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DEC. 2017 ISSUE #42
Happy Highlidays from Oregon Leaf!
I’m a complete sap for the stoner Christmas theme, and I hope you enjoy our look this month as much as I do. There is something that is completely perfect about Santa sitting down with a bong and some medicated cookies and milk after the end of his toy run, and in a perfect world, we would all be eating infused Christmas goodies together. Check out our gift guide so you can be a stoned Santa, white elephant or however you choose to celebrate the holiday season. December features a new section called Breeder of the Month, brought to us by Seeds Here Now. The section will explore the faces and work behind the strains we know and love, and the cutting edge of genetics. This month’s Breeder is Ray Bowser III, better known as Odie Diesel, who bred the infamous Oregon Diesel and Dr. Who, among many other fabulous strains. Check out the profile to see what else he’s created, and what inspires him to innovate with Cannabis genetics. This issue also covers the Gorilla Glue lawsuit, pitting an adhesive company against a Cannabis company in a no-holds-barred legal battle for trademark rights, that has big implications for the Cannabis industry. Check out the story by Matthew Meyers, which includes a Q&A with a trademark attorney. We also have great new patient and budtender profiles, new dispensaries to explore and a ton of tasty and delicious products and recipes to try out. Many thanks and blessings to all who enjoy the Leaf and support our ability to publish this magazine. It has been a gift to bring the Leaf to our readers, and I hope you like our edition as much as I do!
Wes Abney DEC. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
STEVE ELLIOTT is the editor behind tokesignals.com, an independent blog of Cannabis news and opinion.
Californians Might Pay 70 Percent More for Legal MARIJUANA California’s legal Cannabis marketplace, coming in January 2018, will bring plenty of new fees and taxes. Buyers are going to experience sticker shock when they visit legal marijuana stores next month, according to industry experts. “Eighths” that is, one-eighth ounces of medical Cannabis, cost about $35 for good quality Cannabis in Los Angeles. But when legal sales begin and additional taxes kick in, that same purchase in the EVEN TRIM recreational market will cost WILL BE $50 or $60. That’s a jump of up TAXED BY THE STATE, to 70 percent. TO THE Even trim will be taxed by the TUNE OF $4 state, to the tune of $4 a pound. A POUND That means a garbage bag containing seven or eight pounds of trim would exceed the current market price of about $50 by five or six times. “All it would become is compost,” said Ryan Jennemann of THC Design in Los Angeles, whose company uses the leaves to manufacture oil concentrates. Next year’s high taxation is “just going to help the illicit market thrive,” according to Donnie Anderson, an LA medical grower and seller. “The existing black market for Cannabis may prove a formidable competitor to legal markets if new taxes lead to higher prices than available from illicit sources,” warned a November report from financial analysts Fitch Ratings.
12/dec. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
Congressman Burns Sessions For ‘Good People Don’t Smoke Marijuana’ Comment Congressman Steve Cohen (D-Tennessee) last month When confronted by Cohen, Sessionsdid his usual. burned Attorney General Jeff Sessions for his “Good He tried to lie out of it, blaming it on 1980s “fashion.” people don’t smoke marijuana” comment. That’s interesting, since his statement was made in “You said one time that good people don’t smoke 2016, and is on film. marijuana,” Cohen told Sessions. “Which of these “I explained how, when I became United States people would you say are not good people?” Cohen Attorney in 1981 and the drugs were being asked, looking at a list of prominent Republicans. used widely, over a period of years, it became “Well, let me explain how that unfashionable, unpopular and it was CONGRESSMAN STEVE occurred,” Sessions said. seen as such that good people didn’t COHEN PUT SESSIONS ON “Is John Kasich a good person?” use marijuana,” Sessions said. “That THE DEFENSE, LISTING Cohen pressed. “George Pataki, PROMINENT REPUBLICANS was the context of that statement.” WHO HAVE PUBLICLY Rick Santorum, Newt Gingrich, ADMITTED TO USING POT His “Good people don’t smoke Ted Cruz? Jeb Bush, George Bush, marijuana” comment wasn’t in the Arnold Schwarzenegger, Judge Clarence Thomas?” 1980s, as he implied. He made this statement in “Which of those are not good people?” Cohen asked. April 2016, according to The Washington Post. Sessions was clearly taken aback and put on the “In states where they’ve got medical marijuana, defense. Cohen made the brilliant move of not only they have 25 percent less opioid use. It gives people forcing Sessions to defend his ridiculous statement; a way to relieve pain without using opioids, which He also cornered Sessions into admitting his inevitably leads to death and crime. So, I’d hope opposition to Cannabis wasn’t based on science. you’d take a look at that,” Cohen told Sessions.
Quoted “IT WOULD NOT BE AN APPROPRIATE USE OF FEDERAL RESOURCES TO GO AFTER A MOTHER BECAUSE HER CHILD HAS EPILEPTIC SEIZURES AND HAS FOUND SOMETHING THAT CAN HELP AND HAS HELPED.” —RUSTY PAYNE, spokesperson with the DEA, on the federal government’s decision stop Indiana police forces from arresting CBD oil users in the state.
STUDY: Two-Thirds of Patients Stop Using Opioids After Starting Medical Marijuana Two of every three patients who start medicinal Cannabis stop using opioid painkillers, according to preliminary results of a new study from Aclara Research. Aclara, which specializes in patient and consumer insights within the Cannabis industry, released the preliminary results of its latest study examining patient usage of medical Cannabis and the impact on prescription opioid usage. The study, which was conducted in partnership with a group of pharmacist professionals active within the Cannabis industry, found 67 percent of patients stopped using opioid medications after using medical Cannabis. The study also found that 30 percent of patients stopped using prescription drugs completely after using medical Cannabis.
While Aclara Research said the full study will be released in early 2018, key preliminary findings from the research study include: • Sixty-seven percent of patients stopped using opioid medications after using medical Cannabis. 29 percent reported a decrease in the number of opioid medications after starting medical Cannabis. •Thirty-five percent of respondents stopped using prescription drugs after using medical Cannabis. • Eighty-seven percent of pharmacists participating in the study said Cannabis should be legal for medical usage. Only 15 percent of patients are talking to their pharmacist about medical Cannabis. Instead, more than 40 percent of patients said they obtain information about medical Cannabis from the internet and social media.
Quick Hits! 3.7 89 350,000
Million dollars in tax Cannabis revenue has been collected in Alaska since the first marijuana stores opened in the state.
Marijuana grow operations were shut down in Washington in 2017, according to a new report from Northwest Public Radio.
Michigan residents signed a petition to legalize recreational marijuana in the state; this is 100,000 more than was required to get this initiative on the 2018 ballot.
dec. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
STEVE ELLIOTT is the editor behind tokesignals.com, an independent blog of Cannabis news and opinion.
“WE HAVE NO IDEA WHERE THE [MARIJUANA] ODORS ARE COMING FROM. WHEN THE STAFF ARRIVES IN THE MORNING, THE BUILDING IS JUST FILLED WITH THE ODOR.” — MIKE WONDOLOWSKI, president of the Carpinteria Valley Association, on continuous complaints from school officials that Carpinteria High School in Santa Barbara County, CA constantly smells like weed (potentially from nearby legal Cannabis greenhouses).
Maine GovERNOR Ignores Voters, VETOES POT SALES Republican Governor Paul LePage on Friday ignored voters, vetoing legislation that would have regulated the production and sale of Cannabis to adults in Maine. He appears to have ceded control of Cannabis policy to the feds. Hey Gov, here’s a hit from the clue bong: That won’t go over well with the liberty-minded people of Maine. “The Obama Administration said they would not enforce federal law related to marijuana; however, the Trump administration has not taken that position,” LePage said. “Until I clearly understand how the federal government intends to treat states that seek to legalize marijuana, I cannot in good conscience support any scheme in state law to implement expansion of legal marijuana in Maine.” “There have been serious negative effects of legalization in other states,” LePage said, “effects that should not be repeated in Maine.” GOVERNOR PAUL Black market dealers will LEPAGE VETOED continue to operate unopposed by LEGISLATION THAT WOULD any legal channels, according to bill HAVE REGULATED supporters. In the implementation PRODUCTION AND SALE OF bill, recreational marijuana would CANNABIS have been levied a 10 percent sales IN MAINE tax and a 10 percent excise tax. Along with the taxes would come more than 80 pages of rules on how Cannabis could be grown, processed, packaged, advertised and sold. “LePage has made a mistake by vetoing this legislation,” David Boyer said of the Marijuana Policy Project. “Instead of a regulated and controlled system of marijuana cultivation and sales, Maine will continue to support the unregulated market. In 2014, the governor said he would implement a legalization law if approved by voters, but he has failed to uphold that commitment.”
14/dec. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
Marijuana MIGHT Be Biggest Winner Of 2018 Election More politicians are realizing that marijuana reform is a winning issue. November’s election was a resounding win for Cannabis law reform efforts. And in 2018, with all 435 Congressional seats up for grabs, along with 33 seats in the Senate and 36 governorships, the stakes will be even higher. The newly elected governors in New Jersey and Virginia campaigned on marijuana legalization and decriminalization, respectively. Neither candidate’s opponent support either legalization, or changing current Cannabis policies. Local marijuana ballot measures were approved by voters in Athens, Ohio and Detroit, Michigan. Incoming New Jersey Governor Philip Murphy made marijuana legalization a key part of his platform, even including it in his primary victory speech in June. Murphy wants Cannabis to be legal for adults 21 and older within 100 days of taking office. He’s said he’s ready to sign a legalization bill when it arrives on his desk. “The criminalization of marijuana has only served to clog our courts and cloud people’s futures, so we will legalize marijuana,” Murphy said after he won the
Democratic primary, reports German Lopez at Vox. “And while there are financial benefits, this is overwhelmingly about doing what is right and just.” “Candidates across the country should take notice, as Phil Murphy won the governor’s seat soundly because of, not in spite of, his open and vocal support for legalizing marijuana—a position supported by 65 percent of New Jersey voters and 64 percent of Americans nationwide,” National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML) Executive Director Erik Altieri said of the election. Virginia Governor-elect Ralph Northam championed marijuana decriminalization on the campaign trail, often bringing it up during debates and on social media. Northam often described the issue in racial justice terms during the run up to the election, reports Tom Angell at Forbes. A potential change to Democratic control of the state’s House of Delegates could help the new governor move Cannabis legislation when he takes office. “Following our big wins at the ballot box in 2016, last night’s results show that marijuana reform only continues to gain momentum,” FOLLOWING Sam Tracy said, Marijuana Majority board member. “Next OUR BIG WINS AT year, multiple states will be voting on whether to legalize THE BALLOT BOX marijuana for medical or adult use, and candidates in IN 2016, LAST NIGHT’S RESULTS races for state and federal office will be asked about these SHOW THAT issues, so they’d do well to come up with good answers,” MARIJUANA ONLY Tracy said. “As the public becomes even more supportive REFORM CONTINUES TO of legalization, we expect these victories to continue.” GAIN MOMENTUM
dec. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
By MATTHEW MEYERS for OREGON LEAF
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY IN THE AGE OF CANNABIS
O WILL GORILLA GLUE VS. GG STRAINS CHANGE INDUSTRY INFRINGEMENT?
S I T U AT I O N
hio-based Gorilla Glue and GG strains of Nevada have finally settled an intellectual property lawsuit over their Gorilla Glue #4, which must now be called GG4 or simply Original Glue. Critically, the settlement agreement does not call for GG strains to pay any damages to Gorilla Glue. But it must pay for the cost of its own rebranding. The estimate for such effors total close to $250,000 but at least that money goes to people within the industry and not paid out in a settlement and leaving GG strains and partners out of a job. If Cannabis is going to be accepted into the status quo, we need to make sure that as an industry we’re finding original ways of marketing products.Cannabis is supposed to boost your creativity. We are seeing more strains than ever entering the marketplace, sometimes too many to warrant fully stable genetics. It’s not uncommon to come across plays on already popular brand names such as Girl Scout Cookies, Zkittles, Gorilla Glue, Candyland, Dr. Who. The list goes on. It was never considered that companies could face legal repercussions for infringing on an existing brand name and identity because everything was illegal to start with. But in this wonderful and complicated age of legalization, we have websites advertising these strains potentially diverting traffic away from the existing brand’s page, among other marketing activities. I still believe we need more creative and original branding in this industry. No Cannabis business should count on being able to use the marks of an established brand in any industry. There are professional branding specialists waiting to help you create the best brand without any infringement on previous brands. The mainstreaming of Cannabis is a double-edged sword. Each time we force a strain name change, through a settlement or through a banned name, the burden falls on the consumers, who are already overwhelmed looking for which strains are right for them. They’re forced to decode acronyms and the subtle name changes, adding to the chaos at the cash register.
16/dec. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF Gorilla Glue settled for no damages, but forced a name change
Are there protections for Cannabis brands?
What protections are there for Cannabis brands from
being copied by non-industry companies? Is the law Yes, there are multiple ways that a Canbalanced here for Cannabis vs. non-Cannabis brands? nabis business can collect enforceable IP Trademark enforcement (i.e. stopping somerights for its brand. Trademarks include one else from using your trademark) hinges names, logos, designs, slogans and other on the legal standard “likelihood of consumer identifiers that distinguish one business’ confusion.” goods or services from another business’ This standard requires evaluating multiple goods or services. Attorney Sean Clancy factors with special emphasis on the similarity of Trademark rights are tied to use in comEmerge Law Group the marks, the relationship between the goods merce with specific goods or services (e.g. Port land or services offered under the marks, whethLeafly for a Cannabis information website er the mark is “famous,” consumers’ degree of care, and app; Electric Lettuce for retail Cannabis services; likelihood of product expansion, similarity of trade and Squib for Cannabis-infused candy). advertising channels and other circumstances. Trademark rights are enforceable as a result of state Trademark is already a murky area of law for convencommon law, state registrations and under federal law tional industries because trademark rights vary widely but the enforceability of these rights varies widely dedepending upon those factors and facts of each case. pending upon the goods or services and exactly how the In the Cannabis industry, it’s even murkier because trademark is used. there is basically no case law. Common law trademark rights start when a trademark We have the conventional trademark rules is first used in commerce with specific goods or services, that lay out those likelihood of confusion without the need for any registration. factors so, theoretically, if a recreational Common law rights are limited to the territory and Cannabis retailer had a distinctive brand scope of use. If a Cannabis business is legal in a state, with good name recognition and established common law trademark principles should apply for trademark rights within its territory through Cannabis brands in that state. But it is a big pain to evidence of use and/or registrations, that confidently prove common law trademark territory, scope Cannabis retailer should have a good case and seniority date based solely on cobbled together eviunder the likelihood of confusion factors to dence like sales records and marketing budgets. For that prevent, say, a wine retailer from using the reason, state trademark registrations are recommended same name in the same territory. to help cement trademark rights. However, different states vary on the scope of regisCan you at least protect your IP from other tration rights and whether they grant registrations or not Cannabis brands? Yes. These cases are easier for Cannabis businesses. Washington and Oregon do because the likelihood of confusion factors grant Cannabis registrations, for example, but California can be more obviously satisfied within the still does not. Federal trademark registrations entail the same industry. And we are already seeing strongest, broadest rights but the United States Patent Cannabis brand disputes. If one business and Trademark Office will refuse to register a trademark is first using a name within a state and has for goods or services that violate the federal Controlled trademark registrations for the name, a later Substances Act. business using the same name, or a confusThat said, businesses that sell Cannabis can still apply ingly similar name in the same state, selling the same for ancillary goods or services that are legal in interstate things would be infringing and could likely be stopped. commerce (e.g. certain types of information services, merchandise, smoking-related accessories, web sites What advice can you offer Cannabis entrepreneurs who want to etc.) with varying success. avoid putting their brand at legal risk? Separately, copyright law covers original works of Before committing to a brand, perform some level of creative authorship fixed in a tangible medium of trademark clearance research (the more the better) to expression. In terms of “branding” this could include, determine what brands exist out there that might be the for example, design materials, pictures, websites and same or similar, especially within the same industry and photographs. Copyright offers protection from certain geographic area. No matter how cool or original you types of copying under federal law regardless of whether think your brand is, if another brand is similar, touches the copyrightable works relate to Cannabis. So, copying similar goods or services or if it’s someone else’s famous someone else’s photo of a Cannabis flower is still copybrand, you should take a hard look at the risk of putting right infringement under federal law, even though the your entire business behind it. flower itself might be illegal under federal law.
A trademark lawyer like me can save enormous hassle and headache by helping with the branding process and advising about the risks beforehand. Aside from nailing down various Intellectual Property rights, much of what I do involves assessing risks so people can make informed decisions and hopefully avoid expensive problems later. Preventative brand protection is not every business’ main priority when they have state and local licenses, building permits, real estate, employees, investors, buyers, harvesting, processing and a million other things to focus on. Being forced to alter your brand name after building a business around it can be incredibly disruptive later on. The brand is the thing that people use to find you; even if you aren’t forced to pay money damages in a trademark lawsuit, losses and costs involved with reinventing your brand can be dire. A little time and care upfront can save a huge headache later.
WOULD CANNABIS CONSUMERS AND ADHESIVE CONSUMERS REALLY HAVE BEEN CONFUSED?
YOU SHOULD TAKE A HARD LOOK AT THE RISK OF PUTTING YOUR ENTIRE BUSINESS BEHIND IT. The Drug Enforcement Agency can point to more than a few examples in their stash where Cannabis brands appear to infringe on mainstream brands.
Is there any upcoming legislation on this?
California has followed the federal policy of refusing to register trademarks for goods and services that violate the Federal Controlled Substances Act, including Cannabis-touching goods and services. Assembly Bill 64 would have changed that, but as far as I know, it stalled out in a legislative committee. I have heard rumblings that California will allow some state trademarks related to Cannabis as its recreational licensing system comes online, but have not seen these confirmed. What is your opinion on GG strains’ case?
The Cannabis company probably made a smart business decision to suck it up, change the name, and settle the case before it got too expensive. But if you really walk through the trademark infringement legal standard and the likelihood of consumer confusion factors (similarity of goods, similarity of marketing channels, product line expansion, etc.) I think the Cannabis company had a decent shot at defending itself from the adhesive company. Would Cannabis consumers and adhesive consumers really have been confused? Personally, I kind of doubt it but they never tried the case so we’ll never know how it would have come out. Given the settlement outcome and similar outcomes with the Stash Tea cases, for example, I would not be surprised if more non-Cannabis companies try to stop Cannabis companies from using similar brand names. No one wants to be the next test case but I would love to see a Cannabis company stand up for themselves and win. That said, my top advice is still to engage in trademark clearance upfront, take care in selecting your brand and avoid conflicts with existing brands before they start.
Matthew Meyers is a Cannabis journalist, activist and frequent contributor to Oregon Leaf, based in Hood River.
dec. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
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Each month, the Oregon Leaf crew meets to select one special budtender that stands out above the rest! Tell us who you think should be the next Oregon Leaf Budtender of the Month and why they deserve it!
I tell them to trust their nose and not to give too much weight to THC numbers.
FIRST CANNABIS EXPERIENCE? I first experienced Cannabis right before I moved to Portland from Seattle in 2003. I was hanging with my sister’s boyfriend at their apartment when I found his Sherlock bubbler in their kitchen cabinet. My curiosity got the best of me, and I asked him what it was and what it was used for. He preceded to initiate me into the Cannabis experience, showing me his stash and how to load a bowl and smoke it. We started playing Need for Speed and I couldn’t stop laughing!
HOW DO YOU HELP CUSTOMERS FIND THE BEST CANNABIS OR PRODUCTS FOR THEM? Customers usually have a list of what they want or don’t want out of Cannabis. My first question is: “What has worked for you in the past?” If they said a strain I’ve heard of, I’ll show them similar strains. Often times I find that they aren’t really aware of what they’ve smoked before, so then I ask what they want to do while they’re consuming. This helps me to better understand what sort of effect they’re looking for with their purchase. Typically, I like to give someone at least three options to check out. I tell them to trust their nose when picking and not to give too much weight to THC numbers.
HOW LONG HAVE YOU BEEN PART OF THE CANNABIS INDUSTRY AND WHAT IS YOUR FAVORITE ASPECT OF THE JOB? I’ve been a budtender for about two and a half years and my entire career has been with Natural Wonders. I’ve been with the store since it opened. My favorite part about being a budtender is getting to meet all sorts of people from all over the world and showing them some of the best Cannabis Oregon has to offer. I always try to make someone’s first experience a memorable and special one.
HOW DO YOU FEEL ABOUT THE CURRENT TESTING REQUIREMENTS BY THE OLCC? DO YOU PUT MUCH FAITH IN THC OR CBD PERCENTAGES TO CONVEY A STRAIN’S EFFECTS?
HOW DO YOU LIKE TO CONSUME CANNABIS? I’m a fan of a good old-fashioned bong rip. My method is simple: grind the bud correctly, pack the bowl and get a perfect snapper! My piece is nothing fancy, but it suits my needs perfectly, and I’d like to shout-out our local glass shop Mellow Mood for hooking it up. I’m religiously methodical about keeping it clean, too—water gets changed every day, and clean the whole thing once per week. I recommend doing this if you’re using a bong.
WHAT ARE SOME OF YOUR FAVORITE CANNABIS STRAINS AND EFFECTS? I really enjoy strains derived from or crossed with Girl Scout Cookies, take for example Scooby Snacks and Sunset Sherbet. These are two of the strains I can’t get enough of, especially when it comes to terpene profile. I want buds that look so good that you don’t want to break them up for my head stash. I favor indica-leaning hybrids, strains that produce a nice body high, but not too stoney—being functional is important to me. My favorite terpene is probably myrcene because I enjoy NATURAL WONDERS skunky musky smells NaturalWondersPDX.com (503) 928-1228 and relaxing effects.
20/dec. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
budtender of the month
If you’re on the dispensary “tour” of Portland, Natural Wonders has to be on the list. This unique shop is one of the most thoroughly curated places to buy high-end Cannabis in the city. Sitting right off the corner of Cesar Chavez and Hawthorne, Natural Wonders occupies an iconic place in Portland’s Cannabis history, just a block away from where Jack Herer’s Third Eye Shoppe once stood. Natural Wonders has some of the best budtenders and David has been with them since the beginning. He is someone you can imagine hanging out with and having fun. He’s an easy going guy, but beyond that casual persona is one of the most knowledgeable Cannabis industry professionals we have met yet.
I think the testing situation we’ve got going in Oregon is one of the best in the country. Since our testing requirements are more strict than other states, I do feel like our Cannabis is a bit “safer” than other places. That’s especially true for the pesticide screening. We want clean medicine. That said, since all the Cannabis in our shop isn’t tested at the same lab we can’t use the numbers listed to really “rank” the Cannabis at Natural Wonders. We try and convey strain effects based off lineage and how strains have personally affected us.
WHAT MAKES NATURAL WONDERS’ APPROACH TO CUSTOMER SERVICE DIFFERENT? We pride ourselves in only carrying sustainably grown Cannabis. With so many companies out there, we take the time to only sell products we would buy personally. At the same time, we also try and carry some of the most elite and exclusive strains in Oregon. Education is important for us, so we hold monthly vendor seminars for our budtenders to learn more about products we carry. We are always learning and teaching each other about our experiences with Cannabis because everyone’s experience might different. We always give each person or group a one-on-one budtender experience.
Thepacerstacktrain@gmail.com Instagram: @ThePacerStackTrain
By SIMONE FISCHER | PHOTO by @BERMANPHOTOS
JASON JAMES has severe osteoarthritis in his shoulders,
which worsened after playing football in high school. Osteoarthritis alone ought to be enough to persuade someone to use Cannabis for pain management, but James’ first encounter with Cannabis was not out of pain or curiosity but grief. James was devastated by the sudden loss of both of his grandparents. He was raised by them and the upheaval threw him into a spiral of depression. “I didn’t smoke before I was 21. I was a late bloomer in that regard. I was raised by my grandparents and lost them both within a month of each other,” he said. “My grandmother died of cancer and my grandpa died of a broken heart a month later. I was always a straight edge kid and I didn’t partake because they raised me old fashioned. After all, they were from the prohibition era.” James’ friends at the time wanted to pull him out of his depression, so they suggested he try Cannabis for the first time. “My friends were tired of me being in bad shape. I was a jerk sometimes and I was always upset or defensive. Grief is incredibly strong, but my friends had enough. They loaded a bowl and told me to ‘just hit this mini aluminum bat.’ It was the first thing I ever smoked out of,” James said. “I don’t remember feeling anything at first, but once we got to our destination, I was laughing for no reason. For the first time since my grandparents died, I was smiling again. I was really lucky because I had access to high quality Cannabis at the time. A beautiful friendship was born at that point.” After James experienced a few hours of relief, he decided to look deeper into the healing potential of Cannabis. James became a regular Cannabis user and moved to California, where he applied for his first medical marijuana card. He made the pilgrimage to Oregon and became an Oregon Medical Marijuana Program patient to treat his osteoarthritis in 2011.
“When I find something that works that quickly, I tend to immerse myself in it. Cannabis started me on a path of healing. My friends were just getting high to get high, but I knew there was more to it,” he said. “Grief doesn’t go away until you deal with it. Using Cannabis during the process of grieving was like a loved one holding your hand. My cortisol levels went down. Life was brighter.” Cannabis doesn’t make the grieving or healing process any easier, but it gave James’ body and mind peace through the journey of emotional work. “I lost my wife in 2005, ten years after my grandparents died. I’ve been a single, full-time Dad for the last 14 years. If it wasn’t for Cannabis throughout the process of child rearing, my child would not have turned out as well as she did,” James said. “If I didn’t have a positive daily coping tool to deal with the constant issues of healing, I don’t know how I would’ve done it. My daughter is a straight-A student; she’s involved in school and incredibly independent. I feel like I’ve done a good job raising her and I’m attributing my success in part to Cannabis.”
Balance through outreach “Cannabis creates mental and physical homeostasis. It’s important to find the right cannabinoids and strains that work the best for you. If you are well balanced, your cortisol levels go down, and during that short time your fight-or-flight response goes away too. This helps you think clearly and prioritize how you’re going heal yourself,” James said. Not only did James have to get his mind right after the loss of his wife, he also had to parent and comfort his child throughout the ordeal. Some may wonder how he approaches the topic of Cannabis with his daughter. “The best way to frame a conversation is to lead by example. If you show your kids you work hard, you
Overcoming pain through Cannabis inspired him to educate young and old about the plant’s numerous benefits. 22/dec. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
are clean and still you use Cannabis, their image on the topic completely changes. All of a sudden, it is now a medicine—it’s a homeopathic healing tool,” James said. “It’s a good thing in the appropriate situations. The problem with hiding your Cannabis consumption from your kids, is almost every moment is a teachable moment. It is up to the parents to teach during those moments. If you continue to teach and educate, your child will have a respect for the topic. Why lie to your children?” Open lines of communication are vital to effective parenting. If parents aren’t having the conversation on Cannabis with their children, somebody else will. Cannabis is legal and James treats it like medicine. “Kids notice everything, they see it all and they hear it all. As my daughter got older, my Cannabis
PARENTS ARE WORRIED THEY ARE GOING TO SCREW IT UP, BUT IT LAYS THE GROUNDWORK FOR A LARGER COMMUNICATION TRACK WITH YOUR KIDS.
consumption got too difficult to hide,” James said. “When the anxiety around hiding it became more stressful because of my Cannabis use, I had to educate her. I have a little curriculum from a Cannabis class I taught, so I gave her a history of Cannabis on where it came from and prohibition.” James is an active member of the Cannabis community and currently works to educate seniors on the benefits of Cannabis. He works closely with geriatric patients, with their doctor’s support and approval. James teaches a 90-day curriculum and does not believe his work should be hidden from his daughter. “Having conversations about Cannabis opened more lines of communication between my daughter and I. Don’t lie to your kids. I told her Cannabis is for adults and children with serious illness.”
KIDS NOTICE EVERYTHING, THEY SEE IT ALL AND THEY HEAR IT ALL. AS MY DAUGHTER GOT OLDER, MY CANNABIS CONSUMPTION GOT TOO DIFFICULT TO HIDE.
James uses Cannabis for wellness to manage his arthritic joints. He experiences regular chronic pain from severe osteoarthritis in his right shoulder. For those with similar issues, he advised beginning “a regiment of Cannabis topical treatment on the affected area every four to six hours. I recommend 1:1 or 2:1 CBD to THC. I always use THC with CBD because they need each other to work the best. THC and CBD are symbiotic, it’s important people don’t dismiss THC, because it’s like combination therapy.” Topicals are the unsung hero in most Cannabis toolboxes. James applied Cannabis topicals directly to the surface of pain on his shoulder. Transdermal skin patches work too, preferably 1:1. He also recommends ingesting Cannabis when the pain becomes more intense. “When things get really painful, I use a transdermal patch, an edible and get plenty of rest and sleep. I use a multi-pronged approach depending on how I feel. And it’s not just an approach to healing, but also an approach to wellness as a whole. Anything you can do physically for your body is going to help, whether it’s yoga or free weights,” James said. Kaleafa has multiple stores around Portland, and James said he has always loved the service and knowledge the budtenders provide. When it comes to concentrates, James recommends Portland Extracts. He believes they are affordable without sacrificing quality. “I would also recommend an 1:1 extract. THC helps reduce the pain, and CBD for inflammation. I dab every four to six hours for my shoulder, either solventless or butane hash oil (BHO) preferably,” James said. “Flower consumption is important. You get a full cannabinoid and terpene profile. I find that the terpene limonene really helps with anxiety, so I look for flower and concentrates with higher levels of it. Flower and extracts provide a natural combination of therapy.” James said he has lost more than 120 pounds since using strains high in THC-V, an appetite suppressing cannabinoid. He is a walking, living and breathing example of how Cannabis can positively impact a life. “Just because you’re enjoying yourself, doesn’t mean the Cannabis isn’t working. I know that goes against most things we know, but Cannabis makes me feel really good and it is not terrible for me,” James said. “If you feel better, great! Thank God, because that’s the idea. Feeling good is beneficial. It’s OK to enjoy yourself and be healthy at the same time.”
dec. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
By PACER STACKTRAIN for OREGON LEAF
Column #. 29
Highlighting amazing Cannabis pioneers who helped pave the way to greater herbal acceptance.
SETH ROGEN the perpetually smirking canadian has made a career out of playing hardworking stoners we love
Seth Rogen’s “stoner comedian” persona is legendary. Seth Rogen is the reason Cannabis is legal in 29 states. Bear with me, and I’ll explain why this 30–something comedian from Vancouver, B.C. is the greatest force for the normalization of Cannabis in our lifetime. Rogen relocated to the United States in his early twenties to pursue a career in Hollywood and lived in Portland for a short time. He landed a supporting role on Freaks and Geeks just prior to the show being cancelled and started writing, a talent that would serve him well throughout his career, for Da Ali G Show on HBO. He made his first appearance on film with a minor role in Donnie Darko. His breakthrough role in film came in Judd Apatow’s debut film The 40-Year-Old Virgin, then Knocked Up and Funny People. In each of these films, the audience gets the feeling that Rogen is playing versions of himself, that’s part of what makes this actor so endearing and what makes him such a strong force as a Cannabis advocate. It was around this time that Rogen met Evan Goldberg, who he would team up with to write some modern Cannabis film classics such as Superbad, Pineapple Express and This is the End. In each of his films Rogen’s characters have Cannabis in common, and while many of his characters are your typical lovable teenage or 20-something stoner, Rogen and his partners make an effort to demonstrate that, while Cannabis is a good time, it’s ultimately not dangerous. Watch any interview with him and you’ll find that the actor and filmmaker talks about his Cannabis use casually and without a hint of shame. In fact, I get the feeling that we’ll look back on these interviews and this period of time as the beginning of the shift toward normalization. On a recent episode of the now defunct Any Given Wednesday show on HBO, Rogen described one of his first experiences with herb to host Bill Simmons. “In high school, there was a place run out of a guy’s basement that was an all-you-can-eat weed buffet. And you would pay $10 and there was the weirdest collection of people there. I remember the first time I smoked weed was like with a 65-year-old person. You would pay and they’d put out nachos, pizza, tacos made with weed. It was amazing,” Rogen said. In 2014, when asked about how he would like to be perceived as a Cannabis user, Rogen told Rolling Stone “I consider myself more of a pothead than a stoner. A pothead has the connotation of being someone who just smokes a lot of pot and has stopped thinking about it.” Rogen added, “For the first few years that people smoke weed, they’re always trying to classify it and qualify it, ‘Is this bad weed, is this
ROGEN’S HONESTY AND WILLINGNESS TO NOT BE ASHAMED IN PUBLIC ABOUT HIS PERSONAL USE IS SOMETHING THAT IS NEEDED FROM MORE INDIVIDUALS.
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good weed, what is it doing?’ Eventually, it just is what it is, and I’ve been there for, like, 10 years. It’s so stupid, but I don’t think about it anymore.” Rogen is an activist and a member of the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws, where he’s advocated for legalization nationwide. In a 2009 interview for Playboy, he lamented the hypocrisy of prohibition. “When I first came to LA, I got caught smoking weed on a beach in Malibu and had to go to court. It was the craziest thing ever. I was thinking, ‘We’re in Los Angeles. There are probably 400 people getting murdered at this second, and these two cops are taking an hour to write up my court summons for smoking a joint on the beach.’ That just seemed so fucking ridiculous to me.” Is Seth Rogen the reason the veil of Cannabis misinformation and prohibition is being lifted? Perhaps, though one thing is for sure: Rogen’s honesty and willingness to not be ashamed in public about his personal use is something that is needed from more individuals. Whether it was intentional or not, through Rogen and Goldberg’s characters: America started to see Cannabis as the innocuous, fun and often funny part of society that’s been marginalized for too long.
Thepacerstacktrain@gmail.com Instagram: @ThePacerStackTrain
REVIEW by WILL FERGUSON @710DENCIES | PHOTOS by @BERMANPHOTOS
breeze botanicals The entire front portion of the location serves as a medicinal herb shop...
B R E E Z E B O T AN I C A L S
1526 Siskiyou Blvd, Ashland Mon.-Sat. 9a-8p Sun. 11a-7p BreezeBotanicals.com (541) 708-6446
Strains 5/5 BREEZE BOTANICALS had a variety of
strains when we visited. Most varieties were sungrown, including some from the dispensary’s vertically integrated farm, Sunna Ra Acres. Eighths were priced from $32 to $40 depending on the farm and cultivation method. Sample jars were available to check out and smell each strain before making a purchase.
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Edibles 4/5 EDIBLES were well stocked during
our visit here. Fruit leather, cracker crisps and squibs were available from companies such as Ganja Squared, Lunchbox Alchemy and Laurie & Mary Jane’s. Gaia, Grön and Peak Extracts had a variety of strain-specific chocolate bars. Prices were from $7 to $50 for edibles in a range of dosages.
Concentrates 4/5 THE EXTRACTS SELECTION was rather impressive, with shatter, live resin, crumble and a variety of cartridges all stocked when we dropped in. Vendors such as Drop Science, NW Kind, Select and Willamette Valley Alchemy all had products stocked. Prices ranged from $25 a half gram to $76 for a full gram.
Sun God Medicinals is the in-house holistic plant
farm and processing center that constructs many of the herbal blends offered. Many of the medicinal plants grow alongside Cannabis in Breeze Botanicals vertically integrated Tier 1 garden, Sunna Ra Acres. This particular blend was comprised of skull caps, milky oat tops and passionflowersâ€”all of which THE SCORE promote calming, anti-anxiety relief. This blend of tincture is ta s te infused with THC-rich Cannabis va l ue which produces a psychoactive, l a be l yet calming effect that is helpful e ffe ct for combatting chronic anxiety. tota l 17/20 I would suggest first-time users start with a dropper full of tincture under the tongue, and wait an hour or two for the effects to kick in. Keep an eye out for more Sun God Medicinals products to hit shelves around the state of Oregon. ($44 per bottle)
Environment 4/5 THE VIBE at Breeze Botanicals was
very calming and relaxing. The entire front portion of the location serves as a medicinal herb shop in which patients and consumers can pair holistic herbs with Cannabis. Back in the spacious medicine room, numerous customers can be helped at once, so there is almost never a wait.
Overall 17/20 Breeze Botanicals boasts friendly and knowledgeable staff paired with a love for Cannabis and holistic medicine. Each budtender is well versed and can easily recommend strains for specific ailments. dec. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
Meet Oregon’s Regulated Cannabis Industry Visit GoLegalOregon.com to watch a new video series highlighting why members of Oregon’s cannabis industry support a regulated marketplace
REVIEW by WILL FERGUSON @710DENCIES | PHOTOS by @BERMANPHOTOS
WESTERN OREGON DISPENSARY The staff is friendly and patient and never made me feel rushed during my visit.
WESTERN OREGON DISPENSARY
1013 N Springbrook Rd, Newberg Open 10am-8pm daily WesternOregonDispensary.com (503) 487-6679
Strains 5/5 WESTERN OREGON DISPENSARY had
an impressive variety of quality strains. Licensed producers such as Fidus Family Farms, Certified PDX and Truly Oreganic, as well as strains like Sour Diesel, Ghost OG, Tangieland, Golden Pineapple and Bubble Gum line the well-lit display shelves. Prices ranged from $7 to $16.50 per gram.
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Edibles 4/5 THE SHOP carries an excellent selection of edible products. Elbeâ€™s, Wana, Wild Urban and Smokiez were a few of the companies represented across the shelves. Cake balls, gummies, hot sauce and lemon cookies were just a few of the products on display. Compared to Portland, edibles here were significantly less expensive.
Concentrates 4/5 SELECT STRAINS, Dirty Arm Farm,
Lunchbox Alchemy and Karma Originals are just a few licensed processors that can be found in the concentrate case at Western Oregon Dispensary. Rosin, PHO, Crumble and Live Resin were a few of the different consistencies offered. Prices range from $24 to $82 per gram, depending on yield and quality.
GOLDEN PINEAPPLE FLOWER
GOLDEN PINEAPPLE SHATTER
This Golden Pineapple has the classic like structure, complimented by THC foxtail the pineapple, lime, citrus funk nose that 0.49% wafts out of the jar. The buds are on the side as they could easily be broken CBD dry down by hand. Notes of melon, pineapple Jupiter and grapefruit permeated the room as I Analytics ground up some THE SCORE flower for joints. Flavors of melon and citrus funk are a r o ma dominant on the inhale as den si t y the exhale is all pineapple. cure The high is uplifting and lo o ks creative making this a great f lavo r day time option for those needing a little boost during ef f ec t the work day. ($12/g) t ota l 23/30
Processed by Hood Oil Grown by Lucky Lion
Hood Oil is the sister company to Dab Society
Extracts and focuses on economically priced extracts that are still clean and potent. This Golden Pineapple shatter was a little dark in 0.30% color, which had me hesitant at first, however there was a nice and EVIO THE SCORE mild pineapple taste Labs present when dabbed tas t e at a low temperature. This extract val ue is free of chemical fertilizers or l ab el pesticides making for a great ef f ect option for those not wanting to break the bank.($30/g) t otal 15/20
Michelle Albrecht of Newberg said she comes to the dispensary frequently and on this visit picked up Cannatonic flower to help with muscle spasms. At left is friend David Gray.
Environment 5/5 THE WAITING and medicine rooms are
spacious, and each display case is clear and well lit. The staff is friendly and patient and never made me feel rushed during my visit. The large parking lot caters to morning and evening rushes to accommodate the volume of consumers who stop by on their way to and from work.
Overall 18/20 A great option for everything from tinctures to salves to concentrates and flower. The original location continues to serve as a medical only dispensary in Sherwood and itâ€™s clear that focus has translated to the Newberg shop as well. dec. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
EST ʼS FIN AL P AT I O N R C E R CAL & MEDI ABIS CANN AND ORTL
HOURS: SUNDAY 11AM-7PM MON. TUES. 10AM-9PM WED. - SAT. 10AM-10PM
420 NE. 60TH AVE. POR TL AND OR, 97213
( 5 0 3 ) 9 57 - 7 8 3 2
DO NOT OPERATE A VEHICLE OR MACHINERY UNDER THE INFLUECE OF MARIJUANA KEEP MARIJUANA OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN
JOIN THE FIGHT! FIGHT! THE OREGON RETAILERS OF CANNABIS ASSOCIATION Advocacy • Lobbying • Policy Updates Regulatory Help • Wholesale Reports and much more! BECOME A MEMBER TODAY
By WILL FERGUSON
@710DENCIES | PHOTO by @BERMANPHOTOS
NELSON & COMPANY ORGANICS
36/Dec. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
osher Kush, grown by Nelson & Company, is a rare strain that dates back to earlier days in California. This strain has been passed around Southern California by a select group of individuals that have held the genetics close. The crew at Nelson & Company grew this cut to perfection, each bud was manicured beautifully and had a pungent sour funk to it. Each hit was smooth, slightly expansive and super tasty as each hit burned to white ash. The remaining moisture content is perfect as the joints burned slowly and evenly without being undercured. This strain is a great option for those looking to relieve symptoms of insomnia, chronic pain, anxiety and stimulate appetite as Kosher Kush has a wide variety of medicinal benefits. The presence of the terpene caryophyllene can help relieve nausea and other stomach issues.
STRAIN OF THE MONTH
THIS STRAIN IS A GREAT OPTION FOR THOSE LOOKING TO RELIEVE INSOMNIA, CHRONIC PAIN, ANXIETY AND STIMULATE APPETITE
DABS TO THE MOON AND BACK
S H AT T E R Our crafting process delivers unrivaled smoothness, potency and effect. Experience The Difference. www.goldmoonconcentrates.com
Not your typical topical. 12 medicinal herbs formulated to relieve pain and inflammation, enhanced with CO2 extracted cannabis oil.
HANDCRAFTED IN PORTLAND, ENJOYED BY OREGON. DO NOT EAT. Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the influence of this drug. For use only by adults twenty-one years of age and older. Keep out of reach of children.
PEAKEXTRACTS.COM A woman-owned cannabis company.
Highliday Gift Guide
Reviews by Oregon Leaf staff Art by Kelly Bjork
40/dec. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
YOUR TWO LOCATIONS IN OREGON!
TALENT 630 S PACIFIC HWY TALENT, OR 541-897-4577
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COME TO THE ONLY OMMP CLINIC ESTABLISHED & RESPECTED SINCE 2001 IF YOU HAVE:
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WE CAN HELP YOU FIND RELIEF
YOUR MEDICINE -TAX FREE! www.SouthernOregonAlternativeMedicine.com
1. Safer Shirts
Spread the truth about Cannabis and help send shirts around the world. SaferShirts.org
2. Bong Bombs Bong bombs use a combination of carbonization and an infusion of essential oils to ease the harshness of smoking and were first used by their creator to help alleviate his asthma. Available in 10 packs for only $4 each. Bongbombs.life
3. Canna Coasters Cute and vibrant patterns add a fun theme to any coffee table! $5 from Etsy seller MessyJessyBags
4. Twisty Glass Mini Offering style and function, pack this glass blunt and slowly twist the flower through. 7Pipe.com
5. Eco Firma Pachecos Premium blended handcrafted smokes made with sustainably grown flower from Eco Firma Farms. One-pack ($8), three ($20), and five ($30), at dispensaries across Oregon. EcoFirmaFarms.com
6. Sweet Cannabis Toko Pen
Ideal for chronnoisseurs, the oil is Co2 extracted and formulated with live terpenes and source material grown without pesticides. Pen and .5g cartridge combo ($50). SweetCannabis.com
7. Pax Era The latest offering from the veteran vapers at Pax boasts bluetooth connectivity to a Pax App so you can control temps down to the digit. We dig the new “pod” cartridge system, ultra portable design and affordable $20 price tag, (.5g cartridge pods $40-$60 at local shops). PaxVapor.com
8. J-Red Glass Diamond Knot Cap-less design features multiple chambers that increase the overall surface area inside the quartz. When heated, the oil runs through the chambers and is vaporized thoroughly, minimizing residual oil and maximizing the effects. $120 Standard, $230 E-Knot JRedGlass.com
9. Empower CBD Salts Luxurious blend of Epsom, Pink Himalayan and ethically-sourced Dead Sea salts with essential oils and organic hemp offers relief from pain & stress. $12/4oz or $30/16oz. EmpowerWhiteLabel.com
10. Cannabis Stockings
Available in a variety of designs, grab one and load it up. $30 from Etsy seller MessyJessyBags
11. Seattle Nightlight Never stub your toe on the way to munchies again. $17. AlchemyCrafts.com
12. Aurora Pen Sleek, variable voltage dab pen with atomizer options like dual quartz rods. $70. DrDabber.com
13. Growler Stash Pouch
Large capacity and super soft with a durable zipper and four pockets. $48. Etsy/MessyJessyBags
14. True Terpenes Blue Dream Give the taste and flavor of a strain to someone and enjoy food-grade terps. $30 Buy-Terpenes.com
15. Tight Pac Cases These waterproof precision molded containers form a scent-proof vacuum seal. TightPac.com
16. CVault Curing and Storage Container Available in varying sizes for personal or commercial use from $18 to $135. CVaultStorage.com
17. Home Drug Test Put this kit in their stocking, let them know how concerned you are about their Cannabis use and remind them it’s still federally illegal. Available at most drug stores for $6- $10. Amazon.com
There’s no more stylish way to travel with Cannabis than with this Ballistic-Nylon Travel Case containing quarter- or half-oz. glass containers, modular storage & airtight zipper. Cannador.com
19. Nirvana Pipes These Gandalf-style toke tools make an affordable gift for any pipe smoker. $15-25. Amazon.com
20. Newport Torch The Newport name is no stranger to hash oil enthusiasts. With a lifetime warranty, this adjustable and lockable torch is all you could ever need. Find them at cigar shops. $45. NewportButane.com
21. Blacklight Dabber This elegant dab tool dazzles with free floating pink dust and cool shapes. $30 @DollhouseGlass
22. Pot Leaf Socks Show off your Cannabis style and stay cozy this winter with some pot socks. $10. Amazon.com
23. Raw King Size Slim Papers with Tips Chemical and flavor-free, these papers burn cleanly and seal up nice and tight. $2-$5/pack of 32.
42/dec. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
Highliday Gift Guide
6 11 8 7 9 10 Photo by @bermanphotos
Fresh Flower, Distillates, and Pre-rolls out now. @FarOutFarmsOregon
Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the influence of this drug. For use only by adults twenty-one years of age and older. keep out of reach of children.
By LAURIE WOLF | PHOTOS by BRUCE WOLF
THIS IS THE TIME OF YEAR TO BAKE AND GET BAKED. TO MELT AND MELLOW OUT. THESE SIMPLE RECIPES ARE FESTIVE AND FABULOUS. THE DIPPERS AND CRUNCHIES MAKE AWESOME GIFTS FOR THE 21+ CROWD. HAPPY HIGHLIDAYS FROM THE KITCHEN OF LAURIE & MARYJANE!
3 cups quick cook oatmeal 1/2 cup dried cranberries 1 cup shredded coconut 2 cups white sugar 1/2 cup butter 2 tablespoons canna-butter 1/2 cup milk 1/3 cup cocoa
e bin nd m o sa lc ow berrie of b rge ran ons a la eal, c lespo n I e 1. oatm o tab bin m o the but tw nut. n c naall coco epa r, can a c u e e o til a th a s r, butt d coc tly un at n I 2. suga ilk an equen th. He ing the ter, m Stir fr moo stirr , but der. re is s nutes i w u t o m x p mi to r2 the tly fo y. ure s and t x i l n e ge stant ot m erri e h cranb mix. e con h t ll to lac dd al 3. A oatme. Stir wespoon ppaper d the onut able wax l an . s t coc ng a ies on to coo inute i k t s m U coo men 30 ng the arch bout maini ies, a p or den, the re cook here. har inkle on the to ad Spr onut gently ies coc ssing ook c 4 pre s2
NO-BAKE CANNABIS CRUNCHIES 46/dec. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
2 cups Greek non-fat vanilla yogurt 4 teaspoons canna-coconut oil 10 oz. frozen raspberries or 2 cups fresh 1-2 tablespoons honey, as desired 1/3 cup semi-sweet chocolate chips
Place the yogurt in a strainer on top of a bowl and let sit in the fridge for at least two hours or overnight.
2. Puree the raspberries in a food
processor, adding a bit of honey as desired for some extra sweetness.
Serves four elves
RED RASPBERRY FOOL
3. Remove the yogurt from the fridge;
discard the liquid and place in a bowl. Stir in the oil. Whisk to fluff.
4. With a spatula, fold raspberry puree
and the chocolate chips into the infused yogurt. Spoon into bowls and serve.
Lay pretzels on wax paper and place your decorations on flat plates.
2. In microwave safe
bowls, melt the chocolate chips on medium power for 1-3 minutes. Stir the canna-butter into bowls, four teaspoons per bowl. Check after 30 seconds.
3. Dip pretzel rods in the
melted infused chocolate and roll in the decorations. Lay the pretzels on wax paper until chocolate sets, approximately 30 minutes.
1-2 cups dark chocolate chips 4 teaspoons canna-butter 1-2 cups white chocolate chips 4 teaspoons canna-butter 8 pretzel rods Assorted holiday candies
DANKDIPPERS dec. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
If youâ€™ve smoked cannabis in Portland, then youâ€™ve likely smoked our flower.
Now let us roll you a joint.
by WILL FERGUSON @710DENCIES | PHOTOS by @BERMANPHOTOS
3MG THC 4MG CBD per piece
The juxtaposition of textures from the soft and chewy marshmallow to the crispy, flakey chocolate shell add to the enjoyment. THE SCORE
Available From Farma, Serra, The Agrestic, Gorge Greenery, Moss Crossing, Oregon Cannabis Co. | LeifGoods.com Leif Goods
f l avo r val u e ef f ect l ab el t otal 19/20
50/dec. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
One of the first edibles in Leif Goods’ new “Junk” line is the marshmallow bon-bon.
These vegan treats come in a six pack and feature a marshmallow dipped in chocolate, then dusted in chocolate salt. Each bon-bon contains roughly 3mg THC and 4mg CBD, medicated with Siskiyou Sungrown full extract cannabis oil. The juxtaposition of textures from the soft chewy marshmallow to the crispy flakey chocolate shell all add to the enjoyment. I ingested two marshmallows and felt a mild, focusing effect that lasted for a few hours. The near 1:1 CBD to THC ratio makes this a great option for those prone to anxiety while still experiencing psychoactive effects. THC and CBD are much more effective when working synergistically, as their complex terpene and cannabinoid compositions are working on a full spectrum scale.
concentrate of the month
by WILL FERGUSON @710DENCIES | PHOTOS by @BERMANPHOTOS
DUTCH TREAT SHATTER
Calyx Crafts is a relatively new extraction company specializing in a variety of different hydrocarbon extract consistencies.
Dutch Treat is a classic Pacific Northwest strain that is known for its late flowering time and uplifting effects. This representation of the strain comes in the form of a stable, golden extract. The shatter is packaged in a PTFE sheet making it easy to manipulate. The crew and I took a few low temperature dabs and enjoyed the piney haze taste that came through on the exhale. Each hit is smooth and expansive, but not harsh. Effects are cerebral and active, as I felt motivated and productive for the duration of the high.
more information Ca l y x C ra f t s @ Ca l y x _C ra f t s THE SCORE
f lavo r va lu e ef f ec t la b el t ota l 18/20
WE ENJOYED THE PINEY HAZE TA S T E T H AT CAME THROUGH ON THE EXHALE.
52/dec. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
Dab the halls
HIT UP LUNCHBOXALCHEMY.COM AND PICK UP SOME COOL MERCH. FREE SHIPPING ON PURCHASES OVER $25!
Happy Holidays from all of us at Lunchbox Alchemy
Lemon Piña x Monkey Train Live Resin - 2017 Oregon Dope Cup Runner Up Available at fine dispensaries across the state of Oregon.
Best Live Resin - 2017 Oregon Dope Cup Best Tincture, Sublingual, Spray or Capsule - 2017 Oregon Dope Cup
What’s in your lunchbox?
Best Shatter - 2016 Oregon Dope Cup
Lunchbox Alchemy products available in Oregon. Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the influence of this drug. For use only by adults twenty-one years of age and older. Keep out of reach of children.
PHOTO by @BERMANPHOTOS
DMT RECYï¿½ CLER
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THE CANNABIS GROW BIBLE GROWING TIPS FOR EVERY LEVEL OF GARDENER By GREG GREEN, 3RD EDITION, 2017, 690 PAGES, $40
t’s really no exaggeration to describe Greg Green’s Cannabis Grow Bible as a magnum opus. Its sheer heft (690 pages) and broad coverage of the topic sets a lofty standard for books on Cannabis horticulture. Green hails from Ireland, making him rather unique among the increasingly crowded field of marijuana grow experts. The first two editions of his comprehensive and well-presented book struck a chord with growers, leading to sales of more than 55,000 copies of the first edition and 100,000 copies of the second. Now the third edition of the Bible delivers fully updated information, with new sections on organics, hydroponics and LED lighting along with more than 1,100 color photos. Methods for growers who want to maximize yield and potency are the “draw” of this book. Green’s signature style blends a solid understanding of Cannabis botany with practical advice regarding the day-to-day challenges of maintaining a high-yield garden. The book covers everything from selecting the best genetics, to dealing with pests and predators, to concealing your crop from prying eyes, to germinating seeds, making clones and growing buds. In particular, it gives an excellent explanation of the “Sea of Green” technique, which gives a high yield using fewer plants, which is important information for growers are often penalized for exceeding a certain number of plants. As a grower who loves to use seeds, particularly in making interesting crosses, I loved the chapter on “How to Breed Cannabis.” Pollen collecting, seed storage and the principles of simple plant breeding and genetics are clearly explained. If you want to learn more about both indoor and outdoor growing techniques, soil and hydroponic grows, organic gardening and hash extraction, you’ll find abundant information on those topics. Whether you’re a beginner, an intermediate grower, or a pro, you can benefit from the breadth and depth of information presented. Professionals in particular will benefit from the chapters covering advanced systems and breeding.
WHETHER YOU’RE A BEGINNER, AN INTERMEDIATE GROWER, OR A PRO, YOU CAN BENEFIT FROM THE BREADTH & DEPTH OF INFORMATION PRESENTED 56/dec. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
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Most retail and dispensary owners don’t bother attending today’s cannabis trade shows for a variety of reasons: Admission prices are too high; many vendors are targeting cultivators; the public are allowed in; they lack focus; the same speakers talk about the same tired subjects at every event, etc.
RAD Expo is different. • RAD Expo is a business-only event that is 100% focused on the retail side of the industry.
• Attendance is free for licensed retail stores and dispensaries, as well as qualified applicants in states not yet issuing licenses. • All exhibitors will have products and services aimed at making retailers more profitable. • Our speakers will have serious retail and marketing experience. • It’s a national show featuring businesses from all over the U.S. • Portland, Oregon sits squarely in the middle of the biggest legal marijuana market in the world. (60 million people in California, Oregon, Washington and Alaska.)
M A R I J U A N A
Q&A by SIMONE FISCHER & PACER STACKTRAIN | PHOTO by @BERMANPHOTOS
BREEDER MONTH OF THE
RAYMOND BOWSER III
Our first Breeder of the Month also goes by Odie Diesel and he’s one of the best Cannabis breeders we’ve ever encountered. Bowser is a second generation grower who learned at a young age the ins and outs and best practices for growing from working alongside his father. Bowser applied that knowledge and developed growing and breeding techniques that are the envy of America’s Cannabis economy. Bowser is an in-demand consultant and one of the Northwest’s most important research and development botanists working today.
Can you describe your selection process from start to finish?
It usually takes two to four years before a strain is ready to go to market. I will pop several seeds to see what the strain consistency is. If I don’t find a keeper in a five-pack of seeds, most likely I won’t keep it. I cruise through hundreds of clones, too. We use our test gardens to gather strain data. My testers report back with real data on the progress which helps me get a bigger picture of strain potential. I want real world feedback. I am not trying to teach people how to grow. I just want to know how my plants grow with different regiments. I usually check in bi-weekly with my testers, not just for the end result, but how the strain grows even before flower. I am looking for fasems, intermodal spacing, leaf patterns and general plant health. What strain makes you the most proud? The one I haven’t
How did you start growing weed? I started growing weed when I was 14 years old.
I was filling pots, making sure there were two dozen worms per pot and cleaning leaves. I was essentially the dishwasher of the job and I fell in love with it. The first Cannabis strain I ever grew was Hashplant with my father. My godfather at the time, was the president and founder of a bike club in Colorado. I was raised around bikers; it’s where a lot of my ethics come from. It was normal for me to go to the clubhouses and the meets. All of our original growing back then was indoor, even going into the 90s because of prohibition. Hydroponics in basements was how we learned how to use nutrients. When did you start Breeding? In Colorado, we took a Hashplant and crossed it to
created yet. The next one. More than anything I want to see how people respond to what I do. Honestly, it’s not about me or what I like. It’s about the consumer and the patient, and what they’re getting out of it. I’m trying to find medical applications for Cannabis, and we’ve used a sort of questionnaire with patients to measure their dosage, ailment and treatment with the Cannabis we provide. We’re most interested in solving multiple sclerosis, restless leg syndrome, migraines and fibromyalgia. Favorite vintage strain? Jamaican Blue Mountain, one of
the California Red Hair. I wouldn’t say it was a successful cross, but it was okay. It was a fast producer, so we grew it. We had an eight week off mom and out the door. It had too much sativa in it, so it didn’t pan out in the long run. Occasionally you would find a good pheno, but I wouldn’t want to sell it to anybody. I started seriously breeding in the early 90s. I began seed testing for TGA and began doing my own stuff on my side.
the most exotic varieties I’ve worked with. It was an outdoor strain, so it had a motor memory for outdoor, and when I [brought] it indoors it just kept failing. We had to try to inbreed it inside, cross it with a male we’d grown, to get it used to functioning indoors. Jamaican Blue Mountain is not a landrace but an inbred line, and I’ve had it over a decade.
When did breeding click for you? Well, I had kids and took off for a while in terms
Thoughts on “Hype Strains?” I’d describe a “hype strain”
of growing to focus on raising them. I moved to Oregon from Colorado in 2003. When I got here, I knew I wanted to participate in the Cannabis scene. Specifically, I wanted to stick out by having better Cannabis genetics than everyone else. At a grow shop in Salem I randomly met and started up a conversation with Dioxide from TGA seeds, who gifted me Timewreck. We got a plant that popped one branch of pollenated sacks, which we clipped and quarantined. We then pollinated a few different plants which resulted in: X with Chem Dawg created our Wet Dawg X with Super Silver Haze created our Touch of Gray X with UK Cheese created Brie X with Medicine Woman created our Mad Scientist These were some of our first “winner” strains and started our process, which exists to this day, of sourcing outside female plants to cross with our males. Homegrown Natural Wonders is a family business, and I primarily work with my kids Ray and Donovan. Our love for Cannabis transcends generations.
as a herm cross that gained infamous attention across the country. I’ve always been more about medicinal effect over looks. Quality will always stand, so you don’t have to constantly release new, potentially unstable genetics. Like I said before, I usually wait at least two and up to four years before I am comfortable releasing a strain to the public. The first strain test I did was on Oregon Diesel in Colorado in 2010, by a lab that got shut down by the DEA and wiped the data. After that, I found Pat Marshall at Sunrise Analytical. Best thing you can do is to hire a good lawyer. No one, not even [patent-holders] are protected on a federal level because of the scheduling. My strain names are trademarked — GMO Cannabis strains, all hemp, umbrella patents on strains — realistically [it’s all] federally illegal.
OWNER AND FOUNDER // HOMEGROWN NATURAL WONDERS SEED COMPANY
60/dec. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
Continues pg. 62
HONESTLY, IT’S NOT ABOUT ME OR WHAT I LIKE. IT’S ABOUT THE CONSUMER AND THE PATIENT, AND WHAT THEY’RE GETTING OUT OF IT.
By SIMONE FISCHER & PACER STACKTRAIN | PHOTO @BERMANPHOTOS
BREEDER MONTH OF THE
RAYMOND BOWSER III
Continued from pg. 60
Once a breeder creates a stable strain, they give seed packs to trusted growers to see how the strain does outside of their garden. Bowser usually checks in weekly with test gardens to collect data and gauge the progress. Bowser will eat the leaves and buds right off the plant, both in vegetation and flower, which allows him to taste the raw flavor and sugars present within the plant. After the flower has been brought to harvest and cure, it’s traditionally given to medical patients to see what areas the strain might provide relief in. Bowser winced when we mentioned the words “hype strains” and “pollen chuckers,” those quasi-breeders who create strains without properly stabilizing genetics, taking strains to OREGON DIESEL market before any legitimate phenoDR. WHO type vetting or testing. Social media QUANTUM KUSH further exacerbated the issue of hype MICKEY KUSH strains due to unchecked promotion. SONIC SCREWDRIVER Prohibition kept Cannabis in the MAD SCIENTIST dark, which makes it easy for companies to dupe people into buying unstable genetics. Ask about the total breeding time it took to complete the project. If it’s less than a year, it’s probably not worth your time. Social media stresses the looks and yields of Cannabis genetics over stability and properties you cannot visually quantify. Cannabis is now a major investment and start-ups cannot afford to risk a faulty batch of genetics. Supporting breeders like Bowser is vital to the future of stable Cannabis genetics.
62/dec. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
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BLUE CITY DIESEL
66/dec. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
Photo by Kristen Angelo
Got sweet garden/bud photos? Share them with us and they might appear here in a feature spread next month! Please email your top 2-3 high-resolution images (use a digital SLR) to firstname.lastname@example.org along with the usual details on who to credit for the strain, breed, grow and photographer!
Blue City Diesel is a slightly indica-dominant hybrid originating from Blueberry and NYC Diesel. It has a smooth citrus-berry aroma and flavor, and provides a moderate body high accompanied by a sense of relaxation and euphoria absent of fatigue or couch lock
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BEHIND THE STRAIN
Drop me a line
Watch a video
LEMON FUNK F2 DrScanderson@ProtonMail.com
HOW SHE GROWS
The f2 selection are hearty starters that
root quickly and with ease. From there you can immediately start to see the divergence in the growth pattern. She is a bit slower to generate a root ball although she responds extremely well to topping, growing into an almost perfectly shaped bush with just a topping or two. The plants enjoy high amounts of Nitrogen and Carbon early on in flower. The dominant phenotype stays shorter and bushier, stretching only to improve her structure and make bud site more evenly spaced.
BAG APPEAL & SMOKE REPORT one thing clear about this plant is that she
is a yielder. Challenging the jar width with every entry Lemon Funk throws down. Full of trichomes the classic Skunk look, but with a more even and neat, densely packed spear shaped flowers more reminiscent of Chem and Sour Diesel side of the family. The terpenes are strong and piercing and span the range of lemon rind, lemon blossom baked lemon chiffon pie with a mild but distinct Chem and Kush background. The flavor immediately delivering a lip smacking sweet pink lemonade taste with an unmistakable sour.
EFFECTS lemon funk delivers a crazy potent soaring
sativa effect. When you need to get up and go, the Lemon Funk doesn’t let you down. Creative, eye opening and inspiring, taking bong tokes of these blooms reminds me of the York Peppermint Patty commercials giving cool refreshing sensation lemon zest candy and fun! Real breeding and selection is boasted in spades with this plant making it easy to find “the one” phenotype you’re looking for. This plant all but replaces one of my all-time favorites, the Super Lemon Haze and is sure to be a favorite amongst all the lemon appreciators.
70/dec. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
Flowers in 55-65 days
TAKING BONG TOKES OF THESE BLOOMS REMINDS ME OF THE YORK PEPPERMINT PATTY COMMERCIALS
BY OREGON LEAF SPECIAL CONTRIBUTOR DR. SCANDERSON
BREEDER: Dirt Brothers Genetics GENETICS: [Lemon Skunk x Lemon Tree x (Chem D x Sour D)] LINEAGE: Bringing a very special Lemon line to seed form, these breeders
have done it again. After carefully selecting the first filial generation (f1’s), they found a selection that beat expectations for terpenes, flower time, stability and structure.
Photo by ILoveGrowingMarijuana.com
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Published on Dec 1, 2017
Published on Dec 1, 2017
Cover art by Joshua Boulet for Oregon Leaf // Check out our Highliday Gift Guide and December Highliday Cannabis Recipes inside! Plus nation...