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#01 DEC 2019

Collaborative publication on the sustainable development goals WWW.SDGZINE.ORG

New models for SDG innovation From student ideas to product acceleration with the University of Geneva

Includes 2018 SDG SUMMER SCHOOL research projects: 3.01

3.02

3.03

AT YOUR CERVIX

A CLEANAIR GREECE

MOTOSAFE

Early detection of cervical cancer

Non-compliance with smoke-free laws (SFL) in public places such as restaurants

Improve motorcycle safety through affordable and non-distracting technology

10.01

11.01

iDOCTOR

YES HELMET

Diagnosis of diabetic retinopathy based on AI algorithm

Encouraging helmet-wearing to increase the safety for bicyclists

5.01

FEM. FRIENDLY Mapping Female friendly Toilets


SDGZINE #01

In this issue Projects overview & SDGs tackled 3 About the SDGZINE Collaborative publication on the Sustainable Development Goals 4 About the Geneva Tsinghua Initiative and the SDG Solution Space

New models for SDG innovation From student ideas to product acceleration with the University of Geneva

6 Prologue: The Open Seventeen Challenge An introduction 8 Projects Summer School 2018 SDG research 10 - 11

At Your Cervix Early detection of cervical cancer

12 - 13

A Cleanair Greece Non-compliance with smoke-free laws (SFL) in public places such as restaurants

14 - 15

Motosafe Improve motorcycle safety through affordable and non-distracting technology

16 - 17

Fem. Friendly Mapping Female friendly Toilets

18 - 19

iDoctor Diagnosis of diabetic retinopathy based on AI algorithm

20 - 21

3.01

AT YOUR CERVIX

3.02

3.03

A CLEANAIR GREECE

MOTOSAFE

5.01

FEM. FRIENDLY

10.01

iDOCTOR

Yes Helmet Encouraging helmet-wearing to increase the safety for bicyclists 11.01

22 The SDG Accelerator An introduction

YES HELMET


About the SDGZine

Collaborative publication on the Sustainable Development Goals ON THE SDGS The 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are the world’s best plan to build a better world for people and our planet by 2030. Adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2015, the SDGs are a call for action by all countries - poor, rich and middle-income - to promote prosperity while protecting the environment. They recognize that ending poverty must go hand-in-hand with strategies that build economic growth and address a range of social needs including education, health, equality and job opportunities, while tackling climate change and working to preserve our ocean and forests. This SDGZine is a concept from Addictlab, our international creative laboratory doing research on innovation and collective intelligence since 1997. The SDGZine comes out

of our magazine lab research to create a customizable publication on the UN’s sustainable development objectives for 2030. CONTENT CURATION Content is collected through partners in local or global communities. Our aim is to inspire, showcase best practices and initiate new initiatives related to the SDGs. A MAGAZINE AS A START OF A CREATIVE PROCESS Just as previous Addictlab publications, this magazine wants to inspire, but also show ideas at the very beginning of the creative process. And why not, help building it from there.

A MAGAZINE AS AN ACCELERATOR OF TALENT & PROJECTS It’s all about people. So we want to showcase projects and the people involved, and provide you with enough layers to understand the projects, as well as the possibility to get in touch with the team behind them. DISTRIBUTION This ‘curated content’, in collaboration with our partners, is made available via downloadable pdfs, or can be printed ‘print-ondemand’ via our site. Partners can choose to have their own sections printed in hard copy. ABOUT SDGZINE #01 This SDGZine 01 is a first kick-off with our partners from the Geneva Tsinghua Initiative at the University of Geneva. Read, learn, get in touch and contribute!

HOW TO READ THIS FIRST ISSUE.

Related SDGS Most projects are not linked to only one SDG. Ideally, projects are also showing the concrete targets defined by the UN.

CREATIVE HUB/ Geneva Tsinghua Initiative

G E N E VA TSINGHUA INITIATIVE

for the Sustainable Development Goals

SDGZine partner Any physical hub ‘ground hub’ or online community - ‘cloud hub’ - dedicated to finding solutions on the SDGs.

Challenge #5.01

Fem.Friendly Mapping Female friendly Toilets

Mapping female friendly toilets in Geneva, Switzerland and beyond. Get involved by mapping locations with our survey or sending us your toilet pics! Yet, hundreds of millions of them don’t have the opportunity to deal with their menstruation in a dignified way. To this date, neither communities or system players have given menstrual health the attention it deserves (FSG, 2016). In fact, there appears to be a significant lack of data regarding menstrual hygiene, whether this is due to social stigma or simply because it might not be considered a key issue for a women’s health and well-being. One of the main factors that hinders proper

menstruation management is the lack of adequate sanitation. 2.5 billion people are affected by the lack of access to adequate sanitation, and women and girls are disproportionately affected, especially once they reach puberty. For example, when sanitation facilities are not gender-separate at schools, work, or in public places, women and girls have been proven to deal with this in three ways: choose to stay at home, use an isolated open space instead of using shared facilities, or choose not to use the facility and be uncomfortable (FSG, 2016). Furthermore, research in certain regions of the world has proven that a lack adequate and appropriate water and sanitation

facilities contributes to girls missing school days or even drop out of school altogether once they begin menstruating (The World 2017). In addition to this, without secure, locking doors, women and girls are more likely to be harassed or face violent encounters (FSG, 2016).

Bank Group,

their appropriateness for managing menstrual hygiene. LINKS & REFERENCES Website:

https://sdginprogress.com/projects/126

Adequate facilities are not only essential for the comfort of girls and women but they are also very important when it comes to the disposal of non-reusable menstruation products. Without proper disposal mechanisms, girls and women have to throw away their menstrual waste in the latrine or pit, keep it with them in their bags or throw it in open drains, fields, or water bodies (FSG, 2016). We firmly believe that more data on menstrual hygiene can

lead to greater and better coordinated action in order to tackle the many challenges women face during their periods. This is why we have decided to involve the crowd in revealing what facilities are available and

illustration 5.01.1 Second version of Fem.Friendly Logo

TEAM

Emily Sheene, University of Geneva, Emily.Sheene@etu.unige.ch Programming Skills Software Skills Technology Skills Communication Skills

Competences needed What skills does the project need to continue? There are 145 creative disciplines defined by Addictlab’s Creative Chemistry model.

Tina La, University of Geneva, Tina.La@etu.unige.ch

The Team Ideally a multicultural, multidisciplinary group using collective intelligence techniques to think out of the box.

Publisher

Jan Van Mol jan@addictlab.com www.sdgzine.org


G E N E VA TSINGHUA INITIATIVE

for the Sustainable Development Goals

About the Geneva Tsinghua Initiative Established in 2016, the Geneva Tsinghua initiative for the Sustainable Development Goals is a collaboration between the University of Geneva and Tsinghua University. The initiative provides innovative education programmes that address the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in a practical,

hands-on way. The different programmes last from two weeks to 2.5 years, during which the participants spend part of their time in Geneva, working directly with the International Organizations there, and part in Beijing and Shenzhen, two of China’s most dynamic and entrepreneurial environments.

SDG Incubators

Online Applications Local & Global Networks

Open Seventeen Challenge

SDG Summer School

SDG Accelerator

Online

Geneva & other sites

Geneva & other sites

Social Network Partners

SDG Innovation Bootcamp SDG Master Programme

About the SDG Solution Space The SDG Solution Space, located in the heart of International Geneva in the Biotech Innovation Park Campus, was officially inaugurated in 2017. This new 300m2 facility is a place where students, researchers, UN experts and practitioners from various non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and international organizations (IOs) can get together and collaborate to face the planetary challenges of sustainable development, using interdisciplinary and advanced

digital technologies. At the same time, as an integral part of Geneva Tsinghua Initiative, the SDG Solution Space was designed to deliver innovative education methods and programs, mainly focused on hands-on learning and a pragmatical approach to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).


5


G E N E VA TSINGHUA INITIATIVE

for the Sustainable Development Goals

The Open Seventeen Challenge The Open Seventeen Challenge (O17) is an interactive coaching programme to help young global innovators connect and shape good ideas into viable social innovation projects for the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). O17 is part of the Geneva Tsinghua Initiative’s comprehensive SDG education programme for the SDGs. O17 was established in 2015 by the Citizen Cyberlab in Geneva and The GovLab at NYU. Citizen Science Center Zurich joined as a partner in 2018.

Each session features team presentations, mentor coaching and peer-to-peer feedback. Between sessions, the teams complete homework and may have one-on-one coaching calls. Expert mentoring and peerto-peer feedback help ensure that the projects are concrete, achievable and relevant to the SDGs, whether at a local, regional or global level. PROJECTS COACHED IN THE SPRING 2018 EDITION OF O17

Starting in spring 2018, O17 was used as a basis for recruiting talented student teams and promising projects from around the globe, to participate in the 2018 SDG Summer School. In addition, three students were selected to participate in UNLEASH, an innovation week held in Singapore. In the spring of 2018, O17 partnered with Be Healthy Be Mobile (WHO and ITU) to launch six challenges for mobile health, applied to non-communicable diseases. Discover the challenges on the next page.

• Project Sanitation - to solve sanitation problems in Indian schools using crowd funding to build infrastructure and encourage behavioural change.

CHALLENGES

• Project MotoSafe - a blockchain solution to incentivize motorcycle helmet use and alert emergency services in the event of a crash.

Over 50 students applied to join O17, and 30 were selected. The O17 coaching programme ran from March 29 to April 26, over five online sessions lasting two hours each. Each session started with an expert presenting mobile health issues from different perspectives, including public health, the IT industry and startups. The speakers and mentors included experts on education and innovation from UNESCO, UNITAR, and ITU , as well as representatives from academic and civil society organisations.

• Project At Your Cervix - to spread awareness and help in early detection of cervical cancer by partnering with a popular period tracking app. • Project Yes Helmet - Mobile app to incentivize helmet adoptation by users of bicycle-sharing programs.

• Project Anti-Tobacco - crowdsource information about compliance with anti-smoking laws in public spaces. • Project Hearty Meals - App to elicit warnings that encourage healthy eating for schoolchildren

HOW DOES IT WORK? O17 supports projects that encourage grassroots public participation in tackling the SDGs through the use of open data and crowdsourcing. O17 involves a cycle of three simple steps: 1. CHALLENGE The cycle starts with a call for ideas to solve concrete challenges, inspired by experts from UN agencies, International Organizations (IO), NGOs or Academia, and targeting one or more of the SDGs. 2. SELECTION Applicants submit ideas for projects that tackle the challenge. The most promising applicants and ideas are selected and teams are formed. O17 favors solutions that use crowdsourcing and open data. 3. COACHING The goal of the coaching is to provide participants with context about the challenge, and help them develop in-depth understanding of the specific challenge they want to tackle, as well as a compelling theory of change. Participants also learn to use existing crowdsourcing tools from the SDG Solution Kit to transform their ideas into viable projects.

text by

Rosy Mondardini, Geneva Tsinghua Institute


INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATION PARTNERS

Be He@lthy, Be Mobile (BHBM) is a joint program between the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) and the World Health Organization (WHO). BHBM harnesses the power and reach of mobile phones to address the risk factors of noncommunicable diseases (NCD). Several members of the BHBM team joined the O17 coaching sessions as experts and followed the teams as mentors, including Virginia Clare Arnold, Hani Eskandar, Per Hasvold, Surabhi Joshi, Siddhartha Prakash, Sameer Pujari, and Natalia Wroblewska.

ACADEMIC PARTNERS


G E N E VA TSINGHUA INITIATIVE

for the Sustainable Development Goals

2018 SDG Summer School From research to innovation, from Switzerland to China Geneva, 2019 _ The SDG Summer School is an innovative summer programme that brings together teams of University students, in close collaboration with United Nations (UN) agencies and international organisations, to conceive solutions to tackle challenges of sustainable development. The 2018 edition of the SDG Summer School focuses on team-based problem solving and hands-on prototype development in the field of mobile health (m-health). It’s run in collaboration with Be He@lthy, Be Mobile, a joint program between the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) and the World Health Organization (WHO). In particular, participants will explore how open data, crowdsourcing technologies, and low-cost open source solutions can be used to gather the data needed to tackle some of the key challenges in the field of non-communicable diseases (SDG Goal 3: Healthy Lives and Well-Being for All at All Ages). A two-month-long adventure across the globe, the school kicked off in July with two weeks in Geneva, followed by four weeks in one of the laboratories of the United Labs for the Global Goals, and ended with two weeks in Beijing and Shenzhen. During the first two weeks in Geneva, the students were introduced to the unique ecosystem in Geneva. Home to 37 international institutions, approximately 400 NGOs and 176 permanent representations of member states of the UN, Geneva is the most active centre of global governance in the world. Students went on site visits to various

international organizations and received mini workshops and lectures from specialists working on issues of global health, international trade and development, environment and sustainability, etc. Some of these organizations include the World Trade Organization (WTO), the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), the UN Office at Geneva (UNOG), the UN Development Programme (UNDP),

A two-month-long adventure across the globe, the school kicked off in July with six weeks in Geneva, followed by two weeks in Beijing and Shenzhen.

and UN Environment, among many others. The first part of the SDG Summer School allowed students to meet project mentors in the international organizations, and gave students a deeper understanding of the different dimensions involved in the SDGs. Most students spent the next four weeks in Geneva working closely with local and international experts relevant to their respective

project. They went on a trip to visit to the Center for Research and Interdisciplinarity (CRI) in Paris. The students met with participants in the CRI Labs Summer School, and explored how game making, digital fabrication and frugal innovation could transform the world for the global good. Students spent their last two weeks in Tsinghua University, China’s top university with its main campus in Beijing’s high-tech corridor, and a graduate campus in Shenzhen, heart of the Chinese manufacturing ecosystem. They worked with a range of low-cost consumer technologies and open source software tools in order to build their prototype, in close collaboration with Chinese middle and high school students. They learned about how their prototypes can be produced in China’s vibrant manufacturing hub Shenzhen, and presented their final results to a panel of design, development and production experts. François Grey Geneva Tsinghua Initiative

Section partner

Geneva Tsinghua Initiative www.gt-initiative.org

curation & content

Xinyu Zhan Aphrodite Anastasaki

SDG Solution space manager

Thomas Maillart

GTI coordinator

Giulia Brocco

GTI Executive Coordinator

Susana Perdiz

GTI Director

François Grey


9


Challenge #3.01

At Your Cervix Early detection of cervical cancer ABOUT THE TEAM At Your Cervix is a team of interdisciplinary undergraduate students from New York University who competed in the Open 17 Challenge as Team Public Cervix Announcement. In the final pitch of the challenge, the team was selected to join the SDG summer school. The school is hosted by the Geneva-Tsinghua Initiative, under mentorship from the Be Healthy Be Mobile team at the WHO and the ITU, with the aim to create a supportive, collaborative space for students with innovative interventions targeting the sustainable development goals. THE AIM: EARLY DETECTION OF CERVICAL CANCER.

We plan to partner with an already existing app so the current user base will benefit from the proposed detection services. The definition of an irregular cycle cannot truly be generalized; it varies depending on the person. The current state of menstrual cycle applications asks individuals to input a variety of symptoms ranging from discharge, flow, pain, sex, doctors visits, mood etc. This information hypothetically allows for the app, with the proper algorithm, to determine what each person’s “normal” is.

ing, but over the past 6 months they have started to shift to 5-7 day periods with heavy cramping, the app registers that data and notifies them that an irregular trend is occurring. Irregularities can be caused by many things which is why it is important to

Once a user’s normal is determined, the app will be able to notice their abnormal. For example, if one woman always has 3-5 day periods with minimal cramp-

illustration 3.01.1 First version of At Your Cervix Logo

refer the user to a healthcare professional or facility that can accurately assess the situation and cause.

The team focuses on SDG 3: “Good Health and Well-being”, by targeting early detection of cervical cancer. When caught early, cervical cancer is treatable. The five-year survival rate drops significantly from 99% when caught at stage 0 to 35% when recognized at stage IIIA. Too often women’s symptoms are dismissed, even when they indicate a larger problem. The proposed intervention expands the focus of period tracking apps from fertility to general reproductive health. Many of the early symptoms of cervical cancer are similar to those of an irregular menstrual cycle. By adding an algorithm that can begin to detect irregularities as a user inputs them, the app could track when a concerning trend forms in those irregularities and notify the person that further testing is necessary.

We hope to add not just an algorithm, but a platform for users to identify local health care and educational resources that can aid them in taking agency over their own health. In a world where sexual health is rarely talked about, it is time for individuals to be given the opportunity to educate themselves and seek the help that they need without needing to have a medical degree. NEXT STEPS We are currently working on an algorithm that records a user’s symptoms and notifies them to ask a doctor’s opinion if it determines irregularities. illustration 3.01.2 Screenshot mock up


CREATIVE HUB/ Geneva Tsinghua Initiative FACILITATOR www.gt-initiative.org Switzerland

G E N E VA TSINGHUA INITIATIVE

for the Sustainable Development Goals

We plan on sharing this code with cervical cancer researchers and doctors in India to check the accuracy of the symptoms. We will also work on a symptom dictionary that includes descriptions of cervical cancer symptoms from people who have personally experienced them. By reaching out to support groups in Geneva we can compile these firsthand accounts.

LINKS & REFERENCES https://sdginprogress.com/projects/116

TEAM

Coco Wander New York University, USA cw2488@nyu.edu

Francesca Pucciarelli New York University, USA fip205@nyu.edu

SKILLS NEEDED

Paula Schicchi New York University, USA ps3105@nyu.edu Programming Skills User Experience Design Web Design Information Technology

Alessia Carreon New York University, USA ac6321@nyu.edu

11


Challenge #3.02

A CleanAir Greece Non-compliance with smoke-free laws (SFL) in public places such as restaurants

PROJECT DESCRIPTION A CleanAir Greece is a project tackling a major problem for public health in Greece: non-compliance with smoke-free laws (SFL) in public places such as restaurants, indoor offices, healthcare facilities. The core of the project is an online survey that is accessible to any mobile phone user allowing them to report non-compliance with SFL in a public place. In a second step, the places that have been reported as violating SFL through the survey are publicly displayed on a map. Collecting and displaying accurate data with the help of crowdsourcing is indeed a fundamental step that needs to be taken prior to further actions to ensure the enforcement of SFL, like inspections and anti-tobacco advertisement conducted by public authori-

ties and other actors. Without accurate data showing where violations of SFL exactly occur, a cost-efficient reduction of exposure to secondhand smoke in public places is a hard task to achieve.

smoke-free environments in public places is therefore the only way to protect the general public from the damages of secondhand smoke.

WHY SECONDHAND SMOKE? A CleanAir Greece is not designed to prevent individuals from smoking but to reduce the effects of passive smoke on non-smokers. Scientific evidence has unequivocally established that there is no safe level of exposure to secondhand smoke. Rather, it is likely to directly cause deaths, diseases and disabilities among individuals. Moreover, societies and health care systems can also indirectly suffer from it. Ensuring totally

ill. 3.02.1 First version of CleanAir Greece Logo


CREATIVE HUB/ Geneva Tsinghua Initiative FACILITATOR www.gt-initiative.org Switzerland

G E N E VA TSINGHUA INITIATIVE

for the Sustainable Development Goals

raising the public’s awareness about the detrimental effect of secondhand smoke. As a result, public surveys show that the number of people supporting smoking bans and asking for their enforcement is very high. Moreover, an efficient, wide-spread tool to collect accurate data about non-complying public places through crowdsourcing is still missing. All of these reasons justify the choice of Greece as a favorable place for A CleanAir Greece.

LINKS & REFERENCES Website: https://acleanairgreece.wixsite.com/home Survey: https://acleanairgreece.ushahidi.io/views/map

WHY GREECE? A CleanAir Greece is starting out in Greece due to several reasons. First, strict indoor

smoke-free laws for public places have been adopted a long time ago while their implementation is still lacking. Secondly, several actors are also already working on

SKILLS NEEDED

TEAM Support and commitment of public authorities, NGOs and other institutions like WHO (for promotion of the project, ensuring the enforcement part which would help upholding the individuals’ engagement, recruiting volunteers, etc.)

Software skills (we have finished prototyping the website, the survey, and the mapping but it would need to be adjusted)

Jonas Kuehl University of Geneva Jonas.Kuehl@etu.unige.ch

Translation skills (our project is focusing on Greece and therefore needs to be translated into Greek)

Marketing skills (this projects depends on the engagement of the individuals and therefore needs intensive marketing)

Jonathan Martin University of Geneva jonmph@gmail.com

Design skills (if the use of sensors is included in this project) CONTACT

email: acleanairgreece@gmail.com

13


Challenge #3.03

Motosafe Improve motorcycle safety through affordable and non-distracting technology

OUR PROJECT After analyzing the market for motorcycle safety tech, we discovered that the tech being sold is distracting and expensive. A product currently trending on the market are smart helmets. These smart helmets are being sold as safety tech. However, they often include features like Heads Up Displays and Bluetooth Capabilities (for calling & playing music) which makes it extremely distracting & dangerous for the rider. Another issue with the safety tech is that it’s too expensive, which makes it not accessible. We believe it is important to introduce safety tech that is affordable into the market

because there are many riders who cannot afford or are not willing to purchase items that cost hundreds of dollars. Unlike most motorcycle tech, the MotoSafe Alert band is simple, affordable, and not distracting. We believe that our device will increase safety and sense of community among motorcyclists. In the last month, we have developed a working prototype and an android app. The next steps for MotoSafe is to develop an IOS app, redesign the current android app, raise funds, and to work with manufacturers to start the first round in manufacturing an industry level wristband.

illustration 3_03.1 First version of motosafe logo


CREATIVE HUB/ Geneva Tsinghua Initiative FACILITATOR www.gt-initiative.org Switzerland

G E N E VA TSINGHUA INITIATIVE

for the Sustainable Development Goals

OUR SOLUTION: MOTOSAFE ALERT BAND

can plot locations of road hazards, accidents, & tight corners.

At MotoSafe, we are developing and producing a wristband that vibrates when motorcyclists approach traffic blackspots (locations prone to accidents) so they know to slow down and be cautious. The wristband will also feature a button where riders

LINKS & REFERENCES Website: www.motosafeindustries.com https://sdginprogress.com/projects/124

TEAM David Michael D. Lee United States of America Gordon College dmdlee2000@gmail.com

Matthew Russell United States of America Virginia Tech mattrusselc@gmail.com

SKILLS NEEDED

IOS Developer Marketing Industrial Designer Graphic Designer

CONTACT

motosafeindustries@outlook.com

15


Challenge #5.01

Fem.Friendly Mapping Female friendly Toilets

Mapping female friendly toilets in Geneva, Switzerland, and beyond. Get involved by mapping locations with our survey or sending us your toilet pics! To this date, neither communities or system players have given menstrual health the attention it deserves (FSG, 2016). In fact, there appears to be a significant lack of data regarding menstrual hygiene, whether this is due to social stigma or simply because it might not be considered a key issue for a women’s health and well-being. Yet, hundreds of millions of them don’t have the opportunity to deal with their menstruation in a dignified way.

One of the main factors that hinders proper menstruation management is the lack of adequate sanitation. 2.5 billion people are affected by the lack of access to adequate sanitation, and women and girls are disproportionately affected, especially once they reach puberty. For example, when sanitation facilities are not gender-separate at schools, work, or in public places, women and girls have been proven to deal with this in three ways: choose to stay at home, use an isolated open space instead of using shared facilities, or choose not to use the facility and be uncomfortable (FSG, 2016). Furthermore, research in certain regions of the world has proven that a lack of adequate

and appropriate water and sanitation facilities contributes to girls missing school days or even dropping out of school altogether

illustration 5.01.1 Second version of Fem.Friendly Logo


CREATIVE HUB/ Geneva Tsinghua Initiative FACILITATOR www.gt-initiative.org Switzerland

G E N E VA TSINGHUA INITIATIVE

for the Sustainable Development Goals

once they begin menstruating (The World Bank Group, 2017). In addition to this, without secure, locking doors, women and girls are more likely to be harassed or face violent encounters (FSG, 2016). Adequate facilities are not only essential for the comfort of girls and women but they are also very important when it comes to the disposal of non-reusable menstruation products. Without proper disposal mechanisms,

girls and women have to throw away their menstrual waste in the latrine or pit, keep it with them in their bags or throw it in open drains, fields, or water bodies (FSG, 2016). We firmly believe that more data on menstrual hygiene can lead to greater and better coordinated action in order to tackle the many challenges women face during their periods. This is why we have decided to involve the crowd in revealing what facilities are available and their appropriateness for

managing menstrual hygiene.

LINKS & REFERENCES Website:

https://sdginprogress.com/projects/126

TEAM SKILLS NEEDED

Emily Sheene, University of Geneva, Emily.Sheene@etu.unige.ch Programming Skills Software Skills Technology Skills Communication Skills

Tina La, University of Geneva, Tina.La@etu.unige.ch

17


Challenge #10.01

iDoctor Diagnosis of diabetic retinopathy based on AI algorithm

iDoctor is committed to eliminating the imbalances in medical resources (in China) through diagnostic artificial intelligence (AI) technologies. Almost all of the AI medical services are faced with three major challenges at present: the shortage of qualified medical data, the lack of profitable business models and the accuracy of AI algorithms. To tackle these challenges, we aim to build a medical screening device to be placed in local pharmacies for the diagnosis of certain identified diseases. At the current stage, we are building an open source fundus camera for the diagnosis of diabetic retinopathy – a prevalent diabetes complication that causes blindness.

We hope that the same model can be extended to more disease screenings, like cervical cancer, in the future. Patients can use our diagnostic device and obtain a free diagnosis report if they agree to share their medical data anonymously. Otherwise patients can still use the device for diagnosis for a significantly lower fee than hospital. Our data will be open source and made available to all medical researchers for the creation of a more accurate algorithm – benefitting the patients, especially those living in resource-deprived areas.

ill. 10.01.1 First version of iDoctor Logo


CREATIVE HUB/ Geneva Tsinghua Initiative FACILITATOR www.gt-initiative.org Switzerland

G E N E VA TSINGHUA INITIATIVE

for the Sustainable Development Goals

contains not only the background, product introduction, industry and market but also business model and marketing strategies.

LINKS & REFERENCES https://sdginprogress.com/projects/122

illustration 10.01.2 Concept

iDoctor will generate profit in two ways: first, the diagnosis fees charged to the patients who do not wish to upload their data; second, we will provide these data to companies and research institutions to make further researches. For other stakeholders, we will share the profit with the pharmacies and the companies who provide the diagnostic service by algorithm.

We have now finished the initial design of hardware, interactive design and part of algorithm. NEXT STEPS For the next step, user researches including patients, doctors and pharmacies will be an important part, as their opinions and attitudes need to be understood. And we will also continue the business plan which

TEAM

Ke Wang, China, Tsinghua University, 437128620@qq.com Weipeng Li, China, Tsinghua University, liwp17@mails.tsinghua.edu

SKILLS NEEDED

Collaboration with humanitarian and scientific experts such as doctors and appointed officers and researchers.

Mengting Du, China, Tsinghua University, 2223491185@qq.com Chuanzan Wang, China, Tsinghua University, wangchuanzan@foxmail.com

19


Challenge #11.01

Yes Helmet Encouraging helmet-wearing to increase safety for bicyclists According to a study (Nicaj et al., 2009), in New York, head injuries contributed to more than three-quarters of bicyclist deaths. Only 3 percent of bicyclists were documented to be wearing helmets at the time of the fatal crash. The project aims to contribute to SDG Goal 3.6, “by 2020, halve the number of global deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents.” We are focusing on encouraging helmet-wearing to increase the safety of bicyclists around the globe, to raise awareness, bring behavioral change, and create social change through mobile-based solutions. THEORY OF CHANGE & BUSINESS MODEL The theory of change of project Yes Helmet is to achieve the long-term outcome of reducing the mortality rate for bicycle-related accidents with helmet wearing, through the short-term outcome of raising awareness, inducing behavioral change by encouraging a habit of wearing a helmet, and creating a social trend of wearing a helmet. The activities proposed are through a gamified mobile application that embodies machine learning and image classification to identify selfie images that contain bicycle helmets. Users of the mobile application will earn points and get rewards. Another proposed activity is to use the same application to unlock an NFC or Bluetooth bicycle lock by taking a selfie: a verified selfie with a helmet could unlock the bicycle. The third activity proposed includes a social media campaign in collaboration with NGOs or International Organizations, to mobilize social media users and create a social trend of wearing the helmet. The expected output of the projects is the number of people using the application and number of participants in the social media

campaign. The input of the project are the works that we have done before and during the summer school, which include an online survey, on-site interviews, exploration of partnerships, programming of application, and documentation.

online community members. We have received 308 responses for both English and French surveys, from 25 July to 9 August 2018. We have also launched the Chinese survey to Wechat Moments during the time

The envisioned ideal business model for the mobile application is to partner with existing bicycle sharing service providers, as well as ethical FMCG business and F&B franchise to provide incentives to users in the form of vouchers. INPUT- ANDROID APP DEVELOPMENT The app heavily relies on Google’s Tensorflow which is an open source software library for high-performance numerical computation with strong support for machine learning and deep learning. In the I/O 2018 Google introduced Firebase MLKit, which allows the developer to use Tensor flow from the cloud. It offers an advanced option of retraining the Inception V3 model to include new classes. The app consumed Firebase MLKit API whose endpoints take defined parameters and after processing and classifying, returns the classification and its degree of confidence. If results show a helmet type with fair enough confidence, the app has detected a helmet, and the bike is unlocked. INPUT - ONLINE ENGAGEMENT We have created online surveys in four languages, English, French, Spanish, and Simplified Chinese, using Google form, with the help of mentors from the innovation space to double check the translations. We shared it to more than 16 Facebook group online communities, reaching more than 150000

illustration 11.01.1 First version of Yes Helmet logo

spent at Tsinghua University I-Center, and collected more than 80 responses within 24 hours. High school students from the High School attached to Tsinghua University have created a video about road safety and published it on youku.com. INPUT - LOCAL ENGAGEMENT We have reached out to several local NGOs and IOs to discuss our idea and learn from their experiences. We have presented our project to local NGOs, such as Geneveroule, Pro Velo Geneva, as well as international organizations, such as the Global Road Safety Partnership at IFRC, and experts at World Health Organization. We have received timely feedbacks from experts and bicyclists in the city for our projects.


CREATIVE HUB/ Geneva Tsinghua Initiative FACILITATOR www.gt-initiative.org Switzerland

G E N E VA TSINGHUA INITIATIVE

for the Sustainable Development Goals

LINKS & REFERENCES • Github https://github.com/yychern/yes-helmet • SDG in Progress https://sdginprogress.com/projects/118/steps • Twitter https://twitter.com/yeshelmet • L. Nicaj , C. Stayton , J. Mandel-Ricci , P. McCarthy , K. Grasso , D. Woloch & B. Kerker (2009) Bicyclist Fatalities in New York City: 1996–2005, Traffic Injury Prevention, 10:2, 157-161. • Fischer, C. M., et al. “Prevalence of bicycle helmet use by users of public bikeshare programs.” Annals of Emergency Medicine 60.2(2012):228-231.

NEXT STEPS We are exploring the possibility to pilot the project in Nairobi, where 2 out of 3 of our team members will be based.

We would also like to pass on the project to interested partners based in Geneva. We will also pass on the project to interested companies and education institutions in China.

TEAM

Yap Yee Chern, Malaysia, National University of Singapore, yapychern@gmail.com Maryanne Nyanduko, Kenya, Moi University, monyanduko@gmail.com Yunwu Shen, China, The High School attached to Tsinghua University SKILLS NEEDED

Game Design Behavioral Science Computer Science Machine Learning Big Data Social Media Campaign

Peter Kipkoech, Kenya, Moi University, onekoetch@gmail.com Xin Tong, China, The High School attached to Tsinghua University

21


G E N E VA TSINGHUA INITIATIVE

for the Sustainable Development Goals

The SDG Accelerator Part of the Geneva Tsinghua Initiative (GTI), the SDG Accelerator supports students from different disciplines working together on concrete projects aimed at solving global issues framed under the UN Sustainable Development Goals. The Accelerator helps the teams to scale up their projects through the different innovation phases, from idea conceptualization, to prototyping, validation, implementation and achieving social impact.

resources from their respective innovation hubs to help students deploy their ideas faster.

The SDG Accelerator is inspired from, and closely collaborates with, X-Lab, an innovation center located at the heart of Tsinghua University in Beijing, and Seeed Studio, a Chinese open hardware company that provides low-cost hardware solutions for innovation.

WHAT KIND OF PROJECTS DOES THE SDG ACCELERATOR SUPPORT?

HOW DOES IT WORK? Students supported by the SDG Accelerator benefit from periodic coaching sessions and regularly present their business or social innovation models. A board of experts evaluates the needs and allocates support to projects, for example by enabling the development and fabrication of prototypes, with resources from the SDG Accelerator or other sources. The board of experts’ members come from major innovation hubs within Geneva’s ecosystem. They bring together varied expertise, create a transparent selection process, and contribute

WHAT PROJECTS ARE ELIGIBLE? In its first phase, the SDG Accelerator supported GTI students’ projects, but it now also considers projects from the whole University of Geneva and other higher education institutions.

The SDG Accelerator supports all kinds of innovation focusing on the SDGs, including policy, tech, medtech, fintech or social innovation, both for- or non-profit oriented. For example, during the 2018 SDG Summer School, a team of 5 students addressed the early detection of Cervical Cancer. Cervical Cancer is a global issue affecting more than 500,000 women every year and causing more than 300,000 deaths, of which 90% happen in lower-income countries (source: UNAIDS). This project, described in more detail on pages 10 - 11, called ‘At your cervix’, proposes the use of menstrual tracking application data to indicate the need for medical attention. The SDG Accelerator supported the team in setting up a collaboration with an existing initiative in Argentina that designed and deployed a men-

strual tracking app and already has a community of more than 30,000 users. The SDG Accelerator provided funds to add a data collection component to the existing mobile phone application to allow At your cervix to use real data to evaluate their approach.

LogAir is another project that originated during the GTI Master’s program and was further developed during the 2018 SDG Summer school with support from the SDG Accelerator. LogAir aims at providing portable technologies to monitor air pollution in real-time and help citizens adapt their behavior to minimize pollution impact on their health. LogAir is currently working on 2 prototypes, one to be integrated into rental bikes in Geneva, the other to be worn by pedestrians - (pictured on opposite page). LogAir earned funding from the City of Geneva’s innovation program for deployment in Geneva.

text

Jose Luis Fernandez Marquez joseluis.fernandez@unige.ch


LogAir sensor device prototype


New issues in process:

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SDG SUMMER SCHOOL 2019 research projects

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ART YOUR LIFE

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Arts education: Learning through art creation and co-creation

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collaborative magazine on the sustainable development goals - issue 1 - Geneva Tsinghua initiative summer school projects

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