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Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Community District 3 Bedford Stuyvesant

2012 Over 90 indicators exploring 9 theme areas for each of Brooklyn’s 18 Community Districts

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

From the Director

Gretchen Maneval, Center for the Study of Brooklyn Brooklyn is a vibrant and diverse borough, with over 2,550,000 people calling it home. The 4th largest city in the United States if it were not part of New York City, Brooklyn’s population is greater than Boston, Indianapolis and San Francisco combined. Brooklynites come from more than 130 countries, speak nearly 90 languages, and represent over 180 ethnicities. Brooklyn’s 18 Community Districts include over 70 neighborhoods, and still more communities within those neighborhoods.

Center for The Study of Brooklyn Staff Director Gretchen Maneval

It’s imperative that such a densely populated and dynamic city has ready access to timely, accurate and neighborhood-level data. Brooklynbased community groups and institutions, local government and businesses, and researchers and media deserve to be equipped with such data in order to make the most informed public policy, programming and funding decisions possible. As the only research center devoted exclusively to the study of public affairs in the borough, the Center for the Study of Brooklyn at Brooklyn College provides access to and produces critically relevant data and research about Brooklyn, and facilitates strategic planning initiatives and community needs assessments, for and with our community partners.

Senior Research Associate Lorna Mason

Each of the Center’s 19 new Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports- one for each of the borough’s 18 Community Districts, and one for all of Brooklyninclude over 90 indicators that explore 9 different theme areas. The data are presented in clear and concise visuals and text. Accompanying Data Tables provide even greater detail, as do the Data Notes. More in-depth analysis of each of the 9 theme areas will also be included in the Center’s forthcoming Brooklyn Trends Report, to be released in 2012.

Research Associate Christina Pisano

As we can see from the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, in recent years, much of the borough has been booming. Many indicators for Brooklyn as a whole show that we’re doing relatively well compared with ten and twenty years ago. However, in order to have the most accurate understanding of Brooklyn’s trends and needs, it’s essential that we look beyond the borough-wide numbers and consider what the data at the Community District level reveal. At this smaller scale, differences among indicators for various Community Districts emerge, such as those for educational attainment, employment and income, and housing affordability. Environmental, health and public safety conditions vary as well. Opportunities to participate in arts and culture, and to engage civically, also differ between neighborhoods. In other words, disparities among Brooklyn’s many communities exist, and there is change to be made. As the Center for the Study of Brooklyn launches our new Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, we put them into your hands to continue the incredible work you are already doing here in Brooklyn- making positive change in your neighborhoods by engaging your elected officials, improving the services you and your families receive, and increasing resources for your communities. We are here to help in any way we canplease be in touch if you have questions, comments or would like more data to advance your important work. It’s high time that Brooklyn’s collective voice is heard, and it’s our hope that the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports will provide this voice with clarity and power!

F rom the Brooklyn Community Foundation M G ,P arilyn

elber

resident

Information is power. Information empowers. As the community foundation for Brooklyn, in addition to funding the best programs and ideas serving our borough, we are seeding projects that generate essential information to educate our 2.5 million residents about key issues and challenges in Brooklyn’s neighborhoods. The Center for the Study of Brooklyn is our information and research partner in this pursuit, gathering critical data, examining it closely, and sharing it with our residents, our businesses, our non-profit leaders, and our public sector officials to use as a tool for informed decision-making. The Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports create a profile of the civic health of the borough and its 18 Community Districts; it is an incredibly valuable new resource for Brooklynites to measure quality of life in the place they call home. As we analyze the indicators of civic health in Brooklyn, we can begin to identify trends, both encouraging and alarming, that are shaping our borough’s growth and development. This will not only inform the Foundation’s grantmaking, but empower our donors and our residents to take on local challenges and create positive change from the ground up. We encourage you to utilize these Reports to their fullest, to help you to Do Good Right Here.

Research Associate Edward Morlock

Advisory Board Willard Archie Brooklyn College Alumnus Joan Bartolomeo Brooklyn Economic Development Corporation Adam Friedman Pratt Center for Community Development Marilyn Gelber Brooklyn Community Foundation Kimberly George Greater Brooklyn Health Coalition Carl Hum Brooklyn Chamber of Commerce Christobal Jacques Brooklyn District Public Health Office, NYC Dept. of Health and Mental Hygiene Stuart P. Leffler Con Edison Jerrold Mirotznik Brooklyn College Mohammad Razvi Council of Peoples Organization

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Special Thanks Board of Directors and Staff Brooklyn Community Foundation Eric Cadora Justice Mapping Center Karen Gould Brooklyn College Ingrid Gould Ellen Furman Center for Real Estate & Urban Policy Carl Hum Brooklyn Chamber of Commerce Melissa Lee Coalition for the Improvement of Bedford-Stuyvesant Marty Markowitz and Staff Office of the Brooklyn Borough President Jarrett Murphy and Staff City Limits Philip Noyes Brooklyn District Public Health Office, NYC Dept. of Health and Mental Hygiene Ellen Salpeter and Staff Heart of Brooklyn William Tramontano Brooklyn College Ella Weiss and Staff Brooklyn Arts Council

In This Report Demographics ......................................................................1 Youth & Education...............................................................3 Economy.............................................................................. 4 Housing...............................................................................5 E nvironment .................................................................7 Health...........................................................................9 Public Safety ....................................................................11 Arts & Culture..................................................................12 Civic Engagement...............................................................13 Notes and Data...................................................................14

Cover Photo Sources Brooklyn College Marc Fader, City Limits Joe Beone, Flickr Brooklyn College Essie Lash, Heart of Brooklyn Marc Fader, City Limits CAMBA Adam Lerner, Flickr Jay Woodworth, Flickr Brooklyn College Brooklyn College

About Brooklyn's Neighborhoods: The Center for the Study of Brooklyn acknowledges that the number of Brooklyn neighborhoods, their names and boundaries vary from source to source. We've used the NYC Department of City Planning's New York: A City of Neighborhoods Citywide Index Map from 2011 as the source for the neighborhoods listed on the covers of our Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports.

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Demographics Community District 3

Age

Gender CD 3

9.5% 11.8%

65 and Older

54.3% 52.7%

Brooklyn

Data Source: 2007/09 American Community Survey

Male

133,459

CD 3 (2000) 121,057

Brooklyn

11.5% 9.1%

0-5

Female

Data Source: 2007/09 American Community Survey

CD 3 (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007/09): 2,551,964

Brooklyn CD 3

19.1% 15.8%

6-17

Population

45.7% 47.3%

59.9% 63.3%

18-64

Source: Meng He, Flickr

45.7% 47.3% 54.3% 52.7%

CD 3

Male

Race/Ethnicity

Female

74.9% 63.0%

Number of Residents

CD 3 (2000) CD 3 (2007/09)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Brooklyn (2007/09) 36.8%

32.7%

CD 3’s population has grown by 10.2% since 2000.

19.4% 18.3%19.5% 9.4% 0.5%

2.8% Asian

14.3% 2.7% 1.7% 1.5%

2.6% Black

Latino

White

Other

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

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Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement Top 5 Ethnicities CD 3 (2000) African American (46.2%)

CD 3 (2007/09) African American (44.3%)

Brooklyn (2007/09) African American (15.3%)

Puerto Rican (7.0%)

Puerto Rican (7.6%)

Religious Responses (7.4%)

American (2.9%)

Dominican (4.4%)

Puerto Rican (6.0%)

Dominican (2.9%)

Religious Responses (4.4%)

Italian (5.8%)

African (2.0%)

West Indian (3.1%)

Chinese (4.7%)

Language 18.1%

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Top 5 Places of Birth

13.2%

CD 3 (2000) New York State (59.5%)

CD 3 (2007/09) New York State (62.5%)

Brooklyn (2007/09) New York State (50.6%)

South Carolina (4.6%)

South Carolina (3.4%)

China (3.8%)

Puerto Rico (4.5%)

Puerto Rico (3.2%)

Jamaica (2.7%)

North Carolina (4.2%)

Dominican Republic (2.9%)

Haiti (2.3%)

Barbados (2.6%)

North Carolina (2.7%)

Puerto Rico (2.3%)

CD 3 (2000) CD 3 (2007/09) 7.5% 5.8%

7.9%

Brooklyn (2007/09)

6.6%

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Residents Who Don't Speak Households Where No Person English Well or at All 14 years or Older Speaks English Very Well

Top 5 Languages Spoken at Home CD 3 (2000)

CD 3 (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007/09)

English (75.2%)

English (71.4%)

English (53.9%)

Spanish (18.4%)

Spanish (16.3%)

Spanish (16.9%)

French/Haitian Creole (1.6%)

Yiddish (5.6%)

Chinese (5.6%)

French (1.4%)

Bengali (1.1%)

Russian (5.4%)

Yiddish (0.7%)

French (1.1%)

Yiddish (3.7%)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Foreign Born

Foreign Born Citizenship Status 100%

36.8%

90%

CD 3 (2000) CD 3 (2007/09) 18.0%

19.4%

Brooklyn (2007/09)

80% The percent foreign 70% born in CD 3 has 60% increased by 1.4 50% percentage points since 2000.40%

41.1%

47.0%

55.2% CD 3 Citizen CD 3 Not A Citizen Brooklyn Citizen

58.6%

53.0%

44.8%

Brooklyn Not A Citizen

30% 20%

Source: Nick Johnson, Flickr

10% 0%

Foreign Born

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

CD 14 (2000)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

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Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Youth & Education Community District 3

Public and Private School Enrollment

2.4 Universal Pre-K (Seats per 100 Children Age 4)

Data Sources: NYC Department of Education; NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene; 2007/09 American Community Survey

20.5%

(2009) (2009) Grades K-5

Preschool

Grades K-5

(2009) (2009) Grades 6-8 Grades 6-8

(2000)

CD 3 Private CD 3 Public CD 3 Public Brooklyn Not Enrolled Brooklyn Private

92.7%

79.5%

92.7%

9.9% 9.0%

6.2%

Grades 9-12

Grades K-5 Grades 6-8

Data Sources: NYC Administration for Children’s Services; 2007/09 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

Disconnected Youth

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Disconnected Youth

Grades 9-12

Graduation, Drop Out, and Average College Readiness and Enrollment Rates

Disconnected youth are those ages 16-24 not in school and not working.

CD 3 Brooklyn

58.8%

50.9% 48.2%

46.3%

13.7% 12.3%

14.3%

17.8%

Brooklyn (2011)

% in Subsidized % in Head Start Group Day Care (Age 3-4 Living in (Age 5 and Under Poverty) Below 200% Poverty)

12.7%

CD 3 (2000) CD 3 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09) CD 3 (2000) CD 3 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

12.7%

CD 3 Brooklyn (2009) (2009) CD 3 Brooklyn (2009) 9-12(2009) Grades

30.0%

CD 3 (2011)

20.9% 20.0%

Brooklyn Public

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2009 American Community Survey. Due to data constraints, K-12 data represented in this graph do not include unenrolled students (i.e. those students not in school). Preschool

20.9% 20.0%

79.5%

CD 14 (2009)

CD 3 CD 3 (2000) (2009) CD 3 CD 3 (2000) (2009) Preschool(2009)

CD 3 Not Enrolled CD 3 Private

Brooklyn (2009)

18.3

100% 90% 80% 90.6% 24.9% 78.5% 70% 78.3% 75.5% 72.9% 90.6% 24.9% 60% 78.5% 78.3% 75.5% 72.9% 50% 31.6% 40% 30% 31.6% 20% Brooklyn CD 3 Brooklyn CD 3 Brooklyn CD 3 (2009) (2009) 10% (2009) (2009) (2009) (2000) Brooklyn CD 3 Brooklyn CD 3 Brooklyn CD 3 0%

CD 14 (2000)

21.7%

CD 14 (2009)

25.1%

27.1%

Brooklyn (2009)

46.3%

32.1%

24.5%

CD 14 (2009)

CD 3 (2011)

Preschool Group Day Care (Seats per 100 Children Age 3-4)

46.3%

32.1%

21.5%

20.5%

7.3%

9.4%

Brooklyn (2009)

50.6

23.0

Infant/Toddler Group Day Care (Seats per 100 Children Under Age 3)

15.9%

25.1%

Brooklyn (2011)

3.4

15.9%

43.5%

CD 3 Not Enrolled

7.3%

9.4%

21.7%

43.5%

CD 14 (2009)

47.9

42.8% 42.8%

27.1%

Brooklyn (2009)

Capacity of Public Early Childhood Programs and Eligible Children Enrolled

37.8% 37.8%

24.5%

CD 14 (2000)

Source: Macon Branch, Brooklyn Public Library, Coalition for the Improvement of Bedford Stuyvesant

21.5%

Disconnected Youth

Graduation Rate Dropout Rate Students High School (2010/11) (2010/11) College Ready Seniors Enrolled (2010/11) in College (2010/11) Data Source: NYC Department of Education; College Ready is determined by many factors, including a minimum score of 75 on the English Regents and 80 on the MathA Regents Exams; Data are for public high schools in each Community District, whether or not the students live in the District.

Educational Attainment Age 25 and Older CD 3 (2000)

38.1%

CD 3 (2007/09) 25.4%

29.0% 22.3%

Brooklyn (2007/09)

21.1% 10.3%

Less than a High School Bachelor's Degree or Degree or GED Higher Equivalent

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

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Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Economy

Investment Income 9.4%

Community District 3

5.7%

Median Household Income

Poverty 45.8% 47.8%

$33,657

37.1%

33.1%

% Age 15 and Up with Investment Income

30.7% 21.2%

$43,755 Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Living in Poverty

All monetary figures in this report are adjusted for inflation to reflect 2010 dollars.

Jobs 57.6%

CD 3 (2000) CD 3 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

Children (Under Age 18) Living in Poverty

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

The percent of people living in poverty in CD 3 has decreased by 4 percentage points since 2000; the percent of children living in poverty has increased by 2 percentage points.

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Investment income includes money earned from an estate or trust, interest, dividends, and/or rental income. Median Invesment Income for Individuals

CD 3 (2000) CD 3 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

$27,479

CD 3 (2000) CD 3 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

4.3%

$2,355 $3,050

CD 3 (2000) CD 3 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

$2,033

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

61.1% CD 3 (2000)

50.8%

CD 3 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

18.1% 9.3%

8.0%

Age 16 and Up in the % of the Labor Force Labor Force Who Are Unemployed Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey; Labor Force is the percent of residents 16+ who are employed or unemployed.

www.studybrooklyn.org

Top 5 Occupations and Median Wages of CD 3 Residents CD 3 (2000)

CD 3 (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007/09)

Nurse/Home Health Aide 4.9% ($20,282)

Nurse/Home Health Aide 6.3% ($20,615)

Nurse/Home Health Aide 5.2% ($23,139)

Administrative Assistant 3.8% ($33,106)

Administrative Assistant 4.0% ($33,657)

Administrative Assistant 3.3% ($33,545)

Janitor 3.5% ($26,171)

Security Guard 3.2% ($24,310)

Elementary/Middle School Teacher 2.6% ($50,825)

Security Guard 3.2% ($32,714)

Retail Salesperson 3.1% ($26,295)

Janitor 2.6% ($26,429)

Office Clerk 2.9% ($31,405)

Janitor 2.4% ($34,561)

Retail Salesperson 2.4% ($20,330)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Source: Coalition for the Improvement of Bedford Stuyvesant

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Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Housing

s

Community District 3

Index of Housing Price Appreciation (2-4 Family Buildings)

Source: Coalition for the Improvement of Bedford Stuyvesant

136.6

Total Households

45,944

42,855

CD 3 (2000)

CD 3

CD 3 (2007/09)

Brooklyn

Brooklyn (2007/09): 889,957

2000

Number of Households Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

2008

100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0%

80.3% 77.9%

2010

Housing Burden of Owners

CD 3 (2000) Brooklyn (2010)

60.3%

30.3% CD 3 Owners

CD 3 (2000)

CD 3 Renters

CD 3 (2010)

35.2 58.2

Brooklyn Owners 69.7%

Brooklyn (2010) 25.2

Brooklyn Renters

35.2 25.2 Foreclosure Rate per 1,000 1-4 Family Properties

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy

Foreclosure Rate per 1,000 1-4 Family Properties

CD 3 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

44.0%

60.3%

32.1% 44.0% 32.1%

CD 14 (2000)

CD 3 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/0

CD 3 (2010)

58.2 19.7% 22.1%

2009

Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy; This index measures the change in the price of buildings that have sold multiple times during the given time periods. This controls for price fluctuations that are due to housing quality.

Foreclosures

Owners and Renters

The median sales price per unit in 2-4 family buildings in CD 3 has increased 22.5%, from $131,980 in 2000 to $161,667 in 2010.

121.5

100.0

24.3%

24.3%

Owners Paying Owners Paying 30% or More of 50% or More of Income on Income on Housing Housing Owners Paying Owners Paying 30% or More of Data 50% or More of Source: 2007/09 American Community Survey Income on Income on Housing Housing

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Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement Median Gross Rent

$912

$1,002

Affordable and Rent-Regulated Rental Housing 45.8%

CD 3 (2000) CD 3 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

43.6%

CD 3 (2005) CD 3 (2009)

$683

Housing Violations 130.3

Brooklyn (2009)

28.5% 24.1% 18.3%

85.1

22.1%

CD 3 (2000) 64.1

CD 3 (2010) Brooklyn (2010)

Median Gross Rent Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Serious Housing Code Violations per 1,000 Rental Units

Public and Subsidized Rent-Regulated Units Rental Units

Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy

Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy

Since 2000, there has been a 33.5% increase in Median Gross Rent in CD 3.

Housing Burden of Renters CD 3 (2007/09)

55.4% 52.3% 55.4% 52.3%

Brooklyn (2007/09) CD 3 (2007/09) 32.3% 32.3%

28.7%

Brooklyn (2007/09)

28.7%

Renters Paying Renters Paying 30% or More of 50% or More of Income onPaying Rent Income onPaying Rent Renters Renters 30% or More of 50% or More of on Rent Income on Rent DataIncome Source: 2007/09 American Community Survey Source: whatsupbedstuy, Flickr

www.studybrooklyn.org

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Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Environment Community District 3

Bike Lanes and Street Miles Ratio 1 mile 3 (2010) 1 mile CD 3 CD (2010) 11.0 11.0 milesmiles

Source: Hattie Carthan Community Garden, Monique Peterson

63.4% 65.0%

3 Bike Lanes CD 3CD Bike Lanes 3 Streets CD 3CD Streets

63.4% 65.0%

60.0%

60.0%

Brooklyn Bike Lanes

Brooklyn Streets

Data Sources: NYC Department of Transportation; NYC Department of City Brooklyn Planning (2010)

CD 3 (2000)

CD 3 (2000) CD 3 (2007/09) CD 3 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09 Brooklyn (2007/09)

26.3% 25.7% 26.3% 25.7% 19.9% 19.9%

9.7% 9.9% 7.6%9.7% 9.9% 7.6%

Access to Parks 93.0%

1 mile Brooklyn (2010)1 mile Brooklyn (2010) miles 13.713.7 miles

Transportation to Work

There are 8.3 miles of bike 0 20 lanes in CD 3, compared to 91.3 miles of streets.

86.0%

Walksoror Rides Takes Takes Public Walks Rides Public Bike Transportation Bike Transportation

Drives Drives

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

CD 3 (2009)

Community Gardens

Brooklyn (2009)

Residential Housing Units Within 1/4 Mile of a Park Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy

www.studybrooklyn.org

In 2011, there were 454 requests for new trees in CD 3, and 3,754 in all of Brooklyn.

There are 46 community gardens in CD 3.

Data Sources: GrowNYC and www.OASISnyc.net (2011)

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Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Garbage and Recycling Collection

Environmental Complaints 24.7

178 Tons

162 Tons

2,660 Tons

Tons= Garbage and Recycling Collected Per Day for Disposal CD 3: % Garbage

89.6%

90.5%

85.6%

26.8

CD 3: % Recycling

6.8

Brooklyn: % Garbage

8.3

CD 3 (2001) CD 3 (2011) Brooklyn (2011)

Asthma 16.5% 13.2%

8.0

11.3%

4.4

Brooklyn: % Recycling

10.4%

8.5%

14.4%

CD 3 (2005)

CD 3 (2011)

Brooklyn (2011)

Data Source: NYC Department of Sanitation, via My Neighborhood Statistics CD 14 (2005)

Air Complaints per 10,000 People

Noise Complaints per 10,000 People

Data Source: NYC Department of Environmental Protection, via My Neighborhood Statistics

Adults with Asthma

Sites of Environmental Concern

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Elevated Blood Lead Levels

In 2011, an average of 2.4 pounds of garbage and recycling were collected per person each day in CD 3.

19.7

Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2001) 3.4

www.studybrooklyn.org

Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2002/04) Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

4.8

Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2009)

Rate of Elevated Blood Lead Levels per 1,000 Youth Age 0-17 Tested Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Data Sources: Environmental Protection Agency; NYC Department of Education via New York Lawyers for the Public Interest

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Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Bedford Stuyvesant/Crown Heights United Hospital Fund Neighborhood

H ealth C D ommunity

istrict

3 Fruits and Vegetables

Self-Reported Health Status 35.4%

21.4%

Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2002/04) Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

34.3% 32.8% 35.4% 25.7%34.3% 32.8% 24.3% 23.7%

23.8% 23.4%

21.4%

23.8% 23.4%

18.9% 18.2% 18.1% 25.7% 24.3% 23.7%

76.7% 76.6% 77.6%

Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2002/04) Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09) 19.2%

18.9% 18.2% 18.1%

Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2002) Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2009) Brooklyn (2009)

16.5% 13.0% 4.0%

Fair or Poor

Good

There are 11 United Hospital Fund Neighborhoods in Brooklyn, which are aggregated up from zip codes by the NYC DOHMH. All data from the NYC DOHMH are presented by United Hospital Fund Neighborhood or for the entire borough.

Health Insurance

Very Good Fair or Poor

Very Good

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Excellent

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Physical Activity 72.9% 63.9%

Cigarette Smoking and Binge Drinking 69.6%

22.0%

Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2002/03)

22.0%

Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2008/09)

48.3% 31.8%

9.4%

No Servings per Day 1-4 Servings per Day 5 or More Servings per Day

Excellent Good

7.0%

Bed Stuy/Crown He UHF (2002/04) Bed Stuy/Crown HeightsHe Bed Stuy/Crown UHF UHF (2002/04) (2007/09) Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF Brooklyn (2007/09) (2007/09)

20.4% 20.4%

16.5% 16.5%

Brooklyn (2008/09)

10.9% 10.9%

CD 3 (2009)

12.7%

12.7%

12.3%

Brooklyn (2007/09)

12.3%

Brooklyn (2009)

11.8% 13.9%

Adults Who Exercised in Past 30 Days Uninsured

Medicaid Recipients

Data Source: 2009 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

Cigarette Smoking Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Cigarette Smoking

Binge Drinking

Binge Drinking

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

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Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Mortality

HIV/AIDS Diagnoses and Deaths

Obesity and Diabetes

122.6

10.5

29.1% 29.1% 29.1%

11.3 10.1

29.1%

CD 3 (2002) CD 3 (2007) Brooklyn (2007)

8.7 6.9

Bed Stuy/Crown Heights Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2002/04) UHF (2002/04) Bed Stuy/CrownHeights Heights Bed Stuy/Crown UHF (2007/09) UHF (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

25.0% 25.0%

Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2002) Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2009) Brooklyn (2009)

70.0 40.0

5.2 12.1% 11.6% 12.1% 11.6%

10.2%

10.2%

HIV Diagnoses per 100,000 Population

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

8

Mortality Rate per 1,000 Population CD 3 (2002) CD 3 (2007) Brooklyn (2007)

Infant Mortality Rate per 7 1,000 Live Births

Obesity

6

CD 3 (1998/00) CD 3 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

Diabetes

Obesity

5

Diabetes

19.7

3

Rate per Births

2

4.9% 4.7%

1.6%

Cognitive Disability (Age 5+)

Mortality Rate per 1,000 Population

Infant Mortality Rate per 1,000 Live Births

HIV Death Rate per 1,000 People Living with HIV/AIDS

769

2.2%

Visual Disability Hearing Disability

Data Source: 2009 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

1,131

Brooklyn (2009) 2.5% 2.4%

16.0

Mental Health

1 0 CD 3 (2009)

Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2002) Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2009) Brooklyn (2009)

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

4 5.2 Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Disabilities

39.5

Mental Health-related Hospitalization Rate per 100,000 Adults

Data Source: NYS Department of Health

Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2003/04) Brooklyn (2003/04)

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Although HIV/AIDS diagnoses and deaths have declined in the Bedford Stuyvesant/Crown Heights United Hospital Fund Neighborhood since 2002, 96.8% of new diagnoses and 97.7% of deaths are of persons of color. 10

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Public Safety Community District 3 Crime and Stop & Frisk

Prison Admissions

223.5

5.03 CD 3 (2001) CD 3 (2010)

1.98

Brooklyn (2010)

Source: Violette79, Flickr

81.3

Domestic Violence 71.2 CD 3 (2011) 32.1

CD 3 (2009) Brooklyn (2009)

18.0

Brooklyn (2011)

33.5 12.1

5.1

Violent Crime Domestic Violence-Related Police Responses per 1,000 Population

15.4 12.3

24.4

7.8

Property Crime

Prison Admission Rate per 1,000 Adult Population 12.9

Felony Crime

n/a Stop & Frisk (2009)

Rates per 1,000 Population

Data Source: Justice Mapping Center (JMC) analysis of NYS DOCCS data. DOCCS not responsible for JMC findings. Please note that Community District-level data represent only those records with mappable addresses. Therefore, prison admission rates may be under-represented.

Data Sources: Crime Rates: NYPD; Stop & Frisk: NYPD, Center for Constitutional Rights, via New York Times. Felony Crimes include Violent Crimes plus Property Crimes.

Data Source: NYPD via My Neighborhood Statistics

Projected Prison Expenditures per Capita $517

Hate Crimes 0.4

0.4

$206

CD 3 (2011)

CD 3 (2009) Brooklyn (2009)

Brooklyn (2011)

Hate Crimes per 10,000 Population Data Source: NYPD via My Neighborhood Statistics

www.studybrooklyn.org

Projected Expenditure on Incarceration per Adult Age 18-59 Data Source: Justice Mapping Center (JMC) analysis of NYS DOCCS data. DOCCS not responsible for JMC findings. Please note that Community District-level data represent only those records with mappable addresses. Therefore, projected prison expenditures may be under-represented.

In 2009, a total of 441 adults from CD 3 were admitted to prison at a projected cost of $45,299,280 over the term of their sentences.

11

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Arts & Culture

Registered Citywide Events

Community District 3

Arts & Culture Organizations

Arts & Culture Funding $3.43 $2.44

CD 3 (2010) Brooklyn (2010) Data Source: NYC Office of Citywide Event Coordination and Management (2010)

Cultural Activities Rating

Arts & Culture Funding per Person

14.8%

Data Sources: NYS Council on the Arts and NYC Department of Cultural Affairs

8.9%

CD 3 (2008) Brooklyn (2008)

Data Source: Brooklyn Arts Council (2011)

There are 58 arts & culture organizations in CD 3.

Arts & Culture Employment 5.0%

4.8% CD 3 (2000)

2.7%

CD 3 (2000)

CD 3 (2007/09)

CD 3 (2007/09)

Designer (11.2%)

Designer (13.7%)

Brooklyn (2007/09)

Manager (5.0%)

Artist (7.7%)

Artist (7.6%)

Public Relations Manager (4.6%)

Photographer (5.9%)

Editor (6.3%)

Agent/Business Manager (4.2%)

Librarian (5.2%)

Manager (5.6%)

Production Manager (4.1%)

Producer/Director (4.7%)

Producer/Director (5.2%)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Has Excellent Cultural Activities in Their Neighborhood Data Source: NYC Mayor’s Office of Operations

Top 5 Occupations in the Arts & Culture Industry of CD 3 Residents Designer (6.3%)

% Workers in Arts & Culture Industry

www.studybrooklyn.org

In 2010, a total of $325,204 was granted to 11 arts organizations in CD 3 by the New York State Council on the Arts and the New York City Department of Cultural Affairs.

Brooklyn (2007/09)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey “The Evolution of Black Veterans for Social Justice” Source: Groundswell Community Mural Project

12

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Civic Engagement Community District 3

Voting 106.2%

CD 3 Brooklyn

92.3% 79.8% 63.8% Source: Bedford Stuyvesant Restoration Corporation

59.4% 60.5%

Zip Codes Overlaying CD 3

Campaign Donations for NYC Elections 11221

1.0% ($70,791)

11216

1.1% ($73,560)

11205

1.1% ($73,737)

11206

% of All Brooklyn Donations (2009)

Brooklyn: $6,982,933

1.2% ($86,007)

11233

1.3% ($92,354)

Data Source: NYC Campaign Finance Board

311 Requests

Citizens Age 18 All Age 18 and and Above Above Registered to Registered to Vote (2011) Vote (2011)

24.6 19.4 CD 3 (2011) Brooklyn (2011)

311 Requests-forService per 100 Population Data Source: NYC Department of Information Technology and Telecommunications

Data Sources: New York State Board of Elections; Center for Urban Research

Employment by Non-Profit or Local Government 20.9%

Census Mail Response 42.9%

50.2%

17.2%

58.0%

Average Census Mail Response Rate Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau

www.studybrooklyn.org

Registered Voters Who Voted in 2008 Presidential Election

Voter registration percentages may be inflated (to over 100% in some cases) as voters are not removed from rolls until they have not voted in two major elections.

12.6% CD 3 (2000) CD 3 (2010) Brooklyn (2010)

9.4% 9.8%

CD 3 (2000)

9.0%

CD 3 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

Employed by a Non-Profit

Employed by Local Government

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

13

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Notes

Data Sources Abbreviated data sources are listed under each graph or map in the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports. Complete data source citations are included in the endnotes of the Data Tables that accompany each of the 19 Reports, as well as in the Data Notes document. The Center for the Study of Brooklyn has used in these Reports the most recent data available from all data sources as of December 2011. In the case of U.S. Census Bureau data (the source most often used in these Reports), the 2007/09 American Community Survey 3-Year Estimates, Integrated Public Use Microdata are used instead of one year data as they allow for greater validity, particularly for neighborhood-level data. For each of the Reports for Brooklyn’s 18 Community Districts, the Center uses data going back as far as 2000 (if available) to illuminate trends. For the All Brooklyn Report, data as far back as 1990 are used (if available), and geographic comparisons with New York City, New York State and the Nation are also made (if data were available).

Data Tables Data Tables that supplement each of the 19 Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports are available on the Center’s website (www.studybrooklyn.org). These Data Tables include exact counts, rates and/or percentages for each indicator in the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, as well as endnotes with detailed data source citations.

Your Ideas Are Welcome!

This is the first time the Center for the Study of Brooklyn is producing the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, and we welcome your feedback on the content and design. We are grateful to everyone who has helped make these Reports possible, and look forward to hearing your good ideas! Please also contact us immediately if you find any errors in the data, visuals, text, sources, etc. so that we can make the relevant changes right away. Released: March 12, 2012 www.studybrooklyn.org

Data Notes A Data Notes document is available on the Center’s website (www.studybrooklyn.org) that includes comprehensive definitions of each indicator used in the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, the methodology for calculating that indicator (where applicable), and a ranking of the Brooklyn Community Districts with the highest and lowest counts, rates and/or percentages for the most recent year(s) for which those indicators were available. This document also includes detailed data source citations. 14


Community District 3 Brooklyn Neighborhood Report