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Faรงade Solutions

Balancing Wanted and Unwanted Outcomes Richard Braunstein - YKK AP America Inc.


Background Good Architectural Design Produces Wanted Outcomes

•  Comfort •  Security •  Productivity •  Cost-effective •  Well-being •  Satisfaction •  Daylighting •  Views •  Appropriate Aesthetics


Background This same Design Process also Produces Unwanted Outcomes 80%

80%

Commercial 70%

72%

85% Fossil Fuels 70%

Residential

60%

60%

NON-RENEWABLES 50%

50%

Petroleum 39.8% Coal 22.6%

38.9%

40%

Natural Gas 22.5%

38.9%

40%

Nuclear Power 8.2% 30%

30%

RENEWABLES– 7% Biomass 3.31%

20%

20%

Hydroelectric 2.92%

13%

Wind 0.26% 10%

Solar 0.07%

10%

Geothermal 0.35% 0%

U.S. Water Consumption

U.S. Total Energy Use

U.S. Total Electricity Use

U.S. Energy Mix

U.S. Total CO2 Emissions

(Most Recent EPA)

(Most Recent EPA)

(Most Recent EPA)

(Most Recent EPA)

(Most Recent EPA)

0%


Background This same Design Process also Produces Unwanted Outcomes

• Expanded CO2 Footprint • Climate Change Potential • Health Effects Potential • Natural Resource Depletion • Ozone Depletion Potential • Eutrophication Potential • Acidification Potential • Chemical Smog Potential • Potential Habitat Destruction


Background This same Design Process also Produces Unwanted Outcomes Building Assessment Life Cycle Based: Wanted and Unwanted Outcomes Considered

• Scorecard Methods (LEED, BREEAM, GBC, Green Globes)

• Whole Building Energy (eQuest, DOE2, BLAST, EnergyPlus)

• Model Codes and Standards (IECC, 90.1, IgCC, ASHRAE189)

• Whole Building LCA Methods (Athena Impact Estimator)


Background This same Design Process also Produces Unwanted Outcomes Facade Assessment Performance Based: Mostly Wanted Outcomes Considered

• Energy Performance Analysis (NFRC, CMA)

• Air, Water, Structural (AAMA)

• Security / Hazard / Safety (AAMA, TAS, FPA, ASTM)

• Acoustical Performance (ASTM – STC and OITC)


The Emergence of Life Cycle Product Assessment


Sustainable Design Considerations Like Whole Building Analysis, Products must consider Life Cycle Cradle to Grave Approach

•  Material Extraction •  Manufacturing •  Use •  Disposal

In order to understand all of a building’s impacts, the products that go into the building must be assessed from a life cycle perspective


Sustainable Design Considerations Product Considerations that can Expose Unwanted Outcomes Has the Product Demonstrated Proven Environmental Advantage?

Eco-Labels through a third party certification process

YKK AP ThermaShade – Recipient of Cradle to Cradle Certification

• Cradle to Cradle • Green Guard • Energy Star • Green Seal • Forest Stewardship Council


Sustainable Design Considerations Product Considerations that can Expose Unwanted Outcomes Has a Full Life Cycle Assessment been made on the Product?

Product Selections are moving toward factoring Product Life Cycle Assessments

LCA’s through a third party certification process

• Environmental Product Declarations (EPD’s)

• BEES (NIST) • Transparency Reports • Independent LCA Certification

AAMA Conference Discusses Product Category Rules and EPD’s. June 11, 2013


Sustainable Design Considerations Product Considerations that can Expose Unwanted Outcomes

ISO 14001 Certification

How is the Product Manufactured?

ECM Environmentally-Conscious Manufacturing

• ISO 14001 Certification • Pollution Prevention (EPA) • The Natural StepTM

YKK AP America, Manufacturing Facility in Dublin, GA. ISO 14001 Certified


Maximize Outcomes through a Balanced Approach


Sustainable Design Considerations Objectives of Sustainable Design: Working toward Sustainability Maximize Wanted Outcomes

Minimize / Eliminate Unwanted Outcomes

Enhance Value through Good Design and Proper Product Selections

Mitigate Externalities through Good Design and Proper Product Selections

Meeting the Needs of the Present

Without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs


Sustainable Design Considerations Manage Sustainable Design and Optimize the Design Solution Maximize Wanted Outcomes

Minimize / Eliminate Unwanted Outcomes

Target Outcomes of Greatest Benefit

Reduce Impacts of Greatest Concern

Purpose of the Building Philosophy of the Client Disposition of the Community

Purpose of the Building Philosophy of the Client Disposition of the Community

Meeting the Needs of the Present

Without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs


Faรงade Solutions to Meet Your Design Objectives


Working toward Sustainability YKK AP Advances in Façade Design help meet your Design Objectives 0.37 U-Value

High Performance Wall Systems that dramatically reduce thermal conductivity 60o

0.20 U-Value

Interior Surface Temperatures that are warm to the touch Maximizing Wanted Outcomes • Reduce Energy Consumption and Operating Costs for HVAC • Increase Occupant Comfort and Satisfaction Mitigating Unwanted Outcomes: •  Reduce Carbon Footprint

20o

•  Reduce Potential of Problems

associated with Condensation

•  Reduce Burdens from Manufacturing Externalities (result of ISO 14001)

YCW750XT EnerGfacade Curtain Wall shown with Heat Mirror Glass. Therm Analysis shows dramatic Energy Efficiency

Maximizing Wanted Outcomes while Minimizing Unwanted Outcomes


Working toward Sustainability YKK AP Advances in Façade Design help meet your Design Objectives 0.35 U-Value

0.52 U-Value

High Performance Products that dramatically reduce thermal conductivity Interior Surface Temperatures that are warm to the touch Maximizing Wanted Outcomes • Reduce Energy Consumption and Operating Costs for HVAC • Increase Occupant Comfort and Satisfaction Mitigating Unwanted Outcomes: •  Reduce Carbon Footprint

•  Reduce Potential of Problems

associated with Condensation

•  Reduce Burdens from Manufacturing Externalities (result of ISO 14001)

YOW350XT High Performance Window (0.35 U-Value)

35XT High Performance Entrance (0.52 U-Value)

Maximizing Wanted Outcomes while Minimizing Unwanted Outcomes


Working toward Sustainability YKK AP Advances in Façade Design help meet your Design Objectives Increase Comfort Reduce Energy Consumption

Capability of Glazing High Performance and “Smart” Glazing Products Maximizing Wanted Outcomes • Reduce Energy Consumption and Operating Costs • Increase Occupant Comfort and Satisfaction Mitigating Unwanted Outcomes: •  Reduce Carbon Footprint

•  Offset Carbon Generation (with the use of BIPV glass strategies)

•  Reduce Burdens from Manufacturing Externalities (result of ISO 14001)

TD Bank Building Miami, FL. Sage Electrochromic Glass glazed into YHC300 Impact Resistant Curtain Wall System

Maximizing Wanted Outcomes while Minimizing Unwanted Outcomes


Working toward Sustainability YKK AP Advances in Façade Design help meet your Design Objectives Increase Daylight Reduce Carbon Footprint

Integral Sun Control Devices including an Exterior Sunshade with a thermally broken anchoring method

Luminance Light Shelf

Maximizing Wanted Outcomes • Maintain Thermal Integrity of the fenestration system (non-thermal sunshades can decrease value by 5%)

• Capture More Natural Daylight (with Luminance Light shelf)

• Minimize Unwanted Glare and Unwanted Solar Heat Gain

Mitigating Unwanted Outcomes: •  Reduce Carbon Footprint

•  Reduce Burdens from Manufacturing Externalities (result of ISO 14001)

Genzyme Bio Surgery Building, Ridgefield, N.J. Designed by PS&S Architecture

ThermaShade Anchor

Maximizing Wanted Outcomes while Minimizing Unwanted Outcomes


Working toward Sustainability YKK AP Advances in Façade Design help meet your Design Objectives Mullion

Maintains the Thermal Barrier “Plane”

Integral Sun Control Devices including an Exterior Sunshade with a thermally broken anchoring method

Maximizing Wanted Outcomes • Maintain Thermal Integrity of the fenestration system (non-thermal sunshades can decrease value by 5%)

• Capture More Natural Daylight (with Luminance Light shelf)

• Minimize Unwanted Glare and ThermaShade Anchor ThermaShade ThermaShade Anchor

Unwanted Solar Heat Gain

Mitigating Unwanted Outcomes: •  Reduce Carbon Footprint

•  Reduce Burdens from Manufacturing Externalities (result of ISO 14001)

Curtain Wall showing thermally-broken Anchor aligned with Thermal Barrier “Plane”

Maximizing Wanted Outcomes while Minimizing Unwanted Outcomes


Working toward Sustainability YKK AP Advances in Façade Design help meet your Design Objectives Enhance Security Reduce Resource Consumption

A complete line of Hurricane Impact Products including Dry-Glaze Options Maximizing Wanted Outcomes • Enhanced Building Security with Performance options in excess of +/-120 psf

• Cost-effective Glass Replacement after Storm Damage

Mitigating Unwanted Outcomes:

•  Minimize Resource Depletion with the ability to easily re-use framing materials (Dry-Glaze Options)

•  Reduce Burdens from Manufacturing Externalities (result of ISO 14001)

YHC300 OG Hurricane Resistant Curtain Wall System (Dry-Glazed Option Shown)

Maximizing Wanted Outcomes while Minimizing Unwanted Outcomes


Working toward Sustainability YKK AP Advances in Façade Design help meet your Design Objectives Enhance Performance Reduce Site Disruption

Unitized Curtain Wall and Window Wall Systems Maximizing Wanted Outcomes • Enhanced Performance by assuring Critical Seals are made in a Controlled Environment Mitigating Unwanted Outcomes:

•  Units are delivered as needed, thus

reducing the potential disruption and damage to the construction site

•  Reduce Burdens from Manufacturing Externalities (result of ISO 14001)

Cornell University Gates Hall - Morphosis Architects - YUW750XT Unitized Curtain Wall

Maximizing Wanted Outcomes while Minimizing Unwanted Outcomes


Working toward Sustainability YKK AP Advances in Façade Design help meet your Design Objectives Enhance Views Reduce Manufacturing Burdens

4-Sided Structural Silicone Glazing including the ability to control critical seals in the shop Maximizing Wanted Outcomes • Enhanced Views Increase Occupant Satisfaction

• Meets the Architect’s Aesthetic Vision • Critical Seals are made in a Controlled Environment

Mitigating Unwanted Outcomes:

•  Reduce Burdens from Manufacturing Externalities (result of ISO 14001)

YCW750 SSG Curtain Wall with Pre-Glazable Cassette System

Maximizing Wanted Outcomes while Minimizing Unwanted Outcomes


Conclusion


Conclusion B. Products: 1. Exterior curtain wall frame system shall be equal to Series X1000 manufactured by Acme Corporation, Inc.; or approved equal manufacturer listed above.

Equal… is no longer Equal! •  Performance is one of many considerations •  Prudent Product Selection needs to be based on Life Cycle Thinking

•  Balanced Approach to Manage the Wanted and Unwanted Outcomes

•  Only then can we move toward a Sustainable Solution


Thank You! Richard Braunstein YKK AP America Inc.

Materials Panel Presentation - Facade Solutions  
Materials Panel Presentation - Facade Solutions  

Materials Panel Presentation - Facade Solutions by Richard Braunstein of YKK- AP - Facades+ NYC 2014