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Noble EuropeanAlbum Writers

Juozas Aputis  Date of Birth: 08-12-1936  Date of Death: 28-02-2010  Birthplace: Balčiuose, Raseiniųrajone  Nationality: Lithuanian  Jobs: Prose writer, translator  Works :  Flowering bee bread (1963)  Hogs running the horizon (1970)  Body Voice of clothing stories (1991)  Prize: National Culture and ArtPrize (2005)

Juozas Aputis was a Lithuanian writer born in Raseiniųrajone. He studied Lithuanian language and literature at Vilnius University.

Body Voice of clothing stories : This is a short stories' book. Each short story has its own characters. It’s a classic book and the one that Juozas Aputis most enjoyed writing. Curiosities: All characters of J. Aputis, regardless of their age, background and profession, are being led by mystery of existence, laws of universality of the living completeness and the existential disquiet. Quotes by Juozas Aputis: “Every life is like an overloaded ship: even the smallest disturbance will make it overturn.”

Federico Garcia Lorca  Date of birth: 05-06-1898  Date of death: 19-08-1936  Birthplace: Fuente Vaqueros, Andalusia  Nationality: Spanish  Jobs: Poet, drama playwright and theatre director  Works :  Quimera (1930 - theatre)  Ode a Salvador Dalí (1926 - poetry)  Songs (1927)  Blood Wedding (1933)  Yerma (1934)

Federico Garcia Lorca was a Spanish writer born in Fuente Vaqueros, Andaluzia. He died in 1936 during the Spanish Civil war.

Romancero gritano: In this book, Lorca shows Andalusia's soul. It is formed by several poems, for example “Romance de la luna”. Curiosities: Federico Lorca was an activist of the Republic and left wing. In 1936 Lorca found himself caught in the middle of the Spanish Civil War. He was shot without trial by supporters of General Francisco Franco on August 19 or 20, 1936, in Granada. Quotes by Federico Garcia Lorca: “The dream and hope are two tranquilizers that nature provides to humans.” “I always stand beside those who have nothing.”

Franz Kafka Date of Birth: 03-07-1883 Date of death: 03-06-1924 Birthplace: Prague Nationality: Czech Jobs: Insurance officer, factory manager, novelist, short story writer  Works :  The Trial  The Castle  Short stories     

Franz Kafka was a Czech writer born Prague. He suffered many diseases and he died victim of Tuberculosis in 1924.

Short stories: All the stories represent very colorful artistic scale of his work. These short stories show Kafka´s view of the world and life. The book consists of 40 short stories, that include “The Metamorphosis” and it was the only work published during his life.

Curiosities: He suffered from migraines, insomnia, constipation, boils, and other ailments, all usually brought on by excessive stresses and strains. He attempted to counteract all of this by a regimen of naturopathic treatments, such as a vegetarian diet and the consumption of large quantities of unpasteurized milk. Despite all that, his tuberculosis worsened; he returned to Prague, then went to Dr. Hoffmann sanatorium for treatment. Quotes by Franz Kafka: “There are two cardinal sins from which all others spring: Impatience and Laziness.” “Youth is happy because it has the capacity to see beauty. Anyone who keeps the ability to see beauty never grows old.”

Orhan Pamuk Date of birth: 07-06-1952 Birthplace: Istanbul, Turkey Nationality: Turkish Jobs: Novelist and screenwriter Works :  The White Castle (1985)  The New Life (1995)  Snow (2002)  Prize: Literature Nobel (2006)     

Orhan Pamuk is a Turkish writer born in Istanbul. He was educated at Robert College secondary school in Istanbul and went on to study architecture at the Istanbul Technical University since it was related to his real dream career, painting.

The Black book: Tells the story of an Istanbul lawyer named Galip who finds that one day that his wife Rüya (the name means "dream" in Turkish) has mysteriously left him. Curiosities: Nobel prize-winning Turkish writer Orhan Pamuk fulfilled his dream of opening the Museum of Innocence as portrayed in his 2008 novel of the same name in the Çukurcuma neighborhood in Istanbul. The museum displays real and fabricated artifacts from everyday Turkish life between 1950 and 2000, in homage both to the novel and to Pamuk’s beloved native city. Quotes by Orhan Pamuk: “I don’t want to be a tree, I want to be its meaning.” “I read a book one day and my whole life was changed.” “Painting taught literature to describe.”

José Saramago Date of birth: 16-11-1922. Date of death: 18-06-2010 Birthplace: Azinhaga, Portugal Nationality: Portuguese Jobs: Novelist, storyteller, playwright, poet  Works:  The Gospel according to Jesus Christ (1991)  Blindness (1995)  Baltasar and Blimunda(1982)  Prize: Literature Nobel (1998)     

José Saramago was a Portuguese writer born in Azinhaga. Jose Saramago is writer of the new generation of the romance in Portugal. He dedicates himself, beyond the romance, to the story and the theater, having its first dated productions of 1966. He was born in a family of landless peasants, in Azinhaga, a small village in the province of Ribatejo.

Baltasar and Blimunda: It is a love story set in the 18th century with the construction of the Convent of Mafra, now one of Portugal's chief tourist attractions, as a background. Two young lovers interact naturally with historical characters including the composer and harpsichordist Domenico Scarlatti and the priest Bartolomeu de Gusmão, recognized today as an aviation pioneer, all in the shadow of the Inquisition. Curiosities: His personal opinions about religion caused many controversies. In 1992, the Portuguese Government ordered the removal of his book “The Gospel according to Jesus Christ” from the European Literary Prize’s short list claiming that the content of the book was religiously offensive. Quotes by José Saramago: “Being a writer is a measure to understand the world.” “I think we are all blind. Blind people who can see but do not see.” “Reading is probably another way of being in a place.”

Antonio Tabucchi Date of birth: 24-09-1943 Date of death: 25-03-2012 Birthplace: Vecchiano, Italy Nationality: Italian Jobs: Writer, Language and Literature Portuguese teacher  Works (some examples):  The dark angel (1991)  Night Indian (1984)  Porto Pim Wife’s (1983)  Prizes:  French Prize “Médicis étranger”  Campiello Prize     

Antonio Tabucchi was an Italian writer, born in writer born in Vecchiano. His books and essays have been translated in 18 countries, including Japan. Several of his books were adapted to film. Pereira Maintains is an example.

Pereira Maintains: The novel is set in Portugal in the summer of 1938, during Salazar's dictatorship. It tells the story of Pereira, an old journalist of a Portuguese newspaper the Lisboa - who loves literature and practically spends all his life for it. Curiosities: He loved being and living in Portugal very much and used to spend and live six months of the year in Lisbon with his wife. He taught Portuguese Language and Literature at the University of Siena, Italy. He was a great admirer of Fernando Pessoa. Quotes by Antonio Tabucchi: “As a writer, I’ve always been interested in others.” “I have always been drawn by tormented people full of contradictions.”

Stanislaw Lem Date of birth: 12-09-1921 Date of death: 27-03-2006 Birthplace: Krakow, Poland Nationality: Polish Jobs: Essayist, philosopher, scientific fiction writer  Works:  Solaris (1961)  His Master’s Voice (1968)  Fiasco (1987)  Prize: Literary Prize (1973)     

Stanislaw Lem was a Polish writer born in Lwów. His father served the Austrian Army. He studied medicine, but he never took his doctor degree. Stanislaw worked as a mechanic and as a research assistant and he started writing in 1946.

Solaris: His novel Solaris was adapted to the cinema twice. This book deals with the problem of human existence in the world of the unknown. It tells the story of Planet Solaris that is inhabited by a single Plasma Ocean organism which can materialize human thoughts. When astronauts become more aggressive in forcing contact with Solaris, it confronts them with pushing the buttons of their most painful thoughts by recreating their dead wives and relatives, bringing the dead back to life in front of their eyes. Curiosities: His books sold over 27 million copies in 41 languages. Quotes by Stanislaw Lem: “A dream will always triumph over reality, once it is given the chance.” “Faith is, at one and the same time, absolutely necessary and altogether impossible.” “Good books tell the truth, even when they are about things that never have been and never will be. They are truthful in a different way.”

Literature  Literature is the art of written work and it refers to published sources. The word literature means “things made from letters” and it is commonly classified as having two major forms, fiction and non-fiction, and two major techniques, poetry and prose.  Literature consists of texts based on factual information or in imagination and it includes several genres, like romance, mystery, crime, fantasy, among others

References Stanislaw Lem

JosĂŠ Saramago



Portuguese Comenius Team


Orhan pamuk Texts: Portuguese and Turkish Comenius teams

Images: yfestivalpamukwithoutthe

Tabucchi Texts: Portuguese and Italian Comenius teams


Federico Garcia Lorca Texts and images Portuguese and Spanish Comenius teams

Images: o+convento.jpg

Franz Kafka Texts and images Portuguese and Czech Comenius teams

Juozas Aputis Texts: Portuguese Comenius team Images:


JosĂŠ Eduardo

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