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Governação integrada: a experiência internacional e desafios para Portugal

the national level from 2007 to 2010 (for a more exhaustive description see Karré, Van der Steen & Van Twist, 2013). The Programme Ministry for Youth and Families was introduced in order to tackle child abuse and help parents raise their kids. This was due to some examples of child abuse that lead to a public outcry but also had a more mundane cause: the introduction of the programme ministry also was a way to reward the Christian Union party, then the smallest member of a coalition with VVD and PvdA. The Programme Ministry for Youth and Families had a small own staff and its own budget but was for the biggest part a network organization, coordinating the efforts of civil servants at various other departments. The Programme Ministry for Housing, Communities & Integration was established in order to benefit social cohesion by tackling integration and helping disadvantaged neighbourhoods. It came forth from a manifesto pledge by the Social Democrats and had a more traditional organization than its counterpart. Also, in contrast to the Programme Ministry for Youth and Families that for Housing, Communities and Integration did not have its own budget but depended on the goodwill of the country’s social housing associations to finance its activities. This was done with the idea that the housing associations’ money was public to begin with. However, as these organizations were independent agencies, which in the years before had been autonomized and commercialized, this strategy did not go down terribly well. The two Programme Ministries did not have the time to become a success as they were cut short by the coalition that created them breaking apart. Ideas about their successes are mixed, as no real, clear performance targets were agreed upon at the outset. Whether their work had any results at all, is unclear and debated. In any case the new coalition that was formed in 2010 decided to abolish them. In recent years, there are more experiments with integrated ways of working on the local and the regional level. Here we see initiatives that denote a shift from government to governance, that are area-based (eg. focus in an integral way on the social problems in one certain area) and are multidisciplinary, integral and generalist. The rationale behind the area-centred approach is that it gives service providers the opportunity to focus on the needs of each district and to use local knowledge. It is also hoped that such an approach will make it possible to link with already existing local networks, in the hope that they could also do some of the work, with government more in the role of facilitator than that of provider of services. The rationale behind a more multidisciplinary, integral and generalistic approach is that people often have several, interrelated problems which do not fit well into governmental silos. Therefore fragmented, demand-driven approach does not solve but often aggravates problems. Collaboration between professionals and institutions is necessary and coordinated action is needed. One example of integral working on the local level is the introduction of teams of social professionals on the district level. This can be seen as response to the decentralisation of social 27

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Governação integrada: a experiência internacional e os desafios para Portugal  

Atas da conferências Internacional GovInt 15 a 16 de outubro de 2016

Governação integrada: a experiência internacional e os desafios para Portugal  

Atas da conferências Internacional GovInt 15 a 16 de outubro de 2016

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