Sea History 117 - Winter 2006-2007

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Pioneer in Ocean Technology: Fred N. Spiess (1919-2006) Dr. Fred Spiess, a world-renowned deep-sea ocean explorer and inve ntor at Scripps Institution of O ceanography, died on 8 September in La Jolla, CA. Spiess was widely kn own fo r his comributions to the developmem of innovative ocean technology. H e designed and built instrumems, took them to sea for deploym ent, and led numerous expeditions to inves tigate the deepest pan s of the world's oceans. received Spiess his BS in physics from U C Berkeley in 1941 and a commission in the US N avy at the same time. During WWII he completed 13 war patrols in submarines in the Pacific Ocean. He held the rank of captain in the Naval Reserve until his d eath. After the war, Spiess attended H arvard U niversi ty before returning to Berkeley for graduate study in physics, completing his PhD in 1951. In 1952 he joined the Marine Physical Laboratory at Scripps, beginning a career with the institute that spanned more than four decades. Spiess was a co-designer of FLIP, a 355-fr., non-propelled research vessel, which "flips" from a horizomal to a vertical position to form a steady platform for research at sea. In 2002, FLIP marked 40 years in active service. Spiess was a seago- .------qo.,.----, ing scientist, leading an average of rwo expeditions a year during his long career. His research inrerests included studies of longrange propagation of sound and related underwater c ommuni ca tion systems, ocean-going stable platforms and deep-towed instrument systems, fine-scale properties of the deep seafl oo r, phenomena associated with plate tectonics and seaflo or spreading and seafloor geodesy. Spiess wo rked o n the development of seafloor search technology and in 197 1 led a successful expedition that located and mapped the wreckage of five ships previously scuttled by the US Navy. j,

SEA HISTORY 11 7, WINTER 2006-07

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OWNER'S STATEM ENT Statement fil ed 9/l 9/06 requ ired by th e Act of Aug. 12, 1970, Sec. 3685, Title 39, US Code: Sea History is published quarterly at 5 Joh n Walsh Blvd., Peekskill NY 10566; minimum subscr iption price is $ 17 .50. Publisher and ediror-in-chief: None; Ediror is Deirdre E. O ' Rega n; owner is Na rional Maritime Hi stori ca l Society, a non-profit corporation; all are located at 5 John Wals h Bl vd. , Peekskill NY I 0566. Duri ng rhe 12 rnonrhs preced ing O ctober 2006 the average number of (A) co pi es printed each issue was 25,443; (B) paid and/or requested circulat io n was: ( I} outside county mail subsc riptions 7,877; (2) in -counry subsc rip ci ons O; (3) sales through dealers, carrie rs, counre r sales, other non USPS pa id di str ibution 450; (4) orhe r classes mail ed ch rough USPS 530; (C) total pa id and/or req ues ted circulat ion was 8,857; (D ) free distribution by mail , samples, comp lim entary and ot her 14,984; (E) free distribution outside the ma ils 776; (F) cora l free d istribution was 15,760; (G) tota l distriburion 24,61 7; (H) copies not di stributed 826; (I) tota l [of 15G and Hl 25,443; (J) Perce nta ge paid and/or req uested circulat ion 36% . Th e acrual numbers for th e sin gle issue p receding O ctober 2006 are: (A) to ral number printed 25,383; (B) paid an d/or requested circul ation was: ( I) outs id e-county mail subscripdon s 8, 132; (2) in-coun ty subscr iptions 0; (3) sales through dea lers, ca rriers, co unter sa les, ot her non -US PS paid di stribution 450 ; (4) orhe r classes mail ed through US PS 454; (C) total paid and/or requ ested circu lacion was 9,036; (0 ) free distr ib utio n by mail , sa mpl es, comp lime ntary and oche r 14 ,779; (E) free di stribution outside the mails 1,000; (F) total free dist ribution was 15,779; {G) total d istr ibucion 24,815; (H) copies nor disrribured 568; (I) total [of 15G and H ] 25,383; (J) Perce ntage pa id and/o r requested circu lation 36.4% . I ce rtify that the above statements are correct and co mp lete. (s igned) Burchenal Green, Executi ve Director, National Maritime Hi sto ri ca l Society.

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