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When bringing up colts and ďŹ llies, after careful follow-up, the breeder and caretakers have observed the physical development of each and every foal, while at the same time, have discovered the details of their individual personality. However, to really know their true aptitudes for work, colts and ďŹ llies must follow a much stricter disciplinary plan than what they are used to up until now. For this reason, it is necessary to have greater control and more direct contact with them. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Basic trainingâ&#x20AC;? provides us with an excellent means to evaluate and have an in depth understanding of the personality and qualities of the horses, with which the breeder can better evaluate each horse, thus being able to have a real idea of the possibilities that each colt and ďŹ lly have for the future. This article seeks to give a few brief notesâ&#x20AC;&#x201D; without getting deeply into the various techniques that are usedâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;to better understand and correctly plan this task, so as to obtain satisfactory results while at the same time care for the safety of the colts and ďŹ llies, as well as those handling them.

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The main aims of European Federation of Animal Science (EAAP) are to promote, by means of active co-operation between its members and other relevant international and national organisations, the advancement of scientific research, sustainable development and systems of production; experimentation, application and extension; to improve the technical and economic conditions of the livestock sector; to promote the welfare of farm animals and the conservation of the rural environment; to control and optimise the use of natural resources in general and animal genetic resources in particular.

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The statement that the Purebred Spanish Horses and the Purebred Lusitano Horses have the same blood, because they belong to the same “geographical

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and racial cast of the PRE” is also erroneous. The P.R.E. was born in Cordoba in the second half of the 16th century, and the Purebred Lusitano after the French invasion at the start of the 19th century

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It all began back in 1748 when King John V of Portugal (1689-1750), being faced with the low quality of the Portuguese equine livestock, which failed to meet with the stateliness and greatness of the Portuguese court, ordered the creation of a stud farm to produce the best horses in the kingdom to be able to select the best sire stallions for the benefit of the Portuguese equine production

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At the first Courts held in Tomar (1581), Philip II of Spain made his intention clear to martially weaken Portugal by adding the Portuguese navy to the Spanish. He also demonstrated his intentions when he did not accept the petition from the Portuguese commissaries to prohibit the riding of mules and asses in Portugal. With that refusal, he achieved two objectives: the first, and most important, reduce equine breeding so that Portugal could not have a cavalry that could be used to start a rebellion; and, the second, force them to depend upon Spanish equines for agriculture and industry, which he achieved in only a few years

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The gardens at Windsor Castle were chosen by the English to organize the best dressage championship in history. The impeccable organization, at a privileged location, offered the perfect backdrop for this discipline, which reached the highest level of quality ever dreamt of at a championship. Edward Gal, achieving a score of 90,750% while riding Moorlands Totilas in the KUR Grand Prix, has lifted the bar to an unachievable mark for the rest of mortals, humans and equine.

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Over the approximately two years in which I have collaborated with this magazine, I have covered the exercises that make up the best of Alta Escuela (Spanish High School), perhaps because these are, presumably, the most demanded by readers who are passionate about the PRE Horse and keen on Alta Escuela. In this last article, I do not want to leave any feelings and thoughts behind which, despite the years that have gone by—about twenty—are still fresh in my mind. These are an unequivocal sign that sparked an “equestrian conscience” that I failed to have before, and that from then on, I sought to cultivate; I hope they are of benefit to you.

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Of the carriages guided or driven by a driver, you must distinguish between those that are closed, open and that can be closed and open carriages. Let’s begin with closed carriages and more specifically with a carriage that can be considered one of the great pairs’ carriages from which a multitude of modern carriages—those of the 20th century—have derived. We are referring to the Berlin.

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This past 6th of September, the 33rd Carriage Driving Exhibition was held in Ronda. The competition is one of the most prestigious equestrian events in Andalusia due to the excellent quality of the carriages and the professional hands of the drivers.

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“It is a vocation that cannot be learned. You have to be born into it to have the feelings; you must feel it, states Nacho Martín.

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Nacho Martín: “I admire animals greatly, especially horses and bulls because “they are living beings and I love nature.”

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José Antonio Sánchez Chivite: “What I want is to show the audience the beauty and nobility of these animals. The PRE is really important to us; I especially like its personality, its elegant poise and the grace in its paces.”

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“I believe that, as always, sculptures are decorative objects, which due to the grace or mastery of their sculptor, win the heart of the beholder,” states Sánchez Chivite

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The fact that he makes the trophies that will be awarded to the PRE champions of Spain makes him feel â&#x20AC;&#x153;very proud, because with this I am rewarded for my good work and knowledge in this sense â&#x20AC;&#x153;It gives me great satisfaction to do what I enjoy and to be able to bring to light the gift that God gave me, to model and to paint. It is one of the most gratifying professions, since you have the opportunity to createâ&#x20AC;?

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tionâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;horse breeders, whatever the breed, their associations and regulatory organizations, must have a series of tests designed â&#x20AC;&#x153;to prospectively evaluate the potential fertility of a sire stallion, with relatively limited investment in time and money.â&#x20AC;? Most of these tests are centered on the analysis of the quality of the semen and on the testicular size. However, the response usually given to these tests by most of those involved in these matters is in tune with the question â&#x20AC;&#x153;Can this stallion cover mares and leave them pregnant?â&#x20AC;?

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Determining testicular size allows the estimation, with a high degree of accuracy, of the “daily sperm production in a sire” and his capacity to maintain that production constant during the next six months It would be interesting to meditate on what values should be considered as excellent, or above the average, to consider a PRE sire stallion as Qualified Breeding stock

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It was then when the origin of our name, the PRE as we know it today, was in its genesis, and if anyone spoke of selection based on worthiness, it is almost certain they wore a uniform. I cannot help from being moved when in my incurable gleaning and entanglement of old prints, something leaps out before my eyes to clearly show how a small faction of the cavalry visualized their project for the Spanish Horse. It is a legacy that overcame all types of obstacles to bequeath us as members of â&#x20AC;&#x153;PRE Commandâ&#x20AC;?. Seeking breed fidelity, achieving standardization in the herds, trying to establish the optimum type of PRE, this was an urgent and necessary task, but above all the work had to be carried out and guided by the utilitarian spirit of the Cavalry.

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Having reached this point, they joined forces and yearnings around the proposal, which was, on the 22nd of March, 1920 from the mythical 14th “Alcantara” Regiment of Hunters in Melilla by which Lieutenant Colonel Fernando Primo de Rivera presented the proposal before the Equine Breeding Office Board. The hero of Annual, who died the following year, in action like his contemporary, the brilliant captain Botín, petitioned in his written request, nothing less than the immediate suppression of the Registration of Spanish Horses DOUHDG\EHJXQDQGWDNHDGYDQWDJH RI LW 7KLV ZDV WKH VKRUWHVW OHDVW H[ SHQVLYHURXWHDQGWKHJXDUDQWHHG PHDQVWRDWWDLQWKH GHVLUHG REMHF WLYH³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Destinado II was a horse belonging to Hnos. DomĂ­nguez in Jerez By way of interest, when the contemporary military rejoneador,** legendary Antonio CaĂąero, after triumphing in the bull ring with his Anglo-Arab, Bordo, decided to carry out a brief incursion into the breeding of Spanish Horses, he chooses DomĂ­nguez livestock Destinado II was born in 1931. The grey colt was described as having a star and white socks behind. His sire, Americano, had already been an important stallion

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Revista El Caballo Español 2009, n.194 (ENGLISH)  
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