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Complementing the cross-cutting analyses are case studies in Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia, using cotton in China and India and coffee in Vietnam as comparators. The export commodities selected include cashews, coffee, tea, cotton, and tobacco. The authors attribute the observed successes to the degree of political and social consensus achieved on the reforms. They find that weak consensus and the attendant reduced ability to respond to shocks is associated with reform reversals and growth collapses. Without generating an acceptable outcome among the stakeholders, attempts to develop effective and efficient support institutions can also fail as they may be corrupted and used to reestablish pre-reform distributional processes. This book will be of interest to staff within the World Bank, as well as to practitioners in public services, civil society organizations, research institutes involved with the political economy of reforms, and other donor agencies involved in the design and implementation of reform programs. Policy Reforms Uganda Elites Tea Income Redistribution Rent Seeking Vietnam Tanzania Cashew Coffee Supply Response Biotechnology Using this new framework, the authors provide cross-cutting analyses that differentiate between short-run growth accelerations and sustained growth. Growth accelerations usually require the elimination of a few key constraints to economic activity. In contrast, longer-term sustained growth requires the development of institutions that can accommodate shocks and allow systems to rebound from negative developments or take advantage of positive opportunities. They also show the role of international developments such as commodity price cycles and technological developments on the growth outcomes. Trade Policies African Agricultural Reforms: The Role of Consensus and Institutions provides a different approach to interpreting the outcomes. The authors develop a political economy framework that brings together the issues of consensus about the reforms; the role of negative shocks, especially price shocks; and the capabilities of institutions to respond to such shocks. African Agricultural Reforms The agricultural reforms initiated by Sub-Saharan African countries in the 1990s were expected to induce higher growth by increasing producer incentives. The subsequent agricultural growth rates have been uneven, and this has been attributed to the lack of supporting infrastructure or the inability of smallholders to respond to the incentives. Kenya Commodity Price Cycles Stakeholders Cotton Zambia Political Economy D i r e c t i o n s i n D e v e lo p m e n t Trade African Agricultural Reforms The Role of Consensus and Institutions M. Ataman Aksoy Editor ISBN 978-0-8213-9543-1 SKU 19543 DID AfricanAgricul_Send5.indd 1 6/6/12 12:52 PM

African Agricultural Reforms

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