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Industry profile

F

Europe’s feed statistics updated

Of the 478 million tonnes of total feedstuffs consumed by EU livestock, one half (233 million tonnes are roughages grown on farm. Of the other half , 51 million tonnes are cereals grown and used on farm. The rest is purchased feedingstuffs, including 156 million tonnes of compound feed which makes up 80 percent of this sector and is valued at €52 billion.

T

his month FEFAC, the European Feed Manufacturers Federation, released its latest Statistical Yearbook 2014 – Feed & Food. Compiled by Arnaud Bouxin, the Federation put the total output of compound feed for Europe at 220 million tonnes of which almost three-quarters - 155.8 million tonnes – is produced within the EU-28 and little over one quarter - 61.2 million tonnes - by non-EU countries in Europe; the major feed producers being Russia, Turkey, Ukraine, Norway, Switzerland and Serbia. FEFAC, puts the value of livestock production in the EU-28 at €171.5 billion accounting for 41 percent of the total agricultural output of €418.5 billion in 2014. It shows the compound feed industry in EU-28 has fallen back from its high of almost €55 billion in 2013 to €52 billion in 2014. It uses Eurostat statistics to show that the value of animal feed in animal production ranges from a low of 35.8 percent in the UK to 93 percent in Luxembourg with the average at approximately 54 percent. The number of production units producing the EU’s compound feed saw a slight decrease in 2014 to 3831, down from 3876 in 2013. Over a 10-year period numbers have steadily fallen from 4489, with Italy declining most rapidly in unit numbers from 700 to 490. Those gaining feed production units over the same period include Austria from 77 to 88, Latvia from 19 to 38 and Belgium from 77-87. All other EU countries show a steady concentration of unit numbers.

Feed output

VALUE OF FEEDINGSTUFFS IN ANIMAL PRODUCTION IN 2014

SK FI MT IE AT NL IT CY DK SE PL HU EU-28 LT EE FR BU LV DE ES CZ HR RO BE PT SI EL LU

0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

(in %)

100

The UK at 35.8 percent is missing from 15 the top of the table

TURNOVER OF THE EU COMPOUND FEED INDUSTRY

COMPOUND FEED PRODUCTION IN EU-28 PRODUCTION (Index of volume: 1995=100)

140

Mio. € 59.000

135 130

54.000

125

49.000

120 44.000

115

39.000

110 105

34.000

100 29.000

95 90

24.000

1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 GDP at market prices

Industrial production

Food industry

Compound feed industry

1991

1993

1995

1997

1999

2001

2003

2005

2007

2009

2011

2013

(EU-15 from 1994, EU-25 from 2004 - EU-27 from 2007 - Without Greece, Luxembourg and Malta)

17

10

While the index (1995=100) for compound feed output compares favourably against volatile industrial output and GDP over the past decade, compound feed industry turnover has also seen dramatic changes in total turnover over the same period

The big losers in production include Latvia at -17.8 percent, Ireland at -11.2 percent and Romania at -10.4 percent. The biggest gains were made Poland, Austria, Czech Republic, Cyprus and Spain at 8.7, 5.1, 3.4, 3.3 and 3.3 percent respectively.

NUMBER AND AVERAGE SIZE OF FEED PRODUCTION UNITS IN THE EU

5.000

50

4.500 45

Source: FEFAC - Alltech

Turkey 18.0

EU-28 (incl. EL) 158.8

Europe non-EU 61.2

Serbia 0.9 Ukraine 4.7

Russia 21.7

Other non-EU 10.6

Switzerland 1.6 Norway 3.7

The EU accounts for roughly two-thirds of Europe’s total compound feed output at 155.8 million tonnes 44

72 | January 2016 - Milling and Grain

4.000 3.500

40

3.000 35

2.500 2.000

30

Number of units

EU production per unit, in 1 000 t

Compound feed production in Europe in 2014 (in mio. t)

1.500 1.000

25

500 20

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

13

14

0

(EU-15 until 2003, EU-25 from 2004, EU-27 from 2007, EU-28 from 2013)

The blue line shows the fall in production unit numbers from 2004 while the red line shows the continued increase in per unit output. 19 The big swing between 2003 and 2044 is when the EU grew from 15 states to 25 member states

Jan 2016 - Milling and Grain magazine  

The January 2016 edition of the Milling and Grain

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