise area Ventilation requirements generate operable windows, introducing more mullions and transoms.

MAXIMIZE INSULATED SPANDREL BUT AVOID SILLS OPERABLE PANELS MEAN ADDITIONAL MULLIONS MINIMIZE THE NUMBER OF MULLIONS


RESIDENTIAL CODE COMPLIANCE

APPROX. 60% GLAZING / 40% SOLID

is pushing standard curtainwall design to the limit GLAZING: 58% Eventual Outcome • Triple glazing difficult to avoid

OPAQUE INSULATED PANELS: 12%

• Insulated mullions • Depth of units increased to accommodate thicker insulation • Minimum number of operable windows • Potential overheating - as not enough ventilation

INSULATED SPANDREL: 30%

TYPICAL PANEL WIDTH - 1950MM


DETAIL Resulting glass specifications • U-value: • Low-E Coating: • G-value: • Ex. Reflectivity: • Acoustic R-rate:

0.65 (Metric) 0.11 (Imperial) on #2 & #4 srf. 0.42 22% up to 42dB

LEGEND

12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17.

FIRE STOPPING AS PER ENGINEERS SPECIFICATION MINIMUM 2mm GALVANISED ALUMINIUM BACK PAN VAPOUR FOIL SEALED TO CONC SLAB AND UNITISED SYSTEM INSULATED DUCT AS PER M&E SPECIFICATION ALUMINIUM SUB-FRAME AND BRACKETRY REMOVABLE BLACK P.P.C. ALUMINIUM PERFORATED PANEL, COLOUR AS PER ARCHITECT'S SELECTION 18. BESPOKE ALUMINIUM EXTRUSION WITH BLACK P.P.C. FINISH 19. ROLLER BLIND BY INTERNAL FINISHES CONTRACTOR 20. INTERNAL FINISHES BY INTERNAL FINISHES CONTRACTOR. 21. FIRE AND ACOUSTIC SEAL TOP HUNG THERMAL BROKEN OPENING VENT, COLOUR AS PER ARCHITECT'S SELECTION 22. TERRACOTTA CLADDING 23. THERMAL BROKEN SLAB EDGE CONNECTION TO ENGINEERS DETAILS 24. ALUMINIUM FINISHING ANGLE, BY SFC ALL FINISHES AND COLOURS ARE TO BE CONFIRMED BY ARCHITECT.

• Triple glazed IGU with low iron glass and low-e coatings 1.

2.

3. 4.

TRIPLE GLAZED IGU WITH LOW IRON GLASS AND LOW-E COATINGS BESPOKE ALUMINIUM EXTRUSION, ARCHITECT TO CONFIRM FINAL COLOUR THERMAL BLOCK - HIGH DENSITY P.P.C. ALUMINIUM UNITISED SYSTEM PROFILE, COLOUR AS PER ARCHITECT'S SELECTION P.P.C. ALUMINIUM COVER, COLOUR AS PER ARCHITECT'S SELECTION INTERNAL FLOOR BUILD UP SUPPORT BRACKETRY DOUBLE GLAZED IGU WITH LOW IRON, LOW-E COATING AND CERAMIC FRIT EXTERIOR GRADE MINERAL FIBRE INSULATION EXTRUDED ALUMINIUM BOX SECTION MIN 3MM P.P.C. ALUMINIUM, COLOUR AS PER ARCHITECT'S SELECTION

• Thermal block - high density 5.

6. 7. 8.

• Exterior grade mineral fibre insulation 9. 10. 11.

11

11

Triple Glazing

1

EXTERNAL

3

4

240mm (9.5”) 9 4

High Density Thermal

22 4

4

21

13

25 20

1. PART PLAN SECTION A (TYPICAL PLAN SECTION THROUGH OPENING VENT) Scale 1:2.5

ALL DIMENSIONS NOMINAL, FOR VERIFICATION REFER TO ARCHITECTS DRAWING. REVISION NOTES : AB C-

INTERNAL

TENDER ISSUE unit 9,

the hyde building, the park, carrickmines, dublin 18, ireland

Tel. 353 (0)1 294 0060 Fax. 353 (0)1 294 0061 web. www.billingsdesign.ie

PROJECT:

ONE 9 ELMS

CLIENT:

WANDA ONE

DRAWING No. PART PLAN SECTION A

DWG No. O9E - 102 SCALE : 1 to 2.5 @ A3 DATE : 29-08-14 REV No. -


FUTURE OF CANARY WHARF - PHASE 2 22 acres - 3,300 new homes

CITY CLUSTERS

VAUXHALL CLUSTER

CANARY WHARF

E3/E4

WOOD WHARF


WOOD WHARF E3/E4 Scale and Materiality - Precast Cladding

DEPTH AND SHADOW


BETTER PERFORMING - BUT UNLIKELY ALTERNATIVES $ - METSEC Panels - intrinsic quality and longevity issues - not suitable for high rise

Rain screen system over insulated stud wall

$$$ - Hybrid timber/ aluminium

$$$ - Closed Cavity - increased use in office facades to successfully address heat gain, glare, views, daylighting, and net area

Monolithic outer skin

Perforated blind

Pressurized cavity

DGU inner skin


BETTER PERFORMING - AND VIABLE ALTERNATIVE Larger scale unitized panels - installed from the ground MONORAIL

LIFT CABLES 30 FLOORS MAX

3.5m

MONORAIL


PANELISATION STUDY 24 panels of approx 6m lengths vs. 110 typical CW panels per floor

AREA OF FLATTENED FACADE 6m PANELS D

1

E

TYPE C

F

8

TYPE B'

7

6

5

4

TYPE D

3

2

1

TYPE B

F

E

D

C

TYPE C'

1" C B

A

SOUTH FACADE

EAST FACADE

NORTH FACADE


RESIDENTIAL CODE COMPLIANCE Utilizing larger unitized panels to improve thermal performance

Benefits • Reduce mullions and panel to panel joints - the worst performing parts of the curtainwall • Avoid triple glazing • Integrate precast into unitized panel • Avoid dependence on the tower crane by using a monorail


RESIDENTIAL CODE COMPLIANCE Utilizing larger unitized panels to improve thermal performance

PERMASTEELISA GROUP

PREFABRICATED PODS

1.1

Lifting and installation of unitized panels

BATHROOM KITCHEN

Secondary Benefit • The use of prefabricated pods is increasing the demand for floorspace during construction • Installing larger facade panels from the ground creates floorspace


London Calling: The Bold New Face of the UK - Shawn Duffy (KPF)  
London Calling: The Bold New Face of the UK - Shawn Duffy (KPF)  

Facades+ NYC 2016