Roma Gender Dimensions in Four Bulgarian Neighborhoods
Roma represent a large ethnic minority in Bulgaria, but it is not a homogeneous group - as many as 60 different Roma groups live in the country with different culture, traditions and religion. Roma are one of the poorest populations in Bulgaria. As many as one in three Roma live in extreme poverty earning less than $4.30 a day, compared to just one in twenty among the rest of the population But poverty is not the only challenge: traditional social norms, including gender roles, are changing and tensions between those who seek to cope by adopting new roles and those who want to preserve traditional roles and values are emerging.
Roma Gender Dimensions in Bulgarian Neighborhoods 4 Population: 2,200 Byala Slatina Ethnic Subgroups: Population: 402 Kalayzdhi, Reshetari Education: Girls Ethnic Subgroups: 45% complete secondary schoo Eastern Orthodox or Evangelists Age of marriage Men 21-22 Population: 8,000-9,000 Mixed, Djorevtsi Education: Girls Less than 50% complete secondary school Age of marriage 20-23 very few complete secondary school 17-20 Age of marriage Men Hristo Botev 17 Neighborhood in Sofia Sheker Mahala Neighborhood in Plovdiv Ethnic Subgroups: Men Education: Girls Women Women 16-20 Population: 8,000 - 9,000 Ethnic Subgroups: Holohane Roma (Millet), majority Muslims Education: Girls very few complete secondary school Age of marriage Men 18 Women 15 Women 13 Vesselinovo Neighborhood in Yambol