Dragons in your garden 2015

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66530 AC Print Dragons in your Garden Front 2015/06/30 17:47:59

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          

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66530 AC Print Dragons in your Garden Back 2015/06/30 17:47:59

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                     , updated  and reprinted 2015     Paper sourced from  FSC-certified sustainable   forests. 

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                             

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66530 Dragons in your Garden 8-4-15.indd 2

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     

     

    

66530 AC Print Dragons in your Garden Front 2015/06/30 17:47:59

         

               

     

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         

  

                                             

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66530 Dragons in your Garden.indd 3

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   66530 Dragons in your Garden 8-4-15.indd 4

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66530 AC Print Dragons in your Garden Back 2015/06/30 17:47:59

                                 

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    

       

     

   

                                                                               

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66530 AC Print Dragons in your Garden Front 2015/06/30 17:47:59

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66530 Dragons in your Garden.indd 5

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           

        

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66530 AC Print Dragons in your Garden Back 2015/06/30 17:47:59

    

                                                             

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66530 AC Print Dragons in your Garden Front 2015/06/30 17:47:59

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(bottom and right)).  Dislikes: Fish in the pond.

66530 Dragons in your Garden 8-4-15.indd 9



 

 John Baker



66530 AC Print Dragons in your Garden Front 2015/06/30 17:47:59

                                                                   Likes: The leaves of aquatic plants for egg-laying (the bottom right photo compares  a great crested newt egg (top left) with smaller smooth newt eggs 

 

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09/04/2015 14:27


  

 

  

  

Howard Inns 

66530 AC Print Dragons in your Garden Back 2015/06/30 17:47:59

     

   Grass  snakes are the longest UK     snake, sometimes reaching over 90cm.     They’re usually green, grey or brown,      almost always with a distinctive yellow,     cream or white collar behind the head,      bordered to the rear by contrasting       black markings.                                                                                        

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 66530 Dragons in your Garden 8-4-15.indd 10

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08/04/2015 14:32


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 

                                                                  

                         

Adder (Chris Gleed-Owen)

66530 AC Print Dragons in your Garden Front 2015/06/30 17:48:00

            

              

  

   66530 Dragons in your Garden.indd 11

11

02/03/2015 10:31




66530 AC Print Dragons in your Garden Back 2015/06/30 17:48:00

      

  

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66530 AC Print Dragons in your Garden Front 2015/06/30 17:48:00

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66530 AC Print Dragons in your Garden Back 2015/06/30 17:48:00

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                                            

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66530 AC Print Dragons in your Garden Front 2015/06/30 17:48:00

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66530 Dragons in your Garden.indd 15

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66530 AC Print Dragons in your Garden Back 2015/06/30 17:48:00

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66530 Dragons in your Garden.indd 17

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66530 AC Print Dragons in your Garden Front 2015/06/30 17:48:00

                                                                   

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           

        

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66530 AC Print Dragons in your Garden Back 2015/06/30 17:48:00

    

                                         Sometimes amphibians die for no   obvious reason. Mass mortalities (for  example lots of frogs dying at the same  time) can occur, especially in warmer,  summer weather. These deaths may be    caused by disease. For further  information on amphibian disease, please   see the ARC website www.arc-trust.org/   advice/amphibian-disease

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66530 AC Print Dragons in your Garden Front 2015/06/30 17:48:00

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66530 AC Print Dragons in your Garden Back 2015/06/30 17:48:00

                                   

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Gardens are quieter in autumn. Most tadpoles have metamorphosed and the year’s crop of young amphibians is dispersing through gardens, looking for places to see out the winter months.

Like reptiles, amphibians choose frostfree locations to spend the winter. They may dig themselves into loose soil, hide away in a compost heap or find refuge underneath a garden shed or decking or even in the cellars of buildings.

Some frogs, particularly males, spend the winter in the pond, as do small number of newts. They may be seen moving about on sunny winter days.

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If you leave out slate tiles, or some other reptile refuge, then check underneath into the early autumn, to find this year’s baby slow-worms and grass snakes.

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Reptiles slow down their activity in autumn and begin finding places to hibernate. By mid-October, most activity has finished and reptiles will not appear again until spring.

Amphibians can ‘breathe’ through their skins. Providing that there is sufficient oxygen in the water, they can survive for long periods beneath the ice of a frozen pond. Nevertheless, dead frogs are sometimes found after prolonged freezing. A grey, bloated Common toads begin migration back appearance typifies these ‘winterkills’. to wintering areas, which may be Such frogs have most likely died either some distance away. Common frogs when oxygen levels dropped critically and the three newt species are more low, or possibly due to a build-up of likely to spend the winter months in your garden. noxious gases within the pond. A traditional solution has been to create a hole in the ice to allow gas  Tadpoles usually develop into exchange with the air. But recent  young amphibians and leave the research suggests that this may be  pond in summer. More unusually, ineffective, and growth of plants and  they may remain as tadpoles into green algae may be more helpful, as  the autumn and even through the these oxygenate water, even under  winter, completing deveopment ice. Clearing snow off a frozen pond the following spring. There are may help, allowing more light to enter,  several factors that may lead to hence increasing oxygen production overwintering tadpoles. The pond   from submerged plants and algae. may be so crowded that tadpoles   run short of food. Or the pond   Facing page 1 may be relatively cold, perhaps   1. Young smooth newt due to steep-sided construction,  2. Female and young  2 od shading. Crowding should slow-worms  3. Frozen pond resolve itself in time. Shading 3   vegitation could be cut back if   this is identified as the cause.

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   

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66530 AC Print Dragons in your Garden Front 2015/06/30 17:48:00

...in autumn and winter amphibians and reptiles need to find suitable places to see out the cold winter months.

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04/03/2015 11:58


          

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66530 AC Print Dragons in your Garden Back 2015/06/30 17:48:00

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                            

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             Send us your sightings    We’d welcome any casual sightings of amphibian and reptiles. You can enter   these on our online recording site, the Record Pool www.recordpool.org.uk.    This allows you to quickly and easily enter casual observations, and you can see  your record instantly on a map alongside other people’s sightings. The information   is passed to local and national recording centres to help with conservation. For   clarity, the NARRS surveys mentioned above involve more directed and intensive  surveys of particular areas. 

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     

                             

66530 AC Print Dragons in your Garden Front 2015/06/30 17:48:00

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 in and out of ponds, may when going     become entangled in pond netting with   a mesh size of less than 5cm. Please   see the ARC website www.arc-trust.   org/snakes-and-netting 

                       

                               

 

  

        

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  

 Roads can stop animals moving  freely across the landscape, as  many creatures will not attempt to  cross roads. However, for some creatures the migration instinct  can override any sense of danger. Common toads tend to migrate to the same, often ancestral, breeding  ponds each spring and if a road is  constructed in their path they carry  on regardless. The result can be  horrific, with many toads killed by  passing traffic. Ideally, new roads should be carefully located to avoid this problem. Toad tunnels  under the road can sometimes help, though there are questions  effectiveness. Where about their traffic is causing a major problem,  groups of people sometimes form  patrols to help the toads across the road. To find out more, please  and Reptile contact Amphibian  Conservation.    

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  

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    



        

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02/03/2015 10:31


66530 AC Print Dragons in your Garden Back 2015/06/30 17:48:00

Amphibian and Reptile Conservation is a national wildlife charity committed to the conservation of reptiles and amphibians and the habitats on which they depend. Amphibian and Reptile Conservation is a unified voice for conserving frogs, toads, newts, snakes and lizards - building on twenty five years of experience in the wildlife sector. 

        



    

 Working in partnership with:    

 

           

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     01202 391319   9 9   

  Amphibian and Reptile Conservation is a Registered Charity   England & Wales no. 1130188 and Scotland no. SC044097   66530 Dragons in your Garden.indd 24

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