October 2023, Volume 25 - Number 10 • cotsjournalonline.com
The Journal of Military Electronics & Computing
FACE Technical Standard and MOSA: Lessons Learned for Safety-Critical Software in Any Industry Unleashing Next-Gen Devices Through Rapid Prototyping
The Journal of Military Electronics & Computing COTS (kots), n. 1. Commercial off-the-shelf. Terminology popularized in 1994 within U.S. DoD by SECDEF Wm. Perry’s “Perry Memo” that changed military industry purchasing and design guidelines, making Mil-Specs acceptable only by waiver. COTS is generally defined for technology, goods and services as: a) using commercial business practices and specifications, b) not developed under government funding, c) offered for sale to the general market, d) still must meet the program ORD. 2. Commercial business practices include the accepted practice of customer-paid minor modification to standard COTS products to meet the customer’s unique requirements.
—Ant. When applied to the procurement of electronics for he U.S. Military, COTS is a procurement philosophy and does not imply commercial, office environment or any other durability grade. E.g., rad-hard components designed and offered for sale to the general market are COTS if they were developed by the company and not under government funding.
SPECIAL FEATURE 16
FACE Technical Standard and MOSA: Lessons Learned for Safety-Critical Software in Any Industry
The Inside Track
By Stephen DiCamillo, Technical Marketing Manager, LDRAl
SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT 19
Unleashing Next-Gen Devices Through Rapid Prototyping By Dave Hawkins, BizBuildersHub.com
COT’S PICKS 22
Editor’s Choice for October
Cover Image Flight of the Flock Two U.S. Air Force MC-130J Commando IIs assigned to the 1st Special Operations Squadron fly in formation during the Flight of the Flock training event at Kadena Air Base, Japan, Jan. 5, 2023. The event is an opportunity to flex combat capabilities while strengthening teamwork through friendly competition. (U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Alexis Redin)
COTS Journal | October 2023
The Journal of Military Electronics & Computing
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PICMG COM-HPC 1.2 “Mini” Brings PCIe 5.0, USB4 & 10 GbE to Far Edge 95 mm x 70 mm Form Factor COM specification brings low-power and high-performance interfaces to drones, mobile robots, and mobile test equipment. PICMG has announced the release of the COM-HPC 1.2 “Mini” specification. Measuring just 95 mm x 70 mm, COM-HPC Mini is nearly half the size of the next-smallest COMHPC form factor. It provides a cost-effective, lower-power module for autonomous mobile robots, drones, mobile 5G test and measurement equipment, and other far-edge applications. A single, rugged 400-pin connector allows COM-HPC Mini to support communications interfaces such as: · 16x PCIe lanes (PCIe 4.0 or PCIe 5.0) · 2x 10 Gbps NBASE-T Ethernet ports · 8x SuperSpeed lanes ( for USB4/ThunderBolt, USB 3.2, or DDI) · 8x USB 2.0 · 2x SATA ports (shared with PCIe lanes) · 1x eDP · 2x DDI The 1.2 specification defines a separate
COTS Journal | October 2023
FFC connector for MIPI CSI, while its 400 pins also support signals such as Boot SPI and eSPI, UART, CAN, Audio, FUSA, and power management signals. A signal voltage reduction from 3.3V to 1.8V on most pins aligns with reduced I/O voltage on the latest low-power CPUs. The input power is limited to a maximum of 107W at a wide input voltage of 8V to 20V, leaving plenty of headroom for performance processors. “The COM-HPC size A started at 95 mm x 120 mm, but the market loves the Mini size as well as the performance you get with COMHPC,” says Christian Eder, Director of Product Marketing at congatec and Chairman of the COM-HPC Working Group at PICMG. “The whole trend of making things smaller and more power-saving was a reaction to market trends, and it will continue.” Mini’s smaller footprint also provides mechanical advantages, such as a 15 mm stack height from the top of a carrier board to the top of a heat spreader stacked on a COM-HPC Mini module. This 5 mm reduction compared to other COM-HPC variants means COM-HPC Mini modules must use soldered
memory, which makes them inherently rugged through resistance to shock and vibration and provides direct thermal coupling to heat spreaders. “The new revision of the specification allows COM-HPC to address additional high-performance applications that require a smaller footprint,” says Doug Sandy, CTO of PICMG. “COM-HPC 1.2 is a great solution that completes the spectrum of solutions of COM Express through COM-HPC Server Modules.” “The COM-HPC Mini specification leverages the high-speed capabilities and SI performance of existing COM-HPC interconnect solutions,” says Matthew Burns, Global Director of Technical Marketing at Samtec. “Dropping one 400-pin connector enables small form factors without sacrificing the data throughput demanded at the Far Edge.” PICMG members ADLINK, congatec, Samtec, SECO, and others have either already released or plan to release COM-HPC 1.2 products shortly.
RTektronix Testing Services Labs Expands Real-Time and Accelerated Testing Services with New Chambers and Real-time Aging Rooms
Tektronix Testing Services Labs announced the expansion of its product certification testing services by installing new real-time aging chambers at the company’s Wayne, NJ, and Billerica, MA labs. Known for its leading test and measurement instrument solutions, Tektronix also offers testing services for product performance and reliability to support the needs of industrial and electronic equipment manufacturers with their quality control and regulatory compliance needs to ensure their products can perform reliably in their intended environments and applications. Tektronix Testing Service Labs offers various product performance and reliability tests, including environmental, package, vibration, climatic, HALT & HASS, and NEMA compliance testing. Due to increased demand from several business sectors, such as medical device manufacturers, and the
changes in requirements due to new FDA and EU MDR regulations, this service expansion is pivotal. These lab improvements expand Tektronix’s real-time aging, accelerated aging, temperature testing, and humidity testing abilities, adding additional capabilities and increasing customer capacity. Tektronix Testing Service Labs customers can reap the benefits of a broader range of product reliability and performance testing features with focused capabilities, resulting in more accurate data and quality results. The new Tektronix aging rooms and state-of-theart walk-in chambers, complete with highpowered temperature and humidity controls, are already running. Tektronix’s labs can now collect real-time data to demonstrate that customers’ product performance and reliability conditions are being met and maintained well within tolerances for their intended application. “At Tektronix, we are always thinking about how to serve our customers best, and that is no different for our Testing Services Lab team,”
shared Matt Wood, Director of Testing Services Labs for Tektronix. “We can now provide them with a comprehensive product testing services solution, adding nearly 10,000 cubic feet of accelerated and real-time aging capacity in our Wayne and Billerica locations. This added capacity allows us to satisfy our customer #39 demands for these tests along with our full complement of testing capabilities.” Real-time and accelerated aging capabilities will be available for use at both Tektronix Wayne, NJ and Billerica, MA Testing Services Labs, and include chambers and rooms varying in temperature from – 40 °C to 85°C with humidity from five percent to 95 percent, depending on the temperature setpoint. Four 10’ x 10’ walk-in chambers were added to the Wayne lab, complete with temperature and humidity controls, along with 2,000-cubic feet of real-time aging space capable of 23±2°C and 50±5% relative humidity. An additional real-time aging room was created at the Billerica lab, and Tektronix is currently working on adding more chamber space there.
COTS Journal | October 2023
American Rheinmetall Unveils Bestin-Class 30mm Cannon on Robotic Combat Vehicle to Demonstrate Mobile c-UAS Excellence
Rheinmetall, a leader in advanced defense technologies and solutions, is taking the mobile counter-UAS fight to the next level at this year’s Association of the United States Army (AUSA) Annual Meeting. Rheinmetall is showcasing the exceptionally lethal, precise, and versatile Skyranger 30, the world’s most advanced c-UAS turret, with the combined speed, mobility, and unmanned capability of Textron Systems’ Ripsaw M5 robotic combat vehicle (RCV). Skyrangers can secure the air space and mitigate UAS threats in the most austere and contested battle spaces, including autonomously at the tactical edge when integrated into an unmanned ground vehicle. Using best-in-class cannon systems means that Skyranger can stand its ground against swarming attacks. With Textron’s M5, Skyranger can be deployed alongside ground
COTS Journal | October 2023
forces or for stationary vital-asset protection. The Skyranger can protect mobile units on the march or critical fixed infrastructure and facilities from loiter, pop-up, and dive attacks. The Skyranger 30 variant represents a significant leap ahead in c-UAS technology by coupling 360° air and ground surveillance with an autonomous 30mm Oerlikon Revolver Gun®, Oerlikon AHEAD® airburst ammunition, and short-range air defense missiles. The 30mm revolver gun provides ultimate firepower and precision at 1,250 rds/min, and when combined with the dynamically programmed airburst ammunition, enhances the probability of hitting even the smallest micro and nano drones. Skyranger can independently generate its local air picture while its open architecture C2 system (Skymaster), IFF, and data link can seamlessly integrate into higher-echelon systems such as FAADC2. As the threats evolve, so will the Skyranger. Also available as a 35mm variant, the Skyranger family offers the most modern mobile defense against current and future battlefield air threats.
Keysight to Provide Payload Testing Solution for First SWISSto12 HummingSat Mission
The solution will validate Ku band bentpipe transceiver payload that will deliver broadcast services for media companies and broadband connectivity for telecom providers. The payload test platform helps ensure a successful payload mission before the satellite leaves the launch pad Keysight Technologies, Inc. announces that SWISSto12, one of Europe’s fastest-growing satellite and radio frequency (RF) payload manufacturers, has selected the Keysight
Payload Test System (PTS) to validate the RF payloads of its first HummingSat geostationary satellite Intelsat 45. The HummingSat is a small, innovative telecommunications satellite developed with the European Space Agency through a public-private partnership with customers, including Intelsat and Viasat. Launching a telecommunications satellite has no room for error. Once in orbit, each of a satellite’s complex systems and payloads
must function flawlessly. This means that satellite manufacturers must thoroughly test each part of a satellite during production and assembly to validate the spacecraft’s payload performance before it leaves the launch pad.
Scheduled for launch in 2026, Intelsat 45 will deliver broadcast services for media companies and broadband connectivity for telecom providers through a Ku-band transceiver. The Keysight PTS provides SWISSto12 with a complete integrated set of instrumentation, signal conditioning, and measurement calibration hardware and control software to extensively and robustly test the HummingSat RF payload.
The PTS connects to the HummingSat payload with a modular switch matrix platform with switchable CalPod Assembly Modules that calibrate the uplink and downlink paths without disconnection. This feature creates a movable software calibration plane that simplifies the production flow by eliminating interruptions that usually accompany periodic calibrations. In addition, the Keysight CodeOne™ software suite interfaces with the SWISSto12 system controllers to provide automated, accurate, and repeatable measurements for all payload test cycles. COTS Journal | October 2023
Mercury to Bring Raytheon’s Advanced Cyber Resiliency and Intrusion Detection Tools to the Mercury Processing Platform
As threats against critical systems continue to grow in scope and sophistication, Mercury and Raytheon recognize the need for significantly stronger security controls to protect mission-critical systems, and both are dedicated to delivering comprehensive and resilient protection solutions to maintain mission effectiveness in cyber-contested environments.
systems, including secure mission processors, communication management units, rugged servers, communication management units, and data recorders. Raytheon’s cybersecurity tools complement Mercury’s BuiltSECURE technology that protects critical data with industry-leading physical security, cryptography, and secure boot features. Mercury and Raytheon are industry leaders in building and securing high-performance, open-architecture products and subsystems for the aerospace and defense industry, including SOSA-aligned mission computers. Their combined offerings provide aerospace and defense programs with a practical approach to addressing emerging cyber survivability endorsement requirements, which are focused on preventing, detecting, responding, and recovering from cyberattacks.
Through this relationship, Mercury can integrate Raytheon’s Electronic Armor and CADS products into its portfolio of mission
Electronic Armor is a cyber resiliency solution that prevents reverse engineering and protects the confidentiality and integrity of
CADS is a real-time Intrusion Detection System (IDS) for the standard control buses found in airframes and ground vehicles. CADS provides cyber anomaly detection and complete bus traffic logging for mission- and safety-critical systems. It heightens situational awareness for platform operators and support teams and includes offline analysis tools to provide long-term performance and crossfleet analysis of cyber trends.
Red Cat Signs Contract With U.S. Customs and Border Protection for 106 Teal 2 Drone Systems
mission,” said Red Cat CEO Jeff Thompson. “The Border Patrol pilots are some of the best, and their feedback has been instrumental in Teal 2 enhancements. This brings our current backlog to over $7.5 million as the Teal 2 revenue continues to accelerate. Red Cat has invested in a manufacturing facility in Salt Lake City, Utah, and we’re confident in our ability to meet order delivery deadlines for military, government, and commercial customers.”
Approved by the U.S. Department of Defense as Blue UAS and available to purchase through the federal government’s GSA Advantage website, the Teal 2 is designed to Dominate the Night™ as the world’s leading small drone for night operations. The Teal 2 is the first sUAS equipped with Teledyne FLIR’s new Hadron 640R sensor, providing end users with the highest-resolution thermal imaging in a small form factor.
EMercury Systems, Inc. announced it is working with Raytheon, an RTX business, to increase the survivability and resiliency of its mission-critical solutions by incorporating Raytheon’s advanced cyber resiliency and intrusion detection tools into Mercury’s processing platform.
Red Cat Holdings, Inc. announces that subsidiary Teal Drones has signed $1.8 million in contracts with U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) to provide Teal 2 systems to the U.S. Border Patrol. Teal will deliver 106 Teal 2 drones plus spare parts and training. Border Patrol uses the Teal 2 to provide supplemental airborne reconnaissance, surveillance, and tracking capability, enhancing situational awareness for U.S. field commanders and agents. The single-source contract is part of a Blanket Purchase Agreement (BPA) between CBP and five drone companies, announced in December 2021, with a total estimated value of $90 million over five years. Last October, CBP had ordered 54 Teal drones for the U.S. Border Patrol in a contract worth just over $1 million. “We are honored to provide this important U.S. agency with drones that help enable their 10
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data and applications from attackers who have bypassed traditional information assurance controls and/or gained escalated privileges on a system. Among its many features is the hardening of the operating system, providing dataat-rest and runtime protections, preventing the execution of unauthorized applications, and preventing modification/introspection of sensitive applications and data.
INSIDE TRACK Indonesia defense expenditure to reach $9.7 billion by 2028, forecasts GlobalData
With a total defense budget of $8.8 billion in 2023, Indonesia presently ranks as the second-highest military spender after Singapore in Southeast Asia. Driven by ongoing defense modernization initiatives, the country’s defense expenditure is forecast to reach $9.7 billion by 2028, according to GlobalData, a leading data and analytics company. GlobalData’s latest report, “Indonesia De-
fense Market Size and Trends, Budget Allocation, Regulations, Key Acquisitions, Competitive Landscape and Forecast, 2023-28, “Australia Defense Market Size and Trends, Budget Allocation, Regulations, Key Acquisitions, Competitive Landscape and Forecast, 2022-27’ reveals that the country’s cumulative defense spending is anticipated to touch $46.6 billion from 2024-28, out of which the acquisition budget share is estimated to be approximately 28.4%, amounting to $13.3 billion. The defense acquisition expenditure is expected to register a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 1.5% over 2024-28 and reach $2.7 billion by 2028. Abhijit Apsingikar, Aerospace and Defense
Analyst at GlobalData, comments: “Indonesia’s defense budget is majorly driven by the need to mitigate natural disasters and undertake military modernization initiatives. The country seeks to expand its defense posture and augment its indigenous defense manufacturing industrial complex through military modernization initiatives. Furthermore, increasing fundamentalism has aggravated the threat of terrorism, coupled with online radicalism, which has compelled Indonesia to invest heavily in cybersecurity and counter-terrorism apparatus.” Provided by Abhijit Apsingikar, Aerospace & Defense Analyst at GlobalData.
COTS Journal | October 2023
Reliable Robotics Achieves Key Milestones in Large Aircraft Automation Study for the U.S. Air Force
conducted detailed analyses of the applicability of its Remotely Operated Aircraft System (ROAS) to advance cargo logistics and refueling capacity.
Reliable Robotics has made significant progress towards a working autonomy solution for the U.S. Air Force. Reliable’s automation system enables continuous autopilot engagement through all phases of aircraft operation, including taxi, takeoff, and landing, with a remote pilot supervising operations. Remotely operating large multi-engine Air Force jets like the KC-135 Stratotanker will enable higher aircraft utilization, more frequent deployment, and almost continuous operation to fly further distances unimpeded by crew repositioning logistics. As part of an Air Force-funded contract to examine the automation of large aircraft for reduced crew and uncrewed solutions, Reliable Robotics
Reliable’s most recent report reveals three positive findings related to adapting the system for large U.S. Air Force aircraft:
COTS Journal | October 2023
• The airframe examined can readily accommodate required system upgrades for remote operation with only modest adjustments for remote piloting and select refueling operations. Navigation and communications upgrades will support expected future military operating environments. • Large, remotely piloted military aircraft can improve efficiency and flexibility equivalent to commercial operations without manufacturing new aircraft, providing the Air
Force with a significant financial advantage. • The same levels of system reliability required under FAA certification and designed into the ROAS architecture and hardware can be achieved when the system is flying on these larger airframes in the U.S. National Airspace System. “At Reliable Robotics, we are obsessed with enabling previously unimaginable capabilities for the U.S. Air Force through autonomy,“ said David O’Brien, Major General (Ret.) and Senior Vice President of Government Solutions at Reliable Robotics. “Automating existing inventory at fractional costs will provide commanders unprecedented flexibility and safety in meeting acute operational demands with the smallest deployed human footprint.”
INSIDE TRACK MatrixSpace Further Strengthens International Defense and Industry Engagement
Further strengthening its industry advisory board, MatrixSpace announces the addition of three highly accomplished military and security leaders: Vice Admiral (VADM) Rich Brown (R), Brigadier General Peter L. Jones (R), and Tom Bush, retired Department of Homeland Security executive. Vice Admiral (VADM) Rich Brown (R) is a senior defense operations leader with over 35 years of experience leading transformation throughout the Navy, retiring in 2020. He was appointed Commander, Naval Surface Forces/Commander, Naval Surface Force, U.S. Pacific Fleet 2017. He revamped the career and training continuum of over 6,500 Surface Warfare Officers and introduced a Culture of Excellence to over 55,000 sailors. Leading a staff of 475, he influenced a $40 billion annual enterprise-wide budget, directly executing a $3 billion annual Naval Surface Force, U. S. Pacific Fleet budget. Brigadier General Peter L. Jones (R) is a recognized leader, team builder, and innovative thinker, operationally adept at balancing risk and priorities to solve complex problems. He retired in 2017 as the Commandant and Chief of Infantry at the United States Army Infantry School in Fort Benning, GA, following 32 years of service in the U.S. Army.
Peter is a decorated combat leader with over 48 months of combat deployments, broad overseas experience, and cultural understanding in Europe and the Middle East, including Afghanistan. Tom Bush, retired Department of Homeland Security senior leader, is a seasoned public security expert with leadership roles across the Department of Homeland Security, the TSA, and Customs and Border Patrol (CBP), working closely with Homeland Security Secretaries to implement new policies. As acting Executive Assistant Administrator at the TSA, he oversaw technology research, policy development, and innovative travel solutions for the public transportation sector, and led the Offices of Policy, Intelligence, Research and Capability Analysis, and trusted traveler programs to ensure TSA’s operational capabilities were aligned with the needs of Federal Air Marshals and Transportation Security Officers. Quote from Vice Admiral (VADM) Rich Brown (R) “MatrixSpace’s small, low-weight radar is a game changer in solving numerous maritime battlespace awareness problems. The use cases of this radar, in conjunction with A.I. edge processing and its built-in mesh networking, are only limited by our imagination. I am incredibly proud to join the outstanding MatrixSpace team and look forward to working with them to enhance the capabilities and warfighting readiness of our Navy and Marine Corps team.”
Quote from Brigadier General Peter L. Jones (R) “It’s great to be part of the MatrixSpace team, which is focused on providing small, affordable, cutting-edge AI-enhanced radar technological solutions that solve today and tomorrow’s battlefield challenges.” Quote from Tom Bush, retired Department of Homeland Security senior leader “Excited to be part of the MatrixSpace team, focused on providing lightweight, cutting-edge AI-enhanced radar solutions that solve today and tomorrow’s border security challenges.” MatrixSpace’s mission is to offer real-time A.I. edge-based sensing that can detect and track multiple types of objects in any situation. Combining industry-leading sensing, A.I. edge processing, and R.F. communication in real-time is a significant technology breakthrough that will reinvent business models across multiple vertical market applications, particularly the defense and public safety industry. The recently announced MatrixSpace Radar is the foundational product of this open architecture sensing platform. Quote from Greg Waters, co-founder and CEO, MatrixSpace “These are three extraordinary leaders with deep insights and experience of the challenges faced by industry, defense, and national security forces worldwide. We look forward to their support and involvement across our organization, driving awareness and ensuring relevancy to end users globally.”
COTS Journal | October 2023
INSIDE TRACK Reliable Robotics Achieves Key Milestones in Large Aircraft Automation Study for the U.S. Air Force
Echodyne, the radar platform company, has received Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Authorization for its EchoShield radar. The FCC Authorization allows EchoShield to be used for non-experimental purposes and arrives as demand for its breakthrough radars grows across all markets and applications. Echodyne’s software-defined, multi-mission, commercial-offthe-shelf (COTS) radars are used for situational awareness by Defense, Government, and Critical Infrastructure customers and as a navigational sensor by Advanced Air Mobility (AAM) and Uncrewed Aircraft Systems (UAS) markets. The primary drivers for the demand surge are security applications across all geographies. While large, conventional radars are optimal for addressing traditional air defense threats like jets and missiles, demand is growing for compact, portable, attritable, high-performance radars to deal with contemporary threats, especially drones. Drones’ low cost and operational effec-
Curtiss-Wright Awarded Contract by General Dynamics Land Systems to Provide Modular Open Systems Approach-Based Electronics for Stryker Ground Combat Vehicle Curtiss-Wright Corporation announced that it had been awarded a contract by General Dynamics Land Systems (GDLS) to provide its Modular Open Systems Approach (MOSA) compliant technology for use in the Managed Switch Field Upgrade program for the U.S. Army’s Stryker ground combat vehicle. Under the contract, Curtiss-Wright will supply GDLS with its compact and rugged DBH-670 Digital Beachhead line replaceable unit, which combines a flexible Ethernet switch and a powerful Vehicle Management Computer to provide an essential foundation for modern ground vehicle digital architectures. “Curtiss-Wright is very proud to have been selected by General Dynamics Land Systems to provide our rugged vehicle management processing and Ethernet switch technology to support the upgrade of the Stryker 14
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tiveness as weapons demonstrate the need for symmetry in counter-UAS solutions. Echodyne’s radars are built on patented Metamaterials Electronic Scanning Array (MESA®) technology that shatters the barriers to cost-effective electronically scanned array (ESA) radar, the gold standard for operational excellence, and creates high-performance attributable solutions for mission-critical security applications, such as Counter-UAS. “We have been working with Echodyne for many years,” said Al White, CEO of High Point Aerotechnologies. “Our business is designing intelligent Counter-UAS solutions for Defense and Government customers, and Echodyne’s radars have consistently topped the list for accuracy and reliability. EchoShield sets a new mark in radar performance.” EchoShield has been active in trials and early deployments, with reviewers consistently citing accuracy and reliability as key differentiators to other radar options. Customers for EchoShield include global Defense Prime Integrators, Federal law enforcement and security agencies, and
commercial and governmental research organizations. “Chess Dynamics solutions are highly tailored to customer requirements,” commented David Eldridge, Chess Sales & Marketing Director. “EchoShield’s highly accurate data creates a strong foundation that precisely cues other sensors and effectors and improves overall solution performance.” A medium-range, software-defined, pulse-Doppler, cognitive 4D radar, EchoShield intelligently searches an extensive, customizable Field of View (FoV) and tracks objects of interest with exact angular accuracy. Utilizing cognitive radar concepts to combine different waveforms, beam schedules, and other resources into user-selectable mission sets, EchoShield tailors radar performance to user, location, and mission requirements.
combat vehicle,” said Lynn M. Bamford, Chair and CEO of Curtiss-Wright Corporation. “This award reflects our leadership in commercial-offthe-shelf (COTS) technologies and closely aligns with our strategy of delivering best-in-class solutions based on the Modular Open Systems Approach mandated by the U.S. DoD.” The contract will continue the deployment of Curtiss-Wright’s DBH-670 Digital Beachhead, which has been successfully fielded on the Stryker combat vehicle platform for over five years. Curtiss-Wright’s DBH-670, designed for the harshest battlefield environments, uniquely hosts a U.S. Army VICTORY network switch and vehicle management com-
puter in size, weight, power, and cost (SWaP-C) optimized LRU. The DBH-670 provides central network services to enable a true network-centric architecture whereby common services are available to all connected and authorized equipment on the platform.
FACE Technical Standard and MOSA:
Lessons Learned for Safety-Critical Software in Any Industry By Stephen DiCamillo, Technical Marketing Manager, LDRA TDeveloping embedded application software is complicated no matter the industry or purpose of the software, but it is even more challenging when writing it to meet the demanding objectives of functional safety standards. Being able to reuse software modules with composable modularity can streamline development efforts and reduce costs. The US Department of Defense (DoD) has embraced this concept and requires all major programs to use the Modular Open Systems Approach. MOSA is a strategic standardization initiative with a core principle of improving interoperability of modular components built by different companies across the lifecycle of the program. The Future Airborne Capability Environment, known as the FACE™ Technical Standard align with MOSA guidance. The FACE Consortium is a collaboration between government and industry that specifically creates a software standard to provide an open systems approach for military aviation solutions. But FACE is not limited to military application. In fact, it serves as a practical example for other the application of a MOSA in other safety-critical sectors such as medical, automotive, and even commercial aviation. Lessons learned from MOSA What lessons learned from MOSA and the FACE approach can be applied to safety critical software in other fields? Modularity seems to be an intuitive concept, but the specification of what exactly defines a module is less obvious, and potentially littered with pitfalls. The designers of the FACE Reference Architecture have largely taken those concerns away from projects that are compliant with it. For anyone looking to apply MOSA principles elsewhere, there are several important considerations.
COTS Journal | October 2023
Code coupling versus composable modularity Consider a coordinate measuring machine (CMM), designed to measure mechanical components to see whether they are within tolerance. Suppose this system consists of a time-critical motion control application, and an application that calculates the required machine moves, measures the geometric shapes, and displays them for the user. The illustration suggests a highly modular architecture with four discrete codebases in use (Figure 1). In such a heavily mathematically dependent application, the math library is likely to be exercised extensively with many system calls. Many math libraries exist but exchanging one for the other is unlikely to be a simple plug-andplay exercise. Similarly, there are many graphics libraries available to choose from, but as the application code is likely to be substantially interwoven, that too is difficult to replace.
The RTOS also presents challenges as a module. An RTOS application might have 100 tasks running on a system with access to four cores. The developer mindset is that the application has control of execution in accordance with rules they are defining. But in fact, these tasks leverage countless interfaces to call system services. The much-vaunted portability of POSIX only offers a partial solution to that conundrum. On a practical level, portability is hindered by the necessity of auxiliary tools. Despite POSIX compliance across the board, if you have a series of software components that you’d like to combine to create a new application, it is not possible to use a set of tools from one vendor and link in components from others. This leaves a highly coupled codebase that does not represent the kind of modularity envisaged in a MOSA. Ultimately, developers want to be able to move their intellectual
Figure 1: Code modularity in a coordinate measuring machine application.
Figure 2: The LDRA tool suite monitors data and control coupling in source code
property elsewhere, and they are unable to do so. Source code analysis tools can be used throughout software development to detect undesirable coupling early and restore modularity (Figure 2). Composability and modularity principles are closely intertwined. Modular systems consist of subcomponents with welldefined interfaces and functions that can be consumed independently of each other while composability combines these subcomponents to form more complex systems. This actually makes reusability what could be considered composable modularity. Composable modularity is similar to the separation of software systems promoted by the functional safety standards underpinning the development of safety-critical applications such as medical devices (IEC 62304), automobiles (ISO 26262), and civil aircraft (DO-178C). Adhering to functional safety standards demands significant time and money, especially for applications requiring the most-demanding safety classifications. These classifications are assigned proportionately to the criticality of the software to which they apply, and in turn that can have a tremendous impact on the code development process from planning, developing, testing and verification through to release and beyond. IEC 62304:2006 +AMD1:2015 helps to minimize development overhead by permitting the segregation of a software system into software items with the aim of placing as little of the system as possible into the more critical
Figure 3: Partitioning of software items according to IEC 62304:2006 +AMD1:2015 is one example show here. COTS Journal | October 2023
classes. In doing so, it requires that “the software ARCHITECTURE should promote segregation of software items that are required for safe operation and should describe the methods used to ensure effective segregation of those SOFTWARE ITEMS.” Figure 3 on previous page demonstrates an example from the standard, with a software system designated Class C. The system can be segregated into one software item to deal with functionality with fewer safety implications (software item X), and another to handle highly safety-critical aspects of the system (software item Y). That principle can be repeated in a hierarchical manner, such that software item Y can itself be segregated into software items W and Z, and so on. This is always on the basis that no segregated software item can negatively affect another. At the bottom of the hierarchy, software items such as X, W and Z that are divided no further are defined as software units. This decomposition process is designed to reduce development overhead, rather than deliver the composable modularity in
accordance with MOSA principles. Nevertheless, this natural separation based on functionality and criticality lends itself to a useful level of modularity. In general, decomposition is not an exact science, and it can vary considerably depending on the architect’s viewpoint. For example, decomposition for the purposes of composable modularity is likely to be less granular than that for decomposition based on levels of criticality. Development processes Efficiency benefits can be gained from software reuse, but care is needed to avoid increasing risk by doing so. That argument is reflected in the Federal Aviation Authority’s (FAA) Advisory Circular AC 20-148, designed to provide guidance for the development of Reusable Software Components (RSC) such as software libraries, operating systems, and communication protocols. Deploying any such RSC within a DO-178 compliant system can save significant certification time. Without an RSC, the FAA will require that certification artefacts are regenerated, resubmitted, and re-reviewed for every reuse – including software changes
made to an existing installation. Conclusions Not only is modularity of little benefit without composability, but the granularity of software modularity and the perspective of the system architects defining those modules can have a significant effect on its usefulness. Granularity of decomposition based on safety classification is likely to be finer than that for modular composability, simply because different aspects of a composable module’s functionality may have different levels of criticality. As a MOSA-aligned standard designed to promote software portability, the FACE Technical Standard has been very successful and shows that the benefits of MOSA can be leveraged in practice despite any limitations. Additionally, automated verification and validation techniques, with which regression tests can automated as the same code is leveraged in a variety of tool chains, lend themselves well to the FACE conformance process and help ensure reused modules are fit for purpose in their new environment.
Not only is modularity of little benefit without composability, but the granularity of software modularity and the perspective of the system architects defining those modules can have a significant effect on its usefulness.
COTS Journal | October 2023
Unleashing Next-Gen Devices Through Rapid Prototyping By Dave Hawkins, BizBuildersHub.com. Amid the ceaseless evolution of modern technology, the wearable sector stands as a dynamic nucleus of transformation and progress. In this fertile ground of boundless potential, visionary entrepreneurs aiming to leave a significant imprint acknowledge the necessity of a multifaceted and strategic approach. This comprehensive guide from COTS Journal is a meticulous dissection of pivotal strategies indispensable for creating wearables that reverberate with innovation and seize the collective imagination. Furthermore, it delves deep into the paramount role of rapid prototyping in shaping this narrative, shedding light on its profound significance in the quest for wearable innovation that stands at the forefront of technological evolution.
their aspirations. By meticulously crafting a wearable device through this immersive, user-centric perspective, it undergoes a profound transformation, transitioning from a simple gadget to an essential companion that seamlessly integrates into the daily routines of its users, becoming an indispensable part of their lives. Furthermore, this user-centric approach not only enhances the initial adoption of the device but also fosters long-term loyalty and satisfaction among users. As wearables become more intertwined with our lives, ensuring they meet and exceed user expectations becomes a continuous journey of refinement and innovation.
Prioritize Reliability The integrity of a wearable device is intricately linked to the dependability of its components, with semiconductors serving as the vital core. In this context, it is imperative to forge partnerships with suppliers emphasizing transparency, providing access to up-to-theminute inventory data, and leveraging robust global alliances. These strategic alliances act as a protective shield for the supply chain, shielding it from unexpected disruptions and guaranteeing the end product’s reliability, longevity, and consistent performance. This, in turn, helps streamline purchasing decisions, instilling confidence in the product’s quality
Establish a Unique Offering In the realm of groundbreaking innovations, every transformative creation commences as a spark of imagination ignited by a profound aspiration to fulfill an unmet market demand. At the heart of any wearable device resides its distinct value proposition, revolving around delivering a solution that isn’t just fresh and utilitarian but, most importantly, irreplaceable to its users. The art of product development transcends the mere addition of features; it pivots towards the craft of shaping experiences that unveil needs users didn’t even realize existed. This meticulously laid foundation assumes the role of a potent catalyst, propelling the journey toward establishing a commanding presence in the market, which begins with a visionary idea and evolves into a transformative reality. Adopt a User-Focused Strategy A fundamental truth emerges within the fusion of technology and wearables: usability takes precedence. A deep understanding of the target audience is imperative to excel in this realm, surpassing conventional market research boundaries. It entails the intricate task of mapping out user journeys, empathizing with their obstacles, and championing COTS Journal | October 2023
and durability. Moreover, this approach fosters a proactive stance in addressing supply chain challenges, allowing us to make agile adjustments when necessary. By staying well-informed and connected through these partnerships, we can anticipate market fluctuations and swiftly adapt to evolving consumer demands, ultimately enhancing our competitive edge in the ever-evolving wearable technology industry. Harness the Potential of New Tech Within the perpetually shifting terrain of the wearable industry, adaptability emerges as an unequivocal necessity. AI, IoT, and AR/ VR are not mere supplementary components in this narrative; they constitute the core of its evolutionary path. Skillfully integrating these technological advancements into wearable devices triggers a transformation that extends beyond mere evolution; it spearheads a revolution within its niche. This proactive integration serves as a powerful catalyst, enhancing the product’s appeal and securing its place at the vanguard of innovation, where it assumes the role of a trendsetter, steering the industry’s course in a new direction.
Allocate Resources to Memorable Branding Beyond the intricacies of technology lies an untold narrative—an immersive and persuasive story that strikes a resonant chord and serves as a wellspring of inspiration. Branding transcends the realm of logos and taglines; it embodies the very essence and spirit of the product. Allocating resources to shape a compelling brand narrative fastidiously elevates the wearable device from a mere functional gadget to an emblem of innovation and excellence. This narrative becomes a guiding beacon, attracting users and assuring the wearable’s enduring prominence in their consciousness, leaving indelible and influential impressions in its wake. Master the Art of Market Insight Traversing the vast expanse of the wearables industry requires a dependable compass, and that compass is none other than thorough market research. A comprehensive and indepth market exploration offers the indispensable guidance needed to navigate shifting currents, discern evolving preferences, and anticipate potential disruptions on the hori-
Traversing the vast expanse of the wearables industry requires a dependable compass, and that compass is none other than thorough market research.
COTS Journal | October 2023
zon. It transcends the mere accumulation of data, entailing the critical task of interpreting this wealth of information and extracting actionable insights to drive strategic marketing initiatives. Armed with this profound understanding of market dynamics, every marketing endeavor becomes a finely tuned instrument, ensuring that messages are precisely calibrated to resonate, captivate, and ultimately convert the target audience, thus charting a course to sustainable success in this dynamic industry. Emphasize Speedy Prototyping In the perpetually evolving landscape of the industry, where innovation is ceaseless, agility emerges as a priceless asset. Rapid prototyping assumes the role of a formidable ally in this dynamic milieu, serving as a catalyst that propels the design process forward. This technique, marked by its ability to augment efficiency, enables prompt adaptations and a continuous stream of improvements. It metamorphoses the development of wearables into an iterative expedition, fostering an ongoing dialogue between design and functionality. Through this iterative journey, the end product attains op-
timization and ascends to the zenith of perfection, establishing a benchmark for excellence within the industry that sets the pace for future innovations. Win Over Stakeholders With Tangible Designs In the intricate dance of entrepreneurship and investment, tangible prototypes emerge as pivotal players. These physical embodiments of a vision transcend the realm of abstract pitch decks and numerical projections, providing tangible evidence that is both concrete and indisputable. They vividly showcase the product’s inherent potential and the unwavering conviction underpinning its creation. When prospective investors have the opportunity to engage directly with a prototype, their confidence is substantially bolstered. It demystifies the product, rendering the investment decision more transparent and compelling, as they bear witness firsthand to the tangible realization of innovation and the fulfillment of its promise, ultimately fostering trust and enthusiasm in the venture. In the intricate orchestration of crafting a wearable, we witness a harmonious symphony where technology, user experiences, and mar-
ket dynamics seamlessly blend. This symphony is composed of the fusion of several essential elements: a distinctive value proposition, profound user insights, unwavering component reliability, a forward-thinking technological approach, compelling branding, astute market acumen, and the skillful art of rapid prototyping, all converging to create a masterpiece of success. For aspiring entrepreneurs with a passion for shaping the future of wearables, this blueprint serves as more than just a guide—it becomes a guiding beacon, illuminating the path with clarity and inspiring direction. The horizon ahead stretches wide, and armed with these strategies, the journey towards pioneering innovation becomes a purposeful endeavor, promising a future where boundaries are pushed and uncharted territories of possibility are discovered.
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COT’S PICKS Accelerated AI Inferencing for Space Applications with new AMD Versal AI Edge Adaptive SoC A computer chip in space
AMD is extending its leadership in radiation-tolerant, space-grade adaptive compute solutions with the announcement of the Versal™ AI Edge XQRVE2302, the second device in the Versal adaptive SoC portfolio to be qualified for space flight.
The XQRVE2302 is the first time we’ve offered an adaptive SoC for space applications in a small form-factor (23mm x 23mm) package. The device has a 75% smaller board area and power savings relative to the existing Versal AI Core XQRVC1902. The XQRVE2302 is one of the first Versal devices to integrate enhanced AMD AI Engine (AIE) technology, known as AIE-ML, which has been optimized for machine learning (ML) applications by offering extended support for data
types prevalent in ML inferencing (INT4 and BFLOAT16) and superior performance over the original AIE for ML inference focused applications. Developers can convert raw sensor data into useful information, making the XQRVE2302 ideal for anomaly and image detection applications. In contrast to other radiation-tolerant FPGAs, XQR Versal adaptive SoCs support unlimited reprogramming during development and after deployment, including in-flight in the harsh radiation environment of space. The security features of the Versal Adaptive SoC help prevent tampering and unwanted configuration changes. This supports satellite operators in safely changing processing algorithms after launching a satellite, allowing for flexibility in remote sensing and communications applications. AMD and independent organizations have tested the XQR Versal SoC device’s radiation tolerance and have been determined to be capable of supporting missions from lowearth orbit to geosynchronous earth orbit and beyond. AMD amd.com
New OpenVPX Backplanes Supporting SOSA Slot Profiles Pixus Technologies has developed several new 3U and 6U OpenVPX backplanes with multiple slot profile configurations that align with the SOSA™ Technical Standard. The Pixus backplane designs come in 5 to 16-slot configurations with various SOSA-aligned slot profile combinations. The 3U size is the more common, along with the backplane speed of 100GbE (typically four lanes x 25 Gbaud/s). The slot profiles have multiple configurations of routing options for compute-intensive, SBC, timing, switching, and peripheral boards. The Pixus backplanes often include interfaces for the company’s rear pluggable 22
COTS Journal | October 2023
mezzanine-based SOSA-aligned hardware chassis management card.
Pixus Technologies pixustechnologies.com
COT’S PICKS Molex Announces KickStart Connector System, First OCP-Compliant, All-inOne Boot-Drive Connectivity Solution with Integrated Power and Signal Circuits
Molex has expanded its array of solutions recommended by the Open Compute Project (OCP) by introducing the KickStart Connector System. An innovative, all-in-one system, KickStart is the first OCP-compliant solution that combines low-speed and high-speed signals and power circuits into a single cable assembly. This complete system eliminates the need for multiple components, optimizes space, and accelerates upgrades by offering server and device manufacturers a flexible, standardized, easy-to-implement approach for boot-drive peripheral connections. “The KickStart Connector System reinforces our goal to remove complexity and drive increased standardization in modern data centers,” said Bill Wilson, new product development manager for Datacom & Specialty Solutions, Molex. “The availability of this OCP-compliant solution reduces risk for customers, alleviates
their burden of validating separate solutions, and provides a faster, simpler path to critical data center server upgrades.” Modular Building Blocks for Next-Gen Data Centers The integrated signal and power system is a standardized Small Form Factor (SFF) TA-1036 cable assembly that complies with OCP’s Data Center Modular Hardware System (DC-MHS) specification. Developed in collaboration with members of OCP, KickStart is recommended in OCP’s M-PIC specification for cable-optimized, boot-peripheral connectors. As the only OCP-recommended internal I/O connectivity solution for boot-drive applications, KickStart empowers customers to address evolving storage-signal speeds. The system accommodates PCIe Gen 5 signal speeds, with data transfer rates up to 32 Gbps NRZ. Planned support for PCIe Gen 6 will meet demands for ever-increasing bandwidth requirements. Moreover, KickStart is aligned with the form factor and robust mechanical structure of Molex’s award-winning, OCP-recommended NearStack PCIe Connector System, which offers
the lowest mated profile height of 11.10mm for improved space optimization, increased airflow management, and reduced interference with other components. The new connector system allows for simple, hybrid cable assembly pinout from KickStart connectors to Sliver 1C for Enterprise and Data Center Standard Form Factor (EDSFF) hard-drive docking. Support for hybrid cables further simplifies integration with servers, storage, and other peripheral devices while easing hardware upgrades and modularization strategies. Unified Standards Bolster Product Performance, Reduce Supply Chain Constraints Ideally suited for OCP servers, data centers, white box servers, and storage systems, KickStart reduces the need for multiple interconnect solutions while expediting product development. Designed to support both current and evolving signal speeds and power requirements, Molex’s data center product development team collaborated with the company’s power engineering group to optimize power-contact design, thermal simulation, and power dissipation. Molex molex.com
COTS Journal | October 2023
COT’S PICKS DDC-I’s Safety-Critical Deos Avionics RTOS Delivers wolfSSL
WolfSSL, wolfCrypt, and wolfBoot bring secure, lightweight, encrypted FIPS 140-2-certified communications to DO-178 avionics applications running Deos. DDC-I, a leading supplier of software and professional services for mission- and safety-critical applications, and wolfSSL, a leading provider of TLS cryptography, today announced the availability of version 5.0 of the wolfSSL embedded SSL library, wolfCrypt cryptography library and certification kit, and wolfBoot secure boot loader for DDC-I’s Deos DO-178 safety-critical real-time operating system. The Deos™ RTOS is equipped with DAL-A-certifiable wolfSSL, wolfCrypt, and wolfBoot enable avionics developers to add secure quickly, encrypted, FIPS 140-2-certified data transport communications and secure boot loading to their avionics systems. Deos provides a robust foundation for secure systems, its modularity, hard partitioning, denial of dynamic operations, integrity checks, and con-
Rugged Industrial Computer with Data Acquisition mThe M‑Max® VI PR7 is a quad-core rugged industrial computer with data acquisition features for harsh environments. Based on the VITA 75 standard, it has passed MIL-STD tests and has been certified to comply with MIL‑STD‑810G, MIL‑STD‑461F, and airborne MIL‑STD‑704F. M-Max VI PR7. Rugged Industrial Computer with Data Acquisition Providing shock protection up to 40g and vibration protection up to 2.5g, the M‑Max® VI PR7 is IP66 rated and can operate under extreme temperatures from −40 to +70 °C, dust, and humidity. The standard configuration includes 16 DIO lines. Optionally, it has sixteen 16-bit analog inputs, four 16-bit analog outputs, and six additional digital I/O lines. M-Max VI PR7. Rugged Industrial Computer with Data Acquisition The M‑Max® VI PR7 is expandable by one mPCIe module and one PC/104 Plus board.
COTS Journal | October 2023
trolled int er pro cess communications, making it the preferred environment for high-assurance systems. The addition of wolfSSL, wolfCrypt, and wolfBoot provides the proper cryptographic underpinnings for secure data transport, boot, and firmware upgrades. Together, Deos and the wolf suite brings trusted, military-grade security to connected avionics systems, making it ideal for not only military systems but also urban air mobility and the next generation commercial avionics systems. “WolfSSL and Deos bring trusted, military-grade security to connected commercial and military aircraft,” said Bob Morris, President and CEO at DDC-I. “Advanced safety-critical features like time/space partitioning and the ability to support multiple isolated TCP/IP stacks make Deos an excellent platform for deploying avionics applications
Main features: • Complies with MIL-STD-810G, MILSTD‑461F and MIL-STD-704F specifications • Data Acquisition: 16x digital I/O lines • with programmable direction • SSD up to 1 TB
that utilize wolfSSL capabilities like secure boot, FIPS 140-2 crypto, and secure TCP/IP technologies.” “The integration of Deos should prove very attractive to avionics developers who require a secure, out-of-the-box, safety-critical solution that comes ready to certify, complete with DAL A evidence,” said Larry Stefonic, CEO and Founder at wolfSSL. “We have a solid working relationship with DDC-I and have found Deos to be quite straightforward to work with. Together, we offer our joint customers a world -class platform that features best-in-class RTOS and security.” DDC-I ddci.comm
• Power Consumption: 15 W • Aluminum enclosure with passive cooling system (no fans) • Operating temperature: −40°C to +70 °C M‑Max micromax.com
COT’S PICKS MEGA International announces the launch of its updated AI-driven enterprise architecture platform with the release of HOPEX Aquila
AMEGA International announces the launch of HOPEX Aquila, an AI-driven and automated solution developed to help organizations achieve their digital transformation initiatives and architect a future-proof enterprise. Leveraging a strategic partnership with Microsoft, HOPEX Aquila includes the launch of the new HOPEX AI Assistant, helping revolutionize enterprise architecture practices. HOPEX Aquila: innovative features that redefine the standards of enterprise architecture HOPEX Aquila’s enhancements and new capabilities are driven by advanced artificial intelligence and machine learning and include significant benefits to organizations, including: • Increased efficiency – powered by generative AI and machine learning, routine, time-consuming activities can be automated, and recommendations on IT rationalization and cloud migration strategies are automatic. • Informed decision-making – make data-driven decisions regarding the organization’s transformation goals with a new simplified report builder. • Enhanced user experience – completely revamped UX/UI, making the solution more intuitive and adapted to the user’s maturity.
tects. The AI assistant was trained with practical enterprise architecture information and frameworks and MEGA’s EA methodologies. Utilizing a specialized GPT-3.5-turbo language model hosted on Microsoft Azure, the HOPEX AI Assistant enhances team efficiency and efficacy while safeguarding sensitive enterprise architecture data. Integrated seamlessly within the HOPEX Platform, the AI assistant offers a range of preconfigured and customizable prompts designed for application to the EA inventory. These prompts are centered around: • Natural Language Processing (NLP) for data categorization • Machine learning algorithms for classification • Smart recommendation engines for proactive decision-making • Generative AI for content creation
• Customizable chatbot with generative AI “Our use of AI and machine learning make this latest release of the HOPEX Platform the most cutting-edge EA tool on the market, and we take great pride in being a leader and at the forefront of AI-driven EA solutions,” explains Luca de Risi, CEO of MEGA International. “We are developing tools that elevate enterprise architecture with human-centered AI. Our solutions don’t erase the need for humans but enhance and support people’s work by allowing them to work faster, smarter, and deliver unprecedented value.” MEGA International mega.com
HOPEX Aquila includes a new AI-driven Application Portfolio Management solution offering: • Automatic software product discovery, intelligent application detection, and automatic capability mapping features • Automated diagram generation through wizards and a new Intellibar for enhanced guidance throughout the modeling journey • Customized content creation, offering a description of software products (technologies and applications) and business capabilities HOPEX Aquila: a disruptive technology in partnership with Microsoft HOPEX Aquila includes the launch of the new HOPEX AI Assistant, a conversational chatbot created on the OpenAI LLM model, securely deployed on Azure, and trained with user and product guides. The HOPEX AI Assistant is deployed using cutting-edge and responsible AI best practices, with generative AI models trained on EA data and content through Microsoft Azure. The HOPEX AI Assistant is designed to evolve into a comprehensive guide, specializing in augmenting the daily work of enterprise archiCOTS Journal | October 2023
COT’S PICKS ACCES I/O Adds New Series of 55 Compact, High-Performance M.2 Cards to Its Small-form-factor (SFF) Data Acquisition Line
SACCES I/O Products, a recognized industry leader in data acquisition and control technology, today announces the launch of a new series of M.2 cards. Building upon company #39’s legacy of delivering compact, high-performance products, the new M.2 cards are 100% software/ pinout-compatible with their mPCIe (PCI Express Mini Card) versions. Each of the 55 cards in the series is an M.2 (NVME-socket compatible) 2280 M+B keyed unit with a breakaway for 2260-sized slot compatibility. All are designed to meet the rugged requirements of MIL-STD-810 when ordered with optional industrial temperature rating and conformal coating. With their small form factor and robust capabilities, these M.2 cards are perfect for an array of applications in sectors including automation, defense, testing, process control and more. The newly released M.2 lineup includes: • M.2-AIO16-16FDS and M.2-ADIO16-8FDS: 16-analog input/4-analog output card and a version with eight analog inputs. • Both offer 1MHz ADCs with 1MHz aggregate waveform playback on the 4 DACs, with 16bit resolution. • M.2-COM-4SM, M.2-ICM232-4, M.2ICM422-4, and M.2-ICM485-4: 4-Channel RS232/422 or 485 cards with
• nonvolatile software control for the protocol, supporting 3MBd or 10MBd with a custom crystal oscillator. • The M.2-ICM models are isolated versions. • M.2-LAN-GBe: A gigabit Ethernet adapter using Intel #39’s industry-leading I210 Ethernet chipset. • M.2-DIO-24S and M.2-DIO-24A: 24-bit digital I/O cards. The -24A supports a flexible array of counter, pulse • generation, PWM I/O, and IRQ features. • M.2-IIRO-8: 8-channel isolated digital inputs at up to 120V with 8×1A electromechanical relay outputs. • M.2-IDIO-8, M.2-IDIO-8H, and M.2-IDIO8L: A set of 8-channel isolated digital input, solid-state output cards • equipped with 34V/2A FETs. The -8H model supports higher current, while the -8L version leverages &quot;low-side • switching&quot; FETs. • M.2-II-16: 16-isolated inputs supporting up to 120 V AC/DC and features switchable filters. • M.2-QUAD-8: 32-bit 8-channel counters offering quadrature, true-pulse, and raw counting capabilities. “In our ongoing effort to evolve with embedded technology, our new series of M.2 cards cater to the growing need for compact and powerful data acquisition solutions”. Said Peter Persidok, VP of Engineering at ACCES I/O Products. ACCES I/O Products accesio.com
Anritsu Introduces 5G FR1 RF Conformance Test System that Reduces Test Times and Cost-of-Test Anritsu Company introduces the New Radio RF Conformance Test System ME7873NR Lite model, which saves time and cost when conducting 5G Sub-6 GHz (FR1) TRx conformance tests on chipsets and mobile devices. The ME7873NR Lite model addresses the challenges engineers face in economically meeting
development deadlines and earning prompt certification on designs while providing a convenient upgrade path to meet future test requirements efficiently. The ME7873NR Lite model is configured with a single Radio Communication Test Station MT8000A. The conventional Anritsu ME7873NR platform consists of multiple test instruments. In addition to conformance tests, the ME7873NR Lite can conduct other measurements, including automated regression tests, to support device verification. The streamlined configuration optimizes capital investment by supporting 5G FR1 TRx test cases more economically while providing a flexible upgrade path to a full ME7873NR model for more comprehensive conformance test cases. Tests are conducted faster with the ME7873NR Lite model. The simplified hardware configuration reduces test times by approximately 20% compared to the conventional platform. Additionally, it is simple to operate, as it maintains the identical easy-touse interface of the existing ME7873NR. Anritsu anritsu.com
COTS Journal | October 2023
Annapolis Micro Systems ......................................
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Behlman Electronics ............................................. IFC/BC
Core Systems ........................................................
Holo Industries ......................................................
Interface Concept .................................................
PICO Electronics, Inc ............................................
Pixus Technologies ................................................
COTS Journal (ISSN#1526-4653) is published monthly at; 3180 Sitio Sendero, Carlsbad, CA. 92009. Periodicals Class postage paid at San Clemente and additional mailing offices. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to COTS Journal, 3180 Sitio Sendero, Carlsbad, CA. 92009.