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urham has a reputation for its outstanding health need with the creation of Watts Hospital and its training care options. Our very name came from a physician, school for nurses in early 1895. It “was the major turning Dr. Bartlett S. Durham, who donated some of his point in health care for the citizens of Durham,” says Donna land for a railway station in 1849. The “City of Medicine” nickRogers, a nursing instructor at Watts School of Nursing name has its origins in the creation of BC Headache Powder for 39 years who has also spent the last 24 years helping by two local pharmacists, Germain Bernard and Commoto document and catalog the history of the school. “Up dore Council, at the Five Points Drug Company in 1906. to that time, most of the residents were not familiar with Fast forward 113 years, and our physician-to-population hospitals. Many considered hospitals to be places where ratio is more than four times the national average – Becker’s sick people were taken to die and those in need of surgery Hospital Review named this region No. 3 on its list of cities to be mutilated. Over time (with few deaths being reported) with the greatest access to quality health care in 2016. It these misconceptions were corrected, and patronage of helps that our hospitals are topWatts Hospital rose. This signaled notch: Duke University Hospital …the major turning point in health a crucial change in perceptions, took the No. 19 spot on the honor setting the stage for health care care for the citizens of Durham.” roll of U.S. News & World Report’s to grow into a major industry in top hospitals in the nation for Durham.” Indeed, that first year 2018-19 as well as the distinction only 68 patients were admitted, of No. 1 hospital in North and there were only 22 beds, 18 Carolina in 2018. It is nationally of which were available at no cost ranked in 11 adult and nine to poor patients. Compare that pediatric specialties and is rated to nearly 80 years later, in 1974, high-performing in nine adult when the hospital had 317 beds procedures and conditions. Duke and saw slightly more than 14,000 Regional Hospital was recently patients. In 1909, Watts opened a named a five-star hospital by The larger hospital on Broad Street, The original Watts Hospital. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid which today houses the North Services, the only hospital in the Carolina School of Science and Math. Triangle and one of only seven in the state to achieve that Only six years after the founding of Watts Hospital, recognition. Lincoln Hospital was founded by Dr. Aaron M. Moore, Dr. Post-Civil War, many people, both rich and poor, flocked Stanford L. Warren and John H. Merrick in response to to Durham for the job opportunities that grew from the the growing population of black residents by the late 1800s. demand for tobacco. However, the infrastructure of the Initially, George Watts proposed a segregated wing to treat city at the time could not keep up with the expansion, and African-American patients at Watts Hospital. Leaders of poor health conditions prevailed. The need for a hospital Durham’s African-American community argued instead for a was clear, and George Washington Watts answered this

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Durham Magazine April 2019  

Durham Magazine April 2019