North Coast Journal 07-18-13 Edition
The North Coast Journal of Politics, People & Art is a guide to what’s really happening on the far North Coast of California.
8 Entrepreneurial spirits dampened 9 Sheriff’s ofﬁcer ﬁred 18 The bra truth 23 Guilty pleasures 30 The search is on 31 On, Blitzen! 32 Grow up 2 North Coast Journal • Thursday, July 18, 2013 • northcoastjournal.com table of 4 Mailbox 5 Poem HOPLAND 23 The Hum The pleasures of summer 8 News no more fuel boost 9 Blog Jammin’ 12 On The Cover another one rides the bus 24 Music & More! 26 Calendar 30 Seven-o-Heaven cartoon by andrew goff 31 In Review a dvd and live music 17 Home & Garden Service Directory 32 Filmland The idiocracy is upon us 18 Field Notes an uplifting (but cautionary) tale 20 McKinleyville Arts Night friday, july 19, 6-8 p.m. 21 Get Out! The joys of bocce 33 Workshops 37 Sudoku 37 Crossword 38 Marketplace 42 Body, Mind & Spirit 43 Real Estate This Week northcoastjournal.com • North Coast Journal • Thursday, July 18, 2013 3 Police and Prison Excess Editor: All three items in last week’s Blog Jammin’ (July 11) had to do with the overreaches of law enforcement. The first concerned the prison hunger strike, a desperate and painful act of resistance. They are up against a formidable empire. Prisons employ over a million people. Prison shares are traded on the stock exchange. They support whole cities. If we were to return to pre-1970s prisoner/population ratios we’d have to release four out of five inmates. The war on drugs created a permanent American undercaste. Prolonged confinement in the Secure Housing Unit has been courtdetermined to be torture. The strikers’ solidarity is inspirational. The picture of the “loss prevention” agent hired by the Arcata Co-op(!) with his knee on the neck of the woman with flowing red hair speaks for itself. There is pitifully spilled food all over the sidewalk, her unnaturally forced-up arms are grasped by an intimidatingly muscular man. “Excessive force” is an understatement. Which leads to the choice of one of Cheri Lyn Moore’s killers for the next Eureka Police chief. This selection is a slap in the face to the thousands of Eurekans who still grieve over that tragedy. Our office serves people who are severely traumatized by Cheri’s violent and unnecessary death, as are others by the police deaths of 16-year-old Chris Burgess and Martin Cotton. Even if Michael Johnson turned into a model police chief in Anderson, he must not come back here. Humboldt County does not need any more SWAT team mentality policing. The strategy of trying to force poor people to leave the area by making life intolerable has to be discarded. These hard times will be a lot more bearable if we can remember that any people in difficulty could, at a different time, be ourselves. Ellen Taylor, Petrolia Caltrans-parency Editor: Your article “Straightening the Hairpins” (July 11) was one of the worst I’ve seen in the Journal in a long time. Its flip, light coverage of the issue shows no grasp of the depth of the meaning and ramifications of the project. This project is part of a package of projects Caltrans has been pushing for 4 North Coast Journal • Thursday, July 18, 2013 • northcoastjournal.com years. The other parts are Richardson Even before the 16,000 vehicle trips anGrove, the 199/Smith River project and ticipated in the Marina Center traffic were the already damaging Willits bypass. They envisioned, Caltrans identified “traffic are all tied to a trucking industry push to congestion on US 101 in Eureka’s commerget access for trucks with trailers 53 feet cial and retail areas due to heavy overlaplong — huge and long tractors that douping uses for trucking, through traffic, and ble as living quarters for the driver and local traffic” as a significant “constraint on a width greater than current trucks. The economic development.” plan is to reroute them from Highway 5 to Caltrans’ safety claims are misleadthe coast to alleviate crowding on 5 and ing. The inevitable increase in large truck give them a straight run up the coast. That traffic spells danger for passenger cars. means the whole length of Highway 101 The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety through the county will have these monreported that although these large trucks ster trucks jamming through, fumes and represent less than 3 percent of vehicles, all. They can leave the freeway for food, they are involved in 13 to 14 percent of fadeliveries, service, etc. and will cause tal crashes, and 98 percent of the fatalities damage to local roads for which Caltrans in car vs. truck accidents are automobile doesn’t pay. I have seen a number of them passengers. in Humboldt County (illegally) on narrow The 10-15 percent savings on junk we roads in the bottoms, in Arcata, through don’t need when larger trucks ply our Eureka. The tight turn in Eureka will have roadways will be more than offset by to be ripped up and widened next. the cost to taxpayers for road damages, There is next to no proof that the according to Advocates for Highway and trucks will benefit Humboldt’s economy Auto Safety: “Heavy trucks are overin any significant way but they will cost us whelmingly responsible for pavement all in many ways. damage. An STAA truck weighing 80,000 Within the lifetime of our children, pounds exceeds 163,000 times the damage gasoline will be disappearing and these of a 2-ton car. A 20,000 pound single axle trucks will be obsolete but the environconsumes 1,000 times more pavement life mental damage done than a 2,000-pound by these projects will passenger motor be there forever. vehicle single axle.” The arguments We ignore at our used by Caltrans are peril Caltrans’ 2003 fallacious; safety isreport that “the sues at all of the locacounty’s relative geo tions have other, less graphic isolation has Her smiling face invasive solutions but spared it from some Caltrans will not conof the sprawl and Framed by wisteria, sider them because growth pressures that Promises made safety was never their have impacted many That now surface, real concern. of California’s coastal As my life slows Sylvia De Rooy, communities, lending Eureka the area a quality And hers quickens. of life cherished by Editor: residents.” 30 minutes, One hundred Ken Miller, percent of Caltrans’ McKinleyville 6 bottles of wine, and our policymakers’ Hugs and smiles agenda is to induce Wedged between growth and facilitate Clients and drives sprawl development. Editor: Notwithstanding North and South. In the article their safety claims, “Strawberry Rock: the Richardson Grove, I try to hold it under 70 Mission AccomWillits Bypass, 299, As I head towards home. plished?” (July 4) the and 199/197 Smith author suggests that River projects are the issues around designed to transform — Kirk Gothier the timber harvest Highway 101 into a plans (THPs) of Green “High Emphasis Route Diamond are all but in the Interregional resolved at this time Transportation Stratedue to the goodwill gic Plan,” a “principal of Green Diamond company. Unforturural artery,” and “desirable for those nately, this issue is far from resolved and large trucks to be able to drive through the county,” so the northwest region can become an “economic engine.” continued on page 7 BRUCE WAYNE HART Featuring Donna Landry & Swing Set Potluck // B.Y.O.B. Hawaiian shirts encouraged Arcata Community Center // July 20th, 7-10pm Hopland Hard Rock northcoastjournal.com • North Coast Journal • Thursday, July 18, 2013 5 Visit Our Frame Gallery and Find Your Perfect Fit Humboldt Crabs Baseball 2013 Season WEEKLY SCHEDULE We have Something For Everyone and Every Budget! atozeyecare.com 851 Bayside Road, Arcata (707) 822-7641 Wednesday, July 17 at Klamath Falls Gems 7 pm Thursday, July 18 at Klamath Falls Gems 7 pm Friday, July 19 at Redding Colt .45s 7 pm Saturday, July 20 at Redding Colt .45s 7 pm Sunday, July 21 at Redding Colt .45s 12:30 pm www.humboldtcrabs.com Crabs Ballpark 9th & F Arcata 6 North Coast Journal • Thursday, July 18, 2013 • northcoastjournal.com continued from page 5 our group has yet to be heard in this important discussion that affects us in our back yard. The fact that Green Diamond had plans for five separate THPs that virtually ring Strawberry Rock is a reality that local Trinidad citizens were unaware of until relatively recently, otherwise they would have demanded public hearings on the matter. At least in the McKay tract negotiations there has been public input for the past two years to develop a comprehensive community conservation plan. I and 11 other Trinidad residents became informed of Green Diamond’s clearcutting plans and, as a result, organized a citizen’s action group called the Trinidad Community Forest Coalition. We’ve met with a representative of Green Diamond and expressed our concerns. We commend Green Diamond for its conservation easement proposal for Strawberry Rock —this is an effort that demonstrates the company’s interest in conserving a valuable community asset. On the other hand, we believe that further conservation efforts are possible and we wish to discuss these options with the company. We agree with the Yurok tribe that this is “a spiritual place with deep cultural significance” and thus worthy of protection. While Strawberry Rock may not be a pristine forest like the McKay tract, it deserves as much effort to save it by the communities of the North Coast. We urge Green Diamond, the Trust for Public Lands, the Yurok Tribe and other interested parties to have an open public discussion on the fate of this precious gem of the North Coast so we can create a community forest — a natural asset preserved for our children’s children. Larry Goldberg, Trinidad Editor: It’s a shame that a million dollars of scarce environmental funds are being used to purchase a tiny easement for local recreation around Strawberry Rock. This area has been clearcut at least three times and has no more habitat value than any similar bit of young regrowth. Susan Nolan, McKinleyville casting can grant a waiver of the $800,000 Non-federal Financial Support requirement. Such a waiver would enable KEET to receive this vital funding. One wonders if Mr. Erstling’s “our-interest-is-not-exactlyin-preserving-the-current-station” stance is based less on reaching the widest possible audience (including such rural areas as ours) and more on appeasing right-wing Congressional funders who loath the independence and candor of PBS (and National Public Radio). Duncan B. MacLaren, Fieldbrook July 18, 2013 Volume XXIV No. 29 North Coast Journal Inc. www.northcoastjournal.com ISSN 1099-7571 © Copyright 2013 CIRCULATION VERIFICATION C O U N C I L The North Coast Journal is a weekly newspaper serving Humboldt County. Circulation: 21,000 copies distributed FREE at more than 350 locations. Mail subscriptions: $39 / 52 issues. Single back issues mailed / $2.50. Entire contents of the North Coast Journal are copyrighted. No article may be reprinted without publisher’s written permission. Printed on recycled paper with soy-based ink. Help Keep KEET Editor: Compliments to J. Daniel Fernandez for his informative article (“KEET at the Crossroads,” June 20), and to the NCJ for giving former volunteer/employee Matt Knight the opportunity to air his opinions (“Inside KEET,” June 27). I think KEET-TV is a North Coast treasure that warrants our best efforts to preserve it. How? I would suggest two actions: First, become a member of KEET, or — at least — make a contribution to the station. It is estimated that only one out of eight people who tune in to watch KEET programs are members. And, yes, I know we’re bombarded for requests for donations by many, many worthwhile organizations. But KEET-TV is truly unique, and deserves our continued support. No other broadcast source brings us news and public-affairs programming of the quality of “PBS NewsHour” or “Frontline,” or children’s programming of the quality of “Sesame Street” or “Curious George.” Second, write a letter or send an email to the Corporation for Public Broadcasting (401 Ninth Street NW, Washington, DC 20004-2129). Insist that the CPB approve the federal grant of $540,000 for KEET that Mr. Fernandez referenced in his article. Mr. Fernandez did an excellent job of reporting the CPB’s view as expressed by Senior Vice president Mark Erstling. The fact is that the Corporation for Public Broad- Rethink Dune Science Editor: It is becoming apparent to an increasing number of us that the 30-year-old science that accompanied these vegetation removal projects needs an update (“Rogue Dune Experiment,” June 20). The permits granted for these projects did not allow for the changes we see happening. We have much more current information that can help us rebuild and secure our barrier foredunes, and still provide for a rich and diverse habitat. It is time to graduate and learn from our mistakes. Uri Driscoll, Arcata Why Them? Editor: If, as some readers claim (“Mailbox,” June 27 and July 4), the great majority of Humboldt residents are enamored with the pristine Humboldt landscape, uncluttered by piecemeal development, why then did they elect this Board of Supervisors? Terence Marlow, Trinidad publisher Judy Hodgson email@example.com editor Carrie Peyton Dahlberg firstname.lastname@example.org art director Holly Harvey production manager Carolyn Fernandez staff writer/a&e editor Bob Doran email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org staff writer Heidi Walters email@example.com staff writer/news editor Ryan Burns firstname.lastname@example.org staff writer/assistant editor Grant Scott-Goforth email@example.com staff writer Jennifer Fumiko Cahill firstname.lastname@example.org editorial intern Emily Hamann email@example.com contributing writers John J. Bennett, Simona Carini, Barry Evans, William S. Kowinski, Mark Shikuma, Amy Stewart graphic design/production Alana Chenevert, Miles Eggleston, Drew Hyland, Lynn Jones production assistant Kimberly Hodges general manager Chuck Leishman firstname.lastname@example.org advertising Mike Herring email@example.com Colleen Hole firstname.lastname@example.org Shane Mizer email@example.com Karen Sack firstname.lastname@example.org office manager Carmen England bookkeeper/receptionist Meadow Gorman 310 F St., Eureka, CA 95501 PHONE: 707 442-1400 FAX: 707 442-1401 mail/office: Correction Last week’s story “Straightening the Hairpins” contained errors. While Caltrans is overseeing the project on State Route 299, much of the construction work has been contracted out to the Eureka-based Mercer-Fraser Company. Also, the 223 accidents from 2005 to 2009 occurred just east of the Trinity-Shasta county line, not west. The Journal regrets the errors. Write a letter! Please try to make your letter no more than 300 words and include your full name, place of residence and phone number (we won’t print your number). Send it to email@example.com. l firstname.lastname@example.org press releases email@example.com letters to the editor firstname.lastname@example.org events/a&e email@example.com music firstname.lastname@example.org production email@example.com classified/workshops firstname.lastname@example.org Cartoon by joel mielke Original photo by Heidi Walters. Photo illustration by Holly Harvey. on the cover: • northcoastjournal.com • North Coast Journal • Thursday, July 18, 2013 7 No More Fuel Boost By Emily Hamann email@example.com After eight years, Rob Arkley’s entrepreneur competition comes to an end W hat do a hotdog cart, a flower-planting robot and a preschool have in common? They’re all Humboldt County businesses that got a leg up by winning Economic Fuel. Established in 2006, the annual Economic Fuel competition has attracted local entrepreneurs hoping to win start-up cash for their businesses. In each of the last eight years, $117,000 in prize money was awarded to the eight teams judges thought had the best business plan and best elevator pitch, among other criteria. But last week, Economic Fuel coordinator Rachel Callahan announced that the competition will not be coming back next year. Rob Arkley’s Security National, the corporation that launched the competition and provided much of the prize money, will no longer be funding it, Callahan said. In a January radio interview on KINS, Arkley said Security National was moving its headquarters from Eureka to Louisiana because of California’s high business taxes. Arkley didn’t respond to phone calls or an email. Of the 48 teams than won prize money before 2012, at least 19 are still in business. The fate of the others couldn’t be determined with Google searches for the names of the winners. (One website listed in the business plan of a runner up is blank except for the word “success” typed small in the upper left corner.) Only two of the successful businesses have left Humboldt County, leaving at least 17 local businesses that got help from Economic Fuel — a financial boost, feedback on business plans, advice from experts and other resources. During its eight-year run, judges awarded $936,000 in seed money to 64 teams. Each year saw four $25,000 grand prize winners, a $10,000 runner up, a $5,000 second runner up and two $1,000 honorable mention winners. Of the 24 teams that won the grand prize prior to 2012, at least 14 are still in business, all but one of them in Humboldt County. BrainGrooves, T. Aaron Carter’s business, is not among them. He envisioned it as a “Blackboard killer,” he said. Blackboard is a software company that makes a learning management system for teachers, which to Carter always felt like an “unfinished product.” In 2004 he came up with the idea for BrainGrooves, a system that could compile web links to class materials, which teachers could then bookmark in their browsers and share with students — or anyone — around the world. Carter and his partner, Brooks Call, wrote a business plan and entered the 2006 Economic Fuel competition, eventually winning the $25,000 grand prize, which they used to buy computers, software and other equipment. Then they started hiring computer coders for their website. “That’s when we started to learn we needed a lot more money,” Carter said. With all the features they wanted BrainGrooves to have, they would need at least 20 employees and 10 times the money they’d won from Economic Fuel. Meanwhile, Blackboard was patenting technologies Carter needed to run his site. “Anything that offers education through the Internet, Blackboard tried to patent,” he said. This created a major roadblock. BrainGrooves officially went out of businesses in 2011, but Carter doesn’t consider it a waste. “It was a learning experience,” he said. Now he’s the marketing director for Pacific Outfitters and works at Spiderboldt, a company that contracts with small local businesses for marketing advice. “[BrainGrooves] led to better things,” he said. Also in 2006, Ken Owens, an associate professor of math at Humboldt State, entered the competition with one of his students, Paul Burgess. They’d been working to build a landmine-clearing device under the company name Cognisense Labs. After presenting at Economic Fuel, they walked away with $25,000, and they went on to win another $250,000 in grants from funders such as Intel and the National Science Foundation. Now they’re developing a robot that plants flower bulbs. “It’s backbreaking, dirty, repetitive work,” Owens said. “It seemed like a good thing for a machine to do.” They hope Sun Valley Floral Farms will be interested in buying the technology. Cognisense Labs has now been in business for eight years. “We’re still alive. That’s a miracle for startups,” Owens said. “I wouldn’t have the company if I hadn’t won Economic Fuel.” When Cory Fitze won $25,000 in 2010, the prize was worth more than just the cash. He was 19 when he entered the competition with Sherlock Records Management, a company that stores records and manages documents for other businesses. Because of his age, businesses were hesitant to trust him. “[Winning Economic Fuel] gave me instant credibility,” Fitze said. “I owe Rob and Cherie Arkley a lot.” Owens laments the end of the competition. “Our area sorely needs economic development,” he said. “We need these young people coming up with ideas and turning them into businesses.” Economic Fuel was “sort of a ray of sunshine in our economic climate,” he said. “I looked at it as a North Coast institution.” • How can you access the Menu of Menus? + Print + Web + Mobile Available on newsstands, in restaurants, shops and hotels and 24/7 at www.northcoastjournal.com. 8 North Coast Journal • Thursday, July 18, 2013 • northcoastjournal.com Blog Jammin’ BY JENNIFER FUMIKO CAHILL /TUE, JULY 16 AT 12:11 P.M. If you were out for Arts Alive! last October, you probably stood in the orange, propane-powered glow of El Pulpo Mecanico, Duane Flatmo’s 25-foot tall, truck-mounted, scrap-metal octopus that shoots ﬂames from its head and moving tentacles. It’s hard to miss. El Pulpo is hitting the road for Burning Man again this year, and Flatmo is once again running a Kickstarter campaign to fund the trip and the sculpture’s necessary retooling. This time, it’s going to take $12,000 to get the scrappy cephalopod to the desert. Flatmo is optimistic, and with good reason — as of this morning, the coffers were ﬁlled to $10,124. First, El Pulpo needed new wheels. He found a van at John’s Used Cars and Wreckers —“almost free,” says Flatmo with a chuckle — and cut it down to ﬁt the sculpture. Next, all the ﬂame-shooting mechanisms had to be rebuilt, including roughly $6,000 worth of gas lines and other equipment. “It’s amazing how much it takes to safely dispense propane,” says Flatmo. And safe it must be, since it has to be approved by Nevada’s DMV and the ﬁre marshal. Flatmo expects that he and electrician Jerry Kunkel will be scrambling until it’s time to load the 15 to 20 pieces of El Pulpo onto two ﬂatbeds and drive to Black Rock City, Nev. There they’ll have four days to put it all back together before Burning Man starts on Aug. 26. This may be the last ride for the hunk of burning art, as Flatmo has other projects in mind. Next year, maybe “a monstrous Pegasus,” he says. He imagines READ FULL POSTS AND SEE PHOTOS AT Fuel for the Fire Eureka, new waitstaff are being trained to serve at Main Street Steaks, Wolfe’s new venture in Fortuna. The renovation is nearly ﬁnished … but not quite. Wolfe is not waiting. She and her staff will be catering on site — not cooking there — and serving up steaks during Rodeo Week. ● GOVERNMENT / BY GRANT SCOTTGOFORTH / THU, JULY 11 AT 5:30 P.M. EL PULPO MECANICO WARMS UP THE CROWD. COURTESY OF DUANE FLATMO. it galloping across the desert, shooting ﬁre from under its moving wings and out of its great, ﬂaring nostrils. ● BY JENNIFER FUMIKO CAHILL / SAT, JULY 13 AT 8:21 P.M. In a phone conversation Monday, owner Beverly Wolfe stated that “Avalon is not open, but it’s not closed.” That is, it’s not open with its regular hours, at least for now. Due to issues with the restaurant’s liquor license, Wolfe says Avalon cannot be closed to the public and still serve alcohol at Main Street Steak in Fortuna during rodeo week. For now, the Eureka restaurant will open for a handful of days over the next two weeks. Wolfe says she does not want Avalon — which opened 14 years ago — to be open nightly anymore, but is not sure yet in what capacity it will remain open in the future. She is consider- Au Revoir, Avalon … Sort of www.northcoastjournal.com/blogthing ing a number of options (from full-time restaurant to bar and hors d’oeuvres) all of which depend on logistics and stafﬁng. Previously, Wolfe told the Journal that Sunday night, Bastille Day, would be Avalon’s last night serving dinner to the public in the high-ceilinged dining room. While Avalon and its French-infused menu enjoyed a loyal following, the restaurant has struggled in recent years. A faltering economy and increased competition from a number of new restaurants opening in the area have not helped. “The pie hasn’t gotten any bigger,” says owner Beverly Wolfe. Avalon won’t disappear, though. Wolfe will still be catering and holding private events in the restaurant space. Bookings are already coming in, and she says she feels fortunate. Wolfe is also on the lookout for someone to manage and market cooking classes at Avalon, similar to those run out of the North Coast Co-op. As the restaurant prepares to close in Eureka-Arcata trail advocates may soon have a new ally in Caltrans, after the Coastal Commission dealt a blow to Caltrans’ safety corridor plans in a report the commission released at the end of June. Caltrans’ preferred plan (it has come up with six alternatives) included an interchange at Indianola Cutoff, a signal at northbound Airport Road and closure of other median crossings on the highway. The project requires Coastal Commission review. In the report, Coastal Commission staff recommended against the project, saying Caltrans did not prepare sufﬁcient mitigation for 10 acres of wetlands that would be ﬁlled by the Indianola Interchange. The plan doesn’t address statewide coastal trail goals either, according to the report, and could make bicycling on the corridor more dangerous as speeds are expected to increase with the development of an overpass. “A coastal trail may eventually be implemented on the parallel rail line corridor, but the implementation and timing of such an alternative trail remains speculative,” the report reads. The report calls for three provisions to Caltrans’ plan: 1. Replace the Indianola interchange with a trafﬁc signal, in a manner minimizing wetland impacts to the degree continued on next page Coastal Commission Report Nixes Safety Corridor Plan northcoastjournal.com • NORTH COAST JOURNAL • THURSDAY, JULY 18, 2013 9 FLASH FICTION CONTEST Send us a story, 99 words (or fewer). Make us weep, laugh, scratch our heads. And we will judge your brilliance. ere will be fancy judges. And prizes. Or (if you must) snail-mail them to: North Coast Journal Fiction Contest 310 F Street Eureka, CA 95501 Deadline: Noon, July 24, 2013 continued from previous page Blog Jammin’ E-mail your entries to firstname.lastname@example.org PROPOSED CHANGES TO THE SAFETY CORRIDOR. COURTESY OF CALTRANS. possible. 2. Provide for a separated bicycle/pedestrian corridor on one or both sides of the highway along the entire corridor. 3. Provide wetland mitigations. The staff report will go before the Coastal Commission in Eureka in September. Bill Kier, a former director of the North Coast Railroad Authority (NCRA), said the Coastal Commission’s report could entice Caltrans to push for a trail on the existing rail corridor between Eureka and Arcata. “I’m conﬁdent that Caltrans can ﬁnd funds with which to become a major partner in a bay trail development to a far greater extent than any participation that they’ve alluded to,” Kier said. Converting the bay’s rails to a trail would conﬂict with the desires of the NCRA’s sole contractor, Northwestern Paciﬁc Railroad, which Kier said doesn’t want to see lines tampered with, even in the defunct northern end of the line. But NCRA this week unanimously approved a salmon restoration project east of Laytonville on Woodman Creek that calls for the removal of 200 feet of NCRA line. That decision indicates the NCRA may be more willing to deviate from its trail policy, which doesn’t allow the replacement of rails with trails. “There are simply times when the public good requires that we encroach upon the rail corridor more than the previous policies would permit,” Kier said. ● BY RYAN BURNS / THU, JULY 11 AT 4 P.M. A deputy with the Humboldt County Sheriff’s Ofﬁce was ﬁred late last month after he allegedly kicked a sleeping inmate at the county jail. The ofﬁcer, named Sean O’Brien, also allegedly directed racial slurs at inmates on numerous occasions, according to a June 24 inter-ofﬁce memo. The memo, which was sent by Sheriff Mike Downey, informed O’Brien that he was being terminated, effective June 30. A photocopy of the memo was mailed to the Journal anonymously. Downey explained in the memo that O’Brien was being terminated after an internal affairs investigation into an inmate allegation of “assault under color of authority.” Here’s the key paragraph: [Utah] Boyd [an inmate] reported that when you entered the N219 unit [cell] you walked over to Morgan Wright’s bunk and due to him not being awake yet you kicked him hard enough to knock him out of his bunk. Boyd also reported that you have made statements to inmates, such as, “All right, niggers, let’s get to work,” while working at the wood lot. Downey said he could not comment on the matter because it’s a personnel issue. A Facebook proﬁle for Sean O’Brien suggests that he’s a local, having attended Eureka High School and College of the Redwoods. The proﬁle picture shows a poker hand, a U.S. Marshal’s badge and a revolver with a smoking barrel. Humboldt County Sheriff’s Ofﬁcer Fired After Alleged Assault 10 NORTH COAST JOURNAL • THURSDAY, JULY 18, 2013 • northcoastjournal.com On June 24, the day the memo was sent, a friend posted on O’Brien’s Facebook wall, asking, “Dude is everything ok,” to which O’Brien responded, “Not really don’t know.” ● AGRICULTURE / BY EMILY HAMANN / WED, JULY 10 AT 6:26 P.M. Still not burned out on oysters? Well, you’re in luck! The Bay Area Hog Island Oyster Company is eyeing Humboldt Bay as the site for a new oyster hatchery. The Humboldt Bay Harbor District approved a permit and CEQA documents that Hog Island needs to start going through with its plans at Thursday’s Board of Commissioners meeting. SF Company Wants to Put Oysters in Humboldt Bay growing oyster seed because of its high health certiﬁcation and clean, deep waters just offshore. “Humboldt Bay has proven to be a great place to grow oyster seeds,” he said. Growing oyster seed involves buying or producing oyster larvae, then nurturing them in the ﬂoating beds and in tanks on land until they’re between a quarter and three-quarters of an inch long. Then they’ll be sold or transported to Hog Island’s other facility on Tomales Bay where they will be grown into full-size oysters. ● BY RYAN BURNS / TUE, JULY 9 AT 4:38 P.M. It’s turkey season - all scissors & TURKEY bags again! 20% off *Sale prices through The month of July The North Coast Railroad Authority has had its share of headaches over the years — many of them selfinduced — and now a headache the state agency thought cured has returned. Two local environmental groups — Friends of the Eel River (FOER) and Californians for Alternatives to Toxics (CATs) — announced today that they have ﬁled an appeal of a May court ruling that said the NCRA doesn’t have to follow PACKAGED OYSTERS FROM HOG ISLAND OYSTER CO. state environmenCOURTESY OF HOGISLANDOYSTERS.COM. tal laws as it seeks to restore service With approval, though, John Finger, from Sonoma to Willits. co-owner of the oyster company, faces a Marin County judge Roy O. Chermus litany of licenses he still has to get before ruled that federal law has precedence starting on the $1.5 million hatchery facilover the state’s regulations when it comes ity. He hopes the permitting will all be to operating railroads. The groups’ lawyers done by November, and at least part of had argued that the NCRA essentially the facility will be operational by spring of promised to follow state law when it acnext year. cepted state funding for an environmental The site would be on Samoa off the impact report, and they argued that the end of Fay Avenue. There is an existing report itself was inadequate. dock from an old pulp mill, but it is in In a press release, the groups’ direcrough shape, Finger said. The hatchery tors reiterated their objections and said would include up to 16,500 square feet that Judge Chermus’ ruling “denied the of ﬂoating rafts in the bay and a building, state’s ability to control how it spends greenhouse and 2,000-gallon storage tank its money.” Read the press release on the on land. Journal’s website. 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CHERE EDGAR, ND 1727 Central Ave, McKinleyville, CA (707) 840-0556 Now Accepting New Patients www.drchereedgar.com Naturopathic Doctor Treating the Underlying Causes of Illness * Optimize Health * Nutritional Counseling * Food Sensitivities * Botanical Medicine northcoastjournal.com • NORTH COAST JOURNAL • THURSDAY, JULY 18, 2013 11 Another One Rides the Bus Joining the don’t drives, the dreamers, the everyday folks and the schemers on Humboldt Transit’s ﬁnest Story and photos by Heidi Walters SACRAMENTO-BASED HIP HOP ARTISTS JORDAN MAROZINE AND VINCE MOEN RODE AROUND HUMBOLDT THIS SPRING PUSHING HAPPINESS AT IMPROMPTU GIGS. T wo tatted-up guys sit at the 11th and N bus stop in Fortuna, passing a pretty glass pipe. Eyes shuttered. Coughing. “We’re traveling hip hop artists,” the taller one tells me. He’s wearing black and white pinstriped duds, and has strips shaved out of one eyebrow. He’s Jordan Marozine. This is his best friend, Vince Moen (who’s wearing a cartoony hoodie and an A’s hat). They’re both 22, from Sacramento. They’ve been in Fortuna a week — did a couple of impromptu performances, at the Oyster Festival and at a grafﬁti shop in Eureka. “I like to write really prideful music,” says Marozine. He says he lived a lot of places as a kid, with different people (his dad was in prison, and his mom somewhere else). “If I can help anybody through the pain God got me through, I want to do it. Our lyrics are positive and uplifted. People see me and expect me to do bad. But I prove them wrong. I like to push happiness.” Moen is smiling as Marozine talks. So, uh, what do they think of riding the bus? “The Greyhound buses are terrible,” says Moen. “The bathrooms smell. City buses are ﬁne.” And here comes the Mainline bus. Heading north. to the American Public Transportation Association. I wasn’t one of them. But in mid-April, I joined the party, becoming one of thousands of Humboldt residents and visitors who rely on the county’s seven public bus transit systems (not counting paratransit, the direct pick-up system for those who can’t get to bus stops). Sometimes I’ve ridden on the Redwood Transit Mainline, sometimes going around in circles on the wait-forever-forit or dash-to-catch-it Eureka Transit. Before, I drove everywhere. Or walked. I ride the bus now because I have to, after shoulder surgery. Still, if you can’t drive — too poor, too broke, too disabled, too young, too whatever — having a bus to take you places is downright freeing, in its own regimented way. To rely on the bus is to be ensnared by time and space constrictions. You need a lot more time. Time to walk or roll to and from the stop. Time to sit on the bus as it makes umpteen other stops. In Eureka at least, you’d better hope your day’s work or appointment schedule To rely on the bus is to be ensnared by time and space constrictions. You need a lot more time. Time to walk or roll to and from the stop. Time to sit on the bus as it makes umpteen other stops. melds well with the hourly intervals that the bus arrives at any given stop. All it takes to screw it up is for the bus to be late — or leave early. It happens. And if you live in Fairhaven or Samoa, forget it — closest bus stop’s in Manila. And then there are the people on the bus. That rude boy in the red shirt and torn white socks, destination DMV, who wouldn’t move his feet out of the aisle for me to get past. The lady on her phone buying a ﬂuffy white kitten from someone on Craigslist. Bus people can be weird. Or wonderful. Either way, you’re sitting right next to them. This temporary, throwntogether proximity requires a certain etiquette. In fact, there’s an ofﬁcial sign on the inside of the bus that spells it out. The gist of it is, respect other people’s space. Imagine a bubble of protection around each of them. If you pop it and they mind, and you don’t stop bugging them, the driver will boot your butt off the bus. And no swearing, either. Last year, people made 6 billion trips by bus in the United States, according REDWOOD TRANSIT’S MAINLINE GETS YOU UP AND DOWN THE HUMBOLDT COAST CORRIDOR, AND ITS WILLOW CREEK LINE TRANSPORTS YOU INTO BIGFOOT COUNTRY. 12 NORTH COAST JOURNAL • THURSDAY, JULY 18, 2013 • northcoastjournal.com I start out at the canopied bus stop at the Trinidad Park & Ride. The driver unfolds the door and I climb the steps carefully, trying not to jolt my right arm which hangs in front of me, bent and cocooned in a brace. With my left hand I feed a $10 bill into the ticket-reader and the machine spits out a multi-ride pass. It’s a better deal than paying per ride, and I can use it on the Mainline ($1.75 per ride versus $2.75), on Eureka Transit (85 cents instead of $1.20) and on the other bus systems in the county for similar discounts. The bus gains speed as it heads south, past green and more green, a dog snifﬁng in the grass, the blue-shining Little River, grassy dunes, swooping Hammond Trail, shock-bright yellow scotch broom and spiky mounds of yellow bush lupine. At the McKinleyville Shopping Center stop, two women — the younger in a wheelchair — wait on the sidewalk while the driver lowers the lift. They get on the lift, and then the older woman and the driver strap down the wheelchair, chatting nonstop about the weather while the woman in the chair smiles broadly and repeats, excitedly, “Hey! Hey! Hi! Hi! Hi! Hey!” The older woman stands behind her chair, her ﬁngers now busy with some knitting. The younger woman is Shannell Jennings. “But everyone calls her Nellie,” says Adrianne Werren, her knitting friend. Werren works with the Redwood Coast Regional Center’s day program, Community Links, for people with developmental disabilities. Four days a week she One morning NEW & USED www.wildwood.ws Bella Italia Restaurant “This is THE best pasta in town!” -Barry J., Eureka OpEn 7 days a wEEk 312 w. washington st., Eureka (just off Broadway, by Leon’s Car Care) ORdERs TO GO 707-443-3070 Folk Instruments Books & Accessories northcoastjournal @ncj_of_humboldt ADRIANNE WERREN (STANDING) AND SHANNELL “NELLIE” JENNINGS FREQUENTLY USE THE BUS TO GET ABOUT THE COUNTY. NELLIE LOVES RIDING THE BUS, SAYS WERREN, HER DAY-TIME COMPANION THROUGH COMMUNITY LINKS. THE $10 TRANSIT PASS and Nellie get on the bus and go somewhere. A lot of it is what Werren calls socialization — to help Nellie and the community get used to each other. Usually they go to Eureka, and a lot of times to Old Town Coffee & Chocolates to feed an addiction to banana wafﬂes. It’s easier to get Nellie and her chair into the bus than into a car, Werren tells me. For nine years Nellie’s ridden the bus, four with Werren, and together they’ve made a lot of “bus buddies.” “Everybody loves Nellie,” says the driver. But it’s possible not everybody knows that the cheerful-shy woman with the sun-bringing smile knits baby hat-andbooties sets and sells them at the Storks Nest in McKinleyville. They’re called Nellie’s Knits. Nellie has cerebral palsy and also is missing her left hand, so Werren helps her with a method called hand-over-hand knitting. You might know Werren, actually — she’s the rabbit-hair knitter who has a booth at the Arcata Farmers’ Market. We pass a field loaded with goats and enter the highway. Behind me, two girls with continued on next page northcoastjournal.com • NORTH COAST JOURNAL • THURSDAY, JULY 18, 2013 13 continued from previous page heavy purses on their laps talk about a busted car. Black birds. Gardens. Dairy cows and more green fields. The driver speaks suddenly, breaking the reverie, “Breakfast, like everything else, gets to wait. You don’t get to eat in here.” The woman two seats back of me says, “Right,” and puts whatever she was eating back into her bag. Sun and clouds. Humboldt Hill. King Salmon. Field’s Landing and the little white Calvary Community Church with its marquee questing: O soul Are you lost in sin? Come to Jesus Fortuna is sunny (of course). And we all go our separate ways. Arcata and Eureka buses. When school is in session, Pratt said, the buses are at capacity. Ridership also peaks on the first day of the month, when more people take the bus to cash their assistance checks. It’s been getting harder to accommodate growth, Pratt admits. And that’s largely because, he said, “the Mainline schedule has no real structure to it.” Just look at one of the long rectangles of tiny type staked out by nearly every bus stop. Or check out the bus schedules online. The times seem like haphazard increments. Take the Central and Murray stop in McKinleyville, for instance: You can catch the bus there at 6:03 a.m., 7:13 a.m., 8 a.m., 9:33 a.m., 10:05 a.m., 11:25 a.m., 11:55 a.m., 1:16 p.m., 2:01 p.m., 3:59 p.m., 4:14 p.m., 5:43 p.m., 6:19 p.m., 7:41 p.m., and 8:33 p.m. It’s squirrelly. Not easy to plan a day around. And, says Pratt, as ridership has exploded and more stops have been added, the schedule has metamorphosed into a tightly knit web. That leaves drivers little time to take their breaks and makes it hard to insert a new route. Eureka’s system offers another kind of frustration. In Eureka, the buses run in loops — not in straight, back-and-forth Amount of fares that came from Jack Pass student fees $ Redwood Transit’s Portion of Redwood Transit income from fares and Jack Pass fees (The rest come from local transportation funds received by the county and cities) Mainline dashes through small cities and countryside, a rural-urban thread strung between Trinidad and Scotia, with stops at all the towns and cities in between and at Humboldt State University and College of the Redwoods. Another Redwood Transit bus line runs up to Willow Creek from Arcata. And several other bus systems radiate out from or extend the Mainline — Arcata & Mad River Transit System, Eureka Transit Service, and the Southern Humboldt Intercity and Southern Humboldt Local transits — those last two overlapping in service. Most of the systems are overseen by the Humboldt Transit Authority, a joint-powers operation formed in 1975 by Humboldt County, Eureka, Arcata, Fortuna, Rio Dell and Trinidad. In 2001, the Willow Creek run was added. In 2010 the Southern Humboldt systems were added, replacing the “Quail” system that had picked people up door-to-door in SoHum and brought them to Fortuna or Eureka. The authority doesn’t oversee Arcata’s system, although it maintains its buses. Blue Lake Rancheria operates its own system. Redwood Transit by far handles the most passengers — during fiscal year 201213, it logged 583,638 passenger-trips, Greg Pratt, general manager of the Humboldt Transit Authority, told me. In the same time period, Eureka Transit logged 236,176 passenger-trips, Southern Humboldt Intercity 20,438, Southern Humboldt Local 12,053 and Willow Creek 19,338. Pratt said ridership on the Mainline, which was around 400,000 in 2007, jumped in 2008 when fuel prices soared, mirroring a national trend, and it continues to rise. The Jack Pass (funded by student fees) lets Humboldt State University students ride for free on Redwood Transit, 210,000 7 1.1 million Hybrid buses in the system – two for Eureka Transit, five for Redwood Transit. The lifespan of a transit bus is SoHum Intercity trips a day The rest of the buses are diesel. Trips Eureka Transit and Mainline buses each make per day (25 northbound and 25 southbound) Stops on the Mainline $ BY THE NUMBERS HTA 6 SoHum Local trips a day years or SOURCE: HUMBOLDT TRANSIT AUTHORITY ©NORTH COAST JOURNAL miles Humboldt Transit Authority drivers $ 2.6 million Redwood Transit’s 2012-13 proposed budget 14 North Coast Journal • Thursday, July 18, 2013 • northcoastjournal.com HAPPYAND DONUTS OPEN 365 DAYS 5am to 9:30pm Spring Roll & Soda express asian food The Sea Grill Always serving you the finest and freshest of our local catch FREE WITH ANY COMBO: 2916 Central at Henderson, Eureka • 443-6812 w w w. H a p p yD o n u t s A s i a nFo o d . c o m 316 E ST. • OLD TOWN, EUREKA • 443-7187 DINNER MON-SAT 5-9 •LUNCH TUE-FRI 11-2 COLLEGE OF THE REDWOODS STUDENTS AND GOOD FRIENDS COURTNEY BORGELIN (LEFT) , CHEYENNE ANDERSEN (MIDDLE) AND RACHEL CAYWOOD HAVE RIDDEN THE BUS FOR YEARS. THEY’RE EACH SAVING UP TO BUY THEIR OWN WHEELS. lines like the buses in the other systems. “The loop system is not ideal,” says Pratt. “It’s good for coverage, but it’s not really passenger friendly.” Some of these irritating quirks are going to change, says Pratt. Soon. Since April, a committee has been working on a new structure for the Mainline’s schedule that it hopes to have ready for public scrutiny this fall. Then the authority will produce new maps for the region and for each system. “Our goal is to set hour headways,” Pratt says. “So, if you’re in McKinleyville, you can get a bus every hour. Northbound and southbound between HSU and CR — which is the main ridership — the bus will run every half hour. Trinidad we’re still working on, but it would be more than one hour between buses. Northbound and southbound between Fortuna and CR would be every hour. And Rio Dell, Scotia, we haven’t come up with that yet.” In the meantime, there have already been improvements. There’s free WiFi on Redwood Transit, Willow Creek and SoHum buses. And signs are being posted at major stops showing passengers how to text to ﬁnd out the real-time bus arrival (the buses now have GPS tracking). That’s handy if it’s raining, say, and you don’t want to wait at the stop until you really have to. I had seen the three friends earlier in the day, around noon, chatting and laughing and looking at their phones inside the Starbucks in Fortuna. Now, in the mid-afternoon when I get on the northbound bus at the 11th and N stop, they’re on the bus, too, sitting in one of the long rows of side-facing seats. I sit opposite them. All of the other passengers are keeping to themselves, staring at devices or straight ahead. I study the mind-yourown-business sign above their heads. Ah, what the hell. I ask the three friends where they’re going. They laugh, and say they just texted each other about how they saw me earlier in Starbucks. “We’re going to a tattoo shop in Eureka,” says the one on the left with long brown hair. She’s Courtney Borgelin, 19, who’s cheerfully talkative. Blonde-haired Cheyenne Andersen, 18, sitting in the middle, just smiles and looks at her phone a lot. Rachel Caywood, who also has long brown hair, is fairly chatty too. Borgelin’s the one getting a tattoo — her ﬁrst. “I’m really nervous,” she says. It’ll be the inﬁnity symbol, on her wrist. “The idea stemmed from a bad break up, in December. It’s to remember that things don’t last and to appreciate something while you have it because it will not always be there.” The three live in Fortuna and have been friends for 12 years. They all go to College of the Redwoods: Caywood’s studying to be a nurse, Borgelin to be a preschool teacher and Andersen, for now, to be a phlebotomist. They all work. Borgelin slings coffee and is also learning to deal cards at a casino. Andersen does fast food and sells western gear. And Caywood works in a retirement home and a pizza joint. And they’re all saving up their money to buy cars. Borgelin’s hankering after a green, extended cab Toyota Tacoma. “We can go camping at the river when you get your continued on next page Wutchoodoin’? Submit events online or by e-mail: No northcoastjournal.com or email@example.com northcoastjournal.com • NORTH COAST JOURNAL • THURSDAY, JULY 18, 2013 15 continued from previous page woman near the post office. She truck!” Caywood says to Borgelin. ran onto the bus, and Startare Caywood’s going to buy a Ford shut the door. The guy followed Freestyle from a family memthe bus in his car, and at a stop, ber. And Andersen’s also eying a he tried to drag the woman off. Tacoma. So Startare called 911. They won’t miss the bus. Then there are the regular “I had to flag down a police annoyances. The pullout at the officer one time, at the 11th and McCullens Avenue stop off N stop,” says Borgelin. “A guy was Broadway isn’t long enough, so making some comments to me. his bus sticks out into traffic. At He followed me. And one time a the stop in front of Broadway wasted lady who didn’t have a bra Cinema, drivers refuse to let him on sat next me.” get back into traffic. Just fare dol“And her shirt shifted,” Caylars wasted waiting, he says. And wood picks up the story. people who speed — oughta “And she kept saying somehave their cars yanked from thing to me,” Borgelin says. They them, he says. all break up laughing. “I couldn’t do this job without Caywood says one time a dog God, Jesus and prayer,” Startare got sick on the bus, and its owner says. “Couldn’t do it. When you didn’t clean it up. Just got off the deal with the public every day … bus. “Rude,” she says. well, every morning I pray. That “I met a homeless man, he sat my passengers will be safe.” next to me,” says Borgelin. “He Once you’ve deciphered the bus schedule, In Manila, Startare has just left started to tell me his whole life you can pass the wait time puzzling a stop when a youngish guy with story, and then he tried to give over bus stop trivia. Who is Hobo Jones, a cane and a dog comes hopme a hand-cranked flashlight. He anyway? Do whales really go WOW-oohDave Startare has driven buses for Humboldt Transit limping as fast as he can down kept trying to give it to me. He wow (as a Trinidad bus stop bench warmer Authority for 15 years and is getting ready to retire. That’s the lane. Startare waits, and the was so nice.” wondered one sunny morning)? too bad, say passengers who’ve grown fond of him. man, reeking of sweat and pot, Her friends tease her that she gets on and huffs awhile, catchtalks to too many strangers. She bery,” and keeps ing his breath. laughs and says, “One time, a guy got walking. Startare says he’s one of the slower on the bus and sat next to me, and he As we sail over drivers. Not one of those who drives opened his laptop and started showing the bridges to coldly past the running-late passenger. me home videos of his high school wresManila, a blue But the time on the road does eat into his tling matches.” heron flies low already brief breaks. This whole respect your neighbor’s over marshy Indian By the time we reach Westhaven, the privacy thing, it’s just a suggestion. Island and lands bus has thinned out. A woman with graynext to a trio of ing hair struggles to lift her bicycle onto egrets. Startare mornthe rack. Startare gets out and helps her. says this is the best ing, I tag along with Mainline driver Dave She says she needs a pass and that she’s job he’s ever had Startare (disclosure, yes, he is Sevena senior. — the benefits, o-Heaven celeb Will Startare’s dad). “Seniorita?” Startare says playfully. the retirement Startare’s run began in Scotia earlier that She’s Shirley Saucerman, visiting from plan. And when he morning around 6:30. Around 7:45 a.m., Anchorage, where she rides the bus all had the SoHum I’m waiting in Eureka at the Fifth and H the time. run, that was the Fresh air – and an escape hatch! – on the Mainline. Oh, and free WiFi. stop in front of Aladdin Bail Bonds, next best: “the scenery, to a couple of scruffs. One hocks a noisy the temperature, to loogey and spits it on the sidewalk, then no stop lights, they driving most of the time, once I’m able. leans into oncoming northbound traffic can’t radio me. Just drive and enjoy it.” And just a few weeks ago two passengers But I think I’ll be using the bus some, to look for the bus. The other flicks his Startare, nearly 62, hopes to retire this — a jabberer with earphones on, and a too. It would be the virtuous thing to cigarette into the street. year; he’s been driving the bus for 15 years. guy standing and holding a big skateboard, do — reduce my carbon footprint and all The bus arrives, Startare opens the He grew up in Eureka and his dad owned got into a huge argument somewhere that. And it’d be nice to stuff some beers, door. It’s muggy aboard and smells like Yellow Cab and City Ambulance when he between Arcata and Eureka. When he books and sunscreen in a bag and catch morning breath. The front side-facing was a kid. Startare drove a cab for awhile. got to Eureka, Startare kicked them both the Mainline up to Moonstone Beach on seats hold several sleepy men. He’s also worked at a market and a bakery, off near the courthouse. Skateboard guy a weekend day. If the buses ran later into O Street comes up. “O Street,” says and did a four-year stint in the Coast begged to be let back on so he wouldn’t the night, say on Fridays and weekends, Startare. “Last stop in Eureka. O Street, Guard. With Yellow Cab, he got to drive be late to work. I’d definitely ride them for potentially last stop in Eureka.” Ray Charles to the airport once, and gave “I said OK, but I want you to sit right drink-involved outings. Safer that way. A nicely dressed woman carrying a Pro Bowl Raider Raymond Chester a ride, here by me and I don’t want you to And when I need a shot of random, Frida Kahlo bag steps on, followed by a too. Driving the bus, he has other excitebreathe,” he told the guy. A young woman, surprise-possible community, or to make guy with a stack of books and an iPad. ments — like not getting fired his second when she got off at her stop, hugged him some new buddies, I know I can hop on A Popeye-faced man walks by the open day on the job after running into an old and said thanks for stopping the fight. the Mainline. l door and growls, “This is a fucking robfire hydrant and ripping a hole in the bus. Another time, he saw a guy chasing a One gray Monday I’ll probably return 16 North Coast Journal • Thursday, July 18, 2013 • northcoastjournal.com continued on next page Hwy 101 in the Safety Corridor 707.826.7435 10-6pm M-Sat • Sun 10-5pm Chikamasas? we got ‘em. OOLS H C S R U O SAVE $15 TICKETSBE NEFIT PROCEEDS WIN A 2013 YAMAHA GRIZZLY 550 4X4 date. Stay tuned for drawing to win. t sen pre be to e hav Don’t . ary ess nec se No purcha Come to Redway Feed for everything you need and more. 290 Briceland Rd., Redway Spring Hours 8:30-6:00 SEVEN DAYS 707-923-2765 northcoastjournal.com • NORTH COAST JOURNAL • THURSDAY, JULY 18, 2013 17 home & garden continued from previous page Field notes service directory WE’RE THE SOLUTION! Rugged & Reliable (707) 826-8400 5065 Boyd Rd. • Arcata Monday - Friday 8am - 5pm An Uplifting (But Cautionary) Tale By Barry Evans ﬁeldnotes@northcoastjournal.com rite of passage for a girl is, I understand, putting on her ﬁrst bra. The equivalent life event for a boy, of course, is the removal thereof, once he’s ﬁgured out how to undo the hook-and-eye catch (extra points for onehanded and in the dark). Somehow we survive these early experiences, and the fact that most women wear bras is as unremarkable as brushing our teeth. Bras have been around at least since ancient Roman times, in the form of wool or linen breast bands (in Latin, mastodesmos). Recently, two modern-looking bras were found in a stash of medieval garments in an old castle in Austria. Dated to 1450, they’re similar to “longline” (corset-style) bras, with shoulder straps and eyelets for fastening at the back with string. Etymologically, bra, short for brassière, was once French for an underbodice, coming from bracière, Old French for a military arm (bras in French) protector. This evolved into a soldier’s breastplate, and later into a women’s corset. Despite the ubiquity of bras today, several concerns have been raised about them over the past 20 years, including: Back pain: 100 women who complained of back pain were invited to stop wearing their bras for two weeks, according to a ﬁve-year study published in 2000 in the professional journal Clinical Study of Pain. With no weight on their shoulders, most participants experienced pain relief, and three years later, 79% of them had stopped wearing a bra altogether “to remove breast weight from the shoulder permanently because it rendered them symptom free.” Incorrect ﬁt: Researchers checked the bra sizes of large-breasted women requesting mammoplasty (breast reduction) in an investigation published in 2002 in the British Journal of Plastic Surgery. Of the 102 women in the study, all were wearing incorrect bra sizes: on average the cups were three sizes 1907 FRENCH ELASTIC BRASSIERE, “FOR PEOPLE WHO CAN DISPENSE WITH THE USE OF THE CORSET. IT IS ALSO USED FOR THE NIGHT, FOR SEASIDE BATHING OR IN CASES OF EXTREME BREAST TENDERNESS.” WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Want something different? • Industrial • Residential • Secure • Durable • Rust resistant • Many colors A 5660 WEST END RD., ARCATA LICENSED-BONDED • CA CONTRACTOR #808339 RUSS@HUMBOLDTFENCE.COM THE INNOVATORS OF COMFORT FREE ACCESSORY with purchase of any Stressless recliner and ottoman too large and the bands four inches too small. According to the researchers, “obesity, breast hypertrophy [extreme enlargement], fashion and bra-ﬁtting practices combine to make those women who most need supportive bras the least likely to get accurately ﬁtted bras.” Additionally, bras come with matching cups, despite some 25% of women having breasts that differ by one or more cup sizes. (The left breast is usually the larger.) Breast sag: Several studies conducted at the Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Besançon, France, have shown that bras actually contribute to breast sagging, rather than alleviate it. Professor Jean-Denis Rouillon, for instance, followed the anatomy of 330 women over 15 years. Some wore bras, some didn’t. He concluded that bras cause the chest muscles supporting the breast to partially atrophy. “Medically, physiologically, anatomically — breasts gain no beneﬁt from being denied gravity,” he said in an interview in the British Telegraph newspaper. The breasts of women who normally went braless sagged three inches less, on average, than those wearing bras. Another long-term Swedish study led by Professor Göran Samsioe of Lund University determined that bras hampered the natural development of breastsupporting elastic tissue, stating, “If natural movement is restricted by a bra that is too tight, it can affect the growth of these tissues ... there is no medical reason for [bras] and in some cases it can even be harmful.” Given our culture’s aversion to seeing breasts (and nipples) move naturally under clothing, these ﬁndings are unlikely to lead to a sea change in bra-wearing. One can hope, however, that smart medicine will one day outvote the dictates of fashion and modesty. Barry Evans (firstname.lastname@example.org) chooses not to believe the urban legend that the bra was invented by Otto Titzling (say it aloud). 2ND & A • OLD TOWN EUREKA • MON-SAT 10-5:30 • SUN 11-5 707-443-3161 • LIVINGSTYLES.NET 18 NORTH COAST JOURNAL • THURSDAY, JULY 18, 2013 • northcoastjournal.com continued on next page northcoastjournal.com • NORTH COAST JOURNAL • THURSDAY, JULY 18, 2013 19 continued continued from from previous page previous page northcoastjournal.com Depot Humboldt (707) 825 0269 www.humdepot.com Mon-Sat 10am-8pm Sun 10am-6:30pm 5201 Carlson Park Drive #2, Arcata GPS Address: 1264 Giuntoli Ln. (Behind McIntosh Farm Country Store) Garden Center MckinleyvilL e MckinleyvilLe aRts Night Third Friday McKinleyville Arts Night Friday, July 19, 6-8 p.m. Presented by members of the McKinleyville business community and open for all McKinleyville businesses to display the work of local artists. Receptions for artists, exhibits and/or performances are from 6-8 p.m. on the third Friday of each month. Call (707) 834-6460 or visit www.mckinleyvilleartsnight.com for more information. 1 California Redwood Coast - Humboldt County Airport 3561 Boeing Ave. Works by Robert Benson, Floyd Bettiga, Thomas Klapproth, Jim McVicker, William Pierson, Laura Rose, Stock Schlueter and Stilson Snow. 2 Silver Lining 3561 Boeing Ave., #D (at the California Redwood Coast Airport). Live music from 7-10 p.m. 3 McKinleyville Family Resource Center 1450 Hiller Road. Bring your family out to a night of art and special activities. The theme for July is “Let’s Do Art!” For children of all ages. 4 Blake’s Books 2005 Central Ave. Rosalie Thomson, mixed-media portraits. 5 HumSpa 1660 Central Ave., Ste. C. Haley Hicks: Nature, local historical and underwater photos. ● & SALE BBQ JULY 26 & 27, 2013 10AM - 4PM Free gs Hot Dog ers Hamburas Sod CUSTOMER APPRECIATION YOU’RE INVITED TO OUR Parking Lot Sale To City Center Rd McKinleyville Shopping Center 20-75% off! In Store Sales! Coupons! The Pawlor Get a $5 Self Serve Wash Coupon! 1 2 Pierson Park Gwin Rd 3 Hiller Rd 4 Holly Dr Heartwood Dr Heartwood Dr McKINLEYVILLE Nursery Way JULY 2013 Miller Farms Nursery Way Beneficial Living Center and Garden Supplies 5 Sutter Rd 0 500 ft Compostaholics and teaologians agree, will knock your granny’s socks off. 148 South G St., Arcata • 633-6125 • www.beneﬁciallivingcenter.com Laura Rose might be new to pottery, but the art she takes inspiration from is old. See Rose’s ceramics inspired by cave paintings at the California Redwood Coast Airport during McKinleyville Arts Night in July. NORTH COAST COAST JOURNAL JOURNAL •• THURSDAY, THURSDAY, JULY JULY 18, 18, 2013 2013 • northcoastjournal.com • northcoastjournal.com 20 NORTH © NORTH COAST JOURNAL Central Ave GET OUT! court. If four people are playing, they split into two teams with a player from each team standing at either end of the court. The team that threw the pallino bowls first, trying to roll a ball as close to it as possible. Then the other team tries to roll one of its own bocci even closer. From there, the team that does not have the ball closest to the pallino keeps rolling until it does manage to get one closer, and so on until both teams are out of balls. That marks the end of one round. Only the team with the ball nearest the pallino can score, and that team gets a point for each ball that’s closer to the pallino than its opponent’s closest ball. There are some additional rules, but within five minutes even a raw rookie can fully understand play. We played to 12 points but that varies. Players throw with an underarm motion, and I saw as many subtle variations as there were people present — crouching to release the bocce smoothly; spinning; banking off the wooden bumpers. And in my case, praying. Most good players, I was told, are straight bowlers. But I found rolling a straight ball easier said than done. I quickly came to understand the complexity of the strategy involved, and once again I appreciated the difference between understanding the tactics and actually executing them. Some of the players exhibited real finesse. Most of us depended on luck. In fact, Johnny’s bocce mantra appears to be, “It‘s better to be lucky than good.” Thank goodness. That gave me hope. We played three games that first morning. The sun was out. The day was beautiful. I returned on a subsequent Saturday and managed to insert myself into the same threesome. And again a few days later with some friends and their 9-yearold daughter. Each time the results were the same. We had a great time and I don’t remember who won. Not surprisingly, there are a number of variations on the game and many layers of understanding. The official sport has its own language with terms like casino, giro, punto, raffa, volo and morra. Those less beholden to convention can purchase lighted balls that let you play at night or abandon the more predictable surface of bocce courts for the unfettered world of beaches or lawns. For purists (or at least those of us interested in limiting the variables that impact our game) courts abound in Humboldt County. You’ll find them in Trinidad, Rio Dell, Ferndale, Blue Lake and many places in between. There is generally a game at the McKinleyville courts Saturday mornings and in Cutten Saturday afternoons. There seem to be frequent tournaments, too, such as the recent Richard Bettis Memorial Scholarship Fund Bocce Tournament in Rio Dell and the Italian Festival tourney sponsored by the Eureka Order of the Sons of Italy. Since much of the bocce community depends upon the energy of volunteers — whether it’s to groom and monitor the courts or organize tournaments and leagues (there are none currently) — there’s often relatively short notice about special events. Visit one of the courts and ask around. At the conclusion of my first bocce experience, I came home charmed by the culture of the game. Somewhere I heard that the game is so much about friendship and conviviality that bocce even means “kiss” in Italian — a falsehood I repeated several times before being gently corrected. Bocce, I found out, actually means “bowls.” Baci means “kiss,” which explains why it’s the term used when a ball nestles up and touches the pallino. I still like my translation better. l If you would like to write a Get Out! Column, please email Journal editor Carrie Peyton Dahlberg at email@example.com bocce ball courts at larson park in arcata. photos by Rees Hughes The Joys of Bocce Easy to learn and intrinsically social, the game is on a roll By Rees Hughes I firstname.lastname@example.org got the ball rolling by just showing up at the Larson Park Bocce Ball courts in Arcata one Saturday morning. Intending only to watch, I was surprised when John, Dave and Rochelle invited me to join them. As I soon learned, playing with four is much preferred to any other combination, even if the fourth is a total novice. “Anybody can play,” was among the first things that Dave said to me about bocce ball. “You can be a young kid or 93 years old and barely able to walk from the car.” Dave put himself in the latter category (although he’s not 93). The rules are simple, the game requires minimal equipment, and physical strength and agility are almost immaterial. Fundamentally, bocce ball involves rolling grapefruit-sized balls — typically made of wood, metal or high-density plastic — as close to a target as possible. In the constellation of games, they don’t get much simpler than that. Egyptians were playing a similar game with polished rocks as early as 5000 BC, according to the Collegium Cosmicum ad Buxeas, which bills itself as “the preeminent international organization for the sport of bocce.” Later, coconuts were used and eventually carved wooden balls. The game evolved under the influence of the Greeks and later the Romans, eventually spreading throughout Europe. The version first played in America was an English variation called bowis, from the French boule, meaning ball. Contemporary variations include pétanque in France and lawn bowling, or simply bowls, in England. But what once may have been the province of immigrants has been embraced by Americans from all walks of life. So it seemed that sunny Saturday morning. The courts, which were added to Larson Park in 2011 and offer equipment and lanes to rent, filled quickly. Specialized brushes and heavy rollers were used to groom the long lanes of finely crushed shell. Much-loved canvas and leather bags were unzipped and the colored bocci (or balls) were placed on the courts. Tape measures lay on the side rails near the center, and chairs were arranged around the perimeter. Steady laughter and conversation revealed the importance of the game’s social aspect. When I asked my long-time friend and bocce ball enthusiast Johnny how he would characterize the game he said simply, “friendly.” Play begins when a small white ball (known as a pallino, boccino or jack) is tossed toward the far end of the 90-foot northcoastjournal.com • North Coast Journal • Thursday, July 18, 2013 21 22 North Coast Journal • Thursday, July 18, 2013 • northcoastjournal.com The Pleasures of Summer (Guilty and Otherwise) By Jennifer Savage email@example.com quick note for those picking up the Journal on Wednesday – did you make it out to the Blitzen Trapper gig last week? Humboldt Brews offers another chance to hear a band perform similarly evocative, melodic sounds on Wednesday (tonight, so hope you picked up the paper early). Athens’ Futurebirds has played with Drive-By Truckers, Widespread Panic and Alabama Shakes, and are now touring in support of their new album, “Baba Yaga.” You can immerse yourself in Futurebirds’ distinctive sonic textures at futurebirdsmusic.com/music/ — any band with a song called “Johnny Utah” gets props from the start, and the band’s press release promises a “primal, sweat-soaked” live show. The music’s lovely as is, and it should be interesting to see how the wistfulness of the songs transforms into a more primitive performance. Show starts at 9:30 p.m., cost is $10. A hoedowns and the fabulous Striped Pig Stringed Band. This one’s at the Arcata Veterans Hall and starts at 7:30 p.m. Cost is $7/$6 HFS members. Saturday brings one of my favorite celebrations of the year — the all-day Humboldt Folklife Festival Free Fest, full of music on various stages, workshops, kid activities and, because it’s Blue Lake, quite likely sunshine. Complete info on the festival at humboldtfolklife.org. This week may well be Humboldt County’s summer zenith. The Crabs are still in full swing, the sun appears determined to shine, gardens burst with berries and zucchinis (oh, so many zucchinis!) and the Humboldt Folklife Festival continues its merry Blue Lake existence. Thursday night is the ever-popular Bluegrass and Beyond Night. Sometimes called “country music for Democrats,” bluegrass has long been a Humboldt County staple, which is why we have musicians who are so darn good at it. The line-up features Cory Goldman and Colin Vance, Raisin’ Grain, No Good Redwood Ramblers and Compost Mountain Boys. Cost is $10/$8 for Humboldt Folklife Society members. Advance tickets recommended. Friday night is another extremely popular event, the Humboldt Folklife Festival Barn Dance – people love these Folklife festival frolics onward In Humboldt, we’re never short of ways to combine good beer and good causes. This week’s highlight takes place Friday when the Mad River Alliance hosts a party at, appropriately, the Mad River Tap Room from 5:30 to 9 p.m. The nonprofit is celebrating the completion of the summer’s steelhead survey, which included over 20 divers examining 75 miles of the Mad River. Attendees can get a sense of what that’s like watching noted local underwater videog Thomas Dunklin’s subsurface Dirty Cello courtesy of the band video. Musically speaking, Spindrift and Kingfoot provide the tunes. Fish, counted! Time to party DJs Mantea$e, JAYMORG, King Maxwell, mattsansadam and La Dolce Video’s DJ Danny Glover promise Nelly, Major Lazer, Beyoncé, Peaches and maybe some Mariah Carey, if you’re lucky. The pleasure of dancing at Eureka’s Palm Lounge will outweigh any guilt — promise. Cost is $3, the grooving heats up around Chandler and Benoit. photo by Wendy Corn 9 p.m. and tickets are available at Missing Link Records. The other option is over in Arcata, and member when Utah Phillips and Ani here’s what you don’t have to feel guilty DiFranco did an album together? This is about: supporting a venue that repeatedly cool like that and then some — in fact, brings in live music. And listen, you also Utah Phillips calls Chris Chandler, “The don’t have to feel guilty about enjoying best performance poet I have ever seen.” the hell out of some good-time powerIf you’re not familiar, imagine a self-aware pop that sounds circa 2001. I clicked on bad man brimming with passion and The Ten Thousand’s track, “Fight Inertia,” nimble with words speaking about such (the10k.org) and found myself bopping diverse topics as the banality of evil and around the living room singing along on the ramifications of l