Issuu on Google+

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Community District 11 Bath Beach, Bensonhurst

2012 Over 90 indicators exploring 9 theme areas for each of Brooklyn’s 18 Community Districts

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

From the Director

Gretchen Maneval, Center for the Study of Brooklyn

Brooklyn is a vibrant and diverse borough, with over 2,550,000 people calling it home. The 4th largest city in the United States if it were not part of New York City, Brooklyn’s population is greater than Boston, Indianapolis and San Francisco combined. Brooklynites come from more than 130 countries, speak nearly 90 languages, and represent over 180 ethnicities. Brooklyn’s 18 Community Districts include over 70 neighborhoods, and still more communities within those neighborhoods.

Center for The Study of Brooklyn Staff Director Gretchen Maneval

It’s imperative that such a densely populated and dynamic city has ready access to timely, accurate and neighborhood-level data. Brooklynbased community groups and institutions, local government and businesses, and researchers and media deserve to be equipped with such data in order to make the most informed public policy, programming and funding decisions possible. As the only research center devoted exclusively to the study of public affairs in the borough, the Center for the Study of Brooklyn at Brooklyn College provides access to and produces critically relevant data and research about Brooklyn, and facilitates strategic planning initiatives and community needs assessments, for and with our community partners.

Senior Research Associate Lorna Mason

Each of the Center’s 19 new Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports- one for each of the borough’s 18 Community Districts, and one for all of Brooklyninclude over 90 indicators that explore 9 different theme areas. The data are presented in clear and concise visuals and text. Accompanying Data Tables provide even greater detail, as do the Data Notes. More in-depth analysis of each of the 9 theme areas will also be included in the Center’s forthcoming Brooklyn Trends Report, to be released in 2012.

Research Associate Christina Pisano

As we can see from the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, in recent years, much of the borough has been booming. Many indicators for Brooklyn as a whole show that we’re doing relatively well compared with ten and twenty years ago. However, in order to have the most accurate understanding of Brooklyn’s trends and needs, it’s essential that we look beyond the borough-wide numbers and consider what the data at the Community District level reveal. At this smaller scale, differences among indicators for various Community Districts emerge, such as those for educational attainment, employment and income, and housing affordability. Environmental, health and public safety conditions vary as well. Opportunities to participate in arts and culture, and to engage civically, also differ between neighborhoods. In other words, disparities among Brooklyn’s many communities exist, and there is change to be made. As the Center for the Study of Brooklyn launches our new Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, we put them into your hands to continue the incredible work you are already doing here in Brooklyn- making positive change in your neighborhoods by engaging your elected officials, improving the services you and your families receive, and increasing resources for your communities. We are here to help in any way we canplease be in touch if you have questions, comments or would like more data to advance your important work. It’s high time that Brooklyn’s collective voice is heard, and it’s our hope that the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports will provide this voice with clarity and power!

F rom the Brooklyn Community Foundation M G ,P arilyn

elber

resident

Information is power. Information empowers. As the community foundation for Brooklyn, in addition to funding the best programs and ideas serving our borough, we are seeding projects that generate essential information to educate our 2.5 million residents about key issues and challenges in Brooklyn’s neighborhoods. The Center for the Study of Brooklyn is our information and research partner in this pursuit, gathering critical data, examining it closely, and sharing it with our residents, our businesses, our non-profit leaders, and our public sector officials to use as a tool for informed decision-making. The Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports create a profile of the civic health of the borough and its 18 Community Districts; it is an incredibly valuable new resource for Brooklynites to measure quality of life in the place they call home. As we analyze the indicators of civic health in Brooklyn, we can begin to identify trends, both encouraging and alarming, that are shaping our borough’s growth and development. This will not only inform the Foundation’s grantmaking, but empower our donors and our residents to take on local challenges and create positive change from the ground up. We encourage you to utilize these Reports to their fullest, to help you to Do Good Right Here.

Research Associate Edward Morlock

Advisory Board Willard Archie Brooklyn College Alumnus Joan Bartolomeo Brooklyn Economic Development Corporation Adam Friedman Pratt Center for Community Development Marilyn Gelber Brooklyn Community Foundation Kimberly George Greater Brooklyn Health Coalition Carl Hum Brooklyn Chamber of Commerce Christobal Jacques Brooklyn District Public Health Office, NYC Dept. of Health and Mental Hygiene Stuart P. Leffler Con Edison Jerrold Mirotznik Brooklyn College Mohammad Razvi Council of Peoples Organization

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Special Thanks Board of Directors and Staff Brooklyn Community Foundation Eric Cadora Justice Mapping Center Karen Gould Brooklyn College Ingrid Gould Ellen Furman Center for Real Estate & Urban Policy Carl Hum Brooklyn Chamber of Commerce Melissa Lee Coalition for the Improvement of Bedford-Stuyvesant Marty Markowitz and Staff Office of the Brooklyn Borough President Jarrett Murphy and Staff City Limits Philip Noyes Brooklyn District Public Health Office, NYC Dept. of Health and Mental Hygiene Ellen Salpeter and Staff Heart of Brooklyn William Tramontano Brooklyn College

In This Report Demographics ......................................................................1 Youth & Education...............................................................3 Economy.............................................................................. 4 Housing...............................................................................5 E nvironment .................................................................7 Health...........................................................................9 Public Safety ....................................................................11 Arts & Culture..................................................................12 Civic Engagement...............................................................13 Notes and Data...................................................................14

Ella Weiss and Staff Brooklyn Arts Council

Cover Photo Sources Brooklyn College Marc Fader, City Limits Joe Beone, Flickr Brooklyn College Essie Lash, Heart of Brooklyn Marc Fader, City Limits CAMBA Adam Lerner, Flickr Jay Woodworth, Flickr Brooklyn College Brooklyn College

About Brooklyn's Neighborhoods: The Center for the Study of Brooklyn acknowledges that the number of Brooklyn neighborhoods, their names and boundaries vary from source to source. We've used the NYC Department of City Planning's New York: A City of Neighborhoods Citywide Index Map from 2011 as the source for the neighborhoods listed on the covers of our Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports.

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Demographics Community District 11

Age

Gender

61.8% 63.3%

18-64

Source: Adam Lerner, Flickr

12.7% 15.8%

6-17

Population

CD 11 CD 11 52.7% 51.1% 52.7% Brooklyn 48.9% 47.3% 51.1% Brooklyn 48.9% 47.3%

CD 11 Brooklyn

17.4% 11.8%

65 and Older

8.0% 9.1%

0-5

176,773

171,385

Data Source: 2007/09 American Community Survey

Male Female Male Female

Data Source: 2007/09 American Community Survey

CD 11 (2000) CD 11 (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007/09): 2,551,964

Race/Ethnicity

65.2%

Number of Residents

52.2% CD 11 (2000)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

CD 11 (2007/09) 33.7%

CD 11’s population has increased by 3.1% since 2000.

36.8%

32.7%

23.2%

Brooklyn (2007/09)

19.5% 9.4%

8.2%

12.6% 2.9%

0.4% 0.8% Asian

Black

Latino

White

0.7% 1.5% Other

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

1

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement Top 5 Ethnicities CD 11 (2000) Italian (30.0%)

CD 11 (2007/09) Italian (21.5%)

Brooklyn (2007/09) African American (15.3%)

Chinese (17.1%)

Chinese (21.4%)

Religious Responses (7.4%)

Russian (8.5%)

Russian (7.3%)

Puerto Rican (6.0%)

Ukrainian (3.3%)

Religious Responses (4.9%)

Italian (5.8%)

Polish (2.3%)

Mexican (3.0%)

Chinese (4.7%)

Language 37.8%

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Top 5 Places of Birth

27.9%

26.7%

CD 11 (2000) New York State (45.1%)

CD 11 (2007/09) New York State (45.8%)

Brooklyn (2007/09) New York State (50.6%)

China (12.1%)

China (17.1%)

China (3.8%)

Italy (6.4%)

Russia (4.5%)

Jamaica (2.7%)

Russia (6.2%)

Italy (4.3%)

Haiti (2.3%)

Ukraine (6.1%)

Ukraine (3.7%)

Puerto Rico (2.3%)

22.6% 18.1%

CD 11 (2000) CD 11 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

13.2%

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Residents Who Don't Speak Households Where No Person English Well or at All 14 years or Older Speaks English Very Well

Top 5 Languages Spoken at Home CD 11 (2000)

CD 11 (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007/09)

English (35.9%)

English (29.3%)

English (53.9%)

Chinese (19.2%)

Chinese (27.8%)

Spanish (16.9%)

Russian (16.3%)

Russian (12.3%)

Chinese (5.6%)

Italian (11.5%)

Spanish (10.2%)

Russian (5.4%)

Spanish (6.6%)

Italian (8.3%)

Yiddish (3.7%)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Foreign Born

Foreign Born Citizenship Status 100% 90%

50.5% 50.5%

36.8%

CD 11 (2000) CD 11 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

80% The percent foreign 70% born in CD 11 60% has remained the 50% same since 2000. 40%

43.2%

56.5%

55.2% CD 11 Citizen CD 11 Not A Citizen Brooklyn Citizen

56.8%

43.5%

44.8%

Brooklyn Not A Citizen

30% 20% 10% 0%

Foreign Born

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

CD 14 (2000)

Source: Violette79, Flickr

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

2

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Youth & Education Community District 11

Public and Private School Enrollment 7.2%

13.0%

24.5%

0.8

2.4 Preschool Group Day Care (Seats per 100 Children Age 3-4)

Universal Pre-K (Seats per 100 Children Age 4)

Data Sources: NYC Department of Education; NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Brooklyn (2011) 0.0%

% in Subsidized Group % in Head Start (Age Day Care (Age 5 and 3-4 Living in Poverty) Under Below 200% Poverty)

Data Sources: NYC Administration for Children’s Services; 2007/09 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

Brooklyn Public

79.5%

CD 14 (2009)

Grades 9-12

Brooklyn (2009)

CD 14 (2000)

CD 14 (2009)

Grades 6-8

Grades K-5 Grades 6-8

63.6%

12.7% 12.7%

10.7% 6.1%

CD 11 (2000) CD 11 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09) CD CD 10 11 (2000) (2000) CD CD 10 11 (2007/09) (2007/09) Brooklyn Brooklyn (2007/09) (2007/09)

6.1%

Disconnected Youth

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Disconnected Disconnected Youth Youth

Grades 9-12

Disconnected youth are those ages 16-24 not in school and not working.

CD 11 58.8%

54.2%

Brooklyn 48.2%

Educational Attainment Age 25 and Older

27.7% CD 11 (2011)

0.0%

86.7%

Graduation, Drop Out, and Average College Readiness and Enrollment Rates

30.0%

9.0%

79.5%

13.3% 12.9%

Brooklyn Private

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2009 American Community Survey. Due to data constraints, K-12 data represented in this graph do not include unenrolled students (i.e. those students not in school). Preschool

Infant/Toddler Group Day Care (Seats per 100 Children Under Age 3)

CD 11 Public

86.7%

12.7%

CD 11 Private Brooklyn Not Enrolled

Brooklyn (2009)

23.0

Grades K-5

Preschool

CD 14 (2009)

27.3

20.5%

12.9%

40%

Brooklyn (2009)

Brooklyn (2011) 35.5

13.3%

CD 11 Private CD 11 11 Not Enrolled CD Public

3.8% 31.6% 30% 19.8% CD 11 CD 11 Brooklyn CD 11 20% Brooklyn CD 11 Brooklyn CD 11 CD 11 Brooklyn (2000) (2009)3.8%(2009) (2009) (2009) (2009) (2009) (2000) (2009) (2009) 10% CD 11 CD 11 Brooklyn CD 11 Brooklyn CD 11 Brooklyn CD 11 CD 11 Brooklyn Preschool K-5(2009) Grades 9-12 (2009) (2000) (2009) 6-8 (2000)Grades (2009) (2009) Grades (2009) 0% (2009) (2009) CD 14 (2009)

CD 11 (2011)

CD 11 Not Enrolled 20.5%

25.7%

Brooklyn (2009)

50.6

7.2% 13.0% 13.0% 21.7% 24.5% 76.4% 43.5% 100% 58.1% 92.8% 90% 76.4%24.9% 87.0% 87.0% 80% 78.3% 75.5% 16.2% 70% 92.8% 24.9% 87.0% 87.0% 60% 75.5% 78.3% 16.2% 50% 31.6% 19.8% 25.7%

58.1%

Capacity of Public Early Childhood Programs and Eligible Children Enrolled

13.3%

43.5%

CD 14 (2000)

Source: New York City Department of Education

13.0%

21.7%

Disconnected Youth

9.2%

12.3%

CD 11 (2000)

17.8%

Graduation Rate Dropout Rate Students High School (2010/11) (2010/11) College Ready Seniors Enrolled (2010/11) in College (2010/11) Data Source: NYC Department of Education; College Ready is determined by many factors, including a minimum score of 75 on the English Regents and 80 on the MathA Regents Exams; Data are for public high schools in each Community District, whether or not the students live in the District.

32.3%

CD 11 (2007/09) 29.0%

29.1% 22.3%

Brooklyn (2007/09)

20.5% 21.0%

Less than a High School Bachelor's Degree or Degree or GED Higher Equivalent

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

3

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement Investment Income

Economy

17.8% 17.8% 15.7% 15.7%

Community District 11

9.4% 9.4%

Poverty

$41,873

CD 11 (2007/09)

$42,071

Brooklyn (2007/09)

30.7%

27.5%

CD 11 (2000) 21.2%

20.4%

18.6%

13.9%

$43,755 Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Living in Poverty

All monetary figures in this report are adjusted for inflation to reflect 2010 dollars.

Jobs 57.3%

61.1%

% Age 15 and Up with

% AgeInvestment 15 and UpIncome with Investment Income

CD 11 (2000) CD 11 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

Children (Under Age 18) Living in Poverty

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

The percent of people living in poverty in CD 11 has decreased by 6.5 percentage points since 2000; the percent of children living in poverty has also decreased by 8.9 percentage points.

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Investment income includes money earned from an estate or trust, interest, dividends, and/or rental income. Median Invesment Income for Individuals

Median Household Income

CD 1111(2000) CD (2000) CD (2007/09) CD 1111(2007/09) Brooklyn(2007/09) (2007/09) Brooklyn

$1,701 $1,157

CD 11 (2000) CD 11 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

$2,033

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Top 5 Occupations and Median Wages of CD 11 Residents

51.3% CD 11 (2000) CD 11 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

7.0% 6.8%

8.0%

Age 16 and Up in the % of the Labor Force Labor Force Who Are Unemployed

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey; Labor Force is the percent of residents 16+ who are employed or unemployed.

www.studybrooklyn.org

CD 11 (2000)

CD 11 (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007/09)

Administrative Assistant 4.1% ($37,817)

Administrative Assistant 4.1% ($27,348)

Nurse/Home Health Aide 5.2% ($23,139)

Sewing Machine Operator 3.5% ($11,777)

Retail Salesperson 3.2% ($25,322)

Administrative Assistant 3.3% ($33,545)

Office Clerk 2.9% ($32,059)

Construction Laborer 3.1% ($25,322)

Elementary/Middle School Teacher 2.6% ($50,825)

Computer Programmer 2.6% ($74,587)

Cashier 3.1% ($13,215)

Janitor 2.6% ($26,429)

Retail Salesperson 2.3% ($19,628)

Elementary/Middle School Teacher 2.6% ($47,553)

Retail Salesperson 2.4% ($20,330)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Source: TheFadedPast, Flickr

4

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Housing

s

Community District 11 Index of Housing Price Appreciation (2-4 Family Buildings) 238.2

Source: Violette79, Flickr

Total Households 100.0

CD 11

61,422

63,875

CD 11 (2000)

Brooklyn

CD 11 (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007/09): 889,957

2000

2008

2009

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Foreclosures

Owners and Renters

2010

Housing Burden of Owners CD 11 (2000) 25.2

30.3%

CD 11 (2010) Brooklyn (2010)

42.6% 44.0%

CD 11 Owners 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0%

Brooklyn Owners

69.7%

22.2% 24.3%

CD 11 (2000)

CD 11 Renters 68.2% 64.0%

Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy; This index measures the change in the price of buildings that have sold multiple times during the given time periods. This controls for price fluctuations that are due to housing quality.

Number of Households

31.8% 36.0%

The median sales price per unit in 2-4 family buildings in CD 11 has increased 62.0%, from $191,371 in 2000 to $310,000 in 2010.

136.6

25.2

Brooklyn Renters

CD 11 (2010)

CD 11 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/0 CD 11 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

42.6% 44.0%

Brooklyn (2010)

24.3%Owners Paying

5.0 2.4 CD 14 (2000)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

Foreclosure Rate per 1,000 1-4 Family Properties 5.0

22.2% Owners Paying 30% or More of Income on Housing

50% or More of Income on Housing

Owners Paying Owners Paying 30% or More of 50% or More of Data Source: 2007/09 American Community Survey Income on Income on Housing Housing

Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy

2.4

5

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement Median Gross Rent

Affordable and Rent-Regulated Rental Housing 45.4% 45.9%

$926

$978

$1,002

CD 11 (2000) CD 11 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

Housing Violations

43.6%

64.1 CD 11 (2005) CD 11 (2009) Brooklyn (2009)

CD 11 (2000) CD 11 (2010) Brooklyn (2010)

18.3%

22.4 14.5

Median Gross Rent

0.0% 0.6%

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Serious Housing Code Violations per 1,000 Rental Units

Public and Subsidized Rent-Regulated Units Rental Units

Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy

Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy

Since 2000, there has been a 5.6% increase in Median Gross Rent in CD 11.

Housing Burden of Renters CD 11 (2007/09)

52.8% 52.3% 52.8% 52.3%

Brooklyn (2007/09) CD 11 (2007/09) 25.7% 28.7%

Brooklyn (2007/09)

25.7% 28.7% Renters Paying Renters Paying 30% or More of 50% or More of Income on Rent Income onPaying Rent Renters Paying Renters 30% or More of 50% or More of Data Source: 2007/09 American Community Survey Income on Rent Income on Rent Source: Edward Morlock

www.studybrooklyn.org

6

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Environment Community District 11

Bike Lanes and Street Miles Ratio 1 mile CD 11 (2010)1 mile CD 11 (2010) 119.3miles 119.3miles 1 mile Brooklyn (2010)1 mile Brooklyn (2010) 13.7 miles 13.7 miles

Transportation to Work

CD BikeLanes Lanes CD 11 Bike CD 11 Streets CD Streets

54.5%

Brooklyn Bike Lanes Brooklyn Streets

54.5%

59.4% 60.0%

59.4% 60.0%

Source: Violette79, Flickr

Access to Parks 86.0% 74.3%

35.2%

Data Sources: NYC Department of Transportation; NYC Department of City Brooklyn Planning (2010)

There are 0.9 miles0 of bike lanes in CD 11, 20 compared to 107.4 miles of streets.

CD 11 (2000) CD 11 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

35.2%

8.1% 7.9%

8.1% 7.9%

29.8%

25.7%

25.7%

9.9%

9.9%

Walks or Rides Takes Public Drives Takes Public Transportation Bike

29.8%

CD CD Br

Walks or Rides Bike

Drives

Transportation

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

CD 11 (2009) Brooklyn (2009)

Residential Housing Units Within 1/4 Mile of a Park Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy

Community Gardens

www.studybrooklyn.org

In 2011, there were 129 requests for new trees in CD 11, and 3,754 in all of Brooklyn.

There are no community gardens in CD 11.

Data Sources: GrowNYC and www.OASISnyc.net (2011)

7

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Garbage and Recycling Collection

Environmental Complaints 26.8

201 Tons

189 Tons

2,660 Tons

21.7

Tons= Garbage and Recycling Collected Per Day for Disposal

CD 11 (2001) CD 11 (2011) Brooklyn (2011)

Asthma 11.3% 10.1%

CD 11: % Garbage 79.2%

81.9%

85.6%

CD 11: % Recycling

8.0

Brooklyn: % Garbage Brooklyn: % Recycling

20.8%

18.1%

14.4%

CD 11 (2005)

CD 11 (2011)

Brooklyn (2011)

Data Source: NYC Department of Sanitation, via My Neighborhood Statistics D 14 (2005)

7.7

Air Complaints per 10,000 People

Bensonhurst/Bay Ridge UHF (2002/04) Bensonhurst/Bay Ridge UHF (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

7.5%

4.7 4.1 Noise Complaints per 10,000 People

Data Source: NYC Department of Environmental Protection, via My Neighborhood Statistics

Sites of Environmental Concern

Adults with Asthma Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Elevated Blood Lead Levels In 2011, an average of 2.1 pounds of garbage and recycling were collected per person each day in CD 11.

12.1

3.2

www.studybrooklyn.org

4.8

Bensonhurst/Bay Ridge UHF (2001) Bensonhurst/Bay Ridge UHF (2009) Brooklyn (2009)

Rate of Elevated Blood Lead Levels per 1,000 Youth Age 0-17 Tested Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Data Sources: Environmental Protection Agency; NYC Department of Education via New York Lawyers for the Public Interest

8

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Health

Bensonhurst/Bay Ridge United Hospital Fund Neighborhood

Community District 11 Fruits and Vegetables

Self-Reported Health Status 30.4% 24.5% 20.6%

23.4%

Bensonhurst/Bay Ridge UHF (2002/04) Bensonhurst/Bay Ridge UHF (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

33.2% 32.8% 29.1%

26.4% 25.7% 33.2% 32.8% 30.4% 29.1% 20.0% 18.1% 26.4% 25.7% 24.5% 23.4% 15.9% 20.6% 20.0%

15.9%

Fair or Poor

There are 11 United Hospital Fund Neighborhoods in Brooklyn, which are aggregated up from zip codes by the NYC DOHMH. All data from the NYC DOHMH are presented by United Hospital Fund Neighborhood or for the entire borough.

Health Insurance

Good

Very Good Fair or Poor

69.8% 71.1%

69.6%

Bensonhurst/Bay Ridge UHF (2002/03) Bensonhurst/Bay Ridge UHF (2008/09) Brooklyn (2008/09)

13.0%

www.studybrooklyn.org

8.1% 9.4%

9.4%

No Servings per Day 1-4 Servings per Day 5 or More Servings per Day

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

19.4%

16.5%

23.9% 16.5%

Cigarette Smoking

Bensonhurst/Bay R UHF (2002/04) Bensonhurst/Bay R UHF (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09

23.9%

Adults Who Exercised in Past 30 Days

Data Source: 2009 American Community Survey

Brooklyn (2009)

5.4%

19.4%

Brooklyn (2009)

Bensonhurst/Bay Ridge UHF (2009)

Cigarette Smoking and Binge Drinking

CD 11 (2009)

Medicaid Recipients

Bensonhurst/Bay Ridge UHF (2002)

Excellent

Physical Activity

31.8%

Uninsured

77.6%

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

26.9%

12.5% 13.9%

11.1%

Very Good

85.3%

Bensonhurst/Bay Ridge UHF (2002/04) Bensonhurst/Bay Ridge UHF (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

18.1%

Excellent Good

80.8%

13.4% 10.4% 13.4% 10.4%

12.3%

12.3%

Binge Drinking

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Cigarette Smoking

Bensonhurst/Bay Ridge UHF (2002/04) Bensonhurst/Bay Ridge UHF (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

Binge Drinking

9

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Mortality

Obesity and Diabetes

HIV/AIDS Diagnoses and Deaths 40.0

CD 11 (2002) 7.0

6.9

25.0%

CD 11 (2007)

Bensonhurst/Bay Ridge UHF (2002/04) Bensonhurst/Bay Ridge UHF (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007)

5.9

5.2

19.7% 17.4%

4.2 3.2

10.2% 7.4% 7.7% Mortality Rate per 1,000 Population

5.2

Infant Mortality Rate per 1,000 Live Births CD 11 (1998/00)

CD 11 (2007)

CD 11 (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007)

Brooklyn (2007/09)

8.7

HIV Diagnoses per 100,000 Population

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

8 7

CD 11 (2002)

11.8

Bensonhurst/Bay Ridge UHF (2002) Bensonhurst/Bay Ridge UHF (2009) Brooklyn (2009)

Obesity

6

32.7

Diabetes

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene5

Bensonhurst/Bay Ridge UHF (2002) Bensonhurst/Bay Ridge UHF (2009) Brooklyn (2009) 16.0

4 3

Disabilities

Rate per irths

4.2%

2

4.7%

769

CD 11 (2009) 1

HIV Death Rate per 1,000 People Living with HIV/AIDS

Brooklyn (2009) 0

1.9%

2.4%

2.7%

Data Source: 2009 American Community Survey

Mortality Rate per 1,000 Population

2.2%

Cognitive Visual Disability Hearing Disability Disability (Age 5+)

www.studybrooklyn.org

8.7

Mental Health

496 Rate per 1,000 Infant Mortality Live Births

Mental Health-related Hospitalization Rate per 100,000 Adults

Data Source: NYS Department of Health

Bensonhurst/Bay Ridge UHF (2003/2004) Brooklyn (2003/04)

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Although HIV/AIDS diagnoses and deaths have declined in the Bensonhurst/Bay Ridge United Hospital Fund Neighborhood since 2002, 47% of new diagnoses and 60% of deaths are of persons of color. 10

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Public Safety Community District 11

Crime and Stop & Frisk

81.3

Prison Admissions 1.98

CD 11 (2001) CD 11 (2010) Brooklyn (2010) 34.2

Source: emilydickinsonridesabmx, Flickr

Domestic Violence 32.1 3.0 1.9

CD 11 (2011)

14.0

Brooklyn (2011)

Domestic Violence-Related Police Responses per 1,000 Population Data Source: NYPD via My Neighborhood Statistics

5.1

Violent Crime

9.9

5.2

7.8

Property Crime

12.9

Prison Admission Rate per 1,000 Adult Population

12.9 7.1

Felony Crime

0.57

CD 11 (2009) Brooklyn (2009)

n/a Stop & Frisk (2009)

Rates per 1,000 Population

Data Source: Justice Mapping Center (JMC) analysis of NYS DOCCS data. DOCCS not responsible for JMC findings. Please note that Community District-level data represent only those records with mappable addresses. Therefore, prison admission rates may be under-represented.

Data Sources: Crime Rates: NYPD; Stop & Frisk: NYPD, Center for Constitutional Rights, via New York Times. Felony Crimes include Violent Crimes plus Property Crimes.

Projected Prison Expenditures per Capita $206

Hate Crimes 0.4 0.2

$77

Brooklyn (2009)

CD 11 (2011) Brooklyn (2011)

Hate Crimes per 10,000 Population Data Source: NYPD via My Neighborhood Statistics

www.studybrooklyn.org

CD 11 (2009)

In 2009, a total of 57 adults from CD 11 were admitted to prison at a projected cost of $7,725,120 over the term of their sentences.

Projected Expenditure on Incarceration per Adult Age 18-59 Data Source: Justice Mapping Center (JMC) analysis of NYS DOCCS data. DOCCS not responsible for JMC findings. Please note that Community District-level data represent only those records with mappable addresses. Therefore, projected prison expenditures may be under-represented.

11

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Arts & Culture

Registered Citywide Events

Community District 11 Arts & Culture Organizations

Arts & Culture Funding $3.43

CD 11 (2010) Brooklyn (2010) Data Source: NYC Office of Citywide Event Coordination and Management (2010)

$0.22 Arts & Culture Funding per Person

Cultural Activities Rating

Data Sources: NYS Council on the Arts and NYC Department of Cultural Affairs

14.8%

Data Source: Brooklyn Arts Council (2011)

There are 4 arts & culture organizations in CD 11. Arts & Culture Employment 4.8% CD 11 (2000) 1.8%

2.2%

CD 11 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

% Workers in Arts & Culture Industry Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

In 2010, a total of $38,355 was granted to 4 arts organizations in CD 11 by the New York State Council on the Arts and the New York City Department of Cultural Affairs.

CD 11 (2008) 4.4%

Brooklyn (2008)

Has Excellent Cultural Activities in Their Neighborhood Data Source: NYC Mayor’s Office of Operations

Top 5 Occupations in the Arts & Culture Industry of CD 11 Residents CD 11 (2000)

CD 11 (2007/09)

Designer (10.6%)

Designer (28.0%)

Brooklyn (2007/09)

Librarian (6.7%)

Musician (6.9%)

Artist (7.6%)

Security Guard (6.7%)

Production Clerk (6.5%)

Editor (6.3%)

Designer (13.7%)

Accountant (6.4%)

Manager (4.9%)

Manager (5.6%)

Office Clerk (4.3%)

Accountant (4.7%)

Producer/Director (5.2%)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey Source: Adam Lerner, Flickr

12

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Civic Engagement Community District 11

Campaign Donations for NYC Elections CD 11 Brooklyn

79.8% 63.8%

62.8%

Source: TheFadedPast, Flickr

60.5% 51.8%

47.1%

Zip Codes Overlaying CD 11

Voting

11214

% of All Brooklyn Donations (2009)

1.2% ($83,501)

11204

Brooklyn:$6,982,933

3.5% ($242,713)

11223

6.1% ($428,435)

Data Source: NYC Campaign Finance Board

311 Requests 17.0

19.4 CD 11 (2011) Brooklyn (2011)

311 Requests-forService per 100 Population Data Source: NYC Department of Information Technology and Telecommunications

Citizens Age 18 All Age 18 and and Above Above Registered to Registered to Vote (2011) Vote (2011)

Registered Voters Who Voted in 2008 Presidential Election

Data Sources: New York State Board of Elections; Center for Urban Research

Employment by Non-Profit or Local Government 12.6%

Census Mail Response

10.3% 9.0%

60.1% 56.8% 58.0%

7.6% CD 11 (2000) CD 11 (2010) Brooklyn (2010)

Average Census Mail Response Rate Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau

www.studybrooklyn.org

Voter registration percentages may be inflated (to over 100% in some cases) as voters are not removed from rolls until they have not voted in two major elections.

CD 11 (2000) CD 11 (2007/09)

5.6%

Brooklyn (2007/09)

4.2%

Employed by a Non-Profit

Employed by Local Government

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

13

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Notes

Data Sources Abbreviated data sources are listed under each graph or map in the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports. Complete data source citations are included in the endnotes of the Data Tables that accompany each of the 19 Reports, as well as in the Data Notes document. The Center for the Study of Brooklyn has used in these Reports the most recent data available from all data sources as of December 2011. In the case of U.S. Census Bureau data (the source most often used in these Reports), the 2007/09 American Community Survey 3-Year Estimates, Integrated Public Use Microdata are used instead of one year data as they allow for greater validity, particularly for neighborhood-level data. For each of the Reports for Brooklyn’s 18 Community Districts, the Center uses data going back as far as 2000 (if available) to illuminate trends. For the All Brooklyn Report, data as far back as 1990 are used (if available), and geographic comparisons with New York City, New York State and the Nation are also made (if data were available).

Data Tables Data Tables that supplement each of the 19 Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports are available on the Center’s website (www.studybrooklyn.org). These Data Tables include exact counts, rates and/or percentages for each indicator in the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, as well as endnotes with detailed data source citations.

Your Ideas Are Welcome!

This is the first time the Center for the Study of Brooklyn is producing the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, and we welcome your feedback on the content and design. We are grateful to everyone who has helped make these Reports possible, and look forward to hearing your good ideas! Please also contact us immediately if you find any errors in the data, visuals, text, sources, etc. so that we can make the relevant changes right away. Released: March 12, 2012 www.studybrooklyn.org

Data Notes A Data Notes document is available on the Center’s website (www.studybrooklyn.org) that includes comprehensive definitions of each indicator used in the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, the methodology for calculating that indicator (where applicable), and a ranking of the Brooklyn Community Districts with the highest and lowest counts, rates and/or percentages for the most recent year(s) for which those indicators were available. This document also includes detailed data source citations. 14


Community District 11 Brooklyn Neighborhood Report