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INTEGRATED MATERIAL PERFORMANCE A NEW DIRECTION IN KINETIC FAÇADE SYSTEMS

Hauke Jungjohann, Knippers Helbig Inc.


Flexible?


elastic bendable

adjustable adaptive


Bao‘an International Airport T3 Shenzhen (2012) Arch M.Fuksas


Conventional Design Process Architect Form and Geometry

Engineer

Contractor

Structure and Energy

Fabrication and Erection

Parametric Design Process Architect

Engineer

Contractor

3D model and data transfer Form and Geometry

Structure and Energy

Fabrication and Erection


How do humans build ?


Smart Materials House Hamburg (2013) Arch KVA


How does nature build ?


•  Components are multifunctional •  Uniform material consistency •  Geometry and material properties are locally adapted and highly differentiated •  Properties are often anisotropic •  Functionality defines form


Research Pavilion Stuttgart (2010) Arch ICE / ITKE


Jan Knippers, Julian Lienhard


How can we adapt this to facades ?


Peek & Cloppenburg Cologne, Germany (2006) Arch Renzo Piano


Strelitzia reginae Bird-Of-Paradise Flower


Jan Knippers - Julian Lienhard Simon Schleicher - Simon Poppinga


marginal portion

Curved-line Folding Aldrovanda curved fold

Trapping mechanism of waterwheel plants

midrib

curved-line rib enclosure boundary

Image: Plant Biomechanics Group Freiburg (video slowed 40x)

marginal portion

central portion with motorzone Image: Sarracenia

water flea

Image: Juniper, Robins, and Joel 1989

Image: T. Iijima

Simon Schleicher - Simon Poppinga


marginal portion

Curved-line Folding Aldrovanda curved fold

Trapping mechanism of waterwheel plants

midrib

curved-line rib enclosure boundary

Image: Plant Biomechanics Group Freiburg (video slowed 40x)

marginal portion

central portion with motorzone Image: Sarracenia

water flea

Image: Juniper, Robins, and Joel 1989

Simon Schleicher Simon Poppinga


Images: Simon Schleicher

Simon Schleicher

Image: Simon Schleicher


Ferry Terminal Kaohsiung, Korea (2012) Arch Asymptote


One Ocean Pavilion EXPO 2012 Yeosu Korea

(2012) Arch SOMA


Transformer

Flectofin

Bender


Transformer


Flectofin


Bender


Stress dead load closed

Stress wind load almost closed


Deflection 5mm, wind, open


stiffness / mass

Timber

Aluminum

Glas

Steel

GFRP tensile strength / mass


Thank you


Facadesplus 2013 nyc hauke jungjohann knippers helbig