Roma Gender Dimensions in Four Bulgarian Neighborhoods
Roma represent a large ethnic minority in Bulgaria, but it is not a homogeneous group - as many as 60 different Roma groups live in the country with different culture, traditions and religion. Roma are one of the poorest populations in Bulgaria. As many as one in three Roma live in extreme poverty earning less than $4.30 a day, compared to just one in twenty among the rest of the population But poverty is not the only challenge: traditional social norms, including gender roles, are changing and tensions between those who seek to cope by adopting new roles and those who want to preserve traditional roles and values are emerging.
Roma Gender Dimensions in Bulgarian Neighborhoods 4 Population: 2,200 Byala Slatina Ethnic Subgroups: Kalayzdhi, Reshetari Education: Girls 45% complete secondary schoo Population: 402 Ethnic Subgroups: Eastern Orthodox or Evangelists Age of marriage Men 21-22 Women 17-20 Men 17 Education: Girls very few complete secondary school Age of marriage Women 13 Population: 8,000-9,000 Education: Girls Hristo Botev Neighborhood in Sofia Ethnic Subgroups: Mixed, Djorevtsi Sheker Mahala Neighborhood in Plovdiv Population: Vesselinovo Neighborhood in Yambol Less than 50% complete secondary school Age of marriage Men 20-23 Women 16-20 8,000 - 9,000 Education: Girls Ethnic Subgroups: Holohane Roma (Millet), majority Muslims very few complete secondary school Age of marriage Men 18 Women 15