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What does it look like to be a Blended Learning Teacher?

Dr. Rob Darrow Director, Member Services January 2013 Presentation: robdarrow.wikispaces.com www.inacol.org


Introductions • Me: Director of Member Services, iNACOL, former online school principal (Clovis Unified in Central Ca), father of a 22-year-old – My online and blended learning journey

• You: teachers? Administrators? K-6? 712? Librarians? District?


Who is iNACOL? www.inacol.org • Educators, policy makers, researchers, non-profits, for-profits, support staff, teachers, and administrators • K-12 schools, universities, think tanks, regional service agencies, county offices, organizations, etc.


Why join iNACOL? www.inacol.org • Passion for online and blended learning • Receive daily news and research updates about online and blended learning • Contribute to the online and blended learning voice and conversation • Participate in regional and standing committees


Why join iNACOL? www.inacol.org • Participate in webinars and related activities (access to Archives) • Reduced cost for attending yearly iNACOL Symposium (Oct. 27-30, 2013, Orlando, FL) • Membership: $60 for educators – Other memberships: School, institution, companies, etc.


A few facts • 27 States have state virtual schools (California is not one of them) • 2 million K-12 online course enrollments in 2009-10 • 4 states require some type of online course as part of high school graduation requirements (Alabama, Florida, Michigan and Virginia) • An estimated 50% of school districts nationally are offering some time of online or blended learning


In California • 2012 Cal eLearning Census (www.clrn.org/census) – 481/933 districts completed census – 106,000 students participated in either online or blended learning courses, either part time or full time – 45% of districts reported students in full, part time or blended learning courses


Counting Online Course Enrollments • One student in one course = 1 • Full Time = full time online (e.g. California Virtual Academy or Connections Academy) • Part Time/Supplemental = one or more courses taken online or blended • Blended learning…that’s what we’re going to talk about!


What was school like for you?

Teaching ? Learning ? Curriculum ?


There are blended learning Definitions


Definitions, Part 1 • Two definitions: – Blended learning should be viewed as a pedagogical approach that combines the effectiveness and socialization opportunities of the classroom with the technologically enhanced active learning possibilities of the online environment, • Dziuban, Hartman and Moskal (2004)

– Blended learning “combines face-to-face learning with computer mediated learning.” (Bonk and Graham, 2006. Handbook of blended learning: Global perspectives, local designs. http://www.publicationshare.com/).


Allen, I. E., Seaman, J., & Garrett, R. (2007). Blending in: The extent and promise of blended education in the United States. Newburyport, MA: The Sloan Consortium. http://www.sloan-c.org/publications/survey/blended06


Most widely used K-12 definition


There are blended learning Models • • • •

Rotation Flex Self-Blend Enriched Virtual


Emerging blended-learning models


Blended learning is not‌


Blended learning is not like a light switch you turn on one day


…And pedagogical shifts take time


Think in terms of 3-5 years from now (not just today). Think about what can be, not what is. This is a journey, not a destination.


We are pretty clear Face-to-Face Teaching • Students in classroom • Teacher in classroom • Interaction face-to-face, mostly verbal, some visual • Fixed schedule of classes to attend • Prescribed curriculum based on standards / use of textbooks

Online Teaching • •

Students online Teacher online (minimal face-to-face interaction) • Interaction online video conferencing, email – more visual, less verbal • Flexible schedule for work completion • Prescribed curriculum based on standards / text


But what does Blended Learning really look like for a teacher?


Teaching and Learning • What is the student doing and where is the student?  What is the teacher

doing and where is the teacher?  What and where is the

content?


Online Teaching

Textbook Enhanced Teaching

Technology Enhanced Teaching Web / Online Enhanced Teaching

From Textbook to Online Teaching


What does “it” look like? Where do you fit? * See handout • Textbook enhanced teaching and learning • Technology enhanced (not online) • Web/online enhanced • Blended • Online


What does “it” look like? *Teacher-centric vs. Student-centric More teacher centric

Combination

More student centric

• Textbook enhanced teaching and learning • Technology enhanced (not online) • Web/online enhanced • Blended • Online


What does “it” look like? *Teacher vs. student control of teaching and learning More teacher control

Shared control

More student control

• Textbook enhanced teaching and learning • Technology enhanced (not online) • Web/online enhanced • Blended • Online


What does “it” look like? *Control of time and pace Set time structure

Some Flexibility

Flexible

• Textbook enhanced teaching and learning • Technology enhanced (not online) • Web/online enhanced • Blended • Online


What does “it” look like? *Blended Learning Models continuum Rotation Flex Self Blend Enriched Virtual

• Textbook enhanced teaching and learning • Technology enhanced (not online) • Web/online enhanced • Blended • Online


Where do you fit? • Teacher-centric ------------ Student-centric • Teacher control of learning ---- Student control of learning • Set time structure -------------- Flexible


What does “it” look like? • Textbook enhanced teaching and learning • Technology enhanced (not online) • Web/online enhanced • Blended • Online


Textbook Enhanced Teacher

Student

Curriculum


Textbook Enhanced What is the student doing? • Sitting in a desk in a classroom • Writing on paper • Listening to teacher • Talking with peers

What is the teacher doing? • Standing in front of the classroom • Directing Learning • Group discussions

What is the content? • Textbooks • Supplemental materials • Teacher created materials

Where is the content? • On paper • In the classroom • In a school library


Technology Enhanced Teacher

Student

Curriculum


Technology Enhanced What is the student doing? • • • • •

Sitting in a desk in a classroom Writing on paper Listening to teacher Talking with peers Using a shared or personal computer

What is the teacher doing?

• Standing in front of the classroom • Directing Learning • Group discussions

What is the content?

Where is the content?

• • • • •

• • • •

Textbooks Supplemental materials Teacher created materials Computer (Word, Ppt, etc.) Computer Program (loaded or CDRom)

On paper In the classroom In a school library On a computer/digital white board / doc camera, etc.


Web/Online Enhanced Teacher

Student

Curriculum


Web/Online Enhanced What is the student doing? •Sitting in a desk in a classroom •Writing on paper •Listening to teacher •Talking with peers •Using a shared or personal computer

What is the teacher doing? •Standing in front of the classroom •Directing Learning •Group discussions •Some assignments/activities online

What is the content? •Textbooks •Supplemental materials •Teacher created materials •Computer (Word, Ppt, etc.) •Computer Program (loaded or CDRom) •Web •Computer led (e.g. programmed math or English. Plato, Ed 2020)

Where is the content? •On paper •In the classroom •In a school library •On a computer/digital white board / doc camera, etc. •Some Online


Blended Teacher

Student

Curriculum


Blended What is the student doing? (30% work online) •Sitting in a desk in a classroom or computer lab •Using personal computer online at home or other location •Interacting with peers in person and online

What is the teacher doing? (30% interacting with students online) •Standing in front of the classroom and interacting online •Directing Learning •Meeting students in small groups (f2f and online) •Developing/assigning online lessons •Grading online

What is the content? •Textbooks •Supplemental materials •Teacher created materials •Computer (Word, Ppt, etc.) •Computer Program (loaded or CD-Rom) •Web •Computer led (e.g. E2020, Aventa, K-12, Inc, Compass, etc ) or Teacher Developed

Where is the content? •On paper •In the classroom •In a school library •On a computer/digital white board / doc camera, etc. •Online (computer led or teacher led content)


Online Teaching Teacher

Student

Curriculum


Online What is the student doing? (70% or more work online) • Sitting in a desk in a classroom or computer lab • Using personal computer online at home or school or other location • Interacting with teacher in person and/or online • Interacting with teacher in person and/or online

What is the teacher doing? (70% or more interacting with students online)Standing in front of the classroom • Facilitating Learning • Meeting students in small groups (f2f and online) • Developing/assigning online lessons • Discussion Board • Online meetings/teaching (e.g. Elluminate) • Grading online

What is the content? • Textbooks • Supplemental materials • Teacher created materials • Computer (Word, Ppt, etc.) • Computer Program (loaded or CD-Rom) • Web • Computer led (e.g. programmed math or English) • Teacher led

Where is the content? • On paper • On a computer/digital white board / doc camera, etc. • Online (computer led or teacher led content)


iNacol –Quality Online Teaching Standards – Blended Learning Continuum **Students** Less Online Instruction

More Online Instruction

Mostly Online Instruction


iNacol – Quality Online Teaching Standards – Blended Learning Continuum **Curriculum** Less Online Instruction

More Online Instruction

Mostly Online Instruction


iNacol – Quality Online Teaching Standards – Blended Learning Continuum **Instructional Support** Less Online Instruction

More Online Instruction

iNacol Standards for Quality Online Courses (2011). http://www.inacol.org/research/nationalstandards/

Mostly Online Instruction


Blended teaching is a combination of many factors Student • Flexibility of time • Turns work in mostly online • Participates in online discussion boards • Utilizes Web 2.0 tools to complete assignments • Actively engaged in content

Teacher • • • • • • • •

Personalized learning Ongoing review of student data to change instruction Meeting with students whole class, in groups, individually Online and face-to-face strategies to deliver instruction Adept with a variety of Web 2.0 tools and technologies Curriculum both face-to-face and online in different modalities Curriculum and assignments mostly online and graded online Embraces redundancy and change


Quick Quiz – Blended Teaching or Not? Strategy Teacher posts an article online for students to read. Students turn work in online and teacher grades all work online Teacher utilizes online discussion boards with students in an ongoing way Students create a PowerPoint presentation and present it in class

Yes

No

Maybe


Online Teaching

Textbook Enhanced Teaching

Technology Enhanced Teaching Web / Online Enhanced Teaching

From Textbook to Online Teaching


Join us! International Association for K-12 Online Learning (iNACOL) • iNACOL is the premier K-12 nonprofit association for online and blended learning • 4400+ members in K-12 virtual schools and online learning representing over 50 countries • Provides leadership, advocacy, research, training, and networking with experts in K-12 online learning. • “Ensure every student has access to the best education available regardless of geography, income or background.” • Annual Symposium: Orlando, FL, October 27-30, 2013


Remember… This is a journey, not a destination. And…


“Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed “educators” can change the world. Indeed, it is the only thing that ever has.” - Margaret Mead


Contact Info • www.inacol.org • Rob Darrow – rdarrow@inacol.org

What does it look like to be a Blended Learning Teacher?  

What does it look like to be a Blended Learning Teacher? Dr. Rob Darrow, Jan. 2013 (iNACOL)

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