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Juan de Santiago, cantor Felipe Toscan, cantor Andres de la Cruz, nino tiple, boy treble, (boy soprano) (Irving, 2010, 59).

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Benefits for musicians in working for the church • Increased individual mobility through the missionary enterprise’s channels of transportation. • The prospect of elevated social status through collaboration with the relatively small but powerful groups of missionaries. • The opportunity for migration with the promise of employment (Irving, 2010, 125). Musicians were also exempt from paying tribute to the Spanish Crown and received free rations of rice … a significant benefit.

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One of the above cantors presumably would have been the first maestro de capilla of the Hagåtña Cathedral in 1668. He would have been in charge of organizing all of the music, singers and instrumentalists for the Church and would have supervised the music used in fiestas and any other celebration.

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Evangelistic Work of the Padres The missionaries of the Society of Jesus mentioned “church doctrine” repeatedly as they reported the progress of their evangelical efforts. They reported how easily the children learned the doctrine through poetic competitions between villages. Doctrina Christiana, 1593, became the first catechism book printed in the Philippines. It contained:
 • Lord’s Prayer

• 5 commandments of the church

• Ave Maria

• 7 sacraments

• The Creed

• The 7 spiritual and corporal acts of mercy

• The Salve Regina • 14 articles of faith

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• 10 commandments of God

• The act of contrition and a catechism proper consisting of 33 questions and answers (Irving, 2010, 76).


2nd Marianas History Conference 2013 ・ !73

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MHC2: Art, Culture and Science  

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