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TABLE OF CONTENTS

4

Introduction

6

Unit Plans

P 8

4 UNITS

P 12 P 16 P 20 P 26 P 30 P 34 P 40

4 UNITS

P 46 P 52 P 58 P 62 P 66 P 70

4 UNITS 4 UNITS

5 UNITS 6 UNITS 9 UNITS 9 UNITS + 1 OFFICE 10 UNITS 10 UNITS 11 UNITS 11 UNITS 12 UNITS 12 UNITS

B-Camp Helen & Hard Grains Shimomeguro Kazuhiro Kojima + Kazuko Akamatsu CAt No. One Centaur Street dRMM ARCHITECTS Architect’s and artist’s house Andreas Fuhrimann Gabrielle Hächler Architects Apartment I Office of Kumiko Inui Multiple dwelling in Teufen Covas Hunkeler Wyss Reversible-destiny Loft Mitaka Shusaku Arakawa + Madeline Gins Mashrabiya House Senan Abdelqader Architect Svartlamoen Housing Brendeland & Kristoffersen arkitekter Funen Blok K NL Architects Funabashi Apartment Office of Ryue Nishizawa Apartments Leebgasse 46 querkraft architekten Peabody Apartments Niall Mclaughlin L’Astrolarbre KOZ architectes


P 74 P 80 P 84 P 90 P 94 P 98 P 106 P 110 P 118 P 124 P 128 P 132 P 136

P 142 P 146 P 150 P 154 P 160 P 166 P 170 P 176 P 180 P 188 P 192 P 198 P 202 P 206 P 212 P 218 P 228 P 236 P 240 P 246 P 252 P 256 P 262 P 268 P 276 P 280 P 286 P 292 P 298 P 304 P 308 P 312 P 318 P 326

12 UNITS 13 UNITS 14 UNITS 14 UNITS 15 UNITS 15 UNITS 16 UNITS 16 UNITS 16 UNITS 18 UNITS 19 UNITS 20 UNITS 20 UNITS + ... 22 UNITS 30 UNITS 31 UNITS 34 UNITS 34 UNITS 35 UNITS 39 UNITS 43 UNITS + 11 OFFICE 45 UNITS + ... 47 UNITS 48 UNITS 48 UNITS 56 UNITS 72 UNITS

79 UNITS 80 UNITS 88 UNITS 88 UNITS 92 UNITS 93 UNITS 100 UNITS 102 UNITS 104 UNITS 114 UNITS 118 UNITS 134 UNITS 146 UNITS 165 UNITS 169 UNITS 200 UNITS 230 UNITS 360 UNITS 420 UNITS

750 UNITS

Apartment House Gradaška Sadar Vuga Arhitekti KEM makoto yokomizo architects Houses in Mulhouse Lacaton & Vassal Urban Villa Domus Radicalis Metrogramma Housing for the Elderly Trebnje Bevk Perović Arhitekti Condominium Trovski Pristan Sadar Vuga Arhitekti TEO makoto yokomizo architects Suburban Prototype N. 2 GarcíaGermán Arquitectos Rural Mat njiric+ arhitekti Brown Residential Tower Gerardo Caballero, Maite Fernández Habitat 825 LOHA Housing Bjergsted Helen & Hard Headquaters of the Wohn + Stadtbau Housing Association Bolles+Wilson The Porter House SHoP ORIENTE COMPLEX PROMONTORIO ARCHITECTS Wansey Street Housing dRMM ARCHITECTS Inakasa Building Alexis López Acosta + Xavier Iván Díaz Martín 34 apartments in Cambrils Vicente Guallart Jægersborg Water Tower Dorte Mandrup MISS SARGFABRIK BKK-3 Townhouse Wimbergergasse Delugan Meissl Associated Architects LV Building Complex Coll-Leclerc Arquitectos Kallco Wienerberg City Lofts Delugan Meissl Associated Architects ZAC MASSENA Beckmann-N’Thépé Agency Housing in the woods VBM / lava architecten Student Housing Poljane Bevk Perović Arhitekti Brunnenhof Housing Complex for Large Families Gigon/Guyer Architekten De Salamander LOOS ARCHITECTS MTN mountain dwellings BIG in collaboration with JDS 88 Housing units in Carabanchel Foreign Office Architects Skid Row Housing, Rainbow Apartments Michael Maltzan Architecture P10 mixed use building STUDIO UP Quinta Monroy Elemental 100 Apartments Jakob + Macfarlane 102 Housing units in Carabanchel dosmasuno arquitectos Solaris Manuelle Gautrand VM Houses PLOT = BIG + JDS Newton Suites WOHA Architects Fahle Building KOKO Architects Celosia MVRDV with Blanca Lleó Mirador MVRDV with Blanca Lleó Wohnhof Orasteig PPAG ARCHITECTS Yerba Buena Loft Stanely Saitowitz Illa de la llum Luís Clotet + Igunacio Paricio Tietgen Dormitory Lundgaard & Tranberg Architects Shinonome Canal Court Block 1 Riken Yamamoto & Associates, Architects Linked Hybrid Steven Holl Architects


UNIT PLANS   SCALE 1/500

TEO

Mirador

Wansey Street Housing

Yerba Buena Loft

Skid Row Housing, Rainbow Apartments

Solaris

MISS SARGFABRIK

Funabashi Apartment

Apartments Leebgasse 46

B-Camp

Rural Mat

Student Housing Poljane

100 Apartments Wohnhof Orasteig

Townhouse Wimbergergasse

L’Astrolarbre

5m

10m

Reversible destiny Loft Mitaka

Headquaters of the Wohn + Stadtbau Housing Association

Inakasa Building

34 apartments in Cambrils

Apartment House Gradaška

Newton Suites

Linked Hybrid

Architect’s and artist’s house

Funen Blok K

Housing Bjergsted

Quinta Monroy

Houses in Mulhouse 6


JĂŚgersborg Water Tower

Peabody Apartments

Apartment I

KEM

Tietgen Dormitory

102 Housing units in Carabanchel

Housing for the Elderly Trebnje

Habitat 825

Urban Villa Domus Radicalis

P10 mixed use building

Housing Svartlamoen

Brown Building

Londres-Villaroel building complex

Celosia

ZAC MASSENA

88 Housing units in Carabanchel

Fahle Building

No. One Centaur Street Brunnenhof Housing Complex for Large Families

De Salamander

Grains Shimomeguro

Illa de la llum

The Porter House

Kallco Wienerberg City Lofts

Housing in the woods

ORIENTE COMPLEX

MTN mountain dwellings

Multiple dwelling in Teufen

VM Houses

Condominium Trovski Pristan

Mashrabiya House

Suburban Prototype N. 2


From a viewpoint of economy, ecology and flexibility, this social housing is made of wood from structure until finishes in both of exterior and interior. The bareness of material became beautiful icon of this district, for its functionality and sustainability.

Svartlamoen HOUSING Brendeland & Kristoffersen ArkitektEr KEYWORD city, social housing, mixed use, unit variety, shared facilities, sustainability, construction scheme  SEE ALSO Student Housing Poljane (≥ p. 202)

Trondheim, Norway, 2005.  Program 2 residential buildings, one with a commercial space and four flats shared by 5 to 6 people, the other with 6 one-room flats. Gross floor area 1,015m 2 . Cost 11M NOK (1.3 M € ex.V.A.T). Client Svartlamoen housing foundation. Architect Brendeland & Kristoffersen arkitekter AS (Geir Brendeland and Olav Kristoffersen). Engineers; Statics Nils Fjærvik, Reinertsen Engineering AS. Fire Hege Tryggestad / Geir Jensen, Cowi AS. Electricity Terje Dahlheim, Cowi AS. HVAC Marit Fjær, Cowi AS. Project leader (client) Harald Nissen, Svartlamoen Housing Foundation. Contractor Stjern AS. Massive wood elements Santner & Spiehs OEG, Austria. Photographs Johan Fowelin.

46


The setting is Trondheim, specifically a rather run-down area called Svartlamoen that started life in the nineteenth century as an outlying working class neighborhood. It was rezoned for industrial use in 1947 but these plans came to naught thanks to fierce local resistance. Svartlamoen degenerated steadily until the 1970s when the city’s alternative population (then mostly punks, today largely middle-class anarchists and the occasional fortune-teller) gradually began to appropriate some of the forty or so remaining buildings. Trondheim only recently embraced this development, and in 2001 all plans for industrial development in Svartlamoen were scrapped and the area was rezoned for residential use, under a new designation as a “semi-autonomous urban ecological experimental area”. All city-owned property in the area was also transferred to a foundation. During this transformation period, an open competition for a new residential building was held. The drafting of the new zoning law, the competition brief and the jury included the participation of representatives from the local community. On April 1, 2005 the project was inaugurated and 31 people—who had participated in the planning process—moved into the two wooden buildings. The taller building facing Strandveien contains a commercial space and four flats, each shared by a collective of five to six people. The smaller building contains six one-room flats. The high residential density of the building, 22 m2 per person, is in sharp contrast to the otherwise expansive needs of Norwegians (at 50 m2 per capita, the most generous in the world). The project’s density, construction technique and rough detailing (finishing) account for the low cost of the building: at 1.8 million euros with a monthly rent of 350 euros these figures fall well below average Norwegian market values.

47


All structural members in this project are factory-produced, untreated massive timber elements that are assembled on site over ten days. Only the exterior wall elements (144 mm thick) are load bearing, providing a column-free space at each story.The interior partitions are almost as thick: 96 mm.

48


The partitions create a rough interior where the occupants’ own furnishings and equipment can be bolted directly to the walls. Additional fine-tuning and customizing of the walls can easily be done with a chain saw or sand paper. This makes for a high grade of flexibility in terms of changes to the program in years to come. The wooden elements are a reusable, renewable, clean and locally-cultivated resource with a positive impact on the carbon dioxide balance in the atmosphere, as carbon is “stored” in the construction. The taller building of the two is the first of its kind in Norway; the extensive research and development done by the architects and consultants, in collaboration with researchers in Norway, Sweden and Austria, will hopefully help pave the way for the reintroduction of large wooden buildings into urban areas. Large wooden buildings can now fulfill modern fire safety and sound insulation requirements with reasonable budgets. Detail drawing ≥ p. 341

49


A collective housing block in big master plan, with variet y and equality at the same time. Ever y apartments are dif ferent in size and height within the same volume, which unite as a undulating landscape of valley. This surprising operation make this building so unique but equal with surrounding buildings.

FUNEN BLOK K nl architects

KEYWORD  aggregation, unit variety, public space, green  SEE ALSO De Salamander (≥ p. 212)

Amsterdam, 2009.  Program One apartment building with 10 housing units. Design 1999 / 2006. Completion 2009. Architects NL Architects: Pieter Bannenberg, Walter van Dijk, Kamiel Klaasse, Mark Linnemann. Collaborators Caro Baumann, Jennifer Petersen, Niels Petersen, Holger Schurk, Misa Shibukawa, Rolf Touzimsky. Client IBC Vastgoed / Heijmans. Structural engineers Ingenieursbureau Zonneveld bv. Mechanical engineers Sweegers en de Bruin bv. Building Physics Cauberg Huygen. Contractor: IBC Woningbouw Amersfoort bv. Re-design 2006. Project Architect Gerbrand van Oostveen. Collaborators Jung Hwa Cho, Chris Collaris, Florent le Core, Gert Jan Machiels. Client Heijmans Vastgoed bv. Structural engineers Berkhout Tros Bouwadviseurs. Mechanical engineers Nieman Adviesburo. Contractor Heijmans Bouw Almere. Photographs Antoine van Erp (on the right page), NL Architects.

52


© Antoine van Erp

These ten houses are part of a masterplan for 500 dwellings and a park by the Architecten Cie, called ‘Het Funen, Hidden Delights’. The triangular site is located between the historic center and the recently redeveloped harbor area in the east of Amsterdam. Along the east and the south side a ‘wall’ containing over 300 apartments and office spaces shields the site from the noise of the adjacent railroad. Inside this semi open block a loose grid is set up, containing 16 smaller housing blocks positioned in a park. These ‘Hidden Delights’ vary in height from 9 to 18 meters. A shift from the public to the private has taken place. The urban plan including the park is initiated and commissioned—traditionally operations directed by the City—and developed and built by one single company, IBC Vastgoed. The maintenance of the park will be handled by a private firm, not by the city, but the park will remain publicly accessible. There are three almost square blocks that measure 30.5 by 27.7 meters and should contain 2.5 stories. It was obligatory to build the first two stories in alignment; the third should be 50% building and 50% roof terrace/garden. In block K the volume is distributed evenly over the ten houses; each is allocated 633 cubic meters. The houses are organized according to a typology known as back to back housing, and they are accessed from an aisle in the middle of the block. This “mini-canyon” rids the façades of the obligatory technical facilities that formally have to be accessible from the public domain.

53


The front doors are positioned in the back; the houses are turned inside out. By placing the ‘intestines’ like water and gas meters, hallways and stairs in the darker zones of the apartments, the façades can open up to the light and to the view, to where the park is. Three other buildings with a slightly smaller footprint, but considerably higher (18m), rise up next to block K. By interpreting the given 2.5 floors as 2 + ½ story as in Being John Malkovich, a ‘clean’ start without formal determination could be made; a block of 6 + 1.5 = 7.5 meters high. To create space within the masterplan this volume is deformed and redistributed, pushed away as much as possible from the adjacent volumes. Within the orthogonal grid a diagonal vista opens up. The design tool deployed for this operation is a slight rotation of the aisle, orienting it onto two open spaces between the blocks—and as such providing a public shortcut—instead of two ‘blind’ walls. While all houses are at the same time stretched and compressed, either in height or in length, they still maintain the original given volume of 633 m³. Although some features of the typology remain, all houses are individual and unique reaching from one-and-a-half to four stories, from 120 to 160m2. All houses are different but part of a larger whole; they are one. The building height now varies from 5 to 15 meters, but overall the average is still the required 7.5 meters. In the process the standard building bay as an organizational tool of construction became ‘elastic’.

1. Given envelope = 2 + ½ Stories: The first two stories should be in alignment (100 %), the third with a setback: 50 % building + 50 % roofgarden. Average building height = 7,5 meters. Total volume = 6336 m3.

2.  Back to Back: Conventional building technique: 10 ‘ground related’ identical houses.

3. Being John Malkovich: Re-interpretation of given envelope: 2 ½ stories (100 % roof garden): a block waiting to be touched.

54


4. Alley: The obligatory storage spaces, technical facilities and hallways are absorbed in and accessed from the ‘center’ of the block: the façades open up to the light and the ‘park’.

Shortcut

Shortcut 5. Shortcut: By orienting the alley towards two open spaces instead of two ‘blind’ walls an attractive shortcut is created. This line forms the spine of the volume’s deformation: northwest and southeast corners rise whereas northeast and southwest corners are lowered. The typology becomes elastic, a range from 1 ½ to 4 stories. The average building height remains 7,5 meters.

6. Flex: Strategically positioning the volume towards the sun results in a lower south and higher north section.

Vista

Vista

7. Vista: The deformation as a consequence of the diagonal shortcut creates a ‘void’ in the otherwise dense master plan.

8. Elastic Building Bay: The block is divided up into ten houses with equal volume (633 m3) but different floor areas. The houses on the north and south sides get daylight from two sides. Whereas the six in the middle depend on only one façade (and the patio). The extra width is a positive side effect of the ‘equation’. 55


56


Plan level +4

Plan level +3

Plan level +2

Room sections

Plan level +1

Ground floor

Sections through the ‘shortcut’ 57


An alternative approach for mini-apartments. Eliminating hierarchy of living, bedroom, kitchen or bathroom, make equal sized independent spaces for each function to seek new way to use and storage.

funabashi apartment

office of Ryue Nishizawa KEYWORD aggregation, mini apartments, flexible plan  SEE ALSO LV building complex (≥ p. 180)

Bedroom, kitchen and bathroom mixed up in a small space

Bedroom, kitchen and bathroom as three separate living units

Chiba, Japan, 2004.  Program 16 apartments (25-30 m2). Site area 339,74 m2. Building area 243,04 m2. Three floors. Structure: Reinforced concrete. Finish Waterproof sheet roof. Exterior walls hydrophobic material on bare concrete. Architects Ryue Nishizawa, Kimihiko Okada, Yusuke Ohi, Ippei Takahashi. Structural engineer Hiroki Kume. Environmental engineering Kazunari Ohshima, Masakazu Itsukida. Client Nobuyuki Tanaka. Photographs Jin Hosoya (exterior photo), Office of Ryue Nishizawa.

58


This building of rental apartments is composed of fifteen units that vary in size from 25 to 30 m2. Contrary to conventional approaches, which compress the support program, such as bathrooms or kitchens, into a minimum footprint, this project rethinks that strategy. Filling the maximum allowable footprint and volume permitted by law, the apartment building is set on a regular 9.6 x 26 meter plan. The basic apartment is composed of bedroom, bathroom, and kitchen, where the support program spaces of kitchen and bath are comparable in size to living room or bedroom spaces. This allows for functions to be distributed across the spaces, moving beyond a single studio-like living space where all activity occurs. In a large one-room apartment, residents' belongings are mixed and scattered. In the Funabashi apartments, belongings can be thematically arranged: washing machine and plants are located in the bathroom; clothes and comics in the bedroom; table and dishes for the kitchen. 11Ba 11B

13B

12L

12B

12Ba

11K

12K

13K

7B

7G

14Ba

14B

15K

15Ba

16L

16B

15B

V

16K

14K

16Ba

Plan level +2

5B

6B

6Ba

9Ba

8Ba

5Ba 5K

6L

6K

3B

V

7K

9B

9K

7Ba

8B

G

10L

10B

10K

8K

10Ba

Plan level +1

1Ba 1B

2B

2Ba

1K

2L

2K

3Ba

3K

entrance

tenant

storage

Ground floor plan K L B Ba G V

Kitchen Living Room Bedroom Bathroom Garden Void

59


0

12Ba

12K

7B

07G

14K

6Ba

6K

7K

7B

8K

3Ba

3K

E

S

O

1

2

3m

The functions of the rooms on the faรงade side of the building are varied. The height, size, and material of the windows differ according to the assumed position of the furniture in each room, giving the faรงade its random appearance.

60


W

16K

16Ba

W

10K

10Ba

W

Although the adjoining southern site is currently vacant, windows for natural daylight and ventilation were provided at all sides, considering the neighboring properties expected to be developed in the future. By aligning broad openings between spaces, light penetrates each unit, while privacy will be kept between the segments. There is a blend of units created by various combinations of spaces of different sizes and characters. Unlike the traditional one-room condominium that minimizes the space for kitchen and bathroom, maximizing the living room, the intention is to offer spacious and comfortable kitchens, baths, and bedrooms. Here, residents can find alternate uses for each space. The bathroom for instance can become a place to store and enjoy music or to grow indoor plants.

O

B Ba W O K S E G

Bedroom Bathroom West Staircase Office Kitchen Storage Entrance Garden

The doorways between rooms are wider than standard and have different treatments based on program adjacencies. For instance, the kitchen floor is flush with that of the living room in order to withstand and soften the high traffic between these two areas. In the case of a kitchen+bathroom or kitchen+bedroom combination, residents must cross an elevated threshold.

More drawing ≼ p. 344

61


By splitting the whole volumes into some wings, this collective housing building has succeeded to give the residents to have independent views like as a private house in the woods. Every window is facing to the forest, and the balconies are hanging in the trees.

Housing in the woods VBM / LAVA ARCHITECTEN KEYWORD aggregation, independency, view SEE ALSO MTN mountain dwellings (≥ p. 218)

Tennislaan Genk, Belgium, 2006 (the first building)-2011(all three blocks).  Program 3 housing blocks with 48 units. Client Jacobs - Van Briel nv. Surface 7,650m². Design team / design VBMarchitecten. Design team / realization Lava Architecten. Structural engineering AB associates. Health and safety adviser Ivan Vanheel. Contractor Algemene Bouwonderneming Vandenbos. Budget 6.2M €. Photographs Christian Richters.


This is the first completed block of a project of three. The housing units are raised nearly two stories above ground, supported by thin columns that ensure that every room has a view to the woods. At either end, the volume is fragmented and transformed by means of suspended wooden balconies, cornered roof gardens or an inset roof terrace. The ground floor is used for garages and covered outdoor parking spaces. The first floor is occupied by private storage rooms that serve the apartments above.

199


200

Program/densification: Three blocks with a maximum of 4 levels containing 48 houses on a minimal footprint.

Noise: One volume is rotated away from a neighboring tennis club. A raised verge or berm formed from the excavated ground, and vegetation function as an acoustic buffer.

Views: The star composition maximizes the view to the green surroundings, without the interruption of the other volumes.

Infrastructure: Reduction of the impact of parking and traffic on the use of open space by rotating the volume.

Orientation: One volume has an east-west orientation; the other two have an approximate north-south orientation. North-facing apartments have a cantilevered living room or terrace.

Refinement: The volumes are fragmented and curved at the staircase, offering a view to the surroundings. This fragmentation reduces the scale of the buildings and seeks a sensitive integration on the site. Living in the woods in the pure sense.


The building is divided into two wings, each with two apartments per floor (with two, three or four bedrooms). Every room faces the forest, and every living room has a balcony or a terrace (big, small, hanging or inset). The ground floor is used for car and bicycle parking.

Plan level +1

Ground floor plan

201


How does one give a new urban residential block with an enormous parking garage a suburban atmosphere with plenty of green? Use the parking garage as the base of a topography, and cover it with living units with terraced gardens that will grow into a new green mountain.

MTN mountain dwellings BIG

in collaboration with JDS KEYWORD city, mixed use, green, view  SEE ALSO VM Houses (≥ p. 268) MORE DRAWINGS ≥ p. 358-361

Copenhagen, 2008.  Program 80 housing units. Client Høpfner A/S, Danish Oil Company A/S. Size 33,000 m 2 . Par tner-in- Charge Bjarke Ingels. Project Architect Jakob Lange. Project Leader Finn Nørkjær. Project Manager Jan Borgstrøm. Construction Manager Henrick Poulsen. Contributors Annette Jensen, Dariusz Bojarski, Dennis Rasmussen, Eva Hviid- Nielsen, Joao Vieira Costa, Jørn Jensen, Karsten V. Vestergaard, Karsten Hammer Hansen, Leon Rost, Louise Steffensen, Malte Rosenquist, Mia Frederiksen, Ole Elkjær-Larsen, Ole Nannberg, Roberto Rosales Salazar, Rong Bin, Sophus Søbye, Søren Lambertsen, Wataru Tanaka. Collaborator JDS, Moe & Brødsgaard, Freddy Madsen Rådgivende Ingeniører ApS. Photographs Ramon Prat, Dragor Luftfoto (p. 276).


The Mountain Dwellings are a second generation of VM Houses (see pages 268-275)—same client, same size and same street. However, the brief here is divided into 2/3 parking and 1/3 living spaces. Rather than creating two separate buildings—a parking deck and a housing block—the two programs are merged into a symbiotic relationship. The parking wants to be connected to the street, whereas the housing wants sunlight, fresh air and views. The Mountain Dwellings appear as a suburban neighborhood of sun-facing garden homes flowing over a ten-story building—suburban living with urban density.

1. The site is adjacent to the VM Houses.

2. It is 8000 m2, for a building surface of 30.000m2.

3. This surface is divided into 1/3 housing and 2/3 parking.

4. These functions are organized on two different layers, with the housing on top of the parking.

5. The volume is inclined to benefit from eastward views.

6. and to the south, in order to maximize sun exposure.

7. The edges along the VM are cut to maintain the views.

8. A continuous ramp organizes the mountain parking.

9. Parking is sorounded by a metal mesh with an image of Mt. Everest.

10. The housing layer is subdivided following a 10 x 10 m grid

11. and tiered.

12. The L-shaped houses and planted balconies guarantee the privacy of each unit. 219


The site is in a newly developed suburban area of Copenhagen close to the new metro station. It is surrounded by smallscale houses towards the east and wide-open plots towards the west. An elevated metro line and a canal run adjacent to the building. (From left to right: VM and MTN buildings)

Š Dragor Luftfoto

220


The roof gardens consist of a terrace and a planted edge that changes character according to the seasons. The only thing that separates the apartment and the garden is a glass faรงade with sliding doors to provide light and fresh air.

Roof plan 0

10m

221


The residents of the 80 apartments were the first in Orestaden to have parking directly outside their homes. The gigantic parking area contains 480 parking spots and a sloping elevator that moves along the mountain’s inner walls. In some places the ceiling height is up to 16 meters which gives the impression of a cathedral-like space.

222


The north and west facades are covered by perforated aluminum plates, which let in air and light to the parking area. The holes in the facade form a huge reproduction of Mount Everest. At day the holes in the aluminum plates will appear black on the bright aluminium, and the gigantic picture will resemble that of a rough rasterized photo. At night time the faรงade will be lit from the inside and appear as a photo negative in different colours as each floor in the parking area has different colours.

North faรงade

223


The apartments measure between 80 and 150 m2. Each unit has a large garden with favorable views, ample sunlight, and direct access to and from the parking deck. Deep planter beds installed throughout terraces foster privacy within neighboring units.

Typical unit and corner unit plans

224


The building slopes upward from south-east to north-west with parking below and housing above.

Plan level +3

Ground floor plan: Parking structure and ramps up eleven floors.

225


Can we get a bigger photo?

226


227


Como puede añadir nueva riquesa a las viviendas sociales? Re-pensando los materiales, y distribución de los espacios privados y común.

88 Housing units in Carabanchel foreign office architects KEYWORD aggregation, unit variety, green, shared facility SEE ALSO Mashrabiya House (≥ p. 40) MORE DRAWINGS ≥ p. 362-369

Madrid, 2007  Program 88 housing units. Total area 9,600m 2 . Gross internal area 8,183.65m 2 (apartments), 3,200.62 m 2 (parking and storage), 11,384.27 m 2 (total). Design FOA Team: Farshid Moussavi, Alejandro ZaeraPolo with David Casino, Leo Gallegos, Joaquim Rigau, Caroline Markus, Nerea Calvillo. Contractor ACCIONA. Structural Engineer Jesús Hierro, JHS Proyecto de Estructuras y Arquitectura. Quantity Sur veyor Alfonso Cuenca Sánchez. Electrical Engineer FASEVEN. Mechanical Engineers ASETECNIC. Telecommunication Engineer Raúl Heranz , S.D.C. Budget 5.2M €. Photographs Ramon Prat.


The site is a 100 × 45 meter rectangle oriented north-south and limiting on the west with a new urban park and on the north, east and south with similar housing blocks. Building regulations in this new development in the south of Madrid set the number and type of units as well as the maximum building height, but not the alignment within the rectangular plot. Distribution

Site

FOA plot 98 x 45 m 4445 m2

Connexion between green areas

62% 38%

N

–Building plot  –Park –Residential

–Common green area –Building

229


Ground floor plan  There are many unit types to accommodate different types of families. They mostly run across the entire width of the building, offering terraces on both façades. There are exits to the common green area from the entrance hall that houses the elevator and stairs. –Unit 1D –Unit 3D –Entrance –Unit 2D –Unit 4D –Core

N

230


Given the adjacency to the future urban park and the north-south orientation of the site, the proposal compacted the volume within the given height so that every unit has double east-west exposure. The units become 13.4 m long “tubesâ€? that connect both façades and avoid any type of structure in the partitions between apartments. The concentration on the western side of the plot provides a private garden for the units on the eastern side, located above the parking.

+17.60

+14.70

+11.80 Apartments +8.90

+6.00

+3.10

Balconies Common green area

Ecological wall

+0.00

-3.65

Parking Street

231


VT-1 (1 Bedroom) Living-dining-kitchen Bedroom 1 Bath Vestibule Terrace Total No. of units

VT-8 (3 Bedroom) Kitchen Living-dining Bedroom 1 Bedroom 2 Bedroom 3 Bath Aseo Vestibule Terrace Total No. of units

232

VT-1 (1 Bedroom) Living-dining-kitchen Bedroom 1 Bath Vestibule Terrace Total No. of units

18.62m2 13.71m2 4.36m2 3.91m2 9.62m2 44.66m2 5

9.75m2 24.75m2 11.33m2 8.25m2 8.18m2 5.21m2 2.95m2 4.54m2 21.14m2 82.46m2 2

18.96m2 14.89m2 4.19m2 2.89m2 10.45m2 45.02m2 2

VT-9 (4 Bedroom) Kitchen Living-dining Bedroom 1 Bedroom 2 Bedroom 3 Bedroom 4 Bath 1 Bath 2 Vestibule Terrace Total No. of units

VT-4 (2 Bedroom) Living-dining-kitchen Bedroom 1 Bedroom 2 Bath Aseo Vestibule Closet Terrace Total No. of units

9.75m2 24.65m2 14.09m2 8.25m2 8.18m2 8.19m2 4.12m2 3.52m2 4.37m2 21.90m2 93.63m2 8

27.61m2 12.10m2 9.59m2 3.97m2 1.29m2 5.35m2 1.58m2 15.79m2 67.62m2 10


233


234


Each side of the building is provided with a 1.5 m wide terrace along the full faรงade that can accommodate different functions during certain seasons.These terraces are enclosed with bamboo louvers mounted on folding frames that provide with the necessary protection from the strong east-west sun exposure, provide security to the units and open entirely to the side gardens when desired.

235


A large housing blocks with mixed use program, which is open to the public as a part of an old project of big meditteranean passage continues to the sea. Thus this privately developped project is fully dedicated to the context and contemporary needs of local society, as well as its history.

p10 mixed use building studio up

KEYWORD city, mixed use, flexible plan, public space, green  SEE ALSO Linked Hybrid (≥ p. 326)

Public spaces Split, Croatia, 2009.  Program Mixed use building with 92 private apartments (4 basic types: S with one bedroom: 52 m 2, M with two bedroom: 62 m2, L with three bedroom: 76 m2, and XL with a roof terrace: 105 m2), offices, commercial spaces, 500 parking lot, gardens and a small archaeological museum. Area 21,600 m². Project team Lea Pelivan, Toma Plejic with Sasa Relic, Mojca Smode, Marina Zajec, Antun Sevšek, Ida Križaj, Marko Rukavina, Marta Lozo, Teodor Cvitanovi´c / STUDIO UP. Horticulture Robert Duic. Graphic design Damir Gamulin. Construction Mate Staniši´c. Acoustics Zlatan Klijenak. Mechanical installations ENG-90; Milan Bjedov, Ernest Kevo, Sinisa Radic. Fire consultants ZAST; Mladen Mijac, Ognjen Truta. Photographs Robert Les.


The P10 mixed-use building houses offices, commercial showrooms, apartments, a public garage and a small archaeological museum devoted to the Diocletian Aqueduct that runs through the site. This area was part of an ambitious and romantic postwar study by Berislav Kalodjera that proposed a connective sequence of open public spaces from south to the north of the Split peninsula. The site has since then been regarded as a void operating as a narthex to the sport campus on the north. The project’s competition entry proposed a new typology for the site that follows the pulsating rhythm of slabs and towers within Split’s ‘ring.’ The design combines four towers (apartments and offices) that rise up from a retail spiral slab that echoes the romantic idea of the sequence of public spaces by incorporating an internal public route and introducing a series of Mediterranean gardens.

Contextual map based on mid 20th century study by Berislav Kalodjera, which connected the sides of the Split peninsula via a series of Mediterranean streets and piazzas.

241


Plan level +7

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Typical floor plan

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Ground floor plan: the whole ground level with gardens is planned as a ‘Mediterranean’ open shopping street. This ‘exchange space’ between citizens and residents works as an urban loggia occupied by cafes, stores and offices.

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Parking level: The diagonal cut is part of a small archaeological museum.

12,5

Section 242

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20

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12,5


The base volume of lower spiral (ground floor and the first floor) is occupied by public spaces, gardens, commercial spaces and offices. The roof is covered by concrete mosaic tiles only visible from the apartments, which is simulating a garden – illusion with fake dark shadow – as urban lichen. The garage has color coding system: Lower ground floor – red as continuum of the ground floor’s public realm, blue – level with the Diocletian’s aquaduct, yellow – goes well with the black asphalt and white-private garage.

243


The project refers to some modernist buildings along the ring, a kind of homage to the local master architects: The materials refer to the architect Ivo Radic who used fibre cement sheets to form a Mediterranean, high-tech layered façade produced by a local factory (Salonit). In response to insulation and cost requirements, Eternit fibre-cement sheets were applied here. The color scheme refers to Stanko Fabris, who designed the polychromic towers with a raster façade. The public passage on the ground floor is a homage for Frano Gotovac’s huge building called the Chinese wall.

Flexible unit plan scheme: except the structural core and façade, the position of all other elements could be varied with the residents’ participation during the excecution design phase.

Building diagram 244


245


bise 12 unidades

In this second project of social housing in Madrid, the openness of its public space is transformed into more fragmental, functional common spaces (rather than symbolic representation). The porous composition of many small housing blocks creates more local communication between the neighbors like of almost suburban communities, but in 3D volumes of high density.

Celosia

MVRDV with Blanca LleÓ KEYWORD  city, social housing, unit variety, shared facilities, sustainability, construction scheme.  SEE ALSO Yerba Buena Loft (≥ p. 304) base 16 unidades

bis 26 unidades

Sanchinarro, Madrid, 2009.  Program 30 blocks of 146 social housing (1, 2 or 3 bedroom apartments) with communal outside areas, 165 parking and 6 commercial spaces. Total floor area 21,550m 2 . Construction cost 12.6M €. Client EMVS, the public housing corporation of the city of Madrid. Photographs Ricardo Espinosa.

bise 12 unidades


bise 12 unidades bise 12 unidades bise 12 unidades

bise (12 unidades) bise 12 unidades bise (12 unidades) bise 12 unidades bise (12 unidades) bise 12 unidades

base 16 unidades base 16 unidades base 16 unidades

base 20.22m x 11.25m base (16 unidades) 16 unidades base 20.22m x 11.25m base (16 unidades) 16 unidades base 20.22m x 11.25m base (16 unidades) 16 unidades

bis 26 unidades bis 26 unidades bis 26 unidades

bis 22.72m x 11.25m bis (26 unidades) 26 unidades bis 22.72m x 11.25m bis (26 unidades) 26 unidades bis 22.72m x 11.25m bis (26 unidades) 26 unidades

bise 12 unidades bise 12 unidades bise 12 unidades

bise 25.22m x 11.25m bise (12 unidades) 12 unidades bise 25.22m x 11.25m bise (12 unidades) 12 unidades bise 25.22m x 11.25m bise (12 unidades) 12 unidades

287


commercial space

commercial space B

commercial space C

D courtyard

access A

commercial space

F

commercial space

E

commercial space

Ground floor plan 288


Apartments L M S 2 Bedroom 18 18 3 Bedroom 28 46 74 4 Bedroom 28 28

Total 15.1 61.6 23.3 120

Blocks Housing Shops L 7 5 M 7 1 S 16 Total 30 6

Total area 5665.6 m2 3577.6 m2 6489.6 m2 14487.2 m2

Area Housing area Shopping area Terrace area

Total 12 8 16 36

%

12201.2 m2 967.1 m2 2188.2 m2

communal garden

communal garden

B

C

communal garden A D communal garden

F

communal garden

E

communal garden

Plan level +8 289


The faรงade is made of coated concrete which was from the ground floor up constructed in complete mould system, an efficient and clean way to cast concrete, keeping the construction cost to a minimum; an important asset for this social housing project. The polyurethane coating allows the faรงade to shimmer and reflect depending on the light condition.

290


All windows are floor-to-ceiling height and can be shielded from the sun. Each apartment has the possibility of cross ventilation through two or three facades and enjoys views through the building and to the surrounding. A system of power efficient boilers is used in the building; solar panels on the roof heat water reducing energy consumption further. The nearby Mirador building which was completed by MVRDV and Blanca Lle贸 in 2005 also discusses the traditional building block by flipping it vertically. The Celos铆a building is horizontally arranged around the interior court but opposes the generic introverted architecture in the area by bringing light and communal space into the building.

291


A project to expand the function of the dwelling and meaning of community in huge collective housing. The unit has a space with transparent façade to ‘live and show’ to its neighbors, where can be used as office, hobby or some extra activities.

shinonome canal court block 1 Riken Yamamoto & Associates, Architects

KEYWORD city, social housing, mixed use, unit variety, flexible plan, public space  SEE ALSO 88 Housing units in Carabanchel (≥ p. 228) MORE DRAWINGS ≥ p. 386-387

F-ROOM

F-ROOM

F-ROOM

F-ROOM

F-ROOM

F-ROOM

COMMON TERRACE

COMMON TERRACE

F-ROOM

F-ROOM

COMMON TERRACE

F-ROOM

F-ROOM

F-ROOM

F-ROOM

Tokyo, 2003.  Program 420 housing units (including 10, 43-132 m2 live/work units), shops, parking. Site area 9,221 m2. Building area 5,938 m2. Gross floor area 50,095 m2. Structure Reinforced concrete, partly steel frame. Architects Riken Yamamoto & Associates, Architects. Client Urban Development Company. Structural Engineers Takumi Orimoto Structural Engineers & Asociates, Urban Development Corporation, JV of Mitsui, Konoike, Dai Nippon Construction. Mechanical Engineers Sogo Consultants, Environmental Equipment, Urban Development Corporation, JV of Mitsui, Konoike, Dai Nippon Construction. Photographs Nacasa & Partners (p.190 right, p.191-192), Riken Yamamoto & Associates, Architects (all the other photographs).


Common terrace and f-room (foyer): The interior communal terrace is an open space with double height and with free access for all the residents. The flats located alongside this communal terrace have a room known as the “f-room” (a type of foyer or reception area), with glass walls that offer a view of the interior of the houses. The f-room can be used as an office in the home, as a place to join in leisure activities with other neighbours, or a children’s play area, amongst other things. By visually opening up part of the house, it is possible to create a community, or communication among much more active neighbours than in opaque apartments that are closed off to the rest of the community. The façades of the f-rooms have coloured wooden shutters that can be partially or completely closed as needed. Example of use of the ‘f-room’: office

Communal terrace shared by the residents. Some residents put out tables and chairs at weekends to chat with their neighbours. The views from the communal terraces, an outdoor area within the building. By means of the coloured wooden shutters, the f-rooms can be closed (green at the top) or opened (green at the bottom).

319


Site plan: There are 2,000 apartments divided into 6 blocks designed by 6 different teams. All of the blocks are connected by wooden platforms on the first level and the S-shaped path on the ground level.

 

N

Second floor of block 1 (lower right) and block 2 (upper left, designed by Toyo Ito). In order to harmonize their external appearance, the dimensions, materials and façade designs are coordinated.

320


This is a high-density urban collective-housing project in Shinonome, Koto ward, Tokyo, with approximately 2,000 units. Six different teams of architects designed six blocks in total. The architects at Riken Yamamoto were responsible for the completion of the first block. Each one of the designers made various proposals based on the theme “prospects for urban housing,” and developed their designs in coordination with designers of other blocks. The planning of an S-shaped road running through the site, standardizing the maximum height, coordinating the placement of external walls and other rules affecting the overall project were all decided following the design guidelines. However, those guidelines did not hinder the individual architects. The creation of the Urban Development Corporation allowed architects to ascertain common principles, working as a kind of negotiation table. As a result of that cooperative work process, a new model, which exceeded previous frameworks, was proposed. The distinctive features of Block 1 are the “common terraces” hollowed out of the dwellings, the home office-like “f-room”, the bright “internal corridor” and the “bath and kitchen unit”. A common terrace with a double-story void is located randomly on each floor. The internal corridors, which draw light and ventilation from those terraces, function like exterior spaces. Also, about 60% of the doors facing onto the internal corridors are made of glass. Furthermore, positioning the f-rooms along the corridor creates the opportunity to open residences to the exterior. In doing so, the bath and kitchen unit is consequently placed on the outer wall, increasing the amount of freedom in the interior, and the bathroom becomes like a glazed sunroom. This is an attempt to create a new kind of inner-city collective housing, where work and dwelling can be integrated.

(mario) no entiendo

321


6000

18000

6000

8F

3000

6000

18000

6000

3000

3000

Combinations of varying floor plans (70 different types in total). The passageways are in the middle, but the “transparent” entrance doors allow them some light. 60% of the apartments have these clear doors, where the atmospheres of the homes merge with the communal areas. The floors are level with the exterior, to enable one to live with or without shoes inside the home (it is common in Japan to not wear shoes inside houses and there is usually a step at the entrance).

3000

3000

3000

3000

3000

3000

3000

3000

3000

3000

3000

3000

3000

3000

3000

3000

3000

3000

3000

3000

3000

3000

3000

7F

© Nacasa & Partners

3000

322


The typical nLDK residential model of multi-family housing (n number of bedrooms + living room + dining + kitchen) is also applied in the plans of most individual houses and has become almost the sole residential model in Japan. This project provides inner-city rental accommodation as an alternative to that model. It allows not only for the conventional type of family dwelling, but caters also to group homes for the elderly or singles, as well as to people sharing accommodations. When “residence = family” defines the only conceivable residential unit, there aren’t many opportunities or reasons to open up dwellings to the outside. In the case of the Shinonome project, opening up to the exterior was necessary in order to allow for diverse lifestyles and uses. For this reason, the areas surrounding the entrance to the apartments had to be made as flexible as possible, freed-up from sanitary facilities and other water-use areas such as the kitchen, which are placed next to the façade, as far as possible from the entrance.

47000

1000

4500

3030

3030

3030

3030

3030

3030

3030

3030

3030

3030

3030

3030

5140

Color scheme of the f-rooms. These create depth and character to the façade without breaking the continuity with neighboring blocks.

© Nacasa & Partners

3000

323

6000


Š Nacasa & Partners

Variations in residence type: the residences are adapted to many types of families and ways of life. An example of this is the home office. The same type of dwelling can even have different partitions to change the layout of rooms according to need. The main rooms can be accessed from the entrance without having to pass through service areas (bathroom, kitchen, etc.), as occurs in traditional flats. Bathrooms are located at the front and receive natural light.

Basic unit

f-room/B type

324

Upper floor


(mario) 多pies?

SO (small office) type

Sharing / B type

f-room / A type

Lower floor

Sharing / A type 325


Not only for its huge scale and complex program, this project functions as a city within a city for its integration of diverse spaces. Instead of separating the private apartments in a big mass or higher level of the building, they are distributed to be a gate and structure to connect all the other hybrid program. Thus the whole building becomes a real 3 dimensional city, a place to pass through.

LINKED HYBRID Steven Holl Architects

KEYWORD city, mixed use, unit variety, shared facilities, public space, green, sustainability  SEE ALSO Mirador (≥ p. 292) MORE DRAWINGS ≥ p. 388-395 Open Community and Hybrid Programing

Given program

Development of hybrid program Beijing, 2008.  Program 750 apartments, cinematheque, galleries, retail shops, 60-room hotel, kindergarten and underground parking garage. Total floor area 2,383,797 sq. ft. (221,462 m 2). Client Modern Group. Structural Engineer Guy Nordenson and Associates (Derek Chan, Erik Nelson, Guy Nordenson, Claire Argow). Associate Structural Engineer Capital Engineering and China Academy of Building Research (Xiao Congzhen). Photographs Iwan Baan.


Space concept development

Horizontally (Beijing before 1980s)

Vertically (Beijing after 1980s)

Vertical horizontally (Proposed)

City of objects

City of spaces

327


The Linked Hybrid complex counters the current urban developments in China by creating a new porous urban space that promotes interactive relations and encourages encounters in the public spaces that vary from commercial, residential, and educational to recreational. The entire complex is a three-dimensional urban space in which buildings on the ground, under the ground and over the ground are fused together. The ground level offers a number of open passages Linked Hybrid is a pedestrian-oriented combination of public and private space that encourages for residents and visitors alike to walk through. the use of shared resources and reduces the Shops activate the urban space surrounding the need for wasteful modes of transit. The project is an urban oasis, proving that peaceful, green large reflecting pond. On the intermediate level of spaces can exist in a swelling metropolis. the lower buildings, public roof gardens offer tranquil green spaces, and at the top of the eight residential towers private roof gardens are connected to the penthouses. All public functions on the ground level—including a restaurant, hotel, Montessori school, kindergarten, and cinema—have connections with the green spaces surrounding and penetrating the project. The elevator displaces like a “jump cut” to another series of passages on a higher level. From the 12th to the 18th floor, a multi-functional series of skybridges with a swimming pool, a fitness room, a café, a gallery, auditorium and a mini-salon connects the eight residential towers and the hotel tower, and offers spectacular views over the unfolding city. Programmatically, it is expected that the public sky-loop and the base-loop will constantly generate random relationships. They should function as social condensers, resulting in a special experience of city life for both residents and visitors.

APARTMENT UNIT DISTRIBUTION TOWER 1 SW

20 F

NE

SE

T1-2002 DUPLEX

T1-2004

T1-2005

T1-2006

DUPLEX

DUPLEX

DUPLEX

DUPLEX

343 m 2

147 m 2

207 m 2

175 m 2

224 m 2

4 BR

4 BR

4 BR

T1-1901

3 BR

T1-1902 213 m 2 4 BR

T1-1801 T1-A 110 m 2 T1-1701 T1-A

4 BR

T1-1903

3 BR

13 F

3 BR

T1-1702

T1-1703

T1-D

T1-1501

T1-1502 T1-B 5 BR

T1-1401

T1-1402

T1-A

T1-B

110 m 2

102 m 2

5 BR

5 BR

T1-1301

T1-1302 T1-B

110 m 2

102 m 2

5 BR

5 BR

T1-1201

T1-1202

T1-A

T1-B

110 m 2

102 m 2

5 BR

5 BR

T1-1101

T1-1002

T1-A

T1-B

T1-1102

T1-A

T1-B

110 m 2

110 m

102 m

5 BR

2

5 BR

T1-0901

T1-0902

T1-A

3 BR T1-1504

T1-B

110 m 2

1 02 m 2

5 BR

5 BR

T1-0801 2 19 m 2

3 BR T1-1404

T1-C

T1-D

117 m 2

3 BR T1-1304

T1-C

T1-D

117 m 2

137 m 2

3 BR

3 BR

T1-1203

T1-1204

T1-C

T1-D

117 m 2

137 m 2

3 BR

3 BR

T1-1103

T1-D

2

2

137 m

3 BR

3 BR

T1-0903

T1-0904

T1-C

T1-D

117 m 2

137 m 2

3 BR

T1-0803

T1-C

T1-D

4 BR

4F

T1-0402 117 m 2

272 m 2

198 m 2

202 m 2

30

4 BR

3 BR

4 BR

5B

T5-1903

T5-1904

T5-1905

T6-1901

T6

2 97 m 2 5 BR

T1-D

S1-A 333 m 2 4 BR

3 BR

4 BR

5 BR

Σ

0

35

12

19

66

136 m 2

94 m 2

100 m 2

15

2.5 BR

2 BR

1 BR

1 BR

3B

T3-1703

T5-1701

T5-1702

T5-1703

T6-1701

T6

T3-1701

T3-1702

T2-1702

T3-B

T2-A

APARTMENT TYPE 公 寓 ? 型 AREA 面 ? NUMBER OF BEDROOMS 房 ? 数

T6-A

T6

261 m 2

97 m 2

80 m 2

198 m 2

100 m 2

136 m 2

94 m 2

100 m 2

15

4 BR

2 BR

2 BR

4 BR

1 BR

2 BR

1 BR

1 BR

T2-1602

T3-1601 T3-A

T3-B

261 m 2

97 m 2

80 m 2

4 BR

2 BR

T2-1502

219 m 2

261 m 2

4 BR

4 BR

T3-1602

2 BR

T3-1501

137 m 2

T3-1503

2 BR

1 BR

1 BR

3B

1 BR

T3-1504

T5-1501 T5-A

316 m 2

198 m 2

5 BR

4 BR

T3-1403

80 m 2 2 BR

T3-1301

T2-D

15

T3-1402

2 BR

T2-1304

T6

T3-B

97 m 2

3 BR

T2-1303 T2-C

T6-A 100 m 2

80 m 2

T3-B

121 m 2

T6

T5-E 94 m 2

4 BR

T3-1502

T3-A

316 m 2

T3-1404

T3-1405

T7-B

T7-A

96 m 2

5 BR

T3-1302 T3-B

97 m 2

2 BR

T3-1303

T3-1304

T7-C

T7-D

328

REQIUREMENTS BY CLIENT NO. OF BR SIZE PERC./UNITS 1 < 100 M2 5 2 100-150 M2 15

T5-1602

2 BR

T3-1305 T7-B

T5-1502

T5-1503

T6-1501

T5-B

T6-A

100 m 2

151 m2

1 BR

3 BR

306 m 2

254 m 2

T5-1403

T5-1404

T5-D

T5-E

161 m 2 T5-1302 T5-B

1 BR

T5-1402 T5-C 2.5 BR

T5-1301 T5-A

100 m 2

5 BR

T5-1401

4 BR

T3-1306 T7-A

T5-1603

3B

T6-1601

T5-D 136 m 2

2 BR

T3-1401 T3-A

T5-E

T5-1601 T5-A 100 m 2

97 m 2 T2-1403 T2-D

T5-D

T3-1603 198 m 2

2 BR

T2-1402 T2-C 3 BR T2-1302 T2-B

T5-A

T5-E

T5-1303 T5-C

131 m 2 2 BR

T6-1401

88 m 2

254 m 2

1 BR

T5-1304 T5-D

4 BR

T5-1305

T6-1301

T5-E

T6-A

T6

T6

110 m 2

102 m 2

121 m 2

137 m 2

97 m 2

80 m 2

148 m 2

155 m 2

96 m 2

97 m 2

100 m 2

151 m2

161 m 2

136 m 2

94 m 2

100 m 2

2 BR

2 BR

3 BR

3 BR

2 BR

2 BR

3 BR

3 BR

2 BR

2 BR

1 BR

3 BR

2.5 BR

2 BR

1 BR

1 BR

3B

T2-1201

T2-1202

T2-1203

T2-1204

T3-1201

T3-1202

T3-1203

T3-1204

T3-1205

T3-1206

T5-1201

T5-1202

T5-1203

T5-1204

T5-1205

T6-1201

T6

15

T2-A

T2-B

T2-C

T2-D

T3-A

T3-B

T7-C

T7-D

T7-B

T7-A

T5-A

T5-B

T5-C

T5-D

T5-E

T6-A

T6

110 m 2

102 m 2

121 m 2

137 m 2

97 m 2

80 m 2

148 m 2

155 m 2

96 m 2

97 m 2

100 m 2

151 m2

161 m 2

136 m 2

94 m 2

100 m 2

15

2 BR

2 BR

3 BR

3 BR

2 BR

2 BR

3 BR

3 BR

2 BR

2 BR

1 BR

3 BR

2.5 BR

2 BR

1 BR

1 BR

3B

T2-1102 T2-B

T2-1103 T2-C

T2-1104

T3-1101

T2-D

T3-A

T3-1102 T3-B

T3-1103

T3-1104

T7-C

T7-D

T3-1105 T7-B

T3-1106 T7-A

T5-1101 T5-A

T5-1102 T5-B

T5-1103 T5-C

T5-1104 T5-D

T5-1105

T6-1101

T5-E

T6-A

T6

T6

110 m 2

102 m 2

121 m 2

137 m 2

97 m 2

80 m 2

148 m 2

155 m 2

96 m 2

97 m 2

100 m 2

151 m2

161 m 2

136 m 2

94 m 2

100 m 2

2 BR

2 BR

3 BR

3 BR

2 BR

2 BR

3 BR

3 BR

2 BR

2 BR

1 BR

3 BR

2.5 BR

2 BR

1 BR

1 BR

15

3B

T2-1001

T2-1002

T2-1003

T2-1004

T3-1001

T3-1002

T3-1003

T3-1004

T3-1005

T3-1006

T5-1001

T5-1002

T5-1003

T5-1004

T5-1005

T6-1001

T6

T2-A

T2-B

T2-C

T2-D

T3-A

T3-B

T7-C

T7-D

T7-B

T7-A

T5-A

T5-B

T5-C

T5-D

T5-E

T6-A

T6

2

102 m

2

2 BR

121 m

2

3 BR

T2-0902 T2-B

137 m

2

121 m 2

137 m 2

3 BR

3 BR

T2-0802 T2-B

T2-0803

102 m 2

261 m 2

2 BR

T2-0701

a

155 m

3 BR

T3-0902 T3-B

2

3 BR

T3-0903

96 m

97 m

2 BR

T3-0904

T7-C

2

T7-D

2

2 BR

T3-0905 T7-B

100 m

2

1 BR

T3-0906 T7-A

151 m2 3 BR

T5-0901 T5-A

161 m

2

2.5 BR

T5-0902 T5-B

T5-0903 T5-C

136 m

2

2 BR

94 m

2

100 m

1 BR

T5-0904 T5-D

2

1 BR

T5-0905 T5-E

15

3B

T6-0901

T6

T6-A

T6

97 m 2

80 m 2

148 m 2

155 m 2

96 m 2

97 m 2

100 m 2

151 m2

161 m 2

136 m 2

94 m 2

100 m 2

15

2 BR

3 BR

3 BR

2 BR

2 BR

1 BR

3 BR

2.5 BR

2 BR

1 BR

1 BR

3B

T3-0801

T3-0802

T3-0803

T3-0804

T3-0805

T3-0806

T5-0801

T5-0802

T5-0803

T5-0804

T5-0805

T6-0801

T6

T3-A

T3-B

T7-C

T7-D

T7-B

T7-A

T5-A

T5-B

T5-C

T5-D

T5-E

T6-A

T6

100 m 2

15

80 m 2

2 BR

T2-0703

148 m

2

2 BR

97 m 2

4 BR

T2-0702

2

2 BR

T3-0901 T3-A

102 m 2 2 BR

T2-0801

80 m

2 BR

T2-0904 T2-D

110 m 2 2 BR T2-A

97 m

3 BR

T2-0903 T2-C

2

2 BR

T3-0701

148 m 2

155 m 2

3 BR

T3-0702

3 BR

T3-0703

96 m 2

97 m 2

2 BR

T3-0704

100 m 2 1 BR

2 BR

T3-0705

T3-0706

151 m2 3 BR

T5-0701

161 m 2 2.5 BR

T5-0702

T5-0703

136 m 2 2 BR

94 m 2 1 BR

T5-0704

T5-0705

1 BR

3B

T6-0701

T6

T6-A

T6

110 m 2

102 m 2

261 m 2

97 m 2

80 m 2

148 m 2

155 m 2

96 m 2

97 m 2

100 m 2

151 m2

161 m 2

136 m 2

94 m 2

100 m 2

15

2 BR

2 BR

4 BR

2 BR

2 BR

3 BR

3 BR

2 BR

2 BR

1 BR

3 BR

2.5 BR

2 BR

1 BR

1 BR

3B

T6-0601

T6

S1-0603

S1-0602

S 1- B

T2-A

S1-0604 S1-C

S1-0605 S1-D

T2-B

T2-0601 T2-A

T3-A

T2-0602

T3-B

T3-0601

T2-0603

T2-B

T3-A

T7-C

T3-0602 T3-B

T7-D

T3-0603

T7-B

T3-0604

T7-C

T3-0605

T3-0606

T5-0602

T5-0603 T5-C

T5-0604 T5-D

T5-0605

T6-A

T6

110 m 2

84 m 2

104 m 2

110 m 2

102 m 2

261 m 2

97 m 2

80 m 2

148 m 2

155 m 2

96 m 2

97 m 2

100 m 2

151 m2

161 m 2

136 m 2

94 m 2

100 m 2

15

1 BR

2 BR

2 BR

2 BR

4 BR

2 BR

2 BR

3 BR

3 BR

2 BR

2 BR

1 BR

3 BR

2.5 BR

2 BR

1 BR

1 BR

3B

S1-0504

T2-0502

T2-0501

T2-0503

T3-0501

T5-0501

T5-0502

T6-0501

T6

S1-B

S1-C

S1-D

T2-A

T2-B

T3-A

T3-B

T7-C

T7-D

T7-B

T7-A

T5-A

T5-B

T5-C

T5-D

T5-E

T6-A

T6

110 m 2

84 m 2

104 m 2

110 m 2

102 m 2

261 m 2

97 m 2

80 m 2

148 m 2

155 m 2

96 m 2

97 m 2

100 m 2

151 m2

161 m 2

136 m 2

94 m 2

100 m 2

2 BR

4 BR

2 BR

2 BR

1 BR

3 BR

2.5 BR

2 BR

1 BR

1 BR

3B

T6-0401

T6

4 BR

1 BR S1-0403 S1-B

1 BR

2 BR

S1-0404 S1-C

2 BR

S1-0405 S1-D

T2-0401 T2-A

T2-0402

2 BR

T2-0403

T3-A

110 m 2

84 m 2

104 m 2

110 m 2

102 m 2

268 m 2

1 BR

1 BR

2 BR

2 BR

2 BR

4 BR

S1-0302

S1-0303 S1-D

84 m 2

104 m 2

1 BR

2 BR

S1-0202

S1-0203

S1-C

SW

NW

N

NE

SE

S

T2-0301

S1-D

319 m 2 5 BR

T7-D

SPE

S2-0202 DUPLEX

S2-0203 DUPLEX

S2-0204 DUPLEX

T7-B

S2-0206

S2-0207

T3-0406

T5-A

1 BEDROOM

2 BEDROOMS

一房

二房 190

T5-0402

T5-C

T6

161 m 2

136 m 2

94 m 2

100 m 2

15

2.5 BR

2 BR

1 BR

1 BR

T5-0302

T5-0303

3 28 m 2

230 m 2

178 m 2

291 m 2

97 m 2

4 BR

4 BR

3 BR

4 BR

2 BR

4 BR

113 m 2

124 m 2

2 BR

2 BR

3B

T6-0301

T3-K

276 m 2 T3-0202

193 m 2

201 m 2

2 BR

4 BR

T3-0203

T5-0201 T5-B

145 m 2 3 BR

T5-E

276 m 2

193 m 2

4 BR

2 BR

157 m 2

101 m 2

201 m 2

2 BR

2 BR

4 BR

T5-0202

T5-0203

T6

T5-C

144 m 2

147 m 2

101 m 2

3 BR

2 BR

2 BR

94

1B

1 BR

2 BR

3 BR

4 BR

5 BR

Σ

1 BR

2 BR

3 BR

4 BR

5 BR

Σ

1 BR

2 BR

3 BR

4 BR

5 BR

Σ

1 BR

2 BR

3 BR

4 BR

5 BR

Σ

1 BR

10

31

13

27

6

87

0

2

2

3

0

7

0

60

22

12

3

97

30

19

28

4

3

84

32

3 BEDROOMS

4 BEDROOMS

三房 26.4%

183

5+ BEDROOMS 五房以上

四房 25.4%

114

15.8%

15

T6-A

151 m2 3 BR

T5-0301

T5-D

T5-0405

100 m 2 1 BR

DUPLEX

261 m 2 4 BR

T5-0404

97 m 2 2 BR

T3-0303

T5-B

T5-0403

96 m 2 2 BR

T3-0201

T7-A

T5-0401

155 m 2 3 BR

T3-0302 T3-J

S2-0205

T3-0405

148 m 2 3 BR

124 m 2 S2-0201

T3-0404

80 m 2 2 BR

2 BR

T2-0202

DUPLEX

104 m 2 2 BR

3 BR

T3-0403 T7-C

T5-0505

97 m 2

DUPLEX SECOND LEVEL 261 m 2 4 BR

T2-0201

84 m 2

3 BR

T3-0402 T3-B

T5-0504

2 BR T3-0301

DUPLEX SECOND LEVEL

1 BR

2 BR

T3-0401

T2-B

333 m 2 4 BR

T5-0503

T5-E

S1-0505

S1-A

S1-0402

T3-0506

T5-B

T5-E

333 m 2

S1-C

25.4%

T5-0601

T5-D

S1-0503

T3-0505

T5-A

T5-C

1 BR

T3-0504

T7-A

T5-B

S1-0502

T3-0503

T7-B

T5-A

333 m 2

T3-0502

T7-D

T7-A

4 BR

(SLAB2+TOWER2)

183

T5-D

219 m 2

APARTMENT NUMBER 公 寓 数 量

110 m2 2 BR

T5-C

4 BR

KEY ? ? T2-0501

T5-B

112 m 2

S1-A

3 BR 2 BR

0

161 m 2

3 BR

T5-A

2 BR

S1-B

333 m 2

137 m 2

1 BR

151 m2

1 BR

2 BR

110 m 2

DUPLEX

S1-A

4 BR

100 m 2

80 m 2

2 BR

1 BR

T1-D S1-A

S1-0201

T6

198 m 2 4 BR

T3-B

97 m 2

4 BR

99 m 2

3 BR 5 BR

T1-D

T6-A

316 m 2 5 BR

T3-A 250 m 2

1 BR

3 BR 5 BR

3 BR

3B

T6

276 m 2

137 m 2 309 m 2

137 m 2

15

T6-1801

2 BR

T5-E

4 BR

DUPLEX

S1-A

T1-0202

100 m 2 1 BR

T5-1805

110 m 2

T5-D

314 m 2

DUPLEX

T1-0302 S1-0301

T1-0201

94 m 2 1 BR

T5-1804

4 BR

T1-0403 S1-0401

347 m 2

136 m 2 2 BR

T5-1803

97 m 2 2 BR

224 m 2

T1-D S1-A

3 BR

S1-0709

161 m 2 2.5 BR

T5-1802

96 m 2 2 BR

4 BR

T1-D S1-A

T1-0201

S1-0708

T6

151 m2 3 BR

T5-1801

155 m 2 3 BR

T3-1803

2 BR S1-0707

T6-A

100 m 2

148 m 2 3 BR

T3-1802

T5-C

DUPLEX

1 BR

80 m 2 2 BR

T3-1801

T5-B

DUPLEX

T3-1804

97 m 2

110 m 2 S1-0706

T5-A

DUPLEX

305 m2

DUPLEX

3 BR 5 BR

5 BR

2F

327 m 2 5 BR

T5-1902

T7-A

DUPLEX

4 BR

DUPLEX

137 m 2 309 m 2

T1-C 4 BR

304 m 2 5 BR

T5-1901

T7-B

DUPLEX

252 m 2

137 m 2 309 m 2

3 BR

T1-0401 219 m 2

202 m 2 4 BR

T3-1905

T7-D

DUPLEX

4 BR

T1-0503 S1-0501

T1-C

3F

238 m 2 4 BR

T3-1904

T7-C

DUPLEX

2 BR

T2-0901

T1-0603 S1-0601

T1-C 3 BR

117 m 2

DU

251 m 2 4 BR

T3-1904

T2-1802

T2-A

S1-0705

T6

DUPLEX

254 m 2 4 BR

250 m 2

110 m

S1-0704

NW

T3-1903

4 BR

2 BR

S1-0703

T6-2001

208 m 2

102 m 2

T2-1101

S1-0702

SW

T5-2005

4 BR

2 BR

T2-A

T1-D

S

T5-2004

T3-1902 T3-B

DUPLEX

SE

207 m 2

T3-A

DUPLEX

T5-2003

4 BR

T2-B

DUPLEX

TO

NE

T5-2002

T3-1901

2 BR

T2-1301

3 BR

117 m 2 T1-0502

DUPLEX

110 m 2

T2-A

3 BR 2 BR

NW

DUPLEX SECOND LEVEL

218 m 2

219 m 2

DUPLEX SECOND LEVEL

T5-2001

4 BR

4 BR

137 m 2 157 m 2

T1-0602

T1-0501

DUPLEX

T3-A

S

SW

T3-2006

T2-1903

T2-1401

SE

SE

T3-2005

166 m 2

T2-1501

NE

E

3 BR

2 BR

T1-0703 S1-0701

3 BR

219 m 2

DUPLEX

T3-2004

297 m 2

T3-A

NW

NE

T3-2003

4.5 BR

T2-1902

T2-1601

S1

TOWER 5

NW

DUPLEX SECOND LEVEL

469 m 2

110 m 2

137 m 2

3 BR

117 m 2

T1-0601

T3-2002

T2-A

3 BR SW

T1-0802

T1-0702

4 BR

W

T3-2001

5 BR

T2-1701

T1-D 3 BR T1-1004

T1-C

T1-0701

219 m 2

SW

T2-2005

T2-A

137 m 2

3 BR

T1-C

5F

SE

T2-2004

T2-1801

T1-1104

1 17 m 2 T1-1003

219 m 2

T2-A

137 m 2

3 BR T1-1303

117 m

DUPLEX

T2-1901

137 m 2

3 BR

117 m 2

4 BR

4 BR

E

T1-D

117 m 2 T1-1403

T1-C

102 m 2 5 BR

2

3 BR T1-1503 T1-C

102 m 2

5 BR

T2-2003

T1-D 3 BR

137 m 2

5 BR

6F

205 m 2 4 BR

137 m 2 T1-1603

T1-C

T1-1001

7F

T1-D 137 m 2

3 BR

3 BR

10 F

8F

T1-C 117 m 2

117 m 2

11 F

9F

3 BR T1-1803

117 m 2

1 10 m 2

NE

DUPLEX

211 m 2 4 BR

137 m 2

4 BR

T1-1602

T1-A

12 F

2 66 m 2 T1-1802

T1-1601

T1-A

14 F

DUPLEX

243 m 2

218 m 2 4 BR

15 F

NW

T1-1904

T1-C

1 10 m 2 5 BR

16 F

T2-2002

T1-D

110 m 2 5 BR

5 BR

17 F

W

T2-2001

DUPLEX SECOND LEVEL

T1-2003

T1-A

18 F

TOWER 3

SW

DUPLEX SECOND LEVEL

T1-2001 DUPLEX

19 F

TOWER 2

NW

21 F

50

6.9%

OVERALL NUMBER OF UNITS: 720


This new vertical urban sector offers individuation in urban living with hundreds of hingedspace apartment layouts that are all designed along the principles of Feng-Shui.

Energy flows: The project features a ground source heat pump system, one of the largest in residential construction. Shouldering 70% of the complex’s yearly heating and cooling load, the system is comprised of 660 geothermal wells, 100 m below the basement foundation. These underground wells have taken the place of above-ground space normally needed for cooling towers, increasing available green areas, minimizing noise pollution and significantly reducing the CO2 emissions created by traditional heating/ cooling methods.

OWER 6

W

TOWER 9 S

SW

NW

6-2002

NE

T6-2003

T6-2004

SE

T6-2005

T9-2001

T9-2002

DUPLEX

DUPLEX

DUPLEX SECOND LEVEL

UPLEX

DUPLEX

04 m 2

322 m 2

BR

5 BR

6-1902

T6-1903

NE

SE

S

DUPLEX SECOND LEVEL

272 m 2

198 m 2

4 BR

3 BR

T6-1904

DUPLEX

T9-2004

DUPLEX

DUPLEX

292 m 2

266 m 2

270 m 2

292 m 2

4 BR

4 BR

5 BR

5 BR

T6-1905

T9-2003

DUPLEX

T9-1904

TOWER 8

T9-1901

T9-1902

T9-1903

6- B

T6-C

T6-D

T6-E

T9-B

T9-C

51 m 2

156 m 2

136 m 2

94 m 2

292 m 2

282 m 2

135 m 2

71 m 2

67 m 2

BR

2.5 BR

2 BR

1 BR

4 BR

4 BR

3 BR

1 BR

1 BR

6-1802

T6-1803

T6-1804

T6-1805

T9-1801

T9-1802

T9-1803

T9-1804

T9-1805

SW

NW

T8-1801

T8-1802

NE

T9-1905

SE

S

DUPLEX SECOND LEVEL

T9-D

T8-1803

T8-1804

T8-1805

6-B

T6-C

51 m2

156 m 2

136 m 2

94 m 2

2 92 m 2

282 m 2

1 35 m 2

71 m 2

67 m 2

305 m 2

225 m 2

274 m 2

277 m 2

292 m 2

BR

2.5 BR

2 BR

1 BR

4 BR

4 BR

3 BR

1 BR

1 BR

5 BR

4 BR

4 BR

4 BR

5 BR

6-1702

T6-1703

T6-1704

T6-1703

T9-1701

T9-1702

T9-1703

T9-1704

T9-1705

T8-1701

T8-1702

T8-1703

T8-1704

6-B

T6-D

T6-C

T6-E

T6-D

T9-B

T6-E

T9-C

T9-B

T9-D

T9-C

DUPPLEX

T9-D

DUPPLEX

T8-C

DUPPLEX

T8-B

DUPPLEX

DUPPLEX

T8-1705

T8-B

T 8- A

94 m 2

292 m 2

282 m 2

135 m 2

71 m 2

67 m 2

181 m 2

75 m 2

134 m2

133 m2

134 m 2

1 BR

4 BR

4 BR

3 BR

1 BR

1 BR

3 BR

1 BR

3 BR

3 BR

2 BR

6-1602

T6-1603

T9-1601

T9-1602

T9-1603

T9-1604

T8-1601

T8-1602

T8-1603

T8-1604

T8-1605

6-B

T6-E

T9-A

T9-B

T9-C

T9-D

T8-C

T8-B

T8-B

T8-A

146 m 2

135 m 2

71 m 2

67 m 2

2 BR

3 BR

1 BR

1 BR

51 m2

156 m 2

136 m 2

BR

2.5 BR

2 BR

94 m 2

51 m2

BR

1 BR T6-1502

6-1302

T9-1501

T9-C

T9-1503

181 m 2

75 m 2

134 m2

3 BR

1 BR

3 BR

T8-1501

T9-D

134 m 2

133 m2 3 BR

T8-1502 T8-B

2 BR

T8-1503

T8-1504

T9-A

94 m 2

146 m 2

71 m 2

67 m 2

276 m 2

133 m2

71 m 2

67 m 2

1 BR

2 BR

1 BR

1 BR

4 BR

3 BR

1 BR

1 BR

T8-C

T8-D

T6-1402

T6-1403

T6-1404

T9-1401

T9-1402

T9-1403

T8-1401

T8-1402

T8-1403

T6-C

T6-D

T6-E

T9-A

T9-C

T9-D

T8-A

T8-B

T8-C

156 m 2

136 m 2

94 m 2

146 m 2

2.5 BR

2 BR

1 BR

2 BR

T6-1303

T6-1304

T6-1305

T9-1301

T6-D

156 m 2

289 m 2

2 BR

1 BR

5 BR

T6-1204

T6-1205

T9-1201

6-B

T6-C

51 m2

156 m 2

BR

67 m 2

143 m 2

133 m2

71 m 2

67 m 2

1 BR

2 BR

3 BR

1 BR

1 BR

T9-1303

T8-1301

T9-D

94 m 2

2.5 BR T6-1203

T6-D

T6-E

209 m 2 4 BR

T9-A

T9-1202 T9-B

T9-1203 T9-B

T9-1204 T9-C

TOWER 7 SW

W

NE

SE

S

DUPLEX SECOND LEVEL

T8-1302

T8-A

NW

T8-1404 T8-D

71 m 2 1 BR T9-1302

T6-E

136 m 2

BR

6-1202

51 m2

T9-1502

T6-E 5 BR

T6-C

6-B

T6-1503

306 m2

T7-1301

T8-C

T8-D

DUPLEX

T7-1302 DUPLEX

T7-1303 DUPLEX

T7-1304 DUPLEX

T7-1305 DUPLEX

67 m 2

143 m 2

71 m 2

67 m 2

263 m 2

310 m 2

336 m 2

251 m 2

259 m 2

1 BR

2 BR

1 BR

1 BR

4 BR

5 BR

5 BR

4 BR

4 BR

T9-1205

T8-1201

T8-1202

T8-1203

T7-1201

T7-1202

T9-D

T8-C

136 m 2

94 m 2

146 m 2

133 m 2

135 m 2

71 m 2

67 m 2

276 m 2

2.5 BR

2 BR

1 BR

2 BR

3 BR

3 BR

1 BR

1 BR

4 BR

6-1102

T6-1103

T6-1104

T6-1105

T9-1101

T9-1102

T9-1103

T9-1104

T9-1105

T8-1101

T8-1102

6-B

T6-C

T6-D

T6-E

T9-A

T9-B

T9-B

T9-C

T9-D

T8-A

T8-B

51 m2

156 m 2

136 m 2

94 m 2

146 m 2

13 3 m 2

135 m 2

71 m 2

67 m 2

143 m 2

134 m2

210 m2

T7-1203

T8-D

71 m 2

67 m 2

1 BR

1 BR

T8-1103

T8-1104

T7-1101

T8-D

T7-A

67 m 2

157 m 2

175 m 2

240 m 2

3 BR

3 BR

4 BR

TOWER 0 SW

W

NW

T7-1102

T7-1104

T0-1101 T0-A

T0-B

99 m 2

250 m 2

337 m 2

46 m 2

44 m 2

T0-1002

NE

T0-1003 T0-C

E

T0-1004 T0-D

SE

T0-1005 T0-E

T0-1006 T0-A

47 m 2

45 m 2

52 m 2

45 m 2

BR

2.5 BR

2 BR

1 BR

2 BR

3 BR

3 BR

1 BR

1 BR

2 BR

3 BR

4 BR

1 BR

2 BR

4 BR

1 BR

1 BR

1 BR

1 BR

1 BR

1 BR

6-1002

T6-1003

T6-1004

T6-1005

T9-1001

T9-1002

T9-1003

T9-1004

T9-1005

T8-1001

T8-1002

T8-1003

T8-1004

T8-1005

T7-1001

T7-1002

T7-1003

T7-1004

T7-1005

T7-1006

T0-1001

T0-0902

T0-0903

T0-0904

T0-0905

T0-0906

6-B

T6-C

T6-D

T6-E

T9-A

T9-B

T9-B

T9-C

T9-D

T8-A

T8-B

T8-B

T8-C

T8-D

T7-A

T7-B

T7-C

T7-D

T7-B

T7-A

T0-A

T0-B

T0-C

T0-D

T0-E

T0-A

51 m2

BR

156 m

2

2.5 BR

6-0902

T6-0903

136 m

2

94 m

2

146 m

2 BR

1 BR

T6-0904

T6-0905

2

2 BR T9-0901

133 m

2

3 BR

135 m

2

3 BR

T9-0902

T9-0903

2

71 m

2

67 m

1 BR

1 BR

T9-0904

T9-0905

2 BR

6-B

T6-C

T6-D

T6-E

T9-A

T9-B

T9-B

T9-C

T9-D

51 m2

156 m 2

136 m 2

94 m 2

146 m 2

133 m 2

135 m 2

71 m 2

67 m 2

3 BR

3 BR

1 BR

1 BR

BR

2.5 BR

2 BR

1 BR

2 BR

6-0802

T6-0803

T6-0804

T6-0805

T9-0801

6-B

T6-C

T6-D

T6-E

51 m2

156 m 2

136 m 2

94 m 2

289 m 2

BR

2.5 BR

2 BR

1 BR

5 BR

T6-0704

T6-0705

6-0702

T6-0703

6-B

T6-C

T6-D

T6-E

51 m2

156 m 2

136 m 2

94 m 2

BR

2.5 BR

6-0602

6-B

T6-0603 T6-C

2 BR

1 BR

T6-0604 T6-D

T6-0605

143 m

2

T8-0901

S9 NW

SW

T9-0802

T9-0803

T9-0804

T9-B

T9-C

T9-D

NE

N

SE

S

134 m2

133 m2

71 m

3 BR

3 BR

1 BR

T8-0902

T0-C

T0-D

T0-E

T0-A

47 m 2

45 m 2

52 m 2

45 m 2

2 BR

3 BR

3 BR

1 BR

1 BR

2 BR

2 BR

3 BR

3 BR

2 BR

2 BR

1 BR

1 BR

1 BR

1 BR

1 BR

1 BR

276 m 2

T8-0802

T8-0803

T8-0804

T7-0801

T7-0802

T7-0803

T7-0804

T7-0805

T7-0806

T0-0801

T0-0702

T0-0703

T0-0704

T0-0705

T0-0706

T8-B

T8-C

T8-D

T7-A

T7-B

T7-C

T7-D

T7-B

T7-A

T0-A

T0-B

T0-C

T0-D

T0-E

T0-A

133 m2

71 m 2

4 BR

3 BR

1 BR

S9-0702

S9-0706

S9-0707

T8-0701

T8-0702

DUPLEX

DUPLEX

DUPLEX

DUPLEX

260 m 2

276 m 2

244 m 2

1 54 m 2

230 m 2

314 m 2

30 4 m 2

276 m 2

133 m2

5 BR

3 BR

1 BR

1 BR

4 BR

4 BR

4 BR

3 BR

4 BR

5 BR

5 BR

4 BR

3 BR

T8-0601

94 m 2

289 m 2

135 m 2

71 m 2

67 m 2

309 m 2

277 m 2

134 m 2

134 m 2

276 m 2

133 m2

2 BR

1 BR

5 BR

3 BR

1 BR

1 BR

4 BR

4 BR

2 BR

2 BR

4 BR

3 BR

T6-0503

T6-0504

T6-0505

T9-0501

T9-0502

T9-0503

T9-0504

S9-0501

S9-0502

S9-0503

S9-0504

T8-0501

T8-0502

T6-C

T6-D

T6-E

T9-B

T9-C

T9-D

S9-A

S9-A

S9-B

S9-B

51 m2

156 m 2

136 m 2

94 m 2

289 m 2

135 m 2

71 m 2

67 m 2

309 m 2

277 m 2

134 m 2

134 m 2

276 m 2

133 m2

BR

2.5 BR

2 BR

1 BR

5 BR

3 BR

1 BR

1 BR

4 BR

4 BR

2 BR

2 BR

4 BR

3 BR

6-0402

T6-0403

T6-0404

T6-0405

T9-0401

T8-0401

6 -B

T6-C

T6-D

T6-E

51 m2

BR

156 m 2

136 m 2

2.5 BR

2 BR

T9-0404

S9-0401

S9-0402

S9-0403

S9-0404

S9-A

S9-A

S9-B

S9-B

73 m 2

102 m 2

46 m 2

44 m 2

47 m 2

45 m 2

52 m 2

45 m 2

2 BR

2 BR

1 BR

1 BR

1 BR

1 BR

1 BR

1 BR

T7-0704

T7-0705

T7-0706

T0-0701

T0-0602

T0-0603

T0-0604

T0-0605

T0-0606

T8-0603

T8-B

T8-A 134 m 2 2 BR

T8-0402

T8-0403

T8-B

T8-A

135 m 2

71 m 2

67 m 2

309 m 2

277 m 2

134 m 2

134 m 2

276 m 2

133 m2

1 BR

1 BR

4 BR

4 BR

2 BR

2 BR

4 BR

3 BR

S9-0303

T8-0301

T7-C

T7-D

T7-B

T7-A

T0-A

T0-B

T0-C

T0-D

T0-E

T0-A

154 m 2

150 m 2

73 m 2

102 m 2

46 m 2

44 m 2

47 m 2

45 m 2

52 m 2

45 m 2

2 BR

2 BR

3 BR

3 BR

2 BR

2 BR

1 BR

1 BR

1 BR

1 BR

1 BR

1 BR

S8

T7-0603 T7-C

T7-0604 T7-D

T7-0605 T7-B

T7-0606 T7-A

T0-0601 T0-A

T0-0502 T0-B

T0-0503 T0-C

T0-0504 T0-D

T0-0505 T0-E

T0-0506 T0-A

93 m 2

154 m 2

150 m 2

73 m 2

102 m 2

46 m 2

44 m 2

47 m 2

45 m 2

52 m 2

45 m 2

2 BR

3 BR

3 BR

2 BR

2 BR

1 BR

1 BR

1 BR

1 BR

1 BR

1 BR

T7-0501

T7-0502

T7-0503

T7-0504

T7-0505

T7-0506

T0-0501

T0-0402

T0-0403

T0-0404

T0-0405

T0-0406

T7-A

T7-B

T7-C

T7-D

T7-B

T7-A

T0-A

T0-B

T0-C

T0-D

T0-E

99 m 2

93 m 2

154 m 2

150 m 2

73 m 2

102 m 2

46 m 2

44 m 2

47 m 2

45 m 2

52 m 2

45 m 2

2 BR

2 BR

3 BR

3 BR

2 BR

2 BR

1 BR

1 BR

1 BR

1 BR

1 BR

1 BR

T0-A

T7-0401

T7-0402

T7-0403

T7-0404

T7-0405

T7-0406

T0-0401

T0-0302

T0-0303

T0-0304

T0-0305

T0-0306

T7-A

T7-B

T7 - C

T7-D

T7-B

T7-A

T0-A

T0-B

T0-C

T0-D

T0-E

T0-A

94 m 2

289 m 2

1 BR

5 BR

T6-0303

T9-0301

T9-0302

194 m 2

235 m 2

108 m 2

271 m 2

146 m 2

309 m 2

301 m 2

134 m 2

249 m 2

292 m 2

198 m 2

285 m 2

73 m 2

102 m 2

46 m 2

44 m 2

47 m 2

45 m 2

52 m 2

45 m 2

4 BR

1 BR

4 BR

2 BR

4 BR

4 BR

2 BR

4 BR

4 BR

3 BR

4 BR

2 BR

2 BR

1 BR

1 BR

1 BR

1 BR

1 BR

1 BR

T7-0204

T0-0201

T0-0102

T9-0203

S9-0301

T9-A

6-0201

T6-0202

T6-0203

T9-0201

T9-0202 T9-B

T9-A

S9-A

194 m 2

235 m 2

108 m 2

133 m 2

146 m 2

309 m 2

BR

4 BR

1 BR

3 BR

2 BR

4 BR

T9-0203

2 BR

SW

N

NE

T8-0302

SE

S

99 m 2

93 m 2

154 m 2

150 m 2

73 m 2

102 m 2

46 m 2

44 m 2

47 m 2

45 m 2

2 BR

2 BR

3 BR

3 BR

2 BR

2 BR

1 BR

1 BR

1 BR

1 BR

1 BR

1 BR

T7-0303

T7-0304

T0-0204

T0-0205

T0-0206

T7-0301

DUPLEX SECOND LEVEL

T7-0302

S9-B

4 m2

4 BR

S9-0302

S9-A

134 m 2

T7-0602 T7-B

99 m 2 2 BR

4 BR

T6-0302

3 BR

T7-0703

T7-B 93 m 2

T7-0601

T8-0503

T7-0702

T7-A 99 m 2

T7-A

134 m 2 2 BR

6-B

T9-D

150 m 2 3 BR

T8-A

136 m 2

2.5 BR

T9-0403

154 m 2 3 BR

2 BR

156 m 2

BR

6-0502

T9-C

93 m 2 2 BR

T7-0701

134 m 2

T8-B

51 m2

T9-0402

99 m 2 2 BR

T8-A

T8-0602

S9-B

67 m 2 1 BR

T8-0703

T8-B

T9-B

T0-0806

T0-B 44 m 2

S9-0701

S9-0604

1 BR

T0-0805

T0-A 46 m 2

T9-D

S9-B

45 m 2

1 BR

T0-0804

T7-A 102 m 2

67 m 2

S9-0603

52 m

1 BR

T0-0803

T7-B 73 m 2

67 m 2

S9-0602

45 m

1 BR

T0-0802

T7-D 150 m 2

T9-0704

S9-A

47 m

1 BR

T0-0901

T7-C 154 m 2

1 BR

S9-0601

44 m

1 BR

T7-B 93 m 2

T9-C

S9-A

46 m

2

T7-A

71 m 2

T9-0604

T7-0906

2

99 m 2

T9-0703

T9-D

102 m 2 BR

T7-0905

2

T8-D

71 m 2

T9-0603

73 m 2 BR

T7-0904

2

67 m 2

1 BR

T9-C

150 m 3 BR

2

T8-C

T9-B

T9-0602

T7-0903

2

71 m 2

135 m 2

T9-B

154 m 3 BR

2

T8-B

135 m 2

T9-0601

T7-0902

2

133 m2

T9-0702

T6-E

93 m 2 BR

T7-0901

2

T8-B

3 BR

S9-0705

2 BR

T8-0905

2

134 m2

T9-0701

S9-0704

99 m

1 BR

T8-0904

2

T8-A

289 m 2

S9-0703

67 m

2

143 m 2 T8-0801

DUPLEX SECOND LEVEL

T8-0903

2

5 BR

S9-0201

T7-B

T0-0301 T0-A

T0-0202 T0-B

T0-0203 T0-C

52 m 2

T0-D

45 m 2

T0-A

S9-0202

S9-0203

T8-0201

T8-0202

S8-0201

S8-0205

S8-0206

T7-0201

T7-0202

T7-0203

DUPLEX

DUPLEX

DUPLEX

T7-B

T7-A

T0-A

T0-B

T0-C

T0-D

T0-E

T0-A

134 m 2

241 m 2

282 m 2

282 m 2

280 m 2

319 m 2

89 m 2

109 m 2

146 m 2

285 m 2

73 m 2

102 m 2

46 m 2

44 m 2

47 m 2

45 m 2

52 m 2

45 m 2

2 BR

4 BR

4 BR

4 BR

5 BR

1 BR

2 BR

2 BR

2 BR

2 BR

1 BR

1 BR

1 BR

1 BR

1 BR

1 BR

4 BR

4 BR

S8-0203

4 BR

T0-0103

T0-E

301 m 2

S9-B

S8-0202

T7-A

T0-0104

T0-0105

T0-0106

2 BR

3 BR

4 BR

5 BR

Σ

1 BR

2 BR

3 BR

4 BR

5 BR

1 BR

2 BR

3 BR

4 BR

5 BR

Σ

1 BR

2 BR

3 BR

4 BR

5 BR

1 BR

2 BR

3 BR

4 BR

5 BR

Σ

1 BR

2 BR

3 BR

4 BR

5 BR

Σ

1 BR

2 BR

3 BR

4 BR

5 BR

Σ

14

29

8

3

86

33

9

18

10

8

0

8

1

14

2

25

17

11

18

15

2

1

1

0

2

1

5

0

34

17

7

3

61

60

0

0

0

0

60

Σ

Σ

78

63

ALL AREAS FLEXIBLE AND IN PROGRESS

329


The organization of the towers takes into consideration movement, timing and sequence. Rather than towers as isolated objects or private islands in an increasingly privatized city, the hope of a new type of collective 21st century public urban space is inscribed in the air.

The goal of the bridge structural design was to maximize transparency and create floating hallways of light, traversing 30 to 40 m between the heavy concrete towers. In order to span the great distance required and also achieve the utmost transparency, the bridges utilize a pair of parallel steel trusses. A Pratt truss configuration was chosen to use thin tension only diagonal members, oriented in such a fashion that the sizes of the diagonals have equal stresses, hence equal sizes. The connections between vertical and horizontal truss members were made rigid to form a complete three-dimensional rigid Vierendeel frame. This provides additional stiffness and redundancy to the bridge structure and allows for the removal of the center panel diagonal members.

330


15F

Level 3: top ring of bridges connecting the towers

14F

16F

13F 12F 17F

16F:POOL

12F

18F

17F

Pedestrian circulation diagram PEDESTRIAN CIRCULATION DIAGRAM CINEMA ROOF: CHILDREN'S GARDEN

PUBLIC PublicGARDEN gardenACCESS access& CIRCULATION & circulation BRIDGE LEVEL Bridge levelACCESS access& CIRCULATION & circulation ACCESS PARKING LOTlot AccessFROM fromB1B1 parking

Level 2: gardens on the roof of cinema complex

S8 ROOF: PUBLIC GARDEN

S3 ROOF: PUBLIC GARDEN

ESCALATOR

ESCALATOR

GROUND LEVEL Ground levelCIRCULATION circulation

COMMERCIAL Commercial LOBBY TO to APARTMENT Lobby apartment ACCESS TOto BRIDGE LEVEL AccessLOBBY lobby bridge level CINEMA

HOTEL

Level 1: ground floor with shops and services surrounding a reflecting pond PEDESTRIAN CIRCULATION DIAGRAM PEDESTRIAN CIRCULATION DIAGRAM

PUBLIC GARDEN ACCESS & CIRCULATION

331


Reusing the earth excavated from the new construction, five recreational landscapes make up the socalled “Garden of Mounds.” These mounds offer a vast array of activities that cater to different age groups.

A. Cinemateque B. Hotel C. Pond / Parking below D. Kindergarten / Mount of Childhood E. Mount of Adolescence F. Mount of Middle Age G. Mount of Old Age H. Mount of Infinity

A. CINEMATECHE B. HOTEL C. POND / PARKING BELOW D. KINDERGARTEN / MOUNT OF E. MOUNT OF ADOLESCENCE F. MOUNT OF MIDDLE AGE G. MOUNT OF OLD AGE H. MOUNT OF INFINITY

H F

G

E

B A

D

C

Water efficiency: An estimated 220,000 liters of gray water from all apartment units will be recycled each day and reused for landscape and green roof irrigation, toilet flushing, and rebalancing pond water—resulting in a 41% decrease in potable water usage.

332


333


T9 T8

T3

+68.00m

Duplex Apartment

68.00 m / 21 floors

Locker rooms for Swimming pool

Art gallery T0

Cinematheque Tea house Lobby

Commercial Parking

334


T1

68.00 m / 21 floors

T7

+44.50m

T0 Hotel +36.06m

Cinema +15.0m

335


Total Housing