The Pine Curtain, Issue #11, February 10, 2013
Happy new year and happy before valentine’s day. We are glad to announce you we are going monthly now. Thanks for visiting our site it is the reason we keep improving. This issue has a movie review from our managing editor, Haylee Story. You will find an article about a Texas style safari. It is followed by an article about women’s health on Special Report. One of the most commons resolutions of the year is to lose weight, so you will find an article to help you accomplish it this year. We have an article to help you prepare the perfect barbecue. Of course, the museum Horno 3 , which is on our cover page, is one of our stops in this new section, The Art of Travel. We travel to some nice places in Mexico and bring you some suggestions for your next vacations. We will be presenting you a diferent destination every month. Finally, as a gift from us to you, we have a calendar in the back to have in your home and have a little bit of the Pine Curtain every day of the year.
Learn the Best Way to Lose Weight, to Hunt, to Barbecue and more Features: Texas Style Safari FEBRUARY 10, 2013 PLUS PLUS Where to Travel : Museum Horno 3 Special Report: Womenâ€™s Health In This Issue Contents LETTER FROM THE EDITOR By Irving Marmolejo Editor in Chief Happy new year and happy before valentine’s day. Thanks for visiting our site it is the reason we keep improving. This issue has a movie review from our managing editor, Haylee Story. You will ﬁnd an article about a Texas-style safari. It is followed by an article about women’s health in our Special Report. One of the most common resolutions of the year is to lose weight, so you will ﬁnd an article to help you accomplish it this year. We have an article to help you prepare the perfect barbecue. Of course, the Museum Horno 3 , which is on our cover page, is one of our stops in this new section, The Art of Travel. We traveled to some nice places in Mexico and bring you some suggestions for your next vacations. We will be presenting you a diferent destination each issue. Finally, as a gift from us to you, we have a calendar in the back to have in your home and have a little bit of the Pine Curtain every day of the year. Cover page: Museum Horno 3, Photo by Irving Marmolejo NEWS 6 2 • The Pine Curtain Both in-store and online shopping are at an all-time high this time of year, leaving people very vulnerable to identity theft, so it is important to know how to stay protected. T-BONE 4 NEWS 6 ESPECIAL 12 FEATURES 10 ART 20 T-BONE 4 Take your average T-bone steak. Carve away the fat and the bone and the little that remains is meat. Take your average politician. Carve away the bluster and rhetoric and you just may find the truth…or not. In our T-Bone, we’ll look at political quotes that make us wonder where the meat is, closely examine their value and grade them just as a meat inspector might grade cuts of beef: Prime, Choice, Standard or Canner. Then we’ll serve it up to you for your consumption. Movies: The story begins in a post-apocalyptic future as an aging villager, played by Hanks, narrates to an unknown audience around a campfire. He speaks in a dialect that is hard to decipher. Because his words are hard to understand, we become instantly engaged. SPECIAL REPORT A small boutique in Longview, Texas, known as the “Victoria’s Secret” of women’s health care, is a place where cancer survivors like Lois Owens can go to feel beautiful again. 20 12 THE ART OF TRAVELING The Fundidora Park is without a doubt one of the treasures of Monterrey city and also one of the most interesting attractions in Mexico. The park makes a delightful visit. STAFF Editor-In-Chief IRVING MARMOLEJO Managing Editor HAYLEE STORY Video Editor BIANCA SEE Contributing Writers and photographers ARIANA RILEY KEVIN NGO JENNEE CLAY JAKE WADDINGHAM TRAVIS MCMILLAN KAYLEN BURGESS MATTHEW CRAWFORD HANNAH HERVIEUX TAYLOR VALENTINE BRADLEY THOMPSON CHRISTIAN KEITT: SR. NEWS REPORTER Advisor: DAVE WEINSTOCK Design Advisor: VANESSA JOYNER Comments or questions can be directed to firstname.lastname@example.org The Pine Curtain Magazine is an online publication created by Communication students at the University of Texas at Tyler. Content may not be reproduced in whole or in part without written permission from The Pine Curtain Magazine. ©The Pine Curtain Magazine 2013 February 10, 2013 In This Issue 8 REVIEWS T-Bone “How often have I said to you that when you have eliminated the impossible, Take your average T-bone steak. Carve away the fat and the bone and the little that remains is meat. Take your average politician. Carve away the bluster and rhetoric and you just may find the truth…or not. In our T-Bone, we’ll look at political quotes that make us wonder where the meat is, closely examine their value and grade them just as a meat inspector might grade cuts of beef: Prime, Choice, Standard or Canner. Then we’ll serve it up to you for your consumption. ‘Prime’ Truth: Top shelf—Grade A goodness. ‘Choice’ Truth: Mostly true, depending on the bull it came from. ‘Standard’ Truth: Run of the mill bull—more gristle than fat, less meaty than most. ‘Canner’ Truth: I wouldn’t eat that. —In an ABC “This Week” interview on Nov. 25th: “Social Security does not add a penny to our debt— not a penny.”” --Senate Majority Whip Dick Durbin While historically correct, this statement, as of 2010, is false. Social Security was set up to be funded through payroll and income taxes, but those revenues no longer cover the expenses generated by the program. The Congressional Budget Office estimated in January 2012 that the Social Security funding shortfall would be $59 billion. Next year, it is expected to rise to $79 billion. The projected total gap in expense coverage is estimated to hit $355 billion over five years. Social Security generated excess revenues until 2010, and paid those funds into the Treasury Department. As a result, the Treasury holds $2.7 trillion in “special interest” funds for Social Security. The program has drawn on these funds to cover expense gaps for the past two years, but when they do, the Treasury must borrow funds for other government programs elsewhere. Anytime we borrow money, our national debt grows. 4 • The Pine Curtain whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth?”— Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (Sherlock Holmes) The Sign of Four. —In a Meet the Press interview on Dec. 9th: “The president wants to increase taxes to continue the spending.” --House Majority Whip Kevin McCarthy (R-Calif.) --On Meet the Press on Dec. 9th: “If you don’t increase tax rates on the highest 2 percent of income earners, you cannot generate enough revenue to have meaningful deficit reduction.” --Senate Majority Whip Dick Durbin Tax increases are unpopular, but so is a skyrocketing national deficit. If left unattended, the CBO projects the national deficit to reach $10 trillion in the next decade. If the Bush-era tax cuts are fully extended, the deficit will increase by $3.7 trillion over the same 10 year period. Unfortunately, according to the Tax Policy Center, tax increases on the top 2 percent of earners alone won’t help all that much. The impact would be virtually identical to a full extension until hitting the top 1 percent bracket: those making more than $600,000 per year. Most of the new revenues will come from an even smaller group: 0.1%, those making $8.4 million per year.The total effect of raising taxes on the top 2 percent would be $680 billion over 10 years— only 7% of the projected cumulative deficit. It’s a down payment, but will not substantially reduce the deficit. Will raising taxes help? Sure. But if we’re talking “meaningful” reduction, something beyond the 2 percent tax increase must occur. February 10, 2013 5 T-Bone Republicans are fighting hard not to increase taxes on the top 2 percent, and are throwing around blame like it’s mud. President Obama’s 2011 Plan for Economic Growth and Deficit Reduction provides his method of saving $4 trillion over the next 10 years. According to the CBO, $1 trillion in these spending cuts have already been signed into law under the Budget Control Act. Some spending reduction will come from various “cuts and reforms” such as agriculture subsidies, reduced spending in Medicare and Medicaid, health care and other entitlement programs. In addition to the Budget Control Act, the administration has itemized an additional $600 billion in mandatory spending reductions. The Treasury has confirmed that there will be spending in the form of a new stimulus package, but that it will not cost more than $200 billion— this does reduce the net savings calculation, though. Even with the stimulus, we would venture to say that there is some spending reduction happening in Washington. E $cape News Identity Theft By Kaylen Burgess & Matthew Crawford Contributing Writers On average, victims of identity theft in the United States lose $50 billion every year. Last year, over 15 million residents were directly affected by this growing problem; 24,000 of them live in Texas. Identity theft is personal information— usually obtained through unsecured online transactions—that is stolen and used in a fraudulent manner. The problem is constantly evolving and claims new victims every day. According to Police Detective David Cook from the Tyler Police Department, the frequency of cases of identity theft spikes near the holidays. “It’s less a question of if you will be a victim, than when you will be a victim,” said Cook. Both in-store and online shopping are at an all-time high this time of year, leaving people very vulnerable to this growing problem, so it is important to know how to stay protected. “You will spend way more time trying to get your identity back or fix something than if you would spend the time to prepare yourself,” said Randi Garcia, marketing representative for East Texas Shredding of Longview, Texas. When making purchases online, “use a reputable site, read reviews and check them out before using them,” said Hannah Price, branch manager at First Convenience Bank in Tyler, Texas. It is important to verify the website’s security. A secure site should contain ‘https://’ in the URL box before any personal or payment information is used to complete an online transaction. “Cyber Monday is the busiest shopping day online each year,” said Garcia. With so many people shopping online, Cyber Mon- “ Cyber Monday is the busiest shopping day online each year ” 6 • The Pine Curtain “ One News of the most common ways identities are stolen is mail theft ” day presents a substantial opportunity for those looking to steal identities. The Federal Trade Commission advises online shoppers to use at-home secure internet connections with up-to-date operating systems and web browsers when making online purchases. Passwords should be strong and changed often. “Because of the nature of online fraud, it is extremely difficult and often impossible for [law enforcement] to know who perpetrated the crime and locate them,” said Cook. Usually, those committing the crime are far removed from the area where the crimes occur. They are often outside local authorities’ jurisdiction. When in doubt, use resources like the Better Business Bureau to examine the legitimacy of a business in question. Shopping in stores can put people at risk for having their identity stolen as well. “If you get a dishonest clerk who is just in there for the holiday season, they don’t care if they’re going to get fired, so they write your information down… and they can go out and steal your identity,” said Karen “Ann” Harris, retired director of standards and practices at the Better Business Bureau of Tyler, Texas. For those seasonal employees, the motivator is not money; it is how many credit cards they can steal. A few hours with stolen credit card information is worth much more than minimum wage. Amid the hustle of holiday shopping, credit and debit cards are also more likely to be dropped, lost or stolen in a crowd. Cook suggests shoppers only take essential bank cards or cash on these busy trips to the mall. Carrying Social SeContinues on Theft pg 47 February 10, 2013 7 Cloud Atlas By Haylee Story Opinion Managing Editor Can decisions we make in past lives cause “ripples” that will change the face of history and impact the lives we will lead in the future? According to “Cloud Atlas,” directed by siblings Andy and Lana Wachowski and Tom Tykwer, maybe. The story originates from David Mitchell's 2004 novel of the same name, and features an awardwinning cast led by Tom Hanks and Halle Berry. Spanning hundreds of years, “Cloud Atlas” explores the lives of its characters in six stories of reincarnation. Though taking place on a time line, each distinct story is presented out of order, with scenes switching back and forth between time periods. The first story, set in 1849, features a sickly lawyer sailing from the Pacific Islands to San Francisco. In a fleeting glance, he connects with a slave who is being beaten. Once on board the ship, he uncovers the stowaway slave who will impact the lawyer's life in powerful ways. The lawyer reincarnates in the corporate-run Neo Seoul of the future, where his journey parallels his past life. He is a rebel revolutionary, determined to save a “fabricant” clone woman who will have a Christ-like impact on future generations. Both the lawyer and the rebel are played by Jim Sturgess. All of his characters have revolutionary tendencies, leading us to believe that even in past and future lives, our core person remains intact. Between these two plots, the other four weave themselves together through generations, overlapping and altering the future. The story begins in a post-apocalyptic future 8 • The Pine Curtain Movie Review as an aging villager, played by Hanks, narrates to an unknown audience around a campfire. He speaks in a dialect that is hard to decipher. Because his words are hard to understand, we become instantly engaged. Like his slang, to understand the “Cloud Atlas” story, the audience must pay close attention. Beginning the movie this way is sort of brilliant. It immediately captures audience attention and alerts us that this is not a passive movie experience. If we want to keep up, we must actively pay close attention. Bathroom breaks are out of the question. Of course, some Continues on Atlas pg 54 Courtesy Photo by btchﬂcks There are no Boring days, Opinion just days without This message is approved by the Pine Curtain February 10, 2013 9 “C h e r o k e e Trace is unlike any place I have ever been Features ” Photos by Ariana Ridley 10 • The Pine Curtain S A F A R I Cherokee Trace Drive-Thru By Ariana Riley Contributing Writer February 10, 2013 11 Features Miles away from the city, down winding roads, surrounded by nature lies a haven for animals of all kinds. Cherokee Trace Drive-Thru Safari is located in Jacksonville, Texas. The 300-acre free-range safari is home to both native Texas animals and animals from different regions of the world. The park boasts favorites like camels, alligators, zebras and kangaroos, usually seen only behind fences at zoos. “Cherokee Trace is unlike any place I have ever been,” said Stephanie Conner, park visitor. “The park offers way more than traditional zoos or wildlife exhibits.” The park sets itself apart from traditional animal attractions because the land is free-range for the animals. The safari style park allows visitors to view a variety of nonnative species animals in a more interactive way. Noel Ischy, the nine year owner of Cherokee Trace Drive-Thru Safari, takes pride in the natural environment the animals enjoy. To acquire the animals, Cherokee Trace DriveThru Safari employs a private animal broker that locates exotic animals. “We give him a call and he brings us whatever we are looking for,” said Chelly Lhuillier, park operations manager. The animals are sedated while traveling to ensure safety for both them and their handlers. Special precautions are taken to make sure the transition is easy and safe for each animal entering the park. The park holds a license from the United States Department of Agriculture and is regulated by them.“We are licensed by the USDA and are subject to surprise inspections,” said Lhuillier. They check in to ensure that the proper safety measures are being taken for all of the animal’s safety and well being. There is a staff of nine people, including the owners, keeping Cherokee Trace Drive-Thru Safari open and running daily. The park also employs a veterinarian, Dr. Anthony Holcomb, for emergency care. Holcomb is certified to work with large and exotic animals and practices at Cherokee Animal Clinic in Rusk, Texas. “On average he (Holcomb) visits the park two to three times a year to care for animals that require more medical attention than the staff is able to provide,” said Amanda Ericson, receptionist for Cherokee Animal Clinic. All day admission is $15 for adults, $10 for kids and $13 for seniors. Upon arrival, visitors are given a paper guide with pictures and information about the different animals, so they may identify them as take their self-guided tour. Bags of food for the animals are also available as part of the admission fee. Visitors are then able to drive through the threemile safari park at their own pace, taking pictures and feeding the animals. Guests are free to tour the park as many Continues on Safari pg 46 Special Report Women’s Heatlh Boutique 12 • The Pine Curtain “ Our mother should’ve had access to the myriad products out there that would’ve made her battle with cancer easier. By Jenee Clay, Taylor Valentine & Hannah Hervieux ” Contributing Writers mental and social health issues. At Women’s Health Boutique, the mission is to restore the self-esteem of women struggling with these physical changes and other medical conditions. Trained staff provide customers with products such as breast prostheses, specialty bras, wigs and turbans and skin care products. Women’s Health Boutique is not your typical, white-walled medical supply store. One customer said the store has the feel of a “grandmother’s living room,” and everyone who walks in the door is treated like family. The store is decorated with warm hues, art-covered walls and elegant furniture. Fitting rooms are spacious and private, adding more comfort for customers. Clients are also seated at a polished, wooden table in comfortable leather chairs for consultations instead of at a large front desk. The frilly curtains, floral wallpaper and softly playing “elevator music” inside the store gives the boutique an “at-home” feel, putting customers at ease. Vicki Dortch Jones Continues on Health pg 48 February 10, 2013 13 Special Report After being diagnosed with stage 3 breast cancer and two unsuccessful surgeries, chemotherapy was the next step in Lois Owens' journey. Nothing could prepare Owens for the emotional toll of chemotherapy. Soon after starting treatment, Owens began losing her hair. It was difficult, but she decided to shave her head. “My husband sat in our bathroom with me and showed me a picture taken last summer,” Owens said. “He told me to focus on what a great time we had, and how much he loves me.” As her hair began to scatter across the tile floor and fall around her feet, Owens realized just how hard losing her hair was going to be. Hair loss, stemming from chemotherapy or removal of a breast, often leaves cancer survivors feeling unattractive and insecure. A small boutique in Longview, Texas, known as the “Victoria’s Secret” of women’s health care, is a place where cancer survivors like Owens can go to feel beautiful again. According to The National Cancer Institute, coping with physical changes can cause many levels of distress and may lead to serious How to Features Lose Weight By Ariana Riley a number called body mass index, (BMI). An adult with a BMI between 25 and 29.9 is considBeing overweight, Courtney Bradshaw tried ered overweight. An adult who has a BMI higher different workout programs and diets that never than 29.9 is considered obese. worked. She had to go through all of these strug- The wake up call gles before realizing what the problem was. “My family has had a history of heart disease, so “My biggest was when I weighed 185 [pounds], I had no business in being that heavy, weighing pushing 190 in 2004,” said Bradshaw. She could 190 pounds and being 5 feet 2 inches in my 20s,” drink a two liter bottle of Dr Pepper in a day and said Bradshaw. At the beginning, Bradshaw tried easily go through a 12-pack of Dr Pepper everything. She used weight-loss programs and on the weekend. visited dieticians, but nothing worked. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Bradshaw realized there was nothing wrong with Prevention, overweight and obesity is a range de- the programs she was trying. She was termined by using weight and height to calculate the problem. Contributing Writer 14 • The Pine Curtain “Mentally I wasn't ready to lose weight yet,” said Bradshaw. When Bradshaw reached 190 pounds, she and her husband Clay decided to lose weight together. The Food Nutrition and dieting for Bradshaw has become a lifestyle. “I always change it up. I’ll never have the same meal twice a week,” said Bradshaw. It is important to mix up meals so the diet doesn’t get repetitive and boring. Bradshaw's meals consist of chicken, fish, healthy grains, whole wheat and vegetables. be protein and the other one-fourth should be a starch,” said Upson. By following this meal plan, losing weight will be at a slower rate. According to Upson, it’s more likely to keep the weight off when losing weight at a slower rate. “Losing weight at a slower rate is healthier and can be maintained in the long term,” she said. The Fitness Bradshaw took small steps to lose weight. She started by going to a local gym and walking whenever possible. She also cut down on her Dr Pepper habit. lose weight.What worked for me “ It’s hardwasto taking one thing at a time. ” Bradshaw really started cutting weight when she joined a boot camp class. It contained a lot of cardiovascular activity. “The boot camp instructor was really intimidating and would yell at us. I didn’t even have time to think about what I was doing, I was just reacting to his orders,” said Bradshaw. The boot camp consisted or being outside flipping and pulling tires, running sprints with weights and lifting weights. She started the boot camp during summer. She sweated just standing outside. “I never thought I would be flipping tires or running with weights and like it,” said Bradshaw. Angela Freeman, manager and personal fitness trainer at Anytime Fitness, said finding a workout that is fun can help the routine stick. “The hardest part is walking in,” said Freeman. After losing most of her weight doing cardio, Bradshaw is now training with a personal trainer. “Having a personal Continues on Weight pg 55 February 10, 2013 Features The owner of My Signature Nutrition, Dietitian Sara Upson believes diets don’t work. “If diets worked, then we wouldn’t have an obesity problem,” she said. Upson estimates the failure rate for diets is 95 percent. She doesn’t put her clients on diets, she gives her clients an individual meal plan based on what the client likes. She works with clients to identify changes they can make for long-term progress. “If I give a client a short-term diet, once they are off the diet, they will continue to eat unhealthily,” said Upson. Diets cause people to feel hungry, which leads to overeating. Based on Upson’s generic meal plan, a serving plate should be divided into three sections. “Half of the plate should be fruit and vegetables, one-fourth of the plate should 15 How to make: The Perfect Barbecue By Jake Waddingham & Brad Thompson Features Contributing Writer Before the sun breaks over the horizon and before his guests wake, Daniel Allgaier makes his way out to the meat smoker on a chilly Saturday morning. The party doesn’t start until later that afternoon, but Allgaier has been preparing the main dish for days, giving the pork rumps plenty of time to draw in the flavor from the seasoning. His guests will be providing the side dishes and dessert options, but Allgaier wants to make sure the main attraction is a tender success that will leave everyone with full stomachs. This is only the second time Allgaier has hosted a home barbecue. Whether it is for a family reunion, a weekend gathering with friends or the main course on gameday, home barbecues are a popular option with an endless variety of styles and cooking methods. From the meat choice, wet or dry seasonings, to Selecting the meat Meat selection is paramount when barbecuing. While the options are endless, the satisfaction of the guest is the ultimate deciding factor. Beef, pork and chicken are common choices, but turkey and salmon can offer a unique variety. Specific cuts like pork rump, brisket and ribs are popular for home barbecues and at barbecue joints like Bodacious Bar-B-Que. “If I could get it at a local butcher store I would,” Allgaier said. “Sam’s Club usually has 16 • The Pine Curtain the smoking process, amateurs and professionals can enjoy new recipes that will have the meat falling off the bone and have their guests rushing back for seconds. Getting started The most critical part to any barbecue is where the main dish is going to be cooked. There are many different styles for the type of smoker or pit. Electric and gas smokers are the easiest to use because it is easy to maintain a constant cooking temperature between 225 to 250 degrees. It is always good to have extra fuel or a backup generator on hand. Wood smokers are the most popular, but they are also the most difficult to maintain a constant temperature. The slow cooking style of a good barbecue in a wood smoker requires more attention to detail. Alexander Willis, a manager at Bodacious Bar-BQue in Tyler, Texas, constructed his own smoker out of an old water heater. The homemade congood deals.” Anyone planning regular barbecues can benefit from a Sam’s Club membership meat prices. Pork rump and ribs average between $27 and $35. A 12 pound brisket costs about $80. The size of the smoker used can limit the amount of meat cooked in one batch. Allgaier’s 5-foot smoker easily fits two pork rumps, but he would have trouble preparing several cuts of meat at one time. At Bodacious, their rotisserie slow cookers can traption uses wood and charcoal to smoke the meat. Ryan Frederick, a resident in Orient, Iowa, uses a Hiland HIL3041-SMK BBQ Smoker. The $175 unit uses a combination of charcoal and wood. It also has a built in thermometer and a 37”x18” primary cooking area. An average flat pit can range in price from $100 to $400. Local stores like Lowes, the Home Depot and Academy have smokers available. Homemade smokers are also common, but lack benefits like a built in water bowl to keep the smoker humid or a temperature gauge. Using different cuts of wood also can add to the flavoring of the meat. Hickory and mesquite are popular cuts. Hard woods with minimal sap are best for getting a lot of smoke. The logs of wood and coals keep the fire burning for a long time. Smaller wood chips are best for adding flavor. “We use hickory [logs] for the fire, but we soak certain wood chips in apple juice,” Willis said. “It pulls the flavor in.” Continues on Barbecue pg 52 Features hold up to 24 full briskets. Willis manages three of these large cookers during his evening shift. Rotisserie pits are not ideal for home barbecues because they are too big. Beginners should also focus on just one type of meat. Preparing multiple meats with different cook times and seasoning options can be stressful and cause neglect to details. Fresh meat is the easiest to work with because it does not need to be thawed before it can be worked with. Allgaier picked up his meat two days before the gathering so the seasonings would have plenty of time to absorb. For those unused to barbecuing, it is good to note how different meats respond to seasoning. Brisket takes seasons better than other types of meat, and too much seasoning can overpower the natural flavor. Pork and ribs handle heavy seasoning better. February 10, 2013 17 Learn By Bianca See & Travis McMillan Features Contributing Writers Hunt ng An early morning hunt is one of many autumn traditions in the piney woods of East Texas. Year after year, beginning and experienced hunters alike gather at state parks, game reserves and national forests across the state to indulge in their sport. Hunting is as much a part of East Texas culture as timber and red clay, but not everyone has the hunting experience that comes with living in this part of Texas. What to take, where to go, getting a license, gun safety, what animals and how many to hunt are common knowledge to the seasoned hunter. For the novice hunter, the experience is overwhelming. True beginners should take hunter education classes around the area. These classes are available to teach student hunters about gun safety, 18 • The Pine Curtain the Art of outdoor responsibilities while hunting, and other important skills and information. First time hunter Gabe Rabenhorst recently attended the hunter education course in Longview, Texas and learned many new things. “Unload the gun [when] crossing a fence, jumping over the fence, going through the fence... it could go off if you drop it,” he said. Rabenhorst’s father, Murray Rabenhorst attended the course with him, even though he had taken it previously. “We learned what to shoot to and make sure there is nothing behind it so you’re not shooting at another hunter.” Novice or an expert, hunting season should always begin with research. Before actually going out into the field, park or reserve, know what to hunt. In any given area, there are many game options. Depending on the preferred target, location is key. Before any action is taken, be sure to know what animals are in season and where they can be found. hunting license costs $7, a resident hunting license costs $25 and a lifetime hunting license costs $1000. Once all the legal aspects are covered, decide what hunting gear will be needed. Make a list of the basics and take it to a local outdoor store. Five basics to include on the list are: A gun of and ammunition. The gun will depend on what kind of animal is being hunted. Many hunters use a rifle, but be sure it’s size is appropriate for the hunt. Something too light or too heavy will affect the catch. A handgun can be used as well. Ward advises to “stay with a caliber that’s a common and a reasonable price.” This will also make finding the right shells easy. He suggests using a smaller caliber gun in the East Texas area. Clothing that is suitable for your hunting day. Choose something that will hold warmth and stay dry. Camouflage is optional, but preferred if the hunt is in a wooded area. Be sure to wear bright colors for safety. Hunting boots are the best choice for footwear. Outer wear should reflect the weather. East Texas fall and winter weather is fairly temperate. For the fall, a light jacket and regular hunting pants will suffice. Later on in November or December, a more insulated coat and hunting pants will do nicely. When hunting whitetail deer in-season in East Texas, wear layers. “A good pair of insulated camo coveralls is always good, an insulated hat and a face mask. Limit the amount of skin that could catch a glare and alarm an animal,” said Ward. For hunters further north towards Oklahoma, the weather will be much colder during Continues on Hunt pg 51 “ We learned what to shoot ” February 10, 2013 19 Features Seasoned hunter, Carey Ward says, “For the East Texas area, the prime hunting is whitetail.” Whitetail deer and small animals like rabbits and squirrels are the only game mammals available to hunt in East Texas. Hunters are not limited to game animals though. East Texas offers large populations of predator species. “We have the encroachment of feral hogs that are a real problem,” says Ward. There is also an increasing population of coyotes that harm whitetail fawns, landowners, cattle and domestic animals. The Texas Parks and Wildlife Department lists the predators available for hunting on their website. The site also contains restriction alerts for hunting allowances, bag limits and whether there is a “no season” restriction for certain animals. Though it changes season to season, the typical allowance is five hunting tags. Hunting on private land sometimes increases tag limits. It is also important to obtain necessary licenses and permits. The TPWD has an online listing that gives the names and locations of stores selling hunting licenses. Prices for these licenses will vary depending on license type. According to the TPWD, a youth The Travel Ar of welcome to this new section called the Art of Travel. We hope this provides you with interesting and attractive places where you can visit and create new memories. We begin our long trip in the beautiful Rose City, Tyler, in the state of Texas. The panorama changes as we travel south to the border line in Mexico. The abundant Texan forest and the green grass covered with ice suddenly disappear once we cross the Rio Grande. By just crossing the border to Nuevo Laredo, the environment drastically changes. In the pouring rain, we see the presence of the police, along with the camouflage uniform used by army personnel all over the city. Once we take the highway, the gravel and rocks start to become hills and mountains, are covered with different types of cactus and bushes. We cross state lines to Nuevo Leon state in order to enter Monterrey. Monterrey is a city famous for its hilly terrain. One of the main attractions of the third most populated city of Mexico is Fundidora Park. In this 230 acre park, we find the interactive museum El Horno 3(Oven Number 3). Art + Life Continues on Horno 3 pg 22 Photos by Irving Marmolejo 20 • The Pine Curtain Google Maps Courtesy El Arte v de iajar By Irving Marmolejo Editor in Chief desde la bella ciudad de Tyler en el estado de convirtiéndose en cerros y montañas tapizadas Texas comienza nuestro largo recorrido. Entre por diferentes tipos de cactus y arbustos. Con el un panorama cambiante nos dirigimos hacia el mismo tipo de vegetación entramos a la ciudad sur rumbo a la frontera con México. Los bosques de Monterrey en el estado de Nuevo León. Esta frondosos y el césped cubierto de escarcha ciudad es famosa por su cerro en forma de silla invernal del estado de la estrella solitaria termipara montar. Una de sus principales atracciones nan al cruzar el rio grande. En Nuevo Laredo de la tercera ciudad más poblada de México es el Tamaulipas el panorama y el ambiente cambian parque fundidora. En este parque de 230 hecabruptamente. Entre la lluvia constante podemos táreas se encuentra el ahora museo interactivo El apreciar la presencia de la policía como al igual Horno 3. la presencia militar en toda la ciudad. Ya en carContinua en Horno 3 pagina 28 retera las grandes piedras comienzan a brotan Art + Life February 10, 2013 21 By Irving Marmolejo Editor in Chief The Horno 3 museum is one of the main attractions of Fundidora Park .The museum is dedicated to preserving the building that used to be part of a metal and steel company called Fundidora de Fierro y Acero de Monterrey. The museum tries to educate visitors on the process of making steel. It is an interactive visit to what once was a first level steel company. This company was one of most important companies producing steel in the world. During the 1970s’ the company experienced a decline. Today, after more than two decades, this company is closed down. The museum, Horno 3, is visited by thousands of visitors every year, making it a must-see attraction. “ What is now known as the tall oven is an architectural marvel Art + Life ” Photos by Irving Marmolejo 22 • The Pine Curtain Art + Life February 10, 2013 23 g n i t s e r e Int : s t c a F r o H By Irving Marmolejo Editor in Chief The company, Fundidora de Fierro y Acero de Monterrey, opened for first time on May 5, 1900. Art + Life Fundidora de Fierro y Acero de Monterrey reached the production of a million tons of steel in a year, before the company closed on 1986. On the Morning of May 9, 1986, Fundidora de Fierro y Acero de Monterrey declared bankruptcy. 24 • The Pine Curtain 3 no According to anecdotes from the people of Monterrey, a series of suicides were unleashed after the steel company went bankrupt. The President of Mexico, Miguel de la Madrid, gave the property and the infrastructure of Fundidora de Fierro y Acero de Monterrey to the state of Nuevo Leon to be used as a green park. During the administration, 2003-2009, the Fundidora Park began to develop several projects focused on touristic attraction. Among them was the museum Horno 3. Art + Life Photos by Irving Marmolejo February 10, 2013 25 Art + Life 26 • The Pine Curtain Our Experience Tips to Help You Enjoy Your Trip By Irving Marmolejo Editor in Chief The Fundidora park is without a doubt one of the treasures of Monterrey city and also one of the most interesting attractions in Mexico. The park makes a delightful visit. Among the many attractions and buildings in the park is the museum. Horno 3 catches your attention when the building suddenly emerges from the trees. This building used to be the Fundidora de Monterrey, an international steel making company. During 2003-2009 of the park they started to develop new touristic attraction projects including the museum. The building is almost completely made out of metal. It is a must-see site and a unique spot for pictures. The museum has three accessible levels. What is known now as the tall oven is architectural marvel. The first level is dedicated to explain the historic timeline of the steel making process in the world. Then a historic gallery is dedicated to show the history of the company that used to own the building. It is interesting to learn how steel was produced, because steel is such an important manufacturing material in the world. If you visit Horno 3, arrive before 1 p.m., so you can attend to the Oven Show. The Oven Show is on the second level. This light, fire, special effects, vibrations and sound show is a recreation showing how the oven would work when it used to produce steel. This room is often used as a place used for special events and parties. After the show is over, you can access the third floor through a horizontal elevator. It is a great place to appreciate the city and its iconic hill as well as the park from another angle. The museum has a restaurant called El Lingote (The Ingot) where you can be delighted with international food. Once on the first level you can visit the interactive section. This is the favorite of many children who visit here. Definitely, the museum Horno 3 is a place worth of visiting not just to appreciate its structure but also to learn about what once was Fundidora de Fierro y Acero de Monterrey. â€œAcropora Pimientaâ€? Pulish Steel, Blu 09 Art + Life February 10, 2013 27 El conocido Horno “ Alto es una maravilla E Art + Life l museo El Horno 3 es una de las principales atracciones del parque fundidora. El museo esta dedicado a preservar el edificio que un dia alojo a la Fundidora de Fierro y Acero de Monterrey asi como tambien educar a sus visitantes. El recorrido es una visita interactiva a lo que un dia fue una compañía de primer nivel. La compañia llego a ser una de las industrias productoras de acero mas importantes del mundo. En los años 70s comenzo el declibe para la Fundidora icono de la ciudad del Norte. A mas de dos decadas de el cierre de la compañia Fundidora de Monterrey el horno numero 3 aloja a miles de visitantes al año siendo una de las mayores atraciones de Monterrey. Photos by Irving Marmolejo 28 • The Pine Curtain arquitectónica By Irving Marmolejo Editor in Chief ” La Compañia Fundidora de Fierro y Acero de Monterrey abrio sus puertas el 5 de Mayo de 1900. La Compañia Fundidora de Fierro y Acero de Monterrey llego a producir un millon de toneladas de acero antes de que la compañia cerrara en 1986. Siderurgica: Metalurgia del hierro. Engloba la extracción y todas las actividades relacionadas con el hierro (fundir, forjar, laminar y transformar el hierro en acero). Diccionario Enciclopédico Vox 1. © 2009 Larousse Editorial, S.L. Art + Life February 10, 2013 29 Art + Life Photos by Irving Marmolejo 30 • The Pine Curtain La mañana del 9 de Mayo de 1986 la Fundidora de Monterrey es declarada en bancarrota. Deacuerdo con anectotas de la ciudad, se produjo una serie de suicidios despues que la Fundidora de Monterrey se anunciara en bancarrota. El Presidente de México, Miguel de la Madrid, cedió los terrenos así como las instalaciones de la compañía fundidora de acero al estado de Nuevo León para crear un parque ecológico. Art + Life February 10, 2013 31 Take a glimpse into the world, glimpse to the world We are your window. Art + Life A 32 • The Pine Curtain 2003-2009 “ La administración del parque Fundidora desarrollo la ideas proyectos de atracción turística entre ellos el del Museo El Horno 3. ” By Irving Marmolejo Editor in Chief e xperiencia February 10, 2013 33 Art + Life Nuestra Art + Life El parque fundidora es sin lugar a dudas uno de los tesoros de la ciudad de Monterrey y también una de las atracciones más interesantes de México. El parque brinda una visita muy agradable con sus áreas verdes y con sus innumerables lugares de esparcimiento. Uno de los sitios dentro del parque que despierta el interés es las estructuras de lo que fue algún día Fundidora de Monterrey. Durante la administración 2003-2009 del parque fundidora se empezó a desarrollar la idea de varios proyectos que fueran de atracción turística entre ellos el del Museo El Horno 3. El edificio, que ahora es el museo El Horno 3, hecho en su totalidad de acero es un lugar que es necesario visitar una vez en el parque fundidora. Photos by Irving Marmolejo 34 • The Pine Curtain El edificio de tres niveles emerge de las áreas verdes una vez que nos acercamos. El conocido Horno Alto es una maravilla arquitectónica. En el primer nivel se encuentra la galería de la historia donde se explica de manera general la historia de la producción del acero. Después, esta explicación se hace más específica llevándonos a México Industrial en los años1900 y después las distintas salas nos muestran la historia de la compañía Fundidora de Monterrey desde sus inicios. Es interesante conocer cómo se producía y produce el acero un material muy importante y elemental en el mundo. Si visitas el Horno tres, llega antes de la una de la tarde para que puedas apreciar el show del horno. El show del horno se encuentra en el segundo nivel del edificio. Este show con luces, sonido, efectos Continues on next page especiales como fuego y vibraciones recrea el funcionamiento del horno cuando este estaba activo. La sala donde se presenta el show del Horno se puede rentar para eventos y actividades especiales. Después del show se puede subir a la parte alta del edificio por medio de un elevador horizontal. En la parte alta se puede apreciar la ciudad de Monterrey y el parque Fundidora desde otra perspectiva. La parte alta del Horno 3 es un buen sitio para contemplar el famoso cerro de la silla icono de la ciudad de Monterrey. El Museo cuenta también con un restaurante de comida internacional llamado el Lingote. Muy buen nombre para mantener el ambiente del museo. De nuevo en la parte baja uno puede visitar la parte interactiva del museo. Esta sala del museo es la favorita de los niños. Definitivamente el Horno 3 es un museo que vale la pena visitar no solo para apreciar el edificio pero también para aprender lo que un día fue Fundidora de Fierro y Acero de Monterrey. Agradecimiento especial a las personas y colaboradores del Horno 3 Art + Life February 10, 2013 35 Movie Cover Exhibition UTTyler students’ Design Artwork Art + Life By Brittnee Kennedy 36 • The Pine Curtain Art + Life February 10, 2013 37 38 • The Pine Curtain Movie Cover Exhibition Art + Life By Kassidy Veraska By Darby Capps Art + Life February 10, 2013 39 Business Brochures Art + Life By Darby Capps 40 • The Pine Curtain Art + Life February 10, 2013 41 Art + Life By Britnee Kennedy 42 • The Pine Curtain Art + Life February 10, 2013 43 Art + Life By Emily Cotten 44 • The Pine Curtain Art + Life February 10, 2013 45 Photos by Ariana Riley Features Safari page 11 Cherokee Trace Drive-Thru Safari’s main source of revenue comes from people visiting the park. They are not government funded, so times as they would like while the park is open. they rely on their visitors to keep the “The tour can take up to two hours,” business going. said Lhuillier. The park generates additional money through The length of the tour depends on how long visi- the gift shop at the main entrance. The shop tors spend watching and interacting with anisells souvenirs and snacks that can be taken on mals on their drive. the tour or eaten at the onsite picnic area. Park hours are Monday through Saturday The Cherokee Trace Drive-Thru Safari website 10a.m. to 5 p.m. and Sunday 1 p.m. to 5 p.m. encourages visitors to make a day-long excurSince guests are given food, the animals have sion and take advantage of picnic areas for learned that cars hold snacks and are eager to lunch. They suggest visitors drive through the approach them. park, picnic, then drive through again to make When presented with food, “the camel has been a full day of the safari experience. known to stick his head in people’s cars,” said For those looking for an adventure and a Lhuillier. He’s even made off with a pair chance to get away in nature, Cherokee Trace of sunglasses. Drive-Thru Safari is a place that This excitement is what keeps the park going. encompasses it all. Word-of-mouth has been the park’s greatest as- It offers a unique opportunity to visitors wantset in advertising, along with informing visitors ing to interact with animals they don’t see in through social media. their daily lives. The business has started using Facebook to interact with their visitors and to give them a Left: Look up close. The safari is a more natural look to animals from bufalos to deers. place to post pictures and share experiences Below : A zebra and its baby eating close to the track with others. waiting for some food from the visitors. 46 • The Pine Curtain Theft page 7 February 10, 2013 47 News curity cards, birth certificates or multiple credit cards leave shoppers vulnerable to theft. It is smart to shop light and be aware of what is going on all around. Remaining aware of surroundings is not only important in shopping. The influx of mail increases around the holidays, leaving personal mailboxes susceptible to theft. “One of the most common ways identities are stolen around the holidays is mail theft,” said Garcia. Mail is an easy and untraceable way for identify theft to occur. Leaving mail that includes any personal information will give a scammer the means to steal an identity. “When mailing bills, raising the flag tells the postman—and everyone else—there’s mail in there,” said Harris. She warns that scammers lurk to find mailboxes with outgoing mail in an attempt to find something with personal information in it so they may steal an identity. It is always wise to be on alert and aware of the many ways identities can be stolen, especially around the holiday season. Even cautious people can fall prey to identity theft. Scammers can find many ways to hack into people’s lives and steal their identities, even with safeguards in place. In this case, it is important to be able to identify the warning signs that personal identity has been compromised. The FTC says the warning signs of identity theft can take many forms. It can show as mistakes on accounts, regular bills no longer arriving in the mail or calls from debt collectors. Technology has allowed people to easily access information such as bank statements, credit card statements and even credit reports. “With online and mobile banking, alerts can be set, so anytime the card is used it will send a notification,” said Price. Having these tools available through most banks can help spot identity theft to be spotted faster. When in doubt, contact the financial institution holding the debit or credit card that may have been misused. Credit and debit card companies also send monthly statements to help manage accounts, and it is important to watch these carefully for unauthorized activity. Not having regular mail coming into the home or post office box can signal that someone is having it rerouted to themselves or somewhere else. “If these statements or regular monthly bills and letters stop arriving in the mail, this is a clear warning sign an identity may have been stolen,” warns Cook. If regular mail fails to arrive, contact the company or person responsible for sending it. If it was sent but not received, report the lost mail to the U.S. Postal Service. This will alert the post office that the mail may have been rerouted to an unauthorized person. Upon realization of identity theft, swift action is imperative. Contact the bank and the business involved— this includes contacting businesses or debt collectors that are calling with unfamiliar debts or notices. Identity theft is not anything someone expects to deal with during the holiday season, but as the occurrence of this problem grows, it is becoming increasingly important to know the risks, warning signs and ways to stay protected. Health page 13 Special Report and her sister, Seleta Lovell, were inspired to open a business to help women cope with illness after they watched their mother, Billie Dortch, suffer from terminal cancer. Due to the lack of services and products provided, Jones and her sister noticed their mother’s confidence and self-image weakening as cancer treatments continued. She often wore ill-fitting, unnatural and irritating wigs before she decided to “go bald.” The disease ultimately took Billie’s life in 1986 and her death inspired Jones to explore the world of women’s health. “Our mother should’ve had access to the myriad products out there that would’ve made According to the American Institute for Cancer Research: One in every 8 women in the United States will develop breast cancer in their life time. 226,000 cases of invasive breast cancer will be dignosed this year. Breast cancer will claim the life of 40, 000 American this year alone. Drinking alcohol in any form increases breast cancer risk. 48 • The Pine Curtain her battle with cancer easier,” Jones said. “After she died, we were amazed to find so many products that could’ve made her life more comfortable.” With this new-found knowledge, the idea of Women’s Health Boutique was ignited. By February of 1991, the boutique in Longview opened for business. Since its opening, WHB has been in-network with most major insurance plans, so services and products available can be paid directly from Medicare, Texas Medicaid or other private insurances. WHB staff members will help clients determine which items are covered through their insurance plans and will assist in the processing of insurance claims. As of July 1, 2010, breast prostheses, bras, compression garments which makes them much lighter than standard silicone prostheses, providing a more comfortable experience for women. Women should generally get a new prosthesis every two years, however most major insurance companies will allow a new one whenever medically necessary. These companies typically pick up all or most of the costs for at least one prosthesis a year. A custom-made prosthesis is typically around $3,000 and can be an attractive and cost-saving alternative to surgical reconstruction. Other prostheses can range from $30 to $450 and a WHB certified fitter will help choose the appropriate product to meet the customer’s unique needs. Other products most customers are interested in are WHB’s wigs and turbans. In Nancy Arnold's book, “I Feel Like Me Again,” she said, “Women’s Health Care Boutique has a wonderful selection of wigs that look and feel like real hair and can be styled right there in the boutique by a trained cosmetologist.” WHB has a selection of full and partial wigs in various styles and colors ranging from $18 to $300. For women who do not always want to wear a wig, WHB also offer hats, hair pieces, scarves, turbans and sleep caps, all ranging from $8 to $45. Also available for free are a selection of wig care products. Other wig care products cost as little as $7.25. Customers can also receive compression therapy, which are products and garments, such as arm sleeves and socks, used to manage circulation of blood and lymphatic flow. These products cost from $12 to $100. Women’s Health Boutique also provides various services for pre- and post-natal care, women suffering from incontinence, as well as differFebruary 10, 2013 49 Special Report and pumps are covered by Texas Medicaid. WHB’s most popular items are specialty bras for breast-feeding and post-breast surgery. Specialty bras for nursing mothers provide more support for the breasts and contain bra cups with flaps to expose the nipple, making breast-feeding more comfortable and accessible. Post-breast surgery bras are typically for women who have had a mastectomy. According to the American Cancer Society, there are more than 2.9 million breast cancer survivors in the Unites States, many of which required mastectomies. A mastectomy is the surgical removal of the entire breast. Many women need garments to assist with this transition. All WHB fitters are certified and will assist customers in finding the most comfortable and proper fitting mastectomy bras. Mastectomy bras are designed with pockets in each cup for a breast prosthesis to easily slip in to, giving women a natural look without reconstructive surgery. Mastectomy bras offered at WHB range from $40 to $60. WHB also offers radiation garments which aid in the prevention of further irritating treated skin, as well as post-surgical camisoles, which are loose-fitting, sleeveless undergarments. These items range from $36 to $70. Most camisoles available are 100 percent cotton and are specially designed for maximum comfort and protection against incision areas. Post-surgical camisoles also include foam prosthesis for women until they have been properly fitted for a breast prosthesis to match their individual size, shape and skin tone. WHB provides a unique “silicone lite” prosthesis, designed by Jones, along with a team of expert prosthesis designers. This prosthesis is made of air-whipped silicone, Special Report ent support devices and braces for women with arthritis or other conditions. Jones believes WHB’s variety of products better serves women and provides them with more knowledge to take charge of their healing process. “There are women everywhere who deserve more, and Women’s Health Boutique is going to provide what they need,” Jones said. Other products available at WHB are skin care products for post-surgery clients, diabetics and breast-feeding mothers, ranging from $4 to $135 depending on the specific need. Raye Kennedy, Director of Marketing for WHB, said most of their business comes through doctor and customer referrals. “We’ve been in Longview for over 20 years, so people have really gotten to know who we are,” she said. “It’s not very hard to market in a small town like this.” WHB also generates customers through participating in health fairs and conducting “one-day boutiques,” where they provide all of their products and services in smaller, surrounding areas. Through events like this, WHB is able to generate out-of-town clientele. There are also three Houston locations, one in 50 • The Pine Curtain Pasadena and a store in Dallas that are open to meet women’s health care needs. What started as a small, family business in Longview, Texas became a franchise after partnering with the International Center for Entrepreneurial Development (ICED) in 1998. There are currently other Women’s Health Boutique’s in Calif., Ohio, Ga., Okla., Conn., Md., Mich. and N.J. Even with growth of a small business into an international franchise that has been featured in national women’s health magazines, Jones and Lovell have always kept their mother in mind when faced with the many challenges of meeting women’s health needs. “Women’s Health Boutique is our mother’s legacy to you—to us—to women everywhere,” Jones said. “I know she would be pleased.” Hunting page 19 February 10, 2013â€ƒ 51â€‚â€‚ Features these months. Temperatures will vary depending on location, so be sure to check the forecast a week before the hunting date. Perhaps the most important thing to wear is a bright color vest, usually orange, so other hunters are able to distinguish hunter movement from the animals. Tools for navigation. GPS systems are most efficient, but a signal and charged battery are necessary. A compass is a lower-tech solution for navigation. A knife for field dressing and other utilities. Many beginner hunters do not field dress their catch, but for those that do, a sharp, heavy duty hunting knife is best. The knife can be used for other things like cutting rope or branches as well. A first aid kit. First aid should always be on hand. Be sure to keep it stocked with bandages, antiseptics, antivenin, insect repellent, burn cream and a flashlight. Its best to keep them nearby, and outerwear is available with compartments to carry these supplies. After researching the necessities, the next step is location.There are many places in Texas to hunt publicly, as well as privately. As a beginner, it is best to hunt in public sites because it is cheaper and requires less licensing. Extra caution is necessary on public lands though because they have more hunters using them at the same time. Find a Wildlife Management Area (WMA) closest to the preferred hunting location. The Old Sabine Bottom Wildlife Management Area is the designated public hunting area for Smith County. Feral hogs, some waterfowl, squirrels, rabbits and hares are available all season long. Whitetail deer are available for archers only with a bag limit of no more than two. Other WMAs will have different animals available for season during different times of the year, but look up their game schedules for the specifics. Each of these offices have site-specific rules. Make note of any advisories including legal game limits and animal and weather cautions. After researching everything from what to hunt, the proper licenses, gear and where to go, it is finally time for action. Hunting, when done correctly, can be safe and enjoyable. As a beginner, remember the basics like location, preparedness and safety and it will not be long before practice turns to skill and experience the craft of hunting. Features Barbecue page 17 Slow cooking With the smoker and meat ready to go, the slow Seasonings cooking process can begin. There are two types of seasoning: wet and dry. To keep the meat tender and allow the smoke and Wet seasoning is a liquid form of flavor that is seasonings to influence the flavor of the meat, the pumped into the meat with a syringe. Stores and smoker must be kept at a consistent, low temperaonline barbecue sites sell specific flavors like liqture. uid hickory smoke. Allgaier began cooking at 5:30 a.m. to give the Using beer is also a popular liquid season. Allgai- meat eight hours in the smoker before guests er used ZeigenBock in his pork rump to keep the started to arrive. The first time he tried to barbemeat tender and add in more flavor. “I try to put a cue, he did not give the meat enough time to cook lot in there, covering every inch,” Allgaier said. and had to finish preparing it in the oven. Willis is not a fan of using injection seasoning for At Bodacious, Willis prepares the meat the night home barbecue. He has found the flavor is heavbefore. Some meats spend 14 hours in the smoker ily concentrated at the injection site and does not before it is prepared to sell. spread through the rest of the meat. Depending on the time of year, watching the Store shelves are lined with hundreds temperature in the cooker can be of dry seasoning options to mix a challenging task. Chilly fall or and match. Dry seasons typiwinter mornings can make addcally are a powder or finely ing wood or checking fuel levels a ground. challenging task. Seasoning can range in price By cooking the meat at a low temfrom less than $5 to speperature, the meat stays tender and cialty brands and sauces priced the flavors are more concentrated. over $25. Bodacious uses a special Higher temperatures sear the outside blend that is unique to the restauand seize up the meat by robbing the rant. It is made in host restaurants and juices and wet seasoning. shipped to the other stores in East Texas. With low heat, the chance of overcooking Before using dry rubs, it is a good idea to is almost eliminated. There is more control cover counter tops for easy cleanup. The thawed and opportunity to judge and critique the slow meat needs to be fully covered in dry seasoning. cooking meat compared to the high heat of a pan The seasoning is what gives the meat the dark col- or on a grill. or around the outside. The slow cooking process Willis said another good tip for tender meat is crystalizes the sugars, creating a crispy outside. leaving the fat on the meat. It helps keep the meat Less seasoning gives less of a crispy outside and moist and the juices trap more flavors from the a lighter color. A lot of seasoning will turn very smoke. dark and add extra crunch to the texture. “Leave the fat on top, that way it will go straight “If you are not a person that likes a lot of black or to the meat and keep every bit of it moist,” Willis you don’t like crunchy, do less,” Willis said. “Oth- said. erwise it is just do as you taste.” If the fat is removed before the meat is smoked, it 52 • The Pine Curtain is best to place a bowl of water above the fire. The Willis also prefers to work with the meat by steam off the water helps keep the smoker humid hand. For large orders, Bodacious also has a maand keeps the meat tender. chine that cuts the finished barbecue. With the addition of a side dish or two and a Final product beverage, the barbecue process is finally comAfter hours of preparation and waiting, it is time plete. to get the main course from the smoker to the Any leftovers should be refrigerated as soon as dinner plate. possible after the meal in sealed containers. Always check the temperature at the core of the Willis said every time meat is reheated, it pulls meat to make sure it is cooked all the out moisture. After a couple reheats, the meat way through. loses the tenderness achieved through slow Another way to check is cutting into the meat cooking. to visually check the center. This method will Barbecue is a practiced form to prepare a tender cause the meat to dry out faster if more cooking and personalized flavor to favorite cuts of meat. is needed. It is a process that amateurs and experts can enIf the core of the meat does not reach the ideal joy and continually learn from. temperature, putting the meat in the oven to fin- But if the unthinkable happens and the home ish cooking is a safe alternative. barbecue goes awry, places like Bodacious Bar-BTo serve the meat, it can be cut into portion sizes Que is another way to get home-cooked barbeor pulled apart in thin, stringy bundles for sand- cue without all the preparation. wiches. Allgaier uses an electric knife and a two-pronged fork to slice the pork. Photo by Jake Waddingham Features Above: Allgaier injects a pork rump with ZeigenBock beer to enhance flavor. February 10, 2013â€ƒ 53â€‚â€‚ Although promotions for the film hint at decisions made in past lives “rippling” to effect change in the future, the final connections of the stories and characters fail to firmly assert stories were more compelling than others. And themselves. Beyond the characters' occasional some actors were more convincing in certain deja vu or feelings of having known someone in roles. a past life, the stories feel independent of each Each actor played at least three characters ranging other. in age, gender and race. To pull this off, the make- The six stories cause the movie to run long. To up had to be exceptional—and it was— though its favor, the nearly three hours pass quickly. the racial makeup was sometimes distracting. The The stories are entertaining and confounding actors were almost unrecognizable at times, and enough to keep our minds from running off. part of the excitement was trying to decide who Unfortunately, even with the long run time, the was playing each new character as they effect of tying the stories together is lackluster. were introduced. Ultimately, I left with lukewarm feelings. I apDefinitely don't leave before the credits. They are preciated the ambition and masterful aspects of the most gratifying part of the experience— espe- some moments, yet others seemed completely cially after playing the guessing game for almost absurd. As for a cosmic inter-connectedness, three hours. As the stars are listed, clips of them or some deeper meaning, there was very little. in each role finally clear up any identity questions. It was adventuresome at times, but overall it Part of why “Cloud Atlas” is so compelling is the seemed odd and convoluted, leaving me with unexpected range in tone. At first glance, it seems the impression that I should just read the book. like a drama, but it is peppered with moments of comedy, action and humor These unexpected tones keep the story fresh. In three hours, a movie can become stagnant, but “Cloud Atlas” never does. It has enough variety to satiate all movie goer tastes. Opinion Atlas page 8 Because moving pictures tell more than 1,000 words Check out our video at patriottalon.com 54 • The Pine Curtain Weight page 15 February 10, 2013 55 Opinion 1,500 to 1,800 calorie intake. Freeman said the United States Department of Agriculture recommendation of a 2,000 calorie intake is too high for trainer has made me stronger and more comfortan average female trying to lose weight. able using different weights,” said Bradshaw. The Reward Freeman recommends starting out with a perBradshaw has now gone from 190 pounds to 125 sonal trainer. The trainer will help with motivapounds. “I don’t feel like I’ve made it to my goal tion and accountability. Personal trainers also yet. I look back at pictures and I am proud of myhelps along the way with a customized workout self,” said Bradshaw. program. The hardest thing for Bradshaw has been balPeople who want to lose weight tend to only ancing her social life. Some of her friends don’t do cardiovascular activity thinking they will understand why she exercises so much. “I know lose more fat. “In order to burn fat, you have to some of my friends don’t get it, but I don’t want to weight-train,” said Freeman. be back where I used to be,” said Bradshaw. For weight loss and leaner muscle, focus on lightObesity rates have more than doubled in adults moderate weights and more repetitions. In order and children since the 1970s. According to the to build muscle, do fewer repetitions and gradualFood Research and Action Center, 30.4 percent of ly increase the size of the weights. To build leaner Texans are obese. muscle with mass, do more repetitions, along Freeman says many people want real results in with gradually increasing the size of the weights, a short amount of time. “People want the results she said. but don’t want to work for it they want quick When doing a consistent workout plan, working results and shortcuts. They find fad diets that lead out five days a week will show results within four to no success,” said Freeman. to six weeks. “You will notice clothes starting to fit Working out and eating clean is differently,” said Freeman. a lifestyle change. Allow at least 45 minutes, four to five days a week According to the Mayo Clinic, working out is and change up your workout. “Using the same proven to increase health and create a sense of workout routine can get boring and prevent you well-being. It can help prevent or manage a wide from seeing results,” said Freeman. range of health problems and concerns includThe goal is to burn 500 or more calories per ing stroke, metabolic syndrome, Type 2 diabetes, workout. Focusing on a total body workout with depression, certain types of cancer and arthritis. constant movement will burn more calories, cre“It’s hard to lose weight, you have to mentally ate leaner muscle and lead to quicker results. prepare yourself and want it. What worked for me Losing body fat can’t be done in the gym alone. was taking one thing at a time,” said Bradshaw. “Eighty-five percent comes from eating healthier, combined with a workout regimen. Abs start in the kitchen,” said Freeman. For the average female with no health restrictions, she will need to focus on a 1,200 to 1,500 calorie intake for weight loss. A male should focus on a Photo by Irving Marmolejo FEBRUARY hORNO 3. mONTERREY, n.l. Mexico Photo by Irving Marmolejo March Hacienda Corralejo, Penjamo , Guanajuato. Mexico Opinion Give thanks to the Lord, for He is good; his love endures forever. Psalm 107:1 58 • The Pine Curtain