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VOLUME 17 | ISSUE 4 2014

Covering Oil, Gas and Hydrocarbon Processing

Full speed ahead for Qatar Petroleum

UK £10, USA $16.50

 Oman sets its sights on meeting tight gas demands  The latest in oilfield chemicals solutions  Replicating the shale gas success of North America  CGG reveals regional expansion plans  How new technology is transforming the maritime sector  Ensuring well integrity

"All businesses have intelligence worth protecting. In fact, the shape and size of the company’s future is determined by its know-how, ideas and operations, and its ability to protect." Pierre Leretz, President of ABB Process Automation for the IMEA region See page 40

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Serving the regional oil & gas sector since 1997


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 Editor’s note THE PAST FEW weeks have seen a series of ups and downs for the Middle East's oil and gas industry. Oil futures prices for Brent recently rose above US$112 a barrel – the highest level this year – due to continued supply outages in Libya and the situation in Iraq. There remains positive news, however, with the global demand for oil forecast to rise by 1.3 mb/d in 2014 to 92.8 mb/d, according to the IEA. The future of shale gas also provides a reprieve to much of the MENA region, and in this issue we consider the region's shale supplies and its potential to replicate North American achievements. We also examine Qatar Petroleum's success in maintaining its position as one of the region's leading energy suppliers. Finally, we would like to wish Ramadan Kareem to all of our readers.

Serving the world of business

Group Editor: Ben Watts Editorial and Design team: Bob Adams, Prashant AP Hiriyti Bairu, Sindhuja Balaji, Lizzie Carroll, Andrew Croft Ranganath GS, Rhonita Patnaik, Louise Quick, Ian Roullier Zsa Tebbit and Nicky Valsamakis Publisher: Nick Fordham

Advertising Sales Director: Pallavi Pandey Magazine Sales Manager: Camilla Capece  +971 4 448 9260  +971 4 448 9261  camilla.capece@alaincharles.com International Representatives China

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India

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Nigeria

Bola Olowo  (234) 8034349299  bola.olowo@alaincharles.com

South Africa Annabel Marx  (27) 218519017  (27) 46 624 5931  annabel.marx@alaincharles.com UK

Steve Thomas  (44) 20 7834 7676  (44) 20 79730076  stephen.thomas@alaincharles.com

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Michael Tomashefsky  (1) 203 226 2882  (1) 203 226 7447  michael.tomashefsky@alaincharles.com

Head Office: Alain Charles Publishing Ltd University House, 11-13 Lower Grosvenor Place, London SW1W 0EX, United Kingdom  +44 (0) 20 7834 7676  +44 (0) 20 7973 0076 Middle East Regional Office: Alain Charles Middle East FZ-LLC Office 215, Loft 2A, P.O. Box 502207, Dubai Media City, UAE  +971 4 448 9260,  +971 4 448 9261 Production: Nathanielle Kumar, Donatella Moranelli, Nick Salt and Sophia White  production@alaincharles.com Subscriptions:  circulation@alaincharles.com

Contents

Columns

Petrochemicals & Refining

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Oilfield Chemicals Recent studies explore the importance of getting the most from the industry’s increasingly scarce resources.

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News

Executives’ Calendar

Analysis 6

Egypt With Egypt expecting a summer of power blackouts, how does it plan to fuel its energy sector while maintaining political stability?

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Shale Gas A look at whether the MENA region could ever replicate the US shale gas revolution.

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Technology 40

Aqualis Aqualis Offshore discusses its Middle East business operations since opening offices in key oil and gas hubs.

Cyber Security Pierre Leretz, ABB Process Automation’s President for IMEA region, discusses how the Gulf countries are increasingly prioritising cyber security.

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Qatar Petroleum Review The activities of Qatar Petroleum have led Qatar to claim a reputation as a reliable energy provider.

Artificial Lift Artificial lift has always been the key to increased flow of crude, but could automated control be the best way of maintaining reservoir pressure?

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Well Maintenence David Harper, Omega Completion Technology’s senior design engineer, highlights new technology to enhance well maintenance.

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Data Management A look at how developments in technology could lead to faster meter calibration and decreased downtime.

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Marine Transportation As new advanced technology is introduced into the market, the Middle East’s maritime transport industry is booming.

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Instrumentation A study of the principles behind adequate instrumentation and how to ensure effective energy production and processing.

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Innovations A round-up of the latest product advancements in oil and gas.

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Rig Count/Project Databank

CGG CGG’s subsurface imaging manager for the Middle East and Cairo Scope talks about growing business in the region and future plans for expansion.

Exploration & Production 25

News

Chairman: Derek Fordham Printed by: Emirates Printing Press

Interview

© Oil Review Middle East ISSN: 1464-9314

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Executive Strategy Jens Winkelmann, Endress+Hauser’s new UAE managing director, discusses his business plans for the region after opening the new Dubai subsidiary.

Gas 31

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www.oilreview.me email: oil@alaincharles.com

Oman Output from BP’s tight gas fields is set to supply several new industrial hubs. Qatar Qatargas reaffirms its commitment to Europe as a destination for LNG.

Arabic 4

News

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Qatar LNG Issue 4 2014

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 CALENDAR 2014

Executives’ Calendar 2014 JUNE 2014 16-18

Iraq Petroleum

LONDON

www.cwciraqpetroleum.com

18-19

IADC World Drilling Conference

VIENNA

www.iadc.org

AUGUST 2014 12-14

Deepwater Intervention Forum

GALVERSTON

www.deepwaterintervention.com

25-28

ONS 2014

STAVANGER

www.ons.no

SEPTEMBER 2014 1-4

Erbil Oil & Gas Exhibition

ERBIL

www.erbiloilgas.com

6-9

Cairo Energy

CAIRO

www.cairoenergy.com

16-18

Plastics & Petrochem Arabia

DAMMAM

plaschem.4p-arabia.com

30-3 Oct

KIOGE 2014

ALMATY

www.kioge.kz

OCTOBER 2014 15-16

Iraq International Oil & Gas Expo

BAGHDAD

www.ifpiraq.com

16-20

World Fiscal Systems for Oil & Gas

DUBAI

www.cwcschool.com

19-21

Ethylene Middle East Technology

MANAMA

www.ethylene-me.com

26-28

Negotiation in Oil & Gas

DOHA

www.cwcschool.com

28-29

Offshore Energy

AMSTERDAM

www.offshore-energy.biz

NOVEMBER 2014 10-12

ADIPEC

ABU DHABI

www.adipec.com

12-13

FPSO Vessel Summit

HOUSTON

www.wplgroup.com

24-26

SAOGE

DAMMAM

www.saoge.org

DECEMBER 2014 2-5

Offshore Southeast Asia

SINGAPORE

www.osea-asia.com

4-7

Basra Oil & Gas

BASRA

www.basraoilgas.com

Readers should verify dates and location with sponsoring organisations, as this information is sometimes subject to change.

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 Analysis

Fuelling the future of

Egypt’s energy sector Egypt is increasingly indebted to its neighbours for the fuel it needs to run its economy following years of political unrest. But with the looming threat of expected power blackouts, how does it plan to ensure energy sector stability? T WAS RECENTLY revealed that Egypt is on track to spend approximately EGP70bn (US$9.8bn) more than budget on its energy subsidies for the fiscal year ending 30 June 2014. Acting prime minister Ibrahim Mahlab told the media that Egypt’s total expenditure on subsidies this year would reach EGP170bn (US$23.8bn). On top of that Tarek El Molla, chairman of state-run oil company Egyptian General Petroleum Corp (EGPC), reported that the North African country owes considerable sums to several major foreign oil companies, including BP and BG Group. It has been estimated that its debt to foreign oil companies had reached US$5.9bn by April this year. Despite all this expenditure, Egypt has come to rely on the large fuel donations flooding in from neighbouring Arab nations. Since Mohamed Morsi was removed from power – a move supported by many in the Gulf who viewed Morsi and his support for the Muslim Brotherhood as a security threat – Egypt has benefited from fuel contributions from countries such as Saudi Arabia, the UAE, and Kuwait. According to El Molla, Saudi Arabia’s donations to Egypt will reach more than US$3bn equivalent this year. Having already shipped across a donation of diesel, fuel oil, and gasoline valued at US$650mn in April, the Kingdom is set to do the same again each month through to August. In spite of this, Egyptian officials still expect numerous power blackouts over the summer when energy consumption is at its highest. In an attempt to keep a power crisis at bay, Egypt launched a tender last month to import petroleum products in the third quarter of 2014. It is looking to import more than 650,000 mt of diesel and 120,000 mt of petrol over the summer months, according to an EGPC energy official. Considering that the Arab state has some of the lowest energy prices in the world, one solution could be to increase the price of fuel. Not only would this take steps towards digging itself out of its debt but, assuming the Egyptian people see the rising cost as a deterrent, it could help curb fuel consumption. However in a country where street protests have succeeded in ejecting two presidents in the last three years, it comes as little surprise that the current government, of which former army chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi has taken over presidency following the recent elections, does not want to risk upsetting its electorate. On the other hand power cuts and long queues at petrol stations caused by a lack of fuel are not a sure-fire way to ensure the support of Egypt’s estimated 82mn people. So what measures is Egypt adopting to keep itself on the path towards political and economic stability? One of the government’s solutions is to curb energy consumption by tackling people’s attitude towards energy usage itself. The Egyptian Initiative for Energy Conservation (EIEC) announced last month the launch of a new campaign, Betma32ol, which aims to decrease

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Egypt has launched a tender looking to import more than 650,000 mt of diesel and 120,000 mt of petrol (Image source: vagabondblogger) electricity consumption in households as well as commercial and industrial sectors by 20 per cent over the summer. It would be a significant decrease, but considering that the awareness campaign plans to achieve this goal through a series of informative adverts, and does not include any legal mandates, it does raise questions on how successful the campaign will actually be. At a recent EIEC press conference, minister of electricity Mohamed Hamed Shaker highlighted another government initiative, which is to reduce the country’s reliance on fossil fuels by investing in renewable energy. This comes after the former minister of electricity Ahmed Emam claimed earlier this year that the government aimed to produce 20 per cent of Egypt’s energy utilising new and renewable sources by 2020. A couple of months later a government official revealed plans to invest an alleged US$1bn in solar energy projects, although few details were revealed on how and over what time this would be distributed. In a similar attempt to diversify its energy resources and reduce its reliance of traditional fuels, Egypt is evidently investing in the production of natural gas. Egypt plans to boost its production of natural gas by 400-500mn cubic feet per day (CFD) by the end of the year, as well as begin importing liquefied natural gas (LNG) by September, according to an announcement from minister of petroleum Sherif Ismail. Additionally the Daily News Egypt reported in June 2014 that Ismail had made it known that new gas wells would be introduced for the first quarter of the new fiscal year; the production of which he claims will help reduce power outages. Encouraging domestic gas production will have the double financial benefit of not only fuelling the country’s energy needs, but also reducing its rate of imports. Despite the government’s efforts to use alternative energy sources and reduce national fuel consumption, the Egyptian people must accept that power outages will feature in parts of the country in the coming months. In the long-term, however, the efforts are evidence that the Egyptian government, as well as the governments of neighbouring countries, recognise maintaining a healthy energy sector is vital. ■


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 Analysis

Shale gas in the Middle East

and North Africa Can the MENA region replicate the US shale gas revolution? This is the question being asked by governments and state owned oil and gas companies and is the subject of a new report written by Nicholas Newman. ICHOLAS NEWMAN’S RECENT report The New Shale Gas Countries: The Prospects For Shale Gas Outside North America, published by Penn Energy, examines the US Energy Information Administration's (EIA) top 13 potential shale countries. The potential countries have been selected based on the size of their estimated technically recoverable shale gas assets including, most notably, Algeria and Libya for their shale heritage and prospects. In profile, the region’s countries present a mixed picture both in terms of the size of their technically recoverable shale assets as well as interest, and ability, in exploring and developing their shale reserves. For example, Algeria, with

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more than 70 per cent of the region’s shale reserves, is forecast to become the dominant player in the region given that the size of the Middle East’s shale reserves are confidential. Libya’s current preoccupation with civil unrest and the security situation has placed interest in its shale reserves on hold whilst in Turkey, Ankara’s new business friendly regulations are making it the key destination for potential investors in shale gas.

According to the 2013 US EIA report’s estimates, North African countries possess over 1,000 trillion cubic feet (TCF) of technically recoverable shale gas. Algeria is currently the region’s leader with 707 TCF and is ranked fourth in the world after North America with 1,161 TCF, China with 1,115 TCF and Argentina with 802 TCF of estimated shale gas reserves. For details of the location of MENA's shale gas reserves see Figure 1.

Prerequisites

Political and public acceptance of fracking is increasingly important

It is becoming increasingly clear from both North America’s pioneering experience as well as current exploration and development efforts in Argentina, Australia, China and Poland that there are a number of vital

Shale Gas 800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 Algeria

Libya

Egypt’s

Turkey

Tunisia

Morocco

Figure 1: Middle Eastern and North African countries' technically recoverable gas (Source: US Energy Information Agency, 2013)

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Jordan


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ďƒ¨ Analysis

prerequisites for the successful exploration and development of shale reserves. These include, first and foremost, having the right geology. Then there are a mix of factors including commerciality; the presence of risktaking oil and gas exploration and development companies; on the ground field service companies; favourable access to land terms; financial ability and good infrastructure along with water availability. Increasingly important in today’s world is political and public acceptance of the controversial technology of hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling. Having the right sort of petrochemical geology is vital. Algeria, for instance, has plenty of the right rocks, located mostly in its Saharan Desert Silurian and Devonian shale formations, which are similar to North America's prolific Haynesville and to a lesser extent, Barnett Shale. Then there is the question of commerciality, namely sizeable discoveries which can be economically exploited and marketed to an accessible, sizeable and growing market. Algeria, Libya, Tunisia and Morocco, as can be seen from Map 1, enjoy direct subsea gas pipeline access to profitable European markets for their prospective shale gas developments as well as growing local

market demand. In contrast, whilst neither Egypt nor Jordan enjoy direct pipeline access to European markets, Egypt has a well-developed LNG export operation for its conventional gas exports to Europe. Shale gas will serve to supply growing domestic industry and household demand in energyhungry Turkey and cut its import bill.

Government control In countries where shale gas is destined for local markets, government control of prices remains a serious obstacle to would-be explorers and developers. It has been common practice for MENA region governments, including Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, Qatar, the UAE, Oman, Saudi Arabia and Yemen, to depress domestic market oil and gas prices through subsidies and to limit prices charged by energy companies. In Egypt, government gas subsidies are costly, amounting to 7.3 per cent of GDP, whilst gas exports can be five times more profitable than selling domestically. Unless shale gas production costs are expected to come in below the prevailing subsidised domestic fuel price it is unlikely that companies will take on the risk of exploration and development in order to

Map 1: Regional gas pipeline network. (Source: Subsea World News)

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meet local market demand. Meanwhile governments, with constrained budgets, will be unlikely to help finance shale development. In essence, the MENA region's prospective shale gas explorers and developers will need the security of access to lucrative markets such as Europe, where demand for non-Russian gas is expected to explode in coming years following events in Ukraine and the recent 30-year gas deal between Russia and China as well as Asia. A further consideration for MENA's prospective shale gas exploration and development is the need for an established field service presence and the availability of suitable drilling rigs and crews. Whilst the traditional oil and gas producing countries such as Algeria and Libya have well established field services, Jordan and Tunisia will have to attract foreign contractors such as Halliburton, Schlumburger, Saipem, Transocean and Baker Hughes. Drilling for shale gas requires high-powered land drilling rigs, for which competition from the Gulf states as well as the new shale gas countries such as Argentina, Australia and Poland is strong. It is anticipated that there will be a worldwide shortage of suitable drilling rigs and crews in the coming years and countries with political, social and economic unrest such as


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Analysis 

Syria and Libya will prove the least attractive to rig owners and crews.

Politics and priorities There is also the question of politics and national priorities. The Arab Spring has brought political, economic and investment risk to the fore. Energy nationalism depresses foreign investor interest, as seen in Algeria until recently. However, Algeria’s new energy law seeks to attract foreign interest with tax and contractual incentives for foreign countries and specific benefits for exploration and development contracts for shale oil and gas. In contrast, Morocco, with its new favourable legal, regulatory and economic framework, has attracted considerable foreign investor interest in its hydrocarbons. In addition, essential prerequisites include a well-developed road network in order to transport land rigs and equipment to drilling sites as well as pipelines to transport gas to markets. The traditional oil and gas producing countries of North Africa and Turkey as well as Middle Eastern producers are well provided with access to potential sites and to pipelines for transmitting gas production, not only to local markets but further afield.

Equally important are the terms of access to land and its ownership. A major factor in America’s success in pioneering shale gas exploration, apart from having superb geology, is that owners of land possess both surface and subsurface rights. In most other countries the government owns the subsurface rights, which are most often transferred to stateowned national oil companies who, in association with foreign companies, jointly explore and develop hydrocarbon assets. For instance, Algeria’s state-owned Sonatrach is exploring 17 shale gas concessions with foreign partners in order to reverse declines in its conventional production and accelerate exploration for shale. The public’s attitude towards shale gas development by fracking and horizontal drilling is becoming an increasingly important factor in determining whether, when and where shale gas development will take. Whilst exploration sites in distant and remote regions are thought to attract less opposition than those located near centres of population, in practice, prospective exploration, drilling and fracking in the Sahara desert has generated opposition to any development, most notably from environmental groups.

Commercial development It is unlikely that shale gas will reach commercial development in the countries of the region before 2025. Unlike North America, where shale gas exploration and development was pioneered by independent companies, in the MENA countries shale gas exploration will be conducted by state-owned oil and gas companies, often working in association with foreign oil and gas companies. Three factors will determine the rate of progress: the playing out of the pressure of rapidly rising domestic demand for gas in the face of declining conventional output; rising demand for gas from Europe as it seeks to diversify sources of gas away from Russia, and lastly, the willingness of national governments to provide a favourable legal, regulatory and fiscal framework for foreign investors and companies seeking to explore and develop shale gas. ■

To obtain a copy of New Shale Gas Countries: The Prospects For Shale Gas Outside North America report go to: http://ogjresearch.stores.yahoo.net/new-shalegas-countries.html Nicholas Newman

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ďƒ¨ Analysis

Aqualis Offshore's Middle East operation, like the other entities in the group, offers complete life cycle involvement with offshore assets

Offshore marine and engineering consultancy Aqualis Offshore opened for business in April 2013 and has established offices in key oil and gas hubs. Lynda Davies talked to Reuben Segal, director - Middle East at Aqualis Offshore about the company's Middle East operation and plans for the future.

Aqualis Offshore

carves a presence QUALIS OFFSHORE WAS established in the UK in December 2012 and immediately set about establishing offices in the world's major oil and gas hubs. Five regional entities with offices in Dubai, UAE; Houston, USA; Singapore; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; and Sandefjord, Norway, were all operational by April 2013. Two new entities followed soon after, with offices in Dammam, Saudi Arabia, and Manama, Bahrain, launched in July. Aqualis Offshore operates its Dammam and Manama offices under an agency agreement with Arabian Establishment for Trade & Shipping and Petroleum Works (AET). Further locations are continuing to be added, including an office in Abu Dhabi, which opened in February this year. Reuben Segal, Middle East director at Aqualis Offshore, said, "Our strategy was to have a global footprint from day one, hence our decision to set up offices in Dubai and Saudi Arabia. This allows us to support our clients in the Middle East and provide an immediate alternative to the established global consultancy players in the region."

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Segal, who is based in Dubai and has worked in the region for 18 years, said the timing was right for an additional player, not only in the Middle East, but globally. "We believed there was room for a new independent marine consulting company that undertakes both first-party and thirdparty work. There are a lot of marine consultancies that offer the third-party type of work, but there are relatively few that do first-party work. That holds true globally, but is very much the case in the Middle East." While there are not many offshore marine and engineering consultancies that have a global presence now, there are a number of small marine and engineering consultancy

There are a lot of marine consultancies that offer the third-party type of work, but there are relatively few that do first-party work�

companies in the Middle East, but they only operate within that region, Segal said. "There's always room for small players in individual regions," he added. "But this is a global business, and it was a key driver for Aqualis Offshore to have a global presence from day one. You can have a rig being taken off location in Saudi Arabia and it is to be put back on location in Mexico, for instance. We can take care of a project like that from our various offices around the globe."

Experienced personnel A key element of Aqualis Offshore's business strategy has been that the majority of its staff would be comprised of people with extensive offshore oil and gas experience from day one and then at a later date the company would bring in junior staff and provide them with the right quality of training going forward so they gain the same vision. Another key focus was to hire personnel with long-standing experience of the region they would be working in. "Clients are entrusting us with high-value assets and projects and they need the level


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ďƒ¨ Analysis

of comfort that they are dealing with highlyexperienced personnel," commented Segal. "None of Aqualis Offshore's regional entities have been started with staff new to that region and all the managers and directors have a long-standing history within the region they operate in. Having very knowledgeable people is a very strong selling point for us." But securing experienced staff has been one of the biggest challenges Aqualis Offshore has encountered, said Segal. "Getting good qualified master mariners and engineers that understand the oil and gas business is very difficult," he explained. "That is definitely a key challenge given the huge demand right across the oil and gas industry at the moment. There's another 15 new build jack-up rigs alone coming across to the Middle East over the next 12 months. Oil companies and operators as well as our company are all looking for experienced personnel." Nevertheless, Aqualis Offshore expects to have between 160 and 180 staff across the group by the end of this year, up from approximately 120 people at present. Within the Middle East region, Segal hopes to have around 45 permanent staff by the end of 2014 plus around seven to 10 freelance staff that can be called upon when needed. If the budget and business go to plan, he aims to raise the number of personnel in the Middle East region to around 60 by the middle of 2015.

Engineers and mariners Aqualis Offshore's Middle East operation, like the other entities in the group, offers complete life cycle involvement with offshore assets. This includes concept, FEED and basic design engineering for upgrades and modifications of jack-ups, drilling rigs, and other fixed offshore installations, rig moving, marine warranty services, dynamic positioning and construction supervision services. It also offers transportation and installation as well as due diligence services.

We have a lot of potential to grow here in the Middle East because of the tremendous amount of offshore oil and gas business� "We are a blend of experienced offshore engineers and mariners, which is key to a good consultancy that can grow from covering the life cycle. Without that combination you cannot grow successfully," said Segal. Because Aqualis Offshore is relatively new, rig-moving services are very core to the company's business at the present time. "We have between 140-150 rigs in this

Aqualis Offshore offers modifications of jack-ups, drilling rigs, and other fixed offshore installations

region that move on a regular basis and they need to use our services on a marine warranty aspect from what we call a handson aspect," Segal explained. The dynamic positioning market is another area where the company's Middle East business is starting to increase its footprint.

Key agreements Aqualis Offshore has developed a significant client base including oil companies, rig owners and operators, vessel owners, offshore contractors, underwriters and financial institutions. Since operations got fully underway in June 2013, the Middle East operation has signed up with a number of major clients under long-term master service agreements (MSA). A number of MSAs have been signed with rig operators including Nabors, Noble Drilling and Seadrill to name a few on a global basis. The company has also reached a long-term agreement with Singapore's Teras Offshore to upgrade one of the oil rigs that the company recently purchased in the Middle East. In terms of contribution to the Aqualis Offshore group, the company's Middle East operation currently accounts for around 30 per cent of total business, volume-wise, if the UK office is excluded. The company's office in London, UK, provides a head office and logistical function. "We are relatively evenly distributed right now across the various entities but we have a lot of potential to grow here in the Middle East because of the tremendous amount of offshore oil and gas business there is across the region," Segal said. Aqualis Offshore received a boost in November 2013 when it was acquired by Oslo Stock Exchange-listed Norwegian company Aqualis ASA (formerly Clavis Pharma ASA) for NOK70mn (US$11.7mn). The Clavis Pharma name changed to Aqualis ASA to reflect the company's change in direction after its shareholders approved the acquisition. Aqualis ASA also acquired Tristein AS, a Norwegian provider of marine operations for the offshore oil, gas, and wind industries, in May 2014. The financial details are undisclosed. "The combination of Aqualis Offshore and Tristein is a good match in the oil and gas sector," said David Wells, CEO of Aqualis Offshore. "Combining the competence of Tristein and Aqualis Offshore will allow us to provide an even better service offering to our customers."

Regional expansion The majority of Aqualis Offshore's work to date in the Middle East has been in the UAE and Saudi Arabia, but the company is targeting a wider presence in the region. 14

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 Analysis

"We want to strengthen our ties in the UAE and in February this year we opened an office in Abu Dhabi," Segal said. "Aqualis Offshore will also continue to strengthen its presence in Saudi Arabia and wants to continue to cement its relationship with some of the Kingdom's major oil and gas companies, not least Saudi Aramco." For the time-being, Aqualis Offshore will continue its agency agreement with AET as the relationship has been very successful, although Segal has not ruled out a directlyowned office at some point in the future with AET as its local partner. The company also wants to strengthen its presence in Bahrain, despite potential work there being limited. The primary function of the Bahrain office is to provide support for the shipyards and vessel operators in that country, he said. In terms of further regional expansion, Qatar is definitely a target market for the company, given that the country can be easily serviced from the UAE and also from Saudi Arabia. Aqualis Offshore has yet to make a decision on whether it will service any work in Qatar from its existing bases or establish an office there. Aqualis Offshore recently expanded its marine operations into the Indian west coast offshore market, which is being served from the Middle East offices. In February, staff from the Dubai office moved the company's first jack-up rig in India. The newbuild MLT 116 E 'Jindal Star' was towed from the UAE's Lamprell shipyard to an ONGC platform location offshore of west coast India. Attendance on a second Aban Offshore, India unit for an infield move was completed shortly afterwards. "For several decades the Indian rig moving market has been dominated by one of the major global players. We aim to give our clients more choice and to challenge the established players' offering," Segal said. Baku in Azerbaijan is another potential target for new business, again because of the easy access from Dubai. East Africa,

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specifically around the Tanzania-KenyaMozambique area, is another region the company is interested in ultimately getting into. Work in the latter region could be easily serviced from Dubai. In terms of service lines, the company's Middle East operation will continue to strengthen its position in the rig-moving business.

There are probably more rigs in the Middle East than any other region in the world” "Rig moving is very key to our Middle East business," Segal said. "There is a lot of potential growth in the sector. There are probably more rigs in the Middle East than any other region in the world, with between 140 and 150 rigs that move on a regular basis in this region. Saudi Arabia, the UAE and India of course are focus points for rig moving." Full-blown engineering is another sector that the Middle East operation plans to focus on and strengthen from this year. "We weren't much involved in engineering work in the early months, but we are starting now to build up both our engineering design and warranty engineering work in the Middle East," said Segal. "Aqualis Offshore made the conscious decision to bring on board senior, experienced people and to take a cautious approach to the way the company went out into the market, and build up the right client base, and that's exactly what we have done," he explained. "If we achieve what we have set out to do in our business plans, our Middle East operation has great potential for the future." ■

Many of Aqualis Offshore's target regions, such as Azerbaijan, India and East Africa, can be serviced from the company's office in Dubai

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 Analysis

Always on and up at

Qatar Petroleum

Ras Laffan Industrial City is among Qatar's most ambitious projects (Image: Stefano Campolo)

As a result of the activities of this state-run company Qatar is positioned as a safe and reliable energy provider, open to co-operation with the rest of the world. Y ANY MEASURE including gas reserves Qatar Petroleum is one of the world’s largest national energy companies. Since the 1950s it has been producing top-quality sweet crude, and later, gas from its wide range of onshore and offshore fields. Nowadays the state-run business is best known for its major participation in a number of world-leading fuel-supply operations such as those of Qatargas Operating Co and RasGas Co (LNG) and the high-tech Oryx and Pearl gas-to-liquids plants. These now market their premium fuels, lubricants and additives all around the globe. Both LNG and GTL products emerge smoothly from state-of-the-art facilities located at Ras Laffan City in the far north, close by the landing point for gas piped from the entirely offshore North Field. This is the

B

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world’s largest single reservoir of nonassociated gas, which happens to cover onehalf of the total land area of the State of Qatar itself. Sales of both categories of clean-burning product take place, like Qatar’s oil and piped gas, largely overseas. It is from gleaming facilities like these that most commercial and technical news

Qatar Petroleum continues to pursue its core objective of maximising output of traditional oil and gas products

about QP is usually obtained these days, but with relatively few new crude reserves being located in recent years, the company continues to pursue its core objective of maximising output of traditional oil and gas products from the State’s substantial number of mature fields such as onshore Dukhan. This is being achieved by a combination of redevelopment, seeking more investment from overseas partners, and advanced EOR activities. It was announced earlier this year that a sum in excess of QR40bn (US19.2bn) is now being invested in working over the existing offshore Bul Hanine field, as part of a more general upgrade programme for various mature fields in order to maintain existing production levels of conventional crude. This resulted, according to figures collated by BP, in the output of nearly 2.0 mbd of all-forms liquid fuels in 2012. Including natural gas liquids this was a commendable 6.3 per cent rise on output the year before, less than half of this in the form of the traditional product, much of which results from productionsharing and other agreements with various


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 Analysis

Qatar Petroleum has been producing top-quality sweet crude and later gas since the 1950s (Image: Stefano Campolo)

IOCs such as ExxonMobil (Dukhan), Maersk Oil (offshore Al Shaheen), Occidental (Al Rayyan) and Total (Al Khalij).

Sharing its vision The company’s currently stated ‘Vision’ is “To be a world-class oil and gas corporation, with its roots in Qatar, with a strong international presence”. On its website it lists as prominent among its principal objectives “Productive management of the state’s hydrocarbon reserves”, along with “Meeting demand for oil and gas in a cost-effective manner”. Environmental considerations always receive top priority at QP headquarters and operating locations too, such as the various 'Industrial Cities' it effectively administers, including the latest high-tech venture at Ras Laffan. QP chairman and managing director HE Dr Mohammed Bin Saleh Al-Sada, who is also Qatar’s minister of energy and industry, says, “Qatar Petroleum is proud to play a central role in helping realise that vision [the state’s ‘National Vision’] by creating a conducive environment for Qatar’s transformation into a sustainable knowledgebased economy...We are equally proud of our role towards a better future by meeting today’s economic needs while safeguarding our environment and resources for generations to come.”

Sustained success Natural resources apart, a key reason for QP’s outstanding success over so many decades is its continuing investment in and subsequent ownership of the infrastructure, including complete pipeline networks needed to handle and process hydrocarbons from so many sources, both onshore and offshore. This includes the central position of Halul Island, which functions as an oil reception, processing and export terminal for crude received from subsea fields such as Maydan Mahzam and the now expanding Bul Hanine. 20

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Another is the critical position of Mesaieed Industrial City, the location of so many of the profitable downstream facilities operated by the key subsidiary Industries Qatar, including the grandfather of them all, Qatar Fertilizer Co which was opened as an international joint venture back in 1969. Recently expanded, this is now the processing location of one of the world’s largest suppliers of anhydrous ammonia (a key industrial intermediate traded internationally in its own right) and agricultural-grade urea.

We are proud of our role of meeting today’s economic needs while safeguarding our environment and resources for generations to come” - HE Dr Mohammed Bin Saleh Al-Sada QP chairman and managing director

The recently constructed GTL plants at Ras Laffan are world ‘firsts’ in many respects, including both the technologies employed and, in the case of Pearl, the largest fully-integrated facility which produces a wide range of condensates, LPG, ethane, naphtha, lubricant base oils and premium liquid fuels. Then of course there is QP’s participation in the Dolphin undersea gas delivery pipeline which has made such a major difference to current energy security in the gas-short UAE in particular. The two LNG operating companies are renowned because of their rapid increases

in output via brand-new trains, but a major contribution is also made to both QP’s earnings and to the world’s energy security by its operation of a major full-range refinery (originally commissioned in 1958) as well as the sophisticated facilities of the subsidiary Qatar Petrochemical Co with its wide range of ethylene-based products. Details of many other subsidiaries, not all of them operating within the strict confines of the energy industries and several involving substantial international cooperation, can be found on the website. Finally there is the question of those model industrial cities that house and provide infrastructural services for all these sophisticated processing operations – the administrators of which are themselves leaders in contemporary urban planning issues. For long associated with onshore oil production, Dukhan was one of the first of these. Offshore Halul continues to serve as a key oil reception and export terminal, providing necessarily all its own utility facilities. Mesaieed Industrial City is best known of all because it is now so large and bustling and houses so many manufacturing facilities on the main peninsula, producing most of the materials needed in such a fast-growing state, including structural steel and aluminium (but not the mostly exported LNG and GTL ranges, of course). And concluding this urban review is of course the brand-new city of Ras Laffan, located an hour’s drive from the capital. Fitted out with literally the latest in just about everything, including deepsea ship repair facilities, this can proudly proclaim its developing reputation as “The LNG and GTL capital of the world”. A good phrase from the chairman and MD sums up many of the wider operations of QP overall. As he fairly concludes, “Qatar Petroleum is looking to the future with resolve and confidence.” n


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 Analysis

Building on big

business opportunities CGG’s subsurface imaging manager for the Middle East & Cairo Scope speaks to Oil Review about the company’s new centres in the Gulf, future plans for expansion, and business development since the acquisition of Fugro’s geoscience branch. RENCH-BASED CGG has provided geophysical services to clients across the global oil and gas industry for more than eight decades. Now the company, which boasts a work force of more than 9,500 people working in 70 locations worldwide, has welcomed the inauguration of new offices in both Abu Dhabi and Oman last month. Add to this the recent acquisition of the geosciences division of Fugro, as well as the company’s plans to further expand business into new areas of the Middle East, and it is clear that CGG does not plan to simply rest on its laurels.

F

Expansion CGG currently has five subsurface imaging centres across the Middle East; one each in Cairo, Abu Dhabi, and Saudi Arabia’s Al Khobar, and then two in Oman. CGG subsurface imaging manager for the Middle East & Cairo Scope Bill Henry, who has almost a decade of experience working in the Middle East, tells Oil Review how in Abu Dhabi and Muscat the company has relocated to new, larger premises from where it intends to better serve its clients. Henry said, “We’ve had a subsurface imaging centre [in Abu Dhabi] since 2001. Now we’ve moved into larger premises to allow us to expand our subsurface imaging and reservoir characterisation services as well as to offer a fully integrated approach from our business lines.” The new Abu Dhabi premises have allowed CGG to bring together staff working across four of its business lines, from acquisition and subsurface imaging, to reservoir characterization and software sales. Meanwhile in Muscat, CGG has run a centre dedicated to the state-owned PDO since 1995, CGG has expanded its ‘open centre’ from where it offers services to other Oman oil and gas operators.

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CGG subsurface imaging manager for the Middle East & Cairo Scope Bill Henry

Oman has pushed the technology harder than certain other countries in the Gulf” “Our main motivation in establishing an open centre in Muscat four years ago was that 15-20 years ago PDO was the major player,” Henry explained. “Since then other operators have been active, such as BP, Oxy, and CC Energy Development (CCED).” With plans to inject up to US$110bn into its hydrocarbon industry in the next

decade, according to an announcement by Oman’s undersecretary of the Ministry of Oil and Gas Nasser bin Khamis Al Jashmi in December, it is little wonder that Oman has become such a focus for CGG’s business development. As Henry explains, however, Oman’s approach differs considerably to many of its oil-rich neighbours, because it has to be more innovative in order to take full advantage of its natural resources. “Oman has limited reserves, and these reserves are more challenging, more difficult to find, more difficult to produce,” he commented. “I think it’s fair to say that Oman has pushed the technology harder than certain other countries in the Gulf.” For example, according to Henry, PDO was one of the first companies to carry out wide-azimuth (WAZ) surveys; a technique that addresses illumination problems inherent in traditional seismic acquisition and provides a full 3D image. “There’s a lot of room for expansion in Muscat,” Henry said when asked about the ‘open centre’. “It currently has 25 staff, but there’s room for a lot more expansion.” He added, “Over the years CGG has made a strong commitment to Oman in the form of development of local staff and the building of relationships with institutions of higher learning.” However CGG clearly has its eyes on more than just Oman and Abu Dhabi in terms of business growth and is looking to develop business in other Gulf states. “We have been acquiring seismic surveys in Saudi Arabia and Oman as well as Qatar for many years,” Henry explained. “I am pleased to say that we are now also acquiring two new acquisition seismic surveys in Abu Dhabi and Kuwait, which is a breakthrough for CGG. Clearly we are looking to expand on that.”

Fugro acquisition Acquiring Fugro’s geoscience division after closing an agreement in January 2013 has allowed CGG to offer a more comprehensive chain of services and therefore expand its centres and business more generally. Henry commented, “Since then we’ve become a much more integrated company


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 Analysis

CGG inaugurated its new Abu Dhabi centre in May 2014. From left to right: Jean-Claude Daupeyroux, UAE French Embassy Counsellor head of economic department; Mohamed Al-Otaiba, Al-Otaiba Enterprises general manager; Khalid Al-Mansouri, ADMA manager; Raoul Jacquand, CGG executive vice president for geomarkets sales & marketing. so we deal with the whole value chain, all the way from making geophysical equipment through to the interpretation of the information acquired.” “Now we’re able to offer much more in the way of reservoir characterisation and reservoir modelling.”

We’re looking at anything between 50,000 and 200,000 channels and some companies are already talking about 500,000 channels”

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Current trends The Middle East’s seismic sector is currently experiencing a push towards very high-fold land surveys, according to Henry. This in turn is putting a strain on geophysical service providers who have a greater need to keep constantly modernising and utilising up-to-date technology. “The biggest trend at the moment is the move to land broadband high-channelcount crews, point source point receiver, and high resolution. This is something that’s happening in Oman, Abu Dhabi, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, as well as Qatar,” Henry said. “This is expressed often in the number of channels; 10 years ago you might have 1000 or 10,000 channels all together,” he added. “Nowadays we’re looking at anything

between 50,000 and 200,000 channels and some companies are already talking about 500,000 channels in the near future.” This causes numerous challenges for geophysical contractors in terms of having the resources and ability to record, store, and eventually process such a massive amount of acquired land seismic data. Over its first 80 or so years CGG has grown to become a successful, globally recognised geoscience company. Considering that it is equipped with a new generation of equipment, land acquisition techniques, and processing, imaging and reservoir characterisation software, it is a fair assumption that the CGG group will have little problem overcoming future obstacles and building on its past achievements. n


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E&P 

Emerson develops integrated operations for Kuwaiti oilfield EMERSON PROCESS MANAGEMENT has helped Kuwait Oil Company (KOC) develop integrated operations for the Sabriyah oil field in north Kuwait. The integrated operations involve process automation and communication solutions to enable workers to access real-time data from the field and collaborate with others to make timely decisions, stated Emerson. Ahmed Khalid Al Jasmi, team leader for surface research and technology at KOC, said, "Emerson’s technologies have been one of the key components of this project. Their An oilfield in Kuwait advanced products and systems and their extensive experience in the oil and gas industry make Emerson one of the ideal automation partners.” Along with oil company Halliburton, Emerson instrumented 49 oil wells and upgraded the oil field's power and IT infrastructure. The automation solution included Rosemount pressure and temperature instruments, and Roxar multiphase flow metres that capture real-time wellhead data, stated Emerson officials. The project is part of KOC’s enterprise-wide Kuwait Integrated Digital Field strategy for enhancing oil production. Arif Mustafa, country manager of Emerson in Kuwait, said, “Emerson and KOC share a vision of the smart digital oilfield. With integrated operations we can bring the problems to the experts, rather than the other way around. Oil and gas producers gain the ability to collaborate and share information in real time, address issues before they become major problems, and maximise their fields’ productivity.”

Frontier interprets seismic data at Omani oil field OIL AND GAS exploration company Frontier Resources International PLC has completed the initial interpretation of the 2D seismic data in Block 38, in Oman's Rub Al Khali Basin. This interpretation has enabled the company to detect geological horizons. Block 38 covers nearly 17,425 sq km and a number of exploration targets have been identified, they include formations which contain hydrocarbons at the analog Khazzan-Makarem Field in central Oman. According to Frontier officials, this area is currently under development by BP. The company also said that there is the potential presence of an Ara formation intra-salt play on the block as seen after recent reprocessing of a test line. Looking at these findings, Frontier has decided to reprocess up to an additional 400 km of 2D seismic data over the area where this lead was identified. This update has been reviewed and approved for release by the Ministry of Oil and Gas of Oman. Frontier has also announced plans to acquire new seismic data to mature the identified leads to prospect level. Accordingly, the company is upgrading the portfolio to determine the optimal location for a 3D seismic survey too.

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E&P

Peak Well Systems opens technology centre in Dubai TOOL PROVIDER PEAK Well Systems A Hi-Ex Gauge Hanger has opened a technology by Peak Well Systems centre in Dubai to cater to a growing market in the Middle East and North Africa. Officials at Peak System said the new facility would accomodate an assembly and testing workshop for after-sales support, an inventory of rental tools and a regional team of technical sales executives and engineers for improved customer reach. Paul Emmerson, regional sales manager at Peak Well Systems, said, “The Middle East and North Africa region is currently the fastest growing market for us, which reflects the uptake our products are achieving amongst operators and service companies. With an increased presence and improved customer support, we will be able to provide an even stronger level of service to our customers.” Peak’s rental business offers customers instant access to its market leading SIM System tools for flow control and well intervention toolstring products for fishing and well servicing. Rentals have seen steady growth in the last year, stated the company.

DNO International donates US$1 million to Harvard Kennedy School in the USA NORWEGIAN OIL AND gas company DNO International has donated US$1mn to Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) in the USA, to underwrite the creation of the Middle East North Africa Graduate Fellowship Fund The company, which engages in exploration and production in the Middle East, has three employees – executive chairman Bijan Mossavar Rahmani, director of human resources Anita Aarnaes and board director Ellen Dyvik, who have graduated from HKS, stated DNO International. The fellowship would support applicants who enroll at HKS through the Edward S Mason Program – an internationally focussed academic endeavour, which allows professionals to earn a mid-career master's degree in public administration. 2,000 students have graduated from the programme since its inception in 1957, and alumni include innovators and leaders in the public, private, and non-profit sectors worldwide.

NSE Global Talent opens new office in Iraq NSE GLOBAL TALENT has opened a new office in Iraq, which would act as a business hub for oil and gas activity in the surrounding area. The manpower solutions company is expanding in the Middle East, so it can harness opportunities in Iraq, Kurdistan and Abu Dhabi. The new Erbil operation in Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI) will support contractors and key clients, added the company. Vikram Nanda, operations manager of NES Global, Kurdistan Region of Iraq is a said, KRI is one of the hottest spots globally for the oil hotspot for the oil & gas industry and gas industry. The size of the oil market has attracted many leading operators and huge amounts of investment. Currently, the majority of companies are at exploration stage and once this turns to production, the need for manpower will increase significantly.” Nanda noted that there's scope for drilling and operational services in northern Iraq and Kurdistan, with in-demand disciplines including sub-surface, project services and operations and maintenance. Neil Mellin, operations manager of NES Global Talent in Dubai, said, “Having signed the ADNOC manpower contract, we are now in a position to work on all mega projects in the emirate. Over the next six years, Abu Dhabi is looking to double its oil production to more than one million bpd with projects such as Upper Zakum, SARB, Umm Lulu and NASR and projects to increase the supply of gas in Abu Dhabi." NES Global Talent recently obtained a new trade licence in 2013, to partner with the state-owned Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC) and also procured a business registration in Oman. The company said it would add more offices to the Middle East region.

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Sohar refinery to undergo expansion OMAN REFINERIES AND Petroleum Industries (Orpic) has started work on the expansion of Sohar refinery. The expansion entails the refinery adding 82,000 barrels per day (bpd) to its existing capacity of 116,000 bpd, taking the total capacity to 198,000 bpd. The oil refinery is aiming for a 70 per cent growth in fuel production – 90 per cent for diesel, 37 per cent for gasoline, 93 per cent for kerosene and jet fuel, 91 per cent for LPG, 175 per cent for naphtha and 44 per cent for propylene, stated Orpic authorities. Musab bin Abdullah Al Mahruqi, CEO of Orpic, said, "The completion of the Sohar Refinery Improvement Project (SRIP) brings us closer to Orpic's mission and vision of ensuring the nation's fuel needs are met and that our plant’s environmental performance improves. It will ensure deeper conversion of the Omani crude barrel and extract more value.”

The project aims to improve productivity The expansion would also improve the refinery's overall efficiency and productivity by overcoming the existing technical constraints due to the change in Oman’s export blend crude quality. The aromatics and polypropylene plants will also receive increased feedstock requirements from within the Orpic Sohar complex, replacing imports, said the company. As a result, Sohar refinery will be viewed as a high capacity manufacturing plant in the region. With the current Residue Fluid Catalytic Cracker (RFCC) unit and the additional five new units such as the Hydrocracker, the refinery would be able to refine crude oil of a much greater range. The new additions will also enable the refinery to further increase utilisation of each barrel of Omani crude. Orpic added that the plant will be able to handle primary initial quantities entering its units, allowing the output of refining operations to be high-quality fuel and high-value petrochemical products, and cope with changes in crude oil too.


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E&P 

Lukoil to build Tuba-Fao pipeline to West-Qurna 2 in Iraq

Kentz awarded US$125 million EPICC contract at Qatargas LNG plant

RUSSIAN OIL COMPANY The pipeline would connect West Qurna Lukoil signed an to the nation’s largest export terminal addendum to a contract for the development and production of oil at the West Qurna-2 field. According to the new addendum, the scope of work would include the Tuba-Fao pipeline construction and changes in the procedure of the project investors' cost recovery. The Tuba-Fao Project provides for the construction of two pipelines, up to 120 km each, between the existing Tuba Tank Farm, and the Fao Tank Farm, the main export hub in Iraq located on the of the Persian Gulf coast, stated Lukoil. Vagit Alekperov, president of the Lukoil, said, “The Iraqi export system requires upgrading to accommodate growing production due to a number of licensing rounds conducted in recent years. The construction of the Tuba-Fao Pipeline will provide for a direct connection between the West Qurna-2 field and the country’s largest export terminal, creating opportunities for further production growth from the field."

ENGINEERING COMPANY KENTZ has been awarded a US$12mn contract for engineering, procurement, installation, construction and commissioning (EPICC) services at the Qatargas LNG plant. The EPICC services would be for the delivery of wastewater recycling and reduction facilities to four LNG trains, stated Kentz officials. The contract would be executed through Kentz's Engineering and Projects (E&P) business unit. At peak workforce, Kentz will be employing approximately 440 staff and field personnel, with project completion scheduled for 2016. Tush Doshi, group president, engineering and projects business unit of Kentz, said, "This contract signals the continued achievements of our E&P business in the region and reflects the outcome of a focussed strategy in one of our core markets. All three business units have experienced impressive growth across the Middle East in recent years and we have a very positive outlook across the region."

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 E&P

Petsec Energy acquires stake in Yemeni oil field AUSTRALIAN OIL AND gas exploration company Petsec Energy has acquired a 21.25 per cent stake in Block 7, Al-Barqa permit in Yemen. Block-7 is an onshore exploration permit, covering an area of 5,000 sq km, located approximately 340 km east of Yemen’s capital Sana'a. The block is operated by Australia's Oil Search Limited, and contains the AlMeashar oil discovery as well as an inventory of leads and prospects defined by 2D and 3D seismic surveys. According to the transaction, there would be a US$1mn cash consideration, which is the Petsec Energy plans to expand to the Middle East replacement of AWE's existing Letter of Credit with the Arab Bank, and working capital adjustments on completion. Completion of the transaction is subject to customary approvals from joint venture (JV) partners and the stateowned Yemen Oil and Gas Company, stated Petsec Energy. Terry Fern, chairman of Petsec Energy, said, "The signing of this agreement is the culmination of a number of years of strategic planning and marks the start of an expansion of Petsec's portfolio of assets into the Middle East. Block 7 has the potential to add significant oil reserves to the company's resource base and significant value to its shareholders too.”

Oryx Petroleum begins drilling in Iraq

OAPEC discovers more oil and gas ORGANISATIONS OF ARAB Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC)'s member states have announced that 34 new oil and 10 new natural gas discoveries were made in 2013. The most prominent oil field discovery was in Hassi Messaoud in eastern Algeria, where nearly 1.3bn barrels worth of oil were discovered. The Al-Shimal field in Qatar was the largest natural gas discovery, with reserves of 71bn cu m. OAPEC revealed that its member states began work on several key projects in 2013, including the Karan offshore project in Saudi Arabia, which is set to produce 4.2mn cu m of gas per day, and another heavy crude oil project at the Manifa refinery, in Saudi Arabia, which is expected to produce an estimated half a million barrels per day (bpd).

CANADIAN COMPANY ORYX Petroleum has begun drilling an appraisal well in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. The well is located five kilometres northwest of the Banan-1 discovery well, stated reports. Oryx Petroleum has planned to drill a depth of 3,800 metres, with drilling and testing to be completed in Q4 2014. Earlier, the company has started the fresh drilling of the Banan-2 probe, using the Hawler licence with the Sakson Hilong 10 rig. Oryx operates the Hawler licence area near Erbil. Henry Legarre, CEO of Oryx Petroleum, said, "This is one of the most important wells that we want to drill in 2014 as it allows us to assess the multi-hundred million barrel potential updip of the Banan-1 exploration well, which was successfully tested earlier this year." He stated that the drilling of Banan-2 and acquisition of 3D seismic should also provide a better understanding of the full potential of the entire Banan discovery.

Egypt to increase gas production by end of the year EGYPT'S GAS PRODUCTION is set to increase by 14.15mn cu m by December 2014, stated oil minister Sherif Ismail. The minister said that gas fields – Daka, Sapphire and Libra, are scheduled to begin production soon, and the country could produce 12.7mn cu m per day, once natural attrition in well productivity is accounted for. The nation is currently producing 680,000 barrels per day (bpd) of oil and condensate every day, according to reports. Egypt's energy prices are among the lowest in the world as the cash-strapped government spends more than one fifth of its budget keeping prices down. However, now the nation's population is rapidly growing population and increasing dependence on natural gas due to artificially low subsidised prices have led to gas shortages and power cuts in recent years. New gas fields will begin Current account figures released by the central production in Egypt bank showed Egypt's spending on oil imports between January and March at US$3.8bn, almost US$1bn more than last year. Its revenues from oil exports declined to US$2.7bn from just over US$3bn in the same period. Now, the country is having to curtail LNG exports that were previously promised to foreign firms, so an increase in production would ease the load on the government.

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OAPEC’s member nations are involved in developing the oil and gas industry, through new discoveries across the MENA region The Manifa project is targeted to reach a daily production capacity of 900,000 barrels of oil and approximately 65,000 barrels of condensate, in addition to 2.55mn cu m of gas. A spokesperson for OAPEC said, "Although new substantial discoveries of oil and gas have been made in the Arab region, many oil and gas reserve specialists from international agencies, including the U.S. geological survey, believe that the region still has great potential for more discoveries." Based in Kuwait, OAPEC was established in 1968 by Saudi Arabia, Libya and Kuwait. Member countries include Algeria, Bahrain, Qatar, Eqypt, Iraq, Syria, Tunisia and the UAE. The organisation aims to foster cooperation between member nations to develop the petroleum industry in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region.


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 Executive Strategy

A long-term

commitment After opening the doors of its new UAE subsidiary, Endress+Hauser’s recentlyappointed UAE managing director Jens Winkelmann talks to Oil Review about plans to take business up a notch. T’S A CLEAR commitment to the region and it’s a clear commitment to the country,” said Jens Winkelmann, Endress+Hauser managing director for the recently established UAE subsidiary. Three months ago the global provider of industrial measurement and automation equipment celebrated the inauguration of its new UAE base which, run by Winkelmann, consists of employees spread across two offices in both Dubai and Abu Dhabi. Having acted through its local representative Descon Automation Control Systems in Dubai for the last 20 years, establishing its own mainland LLC is a clear indication of the company’s belief in the sustainable business potential of the UAE. Winkelmann commented, “We see that the country can provide a lot of business and at Endress+Hauser we really look at the long-term – sustainability is one of the core values that we have in the company.” It comes as no surprise that he quotes the oil and gas sector as a key focus in Endress+Hauser’s approach to the UAE. Having worked previously with contractors on projects for companies such as ADNOC, ADCO, and ZADCO, the automation company is keen to keep much of its attention on Abu Dhabi. He explained, “[In Abu Dhabi] there are plans to lift the production from 2.7mn bpd to 3.5mn bpd so there are development projects onshore and offshore, as well as refurbishment projects, and deep bottlenecking projects.”

“I

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Endress+Hauser UAE managing director Jens Winkelmann Winkelmann went on to add that a localised presence also allows the company to optimise on the number of medium-sized, particularly Brownfield, projects available in the country.

Iran might be the most interesting market because it’s so diverse” It is worth noting that he also highlighted the UAE’s water industry as a top priority. According to the Endress+Hauser managing director, the high activity and investments being channelled into the likes of fresh water supply, waste-water treatment, district cooling, and desalination, combined with the rising importance of strategic water reserves and water security, makes the water industry a strong, promising market. It is clear, however, that as a global business Endress+Hauser’s ambitions for

the Middle East stretch beyond the borders of the Emirates. Having similar sales offices in both Qatar and Saudi Arabia – founded five years and three years ago respectively – Winkelmann lists both countries as key areas for business along with Iraq, another big player in the oil and gas market. Interestingly he puts particular emphasis on the potential business in Iran. All eyes are on the current developments of the US sanctions on Iran, and if and when the embargoes are eased the Islamic Republic promises to offer a wide range of industries for an automation company to benefit from. “Iran might be the most interesting market because it’s so diverse,” Winkelmann explained. “They have an oil industry, water industry, chemical industry, paint industry, food industry, pharmaceuticals, they’re building cars. They basically have the whole band of industries that we at Endress+Hauser cover.” But while Endress+Hauser benefits from the stability that comes from being able to work with various industries, Winkelmann explains that it is the oil and gas sector that offers the most sustainable investment, particularly during the global economic crash of recent years. “Usually in a crisis situation the oil and gas market works well,” he stated. “We’ve seen that in Turkey for example, when the market broke down the oil and gas market was still up.” Despite only being in existence for a number of months, Endress+Hauser’s new UAE subsidiary already intends to invest heavily in this industry and plans to call itself the number two automation company in the local oil and gas sector in the next five years. It is a rather precise prediction that mirrors the company’s confident yet rational approach to its regional business development. Winkelmann concluded, “We want to be clearly recognised by the [oil and gas] industry, by the ADNOC group of companies, as being a comparable player and an alternative choice to the current market leader.” n


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Gas 

Output from Oman’s Block 61 will supply new industrial hubs OUTPUT FROM BP’S tight gas fields in Block 61, Oman, will supply several new industrial hubs planned by the government in different parts of the Sultanate, according to Dr Mohammed bin Hamed al Rumhy, Oman’s minister of oil and gas. Al Rumhy said future gas volumes that are not already committed to the power generation, water desalination and industrial and petrochemical sectors will help drive the growth of new industrial zones envisaged around the Sultanate. “A big chunk of gas will be pumped to Duqm because the Special Economic Zone (SEZ) there is set to become a major new consumer of natural gas,” al Rumhy said. “But we are not just looking at Duqm, Sohar and Salalah as users. The government intends to create industrial centres all over the country, although they may not be as large as Duqm. Meeting their requirements is part of the government’s and the Ministry of Oil and Gas’ (MOG) plans for future gas users,” he added.

Block 61 in Oman will supply several new industrial hubs (Image: EnergyTomorrow)

BP is already making headway in the development of its Khazzan-Makarem tight gas field in Block 61. The company plans to drill around 300 wells over 15 years to

deliver plateau production of one billion cfd and 25,000 bpd per day of gas condensate. According to BP, the first gas deliveries will be slated during 2017 when Oman Gas Company also plans to bring into operation a gas pipeline serving the Duqm SEZ. Future allocations of BP and other uncommitted volumes of natural gas will be earmarked only to industries that offer “maximum returns” in socioeconomic value, stated al Rumhy. Consequently, existing industries looking for additional volumes to achieve their expansion plans must prove they will meet this fundamental prerequisite before receiving any new commitments, he noted. “Unfortunately, we’re in a situation where we cannot supply everybody that wants gas. Thus, in selecting those who will receive gas, we will look at the projects that give us maximum value. So if maximum value is assured by a project through expansion, then we will give them gas,” al Rumhy said.

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Fugro awarded contract by Basrah Gas Company FUGRO HAS BEEN awarded a contract for one year (plus a year’s extension option) by Basrah Gas Company for the provision of geotechnical investigations and topographic services in the Basrah province of southern Iraq. The company will provide geotechnical and topographical survey investigation services at various locations. According to Fugro, under the agreement it will support a number of planned engineering projects for an onshore LNG plant, new pipelines and anticipated expansion of gas compression facilities. From the planning through to the decommissioning stages of the project, engineering survey support will be provided in the form of route, profile, setting out and as-built surveys for pipelines, cables, utility services, roads and overhead power lines. Geotechnical investigations will be carried out for engineering and foundation design of new structures and review of existing structures in the project area, with all geotechnical laboratory testing performed at Fugro’s accredited laboratory in Basrah. The contract builds on the work previously undertaken by Fugro Iraq in support of Basrah Gas Company’s gas development activities in the Basrah province.

Qatargas to supply eight LNG cargoes to Kuwait QATARGAS 2 WILL supply Kuwait Petroleum Corporation (KPC) with an estimated eight liquefied natural gas (LNG) cargoes by the end of the year, Qatargas recently announced. The LNG will be sourced from Qatargas 2 Train 4, a joint venture between Qatar Petroleum and ExxonMobil which started production in 2009. The LNG will be transported onboard Q-Flex LNG vessels to KPC’s Mina alAhmadi LNG receiving terminal in Kuwait.

RasGas and E.ON sign three-year LNG contract QATAR-BASED RASGAS HAS signed a three-year liquefied natural gas (LNG) supply deal with German energy company E.ON. Under the contract, RasGas will supply Europe with up to two billion cu m throughout the three years, the two firms said. The deal reflects efforts by E.ON to expand its international business and to diversify its

gas procurement choices. Under the contract, RasGas will deliver LNG supplies to the UK’s Isle of Grain import terminal. Christopher Delbrueck, chief executive of E.ON trading subsidiary E.ON Global Commodities (EGC), said, “The contract is a significant step in the development of our global growth strategy and is another big step in RasGas will supply Europe with up to two billion cu m the development of our over three years (Image: Timothy Valentine) long-term partnership with the State of Qatar.” E.ON has operated an office in Qatar’s capital, Doha, since 2009. RasGas chief executive Hamad Rashid Al Mohannadi added, “RasGas has four longterm LNG contracts in Europe, and the UK is a very important market to the State of Qatar.”

The KPC headquarters, Kuwait City (Image: Kuwait Petroleum Corporation) Dr Mohamed bin Saleh al-Sada, Qatar’s minister of energy and industry, said, “This is a very important milestone in Qatar’s standing as a reliable energy supplier as it marks the first direct agreement between the two companies and the first ever deliveries of LNG to Kuwait onboard Q-Flex vessels and it marks a significant development in LNG trade in the region. “This agreement demonstrates Qatar’s readiness to meet the growing demand for LNG in the world, especially in the region,” he added. Qatargas Operating Company CEO Sheikh Khalid bin Khalifa al-Thani commented, “The signing of this agreement with KPC marks yet another accomplishment for Qatargas as it continues to play a key role in the Middle Eastern market and positions itself as a world leader in the supply of energy to global markets.”

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RasGas celebrates 25mn man hours without LTIs THE OPERATION PROJECTS department (OPD) of Qatari liquefied natural gas (LNG) producer RasGas recently celebrated 25mn man-hours without a lost time incident (LTI). Hamad Rashid Al Mohannadi, CEO of RasGas, said, “As a worldclass global energy supplier striving for excellence, the safety records across the organisation demonstrate RasGas’ commitment to excellence RasGas recently celebrated 25mn man-hours without a lost in every aspect of its operations.” time incident (Image: Stefano Campolo) He added, “RasGas’ processes and corporate commitment to safety was recently recognised by one of its shareholders, ExxonMobil, who awarded RasGas the ‘2013 Project Safety Excellence’ Award.” A special ceremony was held at the RasGas headquarters in Doha, Qatar, to celebrate the achievement. “Since OPD’s inception in 2007, its lost time incident rate (LTIR) has always remained at zero and the total recordable incident rate (TRIR) was at 0.05 in 2013 despite executing significant projects during that period. OPD’s safety record is better than the industry average according to the Oil & Gas Producers Association (OGP) and Philip Townsend Associates Inc (PTAI) benchmarking,” said Al Mohannadi.

Qatar to supply 200 mmcfd to Pakistan from 2015 QATAR HAS GIVEN a firm commitment to Pakistan that it will start exporting 200mn cubic feet of liquefied natural gas per day (mmcfd) to the country from next year, according to Pakistani newspaper PakTribune. This comes as Pakistan’s government takes a giant leap forward to prepare for receiving LNG imports, it said. The country’s state-run company Interstate Gas Systems (ISGS) has also awarded an LNG terminal services contract to Elengy Terminal Pakistan, a subsidiary of Engro Corporation. A group of Qatari officials visited Karachi to discuss the collaboration. An industry source familiar with the development said, “Qatar gave a firm commitment to export 200 mmcfd of LNG, which will be later enhanced to 400 mmcfd.”

Qatargas reaffirms commitment to Europe QATARGAS’ COO OF commercial and shipping, Alaa Abujbara, reaffirmed the company’s commitment to Europe at a conference which took place recently in Amsterdam, Netherlands. The Flame conference, which took place from 19-22 May, featured a presentation from Abujbara, who discussed Qatargas’ views on the European energy market, the current and future role of liquefied natural gas (LNG), the influence

Abujbara spoke about Qatargas’ views on the European energy market and the role of LNG (Image: Shell) of new energy policies and the company’s marketing activities across the continent. Abujbara made a clear case for LNG as a major part of the energy mix by highlighting its advantages over alternative fuel sources like renewables, nuclear, coal, pipeline gas and liquid fuels. “The fact is that Europe needs energy and long-term LNG is the best option, which offers both clean energy and good security of supply. If Europe wants to secure LNG, Europe needs to attract LNG in competition with other global customers, or risk facing a choice between higher pollution and lower security of supply,” he said.

Iraq ‘to become Iran’s top gas importer’ IRAQ WILL BECOME Iran’s top gas importer by importing 40mn cubic metres (mcm) of gas per day to Baghdad, according to Iran’s Islamic Republic News Agency (IRNA). Ali Majedi, deputy oil minister of Iran, said Iran is to export 25 mcm of gas per day to Iraq, the IRNA claimed. “After constructing the gas transfer pipeline to Iraq, the country will import up to seven mcm of gas per day from Iran,” Majedi said. The two countries initially signed a four-year deal, which was extended to 10 years after the Iraqi and Iranian oil ministers reached a new agreement, the IRNA said. Majedi noted that construction of the pipeline in Iranian territory had progressed by 80 per cent. “After completing the construction of the pipeline and testing it, gas export to Iraq will certainly begin as of the end of the current Iranian year or the beginning of next year,” he said.

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Iraq will import 40mn cubic metres (mcm) of gas per day from Iran (Image: Stefano Campolo)

The pipeline should have become operational last year but due to some security problems in Iraq and the difficulties faced by Iran in buying

equipment, the process of establishing the pipeline took longer than anticipated, industry sources said.


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Enhancing output and improving

the environment Today’s oilfield chemicals industry is all about getting the most from increasingly scarce resources. Two recent studies throw light on this vital but little-known activity. ETTING A GRASP on the US$50 bn-plus global oilfield chemicals market is not easy. Firstly, there is the estimated size of worldwide sales, which depends heavily on what products are actually included. Secondly, this is a behindthe-scenes activity, rarely entering the headlines, but contributing every day to the oil and gas industry’s prosperity by boosting output and keeping down costs. Thirdly, there is annual growth, which usually follows oil production but is now almost certainly exceeding it due to the increase in hydraulic fracturing exploration. We understand that raising gas output in the US market now accounts for more and more sales by key oilfield chemicals suppliers and services specialists with a global reach, such as Baker Hughes, Chevron Phillips Chemical, Du Pont, Halliburton, and Schlumberger. ‘Oilfield chemicals’ are usually defined as commodity or speciality products used in today’s drilling, oil and gas E&P, enhanced oil recovery (EOR), and energy-transportation processes. In general they impart specifically desired qualities to various fluids which improve their accessibility, flow, and general process efficiency. The new generation of technologies, such as unconventional hydrocarbon development, wide-area horizontal drilling, and fracking, have all increased the significance of tight plays, stranded resources and other challenges. This has meant a burgeoning market for products like demulsifiers, corrosion inhibitors, and new additives that extend the applications of drilling muds. Healthy growth is expected for many other chemicals associated with enhanced oil and gas recovery, including new cementation products such as slurry extenders and today’s advanced range of EOR materials. The basic exploration and production activities benefiting from this industry are: 6 Those involving drilling technologies, including directional, horizontal and multilateral, and dual-gradient drilling. 6 Well stimulation technologies, including multistage, hydraulic and gas fracturing and acidizing processes. 6 EOR, including all the latest thermal recovery, gas recovery and chemical recovery methods.

G

Under the ‘drilling fluids’ category any review should include oiland water-based fluids as well as materials derived from synthetic intermediates. These include special weighting materials, viscosifiers, shale inhibitors, and other additives. Products designated as ‘well stimulation fluids’ emerging from this industry include both special cross-linked and linear gels, slickwater fracturing fluids, and various fluids made to aid in gas extraction. These include various additives, such as gelling agents, biocides and breakers. Production chemicals generally produced by the industry include corrosion, scale, paraffin, and various other inhibitors and demulsifiers. A range of vital completion and workover fluids including cement additives, which control fluid loss and curing speed, are included in the industry’s portfolio.

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Image source: Louis Vest Finally the ‘EOR’ range includes a host of chemicals that keep in operation wells that a few years ago would be deemed worthy of abandonment. Many second or third tier producers now exploit these successfully; the North Sea basin is one such example. An informative source on this diverse activity is the recent Freedonia report, Oilfield Chemicals1. USA-orientated this document nevertheless provides information on the global situation, including that all-important definition of the product range included in this catch-all category. More than 50 individual suppliers are profiled. For an alternative view with a specifically Gulf-based focus, readers can consult specialist market researchers and industry analyst 3B’s Saudi Arabia Oilfield Chemicals Market Forecast and Opportunities, 20192.This presents details of the Saudi Arabian industry’s market size, shares, and forecasts through the target year; segmental analysis based on drilling fluids, stimulation and EOR products, the local policy and regulatory landscape, emerging market trends, and a series of strategic recommendations for the worldwide industry to consider before entering a market that is moving towards much more intensive exploitation of gas. The subject may be Saudi Arabia but many inferences can be drawn about the prospects for oilfield chemicals suppliers in the wider GCC markets. What is certain is that the key players will have to continue to respond to increasing environmental challenges, coming up with a range of new biodegradable products that replace the current reliance on conventional polymers, synthetic and oil-based drilling fluids, high-density completion brines, surfactants and so on. The development of the carbon sequestration market offers plenty of room for growth by speciality chemicals suppliers worldwide too. It is certainly a diverse and exciting business to be in right now. ■ 1 Sub-titled Industry market research, Market share, Market size, Sales, Demand forecast, Market leaders, Company profiles, Industry trends November 2013, for sales and comprehensive content details of study visit www.freedoniagroup.com/Oilfield-Chemicals.html 2 April 2014, further information at https://www.bharatbook.com


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 Petrochemicals

SABIC named biggest patent developer in the Middle East SAUDI BASIC INDUSTRIES Corporation (SABIC) has more than 10,000 patents either approved or awaiting approval. The petrochemicals giant revealed that it recorded 373 patent applications in 2013 and applied for 159 applications in the first quarter of this year. “Intellectual property is an important tool to help SABIC achieve its business goals,” said Ernesto Occhiello, SABIC EVP, Technology and Innovation. In addition to the patents, SABIC has more than 550 active disclosures under review, Occhiello added. John Abokhair, SABIC chief intellectual property counsel, said: “Our patent estate is used as one of several indicators to measure our return on investment in our research and development effort. “We apply a ‘value-add’ analysis to make sure that our IP estate is used as a tool to help push our business forward. Our teams work closely with our technology and business leaders to maximise the value we gain from our innovation through strategic intellectual property protection.” SABIC handles the production of polyethylene, polypropylene and other advanced thermoplastics, glycols, methanol and fertilisers. The firm, majority owned by the Saudi government, recorded a net profit of US$6.7bn in 2013, with sales revenues totalling US$50.4bn. SABIC works across more 40 countries, and has 19 technology and innovation bases in Saudi Arabia, the US, the Netherlands, Spain, Japan, India, China and South Korea.

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Sinopec joins forces with Kuwait Petroleum CHINA'S SINOPEC HAS signed a deal with Kuwait Petroleum on oil and refining. Sinopec recently revealed that the deal is expected to enhance cooperation in the oil sector, including refining. Sinopec, or China Petrochemical Corp., said the deal was signed recently in Beijing in the presence of Chinese Premier Li Keqiang and Kuwaiti prime minister sheikh Jaber Mubarak AlSabah. Sinopec stated both companies will continue to strengthen cooperation in crude oil trading, crude reserves storage, refinery projects and refinery engineering services. The new deal indicates both sides will be restarting talks for a joint venture refinery in Zhanjiang in China's southern Guangdong province. Sinopec and KPC's overseas operations, Kuwait Petroleum International, had signed a joint venture deal for the refinery in June 2011, following more than five years of negotiations between officials. Sinopec will have a 50 per cent stake in the refinery, and KPI the remaining 50 per cent.


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Petrochemicals 

Saudi petrochemicals industry developing its feedstock mix

QAPCO strengthens its commitment to sustainability FOLLOWING A RECENT review carried out by Germany-based inspection and technical services company TUV, Qatar Petrochemical Company (QAPCO) has further reinforced its commitment to sustainability and best practices implementations. QAPCO has achieved another important milestone with the recent Responsible Care® certification. The RC 14001 is a globally recognised standard covering areas including security, Qatar Petrochemical Company distribution, employee health and safety. Commenting on the certification, Dr. Mohammed Yousef Al Mulla, vice chairman and CEO of QAPCO stated, “Responsible Care® acts as a catalyst to further drive progress and sustainable development within organizations, as it covers all strategic aspects of a company's business.”

SAUDI ARABIA’S PETROCHEMICALS industry is diversifying its feedstock mix and growing its product slates to include more high value intermediates, Business Monitor International (BMI) stated. BMI has said that this is important as Saudi Arabia bans imports of natural gas and its pricing structure for domestic supplies has decreased the financial incentive to explore for it. Foreign companies have brought together joint ventures with state oil firm Saudi Aramco to discover gas deposits, but over the past decade they have found it difficult to find commercially viable deposits. Saudi Arabian authorities are now focusing their efforts on finding unconventional deposits that will require more advanced and expensive technologies.

Saudi Arabia's petrochemicals industry has put plans in place to diversify its feedstock mix

Need a management systems auditing course? 60,000 people a year can’t be wrong For the past 30 years IRCA, the leading body for management systems auditing, has been certifying the worlds’ best Quality (ISO 9001), Environment (ISO 14001) and Health and Safety (BS OHSAS) auditing training courses. IRCA Certified training organisations have undergone a rigorous application procedure and deliver training courses that: s have met IRCA’s strict learning requirements s

are regularly reviewed by independent experts to maintain the highest standard of training

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s can be used as an entry requirement to become an IRCA registered auditor IRCA certified training is recognised as the industry leader and every year around 60 000 people attend an IRCA certified course. So when you book an auditing training course, remember to look for the IRCA badge. There are over 100 training organisations offering certified courses in 110 countries and the full list can be found at www.irca.org/providers. To find out more about IRCA approved training please visit www.irca.org/training or email us registration@irca.org

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 Technology

Maximising cyber security in

process automation Pierre Leretz, president of ABB Process Automation in India, the Middle East and Africa speaks to Oil Review about how while the Gulf is experiencing a rise in cyber attacks, the GCC is prioritising cyber security and looking to the most up-to-date technology in order to keep one step ahead of the threat. HE NUMBER OF cyber-attacks and incidents in the past few years has led to increased concern about cyber security throughout the region. For instance, Qatar named cyber security as one of its top three research priorities and began its own cyber security initiative in February 2013 with Saudi Arabia and Bahrain. Similarly, the UAE is focusing on increasing the number of Emirati people working in cyber security. Kuwait also reportedly entered into a US$1bn programme on physical security and cyber security with the UK. The GCC states are among the most ‘connected’ countries in the world with high levels of internet usage for government, business, and education and that is the reason why cyber threats are growing in volume and sophistication. In order to keep pace with these threats, a collaborative effort is required between utilities and technology providers.

T

Pierre Leretz, president of ABB Process Automation in India, the Middle East and Africa.

Introduction All businesses have intelligence worth protecting. In fact, the shape and size of the company’s future is determined by its knowhow, ideas and operations, and its ability to protect. With so much at stake the big question is: how do I secure my company against cyber risks, like attacks from viruses, hackers and human errors? If we look at the size of most of the oil and gas projects and the number of players who are involved in

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With so much at stake the big question is: how do I secure my company against cyber risks?


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 Technology

those projects it becomes even more important to secure ourselves from potential cyber threats. The security of industrial automation and control systems becomes increasingly critical as different networks are connected and systems are integrated in a collaborative environment. For industrial automation and control systems the potential impact of an attack may be more serious than for computer systems in general. Users of industrial automation and control systems need to pay correspondingly increased attention to these issues. Security measures aim to protect the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of a computer system from being compromised through deliberate or accidental attacks. Similar to process and safety improvements, security improvement needs to be a continuous activity.

Committed to cyber security The world of process automation is changing in the face of new technologies, opportunities and challenges. ABB remains committed to helping customers take advantage of technology advances while minimising exposure to cyber risks. Since ABB is a leading provider of control systems for a wide spectrum of industries, we can combine our technology strengths and domain expertise to provide a customer-focused solution that enhances asset productivity and efficiency. The objective is to establish the necessary levels of cyber security, and maintain that level while preserving the availability and functional interoperability of systems. Cyber security is embedded in all phases of ABB’s system life cycle. This means that cyber security is addressed at each stage of our system life cycle, from design and development to maintenance. Threat modelling, security design reviews, security training of software developers, and in-house and external security testing are examples of actions ABB is taking to ensure reliable and secure solutions. System deliveries follow our strict guidelines on handling cyber security.

Exposed to threats All control systems are exposed to threats from cyber-attacks, but ABB’s System 800xA has the right protection mechanisms to ensure our customers have peace of mind. Its security adheres to the SD3+C Security Framework (created by Microsoft) to ensure and improve security in system components. System 800xA includes a lot of security features: • Detailed system monitoring and diagnostics.

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ABB has developed tools that diagnose potential cyber security issues without being invasive

• Network protection with IPSec. • Host firewalls for servers and workstations. • Network loop protection in servers and workstations. • Robustness tested products (AC 800M has earned Achilles Communication Certification). • Network protection filters and storm protection for controllers and communication modules. • Detailed role-based access control. • Fast operator log over. • HW-based access control for safety systems. • Data integrity with protected archives for historical data. • Back-up and restore for disaster recovery.

The world of process automation is changing in the face of new technologies, opportunities and challenges A powerful core Uniquely designed for challenging oil and gas operations, ABB’s SCADAvantage™ was conceived for a dynamic industry that requires safe and reliable control of distributed assets, as well as a bidirectional interface with corporate systems. Security is offered through a fully

configurable authority system that prevents unauthorised persons from gaining access and activating commands. The multi-level security system conforms to any corporate standard criteria and maintains the history of each user’s access to objects, attributes, data, displays, production areas and controls. SCADAvantage™ can be implemented on any security level. From the simple schema of firewall protection to the most sophisticated architecture in the market.

Service that maximises security ABB has developed non-invasive tools to diagnose potential cyber security issues, offer solutions to maximise security, and provide future support. The ABB Cyber Security Fingerprint identifies strengths and weaknesses for defending against a cyberattack within a production facility’s control systems by gathering data from system configurations and key personnel, and comparing them against best practices with ABB’s proprietary analysis tool. The resulting report provides detailed recommendations to reduce cyber security vulnerabilities while helping to develop a focused and sustainable security strategy for control systems. The Cyber Security Fingerprint not only reduces security risks by exposing gaps that could endanger employees, assets and uptime, but can also be applied to any control system. ABB’s approach compares customer security policies and settings to industry standards to establish a benchmark and ensure customer control systems have multiple layers of protection. n


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A new approach to

well integrity Well integrity in the Middle East has never been more important. Mark Rivenbark, vice president of global sales at downhole isolation company Meta, examines the inherent challenges and details the new technologies that have been developed to meet them. ROM WATER ISOLATION in depleted Omani wells and the dangers of contaminating other producing zones, through to the need for isolation between sand producing oil zones in Saudi Arabia and the guaranteeing of integrity in deviated Qatari wells, it is clear why such an emphasis is being placed on efficient and effective well integrity management.

F

Swellables are inexpensive and easy to install without affecting casing strength

With the frequency of problem zones in high-risk wells, such as high-pressure, hightemperature (HPHT) conditions, shale formations and sour service fields, sometimes as high as 90 per cent, this can have huge implications for well production. Furthermore, in deeper and longer reach wells, modern-day cementing techniques are being pushed to the limit with integrity challenges including

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 Technology

poor cementing, high pressures, unstable formations, and high circulation losses, all increasing the spotlight on well integrity. So are today’s well integrity technologies meeting these challenges? While technologies such as inflatables, swellables and mechanical packers have played a key role in securing well integrity and zonal isolation in the past, they do come with limitations. For example, swellables are relatively inexpensive and easy to install without compromising casing strength but do come with reliability issues relating to the polymer swelling; the size of the diameter changes, structural integrity issues from other fluids, and the swell times (up to 30 days). While elastomers still have an important role to play in sealing and openhole isolation, there is a need for other technologies to harness their benefits while overcoming their weaknesses. One such technology is metalmorphology.

The rise of metalmorphology Metalmorphology is an established metal working principle that forms metal through direct hydraulic fluid pressure, creating a seal that morphs together conforming to the shape of the well and resulting in a permanent, load bearing, and gas-tight, life-of-well solution. Metalmorphology plays a key role in providing a permanent barrier to annular or zonal flow in openhole applications and in supporting and reinforcing elastomeric seals which still provide the final seal. It allows for the large diameter, sealing and installation benefits of swellables but enhances their reliability by replacing rubber bladders with a permanent steel vessel. Once tools are pressured up, the metal sleeve morphs to provide a durable and gas tight isolation solution with the elastomers directly energised across the entire surface area by a rigid steel structure. The elastomers affecting

the seal also have minimal exposure to well fluids, negating structural integrity issues, and there is no longer a need to trap pressure within the device to keep it energised. The result is a highly robust, permanent and durable openhole isolation solution providing full bore ID and coming with a morphing ratio of 60 per cent. Barriers are activated on demand from the surface. Metalmorphology also incorporates the high ratio benefits of swellables while still securing a high pressure differential. Underpinned by metalmorphology, the Meta open hole barrier can still isolate at high morph ratios to a 5,000 psi pressure differential while not requiring dedicated workstrings and high pressure tubing to set them.

Middle East applications Typical applications with metalmorphology in the Middle East include zonal isolation, where isolation of openhole sections or abandonment of the bottom portion of the hole is considered necessary; isolating different sections of producing pay; isolating non-productive zones from productive sections, such as shale; shutting off undesired formations, such as water or gas; or as a contingency for poor cement jobs. The metalmorphology-based openhole barrier can also play an important role in supporting cement assurance. As previously mentioned, this is particularly important in extended reach wells that are putting increased pressure on cementing and bringing forward new challenges from high pressures, to unstable formations, and high circulation losses. It has been estimated that as much as 60-70 per cent of all wells in the Middle East have had issues with cement jobs, the Meta Open Hole Barrier seal also has an important role to play as a back-up to cement

Metalmorphology provides a durable and gas-tight isolation solution

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assurance – an alternative barrier if the cement doesn’t work. While the time required for legislative qualification processes make it unlikely that we will see 'cement-less' completions in the near future, metalmorphology does make it feasible and opens up the possibility. In a typical scenario in Qatar, one operator had a completion issue at 150m within the 13 3/8” to 20” tubing and was faced with having to undertake a second stage cement job to clear the problem. The actual drill down for the wells was very quick at 21 days, so to spend one day doing a second stage cement job would be very costly and time consuming within such a small drilling window. To this end, the operator is looking to place the Meta open hole barrier within the 13 3/8” and 20” tubing. The barrier will be set from the surface, meaning the operator can run down to undertake their first stage cement job and then morph the barrier (without dedicated tooling), which will result in avoiding the need for a second stage cement job. By using the metalmorphology barrier, considerable costs will be saved, including: up to half a day’s rig time at US$250,000 per day approximately; a second stage cement job at US$50,000; a cement collar at approximately US$20,000; and running costs at US$10,000. In addition to the initial cost savings, the operator can then look forward to having permanent, durable isolation for the lifetime of the well. A Middle East operator had to seal in a 10.5” washout, where the required isolation pressures can go up to 2,000 psi. The operator had a completion design which included a 9,000m horizontal well. In such a case, the metalmorphology-based barrier would give the operator the ability to set everything from the surface or individually using a setting tool. As part of the morphing process, the sleeve wall thickness is reduced to five millimetres to allow the expansion and contact to take place below 5,000 psi. The remaining pressure (ie, from 4,000 psi to 5,000 psi) is used to squeeze the isolation barrier against the formation to promote the sealing capability. With traditional technologies struggling to meet new challenges in the Middle East, the oil and gas industry has to adopt different technologies and new approaches. Nowhere is this better seen than in metalmorphology – an approach that is providing a catalyst for a new way of working in well isolation. The morphing ratio of up to 60 per cent, differential pressure capabilities, durability and reliability, instantaneous setting and full through bore ID are meeting the Middle East’s modern day well demands and helping redefine well integrity. ■


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 OTC 2014

Pioneering products

promoted at OTC

A record 108,300 people attended the event this year

With attendance at an all-time high, OTC 2014 proved to be the ideal platform for oil and gas companies to showcase their products HE NUMBER OF visitors at this year’s Offshore Technology Conference (OTC) reached a record high, with 108,300 people reported to have attended the event from 5-8 May. The conference, which took place at Reliant Park in Houston, USA, recorded a 3.3 per cent increase in attendees compared to 2013, event organisers said. Visitors included 2,568 companies representing 43 countries, with 163 new exhibitors, organisers added. Commenting on the success of OTC 2014, event chairman Ed Stokes said, “Clearly the deep and broad coverage of the technical programme, flanked and supported by excellent panels, executive keynote presentations, distinguished and spotlight award winners, as well as thousands of displays of the latest in new technology at the exhibition, continues to demonstrate the power of collaboration from our member engineering and geoscience societies and trade organisations moving the offshore oil and gas industry forward safely, sustainably and with due consideration of environmental protection.” The conference placed great emphasis

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on new technologies, with the Spotlight on New Technology showcasing 12 innovative technologies for offshore applications. With an environment celebrating new technologies and with a diverse range of attendees, OTC provided oil and gas companies with an ideal platform from which to promote their new products. GE Oil & Gas introduced its nextgeneration blowout preventer (BOP) system, which it said will make 20,000 pounds per square inch (20 ksi) subsea formations the next frontier in offshore oil and gas exploration. Key features of the 20-ksi BOP system include upgraded Ram and Annular BOPs, designed for the specific demands of containing high-pressure, high-temperature reservoirs; the SeaONYX BOP Control System, based on GE Power & Water systems; and SeaLytics BOP Advisor software, designed to provide real-time performance and maintenance data. Meanwhile, Emerson Process Management launched its Danalyzer 370XA gas chromatograph (GC), which is designed for continuous online analysis of natural gas

for applications such as custody transfer, power generation, and burner fuel/air ratio control, it said. The product provides a C6+ analysis similar to legacy Danalyzer GCs in a much smaller and simpler form, the company added. Features include the maintainable module, which incorporates the analytical components in an easily removable module; easy-to-use software assistants on the fullcolour LCD local operator interface; and the ability to be pole-mounted, wall-mounted or floor-mounted. A cutaway of the new platform for the Cat C175-16 offshore generator set from Caterpillar Oil & Gas was also on display at OTC. While the existing Cat C175-16 model is available with 1,833 kW at 60 Hz (1,200 rpm) rated power, the new platform for the offshore generator set offers 2,300 kW at 50 Hz (1,500 rpm) rated power, Caterpillar said. The MCS type-approved, 1,500-rpm C175-16 offers 25° tilt capability and an integral feature for solutions providing emergency power on semisubmersible rigs. Driven by two ADEM A4 engine control modules, the IMO Tier II-compliant C175-16 engine features full redundancy and provides engine protection as well as low emissions, Caterpillar added. ■


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ďƒ¨ Technology

Maintaining the

flow of the well

Nodding donkeys have continued to be widely used in shallow wells on land for more than a century

Artificial lift is usually needed to keep flow within the well's initial delivery parameters. Improved automated control is now the principal way of maintaining reservoir pressure. ENTRAL TO MANY modern methods of enhancing oil output are the updated principles of artificial lift, for decades a vital way of increasing the flow of crude from production wells. The techniques themselves are as old as the wells: using an internally-mounted pump or other mechanical device to increase flow; or reducing the effective weight of the hydrostatic column by injecting gas – or water, if available - further down. Thus artificial lift techniques are widely used to restore production from wells which are past their prime, or to speed up output from free flowing new ones. A wide range of manufacturers advertising in Oil Review ME supply hardware such as specialised rod pumps and gas lift plant to achieve this goal; better automated monitoring/control equipment is central to most of this. Free flow wells already have sufficient downhole pressure to maintain acceptable

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output of crude oil; normally the larger the well (ie, the volume delivered) the higher the downhole pressure that is needed to maintain acceptable flow beyond initial start up delivery, hence the need for some artificial type of crude-lifting process.

Production can stop if unwanted liquid collects to a prescribed level at the bottom of the hole Conventional 'nodding donkey' (reciprocating beam) rod pumps continue long after a century to be widely used in shallow (eg, down to 200m or so) wells on land, always driven by a top-mounted

prime mover/gearbox arrangement. They consist of a piston-in-barrel assembly, moving and static valves, a filter/strainer, and a range of ancillary fittings. A valveequipped sucker rod, extendible as required as the well is pumped out, reaches down to below the level of the crude in the reservoir. Modern artificial lift developments are mostly focused on how this pump/valve arrangement is powered and controlled automatically. Much more common in the Gulf with so many deep, deviated and horizontallyextended on-land wells (1000m or much more below datum) is the modern submerged electrical pump(s), a downhole "fit-and-forget" arrangement based on an extended corrosion-proof tubular motor connected with a high-tech (eg, multiphase or progressive cavity) pump, all suspended with tensioning weights as necessary by the cable, which provides the necessary power. Reliable supply of this multiple-kilowatt amount of power down the hole under all conditions can be a problem, as can the existence of gritty and corrosive contaminants and excessive amounts of gas which can cause the pump to run dry and possibly burn itself out down below; artificial


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Technology ďƒ§

Artificial Lift Company recently successfully deployed its Advantage Rigless Electrical Submersible Pump (ESP) System at a site in Africa

Modern plunger lifts are typically used on wells exhibiting a higher than normal gasoil ratio lift specialists have their own various patent-protected solutions to these problems. Modern gas lift systems inject locally-produced gas – usually a by-product – directly into the well flow, in order to reduce the specific gravity of the produced fluid and maintain downhole pressure against the weight of the rising column of crude. This propellant is normally injected via a gas lift valve between the casing and tubing. The valve opens when required to raise the pressure within the latter. Modern gas lift techniques are normally employed within local networks of wells to maintain optimum output over the interconnected area as a whole; this requires sophisticated automated control of both gas and produced flow to reduce unwanted "bubbling" (which slows flow) within the crude that emerges. Today's sophisticated plunger lifts are typically used on wells exhibiting a higher than normal gas-oil ratio, and on low-pressure gas wells that eject liquid contaminants such as water and condensate. Production slows or even stops altogether if the unwanted liquid collects to a prescribed level at the bottom of the hole. The plungercatcher at the well head opens a simple two-position valve and holds the downhole plunger securely in place while the valve is closed. As the pressure of the gas rises below the plunger it rises, carrying the liquid to the well head for safe disposal. Gas flows freely until the cycle automatically repeats itself. The artificial lift specialist's current contribution to all this is by improving flow control via a sensitive motorised valve, which detects the upwards progress of the plunger continually, and controlling the operation of the master valve. The valve at the bottom must always close securely at the right time to maintain the required pressure. Keeping all this equipment working properly thousands of metres below the surface, and often kilometres in multiple directions spatially from the well head itself, is the task of the artificial lift specialist. n

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 Technology

Serving the well maintenance

operations sector Recognising a recent increase in well suspension, zonal isolation and water shut-off operations, Omega Completion Technology has developed the Gemini retrievable bridge plug (Gemini plug), writes David Harper, senior design engineer at the company. HE RETRIEVABLE BRIDGE plug is one of the most commonly used tools within the completions sector and has changed little in its fundamental design and operational capability over the last 40 years. Most recent technological improvements have focused on the reliability of the sealing element with recent advances in polymer technology allowing successful operations in previously unserviceable environments. Omega Completion Technology, which is headquartered in Aberdeen, Scotland, and has an operational facility in Dammam, Saudi Arabia, launched the Gemini Plug at ADIPEC last year following a successful campaign with a major Middle East operator.

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Optimised benefits The Gemini plug is a high performance monobore plugging solution which can be set at any depth in the tubing or casing. Simplicity of setting and retrieval was a key design requirement and deployment is achieved in one run as is the subsequent equalisation and retrieval. The reduction in deployment and retrieval operations achieved with the plug significantly reduces intervention risk and operational costs. Development of the Gemini plug has built upon the success of Omega’s hydrostatic setting tool (HST). It was clear that an opportunity existed for Omega to develop its own bridge plug package to compliment its already successful setting equipment. The Gemini plug has superior operational performance due to the incorporation of

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The Gemini plug is a monobore plugging solution which can be set at any depth in the tubing or casing

robust and reliable setting and release mechanisms. There is no requirement for a specialist retrieval tool as the plug is fully compatible with a standard GS pulling tool. Other benefits include the optimised slip design which reduces stress loading on the casing. The controlled setting action is further enhanced by the Omega HST. In addition, the through bore design provides secondary functionality and increased debris tolerance. Secondary devices can be installed onto the lower section of the Gemini plug such as Omega’s remotely equalised cobalt valves, pressure activated equalising valves (PA-EV), or water injection valves. Emphasis was placed on reducing the overall size and OD of the Gemini plug while at the same time ensuring the operator had the flexibility to deploy the unit within a wide range of casing sizes. There are currently two variations of the plug; the standard or medium expansion plug for general oilfield use and the slimline version for smaller, tighter restrictions that would be inaccessible for alternative plug technologies currently on the market. The Gemini plug can be quickly converted from a standard to slimline configuration. The versatility of the plug provides cost

savings in terms of logistics, rig time, and manpower. Omega also provides a rapid well-side response service to ensure the plug can be easily retrieved, equalised and set for another operation. Equalisation is achieved by jarring upwards on the plug’s fishing neck. Reliability in retrieving the plug is provided via the plug’s robust ratchet mechanism, combined with the element being positioned above the slips. A significant challenge during the development of a slimline plug is the difficulty in achieving a successful seal in a high-pressure, high-temperature (HPHT) environment. The development process has provided a unique set of design challenges as the increased expansion required by the rubber element can be difficult to control, a factor which is not as problematic in a standard plug design. This challenge is being tackled head-on by Omega in its drive to greatly reduce intervention risk and operational costs. In a recent campaign in the Middle East for a large operator, eight 11.5cm and four 14cm Gemini plugs were installed in offshore wells. The plugs were deployed for various time periods ranging from one day to one month to allow the operator to conduct


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ďƒ¨ Technology

multiple surface tree repairs and maintenance. The Omega HST, which is also highly debris-tolerant, was utilised to provide a means of deployment for all 12 Gemini plugs which were set at various depths (160-4,445ft). Pressure requirements ranged from 1,200-5,000 psi with temperatures of up to 125°C. A total of 12 Gemini plug deployments were successfully completed, with eight runs of the 11.5cm plug and four of the 14cm bridge plugs. No problems were experienced with the deployment or retrieval of the plugs. Omega field engineers were able to redress and prepare the retrieved Gemini plugs and HSTs at the well site in preparation for future runs. Thus far, the Gemini plug has a 100 per cent success rate as every test run has been completed with no issues in setting, testing or retrieving even in high debris/scale conditions.

Further development In-house testing of the bridge plug is being done to ISO 14310, a standard within which there are various grades of qualification. Currently Omega is working to a V3

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qualification, which is suitable for the Middle East and requires the successful completion of a minimum number of temperature and pressure tests. Omega has already attained successful pressure tests of up to 5,500 psi with a target of 7,000 psi being the final goal. Additional development will see a target of 10,000 psi for Norwegian applications which will require more stringent ISO qualification testing. One of the most challenging issues associated with HPHT environments often occurs during the cool-down process. The rubber element relaxes and hardens resulting in a reduction of the original setting load. The loss of setting load can compromise the element, making it difficult to achieve a highpressure seal. To diminish the effects of this issue, Omega has developed a ratchet mechanism that allows additional load to be locked into the tool. This helps to maintain the integrity of the element, keeping it energised against the well casing. The setting forces required to deploy the Gemini plug are controlled by an in-built shear-out mechanism, typically a shear ring or a shear stud. This allows the setting load to be precisely controlled to suit individual deployment scenarios.

Current technology requires that a junkcatcher system is deployed above a bridge plug to prevent loose well debris from depositing on the plug and potentially hindering its retrieval. Omega is currently developing a concept to integrate both bridge plug and junk catcher within a single package. This will allow deployment of both tools to be carried out in a single operation rather than the two-step procedure which is currently required. The system will be deployed with existing Omega field proven setting tools and retrieved using a standard GS pulling tool. The versatility and ultimate reliability of the bridge plug is crucial not only to the success of completion operations in terms of reduced cost and manpower but also in alleviating potential safety risk and concerns. n

David Harper has more than 13 years’ experience in the oil and gas industry. Since joining Omega in 2010, Harper has worked on the Gemini bridge plug where he has seen the completion of their main sizes through to the requirements of ISO 14310 V3. Harper is now working to develop more bridge plug sizes and aiming to progress existing equipment to a higher ISO 14310 grade.


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ďƒ¨ Technology

Taking meter calibration into

the 21st century Craig Marshall, project engineer at NEL, looks at how advances in technology could lead to faster meter calibration and less downtime. N THE OIL and gas industry, an emphasis on environmental standards and fiscal accountability means that accurate measurement is a key driver. This is true not only for the regulators that want to be assured of accurate fiscal accountability, but for the operators that also want to maximise business efficiency. Calibration is therefore fundamental in order to demonstrate the satisfactory operation of measurement systems to regulatory authorities. Over the past few decades, metering technology has advanced significantly, with modern flow meters able to record and store a vast amount more data than was previously possible. However, while meter technology has improved, the approach to its calibration has failed to keep pace. It is widely known that to calibrate an offshore fiscal measurement device, the cost, including shut-down, packaging, transport, calibration, and witnessing, is likely to be in the region of US$50,000. This cost is typically an annual expense and does not include the amount of planning and preparation involved. Depending on meter size, there may also be issues in finding accredited laboratories available to complete the calibration. Recalibrations are both costly and labour intensive, particularly when multiple meters are involved. A more innovative approach to calibration is therefore needed, one that could save valuable time and money for the oil and gas industry. While physical witness testing is accepted as the norm in the oil and gas industry, it is costly as calibrations may take days to complete. This approach wastes valuable staff time that could be more productively invested elsewhere in the business. Other escalating costs such as staff accommodation and subsistence are also incurred.

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Physical witness testing is accepted as the norm in the oil and gas industry

Remote witnessing An alternative would be to deploy Internetbased technology to develop a new approach to witnessing calibrations that takes the laboratory to the world and no longer requires the world to come to the laboratory – remote witnessing. Remote witnessing would mean that those delegated to witness calibrations would not have to be physically present. This would allow them to dedicate more time to their primary role within the business and negate any costs associated with travel. While this new approach has obvious benefits for business efficiency, it would have no negative impact on the accuracy or traceability of calibrations.

Technology could remove the need for the post-processing of data Such an approach could also reduce the cost associated with the physical time of the calibration process. For example, if an anomaly is identified during the calibration process, experts can remotely log in to resolve it using their own desk based tools and other expertise as necessary. As their physical presence at a test is no longer

required, answers can be found more quickly so that calibration downtime is minimised. Technology could also be used to enhance the productivity of calibration laboratory operations and remove the need for the post-processing of data. Currently a calibration is completed and then analysed to identify any problems. It is then repeated once those problems have been addressed. By monitoring the calibration against pre-set criteria in real-time, this would allow issues to be immediately flagged and addressed during the original calibration. As such a system would store historical calibration data, the current performance could be compared with previous performances under similar conditions to check for shifts or drift between calibrations. Again, by setting performance criteria, unacceptable changes over time could be identified and addressed during the calibration. An exciting development of this capability is the use of historical calibration data to improve the quality of individual instrument uncertainty values, which are used to develop an overall system uncertainty. Such a development was discussed at the 31st North Sea Flow Measurement Workshop, held in Norway in late 2013, where delegates from around the world, including operators, service companies and equipment vendors, came together to discuss the latest


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Internet-based technology takes the laboratory to the world challenges and technologies. Currently, calibration is also completed in isolation, with no correlation between inservice operation and calibration periods. Using data sourced from local SCADA (supervisory control and data acquisition) systems to monitor a meter’s output against data gathered during the original laboratory calibration, offers the prospect of improving overall system management.

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Reduced downtime Ultimately this could move the calibration process from one based on pre-defined recalibration intervals to one that is condition-based. This would reduce the downtime of well operations and save significant amounts of money on calibrating meters that are operating within required limits. In addition, remote access to calibration data from anywhere in the world at any time also positively impacts on business performance by enabling quicker, more accurate decision-making. The oil and gas industry’s ideal goal is to significantly reduce operation downtime and save money associated with calibrating meters, while meeting the requirements of government and regulatory bodies. However, calibration frequencies remain typically calendar-based, with intervals often based upon a pre-programmed time period or on the volume of flow that has gone through the meter. Technology is now advancing to a point where much more computer processing can be completed in real-time, making a new approach to the calibration of oil and gas meters a real possibility. Calibration utopia is one step nearer, where costs and labour time are reduced and trending of both calibration data and data from the field allow for accurate condition-based, rather than time-based, meter calibration. n

Craig Marshall is project engineer at NEL. NEL, part of the TÜV SÜD Group, is a leading provider of technical consultancy, research, testing, and flow measurement services to the energy and oil and gas industries, as well as government.

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Technology 

New maritime transport

in the Middle East Maritime transport is booming across the Middle East as advanced technology is being utilised. HIPPING IS A big global business. Ninety per cent of world trade in goods is carried by sea, according to the International Maritime Organisation (IMO). In 2009, there were 4,578 container ships and by 2013, this stood at nearly 5,000 vessels out of a total global fleet of 58,900 ships. Over the past decade container ships have doubled in size from carrying 6,000 20-foot containers (TEU) to more than 12,000 TEU. The largest container ships globally are 396 metres long, with a maximum width of 54.8 metres. Their engines weigh 2,300 tonnes, their propellers 130 tonnes, and there are twenty-one storeys between a ship’s bridge and engine room. The average crew is just thirteen people, due to high levels of automation used to manage a ship holding 11,000 six metres containers. If that number of containers were loaded onto a train it would need to be 44 miles long! In the Middle East alone, container port traffic is expected to expand by five per cent per year between 2010 and 2017 (Dreary Maritime Research, 2012) whilst the fleet of ships servicing increasing oil and gas production is also expanding in both size and numbers.

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Duqm port opens in 2016 and will be Oman’s largest port with a capacity of 3.5mn TEUs. It will handle containers, general and bulk cargo and eight vessels

The vessels serving the Gulf region’s ports are increasing in size

Port Development The twin drivers of port expansions and new constructions are economic development and the growth in size of vessels. The region has experienced a decade long surge in investment in all aspects of the exploration and production chain, which has required construction of new logistics bases at existing ports. This has meant port authorities have had to expand existing storage and support facilities. In addition, GCC states are developing new onward port connections by road and rail. For instance, in September 2012, DP World awarded an infrastructure contract, for the construction of Terminal 3 at Jebel Ali in the UAE, which will increase capacity from 13.6mn TEU/year to 19mn TEU/year. Once complete, it will be the largest port outside Asia and ranked ninth worldwide by Containerisation International. We are seeing expansion of existing ports like DP World flagship port at Jebel Ali in

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the UAE and the Saudi Port Authority port at Jeddah. Elsewhere, ports are being built from scratch including the Omani new port of Duqm and Jizan Economic City port in Saudi Arabia. Duqm port opens in 2016 and will be Oman’s largest port with a capacity of 3.5mn TEUs. It will handle containers, general and bulk cargo and accommodate eight vessels at a time. A special economic zone is planned to encompass a petrochemical factory, a refinery, an airport, beachfront hotels and housing for more than 100,000 people. The second phase will result in a second basin some 6,500 metres in size with an additional 13,500 metres of commercial quays providing room for more than 36 additional berths. This new port is designed to link up with a network of new roads, railways and pipelines serving countries as far to the west as Kuwait. The port’s operators, the Belgian port authority of Antwerp, envisage that much of the business of the new port of Duqm will be in the transshipment of goods, by freight forwarders eager to avoid the congestion in the Straits of Hormuz. Over the past decade Algeria, Egypt, UAE, Yemen and Qatar have poured billions into construction of LNG export terminals to meet rapidly expanding demand for gas in Europe and Asia. Sea Trade maritime intelligence estimates that more than US$42bn has been

The largest container ships globally are 396 metres long, with a maximum width of 54.8 metres

Oman's largest port will handle containers, general and bulk cargo allocated for new port development in the Gulf region. It is not only the ports, which are getting bigger to cope with increasing numbers of container, naval and cruise liner traffic. The vessels serving the region’s ports are also increasing in size. For instance, the Danish owned Maersk line is in the process of constructing 10 of the world’s largest container ships, each capable of carrying 18,000 twenty foot containers TEU.

New ideas for greener ships Growing concerns about higher fuel costs by owners and operators as well as incoming tighter emission controls are encouraging naval architects and engineers to devise new /modified hull design as well as new fuels to power ships including LNG, fuel cells and sails. n

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ďƒ¨ Technology

Improving margins by finding

the right blend Ossama Tawfick, AspenTech's regional senior director for the MENA region, discusses the management of rundown components with refinery multi-blend optimisation. UALITY SPECIFICATIONS ON finished products are continuing to tighten, as well as becoming more complex. Many refineries today still rely on spreadsheet-based calculations of blending recipes, often without optimisation. With spreadsheets, there is little ability to understand how the quality of the blend components is likely to change over the scheduling time horizons due to changes in crude feed or process unit operations. Scheduling blends in this manner can result in reduced margins due to quality product give-aways, the frequent need for reblending and the resulting delays to shipments and the associated costs.

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The three stages of decomposition With petroleum refining, a three-stage decomposition is essential. Stage one includes the arrival of the crude-oil marine vessels, unloading the crude-oils in the storage tanks and then mixing them into the charging tanks before being sent into the crude distillation units. Stage two involves all the production units in the refinery from the crude distillation units to the intermediate stock tanks. Stage three includes units, which blend the intermediate components and prepare the finished products that will be conducted to their final destinations. At this point, multi-blend optimisation is an extension of single-blend optimisation, which generates optimised recipes and allocates hydraulic resources for the first blend and future blends. The optimal pattern helps operators to manage the stocks on a long-run period, often up to two to four weeks, and takes advantage of price differences between purchase and sale of intermediate and finished products. This operation is typical for many refineries, including in the Middle East, which blend diesel and fuel oil.

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Multi-blend optimiser tools Today, many companies have adopted process industry software to create automatic recipe optimisation allowing for component properties and availabilities. A blend optimisation tool tightly integrated with the refinery scheduling system works to ensure that blending costs are minimalised and that shipments can be made on-time. Multi-Blend Optimiser (MBO) tools are powerful blend scheduled optimisers that help users to quickly visualise product inventories, scheduled blends, receipts and shipments.

Multi-blend optimiser tools allow refiners to blend right the first time, reducing quality give-aways and demurrage costs With the click of a button, MBO will optimise the recipes, volumes and links of all blends in the campaign. With fast and powerful optimisation, MBO reduces blending complexity and allows schedulers to focus on increasing saleable products and profitability. Newer MBO features expand on the capabilities of standard tank and afford the flexibility to model complex blending operations with limited tankage. With this new capability, MBO has the capability to optimise recipe, event timing and sequencing for blends utilising hot rundown streams. Rundown blending in MBO now greatly simplifies the handling of rundown components. A blend scheduler can focus on creating feasible and optimal schedules instead of juggling blend components with no intermediate storage. Schedulers can now use components continuously while blending

straight to another tank. They can also meet all tank and inventory constraints while more easily meeting product requirements.

Optimising blending operations Multi-blend optimiser tools allow refiners to blend right the first time, reducing quality giveaways and demurrage costs, as well as easily adapt to unexpected events and quickly generate a feasible blend schedule. The primary objective of the product blending operations in a refinery is to meet all the shipment commitments on schedule, while operating within the tank inventory constraints both for the blending components, as well as the blended products. In summary, refineries today strive to maximise margins from available component streams while making products to meet market and regulatory requirements. Finished product specifications, including the blending of ethanol in gasoline, are becoming increasingly complex. Advances in software modelling and optimisation technology enable the deployment of complex non-linear optimisation modelling technologies to meet the problem of product demand and to minimise give-away losses. Process industry software is far more intuitive and easy to operate with superior click of the button functionality than the current industry practice, which is typically based on trial and error methods using Excel or experimental tools. Optimal product blending is a complex process that determines the profitability of refining operations. The use of these software tools helps to increases collaboration with planners and schedulers through improved integration and interaction with the trading group by providing more valuable information on inventory positions and component requirements. Leading software innovations now enable refiners to operate an event-based, multiperiod and multi-blend modelling system that generates optimal blending schedules for short- and long-term campaigns. With just a few simple clicks, schedulers can significantly improve margins by using the optimal combination of static and rundown components to help refiners achieve greater profitability. n


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 Technology

Keeping systems

under control Without adequate instrumentation, energy production and processing could not take place effectively. We review the principles and offer advice on where to find out more. CCESSIBLE AND REMOTE energy production sites, on- and off-shore, all require reliable flow, level sensing, temperature, analysis (chromatographic) and pressuremeasurement metering equipment for general monitoring, operating and accounting purposes. Equally in the petrochemical and other midstream and downstream industries, a wide range of meters including remote terminal units are needed. Key suppliers such as Endress+Hauser Instruments International and ABB can meet all of these needs. E+H list supply specialised equipment for: bulk solids storage; mud pit level and density measurements; mud pumps – flow rate measurement; separator vessels (oil, gas, water flow measurement); flowmeters for chemical injection; flare knock out drums; temperature instrumentation; and pressure instrumentation. “Working from end-user feedback,” the company said, “we have developed technological solutions to the problems that are encountered when accurate process measurement is required.” ABB’s range of analysers includes continuous gas and liquid equipment; metallurgical; Reid vapour pressure; FT-IR and FT-NIR (Fourier Transform spectrometers); and remote sensing kits in addition to gas chromatograph and integrated analyser systems.

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Small installations All process control networks monitor data produced and equipment installed throughout any oil and gas production or processing system. Relatively small installations often use hydraulic or pneumatic control procedures, but

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Endress+Hauser Flowtec operates one of the world’s most accurate calibration plants for testing flowmeters

in any large facility, where several thousand individual signals are being constantly received, a dedicated distributed control system is needed.

In any large facility a dedicated distributed control system is needed This constantly monitors the many variables being generated by sensors located at all critical points such as control valves, pressure and flow meters. ITC programs constantly control valves, switches, alarm and reporting systems, and so on. Operators receive values, reports, safety and other information so that the process can be efficiently controlled and assessed. Typically the instrumentation installation includes electrical sensors and switches that monitor process conditions, connected over conventional electrical cables or via communication bus systems. These are connected to physical control devices such as valve actuators and motor drives. Connected controllers ensure the required

actions take place promptly, such as operating an alarm or preparing data via servers for an operator or business client/consultant to analyse in real time, take necessary action on, and store and archive the data. Whether hardwired or not, the instrumentation equipment required for all of this can be physically distributed in different ways around the installation, including to monitor activity and operations support at inaccessible facilities. However it is configured, the measurement and control system is required to ensure all component production, processing and utility-connected sub-systems operate efficiently and safely all the time within parameters set by the setup’s original designer.

Control room In most local oil and gas applications the monitoring and control system is usually operated from a centralised control room where graphical displays, alarm procedures and inventories, and current and historical reports can all be kept an eye on (often on a large wall-mounted electronic panel on/around the wall), and interrogated in depth as required. The same information can be transmitted to a remote location,


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Technology 

such as company headquarters in another country altogether. Smaller finite amounts/categories of information such as activity within a specific section of a process plant, like a pressure vessel or pipeline, is often displayed on a small desktop or laptop display. All field sensing equipment installed within any kind of energy process must of course be both resilient and adequately protected against corrosion, ignition, high pressure and so on. Individual items should be classified according to the level of hazardproofing, indicating suitability for specific ‘zoned’ locations such as those featuring high pressure/temperature combinations, requiring explosion-proof encapsulation, those that are safe for access, and so on. Today’s more sophisticated installations can include the automated starting and

More sophisticated installations can include the automated control of flow from a well or network

An ABB service engineer testing a flowmeter in the UK. stopping of flow from a well or network, including control of artificial lift procedures; the maximisation and stabilisation of hydrocarbon flows within pipelines; petrochemical process optimisation; detecting leaks and constrictions in pipelines; and centralised remote location control and support.

One of the best places to view and discuss all of the latest in instrumentation technology for the oil and gas industries is at local specialised energy events such as ADIPEC (Abu Dhabi, 3-6 November 2014), SAOGE (Dammam, 23-25 November), and Arab Oil & Gas (Dubai, 24-26 March 2015); most offer free exhibition entry to professionals. However many of the solutions devised for this growing sector are equally applicable within the process industries generally. So other events that could be considered overseas - in addition to the USA’s ‘Electronics’ series held each year in Anaheim, California (in February) and Orlando, Florida (in March) - include: 6 Automation (Mumbai, India – 15-18 October 2014) 6 Automation World/AIMEX (Seoul, Korea – 24-27 March 2015) 6 M&R Antwerpen (Belgium, annually in March) 6 Instrumentation Asia (Singapore – annually in April). n

Dubai’s annual ArabLab Expo is also arguably a closely related event, and will be held next year from 23-26 March 2015 (visit www.arablab.com for details).

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 Innovations

Unique Maritime Group signs JV to rent and sell offshore products in Middle East

Paradigm’s new software ‘increases geosciences accessibility’

UNIQUE MARITIME GROUP has signed a joint venture agreement with OEG Offshore to offer the rental and sale of offshore equipment in the Middle East region. The new joint venture company - OEG Unique - based in the UAE and Qatar, will provide local access to OEG’s full range of more than 200 individual certified designs of DNV 2.7-1 certified cargo carrying units (CCUs) and A60 modules across the GCC countries. The partners have invested over US$1mn in new equipment including offshore containers, baskets, half heights, tanks and waste equipment rated to the leading international standards DNV 2.7-1 and EN 12079. The sales and rental fleet is located at bases in Sharjah, UAE and Doha, Qatar and is available for immediate mobilisation. The modern and diverse fleet will be supported by OEG Unique’s customer and technical support resources from facilities in Dubai, Sharjah, Abu Dhabi and Qatar. Sahil Gandhi, director at Unique Maritime Group, said, “We are extremely pleased to be venturing into the business of offshore containers and fleet. This is in line with our growth strategy for this year. By partnering with OEG Offshore, who is an industry stalwart in this field, we are confident that the new inception ‘OEG Unique’ will offer the range of CCUs and A60 cabins specialised products certified to DNV 2.7-1/EN 12079 to customers in the Middle East region.” Daniel Lim, group asset director at OEG Offshore, added that these new bases are the next step in their ambition to offer customers a first-class service in all the key offshore oil and gas markets.

PARADIGM’S NEW SOFTWARE Paradigm 14 was released recently at the 2014 European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers (EAGE) Annual Conference and Exhibition in Amsterdam. Duane Dopkin, executive vice-president of geoscience at Paradigm, said, “With the release of Paradigm 14, the company has increased the accessibility and usability of its advanced technologies for the general geoscience community. “We welcome the opportunity to show these achievements to our customers at the EAGE conference, as well as share our technology roadmaps and vision of the impact advanced science can have on the oil and gas industry.” The company said that the Seismic facies in Paradigm SeisEarth 3D focus of this release is the Canvas science and technology that enable effective seismic data processing and imaging, velocity modelling, and seismic interpretation, to computing and scalable data management, delivering highly accurate results and productivity without compromise. Paradigm geoscientists also participated in the EAGE technical programme, with technical paper presentations.

OIL FIELD CHEMICALS CAUSTIC SODA | SODA ASH GILSONITE | SODIUM BICARBONATE XANTHAN GUM | PAC R | PAC LV LIME | STARCH HT | PHPA CORROSION INHIBITORS | LUBRICANTS GLYCOL MC | BIOCIDES | DEFOAMERS BUTYL GLYCOL | XYLENE CALCIUM CHLORIDE | TEG EMULSIFIER | WETTING AGENT POTASSIUM CHLORIDE CAUSTIC SODA SOLUTION INDUSTRIAL SALT SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE SOLUTION | BARITE BENTONITE | LOSS CIRCULATION MATERIAL

Starlink Oilfield Supplies & Services DMCC P .O. BOX: 24167, Office No. 3903 Liwa Heights, Jumairah Lake Towers, Dubai , U.A.E . T: +971 4 425 3355, F: +971 4 364 9273, E : inquiry@soss.ae, W: www.soss.ae

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S13 ORME 4 2014 - Innovations_Layout 1 17/06/2014 07:22 Page 65

RELIABILITY IN OIL WELL CEMENTS Oil Well Cement (OWC) produced by Oman Cement Company (S.A.O.G) under accurate temperatures is an obvious choice for oil well cementing worldwide and now it is ready to face the challenges of highly specialized arctic and horizontal cementing: ● Conforms to the American Petroleum Institute (API) specification – 10A Class-G- (HSR), Class-B- (HSR) and Class-A- (O) grades. ● Tested and used by worldwide cementing companies ● Easy to disperse resulting in considerable cost savings ● First choice of major oilfield companies ● Exported to GC Countries, Iraq, Yemen, Libya, Sudan, Tanzania, Turkmenistan, Ethiopia, Pakistan, India and Syria. Oman Cement manufacturing facility operates on world class quality management system ISO 9001 and environmental management system ISO 14001. Quality control is online and laboratory automation systems consist of online x-ray spectrometers and robotic samplers, linked to process controllers and a raw mill proportioning system. OCC has an enduring commitment to customer satisfaction, continual improvement and a stronger foundation for tomorrow. Winner of His Majesty’s Cup for the Best Five Factories in the Sultanate of Oman for 10 times.

CERTIFIED CO CERT NO. IND13.3020/U/Q

CERTIFIED CO CERT NO. IND10.7570 API CERTIFIED CO LICENSE NO. 10A-0059

Oman Cement Company (S.A.O.G) Corporate Office: PO Box 560, Ruwi, PC 112, Sultanate of Oman Tel: +968 24437070 Marketing: Ext 145 / 444 Fax: +968 24437799 Email: admin@omancement.com Website: www.omancement.com


S13 ORME 4 2014 - Innovations_Layout 1 17/06/2014 07:22 Page 66

 Innovations

Dräger’s escape device for confined spaces DRÄGER MARINE & OFFSHORE, part of The Dräger Group and provider of safety solutions, from training and product supply to asset management, service and maintenance onshore and offshore, has launched OXY K escape device for confined spaces. The device can be used in small spaces when workers need immediate protection against potentially deadly environments. Whether it’s smoke, toxic gases, a lack of oxygen, or where there is a mixture of hydrocarbons and air, the device offers workers a lifeline in order to escape. The user can see by looking at the colour of the service indicator whether the device, which is around the same size as a small canister, is ready to use. It can be carried via a shoulder strap and activated via a quickstart mechanism. The equipment delivers a 30-minute supply of instant chemicallygenerated oxygen. Encased in a hard, water-resistant case to protect it from damage by impact, puncture and moisture, can be taken and opened rapidly in one step during an emergency. It is useful for workers across many different sectors, specifically for drilling platform, subsea and production workers. Phil Saxton, general manager of Dräger Marine and Offshore, said, “The OXY K escape device is not only compact, but it is also lightweight for workers who need the flexibility to be able to climb ladders through their work. The hood, meanwhile, provides the wearer protection for their head, face and eyes. “It is designed so that it is easy to put on, suitable for those who wear glasses and can be carried anywhere toxic gases may be present or when the atmosphere is oxygen deficient. It also still allows for verbal The one-use OXY K escape device product has a communication, which is an important factor shelf-life of 10 years when leaving a dangerous environment.”

Sabin Metal adds second EAF and baghouse at its precious metals refining facility SABIN METAL CORPORATION has added a second electric arc furnace (EAF) and baghouse at its Williston ND precious metals recovery and refining processing plant. The additional EAF doubles the company’s capacity to process spent precious metal-bearing hydrocarbon/petrochemical catalysts. The new EAF uses Sabin’s exclusive Pyro-Re™ technology to recover maximum possible remaining precious metals from spent process catalysts, including rhenium, which is another high value precious metal. The baghouse incorporates sophisticated, state-of-the-art filtration systems that enable the company to recover particulates of precious metals that would, otherwise, be lost in the atmosphere, while also assuring compliance with appropriate pollution abatement standards. Sabin Metal Corporation recovers and refines precious metals including platinum, palladium, ruthenium, rhodium, rhenium, gold, silver, and others from a variety of industrial sources.

Raima’s RDM Embedded 12.0 database for Aker Solution’s offshore applications AKER SOLUTIONS, PROVIDER of oilfield products, systems and services, has selected the RDM Embedded 12.0 in memory database from Raima as a core element for its offshore control technologies. The Norwegian company also provides subsea production control systems for the oil and gas industry. As part of the development of its architecture for future product generations Aker Solutions identified the need for a new database management system, and began a search that culminated in its selection of Raima’s RDM Embedded 12.0. Nigel Rozier, EMEA sales manager at Raima, said, “Aker Solutions needed a product with the performance to handle high volumes of data, compatibility with embedded and conventional systems, and a high degree of robustness to maintain data integrity in the offshore environment, where communication links my suffer disruption and interruption. After testing

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numerous systems, we are proud to say that they chose RDM Embedded 12.0.” Released earlier in 2014, Raima Database Manager (RDM) version 12.0 is optimised for embedded, real-time, in memory and mobile applications, delivering flexible and reliable solutions for collecting and storing large volumes of data, providing intuitive methods for managing and navigating through information quickly, and enabling data to be moved in real-time. It provides software developers with a wide variety of powerful programming tools and customizable building blocks that enable them to solve the most complex data management challenges. Steiner Sande, CEO of Raima, added, “Through feedback from our clients and prospects we have extended the functionality, improved the performance and enhanced the ease of use of RDM 12.0. The new release is proving extremely popular and we are very pleased to be working with Aker Solutions.”

According to the announcement from Brad Cook, general manager of sales, the additional electric arc furnace will not only provide higher throughput rates and fast, efficient processing, and it also enhances the company’s ability to recover high levels of rhenium from those spent catalysts. Pyrometallurgical processing of spent precious metals-bearing catalysts typically captures a higher percentage of remaining rhenium versus more commonly used hydrometallurgical recovery technology. Sabin Metal Corporation has also established a new sales and service office in Dubai, UAE.


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 Innovations

Lamprell awarded Guinness World Record for its 13,000 mt PUQ deck LAMPRELL IS CELEBRATING after breaking the Guinness World Company with a load of 4,891 mt in January 2012. Record for the ‘heaviest load moved by self-propelled modular During the event, Lamprell awarded officials from Jebel Ali Free trailers (SPMTs)’ for its 13,191.98 mt PUQ deck commissioned by Zone Authority (JAFZA), DP World, and heavy transportation and Nexen Petroleum UK. lifting contractors ALE for their support in carrying out the project. The oil and gas construction and engineering group were “I want to thank Nexen for their confidence in us, to thank ALE, officially awarded the certificate by UAE Guinness World Records JAFZA, and DP World for all their support in performing this adjudicator Samer Khallouf at a presentation event held in Dubai on operating and, of course most of all, I’d like to thank my own 22 April. team,” said Moffat. Lamprell CEO James Moffat The deck is currently en route to said, “This has been an incredible the Golden Eagle Area Development development for Lamprell over the (GEAD), 70km offshore Aberdeen in last two years. It has very much the North Sea, after Nexen contracted put us in the world’s spotlight and Lamprell to build two decks for the I think the performance of the project back in 2011. project is something that we will Speaking at the presentation be proud of for many years to ceremony, Moffat highlighted the fact come.” that while processing both the He added, “The world record is wellhead and PUQ deck projects for the icing on the cake.” Nexen, Lamprell completed The PUQ deck, measuring approximately 10mn man hours 98.5m in length by 46m in width without a loss time incident. and 58.8m in height, needed a “It is a truly world class statistic,” total of 512 axels on SPMTs to he commented. “We managed to perform the load-out. complete the entire deck without The structure weighs almost causing a loss time incident, which is a Lamprell CEO James Moffat being awarded the Guinness World three times that of the previous truly incredible feat and is something I Records certificate from UAE Guinness World Records adjudicator record, which was achieved by and my entire team are incredibly Saudi Arabia’s Almajdouie Logistics Samer Khallouf proud of.”

GE and Devon sign new technology collaboration deal to drive unconventional resources innovations

SABIC to launch certified polyolefins portfolio

GE OIL & GAS and Devon Energy Corporation have signed a new technology collaboration agreement (TCA) to drive innovations that will enhance the performance and economics of unconventional oil and natural gas projects as the demand for energy grows worldwide. The new agreement was announced at the groundbreaking ceremony for GE’s new Oil & Gas Technology Center in Oklahoma in the US recently. GE’s new technology centre will focus on accelerating mid- to later-stage oil and natural gas technologies developed in GE’s Global Research Center labs. Under the agreement, GE will collaborate with Devon on advancing innovations in three specific technology areas including artificial lift systems used for increasing the flow of liquids from production wells, advanced drilling technologies to improve performance, reduce costs and reduce environmental impact, water treatment and processing to reduce water use and better utilise water resources for unconventional oil and natural gas development, Lorenzo Simonelli, CEO of GE Oil & Gas, said, “We will collaborate with Devon using the GE Oil & Gas Technology Center to develop ideas that can be quickly tested in the field. We aim to quickly deploy technologies that can improve the economics and operational performance of unconventional oil and gas projects throughout the US and around the world as more countries seek to develop their oil and natural gas resources.” The TCA with Devon is closely aligned with GE’s new technology center, which will focus on developing and applying technologies and processes that are better, smarter, cleaner, safer, faster and more efficient in the areas of production systems, well construction, water use optimisation, CO2 solutions and energy systems, GE said. John Richels, CEO of Devon Energy, noted, “Devon has a long-standing commitment to developing innovative approaches to produce oil and natural gas. “This relationship with GE is another great opportunity to accelerate development of new technologies and create solutions that are important to our industry, our communities and the customers who benefit from these breakthroughs.” GE’s new Oil & Gas Technology Center is due to open in Q3 2015 and will create 130 high-tech jobs, serving as a global research and development hub for the company.

PETROCHEMICAL COMPANY SABIC will launch its first portfolio of renewable polyolefins certified under the ISCC Plus certification scheme. With this launch, SABIC becomes the first petrochemicals company to be able to produce renewable second generation polyethylenes (PE) and polypropylenes (PP). Mosaed Al-Ohali, EVP Polymers at SABIC, said, “SABIC’s market-leading move into the certified renewable polyolefins area is linked to the needs of our customers who require sustainable packaging solutions in response to both consumer and regulatory demands. “It is a winning solution, as these materials can be converted readily on their existing equipment with no investment needed, and can contribute to an improvement of sustainability of their products.” To develop the new renewable portfolio, SABIC used its ‘Chemistry that Matters’ approach to create materials that meet the growing requirements for sustainable materials and do not impact the food chain. In addition, SABIC worked closely with the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs under a Green Deal, on the concept of ‘sustainability certificates’. The ISCC Plus certified PP and PE materials will be produced initially at SABIC’s production facilities at Geleen in the Netherlands.

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S13 ORME 4 2014 - Innovations_Layout 1 17/06/2014 07:22 Page 70

 Innovations

Ageing offshore rigs — are we moving to the danger zone? THE DEMAND FOR jack-ups in Middle East, led by Saudi Arabia, is system onboard; fire fighting systems; primary marine systems; increasing. Most oil companies in the Middle East, as part of their high-pressure drilling systems; and emergency systems. During its increased drilling activities, are offering long-term contracts and local operational life, the design envelope in jack-up rigs might change due drilling contractors are increasing their fleet to meet the demands of to an increase in weight of topsides, modifications, change in national companies as the favourable market situation in the region environmental conditions, damages, accidental events like boat attracts many old units operating in other parts of the world to move impact, corrosion attacks and fatigue, marine growth, etc. Fatigue there. There is a big demand for calculations should confirm that the rig can accommodation jack ups and this has led to operate until the expected future life. If the conversion of old laid-up drilling rigs to fatigue utilisation index is above 1, then accommodation units. more study is required to check the Bijali MP, regional offshore class feasibility of extended operations. manager of DNVGL for the Middle East Bijali added, “Offshore drilling rigs are and India region, said, “The number of operating at very hostile weather ageing rigs operating in the region are conditions and structural integrity is to be quite high and there is a growing concern managed efficiently to ensure less down of old jack-ups operating here. DNVGL, time and safe operations. DNVGL’s jack up through the Dubai jack-up service centre, service centre is able to assist the industry for a (jackupservicecentre.dubai@dnvgl.com) is satisfactory solution to control the integrity fully equipped to assist the clients with of the structure with respect to the dedicated engineers for safe operation.” strength.” According to Richard William Stoner, In western countries, regulatory bodies There is a big demand for accommodation jack ups in the manager of the Jack up & Geotechnical have high focus on ageing drilling rigs and Middle East engineering group and the Noble Denton safety cases are being performed on the Marine Assurance advisory, the Jack up & jack-ups to analyse the risk involved during different operational Geotechnical hub in London has a considerable history of assessing phases. Safety case documentation includes a thorough account of the capabilities of all sorts of jack-ups. “The ability to assess these the qualitative risk assessment of the risks associated with all varied structures accurately is of great value to our clients. This is modes of operation. Safety critical systems on the jack-up rig include possible due to the combination of Noble Denton’s software JUSTAS structural integrity like hull, critical joins, legs, jacking system to hull that can assess jack up units efficiently and the expertise of our connection, spudcan to leg connection; jacking system; safety specialist engineers,” added Stoner.

Baumer Group combines ‘Bourdon Original’ to create latest line of mechanical pressure gauges BAUMER GROUP, MANUFACTURER and developer of sensors, encoders, measuring instruments and components for automated image processing, together with Bourdon tube principle have created the latest generation mechanical pressure gauges as part of a product portfolio. According to Stefan Diepenbrock, manager public relations at Baumer, while the wheel of innovation keeps turning faster and faster in the process industry, a more than 160-year-old technology is still used for pressure measurement today. Diepenbrock said that when Eugène Bourdon filed a patent application for the ‘Bourdon tube’ named after him in Paris in 1849, he never expected that his technology would still be the most common method for mechanical pressure measurement in the 21st century. Eugène Bourdon’s legacy is continued today by the Swiss sensor manufacturer Baumer, which currently

Most pressure gauges by Baumer utilise the Bourdon tube

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is the owner of the only ‘Bourdon Original’ label. Today Baumer Bourdon Haenni is the competence centre for mechanical measuring instruments within the Baumer Group. During the construction of a steam engine in the 19th century, Bourdon had noticed that the spirally wound tube used for compressing steam was flattened during production. To correct this, the tube was sealed at one end and pressurised at the other end. As a result, the spiral started to bend up while the tube tended to regain its round cross section. Bourdon then invented a pressure gauge based on the path change of the end of a bent Bourdon tube with an elliptical cross section. This is what makes Bourdon tube gauges easy to handle and maintain. In addition, they are suitable for a wide pressure range and offer a high level of accuracy (up to 0.1 per cent of the end value). “Because they do not require an external power source, they are not prone to voltage fluctuations or power outages,” Sascha Engel, marketing and sales manager for Process Instrumentation at Baumer, said. At its production site at Vendome in France, however, this traditional principle is updated by implementing the latest quality methods, which offer decisive benefits in demanding oil and gas applications. Bourdon tubes are manufactured from long stainless steel tubes in a bending machine. The Bourdon tubes are given their typical C shape and a flattened cross section. The tubes are welded to the connection piece of the measuring device at one end and to the tube end piece at the other. The welded measuring systems are checked for leaks and undergo an overpressure cycle to eliminate tensions in the material. Then they are welded to the pressure gauge housing in an automated laser welding plant. After assembly of the pointer mechanism, the pressure gauge is adjusted and checked upon compliance with measuring range and accuracy class. This is done in a patented, semi-automatic process which virtually eliminates adjustment errors. The pressure gauge is completely assembled, sealed, and packed for shipment.


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RIG COUNT ďƒ§

Middle East & North African The Baker Hughes Rig Count tracks industry-wide rigs engaged in drilling and related operations, which include drilling, logging, cementing, coring, well testing, waiting on weather, running casing and blowout preventer (BOP) testing.

Country

Land

THIS MONTH OffShore Total

VARIANCE From Last Month

LAST MONTH Land OffShore Total

Land

LAST YEAR OffShore Total

Middle East ABU DHABI DUBAI IRAQ JORDAN KUWAIT OMAN PAKISTAN QATAR SAUDI ARABIA SUDAN SYRIA YEMEN TOTAL

21 0 94 0 34 59 20 2 89 0 0 4 232

9 2 0 0 0 0 0 5 19 0 0 0 35

30 2 94 0 34 59 20 7 108 0 0 4 358

0 1 5 0 0 1 -3 1 10 0 0 0 15

23 0 89 0 34 58 23 2 78 0 0 4 311

7 1 0 0 0 0 0 4 20 0 0 0 32

30 1 89 0 34 58 23 6 98 0 0 4 343

19 0 80 0 30 45 21 2 64 0 0 4 265

8 0 0 0 0 1 0 7 19 0 0 0 35

27 0 80 0 30 46 21 9 83 0 0 4 300

47 45 11 0 103

0 11 1 0 12

47 56 11 0 114

-2 -9 3 0 -8

49 45 8 0 102

0 10 0 0 10

49 65 8 0 122

46 47 15 3 111

0 11 0 1 12

46 58 15 4 123

North Africa ALGERIA EGYPT LIBYA TUNISIA TOTAL

Source: Baker Hughes


S14 ORME 4 2014 - DMS_Layout 1 17/06/2014 07:23 Page 73

Project Databank Compiled by Data Media Systems

OIL, GAS AND PETROCHEMICAL PROJECTS Project

Facility

Budget ($ US)

Country

Status

Akkas Gas Field Development

Gas Field Development

2660000000

Iraq

Engineering & Procurement

Akkas Gas Field Development - Export Pipeline

Gas

450000000

Iraq

Engineering & Procurement

Akkas Gas Field Development - Gas Processing Facility

Gas Processing

800000000

Iraq

Engineering & Procurement

Akri Bijeel Block

Oil & Gas Field

Unknown

Iraq

Engineering & Procurement

Al-Ahdab Oil Field Development

Oil Field Development

3000000000

Iraq

Engineering & Procurement

Atrush Block

Oil & Gas Field

1140000000

Iraq

Feasibility Study

Badra Oil Field Development

Oil Field Development

3000000000

Iraq

Engineering & Procurement

Badra Oil Field Development -

CPF (Central Processing Facility)

330000000

Iraq

Construction

CPF (Central Processing Facility)

900000000

Iraq

Construction

Badra Oil Field Development - Tank Farm

Oil Storage Tanks

200000000

Iraq

EPC ITB

Basra Refinery Rehabilitation

Refinery

Central Processing Facility Project (Phase 1) Badra Oil Field Development Central Processing Facility Project (Phase 2)

400000000

Iraq

On Hold

Basrah Gas Company - South Gas Project - Gas Flare Recovery Project Gas Gathering

17000000000

Iraq

Feasibility Study

Bazian Refinery Expansion - Phase 3

Refinery

150000000

Iraq

EPC ITB

Daura refinery - RFCC

Fluid Catalytic Cracker (FCC)

2500000000

Iraq

On Hold

Dohok & Erbil Oil Development

Oil Field Development

200000000

Iraq

Engineering & Procurement

Fluid Catalytic Cracking Unit

Refinery

20000000

Iraq

EPC ITB

Gharraf Oil Field Development

Oil & Gas Field

8000000000

Iraq

Engineering & Procurement

Gharraf Oil Field Development - Gas Processing Plant

Gas Processing

100000000

Iraq

Engineering & Procurement

Gharraf Oil Field Development -

Gas Pipeline

75000000

Iraq

Construction

Oil Field Development

600000000

Iraq

Engineering &

Light Oil Transport System (LOTS) - Phase 1 Halfaya Oil Field Redevelopment

Procurement Halfaya Oil Field Redevelopment - CPF2

CPF (Central Processing Facility)

548000000

Iraq

Engineering &

Iraq Crude Oil Export Expansion Project (Phase 2)

Pipeline

471000000

Iraq

Construction

Kirkuk - Baiji Gas Pipelines

Gas

150000000

Iraq

Engineering &

Procurement

Procurement Kirkuk Refinery

Refinery

5000000000

Iraq

FEED

Kurdistan Ber Bahr Block

Oil & Gas Field

Unknown

Iraq

Construction

Kurdistan Region Kalar Bawanoor Block (Garmian and Kurdamir)

Oil & Gas Field

400000000

Iraq

Engineering & Procurement

Kurdistan Region Shaikan Block

Oil & Gas Field

Unknown

Iraq

Engineering & Procurement


S14 ORME 4 2014 - DMS_Layout 1 17/06/2014 07:23 Page 74

Project

Facility

Budget ($ US)

Country

Status

Kurdistan Sheikh Adi Block

Oil & Gas Field

Unknown

Iraq

Engineering & Procurement

Majnoon Oil Field Redevelopment

Oil Field Development

50000000000

Iraq

Engineering & Procurement

Mansuriyah Natural Gas Field Development

Gas Field

2700000000

Iraq

FEED

Maysan Refinery

Refinery

5000000000

Iraq

Engineering & Procurement

Miran Block Oil Field Development - (Overview)

Oil Field Development

500000000

Iraq

Engineering & Procurement

Miran Block Oil Field Development - Pipeline

Pipeline

250000000

Iraq

FEED

Missan Oil Fields Development

Oil Field Development

375000000

Iraq

Engineering & Procurement

MOO - Basra to Aqaba Pipeline

Oil

50000000000

Iraq

EPC ITB

MOO - Basra to Aqaba Pipeline - Phase 1 (Rumaila to Haditha)

Oil

18000000000

Iraq

FEED

MOO - Basra to Aqaba Pipeline - Phase 2 (Haditha to Aqaba)

Oil

25000000000

Iraq

EPC ITB

Nasiriyah - Nasiriyah to Khor Al-Zubair Pipeline

Gas

100000000

Iraq

Engineering & Procurement

Nasiriyah Refinery

Refinery

5000000000

Iraq

EPC ITB

Nassiriyah oil field

Oil Field Development

10000000000

Iraq

EPC ITB

Rumaila Oil Field Development

Oil Field Development

15000000000

Iraq

Engineering &

SCOP - Karbala Refinery

Refinery

6000000000

Iraq

Engineering &

Procurement

Procurement SCOP - Pipeline from Missan Oil Fields to Southern Iraq

Oil

317000000

Iraq

Construction

Siba Gas Field Development

Gas Field Development

1000000000

Iraq

EPC ITB

Siba Gas Field Development - Early Production Facility (EPF)

Gas Production

200000000

Iraq

EPC ITB

Siba Gas Field Development - Gas Condensates Pipeline

Gas

100000000

Iraq

EPC ITB

Siba Gas Field Development - Gas Pipeline

Gas

100000000

Iraq

EPC ITB

Siba Gas Field Development - LPG

Liquefied Petroleum Gas

300000000

Iraq

EPC ITB

(LPG) Pipeline Tawke Field - Early Production Facility

Oil Field Development

150000000

Iraq

EPC ITB

West Qurna Oil Field Development (Phase I)

Oil Field Development

50000000000

Iraq

Engineering & Procurement

West Qurna Oil Field Development (Phase II)

Oil Field Development

2000000000

Iraq

Engineering & Procurement

West Qurna Oil Field Development (Phase II) -

CPF (Central Processing Facility)

340000000

Iraq

Construction

CPF (Central Processing Facility)

300000000

Iraq

EPC ITB

West Qurna Oil Field Development (Phase II) - Gas Treatment Plant

Gas Treatment Plant

500000000

Iraq

EPC ITB

West Qurna Oil Field Development (Phase II) - Tank Farm

Oil Storage Tanks

61000000

Iraq

Construction

Zubair Oil Field Redevelopment

Oil Field Development

65000000000

Iraq

Engineering &

Central Processing Facility West Qurna Oil Field Development (Phase II) Central Processing Facility - Phase 2

Procurement Zubair Oil Field Redevelopment - Degassing Stations

Gas Processing

500000000

Iraq

Engineering &

Zubair Oil Field Redevelopment - Degassing Stations -

Gas Processing

840000000

Iraq

Engineering &

Procurement

(Hammar Mishrif) Zubair Oil Field Redevelopment - Pipelines Construction Package

Procurement Oil

Zubair Oil Field Redevelopment - Rehabilitation of Production Facilities Exploration

360000000

Iraq

Construction

640000000

Iraq

Construction


S14 ORME 4 2014 - DMS_Layout 1 17/06/2014 07:23 Page 75

Over

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S14 ORME 4 2014 - DMS_Layout 1 17/06/2014 07:23 Page 76

Project Focus Compiled by Data Media Systems

Project Summary Project Name

Bazian Refinery Expansion - Phase 3

Name of Client

Qaiwan Group

Budget ($ US)

150,000,000

Award Date

Q3-2014

Facility Type

Refinery

Status

EPC ITB

Start Date

Q4-2012

End Date

Q3-2017

Location

Sulaimaniyah, Iraq

Project Backgrounds Qaiwan group plans to upgrade Bazian Refinery in the Sulaimaniyah region.

Project Status Mar 2014

CH2M HILL awarded the FEED contract.

Mar 2014

Front End Engineering Design (FEED) is currently in progress.

Nov 2013

FEED work is in progress.

Nov 2013

The Invitation to Bid (ITB) for the EPC contract is likely to be issued in May 2014.

Project Scope The Bazian Refinery Expansion Phase 3 should include: - Crude distillation unit (CDU) of 50,000 b/d capacity, - Naphtha hydro-treating unit of 33,500 b/d capacity - Continuous catalytic reformer (CCR) of 22,500 b/d capacity, - Isomerization unit of 10,500 b/d capacity, - Kerosene hydro-treating unit of 13,500 b/d capacity - Amine regeneration unit, - Sulfur recovery unit, - Waste water treatment unit, - Offsites and utilities

Project Finance Qaiwan Group is the client.

Project Schedules 1Q-2014

EPC ITB

3Q-2014

Engineering & Procurement

3Q-2017

Completed


S15 ORME 4 2014 - Arabic_Layout 1 17/06/2014 07:24 Page 77

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‫ﺗﺸﺮﻳﻦ اﻟﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬/‫ﻧﻮﻓﻤﺒﺮ‬

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................

‫ﺣﺰﻳﺮان‬/‫ﻳﻮﻧﻴﻮ‬

‫ ﻣـــــﺆﺗـﻤــــــــــﺮ وﻣﻌـــــﺮض أﺑﻮﻇﺒـــــــﻲ اﻟــــــــﺪوﻟـﻲ ﻟﻠﺒﺘــــــــــــــــﺮول ـ‬............. ١٣ ‫ ـ‬١٠

‫ ﻟﻨﺪن‬................................................................................................................................. ٢٠١٤ ‫ ﻣﺆﺗﻤﺮ ﻧﻔﻂ اﻟﻌﺮاق‬..............١٩ ‫ـ‬١٧

‫ أﺑﻮﻇﺒﻲ‬.................................................................................................................................................................................... ٢٠١٤ ‫أدﻳﺒـــــﻚ‬

‫ ﻓﻴﻴﻨﺎ‬............................................................................... ‫ اﻟﻤﺆﺗﻤﺮ اﻟﺪوﻟﻲ ﻻﺗﺤﺎد ﻣﻘﺎوﻟﻲ اﻟﺤﻔﺮ‬............. ١٩ ‫ ـ‬١٨

‫ اﻟﺪﻣﺎم‬....................................٢٠١٤ ‫ اﻟﻤﻌﺮض اﻟﺴﻌﻮدي ﻟﻠﻨﻔﻂ واﻟﻐﺎز ـ ﻄﻌﻬـﺆ‬............. ٢٦ ‫ ـ‬٢٤ ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................

‫أﻳﻠﻮل‬/‫ﺳﺒﺘﻤﺒﺮ‬

‫ﻛﺎﻧﻮن ا)ول‬/‫دﻳﺴﻤﺒﺮ‬

‫ إﻳﺮﺑﻴﻞ‬.................................................................................................................................. ‫ ﻣﻌﺮض إﻳﺮﺑﻴﻞ ﻟﻠﻨﻔﻂ واﻟﻐﺎز‬............. ٤ ‫ ـ‬١

‫ اﻟﺒﺼﺮة‬............................................................................................................................. ‫ ﻣﻌﺮض اﻟﺒﺼﺮة ﻟﻠﻨﻔﻂ واﻟﻐﺎز‬.............٧ ‫ ـ‬٤

‫ اﻟﻘﺎﻫﺮة‬...............................................................................‫ ﻣﻌﺮض اﻟﻘﺎﻫﺮة اﻟﺪوﻟﻲ ﻟﻠﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎء واﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ‬.............٩ ‫ ـ‬٦

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 ‫اﻟــﻌـﺪد اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ‬


S15 ORME 4 2014 - Arabic_Layout 1 17/06/2014 07:24 Page 79


S15 ORME 4 2014 - Arabic_Layout 1 17/06/2014 07:24 Page 80

‫أﺧﺒــــــــــــــﺎر‬ ‫ اﻟﺸﺮق اوﺳﻂ‬- ‫اﻟﻨﺸﺮة اﻟﻨﻔﻄﻴﺔ‬

‫ﻻﻣـﺒـﺮﻳﻞ ﺗﻮﻗــــﻊ ﻋﻘـــﺪاً ﻟﺒﻨﺎء‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺼﺎت ﺣﻔﺮ ﻋﺪﻳﺪة‬

äGQÉeE’ÉH ájôª◊G á≤£æe ‘ ™aôdG »à«JGP ôØ◊G »à°üæe ™«æ°üàH πjÈe’ Ωƒ≤à°S

»μjôeGC Q’hO ¿ƒ«˘∏˘e 370 ᪫≤H ójóL ó≤˘Y ™˘«˘bƒ˘J ø˘Y π˘jÈe’ á˘cô˘°T âæ˘∏˘YGC ôØM »à°üæe º«∏°ùJh AÉ°ûf’E zèæ«∏jQO ∞∏«°T{ ácô°ûd á©HÉàdG äÉcô°ûdG ióMGE ™e º«ª°üJ ” óbh  ácô°T º«ª°üJ øe ™aôdG Éà«JGP Úà∏≤æàe ÚàjôëH ∞∏«°T{ ácô°ûH äÉ«∏ª©dG ≥jôah »°Sóæ˘¡˘dG ≥˘jô˘Ø˘dG ÚH ¿hɢ©˘à˘dɢH Úà˘°üæŸG ÚJɢg ɢª˘gh ,zπ˘jÈe’{h zè˘æ˘«˘∏˘jQO ∞˘∏˘«˘°T{ ió˘d á˘∏˘«˘ª˘©˘dG äɢcô˘°ûdG ió˘MGEh zè˘æ˘«˘∏˘jQO ‘ ɪ¡eGóîà°SG ºà«˘°Sh ,kɢeó˘b 350 ¤GE π°üJ ¥ÉªYCɢH √ɢ«ŸG ‘ π˘ª˘©˘∏˘d ¿É˘Jõ˘¡› á«æ≤J ôØ◊G Éà°üæe π˘ª˘°ûà˘°Sh .≈˘°übGC ó˘ë˘H Ωó˘b ∞˘dGC 30 ≠∏Ñj ≥ª©H QɢH’BG ô˘Ø˘M .kÓeÉY 160 ¤GE π°üj Ée ¿ÉÑYƒà°ùà°S ɪ¡fGC ɪc ,…ôëÑdG ôØ◊G á≤£æe ‘ ™aôdG »à«JGP ôØ◊G »à°üæe ™«æ°üJ πjÈe’ ácô°T ¤ƒàJ ±ƒ°Sh ≥WÉæŸG πFGhGC øª°V á≤£æŸG √òg ¿ƒμà˘°Sh ,Ió˘ë˘àŸG ᢫˘Hô˘©˘dG äGQɢe’EɢH á˘jô˘ª◊G âbƒ˘dG ‘ ɢ¡˘≤˘«˘Ñ˘£˘à˘H zπ˘jÈe’{ Ωƒ˘≤˘J »˘à˘dG ᢫˘Lɢà˘f’EG äÉ˘æ˘«˘°ù– ø˘e Ió˘«˘Ø˘à˘°ùŸG øe ådÉãdG ™HôdG ‘ ¤h’CG ôØ◊G á°üæe zπjÈe’{ º∏u°ùoJ ¿GC Qô≤ŸG øeh .øgGôdG ÊÉãdG ™HôdG ‘ á«fÉãdG ôØ◊G á°üæe º«∏°ùJ ™bƒàŸG øe ¬fGC ÚM ‘ ,2016 ΩÉY ¢ùª«L ∫Ébh .É«°SGB ¥ô°T ܃æL ‘ äÉ«∏ªY AGôL’E Úà°üæŸG AÉæH ºàjh .2017 øe Gò˘¡˘H ɢfRƒ˘a ø˘Y ø˘∏˘©˘f ¿GC ɢf󢩢°ùj' :π˘jÈe’ á˘cô˘°ûd …ò˘«˘Ø˘æ˘à˘dG ¢ù«˘Fô˘dG ,äɢaƒ˘e ¿GC ák°UÉN ,™aôdG »à«JGP ÚJójóL Úà°üæe AÉæÑd zèæ«∏jQO ∞∏«°T{ øe ´hô°ûŸG k «ªY Èà©J zèæ«∏jQO ∞∏«°T{ ÊÉãdG ƒg ó≤©dG Gòg ¿GC ɪc .áYƒªÛG iód GójóL Ó ô˘Ø◊G ‹hɢ≤˘e QÉ˘Ñ˘c ó˘MGC ™˘e Ió˘jó˘Y ô˘Ø˘M äɢ°üæ˘e Aɢæ˘Ñ˘d ¬˘«˘∏˘Y π˘°üë˘f …ò˘dG k «dO ó©j ɇ ,óMGh ô¡°T ¿ƒ°†Z ‘ Ú«dhódG ≈¶– »àdG á©°SGƒdG Iô¡°ûdG ≈∏Y Ó Gògh .á«°ù«FôdG ¥Gƒ°S’CG ‘ ábÓª©dG äÉYhô°ûŸG ò«ØæàH ≥∏©àj ɪ«a áYƒªÛG É¡H ¤GE ,™aôdG á«JGP ôØ◊G äÉ°üæe áYÉæ°U ‘ IóFGôdG zπjÈe’{ áfÉμe Rõ©j É°†jGC ∞∏«°T{ ™e πª©˘dG ƒ˘ë˘f ™˘∏˘£˘à˘f ø˘ë˘fh .ɢæ˘FÓ˘ª˘©˘d á˘jɢ¨˘∏˘d á˘HGò÷G É˘æ˘°Vhô˘Y ÖfɢL .' ójó÷G É¡Yhô°ûe AÉæH ‘ É¡ªYOh zèæ«∏jQO

‫إﻧﺸﺎء أول ﻗﺎرب ﺳﺤﺐ ﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﺎﻟﻐﺎز اﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻲ اﻟﻤﺴﺎل‬ õ˘«˘ª˘à˘∏˘d ≈˘©˘°ùJ »˘à˘dG äɢ°ù°SƒDŸG ᢩ˘«˘∏˘W ‘ ø˘ë˘fh .ɢª˘¡˘H ≥jôW øY Rɨ˘dGh §˘Ø˘æ˘dGh á˘MÓŸG äɢYɢ£˘b ‘ »˘Ä˘«˘Ñ˘dG º«b õjõ©Jh ,áÄ«ÑdG á≤jó°U äÉeƒ˘∏˘©ŸGh äɢ«˘æ˘≤˘à˘dG ô˘°ûf ∫É› ‘ áeGó˘à˘°ùŸG ᢫˘ª˘æ˘à˘dG ≥˘«˘≤˘ë˘à˘d ɢ¡˘«˘∏˘Y ᢶ˘aÉÙG .zôjƒ£àdGh åëÑdG ≈∏Y ™«é°ûàdG É°†jGCh ,áMÓŸG ≈˘∏˘Y π˘ª˘à˘°ûj ±ƒ˘°S Ö뢰ùdG ÜQɢb ¿GC ô˘cò˘dɢH Qó˘é˘j ∫õjódG âjR øe mπc ΩGóîà°SÉH ¬∏«¨°ûJ øμÁh ,Úcôfi π˘°üë˘j ±ƒ` `°Sh .∫ɢ°ùŸG »˘©˘«˘Ñ˘£˘dG Rɢ¨˘dGh …󢫢 ∏˘ ≤˘ à˘ dG ,∞«æ°üà∏d äGQÉe’EG áÄ«˘g ø˘e ¢ü«˘NÎdG ≈˘∏˘Y ÜQɢ≤˘dG IAÉØc è˘eɢfô˘H ≈˘∏˘Y ¿ƒ˘Hô˘μ˘∏˘d »˘HO õ˘cô˘e ±ô˘°ûj ɢª˘æ˘«˘H .¿ƒHôμdG

,áFÉŸG ‘ 85 áÑ°ùæH ÚLhΫædG ó«°ùchGC ÊÉKh ∂jΫædG ᢫ŸÉ˘©˘dG á˘aÉ÷G ¢VGƒ˘M’CG á˘Yƒ˘ ª› k Gô˘ NƒD˘ e ⩢ bh 25 áÑ°ùæH ¿ƒHôμdG ó«°ùchGC ÊÉK äÉKÉ©ÑfG π«∏≤J É°†jGCh zÓ«°ùJQGh{ ájóæ∏æØdG ábÉ£dG ácô˘°T ™˘e º˘gÉ˘Ø˘J Iô˘cò˘e .áFÉŸG ‘ ‘ Öë` `°S ÜQɢb ∫hGC AÉ` ` `°ûf’E ᢫˘ MÓŸG »˘ HO á˘ æ˘ jó˘ eh ÜQɢb AÉ` ` `°ûfGE »˘JCɢjh .»˘©˘«˘Ñ˘£˘dG Rɢ¨˘dɢH π˘ª˘©˘ j ⁄ɢ ©˘ dG ᢠYƒ˘ ª› ¢ù«˘ FQ ,º˘ «˘ ª˘ Yƒ˘ ˘H ᢠ˘©˘ ˘ª˘ ˘L ¢ù«˘ ˘ª˘ ˘N ∫ɢ ˘bh »g »HO ¿GE{ :á«ŸÉ©dG áMÓŸGh á«ŸÉ©dG áaÉ÷G ¢VGƒM’CG ô˘ °†NGC OÉ` ` `°üà˘ bG{ IQOÉ` ` `Ñ˘ e ø˘ e Aõ˘ ˘é˘ ˘c Ö` ` ` `ë˘ ˘°ùdG ™Lôjh .AGô°†ÿG á«MÓŸG äÉeóÿGh äÉéàæª∏d áHGƒÑdG ø˘H ó˘ªfi ï˘«˘°ûdG É` ` `¡˘≤˘∏˘WGC »˘à˘dG ,zá˘eGó˘à˘°ùŸG ᢫˘ª˘æ˘à˘∏˘d »˘é˘«˘JGΰS’G ɢ¡˘©˘ bƒ˘ e ¤GE ∂dP ‘ »˘ °ù«˘ Fô˘ dG ÖÑ˘ °ùdG .IóëàŸG á«Hô©dG äGQÉe’EG ¢ù«FQ ÖFÉf Ωƒàμe ∫GB ó°TGQ ÅfGƒŸG ≥aGôe ÖfÉL ¤GE Gòg ,IRÉટG á«àëàdG É¡à«æHh ᢰUÉÿG ø˘Ø˘°ùdG Aɢæ˘H á˘fɢ°Sô˘J ‘ ÜQɢ≤˘dG Aɢæ˘H º˘à˘«˘°Sh â∏˘à˘MG ó˘bh .Iõ˘«˘ª˘àŸG ø˘Ø˘°ùdG Aɢæ˘H äɢeó˘Nh á˘ã˘jó◊G øeh .á«MÓŸG »HO áæjóe ‘ á«ŸÉ©dG áaÉ÷G ¢VGƒM’CÉH k Gõcôe á«MÓŸG »HO áæ˘jó˘eh ᢫ŸÉ˘©˘dG á˘aÉ÷G ¢VGƒ˘M’CG âdÉbh .Gô¡°T 12 ¤GE 10 øe ∂dP ¥ô¨à°ùj ¿GC ™bƒàŸG á°UÉÿG ≥aGôŸG ‘ AGô°†ÿG äÉ«æ≤àdG ≥«Ñ£J ‘ k GóFGQ ó«°ùchGC äɢKɢ©˘Ñ˘fG π˘«˘∏˘≤˘J ≈˘∏˘Y π˘ª˘©˘«˘°S Gò˘g ¿GE á˘cô˘°ûdG  ‫اﻟــﻌـﺪد اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ‬


S15 ORME 4 2014 - Arabic_Layout 1 17/06/2014 07:24 Page 81

‫أﺧﺒــــــــــــــﺎر‬ ‫ اﻟﺸﺮق اوﺳﻂ‬- ‫اﻟﻨﺸﺮة اﻟﻨﻔﻄﻴﺔ‬

‫اﻟﺴﻌﻮدﻳﺔ ﺗﻨﺸﺊ ﺛﻼث ﻣﺼﺎﻓﻲ ﻧﻔﻂ ﺟﺪﻳﺪة‬ á«Hô©dG áμ∏ªŸG ‘ IójóL m±É°üe çÓK É«dÉM Å°ûæJ É¡fGC ájOƒ©°ùdG ƒμeGQGC âæ∏YGC øH ódÉN ìô°U óbh .É«eƒj π«eôH ∞dGC 400 ôjôμJ ≈∏Y IQó≤dG É¡æe πμd ,ájOƒ©°ùdG ‘É°üŸG AÉ°ûfÉEH Ωƒ≤J ácô°ûdG ¿CÉH ,ájOƒ©°ùdG ƒμeGQGC ácô°T ¢ù«FQ ,ídÉØdG õjõ©dG óÑY É°†jGC ƒgh ,™Ñæjh ,z∫ÉJƒJ{h zÜQƒJÉ°S{ÚH ácΰûe äÉYhô°ûe »gh ,π«Ñ÷Gh ¿GRÉL ‘ zâjRÉL …Oƒ©°S{ IójôL äôcPh .á«æ«°üdG z∂Hƒæ«°S{h z±ô°SÉj{ ÚH ∑ΰûe ´hô°ûe IQGó°U Ú«FÉ«ª«μdG É¡«©ª› ôjƒ£J ≈∏Y ɢ°†jGC ∞˘μ˘©˘J ,á˘dhó˘∏˘d á˘cƒ˘∏˘ªŸG ,á˘cô˘°ûdG ¿GC OGƒŸG ôjó°üJ ,Oƒ≤Y áKÓK òæe ,π°UGƒJ è«∏ÿG á≤£æe ¿GE ídÉØdG ∫Ébh .≠HGQ hÎHh áaÉ°VGE øY É°VƒY ,äÉ«æ≤àdG øe ójó©dG OQƒà°ùJ ɪc ,á°†Øîæe QÉ©°SÉCH ájhɪ«chÎÑdG ,äÉéàæŸG ¢ü«°üîJh ´ƒæàdG øe ójõŸG ÈY á«fƒHôchQ󢫢¡˘dG OGƒ˘ª˘∏˘d iƒ˘°ü≤˘dG º˘«˘≤˘dG êÉàfGEh ,á°ü°üîàeh ájƒfÉK äÉYÉæ°U AÉ°ûfGE øe ÚéàæŸG Úμ“ ¤GE …OƒDj AGôLGE ƒgh .á©æ°üoe ∞°üf ™∏°S êÉàfGE ≈∏Y IhÓY ,ôjó°üàdG ±ó¡H äÉYƒæ°üe ™Ñæjh π«Ñ÷Gh ¿GRÉL ‘ çÓãdG ‘É°üŸG AÉ°ûfGE ºà«°S áeÉbGE ∫ÓN øe áFõéàdÉH ™«Ñ˘dG ¥ƒ˘°S ∫ƒ˘Nó˘d §˘£˘î˘J á˘jOƒ˘©˘°ùdG ƒ˘μ˘eGQGC ¿GC ô˘cò˘oj á«é«JGΰSG øe k GAõL Iƒ£ÿG √òg π˘ã“h .π˘eɢμ˘dɢH á˘cô˘°û∏˘d á˘cƒ˘∏‡ RɢZ äɢ£fi .ácô°ûdG äÉ«∏ªY ôjƒ£àd á«é«JGΰS’G äÉYhô°ûŸG øe ójõŸG ‘ ∑QÉ°ûJ á∏eÉμàe ábÉW ácô°T íÑ°üJ ¿’C ≈©°ùJ »àdG ácô°ûdG ∂dP ™e ` øμd .IQôμŸG äÉéàæŸG ™«Hh äÉjhɪ«chÎÑdG êÉàfGE É¡dɪYGC πª°ûJh ,ájQÉéàdG πeÉμdÉH ácƒ∏‡ ácô°T ¢ù«°SÉCàd á≤aGƒŸG ≈∏Y π©ØdÉH ájOƒ©°ùdG ƒμeGQGC â∏°üM óbh AÉæÑd ¢ü«NôJ ≈∏Y Iójó÷G ácô°ûdG â∏°üM ɪc .áFõ˘é˘à˘dɢH ™˘«˘Ñ˘dG äɢeó˘N Ëó˘≤˘à˘d ƒμeGQGC ácô°ûH áFõéàdÉH ™«ÑdG äÉ«∏ªY AóÑd Oófi ïjQÉJ …GC øY ¿ÓY’EG ó©H ºàj ⁄ ` .áæ«©e ≥WÉæe ‘ áeóÿG äÉ£fi áfÉ«°Uh 𫨰ûJh äGQɢ «ÿG ø˘ e ó˘ jó˘ ©˘ dG ÚH π˘ °Vɢ Ø˘ J ɢ ˘¡˘ ˘fGC ᢠ˘cô˘ ˘°ûdG âë˘ ˘°VhGC ÚM ‘ ,ᢠ˘jOƒ˘ ˘©˘ ˘°ùdG

‫»ﻓﺮوﻧﺘﻴﺮ رﻳﺴﻮرﺳﺰ« ﺗﺤﺪد ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺗﻨﻘﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﻋﻤﺎن‬

www.tratos.eu

       

Tratos has been producing cables for use in the oil and gas industry for over 40 years. We provide cables and services for a large variety of onshore and offshore operations, including umbilical cables. We are now entering the Aberdeen market with a new sales office.

á≤£æŸ á«eõ«°ùdG äÉfÉ«ÑdG áªLôJ ø˘e zõ˘°SQƒ˘°ùjQ Òà˘fhô˘a{ á˘cô˘°T Gô˘NƒD˘e â¡˘à˘fG ™≤Jh .Ö«≤æà∏˘d á˘∏˘ª˘àÙG ±Gó˘g’CG ø˘e GOó˘Y äOó˘M ó˘bh ,¿É˘ª˘©˘H á˘jÈdG 38 RÉ«à˘e’G ™HôdG ¢VƒM ‘ ,zõ«°SQƒ°ùjQ Òàfhôa{ ácô°ûd πeÉμdÉH ácƒ∏ªŸG ,38 RÉ«àe’G á≤£æe ácô°T âfÉch .kÉ©Hôe k GÎeƒ∏«c 17425 ≠∏ÑJ áMÉ°ùe »£¨Jh ¿ÉªY ÜôZ ܃æL ‹ÉÿG â©bh ób ,É«Ñ«eÉfh É«ÑeGRh ¿ÉªY ‘ ’ƒ°UGC ∂∏à“ »àdGh ,RɨdGh §ØædG øY Ö«≤æàdG .2012 ÊÉãdG øjô°ûJ/Ȫaƒf ‘ RÉ«àe’G á≤£æŸ êÉàfGE ácQÉ°ûeh Ö«≤æJ á«bÉØJG áÁó≤dG á«eõ«°ùdG äÉfÉ«Ñ∏d á«dh’CG áªLÎdG øe ƒà∏d â¡àfG ób É¡fGE ácô°ûdG ∫ƒ≤Jh 2013 ∫ÓN É¡à÷É©e IOÉYGE â“ »àdG ∂∏Jh ,á«∏°U’CG É¡JQƒ°üH OÉ©H’CG á«FÉæK áMÉàŸG √òg πª°ûJh .á«μjôe’CG IóëàŸG äÉj’ƒdG ‘ z∫Éfƒ°TÉfÎfGE »H »L »H{ ácô°T πÑb øe πÑb Ée ô°ü©dG ¤GE »ªàæJ ájôî°U äÉæjƒμJ ,É¡d ádOÉ©ŸG á«≤Ñ£dG äGô¨ãdG hGC ,±Góg’CG π≤M ‘ á«fƒHôchQó«g äÉÑcôe ≈∏Y É¡æe ójó©dG …ƒàëjh ,…ȪμdG ô°ü©dG ` …ȪμdG ácô°T ÖfÉL øe É«dÉM ôjƒ£à∏d ™°†îj …òdGh ,¿ÉªY §°Sh ‘ ôXÉæàŸG ΩQÉμe - ¿GõN .(»H »H) Ωƒ«dhÎH ¢ûàjôH É°†jGC ∑Éæg ¿ÉCH Ö«≤æàdG ∫ɪYÉCH ºFÉ≤dG ±É°VGC ,á≤HÉ°ùdG äÉæjƒμàdG ¤GE áaÉ°V’EÉHh k ˘ª˘àfi k GOƒ˘Lh IOÉYGE ó©H í°†JG ɪ∏ãe ,RÉ«àe’G á≤£æe ‘ á≤«˘ª˘Y ᢫˘ë˘∏˘e äɢæ˘jƒ˘μ˘à˘d Ó zõ°SQƒ°ùjQ Òàfhôa{ ácô°T äQôb ,∂dP ¤GE k GOÉæà°SGh .GôNƒDe QÉÑàN’G §N á÷É©e Îeƒ∏«c 400 ¤GE π°üj ÉŸ OÉ©H’CG á«FÉæK áÁó≤˘dG ᢫˘eõ˘«˘°ùdG äɢfɢ«˘Ñ˘dG á÷ɢ©˘e IOɢYGE ∫ƒ°ü◊G ¤GE áaÉ°V’EÉH Gòg .É¡˘H á˘dO’CG √ò˘g ±É˘°ûà˘cG ” »˘à˘dG á˘≤˘£˘æŸG ≈˘∏˘Y ᢫˘aɢ°VGE ºK øeh .Ö«≤æàdG á∏Môe ‘ AóÑdGh IOóÙG ádO’CG ºYód IójóL á«eõ«°S äÉfÉ«H ≈∏Y ójóëàd ájQɪãà°S’G ᶢØÙG ∞˘«˘æ˘°üJ ™˘aQ Oó˘°üH ,äô˘cP ɢe Ö°ùë˘H ,á˘cô˘°ûdG ¿ÉE˘a .OÉ©H’CG á«KÓK á«eõ«°ùdG äÉfÉ«ÑdG åëH AGôL’E πãe’CG ™bƒŸG

Case Study: Jasmine (UK)

£5 million supplied to ConocoPhillips for specialist fire resistant cables for Phase 1 of the Jasmine development in the Central North Sea

London Office - Tratos Ltd 10 Eagle Court, London, EC1M 5QD, UK tel. +44 (0)203 5534 810 e-mail: enquiry@tratos.eu

 ‫اﻟــﻌـﺪد اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ‬

Aberdeen Office - Tratos Ltd Nigg Kirk Road Aberdeen, AB12 3DF, UK Tel:+44 (0)845 413 9990 e-mail: craig.ormsby@tratos.co.uk


S15 ORME 4 2014 - Arabic_Layout 1 17/06/2014 10:27 Page 82

‫اﻟﺸـــــــﺮق اوﺳــــــﻂ‬

‫ﺗ ُﻌﻨﻰ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻔﻂ واﻟﻐﺎز وﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ اﻟﻬﻴﺪروﻛﺮﺑﻮن‬

‫اﻟﻘﺴﻢ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻲ‬ ‫أﺧﺒــﺎر‬ IójóL §Øf ‘É°üe çÓK Å°ûæJ ájOƒ©°ùdG ¿ÉªY ‘ Ö«≤æJ ≥WÉæe Oó– Òàfhôa ™aôdG á«JGP ôØM äÉ°üæe ó«q°ûJ πjÈe’ ∫É°ùŸG »©«Ñ£dG RɨdÉH πª©j Öë°S ÜQÉb ∫hGC AÉ°ûfGE ¥Gô©dG ‘ É¡WÉ°ûf ™°SƒJ hÈ°ùcGE

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‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻼت‬ ∫É°ùŸG »©«Ñ£dG RɨdG ôjó°üàd IójóL ¢Uôa øY åëÑJ ô£b

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‫ﻣﻠﺨﺺ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎت اﻟﻘﺴﻢ اﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰي‬ .‫ ﻣﻌﺮض ﺑﺘﺮول ﻗﻄﺮ‬،‫ ﻣﺼﺮ‬،‫ ﻗﻄﺮ‬:‫ﺗﻘﺎرﻳﺮ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ‬

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.‫ اﻋﻤﺎل اﻟﻬﻨﺪﺳﻴﺔ واﻟﻤﺸﺘﺮﻳﺎت وا<ﻧﺸﺎء‬،‫ إدارة ﺗﺴﺮب اﻟﻨﻔﻂ‬،‫ﺑﺎر‬3‫ اﻟﺘﺤﻜﻢ ﻓﻲ ا‬،‫ اﻟﻨﻘﻞ اﻟﺒﺤﺮي‬:‫اﺳﺘﻄﻼﻋﺎت‬ ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

‫ ﻗﻴﺎس اﻟﺘﺪﻓﻖ واﻟﺘﺤﻜﻢ‬،‫ ﻛﻴﻤﺎوﻳﺎت ﺣﻘﻞ اﻟﻨﻔﻂ‬،‫ اﻟﺮﻓﻊ اﻻﺻﻄﻨﺎﻋﻲ‬،‫ ﺗﻤﺪﻳﺪ ﻋﻤﺮ اﻟﺤﻘﻞ اﻟﻨﻔﻄﻲ‬:‫ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﺗﻘﻨﻴﺔ‬ .‫ ا<ﻗﺎﻣﺔ اﻟﺒﺤﺮﻳﺔ‬،‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

.‫ اﻟﺤﻘﻞ اﻟﻨﻔﻄﻲ اﻟﺮﻗﻤﻲ‬:‫اﻻﺗﺼﺎﻻت وﺗﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺎ اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

.٢٠١٤ ‫ اﻟﻤﺆﺗﻤﺮ اﻟﺪوﻟﻲ ﻻﺗﺤﺎد ﻣﻘﺎوﻟﻲ اﻟﺤﻔﺮ‬،٢٠١٤ ‫ ﻣﻌﺮض ﻧﻔﻂ اﻟﻌﺮاق‬:‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺎت‬

ADVERTISERS INDEX

ADVERTISERS INDEX Company ......................................Page ABCO Middle East FZE ......................52 Aggreko Middle East Ltd ....................7 ALAA Industrial Equipment Factory ..59 BAPCO ............................................83 Bartington Instruments Ltd ..............57 Bauer Kompressoren GCC FZE ..........19 Baumer Electric AG ..........................61 Bredero Shaw Middle East Ltd. ........13 Busch Vacuum FZE ..........................67 Cansco Dubai LLC ............................51 CGG Services (SA) UAE ....................53 CompAir Middle East ..........................4 DMG World Media Dubai Limited (ADIPEC 2014) ..............................71 DNV GL ............................................17 Dome Exhibitions (IDOC 2014) ........79 Flexpipe Systems..............................77

Genavco ..........................................47 GRACO BVBA....................................69 Hi-Force Ltd. ....................................25 Hydratight Ltd ..................................27 International Exhibition Services SRL (SAOGE 2014) ................................58 International Register of Certificated Auditors (IRCA) ..............................39 JESCO (Jubail Energy Services Co) ....15 Jotun Paints UAE Limited LLC..............5 Kaeser Kompressoren FZE ................29 Metscco Heavy Steel Industries Co. Ltd. ..........................41 Oman Cement Company ..................65 Oryx Engineering Solutions LLC ........11 Ras Laffan Industrial City..................56 Rockwell Automation ......................45 RS Roman Seliger Armaturenfabrik GmbH ............................................43

Sabin Metal Corporation ..................33 Saga PCE Pte Ltd. ............................23 Schlumberger Oilfield Mktg Comms ..2 Schlumberger Technical Services Inc ..9 Shree Steel Overseas FZCO ..............16 Spina Group Srl ................................55 Starlink Oilfield Supplies And Services Dmcc................................64 Suraj Limited ....................................49 T.D. Williamson, Inc. ........................35 Tenaris ............................................21 Trans Asia Pipeline Services FZC ......24 Tratos Cavi S.p.A. ............................81 UK Sampling Gauges Ltd ..................32 Unique Maritime Group FZC..............38 Van Beest B.V...................................31 Ward Leonard Electric Company, Inc.................................37


S15 ORME 4 2014 - Arabic_Layout 1 17/06/2014 07:24 Page 83


S15 ORME 4 2014 - Arabic_Layout 1 17/06/2014 07:24 Page 84

Oil Review Middle East 4 2014  
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