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NYC Department of City Planning

1 Jeffrey Shumaker, Chief Urban Designer


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NYC Department of City Planning Our Mission: §  Promote housing production, quality & affordability §  Foster economic development §  Support coordinated investments in infrastructure & services §  Plan resilient, sustainable and livable communities across the five boroughs for a more equitable New York City

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A Growing Population New York City popula1on at an all-1me high at 8.55M people! 1900-2040 (projected)

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A Thriving Economy Historic Jobs Growth §  §  §  § 

3.7M private sector jobs - all-time high! 104,000 jobs added in 2015 (+2.9%) Unemployment at 5.4% New building construction up 20.4%

Global Center of Commerce

§  City’s economy grew 3.4% in 2015, up from 2.4% in 2014 (national rate = 2.4%) §  High-paying sectors are expected to grow §  Companies continue to be drawn to New York

A Vibrant City

§  Global center for arts and culture §  Record tourism in 2015 – 59.7M visitors (+2.4%) §  Subway ridership is up to 136.4 million, up 2% from last year §  9.1M passengers flew into/out of NYC (+6.5%) 4


The Housing Crisis 10,000,000

120,000

9,000,000

105,000

Popula1on

8,000,000

90,000

7,000,000

75,000

6,000,000

60,000

5,000,000

45,000

New housing units completed

4,000,000

30,000

15,000

3,000,000

2,000,000 1900

1910

1920

1930

1940

1950

1960

1970

1980

1990

2000

2010

2020

2030

2040


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Demand Exceeds Supply

Demand for housing among low income households is twice as large as the supply Supply and Demand Among Extremely Low Income and Very Low Income Renter Households

Supply

Demand 10


Housing New York

Zoning for Quality and Affordability


Goals

Affordability

Quality

Make zoning work better with financial and other programs to create more affordable housing for a wider range of New Yorkers

Encourage better buildings that contribute to attractive and livable neighborhoods

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We can achieve BOTH

SMARTER ZONING

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Quality • Encourage better ground-floor retail and residential spaces and apartments with adequate ceiling heights • Change rules that lead to flat, dull apartment buildings to encourage visual variety and features common in traditional apartment buildings • Maintain rules that work well today, including the essential rules of “contextual” zoning districts and lowerdensity zoning districts

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EXISTING

Current Rules – Commercial street Restric4ve envelope results in flat facade

Tight height limits produce low ground floors, oDen too short for quality retail space

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PROPOSAL

With Proposal – Commercial street Flexible envelope allows ar4cula4on to create visual interest 5’ height increase allows ground floor that supports retail and enlivens streetscape

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EXISTING

Current Rules – R7A district Restric4ve envelope encourages flat facade

Street wall breaks the line up of adjoining buildings

Ground floor units front directly on sidewalk at eye level

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PROPOSAL

With Proposal – R7A district Flexible envelope allows ar4cula4on to create visual interest

Street wall aligned with adjoining buildings

Ground oor units elevated above sidewalk and set back so plan4ng can be provided.

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EXISTING

Previous Corner Buildings Previous corner lot coverage rules discouraged buildings from ‘wrapping’ corner

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PROPOSAL

Corner Buildings With ZQA Revised lot coverage and transi4on rules allow corner buildings that address both streets

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Unit Density Controls District

Exis1ng DUF Proposed DUF

R4

900

900

Current “density factors” were adapted from older regulations

R5

760

760

No reason to require a larger average unit size in the highest density districts than in mediumdensity districts

R6, R7

680

680

R8, R9

740

680

R10

790

680

Why Does Zoning Need To Change?

Minimum unit size (400 sf) limits ability to provide a wider mix of unit sizes in a building

Proposal Allow same average unit sizes in all mediumand high-density residence districts Allow unit sizes to be controlled by “density factors” and Building Code 21


Carmel Place (My Micro NY), nARCHITECTS


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NYC Department of City Planning

Thank You!

23 Jeffrey Shumaker, Chief Urban Designer

City of New York Speaker - Jeffrey Shumaker (NYC Department of City Planning), Facades+ NYC 2016  
City of New York Speaker - Jeffrey Shumaker (NYC Department of City Planning), Facades+ NYC 2016