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‫ﺭﺅﻳﺔ ﻣﺘﻌﻤﻘﺔ ﺣﻮﻝ ﻣﻄﺒﻌﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﻛﺎﺩﻳﻤﻴﺔ‬

‫ﺇﺻﺪﺍﺭ‬

‫ﻳﻨﺎﻳﺮ ‪٢٠١٠‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﻓﻲ ‪٢٠١٠ issue‬؟‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ‪٤‬‬

‫ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﺃﺻﺒﺢ ﻣﺘﻮﻓﺮﺍً ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻬﺎﺗﻒ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻤﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ‪٤‬‬

‫ﺭﻳﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺟﻴﺪﻱ ﺣﻮﻝ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﻟﺠﻮﺩﺓ ‪SFlb‬‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ‪٨‬‬

‫ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ‪٣‬‬

‫ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﻷﺑﺤﺎﺙ‬

‫ﺇﺻﺪﺍﺭ‬

‫ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺩ‬

‫ﻣﺠﻠﺔ ﺟﺪﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﻘﺪ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺰﺍﺅﻧﺎ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺍء‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺣﺒﺎً ﺑﻜﻢ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻹﺻﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﻣﻦ ‪ ،Illuminea‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻦ ﻣﺠﻠﺔ ﺗﺼﺪﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ ﻣﻄﺒﻌﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ )‪ (OUP‬ﻷﻣﻨﺎء ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﻛﺎﺩﻳﻤﻴﻴﻦ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺸﺘﻐﻠﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻤﺠﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻧﺤﺎء ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺬ ﺑﻀﻌﺔ ﺷﻬﻮﺭ ﻃﻠﺒﻨﺎ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ‪ ،‬ﺑﺼﻔﺘﻜﻢ ﻗﺮﺍءﻧﺎ‪ ،‬ﺗﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺎﺗﻜﻢ ﻭﺁﺭﺍﺋﻜﻢ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻷﻣﻨﺎء‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺭﺳﺎﻟﺘﻨﺎ ﻭﺍﺿﺤﺔ‪ .‬ﻓﻘﺪ ﺃﺭﺩﻧﺎ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﺍﻵﺭﺍء ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺑﺴﻠﺴﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻧﻨﺸﺮﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﻓﺤﺴﺐ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻮﻳﺔ‪ ،Illuminea ،‬ﺗﻬﺪﻑ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺇﺑﻘﺎﺋﻚ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻃﻼﻉ ﺑﺎﻷﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻄﻮﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺒﻌﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‪.OUP‬‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺮﻏﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻠﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﻣﻄﺒﻮﻋﺔ ﻋﻦ ﺻﻨﺎﻋﺔ ﻣﻌﻴﻨﺔ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﻥ ‪ Illuminea‬ﻻ ﺗﺪﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺎ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ‪ .‬ﻭﻧﺄﻣﻞ ﺃﻥ ﻧﻘﺪﻡ ﻓﻲ ﻛﻞ ﻋﺪﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﺔ "ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺰ ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﺔ" ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻀﻢ ﺧﺒﺮﺍً ﺃﻭ ﻟﻤﺤﺔ ﻋﻦ ﻓﺮﺩ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺎﻟﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‪/‬ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺮ‪ .‬ﻭﻧﻨﺎﻗﺶ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺩ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ ‪ ،ARROW‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻤﺜﻞ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻋﺎً ﻣﺒﺘﻜﺮﺍً ﺳﻴﺪﻋﻢ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺑﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻳﻮﺭﻭﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎ )‪.(Europeana‬‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻤﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻻﺑﺘﻜﺎﺭ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻲ ﻹﺻﺪﺍﺭ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺩ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺪ ﻗﻤﻨﺎ ﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺑﺘﻀﻤﻴﻦ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻋﻦ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻣﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺳﻨﺼﺪﺭﻫﺎ ﻗﺮﻳﺒﺎً‪" ،‬ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ"‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻧﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺃﻧﻬﺎ ﺳﺘﺴﺎﻋﺪ ﻓﻲ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﻷﺑﺤﺎﺙ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻹﺧﺒﺎﺭﻳﺔ ﻣﺨﺼﺼﺔ ﻟﻜﻢ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﺗُﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻘﺎﺗﻜﻢ ﻭﺁﺭﺍﺋﻜﻢ ﻣﻮﺿﻊ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﻌﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺟﺎﻧﺒﻨﺎ‪ .‬ﻳُﺮﺟﻰ ﺇﺧﺒﺎﺭﻧﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺂﺭﺍﺋﻜﻢ ﻭﺇﻋﻼﻣﻨﺎ ﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻟﺪﻳﻜﻢ ﺃﻱ ﺍﻗﺘﺮﺍﺣﺎﺕ ﺑﺸﺄﻥ ﺍﻹﺻﺪﺍﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻠﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ "ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺰ ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﺔ"‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻠﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺇﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﻛﻞ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻳﺪ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻮﺍﻥ ‪.lizzie.shannonlittle@oup.com‬‬ ‫ﻧﺘﻤﻨﻰ ﻟﻜﻢ ﻗﺮﺍءﺓ ﻣﻤﺘﻌﺔ!‬

‫ﻣﻦ ﻓﺮﻳﻖ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﻣﺠﻠﺔ ‪Illuminea‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺃﻟﻴﺴﻮﻥ ﺑﻮﻛﺮ‪ ،‬ﻛﻠﻴﺮ ﺩﺍﻭﺑﻴﻜﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﺘﺸﺎﺭﺩ ﺟﻴﺪﻱ‪ ،‬ﺃﻣﺎﻧﺪﺍ ﻫﻴﺮﻛﻮ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺗﺮﻳﺸﻴﺎ ﻫﺪﺳﻮﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﻴﺮﺳﺘﻲ ﻻﻑ‬ ‫)ﻣﺤﺮﺭ(‪ ،‬ﻛﻮﻟﻴﻦ ﻣﻴﺪﻳﻨﺠﺰ‪ ،‬ﻟﻴﺰﻱ ﺷﺎﻧﻮﻥ‪-‬ﻟﻴﺘﻞ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﺭﺓ ﺃﻭﻟﺘﺶ‪ ،‬ﺃﻓﻴﻔﺎ ﻭﻳﻨﺸﺘﺎﻳﻦ‬

‫‪٢‬‬

‫‪Illuminea‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺩ ‪١‬‬

‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻹﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺛﻮﺭﺓ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻟﻢ ﺍﻷﺑﺤﺎﺙ؟‬

‫ﺗُﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ )‪ (OBO‬ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻭﻗﻴّﻤﺎ‪ ،‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﺗﻢ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ ﻣﺸﻜﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺤﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺮﻁ ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺩﻱ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺸﺮﻳﻦ‪ .‬ﻭﻛﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﻮﺿﺢ ﻛﺎﺳﺒﺮ ً‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺋﻼ‪ ،‬ﺗﺘﻤﺘﻊ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻷﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ )‪ (OBO‬ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﺳﺮﻋﺔ ﻭﻛﻔﺎءﺓ ﺍﻷﺑﺤﺎﺙ‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ‬

‫ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ )‪ (OBO‬ﻫﻲ ﺣﺼﻴﻠﺔ ‪ ١٨‬ﺷﻬﺮﺍً ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻷﺑﺤﺎﺙ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻮﻳﻘﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﺃﺛﻨﺎء ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻗﻤﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻇﻬﺮﺕ ﻓﻜﺮﺓ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﻋﺪﺩ ﻛﺒﻴﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺑﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺃُﺟﺮﻳﺖ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺣﺜﻴﻦ ﺍﻷﻛﺎﺩﻳﻤﻴﻴﻦ‪ :‬ﻭﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻭﺿﺢ ﺩﻳﻔﻴﺪ ﻓﻮﺭﺳﻴﺚ ﻣﻦ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﻧﺒﺮﺍﺳﻜﺎ‪-‬ﻟﻨﻜﻮﻟﻦ‪" ،‬ﺇﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺍﻷﻛﺎﺩﻳﻤﻲ ﻳﻌﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺯﻣﺔ ‪ -‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﺇﻧﻨﺎ ﻧﻐﺮﻕ ﻓﻲ ﻛﻢ ﺍﻷﺑﺤﺎﺙ ﺍﻷﻛﺎﺩﻳﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻓﻬﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺎﺣﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎ ﺍﻷﻥ‪ ".‬ﻭﺣﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﺗﻔﻜﺮﻭﺍ ﺑﺎﻷﻣﺮ ﻣﻠﻴﺎً‪ ،‬ﺗﺠﺪﻭﻩ ﻋﻘﻼﻧﻴﺎً‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻤﺎﺫﺍ ﺳﻴﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻲ ﻣﺤﺼﻨﺎً‬ ‫ﺿﺪ ﻣﺎ ﻧﺸﻬﺪﻩ ﻓﻰ ﻛﻞ ﻗﻄﺎﻉ ﺁﺧﺮ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﺎً؟‬ ‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﻬﻮﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻧﺸﻬﺪﻫﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺇﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﻭﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﻭﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ ﺩﺍﺋﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﺰﺍﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺣﻤﻞ ﻣﻔﺮﻁ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﻛﻠﻨﺎ ﻳﻐﺮﻕ ﻓﻰ ﺑﺤﻮﺭﻫﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﺻﻌﺐ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﺑﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻳﺎﺗﻪ ﻳﺘﻤﺜﻞ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺤﺎﻭﻟﺔ ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺭ ﺍﻟﻬﺎﺋﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺎﺣﺔ ﻣﺒﺎﺷﺮﺓ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺃﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﺍﻟﻜﻤﺒﻴﻮﺗﺮ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻨﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺃﺳﻔﺮ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻓﻲ )‪ (Google Scholar‬ﻋﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫"‪)“sleep and autistic children‬ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻡ ﻭﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺑﻴﻦ ﺑﻤﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺣﺪ( ﻋﻦ ﻇﻬﻮﺭ ‪ ١٩٫٣٠٠‬ﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ )‪( WorldCat search‬‬ ‫ﻋﻦ "‪) "cybercrime‬ﺍﻟﺠﺮﺍﺋﻢ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﺔ( ﻇﻬﺮﺕ‬ ‫‪٢٫٨٠٠‬ﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺣﺘﻰ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﻞ ‪ ،L"Année philologique‬ﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﺑﻬﺎ‬ ‫‪ ٢٨٠٠‬ﺇﺩﺧﺎﻝ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻋﺮ ﺍﻹﻏﺮﻳﻘﻲ‬ ‫‪) Callimachus‬ﻛﺎﻟﻴﻤﺎﺧﻮﺱ(‪ .‬ﺗُﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪﻳﺔ ﻭﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺼﻠﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻬﺮﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻧﺸﺄﺕ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺫﺍﺕ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﻫﻨﺎ؛ ﻓﻬﻲ ﻻ ﺗﺨﺒﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻴﻦ ﻋﻦ ﺳﺒﺐ ﻇﻬﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺒﺎﺱ ﻣﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻭﻣﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺒﺎﺱ ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳﺒﺎً ﻣﻊ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻻﻳﻮﺟﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﻟﻤﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﻣﺎ ﺇﺫﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺒﺎﺳﺎﺕ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﻮﺩﺓ ﺃﻣﺎ ﻻ‪.‬‬

‫ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻭﺍﺟﻬﺔ ﺗﻔﺎﻋﻠﻴﺔ ﺳﻬﻠﺔ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‪ ،‬ﻳﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻮﻥ ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﻣﺴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻷﻛﺜﺮ ﻓﺎﺋﺪﺓ ﻭﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ ﻋﻦ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‪ ،‬ﺑﺪءﺍً ﻣﻦ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻯ ﻋﺎﻡ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺣﺪ ﻣﺎ ﺛﻢ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻻ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﻋﻴﺔ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪﺍً‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻝ‪،‬ﺇﺫﺍ ﻋﺪﻧﺎ ﺇﻟﻲ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻋﺮ ﺍﻹﻏﺮﻳﻘﻲ ‪Callimachus‬‬ ‫)ﻛﺎﻟﻴﻤﺎﺧﻮﺱ( ‪ -‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺃﺳﻔﺮ ﻋﻦ ‪ ٢٫٨٠٠‬ﺇﺩﺧﺎﻝ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻣﻨﻈﻢ ﻓﻲ ‪L"Année philologique‬‬ ‫ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻹﺩﺧﺎﻻﺕ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ )‪،(OBO‬‬‫ﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺇﺩﺧﺎﻝ ﻋﺎﻡ ﻣﺮﺗﺐ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻋﺮ )ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺳﻴﺎﻗﻴﺔ ﻛﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﻭﺍﻗﺘﺒﺎﺳﺎﺕ ﻭﺷﺮﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻠﺔ(‪ ،‬ﻭﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺳﻨﺘﻤﻜﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻻﻃﻼﻉ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻋﻴﺔ ﻣﺜﻞ‬ ‫"‪ "English Translations‬ﻭ"‪ "Hymns: Scholarship‬ﻭ"‪،"Use of Earlier Greek Poetry‬‬ ‫ﻭ"‪ "Relations with Contemporary Poets‬ﻭ"‪ ."Reception at Rome‬ﻭﺟﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺒﺎﺳﺎﺕ ﻣﺘﺮﺍﺑﻄﺔ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﺛﻢ ﻳﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻮﻥ ﺑﺴﻬﻮﻟﺔ ﺇﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻮﺹ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻳﺤﺘﺎﺟﻮﻧﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﺳﻮﺍء ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺃﻭ ﻋﺒﺮ ﻓﻬﺮﺱ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﺗﺠﻤﻊ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺰﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻮﺳﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪﻳﺔ‬

‫ﻳﺘﻤﺜﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺪﻯ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻧﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﺣﺎﻟﻴﺎً ﻓﻲ ﻣﺤﺎﻭﻟﺔ ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻹﺭﺷﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺣﺜﻴﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﻜﻢ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺰﺍﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﻷﻛﺎﺩﻳﻤﻴﺔ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﺆﻫﻠﺔ ‪ -‬ﻣﻤﺎ ﻳﻮﻓﺮ ﻣﺴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﺤﺜﻴﺔ ﻣﻨﺘﻘﺎﺓ ﻭﻣﻮﺿﺤﺔ ﻭﺫﺍﺕ ﻓﺎﺋﺪﺓ‬ ‫ ﻭﺯﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺎﺝ ﻭﺭﻓﻊ ﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﺍﻷﺑﺤﺎﺙ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪﺓ ‪ .‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﺛﻢ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﻥ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﺒﺮ‬‫ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻗﺪ ﺗﻢ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻤﻬﺎ ﻟﻤﻮﺍﺟﻬﺔ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺪﻱ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺇﻥ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ )‪ ،(OBO‬ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺠﻤﻊ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﺰﺍﻳﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﻮﺳﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻮﻯ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪﻳﺔ‪ ،‬ﺗﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺇﺩﺧﺎﻻﺕ ﻛﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﻷﻓﻀﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺣﺜﻴﻦ ﻓﻰ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ ﺣﻴﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻷﺑﺤﺎﺙ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﺣﺎﻟﻴﺎً ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺗﺰﻭﺩﻙ ﺑﺒﺴﺎﻃﺔ ﺑﻘﻮﺍﺋﻢ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺒﺎﺳﺎﺕ ﻓﺈﻥ ﻛﻞ ﺇﺩﺧﺎﻝ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻳﺰﻭﺩﻙ ﺑﻤﻘﺎﻟﺔ ﻧﺼﻴﺔ ﺗﻤﻬﻴﺪﻳﺔ‬

‫ﻛﺎﺳﺒﺮ ﺟﺮﺍﺛﻮﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺋﺐ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺲ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺎﺷﺮ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﺟﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺒﻌﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻧﻴﻮﻳﻮﺭﻙ‬

‫ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﻛﻨﺎ ﻧﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺈﻧﺸﺎء ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ )‪ ،(OBO‬ﻛﻨﺎ ﻧﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺎﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻄﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻛﺎﺩﻳﻤﻴﻴﻦ ﻟﻀﻤﺎﻥ ﺃﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﻠﺒﻲ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻴﺎﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺷﺌﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻻﺳﺘﺠﺎﺑﺔ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻓﺎﺋﻘﺔ‪ .‬ﻓﻘﺪ ﺃﻛﺪ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻗﺎﻣﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻤﺮﺍﺟﻌﺔ ﺍﻹﺩﺧﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ ﻛﻴﻒ ﺃﻥ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ )‪ (OBO‬ﺗﺰﻳﺪ ﺳﺮﻋﺔ ﻭﻓﺎﻋﻠﻴﺔ ﺑﺪء‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ ﺑﺤﺜﻲ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻧﺮﻯ ﺃﻥ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ )‪ (OBO‬ﻟﺪﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺧﺒﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻋﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻷﻛﺎﺩﻳﻤﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺸﺘﺎء‪ ،‬ﻳﺴﻌﺪﻧﺎ ﺇﻃﻼﻕ ﺃﻭﻝ ﻭﺣﺪﺍﺕ )‪ (OBO‬ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﻭﺍﻷﺑﺤﺎﺙ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺚ ﺳﻴﺘﻢ ﺇﻃﻼﻕ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻓﻰ ﻓﺒﺮﺍﻳﺮ‪ ،٢٠١٠‬ﻣﺘﻀﻤﻨﺎً ﻭﺣﺪﺍﺕ ﻧﻤﻄﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﻼﺳﻴﻜﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﺠﺮﻳﻤﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻋﻦ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ )‪ ،(OBO‬ﻳُﺮﺟﻰ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺑﻨﺎ‪:‬‬ ‫• ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻼء ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩﻭﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻤﻠﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺪﺓ ﻭﺳﺎﺋﺮ ﺃﻧﺤﺎء ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ‪:‬‬ ‫‪onlinemarketing@oup.com‬‬ ‫• ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻼء ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩﻭﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﺘﻴﻦ ‪obomarketing@oup.com‬‬

‫‪Illuminea‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺩ ‪١‬‬

‫‪٣‬‬

‫ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﺃﺻﺒﺢ ﻣﺘﻮﻓﺮﺍً ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻬﺎﺗﻒ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻤﻮﻝ‬

‫ﺗﺴﻌﺔ ﻛﺘﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﺎ ﻛﺘﻴﺐ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻟﻠﻄﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﺟﻲ ﻭﻛﺘﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺘﺠﺮ ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫‪ ،iTunes‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺳﻴﺘﻢ ﻗﺮﻳﺒﺎً ﺗﻮﻓﻴﺮ ﺃﺭﺑﻌﺔ ﻋﻨﺎﻭﻳﻦ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﺴﻠﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺧﻄﻂ ﻟﺘﻮﻓﻴﺮ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﻭﻳﻦ ﻋﺒﺮ ‪Ovi‬‬

‫‪-Oncology since‬‬ ‫‪1997‬‬

‫‪NEURO-ONCOLOGY‬‬ ‫• ‪Volume 12‬‬ ‫‪Issue 1 • Januar‬‬ ‫‪y 2010‬‬

‫‪Journal of‬‬

‫‪European Competition‬‬ ‫‪Law & Practice‬‬ ‫‪Volume 12‬‬

‫‪volume 1 s number 1 s 2010‬‬ ‫‪Issue 1‬‬

‫‪www.jeclap.oxfordjournals.org‬‬

‫‪Chromosome 9p‬‬ ‫‪and‬‬ ‫‪losses predict unfav 10q‬‬ ‫‪low-grade gliom orable outcome in‬‬ ‫• ‪as‬‬

‫‪1–56‬‬

‫‪• page 35‬‬

‫‪MGMT protein‬‬ ‫‪expres‬‬ ‫‪cells predicts outco sion in tumor‬‬ ‫‪me of‬‬ ‫‪temozolomide‬‬ ‫‪therap‬‬ ‫‪glioblastoma patien y in‬‬ ‫‪ts • page 42‬‬

‫•‬

‫‪Genome-wide‬‬ ‫‪profili‬‬ ‫‪nucleotide polym ng using single‬‬ ‫‪orphism arrays‬‬ ‫‪identifies novel‬‬ ‫‪chrom‬‬ ‫‪imbalances in pediat osomal‬‬ ‫‪ric glioma • page‬‬ ‫‪15‬‬ ‫‪Timing of crania‬‬ ‫‪l irradiation in‬‬ ‫‪elderly‬‬ ‫‪patients with newly‬‬ ‫‪glioblastoma multif diagnosed‬‬ ‫‪orme‬‬

‫‪JANUARY 2010‬‬

‫•‬

‫‪Autophagy induce‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪is associated with by valproic acid‬‬ ‫‪oxidative stress‬‬ ‫‪in glioma cell lines‬‬ ‫‪• page 4‬‬

‫‪Extradition for cartel offences‬‬ ‫‪Rebates under Article 82‬‬ ‫‪The economics behind bank rescue‬‬ ‫‪Mergers review‬‬

‫‪page 51‬‬

‫‪Antitrust enforcement priorities under the Obama administration‬‬ ‫‪Energy sector review‬‬

‫‪neuro-on‬‬ ‫‪c o l o g y. o‬‬ ‫‪xfordjou‬‬ ‫‪rnals.org‬‬ ‫‪Online ISSN: 1523-5‬‬ ‫‪866 Print ISSN:‬‬ ‫‪1522-8517‬‬

‫ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ ﻋﻼﻗﺘﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻳﺔ ﺑﺸﺮﻛﺎﺋﻨﺎ ﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ّ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﻜﻨﻨﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺗﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺗﻨﺎ ﻭﺗﻘﺪﻳﻤﻬﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻛﺒﺮ ﻗﺎﻋﺪﺓ ﻣﻤﻜﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻬﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﺘﻀﺢ ﻣﻦ ﺇﻟﻘﺎء ﻧﻈﺮﺓ ﺍﺳﺘﺸﺮﺍﻓﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻌﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺒﻞ‪.‬‬

‫ﻓﻲ‬

‫ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ،٢٠١٠‬ﺳﻮﻑ ﻧﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﻊ ‪) HighWire Press‬ﺷﺮﻳﻜﻨﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ( ﻟﻨﻘﻞ ﻛﻞ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺗﻨﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﻨﺼﺔ "‪ "H2O‬ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪﺓ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻤﺜﻞ ﻣﻨﺼﺔ ﻧﺸﺮ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ ﻣﻌﺘﻤﺪﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ .XML‬ﻭﻟﻦ ﻳﻠﺤﻆ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻮﻥ ﻟﺪﻳﻚ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﻴﻔﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺍﺟﻬﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﻗﻊ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺘﻴﺔ ﺳﻴﻀﻤﻦ ﻗﻮﺓ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺹ ﺑﻨﺎ ﻭﻣﺮﻭﻧﺘﻪ ﻭﻗﺪﺭﺗﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻠﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻴﺎﺟﺎﺕ ﺩﺍﺋﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﺮ ﻟﻠﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺍﻷﻛﺎﺩﻳﻤﻲ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩﺍً ﻟﻤﻼﺣﻈﺔ ﺗﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺔ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻄﺔ‪ ،‬ﺃﺻﺒﺢ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﺇﺣﺼﺎءﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﺘﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎً ﻣﻊ ﺃﺣﺪﺙ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻳﻴﺮ ‪ COUNTER 3‬ﻭ‪.SUSHI‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻧﺆﻣﻦ ﺑﺒﻨﺎء ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺪﻭﻡ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﻛﺎﺩﻳﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻬﻨﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻛﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻧﻨﺎ ﻧﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﺠﺪ ﻟﺘﻘﻮﻳﺔ ﻋﻼﻗﺎﺗﻨﺎ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻛﺎء ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻫﻮ ﺳﺒﺐ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻫﻢ ﻛﻠﻬﻢ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﺎً‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻣﻌﻨﺎ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺒﻞ‪ .‬ﻓﻠﻦ ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺃﻱ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺑﻤﻐﺎﺩﺭﺓ "ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ" ﻓﻲ‬ ‫‪ ،٢٠١٠‬ﻓﻲ ﺣﻴﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺃﺭﺑﻊ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﺳﺘﻨﻀﻢ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺘﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﻤﺎ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ‬

‫ﺍﻟﻤﻤﻠﻮﻛﺔ ﻟﻠﺠﻤﻌﻴﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﺼﺒﻲ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ ﻟﻼﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺰﺭﺍﻋﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻋﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻭﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻄﺮﺃ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺘﻨﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻨﺎ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺃﺧﻴﺮﺍً‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻴﺲ ﺁﺧﺮﺍً‪ ،‬ﻧﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺒﻨﺎء ﺷﺮﺍﻛﺎﺕ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﺍﻧﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻛﺒﺮ ﻗﺎﻋﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﻣﻤﻜﻨﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻬﻮﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﺬﺍ‪ ،‬ﻧﺴﻌﻰ ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﺎءﺓ ﻣﻌﻜﻢ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺇﻧﻨﺎ ﺟﻤﻴﻌﺎً ﻧﻤﻀﻲ ﻗﺪﻣﺎً ﺧﻼﻝ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﻮﺍﺕ ﺻﻌﺒﺔ ﻭﻏﻴﺮ ﻣﺆﻛﺪﺓ ﺑﻼ ﺷﻚ‪ .‬ﻭﻳﺴﻌﺪﻧﺎ ﺇﺣﺎﻃﺘﻜﻢ ﻋﻠﻤﺎً ﺑﺄﻧﻪ ﻟﻦ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺃﻱ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺳﻌﺮ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﻧﺴﺦ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﺔ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺮﺓ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻴﻦ ‪ ٢٠٠٩‬ﻭ‪ ٢٠١٠‬ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻷﻏﻠﺐ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺗﻨﺎ‪ .‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻧﻨﺎ ﻧﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﺃﺳﻌﺎﺭﻧﺎ ﻟﻨﺠﻌﻞ ﺳﻌﺮ ﻧﺴﺨﺔ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻂ ﺍﻟﺴﻌﺮ "ﺍﻷﺳﺎﺳﻲ" ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺘﻢ ﻣﻨﻪ ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﺃﺳﻌﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺨﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻄﺒﻮﻋﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺴﺨﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻄﺒﻮﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻌﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﺑﺬﻟﻚ‪ ،‬ﻧﺄﻣﻞ ﺗﻘﻠﻴﻞ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻷﺳﻌﺎﺭ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﺩﻧﻰ ﺣﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺗﻮﻓﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﺤﺘﻤﻠﺔ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻧﺴﺨﺔ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻓﻘﻂ‪.‬‬

‫ﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻳُﺮﺟﻰ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﻗﻊ ‪www.oxfordjournals.org/librarians‬‬

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‫‪Illuminea‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺩ ‪١‬‬

‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﺵ ﺣﻮﻝ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎ ﻭﻋﻴﻮﺏ ﻧﻤﻮﺫﺝ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﺍء ﺍﻟﻤﺪﻓﻮﻉ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴﻞ ﻭﻧﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻌﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻭﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﻫﻮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﻗﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ّ‬ ‫ﺣﻔﺰ ﺍﻟﻠﻘﺎء ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﻟﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺸﺎﺭﻳﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﺘﻴﻦ‪.‬‬

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‫ﻣﺎ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫‪٢٠١٠‬؟‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﻣﻮﺟﺰ ﻣﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ‬

‫‪Society for Neuro‬‬

‫‪Official Journa‬‬ ‫‪l of the‬‬

‫‪GY‬‬

‫ﻟﻮﺿﻊ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﺳﺐ‪ ،‬ﺃﻋﻠﻨﺖ ﺷﺮﻛﺔ ‪Apple‬‬ ‫ﻣﺆﺧﺮﺍً ﻋﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺰﻳﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻮﻓﺮﺓ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺘﺠﺮ ‪iTunes‬‬ ‫ﻗﺪ ﺗﺨﻄﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻴﺎﺭﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻭﺻﻞ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻄﺒﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻮﻓﺮﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫‪) ٨٥,٠٠٠‬ﻭﻟﻤﻦ ﻻ ﻳﻌﻠﻤﻮﻥ‪" ،‬ﺍﻟﺘﻄﺒﻴﻖ" ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺗﺸﻐﻴﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻜﻤﺒﻴﻮﺗﺮ ﺃﻭ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﺗﻔﻚ ﺃﻭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻱ ﺟﻬﺎﺯ ﺇﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ ﺁﺧﺮ(‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺍﻵﻻﻑ ﻣﻦ‬

‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﺗﻢ ﺇﺗﺎﺣﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﺮﻣﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻗﻮﺍﻣﻴﺲ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻨﺰﻳﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺘﺎﺟﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻄﺒﻴﻘﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻣﻤﺎ ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﻗﺪﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﺮﺽ ﻗﻮﺍﻣﻴﺴﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﺜﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﻣﻴﺲ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺟﻌﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺟﻬﺰﺓ ‪ iPhones‬ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻬﻢ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻓﻲ ﻣﺜﻞ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺋﻌﺔ ﺳﺮﻳﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻬﺎﻡ ﺃﻥ ﻧﺒﻘﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺻﺪﺍﺭﺓ ﺃﻱ ﺗﻄﻮﻳﺮﺍﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻳﺔ‪ ،‬ﺳﻨﻘﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ ﺳﻮﻕ ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻬﻮﺍﺗﻒ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻤﻮﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻨﺎﻣﻴﺔ ﻋﻦ ﻛﺜﺐ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺪﻑ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺃﻗﺼﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻱ ﻓﺮﺹ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ‪.‬‬

‫‪NEURO-ONCOLO‬‬

‫ﺇﻥ‬

‫ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻧﺼﻞ ﺑﻬﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺍﺗﻔﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻤﻮﻟﺔ ﺛﻮﺭﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻲ‪ .‬ﻓﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺯﺭﻋﻨﺎ ﺑﺬﻭﺭ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺿﻲ ﻣﻊ ﻇﻬﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺠﺮ ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻘﺎﺕ ‪ iTunes‬ﻷﺟﻬﺰﺓ ‪ iPhone‬ﻭ‪ iPod‬ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻤﺲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺗﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻄﺒﻌﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﺣﺎﻟﻴﺎً ﻣﻊ ﺗﺮﺍﺧﻴﺺ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺟﻴﺔ ﻟﻀﻤﺎﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﺍﻧﺎ ﻣﺘﻮﻓﺮ ﻋﺒﺮ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻮﺳﻂ‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﺘﺎﺟﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻄﺒﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﺪﻳﺮﻫﺎ ﺷﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺗﺰﻭﻳﺪ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺟﻬﺰﺓ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺄﻣﻞ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻀﺎﻫﻲ ﻧﺠﺎﺡ ﺷﺮﻛﺔ ‪ Apple‬ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺗﻮﻓﻴﺮ ﺧﺒﺮﺓ ﻣﻤﺎﺛﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﻌﻤﻼء‪.‬‬

‫ﻓﻲ ﺃﻭﺍﺋﻞ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ،٢٠١٠‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﺪ ﻣﻘﺘﺮﺣﺎﺕ ﻟﻌﺮﺽ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺇﺿﺎﻓﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺘﺎﺟﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻄﺒﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻠﻘﺎء ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺘﺎﺣﻲ ﻟـﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺸﺎﺭﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻳﻨﺎﻗﺶ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﺔ‬

‫ﻗﺎﻣﺔ‬

‫ﺳﺘﺔ ﻋﺸﺮ ﺃﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻜﺘﺒﺔ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﻟﻴﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﺍﺯﻳﻞ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﻤﺜﻠﻮﻥ ﻣﺆﺳﺴﺎﺕ ﻛﺒﻴﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺻﻐﻴﺮﺓ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻟﺴﻔﺮ ﺇﻟﻰ "ﺑﻴﺞ ﺁﺑﻞ" ﻟﻤﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ ﺁﻻﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺘﺮﺍﻭﺡ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺗﻮﺣﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺮ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﺔ ﺩﺍﺋﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﺮ ﻟﺘﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻧﻐﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﻘﺎء ﻳﻐﻠﻔﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺣﻴﺒﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺗﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺭﺗﻮﻥ‪ ،‬ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﻣﻄﺒﻌﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺎﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺪﺓ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺷﺠﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ "ﻋﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺡ ﻟﻤﻮﻇﻔﻲ ﻣﻄﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ّ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺤﺪﺙ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﺝ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺇﺧﺒﺎﺭﻧﺎ ﺑﻤﺎ ﻳﻔﻜﺮﻭﻥ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﻌﻞ!"‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻥ ﻋﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻳﻴﺮ ﻳﺤﻘﻖ "ﺍﻟﺤﺮﻳﺔ"‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻔﻌﻞ‪ ،‬ﺗﻢ ﻋﻘﺪ ﺣﻠﻘﺔ ﻣﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ ﺣﻮﻝ "ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻳﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ ‪ -‬ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﻳﺮﻳﺪ ﺃﻣﻨﺎء ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺷﺮﻳﻦ؟"‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻀﻤﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻋﺮﻭﺽ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﻤﻴﺔ ﺃﻟﻘﺎﻫﺎ ﺇﻟﻴﺎﻧﻮﺭ ﻛﻮﻙ )ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﻭﻟﻴﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻗﻴﺔ( ﻭﺭﻳﺘﺸﺎﺭﺩ ﺃﻭﺑﺎﻳﺮﻥ )ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ( ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﻟﻤﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻳﻴﺮ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﻬﻞ ﺳﻴﻠﺪﻥ ﺩﻭﺭﺟﻮﻡ ﻻﻣﻮﺭﻭﻩ )ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻻﻳﺔ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﻟﻴﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺎﻟﻴﺔ( ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ ﺑﻤﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺣﺪﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺎﺗﻔﺎﻗﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺧﻴﺺ‬ ‫))‪ (ONIX-PL‬ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺑﻨﺼﻮﺹ ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ )‪ (DRM‬ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺒﺎﻳﻨﺔ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺷﺮﻳﻦ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﺍﺗﻔﻖ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺎﺭﻛﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻳﻴﺮ‪ً ،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻻ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻮﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﻘﻴﺪﺓ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺆﺩﻱ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﻳﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻗﺪﺭ ﺃﻛﺒﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺗﻢ ﻣﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﺳﺐ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺋﻌﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺤﻘﻘﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺻﻔﻘﺎﺕ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺷﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺳﻴﻄﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻠﺴﻠﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ‬

‫ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻧﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻓﻲ ﺣﻠﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﻠﺖ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ "ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻠﺴﻠﺔ‪ :‬ﺍﻻﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻭﻧﻤﺎﺫﺝ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻌﻴﺮ"‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﻗﺎﻡ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻴﻢ ﻣﺎﻭ‬ ‫)ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺷﻴﻜﺎﻏﻮ( ﻭﻧﺎﺭﺩ��� ﺗﺎﻓﻮﺭﻱ )ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺳﻜﺮﺍﻧﺘﻮﻥ(‬ ‫ﺑﺈﻟﻘﺎء ﻋﺮﻭﺽ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﻤﻴﺔ ﻋﻦ ﺧﺒﺮﺗﻬﻢ ﻓﻲ "ﺍﻟﺼﻔﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺮﻯ"‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻄﺒﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻠﺴﻠﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻟﻤﺆﺳﺴﺎﺗﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﻭﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻭﺍﺳﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻛﻼ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺃﻣﻨﺎء ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤﻼء ﻗﺪ ﺗﺒﻨﻮﺍ ﻓﻜﺮﺓ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ ﻟﻠﺪﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺮﻏﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺳﺆﺍﻝ ﺭﺍﺋﻊ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﻤﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻗﺪ ﻭﺻﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺫﻭﺭﺗﻪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺪ ّ‬ ‫ﺭﻛﺰﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﺷﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺛﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﺥ ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﺮﺍء ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻠﺴﻠﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﺼﻌﻮﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﻋﻦ "ﺍﻟﺼﻔﻘﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺮﻯ" ﻭﺗﺪﺍﻋﻴﺎﺕ ﺫﻟﻚ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﺷﺘﺮﺍﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺩﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻻ ﺗﻐﻄﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﻘﺎﺕ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺗﻢ ﻣﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ ﺍﻷﺳﻌﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﺃُﺛﻴﺮﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺎﻭﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺑﺘﻮﻓﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺰﺍﻧﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻭﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻠﺔ ﺍﻷﻛﺒﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻤﺜﻠﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻋﺪﻡ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺣﺎﻓﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻲ ﻟﺪﻯ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﻟﺘﺸﺠﻴﻊ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﺧﻠﺼﺖ ﺣﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﺵ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻷﻓﻜﺎﺭ ﻋﻦ ﺑﺪﺍﺋﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﻄﺒﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﻳﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﺄﺳﺎﺱ ﻟﻠﺘﺴﻌﻴﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﻊ ﺍﻻﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺓ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺭ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﺮﺍﻑ ﺑﻨﻘﺺ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﺍﺋﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺒﻮﻟﺔ ﻋﺎﻟﻤﻴﺎً‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﺗﻢ ﻣﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ ﺍﻻﺗﺠﺎﻫﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺗﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺟﻌﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﺭﻛﺰﺕ‬ ‫ﺟﻠﺴﺎﺕ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﻈﻬﻴﺮﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺰﺍﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻊ ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺟﻤﺔ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﻳﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺴﻌﻴﺮ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﺭﻙ ﺭﻭﺑﺮﺕ ﻣﻴﺮﺩﻭﻙ )ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬

‫ﺗﻴﻠﻮﺭ ﺳﺘﺎﻧﺞ‬ ‫ﺃﺧﺼﺎﺋﻲ ﻣﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺒﻌﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺎﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺮﺟﻬﺎﻡ ﻳﻮﻧﺞ( ﻓﻲ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﺑﻬﺬﺍ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺄﻛﻴﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ )ﻭﻛﻴﻒ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺴﺎﻋﺪ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺷﺮﻭﻥ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ(‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻣﺜﻠﺔ ﺍﻹﺑﺪﺍﻋﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻌﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺪﻳﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﺎ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺧﺼﻢ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﻤﻼء ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﺍﺋﻤﻴﻦ‪ .‬ﻭﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺪﻳﻤﻲ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﺃﻟﻘﺎﻩ ﻣﺎﻳﻜﻞ ﻟﻴﻔﻴﻦ‪-‬ﻛﻼﺭﻙ )ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺩﻧﻔﺮ( ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺭﻛﺰ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻋﺒﺮﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻋﻦ ﺭﻏﺒﺘﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺗﻮﻓﻴﺮ ﻣﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﻭﻧﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺍﺭﺩ )ﻣﺜﻞ‪،‬‬ ‫‪ (ILL‬ﻟﻠﻤﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﺃﺗﺎﺣﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ ﺻﺮﻳﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻴﺔ ﻟﻨﻤﻮﺫﺟﻲ ‪Patron-Driven Acquisition‬‬ ‫)ﺍﻟﺸﺮﺍء ﺍﻟﻤﺪﻓﻮﻉ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴﻞ( ﻭ‪Print-on-Demand‬‬ ‫)ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻌﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺐ( ﻷﻣﻨﺎء ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﺗﺐ ﻓﺮﺻﺔ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮﺍﺗﻬﻢ ﻭﺗﺠﺎﺭﺑﻬﻢ ﻣﻊ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻻﺗﺠﺎﻫﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺷﺌﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺑﻮﺟﻪ ﻋﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﻻ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺑﺒﺴﺎﻃﺔﻗﻴﺎﺱ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﺒﺮﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﺷﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻢ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺘﻬﺎ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻘﺎء ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻡ ﻃﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ‪ .‬ﻓﻔﻲ ﺣﻴﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺟﻬﻮﺩﺍً ﺗُﺒﺬﻝ ﺣﺎﻟﻴﺎً ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺒﻌﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺎﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺃﺛﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺃﻋﻀﺎء ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺸﺎﺭﻳﺔ‬ ‫)‪ ،(LAG‬ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻼﺣﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻋﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻣﻨﺎء ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺎﺭﻛﻴﻦ ﺳﻮﻑ ﺗﺘﻴﺢ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺿﻊ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﻴﺠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺮ ﻭﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺃﻭﻟﻮﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﻟﺸﻬﻮﺭ ﻭﺳﻨﻮﺍﺕ ﻗﺎﺩﻣﺔ‪.‬‬

‫‪Illuminea‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺩ ‪١‬‬

‫‪٥‬‬

‫ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻟﻘﻮﺍﻣﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﻮﻳﺔ ﻋﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ )‪ (OLDO‬ﻣﻴﺰﺓ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺘﺢ ﻟﻚ ﻋﺎﻟﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺎﺕ‪.‬‬

‫ﺇﻥ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ ‪ARROW‬‬

‫ﻭﻓﻲ ﻣﻄﺒﻌﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺃﻭﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﺮﺍﻗﺐ ﺑﺎﻧﺘﻈﺎﻡ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻱ ﻣﺪﻯ ﺗﺘﻄﻮﺭ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺎﺕ ﻷﻧﻨﺎ ﻧﺮﻳﺪ ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻀﻤﻦ ﺗﻄﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﻣﻴﺲ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﺔ ﺟﻨﺒﺎً ﺇﻟﻰ ﺟﻨﺐ ﻣﻊ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺎﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﺨﻄﻮﺓ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻓﻴﺮ ﻗﻮﺍﻣﻴﺲ ﻣﻤﺘﺎﺯﺓ ﺛﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‪ .‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺃﻭﻛﺴﻔﻮﺩ ﻟﻠﻐﺎﺕ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫"‪ ،"Oxford Language Web‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎ ﻗﻮﺍﻣﻴﺲ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﻮﻳﺔ ﻋﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ )‪ ،(OLDO‬ﺳﻮﻑ ﻳﺴﺎﻋﺪ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻴﻦ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﺑﺤﺎﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﺃﻋﻤﻖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻳﻮﻓﺮ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﻗﻮﺍﻣﻴﺲ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﻮﻳﺔ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ )‪ (OLDO‬ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻗﻮﺍﻣﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﺛﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﻌﺪﺓ ﻟﻐﺎﺕ ﻋﻼﻭﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺜﻞ ﻋﻴﻨﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻨﺎﻭﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻳﺪ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﻟﺘﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻋﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺑﻠﻐﺔ ﺃﺟﻨﺒﻴﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺗﺤﺪﺛﺖ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻟﻮﻳﺰﺍ ﺇﺩﻭﺍﺭﺩﺯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺑﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺳﺎﻟﻲ ﺗﺸﺎﻣﺒﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﻗﺴﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻳﻔﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﻟﻨﺪﺍ ﺑﻴﻨﻴﺖ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺇﻃﻼﻕ ﻣﺒﺎﺩﺭﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺷﺄﻧﻬﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺪﻋﻢ ﺗﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﻣﻜﺘﺒﺔ ﺭﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﻟﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺑﻴﻴﻦ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻗﺪ‬

‫ﺃﺗﺎﺣﺖ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻨﺔ ﺑﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﻧﺴﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺳﻬﻠﺔ ﻭﺭﺧﻴﺼﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻲ ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺛﺎﺋﻖ ﺑﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺗﻤﺜﻞ ﺣﻠﻤﺎً ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻷﺧﻴﺮﺓ ﺗﻢ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﺑﻤﺸﺮﻭﻋﺎﺕ ﺭﻗﻤﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺳﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺍﺳﺘﺤﻮﺫﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻫﺎﻣﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻊ ﻋﺸﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﺜﺎﻣﻦ ﻋﺸﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺎﺳﻊ ﻋﺸﺮ ﻭﻣﻄﻠﻊ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺮﻳﻦ ﻟﺘﻘﺪﻳﻤﻬﺎ ﻟﻠﻘﺮﺍء ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ‪.‬‬

‫ﺛﻘﺐ ﺃﺳﻮﺩ ﺭﻗﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﺬﻟﻚ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺧﺮ ﺃﻥ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺣﻖ ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺄﻟﻴﻒ )ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻤﻨﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺆﻟﻒ ﻣﻠﻜﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﻖ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺭﺑﺎﺡ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻣﺮﻭﺭ ﺳﺒﻌﻴﻦ ﻋﺎﻣﺎً ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﺎﺗﻪ(‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻘﻮﻝ ﺇﻥ ﻋﻘﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺆﻟﻔﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻟﻢ ﺗﻜﻦ ﺗﺤﺘﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﻨﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺩﻱ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺸﺮﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻧﺎ ﻳﻌﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺧﻄﺮ "ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺳﻮﺩ" ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻲ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺆﺩﻱ ﺑﺄﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺸﺮﻳﻦ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻤﻞ ﻷﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺆﻟﻒ ﻟﻦ ﻳﺠﻌﻞ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﻣﺘﺎﺣﺔ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻟﻦ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﺘﺒﻌﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﺑﺪﺭﺟﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﺒﻴﺮﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﻳﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻃﻤﻮﺣﺎﺕ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ ‪ARROW‬‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻊ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﻗﻊ‪ .‬ﻟﺬﻟﻚ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺧﺮ ﺃﻥ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺣﻖ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺄﻟﻴﻒ )ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻤﻨﺢ ﺍﻟﻤﺆﻟﻒ ﻣﻠﻜﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﻖ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺭﺑﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﺣﺘﻰ ﻣﺮﻭﺭ ﺳﺒﻌﻴﻦ ﻋﺎﻣﺎً ﺑﻌﺪ ﻭﻓﺎﺗﻪ(‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻘﻮﻝ ﺇﻥ ﻋﻘﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺆﻟﻔﻴﻦ ﻟﻢ ﺗﻜﻦ ﺗﺤﺘﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﻨﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺩﻱ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺸﺮﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻧﺎ ﻳﻌﻨﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺧﻄﺮ "ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺐ ﺍﻷﺳﻮﺩ" ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻲ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺆﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﺄﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺩﻱ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺸﺮﻳﻦ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻤﻞ ﻷﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺆﻟﻒ ﻟﻦ ﻳﺠﻌﻞ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﻣﺘﺎﺣﺔ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻟﻦ ﻳﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﺒﻌﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﺑﺪﺭﺟﺔ ﻛﺒﻴﺮﺓ‪.‬‬

‫‪٦‬‬

‫‪Illuminea‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺩ ‪١‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺑﻴﺔ‬

‫ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﻘﺘﺮﺡ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ ‪ ARROW‬ﺗﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﺧﺪﻣﺔ ﻣﺘﻮﺍﺻﻠﺔ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺷﺒﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺯﻋﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻗﻮﺍﻋﺪ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﻃﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺤﺘﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ ﻭﺿﻊ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺘﻴﺔ ﺳﻮﻑ ﺗﺴﺎﻋﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻨﻈﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻋﻦ ﺗﺮﺧﻴﺺ ﻟﺤﻘﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺄﻟﻴﻒ ﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﻯ‪ .‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻬﺪﻑ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ‬ ‫‪ ARROW‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻯ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﺩﻝ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﻱ ﻟﺘﻴﺴﻴﺮ ﻧﻤﺎﺫﺝ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺘﻜﺮﺓ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺃﺟﻞ ﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣﻬﺎ ﻭﺳﺪﺍﺩ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻬﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍ ﻟﻠﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺑﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﻟﻮﻳﺰﺍ ﺇﺩﺍﻭﺭﺩﺯ ً‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺮﻫﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻻﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﻬﻮﻟﻨﺪﺍ‪ .‬ﻭﺗﺘﺮﺃﺱ ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻄﻮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﻴﺠﻲ ﻟﻠﺨﺪﻣﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﻋﻦ ﻛﺜﺐ ﻣﻊ ﺳﺎﻟﻲ ﺷﺎﻣﺒﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻳﻔﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺑﻴﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭ‬

‫ﻳﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺃﻭﻛﺴﻔﻮﺩ ﻟﻠﻐﺎﺕ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ "‪ "Oxford Language Web‬ﻣﻴﺰﺓ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﺗﺘﻴﺢ ﻟﻚ ﺭﺅﻳﺔ ﻋﺎﻟﻢ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﺎﺷﺔ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ‪ .‬ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﺃﺭﺩﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻋﻦ ﻛﻠﻤﺔ ﻣﺜﻞ‬ ‫"‪" beautiful‬ﺟﻤﻴﻞ" ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻹﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ ﻓﺴﻮﻑ ﺗﺮﻯ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻔﻮﺭ ﺗﺮﺟﻤﺘﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﺛﻨﺘﻰ ﻋﺸﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻐﺔ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﻫﻲ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻧﺴﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻷﻟﻤﺎﻧﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻷﺳﺒﺎﻧﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻹﻳﻄﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺳﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻴﻨﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺒﺮﺗﻐﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻟﻨﺪﻳﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﻴﺎﺑﺎﻧﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﻜﻮﺭﻳﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻳﻼﻧﺪﻳﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ‪ -‬ﺟﻤﻴﻌﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺷﺔ ﺫﺍﺗﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﻨﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﺴﺎءﻝ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﺼﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﻓﺴﻴﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻨﻰ‪ !漂亮的 :‬ﻭﻟﻼﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﺓ ﻣﻨﻪ ﺑﺪﺭﺟﺔ ﺃﻛﺒﺮ‪ ،‬ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﺑﺄﻳﺔ ﻟﻐﺔ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻴﺲ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻹﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ ﻓﻘﻂ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﺎﻣﻮﺱ ﻓﻮﺭﻱ ﻳﺤﺘﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ ٧٥٠٠‬ﻛﻠﻤﺔ ﺑﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺎﺕ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺳﺘﺮﻯ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻱ ﻣﺪﻯ ﺗﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺎﺕ ﺑﺒﻌﻀﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﺛﻢ ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺟﻤﺔ ﺳﺮﻳﻌﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻔﺮﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﺋ���ﺴﻴﺔ ﻭﺗﻮﺳﻊ ﻣﻦ ﺗﻌﻠﻤﻚ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﻮﻱ ﻟﻠﻐﺎﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ‪.‬‬

‫ﻳﻮﺿﺢ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻳﻖ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ‬

‫ﻭﺗﺮﻣﺰ ‪ ARROW‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻮﻕ ﻭﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻣﺠﻬﻮﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻜﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻳﻬﺪﻑ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ ‪ ARROW‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺇﻃﺎﺭ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺪﻋﻢ ﺗﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﻣﻜﺘﺒﺔ ﻳﻮﺭﻭﺑﻴﻨﺎ‬ ‫"‪ - "Europeana‬ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺑﻴﺔ ‪ -‬ﻭﺯﻳﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻲ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻗﺼﻰ ﺩﺭﺟﺔ ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺱ ﺑﺤﻘﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺆﻟﻔﻴﻦ ﺃﻭ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻮﻕ ﺍﻵﺧﺮﻳﻦ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺗﻢ ﺑﺪء ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺮﻭﻉ ﻓﻲ ﺧﺮﻳﻒ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ٢٠٠٨‬ﻭﺳﻴﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻧﺘﻬﺎء ﻣﻨﻪ ﻓﻲ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ .٢٠١١‬ﻭﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺘﻤﻮﻳﻠﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ‬ ‫‪ eContentplus programme‬ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺑﻊ ﻟﻠﻤﻔﻮﺿﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺑﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺴﻌﻰ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﺭﻗﻤﻲ ﺃﻭﺭﻭﺑﻲ‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﻐﻼﻟﻪ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺑﺪﺭﺟﺔ ﺃﻛﺒﺮ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﺑﺎﻟﻔﻌﻞ ﺗﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﻗﻮﺍﻣﻴﺲ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﻮﻳﺔ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫)‪ (OLDO‬ﺍﻟﻤﻮﻗﻊ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﻮﺍﻣﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﺛﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﻭﻣﻌﺘﻤﺪﺓ ﻭﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﻮﺩﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‪ ،‬ﺃﻣﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺧﻠﺖ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﻗﻊ ﺣﺎﻟﻴﺎً ﻓﺴﻮﻑ ﺗُﻔﺘﺢ ﻟﻚ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﺎً‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﺎﻟﻢ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺎﺕ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﻗﺎﺭﺑﺖ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﺔ ﺟﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ ‪ ARROW‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﻬﺎء ﺣﺎﻟﻴﺎً‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺘﻢ ﻋﻘﺪ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻉ ﻓﻲ ﺑﺎﺭﻳﺲ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺃﻛﺘﻮﺑﺮ ﻟﻠﺘﺮﻛﻴﺰ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺣﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺮﻳﺒﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺭﺟﺢ ﺳﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺮﻳﺒﻴﺔ ﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻤﻠﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺪﺓ ﻭﻓﺮﻧﺴﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻟﻤﺎﻧﻴﺎ ﻭﺃﺳﺒﺎﻧﻴﺎ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺮﻭﻳﺞ‪ .‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻮﻗﻊ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﺃﻟﻤﺎﻧﻴﺎ ﺃﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺔ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻔﻌﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺮﻭﻉ ﺑﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺻﺮﺣﺖ ﻟﻮﻳﺰﺍ ﺇﺩﻭﺍﺭﺩﺯ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﺒﺐ ﻭﺭﺍء ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ‬ ‫‪ ARROW‬ﺇﻟﻰ "ﺃﻧﻪ ﺃﻭﻝ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ ﻛﺒﻴﺮ ﻳﺘﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺷﺮﻭﻥ ﻣﻊ ﺃﻣﻨﺎء ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﺑﺈﺧﻼﺹ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻬﺔ ﺗﻀﻤﺖ ﻧﺎﺷﺮﻳﻦ ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻮﻥ ﻣﻊ ﻧﺎﺷﺮﻳﻦ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ ﺃﻣﻨﺎء ﻣﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻮﻥ ﻣﻊ ﺃﻣﻨﺎء ﻣﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ‪".‬‬ ‫ﻭﺳﻴﺘﻢ ﺇﺻﺪﺍﺭ ﺇﻋﻼﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﺤﺪﺛﺔ ﺣﻮﻝ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ ‪ARROW‬‬ ‫ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻣﻨﺘﻈﻢ ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﺪء ﻓﻴﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﻣﻨﺎء ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺎﺷﺮﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﺮﻛﺰﻭﻥ ﺑﺼﻔﺔ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻳﻔﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺑﺴﺎﻟﻲ ﺗﺸﺎﻣﺒﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ‪:‬‬ ‫‪.sally.chambers@kb.nl‬‬ ‫ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺆﻟﻒ‪ :‬ﻟﻨﺪﺍ ﺑﻴﻨﻴﺖ )‪(linda@goldleaf.co.uk‬‬ ‫ﻫﻲ ﻣﺆﺳﺲ ﺷﺮﻛﺔ ﺟﻮﻟﺪ ﻟﻴﻒ "‪ ،"Gold Leaf‬ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻮﻓﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺤﻮﺙ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﻗﻴﺔ ﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﺖ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺮ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺗﺮﺃﺳﺖ ﻋﺪﺩﺍً ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺮﻭﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻀﺨﻤﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﻄﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﺨﺎﺹ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻳﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺃﻭﻛﺴﻔﻮﺩ ﻟﻠﻐﺎﺕ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ "‪ "Oxford Language Web‬ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﺘﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺎﻧﺎً ﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺘﺮﻛﻴﻦ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﻗﻮﺍﻣﻴﺲ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﻮﻳﺔ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ )‪(OLDO‬؛ ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺖ ﺗﺴﻌﻰ ﻟﻠﻤﺤﺎﻭﻟﺔ ﺃﻭ ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻳُﺮﺟﻰ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﻗﻊ ‪www.‬‬ ‫‪.oxfordlanguagedictionaries.com‬‬

‫ﻣﺎ ﻳﺰﻳﺪ ﻋﻦ ‪ ٣٠٠٠‬ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺣﺎﻟﻴﺎً ﻣﺘﻀﻤﻨﺔ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺤﺔ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ )‪(OSO‬‬

‫ﻭ‬

‫ﻗﺪ ﺷﻬﺪ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺳﺒﺘﻤﺒﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ٢٠٠٩‬ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻢ ‪ ٣٠٠٠‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﻨﺤﺔ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ ﻣﻜﺘﺒﺔ ﺇﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﺔ ﺗﺎﺑﻌﺔ ﻟﻤﻄﺒﻌﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻣﺘﺒﺎﺩﻝ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻣﻨﺤﺔ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ )‪ (OSO‬ﺗﺰﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺍء ﺑﺎﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﻲ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺸﻮﺭﺓ ﺣﺪﻳﺜﺎً‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﺎﺕ ﺟﻮﻫﺮﻳﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻳﺘﻤﺘﻊ ﺍﻷﻛﺎﺩﻳﻤﻴﻮﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻄﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺎﺣﺜﻮﻥ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺆﺳﺴﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ ﺣﺎﻟﻴﺎً ﺑﺎﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺭﺯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺘﻰ ﺍﺣﺘﺎﺟﻮﺍ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻳﻨﻤﺎ ﻭُﺟﺪﻭﺍ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻨﺬ ﺃﻭﺍﺧﺮ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ،٢٠٠٣‬ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺗﻢ ﺇﻃﻼﻕ ﻣﻨﺤﺔ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ )‪ (OSO‬ﻷﻭﻝ ﻣﺮﺓ‪ ،‬ﻛﻨﺎ ﻧﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﺠﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ ﻣﺪﻯ ﻭﻧﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻬﺪﻑ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻴﻦ ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺗﺸﺠﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻨﺢ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﻟﺘﻘﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﻫﺮﻳﺔ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪﻳﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻷﺩﺏ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﻴﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﻔﻴﺰﻳﺎء‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺑﻔﺘﺮﺓ ﻗﺼﻴﺮﺓ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻻﺣﻘﺔ ﻟﻮﺣﺪﺍﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻮﺳﻴﻘﻰ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﺼﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻣﺆﺧﺮﺍً‪ ،‬ﻓﻲ ﺳﺒﺘﻤﺒﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ،٢٠٠٩‬ﻗﻤﻨﺎ ﺑﺈﻃﻼﻕ ﻭﺣﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻭﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﻷﻭﺑﺌﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺑﺠﺎﻧﺐ ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪﺓ‪ ،‬ﻳﺘﻢ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻛﻞ ﺗﺨﺼﺺ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﺳﺮﻱ ﻛﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻧﺸﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻄﺒﻮﻋﺔ ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﻟﻀﻤﺎﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻈﻞ ﺍﻟﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﺃﺩﺍﺓ ﻣﻮﺛﻮﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻌﺎﺻﺮﺓ ﻟﺪﻋﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﺷﻬﺪ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ٢٠٠٩‬ﻭﺣﺪﻩ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﺰﻳﺪ ﻋﻦ ‪ ٧٥٠‬ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺎً ‪ -‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﺃﺧﺬﺕ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ ﺣﺠﻢ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﺗﺰﻳﺪ ﻋﻦ ‪ ٣٠٠٠‬ﻋﻼﻣﺔ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‪.‬‬ ‫‪www.oxfordscholarship.com‬‬

‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺗﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻮﻥ ﻓﻲ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ٢٠٠٣‬ﻣﻦ ﺭﺅﻳﺔ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺃﺭﺑﻌﺔ ﻣﺠﺎﻻﺕ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﺎً ﻭﻫﻲ‪ :‬ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻔﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ،٢٠٠٧‬ﺗﻮﺳﻌﺖ‬

‫‪Illuminea‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺩ ‪١‬‬

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‫ﻧﻈﺮﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬

‫–‬ ‫ﺃﻓﻜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺟﻴﺪﻱ‬

‫ﺣﻮﻝ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﻟﺠﻮﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻛﻢ ﺃﻣﻨﺎء ﻣﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺎﺩﻳﻤﻴﻴﻦ ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻜﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﺮﻑ ﻛﻤﻘﻴّﻤﻴﻦ ﻟﻠﺠﻮﺩﺓ‪ ،‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﺇﻧﻜﻢ ﺗﺤﺎﻭﻟﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﻜﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺰﺍﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺴﺘﺪﻋﻲ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺒﺎﻩ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺰﺍﻧﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺰﺩﺍﺩ ﻗﻴﻮﺩﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﻠﺪﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻟﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺪﺗﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﻌﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺎﻭﺭ ﻣﻊ ﻫﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺭﻳﺲ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻜﺎﻓﺊ ﻟﻠﻤﺮﺍﺟﻌﺔ ﻟﻨﻈﻴﺮﺓ‪ ،‬ﻓﻲ ﺣﻴﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻣﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﺠﻮﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺟﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺋﺪ ﺳﻮﻑ ﻳﺘﻤﺜﻞ ﻓﻲ "ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮ" ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺒﺎﺳﺎﺕ‪.‬‬

‫ﻓﻲ‬

‫ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻲ‪ ،‬ﺗُﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﻧﺴﺒﺔ ﻣﺘﺰﺍﻳﺪﺓ ﻣﻦ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﻟﻴﻜﻤﻞ ﻣﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﺠﻮﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺹ ﺑﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮ‬

‫ﻣﻄﺒﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺟﺰءﺍً ﻣﻦ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎﺕ "ﺍﻟﺼﻔﻘﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺮﻯ"‪.‬‬

‫)ﺍﻧﻈﺮ‪.(www.uksg.org/usagefactors‬‬

‫ﺭﻳﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺟﻴﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺍﻷﺑﺤﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬

‫ﻟﺘﺒﺮﻳﺮ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺜﻤﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻤﺮ ﻓﻲ ﺗﺰﻭﻳﺪﻙ ﺑﺎﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺗﻘﺮﺃﻩ؟‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻴﺎً ﺑﺎﻟﻤﺴﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻤﺮﺓ ﻟﻠﻨﻘﺎﺵ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺋﺮ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻫﺞ‬

‫ﻣﻊ ﺫﻟﻚ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻈﺮ ﺳﺮﻳﻌﺎً ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻻﺗﺠﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺒﺪﻭ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻻﺑﺘﻜﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬

‫ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﺍﻷﺑﺤﺎﺙ‪ ،‬ﻧﺠﺤﺖ ﻓﻲ ﺇﻗﻨﺎﻉ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ‬

‫ﻏﻴﺮ ﺃﻥ "ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﺟﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﻴﺮﺓ" ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻬﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺭﻳﺲ ﺃﻭ‬ ‫"ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮ" ﻟﻠﺪﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺩﻳﺔ ﻻ ﺗﻔﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺋﻤﺎً ﻋﻨﺪ ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺔ ﺗﺄﺧﺬﻧﺎ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻳﺘﻀﺢ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺃﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻳﺐ‬

‫‪ UKSG‬ﺑﺎﻟﺴﻤﺎﺡ ﻟﻲ ﺑﺮﺋﺎﺳﺔ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺆﺗﻤﺮﻫﺎ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬

‫ﺍﻟﻤﺰﺍﻳﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﻴﺔ ﻟﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﻛﺒﻴﺮﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﻻ ﺷﻚ ﻓﻲ‬

‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺣﺪ ﻣﺎ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺘﻌﻴﻦ ﺍﺗﺨﺎﺫ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﺸﺄﻥ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﺩﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬

‫ﺳﺘﻌﻘﺪﻩ ﻓﻲ ‪ ،٢٠١٠‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﻣﻤﺜﻠﻮ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻫﺞ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺛﺔ‬

‫ﺃﻥ ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺒﺎﺳﺎﺕ ﻭﻧﺼﺎﺋﺢ ﻫﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺭﻳﺲ ﻻ ﺗﻤﺜﻼﻥ ﻣﺆﺷﺮﺍﺕ‬

‫ﻳﺘﻬﻴﺄ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻟﻠﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﺑﻬﺎ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻓﺎﺋﺪﺓ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‬

‫ﺑﻌﺮﺽ ﺣﺠﺠﻬﻢ ﺛﻢ ﻳﺴﻤﺤﻮﻥ ﺑﺘﻠﻘﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﺎﺅﻻﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﺳﺄﺳﻌﻰ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺠﻮﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺷﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﺣﻴﺪﺓ‪ .‬ﻓﺎﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺍﺩﺭ‬

‫ﻣﻦ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﺔ ﻭﺣﻤﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺨﺼﻮﺻﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ‬

‫ﻟﺘﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻷﺳﺌﻠﺔ ﻣﺴﺒﻘﺎً‪ ،‬ﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺮﺳﻠﻮﺍ ﻟﻲ ﺃﻳﺔ ﺃﺳﺌﻠﺔ‬

‫ﺍﻟﻜﺜﻴﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﻛﻤﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺟﺪﻳﺮ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﺤﺺ‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﺭﺃﻳﻲ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺭﺑﻤﺎ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﺗﻨﺎﺳﺒﺎً ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﻴﺮ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻩ‬

‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺣﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ‪ .‬ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﻛﻴﻒ ﺳﺘﺸﻌﺮ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻙ‬

‫ﺗﺮﻏﺒﻮﻥ ﻓﻲ ﻃﺮﺣﻬﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺍء‪ ،‬ﺇﺫﺍ ﺃﻣﻜﻨﻚ ﺗﻨﺰﻳﻞ ﻣﻄﺒﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺣﺪ ّ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻳﺪ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ‪:‬‬ ‫‪.richard.gedye@oxfordjournals.org‬‬

‫ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﻟﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﺲ ﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ‪ .‬ﺇﻥ‬

‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺟﻬﺎﺯ ﻣﺤﻤﻮﻝ ﺷﺨﺼﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ ﻗﺮﺍءﺗﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻱ‬

‫ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ "ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ" ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺑﻊ ﻟـ ‪) UKSG‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺃﺭﺃﺳﻪ‬

‫ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻭﻓﻲ ﺃﻱ ﻭﻗﺖ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﻣﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ ﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺍءﺓ‬

‫ﺃﻧﺎ( ﻳﺸﻴﺮ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺇﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺭﺍﺋﻌﺔ ﻟﺘﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﻣﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﻋﺎﻟﻤﻲ ﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻚ ﻭﺗﺴﺠﻴﻠﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ ﺗﺰﻭﻳﺪ ﺃﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻜﺘﺒﺘﻚ ﺑﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬

‫ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﺣﺼﺎءﺍﺕ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﻣﺘﻮﺍﻓﻘﺔ ﻣﻊ ‪COUNTER 3‬‬

‫ﻣﻦ‬

���ﺍﻟﻬﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺘﻤﻜﻦ ﻋﻤﻼء ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﺤﻮ ﻫﺎﺩﻑ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﺭﻧﺔ ﺇﺣﺼﺎءﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﻭﺑﺬﻟﻚ ﻧﻀﻤﻦ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﺇﺣﺼﺎءﺍﺕ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻨﺎ ﻣﻊ ﺃﺣﺪﺙ ﺇﺻﺪﺍﺭ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻤﺎﺭﺳﺔ ‪.COUNTER‬‬

‫ﻳﻬﺪﻑ ﻛﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻤﺎﺭﺳﺔ ‪ COUNTER 3‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺗﺤﺴﻴﻦ ﻣﻮﺛﻮﻗﻴﺔ ﺗﻘﺎﺭﻳﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪COUNTER‬‬ ‫ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺩﻣﺞ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻭﺗﻮﻛﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﻤﻤﺔ ﻟﺘﺨﻔﻴﻒ ﺣﺪﺓ ﺍﻵﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﻀﺨﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻤﻠﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺇﺣﺼﺎءﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺹ ﺑﻤﺤﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺣﺪﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺆﺗﻤﺘﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭﻭﺑﻮﺗﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﻭﺑﺮﺍﻣﺞ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ‪ .‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻘﺪﻡ "ﻛﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻤﺎﺭﺳﺔ" ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺷﺄﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻞ ﺩﻣﺞ ﻭﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﻭﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺇﺣﺼﺎءﺍﺕ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪.COUNTER‬‬

‫ﻭﻳﺸﺘﻤﻞ ﺍﻹﺻﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ‪ COUNTER‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﺍﻹﺿﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪:‬‬ ‫• ﻛﻞ ﺗﻘﺎﺭﻳﺮ ‪ COUNTER‬ﻣﺘﻮﻓﺮﺓ ﺍﻵﻥ ﺑﺘﻨﺴﻴﻖ ‪ ،XML‬ﻭﻳﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻼء ﺍﻵﻥ ﺟﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺴﻴﻖ ﻳﺪﻭﻳﺎً )ﻳﻨﻄﺒﻖ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﻳﻀﺎً ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻧﻘﺪﻣﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﺘﻄﻠﺒﻬﺎ ‪.(COUNTER 3‬‬ ‫• ﻳﺘﻮﻓﺮ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻟﻼﺗﺤﺎﺩﺍﺕ )‪ (CR1‬ﺑﺘﻨﺴﻴﻖ ‪) XML‬ﻋﻼﻭﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻨﺴﻴﻘﺎﺕ ‪HTML‬‬ ‫ﻭ‪ csv.‬ﻭ‪ ،rtf.‬ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻻ ﻳﺘﻄﻠﺒﻬﺎ ‪.(COUNTER 3‬‬ ‫• ﻳﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻮﻥ ﺍﻵﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎءﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻬﻢ ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺋﻴﺎً ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫‪.SUSHI‬‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻟﺪﻳﻚ ﺃﻱ ﺗﺴﺎﺅﻻﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺇﺣﺼﺎءﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻚ‪ ،‬ﻳُﺮﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺑـ‪jnls.consortia@oxfordjournals.org :‬‬

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‫‪Illuminea‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺩ ‪١‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻛﻴﺰ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻣﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﻣﻄﺒﻌﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﻨﺸﺮ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻣﺘﺰﺍﻳﺪﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻄﺒﻮﻋﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﻣﺠﺎﻝ ﺃﻣﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻧﻨﺎ ﻧﺘﺨﺬ ﺧﻄﻮﺍﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺿﻤﺎﻥ ﺗﺮﺍﺑﻂ ﻣﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ ﺑﻌﻀﻬﺎ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻟﺘﻤﻜﻴﻦ ﺃﻃﺒﺎء ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺑﺴﻬﻮﻟﺔ ﺃﻛﺒﺮ‪.‬‬

‫ﺗﺴﻬﻢ‬

‫ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻘﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺰﺍﻳﺪﺓ ﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺣ ٍﺪ ﺳﻮﺍء‪،‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﺗﻐﻄﻴﺔ ﺷﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﻟﻤﺠﺎﻝ ﺃﻣﺮﺍﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ‪ .‬ﻭﻳﺘﻢ ﺟﺰء ﻛﺒﻴﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺎﻁ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺑﻴﺔ ﻷﻣﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ )‪ .(ESC‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﺑﺪﺃﻧﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪٢٠٠٥‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﻧﺸﺮ "ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺑﻴﺔ"‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻤﻴﺰﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺠﻤﻌﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺑﻴﺔ ﻷﻣﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ )‪ (ESC‬ﻭﺩﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﺃﻣﺮﺍﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺑﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺋﺪﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﺣﺼﻠﻨﺎ ﻣﻨﺬ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻦ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻏﻠﺐ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻌﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺑﻴﺔ ﻷﻣﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ‬ ‫)‪ :(ESC‬ﺇﻱ ﺑﻲ ﻳﻮﺭﻭﺑﻴﺲ )‪ ،(EP Europace‬ﻭﺃﺑﺤﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻣﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ ﻭﺍﻷﻭﻋﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺑﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﺨﻄﻴﻂ‬ ‫ﺻﺪﻯ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺑﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺴﻜﺘﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺒﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻣﺆﺧﺮﺍً‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻗﻤﻨﺎ ﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺑﻨﺸﺮ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ‪) ESC‬ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻌﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺑﻴﺔ ﻷﻣﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ( ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻄﺐ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ ﻭﺍﻷﻭﻋﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﻣﻮﻳﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳُﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺟﻌﻲ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻞ ﺃﻃﺒﺎء ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺪﺭﺑﻴﻦ ﻭﺣﺘﻰ ﺍﻹﺧﺼﺎﺋﻴﻴﻦ‬

‫ً‬ ‫ﻣﻜﻤﻼ ﻟﻠﺪﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻧﻨﺸﺮﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻤﺮﺳﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻳُﻌﺘﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻔﻌﻞ‪ .‬ﻭﻋﻼﻭﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺨﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻄﺒﻮﻋﺔ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺟﺪ ﻧﺴﺨﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺸﺘﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺨﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻄﺒﻮﻋﺔ ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﻲ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺃﻓﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﻔﻴﺪﻳﻮ ﻭﻭﺳﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻄﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺗﻨﺰﻳﻠﻬﺎ ﻟﻸﻏﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺳﻴﺘﻢ ﻗﺮﻳﺒﺎً‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺮ ﺃﺳﺌﻠﺔ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ ﻃﺒﻴﺔ ﻣﻌﺘﻤﺪﺓ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻛﻤﺎ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻝ ﻣﻊ ﻛﻞ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻧﻨﺸﺮﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻳﺘﻢ ﺍﺳﺘﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ‪ ESC‬ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﻲ ﺑﻮﺍﺳﻄﺔ ‪،HighWire Press‬‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺳﻤﺢ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺑﺈﻧﺸﺎء ﺷﺒﻜﺔ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺇﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻣﺮﺍﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺑﻂ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ‪) ESC‬ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺑﻴﺔ ﻷﻣﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ( ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﻲ ﻟﻄﺐ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ ﻭﺍﻷﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻣﻮﻳﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺑﻤﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺔ ‪ ،ESC‬ﺑﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻚ ﺇﺭﺷﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﻣﺰﺍﻭﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺠﻤﻌﻴﺔ ‪ ،ESC‬ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺗُﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﺍً ﻫﺎﻣﺎ ﻟﻜﻞ ﺃﻃﺒﺎء ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ ﺍﻟﻤﻤﺎﺭﺳﻴﻦ‪.‬‬

‫ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﻄﺒﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻌﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺑﻴﺔ ﻷﻣﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ‬ ‫)‪ (ESC‬ﻧﻘﻮﻡ ﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺑﻨﺸﺮ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺠﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺃﻣﺎﺭﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ‪ ،‬ﺑﻤﺎ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺳﻠﺴﻠﺔ ﻧﺎﺟﺤﺔ ﻟﻠﻐﺎﻳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﻴﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺔ ‪ -‬ﻛﺘﻴﺐ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻷﻣﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ ﻭﺳﺒﻌﺔ ﻛﺘﻴﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻣﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ ﺗﺘﻨﺎﻭﻝ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺗﺨﻄﻴﻂ ﺻﺪﻯ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ ﻭﺍﻷﻣﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺪﻯ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻟﻐﻴﻦ‪ .‬ﻭﻳﺘﻮﻓﺮ ﻛﺘﻴﺐ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻷﻣﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ ﻋﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‪ ،‬ﻭﺳﻮﻑ ﺗﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ ﻗﺮﻳﺒﺎً‪ .‬ﻋﻼﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻮﻓﺮﺓ ﺇﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﺎً‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﺜﻞ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‪ ،‬ﺳﻮﻑ‬ ‫ﻳﺴﺘﻤﺮ ﻧﻤﻮ ﺷﺒﻜﺔ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩﻧﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‪ ،‬ﻟﺘﻮﻓﺮ ﺑﺬﻟﻚ ﺗﻐﻄﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺠﺎﻝ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻻﺑﺘﻜﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻻ ﺗﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﻫﻨﺎ؛‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻷﻣﺮ ﻻ ﻳﺰﺍﻝ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻳﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‪ ،‬ﻭﺳﻮﻑ ﻧﻮﺍﺻﻞ ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻊ ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺃﻣﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺑﻄﺮﻕ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﺗﻄﻮﺭﺍً‪ ،‬ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻓﻴﺮ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺩﻳﻨﺎﻣﻴﻜﻲ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﻟﻌﻤﻼﺋﻨﺎ‪.‬‬

‫‪Illuminea‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺩ ‪١‬‬

‫‪٩‬‬

‫ﺗﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺗﻨﺎ ﻟﻀﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻮﺩﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ‬

‫ﻣﺎﺭﺗﻦ ﺟﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺷﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺒﻌﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬

‫ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺗﻨﺎ ﺑﺼﻔﺔ ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮﺓ ﻟﻀﻤﺎﻥ ﺣﻔﺎﻇﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻯ ﺟﻮﺩﺗﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺗﻔﻌﺔ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭ ﺻﻠﺘﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺮﺍء‪ .‬ﻓﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺿﺢ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻣﺜﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺛﺔ‪ ،‬ﻧﺤﻦ ﻧﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺮﺭﻳﻦ ﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎ ﻟﻀﻤﺎﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺗﻨﺎ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻟﻌﻤﻼء‬ ‫ﻣﻜﺘﺒﺘﻨﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ISSN 0045–3102‬‬

‫‪The British Journal of‬‬

‫ﻓﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬

‫‪SOCIAL WORK‬‬ ‫‪VOLUME 37 G NUMBER 6 G SEPTEMBER 2008‬‬

‫‪International‬‬ ‫‪Social Work‬‬ ‫‪Special Issue‬‬

‫ﻳﺤﻀﺮ ﻣﻨﺪﻭﺑﻮ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻴﻌﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺑﻌﻮﻥ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﻤﺆﺗﻤﺮﺍﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺃﻧﺤﺎء ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻧﻨﺎ ﻣﺘﺤﻤﺴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺋﻤﺎً ﻟﻠﻘﺎء ﺃﻣﻨﺎء ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﻭﻣﻨﺪﻭﺑﻲ ﺍﻻﺗﺤﺎﺩﺍﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺇﻣﺎ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﺘﻨﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻨﺼﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺑﻨﺎ ﻛﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﻟﺘﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻣﻮﻋﺪ ﺧﺎﺹ ﻣﻊ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻣﻨﺪﻭﺑﻴﻨﺎ‪.‬‬

‫‪www.bjsw.oxfordjournals.org‬‬ ‫‪An International Social Work Journal‬‬ ‫‪Published for the British Association of Social Workers‬‬

‫ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻤﺒﻴﻮﺗﺮ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻳﻄﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬

‫ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻬﺪ ﺍﻟﻮﻃﻨﻲ ﻟﻠﺴﺮﻃﺎﻥ‬

‫ﻓﻲ ﺃﻭﺍﺋﻞ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ٢٠٠٨‬ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﻟـﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻤﺒﻴﻮﺗﺮ ﺗﻮًّﺍﻗﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ "ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺚ" ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺸﻮﺭ ﻟﺠﻌﻠﻪ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﺻﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎً ﺑﻘﺮﺍﺋﻪ‪ .‬ﻓﻘﺪ ﺗﻌﻴﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﺃﻗﻞ ﻓﻲ ﺻﻔﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫"ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ" ﻭﺃﻥ ّ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻛﺰ ً‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻻ ﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻲ ﺗﻌﻜﺲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﺤﻮ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﻤﺒﻴﻮﺗﺮ ﺍﻟﺤﺪﻳﺜﺔ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﺗﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻋﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴﺮﺓ‪.‬‬

‫ﻓﻲ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ٢٠٠٤‬ﻋﻤﻠﻨﺎ ﻣﻊ ﻣﺤﺮﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻳﻄﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺨﺪﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ )‪ (BJSW‬ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺑﻌﺔ ﻟﻨﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﻋﺪﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻄﻮﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻬﺎﻣﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﺗﻢ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺇﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﻟﺰﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﻛﻔﺎءﺓ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﺟﻌﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﺗﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺘﻨﺎﻭﻟﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺗﻢ ﺗﺸﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻌﺎﻳﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻘﺒﻮﻝ ﻟﻀﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ ﺗﺠﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻷﺑﺤﺎﺙ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﻮﺩﺓ ﻭﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻤﻤﺎﺭﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﺑﺪﺃﻥ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺗﻜﻠﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺘﻈﻤﺔ ﻭﺇﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﻴﺠﻴﺔ ﻟﻤﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﺟﻌﺔ‪/‬ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﻠﺔ ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﻟﺘﻨﺎﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴﺮﺓ ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﻟﺘﺤﺴﻴﻦ ﺗﻨﺎﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻻ ﻳﺘﻢ ﻋﺮﺿﻬﺎ ﺟﻴﺪﺍً‪.‬‬

‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻷﺧﻴﺮﺓ‪ ،‬ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﺤﺮﺭﻭ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻬﺪ ﺍﻟﻮﻃﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺴﺮﻃﺎﻥ )‪ (JNCI‬ﺑﺠﺪ ﻭﺍﺟﺘﻬﺎﺩ ﻟﻠﺤﻔﺎﻅ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻯ ﺟﻮﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﻭﺗﺤﺴﻴﻨﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻳﻌﻜﻒ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻮﻧﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺮﺍء ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﻣﺪﻯ ﺍﻟﺘﺰﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﻄﻮﻃﺔ ﺑﻤﻌﺎﻳﻴﺮ ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺸﻮﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﻤﻨﺎ ﻣﺆﺧﺮﺍً ﺑﺘﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ‪Context‬‬ ‫‪ and Caveats‬ﻟﻜﻞ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﺍﻕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻤﺜﻞ ﺧﻼﺻﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﻭﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﻣﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﻓﻲ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ،٢٠٠٩‬ﺗﻢ ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻤﺒﻴﻮﺗﺮ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻗﺴﻤﻴﻦ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻢ‬ ‫ﺃ‪ :‬ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﻤﺒﻴﻮﺗﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺳﺎﺋﻞ ﻭﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺴﻢ ﺏ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻧﻈﻢ ﺍﻟﻜﻤﺒﻴﻮﺗﺮ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﺍﺣﺘﺎﺝ ﻛﻞ ﻗﺴﻢ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﺭﺑﻌﺔ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﺛﻢ ﺍﺯﺩﺍﺩ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻦ ﺳﺘﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺛﻤﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﻮﻳﺎً‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺍ���ﺩﺍﺩ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﺑﻤﺎ ﻳﺘﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻣﻊ ﺫﻟﻚ‪ .‬ﻟﻘﺪ ﻗﻤﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺰﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﺴﻌﺮ ﺑﻤﻘﺪﺍﺭ ﻳﻘﻞ ﻋﻦ ﻧﺼﻒ ﺍﻟﺰﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻢ‪ ،‬ﻣﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻯ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺗﺤﺴﻴﻦ ﺳﻌﺮ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻭﺍﺿﺢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﺗﺤﺴﻨﺖ ﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﺑﻼ ﺷﻚ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﻟﻬﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺩﺍﺩ "ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮ" ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻯ ﻟﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻃﻼﻕ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻀﺎﻋﻒ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺪﻳﻤﺎﺕ ﻣﻨﺬ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ،٢٠٠٧‬ﻣﻤﺎ ﺳﻤﺢ ﻟﻠﻤﺤﺮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺄﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺋﻴﺎً ﺑﺪﺭﺟﺔ ﺃﻛﺒﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺫﻱ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺮ‪.‬‬

‫‪١٠‬‬

‫‪Illuminea‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺩ ‪١‬‬

‫ﻟﺰﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﻣﺪﻯ ﺭﺅﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺪﺓ‪ ،‬ﻗﻤﻨﺎ ﺑﺈﻧﺸﺎء‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻣﻨﺼﺐ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻫﻮ "ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺮﺭ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻋﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺬﻟﻚ‪ ،‬ﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎ ﺍﻵﻥ ﻋﺪ ٌﺩ ﺃﻛﺒﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻜﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﻭﻧﻈﺮﺍً‬ ‫ﻷﻧﻨﺎ ﻗﻤﻨﺎ ﺑﻬﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﻓﻲ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ،٢٠٠٥‬ﻓﻘﺪ ﺍﺯﺩﺍﺩ ﻋﺪﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺪﻳﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ‪ ٪٥‬ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ .٪١١‬ﻭﻳﺒﺪﻭ ﺃﻥ ﻟﻜﻞ ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺃﺛﺮﺍً ﺇﻳﺠﺎﺑﻴﺎً ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮ ﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ ‪BJSW‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻗﺪ ﺗﻀﺎﻋﻒ ﻣﻨﺬ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪.٢٠٠٤‬‬

‫ﻗﻤﻨﺎ ﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺑﺎﺗﺨﺎﺫ ﺧﻄﻮﺍﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﻭﺿﻮﺡ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺔ ‪ .JNCI‬ﺇﺫ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﻟﻠﻘﺮﺍء ﺗﻨﺰﻳﻞ ﺑﺮﺍﻣﺞ ﺑﺚ ﺇﺫﺍﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺘﻈﻤﺔ )ﻣﺘﻮﻓﺮﺓ ﻣﺠﺎﻧﺎً ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ( ﻟﻤﻠﺨﺼﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺑﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺃُﺟﺮﻳﺖ ﻣﻊ ﺧﺒﺮﺍء ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻝ‪ .‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻧﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ‪ Twitter‬ﻟﺰﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻮﻋﻲ ﺑﺪﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺔ‬ ‫‪ JNCI‬ﻭﺍﻷﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗُﻨﺸﺮ ﺑﻬﺎ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﺮﻃﺎﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﻧﺠﺤﻨﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ‪" ٥٠٠‬ﻣﻌﺠﺐ" ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺑﻌﺔ ﺷﻬﻮﺭ ﻓﻘﻂ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ ﻫﻲ ﻣﺠﺮﺩ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺃﻣﺜﻠﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﻴﺎﻡ ﻣﻄﺒﻌﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫)‪ (OUP‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﺤﻮ ﻧﺸﻂ ﻭﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺑﺘﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﻟﻀﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻫﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺗﻠﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﺣﺘﻴﺎﺟﺎﺕ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﻭﺯﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻮﺩﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﻧﺤﻦ ﻧﺄﻣﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺃﻥ ﻧﻨﺠﺢ ﻓﻲ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺗﻨﺎ ﻟﻠﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻛﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻤﺆﺗﻤﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻬﺎﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺳﻮﻑ ﻧﺤﻀﺮﻫﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺮﺓ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺷﻬﺮﻱ ﻳﻨﺎﻳﺮ ﻭﺃﺑﺮﻳﻞ ‪.٢٠١٠‬‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻮﻋﺪ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻉ ﺃﻭ ﻃﻠﺐ ﺃﻱ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻳُﺮﺟﻰ ﻣﺮﺍﺳﻠﺔ ﺟﻬﺔ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻨﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ‪.‬‬

‫ﺁﺳﻴﺎ‬

‫ﺃﻭﺭﻭﺑﺎ‬

‫ﺭﺍﺑﻄﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﺭﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺒﺮﺍﻳﺮ‪ ،‬ﻛﻮﺭﻳﺎ ﺍﻟﺠﻨﻮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻭﻥ ﻳﻮﻧﺞ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫‪won.jung@oxfordjournals.org‬‬ ‫)ﺳﻴﺘﻢ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻥ(‬

‫‪) ٢٠١٠ Bibliostar‬ﺑﻴﺒﻠﻴﻮﺳﺘﺎﺭ ‪(٢٠١٠‬‬ ‫‪ ١٢ – ١١‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ‪ ،‬ﻣﻴﻼﻥ‪ ،‬ﺇﻳﻄﺎﻟﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻜﺘﻮﺭﻳﺎ ﻟﻮﺑﻴﺰ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫‪victoria.lopez@oxfordjournals.org‬‬ ‫ﺃﻧﺎﻳﻴﺪﺝ ﺟﻮﺗﻴﻴﺮ‪ ،‬ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫‪annaig.gautier@oup.com‬‬

‫ﺃﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ ﺍﻷﻛﺎﺩﻳﻤﻲ ‪ :٢‬ﻏﻨﺎء ﺗﺤﺖ ﺍﻟﻤﻄﺮ‬ ‫‪ ١٢ – ١١‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺑﻮﻟﻴﺘﻜﻨﻚ ﻫﻮﻧﺞ ﻛﻮﻧﺞ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻳﻜﻞ ﺯﻫﻮ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫‪michael.zhou@oxfordjournals.org‬‬

‫ﺃﺳﺘﺮﺍﻟﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺆﺗﻤﺮ ‪ VALA‬ﺍﻟﺨﺎﻣﺲ ﻋﺸﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻌﻘﺪ ﻛﻞ ﺳﻨﺘﻴﻦ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﺩﺛﺎﺕ‬ ‫‪ ١١ - ٨‬ﻓﺒﺮﺍﻳﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﻠﺒﻮﺭﻥ‪ ،‬ﺃﺳﺘﺮﺍﻟﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺭﻳﻜﺎ ﻭﺍﻳﺘﻔﻴﻠﺪ‪ ،‬ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫‪marika.whitfield@oup.com‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺛﻴﻮ ﻫﺎﻭﻟﺰ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫‪matthew.howells@oxfordjournals.org‬‬

‫‪٢٠١٠ UKSG‬‬ ‫‪ ١٤ – ١٢‬ﺃﺑﺮﻳﻞ ‪ ،٢٠١٠‬ﺇﺩﻧﺒﺮﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﻜﺘﻠﻨﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﺟﻴﺪ ﻭﻳﻠﻔﻮﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫‪ged.welford@oup.com‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺛﻴﻮ ﻫﺎﻭﻟﺰ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫‪matthew.howells@oxfordjournals.org‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻕ ﺍﻷﻭﺳﻂ‬ ‫‪) SLA Gulf‬ﺧﻠﻴﺞ ‪(SLA‬‬ ‫‪ ١٨ - ١٦‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ ‪ ،٢٠١٠‬ﺍﻹﻣﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺛﻴﻮ ﻫﺎﻭﻟﺰ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫‪matthew.howells@oxfordjournals.org‬‬

‫ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺑﻄﺔ ﻛﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻮﻕ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ )‪(AALS‬‬ ‫‪ ١٠ – ٦‬ﻳﻨﺎﻳﺮ‪ ،‬ﻧﻴﻮ ﺃﻭﺭﻟﻴﺎﻧﺰﺭ‪ ،‬ﻟﻮﺱ ﺃﻧﺠﻠﻮﺱ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﻨﻴﻞ ﺳﻴﻠﺒﺮﺑﻴﺮﺝ‪ ،‬ﻗﺴﻢ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫‪ninell.silberberg@oup.com‬‬ ‫ﻣﺆﺗﻤﺮ ‪ ALA‬ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻮﻱ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻨﺘﺼﻒ ﺍﻟﺸﺘﺎء‬ ‫‪ ١٩ – ١٥‬ﻳﻨﺎﻳﺮ‪ ،‬ﺑﻮﺳﻄﻦ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﺳﺎﺗﺸﻮﺳﺘﺲ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻴﺴﻜﺎ ﻣﺎﺭﺗﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫‪francesca.martin@oxfordjournals.org‬‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻴﻨﺪﺍ ﻫﺎﻳﺰ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫‪belinda.hayes@oxfordjournals.org‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺒﻴﻜﺎ ﺳﻴﺠﺮ‪ ،‬ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫‪rebecca.seger@oup.com‬‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺒﻲ ﻓﺎﺭﻳﻨﻴﻼ‪ ،‬ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫‪debbie.farinella@oup.com‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻘﺎء ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻲ ﻋﺸﺮ ﻟﻠﺪﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻷﻛﺎﺩﻳﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﻣﻌﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻲ ﺑﻤﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻣﻜﺴﻴﻜﻮ ﺳﻴﺘﻲ‬ ‫‪ ٢٦ – ٢٥‬ﻓﺒﺮﺍﻳﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﻜﺴﻴﻜﻮ ﺳﻴﺘﻲ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺴﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﺟﻴﻨﻴﻔﺮ ﻣﺎﻟﻮﻧﻲ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫‪jenifer.maloney@oxfordjournals.org‬‬ ‫ﻣﺆﺗﻤﺮ ‪ ACRL Chapter‬ﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺮﺑﻴﻊ ﻓﻲ ﺇﻟﻴﻨﻮﻱ‬ ‫‪ ٢٦ - ٢٥‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ‪ ،‬ﺳﺒﺮﻳﻨﺠﻔﻴﻠﺪ‪ ،‬ﺇﻟﻴﻨﻮﻱ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻴﻨﺪﺍ ﻫﺎﻳﺰ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫‪belinda.hayes@oxfordjournals.org‬‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺑﻄﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺆﺗﻤﺮ ﺍﻟﻮﻃﻨﻲ‬ ‫‪ ٢٧ – ٢٣‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ‪ ،‬ﺑﻮﺭﺗﻼﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭﺭﻳﺠﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺰﺍ ﻣﻮﺭﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫‪lesa.moran@oup.com‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻌﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻘﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻲ )‪(ASIL‬‬ ‫‪ ٢٧ – ٢٤‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺷﻨﻄﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺻﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﻨﻴﻞ ﺳﻴﻠﺒﺮﺑﻴﺮﺝ‪ ،‬ﻗﺴﻢ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫‪ninell.silberberg@oup.com‬‬ ‫ﻣﺆﺗﻤﺮ ﺭﺍﺑﻄﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﺑﺘﻜﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫‪ ١٧ – ١٤‬ﺃﺑﺮﻳﻞ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻥ ﺃﻧﺘﻮﻧﻴﻮ‪ ،‬ﺗﻜﺴﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺟﻴﻨﻴﻔﺮ ﻣﺎﻟﻮﻧﻲ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫‪jenifer.maloney@oxfordjournals.org‬‬

‫‪Illuminea‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺩ ‪١‬‬

‫‪١١‬‬

‫ﺍﺗﺼﺎﻻﺗﻚ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻄﺒﻌﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺗُﻌﺪ ﻣﻄﺒﻌﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻣﻮﻓﺮﺍً ﺭﺋﻴﺴﻴﺎً ﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻭﻣﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻷﻓﺮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺃﻧﺤﺎء ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ‪ .‬ﻳﺘﻮﺍﺟﺪ ﻓﺮﻳﻖ ﻋﻤﻠﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻤﺮﺱ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺩﻭﺩ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪﺗﻚ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺗﻌﺰﻳﺰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺳﻌﺔ ﻫﺬﻩ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﻨﺸﺮ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺰﻳﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ ٢٢٠‬ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﺃﻛﺎﺩﻳﻤﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻣﺘﻮﻓﺮﺓ ﻟﻠﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ )ﺃﺣﺎﺩﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﻗﻊ ﻭﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺍﻗﻊ( ﻭﺍﻻﺗﺤﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺣﺰﻣﺔ ﻛﺎﻣﻠﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫)ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ(‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻛﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﻋﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻣﺤﺪﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎء ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺐ ﻭﻣﺨﺼﺼﺔ ﻟﺘﻠﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﺣﺘﻴﺎﺟﺎﺕ ﻣﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‪ .‬ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻠﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺪﻳﻤﺔ ﻣﺘﻮﻓﺮﺓ ﺃﻳﻀﺎً ﻋﺒﺮ "ﺃﺭﺷﻴﻒ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ" ﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻼﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻴﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﻭﻃﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺦ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺮﻳﺒﻴﺔ ﻭﻋﺮﻭﺽ ﺍﻷﺳﻌﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﻳُﺮﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﺇﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﻳﺪ ﺇﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ ﺇﻟﻰ‪.library.sales@oxfordjournals.org :‬‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺑﺄﺣﺪ ﺃﻋﻀﺎء ﻓﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻴﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻤﺮﺱ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻤﻠﻚ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺃﻋﻀﺎﺋﻪ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﻭﺍﺳﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﻜﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩﻧﺎ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺍﻟﺠﻐﺮﺍﻓﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻮﻥ ﺑﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻳُﺮﺟﻰ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﻗﻊ‬ ‫‪.www.oxfordjournals.org/for_librarians/quote.html‬‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻼﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻮﻳﻖ‬

‫ﻣﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﻧﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﻨﺸﺮ ﻋﺪﺩ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ‪ .‬ﻭﺗﺸﺘﻤﻞ ﻣﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺤﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﺎﻣﻮﺱ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻹﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺎﻣﻮﺱ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻟﻠﺴﻴﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺬﺍﺗﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﻃﻨﻴﺔ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻨﺤﺔ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻼﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻴﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﻭﻃﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺦ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺮﻳﺒﻴﺔ ﻭﻋﺮﻭﺽ ﺍﻷﺳﻌﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻳُﺮﺟﻰ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺑﻔﺮﻕ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻴﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺑﻌﺔ ﻟﻨﺎ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫‪librarysales@oup.com‬‬ ‫‪+١ ٨٠٠ ٦٢٤ ٠١٥٣‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺜﻨﺎء ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫‪onlineproducts@oup.com‬‬ ‫‪+٤٤ (٠) ١٨٦٥ ٣٥٣٧٠٥‬‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻼﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‪/‬ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺎﺋﺢ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺑﺘﺴﻮﻳﻖ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺘﻚ ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻳُﺮﺟﻰ ﺇﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﻳﺪ ﺇﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻓﺮﻕ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻮﻳﻖ ﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎ‪:‬‬

‫ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‪/‬ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺎﺋﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺑﺘﺴﻮﻳﻖ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺘﻚ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻳُﺮﺟﻰ ﺇﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﻳﺪ ﺇﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ ﺇﻟﻰ‪:‬‬ ‫‪.library.marketing@oxfordjournals.org‬‬

‫ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫‪oxford.reference@oup.com‬‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻼﻣﺎﺕ ﺧﺪﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻼء‬

‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻌﻼﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺪﻋﻢ ﺍﻟﻔﻮﺭﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬

‫ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺔ ﻻﺳﺘﻌﻼﻣﺎﺕ ﺧﺪﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻼء ﺑﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻌﻼﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻋﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ ﺃﻭ ﻃﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﻃﺒﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻷﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺴﺪﺍﺩ ﺃﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻼﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﻮﺍﺗﻴﺮ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻳﻨﺒﻐﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻼء ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺑﺄﺣﺪ ﺃﻋﻀﺎء ﻓﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﻢ ﻭﺍﺳﻊ ﺍﻻﻃﻼﻉ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺩﻭﺩ ﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎ‪:‬‬

‫ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺔ ﻻﺳﺘﻌﻼﻣﺎﺕ ﺧﺪﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻼء ﺑﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻌﻼﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻋﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ ﺃﻭ ﻃﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﻃﺒﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻷﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺴﺪﺍﺩ ﺃﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻼﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﻮﺍﺗﻴﺮ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻳﻨﺒﻐﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻼء ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺑﻔﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﻢ ﻭﺍﺳﻊ ﺍﻻﻃﻼﻉ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺩﻭﺩ ﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎ‪:‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻼء ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩﻭﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ���ﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫‪jnlorders@oxfordjournals.org‬‬ ‫‪+١ ٨٠٠ ٨٥٢ ٧٣٢٣‬‬ ‫)ﺭﻗﻢ ﺍﻟﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻧﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺪﺓ‪/‬ﻛﻨﺪﺍ(‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻼء ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩﻭﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥ ﻭﻛﻮﺭﻳﺎ ﺍﻟﺠﻨﻮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪custserv.jp@oxfordjournals.org‬‬ ‫‪+٨١ ٣ ٥٤٤٤ ٥٨٥٨‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻼء ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩﻭﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻼء ﺍﻻﺗﺤﺎﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫‪jnls.consortia@oxfordjournals.org‬‬ ‫‪+٤٤ (٠)١٨٦٥ ٣٥٤٩٤٩‬‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮ ﻋﻤﻼء ﺍﻻﺗﺤﺎﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫‪jnls.cust.serv@oxfordjournals.org‬‬ ‫‪+٤٤ (٠)١٨٦٥ ٣٥٣٩٠٧‬‬

‫ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫‪oxfordonline@oup.com‬‬ ‫‪) +١ ٨٠٠ ٣٣٤ ٤٢٤٩‬ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻲ ‪(٦٤٨٤‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺜﻨﺎء ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫‪onlinemarketing@oup.com‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺜﻨﺎء ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫‪onlinesubscriptions@oup.com‬‬ ‫‪+٤٤ (٠) ١٨٦٥ ٣٥٣٧٠٥‬‬

‫ﻃﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺭﻳﺐ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺭﻳﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺃﻱ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﻳُﺮﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺑﺄﺧﺼﺎﺋﻴﻲ ﻣﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻨﺎ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻴﻠﻮﺭ ﺳﺘﺎﻧﺞ‬ ‫‪taylor.stang@oup.com‬‬ ‫‪+١ ٢١٢ ٧٢٦ ٦١٤٣‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺜﻨﺎء ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺭﻙ ﺗﻴﺮﻧﺮ‬ ‫‪mark.turner@oup.com‬‬


Illuminea January 2010 Arabic