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STRATEGIC ENERGY AND WATER PLAN UPDATE Fiscal Year 2008-09

Promoting campus sustainability through the managed use of energy!

Table of Contents

Executive Summary

5

Introduction

8

Accomplishments for 2008-2009

10

Charting Utilities

20

Looking Ahead to 2009-2010

26

The Strategic Energy and Water Plan

32

Glossary

34

Appendix A - Emergency Procedures for Water

36

Declaration Page

37

Paul McConocha Energy Program Manager paul_mcconocha@ncsu.edu (919) 513-7178 save_energy@ncsu.edu

Edward Sekmistrz Energy Management Engineer edward sekmistrz@ncsu.edu (919) 515-2188

Brandon Vann Energy Data Analyst brandon vann@ncsu.edu (919) 513-1980 www.ncsu.edu/energy

2008-09 OFFICE OF ENERGY MANAGEMENT ANNUAL REPORT

3

NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY

Executive Summary The Office of Energy Management at North Carolina State University recognizes that by being good stewards of our energy and water resources, we will maintain a quality environment while reducing consumption and controlling costs. The Office of Energy Management also recognizes that the physical size and population of North Carolina State University is continually growing.

In 2007 the North Carolina State Government passed Session Law 2007-546, which states:

Goals

• Energy consumption in all existing State buildings will be reduced by 20% by the year 2010, and 30% by the 2015 relative to fiscal year 2002-03. • All new State buildings will be 30% more efficient than ASHRAE standard 90.1-2004. • All State agencies will develop a comprehensive plan to manage and report their utilities each fiscal year to the State Energy Office and Department of Administration. • New water systems shall be designed and constructed to use a minimum of 20% less potable water than indoor water use baseline calculated for the building after meeting the fixture performance requirements by the 2006 North Carolina Plumbing Code.

Status

In fiscal year 2008-09, NC State University has:

• Increased energy consumption in BTUs per gross square foot by 2.2%, with an overall increase of 3.1% since FY 200203. • Rebounded 26.6% to near pre-drought water consumption, while still maintaining 29.4% percent reduction from the FY 2001-02 levels. • Grown in gross square footage by 0.5%, with a total expansion of 23% compared to FY 2002-03. • Developed an additional 2.6% in student enrollment, with a total increase of 7.5% over FY 2002-03. The Office of Energy Management uses the Strategic Energy and Water Plan to guide our activities in five focus areas: • • • • •

Energy Data Management Energy Supply Management Energy Use in Facilities Equipment Efficiencies Campus Integration

More details regarding these goals, trends and focus areas are provided in this report.

2008-09 OFFICE OF ENERGY MANAGEMENT ANNUAL REPORT

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Executive Summary

Energy (BTU) Consumption per GSF per DD

Water Cost per GSF

Water Consumption (CCF) per GSF

Heating and Cooling Degree Days (DD)

Campus Area, Gross Square Feet (GSF)

Sponsored Award Activity (Million $)

Utility Cost per Student ($/FTE)

177,274

35.8

$ 0.16

0.047

4945

12,190,764

$206.2

$ 1,075

-3.4%

2.2%

1.3%

17.5%

26.6%

0.9%

0.5%

-4%

-3.5%

41.5%

3.1%

9.4%

32.4%

-29.4%

-5.8%

23.0%

22%

53.4%

2008-09

$ 2.66

$

% Change from 2007-08

-1.6%

% Change from Baseline1

34.1%

Energy Cost per Thousand GSF per DD

 

Utility Cost per GSF

Energy (BTU) Consumption per GSF

Key Performance Indicators

0.51

Note 1: Baseline year for Water Cost per GSF and Water Consumption per GSF is 2001-02 because of Governor Easley’s Executive Order Number 26. For all other KPI, the Baseline Year is 2002-03.

NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY

Executive Summary Highlights of Trends • Total amount spent on utilities in FY 200809 was approximately $33 million. This represents an increase of utility spending of $241,955 from FY 2007-08.

• Due to the effects of the economic downturn, total energy costs decreased slightly by $0.04 per gross square foot on the year with a total increase of 34.1% since FY 2002-03.

• The cost per therm of natural gas decreased by 15% from FY 2007-08.

• The NC State campus has grown by more than 23% since FY 2002-03. Student enrollment during this same period has increased by 7.5% since FY 2002-03. The utility cost per Fall Term Student has increased by 53.4% since FY 2002-03.

• The local water utility increased rates by 15% at the beginning of FY 2008-09. • This year’s cost per kWh of electricity has increased 3.4%. • The energy consumption in BTU per gross square foot increased for the year by 2.2%, with an overall increase of 3.1% since FY 2002-03. • NC State University is currently maintaining and exceeding the goal for water consumption per gross square foot, down 29.4% from baseline year GY 2001-02. Since baseline year, we have avoided over 980 million gallons of water consumption.

• The energy consumption in BTU per gross square foot adjusted for weather has increased overall by 9.4% from FY 2002-03, and by 1.3% from FY 2007-08. • Electrical account rate schedule changes have avoided over $25,234 this year with an overall avoidance of $712,705 since FY 2002-03. • Natural gas account rate schedule changes have avoided $1,789,249 during FY 200809. A total of just over $2.4 million in avoided costs have been achieved since FY 2002-03 by adjusting rate schedules.

2008-09 OFFICE OF ENERGY MANAGEMENT ANNUAL REPORT

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Introduction North Carolina State University, located in Raleigh, North Carolina, is a land grant University with approximately 35,000 students, faculty and staff. NCSU is a leader in the areas of teaching, research and public service. Facilities Operations through the Office of Energy Management has been charged with the responsibility to manage the energy and water resources purchased and consumed by NCSU in the most cost efficient manner and to promote energy and water conservation and awareness throughout the campus community. Our activities must support a superior academic environment and continued growth while simultaneously accomplishing our primary conservation responsibilities.

Our Mission The Office of Energy Management recognizes that by being good stewards of our energy and water resources we will maintain a quality environment while reducing consumption and controlling costs. This will be accomplished by creating a culture that is dedicated to achieving environmental sustainability by supporting conservation objectives and recognizing and eliminating waste.

Our Vision

The vision of the Office of Energy Management is to sustain a long-term reduction of energy that is purchased by NCSU. We have established the goal of tracking and recording the Aggregate Annual Energy Consumption per Gross Square Foot, adjusted for weather. Additionally, we will reduce the Annual Water Consumption per Gross Square Foot over 2001-02. We will promote campus sustainability through the managed use of energy and water.

Our Staff Fiscal year 2003-2004 was the inaugural year for the Office of Energy Management at NC State University. There are now seven full-time employees including an Energy Program Manager, Energy Management Engineer, Energy Data Analyst, three Electronic Technicians, and a dedicated Meter Reader.

NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY

Introduction Our Implementation Strategy Energy management in a complex ever-changing environment is as much a journey as a destination. Growth, new technologies, environmental concerns, availability of fuels and new regulations and codes are a few of the challenges we must navigate. The Energy Management Plan is the roadmap we use to establish our objectives and guide our activities. A matrix, based on our Energy Management Plan, was created to track the progress of our activities (see page 32). The plan has five focus areas: Energy Data Management Energy Supply Management Energy and Water Use in Facilities Equipment Efficiency Campus Integration Each of these focus areas is being implemented in a five-step dynamic approach: Information Gathering – The first step in the execution of any project or activity is to identify the sources of information available, gather that information, and present it in a meaningful and understandable form. Plan – Based on the information gathered an action plan should be developed. This will include procedures for execution of the project, the goals for the project and the indicators that will be used to measure the success of the project. Act – The actual execution of the plan. Measure – Monitor and report on the key indicators as outlined in the plan. Assess – Review and evaluate the findings and continue with the plan or revise as required.

In August 2007, North Carolina General Assembly passed Session Law 2007-546 to make leading strides toward energy and water conservation. This law states that all current state buildings must be 20% more energy efficient by the year 2010, and 30% more efficient by the year 2015. It also states that all new state buildings will be 30% more energy efficient. All schools within the UNC School System and North Carolina Community College System must adhere to this law. It is also the intent of the General Assembly that priority be given to North Carolinabased resources to provide economic growth to North Carolina.

2008-09 OFFICE OF ENERGY MANAGEMENT ANNUAL REPORT

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Accomplishments for 2008-2009 Energy Data Management Highlights • The addition of sixteen “state of the art” Nexus electrical meters this fiscal year, is providing real-time monitoring of electrical demand and continuous tracking of energy use. The Nexus metering also supplies advanced tools for evaluation of building loads, and contributing elements tied to building circuitry. As part of the ongoing mission, additional real-time metering is being added to the campus infrastructure whenever opportunites arise. • The implementation of Crystal Reports software is streamlining the data gathering process by allowing access to data from the EBS billing software database and other sources. Previously, this data was difficult to obtain. This is resulting in better customer service by enabling quicker response times for unique data requests. • In an effort to better serve internal utility customers, the web portal for the EBS billing software is in operational status. This allows internal customers to proactively track and better understand monthly consumption and billing. This further allows building and budget managers the opportunity to better control costs and forecast expenditures dealing with utilities. At present, there are thirty-three users for the EBS Web Portal with eleven users added since last year.

Energy Star was created in 1992 as a joint program between the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Energy. Over 70% of Americans recognize the Energy Star label. Over the past decade, ENERGY STAR has been a driving force behind the more widespread use of such technological innovations as efficient fluorescent lighting, power management systems for office equipment, and low standby energy use. By becoming an Energy Star Partner, NC State University has committed to improving their energy usage campus-wide. This partnership provides technical resources and tools for energy solutions and better management of practices.

NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY

Accomplishments for 2008-2009 Energy Data Management Activities Past 12 months Measurement Activities Expected Actual Monthly Billing using EBS (Completion of Payable Streamline section). billing Install advanced chilled water meters at Thermal Improve Plants. accuracy Backfill data into the EBS Streamline historian. billing Finalize & test 16 new Nexus electri- Data In cal meters. Accuracy process Finalize & test 10 new chilled water meters at Data buildings. Accuracy Test/Implement Supervisory Control and Data Improve Acquisition visibility In (SCADA). process Provided 10 new users with access to the EBS Web Process Portal. Improvement Performed software upgrades to the EBS billing Improve system. # capability

In process

Annual Savings Expected Actual

Cost

Jobs

Assigned to

Funding Source

TBD

TBD

N/E

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt Salary

TBD

TBD

$300,000

N/E

Capital Project Management COP

TBD

TBD

N/E

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt Salary

TBD

TBD

N/E

N/E

Campus Control Shop Salary

TBD

TBD

$400,000

N/E

Capital Project Management R & R

TBD

TBD

$300,000

N/E

Capital Projects Management COP

TBD

TBD

N/E

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt Salary

TBD

TBD

N/E

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt Salary

# cost for software upgrades included in the annual maintenance fee by Instep, Chicago, Illinois

2008-09 OFFICE OF ENERGY MANAGEMENT ANNUAL REPORT

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Accomplishments for 2008-2009 Energy Supply Management Highlights • The purchase of tariff, transport and strip natural gas versus fuel oil was evaluated monthly. Purchase of transport and strip natural gas was continued to take advantage of historical trends indicating potential cost-avoidance for the University. • The cost effectiveness of rate schedules for electric accounts was and continues to be monitored. The savings of using Time of Use rates versus standard rates was tracked on thirty-eight accounts. • The demand profiles for the Sullivan sub-station were identified allowing the building automation group to attempt to alter building settings on the load side to shift the supply side demand peak to a later time. o Fine-tuning the ability to shift loads to non-peak periods will allow a significant opportunity for cost avoidance for the supply side rates.

NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY

Accomplishments for 2008-2009 Energy Supply Management Activities Past 12 months Activities Evaluate/reconcile the purchase of strip & transport type gas volumes monthly.

Lower costs

$1.8 million

Lower costs

$1.8 million

N/E

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt

Salary

Reconcile savings on electrical accounts from standard service to Time of Use.

Lower costs

$25,234

Lower costs

$25,234

N/E

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt

Salary

Lower costs

N/E

Lower costs

TBD

N/E

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt

Salary

TBD

N/E

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt

Salary

Develop program for the purchase of strip natural gas. Update the natural gas, electricity, and water rates in the EBS billing system.

Measurement Expected Actual

Annual Savings Expected Actual

Streamline process On going N/E

Cost

Jobs

Assigned to

Funding Source

2008-09 OFFICE OF ENERGY MANAGEMENT ANNUAL REPORT

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Accomplishments for 2008-2009 Energy and Water Use Management Highlights • Facilities Operations coordinated building temperature setbacks during the holiday break with estimated savings of $190,814 compared to the base year of 2004. • Park Shops, SAS, EBIII and Thompson Hall were connected to the campus chilled water loops. This provided reliability and efficiency of cooling these buildings. • Metering (electricity, chilled water, steam, city water) was upgraded, and installed. o Eight additional chilled water meters were installed at the thermal plants. o Twenty meters were placed into service due to building renovations, replacements, and new building infrastructure. • Recommendations were submitted to the Standards Committee for using energy efficient ballasts and fluorescent lamps. • Practice of eliminating trays in the Dining Halls was continued providing for water savings. • Practice of using rain or condensate to supplement cooling tower makeup water was continued at Yarbrough, Jordan, Fox Labs and the Monteith Research Center.

NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY

Accomplishments for 2008-2009 Energy and Water Use Management Activities

Past 12 months Activities

Measurement Expected Actual

Annual Savings Expected Actual

Cost

Jobs

Assigned to

Funding Source

Winter break setback.

Lower costs

Lower costs $190,814

N/E

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt

Salary

Dining Hall tray elimination.

Conservation N/E

N/E

TBD

N/E

N/E

Dining

Salary

TBD

N/E

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt

Salary

N/E

BM & O Utilities & Engineering Services Salary

Lower Recommend use of energy operating efficient ballasts & lamps. costs

Lower operating In process costs

Use of rain or condensate to supplement makeup of cooling tower water. Lower costs On going

Lower costs TBD

N/E

2008-09 OFFICE OF ENERGY MANAGEMENT ANNUAL REPORT

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Accomplishments for 2008-2009 Equipment Efficiency Management Highlights • Lighting efficiency upgrades were installed in Mann Hall, Bragaw Hall, Bldg 301, and the Dan Allen parking deck. The use of the following technologies was implemented: o 25 watt T8 lamps replaced T12 fluorescent lamps in Mann Hall. o Low wattage T8 ballasts were installed in Mann Hall. o 277 Volt 27 watt CFL replaced 150 watt metal halide lamps in Bldg 301. o LED lighting replaced fluorescent lighting in Bragaw Hall. o LED lighting replaced metal halide lighting in the Dan Allen parking deck. • Boiler Efficiency Improvements were completed. o Replacement of inefficient boiler at the West Dunn building. o Boiler blow-down heat recovery system became operational at Centennial Thermal Plant.

Dan Allen Parking Deck Lighting Upgrade Before

NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY

After

Accomplishments for 2008-2009

Equipment Efficiency Management Activities Past 12 months Activities Bldg 301: Upgrade pendent style metal halide lighting to 277 volt CFL.

Measurement Expected Actual

Annual Savings Expected Actual

Cost

Jobs

Assigned to

Funding Source

Lower costs

$8,000

$8,000

$4,000

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt

R&R Operating

Mann Hall: Upgrade from T12 to T8 lighting using low wattage ballasts and 25 watt lamps and delamp. Lower costs

$ 7,000

$ 7,000

$ 25,000

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt

R&R

N/E

TBD

$25,000

N/E

Utilities & Engineering

R&R

TBD

TBD

TBD

N/E

Capital Project Mgmt

Performance Contract

Lower costs

TBD

$30,000

N/E

BM & O

State Energy Reserve Fund

Lower costs

TBD

$500,000

N/E

Capital Project Mgmt

Lower costs

TBD

$500,000

N/E

Capital Project Mgmt

Operating State Energy Reserve Fund

Operating

Centennial Utility Plant: Install boiler blow down heat recovery. Lower costs Conservation Performance Contracting (13 Equipment building): Select ESCO firm. upgrades West Dunn Bldg: Replace inefficient boiler.

Lower costs

Lighting Upgrade of the Dan Allen Parking Deck using LED technology. Lower costs Lighting Upgrade of the of the Bragaw Hall using LED technology. Lower costs

Retro Commission Schaub and Partners III. Lower costs

Lower costs

TBD

$185,000

N/E

Capital Project Mgmt

COT & MRC; replace boiler burners.

Lower costs

TBD

$115,000

N/E

BM & O

Lower costs

Operating

2008-09 OFFICE OF ENERGY MANAGEMENT ANNUAL REPORT

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Accomplishments for 2008-2009 Campus Integration Management Highlights • Labels were placed in strategic entrances and exits to campus buildings promoting “Just Switch It OFF.” As new and renovated buildings came online, new labels were placed. Additionally, mousepads have been placed in available student computing lab locations. • Daily advertisements were run in the student newspaper, “the Technician.” These advertisements often held tips and tricks to help students conserve water and energy in their normal daily routines. Additionally, large full-color advertisements were placed in special editions of the Technician, such as the Student Orientation Guide and the Fall Football Preview. • The Office of Energy Management facilitated the Conservation Action Team, and actively participated in the Campus Environmental Sustainability Team (CEST). This involvement allowed for collaborative work with campus entities to increase education and organize efforts for overall campus sustainability. • The Million Dollar Challenge was promoted during New Student Orientations, Earth Day activities, at residence halls, and during other events such as Energy Awareness Week. • Conservation awareness was highlighted on Earth Day with the introduction of the HPG, Human Power Generator. The display helped participants better understand the physical energy required to power both incandescent and compact flourescent bulbs.

Earth Day 2009

NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY

Accomplishments for 2008-2009 Campus Integration Management Activities Past 12 months Activities Labeled buildings “Just Switch it Off” ; SAS, Parkshops, Riddick.

Measurement Expected Actual

Annual Savings Expected Actual

Cost

Jobs

Assigned to

Funding Source

Conservation

N/E

TBD

N/E

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt Salary

Designed and updated advertisements in Technician, WolfBytes. Conservation

N/E

TBD

$5,000

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt Salary

On going N/E

TBD

N/E

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt Salary

N/E

On going N/E

TBD

N/E

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt Salary

N/E

N/E

TBD

$1,000

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt Salary

N/E

TBD

$1,000

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt Salary

N/E

TBD

$750

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt Salary

Purchased educational bulletin board in Carmichael. N/E

On going N/E

TBD

$500

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt Salary

Updated the Energy Management website.

N/E

On going N/E

TBD

N/E

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt Salary

Met with students dealing with display of real time energy information.

N/E

On going N/E

TBD

N/E

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt Salary

Coordinated regular Conservation Action Team meetings; educated in accord with Session Law 2007-546. N/E Monitored and provided response to the email site Save Energy @NCSU.edu. Designed, printed, and distributed brochures on energy and water conservation.

Produced and printed annual energy and water report. N/E Organized and attended Energy Awareness events (Energy Week, Earth Day, etc.). N/E

2008-09 OFFICE OF ENERGY MANAGEMENT ANNUAL REPORT

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Charting Utilities 2008-2009 Tracking Campus Utility Consumption and Distribution The Office of Energy Management is currently responsible for managing purchased utility for most buildings on main campus and several research facilities. It reports on utilities purchased from vendors (such as Progress Energy and PSNC Energy) as well as utilities provided to individual campus facilities (from substations and thermal plants): • Purchased Utility Accounts: 130 electric, 105 natural gas, 104 domestic water/irrigation • Demand Utility Meters: 230 electric, 79 steam/condensate, 189 cold water, 30 domestic and heating hot water, and 61 chilled water. • Total meters: 586 The purchased utilities are paid through the PeopleSoft financial system using the EBS interface. The demand utility meters are read each month with a hand-held device and entered into EBS, utility billing software system. Historical information on demand and purchased utilities is now tracked through the Oracle database implemented for the EBS system. Currently, the demand data is used primarily to monitor consumption by receipt-funded entities such as University Housing and University Dining. We are also using this information to benchmark utility consumption for different building types (ie. classroom, office, and laboratory) where metering information is available. The data presented is based mainly from supply side, or “purchased utilities,” by NC State. Data from sub-metering on the demand side is presented when available.

NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY

Charting Utilities 2008-2009 Total Energy and Water Consumption Utility

Consumption

Units

Consumption

Units

Cost

Electricity

284,885,005

kWh

972,313

Million BTU

$ 20,250,338

Natural Gas

11,785,006

therms

1,178,501

Million BTU

$ 10,079,218

Fuel Oil #6

57,186

Gal

8,578

Million BTU

$

684,583

Fuel Oil #2

12,280

Gal

1,719

Million BTU

$

37,107

Total Energy

 

 

2,161,110

Million BTU

$ 31,051,245

424,974,686

Gal

568,110

CCF

$ 1,795,424

 

 

 

 

Water Stormwater Total Energy and Water (excluding Stormwater)

$

122,807

$ 32,846,669

Avoided Costs: Rate Negotiations Utility Used For Cost Avoidance

Progress Energy – 38 accounts operated on Time Of Use Rate. Natural gas negotiations – Transport Vs. PSNC Tariff rate. Natural gas negotiations – Alternate Fuels (oil/NG) Vs Transport rate.

Avoided Costs up to Fiscal 07-08

Fiscal 08-09 Avoided Costs

Avoided Costs to Date

$687,471.25

$25,233.59

$712,704.84

$610,833.51

$1,789,249.04

$2,400,082.54

$2,497,354.00

$0.00

$2,497,354.00

2008-09 OFFICE OF ENERGY MANAGEMENT ANNUAL REPORT

21

Charting Utilities 2008-2009 Key Performance Indicators Fiscal Year

2001-2002

2002-2003

2003-2004

2004-2005

2005-06

Utility Cost per GSF

 

$1.98

$2.10

$2.18

$2.50

Energy Cost per Thousand GSF per DD

 

$0.357

$ 0.386

$0.438

$0.474

Energy (BTU) Consumption per GSF

 

171,888

170,406

168,685

Energy (BTU) Consumption per GSF per DD

 

32.8

33.6

36.1

32.9

Water Cost per GSF

$0.119

$0.106

$0.137

$ 0.135

$0.142

Water Consumption (CCF) per GSF

0.066

0.054

0.058

0.054

0.052

Heating and Cooling Degree Days (DD)

 

5,248

5,078

4,670

4,978

Campus Area, Gross Square Feet (GSF)

9,796,638

9,910,619

9,986,663

11,056,592

11,723,681

Sponsored Award Activity (Million $)

 

$169.5

$208.6

$199.5

$207.0

Utility Cost per Student ($/FTE)

 

$701

$743

$857

$1,043

NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY

163,756

Charting Utilities 2008-2009 2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

% Change 1 Year

% Change from Baseline 1

$2.39

$2.70

$ 2.66

-2%

34%

$0.474

$0.523

$0.505

-3%

41%

165,265

173,490

177,274

2%

3.1%

34.9

35.4

35.8

1%

9.5%

$0.150

$0.134

$0.157

18%

48%

0.047

0.037

0.047

27%

-29.4%

4,733

4,903

4,945

1%

-5.8%

11,918,022

12,130,370

12,190,764

0.5%

23%

$192.4

$213.7

$206.2

-4%

22%

$989

$1,115

$1,075

-4%

53%

2008-09 OFFICE OF ENERGY MANAGEMENT ANNUAL REPORT

23

Charting Utilities 2008-2009 Trends in Energy and Water Consumption The energy use per square foot had experienced a steady decline until 2007-08 (see Figure 1). Overall, based on total million BTUs per square foot, energy usage per square foot has increased by 3.1% over baseline year, 200203. This energy use per square foot does not take into account the effect of weather on energy use. North Carolina State University has committed to the State of North Carolina to reduce its energy consumption per gross square foot, adjusted for weather. This is measured in BTU per square foot per total heating and cooling degree days (BTU/ft2/DD). The trend of energy adjusted for weather has also began to increase as shown in Figure 2. Since 2002-03, North Carolina State University has increased by 9.4% in BTU/ft2/DD overall.

Figure 1

Figure 2

FY 2008-09 brought some additional buildings online either through new construction or renovation. In either case, building controls were not optimized until these buildings were brought online and appropriately sealed. The energy demand increased as a result of this variety of conditions. NC State University’s water consumption was reduced by over 29.4% from the 2001-02 baseline. Water conservation practices were implemented and expanded in response to the severe drought and have been maintained into the first part of 2008-09 . This is all due to improved irrigation control, operation of central chilled water plants, installation of water saving fixtures (ie. showers, faucets, laundry machines, etc.) and changes in awareness and behaviors.

NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY

Figure 3

Charting Utilities 2008-2009 Trends in Energy and Water Costs There has been a significant decrease in fossil fuel prices this year due to the economic downturn. Although the natural gas prices has temporarily dropped, the electric rates have continued the upward climb. The cost of water has also increased. Therefore, while conservation measures are implemented to reduce the overall consumption, the cost per square foot will likely continue to increase. The cost per square foot is now about $2.66, which is a 1.6% decrease over 2007-08. This cost is up by 34.1% over baseline 2002-03. A separate key performance indicator that NC State University is tracking is the cost per Fall Term Enrolled (FTE) student. The FTE reported only includes on-campus students (not distance education students). While the physical campus has been expanding rapidly due to the 2000 Bonds for Higher Education, there has not yet been a significant increase in student enrollment. The cost per student has increased 53.4% over baseline 2002-03 (see Figure 5).

Figure 4

Figure 5

2008-09 OFFICE OF ENERGY MANAGEMENT ANNUAL REPORT

25

Looking Ahead to 2009-2010 The Office of Energy Management process involves collecting data, identifying opportunities, implementing pilot solutions, quantifying the results,and then identifying larger scale projects. From this, we have developed the basis for guidelines and procedures that will provide the foundation for the conservation measures that will allow us to meet our longterm goals. Our projected activities will continue to implement conservation practices and assess their results as outlined in the forthcoming “planned activities.”

Energy Data Management Planned Activities

Next 12 months Activities

Measurement Expected Actual

Annual Savings Expected Actual

Cost

Jobs

Assigned to

Funding Source

Identify the 60 “Opted In” Progress Energy accounts for Energy Savings Initiatives. Lower cost TBD

TBD

TBD

N/E

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt

Salary

Evaluate Energy Star Determine capabilities for benchmarking. usefulness TBD

TBD

TBD

N/E

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt

Salary

Test the custom reporting feature for the EBS Client/ EBS Web Portal to provide custom reports.

Streamline process TBD

TBD

TBD

N/E

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt

Salary

Implement custom reporting and archival of pc specific user Streamline files. process TBD

TBD

TBD

N/E

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt

Salary

Create custom system reports to enhance and improve validation for data and billing processes.

TBD

TBD

N/E

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt

Salary

1

Streamline process TBD

yearly renewal costs for maintenance/support

NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY

Looking Ahead to 2009-2010 Energy Supply Management Activities Next 12 months Activities

Measurement Expected Actual

Annual Savings Expected Actual

Cost

Jobs

Assigned to

Funding Source

Evaluate/reconcile the purchase of strip & transport type gas Lower volumes monthly. costs

TBD

TBD

TBD

N/E

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt

Salary

Reconcile savings on electrical accounts from standard service Lower to Time of Use. costs

TBD

TBD

TBD

N/E

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt

Salary

TBD

TBD

TBD

N/E

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt

Salary

Streamline process TBD

TBD

TBD

N/E

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt

Salary

Update program for the purchase of strip natural gas. Update the natural gas, electricity, and water rates in EBS billing system.

Lower costs

2008-09 OFFICE OF ENERGY MANAGEMENT ANNUAL REPORT

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Looking Ahead to 2009-2010 Energy and Water Use Management Activities Next 12 months Activities

Measurement Expected Actual

Annual Savings Expected Actual

Cost

Jobs

Assigned to

Funding Source

Winter break setback.

Conservation TBD

TBD

TBD

N/E

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt Salary

Dining Hall tray elimination.

Conservation TBD

TBD

TBD

N/E

N/E

Dining

Recommend energy and water best practices to the Standards Committee. Conservation TBD

TBD

TBD

N/E

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt Salary

N/E

BM & O Utilities & Engineering Services

Evaluate other applications where rain or condensate water use would be appropriate. Conservation TBD

TBD

In June 2008, in the wake of an extreme multiyear drought, the decision was made to install a rainwater collection tank in Yarbrough Drive Thermal Plant. The water collected in this 1,000 gallon tank is used for cooling tower make-up. Cooling towers require huge amounts of water in order to do their job, much of which is lost into the atmosphere as condensate. Instead of purchasing additional potable water, rainwater is collected in this tank from the roof of the plant and then pumped back into the cooling towers. In the month since its installation, this system has collected and made up, and thus avoided the purchase of thousands of gallons of water.

NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY

TBD

N/E

Salary

Salary

Looking Ahead to 2009-2010 Equipment Efficiency Management Activities Next 12 months Activities

Measurement Expected Actual

Annual Savings Expected Actual

Cost

DH Hill upgrade lighting to T8- 25 watt & install occupancy sensors. Lower costs TBD

TBD

$455,000

Retro Commission Robertson Hall and Student Health Center.

Lower costs TBD

TBD

$45,000

Carmichael: Evaluate solar heating (water) viability as part of the performance contract. Lower costs TBD

TBD

$200,000

Jordan Hall: upgrade lighting to T8 25 watt & install occupancy sensors. Lower cost TBD

TBD

Butler Bldg: Upgrade lighting & install occupancy sensors. Lower cost TBD

$165,000

Jobs

Assigned to

Funding Source

N/E

Office of Energy Management

Pending ARRA* 2009

N/E

BM & O

Operating

Capital Project N/E Mgmt

N/E

Office of Energy Management

Performance Contract Pending ARRA* 2009 Pending ARRA* 2009

Session Law 2007-546: LED exit, CFL lamps, occupancy sensors, etc.

Compliance TBD

TBD

$50,000

N/E

Office of Energy Management BM & O Housing Office of Energy Mgmt

Brooks Hall Air Handler; condensate recovery.

Lower costs TBD

TBD

$3,000

N/E

BM & O

Operating

Method Road #2; boiler replacement.

Lower costs TBD

TBD

$119,000

N/E

BM & O

Operating

CBC Large Animal; upgrade lighting.

Lower costs TBD

TBD

$24,000

N/E

BM & O

Operating

Execute performance contract for $1.5 energy upgrades for 13 buildings. Lower costs million

TBD

$15/20 million

N/E

Capital Project Mgmt

Performance Contract

Carmichael & CBC; replace plumbing fixtures.

TBD

$55,000

N/E

BM & O

Operating

Lower costs TBD

TBD

$55,000

N/E

Pending ARRA* 2009

* American Recovery & Reinvestment Act

2008-09 OFFICE OF ENERGY MANAGEMENT ANNUAL REPORT

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Looking Ahead to 2009-2010 Campus Integration Management Activities Next 12 months Activities Label buildings “Just Switch it Off” after renovation, etc.

Measurement Expected Actual

Annual Savings Expected Actual

Cost

Jobs

Assigned to

Funding Source

TBD

TBD

N/E

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt

Salary

Advertisements; Design and update advertisements for Technician, WolfBytes. Conservation On going

TBD

TBD

$5,000

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt

Salary

Coordinate regular Conservation Action Team meetings; educate in accord with Session Law 2007-546. Conservation On going

TBD

TBD

N/E

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt

Salary

Monitor and provide response to the email site Save Energy @ NCSU.edu.

N/E

On going

N/E

TBD

N/E

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt

Salary

Design, print, and distribute brochures on energy and water conservation.

N/E

On going

N/E

TBD

$2,000

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt

Salary

In process

N/E

TBD

$1,000

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt

Salary

Conservation TBD

Produce and print annual energy and water report. N/E

NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY

Looking Ahead to 2009-2010 Campus Integration Management Activities Next 12 months Activities Organize and attend Energy Awareness events (Energy Week, Earth Day, etc.). Maintain educational bulletin board in Carmichael.

Measurement Expected Actual

Annual Savings Expected Actual

Energy Awareness Conservation N/E Energy Awareness Conservation N/E Energy Awareness Conservation N/E

Update the Energy Management website. Evaluate cost for design and implementation of energy/water Energy dashboards on website Awareness for selected buildings. Conservation N/E Energy Evaluate viability of Awareness capturing gym energy. Conservation N/E

$.15 x per day

$

200 days on campus

x

Cost

Jobs

Assigned to

Funding Source

N/E

TBD

$750

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt

Salary

N/E

TBD

$500

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt

Salary

N/E

TBD

N/E

N/E

Office of Energy Mgmt

Salary

N/E

TBD

N/E

N/E

N/E

TBD

N/E

N/E

35,000 faculty, staff, and students

=

Office of Energy Mgmt Office of Energy Mgmt , BM & O Sustainability Office

Salary

Salary

$1,050,000.00

The Million Dollar Challenge is a marketing campaign encouraging all campus populations to conserve. We stress that a little saved by each of us can provide a level of savings that will help maintain or even reduce the operating expense at NC State University. By each person on campus saving $.15 per day in energy and water consumption, we have the potential to save over $1,000,000. For example, if a student keeps the light off in their dorm room for 16 hours each day, they will save $.10. They can make up the remaining $.05 by turning off the water when they brush their teeth and shave.

million dollar CHALLENGE

2008-09 OFFICE OF ENERGY MANAGEMENT ANNUAL REPORT

31

The Strategic Energy and Water Plan The Office of Energy Management worked with the State Energy Office in North Carolina to develop a strategic plan to achieve the goal of reducing long-term reduction of 20% in unit consumption of energy that is purchased by NCSU. The Strategic Plan Matrix allows us to track the details of our activities in each of the five focus areas. NCSU Energy Management Strategic Plan Matrix Phase I

Focus Area

Phase II

Phase III

ENERGY DATA MANAGEMENT Supply Side Utility-Owned Meters Determine information available/required Create systems to capture/accumulate data Establish Key Performance Indicators # Annual report for SEO # Initiate reporting Monthly report for detailed account analysis # Develop procedures for account maintenance # Demand Side NCSU-Owned Meters Create systems to capture existing data Determine information available/required Determine meter type & location requirements Meter additions & repairs Locate & map all existing meters Make Energy Data Accessible to All Users Select & purchase utility accounting software # Transfer supply and demand accounts Initiate reporting; format & content Establish benchmarks / building rankings Establish load profiles ENERGY SUPPLY MANAGEMENT Price negotiations for deregulated utilities Implement monthly transport NG purchases Implement monthly PSNC rate 160 NG purchases Central Thermal Plants Review data for utility accounts Rate schedule optimization Account & meter consolidation Method to verify LGS & LGS-TOU rates #

LEGEND Major Development of Task Extension of Task Implementation #

NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY

Denotes Work Complete

Phase IV

Phase V

Phase VI

Phase VII

Phase VIII

The Strategic Energy and Water Plan Focus Area

NCSU Energy Management Strategic Plan Matrix Phase Phase Phase Phase I II III IV

Phase V

Phase VI

Phase VII

Phase VIII

ENERGY USE IN FACILITIES System condition assessments Audits by Energy Management Department Upgrade equipment & building control systems Maintenance preventive & remedial Repair/replace decisions Establish operating procedures/guidelines Lighting efficiency guidelines Motor efficiencies replacement guidelines Building operation guidelines (automation systems) Optimize settings on Building Automation Systems Audits and tune-ups through SEO Boiler study Performance Contracting Study Evaluate alternative/renewable fuels for boilers EQUIPMENT EFFICIENCY Pilot lighting programs Test effectiveness of occupancy sensors # Reduced flow shower heads and sink aerators Carmicahel Gym squash court lighting # Occupancy sensors in buildings LED Exit lights in buildings Lighting upgrades at building level Replace inefficent motors campus wide Evaluate pilot solar hot water project Evaluate energy savings opprotunites in laboratories CAMPUS INTEGRATION “Just Switch It� sticker campaign Web site Presentations Campus publications Liaisons Student Groups Logo # Controls systems, meters, eDNA training Energy Management Diploma program SEO workshops

2008-09 OFFICE OF ENERGY MANAGEMENT ANNUAL REPORT

33

Glossary Abbreviations in Activities Tables BM & O COP

Building Maintenance and Operations Certificate of Participation funds

N/A Not applicable, direct savings from these tasks is not quantifiable N/E

Not estimated, direct savings from these tasks is quantifiable but not estimated due to insufficient supporting data

NCDOA North Carolina Department of Administration helped fund through the State Energy Office Operating

Operating funds from department responsible for task

R&R

Repair and renovation funds, may be either CI (Capital Improvement) or Recurring

TBD

To be determined

NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY

Glossary Definitions BAS Building Automation System BTU Measure of Energy, British Thermal Units, 3,413 BTU= 1kWh CCF Measure of Volume, 100 cubic feet, 1CCF = 748.05 gallons DD Degree Days; a unit of measure equal to a difference of one degree between the mean outdoor temperature on a certain day and a reference temperature (65째 F). This term is used to estimate the energy for heating and cooling a building. Source: Raleigh RDU Airport Data from Weather Underground. DDC Direct Digital Controls ESCO Energy Service Company; a business that develops, installs, and finances projects designed to improve the energy efficiency for facilities over a set time period FTE Fall Term Enrolled Students; On-campus Total Headcount Enrollment: includes all on-campus students enrolled for one or more course in regular fall term with each person counted only once - excludes audit only and extension student. Source: http://www2.acs.ncsu.edu/ UPA/fastfacts/quick.htm. Official Source: Student Data File as submitted to UNC-General Administration. Gal Measure of volume, gallon(s) GSF Gross Square Feet; total building square footage that we provide utilities, includes parking desk. Source Facilities Operations Budget Office. HHW Heating Hot Water kWh Measure of energy, usually in reference to electricity, 1 kWh = 3,413 BTU MMBTU Measure of energy, 1,000,000 BTU = 1 MMBTU = 106 BTU Sponsored Award Activities Amount of Grant Proposals awarded, total dollar amount of grants awarded for organized research, extension, public service, and instruction activities funded through sources external to the University. Source: http://www.ncsu.edu/sparcs/sor/search.php. (Research Administration Data And Reporting System - R.A.D.A.R) Therm Measure of energy, usually in reference to natural gas, 1 Therm = 105 BTU VFD Variable Frequency Drive

2008-09 OFFICE OF ENERGY MANAGEMENT ANNUAL REPORT

35

Appendix A - Emergency Procedures for Water NCSU Response to Raleigh’s Water Restrictions By Phase Updated September 11, 2007

ACTION Fines Grounds Management Building Maintenance& Operations University Dining University Housing Housekeeping Athletics Talley Center Utilities & Engineering Services All Others

City Of Raleigh Stage 1 - Effective August 28, 2007 1st Violation - $200 2nd Violation - $1,000 3rd Violation – Interruption of Service • Reduce watering schedule from three days a week to one day (Wednesday) for turf and ornamental irrigation (except drip irrigation). • Hand held hose watering can be done Wednesdays from 6 AM – 10 AM. • Vehicles washed only at Facilities Operations approved water reuse facility (80% water is reused). ** Athletic fields (safety reasons), preventative maintenance on water systems, and city-permitted watering are exempt from Stage I Restrictions per City of Raleigh. ** • All Leaks Code 1 and should be repaired within 24 hrs. • Vehicles washed only at Facilities Operations approved water reuse facility. • Write work requests to check conductivity controllers and water control valves on cooling towers. • Water served only upon request. • Review water uses, install recycle systems where feasible. • Create and distribute a water conservation awareness flyer targeting all building users within the Dining area of operation. • All Leaks Code 1 and should be repaired within 24 hrs. • Create and distribute a water conservation awareness flyer targeting all building users within the Housing area of operation. • Cease washing of areas such as sidewalks, driveways, patios prohibited, except for sanitary reasons. • No window or power washing. • Reduce watering schedule from three days a week to one day (Wednesday) for turf and ornamental irrigation (except drip irrigation). • Reduce watering of playing fields to every other day, except for safety reasons. • No water added to decorative fountains. • Adjust control valves in the urinals to conserve water. • No water added to decorative fountains. • Create and distribute a water conservation awareness flyer targeting all building users within the Talley Student Center area of operation. • Write work requests to check conductivity controllers and water control valves on cooling towers. • Suspend fire hydrant flushing. • Convene NCSU Conservation Awareness Team (CAT) to update conservation strategies and educational outreach with the City of Raleigh for Stage I Restrictions. • Coordinate and disseminate the NCSU water conservation plan throughout campus in response to the City of Raleigh and the Governor’s mandates on water conservation. • Monitor consumption levels to measure progress. • Follow all rules above and those from City of Raleigh. • Examine the water being used in your area, and actively seek out ways to conserve water.

STAGE II Plan Will Be Distributed As Necessary

NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY

Declaration Page Strategic Energy and Water Plan Commitment for North Carolina State University We recognize energy and water as controllable expenses wherein savings result in reducing overall operating cost. Energy and water management is a responsibility of the staff, faculty and students at each facility, guided and supported by the Energy Manager. • • •

North Carolina State University will develop a Strategic Energy and Water Plan. The Director for Utilities Services is responsible for the success of the Program at the campus facilities. The Energy Program Manager is responsible for implementation of North Carolina State University’s Strategic Energy and Water Plan. The Assistant Vice Chancellor for Facilities Operations will review progress and results quarterly.

Strategic Energy and Water Plan Commitment- Goals

Recognizing that North Carolina State University is experiencing significant growth in facilities and utilization rates, we will establish a goal to reduce the Aggregate Annual Energy Consumption per Gross Square Foot, adjusted for weather, by a minimum of 4% over a 10 year period based on the Key Performance Indicators listed below, using Fiscal Year 2002/2003 as a baseline. We will reduce Annual Water Consumption Per Gross Square Foot by a minimum of 10% over the baseline year 2001-2002.

Strategic Energy and Water Plan Commitment- Measures

Our tracking measures will be the following State Key Performance Indicators (KPI) • • • • • • • • • •

Total Utilities Cost per Gross Square Feet Total Energy Cost per Thousand Gross Square Feet per Degree Day Total Energy Consumption in BTU’s per Gross Square Feet Total Energy Consumption in BTU’s per Gross Square Feet per Degree Day Total Water Cost per Gross Square Foot Water Consumption in Hundred Cubic Feet (CCF) per Gross Square Foot Total heating and cooling Degree Days Campus Area (GSF) Growth in Research Programs($) Utility Cost per Student ($/FTE)

Strategic Energy and Water Plan - Commitment Implemented this 31st day of July, 2009.

37

Energy is defined as “the ability to do work.” The following is an example of the transformation of different types of energy into heat and power...

NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY

2008-09 OFFICE OF ENERGY MANAGEMENT ANNUAL REPORT

39

ELECTRONIC AVAILABILITY This document is available online at www.ncsu.edu/energy. We printed minimal copies of this report to support and maintain our University’s sustainable principles. Please think twice before printing it. PRINT AVAILABILITY 100 copies of this public document were printed at a reasonable cost per copy. The printer used vegetable-based ink on 100% post-consumer recycled paper. Printed copies are for distribution to University officials and the State Energy Office. Remaining copies are dispersed through campus to increase student, faculty and staff awareness. FEEDBACK We encourage readers of this report to provide us with their own insight into how we are progressing and possible future endeavors. Please provide your insight to the Energy Management Office at save_energy@ncsu.edu EQUAL OPPORTUNITY STATEMENT NC State Univeristy is dedicated to equality of opportunity. The University does not condone discrimination against students, employees or applicants in any form. NC State commits itself to positive action to secure equal opportunity regardless of race, color, creed, national origin, religion, sex, age or disability. In addition, NC State welcomes all persons without regard to sexual orientation.


2008 - 2009 NC State University Strategic Energy & Water Plan