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‫وكذلك جعلناكم �أمة و�سطا‬

‫تشييع‬ ‫مهيب‬ ‫السطورة‬ ‫المالكمة‬ ‫محمد علي‬ ‫كالي‬

‫الوسط ¿ العدد ‪ ¿ 67‬رمضان ‪ 1437‬هـ ¿ حزيران ‪ 2016‬م‬

‫‪www.alwasat.com.au ¿ info@alwasat.com.au‬‬

‫أسرار اإلفطار‬ ‫على تمر‬

‫من فوائد‬ ‫السحور‬

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‫‪www.geelongmosque.org.au‬‬

‫محط���ات في حياة‬ ‫محم���د علي كالي‬

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‫أرك��������ان‬ ‫ال���ص���وم‬

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‫سنن الصوم‬ ‫وآداب�����������ه‬

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‫رمضانيات‬

‫‪¿ www.alwasat.com.au‬‬ ‫‪¿ info@alwasat.com.au‬‬

‫الوسط ¿ العدد ‪ ¿ 67‬رمضان ‪ 1437‬هـ ¿ حزيران ‪ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016‬‬

‫رئيس التحرير‪ :‬فواز شوك‬ ‫• سكرتير التحرير‪ :‬عبد المهيمن قمر الدين • مستشار التحرير‪ :‬قيصر طراد‬ ‫• سيدني‪ :‬منذر جبر‪ ،‬سعيد الطباع‪ ،‬فادي الحاج‪ ،‬عبد الجبار موالي • اداليد‪ :‬احمد زريقة‬ ‫• كانبرا‪ :‬طارق الشيخ • بريزبن‪ :‬جمال النعمان • صفحة القرن االفريقي‪ :‬ياسر محمود‬

‫‪Al Wasat newspaper‬‬ ‫تصدر عن شبكة الوسط االعالمية‪ ‬‬ ‫‪Tel.: +61 4 3020 4076‬‬ ‫‪Address: Suite B11 The Gateway,‬‬ ‫‪Broadmeadows 3047‬‬ ‫‪• Postal Address: Po Box.: 5178, Cairnlea Vic 3023‬‬

‫يرجى عدم رمي الصحيفة على االرض الحتوائها على آيات قرآنية‬


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‫رمضانيات‬

‫‪¿ www.alwasat.com.au‬‬ ‫‪¿ info@alwasat.com.au‬‬

‫الوسط ¿ العدد ‪ ¿ 67‬رمضان ‪ 1437‬هـ ¿ حزيران ‪ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016‬‬

‫رمضان شهر العبادة والعمل‬ ‫�إن ر�سالة الم�سلم في‬ ‫هذه الحياة بين عبادة‬ ‫��ص��رف��ة و ه��ي القيام‬ ‫بما افتر�ضه اهلل عليه من �شعائر‬ ‫ون �� �س��ك وب �ي��ن ع �ب��ادة ع��ام��ة وه��ي‬ ‫اال�ستخالف ف��ي االر� ��ض وال�سعي‬ ‫فيها بالعمارة قال تعالى } ُق� ْ�ل ِ�إ َّن‬ ‫َ�صال ِتي َون ُُ�س ِكي َو َم ْح َي َاي َو َم َما ِتي للِهَّ ِ‬ ‫ين{‪ .‬وه��ذان المعنيان‬ ‫َر ِّب ا ْل َعال َِم َ‬ ‫مترابطان متالزمان يحققان معا‬ ‫معنى ال�ع�ب��ودي��ة هلل ت�ع��ال��ى }وم��ا‬ ‫خلقت الجن والإن�س �إال ليعبدون{‬ ‫وال �م �ت ��أم��ل ف��ي ن���ص��و���ص ال �ق��ر�أن‬ ‫وال�سنة يرى ذلك الترابط الوثيق‬ ‫بين ال�ع�ب��ادة وال�سعي ف��ي الأر���ض‬ ‫ب��ال�ع�م��ل وي� ��درك قيمة ال�ع�م��ل في‬ ‫الإ��س�لام باعتباره ر�سالة مقد�سة‬ ‫ل�ه��ا ع�لاق��ة ب��ال�ع�ب��ودي��ة هلل تعالى‬ ‫ف�م�ث�لا ع �ن��دم��ا ت �ت ��أم��ل ق ��ول اهلل‬ ‫تعالى‪َ }:‬يا �أَ ُّي� َه��ا ا َّل� ِ�ذي� َ�ن � َآم� ُن��وا �إِذَ ا‬ ‫ُن ��و ِدي ِل�ل� َّ���ص�َل�اَ ِة ِم��ن َي� � ْو ِم ال ُْج ُم َع ِة‬ ‫َا�س َع ْوا �إلى ِذ ْك��رِ اللهَّ ِ َوذَ ُروا ا ْل َب ْي َع‬ ‫ف ْ‬ ‫ون{‬ ‫ذَ ِل ُك ْم خَ ْي ٌر َّل ُك ْم �إِن ُكنت ُْم َت ْع َل ُم َ‬ ‫تجد روعة ال�سياق القر�آني المبهر‪،‬‬ ‫وهو ي�أمر الم�سلمين بالإ�سراع �إلى‬ ‫تلبية ن��داء اهلل لذكر اهلل و�صالة‬ ‫الجمعة‪ ،‬كحق م��ن حقوقه تعالى‬ ‫افتر�ضه عليهم‪ .‬وظاهر االية يدل‬ ‫على �أن النداء موجه للم�ؤمنين وهم‬ ‫م�شغولون بتجارتهم وبيعهم } َوذَ ُروا‬ ‫ا ْل َب ْي َع{ وهذا نوع من العبادة العامة‬ ‫ون�م��ط م��ن ع �م��ارة الأر����ض وال��ذي‬ ‫يجب ان ال ي�شغلهم عن حقوق اهلل‬ ‫ت�ع��ال��ى‪ ,‬ح�ت��ى �إذا ف��رغ ال�م��ؤم�ن��ون‬ ‫م��ن �أداء م��ا افتر�ضه اهلل عليهم‬

‫بقلم الشيخ‬

‫طاهر مشراوي‬

‫ج��اء �أم��ر اهلل لهم باال�ستمرار في‬ ‫ال�سعي في الأر���ض بالعمارة ودون‬ ‫تاخر و ت�ضييع للوقت كما يدل عليه‬ ‫ال�صلاَ ُة‬ ‫�سياق الأية }ف ِ�إذَ ا ُق ِ�ض َي ِت َّ‬ ‫فَانت َِ�ش ُروا ِفي الأ ْر��ِ�ض َوا ْب َتغُوا ِمن‬ ‫ف َْ�ضلِ اللهَّ ِ {‬ ‫وف� ��ي ال �� �س �ن��ة ج� ��اء ف ��ي ال �ح��دي��ث‬ ‫ال�صحيح ال ��ذي ي�ق��ول فيه النبي‬ ‫�صلى اهلل عليه و�سلم‪( :‬اليد العليا‬ ‫خير من اليد ال�سفلى) واليد العليا‬ ‫ه��ي ال �ت��ي ت�ط�ل��ب رزق �ه��ا بنف�سها‬ ‫�ساعية في االر���ض للك�سب الحالل‬ ‫متوكلة على ربها وق��ال �صلى اهلل‬ ‫طعاما‬ ‫عليه و �سلم‪(:‬ما �أك��ل �أح � ٌد ً‬ ‫ُّ‬ ‫قط خي ًرا من �أن ي�أكل من عمل يده)‬ ‫ك�م��ا وج�ه�ن��ا دي�ن�ن��ا ال�ح�ن�ي��ف �إل��ى‬ ‫جودة العمل و�إتقانه‪ ،‬والبراعة فيه‪،‬‬ ‫والإب��داع فيه‪ ،‬بل جعل الإ�سالم من‬ ‫�إتقان العمل و الإح�سان فيه �سببا‬

‫لح�صول محبة اهلل ع��ز وج ��ل(�إن‬ ‫اهلل يحب �إذا عمل �أحدكم عمال �أن‬ ‫يتقنه)‪ .‬وعلمنا ديننا �أي�ضا �أن من‬ ‫غر�س غر�سا �أو زرع زرعا‪ ،‬ف�أكل منه‬ ‫�إن�سان �أو دابة �أو طير �أو حتى �سبع‬ ‫فهو له �صدقة‪ .‬وقيا�سا عليه ف�إن �أي‬ ‫عمل نافع‪ ،‬يعمله الم�سلم وا�ستفاد‬ ‫منه �إن�سان �أو ح�ي��وان �أو طائر �أو‬ ‫غ �ي��ره‪ ،‬ك��ان ل��ه الأج ��ر الكبير من‬ ‫اهلل تعالى‪ ،‬وكان هذا العمل �صدقة‬ ‫جارية له‪.‬‬ ‫ن���س��وق ه��ذه ال�م�ع��ان��ي ون �ح��ن على‬ ‫�أبواب رم�ضان المبارك �شهر العمل‬ ‫والعبادة معا‪� ,‬شهر الجهاد والعطاء‬ ‫والبذل واالجتهاد والتاريخ ي�شهد‬ ‫�أن �أعظم الفتوحات والإنت�صارات‬ ‫وق�ع��ت ف�ي��ه‪ .‬فلي�س رم���ض��انُ �شهر‬ ‫تكا�سل ون��وم ولهو وطعام و�شراب‬ ‫كما جعله فئام من الم�سلمين تك�أة‬ ‫و حجة لترك العمل و �أف��رغ��وه من‬ ‫مقا�صده العظمى‪ ,‬فال يجوز للم�سلم‬ ‫�أن يحول هذا المو�سم العظيم �إلى‬ ‫�صورة �سلبية تظهر الم�سلم ب�صورة‬ ‫الخمول والركود والبطالة‪ .‬فن�شاط‬ ‫ال���ص��ائ��م وج���ده ف��ي ط�ل��ب الأج ��ر‬ ‫والقرب من اهلل تعالى والعتق من‬ ‫ال �ن��ار ب ��أن��واع ال �ع �ب��ادات كال�صوم‬ ‫والقيام والذكر وال�صدقة كل ذلك‬ ‫ال يمنعه �أن يكون ب��ذات الن�شاط‬ ‫والجد في طلب رزقه و�إح�سانه في‬ ‫عمله‪ .‬وال ينبغي للم�سلم �أن يجمع‬ ‫م��ع �إم���س��اك��ه ع��ن �شهوتي البطن‬ ‫والفرج من طلوع الفجر �إلى غروب‬ ‫ال�شم�س �إم�ساكا عن العمل والجد‬ ‫والعطاء‪.‬‬

‫ب�سم اهلل الرحمن الرحيم‬ ‫الحمد هلل رب العالمين وال�صالة وال�سالم‬ ‫على خاتم الأنبياء والمر�سلين وبعد؛‬ ‫• ي�ؤكد �سماحة المفتي الدكتور �إبراهيم‬ ‫�أبو محمد ومعه ال�سادة العلماء على �ضرورة‬ ‫الحر�ص على �صحة و�سالمة ال�صوم وتجنب‬ ‫أ‪ .‬د‪ .‬إبراهيم أبو محمد‬ ‫مبطالته ومف�سداته المادية والمعنوية‪.‬‬ ‫المفتي العام للقارة االسترالية‬ ‫• يهيب �سماحة المفتي ومجل�س االئمة‬ ‫‪Dr Ibrahim Abu Mohammed‬‬ ‫الفدرالى ب�أن تدعو كل �أ�سرة م�سلمة �أخرى‬ ‫‪Grand Mufti of Australia‬‬ ‫م��ن غير الم�سلمين على الإف �ط��ار‪ ،‬توثيقا‬ ‫للروابط وتدعيما لدعوة التعددية الثقافية‬ ‫والح�ضارية التي تفخر بها ا�ستراليا‪.‬‬ ‫• ويهيب �سماحة المفتي وال���س��ادة العلماء‬ ‫في ا�ستراليا ان يخ�ص ال�صائمون �إخوانهم بالدعاء وان يعم ال�سالم واالمن قارتنا‬ ‫ا�ستراليا وكل بالد العالم‪.‬‬

‫�شهر مبارك وطاعة مقبولة وكل عام وانتم بخير‪.‬‬ ‫ الركن الثاني‪ :‬الإم�ساك عن المفطرات من طعام‪،‬‬‫و��ش��راب‪ ،‬وج�م��اع‪ ،‬من طلوع الفجر الثاني �إل��ى غروب‬ ‫ال�شم�س‪ ،‬ودليل ذلك قوله تعالى‪{ :‬وكلوا وا�شربوا حتى‬ ‫يتبين لكم الخيط الأبي�ض من الخيط الأ�سود من الفجر‬ ‫ثم �أتموا ال�صيام �إلى الليل} (البقرة‪ ،)187:‬والمراد‬ ‫بالخيط الأبي�ض والخيط الأ�سود‪ ،‬بيا�ض النهار و�سواد‬ ‫الليل‪ ،‬وذل��ك يح�صل بطلوع الفجر الثاني �أو الفجر‬ ‫ال�صادق؛ لقوله �صلى اهلل عليه و�سلم‪( :‬ال يمنعنكم من‬ ‫�سحوركم �أذان بالل‪ ،‬وال الفجر الم�ستطيل‪ ،‬ولكن الفجر‬ ‫الم�ستطير في الأف��ق) رواه الترمذي‪ .‬وقوله �صلى اهلل‬ ‫عليه و�سلم‪�( :‬إذا �أقبل الليل من ها هنا و�أدب��ر النهار‬ ‫من ها هنا وغربت ال�شم�س فقد �أفطر ال�صائم) رواه‬ ‫البخاري وم�سلم‪ ،‬وقد �أجمع �أهل العلم على �أن من فعل‬ ‫�شيئ ًا من ذلك متعمد ًا فقد بطل �صومه‪.‬‬

‫أركان الصوم‬ ‫ال���ص�ي��ام ف��ي حقيقته م��رك��ب م��ن ركنين‬ ‫�أ�سا�سيين‪ ،‬ال يت�صور ح�صوله بدونهما‪:‬‬ ‫الركن الأول‪ :‬النية‪ ،‬ومعناها الق�صد‪ ،‬وهو اعتقاد‬‫القلب فعل �شيء‪ ،‬وعزمه عليه من غير ت��ردد‪ ،‬والمراد‬ ‫بها هنا ق�صد ال�صوم‪ ،‬والدليل على �أن النية ركن ل�صحة‬ ‫ال�صيام‪ ،‬قوله �صلى اهلل عليه و�سلم‪�( :‬إن�م��ا الأعمال‬ ‫بالنيات و�إنما لكل امرئ ما نوى) رواه البخاري وم�سلم‪،‬‬ ‫وهو يعم كل عمل ‪ ،‬وقوله في حديث حف�صة ر�ضي اهلل‬ ‫عنها‪( :‬من لم يبيت ال�صيام قبل الفجر فال �صيام له)‬ ‫رواه �أحمد و�أ�صحاب ال�سنن‪.‬‬ ‫ومحل النية القلب‪ ،‬وال ي�شرع التلفظ بها‪ ،‬وهو خالف‬

‫ال�سنَّة؛ لأنها عمل قلبي ال دخل لل�سان فيه‪ ،‬وحقيقتها‬ ‫ُّ‬ ‫الق�صد �إلى الفعل امتثا ًال لأمر اهلل تعالى‪ ،‬وطلب ًا لثوابه‪،‬‬ ‫وي�شترط في النية ل�صوم رم�ضان التبييت‪ ،‬وهو‪� :‬إيقاع‬ ‫النية لي ًال‪ ،‬لحديث حف�صة المتقدم‪ ،‬وت�صح النية في �أي‬ ‫جزء من �أج��زاء الليل‪ ،‬وينبغي على العبد �أن يبتعد عن‬ ‫و�سوا�س ال�شيطان في النية‪ ،‬ف�إن النية ال تحتاج �إلى تكلف‪،‬‬ ‫فمن عقد قلبه لي ًال �أنه �صائم غد ًا فقد نوى‪ ،‬ومثله ما لو‬ ‫ت�سحر بنية ال�صوم غد ًا‪.‬‬ ‫وبع�ض الفقهاء يعد النية �شرط ًا ل�صحة ال�صيام ال ركن ًا‬ ‫من �أرك��ان��ه‪ ،‬والمق�صود �أن��ه ال بد منها ل�صحة ال�صوم‬ ‫�سواء عددناها ركن ًا �أم �شرط ًا‪.‬‬

‫سنن الصوم وآدابه‬ ‫العبادات و�إن كانت ت�صح من غير الإتيان‬ ‫ب�آدابها و�سننها �إال �أنها تبقى ناق�صة الأجر‪،‬‬ ‫قليلة الأث ��ر‪ ،‬ولأج��ل ه��ذا الملحظ �شُ رعت‬ ‫ال�سنن والآداب لتكميل النق�ص الذي يطر�أ على الفرائ�ض‬ ‫والواجبات‪.‬‬ ‫وق��د ج��اءت ال�شريعة بكف الل�سان عن المحرمات من‬ ‫غيبة ونميمية وكذب و�سفه وعدوان في كل وقت وحين‪،‬‬ ‫�إال �أن الكف عن هذه الأمور يت�أكد في رم�ضان‪ ،‬لمنافاتها‬ ‫لحقيقة ال�صوم والغاية منه‪ ،‬وف��ي الحديث عنه عليه‬ ‫ال�صالة وال�سالم �أنه قال‪( :‬من لم يدع قول الزور والعمل‬ ‫به والجهل‪ ،‬فلي�س هلل حاجة �أن يدع طعامه و�شرابه) رواه‬ ‫البخاري‪ .‬وقال �صلى اهلل عليه و�سلم‪�( :‬إذا كان يوم �صوم‬ ‫�أحدكم فال يرفث ٍ‬ ‫يومئذ وال يجهل‪ ،‬فان �سا َّبه �أحد �أو قاتله‬ ‫�أح��د‪ ،‬فليقل‪� :‬إن��ي ام��ر�ؤ �صائم) رواه البخاري وم�سلم‪،‬‬ ‫و(الرفث) هو‪ :‬الكالم الفاح�ش‪ ،‬قال الإمام �أحمد رحمه‬

‫اهلل‪ :‬ينبغي لل�صائم �أن يتعاهد �صومه من ل�سانه‪ ،‬وال‬ ‫يماري‪ ،‬وي�صون �صومه‪ ،‬قال‪ :‬وكانوا �إذا �صاموا ‪-‬يق�صد‬ ‫ال�سلف ال�صالح‪ -‬قعدوا في الم�ساجد‪ ،‬وقالوا‪ :‬نحفظ‬ ‫�صومنا‪ ،‬وال نغتاب �أحد ًا‪.‬‬ ‫فعلى ال�صائم �أن يحفظ ب�صره عن النظر �إلى المحرمات‪,‬‬ ‫ويحفظ �أذنه عن اال�ستماع للغناء و�آالت اللهو‪ ,‬ويحفظ‬ ‫بطنه ع��ن ك��ل مك�سب خبيث م�ح��رم‪ ,‬فلي�س م��ن العقل‬ ‫والحكمة �أن يتقرب العبد �إلى ربه بترك المباحات من‬ ‫الطعام وال�شراب والجماع‪ ,‬وهو لم يتقرب �إليه بترك ما‬ ‫ُح � ِّرم عليه في كل ح��ال‪ ,‬من الكذب والظلم والعدوان‪,‬‬ ‫وارت�ك��اب المحرمات‪ ،‬وم��ن فعل ذل��ك ك��ان كمن ي�ض ِّيع‬ ‫الفرائ�ض‪ ،‬ويتقرب بالنوافل‪.‬‬ ‫كما ي�ستحب لل�صائم ب��ذل ال�صدقة للمحتاجين من‬ ‫الفقراء والم�ساكين‪ ،‬وفي الحديث عن عائ�شة ر�ضي اهلل‬ ‫عنها �أنه �صلى اهلل عليه و�سلم‪( :‬كان �أجود النا�س‪ ،‬وكان‬

‫�أجود ما يكون في رم�ضان‪َ ،‬ف َل َر�سول اهلل �صلى اهلل عليه‬ ‫و�سلم �أجود بالخير من الريح المر�سلة) رواه البخاري‬ ‫وم�سلم‪.‬‬ ‫وم��ن ال�سنن الم�شروعة ف��ي ال�صيام‪ ،‬ت�ن��اول ال�سحور‬ ‫وت�أخيره‪ ،‬لما في ذلك من عون على �صيام النهار‪ ،‬قال‬ ‫�صلى اهلل عليه و�سلم‪( :‬ت�سحروا ف�إن في ال�سحور بركة)‬ ‫رواه البخاري وم�سلم‪ ،‬وقال في الحديث الآخر‪( :‬ف َْ�ص ُل‬ ‫ال�س َحر) رواه‬ ‫ما بين �صيامنا و�صيام �أهل الكتاب �أكلة َّ‬ ‫م�سلم‪.‬‬ ‫يقول زيد بن ثابت‪“ :‬ت�سحرنا مع النبي �صلى اهلل عليه‬ ‫و�سلم‪ ،‬ثم قمنا �إلى ال�صالة”‪ ،‬متفق عليه‪ ،‬وهو يدل على‬ ‫ا�ستحباب ت�أخير ال�سحور‪.‬‬ ‫كما ي�ستحب لل�صائم تعجيل الفطر لقوله �صلى اهلل عليه‬ ‫و�سلم‪( :‬ال ي��زال النا�س بخير ما عجلوا الفطر) متفق‬

‫عليه‪ .‬و�أن يفطر على رطبات �إن تي�سر؛ لحديث �أن�س ر�ضي‬ ‫اهلل عنه‪ ،‬ق��ال‪( :‬ك��ان ر�سول اهلل �صلى اهلل عليه و�سلم‬ ‫يفطر قبل �أن ي�صلي على رطبات‪ ،‬ف�إن لم تكن رطبات‬ ‫فتمرات‪ ،‬ف�إن لم تكن تمرات ح�سا ح�سوات من ماء) رواه‬ ‫الترمذي‪.‬‬ ‫ومن الأمور الم�سنونة لل�صائم الدعاء عند فطره‪ ،‬وفي‬ ‫الحديث‪( :‬ثالثة ال ترد دعوتهم ‪-‬وذكر منهم‪ -‬وال�صائم‬ ‫حين يفطر) رواه الترمذي‪ ،‬وثبت عنه عليه ال�صالة‬ ‫وال�سالم عند الإف �ط��ار‪ ،‬ق��ول��ه‪( :‬ذه��ب الظم�أ‪ ،‬وابتلت‬ ‫العروق‪ ،‬وثبت الأجر �إن �شاء اهلل تعالى) رواه �أبو داود‪.‬‬ ‫وبهذا يتبين �أن حقيقة ال�صيام لي�ست مجرد الإم�ساك‬ ‫عن المفطرات الح�سية فح�سب‪ ,‬ف�إن ذلك يقدر عليه كل‬ ‫�أح��د‪ ,‬كما قال بع�ضهم‪�“ :‬أهون ال�صيام ترك ال�شراب‬ ‫والطعام”‪ ،‬ولكن حقيقة ال�صيام ما �أخبر عنه جابر‬ ‫ر�ضي اهلل عنه بقوله‪�“ :‬إذا �صمت‪ ،‬فلي�صم �سمعك‬ ‫وب�صرك ول�سانك عن الكذب والم�آثم‪ ,‬ودع �أذى الجار‪,‬‬ ‫وليكن عليك وق��ار و�سكينة يوم �صومك‪ ,‬وال تجعل يوم‬ ‫�صومك ويوم فطرك �سواء”‪.‬‬ ‫الم�صدر‪ :‬ا�سالم ويب‬


‫‪4‬‬

‫تهنئات رمضانية‬

‫‪¿ www.alwasat.com.au‬‬ ‫‪¿ info@alwasat.com.au‬‬

‫الوسط ¿ العدد ‪ ¿ 67‬رمضان ‪ 1437‬هـ ¿ حزيران ‪ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016‬‬

‫وفد برلماني استرالي‬ ‫يزور مفتي استراليا مهنئ ًا‬

‫تهنئة �سفري اململكة‬ ‫العربية ال�سعودية ب�أ�سرتاليا‬ ‫ونيوزيالندا ب�شهر رم�ضان‬ ‫املبارك لعام ‪1437‬هـ‬ ‫�إىل اجلاليات الإ�سالمية‬ ‫والعربية يف �أ�سرتاليا‬ ‫ونيوزيالندا‬

‫بشهر رمضان المبارك‬

‫الإخوة والأخوات �أبناء الجاليات الإ�سالمية والعربية في �أ�ستراليا ونيوزيالندا‬ ‫ال�سالم عليكم ورحمة اهلل وبركاته‬ ‫يطيب لي �أن �أتقدم لكم ب�أ�سمى �آيات التهاني والتبريكات بمنا�سبة قرب حلول �شهر‬ ‫رم�ضان المبارك لعام ‪1437‬هـ‪ .‬وفي هذه المنا�سبة المباركة والغالية على قلوبنا‬ ‫�أود �أن �أدع��وك��م جميعاً ال�ستغالل ه��ذا ال�شهر المبارك �شهر الرحمة والمغفرة‬ ‫والعتق من النار في �أعمال الخير والعمل على التكاتف وجمع الكلمة وتوحيد‬ ‫ال�صف و�إظهار ال�صورة الحقيقية للإ�سالم والمتمثلة ب��روح الت�سامح والمحبة‬ ‫والو�سطية واالعتدال وال�سالم‪ .‬وفي الختام ال ي�سعني اال �أن �أ�س�أل المولى عز وجل‬ ‫�أن يتقبل �صيامنا وقيامنا ويجعلنا و�أياكم فيه من المعتوقين من النار و�أن يعيده‬ ‫علينا وعليكم وعلى الأمة الإ�سالمية والعربية بالخير واليمن والبركات‪ .‬كل عا ٍم‬ ‫و�أنتم بخير‪.‬‬ ‫نبيل بن حممد �آل �صالح‬ ‫�سفري خادم احلرمني ال�رشيفني‬ ‫لدى �أ�سرتاليا ونيوزيالندا‬

‫سيدني‬

‫ا�ستقبل مفتي عام ا�ستراليا الدكتور �إبراهيم �أبو محمد اليوم في مكتبه في �سيدني وفدا برلمانيا ا�ستراليا‬ ‫�ضم كل من النائب الفيدرالي طوني بيرك والنواب المحليين جي�سون كالر وجهاد ديب و�صوفيا كات�سي�س‬ ‫�إ�ضافة الى نائب رئي�س بلدية كانتربيري الحاج خ�ضر �صالح ورئي�س بلدية بانك�ستون ك��ارل ع�صفور‬ ‫والنا�شط بالل الحايك‪ ،‬وقد قدم الوفد تهنئته للمفتي وللجالية اال�سالمية بمنا�سبة اقتراب �شهر رم�ضان المبارك‪،‬‬ ‫كما تباحث الوفد مع الدكتور �أبو محمد في �ش�ؤون تهم الجالية الإ�سالمية في �سيدني وفي ا�ستراليا‪ .‬وقد ح�ضر اللقاء‬ ‫كل من رئي�س مجل�س االئمة الفيدرالي ال�شيخ �شادي ال�سليمان و�أع�ضاء مجل�س االئمة الفيدرالي ال�شيخ طاهر م�شراوي‬ ‫وال�شيخ محمد خمي�س‪.‬‬

‫احلاج خليل �شاهني‬

‫‪Hajj Khalil Shaheen‬‬ ‫‪Islamic Arabic Centre & Al-Khalil Mosque‬‬

‫‪Torrens Rd Woodville North,‬‬ ‫‪Adelaide, South Australia 5012‬‬


5

‫إعالن‬

¿ www.alwasat.com.au ¿ info@alwasat.com.au

ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

n a d a Ram k a r a b Mu “We pray that Allah eases the affairs of those less fortunate, brings tranquility to their hearts, strengthen the oppressed and protect our brothers and sisters across the globe.”

For detailed information about our Ramadan program please visit our Facebook page.

The Lebanese Muslim Association would like to congratulate the Australian Muslim community and Muslims around the globe on observing the blessed month of Ramadan. We would like to invite the community to join us at Lakemba mosque for a special Ramadan program which includes lessons, Quran recitations and prayers delivered by local and international scholars. Isha prayers will commence at 7pm during the month of Ramadan.

LEBANESE MUSLIM ASSOCIATION

Our Community, Our Future

.

6 5 - 6 7 WA N G E E R D , L A K E M B A LMA_Ramadan_Advert_2016_260x355_AW-3.indd 2

lakemba.mosque

info@lma.org.au

www.lma.org.au

9750 6833 26/05/2016 12:07 pm


¿ www.alwasat.com.au ¿ info@alwasat.com.au

‫إعالن‬ ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

6


‫‪¿ www.alwasat.com.au‬‬ ‫‪¿ info@alwasat.com.au‬‬

‫‪7‬‬

‫تهنئات رمضانية‬ ‫الوسط ¿ العدد ‪ ¿ 67‬رمضان ‪ 1437‬هـ ¿ حزيران ‪ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016‬‬

‫شركة تمور المدينة‬

‫‪ALMADINA DATES‬‬

‫ت�شكيلة وا�سعة من‬ ‫افخر �أنواع التمور ال�سعودية‬

‫�سكري الق�صيم‬ ‫ب�أنواعه‬ ‫عاليا سوبر ماركت‬

‫‪Aaliyah Supermarket‬‬

‫• تمر �سكري مفتل ملكي ومكنوز‬ ‫• تمر خال�ص الق�صيم‬ ‫• تمر برحي فاخر‪� ،‬صفاوي‪،‬‬ ‫عنبره‪ ،‬خ�ضري‪ ،‬مبروم وغيرها‬ ‫• ع�صائر �سن توب‪ ،‬فيمتو وغيرها‬ ‫• فخر ال�ضيافة ال�سعودية‬ ‫• القهوة العربية ال�سعودية‬ ‫ �شركة تمور المدينة‬‫‪ -‬عمارة لال�ستيراد والت�صدير‬

‫‪The mos‬‬ ‫‪td‬‬ ‫‪el‬‬

‫!‪RIVED‬‬ ‫‪AR‬‬

‫‪as‬‬

‫‪s on the pl‬‬ ‫‪date‬‬ ‫‪an‬‬ ‫‪s‬‬ ‫‪et‬‬ ‫‪u‬‬ ‫‪o‬‬ ‫‪i‬‬ ‫‪H‬‬ ‫‪c‬‬ ‫‪i‬‬

‫�أ�سعار‬ ‫خا�صة خالل‬ ‫�شهر رم�ضان‬ ‫المبارك‬

‫‪Melbourne‬‬

‫‪04 0337 4444‬‬

‫‪Melbourne‬‬

‫‪03 9357 7719‬‬

‫حسون كوفي‬

‫‪Hassoun Coffee‬‬

‫نتقدم بآسمى آيات التهنئة والتبريك للجالية اإلسالمية وللطلبة‬ ‫السعوديين في استراليا بمناسبة شهر رمضان المبارك‬ ‫ونعلن عن تقديم عروض خاصة بمناسبة شهر رمضان الكريم‬

‫صندوق ‪ 3‬كلغ تمر سكري القصيم مفتل ملكي فاخر ‪$ 40‬‬ ‫سكري مكنوز فاخر ‪$10‬‬ ‫سن توب ‪$15‬‬

‫عند شرائكم بـ ‪ $100‬احصلوا على ‪ 2‬سمبوسة مجانا‬ ‫إضافة الى الكثير من العروض األخرى‬ ‫لدينا أكثر من ‪ 15‬صنف من أفخر واجود أنواع التمور السعودية‬ ‫‪Aaliyah Supermarket‬‬

‫‪Hassoun Coffee‬‬

‫‪282 Broadway,‬‬ ‫‪Reservoir VIC 3073‬‬ ‫‪Mob: 0431 643 464‬‬

‫‪384 Gilbert Rd,‬‬ ‫‪Preston VIC 3072‬‬ ‫‪Mob: 0430 925 645‬‬


‫‪8‬‬

‫تهنئات رمضانية‬

‫‪¿ www.alwasat.com.au‬‬ ‫‪¿ info@alwasat.com.au‬‬

‫الوسط ¿ العدد ‪ ¿ 67‬رمضان ‪ 1437‬هـ ¿ حزيران ‪ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016‬‬

‫كلية‬ ‫التقوى اإلسالمية‬

‫‪AL-TAQWA COLLEGE‬‬ ‫‪MELBOURNE AUSTRALIA‬‬

‫‪Established 1986‬‬ ‫‪Celebrating 30 years‬‬

‫تقبل اآلن طلبات التسجيل‬ ‫لسنة ‪2017‬‬ ‫لمزيد من المعلومات يمكنكم‬ ‫التواصل مع االدارة على الرقم‬ ‫التالي‪:‬‬

‫‪03 9269 5000‬‬

‫او زوروا موقعنا االلكتروني‬ ‫‪al-taqwa.vic.edu.au‬‬

‫‪ACER‬‬

‫طلبات المنح‬ ‫الدراسية‬ ‫متاحة اآلن‬ ‫‪201 Sayers Rd‬‬ ‫‪Truganina VIC 3029‬‬

‫‪tel (03) 9269 5000‬‬ ‫‪fax (03) 9269 5070‬‬

‫ •المنح الدراسية متاحة للرياضة والدين‬ ‫واالكاديمي‪.‬‬ ‫ •بدأ تقديم الطلبات يوم االثنين ‪ 16‬أيار‬ ‫وستغلق يوم الجمعة ‪ 29‬تموز‪.‬‬ ‫ •طلبات سنة ‪ 2017‬متاحة فقط لطالب‬ ‫الصف السادس وما فوق‪.‬‬ ‫ •االستمارة موجودة على موقعنا االلكتروني‬ ‫او في مكتب اإلدارة‪.‬‬ ‫‪adminoffice@wicv.net‬‬ ‫‪al-taqwa.vic.edu.au‬‬


9

‫تهنئات رمضانية‬ ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

Ramdan Mubarak

‫أشهى وأفخر الحلويات الشرقية‬

‫صقر وأوالده‬

749-751 Punchbowl Rd, Punchbowl NSW 2196 Tel: (02) 9708 2774 www.alafrahsweets.com.au

¿ www.alwasat.com.au ¿ info@alwasat.com.au


‫‪10‬‬

‫رمضانيات‬

‫‪¿ www.alwasat.com.au‬‬ ‫‪¿ info@alwasat.com.au‬‬

‫الوسط ¿ العدد ‪ ¿ 67‬رمضان ‪ 1437‬هـ ¿ حزيران ‪ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016‬‬

‫زكاة الفطر‬

‫فضل الصدقة‬ ‫�أوالً‪� :‬أنها تطفىء غ�ضب اهلل �سبحانه وتعالى كما في قوله �صلي اهلل عليه و�سلم (�إن �صدقة‬ ‫ال�سر تطفىء غ�ضب الرب تبارك وتعالى)‪.‬‬ ‫ثانياً‪� :‬أنها تمحو الخطيئة‪ ،‬وتذهب نارها كما في قوله �صلي اهلل عليه و�سلم (وال�صدقة‬ ‫تطفىء الخطيئة كما تطفىء الماء النار)‪ .‬كما �أنها وقاية من النار‬ ‫كما في قوله �صلي اهلل عليه و�سلم(فاتقوا النار‪ ،‬ولو ب�شق تمرة)‪.‬‬ ‫ثالثاً‪� :‬أن المت�صدق في ظل �صدقته يوم القيامة كما في‬ ‫حديث عقبة بن عامر قال‪� :‬سمعت ر�سول اهلل �صلي اهلل‬ ‫عليه و�سلم يقول (ك��ل ام��رىء في ظل �صدقته‪ ،‬حتى‬ ‫يق�ضى بين النا�س وقد ذكر النبي �صلي اهلل‬ ‫عليه و�سلم �أن من ال�سبعة الذين‬ ‫ي�ظ�ل�ه��م اهلل ف��ي ظ �ل��ه ي ��وم ال‬ ‫ظ��ل �إال ظ�ل��ه‪ ،‬رج��ل ت�صدق‬ ‫ب�صدقة ف��أخ�ف��اه��ا‪ ،‬حتى‬ ‫ال تعلم �شماله م��ا تنفق‬ ‫يمينه)‪.‬‬ ‫رابعاً‪� :‬أن في ال�صدقة‬ ‫دواء ل �ل��أم� ��را�� ��ض‬ ‫البدنية كما في قوله‬ ‫�صلي اهلل عليه و�سلم‬ ‫(داووا مر�ضاكم‬ ‫بال�صدقة)‪.‬‬ ‫خ���ام�������س��� ًاً‪� :‬أن‬ ‫�صاحب ال�صدقة‬ ‫يبارك اهلل له في‬ ‫م��ال��ه ك�م��ا �أخ�ب��ر‬ ‫النبي �صلي اهلل‬ ‫عليه و�سلم عن‬ ‫ذل� � � ��ك ب� �ق ��ول ��ه‬ ‫(م� � ��ا ن �ق �� �ص��ت‬ ‫�� � �ص � ��دق � ��ة م��ن‬ ‫م��ال)‪ .‬و كذلك‬ ‫ت��دع��و المالئكة‬ ‫للمت�صدق ب ��أن‬ ‫ي��ب��ارك اهلل له‬ ‫ف ��ي م ��ال ��ه وف��ي‬ ‫ذلك يقول �صلي‬ ‫اهلل عليه و�سلم‬ ‫ما من يوم ي�صبح‬ ‫العباد فيه �إال ملكان‬ ‫ينزالن فيقول �أحدهما‪:‬‬ ‫اللهم �أعط منفق ًا خلف ًا‪ ،‬ويقول الآخر‪ :‬اللهم �أعط مم�سك ًا تلف ًا)‪.‬‬ ‫�ساد�ساً‪� :‬أن �صاحبها يدعى من باب خا�ص من �أبواب الجنة يقال له باب ال�صدقة كما في حديث �أبي‬ ‫هريرة ر�ضي اهلل عنه �أن ر�سول اهلل �صلي اهلل عليه و�سلم قال (من �أنفق زوجين في �سبيل اهلل‪ ،‬نودي في‬ ‫الجنة يا عبد اهلل‪ ،‬هذا خير‪ :‬فمن كان من �أهل ال�صالة ُدعي من باب ال�صالة‪ ،‬ومن كان من �أهل الجهاد‬ ‫ُدعي من باب الجهاد‪ ،‬ومن كان من �أهل ال�صدقة ُدعي من باب ال�صدقة‪ ،‬ومن كان من �أهل ال�صيام ُدعي‬ ‫من باب الريان)‪ ,‬قال �أبو بكر‪ :‬يا ر�سول اهلل‪ ،‬ما على من ُدعي من تلك الأبواب من �ضرورة فهل ُيدعى‬ ‫�أحد من تلك الأبواب كلها‪ :‬قال‪ :‬نعم و�أرجو �أن تكون منهم)‪.‬‬ ‫�سابعاً‪َّ � :‬أن ال�صدقة دلي ٌل على �صدق العبد و�إيمانه كما في قوله �صلي اهلل عليه و�سلم (وال�صدقة برهان)‪.‬‬ ‫ثامناً‪َّ � :‬أن ال�صدقة مطهرة للمال لمن يعمل في التجارة و البيع وال�شراء‪ ،‬تخل�صه من الذنوب التي‬ ‫يكت�سبها من جراء اللغو‪ ،‬والحلف‪ ،‬والكذب‪ ،‬والغفلة و المنكرات و تطهره فقد كان النَّبي �صلي اهلل عليه‬ ‫و�سلم يو�صي التَّجار بقوله (يا مع�شر التجار‪َّ � ،‬إن هذا البيع يح�ضره اللغو والحلف ف�شوبوه بال�صدقة)‪.‬‬ ‫الم�صدر‪�:‬صيد الفوائد‬

‫�أوال‪ :‬تعريفها وحكمها‬ ‫‪ -1‬زكاة الفطر �أو �صدقة الفطر هي الزكاة‬ ‫التي �سببها الفطر من رم�ضان‪ .‬فر�ضت في‬ ‫ال�سنة الثانية للهجرة‪� ،‬أي مع فري�ضة ال�صيام‪ .‬وتمتاز‬ ‫عن الزكوات الأخرى ب�أنها مفرو�ضة على الأ�شخا�ص ال‬ ‫على الأموال‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -2‬واتفق جمهور العلماء �أنها فري�ضة واجبة‪ ،‬لحديث‬ ‫ابن عمر‪�« :‬أن ر�سول اهلل �صلى اهلل عليه و�سلم فر�ض‬ ‫زك��اة الفطر من رم�ضان �صاع ًا من تمر �أو �صاع ًا من‬ ‫�شَ عير على ك ّل ح ٍّر �أو عبد �أو �أمة»‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -3‬وقد ب ّين ر�سول اهلل �صلى اهلل عليه و�سلم حكمتها‬ ‫و�أن�ه��ا طهرة لل�صائم من اللَّغو وال� َّرف��ث اللذين قلَّما‬ ‫ي�سلم �صائم منهما‪ ،‬وهي ُطعمة للم�ساكين حتى يكون‬ ‫الم�سلمون جميع ًا يوم العيد في فرح و�سعادة‪.‬‬ ‫ثانياً‪ :‬على من تجب؟‬ ‫م�سلم ٍ‬ ‫عبد �أو ح ٍّر‪،‬‬ ‫‪ -1‬تجب زكاة الفطر على كل ٍ‬

‫زبيب �أو �أ ِقط �أو قمح‪� ،‬أو �أي طعام �آخر من قوت البلد‪،‬‬ ‫وذلك لحديث ابن عمر المذكور �آنف ًا‪ ،‬ولحديث �أبي �سعيد‬ ‫الخدري‪« :‬كنا نُخرج زكاة الفطر �إذ كان فينا ر�سول اهلل‬ ‫�صلى اهلل عليه و�سلم �صاع ًا من طعام‪� ،‬أو �صاع ًا من تَمر‪،‬‬ ‫�أو �صاع ًا من �شَ عير‪� ،‬أو �صاع ًا من زَبيب‪� ،‬أو �صاع ًا من‬ ‫�أ ِق��ط‪ ،‬فلم نزل كذلك حتى نزل َعلينا معاوية المدينة‪،‬‬ ‫فقال‪� :‬إني لأرى ُم َّدين من َ�سمراء ال�شام ‪�-‬أي قمحها‪-‬‬ ‫يعدل �صاع ًا من تمر ف�أخذ النا�س بذلك» رواه الجماعة‪.‬‬ ‫وق��ال الأح�ن��اف‪ :‬زك��اة الفطر �صاع من كل الأن ��واع‪� ،‬إ ّال‬ ‫القمح‪ ،‬فالواجب فيه ن�صف �صاع‪ .‬والأح ��وط اعتماد‬ ‫ال�صاع من كل الأنواع‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -2‬وال�صاع �أربع حفنات بكفَّي رجل معتدل الكفين‪� ،‬أو‬ ‫�أربعة �أمدد‪ ،‬لأن الم ّد هو �أي�ض ًا ملء كفي الرجل المعتدل‪،‬‬ ‫وال�صاع من القمح ي�ساوي تقريب ًا ‪ 2176‬غرام ًا‪� ،‬أما من‬ ‫غير ذلك فقد يكون �أكثر �أو �أقل‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -3‬وتخرج زكاة الفطر من غالب قوت البلد‪� ،‬أو من غالب‬ ‫قوت المزكي �إذا كان �أف�ضل من قوت البلد‪ ،‬وهذا ر�أي‬ ‫جمهور الفقهاء والأئمة‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -4‬ويجوز �أداء قيمة ال�صاع نقود ًا فهي �أنفع للفقير‪،‬‬ ‫و�أي�سر في هذا الع�صر‪ ،‬وهو مذهب الأحناف‬ ‫وروي عن عمر بن عبد العزيز والح�سن‬ ‫الب�صري‪.‬‬ ‫رابعاً‪ :‬وقتها‬ ‫‪ -1‬تجب زك��اة ال ِفطر بغروب �آخر‬ ‫ي��وم م��ن رم���ض��ان‪ ،‬عند ال�شافعية‪،‬‬ ‫وبطلوع فجر يوم العيد عند الأحناف‬ ‫والمالكية‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -2‬ويجب �إخراجها قبل �صالة‬ ‫ال �ع �ي��د ل �ح��دي��ث اب ��ن ع�ب��ا���س‪،‬‬ ‫ويجوز تقديمها من �أول �شهر‬ ‫رم���ض��ان ع�ن��د ال�شافعي‪،‬‬ ‫والأف���ض��ل ت�أخيرها �إل��ى‬ ‫م��ا ق�ب��ل ال�ع�ي��د ب �ي��وم �أو‬ ‫ي��وم �ي��ن‪ ،‬وه��و المعتمد‬ ‫عند المالكية‪ ،‬ويجوز‬ ‫تقديمها �إلى �أول الحول‬ ‫ع�ن��د الأح� �ن ��اف؛ لأن�ه��ا‬ ‫زك ��اة‪ .‬وع�ن��د الحنابلة‬ ‫يجوز تعجيلها من بعد‬ ‫ن�صف �شهر رم�ضان‪.‬‬

‫ذَ ك � ��را ك ��ان �أو �أن �ث��ى‪،‬‬ ‫�صغيرا �أو كبيرا‪ ،‬غنيا �أو فقيرا‪ .‬ويخرجها الرجل عن‬ ‫نف�سه وع� َّم��ن ي�ع��ول‪ ،‬وتخرجها ال��زوج��ة ع��ن نف�سها �أو‬ ‫يخرجها زوجها عنها‪ .‬وال يجب �إخراجها عن الجنين‬ ‫و�إن كان ي�ستحب ذلك عند �أحمد بن حنبل ر�ضي اهلل‬ ‫عنه‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -2‬وقد ا�شترط الجمهور �أن يملك الم�سلم ِمقدار الزكاة‬ ‫فا�ض ًال عن قوته وقوت عياله يوم العيد وليلته‪ ،‬وعن �سائر‬ ‫حوائجه الأ�صلية‪.‬‬ ‫وال َّدين الم�ؤجل ال ي�ؤثر على وجوب زكاة الفطر بخالف‬ ‫ال َّدين الحالّ (الذي يجب ت�أديته فور ًا)‬

‫خ��ام �� �س��ا‪ :‬ل �م��ن ت���ص��رف‬ ‫زكاة الفطر‬ ‫‪ -1‬وقد �أجمع العلماء �أنها ت�صرف‬ ‫لفُقراء الم�سلمين‪ ،‬و�أجاز �أبو حنيفة �صرفها �إلى فُقراء‬ ‫�أهل الذمة‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -2‬والأ�صل �أنها مفرو�ضة للفقراء والم�ساكين‪ ،‬فال تعطى‬ ‫لغيرهم من الأ�صناف الثمانية‪� ،‬إ ّال �إذا وجدت حاجة �أو‬ ‫م�صلحة �إ�سالمية‪ .‬وت�صرف في البلد الذي ت�ؤخذ منه‪،‬‬ ‫�إ ّال �إذا لم يوجد فقراء فيجوز نقلها �إلى بلد �آخر‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -3‬وال ت�صرف زك��اة الفطر لمن ال يجوز �صرف زكاة‬ ‫المال �إليه‪ ،‬كمرتد �أو فا�سق يتحدى الم�سلمين‪� ،‬أو والد‬ ‫�أو ولد �أو زوجة‪.‬‬

‫ثالثاً‪ :‬مقدار زكاة الفطر ونوعها‬ ‫‪ -1‬اتفق الأئمة الثالثة‪ :‬مالك وال�شافعي و�أحمد‪ ،‬ومعهم‬ ‫جمهور العلماء‪� ،‬أن زكاة الفطر �صاع من تمر �أو �شعير �أو‬

‫من كتاب �أحكام ال�صيام‬ ‫لل�شيخ في�صل مولوي رحمه اهلل‬

‫‪Together, reviving the spirit of giving this Ramadan‬‬

‫‪Ramadan‬‬ ‫‪Mubarak‬‬

‫”‪“The most beloved of people to Allah is the one who brings most benefit to people...‬‬ ‫)‪- Prophet Muhammad (pbuh‬‬

‫‪www.hai.org.au 1300 760 155 - Always with you on the road to goodness‬‬ ‫‪This page is sponsored by Human Appeal International Australia‬‬


11

‫إعالن‬

¿ www.alwasat.com.au ¿ info@alwasat.com.au

ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

Together, reviving the spirit of giving this Ramadan. ‫ نحيى روح العطاء في رمضان‬...‫معًا‬ Ramadan Mubarak

As the blessed month of Ramadan arrives, Human Appea l with the poor and needy aro und the world, would like to wish you a Ramadan Mubarak. We also invite you to join us in making this Ramada n a special one for the less fortunat e worldwide. May Allah Accept fr om you and us our good de eds. Ameen!

Assalamou Alaykum, On behalf of Human Appeal Australia we are delighted to convey to you glad tidings on the arrival of the blessed month of Ramadan. We invite you to join us in reviving the special spirit of giving this Ramadan. With many around the world affected and suffering daily by disasters and hardships, especially in Syria, Burma and Somalia, we call out to you in this blessed month to give generously.

Human Appeal International, with your support, delivers donations every Ramadan to more than a quarter of a million poor and needy people in 25 locations. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said: “The most beloved of people to Allah is the one who brings most benefit to people...” Please donate generously this Ramadan. May Allah bless you, your wealth and your family this Ramadan.

Visit www.hai.org.au Call 1300 760 155

Change a life this Ramadan. Choose from any of the projects below. Zakat Al Fitr

Provides a festive gathering with a complete Iftar to let the needy enjoy their Ramadan.

Eid Gift & Clothing

The compulsory payment of Zakat removes ones sins and provides food to the poor.

$5

$10

per person

per meal

Bring happiness to a needy child on the special day of Eid with a gift & new clothes.

Fidya (compensation)

Zakat Al Maal

Ramadan Food Parcel

A compulsory payment required by those who can’t fast during Ramadan.

Fulfil the obligation of your Zakat Al Maal and provide relief to those in need.

Provides a family with a comprehensive food parcel sufficient for 1 month.

$20

$10

per gift

$300

2.5%

per day

1 family/1 mo nth

Orphan Sponsorship

Income Generation

Emergency Relief

Build a Water Well

Daily Bread Dist.

Sadaqa Jariyah

Sponsor an Orphan and be among those who will be in Paradise with the Prophet.

Allow needy families to earn a sustainable income and rebuild their lives.

Provide urgent relief to those in countries stricken by emergency crisis.

Provide safe clean water solutions to the needy. This is a Sadaqa Jariya (ongoing charity).

Provide 100 needy families with bread loaves for a day.

Ongoing charity that benefits everyone involved. Forever.

$50

$600

per month

Any Amount

from

$500

Visit www.hai.org.au Call 1300 760 155 Did you know that Human Ap peal Australia is now Tax Deducti ble? DIRECT DEBIT DONATIONS: Human Appeal International BSB: 062191 Acc No.: 00903948 Commonwealth Bank of Australia

Sydney Office: 119 Haldon St, Lakemba NSW 2195 P 02 9750 3161 F 02 9750 2524 E info@humanappeal.org.au

$150

With your donations, we change • Syria • Palestine • Lebanon • Yemen • Jordan

• Iraq • Pakistan • Kashmir • Afghanistan • Kyrgyzstan

Melbourne Office: 149 Sydney Rd, Coburg VIC 3058 P 03 8374 3000 F 03 9386 4688 E mel@humanappeal.org.au

$200

100 families

per share

lives in the following 25 location s:

• Bangladesh • Egypt • Burma • India • Sri Lanka

• Somalia • Sudan • Eritrea • Niger • Tunisia

• Bosnia • Kosovo • Indonesia • Senegal • Nepal

Adelaide Office: 1/53 Henley Beach Rd, Mile End SA 5031 P 08 7200 2882 F 08 7131 9209 E sa@humanappeal.org.au

NSW - CFN17891 VIC - 12875 SA - CCP2001

Feed The Fasting


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‫الوسط الدولي‬

‫‪¿ www.alwasat.com.au‬‬ ‫‪¿ info@alwasat.com.au‬‬

‫الوسط ¿ العدد ‪ ¿ 67‬رمضان ‪ 1437‬هـ ¿ حزيران ‪ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016‬‬

‫أبناء الجالية اللبنانية يحتفلون‬ ‫بفوز الئحة «قرار طرابلس»‬ ‫في االنتخابات البلدية‬

‫احتفل �أبناء الجالية اللبنانية في �سيدني وخا�صة �أبناء مدينة طرابل�س باالنت�صار الكبير الذي‬ ‫حققته الئحة «قرار طرابل�س» المدعومة من وزير العدل الم�ستقيل �أ�شرف ريفي في االنتخابات‬ ‫البلدية لمدينة طرابل�س والتي جرت م�ؤخرا‪ ،‬حيث فازت الئحة «قرار طرابل�س» بـ ‪ ١٦‬مقعد ًا مقابل‬ ‫‪ ٨‬مقاعد فقط لالئحة «لطرابل�س» المدعومة من الإئتالف ال�سيا�سي العري�ض الذي ي�ضم «تيار الم�ستقبل»‬ ‫والرئي�س نجيب ميقاتي والوزيرين ال�سابقين محمد ال�صفدي وفي�صل كرامي ونواب المدينة و«الأحبا�ش»‬ ‫و«الجماعة الإ�سالمية» وق�سم كبير من ابناء جبل مح�سن‪.‬‬ ‫ح�ضر االحتفال عدد من قيادات و�أع�ضاء الجمعيات والم�ؤ�س�سات اجتماعية‪ ،‬وعدد كبير من ابناء الجالية‪،‬‬ ‫وممثلين عن االعالم‪.‬‬ ‫وجه اللواء �أ�شرف ريفي ر�سالة الى الح�ضور‪.‬كما خاطبهم رئي�س بلدية طرابل�س المنتخب المهند�س‬ ‫وقد ّ‬ ‫احمد قمر الدين عبر الهاتف‪.‬‬ ‫ت�ضمن الحفل كلمات لكل من الدكتور جمال ريفي‪،‬ال�شاعر جوزيف عقيقي‪ ،‬االعالمي ابراهيم الزعبي‪،‬ال�شيخ‬ ‫يحى �صافي وال�شيخ نبيل �سكريه‪ ،‬االعالمي �أنور حرب وكلمة «اللواء �أ�شرف ريفي يمثلني» لل�سيد علي ديب‪،‬‬ ‫المحامي علي الغول‪.‬‬

‫الدكتور جمال ريفي‬ ‫‪Dr. Jamal Rifi‬‬

‫‪Australian Father‬‬ ‫‪of the Year 2015‬‬

‫اعضاء بلدية طرابلس الجدد‬


‫تهنئات رمضانية‬

‫‪¿ www.alwasat.com.au‬‬ ‫‪¿ info@alwasat.com.au‬‬

‫الوسط ¿ العدد ‪ ¿ 67‬رمضان ‪ 1437‬هـ ¿ حزيران ‪ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016‬‬

‫اللواء اشرف ريفي‬ ‫طرابلس ‪ -‬لبنان‬

‫‪13‬‬


¿ www.alwasat.com.au ¿ info@alwasat.com.au

‫إعالن‬ ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

14


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‫تهنئات رمضانية‬

‫‪¿ www.alwasat.com.au‬‬ ‫‪¿ info@alwasat.com.au‬‬

‫الوسط ¿ العدد ‪ ¿ 67‬رمضان ‪ 1437‬هـ ¿ حزيران ‪ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016‬‬

‫العشر األواخر وليلة القدر‬ ‫يقول اهلل ت�ب��ارك وت�ع��ال��ى‪} :‬ورب��ك‬ ‫يخلق ما ي�شاء ويختار ما ك��ان لهم‬ ‫ال� ِ�خ � َي��رة{ (ال �ق �� �ص ����ص‪ ،)68:‬وقد‬ ‫اختار �سبحانه الع�شر الأواخر من �شهر رم�ضان‪،‬‬ ‫من بين �سائر �أي��ام ال�شهر‪ ،‬وخ�صها بمزيد من‬ ‫الف�ضل وعظيم الأجر‪.‬‬ ‫فكان �صلى اهلل عليه و�سلم يجتهد بالعمل فيها‬ ‫�أكثر من غيرها ‪ ،‬تقول عائ�شة ر�ضي اهلل عنها‪:‬‬ ‫(كان ر�سول اهلل �صلى اهلل عليه و�سلم يجتهد في‬ ‫الع�شر الأواخر ما ال يجتهد في غيره) رواه م�سلم‪.‬‬ ‫وك��ان يحيي فيها الليل كله ب ��أن��واع العبادة من‬ ‫�صالة وذكر وقراءة قر�آن‪ ،‬تقول عائ�شة ر�ضي اهلل‬ ‫عنها‪( :‬كان ر�سول اهلل �صلى اهلل عليه و�سلم �إذا‬ ‫وج َّد و�ش َّد‬ ‫دخل الع�شر �أحيا الليل ‪ ،‬و�أيقظ �أهله ‪َ ،‬‬ ‫المئزر) رواه م�سلم ‪.‬‬ ‫فكان يوقظ �أهله في هذه الليالي لل�صالة والذكر‪،‬‬ ‫حر�صا على اغتنامها بما ه��ي ج��دي��رة ب��ه من‬ ‫العبادة‪ ،‬قال ابن رجب‪“ :‬ولم يكن النبي �صلى اهلل‬ ‫عليه و�سلم �إذا بقي من رم�ضان ع�شرة �أيام يدع‬ ‫�أحد ًا من �أهله يطيق القيام �إال �أقامه”‪.‬‬ ‫و�شد المئزر هو كناية عن ترك الجماع واعتزال‬ ‫الن�ساء‪ ،‬والجد واالجتهاد في العبادة‪ .‬وكان النبي‬ ‫�صلى اهلل عليه و�سلم يداوم على االعتكاف فيها‬ ‫حتى قب�ض‪ ،‬ففي “ال�صحيحين” ع��ن عائ�شة‬ ‫ر�ضي اهلل عنها‪�( :‬أن النبي �صلى اهلل عليه و�سلم‬ ‫كان يعتكف في الع�شر الأواخر من رم�ضان حتى‬ ‫توفاه اهلل‪ ،‬ثم اعتكف �أزواجه من بعده)‪.‬‬ ‫وم��ا ذل��ك �إال تفرغ ًا للعبادة‪ ،‬وقطع ًا لل�شواغل‬ ‫وال �� �ص��وارف‪ ،‬وت�ح��ري� ًا لليلة ال �ق��در‪ ،‬ه��ذه الليلة‬ ‫ال�شريفة المباركة‪ ،‬التي جعل اهلل العمل فيها‬ ‫خير ًا من العمل في �أل��ف �شهر‪ ،‬فقال �سبحانه‪:‬‬

‫}ليلة القدر خير من �ألف �شهر{ ( القدر‪.)3:‬‬ ‫في هذه الليلة تقدر مقادير الخالئق على مدار‬ ‫العام‪ ،‬فيكتب فيها الأحياء والأم��وات‪ ،‬وال�سعداء‬ ‫والأ�شقياء‪ ،‬والآجال والأرزاق‪ ،‬قال تعالى‪} :‬فيها‬ ‫يفرق كل �أمر حكيم{ (الدخان‪.)4:‬‬ ‫وقد �أخفى اهلل عز وجل علم تعييين يومها عن‬ ‫العباد‪ ،‬ليكثروا من العبادة‪ ،‬ويجتهدوا في العمل‪،‬‬ ‫فيظهر من كان جاد ًا في طلبها حري�ص ًا عليها‪،‬‬ ‫وم��ن ك��ان ع��اج��ز ًا مفرط ًا‪ ،‬ف ��إن من حر�ص على‬ ‫�شيء جد في طلبه‪ ،‬وهان عليه ما يلقاه من تعب‬ ‫في �سبيل الو�صول �إليه‪.‬‬ ‫هذه الليلة العظيمة ُي�ستحب تحريها في الع�شر‬ ‫الأواخر من رم�ضان‪ ،‬وهي في الأوتار �أرجى و�آكد‪،‬‬ ‫فقد ثبت في “ال�صحيحين” �أن النبي �صلى اهلل‬ ‫عليه و�سلم قال‪( :‬التم�سوها في الع�شر الأواخ��ر‬ ‫م��ن رم�ضان‪ ،‬ليلة ال�ق��در ف��ي تا�سعة تبقى‪ ،‬في‬ ‫�سابعة تبقى‪ ،‬في خام�سة تبقى)‪ ،‬وهي في ال�سبع‬ ‫الأواخ��ر �أرجى من غيرها‪ ،‬ففي حديث ابن عمر‬ ‫ر�ضي اهلل عنهما �أن رج��ا ًال من �أ�صحاب النبي‬ ‫�صلى اهلل عليه و�سلم �أُروا ليلة القدر في المنام‬ ‫في ال�سبع الأواخ ��ر‪ ،‬فقال ر�سول اهلل �صلى اهلل‬ ‫عليه و�سلم‪�( :‬أرى ر�ؤياكم قد تواط�أت في ال�سبع‬ ‫الأواخر‪ ،‬فمن كان متحريها فليتحرها في ال�سبع‬ ‫الأواخر) رواه البخاري‪.‬‬ ‫ثم هي في ليلة �سبع وع�شرين �أرج��ى ما تكون‪،‬‬ ‫لحديث اب��ن عمر ر��ض��ي اهلل عنهما �أن النبي‬ ‫�صلى اهلل عليه و�سلم قال‪( :‬ليلة القدر ليلة �سبع‬ ‫وع�شرين) رواه �أبو داود‪.‬‬ ‫الم�صدر‪ :‬ا�سالم ويب‬

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‫‪16‬‬

‫تهنئات رمضانية‬

‫‪¿ www.alwasat.com.au‬‬ ‫‪¿ info@alwasat.com.au‬‬

‫الوسط ¿ العدد ‪ ¿ 67‬رمضان ‪ 1437‬هـ ¿ حزيران ‪ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016‬‬

‫الحاج عمر ياسني‬

‫الحاج عمر الحالق‬

‫ي �ت��وج��ه رئ �ي ����س ج�م�ع�ي��ة ال���ض�ن�ي��ة ال� �ح ��اج ع �م��ر ي��ا��س�ي��ن‬ ‫بالتهنئة الى ابناء جاليتنا الكريمة بحلول �شهر رم�ضان‬ ‫المبارك‪�،‬شهر الخيرات �شهر الرحمة والمغفرة والعتق‬ ‫م��ن ال �ن��ار راج�ي��ا م��ن اهلل ان يتقبل �صيامكم وقيامكم‬ ‫وطاعاتكم‬ ‫وكل عام وانتم بخير‬

‫يتقدم ال�ح��اج عمر الحالق من الجالية الكريمة باحر‬ ‫التهاني وا�صدق االمنيات بمنا�سبة حلول �شهر رم�ضان‬ ‫المبارك جعله اهلل �شهر الخير وااللفة والمحبة وتقبل‬ ‫اهلل �صيامكم وطاعاتكم‬ ‫وكل عام وانتم بخير‬

‫الحاج جمال النعمان‬

‫ابو جميل علوش‬

‫ي �ت �ق��دم ال� �ح ��اج ج �م��ال ال �ن �ع �م��ان رئ �ي ����س ج�م�ع�ي��ة ل��وغ��ن‬ ‫اال�سالمية ف��ي كوينزالند بالتهنئة م��ن اب�ن��اء الجالية‬ ‫اال�سالمية بالتهنئة بمنا�سبة �شهر رم���ض��ان ال�م�ب��ارك‪،‬‬ ‫اع��اده اهلل على الجميع بالخير واليمن والبركات وكل‬ ‫عام وانتم بخير‪.‬‬

‫يتقدم الحاج ابو جميل علو�ش رئي�س الجمعية اال�سالمية‬ ‫ف��ي ف�ك�ت��وري��ا م��ن اب �ن��اء ال�ج��ال�ي��ة اال��س�لام�ي��ة ا�ستراليا‬ ‫والعالم بالتهنئة بمنا�سبة حلول �شهر رم�ضان المبارك‬ ‫اع��اده اهلل على الجميع بالخير والبركة‪،‬تقبل اهلل منكم‬ ‫�صيامكم وقيامكم وطاعاتكم‪.‬‬ ‫وكل عام وانتم بخير‬

‫وليد الحواط‬

‫صالح سلمان‬

‫يتقدم ال�سيد وليد ح��واط �صاحب حلويات الحواط من‬ ‫اب�ن��اء الجالية العربية واال��س�لام�ي��ة باخل�ص االمنيات‬ ‫بمنا�سبة حلول �شهر رم�ضان �ضيفاّ بيننا ن�س�أل اهلل ان‬ ‫يعيننا واي��اك��م على طاعته في ه��ذا ال�شهر الف�ضيل وان‬ ‫يبارك لكم في �صيامكم‪ .‬وكل عام وانتم بخير‬

‫يتقدم ال�سيد �صالح �سلمان مدير عام الكلية اال�سترالية‬ ‫الدولية من ابناء الجالية اال�سالمية بالتهنئة بمنا�سبة‬ ‫�شهر رم�ضان المبارك اع��اده اهلل على الجميع بالخير‬ ‫واليمن والبركات‪ ،‬وفقنا اهلل �سبحانه وتعالى واياكم على‬ ‫طاعاته وكل عام وانتم بخير‬

‫طارق افيوني‬

‫حسام ضناوي‬

‫ي�ت�ق��دم ال���س�ي��د ط ��ارق اف�ي��ون��ي ��ص��اح��ب ح�ل��وي��ات البلحة‬ ‫م��ن اب �ن��اء جاليتنا الكريمة بالتهنئة بمنا�سبة حلول‬ ‫�شهر رم�ضان المبارك اعاده اهلل عليكم بالخير واليمن‬ ‫والبركة‬ ‫وكل عام وانتم بخير‪.‬‬

‫ال�سيد ح���س��ام ��ض�ن��اوي ��ص��اح��ب ملحمة ال�م��دي�ن��ة يهنئ‬ ‫الجالية العربية والإ��س�لام�ي��ة‪�،‬أف��راداً وهيئات وجمعيات‬ ‫وم�ؤ�س�سات‪،‬بمنا�سبة حلول �شهر رم�ضان المبارك‪� ،‬سائال‬ ‫اهلل عز وج��ل �أن يجعلنا واي��اك��م من الفائزين في هذا‬ ‫ال�شهر الف�ضيل‪ ،‬و�أن يعيده عليكم بالخير والأمن‪.‬‬

‫خالد عباس‬

‫خالد كنج‬

‫ي �ت �ق��دم ال���س�ي��د خ��ال��د ع �ب��ا���س م��دي��ر م�ك�ت��ب ��س�ف��ري��ات‬ ‫مح�صوري في بيرث من الجالية اال�سالمية في ا�ستراليا‬ ‫بالتهنئة ب�ح�ل��ول �شهر رم���ض��ان ال �م �ب��ارك �شهر الخير‬ ‫والبركة تقبل اهلل �صيامكم وقيامكم وطاعاتكم‬

‫يتقدم ال�سيد خالد كنج �صاحب حلويات‬ ‫‪Sweet Inspirations‬‬ ‫بالتهنئة من الم�سلمين في ا�ستراليا بمنا�سبة قدوم �شهر‬ ‫رم�ضان المبارك المبارك‪�،‬سائال اهلل عز وجل �أن يجعلنا‬ ‫واي��اك��م من الفائزين في ه��ذا ال�شهر الف�ضيل وك��ل عام‬ ‫وانتم بخير‪.‬‬


17

‫إعالن‬ ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

¿ www.alwasat.com.au ¿ info@alwasat.com.au


‫‪18‬‬

‫تهنئات رمضانية‬

‫‪¿ www.alwasat.com.au‬‬ ‫‪¿ info@alwasat.com.au‬‬

‫الوسط ¿ العدد ‪ ¿ 67‬رمضان ‪ 1437‬هـ ¿ حزيران ‪ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016‬‬

‫الشيخ عبد العظيم عفيفي‬

‫الشيخ محمد عمران‬

‫ي�ت�ق��دم ن��ائ��ب رئ�ي����س مجل�س الأئ �م��ة ال�ف�ي��درال��ي ف��ي ا�ستراليا‬ ‫وامام م�سجد التقوى ال�شيخ عبد العظيم عفيفي من الجالية‬ ‫الإ�سالمية في �أ�ستراليا وم��ن الم�سلمين في العالم بالتهنئة‬ ‫بحلول �شهر رم�ضان المبارك �سائال المولى تبارك وتعالى �أن‬ ‫يتقبل منكم �صيامكم و�صالح اعمالكم و�أن يمن علينا بالأمن‬ ‫والأم��ان و�أن يعيد ه��ذه الأي��ام المباركة على �أمتنا الإ�سالمية‬ ‫بالعز والن�صر والتمكين و�أن ي�ؤلف بين قلوبنا و�أن يوحد كلمتنا‪.‬‬

‫يتقدم ال�شيخ محمد عمران (ابو ايمن) امين عام رابطة‬ ‫اهل ال�سنة والجماعة في ا�ستراليا من الجالية اال�سالمية‬ ‫ومن الم�سلمين في العالم بالتهنئة بحلول �شهر رم�ضان‬ ‫المبارك ن�س�أل اهلل �سبحانه وتعالى ان يعيده على الجميع‬ ‫بالخير واالمن وال�سالم‪،‬تقبل اهلل �صيامكم وطاعاتكم‪.‬‬ ‫وكل عام وانتم بخير‬

‫ايمن شحنة‬

‫الحاج خالد علم الدين‬

‫يتقدم الدكتور ايمن �شحنة �صاحب عيادة بر�ستون لطب‬ ‫اال�سنان من الجالية اال�سالمية ب�أحر التهاني واطيب‬ ‫االمنيات بمنا�سبة حلول �شهر رم�ضان المبارك اعاده اهلل‬ ‫عليكم وعلى االمة اال�سالمية بالخير واليمن والبركات‬ ‫وكل عام وانتم بخير‬

‫بمنا�سبة حلول �شهر رم�ضان المبارك يتقدم الحاج خالد‬ ‫علم الدين المدير العام للجمعية اال�سالمية اللبنانية‬ ‫م��ن الجاليةاال�سالمية ف��ي ا�ستراليا وم��ن الم�سلمين‬ ‫حول العالم ب�أخل�ص التهاني والتبريكات اعاده اهلل على‬ ‫الجميع باليمن والخير والبركات‬ ‫وكل عام وانتم بخير‬

‫محمد الشامي‬

‫فادي الزوقي‬

‫يتقدم مدير و�أع�ضاء بيت الزكاة من الجالية الإ�سالمية‬ ‫والعربية في �أ�ستراليا ب�أحر التهاني و�أط�ي��ب الأمنيات‬ ‫بمنا�سبة ق��رب حلول �شهر رم�ضان ال�م�ب��ارك �أع ��اده اهلل‬ ‫علينا وعليكم وعلى الم�سلمين �أجمعين بالخير واليمن‬ ‫والبركات وعلى العالمين العربي والإ�سالمي بالحرية‬ ‫والديمقراطية والمحبة وال��وئ��ام وعلى ا�ستراليا ب��دوام‬ ‫التقدم والإزده ��ار‪ ،‬وعلى الب�شرية عامة بالعدل والأم��ن‬ ‫وال�سالم‪.‬‬

‫ي�سر رئي�س غرفة التجارة وال�صناعة اال�سترالية اللبنانية‬ ‫ف��ي والي��ة فكتوريا المحامي اال��س�ت��اذ ف��ادي ال��زوق��ي ان‬ ‫يتقدم من الجالية اللبنانية واال�سالمية بالتهنئة بحلول‬ ‫�شهر رم���ض��ان ال�م�ب��ارك �آم�ل�ا ان يعيده اهلل على االم��ة‬ ‫العربية واال��س�لام�ي��ة وع�ل��ى ال�شعب اللبناني بالخير‬ ‫واليمن وال�ب��رك��ات وان يعم االم��ن وال���س�لام على لبنان‬ ‫والعالم‪.‬‬

‫محمد طبيعات‬

‫حسام طالب‬

‫يتقدم الحاج محمد طبيعات مدير م�ؤ�س�سة مترو لل�سياحة‬ ‫وال�سفر بالتهنئة الى ابناء جاليتنا الكريمة بحلول �شهر‬ ‫رم�ضان المبارك‪�،‬شهر الخيرات �شهر الرحمة والمغفرة‬ ‫وال �ع �ت��ق م��ن ال �ن��ار راج �ي��ا م��ن اهلل ان يتقبل �صيامكم‬ ‫وقيامكم وطاعاتكم‪.‬‬ ‫وكل عام وانتم بخير‬

‫يتقدم ال�سيد ح�سام طالب �صاحب م�ؤ�س�سة‬ ‫‪Poultry N More‬‬ ‫من ابناء الجالية اال�سالمية بالتهنئة بمنا�سبة حلول‬ ‫�شهر رم�ضان المبارك اع��اده اهلل على الجميع بالخير‬ ‫والبركة‪،‬تقبل اهلل منكم �صيامكم وقيامكم وطاعاتكم‬ ‫وكل وانتم بخير‬

‫قيصر طراد‬

‫ابراهيم الزعبي‬

‫ي�ت�ق��دم ال��زم�ي��ل قي�صر ط ��راد رئ�ي����س جمعية ال���ص��داق��ة‬ ‫اال� �س�لام �ي��ة اال� �س �ت��رال �ي��ة م��ن اب �ن��اء ال �ج��ال �ي��ة ال�ك��ري�م��ة‬ ‫بالتهنئة بحلول �شهر رم���ض��ان ال�م�ب��ارك �شهر الرحمة‬ ‫والمغفرة والعتق من النار ‪ ،‬راجيا من اهلل ان يكون �شهر‬ ‫للوحدة والتعاون ‪،‬اعاننا اهلل واياكم على ح�سن طاعته في‬ ‫هذا ال�شهر المبارك‪ .‬وكل عام وانتم بخير‬

‫ي�ت�ق��دم ال���س�ي��د اب��راه �ي��م ال��زع �ب��ي م��دي��ر اذاع� ��ة ال���ص��وت‬ ‫الإ�سالمي في �سيدني من ابناء الجالية اال�سالمية في‬ ‫ا�ستراليا بالتهنئة بمنا�سبة حلول �شهر رم�ضان المبارك‬ ‫اع��اده اهلل على الجميع بالخير والبركة‪،‬تقبل اهلل منكم‬ ‫�صيامكم وقيامكم وطاعاتكم ‪.‬‬ ‫وكل عام وانتم بخير‬


19

‫إعالن‬ ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

¿ www.alwasat.com.au ¿ info@alwasat.com.au


20

‫تهنئات رمضانية‬

¿ www.alwasat.com.au ¿ info@alwasat.com.au

ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

RAMADAN

MUBARAK

‫مجلس األئمة في والية فكتوريا‬

Board of Imams Victoria ‫«مجلس األئمة في والية فكتوريا يهنئ الجالية اإلسالمية بحلول‬ ‫ سائلين المولى عز وجل أن يعيده علينا جميعا‬،‫شهر رمضان المبارك‬ .»‫باألمن واإليمان والسالمة واإلسالم‬ The Board of Imams Victoria would like to wish the Islamic Community a Blessed Ramadan asking Allah SWT to accept all our worship throughout this holy month. We would also like to take this wonderful opportunity to announce the opening of our new office located at: 945 Sydney Rd Coburg North VIC 3058

BOIV seeks to serve the Muslim community by providing effective leadership and guidance on matters of Islamic faith and Shariah (Islamic way of life).

E: admin@boiv.org.au W: boiv.org.au

RAMADAN MUBARAK

‫الشيخ محمد أبو عيد‬

‫ممثل دار الفتوى اللبنانية في والية فكتوريا‬ ‫فكتوريا‬/‫امام مسجد عمر بن الخطاب في بريستون‬ Sheikh Mohamad Abou Eid

Imam of Masjid Omar Bin Alkhatab, Preston VIC

‫بمناسبة شهر رمضان المبارك تعلن‬ ‫ميديا ودار األرقم عن انطالق اول‬ ‫مشاريعها باالشتراك مع البيت المصري‬ :‫في مقرها الكائن في‬ 43 Birch Street, Condell Park, NSW 2200.

‫سيكون البرنامج حافال بالنشاطات لكال‬ .‫الجنسين ولمختلف اإلعمار‬ ‫نرحب بالجميع‬ ‫لمزيد من المعلومات او التسجيل يمكنكم االتصال‬ 0433663360 :‫باألستاذ محمود عمر على الرقم‬


‫إعالن‬

‫‪¿ www.alwasat.com.au‬‬ ‫‪¿ info@alwasat.com.au‬‬

‫الوسط ¿ العدد ‪ ¿ 67‬رمضان ‪ 1437‬هـ ¿ حزيران ‪ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016‬‬

‫‪21‬‬

‫حلويات‬

‫البلحــة‬ ‫ شراب الليمون الرمضاني‬‫ بوظة‬‫‪ -‬شراب السحلب‬

‫‪Balha’s Pastry‬‬

‫نقدم لكم ا�شهى الحلويات اللبنانية والعربية حيث تجدون يوميا‪:‬‬

‫حالوة الرز ‪ -‬قطايف ‪ -‬كرابيج ‪ -‬ب�صمة ‪-‬‬ ‫ملوكية ‪ -‬مهلبية ‪ -‬بغاجى ‪ -‬كالج‬ ‫وانواع اخرى كثيرة‪.‬‬ ‫نفت��ح ‪ 7‬ايام م��ن ال�ساع��ة التا�سعة‬ ‫�صباح��ا وحتى الحادي��ة ع�شر ليال‬

‫‪9:00 am to 11:00 pm‬‬ ‫‪761/763 Sydney Rd,Brunswick VIC 3056‬‬ ‫‪Ph:(03) 9383 3944‬‬

‫‪www.balhaspastry.com.au‬‬


‫‪22‬‬

‫تهنئات رمضانية‬ ‫الوسط ¿ العدد ‪ ¿ 67‬رمضان ‪ 1437‬هـ ¿ حزيران ‪ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016‬‬

‫بمناسبة حلول شهر رمضان المبارك‬

‫أتقدم من الجالية العربية واإلسالمية في استراليا‬ ‫ومن المسلمين في العالم بأحر التهاني وأطيب األمنيات‪،‬‬ ‫أعاده اهلل على الجميع بالخير واليمن والبركات‪.‬‬

‫وكل عام وأنتم بخير‬ ‫جوزيف بربر زينة‬

‫‪¿ www.alwasat.com.au‬‬ ‫‪¿ info@alwasat.com.au‬‬


‫تهنئات رمضانية‬

‫‪¿ www.alwasat.com.au‬‬ ‫‪¿ info@alwasat.com.au‬‬

‫الوسط ¿ العدد ‪ ¿ 67‬رمضان ‪ 1437‬هـ ¿ حزيران ‪ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016‬‬

‫‪ADVERTISEMENT‬‬

‫بيتر خليل‬

‫مر�شح حزب العمال لع�ضوية الربملان‬

‫دائرة ويل�س‬

‫‪Peter Khalil‬‬ ‫‪LABOR FOR WILLS‬‬

‫أتقدم بأحر التهاني‬ ‫واطيب األمنيات لجميع‬ ‫المسلمين بمناسبة حلول‬ ‫شهر رمضان المبارك‪ ،‬أعاده‬ ‫اهلل على الجميع بالخير‬ ‫والبركات‪.‬‬ ‫أعدكم في حال نجاحي‬ ‫في هـذه االنتخابات‬ ‫الفيدرالية ان أكون الصوت‬ ‫المدافع والممثل للجميع‬ ‫بال تفرقة‪.‬‬ ‫لكم مني كل االحترام‬ ‫والتقدير وكل عام وانتم‬ ‫بخير‪.‬‬ ‫رمضان مبارك‬ ‫بيتر خليل‬

‫‪Ground floor, 48-52 Sydney Rd,Coburg VIC 3058‬‬ ‫‪Ph: 9383 6397 ‬‬ ‫‪E: peter.khalil@australianlabor.com.au‬‬ ‫‪W:www.peterkhalil.com.au‬‬ ‫‪Authorised by S Threlfall-Clarke, 48-52 Sydney Road, Coburg VIC 3058‬‬

‫‪23‬‬


24

‫تهنئات رمضانية‬

¿ www.alwasat.com.au ¿ info@alwasat.com.au

ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

RAMADAN MUBARAK

ISSA (Islamic Society of South Australia)

SERVICES: Education - Entertainment - Islamic Marriage - Hajj - Funerals - Festivals - Open Day - Halal Certificate - Counselling Services - Aged care Arabic School

Islamic Society of South Australia

MASJIDS: Masjid Abu Bakr AsSaddiq Masjid Omar Bin Alkhattab Masjid Murray Bridge Masjid Whayalla 658 Marion Rd Parkholme, SA 5043 Tel: +618 8277 8725 E-mail:info@islamicsocietysa.org.au W: www.islamicsocietysa.org.au

RAMADAN MUBARAK

RAMADAN MUBARAK

‫الشيخ عبد السالم عالم‬ ‫امام مسجد ابو بكر الصديق‬ ‫الجمعية االسالمية في جنوب استراليا‬

AbdulSalam Abdulghani Alim

Imam of Masjid Abu Baker AlSaddiq Islamic Society of South Australia

‫الشيخ رياض الرفاعي‬ ‫نائب رئيس مجلس األئمة األسترالي الفدرالي‬ ‫ممثل دار الفتوى اللبنانية في والية جنوب استراليا‬ ‫امام مسجد عمر بن الخطاب في اداليد‬ ‫الجمعية االسالمية في جنوب استراليا‬

Sheikh Riad El Rifai

Imam of Masjid Omar Bin Alkhatab South Australia


25

‫تهنئات رمضانية‬

¿ www.alwasat.com.au ¿ info@alwasat.com.au

ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

‫ وليد الخزرجي‬.‫د‬

‫مدير عيادة العناية باالسنان في هيلتون‬

Dr Waleed Alkhazrajy Director

We have dental treatment under sedation and general anaesthesia. we have advanced filling and crown setting via CEREC technology. we are major sponsors for Human Appeal, Islamic Relief, Saudi Students club Adelaide.

Dental Care At Hilton

158 Sir Donald Bradman Dr, Hilton SA 5033 T: 08 8351 7722 E: info@dentalcareathilton.com W:www.dentalcareathilton.com


‫‪26‬‬

‫رمضانيات‬

‫‪¿ www.alwasat.com.au‬‬ ‫‪¿ info@alwasat.com.au‬‬

‫الوسط ¿ العدد ‪ ¿ 67‬رمضان ‪ 1437‬هـ ¿ حزيران ‪ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016‬‬

‫األعمال الصالحة التي تتأكد في رمضان‬

‫قراءة القرآن والقيام‬ ‫القيام‪ :‬ق��ال �صلى اهلل عليه و�سلم‪« :‬م��ن �صام‬ ‫رم�ضان �إيمان ًا واحت�ساب ًا‪ ،‬غفر له ما تقدم من‬ ‫ذنبه»‪� .‬أخرجه البخاري وم�سلم } َو ِع َبا ُد ال َّر ْح َمنِ‬ ‫الَ ْر ِ�ض َه ْون ًا َو ِ�إذَ ا خَ َ‬ ‫ون قَا ُلوا‬ ‫ون َع َلى ْ أ‬ ‫اط َب ُه ُم ال َْج ِاه ُل َ‬ ‫ين َي ْم�شُ َ‬ ‫ال َِّذ َ‬ ‫ُون ِل َر ِّبهِ ْم ُ�س َّجد ًا َو ِق َيام ًا{ الفرقان‪،64-63:‬‬ ‫ين َيبِيت َ‬ ‫َ�سلاَ م ًا‪َ .‬وال َِّذ َ‬ ‫وقد كان قيام الليل د�أب النبي �صلى اهلل عليه و�سلم و�أ�صحابه‪،‬‬ ‫قالت عائ�شة ر�ضي اهلل عنها‪ «:‬ال تدع قيام الليل‪ ،‬ف�إن ر�سول اهلل‬ ‫كان ال يدعه‪ ،‬وكان �إذا مر�ض �أو ك�سل �صلى قاعد ًا »‪.‬‬ ‫وكان عمر بن الخطاب ي�صلي من الليل ما �شاء اهلل حتى �إذا‬ ‫كان ن�صف الليل �أيقظ �أهله لل�صالة‪ ،‬ثم يقول لهم ال�صالة‬ ‫ا�ص َط ِب ْر َع َل ْي َها لاَ‬ ‫ال�صالة‪ ..‬ويتلو‪َ } :‬و�أْ ُم� � ْر �أَ ْه� َل� َ�ك ب َّ‬ ‫ِال�صلاَ ِة َو ْ‬ ‫ن َْ�س َ�أ ُل َك ِرزْق ًا ن َّْح ُن َن ْر ُز ُق َك َوا ْل َعا ِق َب ُة ِلل َّت ْق َوى{ طه‪ ،132:‬وكان ابن‬ ‫عمر يقر�أ هذه الآية‪�َ } :‬أ َّم ْن ُه َو قَا ِن ٌت �آنَاء ال َّل ْيلِ َ�ساجِ د ًا َوقَا ِئم ًا‬ ‫َي ْحذَ ُر ْال ِآخ َر َة َو َي ْر ُجو َر ْح َم َة َر ِّبه{ الزمر‪.9:‬‬ ‫قال‪ :‬ذاك عثمان بن عفان ر�ضي اهلل عنه‪ ،‬قال ابن �أبي حاتم‪:‬‬ ‫و�إنما قال ابن عمر ذلك لكثرة �صالة �أمير الم�ؤمنين عثمان‬ ‫بالليل وقراءته حتى �أنه ربما قر�أ القر�آن في ركعة‪.‬‬ ‫وعن علقمة بن قي�س قال‪( :‬بت مع عبد اهلل بن م�سعود ليلة فقام‬ ‫�أول الليل ثم قام ي�صلي‪ ،‬فكان يقر�أ قراءة الإمام في م�سجد حيه‬ ‫يرتل وال يراجع‪ ،‬ي�سمع من حوله وال يرجع �صوته‪ ،‬حتى لم يبق‬ ‫من الغل�س �إال كما بين �أذان المغرب �إلى االن�صراف منها ثم‬ ‫�أوتر‪.‬‬ ‫وفي حديث ال�سائب بن زيد ق��ال‪( :‬ك��ان القارئ يقر�أ بالمئين‬ ‫ يعني بمئات الآي��ات ‪ -‬حتى كنا نعتمد على الع�صي من طول‬‫القيام قال‪ :‬وما كانوا ين�صرفون �إال عند الفجر)‪.‬‬

‫االجتهاد في قراءة القر�آن‪:‬‬ ‫�أ ـ كثرة قراءة القر�آن‪:‬‬ ‫�شهر رم�ضان هو �شهر القر�آن‪ ،‬فينبغي �أن يكثر العبد الم�سلم‬ ‫من قراءته‪ ،‬وقد كان من حال ال�سلف العناية بكتاب اهلل‪ ،‬فكان‬ ‫جبريل يدار�س النبي القر�آن في رم�ضان‪ ،‬وكان عثمان بن عفان‬ ‫يختم القر�آن كل يوم مرة‪ ،‬وكان بع�ض ال�سلف يختم في قيام‬ ‫رم�ضان كل ثالث ليال‪ ،‬وبع�ضهم في كل �سبع‪ ،‬وبع�ضهم في كل‬

‫ع�شر‪ ،‬فكانوا يقرءون القر�آن في ال�صالة وفي غيرها‪ ،‬فكان‬ ‫لل�شافعي في رم�ضان �ستون ختمة‪ ،‬يقر�ؤها في غير ال�صالة‪،‬‬ ‫وكان قتادة يختم في كل �سبع دائم ًا‪ ،‬وفي رم�ضان في كل ثالث‪،‬‬ ‫وفي الع�شر الأواخر في كل ليلة‪ ،‬وكان الزهري �إذا دخل رم�ضان‬ ‫يفر من قراءة الحديث ومجال�سة �أهل العلم ويقبل على تالوة‬ ‫القر�آن من الم�صحف‪ ،‬وكان �سفيان الثوري �إذا دخل رم�ضان‬ ‫ترك جميع العبادة و�أقبل على قراءة القر�آن‪ .‬وقال ابن رجب‪:‬‬ ‫�إنما ورد النهي عن قراءة القر�آن في �أقل من ثالث على المداومة‬ ‫على ذلك‪ ،‬ف�أما في الأوقات المف�ضلة ك�شهر رم�ضان والأماكن‬ ‫المف�ضلة كمكة لمن دخلها من غير �أهلها في�ستحب الإكثار فيها‬ ‫من تالوة القر�آن اغتنام ًا لف�ضيلة الزمان والمكان‪ ،‬وهو قول‬ ‫�أحمد و�إ�سحاق وغيرهما من الأئمة‪ ،‬وعليه يدل عمل غيرهم‪،‬‬ ‫كما �سبق‪.‬‬ ‫ب ـ البكاء عند قراءته‪:‬‬ ‫لم يكن من هدي ال�سلف ه ّذ القر�آن ه ّذ ال�شعر دون تدبر وفهم‪،‬‬ ‫و�إنما كانوا يت�أثرون بكالم اهلل عز وجل ويحركون به القلوب‪.‬‬ ‫ففي البخاري عن عبد اهلل بن م�سعود ق��ال‪ :‬ق��ال ر�سول اهلل‪:‬‬ ‫«اقر�أ علي»‪ ،‬فقلت‪� :‬أقر�أ عليك وعليك �أنزل؟! فقال‪�« :‬إني �أحب‬ ‫�أن �أ�سمعه من غيري» قال فقر�أت �سورة الن�ساء حتى �إذا بلغت‪} :‬‬ ‫َف َك ْي َف ِ�إذَ ا جِ ْئنَا ِمن ُك ِّل �أ َّم ٍة بِ�شَ هِ ٍيد َوجِ ْئنَا ب َِك َع َلى َهـ�ؤُالء �شَ هِ يد ًا{‬ ‫الن�ساء‪ .41:‬قال‪« :‬ح�سبك»‪ ،‬فالتفت ف�إذا عيناه تذرفان‪ .‬و�أخرج‬ ‫البيهقي عن �أبي هريرة قال‪ :‬لما نزلت‪�} :‬أَفَمِ ْن َهذَ ا ال َْح ِد ِ‬ ‫يث‬ ‫ون{ النجم‪ ،60،59:‬فبكى �أهل‬ ‫ون َولاَ َت ْب ُك َ‬ ‫ون‪َ .‬وت َْ�ض َح ُك َ‬ ‫َت ْع َج ُب َ‬ ‫ال�صفة حتى جرت دموعهم على خدودهم‪ ،‬فلما �سمع ر�سول اهلل‬ ‫ح�سهم بكى معهم فبكينا ببكائه‪ .‬قال ر�سول اهلل �صلى اهلل عليه‬ ‫و�سلم‪ « :‬ال يلج النار من بكى من خ�شية اهلل » وقد قر�أ ابن عمر‬ ‫ين{‪،‬‬ ‫َّا�س ِل َر ِّب ا ْل َعالَمِ َ‬ ‫�سورة المطففين حتى بلغ‪َ } :‬ي ْو َم َيق ُ‬ ‫ُوم الن ُ‬ ‫المطففين‪ ، 6:‬فبكى حتى خر‪ ،‬وامتنع من قراءة ما بعدها‪ .‬وعن‬ ‫مزاحم بن زفر قال‪� :‬صلى بنا �سفيان الثوري المغرب فقر�أ حتى‬ ‫اك َن ْع ُب ُد و�إِ َّي َ‬ ‫بلغ‪�} :‬إِ َّي َ‬ ‫ين{ الفاتحة‪ ،5:‬بكى حتى انقطعت‬ ‫اك ن َْ�س َت ِع ُ‬ ‫قراءته‪ ،‬ثم عاد فقر�أ الحمد‪.‬‬ ‫الم�صدر‪ :‬طريق اال�سالم‬

‫جمعية الصديق اإلسالمية‬

‫‪El Sedeaq Islamic Society‬‬

‫فيصل شحادة‬

‫رئيس جمعية الصديق االسالمية‬

‫بمناسبة حلول شهر رمضان المبارك تتقدم جمعية‬ ‫الصديق االسالمية من المسلمين بأسمى آيات‬ ‫التهنئة والتبريك‪ ،‬كما تود جمعية الصديق دعوكم‬ ‫للمشاركة في صالة التراويح في مسجد الصديق‬ ‫مساء ويتخللها بعض‬ ‫والتي تبدأ الساعة الثامنة‬ ‫ً‬ ‫الدروس‪ ،‬حيث سيكون معنا طيلة شهر رمضان‬ ‫المبارك فضيلة الشيخ احمد على حمدان مبعوث‬ ‫األوقاف المصرية واضافة الى الشيخ عالء الزقم‬ ‫إمام وخطيب مسجد الصديق‪.‬‬ ‫نسأل المولى عز وجل أن يتقبل منكم صيامكم‬ ‫وقيامكم واعمالكم‪.‬‬ ‫وكل عام وانتم بخير‪.‬‬

‫‪El Sedeaq Islamic Society‬‬

‫‪Heidelberg Elsedeaq Mosque‬‬ ‫‪Ad: Cnr Lloyd & Elliot Sts‬‬ ‫‪West Heidelberg, VIC 3081‬‬


27

‫تهنئات رمضانية‬

¿ www.alwasat.com.au ¿ info@alwasat.com.au

ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

‫تتقدم جمعية نيوبورت االسالمية والمركز االسالمي االسترالي التابع لجمعية‬ ‫نيوبورت االسالمية من الجالية الكريمة بأحر آيات التهنئة بمناسبة حلول شهر رمضان الكريم سائلين المولى عز وجل أن‬ .‫يعيده على الجميع باليمن والبركات‬ ‫ال بد ان نذكركم في هذا الشهر الفضيل بمشروع المركز االسالمي االسترالي الذي ما يزال بحاجة الى دعمكم حتى يتم‬ .‫ يمكنكم التبرع على رقم الحساب ادناه‬.‫إنجازه ان شاء اهلل‬

Support & Donations:

Eid Festival: Saturday 9th & Sunday 10th July 2016 From 10 am to 9 pm Seaworks,

82 Nelson Place, Williamstown VIC 3016

Please Donate generously to make this dream come true soon.

Commonwealth Bank of Australia

• BSB: 063 152 • Account Number: 1009 7396 • Account Name: NEWPORT ISLAMIC SOCIETY

Contacting Us

For all enquiries regarding the project, please contact the Newport Islamic Society at the following details: Postal Address: 1 Walker St, Newport Vic, 3025, Australia. • P: +61 (03) 9391 0449 • Mobile: +61 412 122 463 +61 425 865 787 • E: info@AustralianIslamicCentre.com.au • W: www.australianislamiccentre.org


‫‪28‬‬

‫رمضانيات‬

‫‪¿ www.alwasat.com.au‬‬ ‫‪¿ info@alwasat.com.au‬‬

‫الوسط ¿ العدد ‪ ¿ 67‬رمضان ‪ 1437‬هـ ¿ حزيران ‪ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016‬‬

‫أسرار اإلفطار على تمر‬ ‫الدكتور حسان شمسي باشا‬

‫ال�ت�م��ر ف��اك�ه��ة مباركة‬ ‫�أو�صانا بها ر�سول اهلل‬ ‫�صلى اهلل عليه و�سلم‬ ‫�أن ن�ب��د�أ بها فطورنا ف��ي رم�ضان‪.‬‬ ‫فعن �سلمان بن عامر ر�ضي اهلل عنه‬ ‫�أن ر�سول اهلل �صلى اهلل عليه و�سلم‬ ‫قال‪� «:‬إذا �أفطر �أحدكم فليفطر على‬ ‫تمر‪ ،‬ف�إنه بركة‪ ،‬ف�إن لم يجد تمرا‬ ‫فالماء‪ ،‬ف�إنه طهور« رواه �أب��و داود‬ ‫والترمذي ‪.‬‬ ‫وعن �أن�س ر�ضي اهلل عنه �أن النبي‬ ‫�صلى اهلل عليه و�سلم ك��ان يفطر‬ ‫قبل �أن ي�صلي على رطبات ‪ ،‬ف�إن لم‬ ‫تكن رطبات فتميرات‪ ،‬ف�إن لم تكن‬ ‫تميرات ح�سا ح�سوات م��ن الماء«‬ ‫رواه �أبو داود والترمذي ‪.‬‬ ‫وال �شك �أن وراء هذه ال�سنة النبوية‬ ‫المطهرة �إر�شاد طبي وفوائد �صحية‪،‬‬ ‫وحكما نظيمة ‪ .‬فقد اختار ر�سول اهلل‬ ‫�صلى اهلل عليه و�سلم هذه الأطعمة‬ ‫دون � �س��واه��ا ل �ف��وائ��ده��ا ال�صحية‬ ‫الجمة‪ ،‬ولي�س فقط لتوافرها في‬ ‫بيئته ال�صحراوية ‪.‬‬ ‫فعندما ي �ب��د�أ ال���ص��ائ��م ف��ي ت�ن��اول‬ ‫�إفطاره تتنبه الأجهزة‪ ،‬ويبد�أ الجهاز‬ ‫ال�ه���ض�م��ي ف��ي ع �م �ل��ه‪ ،‬وخ�صو�صا‬ ‫ال�م�ع��دة ال �ت��ي ت��ري��د التلطف بها‪،‬‬ ‫ومحاولة �إيقاظها باللين‪ .‬وال�صائم‬ ‫في تلك الحال بحاجة �إل��ى م�صدر‬

‫�سكري ��س��ري��ع‪ ،‬ي��دف��ع عنه ال�ج��وع‪،‬‬ ‫مثلما يكون في حاجة �إلى الماء‪.‬‬ ‫و�أ�سرع المواد الغذائية التي يمكن‬ ‫امت�صا�صها وو�صولها �إلى الدم هي‬ ‫المواد ال�سكرية ‪ ،‬وخا�صة تلك التي‬ ‫تحتوي على ال�سكريات الأحادية �أو‬ ‫الثنائية( الجلوكوز �أو ال�سكروز )‬ ‫لأن الج�سم ي�ستطيع امت�صا�صها‬ ‫ب �� �س �ه��ول��ة و� �س��رع��ة خ �ل�ال دق��ائ��ق‬ ‫معدودة‪ .‬وال �سيما �إذا كانت المعدة‬ ‫والأمعاء خالية كما هي عليه الحال‬ ‫في ال�صائم ‪.‬‬ ‫ولو بحثت عن �أف�ضل ما يحقق هذين‬ ‫الهدفين معا( الق�ضاء على الكوع‬ ‫والعط�ش) فلن تجد �أف�ضل من ال�سنة‬ ‫المظهر‪ ،‬حينما تحث ال�صائمين‬ ‫على �أن يفتتحوا �إف�ط��اره��م بمادة‬ ‫��س�ك��ري��ة ح �ل��وى غ�ن�ي��ة ب��ال �م��اء مثل‬ ‫الرطب‪� ،‬أو منقوع التمر في الماء‪.‬‬ ‫وق��د �أظ�ه��رت التحاليل الكيميائية‬ ‫والبيولوجية �أن الجزء الم�أكول من‬ ‫التمر ي�ساوي ‪ % 87 - 85‬من وزنه‪.‬‬ ‫و�أنه يحتوي على ‪ % 24 - 20‬ماء‪70 ،‬‬ ‫ ‪� % 75‬سكريات‪ % 3 - 2 ،‬بروتين‪،‬‬‫‪� % 8,5‬ألياف‪ ،‬و�أث��ر زهيد جدا من‬ ‫المواد الدهنية‪.‬‬ ‫كما �أثبتت التحاليل �أي�ضا �أن الرطب‬ ‫يحتوي على ‪ % 70 - 65‬ماء ‪ ،‬وذلك‬ ‫من وزنه ال�صافي‪،‬‬

‫‪ % 58 - 24‬مواد �سكرية ‪% 2 - 2,1 ،‬‬ ‫بروتين ‪� % 5,2 ،‬ألياف ‪ ،‬و�أثر زهيد‬ ‫من المواد الدهنية ‪.‬‬ ‫وك� ��ان م��ن �أه� ��م ن �ت��ائ��ج ال �ت �ج��ارب‬ ‫الكيميائية والف�سيولوجية ‪ -‬كما‬ ‫يذكر الدكتور �أحمد عبد ال��ر�ؤوف‬ ‫ه �� �ش��ام ‪ ،‬وال ��دك� �ت ��ور ع �ل��ي �أح �م��د‬ ‫ال�شحات ‪ -‬النتائج التالية‪:‬‬ ‫‪�.1‬إن تناول الرطب �أو التمر عند بدء‬ ‫الإفطار يزود الج�سم بن�سبة كبيرة‬ ‫من المواد ال�سكرية فتزول �أعرا�ض‬ ‫نق�ص ال�سكر ويتن�شط الج�سم‬ ‫‪�.2‬إن خ�ل��و ال �م �ع��دة والأم� �ع ��اء من‬ ‫ال �ط �ع��ام ي�ج�ع�ل�ه�م��ا ق ��ادري ��ن على‬ ‫امت�صا�ص ه��ذه ال �م��واد ال�سكرية‬ ‫الب�سيطة ب�سرعة كبيرة‪.‬‬ ‫‪�.3‬إن اح �ت��واء التمر وال��رط��ب على‬ ‫المواد ال�سكرية في �صورة كيميائية‬ ‫ب�سيطة يجعل عملية ه�ضمها �سهال‬ ‫ج ��دا‪ ،‬ف� ��إن ثلثي ال �م��ادة ال�سكرية‬ ‫الموجودة في التمر تكون على �صورة‬ ‫كيميائية ب�سيطة ‪ ،‬وه �ك��ذا يرتفع‬ ‫م�ستوى �سكر الدم في وقت وجيز ‪.‬‬ ‫‪�.4‬إن وج��ود التمر منقوعا بالماء ‪،‬‬ ‫واحتواء الرطب على ن�سبة مرتفعة‬ ‫م��ن ال �م��اء ( ‪ ) % 70 - 65‬ي��زود‬ ‫الج�سم بن�سبة ال ب�أ�س بها من الماء‪،‬‬ ‫فال يحتاج ل�شرب كمية كبيرة من‬ ‫الماء عند الإفطار‪.‬‬ ‫الم�صدر‪� :‬صيد الفوائد‬

‫محمد عرفة‬ ‫�شركة تمور المدينة‬

‫‪Mouhamad Arafa‬‬ ‫‪ALMADINA DATES‬‬

‫‪04 0337 4444‬‬

‫شركة تمور المدينة‬

‫‪ALMADINA DATES‬‬


29

‫تهنئات رمضانية‬ ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

Omara Import & Export

Fresh Nut Roasters & Wholesale Middle Eastern Products

27 Malcolm Place, Campbellfield VIC 3061 P: + 61 3 9357 7719 E: info@omaraimports.com.au W: www.omaraimports.com.au

¿ www.alwasat.com.au ¿ info@alwasat.com.au


‫‪30‬‬

‫منوعات‬

‫‪¿ www.alwasat.com.au‬‬ ‫‪¿ info@alwasat.com.au‬‬

‫الوسط ¿ العدد ‪ ¿ 67‬رمضان ‪ 1437‬هـ ¿ حزيران ‪ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016‬‬

‫جمعية الدعوة اإلس�ل�امية في اس���تراليا تس���تضيف‬

‫الداعي���ة االمريكي الش���يخ س���راج وهاج‬

‫مسجد الصديق في ملبورن‬ ‫يفتح ابوابه لغير المسلمين‬

‫من اليمين رئي�س بلدية (‪ )Banyule‬كريغ ليكدن ‪ ،‬رئي�س جمعية ال�صديق الحاج في�صل �شحاتة وجانب من الح�ضور‬

‫اثناء م�شاركة ال�شيخ �سراج و َّهاج في الع�شاء الخيري الذي اقيم في ملبورن‬

‫ا�ست�ضافت جمعية الدعوة‬ ‫الإ� �س�لام �ي��ة ف��ي ا�ستراليا‬ ‫الداعية الأمريكي المعروف‬ ‫ال�شيخ �سراج وه��اج‪ ،‬في كل من �سيدني‬ ‫وم �ل �ب��ورن ح�ي��ث ق��دم ع��دة محا�ضرات‬ ‫واق��ام ور���ش عمل �إ�ضافة ال��ى م�شاركته‬ ‫في الع�شاء الخيري الذي اقامته جمعية‬ ‫الدعوة في كل من �سيدني وملبورن‪.‬‬ ‫وه ��اج ون�ش�أ بوالية‬ ‫ُو ِل � َ�د ال�شيخ ��س��راج َّ‬ ‫دعى جيفري‬ ‫ي‬ ‫وكان‬ ‫نيويورك الأمريكية‪،‬‬ ‫ُ َ‬ ‫كير�س‪ ،‬ودر���س الريا�ضيات في جامعة‬ ‫نيويورك‪.‬‬

‫اعتنق جيفري الإ�سالم في عام ‪1969‬م‪،‬‬ ‫وهاج‪.‬‬ ‫وت�س َّمى با�سم �سراج َّ‬ ‫يعود الف�ضل في �إ�سالم جيفري كير�س‬ ‫�إلى انجذابه لجماعة � َّأم��ة الإ�سالم منذ‬ ‫ال�ستينيات من القرن الما�ضي‪ ،‬فاقترب‬ ‫منهم لفترة وجيزة‪ُ ،‬ث َّم ما لبث �أن تركهم‬ ‫البتعادهم عن الإ�سالم ال�صحيح‪ ،‬واتجه‬ ‫بنهم �شديد‪،‬‬ ‫ال�شيخ �سراج �إلى طلب العلم ٍ‬ ‫ف�سافر �إل��ى المملكة العربية ال�سعودية‬ ‫ليح�صل على العلم ال�شرعي من منبعه‬ ‫الأ�صلي؛ فدر�س في جامعة �أم القرى في‬ ‫عام ‪1978‬م‪ ،‬وفي عام ‪1981‬م بد�أ ال�شيخ‬ ‫�سراج يدعو �إلى الإ�سالم‪.‬‬

‫كانت بداية ال�شيخ �سراج الدعوية من‬ ‫م�سجد �صغير داخ��ل �شقة في بروكلين‬ ‫ب��والي��ة ن �ي��وي��ورك‪ ،‬وا��س�ت�م��ر ف��ي �إق��ام��ة‬ ‫ال�شعائر في هذا المكان ب�صحبة عدد ال‬ ‫يتجاوز الثالثين‪ ،‬ومع مرور الوقت بارك‬ ‫اهلل في هذا الجهد‪ ،‬وتحول هذا الم�ص َّلى‬ ‫ال�صغير �إل��ى م�سجد ال�ت�ق��وى ال�شهير‬ ‫بنيويورك‪ ،‬و�صار هو �إمامه‪ ،‬كما �أ�صبح‬ ‫من �أ�شهر ال ُّدعاة في �أمريكا ال�شمالية‪.‬‬ ‫وف��ي ع��ام ‪1988‬م ق��ام ال�شيخ �سراج مع‬ ‫الم�سلمين من تالمذته بحملة لمكافحة‬ ‫تعاطي ال �م �خ��درات‪ ،‬وق��د نجحت هذه‬ ‫نجاحا باه ًرا‪.‬‬ ‫الحملة ً‬

‫صورة من أخالقيات أهل مكة‬ ‫المكرمة في ذاكرة ابن بطوطة‬ ‫د‪ .‬إبراهيم نويري ‪ /‬باحث أكاديمي ـــ الجزائر‬ ‫ي � �ك� ��اد �أه � � ��ل الأدب‬ ‫وال ��و�� �ص ��ف وال��ت��اري��خ‬ ‫وال ��رح�ل�ات ُي�ج�م�ع��ون‬ ‫على �أن �أه� ّ�م و�أخ�صب و�أغنى ن�ص‬ ‫عربي قديم في فن الرحلة و�صف‬ ‫المدائن والأم�صار هو ن�ص �أو مدونة‬ ‫ال��رح��ال��ة المغربي الطنجي محمد‬ ‫ب��ن ع�ب��داهلل ال�ل��وات��ي ال�شهير بلقب‬ ‫اب��ن ب�ط��وط��ة‪ ،‬ال�م��و��س��وم بـ” تحفة‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫النظار في غرائب الأم�صار وعجائب‬ ‫الأ�سفار”‪..‬‬ ‫وم��ن يطالع ه��ذه الرحلة النفي�سة‬ ‫يجد �أن الحديث عن منزل الوحي‬ ‫مكة المكرمة و�أه �ل �ه��ا و�أعيانها‬ ‫ونزالئها ومجاوريها قد انداح وت�ش ّعب‬ ‫حتى ا�شتمل على تف�صيالت كثيرة‪،‬‬ ‫وما ذلك �إال لمنزلة مكة المكرمة ـــــ‬ ‫زادها اهلل ت�شريفا ـــــ في روح و فكر‬ ‫ابن بطوطة‪ ،‬فقد ا�ستولى حب مكة‬ ‫عليه مما جعله ال ي�صبر عن زيارتها‬ ‫خا�صة في موا�سم الحج التي ح�ضر‬ ‫�سبع ًا منها كما ذكر في رحلته‪ ،‬كان‬ ‫�آخرها مو�سم حج �سنة ‪ 749‬هـ ‪..‬‬ ‫أحب في هذه الأ�سطر العجلى �أن‬ ‫و� ّ‬ ‫�أنقل �إل��ى ال�ق��ارئ الكريم نتف ًا من‬ ‫ه��ذه الرحلة وه��ي على قلتها نظر ًا‬ ‫لمحدودية م�ساحة ه��ذا المقال قد‬ ‫تُعطي �صورة عن م��دى احتفاء ابن‬ ‫بطوطة بمكة المكرمة وب�أهلها ومدى‬ ‫�إعجابه بم�سالكهم و�أخالقهم‪.‬‬

‫ف�ف��ي م�ع��ر���ض ح��دي�ث��ه ع��ن بع�ض‬ ‫ج��وان��ب �أخ�لاق�ي��ات �أه��ل مكة وم��دى‬ ‫ان�ع�ط��اف�ه��م ال �ط��وع��ي ال�ن�ب�ي��ل نحو‬ ‫�أع� �م���ال ال �خ �ي��ر وال� �ب ��ر وم��وا���س��اة‬ ‫ال�ضعفاء والم�ساكين والمحتاجين‬ ‫نجده يقول‪ ..”:‬ولأه��ل مكة الأفعال‬ ‫الجميلة‪ ،‬والمكارم التامة‪ ،‬والأخالق‬ ‫ال�ح���س�ن��ة‪ ،‬والإي� �ث ��ار �إل ��ى ال�ضعفاء‬ ‫والمنقطعين‪ ،‬وح�سن الجوار للغرباء‪،‬‬ ‫وم ��ن م �ك��ارم �ه��م �أن��ه��م م �ت��ى �صنع‬ ‫�أح��ده��م وليم ًة‪ ،‬يبد�أ فيها بالطعام‬ ‫للفقراء المنقطعين ال�م�ج��اوري��ن‪،‬‬ ‫وي�ستدعيهم ّ‬ ‫وح�سن‬ ‫بتلطف ورف��ق ُ‬ ‫خُ لق‪ّ ،‬ثم ُيطعمهم‪ .‬و�أكثر الم�ساكين‬ ‫المنقطعين يكونون ب��الأف��ران حيث‬ ‫يطبخ النا�س �أخبازهم‪ ،‬ف ��إذا طبخ‬ ‫�أح��ده��م خبزه واحتمله �إل��ى منزله‬ ‫يتبعه الم�ساكين فيعطي لك ّل واحد‬ ‫منهم ما ُق�سم له‪ ،‬وال ير ّدهم خائبين‪.‬‬ ‫ولو كانت له خبزة واحدة ف�إنه ُيعطي‬ ‫ثلثها �أو ن�صفها‪ ،‬ط ّيب النف�س بذلك‬ ‫من غير �ضجر‪� ”.‬ص ‪. 168‬‬ ‫ث� ّ�م ينتقل اب��ن بطوطة فينقل لنا‬ ‫�صورة �أخ��رى من م�سالك �أه��ل مكة‬ ‫المكرمة‪ ،‬وه��ي و� ْإن كانت مماثلة‬ ‫لل�صورة ال�سابقة‪ ،‬بيد �أنها تتع ّلق بفئة‬ ‫�أخرى من خلق اهلل تعالى‪� ،‬إنهم فئة‬ ‫الأيتام ال�صغار الذين وجدوا مالذ ًا‬ ‫ل�ه��م ف��ي ق�ل��وب �أه ��ل م�ك��ة العطوفة‬ ‫الرحيمة ال� ��ودودة الرقيقة‪ ،‬حيث‬

‫يقول‪ ”:‬وم��ن �أفعالهم الح�سنة �أن‬ ‫الأيتام ال�صغار يقعدون بال�سوق‪ ،‬ومع‬ ‫ك ّل واحد منهم قفّتان كبرى و�صغرى‪،‬‬ ‫وهم ي�س ّمون القفة” مكتال “‪ .‬في�أتي‬ ‫ال��رج��ل م��ن �أه��ل مكة �إل��ى ال�سوق‪،‬‬ ‫في�شتري الحبوب واللحم والخ�ضر‪،‬‬ ‫ويعطي ذلك ال�صبي‪ ،‬فيجعل الحبوب‬ ‫في �إحدى قفتيه‪ ،‬واللحم والخ�ضر في‬ ‫الأخرى‪ ،‬ويو�صل ذلك �إلى دار الرجل‬ ‫ليهي�أ له طعامه منها‪ .‬ويذهب الرجل‬ ‫�إل��ى ط��واف��ه وحاجته‪ ،‬ف�لا يذكر �أن‬ ‫�أح��د ًا من ال�صبيان خان الأمانة في‬ ‫ذلك قط ‪� ”..‬ص ‪.169‬‬ ‫ومن الحديث عن �أعمال البر والخير‬ ‫ينتقل اب��ن بطوطة �إل��ى ذك��ر �ش ّدة‬ ‫اعتناء �أه��ل مكة المكرمة بالنظافة‬ ‫وا� �س �ت �ع �م��ال ال �ط �ي��ب وال� ��� �س ��واك‪،‬‬ ‫وال �ح��ر���ص ع �ل��ى ال �ل �ب��ا���س الأب �ي ����ض‬ ‫النا�صع فيقول‪ ”:‬و�أه ��ل مكة لهم‬ ‫ظ��رف ونظافة في المالب�س‪ ،‬و�أكثر‬ ‫لبا�سهم البيا�ض‪ .‬فترى ثيابهم �أبد ًا‬ ‫نا�صعة �ساطعة‪ ،‬وي�ستعملون الطيب‬ ‫كثير ًا ويكتحلون‪ ،‬و ُيكثرون ال�سواك‬ ‫بعيدان الأراك الأخ�ضر‪� ”..‬ص ‪. 169‬‬ ‫هذه لمحة عابرة مقت�ضبة عن بع�ض‬ ‫الجوانب والم�سالك الخا�صة ب�أهل‬ ‫مكة المكرمة خ�لال القرن الثامن‬ ‫الهجري‪ /‬ال��راب��ع ع�شر الميالدي‪،‬‬ ‫كما �ص ّورها الرحالة الفقيه الأديب‬ ‫المغربي ابن بطوطة رحمه اهلل في‬ ‫رحلته التي طبقت �شهرتها الآفاق‪.‬‬ ‫و� �ص �ل��ى اهلل و� �س �ل��م ع �ل��ى الحبيب‬ ‫الم�صطفى الأمين‪.‬‬

‫ال�شيخ عالء الزقم يتحدث الى ال�ضيوف‬

‫نظمت جمعية ال�صديق اال�سالمية في ملبورن يوما مفتوحا في م�سجد ال�صديق في‬ ‫منطقة هاديلبيرغ ح�ضره كل من رئي�س بلدية (‪ )Banyule‬كريغ ليكدن وممثلين‬ ‫عن البولي�س الفيدرالي والبولي�س المحلي و�شخ�صيات �سيا�سية واجتماعية ومحلية‬ ‫�إ�ضافة الى ال�سكان المحليين و�أبناء الجالية الإ�سالمية‪.‬‬ ‫ت�ضمن برنامج اليوم المفتوح كلمات لرئي�س جمعية ال�صديق الحاج في�صل �شحاتة ولرئي�س‬ ‫البلدية �إ�ضافة الى العاب الأطفال‪ .‬كما قدم امام وخطيب م�سجد ال�صديق ال�شيخ عالء الزقم‬ ‫لل�ضيوف �شرحا مف�صال عن الإ�سالم وتعالميه ومبادئه‪.‬‬ ‫وقد اقامت الجمعية م�أدبة غداء على �شرف ال�ضيوف‪.‬‬


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‫رمضانيات‬

‫‪¿ www.alwasat.com.au‬‬ ‫‪¿ info@alwasat.com.au‬‬

‫الوسط ¿ العدد ‪ ¿ 67‬رمضان ‪ 1437‬هـ ¿ حزيران ‪ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016‬‬

‫أهون الصيام‬ ‫ترك الشراب والطعام‬ ‫بقلم د‪ .‬محمود عيد‬

‫معلوم �أن ل�شهر رم�ضان مكانة‬ ‫خا�صة في نفو�سنا‪ .‬فقد �أنزل اهلل‬ ‫ال �ق��ر�آن الكريم ف��ي ه��ذا ال�شهر‬ ‫الف�ضيل‪ .‬ق��ال اهلل ت�ع��ال��ى }��ش�ه��ر رم�ضان‬ ‫ال��ذي �أن��زل فيه ال�ق��ر�آن ه��دى للنا�س وبينات‬ ‫م��ن ال �ه��دى و ال��ف��رق��ان{(ال��ب��ق��رة‪.)185:‬‬ ‫ومعلوم �أي�ضا ان لل�صيام فوائد كثيرة ي�صعب‬ ‫ح�صرها‪ .‬فال�صوم يهذب النفو�س ويزكيها‪،‬‬ ‫ومن المفتر�ض ان ال�صيام يحمي من االخالق‬ ‫ال�سيئه التي تف�سد النفو�س‪ .‬وال�صيام �أي�ضا‬ ‫يعلمنا ال�صبر على الم�شاق وال�سيطرة على‬ ‫جنوح النف�س لل�شهوات والملذات‪.‬‬ ‫فيا له من �شهر ف�ضيل يذكرنا بانا�س �ضاقت‬ ‫بهم ال��دن�ي��ا‪ ،‬وتقطعت بهم ال�سبل ‪ -‬فقراء‬ ‫وم�ساكين وم�ست�ضعفين وارام ��ل واي �ت��ام‪ .‬ما‬ ‫اجمل هذا ال�شعور بان نرحم ه�ؤالء الم�ساكين‬ ‫ونعطف عليهم ونعطيهم مما �أعطانا اهلل‪،‬‬ ‫ف��ال��راح �م��ون ف��ي الأر�� ��ض ي��رح�م�ه��م م��ن في‬ ‫ال�سماء‪ .‬ولنتذكر قول اهلل تعالى }والذين في‬ ‫�أموالهم حق معلوم‪ ،‬لل�سائل والمحروم{‪.‬‬ ‫ويا له من �شعور رائع تتوحد فيه الأمة بال�صيام‬ ‫والتوجه الى اهلل بالدعاء طمعا في الرحمة‬ ‫والمغفرة على ال��رغ��م م��ن اخ�ت�لاف �ألواننا‬ ‫واجنا�سنا واعراقنا وبلداننا وثقافاتنا ولغاتنا‬ ‫– الكل يلهج بل�سان واحد متوجهين الى ملك‬ ‫الملوك بالدعاء “اللهم انك عفو تحب العفو‪،‬‬ ‫فاعف عنا يا اهلل”‪.‬‬ ‫ولكي يتحقق لنا اجر ال�صيام‪ ،‬علينا ان ندرك‬ ‫ان �أه ��ون ال�صيام ت��رك ال���ش��راب والطعام‪.‬‬ ‫فان كان اهلل قد حرم علينا الأك��ل وال�شراب‬ ‫في رم�ضان وهو مباح ا�صال‪ ،‬فقد حرم علينا‬ ‫محرمات �أخ��رى هي �أ�شد �إثم ًا و�أ�شد �ضرر ًا‬ ‫وفتكا‪:‬‬ ‫ فيا عجبا ل�شخ�ص ي�صوم ال�شهر كله ويفطر‬‫ع�ل��ى ال �م �ح��رم��ات‪ ،‬وي�ه�ت��ك ��س�ل�ط��ان الحياء‬ ‫بم�شاهدة الأف�لام الخليعة واالباحية ويهتك‬ ‫�أعرا�ض الم�سلمين‬ ‫ وي��ا عجبا ل�شخ�ص ي�صوم رم�ضان ويطيل‬‫ل���س��ان��ه ب��ال�ط�ع��ن وال �ل �ع��ن وال�ف�ح����ش والغيبة‬ ‫والنميمة‪ ،‬وي�شهد ال��زور لير�ضي فالنا من‬ ‫النا�س‪ .‬فقد ورد في االث��ر (م��ن لم ي��دع قول‬ ‫الزور و العمل به‪ ،‬فلي�س هلل حاجة في �أن يدع‬ ‫طعامه و ��ش��راب��ه)‪� ،‬أخ��رج��ه ال�ب�خ��اري‪ ،‬وورد‬ ‫�أي�ضا قوله �صلى اهلل عليه و�سلم (رب �صائم‬ ‫حظه من �صيامه الجوع و العط�ش‪ ،‬و رب قائم‬

‫حظه من قيامه ال�سهر)‪� ،‬أخرجه ابن ماجة‪،‬‬ ‫و�أحمد في الم�سند)‪.‬‬ ‫ ويا عجبا ل�شخ�ص ي�صوم ال�شهر كله ويت�آمر‬‫على عباد اهلل لينال منهم ويتفنن في ايقاع‬ ‫اكبرالأذى النف�سي على من هم دونه �أو على‬ ‫من �شاء القدر ان يكونوا تحت امرته‪.‬‬ ‫ ويا عجبا ل�شخ�ص ي�صوم رم�ضان ويقلل من‬‫�ش�أن الآخرين ويحاول ت�صغيرهم والحط من‬ ‫قدرهم بدافع الح�سد والغيرة �أو بدافع الت�سلط‬ ‫ ويا عجبا ل�شخ�ص ي�صوم رم�ضان ويحارب‬‫النا�س في �أقواتهم و�أرزاقهم‬ ‫ وي��ا عجبا ل�شخ�ص ي�صوم رم�ضان ويلفق‬‫التهم ويل�صقها بالآخرين ظلما وبهتانا‬ ‫ ويا عجبا ل�شخ�ص ي�صوم رم�ضان وي�سرق‬‫جهود الآخرين و�أفكارهم وابداعاتهم ويدعيها‬ ‫لنف�سه ظلما وبهتانا‬ ‫ ويا عجبا ل�شخ�ص ي�صوم رم�ضان ويمار�س‬‫ال�ك��ذب وال �خ��داع والت�ضليل والتدلي�س على‬ ‫االخرين‬ ‫ ويا عجبا ل�شخ�ص ي�صوم رم�ضان وي�ضيق‬‫��ص��دره بنجاح الآخ��ري��ن‪ ،‬ويتفنن ف��ي الكيد‬ ‫وااليقاع بهم‬ ‫ ويا عجبا ل�شخ�ص ي�صوم رم�ضان ويتج�س�س‬‫على عباد اهلل ويجيز لنف�سه ا�ستباحة حرماتهم‬ ‫بمبررات �أوهى من بيت العنكبوت‬ ‫ ويا عجبا ل�شخ�ص ي�صوم رم�ضان ويبخ�س‬‫النا�س �أ�شياءهم وي�أكل �أموالهم وم�ستحقاتهم‬ ‫ ويا عجبا ل�شخ�ص ي�صوم رم�ضان وي�ستعين‬‫بكل �أفاك اثيم ليوقع بالم�ساكين تحت امرته‬ ‫ممن ال حول لهم وال قوة‪ ،‬متنا�سيا ان وراءهم‬ ‫�أ�سر و�أطفال وربما مر�ضى و�أ�صحاب حاجات‬ ‫ وي��ا عجبا ل�شخ�ص ي�صوم رم�ضان وي��زرع‬‫ال�ضغينة والبغ�ضاء بين النا�س ليبقى على‬ ‫كر�سي المن�صب وال�سلطة بال مناف�س ويتمادى‬ ‫في ت�سلطه على رقاب العباد‪.‬‬ ‫فيا عجبا لأولئك الذين ي�صومون عن الحالل‬ ‫م��ن ال�ط�ع��ام وال �� �ش��راب وي��رت�ك�ب��ون ك��ل تلك‬ ‫الفظاعات والمحرمات‪ .‬اما �آن لنا ان ندرك‬ ‫ب��ان اه��ون ال�صيام ت��رك الطعام وال�شراب‬ ‫وانه حتى نجني ثمار �صيامنا علينا ان نطهر‬ ‫انف�سنا وجوارحنا – فال�صوم ينهى عن فعل‬ ‫المحرمات‪ .‬فقد روي ع��ن ال�سلف ال�صالح‬ ‫ر�ضي اهلل عنهم �أنهم كانوا يدعون اهلل �ستة‬ ‫�أ�شهر �أن يبلغهم �شهر رم�ضان‪ ،‬ثم يدعونه �ستة‬ ‫�أ�شهر �أن يقبله منهم‪ .‬ف�أين نحن منهم! اللهم‬ ‫انك عفو تحب العفو‪ ،‬فاعف عنا يا اهلل‪.‬‬

‫د‪ .‬محمود عيد‬

‫‪Assistant Principal / Head of Secondary‬‬ ‫‪Islamic College of Melbourne‬‬

‫‪Ramadan Mubarak‬‬

‫‪The Middle Path Australia‬‬ ‫‪Education and Tutoring Services‬‬ ‫‪� -1‬أخالقنا القر�آن (قر�آن الكريم‪،‬‬ ‫لغة العربية‪ ،‬درا�سات الإ�سالمية) كل‬ ‫يوم �سبت من ‪� 10:00‬صباحا وحتى‬ ‫م�ساء‪ ،‬من �سن الثالثة والن�صف‬ ‫‪02:00‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫وما فوق‪ .‬م�ستويات‪ :‬ابتدائي ومتو�سط‬ ‫وف�صول متقدمة‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -2‬ف�صول للأطفال ما قبل المدر�سة‬ ‫وت�شمل تعلم القراءة والكتابة‬ ‫والح�ساب‪� ،‬ألوان‪� ،‬أ�شكال‪� ،‬سماع ال�صوت‬ ‫والعلوم و ‪ ،HSIE‬قر�آن‪ ،‬لغة عربية‪،‬‬ ‫درا�سات �إ�سالمية‪� 5 .‬أيام في الأ�سبوع‬ ‫من ال�ساعة التا�سعة والن�صف �صباحا‬ ‫م�ساء‪.‬‬ ‫وحتى الثانية والن�صف‬ ‫ً‬ ‫‪ -3‬الحافظ (تحفيظ القر�آن‬ ‫القر�آن‪،‬دوام جزئي) ف�صول منف�صلة‬ ‫لل�صبية والبنات‪ ،‬تدر�س التجويد‬ ‫ال�صحيح‪ ،‬لعمر ‪� 8‬سنوات وما فوق‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -4‬الحافظ (تحفيظ القر�آن الكريم)‬ ‫للمبتدئين من �سن ثالث �سنوات ون�صف‬ ‫وما فوق‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -5‬درو�س القر�آن والتجويد للبالغين‪.‬‬ ‫ف�صول منف�صلة للذكور واالناث‪.‬‬

‫عر�ض خا�ص مبنا�سبة‬ ‫�شهر رم�ضان املبارك‬

‫نقدم الرعاية للأطفال من جميع‬‫الأعمار طيلة ليايل رم�ضان املبارك‪.‬‬ ‫ن�شاطات �شهر رم�ضان‪ ،‬الفنون‪ ،‬احلرف‬‫اليدوية‪ ،‬درو�س القر�آن‪.‬‬ ‫�أ�سعار خا�صة (لأي �أطفال جدد او‬‫�أيام اكرث) خالل �شهر رم�ضان املبارك‪.‬‬

‫‪1- Akhlaqona Al Quran‬‬ ‫‪(Quran, Arabic, Islamic‬‬ ‫‪Studies) Every Saturday‬‬ ‫‪from 10am till 2pm,‬‬ ‫‪All ages from 3.5 yrs‬‬ ‫‪upwards. Levels: Beginners,‬‬ ‫‪Intermediate, Advanced‬‬ ‫‪Classes‬‬ ‫‪2- Pre Kindy including‬‬ ‫‪Literacy, Numeracy, Colours,‬‬ ‫& ‪Shapes, Phonics, Science‬‬ ‫‪HSIE, Quran, Arabic, Islamic,‬‬ ‫‪Studies. 5 days week from‬‬ ‫‪9.30am till 2.30pm‬‬ ‫‪3- Al Hafiz (Part Time Quran‬‬ ‫‪Memorisation) Separate‬‬ ‫‪classes for boys & girls‬‬ ‫‪Taught with correct Tajweed‬‬ ‫‪Suitable for 8 years upwards‬‬ ‫‪4- Al Hafiz (Quran‬‬ ‫‪Memorisation) Beginners‬‬ ‫‪level Suitable for 3.5 yrs‬‬ ‫‪upwards‬‬ ‫‪5- Quran & Tajweed classes‬‬ ‫‪for Adults. Seperate classes‬‬ ‫‪for Male & Female.‬‬

‫‪Ramadan Offer‬‬ ‫‪-E‬‬ ‫‪ very night During‬‬ ‫‪Ramadan we will be‬‬ ‫‪offering care for children‬‬ ‫‪of all ages.‬‬ ‫& ‪- Ramadan Activities, Arts‬‬ ‫‪Crafts, Quran Classes.‬‬ ‫‪- Special Prices for more‬‬ ‫‪kids & more days selected‬‬ ‫‪during Ramadan.‬‬

‫‪Located Level 1,‬‬ ‫‪40 Raymond St Bankstown NSW 2200‬‬

‫‪www.themiddlepathaustralia.com.au‬‬

‫‪Contact:‬‬ ‫‪(02) 8764 4804‬‬ ‫‪(04) 7750 8466‬‬


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‫تهنئات رمضانية‬ ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

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‫منوعات‬

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‫الوسط ¿ العدد ‪ ¿ 67‬رمضان ‪ 1437‬هـ ¿ حزيران ‪ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016‬‬

‫هيئة‬ ‫إغاثة سوريا‬ ‫هيئة �إغاثة �سوريا في �أ�ستراليا تدعوكم‬ ‫لدعم برنامج كفالة اليتيم من �أجل كفالة‬ ‫اكثر من ت�سعماية يتيم في المرحلة الأولى‪.‬‬ ‫كما ن�ستقبل تبرعاتكم و�صدقاتكم وزكاة‬ ‫اموالكم‪:‬‬

‫‪24 Highclere ave Punchbowl‬‬ ‫‪NSW 2196‬‬

‫�أو على الح�ساب‪:‬‬

‫‪Commbank. BSB: 062-111.‬‬ ‫‪ACC: 11110632‬‬ ‫”‪“AlwalidMaziab‬‬

‫شركة إستشارات جديدة‬ ‫تركز على دعم المجتمع‬ ‫ق��ام ال�سيد ل��وك ترينه و�شريكته ف��ي الم�صلحة‬ ‫التجارية ال�سيدة جي�سيكا بيليموريا با�ست�ضافة‬ ‫الإع�لان الر�سمي ل�شركتهما الجديدة كلت�شرفر�س‬ ‫‪ CultureVerse‬المخت�صة ب��ال�م���ش��ارك��ة عبر‬ ‫الإت�صاالت المجتمعية والتوا�صل مع المجتمع المتعدد‬ ‫الثقافات‪ ،‬في مكتب نافيتا�س �إنجلي�ش ‪Navitas‬‬ ‫‪ English‬في منطقة باراماتا يوم الجمعة ‪� 29‬أبريل‪.‬‬ ‫تقدم �شركة كلت�شرفر�س ‪ CultureVerse‬خدمات‬ ‫على م�ستوى الوطن للحكومة وغيرها من المنظمات‬ ‫التي تحتاج �إلى التوا�صل عبر الثقافات مع التركيز‬ ‫على دعم وتقديم المنافع للمجتمع المتعدد الثقافات‪.‬‬ ‫غ ��ادر ال�سيد ل��وك وظيفته ف��ي مكتب ال�ضرائب‬ ‫اال�سترالي بعد ‪ 25‬عاما من الخدمة‪� .‬إن عالقات‬ ‫ال�سيد ل��وك مع العديد من المنظمات المجتمعية‬ ‫والو�سائل الإعالمية هي نتيجة لحبه والتزامه بعمله‬ ‫على مدى �سنوات عديدة‪ .‬وخالل الإعالن‪� ،‬أبلغ ال�سيد‬ ‫لوك الح�ضور ب�أنه “يتطلع نحو الأم��ام للم�ضي في‬ ‫هذا العمل وم�ساعدة العديد من المنظمات الأخرى‬

‫من الي�سار‪ :‬فريق كلت�شرفر�س ‪CultureVerse‬‬

‫فاي �ستايمان‪ ،‬جي�سيكا بيليموريا ولوك ترينه‪.‬‬

‫للتوا�صل مع المجتمعات المتعددة الثقافات‪.‬‬ ‫يمكنكم الح�صول على مزيد م��ن المعلومات عن‬ ‫‪ CultureVerse‬على الموقع التالي‪:‬‬ ‫‪www.cultureverse.com.au‬‬

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‫تهنئات رمضانية‬ ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

34


‫‪35‬‬

‫الوسط الرياضي‬

‫‪¿ www.alwasat.com.au‬‬ ‫‪¿ info@alwasat.com.au‬‬

‫الوسط ¿ العدد ‪ ¿ 67‬رمضان ‪ 1437‬هـ ¿ حزيران ‪ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016‬‬

‫تشييع مهيب‬

‫محطات في حياة‬

‫محمد علي كالي‬

‫ألسطورة المالكمة محمد علي كالي‬

‫لندن‪ -‬عربي ‪21‬‬

‫�ش ّيع الآالف‪ ،‬الجمعة الما�ضية‪ ،‬جثمان �أ�سطورة‬ ‫المالكمة‪ ،‬محمد علي ك�لاي‪ ،‬بم�سقط ر�أ�سه‬ ‫في مدينة لويفيل بوالية كنتاكي الأمريكية‪.‬‬ ‫و�أ ّدى الآالف �صالة الجنازة على جثمان محمد علي‪ ،‬قبل‬ ‫�أن ي��وارى الثرى‪ ،‬في مرا�سم �شهدت م�شاركة �شخ�صيات‬ ‫عالمية ور�ؤ��س��اء دول بينهم الرئي�س التركي‪ ،‬رجب طيب‬ ‫�أردوغ ��ان‪ ،‬والملك الأردن ��ي عبد اهلل الثاني و�سط ح�شد‬ ‫جماهيري كبير‪.‬‬ ‫وانطلقت جنازة محمد علي من منزله‪ ،‬بم�شاركة المالكم‬ ‫الأمريكي ال�شهير مايك تاي�سون‪ ،‬والبريطاني لينوك�س‬ ‫لوي�س‪ ،‬والممثل الأمريكي ويل �سميث‪ ،‬نحو مقبرة «كايف‬ ‫هيل»‪.‬‬ ‫وراف��ق الآالف ج�ن��ازة محمد علي‪ ،‬التي م��رت م��ن �شارع‬ ‫غراند بمدينة لويفيل حيث يقع منزله‪ ،‬وال�صالة الريا�ضية‬ ‫التي د�أب الذهاب �إليها لتعلم المالكمة‪ ،‬ومن �أمام المتحف‬ ‫الذي حمل ا�سمه‪ ،‬وهي في طريقها �إلى مقبرة «كايف هيل»‪.‬‬ ‫ول��دى و�صول الموكب الجنائزي بوابة المقبرة المزينة‬

‫ب��ال��ورود‪ ،‬ا�ستقبله ع��دد كبير م��ن معجبيه‪ ،‬حيث رددوا‬ ‫هتافات «علي ‪ ..‬علي»‪ ،‬في حين لم ي�سمح �إال لذويه و�أقربائه‬ ‫بدخول المقبرة‪.‬‬ ‫وتغيب الرئي�س الأمريكي‪ ،‬باراك �أوباما‪ ،‬عن الم�شاركة في‬ ‫الت�شييع لح�ضور حفل تخرج ابنته الكبرى‪ ،‬ماليا‪.‬‬ ‫ونفدت البطاقات المجانية لح�ضور الحفل الت�أبيني في‬ ‫غ�ضون ن�صف �ساعة من موعد طرحها‪ .‬وقال �إمام ال�صالة‪،‬‬ ‫زيد �شاكر‪� ،‬إن محمد علي �أراد �أن تكون جنازته «لحظة‬ ‫عظة»‪ .‬كما قال الباحث الإ�سالمي‪� ،‬شيرمان جاك�سون‪� ،‬إن‬ ‫وفاة محمد علي «جعلتنا ن�شعر بالمزيد من الوحدة في هذا‬ ‫العالم‪ .‬رحل عن عالمنا جزء �صلب‪ ،‬وكبير‪ ،‬وجميل‪ ،‬وباعث‬ ‫عن الحياة»‪.‬‬ ‫وكان من بين الح�ضور في �صالة الجنازة وكيل المالكمين‪،‬‬ ‫دون كينغ‪ ،‬والنا�شط الحقوقي جي�سي جاك�سون‪ ،‬والمغني‬ ‫يو�سف �إ� �س�لام‪ .‬وك��ان علي ق��د تحول �إل��ى الإ� �س�لام عام‬ ‫‪ ،1964‬وغير ا�سمه من خا�سيو�س كالي‪ ،‬الذي اعتبره «ا�سم‬ ‫العبودية»‪.‬‬

‫ب � � �ع� � ��د‬ ‫�� �ص ��راع‬ ‫ط� ��وي� ��ل‬ ‫م� � � � � � � ��ع م� � � ��ر�� � � ��ض‬ ‫ال �ب��ارك �ن �� �س��ون‪ ،‬ط��وى‬ ‫ال�� � �م� � ��وت � �ص �ف �ح��ة‬ ‫�أ� �س �ط��ورة المالكمة‬ ‫العالمية محمد علي‬ ‫كالي‪ ،‬عن عمر يناهز‬ ‫ال � �ـ‪ 74‬ع��ام��ا‪ ،‬خا�ض‬ ‫خ�ل�ال� �ه ��ا ع� ��� �ش ��رات‬ ‫ال �م �ع��ارك ع�ل��ى حلبة‬ ‫ال� �م�ل�اك� �م ��ة و� �س �ج��ل‬ ‫العديد من الإنجازات وتفوق على‬ ‫�أب�ط��ال كبار في اللعبة العنيفة‪،‬‬ ‫لينال لقب �صاحب اللكمة الأ�سرع‬ ‫والأقوى في العالم‪.‬‬ ‫ولد محمد علي كالي ال��ذي كان‬ ‫يحمل ا�سم «كا�سيو�س مار�سيلو�س‬ ‫ك�ل�اي ج��ون��ي��ور» ق �ب��ل اع�ت�ن��اق��ه‬ ‫الإ�سالم‪ ،‬عام ‪ ،1942‬في لويفيل‬ ‫بوالية كنتاكي الأمريكية‪.‬‬ ‫وب��د�أت م�سيرة ك�لاي الريا�ضية‬ ‫في وقت مبكر‪ ،‬وكان يبلغ حينها‬ ‫‪ 12‬عاما‪ ،‬وح�صل على عدة �ألقاب‬ ‫ف��ي م���س��اب�ق��ات محلية ووط�ن�ي��ة‬ ‫ب��أم��ري�ك��ا‪ ،‬ل�ك��ن الإن �ج��از ال�ب��ارز‬ ‫الأول للنجم ال ��ذي ك��ان ي�صف‬ ‫نف�سه بقوله «�أط �ي��ر كالفرا�شة‬ ‫و�أل��دغ كالنحلة» كان عام ‪،1960‬‬ ‫حين ح�صد ذهبية �أولمبياد روما‬ ‫في الوزن الخفيف وخا�ض عقبها‬ ‫‪ 19‬نزاال فاز فيها جميعها‪ ،‬منها‬ ‫‪ 15‬بال�ضربة القا�ضية‪.‬‬ ‫وحين بلغ كالي الثانية والع�شرين‬ ‫من عمره‪ ،‬توج بطال للعالم على‬ ‫ح�ساب مواطنه �سوني لي�ستون‪.‬‬ ‫وف ��ي ال �ي��وم ال �ت��ال��ي �أط �ل��ق على‬ ‫نف�سه ا�سم «كا�سيو�س �إك�س» تيمنا‬ ‫بزعيم الم�سلمين ال�سود «مالكولم‬ ‫�إك�س»‪ ،‬وبعد �أ�شهر اعتنق الإ�سالم‬ ‫وب��ات يعرف با�سم محمد علي‪،‬‬ ‫منذ ذلك الحين‪.‬‬ ‫دخل كالي في مواجهة مبا�شرة‬ ‫م��ع ب�ل�اده حين رف����ض االلتحاق‬ ‫ب �� �ص �ف��وف ال �ج �ي ����ش الأم��ري �ك��ي‬

‫للقتال ف��ي فيتنام ف��ي �ستينيات‬ ‫القرن الما�ضي‪ ،‬وعلى الرغم من‬ ‫ر�سوبه في االختبارات الكتابية‬ ‫واللغوية التي قدمها كالي للجي�ش‬ ‫الأمريكي عام ‪ ،1964‬ف�إن الأخير‬ ‫ق��ام بمراجعة االخ �ت �ب��ارات عام‬ ‫‪ 1966‬و�أعلن نجاحه‪.‬‬ ‫و�أدى رف� �� ��ض ك �ل�اي ال �خ��دم��ة‬ ‫الع�سكرية وال �ق �ت��ال ف��ي فيتنام‬ ‫�إل ��ى �سحب �أك �ب��ر لقب ن��ال��ه في‬ ‫المالكمة عام ‪ ،1967‬العترا�ضه‬ ‫ال �� �ص��ري��ح ع �ل��ى ح ��رب ف�ي�ت�ن��ام‪،‬‬ ‫و�أ�صبح �أح��د ال��رم��وز المعار�ضة‬ ‫للحرب التي خرجت منها �أمريكا‬ ‫بخ�سائر فادحة‪.‬‬ ‫وقال كالي حينها‪« :‬لن �أحاربهم‬ ‫فهم لم يلقبونني بالزنجي»‪ ،‬وقال‬ ‫�أي�ضا‪« :‬هذه الحرب �ضد تعاليم‬ ‫القر�آن‪.».‬‬ ‫واحتفظ بلقب بطل العالم حتى‬ ‫العام ‪ ،1967‬تاريخ رف�ضه التوجه‬ ‫�إل��ى فيتنام لخو�ض الحرب �إلى‬ ‫جانب مواطنيه‪ .‬و�إذا كان �أفلت‬ ‫من دخ��ول ال�سجن ف�إنه منع من‬ ‫ال�م�لاك�م��ة ب�سبب ذل��ك ق�ب��ل �أن‬ ‫يعفى عنه عام ‪ .1971‬وفي العام‬ ‫ذات� ��ه داف� ��ع ع��ن ل�ق�ب��ه � �ض��د جو‬ ‫فريزر في مباراة و�صفها محمد‬ ‫علي نف�سه ب�أنها «ن��زال القرن»‪،‬‬ ‫وخ�سرها بالنقاط قبل �أن ي�ستعيد‬ ‫لقبه بعد ثالث �سنوات في مباراة‬ ‫م���ش�ه��ودة ��ض��د ج ��ورج ف��ورم��ان‪،‬‬ ‫�أق�ي�م��ت ف��ي كين�شا�سا عا�صمة‬ ‫زائ�ي��ر ع��ام ‪ ،1974‬عندما �أن��زل‬

‫مناف�سه بال�ضربة القا�ضية في‬ ‫الجولة الثامنة‪.‬‬ ‫وث ��أر محمد علي لخ�سارته �أم��ام‬ ‫فريزر في مانيال عام ‪ ،1975‬قبل‬ ‫�أن يخ�سر اللقب �ضد مواطنه ليون‬ ‫�سبينك�س عام ‪ ،1978‬لكنه ا�ستعاد‬ ‫لقبه العالمي للمرة الثالثة �ضد‬ ‫�سبينك�س بعد �سبعة �أ�شهر‪.‬‬ ‫وخا�ض محمد علي ‪ 60‬نزاال‪ ،‬فاز‬ ‫في ‪ 56‬منها وح�صل على ‪ 22‬لقبا‬ ‫عالميا‪ ،‬لكنه على الرغم من ذلك‬ ‫دفع ثمن ال�سنوات الطويلة التي‬ ‫�أم�ضاها في عالم المالكمة والتي‬ ‫اعتزلها ر�سميا ع��ام ‪ 1981‬في‬ ‫عمر ال �ـ‪ ،39‬حيث �أ�صيب بمر�ض‬ ‫ال�شلل الرعا�شي (باركن�سون)‪.‬‬ ‫ويعرف كالي ب�أنه �صاحب اللكمة‬ ‫الأ�سرع والأقوى في العالم‪ ،‬حيث‬ ‫عادلت ق��وة لكمته حوالي الأل��ف‬ ‫باوند‪.‬‬ ‫لكن على ال��رغ��م م��ن المر�ض‪،‬‬ ‫ف� ��إن ذل��ك ل��م يثنه ع��ن القيام‬ ‫بجهود كبيرة في خدمة الريا�ضة‬ ‫والإ�� �س�ل�ام والأط� �ف ��ال‪ .‬وح�صل‬ ‫ك�لاي على تكريم كبير من قبل‬ ‫اللجنة المنظمة لأولمبياد �أتالنتا‬ ‫ع��ام ‪ ،1996‬عندما �أوك�ل��ت �إليه‬ ‫مهمة �إي�ق��اد ال�شعلة الأولمبية‪..‬‬ ‫فقام بذلك وي��داه ترتجفان في‬ ‫م�شهد م�ؤثر‪.‬‬ ‫ويرجع التاريخ المر�ضي لمحمد‬ ‫ع �ل��ي ك �ل�اي �إل � ��ى ع� ��ام ‪،1984‬‬ ‫حين تمكن منه داء الباركن�سون‬ ‫(ال�شلل الرعا�شي)‪.‬‬

‫تنظيم كأس ‪Craig Campbell Cohesion Cup‬‬ ‫لدعم الشرطي المستبعد “كريغ كامبل”‬ ‫نظم ن��ادي الكمبا الريا�ضي ال��ذي ير�أ�سه‬ ‫الدكتور جمال ريفي بالتعاون مع “�آي�شير‬ ‫ميديا” ك�أ�س‪:‬‬

‫‪ Craig Campbell Cohesion Cup‬لكرة القدم‬ ‫في الكمبا‪ .‬بم�شاركة فرق تمثل العديد من الم�ؤ�س�سات‬ ‫الإعالمية اال�سترالية والهيئات والم�ؤ�س�سات االن�سانية‬

‫واالجتماعية والدينية والريا�ضية والتربوية‪.‬‬ ‫هدفت ال��دورة الى دعم وم�ساعدة ال�شرطي الم�ستبعد‬ ‫“كريغ كامبل”‪ ،‬وتقديم عربون وفاء وتقدير له بعد ان‬ ‫ا�ستبعد من عمله بعد اح��داث “كرونوال” (العن�صرية‬ ‫والتي حدثت منذ عدة �سنوات) بحجة ا�ستعماله المفرط‬ ‫للعنف عندما ت�صدى بقوة للهجمات العن�صرية التي قام‬ ‫بها مجموعة كبيرة من ال�شبان �ضد �شابين من خلفية‬ ‫عربية اثناء وجودهم في محطة قطار المنطقة‪.‬‬ ‫حيث �سيعود ريع هذه المباريات له‪.‬‬ ‫�شاركت في المباريات عدة فرق تمثل و�سائل االعالم‬ ‫وهي‪:‬‬ ‫• فريق �صحيفة “ال�صنداي مورننغ هيرالد”‪.‬‬ ‫• فريق �صحيفة “الغاردين”‪.‬‬ ‫• فريق المحطة التلفزيونية “الآي بي �سي”‪.‬‬ ‫• فريق �شبكة الو�سط الإعالمية‪.‬‬ ‫• فريق “�آي�شير ميديا”‪.‬‬ ‫�إ�ضافة الى فرق تمثل هيئات وجمعيات وجمعيات متعددة‬

‫من بينها‪:‬‬ ‫• فريق“لجنة حقوق االن�سان في ا�ستراليا”‪.‬‬ ‫• فريق “البيت اال�سالمي ليڤربول”‪.‬‬ ‫• فريق ال�شيخ “احمد عبدو”‪.‬‬ ‫• فريق جمعية المر�أة الم�سلمة في ا�ستراليا ممثلة‬ ‫بالنا�شطة االجتماعية الحجه “مهى عبدو”‪.‬‬ ‫• فريق “جمعية ابناء المنية الخيرية”‪.‬‬ ‫• فريق “الميناء ا�ستراليا”‪.‬‬ ‫• فريق “دير عمار”‪.‬‬ ‫اما عن الم�ؤ�س�سات التربوية فقد �شارك‪:‬‬ ‫• فريق “مدر�سة كرانڤيل بويز”‪.‬‬ ‫• فريق معهد “اوبورن جاينت للبنات”‪.‬‬ ‫كما �شاركت فرق تمثل م�شاهير من الجالية ومن بينهم‪:‬‬ ‫• ف��ري��ق الع��ب ال��رك�ب��ي ال�م�ع�ت��زل “الماجك ح��ازم‬ ‫الم�صري”‪.‬‬ ‫• فريق بطل ا�ستراليا في الوزن الخفيف “بيلي ديب”‪.‬‬ ‫وقد فاز في المبارات النهائية فريق «�آي�شير ميديا»‪.‬‬


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‫علوم وصحة‬

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‫الوسط ¿ العدد ‪ ¿ 67‬رمضان ‪ 1437‬هـ ¿ حزيران ‪ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016‬‬

‫(‪)TMJ‬‬

‫من فوائد السحور‬ ‫تعتبر وجبة ال�سحور من الوجبات الرئي�سة في �شهر رم�ضان المبارك‪ ،‬وقد �أكد‬ ‫الأطباء على �أنها �أهم من وجبة الإفطار‪ ،‬لأنها تعين المرء على تحمل م�شاق ال�صيام‪،‬‬ ‫ولذا �أو�صى ر�سولنا الم�صطفى �صلى اهلل عليه و�سلم بال�سحور وحث عليه في غير ما‬ ‫حديث فقال‪( :‬ت�سحروا ف�إن في ال�سحور بركة ) رواه البخاري وم�سلم ‪ ،‬و�سبب ح�صول البركة‬ ‫في ال�سحور �أن هذه الوجبة تقوي ال�صائم وتن�شطه وتهون عليه ال�صيام‪� ،‬إ�ضافة �إلى ما فيها من‬ ‫الأجر والثواب بامتثال هدي ر�سول اهلل �صلى اهلل عليه و�سلم ‪.‬‬ ‫ولهذه الوجبة المباركة فوائد �صحية تعود على الإن�سان ال�صائم بالنفع وتعينه على ق�ضاء‬ ‫نهاره بال�صوم في ن�شاط وحيوية‪:‬‬ ‫من تلك الفوائد‪:‬‬ ‫‪� -1‬إن ت �ن��اول ه��ذه الوجبة‬ ‫المباركة يمنع حدوث الإعياء‬ ‫وال�صداع �أثناء نهار رم�ضان‪.‬‬ ‫‪� -2‬إن �ه��ا ت���س��اع��د الإن �� �س��ان‬ ‫على التخفيف من الإح�سا�س‬ ‫بالجوع والعط�ش ال�شديد‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -3‬تمنع هذه الوجبة ال�شعور‬ ‫بالك�سل والخمول والرغبة في‬ ‫النوم �أثناء �ساعات ال�صيام‪،‬‬ ‫وتمنع فقد الخاليا الأ�سا�سية‬ ‫للج�سم‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -4‬وم��ن ال�ف��وائ��د �أن تناول‬ ‫وجبة ال�سحور ين�شط الجهاز‬ ‫ال �ه �� �ض �م��ي‪ ،‬وي �ح��اف��ظ على‬ ‫م�ستوى ال�سكر في الدم فترة‬ ‫ال�صيام‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -5‬وم��ن ال�ف��وائ��د الروحية‬ ‫لهذه الوجبة �أنها تعين العبد‬ ‫الم�ؤمن على طاعة اهلل عز‬ ‫وجل في يومه‪.‬‬ ‫وم� � ��ن ال �م �� �س �ت �ح �� �س��ن �أن‬ ‫تحتوي وجبة ال�سحور على‬ ‫ال �خ �� �ض��روات ال �ت��ي تحتوي‬ ‫على ن�سبة عالية م��ن الماء‬ ‫مثل‪ :‬الخ�س والخيار‪ ،‬الأمر‬ ‫ال��ذي يجعل الج�سم يحتفظ‬ ‫بالماء لفترة طويلة‪ ،‬ويقلل‬ ‫م��ن الإح�سا�س بالعط�ش �أو‬ ‫ال �ج �ف��اف‪� ،‬إل ��ى ج��ان��ب �أن�ه��ا‬ ‫م���ص��در ج�ي��د للفيتامينات‬ ‫والأمالح‪.‬‬ ‫يف�ضل �أي�ضا �أن تكون وجبة ال�سحور من الأطعمة ذات‬ ‫ال�سرعة المتو�سطة في اله�ضم مثل الفول المدم�س‬ ‫بزيت الزيتون �أو الجبن والبي�ض‪ ..‬فهذه الوجبة‬ ‫ت�ستطيع �أن ت�صمد في المعدة من ‪ 7‬لـ ‪� 9‬ساعات‪،‬‬ ‫فت�ساعد على تالفي الإح�سا�س بالجوع طيلة فترة‬ ‫ال�صيام تقريب ًا كما تمده بحاجته من الطاقة‪..‬‬ ‫كذلك يف�ضل �أال يحتوي ال�سحور على كمية كبيرة من‬ ‫ال�سكر �أو الملح لأن ال�سكر يبعث على الجوع‪ ،‬والملح‬ ‫يبعث على العط�ش‪.‬‬ ‫ويح�صل ال�سحور بما تي�سر من الطعام‪ ،‬ولو على تمر‪،‬‬ ‫لحديث �أبي هريرة ـ ر�ضي اهلل عنه ـ �أن النبي �صلى‬

‫المفصل الفكي الصدغي‬ ‫ال��م��ف�����ص��ل ال��ف��ك��ي‬ ‫ال�صدغي‬ ‫هو مف�صل يقع مبا�شرة‬ ‫�أمام الأذن‪ .‬وهو �أحد �أكثر المفا�صل‬ ‫تعقيدا في ج�سم الإن�سان وهو يتيح‬ ‫ل��ك ت�ح��ري��ك ال�ف��ك ال�سفلي �أث�ن��اء‬ ‫الكالم‪ ،‬الأكل والبلع‪ ،‬وهو يت�ألف من‬ ‫عظم ال�صدغ في الدماغ مع الفك‬ ‫ال�سفلي والقر�ص الغ�ضروفي بينهما‪.‬‬ ‫ع�ضالت الفك هي التي تحرك الفك‬ ‫فتحا و�إغ�لاق��ا والحركة من جانب‬ ‫لآخر‬ ‫يعتبر المف�صل الفكي ال�صدغي‬ ‫مف�ص ًال مميز ًا وذلك لوجود مف�صل‬ ‫داخل تجويف وهو الوحيد الموجود‬ ‫ف��ي ال��وج��ه وي�ق��وم بالحركات كافة‬ ‫للفك ال�سفلي بتوافق �أو م��ن دون‬ ‫توافق مع المف�صل المقابل‪.‬‬ ‫م��ن الناحية الجنينية ي�ب��د�أ ت�شكل‬ ‫المف�صل بنف�س الوقت الذي تت�شكل‬ ‫فيه العظيمات ال�سمعية ‪.‬الأمريكيون‬ ‫واليابانيون يقولون �أنه هناك رباط‬ ‫ي�صل ب�ي��ن ال�غ���ض��روف وع�ضالت‬ ‫المطرقة في الأذن الداخلية وهذا‬ ‫ما يف�سر الم�شاكل الأذنية التي تن�ش�أ‬ ‫ب�سبب اال�ضطرابات المف�صلية‪.‬‬ ‫ا���ض��ط��راب ال��م��ف�����ص��ل الفكي‬ ‫ال�صدغي‬

‫اهلل عليه و�سلم ق��ال‪( :‬نعم �سحور الم�ؤمن التمر)‬ ‫رواه �أبو داود‪ .‬ف�إن تعذر وجود التمر‪ ،‬فعلى الم�سلم �أن‬ ‫يحر�ص على �شرب الماء‪ ,‬لتح�صل له بركة ال�سحور‪.‬‬ ‫كذلك من المهم ت�أخير ه��ذه الوجبة ق��در الإمكان‬ ‫�إلى قبيل �أذان الفجر حتى ت�ساعد الج�سم والجهاز‬ ‫الع�صبي على احتمال �ساعات ال�صوم في النهار‪،‬‬ ‫كما �أن ذلك هو ال�سنة‪ ،‬وقد كان �أ�صحاب النبي �صلى‬ ‫اهلل عليه و�سلم ي�ؤخرون ال�سحور‪ ،‬كما روى عمرو بن‬ ‫ميمون‪ ،‬ق��ال‪« :‬ك��ان �أ�صحاب محمد �صلى اهلل عليه‬ ‫و�سلم �أعجل النا�س �إفطار ًا و�أبط�أهم �سحورا» رواه‬ ‫البيهقي في ال�سنن ‪.‬‬

‫ت �ع��د «م� �ت�ل�ازم ��ة ال � �ف� ��ك»‪� ،‬أو ما‬ ‫ي�سمى ا�ضطراب المف�صل الفكي‬ ‫ال�صدغي‪� ،‬أحد �أعرا�ض القلق الذي‬ ‫يظهر ا�ضطراب ًا نف�سي ًا �أو ج�سدي ًا �أو‬ ‫كليهما مع ًا‪ ،‬وهو اال�ضطراب الذي‬ ‫تتفوق فيه المر�أة على الرجل‪ ،‬و�أطلق‬ ‫عليه ا��س��م م�ت�لازم��ة «ال �ف��ك» وفقا‬ ‫للعالم «ماكنيل»‪ ،‬وي�شمل مجموعة‬ ‫من الم�شاكل ال�سريرية التي ت�صيب‬ ‫الع�ضالت الما�ضغة و�أربطة المف�صل‬ ‫الفكي ال�صدغي والأجزاء المجاورة‬ ‫له‪.‬‬ ‫يو�صف ال�ـ ‪ TMJ‬في الأدب الطبي‬ ‫ب ��أن��ه «الأل� ��م المقلد الأك��ب��ر» لأن��ه‬ ‫ينتحل �أعرا�ض ًا مختلفة‪ ،‬قد توحي‬ ‫ب�أ�سباب �أخرى‪ ،‬فهو كثير ًا ما ي�شابه‬ ‫�آالم الأذن �أو التهابات الجيوب �أو‬ ‫الع�صابات الوجهية م�سبب ًا خط�أ في‬ ‫الت�شخي�ص وبالتالي بالعالج ونجاحه‬

‫الأ�سباب‬ ‫ اال� �ض �ط��راب النف�سي م��ن �أه��م‬‫�أ��س�ب��اب ال�م��ر���ض فهو داء الع�صر‬ ‫وح��دي��ث الأط �ب��اء وه��اج����س النا�س‬ ‫وع��ن��وان لأك �ث��ر ال�ك�ت��ب م�ب�ي�ع� ًا في‬ ‫العالم!‬ ‫ العادات الفموية ال�سيئة و�أهمها‬‫ال�صرير وه��و ح��ك الأ��س�ن��ان �أثناء‬ ‫النوم ‪ bruxism‬حيث ي ��ؤدي ذلك‬ ‫�إلى تولد �ضغط زائد على المف�صل‬ ‫والأجزاء الملحقة به‬ ‫ م�ضغ اللبان (العلكة ) لفترات‬‫طويلة‬ ‫ الم�ضغ على جهة واحدة‬‫ ع��اده م�ضغ الأ�شياء ال�صلبة مثل‬‫الأقالم والأظافر‬ ‫ تحريك الفك ب�شكل غير �صحيح‬‫�سوء بفتحه بمعدل اكبر من المعدل‬ ‫الطبيعي �أو ب�إزاحته جانبا ‪laterally‬‬ ‫ بالإ�ضافة �إلى عادة الفتح الوا�سع‬‫للفم خا�صة �أثناء التثا�ؤب‬ ‫ ��س��وء اط �ب��اق الأ� �س �ن��ان ول��ه عدة‬‫�أ�شكال منها‪:‬‬ ‫ ت��واج��د �أ��س�ن��ان ف��ي غير مكانها‬‫المنا�سب‬ ‫ او فقدان الأ�سنان �أحيانا قد تكون‬‫�سببا في �سوء الإطباق‬

‫ ارت� �ف ��اع ح �� �ش��وات الأ�� �س� �ن ��ان او‬‫التركيبات وال�ت��ي م��ع م��رور الوقت‬ ‫ت�ؤدي �إلى هذه الم�شكلة‬ ‫ الو�ضعيات ال�سيئة �أثناء الجلو�س‬‫وب �� �ش �ك��ل خ ��ا� ��ص ع �ن��د ا� �س �ت �ع �م��ال‬ ‫الكومبيوتر‪ ،‬و�أث �ن��اء ال�ن��وم‪ ،‬ت�سبب‬ ‫ت�شنجا في ع�ضالت العنق والع�ضالت‬ ‫الما�ضغة‪ ،‬كما ي�ؤدي التوتر النف�سي‬ ‫�إلى �ش ّد وجهي‬ ‫ تعر�ض المف�صل لر�ض مثل حدوث‬‫حادث ال�سيارات‪.‬‬ ‫م��ن الأ��س�ب��اب ال�ت��ي ت�سبب م�شاكل‬ ‫للمف�صل ب�شكل م�ؤقت وتنتهي بزوال‬ ‫ال�سبب والتي غالبا مايمكننا و�صفها‬ ‫بـ ‪Trismus‬‬ ‫ ال �ت �ه��اب��ات ال�م�ن�ط�ق��ة المحيطة‬‫للمف�صل‬ ‫ ال� �ت� �خ ��دي ��ر ل� �ل� �ف ��ك ال �� �س �ف �ل��ي‬‫‪block‬‬ ‫‪injection‬‬

‫‪Mandibulare‬‬

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‫الوسط االسترالي‬ ‫الوسط ¿ العدد ‪ ¿ 67‬رمضان ‪ 1437‬هـ ¿ حزيران ‪ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016‬‬

‫النائب االول لحاكم مصرف لبنان‬ ‫يزور ملبورن بدعوة من‬

‫غرفة التجارة والصناعة اللبنانية‬

‫نائب حاكم م�صرف لبنان رائد �شرف الدين‬

‫القى نائب حاكم م�صرف لبنان‬ ‫رائ��د �شرف الدين محا�ضرة في‬ ‫ملبورن بدعوة من غرفة التجارة‬ ‫وال�صناعة اللبنانية في والية فيكتوريا‪� ،‬شارك‬ ‫فيها الوزير مارتن باكيال‪ ،‬قن�صل لبنان العام‬ ‫في فكتوريا غ�سان الخطيب‪ ،‬القن�صل الفخري‬ ‫ال�سابق لوي�س فليفل‪ ،‬ون ��واب و�شخ�صيات‬ ‫ا�سترالية ور�ؤ���س��اء الأح� ��زاب والم�ؤ�س�سات‬ ‫والجمعيات اللبنانية وعدد من رجال االعمال‬ ‫اللبنانيين واال��س�ت��رال�ي�ي��ن وو��س��ائ��ل اع�لام‪.‬‬ ‫�إ�ضافة الى رئي�س غرفة التجارة وال�صناعة‬ ‫اللبنانية المحامي فادي الزوقي‪.‬‬ ‫ح �ي��ث ح��ا� �ض��ر � �ش��رف ال��دي��ن ح ��ول ال��و��ض��ع‬ ‫االقت�صادي في لبنان وال�شرق االو�سط‪.‬‬ ‫ورح��ب رئي�س الغرفة ف��ادي ال��ذوق��ي ب�شرف‬

‫وفد نيابي من حزب العمال األسترالي‬ ‫يقوم بزيارة عدة مناطق لبنانية‬

‫في منطقة ال�ضنية‬

‫رئي�س غرفة التجارة وال�صناعة اللبنانية فادي الزوقي‬

‫ال ��دي ��ن‪ ،‬وا�� �ش ��اد ب»ال� � ��دور ال� ��ذي ي�ل�ع�ب��ه مع‬ ‫الحاكم العام ريا�ض �سالمة في حياة لبنان‬ ‫االقت�صادية‪.‬‬ ‫من جهته‪ ،‬ا�شاد �شرف الدين «باللبنانيين‬ ‫المنت�شرين وبالغرفة ورئي�سها‪ ،‬و�شرح الو�ضع‬ ‫االقت�صادي في لبنان ودور البنك المركزي في‬ ‫الحفاظ على العملة الوطنية»‪.‬‬ ‫ودعا المنت�شرين «الى اال�ستثمار في لبنان ال‬ ‫�سيما وان الفر�ص متاحة اليوم اكثر من اي‬ ‫يوم م�ضى»‪ ،‬وبين �شرف الدين باالرقام الو�ضع‬ ‫المالي في لبنان ال��ذي «ال يدعو الى القلق»‪،‬‬ ‫و�أ�شار الى «ال�ضغط الذي يمار�س في اكثر من‬ ‫مجال»‪ ،‬م�ؤكدا ان «م�صرف لبنان واع لكل �شيء‬ ‫و�سيتخطى ال�صعوبات متى وجدت»‪.‬‬

‫‪37‬‬

‫و� � �ص� ��ل ال � ��ى ل� �ب� �ن ��ان ف��ي‬ ‫الع�شرين م��ن �أي ��ار ‪٢٠١٦‬‬ ‫وفد نيابي من حزب العمال‬ ‫الأ�سترالي برئا�سة زعيم المعار�ضة في‬ ‫والية نيو �ساوث ويليز لوك فولي‪.‬‬ ‫�ضم ال��وف��د ك��ل م��ن ال�ن��واب جهاد ديب‬ ‫‪،‬كاليتون ب��ار‪ ،‬تانيا ميهايلوك‪ ،‬جوليا‬ ‫فين ‪،‬وع�ضو المجل�س الت�شريعي �شوكت‬ ‫م�سلماني‪ ،‬رئي�س بلدية بيروود جان فخر‪،‬‬ ‫رئي�س بلدية بانك�ساون ك��ارل ع�صفور‪،‬‬ ‫ن��ائ��ب رئ�ي����س ب�ل��دي��ة ك��ان�ت��رب��ري خ�ضر‬ ‫�صالح‪ ،‬وعددا من ممثلي الجمعيات وهم‬ ‫عمر يا�سين وم�صطفى حامد وجيزيل‬ ‫��ض��وم��ط وم�ست�شار زع�ي��م المعار�ضة‬ ‫مايك بوبل‪ .‬كما ان�ضم الى الوفد ال�سفير‬ ‫الأ�سترالي في بيروت غلين مايلز‪.‬‬

‫في منطقة المنية‬

‫حيث التقى الوفد بعدد من الم�س�ؤولين‬ ‫ال �ل �ب �ن��ان �ي �ي��ن �إ�� �ض ��اف ��ة ال� ��ى ع� ��دد من‬ ‫ال�شخ�صيات والقيادات اللبنانية‪ ،‬وقام‬

‫الوفد ب��زي��ارة ع��دة مناطق لبنانية من‬ ‫بينها طرابل�س وال�ضنية والمنية والبترون‬ ‫وغيرها‪.‬‬


‫‪38‬‬

‫رمضانيات‬

‫‪¿ www.alwasat.com.au‬‬ ‫‪¿ info@alwasat.com.au‬‬

‫الوسط ¿ العدد ‪ ¿ 67‬رمضان ‪ 1437‬هـ ¿ حزيران ‪ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016‬‬

‫رمضان مبارك‬

‫خص اهلل ش���هر رمضان‬ ‫عن غيره من الش���هور‬ ‫بكثي���ر م���ن الخصائص‬ ‫والفضائل منها‪:‬‬ ‫خلوف فم ال�صائم �أطيب عند اهلل من ريح‬‫الم�سك‪.‬‬ ‫ت�ستغفر ال��م�لائ��ك��ة لل�صائمين حتى‬‫يفطروا‪.‬‬ ‫ي��زي��ن اهلل ف��ي ك��ل ي��وم جنته وي��ق��ول‪:‬‬‫يو�شك عبادي ال�صالحون �أن يلقوا عنهم‬ ‫الم�ؤونة والأذى ثم ي�صيروا �إليك‪.‬‬ ‫ ت�صفد فيه ال�شياطين‪.‬‬‫تفتح فيه �أب��واب الجنة‪ ،‬وتغلق �أب��واب‬‫النار‪.‬‬ ‫فيه ليلة القدر هي خير من �ألف �شهر‪ ،‬من‬‫حرم خيرها فقد حرم الخير كله‪.‬‬ ‫ يغفر لل�صائمين في �آخر ليلة من رم�ضان‪.‬‬‫هلل عتقاء من النار‪ ،‬وذل��ك كل ليلة من‬‫رم�ضان‪.‬‬

‫دعوة الصائم‬

‫ق���ال ر���س��ول اهلل �صلى اهلل عليه‬ ‫و�سلم‪( :‬ث�لاث��ة ال ت��رد دعوتهم‪،‬‬ ‫ال�صائم حتى يفطر‪ ،‬والإمام العادل‪،‬‬ ‫ودع��وة المظلوم) ق��ال الترمذي‪:‬‬ ‫حديث ح�سن‪.‬‬

‫مسجد عثمان بن عفان‬

‫‪Othman Bin Affan Mosque‬‬ ‫‪Cabramatta West‬‬

‫{يَا َأ ُيّهَ ا ا َلّذِ ينَ آ َمنُوا أَن ِفقُوا ممِ َّا َر َز ْقنَاكُ م ِمّن َقبْلِ أَن َي ْأتِيَ يَوْ ٌم‬ ‫الظا مِلُونَ }‬ ‫َاّل َبيْعٌ فِي ِه وَ اَل خُ َّل ٌة وَ اَل شَ فَاعَ ٌة وَ الْكَ افِرُ ونَ هُمُ َّ‬ ‫سورة البقرة «‪»254‬‬

‫ساهموا معنا في إعادة بناء مسجد كابراماتا الغربية (عثمان بن عفان) من اجل تلبية احتياجات‬ ‫الجالية اإلسالمية المزايدة في مناطق ليفربول وفيرفيلد‪ ،‬ولتنالوا اجر صدقة جارية خاصة في هذه‬ ‫االيام المباركة من هذا الشهر الفضيل‪.‬‬ ‫‪Help us Rebuild Cabramatta West Mosque to cater for the growing Muslim‬‬ ‫‪Community in Liverpool and Fairfield areas and embrace the opportunity‬‬ ‫‪for multiplied rewards of Sadaqa Jariya this Ramadan.‬‬ ‫يمكنكم تحويل تبرعاتكم عبر رقم حساب المسجد مباشرة‪:‬‬ ‫‪Donations can be made directly into the Mosque bank account:‬‬

‫‪Name: Cabramatta Mosque‬‬ ‫‪BSB: 112 879 - Account: 438 242 522‬‬ ‫‪Ref: Masjid‬‬

‫‪22 Water Street, Cabramatta West, NSW 2166‬‬

‫دعاء المرء اذا افطر‬ ‫عند اهل بيت‬

‫عن �أن�س بن مالك ر�ضي اهلل عنه‪ّ � ،‬أن‬ ‫ر�سول اهلل ‪� -‬صلّى اهلل عليه و�سلّم ‪-‬‬ ‫كان �إذا �أفطر عند �أهل بيت قال لهم‪:‬‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫وتنزلت‬ ‫ائمون‪،‬‬ ‫ال�ص‬ ‫أفطر‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫عند ُ‬ ‫كم َّ‬ ‫(� َ‬ ‫كم الأبرا ُر‪،‬‬ ‫كم المال ِئكةُ ‪ ،‬و�أَكلَ طعا َم ُ‬ ‫عل ْي ُ‬ ‫الرحمةُ )‪،‬‬ ‫وغ�شي ْت ُ‬ ‫كم َّ‬ ‫رواه �أحمد‪.‬‬

‫دعاء قبل اإلفطار‬ ‫�سن لل�صائم وغيره عند تناوله‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫للطعام �أن ي�س ّمي اهلل تعالى‪،‬‬ ‫ف���إذا �أفطر ق��ال عقب فطره‪:‬‬ ‫(ذهب الظم�أُ‪ ،‬وابت َلّت العروقُ ‪،‬‬ ‫وث��ب��ت الأج���ر �إن ���ش��اء ُ‬ ‫اهلل)‪،‬‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫وه���ذا ورد ف��ي ح��دي��ث �صحيح‬ ‫رواه �أبو داود‪.‬‬


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‫رمضانيات‬

‫‪¿ www.alwasat.com.au‬‬ ‫‪¿ info@alwasat.com.au‬‬

‫الوسط ¿ العدد ‪ ¿ 67‬رمضان ‪ 1437‬هـ ¿ حزيران ‪ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016‬‬

‫ساهم في عمل الخير الذي يقوم به بيت‬ ‫الزكاة في كفالة األيتام وإطعام الفقراء‬ ‫ب�سم اهلل الرحمن الرحيم‬ ‫ين ُين ِفقُونَ �أَ ْم َوا َل ُه ْم‬ ‫قال اهلل تعالى } َّم َث ُل ال َِّذ َ‬ ‫ِفي َ�سبِيلِ اللهّ ِ َك َم َثلِ َح َّب ٍة �أَن َبت َْت َ�س ْب َع َ�سنَاب َِل ِفي‬ ‫ك ُِّل ُ�سن ُب َل ٍة ِّم َئ ُة َح َّب ٍة َواللهّ ُ ُي َ�ض ِاع ُف ِل َمن َي�شَ ا ُء‬ ‫َواللهّ ُ َو ِا�س ٌع َع ِلي ٌم{‪� ،‬سورة البقرة ‪215‬‬ ‫�أخي ال�صائم ‪� /‬أختي ال�صائمة‪:‬‬ ‫ه��ل �أدل��ك على �أع�ظ��م ت�ج��ارة لأه��ل الأي�م��ان‬ ‫تنال بها الر�ضا والر�ضوان والرحمة والغفران‬ ‫خالل �شهر رم�ضان المبارك‪.‬‬ ‫اخ�لا���ص ال���ص�ي��ام للملك ال �ع�لام واط �ع��ام‬ ‫الطعام وكفالة الأيتام والتراحم والت�سامح‬ ‫و�صلة الأرحام وال�صالة بالليل والنا�س نيام‪.‬‬ ‫من ه��دي الر�سول الأع��ظ��م �صلى اهلل‬ ‫عليه و�سلم في رم�ضان‬ ‫يا �أيها النا�س قد �أظلكم �شهر عظيم مبارك‪� ،‬شهر فيه ليلة خير من الف‬ ‫�شهر‪� ،‬شهر جعل اهلل �صيامه الفري�ضة وقيام ليله تطوع ًا ومن تطوع فيه‬ ‫بخ�صلة من الخير كان كمن �أدى فري�ضة فيما �سواه وهو �شهر الموا�ساة‬ ‫و�شهر ال�صبر‪ .‬وال�صبر ثوابه الجنة‪.‬‬

‫قال الر�سول �صلى اهلل عليه و�سلم‪( :‬من َّ‬ ‫فطر‬ ‫�صائم ًا‪ ،‬كان له ُ‬ ‫مثل �أجره‪ ،‬غير �أنه ال ينق�ص‬ ‫من �أجر ال�صائم �شيئ ًا)‪،‬‬ ‫فبادر �أخ��ي ال�صائم و�ساهم في عمل الخير‬ ‫ال��ذي يقوم به بيت ال��زك��اة في خدمة كفالة‬ ‫الأيتام و�إطعام الفقراء في �أر�ض الوطن ‪.‬‬ ‫كفالة اليتيم من �أعظم �أب��واب الخير‬ ‫التي حثت عليها ال�شريعة الإ�سالمية ‪.‬‬ ‫قال تعالى‪} :‬وما تنفقوا من خيرِ تجدوه عند‬ ‫اهلل هو خير ًا و�أعظم �أجر ًا{‬ ‫ومن �سبل الإنفاق في �سبيل اهلل �إغاثة المحتاج‬ ‫وال �سيما في �شهر رم�ضان المعظم لتكفية‬ ‫مونة الحاجة ندعوكم للم�شاركة في نيل الأجر‬ ‫والثواب مع بيت الزكاة بم�شاريعه الخيرية‪.‬‬ ‫بد�أ بيت الزكاة بحملة جمع التبرعات المادية‬ ‫ل�شراء طرود غذائية وتوزيعها في �شهر‬ ‫رم�ضان المبارك على الفقراء والمحتاجين‪ .‬وهذه الح�ص�ص الغذائية‬ ‫تحتوي على �أكثر من ع�شرين �صنف ًا والتي يحتاجها الإن�سان يومي ًا في‬ ‫غذائه مثل �أرز‪ ،‬وال�سكر‪ ،‬وال�سمن وغير ذلك‪ .‬تكفي العائلة الواحدة طيلة‬ ‫�شهر رم�ضان المبارك‪ ،‬ثمن الطرد ‪ $50‬فقط‪.‬‬

‫للم�شاركة والإ�ستف�سار يرجى الإت�صال ببيت الزكاة على الرقم‪:‬‬ ‫‪Ph: (02) 9758 5288 - Fax: (02) 97585299‬‬

‫�أو الح�ضور على العنوان التالي ‪:‬‬

‫‪47A Wangee Road Lakemba NSW 2195‬‬

‫�أو حوالة مالية الى بيت الزكاة‪:‬‬

‫‪Or you can directly Deposit into our Account at Bank of Sydney:‬‬ ‫‪BSB: 942-208 A/C: 107 6090‬‬ ‫‪E:info@baytalzakat.com.au‬‬ ‫‪W:www.baytalzakat.com.au‬‬

‫يا �أيها الأخوان �سارعوا الى مر�ضات اهلل تعالى وتبرعوا ولو ب�شق تمرة‪ ،‬كما قال ر�سولنا الأعظم عليه �أف�ضل ال�صالة و�أزكى‬ ‫ون{‬ ‫ين َ�ص َب ُروا �أَ ْج َر ُه ْم ِب�أَ ْح َ�سنِ َما كَانُوا َي ْع َم ُل َ‬ ‫}ما ِعن َْد ُك ْم َي ْن َف ُد َو َما ِعن َْد اللهَّ ِ َباقٍ َو َلن َْجزِ َي َّن ال َِّذ َ‬ ‫ال�سالم‪ .‬قال اهلل تعالى‪َ :‬‬ ‫�سورة النحل‪� ،‬آية ‪96‬‬

‫جزاكم اهلل خير ًا ‪ ،‬بيت الزكاة معكم على طريق الخير‪.‬‬

‫تتقدم الندوة العالمية لل�شباب اال�سالمي للجالية اال�سالمية‬ ‫الكريمة ف��ي رب��وع ا�ستراليا ون�ي��وزي�لان��دا وج��زر البا�سيفيك‬ ‫بالتهنئة الخال�صة لبلوغ �شهر رم�ضان المبارك داعية المولى‬ ‫عز وج��ل ان يعيننا جميعا على �صومه و�صالته وقيامه‪ ،‬وان‬ ‫ي�شملنا في رحمته وعفوه ومغفرته‪ ،‬وان يكتبنا جميعا من‬ ‫عتقائه‪ .‬اللهم �آمين‪.‬‬

‫فؤاد عابدين‬ ‫الممثل االقليمي للندوة‬

‫فقد حل عندنا �ضيف عزيز‪� ،‬شهر مبارك عظيم‪� ،‬شهر خير وف�ضل‪ ،‬ومو�سم نفحات وبركات‪ .‬كان‬ ‫ي�ستقبله الم�صطفى �صلوات ربي و�سالمه عليه بخطبة جليلة يذكّر فيها بف�ضائله و�أ�سراره‪.‬‬ ‫�أظلنا �شهر عظيم علّم ر�سول اهلل �صلى اهلل عليه وال�سالم ال�صحابة وعلّمنا معهم كيف ن�ستقبله‬ ‫ون�ستعد له ونفهم مغزاه وحكمته‪ .‬وان نجتهد ان نجعل في هذا ال�شهر فر�صة للتوبة والإنابة وال�صلح‬ ‫مع اهلل‪ .‬وانها اليام توزن بالذهب لو حاولنا �أن نتخل�ص من �أغالل عادات الم�أكل والم�شرب‪ ،‬وعادات‬ ‫م�سل�سالت وافالم رم�ضان‪ ،‬ولو عزمنا �أن نتخل�ص من ف�ضول القول والنظر‪ ،‬لو �أم�سكنا جوارحنا‬ ‫عن المعا�صي والذنوب‪ ،‬لو وجهنا قلوبنا �إلى قبلة ربها لتخر لعظمته خا�شعة متبتلة �شاكرة لآالئه‬ ‫المتواترة المتكاثرة‪ ،‬فيزيدها من ف�ضله وعطائه جزاء �شكرها‪ ،‬ويتف�ضل عليها برحماته وغفرانه‬ ‫ويجعلها من عتقاء ال�شهر الكريم‪ .‬فاللهم اجعلنا من عتقاء هذا ال�شهر ف�ضال منك ورحمة‪.‬‬ ‫اللهم �إنا نبر�أ �إليك من حولنا وقوتنا وتدبيرنا فخذ بنوا�صينا �إليك وتكرم علينا بحالوة الإقبال‬ ‫عليك‪ ،‬اللهم ال تكلنا �إلى �أنف�سنا طرفة عين فنهلك‪ ،‬اللهم وفقنا ل�صيام نهاره خير �صيام‪ ،‬و�إحياء‬ ‫ليله بالنوافل والقيام‪ ،‬اللهم وفقنا لعمارة �أوقاتنا بالقر�آن في �شهر القر�آن تالوة وتعلما وتدبرا‪،‬‬ ‫ووفقنا للإكثار من ال�صدقات و�صلة الأرحام‪ ،‬وان�صر �أولياءك في كل مكان‪.‬‬ ‫‪WA M Y A u s t r a l i a & S o u t h P a c i f i c‬‬

‫‪94 Boardwalk Blvd, Point Cook VIC 3030‬‬

‫‪w w w. w a m y . o r g . a u‬‬

‫ﻋﻠﻳﻪ‬ ‫اﻟﺳﻼم‬

‫الحاج رياض الدهيبي‬ ‫منسق جمعية اكرام الموتى‬

‫ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺭآن اﻟﻛﺭﻳم‬

‫ﺧﺻم ﻟﻸﺳﺭة اﻟﻭاﺣﺩة‪:‬‬

‫‪08‬‬ ‫اﻣﺗﺣﺎن ﺗﺣﺩﻳﺩ اﻟﻣﺳﺗﻭﻱ ﻋﻧﺩ اﻟﺗﺳﺟﻳل‬


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ADVERTISING ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

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AUSTRALIAN

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ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

The International Festival of Language and Culture (IFLC) 2016 On Sunday, 17 April, Amity College and Affinity Intercultural Foundation co-hosted in Sydney Opera House (SOH) one of the biggest events in its 20 years of establishment: the International Festival of Language and Culture (IFLC). International Festival of Language and Culture (IFLC) is an annual celebration that showcases the range of linguistic talents and cultural diversity from around the world. IFLC started in 2003 in Turkey with students from 17 countries. In 2015, this event was staged worldwide in 20 countries, with more than 2000 participants from 145 different countries. Last year this spectacular festival was performed in Australia for the first time, with Sirius College organisation.

‫خبرة التوابل الذهبية‬ ‫ نواعا من البهارات واألعشاب متوفرة في‬99 ...‫معظم المحالت التجارية‬ 9/15 Nathan Drive Campbellfiled Vic 3061

‫أنت‬ ‫تكفلهم‬ ‫ونحن نرعاهم‬ ‫يعترب م�سروع كفالة الأيتام من امل�سروعات الأ�سا�سية‬ ‫التى تقوم هيئة الأعمال اخلريية برعايتها من خالل‬ ‫ األف يتيم موزعني‬65 ‫توفري الرعاية ال�ساملة لقرابة‬ ‫ حيث تقدم لهم الهيئة العون املالى‬,‫ دولة‬15 ‫على‬ ‫ ليزال هناك‬.‫وامل�ساعدة التعليمية والعناية ال�سحية‬ .‫الكثري من الأيتام فى انتظار مد يد العون وامل�ساعدة‬ ‫�خى �لكرمي �أختى �لكرمية �سارعو� �إلى كفالة يتيم‬ .‫مل�سح دمعته و�لتخفيف من م�سابه‬

‫ معكم عىل طريق الخري‬... ‫هيئة األعامل الخريية‬ www.humanappeal.org.au

All items are available in Sydney and Melbourne

1300 760 155


¿ www.alwasat.com.au ¿ info@alwasat.com.au

RAMADAN GREETING ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

Fasting: between good health and fitness

RAMADAN MUBARAK Islam aleminin ramazan bayramini tebrik eder hayirlara vesile olmasini dileriz

Fasting plays a big role in safeguarding one’s bodily health and fitness, as well as doing away with toxins, stored body fat and many other ailments. Fasting has been considered a means for safeguarding one’s fitness, decreasing obesity, and increasing stamina for ages. Ibn Al-Qayyim, may Allaah have mercy on him, said: “Fasting is a protection from sicknesses of the soul, heart, and body. Its benefits are more than can be counted, and it plays an amazing role in protecting one’s health, dissolving the wastes within the body, and restraining one’s self from eating harmful things. This is especially the case when it is done in moderation, is purposefully

sought in its best religious times, and when the body needs it most, of course. It allows a period of relaxation to regain one’s strength and [organs] also preserves them. There is another quality that it possesses, making it necessary to seek and prefer it, and it is that it makes the heart happy both now and in the future… it falls under the category of natural spiritual medicines, and if a person is keen naturally and religiously, then it benefits the heart and body greatly. It would also keep away unfamiliar and corruptive elements that they are susceptible to, as well as do away with bad elements that are present depending on how good or bad [one’s fasting] is.” (AtTibb An-Nabawi) www.ramadaniat.ws

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Esat Kaya Managing Director - 0403108530

9a/55 Paringa Blvd, Meadow Heights Shopping Centre Meadow Heights VIC 3048 Phone: (03) 9309 6222


43

ramadaniyat

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ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

Ramadan Foods from Around the World • Dahi vadey: Lentil dumplings that are soaked in a spicy yogurt sauce (India) • Haleem: A slow-cooked stew of meat, bulgur wheat, and lentils (Middle East, India, Pakistan, and Central Asia) • Chicken 65: Spicy, bite-sized pieces of chicken that are marinated and deep-fried (India) • Ramazan Kebabi: A dish made with lamb, onions, yogurt, and pita bread (Turkey) • Ful medammes: Fava beans cooked with garlic and spread on bread (North Africa)

• Paomo: A bread and mutton soup (China) • Chapatis: Unleavened flatbread that is rolled up with vegetables and meats (India and Pakistan) • Fattoush: A salad made of vegetables and pita bread (Lebanon and Arab countries) • Konafah: A pastry made with phyllo dough and cheese (Middle East) • Kolak: A fruit dessert made with palm sugar, coconut milk, and pandanus leaf. Fruits, such as jackfruit or banana, or mung beans are added (Indonesia).

Suhoor and Iftar

During Ramadan, two main meals are served: suhoor, which is served before dawn, and iftar, which is served after sunset. Suhoor should be a hearty, healthy meal to provide needed energy throughout a day of fasting — it ends when the sun rises and the fajr, or morning prayer, begins. At the end of the day, when the sun sets, the maghrib prayer starts, and the day’s fast is

broken with iftar. Many Muslims break their fast by eating dates before beginning the iftar meal. Muslims can continue eating and drinking throughout the night until the next day’s suhoor. At the end of the Ramadan month, Muslims celebrate the Festival of FastBreaking, called Eid al-Fitr. Source: www.thekitchn.com.


¿ www.alwasat.com.au ¿ info@alwasat.com.au

44

ADVERTISING ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

‫اراضي للبيع بدون فوائد‬ INTEREST FREE LAND FOR SALE ‫ شهرا‬30-24 ‫الدفع بالتقسيط وملدة تصل اىل‬

AUSTRAL AND LEPPINGTON NORTH

Sydney South Growth Centre

Lot size start from 360 sqm to 622.5 sqm Current average market price is $650,000 for 600 sqm Our Price is $288,000 excluding development cost for 600 sqm

PRICE FROM

$ 157,500 24-30 Months Payment Plan +

DEVELOPMENT COST following 2 years

PROJECT 2e

s ta g e 1 re le a s

BOOK YOUR INTEREST

NOW

CLOSE TO NEW BADGERYS CREEK AIRPORT 5 Minutes to new Leppington Train Station now open with services running 40 Minutes to Parramatta CBD 45 Minutes to Sydney CBD Easy Access to M5, M7 2 High Schools, 5 primary schools 2 Muslim Schools and colleges 12 km to Liverpool City Close to Austral Public School Next to AI-Faisal College (Liverpool campus) 3 Minutes drive to Unity Grammar College 9 Minutes drive to Malek Fahd Islamic School 12 Minutes drive to Preston Mosque 7 Minutes drive to AI- Madinah Masjid

‫ اقساط‬Interest free ‫ بدون فوائد‬Installments

‫ برنامج‬Flexible Payment ‫ مناسب للدفع‬plan

EXPECTED TIMELINE Booking starts ‫الحجز يبدأ من‬ from April 2016 2016 ‫نيسان‬ EXPECTED DELIVERY

2019 - 2020

‫التسليم يكون في‬

2019-2020

FOR MORE INFORMATION 0423 085 500 | 0470 336 246

Site Office: 404 Fourth Avenue, Austral 2179 Head Office: Suite 6 Level 13 | 329 Pitt St. Sydney NSW info@mhahomes.com.au www.mhahomes.com.au

02 8021 6099


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RAMADAN GREETING

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ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

Quest For Success UMA Conference 2016

RAMADAN MUBARAK

Nazeh Baarini B.A/B.BUS./MPA/IPA

Baarini & Associates Corporate Accounting and Taxation Services Business Consulting, Planning and Forecasting Corporate Structuring and Re-structuring New Business Advise and Set Up United Muslims of Australia held "Quest for Success" conference in Sydney Olympic Park on Sunday 1/05/2016 The event was focused on ‘the journey of seeking success in this life and the hereafter’

T: +61 3 9863 9944 / F: +61 3 9863 9945 E: naz@baarinigroup.com.au www.baarinigroup.com.au Suite 316/1 Queens Rd,Melbourne, VIC 3004


RAMADAN GREETING

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ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

RAMADAN MUBARAK

SERVICES: • • • • • • • •

Commercial litigation Insolvency Corporate/commercial Defamation and media Criminal law International law Entertainment & IP Family law

Our offices: SYDNEY​​​​​​​​​​​

rick mitry “We have a correspondent office in Lebanon and can assist with your property matters there”

Liberty Place 161-167 Castlereagh St Sydney NSW 2000 T: + 61 2 9222 2833 F: + 61 2 9222 2855

NORWEST Atlas Norwest Level 2, 2-8 Brookhollow Ave Norwest NSW 2153 T: 1300 437 090 F: + 61 2 9283 2035

MELBOURNE​​​​​​​​​​​ Level 9, 190 Queen St Melbourne VIC 3000 T:+ 61 3 9642 4404 F:+ 61 3 9642 4407

www.mitry.com.au

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ADVERTISING

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ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

UAE Australian School of Abu Dhabi Campus

Sydney Kellyville Campus

EM EN

Sydney Strathfeild Campus

Melbourne Caroline Spring Campus

Melbourne King Khalid Coburg Campus

Melbourne Senior Campus

AD VA NC

T

Australian International Academy

Kareem

The Academy’s Vision is to have graduates who are well prepared and self motivated to advance Australia and to participate effectively as world citizens.

A D VA N C E M E N T D E T E R M I N AT I O N FA I T H

w w w.aia.vic.edu.au

VCE


Ramadan

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ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

Australian Syrian Association Victoria

Ramadan Campaign

Zakatul-Fitr project - Feed the Fasting project

‫ مشروع إفطار صائم‬- ‫صدقة الفطر‬

‫ألطفال سوريا‬ Zakatul-Fitr

‫زكاة الفطر‬ ‫للشخص الواحد‬

$10

Feed the fasting

‫إفطار صائم‬ ‫للشخص الواحد‬

$5

We can deliver your

«Zakatul-Fitr» to a Syrian child

• For donations, Bank Deposit: (ASA-VIC) • Commonwealth Bank • BSB: 063-253 • Account No.: 1068 3682 Please put description for your payment: (Ramadan meal) - (Zakatul-Fitr)

• Email: contact@asavic.org.au • Website: www.asavic.org.au • Mobile: 0416 866 983

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RAMADAN GREETING ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

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ADVERTISING ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

Ramadan Mubarak

WE ARE LAUNCHING OUR FIRST DISPLAY HOMES WITH STOCKLAND IN CRAIGIEBURN • HOME AND LAND PACKAGES • SPECIALISE IN SINGLE STORY DWELLINGS • AFFORDABLE FOR FIRST HOME BUYERS

T: 9303 7238 3/19 -25 Somerton road Campbellfield VIC 3061

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RAMADAN GREETING ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

CROWN GROUP REVEALS NEW HOTEL BRAND FOR SYDNEY Media Release

(Sydney) Tuesday May 17, 2016 A leading Australian property developer renowned for its innovative approach to residential apartment design has revealed details of its much-anticipated new hotel brand. After delivering a string of award-winning residential apartment buildings over the past two decades, Sydney-based Crown Group will soon bring its world-renowned brand to travelers from across the globe, announcing its first hotel will open in the thriving Sydney suburb of Parramatta in early 2017. The luxury Skye Hotel Suites will form part of the 29-storey V by Crown Group development known as Parramatta’s vertical. A new logo and website for Skye Hotel Suites were revealed today. Crown Group Chief Executive Iwan Sunito said Sydney’s second CBD was a fitting location for the launch of the first Skye Hotel Suites. “We are pleased to announce the debut of Skye Hotel Suites in Sydney, the first of many around the world, Mr Sunito said. “Our vision is to create a collection of suites which will set a fresh lifestyle standard in Sydney,” he said. The second largest employment destination in the state, Parramatta was recently named the most livable suburb in NSW and is forecast to grow in population by 40 per cent by 2031. “Skye Hotel Suites will be a stylish addition to the up-and-coming Western Sydney, and we are confident the Crown Group brand, with its strong reputation, will appeal to the new generation of domestic and international visitors to the city. “Parramatta represents the past, present and

future of Australia,” he said. Designed by Sydney-based Allen Jack + Cottier and Koichi Takada Architects, the 590-apartment V by Crown Group is located on the corner of Macquarie and Marsden streets, less than 300m from Parramatta Square; Parramatta City Council’s $2 billion, 3-hectare redevelopment precinct and less than 600m from Parramatta train station, Parramatta Heritage Parklands and Westfield Parramatta. Featuring 72 studio, one bedroom and two-bedroom suites, Skye Hotel Suites at Parramatta will include access to V by Crown Group’s resort-style pool, gym, expansive foyer, conference room, restaurant, sauna, business centre and vibrant alfresco dining and retail piazza. A level-26 sky bar will include a large open-air terrace and spectacular 270 degree views of Sydney’s skyline. Crown Group also plans to open Skye Hotel Suites in Sydney’s CBD and Green Square in the near future. Expansion into luxury hotels was a natural progression for the company, Mr Sunito said. Crown Group has established a reputation for architecturally unique, resort-style residential development and has been recognized with a number of top industry awards including the UDIA NSW President’s award, Master Builders Association Excellence in Construction award, UDIA National High Density Development award and UDIA NSW award for Concept Design. Crown Group National Development Director Pierre Abrahamse said Skye Hotel Suites would bring the world-renowned Crown Group brand to travelers from around the world. A Skye Hotel Suites launch event will be held later this year. For more information visit skyehotels.com. au or call +61 2 9925 0088.

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RAMADAN GREETING

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ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

RAMADAN MUBARAK

AL QUDS

COMMUNITY CENTRE

‫مركز القد�س االجتماعي‬ Al Quds Community Centre is a non-profit organisation concerned with providing cultural services to our community including learning about the history of our homeland and our language; and providing different activities to help our community better integrate in the larger Australian society and assist in better mutual understanding and awareness of both the Australian culture and the Palestinian cause.

For donation to AL QUDS COMMUNITY CENTRE: Commonwealth bank Al Quds community centre BSB: 062334 Account Number: 10733546 Level1, 53 Stanley st., Bankstown, NSW 2200

www.aqcc.org.au

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RAMADAN GREETING

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ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

‫رمضان مبارك‬

RAMADAN MUBARAK Craigieburn Masjid & Dawah Centre is being established to meet the growing need of the increasing community in and around the area to cater 5000+ Muslims.

What can you do?

1- Purchase one or more Musallas 1 Musalla = 500 only Or $250 for half. Or any amount you can. Either on your behalf or your family members who have passed away for Sadaq e Jariya 2- Inform & request your friends to contribute

Commbank • Acct Name: IREA • BSB: 063240 • ACCT: 10677307 Ref: Craigieburn masjid For more info: www.craigieburnmasjid.com E: Info@Ireaworld.org Cnt: 0430 438 758

• Never Changed • Never Altered • Billions Read it • Millions Memorize

EVER WONDERED WHY ?

GIFT A QURAN this Ramadan Our target is to distribute 100,000 copies of the Quran in the next few years inshaAllah. In stage 1 we want to print 20,000 copies of Quran. So we can start distributing from ‎Ramadan‬. And what else is more beautiful than giving a Quran as a gift during Ramadan. We want to start printing it before Ramadan.

The Prophet Muhammad(pbuh) said, ‘Convey from me even if it is one verse’ (Bukhari) So, please donate generously. By donating just $30 we are able to print 20 copies of the Quran that will be distributed to the broader community of Australia. Target $30,000 for 20,000 copies of the Quran Donate Online: www.gofundme.com/giftaquran Bank Transfer: Commbank • Acct Name: IREA • BSB: 063240 • ACCT: 10677307 Ref: Quran - Please write ‘QURAN’ on the reference. For any queries please contact:

Br Asif 04 2588 6949

IREA is an Australian not for profit, comparative religion based Dawah organization that aims to promote the real message of Islam through education and dialogue. • Office Address: 1/29 dunlop Rd, Hoppers crossing 3029,Melbourne. Australia. P: +61 3 9369 4933 E-mail: info@ireaworld.org W:www.ireaworld.org

3rd PEACE CONFERENCE 2017 COMING SOON


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EDUCATION ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

What can we learn from the refugee experience? The Victorian Multicultural Commission invites to you to a conversation on the social, economic and cultural benefits of our humanitarian arrivals in Victoria. Public lecture - a free event in celebration of Refugee Week 2016. Thursday 23 June 2016 5.30pm - 8.00pm Deakin Edge Federation Square RSVP to be part of this insightful discussion with us. https://www. eventbrite.com.au/e/ what-we-can-learnfrom-the-refugeeexperience-tickets22433998694#tickets

Islamophobia, Aboriginality and Australian Authenticity The Centre for Cultural Diversity and Wellbeing (CCDW) at Victoria University would like to kindly invite you to a seminar on Islamophobia, Muslims’ belonging and Aboriginality with a presentation by Dr Shakira Hussein. The seminar will be held on 22 June 2016, 4 – 5pm in Footscray (VU at MetroWest; 138 Nicholson Street). If you are interested, please send a brief RSVP email to Kim Richardson kim. richardson@vu.edu.au.

Islamic Relief Australia Coolaroo Islamic Relief Australia is pleased to inform you that our Melbourne office (previously in Brunswick) has relocated to: Shop 4 / 12-20 Reservoir Drive, Coolaroo, Victoria

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Our Executive Principal, Br Abdullah Khan receives ACEL’s highest honour

Australian Islamic College is exceptionally proud that our Executive Principal, Br Abdullah Khan was awarded an Australian Council for Educational Leaders (ACEL WA) Honorary Fellowship on 16 May 2016 by Hon Peter Collier, the Minister of Education. The Australian Council for Educational Leaders (ACEL) is a peak body for educational leaders from pre-school to university level, in Australia. ACEL Fellowships are conferred on those who possess high level leadership skills, an ability to inspire and influence and to creatively implement change.

This award recognises Br Abdullah’s contribution to educational leadership in Western Australia, particularly as Executive Principal of the Australian Islamic College operating from three locations, and his influence beyond school level, as Chair of the Islamic Schools Association of Australia (ISAA). His contribution to AIC is his vision for change, strategic planning and school improvement agenda which resulted in significant improvement in academic results and school finances. Br Abdullah is a leader who positively revels in opportunities to critically engage with challenging ideas, and a leader who values progressive thinking, professional learning, and the development of shared vision and goals for the ultimate benefit of the students at AIC in particular and Islamic Schools in general. In nutshell under his leadership the college was recently granted five years registration by the Minister of Education which is such a marvelous achievement for any school.

Dr Hamza Amira (AIC Board Chair) Ms Asira Umar, MLN Intern


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RAMADAN GREETING ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

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ADVERTISING ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

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ADVERTISING ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

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SPORT

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ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

Muslim community mourns one of its best Muslims Australia, AFIC Muslims Australia pays tribute to the life of one of the world’s most extraordinary figures. Muhammad Ali may have left this world, but his legacy will live on. “The passing of Muhammad Ali is a big loss to the human family. Like all people in this world, I grew up with the chant “Ali, Ali”, the man who floated like a butterfly and stung like a bee. A great sportsman, a wonderful human being and the best Ambassador Islam could have.” Said Hafez Kassem, President of Muslims Australia AFIC. “My condolences to the international community, it has just lost one of its most effective champions of interfaith harmony and cultural inclusion.” Said Mr. Kassem. “Mohammad Ali turned the sport of boxing into an art, he inspired in and out of the ring. A man of principles and strong resolve, a champion of peace and justice and an excellent example of perseverance and determination. One of the most loved people in the world and a great role model for any person who recognises his or her own struggle. The world has lost one of its greatest icons.” Said Keysar Trad, Treasurer of Muslims Australia.

Boxing legend Muhammad Ali dies at 74

www.afl.com.au/multicultural AFLMulticulturalProgram

AFL Diversity

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CHARITY

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ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

Winter warmth 2016

distribution of 1000 blankets to refugee families in jordan In the period from 29 Feb to 3 March 2016, Islamic Help distributed 1000 blankets and 1000 kits of clothes and shoes among refugees and poor families living in Jordan. The project was funded by Auburn Islamic Community Centre and Islamic Help-Australia office in partnership with Islamic Help-Jordan office. The project has played a crucial role in saving lives and wellbeing of Syrian refugee women, elderly and children especially who live in random camps.

Project Description:

Syria crisis is the worst humanitarian disaster of our time and after the fifth year of the Syrian crisis, the world seems to have forgotten about the silent victims of the conflict. While the number of refugees continue to climb, and despite the fact their needs are increasing, humanitarian aid and relief program are in decline by UNHCR and other associations. So Some Syrian Refuges left their houses and lived in camps like random camps in Badia near Syrian- Jordan boarders. This led to increasing camps. These refugees are the most vulnerable to enduring inhumane conditions due to the harsh winter climate in the area, and a decline in winterization initiatives provided by the international community to help them. To respond to this emergency situation, Islamic Help distributed 1000 blankets and winter clothes to Refugees and poor families in Jordan.

During this period, following distributions were made:

1000 Blankets , 6000 White T-shirt, 1000 Jacket, 2000 White T-shirt for babies, 200 Shoes for men, 1000 Jeans.

Location Wise distributions:

Syrian- Jordanian boarders in Al Mafraq, Al Shajara area in AL Ramtha, Irbid.

Abdel djabar Boudellaa (Islamic Help Australia), Mohamed zoubi (Auburn Islamic Community Centre)

RAMADAN MUBARAK


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ADVERTISING ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

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FAMILY

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ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

GIFT OF KINDNESS

Mothers and Daughters:

“I love her, but …”

Jamilah Samian

The world celebrated Mother’s Day with lots of flowers, cakes and wishes – never mind if a great many were sent via social media. And I recall a comment made by a mother. “I don’t know if it’s me,” she began hesitantly. “I have a teenage daughter. And we don’t exactly get along.” The lady went on to say that she had mentioned it to some of her friends. Seems like it’s a rather common thing. Every mother-daughter relationship is unique, just as a mother and her son. Many factors influence how the mother-daughter dynamics turn out over time. For instance, the mother might have certain expectations for her daughter, which were not fulfilled. Or she might have had not-so-positive experiences with her own mother, which she unconsciously tries to re-enact, like a script. Then there’s the mother who feels it’s her job to make sure her daughter is as close as possible to perfection in the multiple roles she plays at school and at home – this can backfire too. The mother-daughter relationship will always be one of the great mysteries in life. A concoction of feelings so deep, complex, I don’t think you could truly explain its intricacies. But it doesn’t mean you can’t make it better. Growing up, you might have not-so-nice memories of your own mother. You love your mother to bits, you respect her, yet there might be times when her words hurt you so much, you wish you were born in a different home. You don’t wish the same for your daughter. If you do have a teenage daughter who seems to annoy, agitate, get on your nerves once too often, it’s good to know that the adolescent brain goes through major changes, which might cause her to be not quite herself, tearful, upset for no apparent reason. Studies have shown that teens tend to misread facial cues, causing them to misinterpret some facial expressions as “anger”. So, if you asked her why she missed her extra class out of concern, she might think you’re saying it out of anger. One thing leads to another. Before you know it, a mother-daughter misunderstanding is in the works. A teenager’s body system is growing, under construction, almost done, but not quite there yet. The good news is, it will settle down eventually. So just hang on. Till when? Well, it differs from person to person. For some, in the late teens. For others, mid-twenties. With marriage, especially, personalities tend to mellow. You and I of course experienced the same thing, but it was so long ago, unlikely for us to remember. If you have a daughter who makes you wonder why you opt for motherhood instead of pursuing something else in life, don’t assume it will always be this way. Listen to your heart, you know what is right. Imagine if it’s someone else’s daughter, what would you tell her? Be kind, stay firm when you need to. Give your daughter some space she needs, but more importantly, give the relationship a fresh new chance. Every day. Don’t let it become toxic or stay that way. Both you and your daughter deserve better things. A myriad things sit on the quality of the mother-daughter relationship, nurturing it is worth your effort. To the mother who raised the question above, I suggested she open the album where she keeps her daughter’s growing up photos – from the moment she was born, to the more recent ones. Relive how she felt then, the excitement, the bundle of joy she brought home. A wounded heart has myriad ways to mend.

Thought of The Moment “If we would consider less about what we differ, and see where we agree, there would be far more happiness and less anger in the world.” – Anonymous Jamilah Samian is the author of “The Kindness Miracle”, “Cool Mum Super Dad”, “Cool Boys Super Sons”, and “The Groovy Guide to Parenting Gen-Y & Z”. Visit her website - www.coolmumsuperdad.com Check her out at - www.coolmumsuperdad.com

‫نوافذ‬ ‫ابواب‬ ‫مرايا‬ 9/15 Nathan Drive CampbellfiledVic - 3061


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RAMADANIYAT

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ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

Abu Dhabi

Is sincere worship motivated by

fear?

Jumps To Second Place

Media Release The Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque in Abu Dhabi has jumped two places to be voted the world’s second most popular landmark by the TripAdvisor Community, behind Machu Picchu in Peru. In 2015, the Mosque was voted fourth behind Angkor Wat in Cambodia and the Taj Mahal in India. Ola Kay, Abu Dhabi Tourism

Country Manager said, ‘’The Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque really is a sight to behold, I’m thrilled travellers are appreciating it so much. “It is not only a very spiritual place, but also a must see landmark, welcoming visitors every day except Friday during prayer times. “Architecturally, it is a work of art. The Mosque features 82 domes, over a 1000 columns, 24 carat gold gilded chandeliers and the world’s largest hand

knotted carpet. “The reflective pools that surround the Mosque amplify its beauty and the unique lighting at night reflects the phases of the moon.” Ola said today The Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque is one the world’s largest mosques, with a capacity for 40,000 worshippers. The mosque’s first ceremony was the funeral of its namesake, Sheikh Zayed, who is buried at the site.

Pinnacle College Elizabeth Campus Gilles Plains Campus

www.pinnacle.sa.edu.au

A common criticism of Islam is that we are motivated to undertake good deeds primarily out of fear. Indeed, we often read and hear Muslims warn us to “fear Allah” to motivate good actions, often ignoring the complex range of emotions that characterise this relationship. Emotions such as fear, love, hope, yearning and sadness are ingrained in the human psyche. They can be defined as conscious or unconscious states of feeling that are determined by a person’s personal and social circumstances. These emotions are shaped by our beliefs, attitudes and values. The emotions we experience drive the motives behind everything we do. “Emotions are inner states that move individuals to action in the social world.... Guilt can be a motive for making restitution or atonement. Grief can be a motive for doing something to honor the departed.” [G. Clanton. 2011. Handbook of the Sociology of Emotions, p. 411] Due to the fact that the motive or intention (niyyah) behind every action is what gives that action its meaning, it is essential that Muslims develop an awareness of the complexity of our emotions. The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said in a famous hadith: “Deeds are only according to intentions,” which means that any action we perform gains its value from the intention of

Dr. Domenyk Eades the heart. Human beings have been created with emotions for a purpose. In his essay on the psychology of the soul entitled ‘The Book of Fear and Hope’, Imam Abu Hamid AlGhazali (d. 1111) focused on three fundamental emotions and how these must be balanced correctly in order to maintain a sound relationship with Allah (swt). The main emotions are ‘fear’ (khawf), ‘hope’ (raja’) and ‘love’ (mahabba), and all three are essential in maintaining our belief (iman). Al-Ghazali presents the importance of fear and hope as follows: “Fear and hope are the two wings by which the elect fly to heaven.” Nevertheless, he remarks that the primary emotion governing our relationship with Allah

(s.w.t.) is love: “Know that action on account of hope is of a higher order than action on account of fear, because the creatures who are nearest to Allah (swt) are those who love Him most, and love dominates hope.” In addition to the emotions of fear, hope and love shaping a person’s motives and intentions, another aspect guiding a person’s actions is that of taqwa, which is perhaps the most important concept in the Qur’an. The common translation of taqwa as ‘fear’ is somewhat inaccurate, as it is distinct from khawf (‘fear’), which was discussed above. Taqwa is awareness or consciousness of Allah (s.w.t.), which is attained through observing His signs (ayat) in the world and studying the Qur’an. Taqwa ‘awareness’ brings about a relationship not only through fear, but also hope, love, and other emotions. Developing awareness and understanding of emotions is a crucial element of a Muslim’s spiritual progress, as we are motivated not only by fear of the Hereafter, but by our love for our Creator. This Ramadan we should maintain our taqwa through developing our love, hope and fear towards Allah (s.w.t.).

Dr Domenyk Eades is a specialist in Arabic language education, translation, and Islamic studies. He holds a PhD in linguistics from the University of Melbourne, and has worked in universities in various countries including Oman and Indonesia. From 2010-2014 he was Senior Lecturer in Arabic at the University of Salford, in the UK.

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RAMADANIYAT ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

Akhlaq and the Importance of Meccan Qur’an Dr Hakan CORUH In Muslim tradition, the Prophet is often seen as the ‘walking Qur’an’. His sunna (his normative behaviour) or his ways of act was considered as a practical commentary (or practical exegesis) on the Qur’an (A. Saeed, The Qur’an). He illustrated the Qur’an with his every act and word. As his wife A’ishah (d. 678) highlighted, he was a perfect embodiment of the holy book. Aisha (ra) was once asked about akhlaq of the Prophet.”. She replied with a question, “Have you not read the Qur’an?” They said, “Yes.” Upon this she said, “His akhlaq was the Qur’an.” (A. Unal, The Qur’an). It should be noted that the affairs of Islam are founded on the following order: Meta-physical principles, Akhlaq area, ‘Ibadat (Worship), Social Regulations (Law, trading). It is also emphasised that the three principle themes of the Meccan revelations of the Qur’an are “Allah and his unity (tawhid),” “the coming resurrection and judgement,” and “righteous conduct” (Denffer, 1991, p. 87). Therefore, Muslims need to properly understand the concept of akhlaq and apply in their daily lives. Akhlaq is the plural of qhuluq in Arabic, meaning “character and temperament of a person”. There are various aspects of ethical duties and responsibilities such as human’s duties towards himself/herself, physical, spiritual such as taqwa, hilm, hikmah, ‘iffat, honesty (sidq, istiqama),

modesty (tawadu), ethical duties in family, social ethical duties and responsibilities, and ethical duties related to business and commerce (Cagrici, Ahlak, DIA). There are various verses regarding the many aspects of akhlaq. The Qur’an should be considered to be an ethics and theology book. As Muslims, we need to re-discover the universal principles of Meccan period and main akhlaq values of the Qur’an in the contemporary period. Meccan Qur’anic verses also indicate the main objectives of the Shari‘ah (maqasid al-shari’ah). According to Imam Shatibi(d. 790/1388), an Andalusian muslim scholar, there are five main purposes of the religions. They are protection of religion, protection of life, protection of progeny, protection of the mind and protection of wealth. Following maqasid method, a number of new values could be developed in response to the needs of the modern world. For example, Ramadan al-Bouti (mercy upon him) emphasises the necessity of including the concept of freedom (hurriya) as the sixth purpose of the religion (al-Bouti, Davabitu’l Maslaha). In this month of the Qur’an, we can read and contemplate on the Qur’an by considering these universal values and akhlaq principles of the Qur’an.

Dr Hakan CORUH Lecturer ISRA Melbourne Centre for Islamic Studies and Civilisation Charles Sturt University

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ADVERTISING ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

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AUSTRALIAN

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ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

Islam Comes to the Seas North of Australia

Bilal Cleland

ilal42@bigpond.com It has become commonplace for our Australian historians to claim that our continent was isolated from the rest of the world for millennia until the coming of the white man. For generations Australian children were told that Australia was “discovered” by Captain Cook, the English explorer. In recent years this has been challenged by increasingly articulate and media savvy First Nations people. To describe the colonization of the ”empty land” or “Terra Nullius” by white Christian British convicts and their overseers as just “settlement,” is now not acceptable to many Australians. Muslims came to this region very early in history. Islam became established in the

in the following years. A glance at a map of the region shows how shipping between Arabia or Africa and China had to pass through the Straits of Malacca, between Sumatra and Malaysia or the Sunda Strait, between Sumatra and Java. Not much research has been done into the history of Muslim contact with Australia during this early period. What Hijaz, which was a major trade corridor is certain is that many Muslim traders for Asia, Africa and the Byzantine and had dealings with the eastern islands Latin Empires. East Africa, with which of Indonesia, for they were the Spice the Hijaz was linked, had trading ties Islands, a few small volcanic islands of with India, China and the Byzantines. the Moluccas; now the Maluku Province. The world was not waiting to be Cloves, nutmeg and mace grew only “discovered” by the Europeans, who on these islands and they were worth were considered rather backward by the their weight in gold. It was this that old centres of civilisation. brought the Portuguese and the Dutch Western Aceh, located on the island into these waters in the 1600s as they of Sumatra, was the site of a Muslim tried to destroy the Muslim spice trade trading colony by 674 CE and other monopoly. Muslim trading posts were established The Muslim merchants were great sailors and they had to keep secret the source of their spice wealth. This no doubt contributed to the lack of information we have about their contact with our continent. However there are two maps which suggest much more intimate knowledge than once believed. There are indications that Arab explorations Source: Australia in old maps (820-1770) off northern Eric B Whitehouse B.A LL.B Australia did

Ramadan Mubarak May Allah (swt) accept our prayers, fasting, duas and good deeds On behalf of the Minaret community, I would like to remember those who are in pain and suffering throughout the world. May Allah (swt) bring peace and tranquility to all humankind. Mohamed Hassan OAM College Founder / Director

MIN

GE

FAIT A RET COLLE CE H KNOWLEDGE PRACT I

take place. The map of the Sea of Java of Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi 820 CE shows Cape Yorke Pensinsula, a “V” shaped Gulf of Carpentaria and a curved Arnhem Land. This was in an atlas of the world produced in the House of Knowledge in Baghdad under the supervision of this scholar who is remembered as a great mathematician. A later map, that of Abu Isak Al-Farisi

Istakhari 934 CE, also includes an outline of the northern coast of Australia. There is much still to be revealed about this period of our history. The author is a prominent Australian Muslim scholar and activist.


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AUSTRALIAN ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

Refugee Affairs

The Mistreatment of Asylum Seekers Bilal Cleland

ilal42@bigpond.com Those of us who grew up in the postwar period in Australia are acutely aware of the horrors of Nazism and Japanese fascism. We have known people who survived the Holocaust or who suffered under Japanese tyranny in prisoner of war slave gangs. We have also witnessed how anti-democratic political forces hate to be compared to these evil enemies of humanity, with good reason. However, when someone who has experienced the horrors of the Holocaust in his own family makes such a comparison, we take notice. Dr David Berger is such a witness against our present asylum seeker policy. He wrote “It’s Okay To Compare Australia In 2016 With Nazi Germany, And Here’s Why, “ in New Matilda 22 May 2016. “And there is the real lesson the Nazis have taught us, the lesson we must draw on every day in 2016 if the gruesome experiences of 19331945 are to teach us anything from history: if you tell a big enough lie, a lie so far out of the experience of ordinary people that they cannot comprehend it, if you tell them that you are doing nothing more than keeping them safe, if you tell

them that desperate times require desperate measures and if you do your utmost to conceal from them the unpleasant reality of what you are actually doing, then eventually you will find you can get away with absolutely anything, even the industrialised killing of millions of people. So when Malcolm Turnbull tells us that ‘We must not be misty-eyed’ about border protection, it is indeed appropriate to recall the words of Joseph Goebbels in 1942: “There should be no squeamishness about it”.” The suffering of innocent people in our offshore concentration camps is creating mental illness and has resulted in suicides and murder. Although Minister Dutton’s claim that increasing the refugee intake would result in an influx of illiterates unable to speak English who would take Australian jobs and apparently also create queues at Centrelink, is stunning in its hypocrisy and brutality. He allows a million foreign workers, 457 visa holders, to work here and he knows how the detainees are suffering. That it plays well with an ignorant electorate is all that matters. That Prime Minister Turnbull called him “outstanding” after this, reveals how deeply he is held in thrall by the extreme right of the LNP. To top this xenophobic outburst, the Deputy Prime Minister then went on to state before the nation that there was a rise in boat arrivals of asylum seekers from Indonesia as a response to the Labor government’s decision to halt the live export trade to that country. This was swiftly denied by Indonesia and smoothed over by the PM and the Foreign Minister. A breach in Indonesian-Australian relations was avoided. The present racist, Islamophobic asylum seeker policies of both major parties are beginning to endanger our international relations. Our xenophobia has already damaged our international reputation. We citizens must defend justice and stand against cruel treatment of those who come seeking our protection. Muslims remember the attitude of the Christian king of Ethiopia towards the early Muslim refugees from Mecca. Our Christian leaders should emulate him.

The author is a prominent Australian Muslim scholar and activist.

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RAMADAN MUBARAK Islamic Relief Australia • YOU helped to lift 1 billion people out of poverty. • As we abstain from food in Ramadan, we search for ways to nourish our soul. One way is by recollecting those around the world who we can help. • For some of us, our fasting finishes with a warm meal with our families. • However, there are millions whose fasting simply will not end. • Every Ramadan Islamic Relief delivers over 1.1 million food parcels to families all over the world who are unable to break their fast otherwise. AUSTRALIA • It is by feeding those who are fasting, providing them with sustenance and creating a sense of global community that are we able to nourish our souls. Every single food parcel is donated by someone like you. On its own, a single food parcel may not seem like not much. But together, you and others like you have made the Ramadan of 1.1 million families more beautiful. That’s why we thank you. • Through supporting humanity around the world this Ramadan, your charity will create meals for families; fill stomachs of children and their loved ones, and bring families and communities together during the most special month of the year.

Our Melbourne office has a new address: Shop 4 12-20 Reservoir Drive, Coolaroo, VIC 3048

www.islamic-relief.com.au Ph: 1300 308 554


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Month of

RAMADANIYAT

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ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

Ramadan

Dr Rateb Jneid Assalamu Alaikom wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh, All thanks are due to Allah (SWT), the Lord of the worlds, and peace and prayers are upon His messenger Muhammad (SW) Dear Brothers & Sister, Fear Allaah and obey Him. I give you glad tidings as the month of Ramadan has approached us. This is the month in which the Qur’aan was revealed as guidance for mankind, as well as a clarification and separation between truth and falsehood. During this month, the gates of mercy are opened and the gates of hell are sealed. Satan and all other jinn are chained during this blessed month. Rewards for good deeds performed in this month are multiplied, sins forgiven and supplications responded to and answered. “This is the month the beginning of which is mercy, the middle part is forgiveness and the last part of it is release from hellfire.” There is night in the month of Ramadan which is better than a thousand months (83 years, 4 months). This night is called Lailatul Qadr. The Night of Power is better for you to live, to experience and to enjoy than one thousand months of your personal life. Even if you were to live one thousand months (83.4 years) with sincerity, dedication, and sacrifices and with good intentions and deeds, the Night of Power (Lailatul Qadr) is still far better for you to live and to enjoy. It is the month of mercy, compassion and charity. The Prophet (SAW) was asked which was the best type of charity, he (SW) replied, “The charity of Ramadan (or given during Ramadan).” (Tirmithi) Anas ibn Maalik, may Allaah be pleased with

him, narrated that the Prophet (SW) said, ‘Charity extinguishes the anger of the Lord and protects the giver of it from an evil end’. (Tirmithi) The Prophet (SW) said, ‘The shade of the believer on the Day of Judgment will be his charity’. (Ahmad) Allah (SWT) only accepts charity which is from Halal (lawful) means. The Prophet (SW) said, ‘Allaah accepts charity with His Right Hand and then increases it in reward for the person giving it, just like one of you raises his colt, until the reward for it becomes the size of a mountain’. (Bukhaari & Muslim) Charity given in secret is better than that given openly because Allah said, which means, “If you disclose your charitable expenditures, they are good; but if you conceal them and give them to the poor, it is better for you, and He will remove from you some of your misdeeds (thereby). And Allah, with what you do, is (Fully) Acquainted.” (Al-Baqarah: 271). The Companions were also known for their immense generosity, Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) and his wife, Fatima al-Zahra (RA) fasted for three days and each day they gave all the food they had in charity.Allah (SWT) revealed a verse of Qur’an about them “And they feed, for love of Him, the poor, the orphan and the prisoner.” (Qur’an 76:8) Dear brothers, there is nothing wrong in being wealthy but it is important to avoid being greedy and stingy. Dear Muslims, Hold fast to the qualities enjoined by your religion and keep to the path of your Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam so that you will prosper in this life and the Hereafter.

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LEGAL PAGE ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

Imams Training Graduation at Parliament House

The ICV in partnership with the Victoria University Sir Zelman Cowen Centre and the Victorian Board of Imams organised the first Religious Leader’s Training Program in Principles of Australian Law, made possible with sponsorship from the Scanlon Foundation. 8 Sheikhs undertook 8 sessions of training in the following areas 1- Introduction to • Child protection and the Royal Commission • Australian legal system and government 2- Introduction to Criminal Law 3- Introduction to Consumer law 4 - Alternative Dispute Resolution 5- Family Law

Legal Corner

Doing Business Overseas Hyder Gulam / Al wasat Legal Editor

6 -Tenancy, and Housing 7 -Migration 8 -Governance, Community Organisation The training commenced in February 2016 and concluded on Wednesday 25th May 2016 with a graduation ceremony at Parliament House of Victoria The graduated Imams were hosted by The Hon. Telmo Languiller, Speaker of the Legislative Assembly and The Hon. Bruce Atkinson, President of the Legislative Council and Anthea Hancocks, CEO, Scanlon Foundation were given tours of Parliament House. ICV Executive Director Nail Aykan gave thanks to all those who supported this important and pioneering initiative with plaques and gifts to the presiding officers of parliament.

All. This month’s article is all about a matter close to my legal practice. Doing business in a foreign jurisdiction, especially in an emerging market. Emerging markets have immense growth potential. However, any prospective investor intending to set up a business in these markets must be cautious of the legal issues and challenges that arise in relation to investing. The first hurdle that prospective investors face in entering emerging markets is that there may be restrictions on foreign investment or other forms of approvals required for foreigners to enter local markets. For example, there may be limits the extent of foreign ownership permissible in various business sectors. While certain types of business activities may be carried out by entities that are entirely foreign-owned, others must be carried out only by entirely local-owned entities. Some types of business activities may be carried out by entities that are partially foreign-owned, with limits on the extent of foreign ownership varying depending on the type of business activity, such as in Vietnam.

Z e n o

What kind of structure do you use to set up in that emerging jurisdiction, do you need a local director, what are the accounting and corporate reporting obligations, how easy is it open a bank account? My advice is that you should carefully plan an exit strategy for the worst-case scenario where a commercial sector you entered is subsequently closed to foreign investors. Another key consideration is the legal contracts and language. This may seem straightforward enough, but has major pitfalls for the unwary. Foreign investors may not realise that the choice of language for a contract may have serious consequences for the validity of the contract. In Indonesia, for example, one piece of legislation requires that contracts involving an Indonesian party should be written in the Indonesian language. This requirement may apply regardless of whether the contracts are governed by Indonesian law or a foreign law. The chief takeaway here is that foreign investors should be aware of the local laws that govern certain types of contracts, and ensure that the execution of such

contracts complies with these local laws and regulations. It is easy to be unaware of the local employment law issues such as restrictions on the hiring of foreigners. Employment law issues are not only restricted to the hiring of foreigners. In many cases, the employment of locals in emerging markets may not be as straightforward as you think. It is important to consider the extensive protections provided to the employees under local laws such as minimum wages, labour union protections, leave entitlements and restrictions on termination of employment. These requirements could vary from country to country. You need to be prepared and have a strategy in dealing with potential disputes with your foreign partners and staff. From an Asian perspective there is the Singapore International Arbitration Centre and in the Middle East, the Dubai International Arbitration Centre. These are much cheaper and quicker alternatives when you have a matter of disagreement. Till next time, Masalama and Ramadan Mubarak. By SQNLDR (ret) Hj Hyder is a registered nurse (UK), a qualified lawyer, and an accredited mediator, and co-founder of the Muslim Legal Network Inc. Footnotes available upon request.

L a w y e r s

Areas of Practice: • Family Law (Children & Property) • Intervention Order • Drafting of Wills • Criminal/Police Matters • Conveyancing (Purchase and Sale of Property) • Purchase & Sale of Business •P  robate and Administration of Estates •F  amily Day Care compliance and reviews

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Level 1, Suite 1A 357 Barry Road, Campbellfield VIC 3061 P: 9357 5230 F: 9357 7599 E: samira@zenolawyers.com.au


69

RAMADAN GREETING

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ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

M U B A R A K

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AUSTRALIAN ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

70

AUSTRALIAN HALAL CERTIFIER ALLIANCE Australian Halal Certifier Alliance (AHCA) will be: Australian Halal Certifier Alliance (AHCA) was established on 24th of July 2010 because of the demands of Overseas Halal Authorities. The Australian Halal Certifier Alliance (AHCA) was established to cultivate harmony amongst Australian Halal Certification organizations and to rectify problems on Halal issues in the spirit of Muslim brotherhood in accordance with Shari ‘a Law (Islamic teaching). This umbrella organization AHCA currently has eleven members. The Adelaide Mosque Islamic Society of South Australia Inc, Australian Federation of Islamic Council Inc, Australian Halal Authority and Advisor, Australian Halal Food Services, Halal Sadixq Bux, Global Halal Trade Centre Pty Ltd, Islamic Association of Kataning, The Islamic Coordinating Council of Victoria Pty Ltd, Islamic Council of Western Australia, Supreme Islamic Council of Halal Meat in Australia and Perth Mosque Incorporated.

Executing consistently and consequently all rules, criteria and requirements of Halal certification according to Islamic teaching that is issued by Overseas Authorities. Halalness is a part of Islamic faith. Every member of AHCA will honour and execute fully all Halal issues. Cultivating harmony amongst members of AHCA to finalize problems on halal issues in the spirit of Muslim brotherhood. Enhancing the status of Halal Standards & Procedures and to have an unified approach among the Halal Certifiers in Australia. Issuing Halal slaughterman/inspector/supervisor ID Cards to control and monitor the Halal according to Shari’a Law. Protecting the integrity of Halal. Establishing harmony amongst the Australian Halal certifiers. Having cooperation amongst Australian Halal certifiers.

The main aim of Australian Halal Certifier Alliance (AHCA) is to set International Halal standards that can be used world wide

East Preston Islamic College 55 Tyler Street, East Preston, VIC, 3072, Australia. Ph: +61 3 9478 3323 • Fx: +61 3 9470 1255

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AUSTRALIAN

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ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

ISLAMIC CO-ORDINATING COUNCIL OF VICTORIA

ICCV

The Islamic Coordinating Council of Victoria (ICCV) which was established in 1992 is the major and the largest Islamic organization responsible for the certification, monitoring, and supervision of Halal food exports from Australia. We also provide Halal Food (Halal Meat and Halal Processed Food) Certification and Supervision for domestic market.

RAMADAN MUBARAK

Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Oman, Yemen, United Arab Emirates (UAE), Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, Egypt, Kuwait, Libya, South Africa and others recognizes Islamic Coordinating Council of Victoria as a Halal Authority in Australia (for Saudi Arabia State of Victoria only) providing Supervision, Certification and advisory services to the Halal Meat and Livestock and Halal food products.

Benefits of ICCV Halal Certification With the establishment of high standards and consumer confidence in ICCV certified Halal products, business organizations gain access to the vast marketing potential of Halal consumers on a global scale.ICCV recognition provides export opportunities to the global Halal market which is estimated to be in the region of US2.3 trillion dollars comprising of approximately 1.6 billion Halal consumers    Very important competitive advantage is gained The unique ICCV certification Mark (Logo) affixed on all products is a means of greater promotions and marketing advantage

The ICCV is the only body in the State of Victoria, Australia, recognized by the Halal authority of the Saudi Arabia Government.ICCV IS THE MOST RESPECTED HALAL ORGANIZATION for the Supervision and Certification of Halal Meat and Halal Processed Food from Australia to Republic of Indonesia. With five office staff, two food technologists, four Sharia advisors and over 140 registered, Halal slaughtermen/ inspectors ICCV is the largest and the most respected Halal Certifier in Australia. We have the capacity to increase 140 registered Halal slaughtermen/inspectors to more than 250. We have no shortage of manpower.We are ready to provide Halal Certification Service to interested organizations.

Interested institutions/organizations/ Companies/individuals can contact our office contact details are;

Phone: 61 3 9380 5467 • Fax: 61 3 9380 6143 Email: iccv@bigpond.com • Website: www.iccv.com.au

The assistance of ICCV personnel by providing ongoing support and effective and efficient Halal marketing strategy ICCV certified products will be acceptable with no exceptions by all Muslims all around the world Accreditation and certification is provided whilst maintaining the confidentiality of company trade and product details. The discharge of your responsibility in investigating and providing assurance of genuine Halal to the Halal product consumers in the era of excessive deceit and false labeling and certification of Halal.


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RAMADAN GREETING

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ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

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73 The federal budget for 2016-17 was pitched to popular issues such as superannuation, budget creep, company tax, multinational tax and infrastructure. In this budget forecast, the economy is expected to grow at 2.5 per cent, unemployment is expected to be 5.5 per cent and the budget deficit is estimated to $37.1 billion. Reduction in Income Tax From 1 July 2016, income threshold will be increased from $80,000 to $87,000 at which marginal tax rate rises from 32.5 per cent to 37 per cent. This will deliver a tax cut of up to $6.04 a week or $315 a year to the wealthiest 25 per cent of the population, leaving 75 per cent of Australians with no tax cuts. The cost to the budget for these tax cuts will be $3.95 billion over 4 years. From 1 July 2017, the budget deficit repair levy of 2 per cent on those earning above $180,000 a year will be abolished which will effectively deliver two tax cuts to rich Australians. Superannuation From 1 July 2016, the annual income threshold at which concessional contribution tax of 30 per cent applies will be lowered from $300,000 to $250,000. Annual threshold on concessional superannuation contribution is lowered from $30,000 to $25,000 for all Australians. Australians earning less than $37,000 a year will continue to receive an automatic superannuation rebate of up to $500 per annum to compensate and augment their superannuation income accumulation. From 1 July 2017, there will be a cap of $1.6 million that can be transferred from a superannuation accumulation account into retirement account, where earnings are tax free when the age of superannuant is 60 or over. Only 4 per cent of Australians will be affected by this measure of $1.6 million cap. From the budget night (3 May 2016), there will be a life time non-concessional contribution cap of $500,000 which

FINANCIAL

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ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

Budget 2016-17:

How Does It Affect Us? Dr. Abul Jalaluddin are made from after tax incomes. The superannuation measures will cost the budget $2.9 billion over 4 years. Reduction in Company Tax From 1 July 2016, small business tax rate will be reduced by 1 per cent from 28.5 per cent to 27.5 per cent. The annual turnover threshold for small business will be increased from $2 million to $10 million. Approximately 870,000 companies employing 3.4 million Australians will be eligible for this reduced rate of tax. The annual turnover threshold will be gradually increased with a gradual decrease in company tax rate. By 1 July 2026, all businesses including multinational large corporations will pay a company tax rate of 25 per cent. The current tax cuts to small businesses will cost the budget $5.3 billion over 4 years. A Slug on Multinationals If multinational corporations

with

global revenue of more than $1 billion per annum are caught shifting profits offshore, they will be hit with a 40 per cent penalty rate of tax on that income. This tax avoidance measure will raise $3.9 billion over 4 years from multinational companies. Education Budget has allocated $1.2 billion for school finding over the next 3 years, with new quality conditions on literacy and numeracy. It has scrapped the full deregulation of university fees but left the door open for fees on certain elite courses to increase in the future. The budget released a new Discussion Paper retaining a 20 per cent cut to university course funding, allowing universities to set their own fees for certain courses, recovering HECS debt from deceased estates and shelving federal funding for private colleges and sub-bachelor degrees. Health From 1 July 2017, public hospitals will

receive an additional $2.9 billion over 3 years, of which NSW will receive $652 million. Budget cuts an amount of $1.2 billion from complex healthcare provided by aged care providers. It will continue to freeze Medicare rebates for all PGs, medical specialist and allied health services till 2020 which will save $925 million over the period. The private insurance rebate and Medicare levy surcharge will also be freezed till 2021, saving $744 million for the budget bottom line. Over the next 4 years, restrictions will be placed on Medicare Benefit Schedule and Veterans Benefit Schedule, saving $51 million. Infrastructure Sydney’s proposed airport at Badgerys Creek received $115 million in this budget; $3 billion to build Melbourne’s East West Link; $57 million for Melbourne Metro Rail project; $594 million to build an inland freight rail link through Victoria, NSW and Queensland and $2 billion in loans for dams and

water infrastructure. Defence and Security In the next financial year, Defence budget will reach 1.88 per cent of GDP, totalling $32.3 billion. The budget allocated $153 to Australian Federal Police and Australian Crime Commission for upgrading their security systems. The fight against IS in Iraq and Syria is allocated $351 million in the next year. A $4 million allocation is provided for a new hotline for parents to get advice and counselling if they are concerned their kids are succumbing to religious extremism. Immigration Government will offer premier border Clarence for certain passengers with fast tracked border Clarence and separate lounges, initially at Sydney, Melbourne and Perth airports. It will close 4 onshore detention centres located in Sydney, Melbourne, Perth and Darwin. Christmas Island centre will be mothballed from 2018. New Zealand citizens will be granted a streamlined path to Australian residency from 1 July 2017. Welfare Over the next 4 years, a new $840 million Youth Employment Package will assist an estimated 120,000 vulnerable young people to find work. The budget established a $96 million fund to help identify groups at risk of long-term welfare dependency and move them into employment. From 1 September 2016, government will cut carbon tax compensation from new welfare recipients, saving $1.3 billion over 5 years. Other Budgetary Measures Climate Change Authority is unfunded from 1 July 2017. The Great Barrier Reef received $171 million over 4 years. From 1 July 2017, excise on tobacco will increase by 12.5 per cent raising $4.7 billion over 4 years. A pack of 25 cigarettes that now costs about $25 will cost $41 by 2020.


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74

‫دليل المساجد‬ ¿ ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016

67 ‫¿ الوسط ¿ العدد‬ ‫ هـ‬1437 ‫¿ رمضان‬ ‫ م‬2016 ‫¿ حزيران‬

www.alwasat.com.au ¿ info@alwasat.com.au

Ramadan Mubarak Emir Sultan Mosque 139 Cleeland St Dandenong Doveton Mosque 14 Photinia St Doveton Fawkner Mosque 17 Baird Street, Fawkner Fitzroy Mosque 144 Fitzroy St Fitzroy Geelong Mosque 45-47 Bostock Ave. Manifold Heights Gippsland (Monash) Room 1N 105 Northways Rd, Churchill Hallam Masjid 131-133 Belgrave-Hallam Rd, Narre Warren North Hawthorn (Swinburne) L2 Cnr John & Burwood Rds Heidelberg Mosque Cnr Lloyd & Elliot Sts West Heidelberg HIYC Hume Islamic Youth Centre 1-15 motto drive Coolaroo (Roxburgh Park) Horsham Mosque 14 Stawell Road, Horsham Huntingdale Mosque 320-324 Huntingdale Rd

IISCA 19 Michael Street, Brunswick, IISNA / MyCentre 31 Kraft Court, Broadmeadows Islamic Society of Ballarat 116 Elsworth St East Ballarat Keysborough Mosque 396 Greens Rd Keysborough

Khalid Bin Al-Walid Mosque 8 CARRINGTON DR ALBION Lysterfi eld Mosque 1273 Wellington Rd Maidstone Mosque 36 Studley St Maidstone Meadow Heights Mosque 15 Hudson Circuit Meadow Heights Melb City Mosque 66-68 Jeffcott St West Melb Melb (QU) Musalla Cnr Exhibition & Lonsdale St. Melb Melbourne Madinah 47 City Rd SouthBank Melb (VUT) Musalla Flinders St Campus Melb Mooroopna Mosque 209 McLennon St Mooroopna Mildura Mosque 49 Tenth Ave Mildura Newport Mosque 1 Walker St Newport Noble Park Mosque 18 Leonard Ave Noble Park Preston Mosque 90 Cramer St Preston Reservoir Mosque 111 Blake St Reservoir Shepparton Mosque 8 Acacia St Shepparton Springvale Mosque 9A Hosken St Springvale Sunshine Mosque 618 Ballarat Road, Ardeer Thomastown Mosque 124-130 Station St

Tottenham Light Foundation 291 Sunshine Rd Tottenham Virgin Mary Mosque Hoppers Crossing 143A Hogans Road Westall Mosque 130 Rosebank Ave Westall

SOUTH AUSTRALIA Adelaide Uni Musolla Union House, Level 6 The University of Adelaide Adelaide Mosque 20 Little Gilbert St Adelaide Al Khalil Mosque Cnr Audley St & Torrens Rd Woodville Elizabeth Mosque 139-141 Hogarth Rd. Elizabeth Grove, SA Gilles Plain Mosque 52 - 56 Wandana Ave Murray Bridge Mosque Lot 53 Old Swanport Rd Parafield Gardens Mosque 92 Shepherdson Rd Parafield Gardens. Park Holme Mosque 658 Marion Rd Park Holme Renmark Mosque 230 Fourteenth St Renmark Islamic Information Centre of SA Level 1, 53 Henley Beach Rd, Mile End Whyalla Mosque 5 Morris Crs Whyalla

QUEENSLAND Algester Mosque Algester Mosque 48 Learoyd Rd Algester Bundeberg Mosque 76 Hansbury St Bundaberg Cairns Mosque 31 Dunn St Parramatta Park Capalaba Mosque 26 Veronica St Capalaba Darra Mosque 215 Douglas St Oxley Darul Uloom Academy 6 Agnes St Buranda Dreamworld Musalla Dream World Coomera Eagleby Mosque 262 Fryer Rd Eagleby Gold Coast Mosque Cnr Allied Cr & Olsen Ave. Arundel Harbour Town Musalla Harbour Town Shopping Centre Gold Coast

ICWA Islamic Centre of Western Australia 238 Guildford Rd Maylands Katanning Mosque 24 Britania St Katanning Kenwick Musalla Lot 30 408 Brickley Rd Kenwick Masjid Al-Sunnah 45 Kent St Cannington Masjid Al Taqwa Lot 433 Boyare Ave Mirrabooka Masjid Ibrahim 1525 Leslie Street Southern River Maylands Mosque Maylands Shopping Centre 238 Guilford Rd Maylands Mt Lawley ECU Musalla 2 Bradford St Mt Lawley Murdoch Uni Musalla Murdoch Newman Mosque 1563 Abydos Way Newman Perth Mosque 427 William St Perth Port Hedland Mosque 34 Trumpet Way South Hedland Queens Park Musalla 243 Welshpool Rd Queens Park Rivervale Mosque 7 Malvern Rd Rivervale Thornlie Mosque 24 Clancey Way Thornlie

Holland Park Mosque 309 Nursery Rd Holland Park ICRA Mosque 64 Torquay Rd Hervey Bay Ipswich Mosque 30 Waterworks Rd Brassaal Logan City Mosque Cnr Third Ave & Cutis St.Marsden Lutwyche Mosque 33 Fuller St Lutwyche Mackay Mosque 5 Tom Thumb Crt. Bakers Creek Mareeba Mosque Cnr Walsh & Lloyd Sts Masjid Al Farooq 1408 Beenleigh Rd Kuraby Masjid Taqwa 119 Telegraph Rd Bald Hills MSA Griffi th Musalla Nathan Multi Faith Building MSA St Lucia Musalla 323 Hawken Drv St Lucia Muslim Students Assoc George St CBD Brisbane Sunshine Coast 98a Duporth Ave ,Maroochydore Rochdale Mosque 2674 Logan Rd 8 Mile Plains Rockhampton Islamic Center Cnr Firzroy & Kent St Toowoomba Musalla USQ Is Baker St Toowoomba Townsville Mosque 183 Ross River Rd Townsville UMB United Muslims of Brisbane 21/390 Kingston Rd Slacks Creek United Islamic Cultural Centre of Australia 149-155 Malmsbury Dr Meadow Heights University of Queensland Inner Ring Rd Gatton West End Mosque 12 Princhester St West End

Canberra Canberra Islamic Centre 221 Clive Steele Avenue, Monash Canberra Mosque 130 Empire Circuit, Yarralumla

TASMANIA

WESTERN AUSTRALIA

Hobart Mosque 166 Warwick St Hobart Hobart Musalla Univeristy of Tasmania.Hobart Launceston Musalla Univeristy of Tasmania. Launceston

Al Hidaya Masjid 64 Walter Padbury Blvd. Padbury Albany Musalla 1/166 Serpentine Rd Albany Ar-Rukun Mosque 4 Atwood Way Rockingham Beechboro Mosque 289 Beechboro Rd Beechboro Canning Mosque 273 Welshpool Rd Queens Park Crawley UWA Musalla 35 Stirling Hwy Crawley Geraldton Mosque 172 George Rd Geraldton

Northern Territory Mosque Alice Springs Islamic Centre 130 Lyndavale Drive Alice Springs Darwin Mosque 53-59 Venderlin Drive Casurina

‫وكذلك جعلناكم �أمة و�سطا‬

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If any information has been incorrectly list or if you would like to post your local Mosque or Islamic Centre please contact us: info@alwasat.com.au


75

MOSQUES LIST

¿ ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016

67 ‫¿ الوسط ¿ العدد‬ ‫ هـ‬1437 ‫¿ رمضان‬ ‫ م‬2016 ‫¿ حزيران‬

www.alwasat.com.au ¿ info@alwasat.com.au

Mosques, Musallahs & Islamic Centres Around Australia

NEW SOUTH WALES Afghan Mosque Cnr Williams & Buck St. Broken Hill Ahl Al Sunna Wal Jamah 132 Haldon St Lakemba Al-Azhar Belmore Mosque 172b Burwood Rd Belmore Al Hijrah Mosque 45 Station St Tempe Al Sahabah Masjid 75 Bonner St Bathurst Arncliffe Mosque 3-5 Wollongong Rd Arncliffe Armidale Mosque Booloomindah Dr Armidale ASWJ-Auburn 109-111 Auburn Rd Auburn Artarmon Musallah 35 Hampden Rd Artarmon

Auburn Mosque 15-19 North Pde Auburn Auburn Islamic Community Centre 12 Harrow Rd Auburn Belmore Mosque 172B Burwood Rd Belmore Blacktown Mosque Cnr Prince & Forth St Blacktown Musalla Cnr Patrick & Alpha St Bonnyrigg Mosque 44 Bibbys Pl Bonnyrigg Broken Hill mosque Corner Of Williams St and Buck St, Broken Hill North Brighton Musalla 383 Bay St Brighton Le Sands Burwood Musalla Unit 3/20 George St Burwood Cabramatta Mosque 22 Water St Cabramatta Campbelltown Mosque 44-48 Westmoreland Rd. Leumeah Carringbah Musalah 28 Frosbisher Ave Carringbah Central Coast Mosque 13A Howarth St Wyong

Dee Why Mosque 12 South Creek Rd Dee Why Dubbo - Kotku Masjid 71A Tamworth St, Dubbo El-Eman Mosque Moppity Rd Young Erskinville Mosque 13 John St Erskinville GIYC - Global Islamic Youth Centre / GSFC 14/493 Hume Highway Casula GIYC 265 George St Liverpool Gosford Musallah 13 Greenview Rd Gosford Granville Musalla Cnr springwood street & the Avenue Green Valley Mosque 264 Wilson Rd Green Valley Granville Association Clyde St Granville Guildford Mosque 64 Mountford Ave Guildford Nsw 2161 Gwyneville Mosque 9 Foley St Gwyneville Illawara Mosque 6 Bethlehem St Cringila Lakemba Mosque 65-67 Wangee Rd Lakemba Lakemba Musalla 19 Haldon St Lakemba Lakemba Musalla Islamic Institute & Centre Level 2, 132 Haldon St Lakemba Liverpool Mosque 42 Wilson St Hinchinbrook Macquarie Uni Musalla Building E3A, Gd F.Macquarie Dr, Macquarie University

Mascot Musallah 1215 Botany Road Mascot Masjid Darul Imaan Cnr Princess Hwy & Eden St. Arncliff Masjid Sultan Fatih / Islamic Centre of Newcastle 3 - 5 Victoria St, Mayfield (Newcastle) Mayfi eld Mosque 36 Silsoe St Mayfield Merrylands Jummah Miller St Merrylands Millers Point Musalla 17 Argyle Place Millers Point Nepean Mosque Cnr Luxford & Hythe St. Mt Druitt Newcastle Mosque 6 Metcalf St Wallsend North Sydney Musalla 165 Blue Point Rd Nth Sydney Omar Mosque (Auburn) 43 Harrow Rd Auburn Penshurst Mosque 445 Forest Rd Pens Prospect Musalla 420 Blacktown Rd Prospect Punchbowl Musalla 27 Matthews Rd Punchbowl Quakers Hill Musalla 2 Brocas Pl Quakers Hill Redfern Mosque 328 Cleveland St Surrey Hills RMA ASWJ Revesby 9/9-11 Mavis St Revesby Riverwood Musalla 1st floor 54 Thurlow St Rooty Hill Mosque 25-29 Woodstock Ave. Rooty Hill Rydalmere Mosque 465 Victoria Rd Rydalmere Ryde Musulla 120 Blaxland Rd Ryde Sefton Mosque 11-13 Helen St Sefton Sheikh khaled zeidan prayer centre 31/35 anzac st, greenacre Smithfi eld Mosque 30 Bourke St Smithfi eld South Hurstville Musalla 18 Culwulla St. South Hurstville Strathfield Musalla 3 Albert St Strathfield Surry Hills Mosque 175-177 Commonwealth St Syd City Musalla L 2, 19-21 Hunter St Sydney Syd City Musalla 32 York St Sydney Tempe Mosque 45 Station Street Tempe Town Hall Musalla 167B Castlereagh St,Town Hall

UNSW Musallah L 3, Sq House Kensington USYD Musalla Old Teachers’ College. Camperdown UTS Musalla L 3 Blding 1, Broadway. Ultimo UWS Musallah Building P Nepean Campus Kingswood Wagga Wagga Mosque Building 18, CSU main campus Wagga Wagga Wentworthville Musalla 23 Lower Mount St Westmead Hosp Musalla Cnr Darcy & Hawkesbury Rds Young Islamic Centre Moppity Rd Young Zetland Mosque 932 Bourke Street Zetland

VICTORIA Airport Musalla International Arrivals section. Lounge Tullamarine AL Taqwa Mosque 201 Sayers Rd,Truganina Albury Wodonga Centre 25 South St Ararat Mosque 1 Birdwood Ave Ararat AMSSA CENTRE 91-101 Boundary Road, North Melbourne ASWJ-SE ASWJ South East Melbourne 7/171 Cheltenham Road Dandenong Australian Light Foundation 291-293 Sunshine Road, Tottenham VIC Broadmeadows Mosque 45-55 King Street, Dallas Brunswick Mosque 660 Sydney Rd Brunswick Bundoora (La Trobe Uni) Plenty Rd (Rm 216). Bundoora Burwood (Deakin Uni) Bldng H2/3 221 Burwood. Hwy Burwood Campbellfield Mosque 46-48 Mason St Carlton Mosque 765 Drummond St Carlton Caulfield (Monash Uni) L 1 Uni Campus, 7 Princes Ave Clayton (Monash Uni) Building 9, 16 Beddoe Ave Coburg Fatih Mosque 31 Nicholson St Coburg Dandenong Mosque 10-12 Dalgety Rd Doncaster Mosque 72 George St Doncaster Deer Park Mosque 285 - 317 Station Road, Albanvale


WORTHY CAUSES

¿ www.alwasat.com.au ¿ info@alwasat.com.au

ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

76

Support Your Community Projects The population of Australia is growing, and with it, our muslim community is ever expanding. New mosque project, ensure that our brothers and sisters will always have a local place to pray, but they need your help. Donate to a mosque today, to help make prayer accessible to everyone.

Punchbowl Mosque & School Project - NSW

Australian Islamic Centre - VIC

The project includes three components: • A Mosque • A Primary School • A two-level basement car park To support this worthwhile project you are invited to donate online by direct deposit or by mail

For Direct Deposit: Australian Islamic Mission - Building Account Commonwealth Bank of Australia Branch: Lakemba NSW BSB: 062191 • Acc No.: 10171325 By Mail: Send your cheque or Money Order payable to AIM to: PO Box 678 Punchbowl NSW 2196

THIS PAGE SPONSORED BY

MCCA

The Australian Islamic Centre is an initiative by the Newport Islamic Society. The new Centre (Australian Islamic Centre) will have considerable benefits to the entire community in Hobsons Bay and specific benefits to the local Muslim Community. It will also have benefits with reaching effects to many residents of Melbourne. Please donate generously to make this dream come true soon. Commonwealth Bank of Australia BSB: 063 152 • Acc: 1009 7396 Account Name: Newport Islamic Society

www.mcca.com.au info@mcca.com.au 1300 724 734


77

AUSTRALIAN

¿ www.alwasat.com.au ¿ info@alwasat.com.au

ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

Stage one of Islamist Plans for Shari’ah law in Australia

This was the title of the Seven Nightly News reports made and posted on the 26th of April 2016. The correspondent started his special investigation by announcing that Muslims want to replace Australian law with a parallel legal system and they have started their stage one plan by applying the Islamic mediation to settle a number of family law disputes. But under Shari’ah law, according to the reporter, there are serious concerns about the rights of women. This debate on the issue of legal recognition of some aspects of Shari’ah has gained popularity-as a first eventacross the province of Ontario, Canada, in 2004. The second event was the Archbishop of Canterbury’s address in 2008 to the Royal Courts of Justice in which he promoted the concept of Britain becoming a “plural jurisdiction” by accommodating aspects

Dr. Rawaa El Ayoubi Gebara

Sydney

of Shari’ah law. This call for recognition of Shari’ah has been a common issue for Muslim communities in Western democratic countries. The Ontario Shari’ah debate stimulated arguments around the world about the extent to which Muslims could find space in a liberal democratic system like Canada. Although the enabling sections of the Arbitration Act were subsequently repealed, it did

stir up the possibility there could be faith-based dispute resolution for family law and other legal matters within a common law system. This debate started when a Muslim organisation known as the Islamic Institute of Civil Justice sought to offer arbitration in accordance with Islamic legal principles and Canadian law. The Muslim Personal/ Family Law Campaign was promoted as a way to offer marriage and dispute resolution services to Canadian Muslims. This campaign proposed to implement Quranic requirements to guide each party to settle disputes themselves, deciding the case by mutual consent, and then the parties would be helped to finalise the process accordingly. If agreement could not be reached, the service would offer the help of two arbitrators to make a decision that would eventually become binding and enforced by Canadian law. According to

AIWA

Ararat Islamic Welfare Association Inc.

RAMADAN MUBARAK Please help AIWA to build Ararat Islamic Centre Please donate to this account: Bank Name: Bendigo • BSB: 633000 • Acc no: 125442632 Acc name: Ararat Islamic Welfare Association Inc. 23 Baird St (Cnr of Baird & Wilson St) Ararat VIC 3377

E:aiwa.vic@gmail.com

the Quran: If ye fear a breach between them twain, appoint [two] arbiters, one from his family, and the other from hers; if they wish for peace, Allah will cause their reconciliation: For Allah hath full knowledge, and is acquainted with all things. (Qur’an 4:35). The reaction to this campaign created rage and moral panic with many believing what was being suggested was the enforcement of criminal punishments. Consequently, it was picked up by the Canadian news, then by news all over the world: “Canada judges will soon be enforcing Islamic law or Shari’ah, in disputes between Muslims, possibly paving the way to one day administering criminal sentences such as stoning women caught in adultery”. To determine whether to allow Shari’ah arbitration in family law, the Ontario government appointed the Honourable Marion Boyd, former Attorney General of Ontario, to investigate the extent to which federal and provincial law could uphold the interests of citizens while also respecting the use of religious law to arbitrate family disputes. Suggesting numerous changes to the arbitral system in Ontario, most of which involved adding to the training, transparency and accountability of arbitrators, Boyd, in her report, did not consider that Shari’ah law would by its very essence undermine or vitiate a woman’s liberty or equality. The report recommended many important safeguards that were aimed at considering the mediation and arbitration proposed as a selfregulating regime. However, the Ontario government rejected the findings of the report and amended the law to deny recognition to faithbased arbitration of family law disputes under the Arbitration Act. A similar public debate occurred in the UK in 2008, when the Archbishop of Canterbury, Rowan Williams, addressed the Royal Courts of Justice. Williams promoted the concept of Britain adopting a “plural jurisdiction” by accommodating aspects of Shari’ah law. A few months before that, Lord Phillips of Worth Matravers, then Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales, during his speech, “Equality Before the Law,” at the East London Muslim Centre said: “There is no reason why principles of Sharia Law, or any other religious code should not be the basis for mediation or other forms of alternative dispute resolution”. It should be noted here that Archbishop Rowan Williams and Lord Justice Phillips were advocating state

accommodation of Shari’ah councils, which already existed in the UK since the 1980s, and the law of the land does not prohibit this. Furthermore, due to the plurality of the society, the state should allow individuals to choose jurisdictions when dealing with legal issues such as “aspects of marital law, the regulation of financial transactions and authorised structures of mediation and conflict resolution”. Williams argued it is possible for secular laws to secure parties’ fundamental rights in case of unlawful decisions based on religious laws. Finally, he argued that other religious communities have state-sanctioned religious tribunals, namely the Jewish Beth Din (pl. Battei Din) and ecclesiastical councils based on Catholic canon law; therefore, it is unfair and unequal to deny the Muslim community the possibility of Shari’ah councils. For instance, in Australia, since its inception in 1905, the Sydney Beth Din which firmly anchored in the principles of Halacha (Jewish law), has served Jewish communities in Australia and New Zealand as a forum for obtaining Jewish divorces, converting to Judaism, confirming personal status and adjudicating disputes stemming from divorce, business and community issues. While the Jewish community in Australia maintains a Beth Din in Melbourne and Sydney, no body said anything about Jews want to replace Australian law with a parallel legal system. From the arguments cited above, it is obvious that the debates, about the recognition of Islamic law, were drawing upon assumptions and incomplete facts, which obscured the reality of the situations. And that is exactly what is happening now in Australia. While there is no official demand or formal proposal for the accommodation of Islamic law by Muslims, the media in Australia stirred up a whole campaign because Shari’ah law is used in mediations to

settle family law disputes. Islamic family law recognises the different processes of alternative d i s p u t e resolution: sulh (conciliation), w a s a t a h (mediation) and tahkeem (arbitration). Normally, this kind of arbitration and mediation is relatively informal. In line with a preference in most cultures, it keeps family disputes private in seeking the help of senior family members or an imam to counsel the couple and help them arrive at a resolution of their differences. The real situation is that Muslims do not want to replace Australian law with Shari’ah law. This is simply not possible even within Shari’ah, which accepts legal pluralism and does not impose Islamic law on non-Muslims. What most Australian Muslims want is the freedom to consider Islam and its teachings on ethical matters t h e y confront in their lives and harmonise this within the social and legal framework in Australia. They abide by the common law, and within the latitude of this law and flexibility of the Islamic legal tradition, they can find their ways. They were interested for recognition of some aspects of Islamic family law concerning marriage and divorce, which would facilitate their way of life. Consequently, the best solution is a system of ijtihad(legal independent reasoning) to be applied by Muslim scholars and recognised by the Australian government, about the formation of Shari’ah tribunals mediation and arbitration. These tribunals would be composed of a group of Muslim scholars advised by specialists in particular disciplines, who can rule on issues that arise in the community and arbitrate disputes within it and eventually facilitate the work of the court so parties may have their agreements enforced without going through the whole process again in front of the court.


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ADVERTISING ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

78


79

Ramadan

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ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

RAMADAN MUBARAK

Work Visas – Points testing system recommend to study hard because many people let themselves down and fail to meet the overall points test because of their English language capabilities. Skilled Employment Up to 20 points can be awarded for a combination of skilled employment in or outside of Australia. The more years you have worked in skilled employment, the more points you can be awarded.

Prof Mohamad Abdalla Director of the Centre for Islamic Thought and Education (CITE) at the University of South Australia

By Mark Pelley

Principle Migration Agent What are the “points” people refer to when talking about obtaining a skilled migration visa for entering into Australia? Effectively, the Australian government has set up a points testing system to determine if you meet the requirements for particular work visas to live and work in Australia. These points are based on the following categories: Age You need to be under 50 years old when applying for this visa except for specific roles such as research science. From the age of 25 – 32 years (30 points), the younger you are the more points you will be awarded with the exception of those 18-24 years old. English Language Ability You will need to take an English test (such as the International Language Testing System) within 3 years of your application. The better your score the more points that are awarded up to 20 points for superior English. I strongly

Australian Syrian Association Victoria

Ramadan Campaign

Zakatul-Fitr project - Feed the Fasting project

‫ مشروع إفطار صائم‬- ‫صدقة الفطر‬

‫ألطفال سوريا‬ Zakatul-Fitr

‫زكاة الفطر‬ ‫للشخص الواحد‬

$10

Feed the fasting

‫إفطار صائم‬ ‫للشخص الواحد‬

$5

We can deliver your

«Zakatul-Fitr» to a Syrian child

• For donations, Bank Deposit: (ASA-VIC) • Commonwealth Bank • BSB: 063-253 • Account No.: 1068 3682 Please put description for your payment: (Ramadan meal) - (Zakatul-Fitr)

• Email: contact@asavic.org.au • Website: www.asavic.org.au • Mobile: 0416 866 983

Qualifications Diplomas or equivalent award qualifications recognised by Australia can earn an individual 10 points, while recognised bachelor degrees can earn 15 points. Doctorates can earn 20 points. If your qualification was obtained in Australia it is possible to earn an extra 5 points. Other Factors There are other factors which can give additional points including: Obtaining community language credentials, studying in regional Australia, if your partner has skilled qualifications recognised by Australia, working for a professional year in Australia within 4 years of your application, nomination by a state or territory or (where relevant) an eligible family member. Summary When I explain the points based system to clients I emphasise the following: If you review the system as a whole, it is NOT on what Australia can offer you in terms of a better lifestyle and economic opportunities. Rather it is based on a system, where you can demonstrate what abilities you can offer Australia in terms of needed skilled employment for our country.


HISTORY

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ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

80

History of Muslim Nationalities Under Soviet Rule

Dr Dennis Walker

One international factor that inevitably affected the future of Soviet Muslims was the close relations that Soviet governments established with a number of left-wing Arab nationalist regimes. Such relations necessitated the expansion of courses in Arabic language and culture throughout the Soviet Union to produce required experts and personnel. A flood of Soviet Arabic-language publications and broadcasts targeted for the Middle East could also be heard by Soviet Muslims. The Soviet Union had to convince Arab public opinion that Islam was not persecuted in the USSR, and this meant the rise of “official” Muslim clergy and religio-cultural bodies that, however carefully the Soviet Government might nominate and control them, did occasion a good deal of unprecedented contact between Central Asians and the Arab and other Muslim peoples and governments. Figures and employees in official “Soviet Islam” also built agency to widen the Islamic cultural capital of Soviet-ruled Muslim populations. To justify Arab alliances to its own public, the Soviet Government sponsored the translation of literary works by “progressive” or Communist Arabs, projected Arabic music, and patronized tours of the USSR by Arab folklore and operatic troupes. Soviet authorities sometimes became concerned that these exchanges and contacts sometimes were having an effect on Soviet Muslims quite separate from their original international or political aim; and that increased acquaintance with kindred Muslim peoples of the Middle East was strengthening the Soviet Muslim awareness of all in their own historic religion and culture that separated them from the Russians with whom they were politically united by the USSR. This impression, suggested by the official Soviet Press, is confirmed by Arabic accounts from the Middle-Eastern side of Soviet-sponsored contacts with Central Asians. In Arab accounts, the Central Asian Muslims appeared almost

indiscriminately thirsty for the modern Arabic culture of the Islamic heart-lands from which they have been cut off for so long. Arab journalists observed this during and following a 1970 tour by Dr Muhammad al-Fahham, Shaikh of Cairo’s al-Azhar Islamic University, of the Central Asian Soviet Republics: “When their plane landed at Tashkent airport the only reception awaiting him was a small group of a few aged men with long white beards whose appearance suggested that they were the pitiful remnants of an extinct generation over whom had swept hurricanes of mythic violence. Although these men allegedly would represent the element providing religious leadership to a Muslim community that semi-official statistics set at 28 million souls, yet the only thing they knew of the Arabic language was two words: as-Salamu Alaykum, Peace be upon you. What that means is obvious and simple: that the Arabic language is prevented from getting any currency: there are no institutions in which it is really taught and even inside private houses, among the individuals of a single family, it cannot circulate.” When, the next Friday, the Shaykh Mahmud al-Hasadi started to recite the Noble Qur’an, in the Mosque of Tala Shaykh, scores of youth suddenly gathered in a circle around him. The Mosque of Tala Shaikh became choked with near to five thousand of the faithful come to offer prayers. When the Egyptian reciter chanted the verses of Noble Scripture the “terrible glaciers” of Soviet debarring of Muslims from Islam were suddenly pierced by “the subterranean and warm river of Islam”: many who had come to pray collectively wept in “a lamentation for the dead”. One of the journalists accompanying the delegation said in a dispatch that he sent to an Egyptian paper: “These Soviet Muslims’ reception, and their response to the recitation of the Qur’an in this fashion, we had totally failed to anticipate or foresee. And their respect for the Arabic language surpasses everything. When one of them chances upon some newspaper cutting bearing

Arabic letters, he will snatch it up, carefully, clean it, and put it in the highest place he can reach!” When the Shaykh al-Fahham and his companions arrived in Tajikistan, the qadi (Muslim judge) of that Muslim republic invited them to dinner. The Shaykh and those accompanying him were astonished to hear the voice of the Arabic singer Sharifah Fadil resound throughout the residence. As the accompanying journalist put it: “the man wanted to give us a warm welcome. That is why he played that tape of an Egyptian song the meaning of which he could never understand, for us to hear. All that he knew was that he had recorded it from Radio Cairo, and that to broadcast it at the hour of receiving us might be a kind of honor and tribute for us. This man had good intentions, yet he could not know how ashamed we felt at the [indecent] words of that song. How we wished that tape-recorder be afflicted with sudden dumbness, or that its electric current would be cut off from reaching it in those moments in the depths of Central Asia” The Egyptian journalist termed the life of the Muslim communities in the USSR “underprivileged”. The Kuwayt salafi journal _al-Mujtama‘_ raged that “this is a polite and misleadingly casual way of putting it when we examine the reality of what is being suffered by these Soviet Muslims in a region among the most fertile in the USSR --a region considered by reason of the wheat it produces ‘the bread basket of the USSR’. For, the Muslims there are under the surveillance of four religious bodies whose real function is to keep under observation and carefully control any new sap of greenness in the tree of Islam so densely enveloped in Arctic Russian ice.” The item published in Egypt and Kuwayt ended by demanding that al-Azhar press the Soviet authorities to allow Egypt to open Arabic-medium schools for Soviet Muslims in the USSR [Reprinted in alMujtama‘, Kuwayt, 6 October 1970 p. 10].

MESSAGE Esad Alagic

Mughtar Sadien Esad Alagic Would like to congratulate the Muslim community of Australia on the arrival of the holy month of Ramadan and wishes everyone a happy and blessed month.

Would like to congratulate the Muslim community of Australia on the arrival of the holy month of Ramadan and wishes everyone a happy and blessed month

Esad Alagic Manging /Director Chairman ICCV

Mughtar Sadien Chairman sichma

Abdul Rahman Deen

Housam Taleb

The month of Ramadan is a month of peace, mercy and tranquility.Abdul Rahman Deen Congratulates the Muslim community of Australia on the arrival of this holy month

Warm greetings and sincere congratulations to the Muslim community of Australia from Housam Taleb on the beautiful occasion of of the holy month of Ramadan. May it be a happy and blessed month to everyone.

Abdul Rahman Deen The Islamic Society of Algester

Housam Taleb Poultry N More


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RAMADAN GREETING

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ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

RAMAD AN

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ISLAMIC SCIENCES & RESEARCH ACADEMY OF AUSTRALIA

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RAMADAN

MUBA RA K ‫ة اإلسالمية ف‬ ‫ي‬

‫ال‬ ‫كل‬

‫ي‬ ‫ملب‬

‫ورن‬

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Islamic College of Melbourne 83 Wootten Road, Tarneit Victoria 3029 Tel: 03 8742 1739 • Fax: 03 8742 1959 E: admin@icom.vic.edu.au

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RAMADAN MUBARAK

‫رابطة أهل السنة والجماعة في استراليا‬

Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jama’ah Association Of Australia (ASWJ)

www.aswj.com.au

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RAMADANIYAT ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

Ramadhan Reminders

Abdu-Errahman M. Tholia • Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “There has come to you Ramadan, a blessed month which Allah has enjoined you to fast, during which the gates of heaven are opened and the gates of Hell Fire are closed, and the rebellious devils are chained up. In it there is a night which is better than a thousand months, and whoever is deprived of its goodness is indeed deprived.” Narrated by Al-Imam Al-Nasaa’i, Al Imam Ahmad, classed as Saheeh by Al-Imam Al-Albaani in his Saheeh al-Targheeb •Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever spends Laylat al-Qadr in prayer out of faith and in the hope of reward, will be forgiven his previous sins.” Narrated by Al-Bukhari and Muslim • The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “At every breaking of the fast, Allah has people whom He redeems.” Classified as Saheeh (Authentic) by Al-Imam Al Albaani in his Saheeh al-Targheeb • “The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was the most generous of people [in doing good], and he was most generous of all in Ramadan when Jibreel met with him; he used to meet him every night in Ramadan and teach him the Quran. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was more generous in doing good than a blowing wind.” [Reported by Al-Imam Al-Bukhaari] • “In Paradise there are rooms whose outside can be seen from the inside and the inside can be seen from the outside. Allah has prepared them for those who feed the poor, those who are gentle in speech, those who fast regularly, and those who pray at night when people are asleep.” [Reported by Imam Ahmad and Imam Ibn Khuzaymah] • “Whoever gives food to a fasting person with which to break his fast, he will have the reward equal to his (the fasting person), without it detracting in the slightest from the reward of the fasting person.” [Reported by Al-Imam AlTirmidhi]

Abdu-Errahman M. Tholia Deputy Imam Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jama’ah Association of Australia

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Gateways of Goodness in Ramadan Allah The Almighty Says (what means): {The month of Ramadan [is that] in which was revealed the Quran, a guidance for the people and clear proofs of guidance and criterion. So whoever sights [the new moon of] the month, let him fast it.} [Quran 2:185] Allah The Almighty Says (what means): {[Fasting is for] a limited number of days.} [Quran 2:184] Thus, we should invest our best efforts in these limited days by approaching the gateways of goodness. For instance: 1-Supplicating Allah The Almighty upon seeing the new moon. The Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam( may Allaah exalt his mention ), said upon seeing it: “Allahumma ahillahu ‘alayna bil-yumn wal-imaan was-salaamah wal-islam. Rabbi wa rabbuk Allah(O Allah, Let this new moon come to us with goodness and faith, safety and Islam. My Lord and your Lord Is Allah).” 2-Breaking one’s fast promptly: The Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam( may Allaah exalt his mention), said:“People will continue to adhere to good as long as they hasten to break the fast.”[Al-Bukhari] 3- Supplicating Allah The Almighty upon breaking the fast. The Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam( may Allaah exalt his mention), said: “The fasting person has an answered supplication upon breaking his fast.” The Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam( may Allaah exalt his mention ), used to say:“Thahab ath-thama’ wabtallat al-‘urooq wa thabat alajr in shaa’ Allah(The thirst has been quenched, the veins have been moistened, and the reward is confirmed – Allah willing).” [Abu Daawood, Ad-Daaraqutni, and Al-Haakim] 4-Praising Allah The Almighty after eating and drinking. The Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam(may Allaah exalt his mention), said: “Allah is pleased with the slave who praises Him after eating and drinking.”[Muslim] 5-Observing Taraaweeh prayer(voluntary night prayers performed during Ramadan) regularly. The Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam( may Allaah exalt his mention) said:“The best prayer, after the obligatory ones, is the voluntary night prayers.” [Muslim] 6- Performing voluntary night prayer with faith and hoping for reward. The Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ), said: “Whoever performs voluntary prayers in the nights of Ramadan with faith and hoping for reward from Allah, his past sins will be forgiven.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim] 7- Keenness on having Suhoor (predawn meal). The Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ), said: “Have a pre-dawn meal; it is a

blessing.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim] 8-Walking to the Masjid. The Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ), said: “Whoever goes to the Masjid at dawn or dusk (for prayer), Allah prepares a hospitable abode for him in Paradise every time he does this.” [AlBukhari and Muslim] 9- Providing food for the fasting person. The Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ), said: “Whoever provides a fasting person with food to break his fast will receive a reward similar to that of the fasting person without affecting the latter’s reward.”[At-Tirmithi: Hasan Saheeh] Encourage your

means): {Except for those who repent, believe and do righteous work. For them Allah will replace their evil deeds with good. And ever is Allah Forgiving and Merciful.}[Quran 25:70] 13-Seeking forgiveness of Allah The Almighty. The Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ), said: “If anyone constantly seeks forgiveness from Allah, He will appoint for him a way out of every distress and relief from every anxiety, and will provide sustenance for him from where he does not expect.”[Abu Daawood and An-Nasaa’i] 14 Supplicating and asking forgiveness for Muslims. Allah The Almighty Says (what

MUBARAK acquaintances to contribute to providing food for fasting people. 10- Supplications in general. The Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam( may Allaah exalt his mention), said quoting his Lord: “I am as My slave expects of Me, and I am with him when he calls upon Me.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim] 11-Supplicating for a Muslim in his absence. The Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ), said: “No slave supplicates for a Muslim in his absence but the angel will say, ‘May the same be for you too.’” [Muslim] 12- Feeling the seriousness and danger of sin and believing that you cannot bear the punishment allocated for it. This will help you hasten to give up sin and renew your repentance to Allah The Almighty in order to change your bad deeds into good ones. Allah The Almighty Says (what

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means): {And [there is a share for] those who came after them, saying,“Our Lord, forgive us and our brothers who preceded us in faith and put not in our hearts [any] resentment toward those who have believed. Our Lord, indeed, You Are Kind and Merciful.”} [Quran 59:10] 15-Constantly remembering Allah The Almighty. The Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam( may Allaah exalt his mention ), said: “Shall I not inform you of the best of your actions which are the purest to your Lord, that exalt you to the high ranks, are more efficacious than spending gold and silver (in charity), and are better for you than you should encounter your enemies whose necks you will smite and they will smite your necks?’’ They said, “Certainly.’’ The Prophet sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) said: “Remembrance of Allah The Almighty.” Source: www.islamweb.net


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ADVERTISING ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

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RAMADAN GREETING ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

Inside The Law with MLN

Ms Asira Umar, MLN Intern

Stepping inside the world of law with the Muslim Legal Network on Thursday 28 April 2016 proved to be a rewarding experience. Commencing the day at the Children’s Court of Victoria with Media and Communications Manager, Janet Matthew, students were given a brief tour of a courtroom and familiarised with the court system. Magistrate Jennifer Bowles revealed the intricacies of the Criminal and Child Protection divisions and touched on the complexities many magistrates in the Children’s Court face in remaining objective when handling cases. She believes children’s crime doesn’t boil down to religion but rather ethnic waves of migration where children are often unattended by parents or feel lost in our culture. Students sat in on various case hearings before attending the Empowerment Workshop hosted by the Muslim Legal Network at the Law Institute of Victoria. Young Lawyers Coordinator, Sylvie Alston, kicked off the workshop speaking about skills and knowledge gained during early career development with YL and career fairs for penultimate and final year law students. Thomas Hobbs, a specialist legal recruiter at Burgess Paluch, taught attendees how to perfect CV’s, interviews and graduate job applications. Accomplished lawyer, Jessica Main from McKean Park shared her own tips and emphasised the benefits of volunteering to a successful career. Principal and owner of his own boutique firm

and LIV Board member, Zubair Mian shared his experiences of moving from social work to law and finally owning his own firm. The workshop wrapped up with a speech on managing faith in the workplace. Tamim Rahman, a corporate and commercial lawyer at Mills Oakley and Secretary of the Muslim Legal Network, spoke about familiarising your employer with your religious commitments during occasions such as Eid and Ramadan to achieve transparency about your religious commitments. Such openness helps many Muslim professionals fulfil their duties without detriment to their careers. Tamim advised students to be candid about their Islamic obligations and that ‘a workplace that is accepting of your commitments is more likely to offer an environment in which you can succeed than the alternative’. Students were enlightened by the presentations and valued the opportunity to network with LIV President, Steven Sapountsis, corporate tax lawyer and Special Counsel at Deloitte Lawyers, Asad Ansari, and Senior In-House Legal Counsel for Yarra Trams, Adel Mohamed over lunch. Students walked away having thoroughly enjoyed their day and obtained greater insight into the legal profession. The Muslim Legal Network thanks the Muslim Students Association of Victoria, ACTIVATE and the Law Institute of Victoria for their valuable support and assistance in delivering this event. MLN encourages more students to volunteer with MLN to improve their professional network, be mentored by lawyers, gain experience dealing with clients and develop their careers while giving back to the community through our access-to-justice projects.

ALL

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ADVERTISING ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

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RAMADAN GREETING ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

The Salvation Army Red Shield Appeal launched to Multicultural Communities Media Release The Salvation Army launched its annual Red Shield Doorknock to multicultural communities, to help reach this year’s national fundraising target of $74 million. Senator the Hon. Fiona Nash, Minister for Regional Development, launched this year’s event and will be joined by Salvation Army Territorial Multicultural Coordinator, Captain Nesan Kistan. The Red Shield Doorknock launch to multicultural communities is one of the key events of the annual Red Shield Appeal which culminates with the Doorknock weekend on May 28-29. MultiConnexions is once again partnering with The Salvation Army as the sponsor of this year’s event. MultiConnexions CEO, Sheba Nandkeolyar, says she is proud of the longstanding relationship they have built with The Salvation Army to support its work across Australia Mr. Joseph Assaf, Chairman of Ethnic Business Awards, has been a staunch supporter and driver to garner support for The Salvation Army Red Shield Appeal for over twenty years. “The Salvation Army is an army for everyone, from everywhere. From every religion and every background. This army has no geographical, social or religious boundaries and their mission is to help and that they do. Thank God for the Salvos. ” he said. Captain Nesan Kistan, Territorial Multicultural Coordinator, says The Salvation Army would not be able to maintain its strong presence in multicultural communities without the support of the Australian public, who volunteer their

time and give generously to the Red Shield Doorknock. The Salvation Army provides a number of important social services for multicultural Australia that includes homeless support, women’s and children’s services, financial counselling through Moneycare, addiction and recovery services, legal assistance through Salvos Legal Humanitarian, English classes, learn to drive programs and many more. “The funds raised from the Red Shield Doorknock ensure The Salvation Army can continue to develop and empower local communities that are in need of extra support,” Captain Kistan said. “Now more than ever, it’s vital we support people from diverse cultures and backgrounds so that Australia can remain an open, inclusive and cohesive multicultural society.” To volunteer for this year’s Red Shield Doorknock weekend, or to donate to the Red Shield, please call 13 SALVOS (13 72 58) or visit salvos.org.au You can donate to the Red Shield Doorknock by calling 13 SALVOS (13 72 58), online at salvos. org.au/mc, in person at any Westpac branch or by posting your cheque to PO Box 9888 in your capital city.

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EDUCATION ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

Inspires Academic Excellence And Akhlaq

Langford Islamic College 57 Southgate road Langford WA 6147 Phone: +61 (08) 9458-5206 • Fax: +61 (08) 9258-5661 Email: admin@lic.wa.edu.au • Website: www.islamiccollege.com.au

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RAMADAN MESSAGE

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ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

Ramadan Mubarak Assalamu Alaikum, Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh (Peace and blessings be upon you) I send my warmest wishes to Muslims in Australia and around the world wishing you all Ramadan Mubarak on behalf of Human Appeal International Australia (HAIA). Dear brothers and sisters, I would like to take this opportunity to remind myself and you all that we should renew our intentions and take full advantage of this blessed month. The month in which we dedicate ourselves to fasting and share our wealth with the less fortunate by donating to worthy causes. Ramadan is a time for reflection and contemplation, for charity, and reviving the spirit of giving. I would like to take a moment to thank our generous donors. Your contribution is highly appreciated and valued. With your support, HAIA has delivered aid to more than a quarter of a million needy people every year. Over the last 25 years, you helped us to respond to emergencies and deliver humanitarian support in 25 countries across the globe. We are very fortunate to live in Australia, one of the most multicultural countries in the world. It is important for us to remember that we are part of a caring and generous community and we are the face of Islam for our neighbours. Through giving and sharing, we can improve ourselves, contribute to the Australian community and humanity at large. May you all be blessed with an abundance of peace, health, love, happiness, and all things good in this life and the hereafter.

About Human Appeal International Australia Human Appeal International Australia (HAIA) is a charitable, Not-for-Profit, Non-Governmental organisation that has been established in Australia in 1991. Spanning across 4 continentsAustralia, Asia, Africa and Europe, to strengthen humanity’s fight against poverty and to respond to emergencies like those caused by wars and natural disasters. HAIA seeks funds from supporters to serve thousands of impoverished people through various programs that include orphan sponsorship, emergency relief, wheelchair distribution, medical aid and a range of like projects. The HAIA is highly committed to the local Australian community and in 2015 has launched a Human Appeal Australia Community Care (HAACC) with the mission to engage, assist and empower the most vulnerable people from all walks of life and backgrounds; including refugees, migrants, elders and youth in Australia. HAICC provides financial assistance for Australians struggling to afford the basics of life and delivers humanitarian support during local emergencies

Yours sincerely,

Bashar Al-Jamal Director Human Appeal International Australia

Zakat Al-Fitr Dr. Bilal Philips Meaning Zakah al-Fitr is often referred to as Sadaqah al-Fitr. The word Fitr means the same as Iftar, breaking a fast and it comes from the same root word as Futur which means breakfast. Thus, Islamically, Zakah al-Fitr is the name given to charity which is distributed at the end of the fast of Ramadan.

Conditions

Classification Sadaqah al-Fitr is a duty which is Wajib on every Muslim, whether male or female, minor or adult as long as he/she has the means to do so. The proof that this form of charity is compulsory can be found in the Sunnah whereby Ibn `Umar reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) made Zakah al-Fitr compulsory on every slave, freeman, male, female, young and old among the Muslims; one Sa` of dried dates or one Sa` of barley. [1] The head of the household may pay the required amount for the other members. Abu Sa’id al-Khudri said, “On behalf of our young and old, free men and slaves, we used to take out during Allah’s Messenger’s (peace be upon him) lifetime one Sa` of grain, cheese or raisins”. [2]

Significance The significant role played by Zakah in the circulation of wealth within the Islamic society is also played by the Sadaqah al-Fitr. However, in the case of Sadaqah al-Fitr, each individual

Fitr compulsory so that those who fasted may be purified of their idle deeds and shameful talk (committed during Ramadan) and so that the poor may be fed. Whoever gives it before Salah will have it accepted as Zakah, while he who gives it after the Salah has given Sadaqah.” [3] Hence, the goal of Sadaqah al-Fitr is the spiritual development of the Believers. By making them give up some of their wealth, the believers are taught the higher moral characteristics of generosity, compassion (sympathy for the unfortunate), gratitude to God and the righteousness. But, since Islam does not neglect man’s material need, part of the goal of Zakah al-Fitr is the economic well-being of the poorer members of society.

is required to calculate how much charity is due from himself and his dependents and go into the community in order to find those who deserve such charity. Thus, Sadaqah al-Fitr plays a very important role in the development of the bonds of community. The rich are obliged to come in direct contact with the poor, and the poor are put in contact with the extremely poor. This contact between the various levels of society helps to build real bonds of brotherhood and love within the Islamic community and trains those who have, to be generous to those who do not

have.

Purpose The main purpose of Zakah al-Fitr is to provide those who fasted with the means of making up for their errors during the month of fasting. Zakah al-Fitr also provides the poor with a means with which they can celebrate the festival of breaking the fast (`Eid al-Fitr) along with the rest of the Muslims. Ibn Abbas reported, “The Prophet (peace be upon him) made Zakah al-

Zakah al-Fitr is only Wajib for a particular period of time. If one misses the time period without a good reason, he has sinned and can not make it up. This form of charity becomes obligatory from sunset on the last day of fasting and remains obligatory until the beginning of Salah al-’Eid’ (i.e. shortly after sunrise on the following day). However, it can be paid prior to the above mentioned period, as many of the Sahabah [companions of the Prophet (peace be upon him)] used to pay Sadaqah al-Fitr a couple days before the `Eid. Nafi reported that the Prophet’s companion Ibn `Umar used to give it to those who would accept it and the people used to give it a day or two before the `Eid.[4] Ibn `Umar reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) order that it (Zakah al-Fitr) be given before people go to make the Salah (al-’Eid). And Ibn `Abbas reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Whoever gives it before the Salah will have it accepted as Zakah, while he who gives it after the Salah (will not, for it will only be considered as) ordinary charity. Therefore, one who forgets to pay this Zakah al-Fitr on time should do so as soon as possible even though it will not be counted as Zakah al-Fitr. Source: www.fastramadan.com


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EDUCATION

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ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

Quality Education

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RAMADANIYAT ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

DATES (2)

It has been proved by the nutritionists that effective fasting is based on Abduldaem Al-Kaheel 1. Water & Dates It has been proved by the nutritionists that effective fasting is based on water and simple sugars of natural sources like the ones available in dates which are considered the best natural sugars. Studies had given proof that the person who ultimately nourishes himself on dates and water for 20 to 30 days will make his body getting rid of the most of the accumulating toxins and the body will restore his vitality much better than before. The Prophet Mohammed (peace be upon him) confirmed this rule and stated that whoever wants to break his fast do start with dates as it is blessed, if he doesn’t have any, have water as it is purification.

2. Dates for Dieting The variable and large content of nutrients in dates make it a suitable food to resist hunger. knowing that the main causative factor of obesity is the continuous sensation of hunger and the large appetite which results in consumption of large amounts of fats and sugars in food, will lead us to the conclusion that the remedy is by eating pieces of dates when feeling hungry as it increases the feeling of satiety , provides the body with needed sugars, regulates the intestinal movement and most importantly it will lower the consumption of

food. Using the date as a remedy for obesity, as confirmed by the scientists, is not new in Islam as the prophet Mohammed (peace be upon him) 1400 years ago, informed that when the date is present at home, the people of the home will never experience hunger. In summary, we can say that eating pieces of dates daily will result in eliminating extra weight by reducing hunger sensation.

3. Dates and Delivery Scientists says that the womb, which is a relatively large muscle, is in urgent need for natural sugar as a fuel during labor and delivery. Date is a laxative food, so it is necessary for the pregnant woman to eat dates before delivery in order to help colon and intestine in the elimination process and to activate the womb muscle and regulate its movement which aids in easing delivery. This is considered one of the miracles which Allah has stated in Quran in his speech to Maryam: “ And shake the trunk of the palm-tree toward thee, thou wilt cause ripe dates to fall upon thee. (25: Maryam”

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Ramadan

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ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

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Ramadan:

Reformation not starvation The month of Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar (known as the Hijri Calender). Fasting from dawn to dusk during Ramadan is one of the pillars of Islam and is an obligation upon all adult Muslims, men and women. Exempt from fasting are children, those who are travelling, someone whom fasting exhausts because of advanced age or having an illness which is unlikely to recover, those who are ill, a breastfeeding mother or a pregnant woman who apprehends harm to herself or her child. Fasting includes eating and drinking, and any sexual relationship from dawn to dusk. In a world that values the satisfaction of pleasures, and concentrates on the external and outward, fasting seems harsh and cruel, for it deprives an individual the freedom to be ‘free’ and ‘independent.’ A believing person, however, witnesses an unmeasurable sense of spiritual elevation, and a feeling of control over his or her self that is liberating. Ramadan is highly regarded by Muslims for a number of reasons, most importantly because it is the month during which the Qur’an was revealed to Prophet Muhammad: “The month of Ramadan is that in which the Qur’an was revealed” (Q 2: 185). The centrality of Ramadan revolves around the revelation of the Qur’an, which has been described as guidance for humanity and the Criterion that distinguishes right from wrong (Q 2: 185). It is for this reason that the Qur’an is read in its entirety from memory in Mosques throughout the world (one of many methods of preserving the originality of the Qur’an), and by individuals both men and women as an act of worship seeking nearness to God Al-Mighty. The Qur’an is acknowledged by Muslims as a divine book of guidance, a moral compass that offers a grand narrative of the purpose of life. Therefore, the Qur’an is read throughout the month of Ramadan seeking its blessings and rewards, but more importantly to contemplate on its explicit and implicit meanings in order to reform the self from its

Otherwise, a departure from this essential tradition would sink the community into the various “ism’s” that are at the centre of all Islamic criticism.

Professor Mohamad Abdalla bestial and evil attributes. The inducement to contemplate upon the eternal message of the Qur’an is an often repeated theme in the Qur’an. For example, ‘(This is) a Scripture that We have revealed unto thee, full of blessing, that they may ponder its revelations, and that people of understanding may reflect (38:29). The month of Ramadan in intended to provoke a deeper understanding of the Qur’an that can lead to reformation of the self. The absence of proper contemplation and understanding of the Qur’an leads to varies forms of unwarranted practices (backbiting, slander, murder and so forth). The month of Ramadan should engender in the Muslim community the need to revive the traditional Islamic method of teaching the Qur’an that allowed for critical thinking, as was the practice in classical institutes of learning. Furthermore, at the heart of Ramadan, and indeed everything Islamic, is the attainment of taqwa -God consciousness’, as is stated in the Qur’an: ‘Fasting has been prescribed upon you so that you may attain taqwa (2:183). Taqwa can also be described as the outcome of reformation or purification of the self, a continuous process that is heighted during the blessed month of Ramadan. Essentially, therefore, Ramadan is concerned with the purification of the self which is at the core of the Islamic tradition, which aims to save one from one’s hawa-caprice. At the heart of any reform that is deemed Islamic is to assist the individual, and the community, to move away from caprice to obedience to God.

Al-Busti (d. 973-4) summed this up in his couplet when he famously declared: ‘O Slave of the body! How you toil to serve it! Where there’s nothing but loss, you seek to profit. Turn to the nafs (soul), which you need to perfect: You are a human, not by the body, but by the soul.’ While Islam demands of its followers the observance of external practices, the exoteric, it is the ‘inner dimension that one must turn to in order to see, utter and know the One’. This dimension of inwardness is the domain par excellence of Islamic spirituality, and in fact the Spirit (alRuh) is defined with this dimension, which is at once beyond and within the macrocosm and the microcosm.’ Therefore, when speaking about Islamic spirituality we are speaking about the Islamic tradition in its most inward and universal aspect. A failure to correct the inward leads to superficial following, and the outcome is disastrous. This was summed up beautifully by Syyed Hossein Nasr who declared: ‘the heart of Islam is also the Islam of the heart, which is that spiritual virtue or ihsan’. Once the heart is aligned with the Divine the emanating ethics will be consistent with the Divine command regardless of uncertainty. Ramadan, therefore, is not limited to abstaining from eating and drinking but also from lying, backbiting, slandering, cheating, and the commitment of any other immoral act or speech. It is for this reason that Prophet Muhammad stated: “Whoever does not abandon false speech and acting falsely, then God has no need of his abandoning food and drink.” (Sahih al-Bukhari ). Al-Muhallab makes the following observation about this hadith [Ibn Battal, Commentary on Sahih alBukhari (4/23)]: “This shows that fasting entails refraining from obscene and false speech just like

it entails refraining from food and drink. A person who engages in false or obscene speech detracts from the value of his fast; He exposes himself to his Lord’s displeasure and to the possibility of his fast not being accepted.” Perhaps the crisis among the lives of many contemporary Muslims is abandoning such standards of ethics due to a lack of spirituality. While much attention is channelled toward political and other reforms, little attention is paid to spirituality and ethics. Most contemporary reform movements seek to change the surrounding context, neglecting

meanwhile the individual. The Qur’an, however, emphasises that real reform must come from within. We would have benefited from Ramadan if our lives change in such a way that lead to upholding the permissible and abstaining from the prohibited, abandoning hatred, enmity, malice, racism, prejudice, lying and loving for others what we love for ourselves, and being truly grateful and appreciative of others. Only then can we say that we have truly benefited from Ramadan.


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ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

Secrets of fasting (2) Abduldaem Al-Kaheel - Many scientific studies say that praying helps in the healing from many diseases such as back pains and joints pains. Also the submissiveness during praying has a strange power in curing many chronic diseases especially during fasting. Allah Almighty says: (And that you fast, it is better for you if only you know){Sûrat AlBaqarah-The Cow-verse 184}. - Recent scientists suggest fasting as a new method to treat obesity because the fasting helps in dissolving fats and organizing the hormones to get a perfect body, the medical fact says: fasting is the easiest way to treat obesity. - The scientists say that fasting increases the power ofour brain!! As fasting increases the ability for creation! And is considered to be the best way to activate the cells of the brain to reprogram it, increase its ability and the selfhealing. Therefore Allah Almighty says: (And that you fast, it is better for you if only you know) {Sûrat Al-Baqarah- The Cow-verse 184}. -A medical fact says that fasting reprograms our cells!!Many researchers had noticed many radical changes inside the systems of the body of the fasting people. It includes the physiological and psychological side. The frequent fasting breaks down the growth of tumor cells, and many scientists confirm that fasting for long times enhances the performance of the entire body which decreases the probability to be infected by cancer. - The scientists confirm that fasting helps in weight reducing, getting rid of the poisons, reduce pain and inflammation and increasing the concentration. Also, fasting is a kind of food saving and one of its greatest benefits is that the fasting people are satisfied because they feel that

As Mayor of Blacktown City, I would like to extend my warmest regards to the Islamic community for the holy month of Ramadan. Our City is made up of many diverse communities, nationalities and beliefs and Council welcomes the way in which each of these diverse communities contributes to the success of our City, enhancing our social and cultural well-being. In Blacktown City there are 177 nationalities represented and over 169 different languages are spoken by members of our community.

Councillor Stephen Bali Mayor of Blacktown City Council

By communicating and understanding we embrace this fabric of differences together. We recognise Ramadan as a holy month for our many Muslim citizens – our Council sees this occasion as a very important way to further build intercultural and interfaith harmony and understanding.

May this Ramadan bring you peace and happiness.

they played a main role to enhance their health, Allah Almighty summarized all of the previous in just a few words as He says: (And that you fast, it is better for you if only you know) {Sûrat AlBaqarah- The Cow-verse 184}. - Recent physicians approved one of the most important scientific facts that fasting helps to cure back pains, neck pains and backbone pains. A new study confirmed that fasting is a successful treatment for joints pain if the patient is performing the fasting for a continuous month (holy month of Ramadan)!!Don’t we realize the greatness of fasting to taste the sweetness of the holy month of Ramadan? - Many scientists confirm that fasting is an operation without a surgery! As fasting cures stones in the kidney and the gallbladder, malignant tumors and liver. Many researchers say that fasting succeeds in many impossible missions where surgery operations fail! Allah Almighty says: (And that you fast, it is better for you if only you know) {Sûrat Al-Baqarah- The Cow-verse 184}. - A new scientific study confirms that healthy nutrition and the fasting activates the brain and protects from dementia as many scientists say: “the healthy nutrition and fasting from time to time stimulates the brain” and they confirm that eating dates and vegetables after fasting (breaking the fasting) reduces the possibility to be infected by dementia or brain attack. They assure that fasting plays a vital role in activating the brain cells to make it works more effectively. Allah Almighty says:(And that you fast, it is better for you if only you know) {Sûrat Al-Baqarah- The Cow-verse 184}.

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ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

Tim Pallas MP - State Member for Werribee - Treasurer Shop 2, 56 -58 Watton St Werribee VIC 3030 Phone: (03) 9741 1133 tim.pallas@ parliament.vic.gov.au

The Hon Lily D’Ambrosio MP - State Member for Mill Park - Minister for Energy, Environment and Climate Change - Minister for Suburban Development

Shop 2/30 Oleander Drive Mill Park VIC 3082 Phone: (03) 9422 5171 lily.d’ambrosio@ parliament.vic.gov.au

Judith Graley MP - State Member for Narre Warren South - Parliamentary Secretary to the Deputy Premier Suite 4/418 Princes Hwy, Narre Warren VIC 3805 Phone: (03) 9704 6055 judith.graley@ parliament.vic.gov.au

Bronwyn Halfpenny MP

The Hon. Richard Wynne MP - State Member for Richmond - Minister for Planning 112 Smith St, Collingwood VIC 3066 Phone: (03) 9415 8901 richard.wynne@ parliament.vic.gov.au

Marlene Kairouz MP

The Hon Natalie Hutchins MP -

State Member for Sydenham Minister for Local Government Minister for Aboriginal Affairs Minister for Industrial Relations

Shop 11, 28A Hume Drive Sydenham VIC 3037 Phone: (03) 9449 1511 natalie.hutchins@ parliament.vic.gov.au

Natalie Suleyman MP

- State Member for Kororoit - Cabinet Secretary

-S  tate Member for St Albans

Shop T 54 Brimbank Shopping Centre Corner Neale & Station Roads Deer Park VIC 3023 Phone (03) 8361 7133 marlene.kairouz@ parliament.vic.gov.au

Keilor Downs Shopping Centre 80 Taylors Rd, Keilor Downs VIC 3038 Phone: (03) 9367 9925 natalie.suleyman@ parliament.vic.gov.au

Danny Pearson MP

- State Member for Thomastown

-S  tate Member for Essendon

274 High Street Thomastown VIC 3074 Phone: (03) 9465 7533 bronwyn.halfpenny@ parliament.vic.gov.au

Suite1 / 28 Shuter St, Moonee Ponds VIC 3039 Phone: (03) 9370 7777 danny.pearson@ parliament.vic.gov.au

Frank McGuire MP - State Member for Broadmeadows - Parliamentary Secretary for Medical Research Shop 42, Broadmeadows Shopping Centre, 1099-1169, Pascoe Vale Rd, Broadmeadows, VIC 3047 Phone: (03) 9300 3851 frank.mcguire@ parliament.vic.gov.au

Funded from: Parliament's Electorate Office and Communications budget.

The Hon Wade Noonan MP -S  tate Member for Williamstown - Minister for Industry and Employment - Minister for Resources

101 Douglas Parade Williamstown VIC 3016 Phone: (03) 9399 9022 wade.noonan@ parliament.vic.gov.au

Ros Spence MP - State Member for Yuroke - Government Whip (Assembly) 3A Hamilton St Craigieburn VIC 3064 Phone: (03) 9305 7177 ros.spence@ parliament.vic.gov.au

Hong Lim MP - State Member for Clarinda - Parliamentary Secretary for Multicultural Affairs and Asia Engagement Level 1, 1312 Centre Rd Clayton South VIC 3169 Phone: (03) 9543 6081 hong.lim@parliament.vic.gov.au


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RAMADAN MESSAGE ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

Waleed wins gold, stuns with speech on diversity Mohammad Safar Journalist and host of Channel 10’s The Project Waleed Aly picked up the prestigious Gold Logie at this year’s TV Week Logie awards. Selected from a pool of six nominees – including SBS’s Lee Lin Chin, actress Essie Davis, The Block’s Scott Cam, Family Feud host Grant Denyer, and Aly’s co-host on The Project Carrie Bickmore – Aly took the award for being Best Personality on Australian Television. Aly accepted the award with a moving speech about diversity in the entertainment industry

in Australia. “Each nominee brilliantly distils some separate piece of Australia and I think it’s an amazing thing that that can be assembled on this night in this way,” Aly said. Aly then spoke of an interaction he had with a man prior to the beginning of the awards show. “Not so long ago actually … someone who is in this room, and I’m not going to use the name they use in the industry, came up to me, introduced themselves and said to me, ‘I really hope you win. My name is Mustafa. But I can’t use that name because I won’t get a job’.” Aly said. “It matters to people like that,

that I’m here… I’m incredibly humbled that you would even think to invest in me that way, and I’m also incredibly saddened by it, because the truth is you deserve more numerous and more worthy avatars than that.” Aly concluded his speech with a positive outlook on the future of entertainment in Australia. “If tonight means anything, it’s that the Australian public, our audience, as far as they’re concerned, there is absolutely no reason why that can’t change.” Aly also took home the Silver Logie for Best Presenter, with his show The Project also securing a win for Best News or Current Affair Program.

Helen Kapalos Chairperson

Victorian Multicultural Commission

MESSAGE FROM THE CHAIRPERSON On behalf of the Victorian Multicultural Commission, I wish Victoria’s Muslim community a blessed and peaceful time during the holy month of Ramadan. For Muslims around the world, Ramadan is a time of worship, reflection and celebration. It is also a time for sharing and acceptance. I am always uplifted and deeply impressed by the spirit of friendship, generosity and celebration that comes with Ramadan. By sharing our traditions we learn from one another, and I believe that in doing so we are helping to build understanding and a more compassionate and resilient community. Ramadan Mubarak

Helen Kapalos

Chairperson Victorian Multicultural Commission

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RAMADAN MESSAGE ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

Shaoquett Moselmane

Member of the Legislative Council

Secrets of fasting (1)

Abduldaem Al-Kaheel -Dear beloved, fasting is not just a worship …it is a treatment and healing for many diseases…it is a renewal method for our body cells and the activityof the entire body…as a result it is to renew our entire life and when we realize benefits offasting we really touch its sweetness, Allah Almighty says:(O you who believe! Observing As-Saum (the fasting) is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may become Al-Muttaqun) {Sûrat Al-Baqarah-The Cow-verse 183 }. - The scientists confirm that the best cure for the accumulation of poisons in the body is the fasting because it helps in cleaning the cells from these poisons ,prophet Mohamed peace be upon him says :” fasting is a protection” {narrated by Muslim}. Indeed it is a protection from many diseases by increasing the activity of our cells. - Physicians assure that fasting activates our immune system …as the resistance of the body increases against all diseases. The immune system is a group of soldiers who guards the body from many viruses and harmful bacteria. Hence fasting is an effective weapon to help the body to defend itself. - A medical fact: fasting is a main reason behind the long life!!!! Many non-

Muslims had authored many books about the different benefits of fasting and they concluded that frequent fasting people lives longer than those who don’t fast!! Glory to Allah Almighty who prescribed the fasting for us as He Almighty says: (O you who believe! Observing As-Saum (the fasting) is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may become Al-Muttaqun){Sûrat AlBaqarah-The Cow-verse 183 }. - Many scientific studies confirm that the best food for fasting people is “dates” with water because it contains all needed vitamins, sugars and minerals, hence the prophet says in the prophetic hadith ”when you break your fasting eat dates and if you don’t have dates drink water”{narrated by Abu- Dawood}. - Recent studies confirm that the ideal time to stop the smoking habit is the holy month of Ramadan!! Because fasting cleans the cells from the poisons of the tobacco , so Ramadan helps smokers to give up smoking as long as they sincerely supplicates Allah Almighty to support them to do that …it is amazing to know that non- Muslims are using fasting to cure smokers from smoking, what about us as Muslims?

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ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

RAMADAN:

A Month Of Generosity (2) By Aisha Stacey Throughout Ramadan Muslims look to the examples of Prophet Muhammad and his companions and contemplate the true meaning of generosity. It does not mean to give away something that you no longer require. It means to give of those things that you love and desire or in many cases even need. Aisha (the wife of the Prophet) said: “A lady, along with her two daughters came to me asking for some alms, but she found nothing with me except one date which I gave to her and she divided it between her two daughters.” (Al-Bukhari, 5995) The men and women around Prophet Muhammad understood the true value of generosity. They recognized that kind and generous acts are an investment in the future. Our good deeds, thoughtful words, and acts of random kindness will be rewarded abundantly in the hereafter. Whatever money we spend for the sake of pleasing God will be returned to us many times over. Whatever possessions we give freely, will be replaced, if not in this life, in the paradise of the hereafter. While generosity is a rewardable act at any time of the year, during Ramadan our good deeds and acts of kindness and generosity will be rewarded many times over. It is a month of mercy, when God allows us to reap rewards that far outweigh any sins we may have accumulated throughout the year. Ramadan is a month filled with reminders of God’s generosity, kindness, and forgiveness. God forgives the faults and sins of humankind even though they may be as numerous as the foam on the sea, and His forgiveness and mercy are not restricted to Ramadan. However, this month, the month that contains a night better than 1000 months is

sign of God’s love for humankind. Ramadan is a chance to set aside 30 days for special devotion and generosity. The fasting of Ramadan reminds the believers that the world is filled with people who are unable to find enough food or drink for their needs. Ramadan is a chance for the believers to be generous with their time, their wealth, and their possessions. Generosity and random acts of kindness truly make the heart happy. Any one, who has given from their wealth or possessions with a clear pure heart, wanting only to please God, knows just how joyful these acts can be. However, what of those who have not even one dollar to spare? God’s generosity knows no bounds therefore even in the direst circumstances human beings are able to be generous. Prophet Muhammad was once asked: “If someone has nothing to give, what will he do?” He said: “He should work with his hands and benefit himself and also give in charity (from what he earns).” He was further asked: “If he cannot find even that?” He replied: “He should help the needy who appeal for help.” Then he was asked: “If he cannot do that?” He replied: “Then he should perform good deeds and keep away from evil deeds and this will be regarded as charitable deeds.” (Al-Bukhari, 1445) Ramadan is known as the month of fasting, Ramadan is a gift from God, a manifestation of His mercy and reminder of human kind’s inherent goodness. Ramadan is the month of charity and generosity.

Source: www.onislam.net

RAMADAN MUBARAK

Dr. Rateb Jneid President

Islamic Council of Western Australia 4-A Rowe Avenue Rivervale, WA 6103 http://www.islamiccouncilwa.com.au info@islamiccouncilwa.com.au T: (08) 9362 2210 F : (08) 9362 2210


ELECTION

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Bayram Aktepe

Muslim votes expected to determine federal election result On July 2, Muslim voters will significantly influence the outcome of the election and determine who wins government. With 11 marginal seats nationwide that have a sizeable Muslim population out of the 76 needed to win government, both major parties are expected to scramble for Muslim votes. Unlike previous recent elections, the Australian public will be asked to elect 226 members into the Australian Parliament, 150 of those into

Seat

Parramatta Bruce Reid Moreton Barton Banks Werriwa Greenway Kingsford Smith Isaacs McEwen

State

NSW VIC NSW QLD NSW NSW NSW NSW NSW VIC VIC

the House of Representatives and 76 into the Senate. To form government, 76 lower house seats must be won out of the 150. While Muslims have historically voted for the Labor Party, there has been a significant shift as more Muslims have moved from blue-collar workers into small and mid-size enterprise owners. A youthful Muslim population is also asking the question of what recent governments have delivered for the Muslim community and voting patterns have changed

Held by

2013 Election outcome

ALP (Julie Owens) ALP (Alan Griffin retiring) Liberal (Craig Lundy) ALP (Graham Perrettu) Liberal (Nick Varvaris) Liberal (David Coleman) ALP (Laurie Ferguson) ALP (Michelle Rowland) ALP (Matt Thistlethwaite) ALP (Mark Dreyfus) ALP (Rob Mitchell)

(over 50%) 0.57% 1.8% 0.9% 1.6% 0.3% 1.8% 2.2% 3.0% 2.7% 3.9% 0.2%

as a result. Before outlining key policy initiatives to be considered, let’s look at the 11 seats that Muslims will shape using the Muslim Influence Factor. While re-distributions have taken place in some electorates, the Muslim Influence Factor remains largely within the same order of magnitude for all seats except Barton and Wirriwa where re-distributions have made these seats significantly safer.

2016 Swing needed (after redistributions) 1.3% 1.8% 3.3% 1.6% 4.4% 2.8% 6.5% 3.0% 2.7% 3.9% 0.2%

Muslim Influence Factor 6.7 3.6 3.1 2.3 1.9 1.9 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.1 Est. > 5

Note: The seats of Blaxland and Watson have Muslim Influence Factors over 2.0 but are too safe for Muslims to change the sitting member there at this election. Western Sydney’s Muslim community will have the greatest opportunity to shape who their representative will be. With commentators pointing out this region as being where the election will be won or lost, it would be unwise for political leaders to ignore the Muslim vote there. In Victoria, the seat of Bruce is being contested

by a new Labor candidate who has supported Muslim events but who has a tough fight to retain the seat for his party. The seat of Wills in Victoria with over 14,000 Muslims while not on the marginal seat list will also be tightly contested with the local Greens Party Mayor of Moreland expected to poll strongly against a new Labor candidate.

In voting, Muslims are advised to ask their local candidates for their record and commitments on the following topics: a. support for new mosque developments in light of capacity constraints b. support for small business initiatives for young, innovative Muslims c. support for improved public education in their neighbourhoods (some Muslim neighbourhoods have the poorest NAPLAN results in the country) d. opposition to new legislation that limits the civil liberties of individuals e. policy on further migration and refugee intake levels f. support for legislation to combat violent xenophobia against the Muslim community With a hung parliament predicted by many pollsters, the Muslim vote will matter more than ever before in shaping the future of Australia.

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ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

Fasting the Month of Ramadan The fourth pillar of Islam is fasting. Allah prescribes daily fasting for all able, adult Muslims during the whole of the month of Ramadan, the ninth month of the lunar calendar, beginning with the sighting of the new moon. Exempted from the fast are the very old and the insane. On the physical side, fasting is from first light of dawn until sundown, abstaining from food, drink, and sexual relations. On the moral, behavioral side, one must abstain from lying, malicious gossip, quarrelling and trivial nonsense. Those who are sick, elderly, or on a journey, and women who are menstruating, pregnant, or nursing are permitted to break the fast, but must make up an equal number of days later in the year. If physically unable to do so, they must feed a needy person for each day missed. Children begin to fast (and to observe the prayers) from puberty, although many start earlier.

In addition to the fast proper, one is encouraged to read the entire Quran. In addition, special prayers, called Tarawih, are held in the mosque every night of the month, during which a whole section of the Quran (Juz’) is recited, so that by the end of the month the entire Quran has been completed. These are done in remembrance of the fact that the revelation of the Quran to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was begun during Ramadan. During the last ten days though the exact day is never known and may not even be the same every year - occurs the Night of Power (Laylat al-Qadr). To spend that night in worship is equivalent to a thousand months of worship, i.e. Allah’s reward for it is very great. On the first day of the following month, after another new moon has been sighted, a special celebration is made, called ‘Id al-Fitr. A quantity of staple food is donated to the poor (Zakat alFitr), everyone has bathed and

put on their best, preferably new, clothes, and communal prayers are held in the early morning, followed by feasting and visiting relatives and friends. There are other fast days throughout the year. Muslims are encouraged to fast six days in Shawwal, the month following Ramadan, Mondays and Thursdays, and the ninth and tenth, or tenth and eleventh of Muharram, the first month of the year. The tenth day, called Ashurah, is also a fast day for the Jews (Yom Kippur), and Allah commanded the Muslims to fast two days to distinguish themselves from the People of the Book. While fasting per se is encouraged, constant fasting, as well as monasticism, celibacy, and otherwise retreating from the real world, are condemned in Islam. Fasting on the two festival days, ‘Id al-Fitr and ‘Id al-Adha, the feast of the Hajj, is strictly forbidden. Source: www.fastramadan.com

RAMADAN MUBARAK STANDING UP FOR OUR COMMUNITIES

Senator

Richard Di Natale

Senator

Janet Rice

Adam Bandt

MP for Melbourne

Alex Bhathal Candidate for Batman

Samantha Ratnam Candidate for Wills

Respect multiculturalism and immigration.

Authorised by J. Rice, 240 Sydney Rd Coburg VIC 3058.

Sheikh Yusuf Estes


RAMADAN MESSAGE

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ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

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In the Name of Allah The Most Merciful The Most Beneficent Ramadan Kareem Dear Brothers & Sisters in Islam, Assalaamu Alaikum, I take this opportunity, on behalf of the Executive Committee and staff of Muslims Australia AFIC to wish you a blessed Ramadan. May Allah SWT accept our fasts, our prayers and good deeds. May Allah SWT also grant us health, patience and May Allah guide us to what pleases Him and shun what displeases Him. Let us make every effort to help those in need and let us lessen the load they bear, Insha’Allah. May Allah grant us the ability to reap the rewards of this auspicious month. Kul Amm Untum Bi Khair Ramadan Mubarak Assalaamu Alaikum

Hafez Kassem President Muslims Australia - AFIC

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ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

RAMADAN MUBARAK

Matthew Guy

Inga Peulich

- Leader of the Opposition - Leader of the Parliamentary Liberal Party - Member for Bulleen

- Shadow Minister for Multicultural Affairs - Scrutiny of Government - Member for South Eastern Metropolitan Region

Tel. (03) 9651 6719

www.matthewguy.com.au DATES (1)

Dates contain the most significant group of vitamins, minerals and simple sugars Abduldaem Al-Kaheel 1. The best food to break fast with Dates contain the most significant group of vitamins, minerals and simple sugars that can be easily absorbed. It also limit the feeling of hunger and improve the feeling of satiety. This is what the nutritionists advice us to do nowadays and prophet Mohammed (peace be upon him) ordered Muslims to have dates as the first food to break his fast with as it is a blessed food.

2. Dates for managing overweight Studies had proved that regular eating of dates on daily basis helps the brain to regulate hormones excretion and make the person feels satisfied and

accordingly decreases the amount of food he eats. Therefore, the date is used to manage overweight and prevent excessive weight gain. The scientists considered dates as one of the best foods to treat obesity.

3. Dates as a remedy to many diseases Scientists had confirmed that date is an ideal remedy for more than hundred diseases, among these diseases is the intestinal disorders, dates help the intestine to function effectively The richness of date in vitamins, minerals and electrolytes helps the brain in its functions and fills the shortage of these minerals and vitamins in the body which leads to the psychological stability, this means that eating pieces of dates regularly every day will positively affect the emotional or psychological situation making it more stable. Here we say all praises to Allah who has granted us this miracle food as he stated in the Holy Quran: And We have placed therein gardens of the date-palm and grapes, and We have caused springs of water to gush forth therein, (34) That they may eat of the fruit thereof, and their hands made it not. Will they not, then, give thanks? (35) (yaseen).


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Ramadan ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

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RAMADANIYAT ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

RAMADAN:

A Month Of Generosity (1) By Aisha Stacey -One of the qualities of human nature embedded in Islam is generosity. The need to be generous towards family, friends, neighbors, strangers and even enemies, is mentioned repeatedly throughout the Quran and the authentic traditions of Prophet Muhammad. There is no better time to talk about generosity than in the Islamic month of Ramadan. Well known as a month of fasting, those new to Islam have discovered that Ramadan is also a month of charity and kindness. The fasting days and prayer-filled nights soften hearts and create ripples of compassion and generosity. This month of devotion always arrives quickly, settles softly, and God’s blessings, mercy, and forgiveness descends. Ramadan’s blessings have welled into a river of generosity. “The Prophet was the most generous amongst the people, and he used to be more so in the month of Ramadan when (angel) Gabriel visited him, and Gabriel used to meet him on every night of Ramadan till the end of the month. The Prophet used to recite the Qur’an to Gabriel, and when Gabriel met him, he used to be more generous than a fast wind (which causes rain and welfare).” (Al-Bukhari, 1902) Throughout the 29/30 days of fasting, Muslims give generously. They reach into their pockets

and wallets to give to charities, and those in need, both openly, and secretly. However, charity in Islam is not only giving money. It is any act of kindness or generosity given with an open heart and a desire to please God. Charity is something as simple as a smile or as grand a gesture as building a school or a hospital; charity is also every kind or generous act in between. Muslims are encouraged to be generous at all times, however Ramadan serves as a reminder. When the worries of the world and the trials of life are overwhelming, frail human beings tend to forget that God has provided blessings too numerous to count. Ramadan reminds us that these blessings are not meant to be clutched to the chest or hoarded away. God expects us to be generous and spend out of what He has provided. God is Al Kareem, the most generous. Everything originates from Him and everything will eventually return to Him, it therefore makes sense to consider our possessions and wealth trusts. We are obligated to preserve, protect, and ultimately share whatever we have been provided with. {“Say: “Truly, my Lord enlarges the provision for whom He wills of His slaves, and also restricts it) for him, and whatsoever you spend of anything (in God’s Cause), He will replace it. And He is the Best of providers.} (34:39)

Source: www.onislam.net

Dr. Bilal Philips

Fasting in Cultural Islam In much of the Muslim world today fasting has been reduced to a mere ritual, and the month of Ramadan has become a time of celebration and festivities instead of religious contemplation and abstinence. Ramadan nights are, for many, nights of partying and enjoyment which continue until the dawn in some countries. There, the night becomes the day and the day becomes the night. In many places, the light meal which is supposed to be taken prior the dawn becomes a major three-course meal. For this reason, very few experience real hunger during the fast. And at the time of breaking the fast, another three-course meal is taken, followed by a sampling of all kinds of sweets imaginable. As a result, many Muslims complain about gaining weight during Ramadan and doctors regularly warn people about the medical consequences of overeating.

The Name Ramadan The word Ramadan comes from the noun Ramad, which refers to “the reflected heat of stones resulting from the intense heat of the sun.” When the Arabs changed the names of the months from their ancient names, they renamed them according to the seasons in which they happened to fall. The ninth month, which used to be called Natiq, fell during the summer, the time of extreme heat, which is why it was named Ramadan. [15]

Significance of Ramadan Naturally, the fact that Ramadan was in the summer has no relation to why this month was chosen by Allah as the month for fasting. Since Muslims follow the lunar calendar, the month of Ramadan will occur in all the seasons at least twice in each person’s lifetime. God clearly stated the reason for choosing this month in the Quran. He said: “Ramadan is the month in which the Quran was revealed as guidance and clarification to humankind, and a distinction between right and wrong. So, whoever from among you witnesses the month should fast it.” (2: 185) The significance of Ramadan lies in the fact that the revelation of the Quran began in that month. For this reason, Ramadan is often called the month of the Quran and Muslims try to spend much of their waking hours reading from the Holy Book throughout the month.

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RAMADANIYAT

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ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

The Islamic Council of Victoria (ICV) would like to congratulate all Muslims across the globe of the holiest month of the year, Ramadan.

The ICV City Mosque offers daily complimentary Iftar’s every night for 30 consecutive nights for all, in addition to Taraweeh prayers which commence at 7.30pm.

The ICV wishes Victorian Muslims a blessed and holy Ramadan. May Allah (The Almighty) bestow his mercy upon us all and accept all of our prayers.

The ICV send their warmest Ramadan greetings to all Victorian Muslims and the entire Muslim community all over Australia.

The Easiest part of fasting is leaving food and drink Dr Mahmoud Eid

Assistant Principal & Head of Secondary Islamic College of Melbourne (ICOM) It is well known that Ramadan has a great place in our hearts, as Allah has said about this blessed month: “Shahr Ramadan that the Quran has been revealed in has guidance to people and signs of guidance and differentiates” (Baqara:185). It is also well known that fasting has many benefits that is hard to mention all. Fasting disciplines the hearts and purifies them, and it is supposed to protect from the bad manners that ruin

the hearts. Fasting also teaches us patience and control over our desires. So, what a blessed month it is that reminds us of people who have it hard in this life, poor, weak, widows and orphans. What a nice feeling to have mercy on the poor and pity them with what Allah has blessed us with, because the people with mercy on this earth will be given mercy by who is in the heavens. And let’s remember what Allah has said: “And those who have in their money a calculated right, for the needy and the poor”.

And what an awesome feeling, when all the Muslim Ummah unite to fast and make Duaa to Allah for his mercy and forgiveness regardless of their different colours, genders, races, backgrounds, cultures and languages. Everyone will be saying the same words facing the king of kings “Oh Allah you are a forgiver that loves forgiveness, so forgive us oh Allah”. And for the reward to be valid for us for fasting, we need to realise that the easiest part of fasting is leaving food and drink. So if Allah has made

May this Ramadan bring you and your family peace and happiness.

Best Wishes,

Jing

May your lives be rekindled with light and love all year long.

The Honourable Jing Lee, MLC - Member of Parliament in the Legislative Council (08) 8237 9408 www.jinglee.com.au

unlawful for us eating and drinking in the days of Ramadan while it was permitted originally, then it would be more unlawful committing things that are originally unlawful: - It’s strange when someone fasts the whole month but break his/ her fast on unlawful things, and demolish his/her modesty by watching inappropriate movies or pornography. - It’s also strange when someone fasts Ramadan but his mouth is always swearing, backbiting, lying and lie-witnessing to satisfy people. It was narrated that the prophet pbuh said “whoever doesn’t leave saying false things and working by that, Allah doesn’t need him/her to stop eating and drinking”. It was also narrated that he said “There is a person fasting the only thing he/ she will get out of their fasting is their hunger and thirst, and a person praying at night the only thing he/she will get out of their prayer is staying up night ”. - It’s also strange when someone fasts the month but always conspire against the servants of Allah to put them in trouble especially if he/she was their manager. - It’s also strange when someone fasts the month but then belittles others and their work because of jealousy and grudges. - It’s also strange when someone fasts the month but then prevent people their food and sustenance. - It’s also strange when someone fasts the month but then fabricates mistakes and stick them to others

oppressively. - It’s also strange when someone fasts the month but then steal other people’s ideas and relate them to him/herself oppressively. - It’s also strange when someone fasts the month but always lie, cheat, betray and misguide others. - It’s also strange when someone fasts the month but eardrops and allows him/herself to take other people’s belongings with weak excuses. - It’s also strange when someone fasts the month but gets help from evil people against the people working with him/her or under him/ her in work without putting any care to their families and lives. - It’s also strange when someone fasts the month but insight hatred and grudges between people for purposes of retaining power and authority. It is strange that all those people who fast from the permitted food and drink but then commit all these sins and unlawful matters. It is time that we realise that the easiest part of fasting is leaving food and drink, and that to gain the reward of fasting we need to purify our hearts and our souls. It was narrated by the past righteous that they were asking Allah 6 months before Ramadan to make them reach Ramadan, and six months after to make their Ramadan accepted. So how are we compared to them? Oh Allah you are a forgiver who loves forgiveness, so forgive us oh Allah.


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RAMADAN MESSAGE ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

Wisdom Behind Fasting

The Purpose of Fasting

Firstly: we must note that one of the names of Allah is al-Hakim (the Most Wise). The word Hakim is derived from the same root as hukm (ruling) and hikmah (wisdom). Allah alone is the One Who issues rulings, and His rulings are the most wise and perfect. Secondly: Allah does not prescribe any ruling but there is great wisdom behind it, which we may understand, or our minds may not be guided to understand it. We may know some of it but a great deal is hidden from us. Thirdly: Allah has mentioned the reason and wisdom behind His enjoining of fasting upon us, as He says (interpretation of the meaning): O you who believe! Observing As-Sawm (the fasting) is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may become Al-Muttaqun (the pious) [Noble Quran 2:183] Fasting is a means of attaining taqwa (piety, being conscious of Allah), and taqwa means doing that which Allah has enjoined and avoiding that which He has forbidden. Fasting is one of the greatest means of helping a person to fulfill the commands of Islam. The scholars have mentioned some of the reasons why fasting is prescribed, all of which are characteristics of taqwa, but there is nothing wrong with quoting them here, to draw the attention of fasting people to them and make them keen to attain them. Source: www.fastramadan.com

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RAMADAN MESSAGE

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ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

Best wishes to the Muslim community throughout Victoria for the month of Ramadan, a time of reflection, renewal and celebration with family and friends.

Ramadan Mubarak

The Hon Bruce Atkinson MLC

• • • •

Premier Of New South Wales Minister for Western Sydney

RAMADAN

Member for Eastern Metropolitan Region President of the Legislative Council

153-155 Springvale Road, Nunawading 3131 Tel: 9877 7188 • Fax: 9877 7199 Email: bruce.atkinson@parliament.vic.gov.au Web: www.bruceatkinson.com.au

It is my pleasure to send greetings to communities across Sydney and New South Wales as you begin the Muslim holy month of Ramadan. This special time allows people to reflect on their faith by practising fasting, abstinence and acts of charity and I have a deep respect and appreciation for everyone embarking on this month-long journey. During the month, many of you will share Iftar meals with people of other religions, promoting understanding, mutual respect and social harmony. I will host an Iftar dinner of my own and I hope to go to others over the coming weeks. The NSW Government is proud of the many contributions made to our economic, cultural and sporting sectors by Australian Muslims. My deep respect and appreciation is there for everyone embarking on this monthlong journey. I wish everyone a peaceful and blessed Ramadan.

MIKE BAIRD MP Premier This advertisement is funded from Parliament’s Electorate Office and Communications Budget.

RAMADAN ( 2 ) How can nonMuslim co-workers and friends help someone who is fasting? A: Employers, co-workers and teachers can help by understanding the significance of Ramadan and by showing a willingness to make minor allowances for its physical demands. Special consideration can be given to such things as requests for vacation time, the need for flexible early morning or evening work schedules and lighter homework assignments.

Try to avoid the following for your Muslim colleagues:

of water and dates. Main meal to follow after dusk prayers. Reading the entire Qur’an during Ramadan Acts of charity Offering additional prayers early morning and at night in the home or in a congregation at the mosque Social visits are encouraged, especially visiting the sick and elderly.

I am travelling (to and from) or working in a Muslim Country – what should I know?

What are some of the traditional practices of Ramadan?

You should note the following things: Holiday traffic jams (to Muslim countries) begin a week before the end of Ramadan and three days following Eid. Traffic jams are common before Iftar – beware of being grid-locked. Congestion occurs on flights to Saudi Arabia especially during the 2nd half of Ramadan – people visiting Mecca. Working hours in some countries may be reduced, and finish earlier during Ramadan – so plan accordingly. Restaurants may be booked out around Iftar – so plan ahead. Some food outlets may be closed during the day – however many shops/markets etc will be open to late – way past midnight – enjoy the festivities.

Breaking the daily fast with a drink

What is Eid-ul-Fitr

meetings which include lunch; meetings extending past 5pm; and departments parties (or social events) during Ramadan. It is also very important that Muslim workers and students be given time to attend Eid-ul-Fitr prayers at the end of Ramadan. Eid-ul-Fitr is the day of rejoicing for Muslims to mark the end of the fasting month. It is as important to Muslims as Christmas and Yom Kippur are to Christians and Jews. If invited to share in Iftar (or the breaking of the fast), try to make it…it will be fun!

This is the feast marking the end of Ramadan. Muslims are obliged to pay a prescribed amount of money to assist the poor and disadvantaged (called Zakat-ul-Fitr). Muslims observe the following: Attend Eid prayers in the morning Visiting family, friends, neighbors, the sick, elderly Enjoying festive meals Modest gift-giving especially to children Ramadan Buzzwords Iftar: The traditional sundown meal that breaks the Ramadan fast observed by Muslims around the world this month. The event begins with a call to the maghreb (evening) prayers by a local imam, followed by a prayer. Ramadan Mubarak: Arabic for “May your Ramadan be blessed.” Some may say “Ramadan Kareem.”

Sahoor: The meal one eats in the early hours of the morning before starting one’s fast.

Eid Mubarak: A greeting

pronounced (eed- moobar- ak), meaning “May you have a blessed Eid”

Source: www.icv.org.au

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ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

Among the reasons behind fasting (1)

* Fasting is a means that makes us appreciate and give thanks for pleasures. For fasting means giving up eating, drinking and intercourse, which are among the greatest pleasures. By giving them up for a short time, we begin to appreciate their value. Because the blessings of Allah are not recognized, but when you abstain from them, you begin to recognize them, so this motivates you to be grateful for them. * Fasting is a means of giving up haram things, because if a person can give up halal things in order to please Allah and for fear of His painful torment, then he will be more likely to refrain from haram things. So fasting is a means of avoiding the things that Allah has forbidden. * Fasting enables us to control our desires, because when a person is full his desires grow, but if he is hungry then his desire becomes weak. Hence the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: O young men! Whoever among you can afford to get married, let him do so, for it is more effective in lowering the gaze and protecting one’s chastity. Whoever cannot do that, let him fast, for it will be a shield for him. * Fasting makes us feel compassion and empathy towards the poor, because when the fasting person tastes the pain of hunger for a while, he remembers those who are in this situation all the time, so he will hasten to do acts of kindness to them and show compassion towards them. So fasting is a means of feeling empathy with the poor. * Fasting humiliates and weakens the Shaytan; it weakens the effects of his whispers (waswaas) on a person and reduces his sins. That is because the Shaytan “flows through the son of Adam like blood as the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said, but fasting narrows the passages through which the Shaytan flows, so his influence grows less. www.fastramadan.com

Chief Commissioner Graham Ashton AM Ramadan Mubarak. Salaam wa alaikum – peace be upon you. On behalf of Victoria Police I would like to extend my warmest wishes for a blessed and joyous Ramadan. Ramadan is a time of reflection and peace and it is also a wonderful opportunity for police to break fast and strengthen our relationship with the Islamic community at the many Iftar dinners and Eid events that we are invited to participate in. I am approaching on my first year as Chief Commissioner in which the first official event I hosted was the Victoria Police Iftar dinner in 2015. I had the pleasure of sharing a meal with leaders from the Islamic community and our own Police Officers, Public Servants and Protective Service Officers of Muslim faith. I am looking forward to hosting this year’s Victoria Police Iftar Dinner, which proudly will be our 12th such event. Victoria Police sees our relationship with the Islamic community and all our faith communities as one of mutual trust and respect. We value all our faith communities and are committed to ensuring people feel safe and secure in the community and in practicing their faith, pursuing their values, beliefs and interests. I would like to thank and acknowledge the contribution that the Islamic community and its leadership makes in creating strong relationships with Victoria Police and the wider Victorian community. Victoria Police extends many happy Ramadans in the future, InshAllah.

Chief Commissioner Graham Ashton AM


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RAMADAN MESSAGE ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

RAMADAN An Introduction

Ramadan, the ninth month in the Muslim calendar, is a special time for the Muslim community. As a most blessed month, it is a time for reflection, prayer and renewal of faith. Muslims worldwide fast from dawn to sunset, abstaining totally from food, drink, smoking and other sensual pleasures to complete one of the five pillars of Islam and to achieve greater selfdiscipline, self-purification, and compassion for those less fortunate.

What is Ramadan?

Ramadan is the fourth pillar of Islam, which every Muslim must endeavor to observe or fulfill. The others pillars are: * Shahadah – declaration of faith; * Salat – the five daily prayes; * Zakat – Purification of wealth by the charitable donation of 2.5% of annual savings; * Hajj – Pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, obligatory once in a lifetime for those who are physically and financially able.

How did the fast during Ramadan become obligatory for Muslims? The revelations from God to Prophet Muhammad that would eventually be compiled as the Qur’an began during Ramadan in the year 610 A.D., but the fast of Ramadan did not become a religious obligation for Muslims until the year 624 A.D. The

obligation to fast is explained in the second chapter of the Qur’an: “O ye who believe! Fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you, that ye may (learn) selfrestraint...Ramadan is the (month) in which was sent down the Qur’an, as a guide to mankind, also clear (Signs) for guidance and judgment (between right and wrong). So every one of you who is present (at his home) during that month should spend it in fasting...” (2: 183 & 185)

Q: Why does Ramadan begin on a different day each year? A: Because Ramadan is a lunar month, it begins about eleven days earlier each year. Throughout a Muslim’s lifetime, Ramadan will fall both during winter months, when the days are short, and summer months, when the days are long and the fast is more challenging. In this way, the fast is evenly distributed between Muslims living in the northern and southern hemispheres. In Australia, the Australian National Imams Council is the peak religious body which decides the start and end of Ramadan for Australian Muslims.

What do Muslims believe they gain from fasting? Compassion – When one does not eat or drink at all during the day, you feel in your body what the poor and hungry go through.Thus social responsibility is introduced into one’s conscience through religious acts. Renewed focus on spirituality –During Ramadan, Muslims are encouraged to engage their time in reading the Qur’an and offering extra prayers at night. Character building – In the state of fasting, anti social habits are forbidden. E.g. backbiting, indulging in foul speech, telling of lies, losing

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one’s temper, etc. Perhaps the greatest practical benefit is the annual lesson in self-restraint, patience and discipline that can carry forward to other aspects of a Muslim’s life such as work and education. Abstention from food is only one step to make a man realise that if he can, in obedience to Divine injunctions, abstain from that which is otherwise lawful, how more necessary it is that he should abstain from that which is evil and temptation. Social interaction Muslims are encouraged to share their food with family, friends and neighbors during the time they break their fast.

Is not eating and drinking all day for 15 hours or more during summer harmful to the body? According to health studies, fasting is practically the most powerful of all remedial measures. It enables one to get rid of toxins, which may have accumulated within the body; it purifies the blood stream and renovates the entire system. While purifying and cleansing the body, fasting, at the same time, adds to the actual vital strength of the body, by removing toxic material which can weaken the nerves of the body and the cells of the various organs. Does a person’ s strength reduce due to not eating or drinking in the day? A: Missing a few meals is not the same as starvation. In the study of the body and its needs and of foods and their purpose, scientists have since long proved that food energy is not immediately available, that some of this is stored in and upon the body as and when needed at a later time.

Source: www.icv.org.au


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RAMADAN MESSAGE

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ALWASAT ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016 ‫ هـ ¿ حزيران‬1437 ‫ ¿ رمضان‬67 ‫الوسط ¿ العدد‬

PRIME MINISTER

MESSAGE FROM THE PRIME MINISTER

RAMADAN 2016 For Australian Muslims, Ramadan is a holy month as well as a time of both personal reflection and renewal. I respect your commitment to faith and encourage you as you fast, and engage in self-reflection and acts of service. At this time I also hope that you will choose to enjoy Iftar, not only with family and friends, but with neighbours unfamiliar with Islamic traditions. The practice of sharing meals establishes links across cultural communities and builds bonds of understanding. In Australia, we respect each other’s right to freedom of speech, thought and religion. That right, and principles of democracy and law, bind us together into what I believe to be the most successful multicultural society in the world. In that spirit, I wish you Ramadan Mubarak.

The Hon Malcolm Turnbull MP Prime Minister of Australia

Statement on Current

Australian Iraqi Muslim Society (AIMS)

Fallujah crisis

Again and again the human catastrophe in Iraq never ends. We were hopeful as many other peace loving people around the world that the suffering and hardship of Falluja people and many other cities and townships will come to end when they will be freed and be able to live in peace and away from the starvation, death and insecurity on the hand of ISIL. However the news has come up with shocking scenes of mass bombing, militia watching to commit yet another massacres similar to the one committed in Tikrit, Diyala and whenever they had the chance to implement their cruel, violent and anti-human ideology of revenge. What makes it even more worrying that these atrocities are happening in the presence of what supposed to be the Iraqi army and the air surveillance of allied air force. Australian Iraqi Muslims Society (AIMS) as social and cultural society is deeply

concerned that the horrible crimes will repeat itself on the hand of these dirty militia and the innocent citizen will be quote between the cruel crimes of the militia and the terror of

ISIL for no justification except that they live in the area of conflict. We call on all the parties starting with the Iraqi government to be up to it’s

commitment towards all the citizens of Iraq, stop the militia from their sadistic inhuman behavior and do all in it’s capacity to fulfil the requirements for the families

which can make their way to the area under government’s control, handle them in civilized way away from mass punishment, out of law arrest and torture.

We condemn with the strongest words those statements, mass accusation made by some militia leaders, war lords of all the citizen of the war zone and calling for extinction of all of them. We also condemn the Iranian interference in the internal affairs of Iraq in biased and colonial intend which will certainly do nothing but worsening the sectarian division and be the best recipe for further violence. As Australian of Iraqi background we call on Australian government to take these in consideration and do all in it’s capacity to stop the cruelty of sectarian militia. Australians are proud of the constructive, peace contributing role of Australia globally including Iraq, but we are equally concerned if our country and army fight the same battle with those militia, with well known history in crimes, sick ideology and all their links to other criminal and terrorist organizations. We also call on all the nongovernment organization to do their best in alleviating the calamities and the harsh living conditions of all displaced families and supply the basics of decent life.


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Ramadan: a month of generosity

ARABIC & ENGLISH NEWSPAPER ¿ Issue 67 ¿ Ramadan 1437 ¿ June 2016

Muslim community mourns one of its best 105

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Islam Comes to the Seas North of Australia

RAMADAN MUBARAK

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www.islamicmuseum.org.au

NSW CFN17891 VIC 12875 SA CCP2001

1300 915 171

Together, reviving the spirit of giving this Ramadan. ‫ نحيى روح العطاء فى رمضان‬...‫معًا‬ Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said: “The most beloved of people to Allah is the one who brings most benefit to people...” Feed The Fasting

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per meal

Zakat Al Maal

Eid Gift & Clothing

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Income Generation

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Build a Water Well

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Daily Bread Dist.

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Change a life this Ramadan. Donate today. Visit www.hai.org.au or Call 1300 760 155 Please do not throw the newspaper on the ground because it contains religious references

Profile for Al Wasat Magazine

June 2016  

Ramadan Edition

June 2016  

Ramadan Edition