Page 1


JOHN ROOT AND CHARLES B. ATWOOD RELIANCE BUILDING, CHICAGO FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


MIES VAN DER ROHE LAKESHORE APARTMENTS, CHICAGO FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


SKIDMORE, OWINGS & MERRILL LEVER HOUSE, NEW YORK CITY FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


non-farm

U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Labor Statistics

CONSTRUCTION & NON-FARM LABOR PRODUCTIVITY INDEX (1964-2003) FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


2008– 2014 UNEMPLOYMENT IN US FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


Lakeshore Apts   Lever  House   Decline  in  Construc<on  Produc<vity   2009  US  Recession  

SOURCE: GAO-13-365 PERCENTAGE OF U.S. NONFARM WORKERS IN MANUFACTURING, 1945-2012 FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


BOHLIN CYWINSKI JACKSON APPLE STORE 5TH AVENUE, NEW YORK CITY FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


BURCKHARDT + PARTNER ROCHE DIAGNOSTICS INTERNATIONAL AG, ROTKREUZ SWITZERLAND FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


OMA SEATTLE CENTRAL LIBRARY FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


ZGF ARCHITECTS JOHN E. JAQUA ACADEMIC CENTER FOR STUDENT ATHLETES, UNIVERSITY OF OREGON FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


HELMUT JAHN GROUP HEADQUARTERS BAYER AG, LEVERKUSEN GERMANY FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


GEHRY PARTNERS IAC/ INTERACTIVECORP HEADQUARTERS, NEW YORK CITY FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


SKIDMORE, OWINGS & MERRILL BURJ KHALIFA, DUBAI FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


KOHN PEDERSEN FOX SHANGHAI WORLD FINANCIAL CENTER FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


FOREIGN OFFICE ARCHITECTS MUSEUM OF CONTEMPORARY ART, CLEVELAND FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


SKIDMORE, OWINGS & MERRILL UNITED STATES EMBASSY, BEIJING FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


MORPHOSIS COOPER UNION, NEW YORK FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


FRANK GEHRY EMP MUSEUM , SEATTLE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


SAGE GLASS DORRANCE H. HAMILTON GARDEN TERRACE, PHILADELPHIA FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


2004 MANIFESTO - REFABRICATING ARCHITECTURE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


KIERANTIMBERLAKE - KTMS ISO 9001-2008 CERTIFIED QC/QA PROCESS FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


FORM

ART + SCIENCE

FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


FACADES +

FORM

PERFORM

ART + SCIENCE

MANDATE

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


PREFORM

FORM

PERFORM

ART + SCIENCE

MANDATE

PLACE HUMAN ECOLOGY  PURPOSE  

PROCES S RESOURCES ENERGY ECONOMY DESIGN

INQUIRY

FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


REFABRICATING ARCHITECTURE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


Rotating a Fuselage Module

Assembling a Classroom Module

REFABRICATING ARCHITECTURE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


REFABRICATING ARCHITECTURE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


REFABRICATING ARCHITECTURE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


RESEARCH OUTCOMES FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


MELVIN J. & CLAIRE LEVINE HALL UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


MELVIN J. & CLAIRE LEVINE HALL UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


CENTER CITY BUILDING UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA, CHARLOTTE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


CENTER CITY BUILDING UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA, CHARLOTTE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


BROCKMAN HALL FOR PHYSICS RICE UNIVERSITY FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


BROCKMAN HALL FOR PHYSICS RICE UNIVERSITY FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


EDGAR N. PUTMAN PAVILION JAMES A. MICHENER ART MUSEUM FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


KIERANTIMBERLAKE EDGAR N. PUTMAN PAVILION, JAMES A. MICHENER ART MUSEUM FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


EDGAR N. PUTMAN PAVILION JAMES A. MICHENER ART MUSEUM FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


EDGAR N. PUTMAN PAVILION JAMES A. MICHENER ART MUSEUM FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


EDGAR N. PUTMAN PAVILION JAMES A. MICHENER ART MUSEUM FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


EDGAR N. PUTMAN PAVILION JAMES A. MICHENER ART MUSEUM FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


EDGAR N. PUTMAN PAVILION JAMES A. MICHENER ART MUSEUM FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


EDGAR N. PUTMAN PAVILION JAMES A. MICHENER ART MUSEUM FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


vs.

SMARTWRAP™ FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


SmartWrap appeared in Wired Magazine in August 2003

SMARTWRAP™ FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


SMARTWRAP™ FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


OLED

PHOTOVOLTAICS

THIN FILM BATTERY PCM  

PET SUBSTRATE

PRINTED CIRCUIT

PET SUBSTRATE

AEROGEL

PASSIVE LAYER

ACTIVE LAYER

SMARTWRAP™ FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


SMARTWRAP™ FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


CELLOPHANE HOUSE™ THE MUSEUM OF MODERN ART FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


CELLOPHANE HOUSE™ THE MUSEUM OF MODERN ART FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


CELLOPHANE HOUSE™ THE MUSEUM OF MODERN ART FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


CELLOPHANE HOUSE™ THE MUSEUM OF MODERN ART FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


CELLOPHANE HOUSE™ THE MUSEUM OF MODERN ART FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


CELLOPHANE HOUSE™ THE MUSEUM OF MODERN ART FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


CELLOPHANE HOUSE™ THE MUSEUM OF MODERN ART FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


CELLOPHANE HOUSE™ THE MUSEUM OF MODERN ART FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


SmartWrap™ Cooper-­‐Hewi1  Na3onal  Design  Museum   2003  

Cellophane House™   Museum  of  Modern  Art   2008      

New London  Embassy   US  Department  of  State   2009-­‐2016                                                            

EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


THE RIVER THAMES

NINE ELMS LANE

LINEAR PARK

RAILWAY VIADUCT

EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

December 2009 24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


FLOOR AREA : FAÇADE (per current SRP)

CUBE (CURRENT DESIGN)

DOUBLE-LOADED CORRIDOR*

STANDARD EMBASSY DESIGN*

1 : 0.54

1 : 0.59

1:1

2

2

21,950 m FAÇADE

37,330 m2 FAÇADE

ADDED CURTAINWALL COST 10% INCREASE OVER CUBE

ADDED CURTAINWALL COST 87% INCREASE OVER CUBE

19,950 m FACADE

* Both options exceed height restrictions for buildable area EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


GSHP

EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


FRESNEL LENS

AMERICAN CRYSTAL

CELLOPHANE HOUSE

EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


JUNE

SEPTEMBER

DECEMBER EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

December 2009 24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


BUILDING HARDLINE AND PERFORMATIVE LAYER

BUILDING, LANDSCAPE AND SCRIM

EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

December 2009 24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


NORTH FACADE

EAST FACADE

EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

SOUTH FACADE

WEST FACADE

December 2009 24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


GARDENS

PERFORMATIVE SCRIM PERFORMATIVE

PERFORMATIVE INNER ENVELOPE

OUTER ENVELOPE OUTER ENVELOPE

ENVELOPE

INNER ENVELOPE

SYSTEM

STRUCTUR E

LANDSCAP E

ELEMENTS

ENVELOPE

EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


GOALS: PERFORMANCE & APPEARANCE

• 

BUILDING SHADING AND SOLAR HEAT GAIN REDUCTION Reduce the building’s overall peak cooling load and perimeter peak cooling load Improve control of the building’s cooling system by reducing variability in the load over the year Improve occupant thermal comfort by reducing direct solar radiation within the building

• 

HIGH THERMAL PERFORMANCE AT GLASS AND MULLIONS

• 

OCCUPANT COMFORT AND PRODUCTIVITY

• 

CLEAR VIEWS TO EXTERIOR AND OPTIMIZED NATURAL DAYLIGHTING, SKY LUMINANCE Uniform naturally lit ceiling Electrical lighting load reduction

•  TRANSPARENCY • 

350,000 kWh ANNUAL POWER PRODUCTION GOAL FOR ALL PV SYSTEMS (ENVELOPE, ROOF, CAC)

• 

COMPLIANCE WITH SECURITY REQUIREMENTS

EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


GOALS: MAINTENANCE & LIFECYCLE

•  OUTER ENVELOPE & CURTAINWALL SHARE MAINTENANCE ACCESS Outer Envelope is offset from curtainwall a minimum of 1 m and outriggers accommodate access •  ETFE & GLASS CAN BE CLEANED ANNUALLY ON SAME CYCLE ETFE form minimizes the build-up of dust and debris, and can be cleaned •  ANNUAL INSPECTION BY CERTIFIED TECHNICIANS •  ETFE UNITS CAN BE REMOVED/REPLACED WITHOUT COMPROMISING INTEGRITY OF THE SYSTEM •  OUTER ENVELOPE HAS 25 YEAR WARRANTY PROVIDED BY A SINGLE SOURCE Warranty covers materials, components and integrated photovoltaic module technology •  OUTER ENVELOPE HAS MINIMUM USEFUL LIFE OF 25-50 YEARS

EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


FLEXIBLE CIGS

FLEXIBLE OPV

Copper Indium Gallium Selenide

Amorphous Silicon Organic (OPV)

FLEXIBLE CRYSTALLINE SILICON

RIGID CRYSTALLINE SILICON

Monocrystalline silicon Polycrystalline silicon

Monocrystalline silicon Polycrystalline silicon

CELL:

MODULE

EFFICIENCY

8-14% [10%]

3-5% [3%]

17%

21.5%

FUTURE EFFICIENCY

8-18%

6-8% ????

19%

22%

TRENDING

Low cost variations Roof applications

Different aesthetics, colors Transparent cells Irregular printed shapes

Low cost variations Reduced weight Increased flexibility

Becoming flexible Weight reductions

EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | Š KIERANTIMBERLAKE


INSOLATION LEVELS ON CURTAINWALL 1,200,000

HORIZONTAL

ANNUAL kWh

1,000,000 800,000 600,000 400,000 200,000 0

VERTICAL N

E

S

W

NO SCREEN

N

E

S

W

HORIZONTAL

N

E

S

W

VERTICAL

N

E

S

W

MULTIDIRECTIONAL

MULTIDIRECTIONAL EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


OPTIMAL SHADING/PV STRATEGIES NORTH

EAST

SOUTH

WEST

HORIZONTAL

SHADING (PV AND FRIT)

PV VERTICAL

MULTIDIRECTIONAL EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


A

B

STRETCHED STRETCHED FABRIC   FABRIC MOCKUP   MOCKUP

3D PRINTED MODELS

3D PRINTED   MODELS  

EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


OUTPUT

GEOMETRIC STUDIES W/ PV OUTPUT

MODULE COST

EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


SUMMER SHADING VISUALIZED 10:00 08:00

07:00

11:00

12:00

13:00

09:00

14:00 15:00

16:00

17:00

18:00

EAST

SOUTH

WEST

WEST FACADE

SOUTH FACADE FACADE

EAST FACADE FACADE

EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


15% SD 02 Sept 2011 •  Form based on competition design intent, changed from double-layer cushion to single layer membrane •  ETFE area: 10,190 m2

35% DD 08 Jun 2012 •  Revision of ETFE form to follow natural curvature •  ETFE area: 6,625 m2 (35% less)

A

B

C

D

E

F

60% CD 09 Nov 2012 •  Additional refinement of typical and end conditions •  ETFE area: 6,783 m2 (2.3% more)

EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


FROM COST RECONCILIATION MEETING

10 JANUARY 2013

15% SD 02 Sept 2011 •  Stainless steel frame, keder rail and wind strut concept developed

35% DD 08 Jun 2012 •  Development of ETFE framing and connection details •  Framing changed from SST to Aluminum •  Number of wind struts reduced by 50% •  Head Mount split in to Y-design to meet roof and access needs

60% CD 09 Nov 2012 •  ETFE framing and connection details refined for wind loads •  SST Head Mount simplified to be constructed from flat plates

EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


8-14% EFFICIENCY TENSIONED CIGS CELLS ON STAINLESS STEEL CABLE

19-24% EFFICIENCY FLEXIBLE CRYSTALLINE CELLS ON RIGID PERFORATED METAL SHELL

CD 90 DESIGN: FLEXIBLE CIGS

CD100 DESIGN: FLEXIBLE CRYSTALLINE SILICON

Copper Indium Gallium Selenide

Crystalline Silicon

EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


ETFE Membrane

Structure

PV Cells

Electrical Equipment

EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


LOW-IRON GLAZING

HORIZONTAL SPANDREL

VERTICAL SPANDREL

HORIZONTAL STRUT TENSIONING CABLE PHOTOVOLTAIC ASSEMBLY VERTICAL SUPPORT RAIL

EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


Glass & ETFE Cleaning

Glass Replacement: Curtainwall

ETFE Replacement/Repair

Glass Replacement: Gardens

ETFE Retensioning / Equipment Service

Glass Replacement: Ground Level

EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


ETFE OUTER ENVELOPE  

GLAZED INNER ENVELOPE

LOBBY GLAZED ASSEMBLY

EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE


EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES, LONDON US DEPARTMENT OF STATE FACADES +

24 JULY 2014 | © KIERANTIMBERLAKE

Opening Keynote - Reclaiming US Leadership in Design Performance Presentation  
Opening Keynote - Reclaiming US Leadership in Design Performance Presentation  

Reclaiming US Leadership in Design Performance Presentation by James Timberlake of Kieran Timberlake - Facades+ Chicago 2014